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APRIL 2015

MAGAZINE OF THE OKLAHOMA HALL OF FAME

America's Road: The Journey of Route 66 Hominy Indians Defeat New York Giants Oklahoma's Own Ft. Sill: Military History and Hidden Treasures Continuing To Tell Oklahoma's Story Through Its People with a New Name Hall of Fame Member Spotlight: Patti Page Susan Powell: Miss America Dixon Durant: The Founder of Durant Robert S. Kerr: A Life Weston Repola: For the Love of Glass OHOF’s Story Through Its People


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APRIL 2015 VOLUME 20 • NUMBER 1 PRESIDENT & CEO Shannon L. Rich

CONTENTS

DIRECTOR, PUBLICATIONS AND EDUCATION Gini Moore Campbell CHAIRMAN, PUBLICATIONS COMMITTEE Bob Burke DESIGN Kris Vculek

MAGAZINE OF THE OKLAHOMA HALL OF FAME

kv graphic design • WAUKOMIS, OK

in raised she born and TRATOR ge Hall, THE ILLUS Hoge was from Herita for 2 years Reyn olds graduating Antonio,TX) from the Marg aret City. After tion rsity (San Oklahoma Trinity Unive Level Art Educaate work at the All gy. attended ed a BFA in in Geolo . Post gradu t at Will and receiv Of North Texaslead to her Minor at The and taugh utaught University of Oklahoma ulum and art curriculumed the art curric the art curric University ed the TX), created OK), and creat creat s, City, ge Hall. ational Margaret School (Dalla l (Putnam at Herita and intern 10 Schoo School Greenhill national of the top Lower Elementary state, one State Rogers teaches in the nized as named the rous local, in lum and won nume has been recogret has been been listed am nts have Marga She has ned and creHer stude s.  Her art progrOklahoma.  of the Year.  desig ington of She art award in the state Art Educator the World.  of Peace (Wash in nt programsoma Elementary Who’s Who the Pagea for and capes.  of Oklah in America ornaments lands fe and t Who’s WhoOklahoma State of wildli throughou esses ated the renderings realistic nces and busin her DC). oma n for in reside is know e of Oklah ing found r Leagu includ Margaret ls can be the Junio boards Coordipaste ent of community Her oil Art City. Presid en’s other al Childr Oklahoma g as Past servin d on numerous Art’s Festiv ion to In addit ret has serve Board, the OKC y. children Vestr erful h nae Marga City, Phi Alum opal Churc has 2 wond IV. III and Hoge the Pi Beta All Souls Episc r F. Hoge and r F. “Cort” nator, to Arthu and Arthu es is marri ” Hoge Margaret Kathryn “Katie Margaret

1400 Classen Drive Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73106 Telephone 405.235.4458 or Toll Free 888.501.2059

E-mail oha@oklahomaheritage.com

Hominy Indians Defeat New York Giants Richard Hendricks ould Fence C

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For additional information contact the Oklahoma Hall of Fame

America's Road: The Journey of Route 66 Marissa Raglin

Talk

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the Oklaues teer for OR as a volun1997 and contining THE AUTH served on has rial since began work 2000 Brad Robis National Memo 1998, Brad ist. In . In an archiv r dedicated homa City ity today rial as capac the nal Memo rmation cente in that rism for and y/info OKC Natio for the oped a librar ntion of terroof terrorism. r, the print quanpreve n Cente y and ntion Brad develredness and its qualit tion Informatio the Preve to prepa Institute for on Terrorism al acclaim for higher educa ssor in profe Memorial n as the Laws d internation ral degree been a State gaine docto a and has oma Later know resources Brad has at Oklah and University electronic ns learned. oma State ct instructor al Oklahoma Rose lesso from Oklah adjun cts at of Centr tity of ion University,us, University Special Proje and administrat Christian oma City camp r of Archives at Oklah Oklahoma inato oma. University-serves as Coord City, Oklah est currently e in Midw State Colleg

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From the President Shannon L. Rich

19

Book Review

N

Student ....................... $15 Subscription ................ $35 Individualism ............... $50 Perseverance .............. $100 Pioneer Spirit ............... $250 Optimism .................... $500 Generosity .................. $1,000 Legacy Circle .............. $2,000 Honor Circle ............... $2,500 Executive Circle ........... $3,500 President’s Circle .........ce Could$5,000 Talk n If the Fe Chairman’s Circle ........ $10,000

From the Chairman Joe Moran III

ROB ISO

D O N O R

L E V E L S

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20 Continuing to Tell Oklahoma's Story Through Its People with a New Name on d Robis By Bra Gini Moore Campbell ated Illustr

ge aret Ho

by Marg

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Hall of Fame Member Spotlight: Patti Page Millie J. Craddick

34 Susan Powell: Miss America Jessica White and Tonya Wilhelm

Visit the organization's website at

OklahomaHOF.com

Unsolicited manuscripts must be accompanied by return postage. Library Distribution made possible THROUGH THE GENEROSITY OF MAGAZINE SPONSORS STATEWIDE.

Mission Partners Mr. and Mrs. Bob Burke Chickasaw Nation Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Continental Resources, Inc. James C. & Teresa K. Day Foundation Devon Energy Corporation E.L. and Thelma Gaylord Foundation Integris Health Mr. and Mrs. Duke R. Ligon Mr. & Mrs. Robert Z. Naifeh and Family OPUBCO Communications Group Phillips 66 Company Saxum

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Dixon Durant: The Founder of Durant Madison Gordon

38 Robert S. Kerr: A Life Elizabeth P. Acree 40 Weston Repola: For the Love of Glass Amey Pierce 44 OHOF’s Story Through Its People ON THE COVER:

Caryl Morgan Golden Driller watercolor, 9” x 14”, one of several paintings featured in the NRG! Exhibits’ America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 exhibition, presented by Dolese Bros. Co., to be on display at Gaylord-Pickens Museum from May 7 through August 29, 2015.


FROM THE

FROM THE

CHAIRMAN...

BOARD OF DIRECTORS

In December I had the honor of being elected chairman of this outstanding organization and representing my hometown of Tulsa. In January "The First Fifty Years of Oklahoma Art” exhibit opened in the Tulsa World Gallery and two of three lectures to accompany the exhibit have been held. Both well received and attended, Dr. Alvin Turner headlined the first lecture focusing on Native American Easel Art, followed by Philbrook Museum of Art’s Thomas E. Young speaking on the impact the programs associated with the New Deal had on Oklahoma Art. This month, on the 23rd, Dr. Teresa Pac will lecture on the history of Oklahoma art from an outsider’s perspective. In February I, along with directors Judy Hatfield, Tom McDaniel, Lee Allan Smith, and Hardy Watkins, attended the Heritage Week Awards Assembly and the presentation of the Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy Award at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. Students in grades 3 through 12 from throughout the state were recognized for celebrating

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the week of Statehood with their entries and the fifth Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy Award was presented to Kari Watkins, executive director of the Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum. Finally, it is with great excitement that we bring news of a significant change for the Oklahoma Heritage Association. After careful thought and consideration, the board of directors has voted to change the name of the Association to the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. Just as our mission remains, so do the important programs that spread it throughout our state and beyond. The change of our name is yet another step in our constant journey to preserve Oklahoma’s unique heritage while promoting pride in our great state. Thank you for being a part of our journey in telling Oklahoma’s story through its people. Joe Moran III, Chairman

CHAIRMAN

VICE CHAIRMEN

Joe Moran III

Bruce T. Benbrook

Tulsa

Woodward

PRESIDENT... Last month our Teen Board hosted its third Oklahoma Heritage Land Run with the start and finish at the GaylordPickens Museum. Although they are still tabulating earnings, prior to this year’s event the Teen Board has raised more than $120,000 to support free field trips and scholarships benefitting students in each of Oklahoma’s 77 counties. This outstanding group of young Oklahomans coordinates and executes a USATF sanctioned event on a certified course through historic Heritage Hills. Our Third Thursdays has been extremely well received. The third Thursday of each month families, in addition to schools and day cares, gather for 10:00 a.m. story time and a craft. The $3.00 fee includes story time, a craft, and admission to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum and visitors age 6 and under are admitted free. This month we recognized students from throughout Oklahoma that earned scholarships through their participation in the Oklahoma Heritage Scholarship Competition, in addition to awarding the $10,000 John W. & Mary D. Nichols Scholarship to an outstanding high school senior. Our partnering CHAIRMEN’S COUNCIL

Ann Caine

Vicki Miles-LaGrange

Jennifer M. Grigsby

Calvin Anthony

Amanda Clinton

Gary Parker

Chad Dillingham

Gregory E. Pyle

Malinda Berry Fischer

Richard N. Ryerson

Virginia G. Groendyke

Michael E. Smith

Joe D. Hall

Renzi Stone

Robert Henry

Kathy Taylor

Gary Huckabay

Stratton Taylor

Kirk Jewell

Steve Turnbo

Phil B. Albert

Duke R. Ligon

Michael C. Turpen

Alison Anthony

John Massey

Hardy Watkins

Steve Burrage

John McArthur

Ronald H. White

Oklahoma City

Mark Stansberry

Stillwater

TREASURER

Rebecca Dixon

Lawton

CHAIRMAN EMERITUS

Tulsa

Bill W. Burgess, Jr.

Ken Fergeson

CHAIRMAN'S APPOINTMENTS, DIRECTORS AT LARGE

Oklahoma City

Clayton I. Bennett

Oklahoma City

Edmond

Nevyle R. Cable Okmulgee

Altus

Fred Harlan Okmulgee

Judy Hatfield Norman

Clayton C. Taylor Oklahoma City

Steven W. Taylor McAlester

Lawton

Oklahoma City

Rhonda Hooper Oklahoma City

Xavier Niera Norman

PRESIDENT

Shannon L. Rich Oklahoma City

Stillwater

Pat Henry Glen D. Johnson Roxana Lorton Tulsa

Tom McDaniel Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma City

G. Lee Stidham Checotah

DIRECTORS Claremore

Sand Springs

OklahomaHOF.com

Shannon L. Rich, President & CEO

CORPORATE SECRETARY

Stan Clark

CHAIRMAN ELECT

colleges and universities had representatives on hand to award tuition grants to their respective institutions and donors and members of their families presented cash scholarships made available through the competition. Oklahoma Heritage Association Publishing was recognized earlier this month with two of its titles named as finalists for the Oklahoma Book Awards. Piavinnia: The Bent-Guerrier Connection by Jo Ann Kessel and Port Robertson: Behind the Scenes of Sooner Sports by Edgar L. Frost received honors in the non-fiction category. Next month the Tulsa World Gallery will host NRG! Exhibits’ America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 exhibition, presented by Dolese Bros. Co. The opening reception will be held on Thursday, May 7 from 5:00 p.m. to 7:00 p.m. at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. The reception is free to our members and the public and I invite you to join us. I hope to see you there.

Antlers

Stillwater Tulsa Enid

Stillwater Enid

Elk City

Oklahoma City Yukon

Stillwater

Oklahoma City Durant

Lawton

Oklahoma City Muskogee Durantt Alva

Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Tulsa

Claremore Tulsa

Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Oklahoma City


By Marissa Raglin

Route 66 is emblematic of the American experience. Thoughts of road trips, sunshine, and special memories fill one’s mind. Thousands of people from around the country and around the world drive all or portions of the Route each year. The highway stretches 2,448 miles and crosses through eight states, tracing the migration of people from the Midwest to the Pacific Coast. The nation's longest drivable stretch of Route 66, more than 400 miles, cuts through Oklahoma. The Gaylord-Pickens Museum is honored to host NRG! Exhibits’ America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 exhibition, presented by Dolese Bros. Co. This exhibit shares the history of and fascination with one of the world’s most famous highways. Caryl Morgan Pueblo Hotel Tuscan watercolor, 21” x 31”.

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NRG! Exhibits’ America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 exhibition, presented by Dolese Bros. Co. An opening reception will be held on Thursday, May 7 from 5 to 7 p.m. at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, located at NW 13th and Shartel in Oklahoma City. The reception is free to Museum members and the public. All guests must RSVP to Marissa Raglin at mbr@oklahomaheritage.com or 405.523.3231.

On exhibit from May 7, 2015 through August 29, 2015, America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 includes photographs, narrative, music, and objects from the highway’s heyday. The objective of this exhibition is to guide visitors to a greater understanding of Route 66 and its role in Oklahoma and American history. The narrative travels from 1926 through present day. Visitor activities include a population change over time map, drive-in theater experience, travel stories, and a guest-the-artist radio show. While on exhibit, Museum guests are able to explore the history of the Mother Road in our state, from construction to the charming landmarks that have lasted the test of time. Guests will learn the process of constructing the highway from Dolese Bros. Co., whose products have paved many of Oklahoma’s highways, including Route 66. As Oklahoma was settled, Dolese

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Caryl Morgan Bronco watercolor, 10” x 10”.


Caryl Morgan Paradise Motel watercolor, 19” x 21”. County Commission. Avery was one of Oklahoma’s most well-known highway advocates and civic leaders. Avery, who believed well-planned and maintained roads and a system of interstate highways would bring prosperity to his town and his state, joined and avidly promoted several transcontinental road associations. Responsible for writing the law setting up the Oklahoma Highway Commission, Avery created funds for the highway department from a gasoline tax and automobile tax. Serving as vice president of the Ozark Trail Association, he brought its national convention to Tulsa in 1916. The Ozark Trail Highway, designated across the nation and through Oklahoma in the early 1920s, evolved into the U.S. Highway 66. Avery assisted in the decision for US Highway numbers and the development standards for road signs. Cyrus sponsored the idea of bringing Route 66 further south from where it started in Chicago, through Oklahoma via Tulsa and Oklahoma City. In 1927, Avery became Oklahoma State Highway

Caryl Morgan Indian Head Motel watercolor, 10” x 10”.

provided the many thousands of tons of crushed stone and sand that were needed to construct the young state’s roads. Nearly every aspect of 20th century United States history is reflected in the story of the people and events along the Mother Road. Those who take the journey down Route 66 today can still explore the Main Street of America. Nearly a hundred years of highway culture can be found, whether a thriving relic or decaying ruin. Cyrus Avery, a Tulsa, Oklahoma native is credited with creating the identity of Route 66. Avery saw the need for better roads through his state and coined the route’s nickname, “Main Street of America.” An oil man, experimental farmer, and residential developer, Avery also served in local government, sitting on the Tulsa

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Commissioner and, in 1929, served as vice-president of the U.S. 66 Highway Association. Under Avery’s term as commissioner, 800 miles of highway were completed. In keeping the museum’s mission of telling Oklahoma’s story through its people, the exhibit will highlight Oklahoma’s Route 66 landmarks through the eyes of Newkirk, Oklahoma artist Caryl Morgan. Morgan’s eight watercolor paintings will detail the history of the Mother Road in Oklahoma. These original works, made exclusively for the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, will be available for purchase along with prints in the Museum Store for the duration of the exhibit. Nationally recognized contemporary realist watercolor artist, Caryl Morgan’s primary interest is working with vivid, highly saturated watercolor. Using close, cropped angled perspectives with strong shadows and contrast to elevate the images, Morgan creates paintings with an iconic status. A signature member of the Watercolor USA Honor Society, as well as many other state and regional watercolor groups, her work is represented in private, corporate and permanent museum collections throughout the United States. Morgan has also exhibited work in Japan and South Korea as part of an art cultural exchange program sponsored by Watercolor USA Honor Society. An active board member of Watercolor USA Honor Society, she has served as vice president of the group for three terms. Caryl Morgan received her BAE degree from Oklahoma State University and went on to teach high school and adjunct community college art classes for ] Morgan has been painting with watercolor for over 40 years and approached the medium because she was told it was difficult to work with. Morgan was told that the obstacle with watercolor is that one cannot correct painting mistakes. Morgan made mastering this new medium her personal challenge. Initially painting in traditional fashion with layers of washes, Morgan soon found that she was intrigued with painting direct, highly saturated

Caryl Morgan Desert Hills Motel watercolor, 21” x 19”.

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NRG! Exhibits’ America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 exhibition, presented by Dolese Bros. Co.


Caryl Morgan Chief Hotel Court watercolor, 10” x 10”. color to produce the "realism" she desired. Morgan focuses on aspects of color theory, rarely using black or white paint, but instead using complementary color to create full value ranges. Morgan uses this technique to represent shadows and less intense wash for lighter values. Morgan enjoys replacing shadows with very obvious color complements, creating visual interest. In addition to altering colors, Morgan often takes artistic license in rearranging the subjects to further emphasize the elements she wants the viewer to consider. Unable to pinpoint one event or person that has influenced her work, Morgan says she is creatively stimulated by all experiences. Morgan admires the work ethic of Georgia O’Keeffe, the style of Edward Hopper’s compositions, and Richard

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Cottingham’s style of photorealistic painting. Morgan primarily works with watercolors but also exhibits work in printmaking and 3D installations. In addition to her artistry, Morgan is invested in her surroundings, promoting the local art scene in downtown Newkirk, Oklahoma. In 2007, working with the Newkirk Historical Society, Morgan began a one-year rehabilitation of the space above the Newkirk Main Street Authority in historically designated downtown Newkirk. Working with funds from a grant awarded to the Newkirk Historical Society by the Oklahoma Centennial Committee and investing her own money, she redesigned the upstairs to become the home of Earth Road Graphics, Caryl Morgan’s graphic design studio. Morgan received the state award for Best Adaptive Reuse Project 2008 from the state office of Oklahoma Main Street and the Oklahoma State Department of Commerce. Morgan purchased the building next to her studio and is

Caryl Morgan Gold Dome watercolor, 16” x 20”.

NRG! Exhibits’ America’s Road: The Journey of Route 66 exhibition, presented by Dolese Bros. Co features free-standing modules to interact with museum guests.

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in the process of reconstructing it to open an antique shop, the Prairie Urban Art Gallery, frame shop, 3-D design studio, and two large apartments on the second floor. Morgan plans to teach art classes in this new space, host community events, and use the Prairie Urban Gallery to serve as a community focused art space. Morgan’s dreams to provide artistic opportunities to the community came after her early retirement from teaching. She set a personal goal of getting further involved with the Oklahoma art community, by joining the Oklahoma Visual Arts Coalition (OVAC), a non-profit organization that supports visual artists living and working in Oklahoma. OVAC promotes public interest in the arts and helps people

Caryl Morgan Wigwam Motel watercolor, 10” x 10”.

Caryl Morgan Circle Up and Neon Dance with the Golden Driller watercolor, 21” x 31”. of all ages understand the visual arts. Through her involvement with this group she became engaged in a very rich Oklahoma art culture. Morgan states, “The only obstacle in Oklahoma for me is that most of the art opportunities are centralized in the Oklahoma City and Tulsa areas, which requires frequent travel. There are few exhibition opportunities in the north central region of the state outside the Ponca City Art Center and Northern Oklahoma College, making it difficult to connect with other artists in my rural area. I am hoping to address this issue by providing a space to exhibit and by establishing an online exhibition venue in the near future. It is my hope that this will build a small regional community for an underserved region and that other artists will find a voice for their ideas and work. I will benefit from this format through exchange of ideas and creative energy from other artists.”

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Hominy Indians Defeat New York Giants By Richard Hendricks

Since before statehood, football has been a big thing in Oklahoma. The first bedlam game between The University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma A & M was played in Guthrie in 1904. The Hominy Indians, a professional American Football team during the 1920’s and 1930’s, was founded and financed by Otto Hamilton and Ira Hamilton of Hominy, Oklahoma. The Hominy Indians was an all-Native American team made up of players from more than a dozen different tribes. Many of the players originally had played for Haskell Institute in Lawrence, Kansas. The idea of an “all-Indian” team was the dream of Ira Hamilton, a young Osage Indian from Hominy. He began recruiting local Indian boys, supplementing the team with players from Haskell Institute. Under the leadership of their first coach and former Haskell and Carlisle Indian School football star Pete Houser, the Indians experienced their first victory against a team from Skiatook. Winning seasons became customary against teams from Joplin and Sarcoxie, Missouri; Coffeyville, Elk City, and Fredonia, Kansas; and Stillwater, Avant, Skiatook, Oilton, Bartlesville, and Fairfax, Oklahoma. Each season included 12 to 14 games. In 1924 the Hominy News reported that a 20-yard touchdown scored by Johnnie “Pepper” Martin of McAlester had been called back in a game against Avant because he failed to report to the official. Three plays and a first down later, Martin again took the ball around end, galloping the same 20 yards for the winning touchdown. Martin, who also played baseball for Guthrie in the Oklahoma State League, would go on to start for the St. Louis Cardinals “Gas House Gang” and earned a Baseball World Championship in 1931. By 1925, because of their success, the Indians were forced to expand their schedule, traveling greater distances to play. Playing primarily because of their love of the game, the players sometimes

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The 1925 Hominy Indians of the Professional Indian Football League. From left: John Levi, Louis Willard, Otto Hamilton, Dave Pitts, Jon Young, Johnnie “Pepper” Martin, Pete Lazelle, Jim McLaughlin, George Kipp, Paul Bear Tracks, Firpo McGilbra, Buck Harding, Alvro Casey, Herb Spencer, George Nix, Bill Shadow, Ira Hamilton, and Harry Brown.

earned $150 per game, but most often received a split of the gate receipts. Dick Rusk, Harry Big Eagle, John Abbott, Allison Webb, and Ed LaBelle, who became the team secretary, provided much-needed additional funding for the team. In 1927 the Hominy Indians had run up a 28-game consecutive win streak in the tri-state area of Oklahoma, Kansas, and Missouri. At the same time, the New York Giants had won the National Football League Championship over Red Grange’s New York Yankees. Therefore, because of the oil boom around Pawhuska, It was only natural for the Hominy Indians’ owners to set up a match between the two teams. Their efforts were rewarded when the day after Christmas in 1927 the New York Giants arrived in Pawhuska to challenge the Hominy Indians. Fans from throughout the Midwest came to see these

A 1927 Hominy Indians champions leather football.

two great teams in the highly-publicized contest. As the Indians took the field, the crowd began to roar. After all, it was the first opportunity this team had to play a team of championship caliber. Among the Indians facing the Giants that day were Haskell All-American half back John Levi, from the Sac and Fox Tribe, and future baseball star Johnnie “Pepper” Martin, who would earn the nickname “wild horse of the Osage,” at the end and back. In the Giants’ lineup were Oklahomans Schwab and Leroy Gutousky from Oklahoma City University and Sark, W. Owen, and Steve Owen from Phillips University. Steve Owen would later become the coach of the Giants and a member of the Pro-Football Hall of Fame. From the opening kickoff the teams battled hard against each other, up and down the field. The Giants were relying on their size and strength; while the Indians depended on their superior speed and quickness. Although the Giants scored first, the Indians grabbed a Giant mid-air fumble and raced 50 yards to tie the game. The 6-6 tie remained at halftime. In the third quarter, Indians’ Joe Pappio got behind the Giants’ safety, caught a long pass from quarterback John Levi for the goahead score, adding the point after touchdown (PAT) to take the lead 13-6. With no additional score in the final quarter, the Indians claimed victory.


Through the years, Native Americans from the University of Oklahoma, Oklahoma Baptist University, and The University of Tulsa were added to the team. Even Jim Thorpe came back to Oklahoma to play in several games. Tribes represented included the Osage, Pawnee, Otoe, Creek, Seminole, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Sioux, Cherokee, Navajo, Kiowa, Seneca, Sac and Fox, and Potawatomi. George Nix, an outstanding player from the Eskimo Tribe in Alaska, also came to play. The Indians did not always win. In 1928 a team of NFL All-Stars, led by Steve Owen, came to Tulsa to play the Indians at McNulty Park. The Indians were shut out 27-0. For a number of years, the Hominy Indians were Oklahoma’s “big time” profootball team, bringing much fame and pride to the state of Oklahoma. Although they gave up the game in 1932, primarily because of the Great Depression, they laid the ground work for future days of football “glory” and love of the game in Oklahoma.

Jim Thorpe, second from left, returned to Oklahoma on several occasions to play with the Hominy Indians. Ira Hamilton, left, and Otto Hamilton, the founders of the Hominy Indians. Courtesy of the Osage Nation, Pawhuska.

The 1927 New York Giants football team was defeated by the Hominy Indians on December 26, 1927 in Pawhuska, Oklahoma.

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A

By Gini Moore Campbell

lthough Fort Sill was founded by Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan on January 8, 1869 during a campaign against the Indians, the first official visit to the area had occurred more than 30 years before when Gen. Henry Leavenworth led the First Dragoon Expedition. The peace mission of the Dragoons headed west from Fort Gibson in eastern Oklahoma to visit a village of Comanche camped below the Medicine Bluffs. Traveling with Leavenworth were George Catlin and 1st Lt. Jefferson Davis. Catlin’s paintings would be the first documentation of the Indians from the southern plains and continue to be a point of historical reference today. Davis became President of the Confederate States of America. The mission of the 1868 campaign, orchestrated by the War Department and led by Sheridan, was to force the Indians onto reservations. Included in the four regiments originally at Camp Wichita were the 7th Cavalry under the command of Lt. Col. George

DID YOU KNOW . . . . . . anyone can visit Fort Sill? It is open to the public.

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A. Custer and the 10th Cavalry, a unit of African American soldiers who are forever remembered as “Buffalo Soldiers,” commanded by the first post commander, Colonel Benjamin H. Grierson. All four of the Buffalo Soldier regiments—the 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry and the 24th and 25th Infantry— served at Fort Sill during the late 19th Century. The first Indian Agent was Col. Albert Boone, the grandson of Daniel Boone. Until the creation of Fort Sill, the only other fort in the region was Fort Cobb. However, Fort Cobb was considered to be in a poor location. Camp Wichita, near the center of Fort Sill today, had been established near the Medicine Bluffs as the Indians considered them steeped with religious and cultural value. The name of the post was changed from Camp Wichita to Fort Sill by Sheridan in honor of Brig. Gen. Joshua W. Sill, a West Point classmate and friend who was killed during the Civil War. Fort Sill was unique in that it did not have a populated town outside of its gates. It was not until 1901 when Lawton was established following a lottery opening of the Apache, Comanche, and Kiowa reservations that Fort Sill found its sister city.

Fort Sill also is home to some of the most unique Museums and one-of-a-kind exhibits in the world. The United States Army Field Artillery & Fort Sill Museum was officially opened in January of 1935. With a dual mission of preserving the history of both the Field Artillery and of Fort Sill itself, the endeavor was guided by Capt. Harry C. Larter, a Field Artilleryman, military artist, and historian who became the Museum’s first curator. Later an old artillery teaching collection of military items that had been stored in a warehouse on base for 15 years were incorproated into the museum. Compiling and writing the history of Fort Sill became the responsibility of Capt. Wilbur S. Nye. The old guardhouse, on the western side of Fort Sill, served as the first museum building. An increase in visitors and exhibits proved the need for additional space. The Quartermaster Corral, on the southeast corner of Fort Sill, was added to the Museum complex in 1958. Exhibits included a Trader’s Store replica, a Wichita grass house, and a Conestoga wagon. The Quartermaster Smokehouse was opened in the 1960s and


featured artillery exhibits from the Revolutionary War through 1900, while the Commissary Storehouse took exhibitory through the Korean Conflict. Cannon Walk, an outdoor exhibit featuring U. S. and foreign artillery, was created and by the mid-1970s the Museum had acquired a number of other buildings. The School of Fire for Field Artillery was housed in the first headquarters building. The “Hall of Flags” found its home in one of the original Infantry Barracks. The museum offices and archives were located in the original Post Headquarters building that had been constructed in 1870. To protect from development, Old Post Chapel was assigned to the Museum. The 1990s saw additional growth to the Museum’s offerings with the addition of a second Infantry Barracks, three Cavalry Barracks, and the only surviving balloon hangar at the Henry Post Army Airfield, in addition to a number of other outbuild-

A reproduction model 1841 6pdr Field Gun is part of the collection at the United States Army Field Artillery Museum at Fort Sill. The gun still fires and school groups look forward to the demonstration.

DID YOU KNOW . . . . . . Fort Sill is the only remaining active Army installation that was built on the South Plains during the Indian Wars?

Upon entering the Field Artillery Museum, guests experience a life-size diorama featuring the role of troops and artillery used in the Mexican American War.

ings. Because of museum standards, it was determined that the historic buildings were not suitable to display the vast artillery collection held by the Museum. That was all about to change. By 1998, Project Millennium was ensuring the future of the Museum by supporting its mission and by constructing a new facility to adequately house the collections of the United States Army Field Artillery Museum. The Museum was separated into two distinct areas of interest—Field Artillery and Fort Sill. This allowed the

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staff of the Fort Sill National Historic Landmark and Museum to focus on the historical aspect of the Fort’s history. Originally part of the Fort Sill National Historic Landmark and Museum, the United States Army Field Artillery Museum opened in June of 2009. The Museum, which covers the history of Army artillery from 1775 to the present, contains more than 70 guns and artillery pieces, in addition to collections of photographs, ammunition, uniforms, and other military-related artifacts. Housed in three galleries, the Central Gallery centers on the four principle

An experimental Mule Gun from the 1880s is on display at the United States Army Field Artillery Museum.

The South Gallery of the United States Army Field Artillery Museum.

Exhibits include a British 24-pdr. “Trophy” Cannon captured at the Battle of Saratoga in October, 1777.

Monthly, on the Parade Grounds, the Fort Sill Gun Detachment holds demonstrations on firing techniques.

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components of artillery—fire direction control, forward observation, guns, and rockets. History from the 1700s to the 1900s may be found in the South Gallery and World War II to the present is featured in the North Gallery. The United States Army Air Defense Artillery Museum

DID YOU KNOW . . . the funeral limber and caisson used in the 1945 funeral procession of President Franklin D. Roosevelt is part of the United States Field Artillery Museum’s permanent collection?

Three full-size panels of the Berlin Wall were gifted from the German government in recognition of the contributions towards the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and conclusion of the Cold War.

The first 75mm Pack Howitzer, marked Experimental No. 1, 1923. The sole surviving M12 155mm Gun Motor Carriage, the Army’s heavy self-propelled gun of World War II is on exhibit in the United States Army Field Artillery Museum.

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Major General John G. Rossi Commanding General Major General Rossi grew up on Long Island, New York, the son of a New York City police officer. He graduated from West Point in 1983 and was commissioned in the Army as an Air Defense Artillery Officer. His civilian education includes a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Military Academy, a Master of Arts from Webster University and a Master of Arts from the U.S. Naval War College. He is a

graduate of the U.S. Army Command and General Staff College and a distinguished graduate of the U.S. Naval War College. Major General Rossi has served in the United States, Korea, Germany, Southwest Asia, and Iraq. He has led at every level from platoon to his current assignment as the Commanding General of the U.S. Army Fires Center of Excellence and Fort Sill at Fort Sill, OK. His prior assignment was as the Director of the Army Quadrennial Defense Review Office in the Pentagon. MG Rossi’s command assignments include Commanding General, 32d AAMDC, Fort Bliss, Texas; Commander, 35th ADA Brigade in the Republic of Korea; Commander, Task Force Lion, Southwest Asia; Commander 2-1 ADA, Fort Bliss, Texas; Commander,

C 1-6 ADA Fort Bliss, Texas; Commander, A 3-1 ADA, Fort Hood, Texas; and platoon leader 1/B 3-60 ADA, Regensburg Germany. Major General Rossi’s principal staff assignments include J33 U.S. Forces Iraq, Baghdad Iraq; DCG (Fires), III Corps and Fort Hood, Texas; DCG and Chief of Staff, Fort Bliss, Texas; G3, 32d AAMDC, Fort Bliss, Texas; Chief, U.S. Central Command Air and Missile Defense Division, Tampa, Florida; Operations Officer, 1-7 ADA and 94th ADA Brigade in Germany; and Deputy Operations Officer, 3- 43 ADA, Southwest Asia during Operation Desert Shield and Desert Storm. His awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal (Oak Leaf Cluster), the Legion of Merit (4 Oak Leaf Clusters), and the Bronze Star (Oak Leaf Cluster).

The United States Army Air Defense Artillery Museum opened in 2013. originally was organized in 1975 at Fort Bliss in El Paso Texas. Following the Base Realignment and Closure Act it was relocated to Fort Sill in 2010 and opened to the public in 2013. With more than 50 types of towed and self-propelled anti-aircraft guns, over 20 different missile systems, radars, searchlights, and an array of other equipment, the Museum houses the largest collection of Air Defense artifacts in the world. The year 2013 also saw the completion of Air Defense Artillery Park. Representing decades of military history, the Park houses gun and missile systems used from World War II to the present. Today, the Fort Sill National Historic Landmark and Museum occupies 38 buildings, with a total of 144,514 square feet of exhibit and storage space, a total collection of over 235, 000 objects, and covers 142 acres in the Historic Landmark area. It comprises the most complete Indian Wars era frontier fort in existence in the United States.

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Air Defense Artillery Park was completed in 2013.


A twin water-cooled .50 caliber anti-aircraft mount on display at the Air Defense Artillery Museum.

MIM-23 Hawk missile launcher, MPQ-55 I-CWAR (Improved Continuous Wave Acquisition Radar), Hawk loader model and diorama of a deployed Hawk battery in Germany are on exhibit in the Air Defense Artillery Museum. Exhibits in the Air Defense Artillery Museum are complemented with original photographs. The Museum has the only surviving example of the 3-inch M1918 gun featured in the photograph.

An original 1966 M151 searchlight jeep is part of the Air Defense Artillery Museum’s collection.

DID YOU KNOW . . . . . . almost 70,000 military members, civilian workers, retirees and family members create an economic impact of about $2 billion per year to the Oklahoma economy?

DID YOU KNOW . . . . . . Geronimo was held prisoner and buried at Fort Sill?

Lt. Jake Wertich and Pfc. Gordon Smital keep watch down a snowy road at Trois Ponts, Belgium on 21 December 1944. Air Defenders Lt. Wertich and Corporal Stokes Taylor were both awarded posthumous Distinguished Service Crosses for their actions defending Trois Ponts on that date.

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Chiefs Knoll is the final resting place for Indian chiefs of both war and peace, including Sitting Bear who was killed in 1871 by 4th Cavalry Troopers. Many interred were signers of the Medicine Lodge Treaty of 1867. It is not uncommon for reburials, bringing former Indian leaders to this place of honor.

DID YOU KNOW . . .

DID YOU KNOW . . .

. . . more than 5.5-million gallons of gas is used on Fort Sill each year?

. . . there are 5 chapels on the grounds at Fort Sill?

Bill W. Burgess, Jr. Oklahoma’s Highest Ranking Army Civilian and 2008 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Inductee Bill W. Burgess, Jr., of Lawton, is chairman of the board of Vortex, the owner/publisher of the Lawton Constitution, and the senior partner of Burgess and Hightower Law Firm. Burgess is the son of Sgt. Bill W. Burgess, Sr. and Betty Burgess. He graduated from Cameron University with a B.A. degree, received his juris doctorate from the University of Oklahoma College of Law, and has been designated as an AV attorney. As chairman and principal owner of Techrizon, Burgess developed the enterprise into the largest Oklahoma software engineering company. Techrizon has developed software for today’s technologically advanced warfare specializing in smart weapon systems for the U.S. Department of Defense.

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Burgess currently serves as the Civilian Aide to the Secretary for the Army. He serves as a Regent for the University of Oklahoma. He has been inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and the Oklahoma Higher Education Hall of Fame, as well as being awarded the Corporate Entrepreneur of the Year by the United States Association for Small Business and Entrepreneurship. Regent Burgess previously served 18 years as a member of the Oklahoma State Regents for Higher Education. He has served as chairman of the Oklahoma State Chamber and the Oklahoma Business Roundtable as well as chairman of the Citizens’ Commission on the Future of Oklahoma Higher Education. He has served as chairman of Leadership Oklahoma, being

honored as the group’s 25th Anniversary Distinguished Graduate, and served as president of the Boy Scouts of America-Oklahoma Council. Governor Mary Fallin and the Legislature of the State of Oklahoma honored Burgess by designating Interstate 44 through Lawton the "Bill W. Burgess, Jr. Highway." Cameron University has named their business center the “Bill W. Burgess, Jr. Business Center.” Burgess has been named the Outstanding Philanthropist for Oklahoma by the Association of Fundraising Professionals, with this award being given to those with a proven record of generosity who, through financial support, have demonstrated outstanding civic and charitable responsibility.


Book Review UPCOMING RELEASE If the Fence Could Talk by Brad Robison R O B IS

FR O M THE F OREW OR D

Talk d l u o C nce e F e h t If

ON

Ta lk C o u ld Fe n c e If the

April 19, 1995 was a day of unspeakable horror and tragedy. Early that mornk l a T ould ing, a rental truck pulled in C e c n e front of the Alfred P. Murrah he F Federal Building in downtown rum sim Oklahoma In its bed rested ero be r City. tu rati is acep sto qu magnis reic i, sit vit e t e l id oilfaand a fuel fertilizer bomb m sci v e ci d ro n p re re t omni debis eture tus eaque sim s molu s qua ed qua olentem quo usaeceathat, when detonated, tore away s n o n am susci t, is m s autem t od qu uaepta s modit acIs dolum volore the north face of the building, u ti b r sam riaeriti ati blatectiis ndiatu dit re poru tae reicit fire of nearby created faccata us et faci aeliraging ali it im s d x n a e M v s s lo on Blurbu ex esti us eatem vo automobiles, and damitiatio lorexploding m nseni h o sa rum no a quam as d nos. e p s a ri s e Inciisti atur ante pe spe estiusda aged or destroyed over three hunia or facia p qui rest, qu em dred other buildings in the area. pa con s u s Minim Blurbu This incredible and unforgivable act of one demented individual, snuffed out the lives of one hundred sixty-eight of our neighbors and friends and injured hundreds more. The bombing remains the largest criminal case in the history of the FBI (the perpetrators of 9/11 killed themselves in their act of madness so there was no one living to prosecute). The Nation's attention became focused on the rescue efforts, then the recovery efforts, and finally on the arrest and prosecution of those responsible. From across the country, urban search and rescue workers came in the thousands. From California, Washington, Maryland, Florida, Arizona, New York, Virginia and cities and towns

n Robisooge d a r B H By rgaret y Ma

ated b Illustr

in between, men and women, committed to professionalism and compassion, joined their Oklahoma colleagues at the site. What astonished them and helped create "the Oklahoma standard," was not only the superb training and leadership of the Oklahoma first responders and their colleagues, but the kindness and the charity of the Oklahoma family. Everything that they needed or wanted was provided: food, communications, medical care, clothing. Their request was our command and it continued that way until their work was done. There was no looting. The crime rate collapsed in the city.

But there was more. Spontaneously, the chain link fence surrounding the site became the place where notes, letters of love, stuffed animals, children's toys, religious items, and assorted memorabilia came and stayed. To this day, visitors continue to mark their visits by their gifts to the "Fence." The "Fence" has taken on a life of its own as a place of remembrance and Faith and healing. Brad Robison tells its story with creativity and goodness and grace. His is a gifted tribute to the good that came out of the bad. It is a piece of a people at their best.

窶認rank Keating

Governor of Oklahoma

1995-2003

OKLAHOMA HERITAGE ASSOCIATION PUBLISHING

the leader in publishing Oklahoma's history

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By Gini Moore Campbell nna Brosius was born in 1869 in Hamilton, Missouri. After marrying Frank N. Korn, a Rock Island Railway executive, the couple moved to Chickasha, Oklahoma, in 1905 and settled in El Reno the following year. Mrs. Korn lobbied for women’s rights and became actively involved in a number of clubs and organizations in her community, including Colonial Daughters of America, Daughters of the American Revolution, and the United Daughters of the Confederacy. She formed the state’s first county chapter of Democratic Women and the Women’s Legislative Council. However, it was Korn’s passion for history that changed forever the lives of men and women making a difference in the State of Oklahoma. In 1921, fourteen years following Oklahoma’s admission to the Union, Korn authored the Honor Statute designating November 16 as Oklahoma Statehood Day. She hosted the first official birthday party for the State of Oklahoma on November 16, 1926 at the Huckins Hotel in downtown Oklahoma City. The following year Korn founded the Oklahoma Memorial Association, later renamed the Oklahoma Heritage Association, to officially celebrate Oklahoma Statehood Day, promote the observance by teachers and pupils with exercises to inspire children with Oklahoma’s commonwealth, and create a lavish ceremony to recognize Oklahomans dedicated to their communities and state with induction into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. Membership dues were $1.00 annually and the first Oklahoma Hall of Fame was held in the Huckins Hotel on November 16, 1928 at noon. This would be the only Oklahoma Hall of Fame event held during the day.

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More than 350 citizens attended the State of Oklahoma’s 19th birthday at Oklahoma City’s Huckins Hotel. Hosted by Anna B. Korn, the four-tier birthday cake set on a bed of Mistletoe, Oklahoma’s State Flower, and was topped with an embosser of the State Seal of Oklahoma. The first two Oklahomans inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame were Dennis T. Flynn and Elizabeth Fulton Hester. Flynn, a lawyer and journalist, came to Oklahoma in 1889 and served as postmaster of Guthrie from 1890 to 1893. He served four terms in Congress, was the originator of the Oklahoma Free Homes Bill, and served as delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1912.

Elizabeth Fulton Hester arrived in Oklahoma at the age of 18 to teach in the Chickasaw Mission near Tishomingo. She organized the first Women’s Home Missionary Society of the Methodist Church, South at Boggy Depot. Forty years later she moved to Muskogee where she co-founded the Muskogee Day Nursery and was Chaplain of the United Daughters of the Confederacy of Oklahoma.


Dennis T. Flynn was the first male inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. The ceremony took place in 1928 at the Huckins Hotel in Oklahoma City. Flynn married Adaline M. Blanton and was father to Streeter B. and Olney F. Flynn.

Elizabeth Fulton Hester was the daughter of Reverend Defau Tallerand Fulton, missionary to the Cherokee Indians in Georgia. She married George Benjamin Hester and they had one daughter, Daisy. Daisy married United States Indian Agent, and later United States Senator, Robert L. Owen.

Oklahoma’s 21st birthday cake was presented during the 1928 Oklahoma Hall of Fame. The cake weighed 1,000 lbs. and an artist’s rendering appeared on post cards. From 1928 through 1935, Birthday Cake Committees played an active role in the ceremonies. One of the early acts of the Oklahoma Memorial Association was to design an Oklahoma Hall of Fame medallion patterned after the impression stamp of the Association. The medallion would be presented to those being honored. A committee was formed, headed by Anna B. Korn, and worked with a local jeweler to design the medallion.

As her first official act as president of the Oklahoma Memorial Association, Anna B. Korn appointed a committee to design the official impression stamp of the organization. The final design included Uncle Sam blessing the union of Oklahoma Territory and Indian Territory surrounded by Mistletoe, Oklahoma’s state flower.

The white star of the medallion, taken from the State Seal, represents Oklahoma as the 46th state of the Union and the 46th star on the flag of the United States. The gold center, Uncle Sam blessing the union of Oklahoma and Indian territories, is taken directly from the Association’s stamp. The star is surrounded by a mistletoe wreath, like that of the impression stamp and the Oklahoma State Seal. The Mistletoe wreath first was used as an element of the Great Seal of the Territory of Oklahoma. The five “T” shapes above the star honor the five Indian Nations that inhabited Indian Territory prior to Statehood. Surrounding the Ts are rays of the sun, the Indian symbol for constancy—unchanging or unwavering. The medallion

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Korn was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 1961 at the age of 92. She remained actively involved with the planning and execution of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame through the following year. Korn passed away in 1965, that same year the Honorable William J. Holloway paid tribute to her during the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

During the 1940s, Willard Stone was artist in residence at Tulsa’s Gilcrease Institute of American History and Art, a position offered by oil baron and art collector Thomas Gilcrease. Original pieces created by Stone remain in the Gilcrease collection.

The elements that make up the Hall of Fame medallion reflect and celebrate Oklahoma’s rich heritage.

hangs from a ribbon, reddish in color that depicts Oklahoma’s rich red earth. Originally hung from a short ribbon and pinned to the recipient, current medallions are hung from a ribbon around the neck.

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In 1970, Cherokee artist Willard Stone was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. Eleven years later he agreed to create a wood sculpture for the Association to recognize outstanding Oklahomans. Stone chose the owl because, according to legend, the owl is the wisest of birds and can be either male or female. The end product was a wide-eyed owl in formal clothing that reflected how Stone felt the night of his induction as he sat “perched” at the head table with his chest expanded, filled with pride. One-hundred bronze castings were made and served as a benefit of membership in the Association at the $1,000 and $2,500 member levels, the most significant at the time.

In 2000, under the leadership of State Fair of Oklahoma Chairman Clayton I. Bennett and Oklahoma Heritage Association Chairman Lee Allan Smith, the Oklahoma Heritage Plaza was erected on the Oklahoma State Fairgrounds in Oklahoma City. Anchored by a large granite monument celebrating the mission of the Association, the plaza features pathways lined with smaller monuments recognizing all members of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. The list of Honorees is updated annually following the Oklahoma Hall of Fame Banquet and Induction Ceremony. The Oklahoma Hall of Fame had not benefitted from a permanent home since the founding of the Oklahoma Memorial Association.


During the 1962 and 1963 Oklahoma Hall of Fame ceremonies, Dow Gumerson presented architectural renderings by architect Bill Halley of an Oklahoma Hall of Fame building. Although a site had not been secured, Oklahoma Memorial Association records indicate that the State Fairgrounds in Oklahoma City was the preferred site. The proposed $400,000 structure was to be constructed of Indiana granite with an open-air foyer and mosaic granite floor. Offices, a board room, parlor, and vault were designed to flank one side of the foyer with a museum and banquet hall to seat 1,000 on the other. The building was never constructed. It would not be until the early 1970s that the Oklahoma Heritage Association, formerly the Oklahoma Memorial Association, would have a permanent home. Shortly before his death in 1971, Judge Robert A. Hefner willed his home and its contents to the Association. The home would serve as the Association’s headquarters and provide the Oklahoma Hall of Fame with a permanent gallery until December, 2006.

It was during this period of the organization’s history that the annual Oklahoma Heritage Week and scholarship competitions were born, as well as the publications program. The Judge: The Life of Robert A, Hefner would be the first book published under the new program.

In 2001, the Oklahoma Heritage Association was gifted $3,000,000 from Edward L. Gaylord to purchase the historic Mid-Continent Life Insurance building just blocks away from the Hefner home. The larger structure would allow the Association to expand its offerings and further its mission to

For more than 30 years the former residence of Judge and Mrs. Robert A. Hefner, Sr. served as the home of the Association.

The Oklahoma Heritage Plaza was dedicated to the people of Oklahoma on September 15, 2000. The event was attended by Oklahoma Hall of Fame Honorees and Oklahoma Heritage Association directors and members.

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preserve and tell the stories of extraordinary people. A matching contribution from T. Boone Pickens launched the renovation phase and on May 10, 2007 the new Edward L. Gaylord—T. Boone Pickens Oklahoma Heritage Museum opened to the public and the Oklahoma Hall of Fame was brought to life with state-of-the-art, interactive technology. Designed to engage visitors of all ages, the Gaylord-Pickens Museum has breathed new life into the organization. Our education programs have continued to grow. The scholarship program now makes available more then $4-million in tuition grants and cash scholarships to high school students and the publications program has become recognized as the leader in publishing Oklahoma’s history. Programs made possible by the organization’s new home include an active Teen Board, raising more than

On May 10, 2007 more than 200 attended the opening of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

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T. Boone Pickens, inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame in 2003, launched the renovation phase of the new Edward L. Gaylord—T. Boone Pickens Oklahoma Heritage Museum.

$120,000 to date to support education programming, Third Thursdays story time and crafts for families, and the Tulsa World Gallery showcasing the talents of Oklahoma artists and collections. In addition, people from across the state continue to make their way to the Museum each year to celebrate our statehood at our annual Statehood Day Festival. In 2014, the Young Entrepreneurs and Artists Market was added to the day’s festivities to showcase the artistic talents of the next generation of Oklahomans. The generosity of Edward L. Gaylord, 1974 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Honoree, made possible the Edward L. Gaylord— T. Boone Pickens Oklahoma Heritage Museum, home of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.


Through interactive exhibits, the Oklahoma Hall of Fame comes alive at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. Permanent and temporary exhibits bring visitors face-to-face with notable and lesser known Oklahomans who have impacted our state, country and world.

Activities surrounding the opening of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum brought students from school districts throughout the state to the new attraction.

The Oklahoma Hall of Fame, our state’s highest honor, continues to be what the organization is best known and respected for. After careful thought and consideration, leadership suggested a significant change in the history of the organization. On February 11, 2015 the board of directors voted to change the name of the Oklahoma Heritage Association to the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

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Third Thursdays has become one of our most popular new programs, with parents and young children visiting the Gaylord-Pickens Museum for story time and crafts. Just as the mission remains, so do the important programs that spread it throughout Oklahoma and beyond. The change in name is yet another step in our constant journey to preserve Oklahoma’s unique heritage while promoting pride in our great state by telling Oklahoma’s story through its people.

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The Young Entrepreneurs and Artists Market was an added attracti0n to Statehood Day Festival in 2014. So well received, it has been added to the day’s festivities for the coming years.


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Hall of Fame Member

Spotlight

Patti Page By Millie J. Craddick

P

atti Page was born Clara Ann Fowler

on November 8, 1927, in Claremore into a large and poor family. She was the second youngest of eleven siblings-three boys and eight girls. Her father, B.A. Fowler, worked on the MKT Railroad, while her mother, Margaret, and older sisters picked cotton.

The New Oldsmobile Show starring Patti Page, which premiered in September, 1958, was a musical variety show aired on 234 stations of the ABC Television Network.

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Page described the life of a railroad foreman’s family during the Great Depression: “My father was a laborer on the railroad. We lived in section houses – the railroad gave section houses to the foreman and his crew. Sometimes they were good section houses and sometime they were bad. We had our own garden and my mother had a cow and a pig – that’s how we ate. We had meat with our Sunday dinner, but we had a lot of corn bread and milk for supper during the week.” She related on television many years later, the family went without electricity, and therefore she could not read after dark. The family moved from town to town, including brief stints in Pawhuska, Jenks, and Muskogee, before settling in Tulsa. While their mother would not allow the children to listen to music on the radio for fear of wasting electricity, they were allowed to tune in to the Eddie Cantor Show and The Chicago Barn Dance from time to time. When Page was a little girl growing up in Oklahoma, she would frequent the town drugstore to listen to the jukebox tunes of Tommy Dorsey and Frank Sinatra. Years later, her songs became classics of the jukebox. Page’s career began at KTUL Radio where she worked in the art department. An emergency call from the station manager went out for a singer to replace the regular vocalist who came down with laryngitis. Page jumped at the chance to audition and got the job. It was a fifteenminute musical called the “Meet Patti Page Show,” sponsored by the Page Milk Company. She assumed the name of her sponsor and became Patti Page. From her freshman year through her high school graduation in 1945, she would ride the bus from Daniel Webster High School downtown to KTUL, record her show

at 3:30 in the afternoon, and then hit the downtown Tulsa clubs, including the Benglair Club and Casa Loma Ballroom, where she would lend her singing to acts from Al Clauser and His Oklahoma Outlaws to Bob Wills and the Texas Playboys. It was during her years at KTUL that Page officially changed her name from Clara Ann Fowler to Patti Page. After high school graduation, Page was offered an art scholarship The album cover for Golden Hits, produced by Mercury Records, Patti Page's first singles collection.

Patti Page, in 1962, working on an album in the studio.

Born Clara Ann Fowler, she took the name Patti Page after being featured on the fifteen-minute musical radio show sponsored by the Page Milk Company.

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Known as a star on screen and on the radio, little girls collected Patti Page dolls complete with clothes and accessories. In addition, Patti Page paper dolls were available.

In 1956, Patti Page was the cover girl for the September issue of Cosmopolitan.

to the University of Tulsa. As fate would have it, Jack Rael, road manager and baritone saxophone player for the Jimmy Joy Band, heard Page sing on the radio while he was traveling through Tulsa. Rael contacted Page and offered to make her a star in Chicago. Page toured throughout the country with the Jimmy Joy Band in the mid-1940s. She turned down the scholarship and never looked back. In 1947, Page left the band to pursue a solo career, enlisting Rael’s services as manager and bandleader. Rael wasted no time in arranging national exposure for his singer through an appearance on the Chicago-based “Breakfast Club Radio Showcase” with Don McNeil, where Page was backed by the Benny Goodman Septet. The broadcast almost immediately resulted in a contract with

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the recently-founded label Mercury Records, and her first single hit, “Confess,” was released in early 1948 and became a Top 15 hit on the Billboard Magazine Chart, peaking at No. 12 on the Best-Sellers chart, and her first major hit on the pop chart. Page followed that single with four more in 1948-1949, of which one was a Top 20 hit, “So in Love”. She also had a Top 15 hit on Billboard Magazine’s Country Chart in 1949 with “Money, Marbles, and Chalk.” She became Mercury’s “girl singer”. In a 1999 interview, Page said “I was a kid from Oklahoma who never wanted to be a singer, but was told I could sing and things snowballed.” The song “Confess” is significant not only for initiating the start of Page’s recording career, but was the first time a singer used multi-track

technology as her back-up chorus−a tactic necessitated by a lack of money to pay for real back-up singers. The best-selling female vocalist of the 1950s and highly popular in the 1960s, the Claremore native was soon introduced as “The Singin’ Rage, Miss Patti Page.” In 1950, Page had her first million-selling single “With My Eyes Open, I’m Dreaming,” another song where she harmonized her vocals. Page’s single, “All My Love (Bolero)” peaked at No.1 on Billboard Magazine, becoming her first No. 1 hit. That same year, she also had her first Top 10 hit with “I Don’t Care if the Sun Don’t Shine.” Towards the end of the 1950s, Page’s version of “Tennessee Waltz” became her second No. 1 hit and her most-popular and biggest-selling single. It became her signature song.


“Tennessee Waltz” also became Page’s second single to reach the country chart, becoming her biggest hit there, reaching No. 2. The song would later become one of the best-selling records of all time, selling seven million copies in the early 1950s. Today, the song has come close to selling fifteen million copies. “Tennessee Waltz” scored the rare achievement of reaching No. 1 on the pop, country, and R&B charts simultaneously. “Tennessee Waltz,” her biggest selling record, was a fluke. Because Christmas was approaching, Mercury Records wanted Page to record “Boogie Woogie Santa Claus.” She and Rael got hold of “Tennessee Waltz,” convinced that a pop artist could make a smash hit out of it. Mercury agreed to put it on the B-side of the Christmas song. No one ever heard of “Boogie Woogie Santa Claus.” In 1951, Page released the follow-up single to “Tennessee Waltz” called “Would I Love You, Love You, Love You” which was a Top 5 hit, and also sold a million copies. The next single, “Mockin’ Bird Hill” was her fourth single that sold a million copies. She had three additional Top 10 hits on Billboard in 1951, starting with “Mister and Mississippi,” which peaked at No. 8, “And So to Sleep

Again”, and “Detour.” She also released her first studio album titled, Folk Song Favorites, which covered Page’s favorite folk songs. In 1952, Page had a third No. 1 hit with “I Went to Your Wedding.” The song was the flip-side of one of her other Top 10 hits that year, “You Belong to Me.” The single “I Went to Your Wedding” became Page’s eighth million-selling single in the United States. Success continued with three additional Top 10 hits “Come What May,” “Once in a While,’ and “Why Don’t You Believe Me”. In 1953, a novelty tune, “How Much Is that Doggie in the Window,” became Page’s fourth No.1 hit, also selling more than a million copies. It was originally recorded by Page for a children’s album. The song included a dog barking in the recording, which helped make it popular and one of her best-known and signature songs. She had a series of Top 20 hits that year. A final single that year that reached the Top 5 was titled “Changing Partners,” which peaked at No. 3. The song was also recorded in a country melody, like many of Page’s hits at the time. Into 1954, she had further hits, including “Cross Over the Bridge,” “Let Me Go Lover” and “Steam Heat.” In 1955, she had one charting single with “Croce di Oro,” due to the increasing popularity of rock & roll. Unlike most traditional pop music singers at the time, Page was able to maintain her success in the late 1950s, having three major hits including the No. 2 hit “Allegheny Moon.” In 1957 she had other hits with “A Poor Man’s Roses or A Rich Man’s Gold” and the Top 5 hit “Old Cape Cod.” She was deemed favorite female vocalist that year in the first nationwide audience poll taken in Dick Clark’s new American Bandstand.

Page regularly appeared on a series of network television shows and programs, including The Dean Martin Show, The Ed Sullivan Show, and The Steve Allen Show. This eventually led to Page acquiring some television specials of her own. She was so popular that when a car accident left Ed Sullivan out of commission for five Sundays, she was one of the people asked to host The Ed Sullivan Show. She would later have her own series, beginning with Scott Music Hall, The Patti Page Show, The Big Record, and The Patti Page Olds Show. Page also acted in television shows during this time where she was given a role on Playhouse 90. She made her film debut in the 1960s movie Elmer Gantry. She also recorded the theme song for the film Boys Night Out, in which she had a role, playing Joanne McIllenny. She starred on stage in the musical comedy “Annie Get Your Gun.”

Patti Page sold more than 100 million records in her career and had 24 top-10 hits, including four that reached No. 1.


In the early 1960s, Page’s success began to wane, having no major hits until 1961’s “You’ll Answer to Me” and “Mom and Dad’s Waltz.” Page hit the Billboard Pop Chart in 1965 with “Hush…Hush, Sweet Charlotte,” from the film of the same name, which peaked at No. 8, becoming her last Top 10 hit. In 1970, her singles began to chart on the Hot Adult Contemporary Tracks chart. Many of these became major hits, including cover versions of “You Can’t Be True, Dear,” “Gentle On My Mind” and “Little Green Apples.” Page received the Pioneer Award from the Academy of Country Music in 1980. She has stars on both the Hollywood Walk of Fame and the Country Music Walk of Fame. When the first of her 11 grandchildren was born, Page was asked what grandmotherly name she might want to be called. “Grammy,” she quickly replied, based on the assumption she would never win her industry’s highest honor. But after taking top honors in the Best Traditional Pop Vocal at the 1999 Grammy Awards, Page says she was then prepared to have her grandkids just call her grandma. In 1998 she recorded her first live album. It was performed at Carnegie Hall in New York and titled, Live at Carnegie Hall: The 50th Anniversary Concert. After 51 years of performing, it was this album that earned Page the coveted Grammy Award. In the course of Page’s seven-decade recording career, she became a living legend by selling more than 100 million records, making her one of the biggest selling females in history. Her smooth voice engulfed the airwaves during the 1950s and 1960s, providing her with a staggering 111 hits, 15 gold records, and four gold albums. She was the first crossover artist to take country music to the pop charts.

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In 2000, she released a new album, Brand New Tennessee Waltz. Harmony vocals were provided by popular country stars including Suzy Bogguss, Alison Krauss, Kathy Mattea, and Trisha Yearwood. The album was promoted at the Ryman Auditorium in Nashville, Tennessee. On October 4, 2001, the mayor of Manchester, New Hampshire, declared it “Patti Page Day.” Page was in Manchester to perform a sold-out concert at the Palace Theatre to benefit the Merrimack Valley Assistance Program. Through all of her successes, Page always kept her home state of Oklahoma close to her heart. She performed at the Oklahoma Semi-Centennial Exposition in Oklahoma City in 1957, returned for the state’s Diamond Jubilee in 1982, and the Centennial Celebration in 2007. Page once said, “You know I have been honored all over the world for my singing. I was

Patti Page and her manager Jack Rael. Rael served as her Presenter at the 1983 Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

During the 41st annual Grammy Awards, Patti Page earned a Grammy for Best Traditional Pop Vocal Performance for Live At Carnegie HallThe 50th Anniversary Concert.

always surprised when anyone honored me with some award or acknowledgment. But it wasn’t until the first time I was honored by my home state in 1969 when a street was named after me in Claremore that I was overcome with pure joy!” In 1983 Page was inducted into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. In 1997 she was among the first class to be inducted into the Oklahoma Music Hall of Fame in Muskogee. In 2012, health problems finally stopped her decades of touring. Page wrote a sad-but-resolute letter to her fans about the change, “Although I feel I still have the voice God gave me, physical impairments are preventing me from using that voice as I have for so many years.” Page was posthumously honored with the Lifetime Achievement Grammy Award in 2013.


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through its p eople

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Susan Powell: Miss Susan Powell

was born and raised in Elk City. She began performing in the theatre when she was only eight years old. She also began taking piano lessons at a young age and sang in the church choir. She became Elk City’s “sweetheart” at age fifteen when she played the role of Eliza Doolittle in the town’s production of My Fair Lady. She won the Miss Elk City Pageant in 1977. It was her love of the theatre that inspired her to attend Oklahoma City University and study voice in the opera and musical theatre departments. She competed under the title of Miss Oklahoma City, and in 1980 won the title of Miss Oklahoma. In September, 1980, Susan became the fourth Oklahoman to claim the title of Miss America and was named Miss America 1981. She performed an expressive rendition

Susan Powell was crowned Miss America in September, 1980.

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of “Lucy’s Aria” from Gian Carlo Menotti’s opera The Telephone. Interestingly, Susan is perhaps the only Miss America to have been awarded two tiaras. If you ask her what happened, she laughs at the fact that she accidentally sat on her crown and squashed it. “They had to send me a new one,” said Susan. After earning her crown, she returned home to a parade through the streets of Elk City. According to Oklahoma Today Magazine, “It was the largest celebration in local history.” While in Elk City, she helped deliver meals to over 115 homes. Local residents were thrilled. After serving her year as Miss America, Susan appeared before audiences in theatres, opera houses, concert halls, and at lectures all across the country. She made her operatic debut as Adele in Die Fiedermaus with the Seattle Opera and debuted at the New York City Opera as Johanna in Harold Prince’s production of Sweeney Todd. In September, 2001, Powell sang with the New Japan Philharmonic at a pops concert in Tokyo. Additionally she has sung leading roles for the Cincinnati, Augusta, Syracuse, Connecticut, Gold Coast, Nevada, Tulsa, Arizona, and Baltimore Opera companies. She has also been a featured soloist with numerous symphonies including those of Philadelphia, Tampa, Indianapolis, Tulsa, Nashville, Oklahoma City, Richmond, and Chicago. In 1993, Susan debuted with the Boston Pops and was personally selected by composer John Williams


America to appear with him as the only soloist in one of his final concerts with the Pops. Williams composed many recognizable film scores for motion pictures such as Jaws, the Star Wars saga, Superman, the Indiana Jones films, and even three Harry Potter films. Also in 1993, Susan took her career in a new direction. She introduced the new television series "Home Matters" on the Discovery Channel which featured cooking, gardening, and decorating segments. She was the host of this show for nine seasons. “I was so proud to watch her show every day,” said her mother, Vinita. Susan has twice been recognized as an Ambassador of Goodwill during the Oklahoma Hall of Fame, first in 1981 and again in 2002.

Miss America 1981 Susan Powell at the 2010 Miss America Pageant.

By Jessica White & Tonya Wilhelm

Susan currently lives in Manhattan and continues to tour and lecture. She enjoys assisting in preliminary Miss America pageants and was a judge for the Miss America pageant in 2007. Powell dedicates a majority of her time to prepare the younger

In 2013, Susan Powell played Dorothy Brock, an aging prima donna and the star of “Pretty Lady” at the Arts Center of Coastal Carolina. Photo by Jay Karr.

generations for pageantry. Powell, however, works mainly with young women from age 17 and up, because she does not support toddler/child beauty pageants. Susan believes that younger girls only have one childhood and should not be pressured Clearly, Susan is more than just a pageant winner. She is a successful woman in many different aspects of her life. While talent is certainly important, hard work and determination help in achieving goals, and that is how Susan has achieved so much in her lifetime.

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ERITAGE WEE 36

Dixon Durant: The Founder MADISON GORDON • 7th Grade • SILO SCHOOLS

Who is important to you in your county’s history? Have you ever even thought much about it? Some people would say, off the top of their head, a mayor, a police officer, a fire fighter, or someone else important like that as an example. To me, though, the founder of a town would be the most significant person. Bryan County, Oklahoma, is composed of 16 towns, and Durant, the town I live in, is an important part of this county. Let’s discuss the founder of this town, how Durant has grown since he has been here, and how the town recognizes its founder. Dixon Durant, the father of Durant, was born in the year of 1836 to Mr. and Mrs. Fisher Durant. In 1873, he started the city’s original store which sold everyday items. Back then it was called Durant Station. The name of the store then changed to Durant in 1882. Dixon Durant also began three churches—Congregational, Presbyterian, and Methodist—in Durant. This is a big deal to me because it just so happens that I go to the Methodist church he started. People even say that Dixon Durant helped with forming the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad, otherwise known as the Katy Railroad, in 1872. This railroad is very important to the town and to Bryan County. In fact, in 1905, Theodore Roosevelt was a passenger on a train traveling the Katy Railroad. It stopped in none other than good old Durant, Oklahoma Territory. Nowadays, Durant is pretty big. I’m not talking about Dallas big, but big for Bryan County. Back in the day, in this case 1890,

Durant wasn’t even included in the census. It was, however, included by 1900. In 1902, there were copious businesses of which five hotels, an ice plant, and eight churches are included. I wonder how many of those churches came from our founder? Today, Durant acts as Bryan County’s county seat. The population grew from a little less than 3,000 in 1900 to over 15,800 in the year 2010. Durant now has six schools in its school district. Actually, the new high school was finished just a few years ago. Of course, not only does Durant house its own schools, but it also embodies Silo Schools and one of Rock Creek’s two schools. I attend Silo Schools, and that is why this is important to me. To me, all this history of Durant is interesting from the top to the bottom. But what if no one knew a bit about it? Luckily, the town honors its local history in many ways. One way Durant respects its past is by preserving it. In downtown Durant, there is an all-brick road. It may be bumpy, but it is my favorite road in the whole town. Durant doesn’t just acknowledge its local history, it also brings attention to its founder. One example of this is Dixon Durant Park. It is known to most children as the Rocket Ship Park, and it helps the town recognize its founder all while allowing children to have fun! With the more common way of showing tribute to someone important is to build a statue, that’s what our town did. Last January a statue of Dixon Durant was uncovered in the downtown area. Do you know how long it took the folks creating him to finish? The statue took fifteen


of Durant years to complete. In the meantime, the Red River Arts Council in Durant put up horse sculptures to raise money to complete the statue. You can find these horses all over downtown Durant and the surrounding areas. Now you know all about my county, Bryan County, and its main town, Durant. Is there anything special about your county? Even if it seems like there would be little or no good tales, look anyway. There might just be a superb story just waiting for you to uncover. Trust me, I’ve learned from experience. Now I have loads of random information about Durant to tell. Truth be told, there is much more history than what you have read here. As the narrator from Winnie the Pooh once said, “That is an entirely different story for an entirely different time.” So, when are you going to start researching your county’s history?

A monument to founder Dixon Durant is erected in Dixon Durant Park.

Durant is the Magnolia Capital of Oklahoma. An annual Magnolia Festival is held the Thursday following Memorial Day.

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ERITAGE WEE 38

Robert S. Kerr: A Life

By Elizabeth P. Acree • 6th Grade • Latta Middle School

Have you ever wondered who Robert S. Kerr was and what he did for Pontotoc County and his birthplace of Ada, Oklahoma? Robert S. Kerr was born on September 11, 1896, to parents William S. Kerr and Margaret E. Wright, in a log cabin in what was then Indian Territory. His father’s slogan was “land, wood, and water,” and Robert would live by that slogan for his whole life. When he was growing up, Ada Reed, for whom the town of Ada, Oklahoma was named, used to babysit him. Robert grew up with six brothers and one sister.

When our country became ensnared in the ever-spreading web of World War I, Kerr became a second lieutenant in army field artillery. He served nine months in France and, although he later would belittle his service by saying, “The only powder I ever smelled was face powder,” he realized the value of keeping in touch with other veterans. After the war, Kerr returned to Ada. He snagged two partners, and then set up a grocery store. His father had been in that line of business since 1902, so naturally he followed in his footsteps. Kerr married Reba Shelton on December 5, 1919. In 1920, his new twin daughters died at birth. The Indian Territory cabin where Robert S. Kerr was born has been designated a historical landmark.

Kerr was educated in the public schools of Ada, attended Oklahoma Baptist University, and East Central Normal School. Kerr received a twelfth grade diploma qualifying him as a teacher, so he lost no time in finding a position at a small school in Beebee, Oklahoma. Growing up as Oklahoma grew into a state ignited in Kerr a burning interest in politics. He harbored a strong work ethic, at the age of 15 he picked three hundred ninety-six pounds of cotton in one day. He borrowed $350 dollars and enrolled at the University of Oklahoma in 1915. He studied law and passed the bar in 1922.

Robert S. Kerr served as Governor of Oklahoma from 1943 to 1947.


Robert S. Kerr was first elected to the U. S. Senate in 1948.

In 1961 President John F. Kennedy met with Sen. Robert S. Kerr at the Kermac Angus Ranch in Poteau, Oklahoma.

The Robert S. Kerr portrait that hangs in the Oklahoma State Capitol was painted by Charles Banks Wilson. Both men are members of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

In addition, fire destroyed the produce warehouse, plunging Kerr into debt by $10,000. He began his law practice working for Judge J. F. McKeel of Ada before becoming his law partner. Reba Kerr and her new son died in February of 1924. A grieving Kerr threw himself into his work. However, he married again, on December 26, 1925, to Grayce Breene. He soon was the father of three sons and a daughter. In 1929, he gave up on practicing law, teamed up with his brother-in-law, and the Anderson-Kerr Drilling Company was born. In 1932, Kerr moved his brood to Oklahoma City. Kerr told his father his three great wishes in life were “a family, a million dollars, and the governorship of Oklahoma.” Having accomplished the first one, Kerr set to work on the million dollars, and was sailing along fine. AndersonKerr Drilling Company prospered while drilling for Phillips Petroleum. The name of the company was changed to Kerr-McGee Oil Industries. He had met his second goal. In 1931, Governor William J. Holloway elected him to the position of special justice on the Oklahoma Supreme Court. Despite Gomer Smith and former friend Leon C. Phillips attempting to discredit him, Kerr won the race for governor of Oklahoma in 1942.

Kerr was not finished yet. His father had always told him “dream no little dream,” and he was dreaming very big dreams, indeed. He wanted to be a Senator. In 1948, his big dream came true and he was elected to the Senate. While in the Senate, Kerr wanted water conservation projects, and he wanted them now. He got them. He organized committees. He started pushing to get dams built. And they were being built. Kerr had an idea. He started pushing to get seven Regional Water Quality Labs, which would later become part of the Environmental Protection Agency. He told the president of the University of Oklahoma and Oklahoma State University to decide where one should be. They could not agree, so he put one in his hometown of Ada. He sadly died on January 1, 1963 at the age of 66 before the lab was dedicated. Robert S. Kerr helped form the town of Ada. By pushing hard when he was in the U.S. Senate, Kerr managed to procure an Environmental Protection Agency Laboratory and brought top scientists from all over the world to Pontotoc County. Some of these people’s descendants remain in the town of Ada and continue to share their arts and heritage. Pontotoc County should be very grateful for Robert S. Kerr, and all that he did. . 39


By Amey Pierce

Weston Repola working on a piece in Edmond’s Bella Forte Studio.

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E

dmond Memorial High School sophomore Weston Repola fell in love with glass blowing as a child. His family lived in Colorado Springs at the time and would visit Silver Dollar City AmusementPpark in the summers. Repola was not the type of kid who was pushing and shoving his way to the front of the line for the log ride. Instead he was entranced by the glass blowers, watching them for hours. When asked what he found so fascinating, Repola replied, “I really couldn’t explain it. Glass blowing is something that really enthralls almost everyone that sees it. So for me, I saw it and it held me, the glass was just amazing to me and I knew I wanted to be a part of it.” It was not until a few years later when Repola’s family moved to Edmond that he actually began working with glass. “We moved to Oklahoma in 2013,” explains Repola, “and over the summer I began taking lessons from a teacher who was leery of teaching such a young student.” Most students of the art are adults. Repola is the youngest at his studio, and one of the youngest in Oklahoma. “I would take lessons every Friday. I found a studio in Edmond, it was my freshman year of high school, and I would come in when they opened at 6 and stay until they closed at 10. They decided to let me work with them.” Repola quickly made friends with everyone at Bella Forte Studio, where he now spends the majority of his time. Everyone works together to teach each other. “Last May a really good glass


Kyle Cooper, left, and Weston Repola at the Bella Forte Studio. Repola works as the gaffer on his own pieces; however “everyone is versatile in their roles in the studio,” and he will work the minor roles when helping someone else.

blower came and taught at the studio. The owner of the studio is very generous and wants everyone to learn.” Working with glass has definitely changed the way Repola looks at typical things in a household. He now understands why a glass looks a certain way. Glass blowing is not an easy art. For Repola and the crew at Bella Forte Studio, to make a vase it usually takes three people—the gaffer, or main glass blower, and two assistants. “We use what is called canes and cut them up into short working lengths. We roll that up on a solid cylinder of glass. We fold that over on itself a few times to move the

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Pieces created by Edmond Memorial High School sophomore Weston Repola. color around. From there we cut that into strips and lay it down on top of a bubble. Smooth it all out and add a few more layers of clear. We then blow and shape the glass into a vase. We then attach another pipe to the bottom of the vase so that we can work the mouth and neck. With that finished we place it into a kiln and let it cool down progressively over 16 hours.” Repola works as the gaffer on his own pieces; however “everyone is versatile in their roles in the studio,” and he will work the minor roles when helping someone else. The hardest part of working with glass is “understanding how the glass is going to work and adding things to it because each time things are going to move differently.” Improvisation plays a major role. “You have to be prepared and get ready for anything to happen.” That does not necessarily mean everything created comes by accident. Repola will have ideas of what he would like to do

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before he tries to create it. “I like to draw my pieces out. If it’s a new shape, I like to draw it out.” He looks to his friends he has made in the studio for help and inspiration. “If it’s a new design, I normally talk to my friend about it. He’s really good with design and color. He knows what would go best with it.” After deciding on the design, Repola will try it without any color. If he is satisfied with the piece, he will recreate it using color. The fire can get over 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit, making this art form incredibly dangerous. According to Chron.com, some hazards of the art include visible burns and cuts, but also include less obvious injuries such as inhalation of fumes. It is very important to have a well-ventilated workspace. Heat is another risk whether it causes burns or heat illness. After Repola’s first lesson creating a glass bead, he became sick. Repola says that he burns himself constantly while working, but they are “just little burns.” He claims,“It just comes with the territory.”


Outside of the studio, Repola looks to the masters for inspiration. “I look up to, there’s this guy named Lino Tagliapietra. He is considered the best glass blower that ever walked the earth.” Tagliapietra began working with glass in his teens, as did Repola. Tagliapietra is now in his late 70s and is still creating art. “He’s done the most beautiful work I‘ve ever seen. I mimic a lot of his work.” Another artist Repola admires is Raven Skyriver, a glass sculptor. "He’s hyper realistic, and I would love to be a sculptor one day.” Repola has shown his works in two festivals so far. The first was the 2nd Friday Norman Art Walk held along Main Street in Norman, Oklahoma. Repola’s second festival was the Young Entrepreneurs and Artists Market at the Statehood Day Festival held at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. Repola sold many pieces during these festivals. He also has an Etsy store. Like any dedi-

cated artist, Repola puts everything he makes from sales back into his artwork. “I already used the money to buy more glass.” Requests are accepted for pieces. “I’ll make vases for people.” Vases can take up to two hours to make. “A lot of people like to buy jewelry from me. I get a steady stream of requests for pendants.” Repola also makes beautiful paper weights, which take only about twenty minutes to make. Creating platters takes about an hour. Most requests are pretty tame, but sometimes people will ask for huge vases. The wildest request Repola has received was for a clown head. He denied the request. While most teenage boys are out rough-housing, Repola finds glass blowing more interesting. “It’s addicting. It calms me down.” On weekends he may stay up late into the night working on his art and using music to help him stay focused. “It’s weird sit-

ting there silently doing it.” Repola loves music and going to concerts. He would like to go to more concerts, but does not want to give up any time glass blowing. One might call him a perfectionist when it comes to his work. “I hold myself to a red hot standard…I don’t want to be okay blowing glass but I want to be with the big guys.” Repola is constantly striving to become a better artist and would like to learn from more teachers. He does not feel like he has made any big achievements just yet. “I am progressing quickly. I wouldn’t call it an achievement, just a lot of hard work.” This hard working teenager looks forward to many more years of creating beautiful glass art. Repola and his father are currently creating a plan for a business degree so that one day he can run his own glass blowing studio. In ten years, he would like to see himself working on bigger pieces and receiving recognition in the glass world.

Weston Repola showed his work to Wendy Ogden during the Young Entrepreneurs and Artists Market during the Statehood Day Festival at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

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OHOF's Story

Through its People

Guests of all ages enjoyed the opening reception for “The First Fifty Years of Oklahoma Art” at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. Port Robertson: Behind the Scenes of Sooner Sports author Edgar L. Frost, right, visits with former wrestler Jimmy Lynn at the Edmond Authors’ Book Fair on Saturday, January 24. Lynn wrestled for Robertson while attending the University of Oklahoma. Jo Ann Kessel, author of Piavinnia: The BentGuerrier Connection and Barney Kessel: A Jazz Legend, shared stories with guests in late January during the Edmond Authors’ Book Fair. Aerial Akers and Trasen Akers attended the “The First Fifty Years of Oklahoma Art” opening in the Tulsa-World Gallery of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. BELOW: On Saturday, March 7 students throughout the state participated in the Oklahoma Heritage Scholarship Competition, competing at 14 test sites statewide.

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The Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy and Heritage Week awards were presented on February 26 in the Bennett-McClendon Great Hall of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. Attending were recipients, their families, sponsors, members of the board, and staff.

BELOW: Chair-Emeritus Nevyle Cable, left, and President Shannon L. Rich, right, thank Marlin “Ike” Glass, Jr., for his service on the Board of Directors at the December board meeting.


President Shannon L. Rich addresses the crowd at the presentation of the Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy and Heritage Week awards.

Attending “The First Fifty Years of Art in Oklahoma” opening in January were Rick Mulcahy, Jo Ann Kessel, Steve Halitzer, and Hazel Knowles.

LEFT: Barbara Green, left, and Jane Jayroe Gamble, right, celebrate the release of LaDonna Meinders’ What Would You Do If A Kangaroo . . . and other poems for children published by Oklahoma Heritage Association Publishing. ABOVE: Braylan Haworth, a 4th grader from West Elementary in

Weatherford, receives a Commendation on behalf of the Governor from Heritage Week Chair Louise Painter, left, and his cash award from George Nigh of IBC Bank, sponsors of the competition, for his first place state poster entry on Oklahoma Hall of Famer Clara Luper.

BELOW: Marissa Raglin helps with crafts following January’s Third Thursday at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

From left, Jennifer Klos, Catherine Shotick, and Bailey Gordon celebrated the opening of “The First Fifty Years of Oklahoma Art.”

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OHOF'S Story Through Its People

ABOVE: Receiving the 2014 Lee Allan Smith Okla-

homa Legacy Award was Kari Watkins, executive director of the Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum. Left to right: Lee Allan Smith, Kari Watkins, Shannon L. Rich, and Chairman Joe Moran III.

LEFT: Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Executive Director Kari Watkins gave members of the Second Century Board a “behind the scenes” tour of the Museum’s recent renovation.

Members of the Second Century Board experiencing one of the new exhibits at the Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum.

ABOVE: Thomas E. Young, Assistant Librarian

for the Philbrook Museum of Art, presented “The New Deal and its Impact on Oklahoma Art” as part of the lecture series for “The First Fifty Years of Oklahoma Art.” BELOW: On February 26 Dr. Alvin O. Turner presented a program on the origins and history of Native American easel art as part of the three-part lecture series accompanying “The First Fifty Years of Oklahoma Art.”

Heritage Week Chair Louise Painter, left, and George Nigh of IBC Bank, right, present Elizabeth Acree, a 6th grade student from Latta Middle School, for her first place state essay entry on Robert S. Kerr.

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Ladonna Meinders, author of What Would You Do If a Kangaroo…, looks on as Amey Pierce reads the book to visitors for February’s Third Thursday story time and craft.


LEFT: Chairman Joe Moran and President Shannon L. Rich following their participation in the Oklahoma Heritage Land Run’s 5K race. BELOW: More than 200 runners participated in the 2015 Oklahoma Heritage Land Run sponsored by the Teen Board. All events started and concluded at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, home of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame.

ABOVE: Corie Baker, left, and Shelley Rowan check in a runner

for the 4th annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

BELOW: The 2015 Teen Board—to date they have raised more than $120,000 to support education programming.

LEFT: Joseph Berkenbile, left, with his son and Summer Monroe participating in the 2015 Oklahoma Heritage

BELOW: Teen Board member Logan Wood of Morrison, center, and his

family at the Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

ABOVE: Participating in the 2015 Oklahoma Heritage Land Run

were Evelyn Rowland, Pamela Kernes, Tom Briggs and Ralph Breckenridge.

RIGHT: The Teen Board prepared to register runners on Saturday,

March 28 for the Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

BELOW: Runners following the Teen Board’s Oklahoma Heritage Land Run to benefit education programming.


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Love's Travel Stops & Country Stores, Inc. Oklahoma City Janice & A. P. Martin Tulsa Joseph R. McGraw* Tulsa Mekusukey Oil Co., LLC Wewoka Al Mertens Oklahoma City Mary Frances & Mick Michaelis Duncan Jasmine & Melvin Moran* Seminole The Robert Z. Naifeh Family Oklahoma City C. D. & Gwen Northcutt* Ponca City Jordan & Erin Page Edmond Richard Parker Oklahoma City Homer Paul Edmond Mr. & Mrs. William G. Paul Oklahoma City Russell M. Perry Oklahoma City

Ruby C. Petty Oklahoma City Dr. Barry & Roxanne Pollard Enid Dr. Richard W. Poole* Oklahoma City Greg & Donna Price Jones The Puterbaugh Foundation McAlester Jean & Penn V. Rabb, Jr. Lawton Gene Rainbolt Oklahoma City Bill & Donna Ramsey Bixby Red Oak Energy Partners, LLC Shawnee Frank C. & Ludmila Robson* Claremore Meg Salyer Oklahoma City F. A. Sewell III Clinton Jana Shoulders Tulsa Richard L. Sias Oklahoma City Gennady Slobodov Oklahoma City Southwest State Bank Sentinel

Don E. Sporleder Davenport Dean Stringer* Oklahoma City Robert E. Thomas* Tulsa Judge & Mrs. Ralph G. Thompson* Oklahoma City Mrs. Billie Thrash Oklahoma City William Tunell, M.D. Oklahoma City Tallie & Thad Valentine Oklahoma City Kris Vculek Waukomis Reece Van Horn Oklahoma City Lew & Myra Ward* Enid Mr. & Mrs. W. K. Warren, Jr.* Tulsa Hon. & Mrs. Lee R. West Oklahoma City Pete & Lynne White Oklahoma City Ruth & Stanley Youngheim El Reno CALIFORNIA Edward Ruscha Venice

COLORADO William Wayne Lee Boulder MASSACHUSETTS Dr. & Mrs. J. Philip Kistler Belmont NEW YORK Edgar Busby New York City TEXAS Paul & Donna Christensen/Omega Productions Palacios Betty G. Lambert Fort Worth Tom & Phyllis McCasland Dallas Frank W. Rees, Jr. Irving VIRGINIA Willis C. Hardwick Alexandria WASHINGTON, D.C. Adam J. & Betty K. Permetter Falato James R. Jones* WYOMING Keith & Pat Bailey* Saratoga IN MEMORY OF Lindsay Alexander

Listed below are donors to the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and Gaylord-Pickens Museum at the $2,500 level and above. Funded solely by private contributions, we are extremely grateful for the support of all the individuals and organizations who give to each of our programs and enable us to tell Oklahoma's story through its people. This list represents donors as of March 30, 2015.

Mr. and Mrs. Luke Corbett Oklahoma City Dolese Bros. Co. Oklahoma City Bill and Barbara Durrett Oklahoma City Express Employment Professionals Oklahoma City Mrs. Henry Freede Oklahoma City Mrs. Ann Graves Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Steven Grigsby Edmond Mr. and Mrs. John D. Groendyke Enid Mr. Timothy C. Headington Dallas, TX H.T. and Edna Mae Holden Kremlin Mr. and Mrs. David Kyle Tulsa Lawton Constitution Newspaper Lawton Mr. and Mrs. Tom E. Love Oklahoma City Love Family Affiliated Fund CHAIRMAN’S CIRCLE Oklahoma City $10,000 + Marland Estate Phil B. and Joan M. Foundation Albert Ponca City Claremore Massey Family Ms. Ann Alspaugh Foundation Nichols Hills Durant Mr. and Mrs. Clayton Mr. and Mrs. Tom H. I. Bennett McCasland, Jr. Oklahoma City Dallas, TX Mr. and Mrs. G.T. Tom & Brenda Blankenship McDaniel Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Bill W. Burgess, Jr. Lawton MISSION PARTNERS Mr. and Mrs. Bob Burke Oklahoma City Chickasaw Nation Ada Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Durant Continental Resources Oklahoma City James C. & Teresa K. Day Foundation Sugar Land, TX Devon Energy Corporation Oklahoma City E.L. and Thelma Gaylord Foundation Oklahoma City INTEGRIS Health Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Duke R. Ligon Oklahoma City Mr. & Mrs. Robert Z. Naifeh and Family Oklahoma City The Oklahoman Media Company Oklahoma City Phillips 66 Company Oklahoma City Saxum Oklahoma City

Josephine Freede Oklahoma City Chip & Shannon Fudge Oklahoma City Vaughndean & Dr. A. Munson Fuller Tulsa Gilbert & Aulena Gibson Lawton Joan Gilmore Oklahoma City Ike & Marybeth Glass Newkirk E. Ann Graves* Tulsa Neil & Teri Gray Harrah Jack & Adrienne Grimmett Pauls Valley Jim & Julie Grissom Edmond Dr. & Mrs. Don Halverstadt Edmond Ann & Burns Hargis Stillwater Robert J. Hays Chickasha Dr. & Mrs. George Henderson Norman Mary & Don Herron Idabel

* Denotes Charter Sponsor

McDaniel Family Foundation Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Herman Meinders Oklahoma City Meinders Foundation Oklahoma City NBC Bank Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Larry Nichols Oklahoma City Mrs. Mary Nichols Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Ron Norick Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Community Foundation, Inc. Oklahoma City Oklahoma State University Foundation Stillwater Puterbaugh Foundation McAlester Mr. H.E. "Gene" Rainbolt Oklahoma City Saint Francis Health System Tulsa Mr. Richard L. Sias Oklahoma City Simmons Foundation Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma City Charles and Peggy Stephenson Family Foundation Tulsa University of Oklahoma Foundation Norman Dr. and Mrs. Nazih Zuhdi Nichols Hills

PRESIDENT’S CIRCLE $5,000-$9,999 American Fidelity Foundation Oklahoma City Anschutz Foundation Denver, CO BancFirst Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Al Branch Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Mike D. Case Tulsa Chesapeake Energy Corporation Oklahoma City Hall Estill Attorneys at Law Tulsa Mr. E.H. Hawes Dallas, TX IBC Bank Oklahoma City Mrs. Jo Ann Kessel Nichols Hills Bill Lobeck and Kathy Taylor Tulsa Lobeck-Taylor Foundation Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Robert E. Norman Tulsa OKC National Memorial Foundation Oklahoma City William T. Payne Fund Nichols Hills Mr. Robert T. Simmons Oklahoma City Stephenson Cancer Center Oklahoma City Union Pacific Foundation North Little Rock, AR Walton Family Foundation Bentonville, AR

Seventy Seven Operating LLC Oklahoma City Mr. Tom L. Ward Oklahoma City R.A. Young Foundation Dallas, TX

Mr. Anthony Garcia Oklahoma City Ike and Marybeth Glass Newkirk Mr. Joe Haynie Edmond Mr. Samuel Hewes EXECUTIVE CIRCLE Edmond $3,500-$4,999 Jeffrey G. Hirsch M.D. Oklahoma City Barnes Family Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Don W. Tulsa Hodges Dallas, TX Mr. Andy Bennett Oklahoma City IBC Bank Oklahoma City BOKF Foundation Tulsa JMA Energy Company, Ms. DeOndra Brennan LLC Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Ms. Karly Kelch Mr. and Mrs. Lance Houston, TX Brothers Chickasha Mr. Rob Knight Euless, TX Mr. William Butler Lansing, KS Mr. Mitchel T. Massie Duncan Ms. Anne V. Cowell Ms. London McCarthey Bloomington, IN Oklahoma City Cox Communications Mr. and Mrs. Lew Oklahoma City Meibergen Mr. John Cox Enid Oklahoma City David Capital Group, Mr. and Mrs. Joe Moran III Ltd. Tulsa Edmond Moran Family Mr. Robert DeNegri Foundation Norman Tulsa Dillingham Insurance Mr. and Mrs. Robert Enid A. Morris Mr. and Mrs. Carl Oklahoma City Dupuy Mr. Clyde Moss McAlester Yukon Ms. Danielle Dupuy Mr. Michael O'Brien Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Laura Edwards Oklahoma Business Seattle, WA Ethics First National Bank & Oklahoma City Trust Co.-Okmulgee Oklahoma Medical Okmulgee Research Foundation First National Bank of Oklahoma City Oklahoma Oklahoma City

Mr. and Mrs. Bond Payne Oklahoma City Ms. Kelly Pruden Nichols Hills Mr. and Mrs. Richard Raczkowski Oklahoma City Robinson Oilfield Services Weatherford Ben and Ysabel Selander Edmond Mr. and Mrs. G. Calvin Sharpe Oklahoma City SSM Health Care St. Louis, MO Starstruck Management Group Nashville, TN Mr. and Mrs. John Stone Edmond University of Tulsa Tulsa Ms. Lisa Upton Oklahoma City Ms. Ashlyn Watson Tampa, FL Julie Watson Oklahoma City Ms. Debra Williams Stillwater Ms. Debbie Wood Oklahoma City Zarrow Families Foundation Tulsa HONOR CIRCLE $2,500-$3,499 All America Bank Mustang Allied Arts Oklahoma City Bank of the Wichitas Snyder

Mr. Larry J. Bump Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Steve Burrage Antlers Nevyle and Carol Cable Okmulgee Mr. and Mrs. Mike D. Case Tulsa CP&Y Oklahoma City Bill and Carol Crawford Frederick Christy and Jim Everest Oklahoma City Foundation Management, Inc. Oklahoma City Gungoll Jackson Collins Box & Devoll, P.C. Enid Helmerich & Payne Inc. Tulsa Marilyn and Ed Keller Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Peter C. Meinig Tulsa Mekusukey Oil Company, LLC Wewoka Mustang Fuel Corporation Oklahoma City OGE Energy Corp. Oklahoma City SONIC, America's Drive-In Oklahoma City Southwest State Bank Sentinel Williams Foundation Tulsa

We want to accurately thank our supporters. If you notice an error, please contact Bailey Gordon 405.523.3207 or bg@oklahomaheritage.com.


Weddings

$3.95

AT THE GAYLORD-PICKENS MUSEUM

INDOOR & OUTDOOR ACCOMMODATIONS: the elegant Bennett-McClendon Great Hall the breathtaking Edith Kinney Gaylord Garden the stately Front Steps G AY L O R D - P I C K E N S

MUSEUM

1400 Classen Drive | Oklahoma City 73106 405.235.4458 | OklahomaHOF.com

INFORMATION OR BOOKING:

special events director Corie Mills 405.523.3206 • clb@oklahomaheritage.com

Photos courtesy of (clockwise, from top left): Tara Lokey Photography, Tara Lokey Photography, Gordon Dinsmore Photography, eventures corporate event production and Prints Charming Photography. (Opposite page): Laske Images.

Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Hall of Fame  

April 2015

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