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Food Deserts Presentation Presented By: Renee Mahaffey Harris Executive Director, Center for Closing the Health Gap Frank Russell Director, University of Cincinnati Design Center


Today’s Presentation  Review current work taking place in Cincinnati  Review current trends and disparities in obesity and diet-related disease (Ohio and National level)  Review city data and mapping trends  Cincinnati Fresh Food Retail Financing Fund and Corner Store Initiative  Questions & Discussion


Background  City’s Food Access Task Force Appointed 2009  2010 Taskforce Report to City Council  14 Recommendations - 3 Goal Areas  Improve Access to Healthy Foods  Provide Transportation Options for Low-Income Residents with limited Access to Healthy Foods  Raise Awareness of the Importance of Healthy Eating


Motion from City Council


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 1995

(*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2000 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

≥20%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2002 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

≥25%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2003 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

≥25%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2004 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

≥25%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2006 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

≥30%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2007 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

≥30%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2008 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

≥30%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2009 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

≥30%


Obesity Trends* Among U.S. Adults BRFSS, 2010 (*BMI ≥30, or ~ 30 lbs. overweight for 5’ 4” person)

No Data

<10%

10%–14%

15%–19%

20%–24%

25%–29%

≥30%


Rationale: Why a Fund for Cincinnati


ď ś Ohio has the 13th highest rate of adult obesity at 26.9% and the 12th highest rate of youth obesity at 12.5%. ď ś A number of states, in addition to the federal government, are initiating projects modeled on the Pennsylvania Fresh Food Financing Initiative.


The High Cost of Obesity Annual cost of obesity-related illness in U.S.: $190 billion (2005 dollars) 21% of annual medical spending in U.S. Childhood obesity alone accounts for $14.1 billion in medical costs. Medical expenses are 42% higher for obese vs. healthy weight population.


Grocery Stores and Poverty: UCCDC


Food Deserts: USDA Low-income (20%+ poverty rate) census tract where a substantial number (500) or share (33%+) of residents have low access (1+ mile) to a supermarket or large grocery store USDA Definition of a â&#x20AC;&#x153;Food Desertâ&#x20AC;?


USDA Food Deserts: USDA and C. Auffrey


Low Access: C. Auffrey


Grocery Stores and Poverty: UCCDC


Income and Diet Related Deaths: Food Trust


Obesity: Ctr. For Disease Control, We Thrive


Do Supermarkets Improve Health & Obesity?  132 studies covering 20 years of research  61 peer-reviewed  71 conducted by practitioners or policy researchers


The Grocery Gap

ď ś Adults living in neighborhoods with supermarkets have the lowest rates of obesity and overweight. ď ś Adults living in neighborhoods with no supermarkets have the highest rates.


Cincinnati Fresh Food Retail Financing Fund December 14, 2012 City Budget Approved CFFRFF First Quarter 2013 Launch CFFRFF CCHG and CDF Fund Operators Funds - Grocery Store and Corner Store Initiatives and Food Desert/Low-Access Sites


Questions & Discussion Renee Mahaffey Harris renee.harris@uchealth.com ~ Frank Russell frank.russell@uc.edu


Food Deserts Presentation  

Renee Mahaffey Harris from the Center for Closing the Health Gap and Frank Russell, University of Cincinnati Community Design Center Direct...

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