August 2017 | Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame

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Plowing New Trails: On Land and In Space: Dr. Lauren Spencer White Hidden Messages: Marilyn Artus & Amy Sanders Sylvan N. Goldman: The Shopping Cart Man G AY L O R D - P I C K E N S


Darla Hood: Childhood Star Hall of Fame Spotlight: Perle Skirvin Mesta




INTEGRIS AND MAYO CLINIC. When you choose INTEGRIS, you’re not only choosing some of Oklahoma’s greatest medical minds, you’re choosing expertise that’s backed by more than 4,200 Mayo Clinic physicians and scientists. INTEGRIS is Oklahoma’s first Mayo Clinic Care Network Member, meaning our physicians work directly with Mayo Clinic physicians and scientists on complex diagnosis and treatment plans, ensuring that you always have access to the latest medical knowledge and advances.

DESIGN Skip McKinstry






Student................................ $15 Subscription......................... $35 Individualism........................ $50 Perseverance.......................$100 Pioneer Spirit...................... $250 Optimism........................... $500 Friends of the Medallion.........$1,000 Mistletoe Circle.................. $2,500 Gold Circle..................... $5,000 Constancy Circle................$10,000 Mission Partner...............$15,000 Inspiration Mission Partner.... $25,000

For additional information contact the Oklahoma Hall of Fame

1400 Classen Drive Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73106 Telephone 405.235.4458 or Toll Free 888.501.2059 E-mail Visit the organization's website at

Unsolicited manuscripts must be accompanied by return postage. Unless otherwise noted, all images are couresy of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame LIBRARY DISTRIBUTION MADE POSSIBLE THROUGH THE GENEROSITY OF MAGAZINE SPONSORS STATEWIDE.


That's Excellence. Working Together. (405) 951-2277


VICE PRESIDENT Gini Moore Campbell


MAGAZINE OF THE OKLAHOMA HALL OF FAME 2 From the Chairman Mark A. Stansberry 3

From the President Shannon L. Rich Plowing New Trails On Land and In Space: Dr. Lauren Spencer White Carol Mowdy Bond

10 Hidden Messages: Marilyn Artus & Amy Sanders Gini Moore Campbell



18 Sylvan N. Goldman: The Shopping Cart Man Interview by Charles Kuralt 37

Hall of Fame Member Spotlight Perle Skirvin Mesta Madison Nash

40 Darla Hood: Childhood Star Ryan Brown

42 BOOK REVIEW Red Dirt Baseball, The First Decades: Small Town Professional Baseball in Oklahoma, 1904-1919 (Second Edition) 43 OHOF’s Story Through Its People





This month tickets go on sale for the 90th annual Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony. In Oklahoma City on November 16th, Oklahoma’s 110th birthday, we will bestow Oklahoma’s highest honor on Tom Colbert, Sapulpa; Tom Cole, Moore; Robert A. “Bob” Funk, Yukon; Shannon Miller, Edmond; Phil Parduhn, Edmond; Hal Smith, Ardmore; and Carrie Underwood, Checotah. Presenting the Honorees for induction, respectively, will be Kenneth J. Levit, Tulsa; Frank Keating, Oklahoma City; Tom Selleck, Sherman Oaks, CA; Mary Lou Retton, Houston, TX; V. Burns Hargis, Stillwater; Barry Switzer, Norman; and Vince Gill, Oklahoma City. Inducted posthumously will be Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher, Chickasha, and Sequoyah, Cherokee Nation, I.T. Fisher’s son Bruce Fisher will accept the honor on her behalf and Principal Chief Bill John Baker will accept on behalf of Sequoyah. Serving as co-masters of ceremonies for the 90th event will be Oklahoma’s own Kristin Chenoweth and Vince Gill. I am thrilled to report that all of the sponsorships for the 2017 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony have been secured. Please join me in thanking our


Media Sponsors—The Oklahoman Media Company, Tulsa World Media Company, and The Lawton Constitution—and the Chickasaw Nation for serving as our Broadcast Sponsor. The Cherokee Nation is our Floral Sponsor, Express Employment Professionals the Social Media Sponsor, and the AfterParty Reception will be hosted by Dillingham Insurance. The Honoree and Patron Donor Reception Sponsor is UMB Bank and Pelco Products will be the Parking Sponsor. The Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony is just one of the many examples of the overwhelming support we receive from donors and partners who believe, like us, that telling Oklahoma’s story through its people yields immeasurable benefits and enhances state pride. We cannot do it alone. When you invest in the Oklahoma Hall of Fame, you are investing in Oklahoma. On behalf of the officers, directors, and staff, thank you for your continued support!

Mark A. Stansberry, Chairman



Mark A. Stansberry

Phil B. Albert



Gov. Bill Anoatubby Ada

Joe P. Moran III

Virginia G. Groendyke Enid

Ann L. Caine

Joe D. Hall

T. Hastings Siegfried

Stan Clark

Fred Harlan

C. Renzi Stone

Mick Cornett

Steven D. Hendrickson

Clayton C. Taylor

Teresa Rose Crook

Rhonda Hooper

Steven W. Taylor

Chad Dillingham

Gary Huckabay

Stratton Taylor

Rebecca Dixon

Ronnie Irani

Steve Turnbo

Frederic Dorwart

Kirk Jewell

Michael C. Turpen

Bob Drake

Rebecca Keesling

Hardy Watkins

Gentner F. Drummond

Linda English Weeks



Judy Love

Alison Anthony

Jeffrey T. Dunn

John Massey

Susan Winchester

Greg Elliott

John M. McArthur

Allen Wright

Oklahoma City



Xavier Neira

Calvin J. Anthony



Gregory E. Pyle

Oklahoma City


Bruce T. Benbrook

Jennifer M. Grigsby

Shannon L. Rich

Duke R. Ligon

Steve Burrage

Vicki Miles-LaGrange



S. Bond Payne

Oklahoma City

Nevyle R. Cable


Malinda Berry Fischer

Glen D. Johnson


Amanda Clinton

Bob Burke


Pat Henry Lawton

Roxana Lorton Tulsa

Tom J. McDaniel Oklahoma City

Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma City

Sand Springs

Dewey F. Bartlett, Jr.


Oklahoma City Antlers

Oklahoma City Stillwater

Oklahoma City Edmond Enid

Tulsa Tulsa






Oklahoma City Elk City


Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Yukon

Oklahoma City Stillwater Tulsa

Oklahoma City Durant




Shannon L. Rich, President & CEO

Frank W. Merrick



Ken Fergeson

Oklahoma City

Bill Burgess, Jr.

Carolyn Watson Rural Oklahoma Community Foundation, we reached more than 200 in four counties and distributed copies of our first historical fiction children’s book, Dust Storm, to all children in attendance. The second phase of exhibit renovations to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum are complete. The redesign of the Chesapeake Oklahoma Theater will allow versatility with a new sense of style and feel. The interactive, touch screen Oklahoma Hall of Fame Legacy Map allows guests to learn even more about members of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and their connections to other members and the world. In addition, the next evolution of Picture Yourself opened showcasing Surgery and Medicine, sponsored by INTEGRIS, Addressing the People, and Slam Dunk. The Oklahoma Hall of Fame believes there are no limits to what is possible. Every day we celebrate the legacy of inspiring Oklahomans with all generations because Oklahomans are changing the world! Thank you for allowing us to tell Oklahoma’s story through its greatest resource—our people.

Gary Batton

Clayton I. Bennett



As the Oklahoma Hall of Fame celebrates its 90th year, we are proud of where we are, excited about our future, and humbled by the many that have stood with and continue to make our dreams a reality. Our founder, Anna B. Korn, wanted two things for this organization— honor our own with our state’s highest honor and provide education programming for Oklahoma’s youth. We have far exceeded her wishes, while staying true to the traditions and core of our founding principles. Just last month we had more than 300 students in the Bennett-McClendon Great Hall of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum to hear astronaut John Herrington read his children’s book, Mission to Space, as part of our Summer Thursdays program. Our most recent Artist Talk, featuring Mike Larsen and Harold T. “H” Holden, gave guests the opportunity to hear from the artists about their collaborative “Cowboys & Indians” exhibit in the Tulsa World | Lorton Family Gallery. Through our Statewide Outreach Initiative, members of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and our board have visited classrooms throughout our state as “celebrity” readers. Stories Across Our State, our rural outreach program, allowed illustrator Christopher Nick to visit six rural libraries in southwest Oklahoma. Made possible by the





Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Durant Tulsa

Oklahoma City Oklahoma City McAlester

Claremore Tulsa

Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Norman

Oklahoma City Oklahoma City

“My passion for exploration extends back to my ancestors who literally plowed the first trails in this country.” -Lauren Spencer White 3


he thirty-two-year-old Lauren Spencer White is a poster child for “gettin’ it done.” In grade school she made a volcano, and then grew crystals on a string in a Mason jar. She was hooked. Enthralled with science camps, math models, and visits to NASA space centers, she claims, “Visiting Johnson Space Center and hearing astronauts talk put the idea in my mind that this was what I wanted to do. There was no cooler place to do science than with NASA and in space. I began to set my sites on working for NASA when I was just 8 or 9.” “Never ever ever give up,” says White, who graduated from Texas A&M with a B.A. in Chemistry and a minor in Earth Science and earned her Ph.D. in Chemistry at the University of California, Santa Barbara. A native of Oklahoma City, White’s childhood was humble and modest. However, it was peppered with tons of “nevercry-uncle” grit. White’s whirlwind journey has required a passport. From the Appalachian Mountains and Texas A&M in College Station, Texas, to the Suzhou Institute of Nanotechnology in China and anywhere else connected to NASA, her numerous internships have spanned the globe. She has conducted research on everything imaginable on Earth and in space, and even analyzed Martian meteorites. Her professional presentations speak for themselves: Lucca, Italy—Materials Chemistry; Matsue, Japan—Meteoritical Society Conference; and Dalian, China—Materials Chemistry and Nanotechnology. Her work ethic, energy, and brain power raised a lot of eyebrows early on. As a result, White nabbed a coveted, full-time research scientist spot at NASA’s Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. She worked directly under Dr. David McKay and Dr. Everett Gibson. Known for their controversial discovery of evidence for ancient Martian fossilized life in a Martian meteorite, they were stamped as NASA’s “Fathers of Astrobiology.” White also worked on space shuttle landings at Kennedy Space Center. As well, she spent four years conducting experiments simulating hydrothermal vents on the

Dr, Lauren Spencer White’s great-great-grandmother Caroline Robinson Mowdy, seated front row left, was born in 1859 or 1863 in Eagle County, Indian Territory. Mowdy’s grandparents entered Indian Territory on the Choctaw Trail of Tears in the early 1830s. White’s great-grandfather, Delana Mowdy, standing front row far right, was born in 1899 in Zafra, Indian Territory.

Working in the laboratory, Dr. Lauren Spencer White is Contamination Engineer on the Mars2020, the next rover to go to Mars. Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CalTech.

Delana Mowdy (center on horse), Dr. Lauren Spencer White’s greatgrandfather, as a grown man.

Although not “yet” an astronaut, Dr. Lauren Spencer White’s work requires her to learn as much as possible about the astronaut program. Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CalTech.



Born in Oklahoma City, Dr. Lauren Spencer White’s parents homeeducated her through the twelfth grade. White went on to earn degrees from Texas A&M and the University of California, Santa Barbara.

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Earth’s ocean floor. Vents are also believed to exist on Jupiter’s icy moon Europa. Scientists believe Europa has oceans—liquid water—which is a great place to look for life. As she puts it, “Understanding how the chemistry of these systems work to allow life to exist on Earth will help us design experiments to search for life on...icy planets.” A published scientist, White’s current job title is Systems Engineer at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. She explained, “I am the Lead International Space Station (ISS) Integration Engineer for OCO-3 (Orbiting Carbon Observatory-3) which is an instrument that will launch to the ISS where it will measure global carbon dioxide in Earth’s atmosphere, in order to understand Earth’s climate change over time. I am responsible for all interfaces with the space station as well as the launch vehicle to take it there.” “I am also a contamination engineer on Mars2020,

which is the next rover to go to Mars in, you guessed it, the year 2020. Mars2020 is taking much heritage from Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), or Curiosity as it is commonly known, which is currently on Mars conducting in situ science. One big difference between MSL and Mars2020 is the sample caching system (SCS), which is the subsystem that I work on. Our objective will be to core and store/cache samples from Mars for future return to Earth. This will be the first step in the first Mars sample return mission ever conducted. Our mission will collect and store the samples and a second mission will pick up the samples and return them to Earth...I am focusing on contamination of samples....We want to return pristine Mars samples to Earth—no thumb prints.” White describes a “normal” day for her as “A whole bunch of meetings, meetings, telecons, and some more meetings.” A registered member of Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma,

Systems Engineer Dr. Lauren Spencer White works at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. While enjoying a Houston, Texas, air show, she checked out the cockpit of the guppy— a huge airplane formerly used to transport parts of the spaceship Tatiana to Cape Canaveral for launch on the space shuttle. Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CalTech.

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White’s ancestry also includes Cherokee and French Canadian. She’s been a member of the American Indian Science and Engineering Society (AISES) since 2008, and takes it very seriously. “I...received many fellowships and grants to support myself throughout graduate I receive multiple opportunities... to help inspire the next generation of young scientists and engineers. I love telling students my heritage as well as the fact that I was the first person in my family to graduate from college...if I can do this, so can they...I receive letters, comments, emails from students telling me how much it means to them to hear this.” White’s childhood goal remains intact—to become an astronaut. And her focus on the future involves always looking back. Her great-great-great-great-grandparents entered Indian Territory on the Choctaw Trail of Tears in the early 1830s. And that’s only one limb of her family tree. Her direct ancestors trace back to the Civil War and the American Revolution, and some who lived in the Plymouth, Massachusetts, area during the 17th century. “My passion for exploration extends back to my ancestors who literally plowed the first trails in this country.”

Committed to our community and to your family legacy. The historic Journal Record Building is now The Heritage and we invite you to visit our new home in May 2017.

Dr. Lauren Spencer White with a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket that carried OPALS—a laser sent to the space station in 2014 that demonstrated technology which allows for the transmission of high definition videos and other large amounts of data to the ground. Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CalTech.

MORE ON DR. WHITE… She holds onto fond memories of her Oklahoma grandparents. Enjoys hiking, snow skiing, and all high-energy, outdoor activities with her husband and one-year-old daughter.

405.608.8654 |

Loves and misses Eskimo Joe’s cheese fries. Strives to pay it forward. Dr. Lauren Spencer White, still dreaming of one day going into space. Courtesy NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, CalTech.

Trusts 8

Oil & Gas



Financial Planning

Real Estate


Amy Sanders Photo by Hunter Brothers.




















The work of artists Marilyn Artus and Amy Sanders could not be more different in regard to medium and process. However, hidden meanings, or messages, are imbedded in every work of art. From internal conflict to public struggles, each piece is created to bring light to a cause or convey, and sometimes combat, beliefs. The more time you spend with a piece, the deeper you see it. Each serves as a silent, yet strong, voice. 10

MARILYN ARTUS Marilyn Artus grew up in Norman and Tulsa, Oklahoma. After two years in San Antonio, Texas, at the University of the Incarnate Word she returned home to Oklahoma and earned her Bachelor of Fine Arts Degree in Printmaking from the University of Oklahoma. After 13 years in the gift industry, designing products and packaging for United Design Corporation and Relevant Products, in 2008 she became a fulltime visual artist. A former burlesque promoter, curator, and female artist mentor, the female experience is evident in the work of Artus. She has created shows exploring the suffragette era in the United States and paid tribute to founding burlesque performers. Her work incorporates the many different stereotypes that women navigate through on a daily basis. Artus has been highlighted in solo and group shows in Oklahoma, Tennessee, and Washington. In 2010 she led an art making workshop at the Brooklyn Museum, New York City’s third-largest museum in size with more than 1-million pieces of work, in conjunction with the retrospective exhibit “Seductive Subversion: Women Pop Artists, 1958-1968.” In 2011 she was the first to receive the Brady Craft Alliance Award for Innovation in Fiber Arts and was selected to exhibit in the premier exhibit of “Elevate” on the guest room floor elevator lobbies at the 21c Museum Hotel in Oklahoma City. Her first solo exhibition, “Our Lady of the Anti-Personnel Weapon & Her Stepford Friends” at AKA Gallery in Oklahoma City, garnered local and national attention. With nine life-size images of the Virgin Mary holding various hand-embroidered weapons with vintage ads behind the images of Mary, the exhibit also included the “Stepford” series of collage and embroidery pieces that were composed of pin-up queens with religious and anatomical imagery. As co-founder of The Girlie Show, a two-day, annual all-female art, music, and craft festival in Oklahoma City, from 2003 to 2013 artisans from across the Nation converged on Oklahoma City to exhibit, celebrate, encourage, and showcase female talent. With cofounders Erin Merryweather and Dawn Tyler Harth, Artus received the Great Inspirations Award in 2008 from Creative Oklahoma. Artus also is the founder of the Oklahoma City branch of Dr. Sketchy’s Anti-Art School, a cabaret life drawing class, that opened in 2009. With more than 100 branches in cities worldwide, the art school originally was established in New York City, New York, in 2005 by illustrators Molly Crabapple and A.V. Phibes. Living Arts Gallery in Tulsa, Mainsite Gallery in Norman, AKA Gallery and The Project Box Gallery in Oklahoma City, The Ghost Gallery in Seattle, Washington, and, most recently, The Arts Company in Nashville, Tennessee, each has hosted solo exhibitions by Artus.

ARTIST’S STATEMENT by Marilyn Artus Being female is my greatest curiosity. It is a never ending resource of joy and heartache that inspires me. My passion is working with materials that are unexpected as a vehicle for fiber making to explore this curiosity. My recent works consist of ephemera, insignificant things that were meant to only be enjoyed or used for a short time and then discarded. Cleared checks, old slides, tickets, measuring tape, S & H Green Stamps, and match book covers to name a few. These things have a lot to say about who we are and how we live. I cut up and sew back together these pieces of our history. Most recently, I have been sewing these pieces onto vinyl. Yes, the fabric store, by the yard, cover your 1950’s couch to protect it from the guests, vinyl. I have been beading and sewing on it from 6” all the way to 7’ scale. When it is stretched it looks like glass. Most viewers aren’t quite sure what it is. The pieces are then coated in layers of resin. I love the sewing and these disposable pieces of history encased forever in this high gloss treatment.

ABOVE & RIGHT: Self Portrait, In Progress and Detail, Hand and Machine Embroidery on Vinyl, 22” x 14.5” x 4”.

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Her Flag XIV, Mixed Media Collage with Hand and Machine Embroidery, 24” x 36”.

She Made a Mess, Machine Embroidery on Vinyl, 10” x 8”.

Tribute to Burlesque Performer Lilly Christine AKA The Cat Girl, Ceramic Mixed Media Sculpture with Machine Embroidery, 6” x 4.4” x 8”. Tribute to Burlesque Performer Sarah Klein AKA Sparkly Devil, Ceramic Mixed Media Sculpture with Machine Embroidery, 6” x 4.4” x 8”.

Her Flag XII, Mixed Media Collage with Hand and Machine Embroidery, 17” x 27”.

Inside Out, Acrylic with Hand and Machine Embroidery on Fabric, 24” x 20”. Poem by Kerri Shadid.

Her Flag: Number 3, Mixed Media Collage with Hand and Machine Embroidery, 24” x 36”.


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Image and cover image: Becky Rice of KET Photography

Hopefuls, Mixed Media Collage with Hand and Machine Embroidery, 16” x 20”.

Colombian-American artist Amy Sanders’ handmade work possesses a beautiful simplicity. Whether a functional piece or sculptural, life experiences, culture, and heritage serve as major influences in each piece she creates. Her art incorporates influences from her father’s rugged and creative lifestyle and her maternal ancestry has provided a cultural perspective. Visually impaired, Sanders’ work most often deals with place, identity, and time. She uses her art to question, examine, and define her evolving identity as her vision continues to deteriorate, the result of a genetic disorder. Born in Miami, Florida, Sanders spent most of her life on a farm outside Tulsa before earning her Bachelor of Fine Arts in Art, Technology & Culture from the University of Oklahoma. Following graduation she spent time visiting artist studios in Europe and completed an artist residency in northern Italy. Her work, “One Day I’ll Fly Away,” is permanently installed in Brenta, Italy’s main square. Sanders currently works out of her studio in Oklahoma City. Sanders has exhibited throughout Oklahoma, including at the National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum in Oklahoma City, Tulsa Community College Center for Creativity, and the Fred Jones, Jr. Museum of Art in Norman, among countless others. Her artwork was commissioned for the first Community Supported Art (CSA) Launch event by the Oklahoma Visual Arts Coalition and she has been the featured artist at Antique Garden, The Social Club, Gray Owl, and STASH in Norman and at Studio Six in Oklahoma City’s Paseo Arts District. Her public art sculpture “Sun Lux” was featured in Norman’s Lion’s Park. Sanders said, “I have a love for making and a passion for materials. Only in recent years have I discovered a joy in working with clay, wood, and fibers. For me, the beauty lies in the imperfections and in the intimacy of manipulating the material directly with my hands. No two pieces I create are exactly alike.” The Coned Work series includes a wide variety of color and size.

While serving on the board of directors for Planned Parenthood of Central Oklahoma, Marilyn Artus created pieces for an annual fundraising event where Gloria Steinem was the keynote speaker. Artus, right, and Steinem visited about the pieces during the event.


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ARTIST’S STATEMENT by Amy Sanders I am driven by a desire to generate and contribute work to homes and to society in order to build relationships and affirm identities. My artwork ranges from digital photography and painting to functional wood, textile, and ceramic pieces, though I primarily focus on ceramics. While dissimilar in practice, each of these disciplines provides a rich variety of avenues to investigate identity and place. An avid maker of objects, I find that many of my creations exist at the intersection where my father’s prolific, outdoor energy meets my mother’s love for sophistication and the home. I am dedicated to handmade, functional objects that have an ability to draw in a viewer and create a moment of connection. Because of increasing amounts of time spent at home and living life more slowly as my vision changes, I have been scrutinizing the objects people choose to have in their proximity. I seek to create pieces that someone will welcome into their home to become a daily part of their experience. During the creation process, I consider the relationships of these objects to their space, to each other, and to the user. My functional wares tend to range in aesthetic from natural colors and forms to intricate patterns and textures. Often interdisciplinary and experimental in nature, much of my work involves intimate hands-on processes—carving, shaping, mark-making, and piecing together. Much of the work relies on the inherent beauty of the materials used, whether it is clay, wood, or textiles. The pieces I create are part of a dialogue which considers one’s own space in the world and how her identity and place changes over time— whether suddenly or subtly. The onset of blindness for me in the coming years urges the creation of pieces that touch on the uncertainty we all face, and the hope that even the tiniest bit of kindredness can provide.


Amy Sanders’ Atmospheric Firings are ceramics works from raku, salt, soda/wood, and pit firings.

From the Letting Go set, the wheel-thrown stoneware pitcher includes hand-textured braille and clear glaze.

Detail of hand-textured braille on interior of the blindly thrown Fear pitcher. Brown stoneware and clear glaze.

For her Collaboratives collection, (above and below) Amy Sanders has teamed up with artisan Katie Pendley to illustrate her pieces.

MESSAGES HIDDEN MESSAGES in the Tulsa World | Lorton Family Gallery at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. Marilyn Artus and Amy Sanders will be featured in a joint show, “Hidden Messages” in the Tulsa World | Lorton Family Gallery at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum from September 9 to November 25, 2017. The opening reception is scheduled for September 21st at 5:00 p.m. FREE TO THE PUBLIC. Please RSVP to

From the invisible Words collection, the Anger pitcher and tumblers are blindly thrown with hand-textured braille. Brown stoneware and clear glaze.



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n 1977 Charles Kuralt, while working for CBS News, visited Oklahoma City for one purpose—to interview shopping cart inventor Sylvan Goldman for his on “On The Road” series. He arrived at Goldman Enterprises, located on the 18th floor of Citizens Tower in Oklahoma City. From his birth in Ardmore, Indian Territory, in 1898, Sylvan Goldman will forever stand as a symbol of America’s 20th-century pioneers. Goldman gained an early familiarity with business, as his father and uncles were merchants in pioneer Oklahoma. After his service in World War I, he joined his brother in business. The two became successful retail grocery merchants in the Tulsa area. Undaunted by the Great Depression, the brothers moved to Oklahoma City and soon built up the Standard and Humpty Dumpty chain of grocery stores. An innovator, Goldman developed many of the advertising and marketing techniques in use by super markets today. However, his greatest and best-known invention was the shopping cart. The shopping cart became a major development in the history of merchandising. Goldman amassed a fortune, partly from In 1978, The Cart that Changed the World: The Career of Sylvan N. Goldman was published by the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. the invention of the shopping cart and retail grocery food chains. Goldman was widely known for his philanthropy to many organizations, including youth groups and those with a focus on education. He was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1971 and his biography, The Cart that Changed the World: The Career of Sylvan N. Goldman, was one of the early volumes published by the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in its Oklahoma Trackmaker Series. 35 19

CBS News’ Charles Kuralt arrived in Oklahoma City in 1977 to meet Sylvan Goldman, the inventor of the shopping cart.

KURALT: Did . . . did you ever dream when you started all this what shopping carts would come to be in this society? GOLDMAN: No, I didn’t. The thought originated from the fact that I would see the housewife shopping, particularly on weekends, and when her basket became filled with groceries, normally she would quit. But if we had an employee on the floor to bring an empty basket to her and tell her that she could find her full basket at checkstand number 2 or 3, then almost invariably she’d keep on shopping. Of course, the most important thing that I was trying to do is, how can I put two baskets in a lady’s hands and have a hand left to do shopping with. (LAUGH). So that’s what started me working on a shopping cart. KURALT: You were just trying to sell more groceries? GOLDMAN: That’s exactly right. KURALT: Where was the first shopping cart made? GOLDMAN: Right here in Oklahoma City. I had a carpenter shop in back of my office and a maintenance man that took care of maintenance in the stores and when the thought came to me to make a cart out of a folding chair I had in my office, I drew a picture of what I wanted, and the maintenance man started working on it.

Goldman’s original patent drawings, above and facing page, are still on file with U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

KURALT: You advertised that you had shopping carts in your stores? GOLDMAN: It just merely said, “It’s new. It’s sensational. No more baskets to carry.” I thought by making this explanation to the housewife that everybody would be coming down, anxious to see what type of a deal we have whereby the housewife doesn’t have to carry a basket anymore. KURALT: You didn’t tell them what the alternative was? GOLDMAN: Not a thing. Nor was there any picture of it. Well, I got down to the store about 10 o’clock in the morning, waiting for the time when people will start coming in



and this was right on a Friday and Saturday when it’s your biggest day and I knew that I’d be seeing people lined up at the door to get in to get the merchandise and see what the dickens it was. And, when I got there, I went to our largest store, there wasn’t a soul using the basket carrier, and we had an attractive girl by the entrance that had a basket carrier with two baskets on it, one on the top and one on the bottom, and asked them to please take this cart to do their shopping with. And the housewives, most of them decided “No more carts for me, I have been pushing enough baby carriages. I don’t wanna’ push anymore.” And the man would say “You mean, with my big strong arm that I can’t carry a darn little basket like that?” And he wouldn’t touch it. It was a complete flop.

The shopping cart was the focus of many covers, including LIFE Magazine and The Saturday Evening Post.

KURALT: It was embarrassing somehow, to you? GOLDMAN: It wasn’t embarrassing. (LAUGH). I was completely pushed under, completely in a condition of what I thought was a huge success and you found out it was a complete failure. Now what could be worse? KURALT: How’d you overcome that? GOLDMAN: Well, I thought about that for Saturday and Sunday, and Monday, and Tuesday, and Wednesday evening it happened to dawn on me an idea and we put that into effect. I hired for each store a young lady about in her late twenties, another lady about in her forties, and someone else about in their late fifties, and I hired a couple of men about thirty years old and about fifty years old and they were in the store with the basket carriers shopping, pushing the cart around. They had merchandise in the top basket, and bottom basket. These people were shopping right by the entrance way of the store. KURALT: Shills {decoys}? GOLDMAN: That’s right. Exactly what it was. So, I told this young lady that was offering the carts to the customer to say, “Look, everybody’s using them. Why not you?” And when they saw them in use, they started using them, and immediately it became a huge success. All because of the fact that somebody else had to get the ball rolling.


The shopping cart, invented by Oklahoman Sylvan Goldman, was featured in Oklahoma City’s Enterprise Square during the 1980’s.

To encourage shoppers to use his new invention, Sylvan Goldman hired men and women to fill their baskets and walk around the store.

Sylvan Goldman also invented a store service truck, above, eliminating the need for stockers to bend over when stocking shelves, and the luggage carrier, right, originally used in train stations before airports.

[After the shopping cart’s initial reception] “I was completely pushed under … what I thought was a huge success … was a complete failure.” SYLVAN N. GOLDMAN

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Sylvan Goldman’s first folding basket carrier was made in a building behind the Standard and Humpty Dumpty main office building. A number of the carriers were made in the building in 1937 and 1938.

Sylvan N. Goldman owned a number of Standard, Sun, and Humpty Dumpty grocery stores. Once customers became comfortable using the shopping cart, the result was an increase in sales because the carts held much more than the baskets that were carried on the arm.

To make the use of his folding basket carriers easier for checkers, Sylvan Goldman designed the check-outs in his grocery stores to accommodate the baskets.


KURALT: Did you have any notion in those earliest days that shopping carts would become the—the ubiquitous thing they have in our American society? GOLDMAN: Well, let me tell you what happened. This cart was invented in 1937. We came out with the first cart in our ad dated June the 4th, 1937, and, of course, that’s the first one that was ever put on the market. There was a group of stores that were opening in different areas over the country. What they called, it was a larger store, called a “supermarket.” There was a magazine that was published for about a year on “supermarket progress” that was being made. And then they decided they would have a convention where they would have supermarket operators come to learn something about how to operate supermarket stores. It was held at the Astor Hotel in New York. They had a large space for booths to display manufacturers’ products, and I decided that at a very late time, about a month before the convention was coming on, that I would rent a booth to display our shopping cart. So, I shipped the carts to New York where I had a cousin who would attend the booth. KURALT: From the kind of discouraging beginning you had with shopping carts, how did they ever sweep the country this way? GOLDMAN: Well, when we made this display in New York, a lot of the operators saw it and thought it was an excellent idea and the man, {Kurt} Schweitzer, who was a cousin of mine by marriage was in the import-export business, and he got so enthused about the large amount of favorable comments that this cart was receiving that he said “If you will let me have everything east of the Mississippi on a commission basis, then I’ll sell out what I have and I’ll take care of the sales in this area.” So it was just a short time afterwards that he started out and had carts with him to show to the fixture buyers and others what a wonderful product this was; and after leaving New York and making all the main areas—Philadelphia, Washington, Cleveland,

Cincinnati, Chicago—all of these different places, larger and medium-sized places, they arrived in Oklahoma City a very disgusted couple. He and his wife had made this tour and they had sold about fifteen dozen carts, about a half dozen to a few of the different operators for experimental purposes. He said the difficulty we have in puttin’ this cart over was the fact that the large and mediumsized operators said these carts will be the greatest hazard in a grocery store. The kids will come in and start pushing, running up and down the aisles, pushing those carts, running into the shelving and people. KURALT: So almost everybody but you thought women were gonna’ go on shopping with a basket on their arms forever? GOLDMAN: I guess so. We had not had this problem in our stores. After givin’ it considerable thought, we took one of our stores after closing hours and took a group of our employees and had them act as customers and some of them, of course, were the employees in the store, and we took a movie and showed exactly how this worked in the stores and how easily and how well it was accepted, and the problems a lot of them were thinking about didn’t show up at all, and how the customers were buying so much more merchandise because the two baskets became full. KURALT: A propaganda film? GOLDMAN: That’s right. After the film was finished, I told Kurt Schweitzer, “Now when you go in to try to see the fixture buyer, tell ‘em—if they ask you what you are selling—tell ‘em you got something new and the only thing you can do is show it to them.” And what he did was took his projector in with the film, shut off the light, closed the door, and just showed it on the wall. You don’t need a screen for doing it. And when he showed these pictures on the wall and they would bring in some of their top executives to look at it; before he got half way back to New

For the interview with Sylvan Goldman, Charles Kuralt visited him in the Goldman Enterprises office. Located on the 18th floor of Citizens Tower between Classen Boulevard and Western Avenue on Northwest 22nd Street in Oklahoma City.

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York, we had so many orders for carts, we couldn’t have made them in God knows how long a time ‘cause we had to get a lot of new equipment, space, and everything else. So we stopped at that point till we got some new equipment, and from then on it became a huge success. KURALT: And the first carts looked like that? GOLDMAN: That’s it.

The shopping cart was the focus of cartoons for young and old.

KURALT: It didn’t have as great a capacity as shopping carts do today? GOLDMAN: Well, you see the reason for it is this cart that you see there, the basket is the basket that the housewife carried on her arm. Let me have that basket {from the basket in Goldman’s office}; and ‘cause there’s a lot of people that won’t even know what the basket is like. This is how the housewife carried her basket and then she would do her shopping. You see, in this way, all we did was take the same baskets they’d been using to shop with and put it in there, and if they were just filling one, filling two was doubling the amount of sales that we were getting, so there’s no need to make still bigger baskets. Of course, today, you know, it has grown to several times the size of what those baskets were. KURALT: Here you are, sitting up here on top of the world, or at least on top of Oklahoma City, with a magnificent view, obviously a rich man. Was it shopping carts that made you rich? GOLDMAN: Well, they didn’t make me poor. (LAUGH). They helped materially. (LAUGHTER).

KURALT: Was it shopping carts that made you rich?

GOLDMAN: Well, they didn’t make me poor. (LAUGHTER).

KURALT: There must be millions of them today? GOLDMAN: There are. And I’ll tell ya’, the unusual thing is you can go around the world, and we’ve been around the world twice, and you can go to some of the most foreign areas where the cart would be the last thing you’d be looking for, and you’d find in some of those retail stores, the carts that we first came out with. You’d find those carts still in use, and you find them in many, many places. I don’t think there’s hardly an area we’ve ever been to that carts haven’t shown up.


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Sylvan Goldman was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1971.

In 1972, Sylvan Goldman donated his original folding basket carrier to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.

The first prototype for the shopping cart was constructed from a folding chair. It utilized two wire hand baskets to carry merchandise. When not in use the carriers were folded and stored against the wall while the hand baskets were stacked to conserve space. Sylvan Goldman founded a company to manufacture his new idea and called it Folding Carrier Basket Company after the design of the first cart.


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“… somebody else would have had [the idea] … I was just fortunate in coming out first.” SYLVAN N. GOLDMAN KURALT: It must give you a feeling of some pride to realize what you did? You—you revolutionized a big section of American life. GOLDMAN: Well, I tell you what it makes me feel like—it makes me feel like inwardly, like there’s another child of mine. (LAUGH). KURALT: Every time you see a shopping cart? GOLDMAN: Particularly when you see it in out-of-theway places, so foreign that you’d never think that you could find a cart. KURALT: It must give you a feeling of pride to realize what this invention of yours has done for American society? GOLDMAN: Well, I think that anytime that you have something which you originate and it becomes as successful in its use as a cart has, you cannot help but look at it in pride when you find it in such way outlandish places that you hadn’t the slightest idea on God’s green earth of ever finding anything like a shopping cart and that’s what has happened. KURALT: Where, for example? GOLDMAN: Well, like Albania and Czechoslovakia, and Bulgaria, Poland, particularly in India. You go there and you see the people that are working way out in the hinterland, so to speak, and you stop by and you see something on the building you can’t read what it is, but you can see it looks like canned goods and you walk in and there you find some of your carts. KURALT: Some of your very carts? GOLDMAN: That’s right.

KURALT: All shopping carts in this country are not inside stores. I’ve seen them in backyards, kids delivering papers on ‘em in the sidewalks and so on GOLDMAN: Yes. You see the shopping cart—back in the days when labor was much cheaper and there were many people out of employment, you could hire package boys for a very minimum amount of wages. When the wage scale got much higher and more difficulty in employing boys all day long or men to help carry the packages out, the stores began to put the bags that were filled with groceries back into the cart for the housewife to push out to the parking lot where they could place them in their car and just leave the cart out on the parking lot, and then some store employee would go out and bring in a group of them at one time. KURALT: If they were all still there. GOLDMAN: Yeah. So many people really were not trying to steal the carts. What happened so many times, they would not have a car out there, they’d live two, three, four, or five blocks away from the store, and to carry those couple of bags of groceries was pretty heavy, so they just pushed the cart home with them. And when they got through they took the merchandise in and left the cart out in the yard, and people do it to this day, and it’s a very big item today because the carts are much larger and much more expensive. The carts were then hard to find out who they belonged to when there would be a couple or three grocery stores within a short distance of each other. So then a demand came for us to put the name of the company on the handle of the carts, and in that way it was easy to determine which place it belonged to, then a person would go out with a truck and cover the area surrounding the stores and pick them all up and bring them in and they’re paid for their services of picking up the carts for the stores.

KURALT: What would our country be like if you’d never invented the shopping cart? GOLDMAN: Oh, I’d tell ya’, it’d be just like it is now, because somebody else would have. KURALT: You’re pretty sure of that, huh? GOLDMAN: Oh yes. I’m sure someone would come up with the idea. I was just fortunate in coming out first. KURALT: In a way, it occurs to me these enormous supermarkets we’re all so familiar with today would have been impossible without the shopping cart? GOLDMAN: Oh yes. Really, you know, some of the larger users of the shopping carts are discount houses where they have groceries with all other types of merchandise. A lot of them will use two or three times as many as a large supermarket, because of the enormous size area they have to cover. It’s a public shopping item for the public to use in so many different places they go.

Sylvan Goldman, seated left, with his older brother Alfred, mother Hortense, and father Michael.

KURALT: And it all started in a little . . . ? GOLDMAN: Little sheet-ironed building. KURALT: Right here in Oklahoma City? GOLDMAN: Yes. But it’s one thing I think that is important. So many people are saying, and maybe the younger generation are saying that, “Well, what is there left for me to do? Everything has been done. What possibility would I have to create, to make a success out of something when there isn’t anything left that we can find to do?” Well, that would have been just as easy to say in 1937. There’s just as many opportunities now, and for future generations, that are coming up to find success if they observe and give thought. Just think of the many new changes that have been made in your life time.

A picture of Sylvan Goldman with the original shopping cart and a later, and larger, version appeared in the Los Angeles Times.

KURALT: Somewhere out there there’s a shopping cart waiting to be invented. GOLDMAN: There certainly is.


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KURALT: I imagine a lot of people will be surprised to learn the shopping cart had an inventor? It seems to most people today that shopping carts have been around forever. GOLDMAN: Well, you know, what you’re saying is absolutely true. When you talk to someone about shopping carts and they say “You invented the shopping cart? Well, I thought Adam and Eve had a shopping cart. They’ve always been in use.” And it’s—most people that I’d say that—well, from 1937, that’s 40 years ago, when the cart was invented. So you take someone that’s 50 years old, as far as they’re concerned, the shopping cart has always been in use.

KURALT: You must get a kick out of surprising people? GOLDMAN: I get a big kick out of receiving from any friends and seeing also in magazines and newspapers cartoons today about shopping carts. There’s hardly a month or two goes by that you don’t see a cartoon or something showing the shopping cart, and I think one of the ones I got the biggest kick out of that we have an original drawing of the cartoon that was made for the newspapers is showing the astronaut, the first astronaut that landed on the moon, and he was stepping down the ladder walking backwards to get on the moon, and he has his head turned to the side, and what does he see? A shopping cart—there, out on the moon.

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Perle Skirvin Mesta P Perle Skirvin Mesta entertained sitting presidents and dignitaries, earning her the title of “the Hostess with the Mostess.”



ERLE REID SKIRVIN was born on October 12, 1889 in Sturgis, Michigan. The daughter of Harriet Elizabeth Reid and William Balser Skirvin, Perle had a comfortable childhood due to her father working as a real estate broker and oil tycoon. The family moved to Oklahoma City in 1906 when Perle was about 17 years old. Her father built a large home for the family around 1909 on Northwest 16th street in Oklahoma City. The home still stands as part of the historic Mesta Park Neighborhood.

Perle Skirvin Mesta visiting the Library of Congress in Washington, D.C.

Mr. Skirvin put his mark on Oklahoma City when he built The Skirvin Hotel in 1911. The Skirvin consisted of two 10-story towers, containing 225 rooms. The hotel was thought of as “the newest, finest hotel in the Southwest.” In 1926, a third tower was added with 13 floors. By 1930, all three towers had grown to 14 floors. The hotel hosted many influential guests in its day – Harry Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Elvis Presley, and Frank Sinatra, among others. The Skirvin closed its doors to the public in 1988 and sat neglected for almost 20 years; however, in 2007 after a $50-million dollar renovation, the hotel opened its doors once again. The hotel remains a historic landmark and iconic hotel in Oklahoma City. Perle married George Mesta in 1917, becoming Perle Skirvin Mesta. Her husband, whom she referred to lovingly as “the wop,” founded Mesta Machine Co. of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, the world’s largest foundry. More than 500 steel mills operate under the same principles Mesta Machine created years ago. George worked in Washington, D.C. during World War I as a wartime consultant to President Woodrow Wilson, giving the couple access to and relationships with many of the influential politicians and Washington high society aristocrats

Dressed to the nines, hostess Perle Mesta before one of her many events.

Perle Mesta smiles while speaking with Dan James. James purchased the Skirvin Hotel in downtown Oklahoma City in 1945.

of the time. Perle maintained close friendships with First Ladies Bess Truman and Mamie Eisenhower, as well as Rose Kennedy. After the war, George took Perle abroad 22 times and started building the pair

a $600,000 limestone mansion in Pittsburgh. The home was finished right before his death, but Mesta would never live in the home, as she found Pittsburgh society too stuffy.

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In the News…

Perle Mesta was featured on the front cover of the March 14, 1949 issue of TIME Magazine.

George passed away in 1925, leaving Mesta $845,000. The couple never had children and Perle Mesta never remarried. Widowed, with two family fortunes in tow, Mesta refined her talents as a society hostess and Republican fundraiser. Shocking the all-male board of directors, Mesta took an active role in managing her late husband’s steel and manufacturing business by taking his place at the

As hostess, Perle Mesta greets Jacqueline and Senator John F. Kennedy at a Democratic Party in 1956. While serving as U. S. Minister, Perle Mesta greets Luxembourg Bishop Leon Lommel in 1955.


table. Mesta moved to Newport, Rhode Island in 1929 where she would settle in and become the leading hostess. For a brief period Mesta put her social campaigning on hold to return home to Oklahoma. Her father was older and had recently torn up stock transfer certificates for each of his three children in a fit of rage. Mesta sued her father for misappropriation of the hotel’s and oil company’s assets. It is suspected that she was afraid that Mr. Skirvin’s secretary of 31 years would get her inheritance. The case was heavily argued for six years. After an appeal, the court turned all properties over to Mr. Skirvin. Soon after, he was injured in a car accident and died two weeks later. The family sold The Skirvin Hotel for $3 million in 1945. Mesta was awarded $400,000. In the 1930s, Mesta entered the business world by managing an Arizona cattle ranch. She later sold the ranch, stating it was too lonely out there. Mesta was also a leader in the National Women’s Party and became a lobbyist on behalf of the Equal Rights Amendment. She established daycare centers and programs for the poor in the slums and established scholarship foundations for deserving young people in the United States and Europe. During the early 1940s, Mesta found her liberal side and changed her registration to the Democratic Party. She moved her

residence to Washington, D.C. and soon became one of the capital’s lead hostesses. She was an early supporter of and good friend to Harry Truman. This relationship elevated Mesta to number-one hostess in Washington, D.C. after Truman became President in 1945. Mesta was not done there, she continued her political influence by largely contributing to and sustaining Truman’s 1948 presidential campaign. Her financial support also helped end Democratic debts. Truman named Mesta U.S. Minister to Luxembourg in 1949, at which time she resigned as director of her husband’s company. This was very cutting edge, as Mesta was only the third woman to be a chief of mission. She was clear with her intentions for the role–she wanted to know the people. She met with all of the mayors in the country. She was very well received in this role due to her effectiveness in the position. When asked how she wanted to be addressed she would affectionately reply, “… call me madam minister.” Her political role and that famous tag line inspired a musical production, Call Me Madam, by Irving Berlin. Ethel Merman starred in the production from 1950 to 1952. The Broadway production was later adapted into an Academy Awardwinning film in 1954. During her time in the role of minister, she began hosting her infamous “GI

In 1966, Perle Skirvin Mesta, right, enjoyed time with fellow Oklahoman and U. S. Representative Carl Albert from McAlester and his wife Mary.

Perle Skirvin Mesta, center, with Bess Truman, wife of President Harry S. Truman, and their daughter Margaret during a luncheon in the late 1940s, just prior to Mesta’s appointment as the U. S. Minister to Luxembourg.

Perle Skirvin Mesta, left, with Shirley Temple Black in 1970.

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Proud to support the


Perle Mesta’s family home was located at 700 NW 16th Street in Oklahoma City’s historic Mesta Park neighborhood.

“Midclyffe”, Perle Mesta’s Newport, Rhode Island, home served as her official voting residence.

parties” for U.S. service personnel in Europe. Before her time in Luxembourg was over, she had entertained 25,000 men and women. She was the first woman to receive Luxembourg’s highest honor, the Grand Cross of the Crown of Oak. Mesta resigned from the role in 1953, but her influence remained long into the 1960s. In July, 1955, in Saigon, Mesta spoke to a group of young North Vietnamese who had fled to the south. She barely escaped death in a riot the following day, as she was caught in a violent demonstration between Communist and antiCommunist factions. Mesta credits her escape to one of the rioters who recognized her as the previous day’s speaker. During John F. Kennedy’s administration Mesta’s influence began to decline. However, she went on to publish her autobiography, Perle: My Story, in 1960. In 1961, Mesta returned to the Republican Party in order to back candidate Richard Nixon. She attended Nixon’s inaugural ball

in 1969 in glamorous fashion. Politics played a large role in Mesta’s life, however, she was best known for her extravagant parties and hostess skills. Also known as “the Hostess with the Mostess,” Mesta once said her secret to a successful event was “cool guests, cool music, hot food, and a warm hostess.” Her lavish soirees brought together political leaders from both sides of the aisle. A friend of Mesta’s once said, “You go to a great many beautiful formal houses

here where people barely speak above a whisper. You go to Perle’s, and you know it’s going to be fun.” Mesta owned multiple properties at which she hosted events–-a glamorous penthouse at the Sheraton Park Hotel in Washington, D.C., a charming colonial home in Oklahoma City, and her Victorian seaside mansion in Newport, Rhode Island. The Rhode Island home, also known as “Midclyffe”, was her official voting residence. It was said that Mesta organized her first party on her 12th birthday. Mesta would continue entertaining lavishly for many years. Perle Skirvin Mesta passed away on March 16, 1975 in Oklahoma City at age 86. While Mesta lived in many states throughout her life, she always thought of herself as an Oklahoman and treasured her time in this great state.


through its people

The hotel built by Perle Mesta’s father, The Skirvin Hotel, opened its doors to the public in October 1911.

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Darla Hood:

Childhood Star BY RYAN BROWN

merican children for generations have known all A about The Little Rascals. It felt as if it were a show about them! The film shorts originally known as Our

Gang were noted for showing children behaving in a relatively natural way. It was a comedy series about poor neighborhood children and the adventures they had together. Our Gang was a hit from 1937 through 1944. Our Gang put boys, girls, whites, and blacks in a group as equals, something that “broke new ground,” according to film historian Leonard Maltin. Such a thing had never been done before in cinema, but has since been repeated after the success of the series. By 1944 the series, produced by Hal Roach, had a total of 220 short films, and had employed a lot of talented child actors. Darla Hood was born in Leedey, Oklahoma, on November 8, 1931; a dark-banged cutie. Darla Hood’s mother, Ruby Elizabeth Danner, was born in Sayre, Oklahoma, on January 20, 1902, and The Our Gang cast on set. The series ran for seven years.


received a golden cup from railroad mogul R.H. Sayre for being the first child born in the newlyformed town that bears his name. She was educated in Sayre, graduating with the class of 1920, and married J.C. Hood of Erick. He was employed at the First National Bank of Sayre for a number of years before being transferred to a bank in Leedey. Darla’s grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. J.M. Danner, were operating a hotel, after selling their claim to the town site, and Mrs. Danner was an early-day historian. By all accounts, it was Darla’s mother who prodded her innate musical talents with singing and dancing lessons in Oklahoma City. Darla made an unscheduled, impromptu singing debut at the Edison Hotel in New York’s Times Square when the bandleader invited her on stage. The crowd roared in appreciation. By sheer chance, an agent for Hal Roach was there to spot the tiny talent, tested her, and signed her to a seven-year contract. At the age of three-and-a-half-years old, Darla received a contract and a salary of $75 per week with MetroGoldwyn-Mayer, where she played the leading lady of the same first name in Our Gang. The family moved to California. When Darla first made her appearance on set, none of the boys would play with her, because she was a girl. Even though on screen Darla is in love with Alfalfa, off stage Darla claimed that Spanky was her sweetheart. She was also cast opposite of Laurel and Hardy as the title role in one

of their feature films The Bohemian Girl. One of the youngest actresses of her time, she took everyone by surprise because she was so talented at such a young age. In 1944 the series came to an end. The majority of her life had been spent with only a few children surrounded by a maze of adults. She found herself having to adjust to being a “normal” student enrolled in public school. She attended Fairfax High School in Hollywood, California, were she graduated with Honors. She was married at the age of 17 to her first husband, Robert W. Decker, in 1949. The couple had two children. Darla decided to start a musical group called Darla and the Enchanters, which did some background music for commercials and for some classic films. When the music group ended, Darla sang in nightclubs and made appearances on TV variety shows, including The Ken Murray Show, The Paul Whiteman’s Goodyear Revue, and the Merv Griffin radio show. In 1957 she divorced and remarried her one-time manager Jose Granson, a music publisher. They had three children together. Darla did voice overs for and appeared in commercials, including one for Campbell’s Soup. She did cartoon voices as well and was the voice of the mermaid in the Chicken of the Sea commercials. She had a hit record in 1957 with “I Just Wanna’ Be Free,” and starred in Vincent Price’s cult horror classic movie, The Bat two years later. Darla felt that when she met her fans of the series Our Gang that they were often upset because they still saw her as a little girl. She stated, “I felt I had let [my fans] down by not remaining a child. They’d be dying to meet me and yet I could see their faces fall when I walked into the room. What do you say to someone whose fantasy has just been disturbed?” In 1979, Darla underwent minor surgery at a North Hollywood hospital. Following the procedure, she contracted acute hepatitis and died of heart

Darla Hood and George “Spanky” Darla Hood was cast to play the McFarland on the set of Our Gang. “leading lady” of Our Gang at the age of 3.

Darla Hood with a cut-out of her younger self.

Later in life, Darla Hood remained in the entertainment business.

failure. Darla Hood remains in Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Hollywood, California. The old black-and-white television series was so beloved; it never really went away. In 1955 the film shorts were syndicated for television and given the new name The Little Rascals, where it enjoyed renewed popularity on television, in comic books and toys, and other licensed merchandise. The year 1979 brought The Little Rascals Christmas Special, and featured voice work from Darla Hood prior to her death. Hanna-Barbera brought the animated gang to ABC Saturday mornings from 1982 to 1984. In 1994, the series was resurrected in a full-color motion picture. The new Darla was played by Brittany Ashton Holmes, but the spirit of the original was still there. Our Gang will always remind us of our own childhood memories. The timelessness of the series is evident and the character of “Darla” continues to delight viewers of all ages.





From the Preface…

Red Dirt Baseball, The First Decades: Small Town Professional Baseball in Oklahoma, 1904-1919 (Second Edition, Revised & Expanded) By Peter G. Pierce $19.95

Each of the volumes of the Red Dirt Baseball trilogy stands on its own, but the three are integrated. Oklahoma’s baseball history neatly fits into three periods. The first covering 1904-1919 begins in Territorial days with the advent of professional baseball and ends with America’s victory in World War I and the “return to normalcy.” The second, 1920-1942, covers the inter-War period including the oil and agricultural booms of the early 1920s, the Great Depression, and America’s first year as a belligerent in World War II. The third, 1946-1961, has the same time span as the baby boom. Victorious over the Axis, entertainment-starved Americans patronized revived and new minor leagues and the hometown teams that comprised them until home air-conditioning and broad availability of television made an evening at the ball park more effort than fun. With the Ardmore Rosebuds of the Texas League moving to Albuquerque in October, 1961, organized baseball found home only in the two large urban centers of Tulsa and Oklahoma City. In many ways, 1961 can be seen as the beginning of the decline of small-town Oklahoma culturally and economically. The Cold War, Civil Rights movement, and the Great Society changed the way children were educated, where people lived, and how fellow citizens were treated. The shift from a physical economy where brawn was as valuable as brains is on-going. Of course there has been, is, and will continue to be resistance to change and a visceral yearning to return to a simpler time but the tides of demographic shifts, a global, inter-locked service economy, water surpassing fossil fuels in importance, contemporary notions of fairness and equality, and passage of time and history itself will eventually overwhelm all resistance. There will only be future faint whimpers from the margins of society. Too much has changed for the era of local, professional baseball of which I’ve written to be revived. All we may do is recall and remember. Peter G. Pierce, Author

Renzi Stone, standing left, visiting prior to the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Announcement Luncheon with Oklahoma Hall of Famers, from left, Lee Allan Smith, Jane Jayroe Gamble, and Rita Bly Aragon.

Guests enjoyed hearing from host Gentner Drummond, second from left, during the launch Becky Dixon and Michael C. Turpen, both members of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame, at the Oklahoma Hall of Fame of the Friends of the Medallion Giving Society in his and wife Wendy’s Tulsa home. Announcement Luncheon on May 18th.

Astronaut John Herrington read his children’s book Mission to Space to a crowd of more than 300 as part of Summer Thursdays before answering questions from those in attendance.

Receiving the 2016 Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy Award was Jan Peery, center, presented by Lee Allan Smith and OHOF President & CEO Shannon L. Rich.

Moderated by Chairman Mark Stansberry, artists Mike Larsen and Harold T. “H” Holden took questions and shared their thoughts on their collaborative exhibit, Cowboys & Indians, on display in the Tulsa World | Lorton Family Gallery at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum through August 26th.

ALL PUBLICATIONS ARE AVAILABLE IN THE GAYLORD-PICKENS MUSEUM STORE, AT OKLAHOMAHOF.COM, AMAZON.COM, AND BOOKSTORES STATEWIDE. Dr. J. Philip Kistler, a member of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame, welcomed guests to Picture Yourself’s Surgery and On April 12th scholars from throughout the state gathered at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum to be awarded tuition Medicine experience sponsored by INTEGRIS at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum in June. grants and cash scholarships for their performance in the Oklahoma Scholarship Competition.




During the Scholarship Awards Assembly Oklahoma Hall of Famer Gov. Bill Anoatubby presented the $1,000 Oklahoma County Scholarship funded by the late Dr. Nazih Zuhdi in honor of Sue Lowe to Ryan Khoda, a freshman from Deer Creek High School.

The terrace at the home of Wendy and Gentner Drummond provided a beautiful setting to officially launch the Friends of the Medallion Giving Society.

Attending the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Announcement Luncheon and introduced as part of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Class of 2017 were, from left, Justice Tom Colbert, Congressman Tom Cole, Robert A. “Bob” Funk, Hal Smith, and Phil Parduhn. Bruce Fisher, right, will be accepting on behalf of his mother Ada Lois Sipuel Fisher who will be inducted posthumously. Unable to attend were 2017 Honorees Shannon Miller and Carrie Underwood. Sequoyah also will be inducted posthumously

Evan Tipton, Cassie Reese Nabholz, Chris Lincoln, Becky Lincoln, Becky Dixon, and Patrick Keegan at the Friends of the Medallion Giving Society launch in Tulsa.

From left, OHOF staff Julie Korff, Bailey Gordon, and Marissa Raglin at the launch of Friends of the Medallion at the home of Wendy and Gentner Drummond in Tulsa on May 23rd.

Leslie Gile performed “The National Anthem” and led the crowd in “Oklahoma!” at the 2017 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Announcement Luncheon in the Bennett-McClendon Great Hall of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, home of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

Made possible by the Carolyn Watson Rural Oklahoma Community Foundation, illustrator Christopher Nick and OHOF staff visited libraries in Mangum, Snyder, Apache, Hobart, Grandfield, and Hinton with Stories Across Our State.

The Hinton Public Library was one of six libraries in southwest Oklahoma that hosted Stories Across Our State for their patrons.

Students from Binger-Oney Elementary enjoyed gathering around the table in the Centennial Board Room of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum during an April field trip.


The OKC Thunder Girls read to those attending the August 10th Summer Thursdays at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

Students from Washington Elementary attend Weather School with News 9 at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

OHOF Vice President of Building Operations Jeremy Humbert and Doug Powhida, Project Manager for ROTO, the museum’s design firm, during the Phase Two installation in the Chesapeake Theater.

A sneak peek during installation of the new elements and look for the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Gallery at the GaylordPickens Museum.

Washington Elementary students and their parents enjoyed spending the day at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, home of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame, through the FREE Field Trip Program.

Members of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame, Governor Frank and Cathy Keating read to students attending the Henry Zarrow International School as part of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame’s Statewide Outreach Initiative.

Pat A. Bruner, right, sponsored a $5,000 cash scholarship for students attending her alma mater—Minco High School. Earning the scholarship was junior Gabriel P. Browning.

Made possible by Allied Arts, guests enjoy craft time as art of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum’s Summer Thursdays program.

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OHOF Chairman Mark Stansberry, Oklahoma Hall of Famer and Mistress of Ceremonies Jane Jayroe Gamble, and President & CEO Shannon L. Rich following the 2017 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Announcement Luncheon.

Eugene Fields Elementary students spent time in the Tulsa World | Lorton Family Gallery with the Cowboys & Indians exhibit featuring the works of Oklahoma Hall of Famers Harold T. “H” Holden and Mike Larsen.

Oklahoma Hall of Famer and artist Mike Larsen spent time with guests of all ages during the June See You Saturday at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

John Symcox, on behalf of grandparents Mr. and Mrs. Don Symcox, presented the $1,000 Cleveland County Scholarship in memory of Sen. Josh Lee and wife Louise Lee to Colleen Ozment, a sophomore at Norman North High School, during the Scholarship Awards Assembly on April 12th.

OHOF President & CEO Shannon L. Rich, left, with Chair-Elect Gov. Bill Anoatubby, and Chairman Mark Stansberry making In May, Del City’s Epperly Heights Elementary took advantage of the FREE Field Trip Program and spent the day at the plans for the chairmanship transition later this year. Gaylord-Pickens Museum, home of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

From left, Ollie June, Heather, Ouisie, and Brad Wilson enjoyed craft time and making flowers for Mother’s Day as part of May’s See You Saturday at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, home of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

Chip Fudge, center, received the 2017 Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy Award from Lee Allan Smith, left, and OHOF Chairman Mark Stansberry.

Catching up before the Artists’ Talk on July 27th were, from left, Edna Mae and Harold T. “H” Holden and Mike and Martha Larsen.

Christy Bennett read Oh Nuts! and Bawk & Roll by Tammi Sauer during Summer Thursdays at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum in July.


As part of the activities associated with Summer Thursdays, guests take home a plant courtesy of Calvert’s Plant Interiors.

With craft time following the reading of Mission to Space during the July 13 Summer Thursdays, astronaut John Herrington took time to admire the work of the young artists.

Enjoying the 2017 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Announcement Luncheon at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum were, from left, Joe Illustrator Christopher Nick gets students involved in the Stories Across Our State program at Mangum Public Library. Moran III, Steve Turnbo, and Oklahoma Hall of Famer Melvin Moran.

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MAGAZINE DONORS Jennifer & Mark Allen Edmond Robert D. Allen Oklahoma Cirty* Bank of Oklahoma Tulsa*

YES! I would like to support the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. Mr./Mrs./Dr./Ms.

SUBSCRIPTION.................................... $35

Lona A. Barrick Ada

INDIVIDUALISM.................................. $50

Dr. & Mrs. William L. Beasley Oklahoma City

PERSEVERANCE............................... $100


Preferred Telephone (


PIONEER SPIRIT................................. $250 OPTIMISM......................................... $500

Address Email City State Zip Preferred Listing Your name as you wish to be acknowledged in Oklahoma Hall of Fame publications.


Mr. & Mrs. Clayton I. Bennett Oklahoma City

MISTLETOE CIRCLE........................ $2,500

Barbara Bass Berry Sapulpa*

GOLD CIRCLE............................... $5,000

G. T. Blankenship Nichols Hills*

CONSTANCY CIRCLE................. $10,000

Fred & Suzanne Boettcher Ponca City Sharlene S. Branham Oklahoma City*

Check payable to: Oklahoma Hall of Fame Bill my





Michael & Francine Bray Antlers

AmEx Expiration Date






GOLD CIRCLE | $5,000

• One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter

• Invitation for two to Friends of the Medallion special events in 2017 • One weekday use of a Gaylord-Pickens Museum event space* • Advance opportunity to purchase Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony tickets • Recognition in the Banquet & Induction Ceremony program and Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame • Complimentary autographed copy of one of Oklahoma Hall of Fame Publishing’s 2017 publications • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter

• Invitation for two to Friends of the Medallion special events in 2017 • One weekend use of a Gaylord-Pickens Museum event space* • Advance opportunity to purchase Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony tickets • Recognition in the Banquet & Induction Ceremony program and Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame • Recognition in The Oklahoman, Tulsa World and The Lawton Constitution Oklahoma Hall of Fame Sunday Supplement • Complimentary autographed copy of one of Oklahoma Hall of Fame Publishing’s 2017 publications • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter

INDIVIDUALISM | $50 • Annual admission pass to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter

PERSEVERANCE | $100 • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter

PIONEER SPIRIT | $250 • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter • 25% discount on a one-time rental of the Devon Classroom*

OPTIMISM | $500 • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter • One weekday use of the Devon Classroom or Centennial Boardroom

Bruce & Sheryl Benbrook Woodward

MISTLETOE CIRCLE | $2,500 • Invitation for two to Friends of the Medallion special events in 2017 • One weeknight use of a Gaylord-Pickens Museum event space* • Advance opportunity to purchase Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony tickets • Recognition in the Banquet & Induction Ceremony program and Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame • Complimentary autographed copy of one of Oklahoma Hall of Fame Publishing’s 2017 publications • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter *Event space must be used within one year of contribution and is subject to availability; additional fees may apply For more information about any of our donor levels or to customize your donor package at the $2,500 level and above, call Bailey Gordon at 405.523.3207.

CONSTANCY CIRCLE | $10,000 • One-year subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Hall of Fame Headlines e-newsletter • Invitation for two to Friends of the Medallion special events in 2017 • One weekend use of a Gaylord-Pickens Museum event space* • Advance opportunity to purchase Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony tickets • Recognition in the Banquet & Induction Ceremony program and Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame • Recognition in The Oklahoman, Tulsa World and The Lawton Constitution Oklahoma Hall of Fame Sunday Supplement • Complimentary autographed copy of one of Oklahoma Hall of Fame Publishing’s 2017 publications • Annual family admission pass for two adults and household children under 18 to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum • Invitations to gallery openings, book signings and other Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum events • Opportunity to honor one member of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame with a Link to a Legacy at the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet & Induction Ceremony in November • Customized benefits package

Chris B. & Gini Moore Campbell Oklahoma City Patty & Joe Cappy Tulsa Hal Smith Restaurants Norman Comtech Oklahoma City Mr. & Mrs. Glenn Cox Bartlesville Betty Crow Oklahoma City Zelda Davis Lawton Frederick F. Drummond Pawhuska* Nancy P. Ellis Oklahoma City Ken & Mary Ann Fergeson Altus* Joe Fiebig Oklahoma City Dick & Malinda Berry Fischer Stillwater

John A. Brock Tulsa

General (Ret.) Tommy Franks Roosevelt

Nevyle & Carol Cable Okmulgee

Mrs. Henry Freede Oklahoma City


Nancy Neil Gee Miami Linda & John Gibbs Holdenville Joan Gilmore Oklahoma City Marybeth & Ike Glass Newkirk Neil & Teri Gray Harrah Jack & Adrienne Grimmett Pauls Valley Jim & Julie Grissom Edmond Mr. & Mrs. John D. Groendyke Enid

*Denotes Charter Sponsor Mary Etta & Don Herron Idabel

Hilda Lewis Oklahoma City

Kim & Nancy Parrish Oklahoma City

Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma City*

Joe Anna Hibler Weatherford

Charles D. & Teresa G. Mayhue Ada

Homer Paul Edmond

Standley Systems, LLC Chickasha

Mrs. James E. Hill, Jr. Oklahoma City*

Bill McDoniel Chickasha

William G. Paul Oklahoma City

Mark & Nancy Stansberry Edmond

Dr. Norman & Bonnie Imes Oklahoma City

Mekusukey Oil Company, LLC Wewoka

INTEGRIS Health Oklahoma City

Jasmine & Melvin Moran Seminole*

Mr. & Mrs. Joe Jankowsky Oklahoma City Glen D. Johnson Oklahoma City

Mr. & Mrs. Stewart E. Meyers, Jr. Oklahoma City Vicki Miles-LaGrange Oklahoma Cirty*

Dr. Donald Halverstadt Edmond

Willa D. Johnson Oklahoma City

Michael & Debby Hampton Midwest City

Kenneth JohnstonJohnston & Associates Chickasha

Fred & Kellie Harlan Okmulgee*

Cathy & Frank Keating Oklahoma City

George & Donna Nigh Edmond

Allen K. Harris Oklahoma City

Marilyn & Ed Keller Tulsa

Keri Norris Ada

Robert J. Hays Chickasha

Jane Krizer Oklahoma City

Dr. & Mrs. George Henderson Norman

Ronal D. Legako, M.D. Edmond

Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation Oklahoma City

Heritage Trust Oklahoma City

Tim & Nancy Leonard Oklahoma City

Mustang Fuel Corporation Oklahoma City Larry & Polly Nichols Oklahoma City

Jay O'Meilia Tulsa Richard M. Parker Oklahoma City

Dr. Barry & Roxanne Pollard Enid Puterbaugh Foundation McAlester

Charles & Peggy Stephenson Family Foundation Tulsa

RAM Energy LLC Tulsa

Arthur & Betty Thompson Stroud

Jack Rawdon & Dr. Andrea Key Oklahoma City

Judge & Mrs. Ralph G. Thompson Oklahoma City*

Renfro Family Foundation Ponca City

Tallie & Thad Valentine Oklahoma City

Frank C. & Ludmila Robson Claremore* Mr. & Mrs. William J. Ross Nichols Hills RSM Investments Oklahoma City Shawnee Milling Company Shawnee Sharon Shoulders Henryetta Darryl & Kathy Smette Edmond

Ben & Bonnie Walkingstick Chandler Mr. & Mrs. W. K. Warren, Jr. Tulsa* Judge Lee R. West Oklahoma City ARIZONA W. R. & Judy Howell Carefree DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA Adam J. & Betty K. Falato Washington

KANSAS Bill Hancock Prairie Village MARYLAND Shirley & DeVier Pierson Chevy Chase MASSACHUSETTS Dr. & Mrs. J. Philip Kistler Belmont NEW MEXICO Steadman Upham Tesuque OHIO Sharen Jester Turney New Albany PENNSYLVANIA Dr. Gloria Twine Chisum Lafayette Hill TEXAS Kenneth H. Cooper, MD Dallas* Tom & Phyllis McCasland Dallas VIRGINIA Senator Don Nickles McLean Willis & Jean Hardwick Alexandria IN MEMORY OF James R. Bellatti Donald Cooper Roberta Knie John Sabolich Steadman Upham Nazih Zuhdi, M.D.

Friends of the Medallion have a shared passion for preserving and telling the stories of extraordinary Oklahomans. Their support sustains the 90-year tradition of recognizing accomplished Oklahomans with the state’s highest honor–induction into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. Just as the symbols that make up the Hall of Fame medallion reflect and celebrate Oklahoma’s rich heritage, so do the donors who make up this group. Their commitment to sharing the inspiring stories of their fellow Oklahomans allows the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum to create educational and inspiring programs to share our unique stories and instill state pride. We appreciate each of the donors listed below who make a commitment to our mission by giving at a leadership level.

INSPIRATION MISSION PARTNERS | $25,000+ Mr. and Mrs. Bob Burke Oklahoma City The Chickasaw Nation Ada Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Durant E.L. and Thelma Gaylord Foundation Oklahoma City Magellan Executive Partners Edmond Massey Family Foundation Durant The Oklahoman Media Company Oklahoma City The Puterbaugh Foundation McAlester

CONSTANCY CIRCLE| $10,000 American Fidelity Foundation Oklahoma City Mrs. Betsy Amis Daugherty Nichols Hills Mrs. Henry Freede Oklahoma City Hal Smith Restaurants Norman Mr. Timothy C. Headington Dallas, TX Peggy Kates Oklahoma City Tom and Judy Love Oklahoma City Reba McEntire Nashville, TN Mr. and Mrs. Herman Meinders Oklahoma City R.A. Young Foundation Dallas, TX

GOLD CIRCLE | $5,000 Governor and Mrs. Bill Anoatubby Ada Anschutz Foundation Denver, CO

Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Cappy Tulsa Devon Energy Corporation Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Steven Grigsby Edmond Mr. and Mrs. John D. Groendyke Enid Saint Francis Health System Tulsa Security State Bank Wewoka

MISTLETOE CIRCLE | $2,500 Allegro Resources, LLC Oklahoma City Kim Brauer Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Steve Burrage Antlers Jessi A. Butler Oklahoma City Dirk Catron Pryor Melody Cochran Edmond Collette Coleman Oklahoma City Donna Crissup Yukon Carolyn Cummins Norman Takorya Dawkins Oklahoma City Emily Donohue Norman Alexandrea Doyal and Andrew Ingraham Houston, TX Kayla Etter Graham, TX Tom Evenson Oklahoma City Adam Farr Oklahoma City First National Bank of Oklahoma Oklahoma City Carrie Fite Ardmore Mike Fletcher and Whitney Marks Oklahoma City

Edward Foote Catoosa Ruth Friedman Fairlawn, OH Alaina Hamilton Edmond Helmerich & Payne Inc. Tulsa Hannah Hoopes Muskogee Brian and Kathy Horner Oklahoma City Mary and Tom Lippert Oklahoma City Katie Lower Oklahoma City Jim and Kristin Martin Yukon Jordan McGee Oklahoma City Merrill Lynch Oklahoma City Mustang Fuel Corporation Oklahoma City OERB Oklahoma City Jay Lynn Orr Midwest City Paycom Oklahoma City Roderick Polston Norman Ena K. Porch Oklahoma City Shannon Rich and Kelly Kerr Oklahoma City William Robinson and Johna Smothermon Oklahoma City Saxum Oklahoma City Kathryn Smith Oklahoma City Patrick and Rhonda Terry McLoud Matthew Uldrich Norman Delia White The Woodlands, TX Richard B. Williamson Tulsa T.D. Williamson, Inc. Tulsa

FRIENDS OF THE MEDALLION | $1,000 Phil B. and Joan M. Albert Claremore Allen Family Charitable Foundation Edmond Aimee and Brad Amen Edmond American Fidelity Foundation Oklahoma City Alison Anthony and Mark Wilson Sand Springs Mr. and Mrs. Calvin J. Anthony Stillwater Lona A. Barrick Ada Dewey & Victoria F. Bartlett, Jr. Tulsa Chief Gary Batton Durant Mr. Bruce Benbrook Woodward Mr. and Mrs. Patrick A. Brooks Chickasha Mr. S.M. Brown Oklahoma City Steve and Lora Brown Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Robert F. Browne Nichols Hills Mr. and Mrs. Bob Burke Oklahoma City Mr. Lamont Butts Oklahoma City Nevyle and Carol Cable Okmulgee Cameron University Lawton Emily Canavesio Oklahoma City Mr. Stan Clark Stillwater Clements Foods Foundation Oklahoma City Dean Andrew M. Coats Oklahoma City George and Karla Cohlmia Edmond Amy Cook and Jon Fisher Oklahoma City

Connie Cook El Reno Dr. and Mrs. Kenneth H. Cooper Dallas, TX Bill and Carol Crawford Frederick Randy and Teresa Crook Edmond Remy Dao Yukon Mr. and Mrs. Chad Dillingham Enid Frederic Dorwart Tulsa Downtown Glass, Inc. Oklahoma City Mr. Bob Drake Davis Wendy and Gentner Drummond Tulsa Mr. Jeffrey T. Dunn Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. William E. Durrett Oklahoma City Christy and Jim Everest Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Ken Fergeson Altus Mrs. Malinda Berry Fischer Stillwater Fred Jones Family Foundation Oklahoma City Mrs. Henry Freede Oklahoma City Roger and Leigh Gaddis Ada Jane Jayroe and Gerald Gamble Nichols Hills Dr. and Mrs. Gilbert “Gib” Gibson Oklahoma City Ike and Marybeth Glass Newkirk Eric and Terry Green Norman Mr. Joe D. Hall Elk City Fred and Kellie Harlan Okmulgee Mrs. Jane B. Harlow Nichols Hills

Ms. Rhonda Hooper Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. William R. Howell Scottsdale, AZ Mr. and Mrs. Gary Huckabay Mustang Melody Hughes Edmond INTEGRIS Health Oklahoma City Mr. Ronnie Irani Oklahoma City It’s My Community Initiative Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Kirk Jewell Stillwater Chancellor and Mrs. Glen Johnson Oklahoma City Evangelia Kalaitzoglou Lexington, KY Marilyn and Ed Keller Tulsa Mr. John Kennedy Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. King Kirchner Tulsa Dr. and Mrs. Philip Kistler Belmont, MA Larry and Marilyn Lee, RAM Energy LLC Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Duke R. Ligon Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Dave R. Lopez Edmond Roxana and Robert Lorton Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. John Massey Durant Mr. John McArthur and Ms. Karla Oty Lawton Mr. and Mrs. Tom H. McCasland, Jr. Dallas, TX Mary and Jeff McClean Simpsonville, KY Tom & Brenda McDaniel Oklahoma City Frank and Debbi Merrick Oklahoma City Midwest Housing Equity Group, Inc. Oklahoma City

Norick Investment Company Oklahoma City OK State Board of Licensure Oklahoma City OKC Metropolitan Assn. of Realtors Oklahoma City Oklahoma Association of Health Care Providers Oklahoma City Oklahoma Home Builders Associations Oklahoma City Orthopedic Surgery, OUHSC Oklahoma City Mr. William G. Paul Oklahoma City S. Bond Payne and Lori Payne Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. W. DeVier Pierson Chevy Chase, MD Presbyterian Health Foundation Oklahoma City Mr. H.E. “Gene” Rainbolt Oklahoma City Jack C. Rawdon and Dr. Andrea Key Oklahoma City Carl Renfro, Renfro Family Foundation Ponca City Republic Bank & Trust Norman John and Charlotte Richels Nichols Hills Mr. Frank C. Robson Claremore Mr. Edward Ruscha Venice, CA Jason Sanders Edmond Brayden Savage Oklahoma City Charles and Lynn Schusterman Family Foundation Tulsa Dora and Earl Sherman, Jr. Saginaw, TX Caroline Menzies Small Oklahoma City Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma City

Roger and Amy Spring Oklahoma City Standley Systems LLC Chickasha Mr. and Mrs. Mark A. Stansberry Edmond Charles and Peggy Stephenson Family Foundation Tulsa C. Renzi and Lee Anne Stone Oklahoma City Mr. Stratton Taylor Claremore Mr. and Mrs. Chuck Thompson Norman Mr. Steve Turnbo Tulsa Charles and Sharen Jester Turney New Albany, OH UnitedHealthcare Medicare Solutions Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Thad R. Valentine Oklahoma City Justice Linda Weeks Norman Weokie Credit Union Oklahoma City Williams Tulsa Laurie Williams Ardmore Susan Winchester Chickasha Habib H. Yousefzadeh Oklahoma City

W i t h q u e s t i ons , p l e a s e c ont a c t B a i l e y G or d on a t 4 0 5 . 5 2 3 . 3 2 0 7 or b g@ ok l a hom a hof. c om . Thi s l i s t r e p r e s e nt s d onor s m a k ing unr e st r ict e d co nt r ib ut io ns a s o f August 2, 2017.



Picture Yourself

Step into the life-size, gilded frames and Picture Yourself as a member of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. Experiences include Slam Dunk, Addressing the People, and Surgery and Medicine.

The Oklahoma Hall of Fame believes there are no limits to what is possible. Every day we celebrate the legacy of inspiring Oklahomans with all generations because Oklahomans are changing the world!

1400 Classen Drive | Oklahoma City, OK 73106 | 405.235.4458 |