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The Arts & Science Magazine for Kids Stories Experiments Games Doodles Recipe & a poem Issue #58 Science Exploration Okido is a monthly magazine for children aged 3 to 7

ISSN 1753-3139 / ÂŁ 5 58 9

771753

313037

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www.okido.co.uk Okido, 1-5 Vyner Street London E2 9DG sophie@okido.co.uk Published by Okido Studio Editor Sophie Dauvois sophie@okido.co.uk Creative Director Rachel Ortas Art Director Alex Barrow Associate Art Director Maggie Li Design OKIDO Studio Sub-Editing Gabby Dawnay Contributors: Alex Barrow, Gabby Dawnay, Maggie Li, Beth Morrison, Rachel Ortas, Harriet Russell and Owl & Dog Playbooks. Thanks to: British Science Association Thames and Hudson Science Museum Tech will Save us for their collaboration on this issue

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Okido is printed on FSC paper using biodegradable vegetable ink Š OKIDO 2018. All rights reserved and reproduction forbidden.


Hello Okido readers! Welcome to your magazine. This issue is about science exploration! Let’s find out more, explore, play and have fun making, cooking, colouring and reading. Enjoy! Start by writing your name:

Okido helps children learn through play. It is full of stories, activities and games that stimulate creativity and inspire scientific interest.

Make an electro dough circuit!

Play the continent hop board game!

Messy Monster starts a collection and discovers a mysterious object (p.4). Zim, Zam and Zoom help Messy, Zoe and Felix find out what the mysterious object is (p.8). Read the What? Why? When? How? poem (p.16) Measure yourself (p.18) Make colourful atomic prints (p.29). Squirrel Boy finds a lost guinea pig (p.30). Find Foxy in the Okido lab (p.34) Make electro dough circuits (p.36). Bend water with static power (p.38). Cook some chocolate medallions (p.42). Play the ‘Continent hop’ board game (p.44). Colour in and doodle-do! (p.21-28) Start a collection with me, Felix and Zoe


Story and illustration by Rachel Ortas

Collecting stones is the best!

I wonder what I could collect...

Collecting plants is brilliant!

4


There are loads of things you could collect, Messy!

But I want an exciting collection...of things I can study!

Let’s go ... exploring

find d n a . .. f lots o ing est inter ff! stu

Look! You can study leaves...

I like an e! adventur

...and organise them into s. different group

5


ing s noth n, ’ e r e h T io collect s i h t in Felix!

Oh! Let’s have a look through this huge microscope!

Yes there is, Zoe. You just nee da microscope to see it!

This is a telescope, Messy! Through it you can see far, far away to the stars and planets!

They are extremely BIG!

A microscope to see the extremely small and teeny tiny bacteria collection!


Here is my Messy Monster collection. It is made of all my bedroom mess!

Now I know what to collect!

All kind of socks

Different coloured bottle tops

Stale cakes

Sweets

Smelly socks

Old toast Pebbles

Fake poos

Toy trains

Mini dolls

Cars with no wheels

Giant peanuts

Plastic dinosaurs

Pencils

Books

And what’s that round thing, Messy?

Lego

I don’t know... Let’s ask Zim Zam Zoom?


z m, z m & z

Story by Dr Sophie and illustration by Alex Barrow

Questions with:

m

This is a very mysterious round thing...

Zim, Zam and Zoom will help me to find out!

I wonder what it is? 8


Hmm, most interesting...

It’s very pretty!

Let’s find out what it is. How?

We’ll go to the lab and run a few tests on it. We’ll measure it, weigh it...look at my list!

size weight locatio n living non liv ing float sink

9


Zim, Zam and Zoom’s Lab Let’s investigate!

I can’t wait to investigate and do some experiments! I feel like a real scientist, Zim!

Let’s weigh it!

It weighs hardly anything.

Tick the result of each experiment

weight heavy

light

size

Let’s measure it! It’s quite small.

big

small

location Where did you find it, Messy?

10

Under the bed!

outdoor

indoor


Stethoscope Let’s check if it is breathing. Does it have a heart beat?

Is it a living thing? living

non living

I can’t hear a thing.

Heat test Let’s see what happens when we heat it.

Now let’s check if it floats or sinks.

Heat doesn’t seem to be doing anything.

Hmmm... it’s gone to the bottom of the beaker

melt

disolve

no effect

Float or sink? float

sink

11


We still haven’t figured out what it is Messy. So let’s keep it on the research bookshelf for now.

Ok! Then we can check in the books! L A B

The next day, Zim, Zam and Zoom go to the beach to hunt for fossils.

Wow! Look what I found!

12

That’s an oyster, Messy!


What’s inside?

Look inside!

It’s the same as the object you found under your bed. It’s a pearl! What’s a pearl?

Zoom, can you explain?

Pearls are made by oysters. 1 Oysters live in the sea.

2

They have a hard shell.

Sometimes a small bit of grit or a tiny parasite slips inside, through the gaps in the oyster’s shell.

oyster

oyster

parasite

3 The oyster doesn’t

like it and wraps the parasite in layers of nacre*.

4

Over time, this turns the speck into a pearl.

(* nacre is what oyster shells are made of)

5 Pearls are

often used for jewelery. 13


A night at the circuit How amazing to be inside an electric circuit!

Hello there, Electricity! Why did you stop?!

14

Oooops! We’re stuck in a traffic jam!

The circuit is broken..


What’s happened?

The bridge has broken!

Hooray!

Hello! I am Electricity!

I’m going to fix it!

I have closed the circuit, so now the electricity can flow again!

15


What, When, Why, How? Poem by Gabby Dawnay Illustration by Alex Barrow

I sometimes like to wonder, WHAT Will make a person sweat when hot?’ Or look above and wonder WHY I see the stars beyond the sky? And then again, I question HOW Do dogs say woof’ and cat’s meow’? WHAT makes plants grow? WHY does it rain? WHY does it snow? HOW do cows moo? WHY are we sick WHEN we have flu?

16


WHAT is colour? WHAT is sound? WHY are apples always round

WHAT is muscle? WHAT is bone?

WHY are mountains made of stone? WHAT’s the matter WHEN you sneeze? WHY does water sometimes freeze? WHY do wasps sting? WHY do birds sing? Summer, winter, autumn, spring Explore and question EVERYTHING! Experiment and make a list! Because I am a SCIENTIST!

17


Measure yourself Lie down on the ground and ask someone to cut a piece of string the length of your body.

With your piece of string you can now measure yourself against other objects!

How many shoes can fit the length of the string?

How many adult shoes?

How many drink cartons?

How many Okidos?

If you know how many Okidos you measure, you can use the ruler here to find out how many centimetres you measure! 18


22

Record your results in this table: How many?

Now hold the string as wide as your arms. Your arm width is often the same as your height!

21 20 19 18

Shoes

17

Adult shoes

16 15

Okidos

14

Drink cartons

13

Use your string to measure things around your room.

12 11 10

How many times can your string fit along the table?

9 8 7 6 5 4 3

Everything is measured in centimetres and metres. Use the ruler on the side of this page to work out how many centimetres you measure.

2 1 cm


Zim and Zam in the lab Can you spot the 12 differences between the top and bottom images?

20

Answers page 47


Let’s Okidoodle! Start by colouring in Zim, Zam and Zoom’s chemistry set!


Adventure time! Let’s go on an adventure! What would you choose to bring along from the objects below? Draw them in the boxes.

Mountains

Forest

Ocean


Explorer puzzles Let’s do some maths puzzles!


My chromosomes Pair up and colour in the matching chromosomes the same colour. Chromosomes contain all the information that makes you who you are; such as your eye, hair and skin colour, and your height.


My DNA ladder Chromosomes are shaped like a twisted ladder and are made of DNA. Key:

A G

T

A

T

G

C

C

G

T

A

C T

Colour in the DNA ladder and complete the missing letters by following the key above.

C

A (red) always faces T (green).

A

G (yellow) always faces C (blue).

A C G G


Scale All the drawings are the same size here, but are they the same size in real life?

Draw them from smallest to largest in the boxes below:


What is bigger than what? Colour in red the things that are bigger than a cup. Colour in blue the things that are smaller than a cup.


Handwriting fun Trace the letters and fill in your name. Finish the sentences at the end.


Atomic printing You will need: marshmallows

marker pen

plastic lid

paper

poster paints

die

1. Squeeze your paint out onto a plastic palette. Then roll the die!

2. Choose a colour and using your marshmallow as a stamp, make the same number of dots as on the die.

3. Roll the die again, take a new marshmallow and choose a different colour to stamp.

4. Continue to roll the die and change colours each time...

...until you have filled the whole piece of paper with dots.

Now it’s time to make atoms! Get a black marker and draw lines to connect the dots whichever way you like!

This activity can also be adapted to create shapes instead of atoms. Find a square, a triangle and even hexagon!

29


Story & Illustration by Beth Morrison

Squirrel Boy was exploring the undergrowth, when he came across a snuffly little fella.

It was a guinea pig that had wandered off from a local garden and was now lost and poorly! Hello! I am Squirrel Boy.

I am wilf.

30


Squirrel Boy wrapped Wilf up in a blanket and gave him a warm drink.

Then he went and found Greybeard to see if he could help. I’ve got it!

Greybeard consulted his dictionary of medicinal plants. “Guinea pigs are from Peru. To cure the snuffles you need the rare mountain peanut!”

n Mountai Peruvian Peanut e like •tall vin tree aves •hairy le hite •small w flowers aped •star sh nut


How on earth can I get to Peru?

Follow me.

Squirrel Boy landed safely in the Peruvian rain forest. He carefully unpacked his kit... specimen jars x 3

magnifying glass tweezers

plant

scissors

32

notebook

book

I have been working on a squirrel helicopter! Go to peru and bring back the mountain peanut for poorly Wilf!

He made his way through the rainforest looking closely at the plants.


But then he came across a tall tree... Hairy leaves, white flower and star shaped nut. It was the mountain peanut! Squirrel Boy had to climb very high to reach it.

Squirrel Boy got home just in time and gave poor Wilf the nut medicine immediately!

Squirrel Boy collected 10 nuts in his special jars so he could plant some seeds back home. Then he used flying Squirrel mode to glide down to the helicopter.

Hurrah for Squirrel Boy and Peruvian peanut power!

l I fee er bett y. d a e r al

33


Find Foxy 34

Illustration by Alex Barrow

Foxy is in the Okido Lab - can you find him? How many helpers can you spot?


Can you find Messy, Zim, Zam and Zoom? Where are these things?

35


Electro-dough circuits Homemade salt dough is a great conductor of electricity. Let’s experiment with electro-dough electric circuits! First, make your electro-dough.

1 cup of flour

1/4 cup of salt

1/4 cup of water + colour

add a few drops of food colouring

1 tablespoon of oil

In a large bowl, mix these ingredients together into a ball. Add a bit more flour if the dough is too sticky. You will need: Your homemade electro-dough 3 AA batteries LED (available online and in electrical stores)

LED

AAA Batteries

Dough

Ask an adult to help

1 36

Line up the batteries with the positives (+) touching the negatives (-). Help them stay in place with balls of dough.

2

Roll 2 long pieces of dough and attach them to either side of your batteries.


Experiment 3 Poke the ends of your LED into the ends of your dough pieces. The electricity from the batteries can now flow all the way through and light up the LED!

4 Try adding other objects to the circuit. If the object conducts electricity then the LED will light. Will a lego brick work?

Add reinforcements!

5

Try adding more dough to the connections. Does it make the LED light stronger or weaker?

6 Make some dough characters and add them to the circuit. Does the LED still light up?

We love the Dough Universe. It gets kids building with dough and making simple circuits that bring their creations to life with light, sound and motion. With three kits to explore, you can create squishy musical instruments, whizzing dough robots and flashing disco dinosaurs.

www.techwillsaveus.com

37


38


Experiment From the brilliant book: This Book Thinks You’re a Scientist by Harriet Russell published by Thames and Hudson. Published in association with The Science Museum, London. Illustrations Š2016 Harriet Russell www.thamesandhudson.com 39


Activities to explore Activities/PUZZLES Match the creepy crawlies in the magnifying glass to the ones below. 1.

4.

a.

3.

2.

6.

5.

b.

c.

d.

e.

f.

Find the matching pairs in this collection book. Finish by colouring in the blank ones to look the same as their pair.

40


Spot the 7 differences between the top and bottom images.

41

Answers p47


Nutty chocolate medallions Warm chocolate is liquid Cold chocolate is solid

You will need: • 1 bar of good quality chocolate (100g) • Assorted nuts, seeds and dried fruit •Non-stick baking paper Makes around 18 medallions 1. Make a bain marie by placing a bowl over a pan of gently simmering water. 2. Break up the chocolate into pieces and place in the bowl. Stir gently until melted. 3. Take the chocolate off the heat and let it sit to cool for a few minutes. 4. Use a teaspoon to drop blobs of melted chocolate onto a piece of baking parment. 5. Press nuts, seeds and dried fruit into the chocolate medallions and let them cool. Wrap them in tissue paper and put them in a box to give as a delicious gift! Or simply eat them with your loved ones!

42


Walter Walnut

Carlos Cocoa Did you know? Chocolate is made from the seed of the cocoa fruit that grows on trees in far away, tropical places. The seeds need to dry out for a long time before they are ready to become an ingredient in chocolate.

Harry Hazlenut

I fall from the hazel tree in the autumn. I’m the perfect partner for Carlos Cocoa!

I grow in warm places like Spain and the Middle East. I’m used to make marzipan and I’m delicious in cakes!

Pistachios like me are mostly found in hot countries. One tree can grow thousands of pistachios! I have a hard little shell which can be taken off by hand.

I grow on trees in a hard, protective shell that needs cracking to open. My distinctive shape reminds people of the human brain!

Recipe

Let’s explore the ingredients!

Patty Pistachio

Rosie Raisin

Ali Almond Hello! I’m a little raisin and I start out life as a grape. I’m left to dry out and wrinkle in the sun!

43


Continent hop board game How to play: Boardgame Place counters at the start and take it in turns to roll the die. Move along the board in a clockwise direction. When you land on a space, the first player to point to the matching icon on START the map wins a point. Keep a tally of the points and the first player to get 10 points, wins! You will need: a die counters pencil paper

North America

South America

44


Boardgame Europe

Asia

Africa

Australia

Antarctica

45


OKIDO POST

Welcome OKIDO readers! Send us your drawings and photos! Send post to: OKIDO, 1-5 Vyner St, London E2 9DG or email: info@okido.co.uk

FAN PAGE!

Joel (6) and his snowy (flour) mountain.

Thanks Zoe (6) for making Messy, Zoe and Felix with colourful pegs! Tilda (8) and Sid (3) built their igloo and mountains together!

Imogen (5) sent us this drawing entitled, ‘Messy and the Trumpet Person.’

46

Thanks for sending us your drawing of Messy, Zhengjie!

Sadie (5) who has just discovered Okido and made the igloo!

Thank you Sonja (5) for your drawing of a whale!

Torin (7) decided these cut-outs looked best lit by a torch, giving the scene a cold, moonlit feel...

Aria (4) showing her igloo collection in a teepee!


British Science Week (BSW) is a 10 day celebration of science, technology, engineering and maths! It features fascinating, entertaining and engaging events and activities across the UK for people of all ages.

&

Visit the BSA website www.britishscienceweek.org/activity-packs to download the early years and primary resource packs including activities by OKIDO. https://www.britishscienceweek.org/

and

PRIMARY RESOURCE PACK k British Science Wee 9-18 March 2018 eek.org www.britishsciencew

http://www.okido.co.uk Supported by

Answers

Matching creepy crawlies (p.40)

Spot the difference - Rainforest (p. 41)

1. c 2. b 3. f 4. d 5. a 6. e

Spot the difference - Zim and Zam’s lab (p.20)


This issue of Okido is all about science. Read fabulous stories, draw, make stuff, play, create and enjoy your new Okido.

Okido helps children learn through play. It is full of stories, activities and games that stimulate creativity and inspire scientific interest. Issue #58 Science exploration This issue has been printed on FSC paper using biodegradable vegetable inks.

Stories

Activities

Games

Doodles

Recipe

& a poem

www.okido.co.uk

Get in touch Send us a postcard, a question, photos or drawings for a chance to get published! We would love to hear from you. Email: sophie@okido.co.uk Post: OKIDO 1-5 Vyner Street LONDON E2 9DG

Okido58 sciencelr  

Science exploration issue

Okido58 sciencelr  

Science exploration issue

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