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APRIL 2013

Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association

Al Bostick: Renaissance Artist The Reel Action on Oklahoma City's Film Row Hall of Fame Spotlight: Roger Miller W.C. Austin: The Man Behind the Dam First Generation Oklahoman: A Perspective Billy Mac Teague: Signs of Oklahoma Dr. Carroll Holsted: One of the Lucky Ten OHA’s Story Through Its People

Proud to support the T EL LI N G OF OKLAHOMA’S STORY

through its people




Bob Burke DESIGN

Kris Vculek kv graphic design • WAUKOMIS, OK


Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association

Student .................................... $15 Subscription ............................ $35 Individualism .......................... $50 Perseverance ........................ $100 Pioneer Spirit ......................... $250 Optimism ................................ $500 Generosity ........................... $1,000 Legacy Circle ...................... $2,000 Honor Circle ....................... $2,500 Executive Circle ................. $3,500 President’s Circle ............... $5,000 Chairman’s Circle ............. $10,000

For additional information contact the Oklahoma Heritage Association 1400 Classen Drive Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73106 Telephone 405.235.4458 or Toll Free 888.501.2059 E-mail oha@oklahomaheritage.com

Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association 2 From the Chairman Nevyle R. Cable 3

From the President Shannon L. Rich

Al Bostick: Renaissance Artist Gini Moore Campbell

11 The Reel Action on Oklahoma City's Film Row Bradley Wynn

21 Hall of Fame Spotlight: Roger Miller Gini Moore Campbell


W.C. Austin: The Man Behind the Dam Dani Farrell


First Generation Oklahoman: A Perspective Jack Malone

Visit the Association’s website at

www.oklahomaheritage.com Unsolicited manuscripts must be accompanied by return postage. Library Distribution made possible THROUGH THE GENEROSITY OF MAGAZINE SPONSORS STATEWIDE.

Mission Partners Chesapeake Energy Corporation Chickasaw Nation Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma ConocoPhillips Cory's Audio Visual Services E.L. and Thelma Gaylord Foundation Mr. and Mrs. Duke R. Ligon Mr. and Mrs. Tom E. Love Mr. and Mrs. Robert Z. Naifeh and Family OPUBCO Communications Group Phillips Murrah P.C.


Billy Mac Teague: Signs of Oklahoma Sam Teague

40 Book Review

41 Dr. Carroll Holsted: One of the Lucky Ten Allie Blundell


OHA’s Story Through Its People

ON THE COVER: Hot Sax by Al Bostick

From t he PRESIDENT...

From t he CHAIRMAN... Last month I was honored to be elected chairman of the Oklahoma Heritage Association. Since 1927 this organization has been celebrating and preserving our rich heritage through a wide range of programming, including hosting the Oklahoma Hall of Fame. The Association’s largest accomplishment in the last decade has been the opening of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. This state-of-the-art facility has allowed students from every corner of the state learn about the talented and dedicated individuals that have made Oklahoma what it is today. In addition to students, visitors from throughout the United States and abroad have the ability to hear our story from the people who lived it and from those who continue to weave our history today. From Okmulgee, I have seen firsthand how this organization has impacted my area of the state. Oklahoma Hall of Famers with connections to Okmulgee include Felix Adams, William B. Pine, Fred S. Clinton, and Martha Griffin. More than two dozen students from Okmulgee County have earned scholarships through the Association’s Oklahoma Heritage Scholarship Competition to continue their education. Books published by the

Association have featured Okmulgee and its citizens, including C. V. Fenolio being named secretary-treasurer of the newly-founded Sooner State League and Vernon Tollison serving on the board of directors. Their involvement is highlighted in Baseball in the Cross Timbers: The Story of the Sooner State League. Association leadership, past and present, from Okmulgee County include W. R. “Dick” Stubbs, Sharon Shoulders, and Fred Harlan. I assure you there is a student from your county who has earned muchneeded funds to attend college, that a member of the Hall of Fame is from your area, your local school district has been invited to tour the Gaylord-Pickens Museum free of charge, and that your city, town, or county’s history has been preserved for future generations in one of our publications. The Oklahoma Heritage Association is OUR statewide organization. I want to thank you for your generosity to date and encourage you to continue that support in the years to come. Together we can continue to make a difference.

Nevyle R. Cable, Chairman

Shannon L. Rich, President


Joe Cappy

Robert Henry

Toney Stricklin


Oklahoma City


Pat Henry

Michael A. Cawley

Rhonda Hooper

Becky Switzer



Oklahoma City


Clayton I. Bennett

Roxana Lorton

Joe Moran

Oklahoma City

Rebecca Dixon

Clayton C. Taylor


Gary Huckabay




Oklahoma City

Glen D. Johnson

Tom McDaniel


Oklahoma City

Ken Fergeson

David Kyle

Steven W. Taylor

Oklahoma City




Calvin J. Anthony

Kathy Taylor

J.W. McLean



Dallas, TX

Malinda Berry Fischer

Duke R. Ligon

Stratton Taylor


Oklahoma City




Lee Allan Smith

Dan Gilliam

Vicki Miles-LaGrange Steve Turnbo Oklahoma City


Mark A. Stansberry

G. Lee Stidham


Jennifer M. Grigsby

Melvin Moran

Michael C. Turpen

Oklahoma City


Oklahoma City

Virginia G. Groendyke

Gregory E. Pyle

Hardy Watkins



Oklahoma City

Joe D. Hall

Frank C. Robson

Ronald H. White

Elk City


Jim Halsey

Bruce T. Benbrook

Richard N. Ryerson




V. Burns Hargis

Barbara Braught

Michael E. Smith


Oklahoma City


Judy Hatfield

Renzi Stone


Oklahoma City

Nevyle Cable


and the Education Program of the Association and Museum has been named a finalist for the Oklahoma Nonprofit Excellence (ONE) Award. All winners will be announced later this month. Next month we will announce the 2013 Oklahoma Hall of Fame Class. As you know, induction into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame is the highest honor an Oklahoman can receive from their home state and anyone may submit a nominee for consideration. The 86th annual Oklahoma Hall of Fame will be held on the evening of November 7, 2013 at the Cox Convention Center in downtown Oklahoma City so mark your calendars now. I want to welcome new directors Steve Burrage, Antlers; Malinda Berry Fischer, Stillwater; Judy Hatfield, Norman; Fred C. Harlan, Okmulgee; Rhonda Hooper, Oklahoma City; Gary Huckabay, Yukon; Renzi Stone, Oklahoma City; and Stratton Taylor, Claremore who joined our statewide leadership team in March. Thank you for your commitment to the Association and Museum.

At Large Executive Committee Members


Bill Burgess Lawton

Stan Clark




Paul Cornell

Gary Parker



Marlin “Ike” Glass, Jr. Newkirk

Fred Harlan Okmulgee

Bond Payne Oklahoma City

John Massey Durant

Xavier Neira Norman


With spring upon us, the GaylordPickens Museum already has been host to a number of school groups from throughout the state eager to learn more about our unique people. In addition we opened the “Starmaker: Jim Halsey and the Legends of Country Music” exhibit in the Tulsa World Gallery. This exhibit will run through May 17, followed by the opening reception of “Invisible Eve” by Yousef Khanfar on May 30. Our Second Century Board hosted a Grammy party in the Bennett-McClendon Great Hall and the Teen Board hosted its 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run in historic Heritage Hills to support education programming. Since its creation in 2007 the Teen Board has raised more than $100,000 for free field trips and scholarships. Students with an interest in Oklahoma history, geography and our people competed at 13 test sites across the state for more than $4 million in scholarships late last month. Two of our publications, Opala: In Faithful Service to the Law and Spring Will Come: The Life of Clem McSpadden, have been named finalists for Oklahoma Book Awards in the categories of non-fiction and design respectively,

Oklahoma City Checotah DIRECTORS

Alison Anthony Sand Springs

Howard G. Barnett, Jr.



Shannon L. Rich Oklahoma City

Steve Burrage Tulsa


Oklahoma City

By Gini Moore Campbell

From Crescent City, Louisiana,

Al Bostick Bostick isis the the oldest oldest of of four four born born to to Victoria Victoria Al and Albert Albert Bostick. Bostick. His His earliest earliest recollections recollections and include the the arts. arts. He He always always was was surrounded surrounded include by crayons, crayons, paint, paint, books, books, and and classical classical music. music. by Trips to to museums, museums, the the theater, theater, and and the the opera opera Trips were encouraged encouraged and and attended attended regularly regularly by by his his were family. Art Art became became aa common common element element in in his his family. everyday life. life. everyday

Bostick founded in 1989 Basically Bostick Projects, Inc., a renaissance arts organization dedicated to the African and Afro-American experience. 3

As a fourth grade student, Bostick remembers seeing The Frog Prince. Specifically, he remembers the water from the fountain suspended in air and time and the elaborate costumes. It was then he decided he wanted to be on the stage, to be active in theater. He learned early on that all forms of art could be fed through the theater. Bostick earned his undergraduate degree from Grambling State University in Grambling, Louisiana, before pursuing his master of fine arts degree at the University of Oklahoma in Norman. While at Grambling he was named Best Supporting Actor, Outstanding Student in Theater, and was named one of the Outstanding Young Men in America. At OU he earned the honors of Outstanding Student in Theater and the Outstanding Choreography Award. Bostick has been listed on the Artist-in-Resident Roster of the Oklahoma Arts Council since 1976 and on the Teaching Artist Roster for the Oklahoma City Arts Council since 1978. At the collegiate level he has taught Fables & Folklore at Northeastern State University in Tahlequah and Theater Arts & Storytelling at Dillard University in New continued on page 6 Orleans, Louisiana.

The Blacker the Berry by Bostick is an acrylic on matte board. “Senegalese are some of the darkest and most beautiful Black people I’ve ever encountered. Looking through a magazine, I encountered this amazing Blue-Black individual staring at me. It brought to mind an African American proverb my grandmother used to say ‘The Blacker the Berry, the Sweeter the juice.’”


Ancestor Whispers… by Bostick represents the spirituality of African masks. “For me they are spiritual; I, like many of my African ancestors, believe that they are repositories for spirits. When I look at masks, I hear their whispers of the lives of those who have gone before.”

Bostick’s Dance & Choreography Experience Include The Wiz, Co-Director/Choreographer, Dillard University, New Orleans, LA One Mo’ Time, Director/Choreographer, Dillard University, New Orleans, LA Ain’t Misbehavin’, Director/Choreographer, American Theater Company, Tulsa Mood Indigo, Director/Choreographer, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City God’s Trombones, Director/Choreographer, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City The Magic Mirrors, Choreographer, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Blac Moves Too…, Co-Director/Choreographer, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Oklahoma Voices, Guest Performer, Prairie Dance Theatre, Oklahoma City Miss Langston Pageant, Choreographer, Langston University, Langston Ms. Merry Christmas Pageant, Choreographer, Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Norman Miss Fashionetta Pageant, Choreographer, Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Norman

Al Bostick’s work has been featured in a number of galleries, including the Ananse Ntontan Gallery, Carpenter Square Theatre, the Tulsa World Gallery of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum, and Artisan 9 in Penn Square, all located in Oklahoma City. These paintings served as the artwork for the character Iris Fortier in a local production, entitled: “Pieces of Her” by LaCharles Purvey.


Bostick’s Directing Credits Include Fences, Oklahoma City Community College, Oklahoma City Condescendin’ White Boys, Black Don’t Crack Productions, Oklahoma City Flight, Coppin State University, Baltimore, MD A Raisin in the Sun, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Ain’t Misbehavin’, American Theater Company, Tulsa The Amen Corner, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City One Last Look, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City The King and I, Northeast High School, Oklahoma City Summer and Smoke, Northeast High School, Oklahoma City The Fantasticks, Jewel Box Theatre, Oklahoma City Don’t Bother Me…, Black Liberated Arts, Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Reflections/Viet Nam Vet, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Ma Rainey’s Black Bottom, Black Liberated Arts Council, Inc., Oklahoma City Paul Robeson, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City A Dark Medea, Black Liberated Arts, Center, Inc., Oklahoma City The Music of Duke Ellington, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City The Wiz, Dillard University, New Orleans, LA Purlie, Dillard University, New Orleans, LA Grand Standing, Etcetera Entertainment, Oklahoma City National Pastime, American Theater Company, Tulsa One Mo’ Time, American Theater Company, Tulsa One Mo’ Time, Dillard University, New Orleans, LA Dracula, Theater Norman, Norman For Colored Girls…, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City A Raisin in the Sun, Free Southern Theatre, New Orleans, LA 6

For Oklahoma City’s Black Liberated Arts Center he served as theater arts instructor and artistic director for more than a decade. He has been an acting instructor, director, and theater instructor for Oklahoma Children’s Theater and artistin-residence for the City Arts Center. As an actor, director, and storyteller, he has supported the Neighborhood Arts Program and Bostick has been a longtime actor with the Lucky Penny Players. In addition he spent several years as the featured storyteller for the Oklahoma City Arts Council’s Play in the Park program.


Benin Bronzes are acrylic on wood. The Ashanti were some of the first to melt metals and use it decoratively and ornamentally. The faces represent the warrior guards of the Oba (King).

In 1989 he founded Basically Bostick Projects, Inc., a renaissance arts organization dedicated to the African and Afro-American experience. The organization focuses on poetry, performance, workshops for teachers and students, art exhibits, lectures, pageantry, and consultation. Through its various services, Basically Bostick celebrates the achievements of successful artisans, including James Weldon Johnson, Paul Laurence Dunbar, Langston Hughes, and Zora Neale Huston. Through its theater program the contributions of Bass Reeves, the Buffalo Soldiers, and Bill Pickett are relived.

Dark Gabriel is an acrylic on canvas with raised polymer. Jazz musicians have long since held a fascination for Bostick, saying “The old motion pictures, about heaven, always depicted Gabriel as a Black, swinging trumpet man.”

A Selection of Bostick’s Acting Credits Superior Donuts, role of Officer James Bailey, Carpenter Square Theatre, Oklahoma City Picnic, role of Howard, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City A Hatful Of Rain, role of John Pope, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Anna Lucasta, role of Noah, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City Driving Miss Daisy, role of Hoke, Pollard Theater, Guthrie Midsummer Night’s Dream, roles of Oberon/Theseus, Pollard Theater, Guthrie Fences, role of Troy Maxson, Pollard Theater, Guthrie Midsummer Night’s Dream, role of Oberon, Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park, Oklahoma City Hamlet, role of Claudius, Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park, Oklahoma City Macbeth, role of Seaton, Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park, Oklahoma City Othello, role of Othello, Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park, Oklahoma City The Tempest, role of Sebastian, Oklahoma Shakespeare in the Park, Oklahoma City Twelfth Night, role of Antonio, University of Oklahoma, Norman The Blood Knot, role of Zachariah, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, role of Aslan, Oklahoma Children’s Theater, Oklahoma City Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, role of Willie Wonka, Oklahoma Children’s Theater, Oklahoma City No Place To Be Somebody, role of Sweets Craine, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City A Raisin in the Sun, role of Walter Lee, Black Liberated Arts Center, Inc., Oklahoma City A Raisin in the Sun, role of Asagai, Free Southern Theater, New Orleans, LA A Raisin in the Sun, role of George Murchison, Free Southern Theater, New Orleans, LA A Raisin in the Sun, role of Bobo, Grambling State University, Grambling, LA


He has spent time in the Oklahoma City, Putnam City, and Seminole school districts. Spending from one week to nine weeks in various schools within each district, he not only has used his talents to educate and entertain, but helped students expand their skill and interest in the arts. When asked what fuels his passion, Bostick replied “My culture and lack of our creative images fuels my passion; the artists who struggled before fuels my passion; and the young who know so little about African and African American culture fuels my passion. I love the idea of ‘In order to be myself, I must see myself.’“ Bostick’s artistic talent is not about promoting his alone. He takes great pride, and feels it is his responsibility, to fuel the fire of others. It is important for him to give others the tools required to achieve success with their given or desired talent. His talent and contributions have been recognized. He has received the Governor’s Arts in Education Award and the Oklahoma House of Representatives honored him with the State Award for Excellence in the Arts. The Oklahoma Community Theater Association has named him an Outstanding Actor and chose him to perform in The Blood Knot in Montreal, Canada. Locally, his work has received honors during the Edmond Arts Festival and the Paseo Arts Festival.

Black and Blues great Fats Waller penned a haunting song, “Black and Blue.” Bostick’s acrylic on canvas represents the song.

Bostick’s Ndiange (Strong Hair) is an acrylic on wood and a small part of a larger painting on dreadlocks. The dreadlocked hair of the Rastafarians show the discipline, patience, and commitment to an ideology. The spiritual thread is that they shall be pulled into heaven by a lock of their hair.


We Are Africans is an acrylic on wood. It is part of a two-paneled folding screen which explains Bostick’s connection and passion for all things African. The large painting shows figures and images from history. The faces speak of accomplishments, beauty, and spirituality of the African-American. BELOW: Additional acrylic on wood, Benin Bronzes, depicting the Oba , his guards, and scenes from Ashanti life.

Adaptations and Original Scripts by Bostick A Dark Medea Mood Indigo Shakespeare’s Heroes, Kings, Clowns, and Villains Anansi The Spider The Adventures of Brer’ Rabbit Black Voices of the Harlem Renaissance Fabulous Fibs, Fables & Folklore Of Bass Reeves, Bill Pickett & Buffalo Soldiers Creative Creation Tales From Around the World

We Wear the Mask by Bostick is an acrylic on paper. Paul Laurence Dunbar’s poignant poem is the inspiration for this collection of masks, all with different expressions. The masks are symbolic of the human condition of African Americans.


An acrylic on canvas, Hot Sax is another in Bostick’s series of jazz musicians. Loving the shape and sound of the saxophone, Bostick wanted to capture the hot seductiveness of the instrument and the musician.

Masks Study by Bostick.

Al Bostick uses his acting skills to bring history to life. One of his programs features and celebrates the contributions of the Buffalo Soldiers.


The Reel Action

on Oklahoma City’s Film Row By Bradley Wynn

With the invention of the movie camera came the indulgent desire around the world to see the moving images it captured. In the United States, film production companies were quick to form and cash in on the new enterprise of filmmaking. Entrepreneurs among them saw the need to establish distribution hubs nationwide for the staggering number of new movies produced, and over the course of the next sixty-five years what would become a “film exchange” network formed in approximately thirty-seven cities nationwide, with Oklahoma City among them. The Oklahoma City film exchange offices serviced Oklahoma and eventually the states surrounding it. Downtown’s first exchange opened as the Oklahoma Film Exchange, with managers B.H. Powell

and C.D. Strubel above the Olympic Theatre along Main Street, in 1907. Many others soon followed and in just ten years nearly thirty were operating across the cityscape. However, this growth slowed for a short time after new building codes created stringent rules about where exchanges could office in the city and how the thousands of feet of film stock they kept would be stored. From early on, film was produced on nitrate based cellulose which had the same chemical properties as guncotton and was therefore highly flammable. Before the introduction of air-conditioning in city theaters or offices, Oklahoma temperatures, in addition to a projector’s heat lamp, had the potential of igniting the film and engulfing the exchange or theater it was located in. If such a fire

were to occur among downtown’s numerous tight-fitting timber constructed structures, the ensuing conflagration would be devastating. This prompted concern from city leaders for the introduction of codes that included fireproof building construction, film vaults, and the city’s first overhead sprinkler installations.

Fifteen film exchanges were among the Reno, Hudson, and California “film colony” at this time and the building filled quickly.

The first film exchange building was constructed with the new building codes at 123 S. Hudson by the Vitagraph Film Company for approximately $25,000 and opened in 1920. Fifteen film exchanges


were among the Reno, Hudson, and California “film colony” at this time and the building filled quickly. It was estimated that between the fifteen exchanges operating there, which included Fox, Paramount, Pathe, and Universal Films, nearly $50,000 was earned through the distribution of films weekly across Oklahoma and into Arkansas and the Texas panhandle alone.

Shortly after a scene where a band of cowboys came sweeping down on a native encampment, the tent’s audience charged the screen and shredded it, which prevented the second reel from showing.

The Oklahoman newspaper reported a unique story from assistant manager, W.S.Quade, of the Universal film exchange when the Vitagraph building opened on December 19, 1920. Quade, who first passed through the state in 1904 as a projectionist in a traveling carnival and picture show, described his first-hand account about the showing of one of Oklahoma’s earliest distributed films, A Brush between Cowboys and Indians. The movie was shot by a Thomas Edison film crew near the 101 Ranch, famous for its Wild West shows, in northeast Oklahoma in 1904. Quade spoke of how the film was the first shown in Pawhuska, Oklahoma by the carnival’s operator, “Frenchy” Jim and his gold-toothed monkey, in a medium-sized tent filled with Indian “braves”. Shortly after a scene where a band of cowboys came sweeping down on a native encampment, the tent’s audience charged the screen and shredded it, which prevented the second reel from showing. Quade described how Frenchy grabbed up all the money in front of the tent and “legged it up the street.” Quade further described how the “picture business growth” in Oklahoma went from a “one-horse exchange to a day and night proposition” by 1920. The Universal film exchange he worked for operated in Oklahoma City for sixtyplus years, from 1908 to around 1970. Construction on a second film exchange building at S.W. 5th and Robinson began around 1925 and was occupied by exchange offices that included Fox Films and Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM). A third and final film exchange building was constructed at 700 W. Grand Avenue (renamed Sheridan Avenue


This sketch of the Warner Bros building was produced by P.H. Weathers on July 3, 1936 and included many of features requested by RKO and Vitagraph, including fireproof film vaults, poster room, and a ladies lounge. Image courtesy of Robert Mulzet and Bradley Wynn.

in 1961, which I will use for the remainder of this article to prevent confusion). The latter opened in 1926 and all three remain standing, although the Robinson exchange faces potential demolition to make way for downtown Oklahoma City’s Core to Shore plan, as of this writing. As more and more exchange offices descended upon the new building on Sheridan and in offices to the north and south of it, along Main Street and California Avenue, so too did ancillary businesses, whose savvy entrepreneurs saw opportunity in providing motion picture exhibitors with every need a theater owner might seek for their establishment. In a short while, this busy portion and one-stop shop for movie exhibitors was affectionately dubbed “Film Row”.

Theater operators could now venture to Film Row for all of their needs, which might include the latest lobby cards, concession equipment and supplies, carpeting, seating, posters, and of course the films for their movie houses. Exhibitors and exchange personnel along Film Row also spent many hours catching up with the latest news and developments in the motion picture industry through Box Office Magazine, the area’s various newsletters, or in one of two Film Coffee shops, Maxine’s at 712 W. Sheridan and the Floyd Griffith Film Coffee Shop at 11 N. Lee. An exhibitor could have spent an entire week along Film Row dealing with the numerous exchanges and to screen the films they were contracting for, as required by decency laws at the time.

A total of four [known] screening rooms operated along Film Row. The earliest was the Simplex on the second floor of the film exchange building at 700 ½ W. Sheridan, which may have opened around 1929 and was short lived. Another was operated by jack-of-all-trades projectionist Russell Godwin in the Paramount building at 701 W. Sheridan, where the cost to view a reel was fifty cents. Around the corner was the 20th Century Fox screening room at 10 N. Lee Avenue and next door, the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Theater, also short lived. Each screening room was supported by a fireproof film vault where reels upon reels were stored. Each vault was equipped with overhead sprinklers and a vault like door. Yet even these precautions couldn’t completely stop the dangers early film stock storage posed.

2005 1930 2009 The earliest known photo of the Film Exchange building at 700 W. Grand (Sheridan) Avenue and was taken about 1930. During World War II two large skylights and a bale elevator were added so that the war offices could grade cotton in the upper floors. The building was occupied over time by nearly every studio exchange, including Columbia Pictures, who resided at 702 W. Grand from 1926 until 1971. After the collapse of the exchanges, the building remained and until 2005, remained vacant for nearly 35 years. Today, after extensive renovation and upgrades, the Film Exchange building now hosts exciting new businesses, which include Joey’s Pizzeria, the IAO Gallery, The Exchange, and Critical Mass Productions. Photo courtesy of Bradley Wynn


Miles of celluloid in one thousand film rolls was ignited by accident in the MidWest film exchange at 119 S. Hudson in the Vitagraph building on the afternoon of February 12, 1929. The resulting blaze burned through to the second floor and caused around $100,000 in damages. During the fire, employees on either side of Mid-West, in the Tiffany-Stahl and Warner Bros exchange offices frantically packed up their rolls in fireproof shipping containers. Incidentally, it was the codemandated fireproof brick partitions between the offices that kept the fire from spreading. Another example is how nearly four thousand feet of film in the Allied Film Exchange at 704 W. Sheridan

The Peeks were responsible for converting all of Oklahoma’s silent theaters to “talkies” and further installed all of the sound systems and speakers for every drive-in theater in Oklahoma and the surrounding states.

Avenue ignited after smoldering for an unknown period of time on April 12, 1933. The resulting series of explosions blew out the rear of the building, the entire front façade of Allied’s offices and ignited an additional structure on fire half a block away at 10 N. Lee Avenue, home to 20th Century Fox. The exchange offices even sponsored a baseball team called Film Exchange, from 1932-1940. The team was comprised of volunteers from the exchange offices and outstanding athletes from

Oklahoma Theatre Supply owners Eldon and Maxine Peek. Photo scourtesy of the J. Eldon and Maxine Peek Estate.

In this c. 1948 image, Oklahoma’s thirteenth governor, Roy Joseph Turner is seen fourth from the left in this only known image of the 20th Century Fox Film screening room at 10 N. Lee. Turner’s cattle ranch was often used by production companies seeking a western themed environment. It is possible this audience, along with Turner’s family, is screening a film featuring his ranch. This screening room was among the most popular and a semblance of the original room still exists today as a break room, while the projection booth was converted into an office years ago by the International Crystal Manufacturing Company. The original projection room windows, now filled in, are still visible above the break room’s refrigerator and from the office where they are hidden behind framed wall art. Photo courtesy of the Oklahoma Historical Society.


It appears the only studio not on Film Row was Walt Disney Productions, as it was still in its infancy, although line drawings of its films, for screening purposes only, were presented in later years to exhibitors there.

abroad, competing in numerous sandlot charity games benefiting the Milk and Ice Fund in Oklahoma City. The team played against other businesses and city offices, usually at Wheeler or Wiley Post parks and the games were followed extensively in the daily newspapers. In 1932, the Film Exchange Baseball Team nearly won the state championship from the City of Antlers after playing against sixteen teams over ten days. The start of World War II appears to have ended future games. By the late 1930s Film Row on Sheridan Avenue had become the bloodline for the many exchanges within the California Avenue to Main Street colony. It also placed them on the outskirts of downtown proper with the old Oklahoma County Courthouse to its east along Dewey and the Farmers Market to the west. By this time every major film studio and many low-budget studios were represented here. It appears the only studio not on Film Row was Walt Disney

In this image from around 1949, the Paramount Theater is filled with young children awaiting a special film treat. Paramount’s branch manager, Carl H. Weaver sits in the back row. It was common practice for Paramount’s employees to screen films with friends and family. The theater was remodeled by Video Independent Theaters in 1953 after they acquired the building and Paramount relocated to the Commerce Exchange building at 130 W. Grand (Sheridan) Avenue. The Oklahoma Film Society utilized the theater for its meetings and special events from 2006-2007. The theater has since been renovated and is now operated by the Paramount OKC Café after it sat unused for nearly 30 years. Photo courtesy of the Oklahoma Historical Society.

Image Courtesy of Bradley Wynn.


Productions, as it was still in its infancy, although line drawings of its films, for screening purposes only, were presented in later years to exhibitors there. The most popular and long-standing exchanges and ancillary businesses went on to occupy the buildings that remain on Film Row today. The Oklahoma Theatre Supply, one of a few cinema suppliers on Film Row, first operated from the Film Exchange building at 708 W. Sheridan before constructing their own two story structure at 628 W. Sheridan in 1946. Owners Eldon and Maxine Peek provided everything an exhibitor would need, from theater

seating and carpet to complete projection rooms, as every couple of months one would burn up in a fire related to flammable film stock. The Peeks were responsible for converting all of Oklahoma’s silent theaters to “talkies” and further installed all of the sound systems and speakers for every drive-in theater in Oklahoma and the surrounding states. A silver plated drive-in speaker was presented to the Peeks after their installation of the one-millionth speaker in the 1970s. The couple also operated the Missouri Theater Supply and eventually expanded into the adjacent 624 W. Sheridan space and former home to the Na-

tional Screen Services Company, which became responsible for all promotional paper products for every film made and included posters, lobby cards, and onesheets. After Eldon’s untimely death in 1988, Maxine continued with the Supply until she sold the property in 2004, after 74 years as single owner. The Warner Bros film exchange operated from the row’s most iconic art deco building at 630 W. Sheridan from 1936 until about 1950. The unique structure was designed by the prominent architect Patrick Henry Weathers, who was most noted for his public buildings which included courthouses and govern-

At 11 N. Lee were the offices of the largest privately owned independent theater chain in the Unites States, Griffith Theaters.


1946 The Oklahoma Theatre Supply building was erected in 1946 by owners Eldon and Maxine Peek as a wedding gift to themselves. Owner Maxine stated that she kept an entire projection room in stock to replace those lost every few months by flash fires. Upon her passing within a year after selling the property, it is thought she died of a broken heartas she stated in 2004 prior to selling, that she thought she had failed with the company. Far from it, as the business was the last visage of Film Row and operated for 74 years. Without Maxine’s contributions and eye-witness testimony to early advocates of the Film Row business district, the story of the area may have been lost forever. Photo courtesy of the Oklahoma Historical Society.



ment offices. The building was commissioned by Radio Keith Orpheum (RKO) Pictures and constructed by Vitagraph Pictures in 1936. Mysteriously, however, RKO Pictures never utilized the building allowing Warner Bros to move in. Across from the Oklahoma Theatre Supply in offices at 619-627 W. Sheridan, were the “Poverty Row” film exchanges, catering what had become “B” or lowbudget films. These included Monogram, Republic, Tower, and Syndicate Pictures to name a few. Another, Eagle Lion Films, a British and low-budget film distributor, operated closer to Shartel Avenue across the street at 718 W. Sheridan under manager Claude Ambrose York, Jr. The Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) exchange erected the art deco cream colored building at 629 W. Sheridan around 1936, which featured the studio’s name above the main entrance on Sheridan in deco styled aluminum letters approximately seven inches tall. This building design was also used by MGM in their Seattle, Washington exchange offices. Around the corner at 10 N Lee, art deco spires adorned the offices and screening room of 20th Century Fox. This screening room was the most popular to exhibitors because it was the only one to advertise viewing times of the latest films each week. Across the street at 11 N. Lee were the offices of the largest privately owned independent theater chain in the Unites States, Griffith Theaters. The east facing art deco façade was once painted stark white with a multi-story sign depicting the name Griffith down its length and towered above the two port-hole windowed double door entrances. In 1953, Griffith created the subsidiary business Video Independent Theaters, which then created Video Vumore TeleTV. Video Independent eventually took over the entire franchise. They further acquired the three-story Paramount building adjacent to them at 701 W. Sheridan. Their new president and former attorney, Henry Griffing, became very influ-

Sixty years later in 2013, in honor of Eldon and Maxine Peek, their supply building’s original sign and exterior were restored to its original 1946 façade and became the first to be completely renovated during efforts to restore and revive Film Row and the Film Exchange business district. The metal façade shown above was applied in the early 1970s. Photo courtesy of Bradley Wynn.


ential in Oklahoma City. Around 1955, Griffing guided, through his company, the construction of Oklahoma City’s KWTV Channel 9 station while securing a 12% ownership in the studio for Video. Channel 9 became the CBS affiliate in Oklahoma City and Griffing served as a director. During Video’s expansion Griffing further conceived what would become the cable television concept in use today. His first installation was in Bartlesville, Oklahoma as the Telemovie

holds if not for the tragic and untimely loss of Griffing, his wife, and two children after their small plane crashed into the side of a mountain during a return flight to Oklahoma from Pennsylvania in 1958. Griffing was a benefactor to Oklahoma City as a silent backer of aspiring politicians, co-founder and officer of the Beacon Club atop the First National Building, and co-founder and builder of Casady School, where he chose its first headmaster. He was also co-founder of

Bartlesville Telemovie Experiment. Photo courtesy of the Barco Library, The Cable Center. ABOVE: Henry Griffing at telemovie switch.

Photo courtesy of the Barco Library, The Cable Center.

Experiment and it drew hundreds to the area from all over the world. The new technology and concept were ahead of their time and virtually ignored when Griffing approached major studios seeking content for viewing. Despite the obstacles, Henry Griffing personally flipped the switch to start operations of Telemovies on September 3, 1957, with the first cable film being Pajama Games, starring Doris Day. The potential of the system may have been vastly different decades before cable television became standard in most house-


All Souls Episcopal Church, where he was first warden and served on the vestry numerous times. The Paramount Film Exchange operated from 701 W. Sheridan from about 1930 until the property was sold to Video Independent in 1953. The branch manager was Carl Weaver, a respected citizen and employer. He often brought film celebrities to Oklahoma City to help promote their latest movie, but more importantly benefit the local community in fundraising or awareness activities. The employees of Paramount were a tight-knit

group and spent time attending screenings, annual Christmas, and appreciation gatherings in their screening room or the Skirvin Hotel. After selling their building to Video Independent in 1953, Paramount relocated to the Commerce Exchange building at 130 W. Sheridan Avenue. They, along with many others, vacated the area by the mid to late 1960s. New technologies, transportation methods, and economics changed the nature of the film exchange network. Add to these huge changes by Congress in “downsizing” studio holdings in distribu-

tion, theater ownership, and broadcasting and the fate of Oklahoma City’s Film Row was sealed. By 1971, the last film exchange, Columbia Pictures moved out of Film Row. United Artists operated up until around 1983 in the Founders Tower building on Northwest Expressway. Video Independent Theatres and Vumore TV, subsidiaries of the massive Griffith Theatres chain, continued operations from their 11 N. Lee and 701 W. Sheridan offices, but decades long lawsuits against Griffith based on accusations of monopoly, which were eventually deemed bogus, revenue shortages, overreaching, and sudden changes in both management and operations forced closure. On May 3, 1983, Martin Theatres, later renamed Carmike Cinemas, acquired Video and closed its Oklahoma City home offices immediately, thus killing Film Row. Only Oklahoma Theatre Supply would remain until 2004, by which time most of its sales would focus on popcorn needs for schools and special events. Oklahoma City further experienced a dramatic change in its core when broad stroke decisions about rebuilding the city lead to sweeping demolitions across acres of downtown. Urban Renewal would eventually lay waste to the historic properties of Oklahoma City and encourage the vacuum along Film Row to be

filled with bars, prostitutes, and drugs, resulting in many changing its moniker to “Skid Row”. With the oil bust of the late 1970s and early ‘80s, the economic bottom-of-the-barrel for Oklahoma fell out, devastating downtown. Film Row and its history were nearly forgotten. Ironically, after the April 19, 1995 terrorist attack on Oklahoma City by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, local leaders were given the task of rebuilding in a wake of destruction. According to studies, multiple buildings were torn down or severely damaged and abandoned by owners as a result of the bombing. In order to rebuild leaders had to assess the damages and in so doing began to rediscover a downtown mostly forgotten. Successful business districts emerged from the destruction and included Automobile Alley, Midtown, and the Arts District. In 2003, a small cadre of advocates for another new business district approached Oklahoma City planners with the history of the former Film Colony, by then long faded from memory. The city strongly supported saving the area and after two years of planning with those early advocates, under the guise of the Oklahoma City Film District Task Force, designated the 42-square-block portion bordered by Walker, N.W. 2nd, Classen, and N.W. 1st as the Film Row district in 2006. The area dimensions were later changed by Downtown OKC Inc. to satisfy downtown’s Business Improvement District, making it more manageable with around 10 square blocks. The new boundaries now range from Classen to Walker and California to Main Street, with Sheridan and Lee serving as its keystone. Through that spring, a series of three design charrettes meetings were hosted by the city and the public first learned of the new district and were invited to share their thoughts and ideas for the area. Up until that time and after, major contributions from private investors

and bold business owners were working diligently behind the scenes renovating, restoring, building out, and promoting the area. Film Row was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007 and millions of dollars poured into the new Film Row district. In 2009 streetscaping efforts began and by 2011 the district had Oklahoma City’s first bike lanes, new streets, lighting, landscaping, and unique film themed motifs embedded all along its sidewalks and crosswalks, including massive gold and black film strips at its major intersections, the first embellishment of their kind anywhere in the city. By the end of 2012, Film Row’s previously empty buildings were to nearly 85% capacity. Film Row has been considered the fastest growing district in recent history. The first meeting to form the district’s new Business Association took place on March 11, 2013.

Bradley Wynn was one of those few early advocates for the Film Row business district and now serves as its historian and area promoter. His efforts further include writing and publishing the district’s newsletter and magazine The Row, along with managing the area’s Facebook page and website. He has also extensively photographed the district through its redevelopment, amassing nearly five thousand digital images to date. His book, Oklahoma City Film Row with Arcadia Publishing was released in August 2011 and shares almost two hundred images of the district’s history as a motion picture distribution hub for the Midwest. But the story continues! For further information or to share stories and images you may have about Film Row please email: bradley@scriptfolio.net or write to: Film Row Business District, PO Box 711, Oklahoma City, OK 73101. 19

HISTORIC FILM ROW DIRECTORY 10 N. Lee: 20th Century Fox 11 N. Lee: Floyd Griffith Film Coffee Shop Griffith Amusement Company Griffith Theaters Company Video Independent Theaters 112 W. Main: United Motion Pictures Film Exchange 606 W. Sheridan: Boyter Booking Agency Independent Poster Service 611 W. Sheridan: National Screen Service 619 W. Sheridan: Tower Pictures Company 620 W. Sheridan: Warner Brothers 621 W. Sheridan: Griffith Amusement Company Oklahoma City Film Board of Trade 623 W. Main: 623 W. Sheridan: Monogram Pictures Republic Pictures Southwestern Theatres Inc. Syndicate Pictures Film Exchange United Artists OKC Shipping & Inspection Bureau 624 W. Sheridan: National Screen Service Roland Theatrical Art Oklahoma Theatre Supply United Artists 625 W. California: Panhandle Film Services 625 W. Sheridan: Universal Film Exchange Universal Pictures Exchange Allied Artists Decca Distributing 628 W. Sheridan: Oklahoma Theatre Supply 629 W. Sheridan: Loew’s Inc. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) MGM Distributing Company 630 W. Sheridan: Warner Brothers RKO Radio Pictures Vitagraph Inc. 700 W. Sheridan: National Theatre Supply Simplex Bludworth Inc. Warner Brothers First National Features Anderson Theatre Supply 700 ½ W. Sheridan: Simplex Screening Room Griffith Amusement Company 701 W. Sheridan: Griffith Amusement Company Video Independent Theatres Video Vumore TeleTV Paramount Publix Corporation Paramount-Famous-Laskey Corp. Paramount Pictures Russell Godwin Paramount Theatre 702 W. California: Screen Guild Productions Film Classics Inc. of Oklahoma


702 W. Sheridan: Columbia Pictures Liberty Specialty Film Distributing 702 ½ W. Sheridan: Square Deal Film Exchange Educational Film Exchange Sack Amusement Company Sono Art World Wide Pictures Syndicated Film Exchange Monogram Pictures Allied Film Exchange Screen Guild Production Co. 704 W. Sheridan: Allied Film Exchange Allied Arts Productions Goodall Electric Company Motion Picture Production RCA Photophone Home State Film Company Ideal Picture Corporation Monogram Pictures Corporation of Oklahoma Paramount Pictures 20th Century Fox 705 W. Sheridan: Theatre Sound Service Davidson Theatre Supply Theatre Poster Service 705 ½ W. Sheridan: Amity Film Exchange Essanay Attractions Majestic Pictures Film Exchange Sack Amusement Enterprises Tiffany Productions Films A&M Film Exchange Crescent Film Company Century Theatre Supply 706 W. Sheridan: R.K.O. Pictures Film Exchange Majestic Pictures Film Exchange Radio Keith Orpheum Distributing Corporation Film Booking Office of America Altec Service Oklahoma City Shipping & Inspection Bureau Mack Enterprises Paramount Pictures Film Exchange Theatre Calendar Services O&A Film Lines 708 W. Sheridan: RCA Photophone Incorporated Film Classics Inc. of Oklahoma Screen Guild Production Co Inc. Boyter Booking Agency Theatre Poster Service 710 W. Sheridan: R.K.O. Pictures Film Exchange Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Film Corp. MGM Distributing Company 712 W. Sheridan: Maxine’s Film Coffee Shop 718 W. Sheridan: Eagle Lion Films Incorporated Republic Pictures

Roger Dean Miller was the youngest of three born to Laudene and Jean Miller. Unable to provide for her sons following the death of their father, the boys each went to live with one of their uncles. Roger went to live with his Uncle Elmer and Aunt Armelia on a farm outside of Erick, Oklahoma.

I want my music to leave an indelible mark. –Roger Miller

By Gini Moore Campbell

21 35

Miller later joked about his time in Erick, “It was so dull you could watch the colors run,” and “the town was so small the town drunk had to take turns.” Miller spent his formative years, away from his immediate family, in the cotton fields and working the land in western Oklahoma. He began looking inward, letting his mind take him to places he could only dream about to drown out his loneliness and insecurities. Little did he know his voice would become one of the most recognized voices in country music history.

It’s one thing to have talent. It’s another to figure out how to use it. –Roger Miller

It took me 20 years to be an overnight success. –Roger Miller

Roger Miller’s parents, Laudene and Jean Miller.

It was during walks to and from school that he began composing songs, the first about his mother he missed so much. Entertainer Sheb Wooley, 15 years Roger’s senior, became his mentor after marrying into the family. He taught him his first guitar chords, gave him his first fiddle, and represented the world of show business Miller wanted so much for himself. During high school he spent as much time as possible in Oklahoma and Texas honky tonks.

Left to right, the Miller Brothers— Wendell, Duane and Roger. The extreme desire to enter the world of music caused Miller to make a decision he would regret the rest of his life—stealing a guitar in Texas and crossing the state line on his return to Oklahoma. He turned himself in the next day. Rather than put him in jail, the judge offered to let him join the

Roger Miller’s first break came when he was hired to play fiddle in Minnie Pearl’s road band.


Roger Miller attended Erick High School.

Army. Although he was only 17, he chose to go into the service. “My education was Korea, Clash of 52” Miller said later. Although terribly homesick, his world was growing larger. Towards the end of his tour with the Army, he was sent to Atlanta’s Fort McPherson. Assigned to Special Services, he played fiddle in the Circle A Wranglers, a well-known service outfit started by PFC Faron Young. Nashville turned Roger away on his first visit. After his discharge from the Army, he headed directly for Nashville to see Chet Atkins. He told Atkins that he was a songwriter. When asked to play something, and with no guitar, Atkins offered him his. Miller later recalled how uneasy he was performing for Atkins, saying “I was so nervous, people thought I was wavin’.” Miller proceeded to sing in one key and play in another. It was suggested to him that he work on his songs a little more before coming back.

Come back he did, with an energy that was new to the Tennessee town. Needing to work while he pursued his dream, Roger took a job as a bellhop at the Andrew Jackson Hotel. Located in the middle of Nashville’s downtown music district, the hotel gave him proximity to the small, but vibrant, country scene. Miller soon became known as the “Singing Bellhop.” He would sing a song to anyone who would listen on the way up or down the elevator. It was not long before he began sharing the stage with Nashville veterans and icons in the world of country music. Roger Miller’s dreams were coming true. He was making his own sound and writing his own songs. Miller’s first break came when he was hired to play fiddle in Minnie Pearl’s road band. His next break came when he met George Jones at the WSM Radio station and played him some of his songs. Jones then introduced Miller to Don Pierce and Pappy Daily of Mercury-

I always took a great deal of pride in being original. –Roger Miller

“King o f the R oad” Miller’s son g, “Kin

g of the Ro Rock ‘N Ro ad” won Gra ll Single, Be mmy award st Contemp Western Re s for Best C orary Vocal cording, Be ontemporary Performanc s t C ountry Voca Miller went e, Best Cou l Performan on to open ntry & ce, and Bes King of the in Nashville t Country S Road Moto , Te ong. r Inns in the tion housed nnessee and the other early 1970s in Valdosta a music clu —one , Georgia. b on the top aspiring an The Nashv flo d accomplis ille locahed musicia or that became a regu lar hangout ns. for both Trailers for sale or rent Rooms to le t...fifty cents I know every . No phone, engineer on no pool, no every train A ll of their ch p ets I ain’t got n ild ren, and all o cigarettes A of their nam n d e v e ry handout Ah, but..two es in every tow hours of pu A n d e n v e ry lock that shin’ broom Buys an eig ain’t lo ht by twelve When no o four-bit roo I’m a man o ne’s around cked m f means by . no means King of the road. I sing, T railers for s Third boxca ale or rent r, midnight R o oms to let, tr a in Destination fifty cents ...Bangor, M No phone, aine. Old worn o n o p ool, no pets ut suits and I ain’t got n shoes, I don’t pay o c ig a rettes no union du Ah, but, two es, I smoke old h o u rs of pushin’ b sto Buys an eig room Short, but n gies I have found ht by twelve ot too big a four-bit roo I’ m a m ro a n m u I’m a man o of means b nd y no means f means by K in g o f th n o e King of the means road. road.

One version of the sheet music for “King of the Road” included a picture of the King of the Road Motor Inn that Roger Miller built in Nashville.

In 1959 Little Jimmy Dickens recorded a rare Armed Forces Radio version of “When a House is Not a Home” written by Roger Miller.

Some people walk in the rain, others just get wet. –Roger Miller In addition to playing the guitar, Roger Miller played fiddle in the Circle A Wranglers while serving in the Army.


Starday Records and asked them to listen to some of his material. At his audition, Miller impressed Pierce and Daily enough to be granted a session in Houston, Texas. George Jones and Miller rode to Texas together, writing songs along the way. They co-authored “Tall, Tall Trees” recorded by Jones and “Happy Child” recorded by Jimmy Dean. Meanwhile, Miller cut some of his own songs, including “My Pillow” and “Poor Little John”. The songs were paired on the first single of Roger Miller’s career. The Mercury-Starday record went nowhere, but Miller continued to write for Starday and record mail order sound-a-like records of other artists’ hits.

It’s really a good thing that he made it in the music business ‘cause he would have starved to death as a farmer. -Sheb Wooley

Earning Grammy Awards in 1964 were, left to right, Jack Stapp, Jerry Kennedy, Roger Miller, and Buddy Killen.

In 1964, Roger Miller appeared as Johnny Appleseed in an episode of the television series “Daniel Boone.” Glen Campbell, Roger Miller and Roy Clark on “Hee Haw”.

When asked about the Erick, Oklahoma, home he grew up in Roger Miller generally would reply “It’s close to extinction.” Sheb Wooley, right, became a member of the Miller family when he married Roger Miller’s cousin Melva Laure Miller. Fifteen years Roger’s senior, Wooley taught him his first chords on the guitar and bought him his first fiddle.

After being dropped by RCA, Roger Miller was picked up by Smash and recorded his first session with the label on January 10, 1964.


Married and with his first child on the way, Miller moved to Amarillo and joined the fire department. When not at the fire station, he would hit the local clubs and sing. After sleeping through a fire alarm, the chief suggested Miller seek other employment. During a show in Amarillo, he had met Ray Price who hired him to replace tour singer Van Howard in the Cherokee Cowboys. With his wife, he returned to Nashville. He had a number of songs recorded, including “Invitation to the Blues” by movie cowboy Rex Allen, “Half a Mind” by Ernest Tubb, “That’s the Way I Feel” by Faron Young, and “Billy Bayou” by Jim Reeves went to #1 on the charts. However, Miller still yearned for his own career as a recording artist. In 1958 Buddy Killen secured for Miller a deal with Decca Records. Although his first single with Decca flopped, the second, “Jason Fleming,” was the first of his songs that truly hinted at the music he was capable of producing. No longer with the Cherokee Cowboys, and with royalties spent before he received them, Miller needed work. Faron Young needed a drummer and offered the job to Miller. With

The songwriters in Nashville would follow him around and pick up his droppings because everything he said was a potential song. He spoke in songs. –Buddy Killen

Roger Miller landed on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post in February, 1966.

no experience, Young purchased a set of drums for Miller and by the next week he had become a drummer. Miller toured with Young for nearly a year. While still drumming for Young, Miller landed a deal with RCA. The office was run by Chet Atkins, who had turned Miller away on his first visit to Nashville. Killen brought Atkins one of Miller’s new songs and suggested he let him record it himself. Atkins agreed and Miller recorded “You Don’t Want My Love” at his first session. The record reached #14 and Miller was ready to hit the road as a solo act. In 1964, with the release of “Dang Me,” he earned his first Grammy. By the summer of 1965 his career was made when he received his first royalty check for $160,000. During his career he would earn 11 Grammys, 22 BMI citations, and a Tony Award. His records include a platinum single, six gold singles, and five gold albums. He has been characterized as a songwriter, singer, guitarist, fiddler, drummer, composer, and humorist. His wit has provided us with some of our most popular, upbeat, toe-tapping songs. His lyrics are unmatched.

Roger Miller and Loretta Lynn attended a disc jockey convention in 1961.

Roger Miller as “Pap” in Big River. Opening at New York’s Eugene O’Neill Theatre in 1985, the play became a smash hit and garnered seven Tony Awards. Miller earned one of the Tonys for best score.

The human mind is a wonderful thing, it starts working from before you’re born and doesn’t stop till you sit down to write a song. –Roger Miller


W.C. Austin:

The Man Behind the Dam By Dani Farrell


tanding on the bridges that cross the main canal, with a back drop of the Washita Mountains, it is easy to forget how important the Lugert-Altus Dam. The main canal, rivers, creeks, farmers’ fields, and the wilderness reserves each receive their water thanks to the Lugert-Altus Dam. The history behind this magnificent dam is infused with passion, hard work, and the plain old Oklahoma stubbornness of one man, W.C Austin. He was better known as “Judge Austin,” and on occasion, “Senator Austin.” The latter was from 1926 to 1929; although that was not something he enjoyed and did not like being reminded of it. That was not even the start of what a dirt poor kid originally from Nashville, Arkansas, accomplished. William Claude “Willie” Austin was born on January 24, 1880, to Robert and Sabra Austin, the fourth of six children. As Austin became older, he realized he wanted to do more than just farm. So, at the tender age of sixteen, he started his journey to become a lawyer, a decision he made one afternoon in a field. He had a very limited education, but that did not stop him. He worked very hard in a barrel stave factory to save money for college and entered the University of Little Rock to study law. Not having the startup money for his practice, he traveled to Texas to work in the cotton and molasses mills for sixtyfive cents a day. After putting a little money back, he went to his hometown, married his childhood sweetheart, Lillie Dildy, and headed to Oklahoma. The couple took a small amount of bedding and traveled by train. Austin put his wife in the passenger coach, but he slept in the cattle car. They joined a group of people in Quanah, Texas, who were traveling by wagons into Oklahoma Territory. Not having much, they

made do. They spent their first winter in a silo, the only shelter on their rented farm. They hung quilts from the ceiling to make a smaller square room inside the large round space of the silo so that the stove could heat the space better. Austin tried his hand at crops, but due to drought, the farm was a bust. He sold the only thing he owned, a horse and buggy, and built a small office in Reed.

The office became a post office, and his store grew into a drug store, thanks to his mother-in-law’s offer to give the newlyweds a gift of three hundred dollars. This new space gave the local doctor a more accessible place to put an office, so in the corner of the establishment was Dr. Barr. It was quite a sight; law books on the shelves, window for the drug store, post office on one side, and a doctor on the other side.

Construction of the main canal in 1945.

Feeling the need to expand, Austin later sold his business and move to Eldorado. In a short time he was considered a prominent citizen; this is also where they had six of their seven children. Here is where his law office took off and was well established. Most of his work was in Altus, so the family moved again. A respected lawyer in Altus, he was asked if he wanted to run for senator, so he ran and won 2,058 to 374 against a Dr. Fox. Had he known the mess he was in for, the chance he would not have run. During Austin’s time as state senator there was scandal after scandal and, in 1927, the attempted impeachment of Governor Henry S. Johnston, all because a secretary was holding calls and not allowing the legislators to confer

The Altus Dam is a concrete gravity, partially curved structure faced primarily with granite masonry and contains 70,200 cubic yards of concrete and masonry.

with the governor about legislative policies. The governor would not discharge her, and she would not resign. The Senate organized a court of impeachment, but adjourned over Christmas. Tempers cooled over the holidays and by the time the Senate returned, they voted 22 to 16 not to entertain the impeachment charges. The so-called “Ewe Lamb Rebellion” had come to an end. However, a newspaper editor charged that the governor had used bribery to adjourn the Senate court of impeachment. The governor and senators came under fire. Austin believed


Quartz Mountain Nature Park looks out over Lake Altus-Lugert.

The Quartz Mountain Resort is located on the shores of Lake Altus-Lugert.

that investigations would be made, but that no investigation would hurt an honorable officer, “but if properly and impartially conducted, will reflect to his credit.” Investigations were made, witnesses testified that they had received no bribes, and the affair was eventually closed. Austin is said to have won many friends for the way he conducted the investigation. But soon more turmoil arose when the House voted impeachment charges against Governor Johnston on grounds of incompetency, corruption, and moral turpitude. These charges in 1929 led to a parade of 141 witnesses. By a vote of 33 to 9, Johnston was removed from Oklahoma’s highest office. By the end of his term and, in his own mind, doing very little for the people of the state, Austin was ready to quit politics, saying “I am not going to take any active interest in politics . . . as I do not feel that I ever want any more political experience.” Folks had to respect Austin for voting his conscience and for his fine conduct and attitude during those distasteful events. Due to his background as a lawyer, he was on several legislative committees, including reclamation and agriculture. He understood their problems and how bad it was for agriculture. The generation after the land run would have it rough, because in came a whirlwind of blowing top soil and blistering hot summers. So when the people of Altus approached Austin about helping to promote a water reservoir in southwest


Oklahoma, he was more than capable of helping because he knew his way around Washington, D.C. Soon the tall, slender figure with small-rimmed glasses was sweeping through the U.S. Capitol, knocking on doors, and explaining the problem and the need for water in his little part of western Oklahoma. He showed them that the farmers were in desperate need of water for the crops and how a dam would provide water for irrigation. Getting a dam in place was no easy or fast task; it took talent and fortitude, especially for a dam that would need to control the North Fork of the Red River. Austin wrote to the chief engineer of a federal agency about Jackson County’s desperation, “The drought conditions here are continuing and the people feel that upon this project rest the substantial future of this community.” Austin went back to Washington, D.C. and successfully lobbied for money for a survey. A month later President Franklin D. Roosevelt directed that $30,000 be made available for the study of the North Fork. The LugertAltus project was about to become a reality. In March, 1940, the committee that would oversee the dam was appointed, seed money was provided, and plans were made for an additional $500,000 appropriation. Even before it was signed off on by the President, construction began.

This massive project would span 778 square miles of Jackson County and would touch Greer and Kiowa counties. The dam is located 18 miles from Altus. In addition to forming the reservoir, Lake Altus, five earthen dikes surround the lake, and four canals, 52 miles in length, and miles of masonry lateral lines were built to supply water to the City of Altus and many privately-owned farms. To understand how big the Lugert Altus Dam is, one only needs to walk across the bridge and look up at the full glory of the dam. It is breathtaking! While there, one can read a bronze plaque that tells the story of W.C. Austin and what he gave southwest Oklahoma. It was made possible by a man who as a kid, while standing in the middle of a dusty corn field, decided to become a lawyer to make a difference. Even in his last years of life he was at every board meeting, still active, and very much dedicated to the dam. Unfortunately, W. C. Austin passed away October 5, 1946, before he could see his project finished. He knew, however, it was in good hands and would be completed. Less than a year after his death, the irrigation project was renamed the “W. C. Austin Project,” and dedicated in 1947. He is remembered, not only as a lawyer, senator, and president of the Bar Association of Oklahoma, but as the man behind the dam that brought modern irrigation to southwest Oklahoma.

I am a first generation Oklahoman

By Jack Malone Jack Malone is a 22-year-old senior at Oklahoma City University. He is earning his degree in Mass Communications with a minor in History.

and Oklahoma is my home. My family moved to Oklahoma in 1987. Although I had yet to be born, my family recalls the time period quite well. While everyone else seemed to be moving out of the state, my family was moving in. The oil bust of the late 1980s devastated the economy, building construction had halted, and the lavish lifestyles of the 1980’s oil boom had come to a halt. Banks had closed, young people were leaving in droves, there was a Galleria Parking Garage but no Galleria, and beautiful historic buildings had been torn down for new construction that would not happen for another 20 years. My mother’s family, from the East Coast, referred to Oklahoma as the dark side of the moon and could not imagine why anyone would want to move to such a place. My family, who loved to travel, viewed this as a learning experience and was excited for the new adventure to explore this strange land and planned to experience everything Oklahoma had to offer. Four years later my family had planted their roots in the community and in 1991 I was born. Oklahoma will forever be my home.


I learned at a very young age that one of Oklahoma’s greatest resources is its people. Through good times and bad, oil booms and busts, natural disasters, including tornados, wild fires, too much rain, and too little rain, Oklahomans always have proven to be generous, unselfish people. They rise to any event with a determination to make the best of situations and to lend a hand to anyone impacted by hard times. One of my earliest childhood memories was the unspeakable tragedy of the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building on April 19, 1995, a day that no Oklahoman will ever forget. The events of that day shook our nation and deeply affected our state. Countless families were affected and Oklahoma City was forever changed by that day. As a four year old I could not understand the severity, but I do recall feeling the blast and knowing that something awful had happened. I remember the panic and the shock on my family’s faces; I will never forget where I was at that exact moment in time. Although nothing could undo the horror of this act of terrorism: the loss of life, the injured, the destruction, the feeling of grief and anguish that leaves a void in our hearts still to this day, there was an incredible outpouring of love and support from emergency responders, volunteers, adults, and children from around the world. This response gave our state hope and made us all even stronger in the face of such evil. It was a tragic situation but our state rose above the violence and showed the nation what Oklahoma spirit truly meant. It is something that no one can explain, yet it is the driving force in our state. Oklahomans have that special quality—the catalyst for progression in our state. Another life changing memory was the destruction of the May 3, 1999 tornados. Once again in the face


of death and destruction, Oklahomans rallied together to support people who had lost everything. During this time students and parents at a local high school in my hometown realized that students affected by the tornado were not going to be able to have their prom that year. Their homes were gone, their schools damaged or destroyed, and prom seemed pretty low on their immediate list of needs; unless you were a high school senior and had been looking forward to this day for four years. Volunteers organized an event that met all of the affected students’ prom needs, including a “store” where they could shop for prom clothes, shoes, and accessories. Local merchants generously donated free salon services, makeup, corsages, meals, venues, and transportation in order to make the evening as memorable as possible. While attending prom might seem like such a small priority after experiencing such destruction, this event once again offered hope to these teenagers that life could be fun and normal again.

Growing up in Oklahoma gives children nu merous opportunities to learn valuable life skills starting at a young age. Although I was very young during these two tragic events and could not fully comprehend the magnitude of devastation that had occurred, I was able to understand the importance of community. The Oklahoma spirit was prevalent on these days just as it is every other day. When called to action Oklahomans are able to rise above and meet the needs of those affected even if it just means throwing

Located in northeast Oklahoma City, Science Museum Oklahoma, formerly known as The Omniplex, moved to its current location in 1978.

a group of teenagers a prom that they will never forget. These values that are instilled in Oklahomans, coupled with hard work, perseverance, and visionary leaders, are some of the qualities that have made Oklahoma the great state it is today. Growing up in Oklahoma gives children numerous opportunities to learn valuable life skills starting at a young age. These skills include volunteerism, leadership, and service. Some organizations that I have had personal experience with have taught me the life skills that I continue to use to this day. The people involved in these organizations have been amazing mentors to numerous young people and have instilled a quality in them to continue to teach others as they become the next leaders of Oklahoma. There are so many wonderful organizations throughout the entire state that offer invaluable training to young Oklahomans. I wanted to highlight some of the organizations that I have had personal experience with beginning at a very young age. Science Museum Oklahoma, formerly The Omniplex, offers the youngest children an opportunity to be on their

Children’s Advisory Board. This fun program offers young children an opportunity to contribute their ideas to a museum that provides education and innovative learning to the community. This first taste of volunteering plants the seed for future community service. One of my most important leadership experiences as a young person was through the Boy Scouts of America. This experience has laid the framework for all of my other volunteer and leadership activities. The skills and life lessons I learned as I grew through Scouting helped me to become a strong effective leader in

Incorporated on February 8, 1910 under the laws of the District of Columbia, the Boys Scouts of America celebrated their centennial in 2010. By 2011, more than 50,000 young men had earned the organizations highest advancement with the rank of Eagle Scout and nearly 3-million were participating in the Scouting program. Courtesy Boy Scouts of America.

all areas of my life. From camping to volunteer work and leadership, Scouting has been a concurrent education for numerous Oklahomans. As in life, Scouting has taught many that each skill mastered and each position held responsibly leads to larger leadership roles and accomplishments. Scouts are given the opportunity to explore every corner of Oklahoma and the vast natural beauty that our state has

to offer. Some of the places Scouts utilize for their activities include the Wichita Mountains, Turner Falls, Alabaster Caverns, the Illinois River and Black Mesa, the highest point in Oklahoma at 5,700 ft. As a Cub Scout camping gave me a great sense of accomplishment and independence; as a Boy Scout I learned even more as I loaded my 40-pound backpack and trekked through the mountains for ten days; and as an Eagle Scout I had the opportunity to attend a national leadership conference and be involved in the restoration of the First Territorial Schoolhouse in Edmond. One troop in Edmond alone has more than 160 Eagle Scouts who each have contributed a service project benefiting our state. Throughout this time I had exposure to many great volunteer leaders. This experience created my foundation in service and has led to many other opportunities outside of Scouting. Designed for high school age students, Oklahoma City Youth Leadership Exchange offers classes and programming to shape young people in the community. The program is designed to teach students how to be better community leaders through service. Classes include exposure to community organizations as well as lessons in practical life skills Many graduates of this program have found this experience to be an invaluable lesson in leadership, community service, philanthropy, and fundraising. This is yet another example of an extracurricular activity that is actively shaping the lives of Oklahoma youth. For a graduating high school senior, Oklahoma Boys and Girls State is designed to reinforce the subject matter taught in high school civic classes. This program instills a working knowledge of the operations of state and local government. This

program gathers students from every corner of the state for a week-long training session that not only connects you to your peers but also reiterates the importance of community leadership and education.

All of these organizations have many things in common, they are fueled by incredibly generous people who give up their time to make Oklahoma the vibrant state it has become... Another statewide education program is the Oklahoma Heritage Association Teen Board. This board offers students the opportunity to promote pride in the community and state, while at the same time learn valuable real-world skills. Students also have the opportunity to meet notable Oklahomans and participate in Association and Museum programming. The Teen Board is responsible for planning and implementing an annual fundraiser to benefit the education programs of the Association and Museum. The money raised funds free student admission to the Museum and a scholarship through the Association’s annual scholarship competition. This opportunity not only promotes and educates students about Oklahoma’s diverse history through the states iconic people, but also teaches students lifelong lessons and prepares them for a future of giving back to Oklahoma. These are just a selection of organizations in Oklahoma that offer youth programing that teach amazing


The 2012-2013 Teen Board of the Oklahoma Heritage Association raised more than $20,000 with its 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run. Since 2007 the Teen Board has raised more than $100,000 to support the education programs of the Association and GaylordPickens Museum.

Founded in 1927 to celebrate the contributions of Oklahomans with induction into the Oklahoma Hall of Fame and provide educational opportunities for students, the Oklahoma Heritage Association opened its Gaylord-Pickens Museum in 2007. With a mission of “telling Oklahoma’s story through its people” the Association offers free field trips to students statewide, has one of the most talented Teen Boards supporting its education programs, is recognized as the leader in publishing Oklahoma’s history, and provides cash scholarships and tuition grants to students wishing to continue their education.

Throughout Oklahoma many exciting things are happening in the state. life skills. All of these organizations have many things in common, they are fueled by incredibly generous people who give up their time to make Oklahoma the vibrant state it has become and who are committed to being mentors to young people and helping them become


future leaders. They all provide training that instills confidence by teaching character building, strong ethics, goal setting, leadership skills, teambuilding, and making our state a better place. Supported by selfless volunteers and donations from corporations, foundations, and many individuals these organizations offer programs for training, education, community outreach, and support of people in need. I have only touched the surface of what

each organization has to offer and the countless things they do for the state of Oklahoma. Regardless of a person’s interests there are countless Oklahoma-based organizations available to foster these skills and provide our state with amazing leaders and volunteers. Coupled with forward thinking, these organizations are leading a renaissance movement around the state that is making Oklahoma one of the most exciting places to live.

Throughout Oklahoma many exciting things are happening in the state. In Oklahoma City alone the revitalization of downtown is bringing new groups of people to the area. Many are leaving the suburbs and moving downtown to be a part of the action. The Metropolitan Area Projects (MAPs) started this revitalization in 1999 when the first MAPs projects began. Since then there have been three different MAPs initiatives. The most recent project, MAPs 3, has begun to expand Oklahoma City and create new opportunities within the city. Improvements to the Oklahoma River have been made and the planning of a central park has begun. This park promises to stretch downtown Oklahoma City to the edge of the Oklahoma River where the central park will attract many people, retail, and housing opportunities. The Oklahoma River and the riverfront development have brought great notoriety to Oklahoma. As an Olympic certified training area and the home to US Rowing and USA Canoe/Kayak, the transformation of the riverfront has created a world-class venue for rowing,

Our very young state is finally being seen by the nation the way we have all seen it for years—the BEST. canoeing, and kayaking. Oklahoma City has created such facilities that make it an integral part of U.S Olympic development. This progress would not have been possible without the visionary leadership behind the MAPs projects and without the insight and determination to turn our once dry river into a mecca for world-class watersports. The list of amazing innovative projects and developments could go on for days. From the Oklahoma City Thunder, the

tallest building in our state, public art projects, and new restaurants, Oklahoma is becoming a destination for people to visit and a desired place to live. Twenty-six years after my family moved to Oklahoma, we continue to call this our home. The landscape has changed, neighbors and businesses have come and gone, but the Oklahoma spirit has remained constant. It is one thing that can never be taken away from us. We are resilient people, and this very moment in our lives is our time to be the best we possibly can be. Our very young state is finally being seen by the nation the way we have all seen it for years—the BEST. Oklahoma continues to be a state full of opportunity regardless of your interests and the future holds unlimited possibilities. I am proud to be an Oklahoman.

Continuing the momentum of MAPs, the Ronald J. Norick Downtown Library opened in 2004.

As an Olympic certified training area and the home to US Rowing and USA Canoe/Kayak, the transformation of the riverfront has created a world-class venue for rowing, canoeing, and kayaking.

As part of Oklahoma City’s MAPs, in 1998 the Bricktown home of the RedHawks opened with more than 14,000 fans in attendance.


By Sam Teague

For centuries,

signs have played an integral role in commerce, industry, and trade. From 3,000 B.C. to the Middle Ages, signs were the only effective advertising medium. The signs of tradesmen were found in ancient Egypt and Greece. Painted signs and signs carved in stone were widespread throughout Rome. In later years, signs in England, France, and Italy began to incorporate the influence of local artisans with elaborate carvings and paint. Through the mid18th century the only record of advertising, with the exception of town criers, has been signs. From crude renderings to intricate design, the talents of man have been the key to effective signage. From, Durant, Oklahoma, Billy Mac Teague always was interested in art. His first published work appeared in his school paper. Later in life his talent graced parking lots, streets, and highways across Oklahoma. In many instances, it was his vision that made the dream of an

entrepreneur come true or crowned the success of a local business. Following his high school graduation, Teague joined the Oklahoma Army National Guard. As a member of the famed 45th Division, he served in the 180 Infantry during the Korean Conflict. He earned the rank of staff sergeant before being honorably discharged in 1952.

Teague returned home to Oklahoma, taking a job in the sign department at Tinker Air Force Base in Midwest City. On the weekends he spent his time hand painting signs in a converted room of his home, eventually building a shop on the property.

“If Mac were to get cut, he would bleed paint.” -Bill Firquain, Long-time Employee

As his home-based business grew, the first “Mac Sign Co.” sign was hung over the entrance to the shop. He painted signs, banners, and mailboxes inside the Billy Mac Teague hand painted signs while working in the sign shop at Tinker Air Force Base.


Created by Mac Sign Company, the sign at the Del Rancho location on Southeast 29th Street in Oklahoma City was made of neon, porcelain, and molded plastic. This was one of the first signs that incorporated molded plastic with other materials. The restaurant chain’s specialty—the Steak Sandwich Supreme—was created in Oklahoma City by Mr. & Mrs. J.R. Holt in 1959.

“Signs and sign making are a fascinating reflection of America through the years.” -Tod Swormstedt, Founder American Sign Museum

shop, lettered trucks and other company vehicles in the driveway, and in the evenings would make his way to local lakes and hand letter boats. After brief employment with Art Sign Company in south Oklahoma City’s Capitol Hill, Teague officially went into business for himself full time. In less than five years following his discharge from the service, Teague had leased a building, outgrown the space, and purchased property and a larger building—a Quonset Hut. The new location, at 4208 South May Avenue in Oklahoma City, sat on a dirt road that extended into the countryside. As business grew, Teague not only added square footage, but employees. The one-man sign shop had grown to 35 employees and included everything from manufacturing and installation to service and crane and bucket rentals. Teague loved every aspect of the sign business, especially building relationships with his customers. His concepts had to strike a balance between the desire of the owner and the marketability to the general public. Through Mac Sign Company, Teague’s talents have given life to the dreams of Oklahoma entrepreneurs and drew new customers to longtime businesses. His signs have become a part of the Oklahoma landscape. 36

The sign created for Lee’s Used Cars in south Oklahoma City incorporated flashing and rotating balls to direct customers to the lot.

Skateland, most recently known as Star Skate Roller Skating Rink, is located on Lindsey Street in Norman.

Located in south Oklahoma City, the balls on the Dorothy Court Bar-B-Q sign flashed at different times. This sign also was used as the cover image on a national publication, Signs, Streets and Storefronts, in 2012.

LEFT: Upon conversion of the Howard Johnson’s Res-

taurant at I-240 and South Pennsylvania Avenue in Oklahoma City to the Circus Time Family Restaurant, the Mac Sign Company made its first in-house molded plastic sign faces.

The Rhodes Thrif-T-Wise sign, located at Southwest 44th and May Avenue in south Oklahoma City, was constructed of neon and porcelain. The store was known for its “five for $1.00” barbecue sandwiches.

Plastic and porcelain were used to construct the south Oklahoma City’s Country Club Shops’ sign at Southwest 59th and Pennsylvania Avenue.

Although the first electric sign with incandescent bulbs was built in London, England, in 1881, it was the United States that pioneered the use of illumination for outdoor, night displays. In 1891, 1,457 lamps lit the New York City night with the words “MANHATTAN BEACH SWEPT BY OCEAN BREEZES.” The 80’ wide and 50’ tall sign would be the first electric sign in the United States.

Kern’s Dairy, located at Southwest 44th and Agnew, was one of Oklahoma City’s rare drive-in dairies. Customers would order and pay at the first window and pick up their items at the second window. In addition, the dairy sold broasted chicken and potatoes. The upper portion of the sign rotated and had a milk jug on the other side.

The Steven’s Cleaners and Dyers Laundry sign at Northwest 23rd and Classen in Oklahoma City was made of neon and porcelain.


The three-sided AMC sign at Northwest 10th and Pennsylvania Avenue in northwest Oklahoma City stood 85’ tall. Billy Mac Teague’s son, Sam Teague who helped manage the sign company for more than 25 years, remembers vividly making the climb to change the lights in the sign.

Located at 509 Southwest 29th Street in Oklahoma City, the Jude-n-Jody Furniture sign was made of neon and plastic. Harold Dean “Jody” Taylor and Jude Northcutt began playing music together in 1954 and hosted a television show during the 1960s and 1970s. In 1964 they opened the furniture store, today in its original location, with the slogan “We love folks!”


B The Tahoma Motel sign was constructed of porcelain and neon.


D E A. Locksmith B. Barber C. Shoemaker/Cobbler D. Pawn Shop/Broker E. Public Telephone


In 1840, P. T. Barnum’s Museum was the first to be illuminated by a gas-lit display. The sign made by Mac Sign Company at The Best Western Trade Winds Motor Inn, located at Reno and Eastern avenues in Oklahoma City, was made of porcelain, neon, and plastic.

Made from plastic, porcelain, and neon, the sign for the Downtown Center Shops was located in Norman near the intersection of Main Street and Flood.

Don’s Drive In, where you could buy a hamburger for 10-cents and located on Southeast 29th Street in Del City, was opened in 1955 by Don Moore. The sign was made of neon, porcelain, and plastic.

Established in 1969 on Northwest 23rd Street in Oklahoma City, Mac Sign Company constructed the Drexel Cleaners’ sign out of porcelain and neon.

Made of neon, plastic, and porcelain, the Dunn’s Dairy Queen sign was located near the Oklahoma State Fairgrounds at Reno and May avenues in Oklahoma City.







ABOUT THE AUTHOR PETER G. PIERCE is a fourth generation Oklahoman. After studying Classical Languages at the University of Oklahoma and law at the Dedman School of Law at Southern Methodist University, he practiced commercial law and litigation for sixteen years while teaching and authoring a number of published articles on law and banking. He was actively involved in community banking through 2000 and, following a sabbatical, became chairman and president of First Bethany Bancorp. He teaches a popular course for graduating seniors at the University of Oklahoma titled “Life After OU-A Survival Guide” and a junior level History of Baseball course. He is the author of the Red Dirt Baseball series about the history of minor league baseball in Oklahoma including Baseball in the Cross Timbers-The Story of the Sooner State League, two volumes on Ardmore’s baseball, Territorians to Boomer 19041926 and Indians, Cardinals and Rosebuds 1947-1961, and Eight Seasons of the Herefords: Red Dirt Baseball in Ada. A member of the Society for American Baseball Research, Pierce lives in Norman, Oklahoma and New Orleans, Louisiana.


EfordS: rEd dirt BaSEBa ll in ada

Ada has a short but history in rich pro While only fessional baseba ll. a handfu l of the hundred s of the Herefor players who wore ds’ flannels appeared in a Major ever League gam they left a fascinat e, ing hum and social an legacy and Ada. Ori ginally con impact on ceived as chapter in a a book in the Red Dir Baseball seri t photos from es, information and former play their chil ers and dren pro vided eno to justify ugh an book. Mo expansion to a full st of the photos in Eight Sea sons of the HerefordsRed Dirt Baseball in Ada app publicly ear for the first time and vignettes the on owners, and play manager ers have s, been exp from trea anded tment of the in Baseba ll in the Cro Herefords ss Timbers .


Eight Seasons of the Herefords: Red Dirt Baseball in Ada $14.95 ISBN 978-1





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From the cover… This book describes and illustrates the challenges, perseverance and heart of American ingenuity and dreams. In the 1970s at a tiny town in northeastern Oklahoma a small dedicated group of people did what many said could not be done. Goodbary Engineering Company took an idea, invested what they could and with determination and sweat produced a two axle diesel electric mining truck designed specifically for coal mines. The first two trucks were sold to a coal mining customer prior to the company finding a manufacturing plant, hiring production employees, or placing orders for components. Underfunded and working in primitive manufacturing conditions, best described as a blacksmith shop, it is amazing that any product was developed and built. Ultimately 24 mining trucks were operating in the United states and Canada hauling coal utilizing the design.


By Merilee Hunt Sooner Printing, Norman

Professional baseball came to the Twin Territories in 1904 with Oklahoma City, Guthrie, Enid, Chickasha, and Shawnee appearing in the Southwestern League and Ardmore, I.T. making a brief appearance in the Texas League. Twenty-eight Oklahoma cities and towns fielded teams in eleven different leagues between 1904 and 1919. Dozens of past and future Major Leaguers toiled in the bushes of the Sooner State. Red Dirt Baseball:The First Decades tells the story of those leagues and scores of the ball clubs from Altus to Vinita along with hundreds of photos of towns, teams, and players. (pictured above: 1909 Guthrie Senators of the Western Association)


PETER G. PIERCE is a fourth gen eration Ok lahoman. After stud ying Classic al Languages at the Un iversity of Oklaho Dedman ma and law School of at the Law at Sou University thern Me , he practic tho dist ed comme litigation rcial law for sixteen authoring and years whi a number le teachin of publish He was acti g and ed articles vely involve on law and d in com 2000 and banking. munity ban , following a sabbatical king thro president ugh , became of First Bet chairman hany Ban course for and corp. He graduating teaches a seniors at titled “Lif popular the Univer e After OU sity of Ok -A Surviva History of lahoma l Guide” Baseball and a jun course. He Baseball ior level is the aut series abo hor ut the hist of the Red Oklahoma ory of min Dirt including or league Baseball of the Soo baseball in the Cro ner State in ss Lea Tim gue, Territo bers-The Cardinals Story and Rosebu rians to Boo ds, and Red mers, Ind Decades. ians, A memb Dirt Baseba er of the ll-Th Research, e First Society for Pierce live American s in Norma Orleans, Baseball n, Oklaho Louisiana. ma and New

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Thunder on the Prairie: The Goodbary Engineering Co. Story 9 2 3 0 5 0


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RED DIRT BASEBALL— The First Decades: Small Town Professional Baseball in Oklahoma 1904-1919 $14.95 Eight SEa

ISBN 978-1-938923-05-0


Red diRt BaseBall− the fiRst decades: small town Professional Baseball in Oklahoma 1904 -1919


THE IMPOSSIBLE DREAM: The Miracle of the Jasmine Moran Children's Museum $29.95

PROUDLY PROTECTING OKLAHOMA: The 75th Anniversary of the Oklahoma Highway Patrol $30.00

All publications are available at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum Store, bookstores statewide, Amazon.com, and www.oklahomaheritage.com. 40

“...You can walk into any place in Kingfisher and mention him and nothing but good words would be said. I am extremely proud to call him my grandpa.”

By Allie Blundell Kingfisher High School

Dr. Carroll “Doc” Holsted was born an average farm boy in Carnegie, Oklahoma. On October 16, 1938, his story began. He grew up milking cows alongside his father, Ernest, and his two only brothers, Willard and Larry. Even though times were tough, his family got by with what little they had and never were hungry. While growing up in the “good ole days” the Holsteds did not have plumbing; they used a trusty outhouse, using catalogs and corn cobs for toilet tissue. “A ‘scratchy experience’,” Doc claimed. His mother, Nellie, made the boys’ clothes out of left over feed sacks. When Doc was old enough, he walked to the local country school in his feed sack overalls, four miles round trip. His parents transferred him to the school in Carnegie because he was a tad bit to ornery for country school. For the most part, he grew up on the farm believing that farming was the only way of life, not knowing that his years of practicing medicine were ahead of him.

During his high school career, Doc made straight As. When he graduated Carnegie High School in 1956, he left as class valedictorian. His father told him that he needed to find a better job than farming to earn more income. They had an uncle who was a pharmacist, and they considered him wealthy. The following year, Doc attended Southwestern Oklahoma State University, spending four years in pharmacy school. Because times were hard back then, he worked in pharmacy labs while going to school. Throughout his

Dr. Carroll “Doc” Holsted has been a beloved member of the Kingfisher community for more than 30 years.

senior year, Doc worked at Veazey Drug in Oklahoma City for a whopping one dollar per hour. Right before his senior year, he married his first wife, Nancy, in 1959. In 1960, when he graduated pharmacy school, he was at the top of his class and Southwestern’s pharmacy school. Also in 1960, he and his wife gave birth to their first child, Douglas Carroll Holsted. Later, David and Dawn were born. Prior to his college graduation, Doc was president of the pharmacy school student body. At one of their last meetings, Ralph Enix

During his senior year in college, Dr. Carroll “Doc” Holsted worked for the Veazey Drug Co. in Oklahoma City for $1.00 an hour.


Fellow Kingfisher doctors Steve Arthurs and Carroll “Doc” Holsted.

Dr. Carroll “Doc” Holsted and his wife Cathy Holsted.

The county seat of Kingfisher County, Kingfisher took its name from nearby Kingfisher Creek which had been named for an early-day stage station operator, King Fisher.

was invited as the speaker. During the dinner portion of the meeting, Enix was seated next to him. Enix leaned over and offered him a job at his pharmacy in Kingfisher. He worked there for two years, delivering medicines to the hospital and clinic. One day, while delivering medicine, Doc started talking to Dr. John Taylor, the main doctor in Kingfisher. Dr. Taylor told him how hard it was to break


life-ending news to people. One piece of lifechanging advice Dr. Taylor gave him was that you can be anything you want to be. With that in mind, Doc left and went to Weatherford to get his transcript and apply for medical school. He talked to the medical advisor who told him that he could not get in because he did not have enough credits. Sadly, he thought his hopes of becoming a

doctor were down the drain. Later, he decided that he would take his transcript to the University of Oklahoma. When he met with the Dean of Student Affairs, he was told that he had more than enough credits. At that moment, Doc’s luck turned around. Five days later, he was interviewed by the admissions board. To his dismay, they did not ask many questions that most doctors would know. Doc never took his Medical College Admission Test. However, ten students were selected, and Doc happened to be one of those lucky ten. About six years later, he graduated from the University of Oklahoma Medical School. The following year, he started his internship at St. Anthony’s Hospital in Oklahoma City, which lasted for one year. His internship was

required before he could become a licensed doctor. After his internship he enlisted in “Uncle Sam’s” service for two years. During the Vietnam War, he was stationed in Fort Defiance, Arizona. He chose the United States Public Health Service so he could concentrate on surgery and obstetrics. Doc was assigned to the Air Force and stationed in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The two years he was there, he was assigned to the surgical and obstetric units. Following his discharge, he returned to Oklahoma to begin his two-year residency at St. Anthony’s Hospital. It was during this time he received a career-changing call. The receptionist at Kingfisher Regional Hospital called and told him that Dr. Taylor had passed away. Doc remembered that Dr. Taylor was the man who convinced him that he could be anything he wanted to be. At first, Doc declined their request to return to Kingfisher. He wanted to make a name for himself in the world. After about four phone calls, he accepted the request. Doc moved to Kingfisher in 1969 and his importance to this community began. He agreed on a one-year contract to allow time for securing a suitable replacement. An unexpected feeling came over him, he loved Kingfisher and all the people loved him. He ended up staying for 30 years. While he was there he met the love of his life, Cathy, who was a nurse at the clinic. They figured that during his time in Kingfisher, he performed about 50 surgeries a month. He did basically every job any doctor could think of, including delivering babies, including myself, his first granddaughter. In his 30 years here, he has made himself well known. Doc is a unique, man-made man. Doc built himself up from graduation day until today. He is a wonderful example to everyone. For one thing, everyone in this community adores him. You can walk into any place in Kingfisher and mention him and nothing but good words would be said. I am extremely proud to call him my grandpa.

Allie Blundell, center, earned 1st place for the Northwest Region and 2nd place in the state for her entry in the 2012 Oklahoma Heritage Essay Competition. She received a Governor’s Commendation from Lieutenant Governor Todd Lamb, left, and Heritage Week Committee Chairman Louise Painter. Heritage Week winners were recognized in the Blue Room of the Oklahoma State Capitol. Photo by Stu Ostler.

The family celebrating Cathy Holsted’s birthday in 2001.


Through it sPeople LEFT: Mary Catherine and James Sexton attended the Grammy event hosted by the Second Century Board.

! r e e t n Volu

RIGHT: Brent Bolay, Gina Bolay, Cathy Baker

Doyle, and Leslie Weaver supported the Association’s Teen Board by participating in the 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run. RIGHT: Beginning new terms of service during the March Board of Directors meeting were, back row, left to right, Stratton Taylor, Fred C. Harlan, and Gary Huckabay. Front row, Judy Hatfield, Rhonda Hooper, and Malinda Berry Fischer.

RIGHT: Ronda and Stacey Huddleston at the Second Century Board’s Grammy event.

BELOW: Holly Johnson, Katie McCullock, and Carla

Meadows following the Teen Board’s 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

Left to right, Bob Burke, Will Leonard, James F. Howell, and Ryan Leonard at the Opala: In Faithful Service to the Law book launch at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.


RIGHT: Calvin J. Anthony, center, who completed his term as chairman at the March Board of Directors meeting, is thanked for his service by Nevyle Cable, Chairman, and Shannon L. Rich, President.

The 2012-2013 Oklahoma Heritage Teen Board is comprised of twenty-five outstanding high school students from 14 Oklahoma schools who possess the desire to give back to their home state. The Teen Board offers ninth through 12th grade students the opportunity to promote Oklahoma pride in their communities, as well as gain valuable real-world skills, such as event planning, fundraising, and collaborative group work. In addition, students have the opportunity to meet notable Oklahomans through the Association and Museum’s broad programming. Teen Board students who volunteer their time are responsible for developing and implementing a fundraiser for the Oklahoma Heritage Association and increasing awareness of the Association and Museum. The Teen Board hosted its annual fundraiser on March 9, 2013 at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum. More than 140 participated in the Oklahoma Heritage Land Run. Since 2007 the Teen Board has raised more than $100,000 to benefit education programming for the Association and Museum.

LEFT: The 2012 Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma Legacy and Oklahoma Heritage Week awards were presented in the Blue Room of the Oklahoma State Capitol earlier this year.

RIGHT: Margret Spring, Kelsey Betha, Lauren Flynn, Jessica Pozo, and Abi Hood arrived early to set up for the Oklahoma Heritage Association’s Teen Board 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run to benefit education programming.

ABOVE: Melody Morris, left, and author of The Boys from the Bushes: From the Oklahoma Bush Tracks to the Big Apple visit during a book signing at Graves Drug in Arkansas City, Kansas. LEFT: Michele Howard, Blake Fabian, Andrea Browning, and Lexy Neira helped runners during package pick up for the Oklahoma Heritage Land Run at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

ABOVE: Kelli Dupuy and Elizabeth Semtner enjoyed the “Starmaker” exhibit in the Tulsa World Gallery of the Gaylord-Pickens Museum.

BELOW: Arriving at the Second Century

Board’s Grammy event were Dena Drabek and Ashley Cornelius.

RIGHT: Debi Marshall and Erin Marshall

Page show off their medals following the 5k Oklahoma Heritage Land Run hosted by the Teen Board of the Association and Museum.

ABOVE: Oklahoma Heritage Association board member Xavier Neira came out to support the Teen Board with wife Linda Neira by participating in the 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run. LEFT: Nancy and Mark Stansberry, standing, with Mary Ann and Lee R. West during the Downtown in December event at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum where West signed copies of his biography, Law & Laughter: The Life of Lee West.

LEFT: Completing terms of service at the March meeting of the Board of Directors were Sharon Shoulders and Gib Gibson.


OHA'S Story Through Its People RIGHT: Congratulating Jim Halsey, second from right, at the opening of “Starmaker: Jim Halsey and the Legends of Country Music” were Betty Price, Wanda Jackson, and Norris Price.

ABOVE: The subject for the January Versus Series was Jim Thorpe, portrayed by Robert Manchester, IV, center. Bob Burke, left, moderated the event and Bart Conner was Thorpe’s modern-day contemporary. BELOW: Kelly McGuire and Matt McGuire were members of the

BELOW: Standing, left to right, Brendan Caldwell, Brenda Schwartz, and Tony

Scott and, seated, Luke Boughnam, Carla Clark, and Anna Brooks gear up for check-in at the 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

LEFT: Larry McNeal, right, congratulates Jim Halsey on the opening of “Starmaker: Jim Halsey and the Legends of Country Music”. BELOW: Celebrating a successful opening for the “Starmaker” exhibit were, left to right, Shelley

Rowan, Millie Craddick, Wanda Jackson, Alexis Lux, Jim Halsey, and Tony Scott.

Heritage Trust team participating in the 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

BELOW: Teen Board

President Britton Stowell fires the starting pistol to begin the 10K at the 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.

ABOVE: Corie Baker and Erin Page prior to the 2nd annual Oklahoma Heritage Land Run sponsored by the Teen Board. LEFT: Blake Fabian and Blake Weaver

manned one of the water stations for the runners supporting the Teen Board’s Oklahoma Heritage Land Run.


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Check membership desired. o Student ........................... $15 o Subscription ................... $35 o Individualism ................. $50 o Perseverance ................ $100 o Pioneer Spirit ................ $250 o Optimism ...................... $500 o Generosity .................. $1,000 o Legacy Circle ............ $2,000 o Honor Circle .............. $2,500 o Executive Circle ........ $3,500 o President’s Circle ....... $5,000 o Chairman’s Circle .... $10,000



www.oklahomaheritage.com Subscription $35 • Subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association and Heritage Headlines e-update Standard Membership Benefits • Subscription to Oklahoma: Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association and Heritage Headlines e-update • 10% discount at the Gaylord-Pickens Museum Store • Invitations to Association and Museum events • Membership discounts on programs and events Student $15 All Standard benefits plus: • Annual admission pass to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum for student (must present valid student ID; kindergarten through college eligible) Individualism: $50 All Standard benefits plus: • Annual admission pass to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum Perseverance: $100 All Standard benefits plus: • Annual admission passes to the Gaylord-Pickens Museum for 2 adults and household children under 18


Pioneer Spirit: $250 All Perseverance benefits plus: • Four single-use guest passes to the GaylordPickens Museum Optimism: $500 All Pioneer Spirit benefits plus: • 25% discount on one-time rental of the Devon Classroom

Executive Circle: $3,500 All Generosity benefits plus: • Customized facility use package* President’s Circle: $5,000 All Generosity benefits plus: • Customized facility use package* • Recognition in The Oklahoman and Tulsa World Oklahoma Hall of Fame Sunday Supplement

Generosity: $1,000 All Optimism benefits plus: • One complimentary weekday use of the Edith Kinney Gaylord Garden or Bennett-McClendon Great Hall • Advance opportunity to purchase Oklahoma Hall of Fame tickets • Recognition in the Oklahoma Hall of Fame program

Chairman’s Circle: $10,000 All Generosity benefits plus: • Customized facility use package* • Recognition in The Oklahoman and Tulsa World Oklahoma Hall of Fame Sunday Supplement

Legacy Circle: $2,000 All Generosity benefits plus: • Customized facility use package*

For more information about any of our membership levels or to customize your membership package at the $1,000 level and above, call Debbie Clemons at 405/523-3207.

Honor Circle: $2,500 All Generosity benefits plus: • Customized facility use package*

*Facility use is subject to availability, and restrictions may apply.

MAGAZINE DONORS Mark & Jennifer Allen Edmond Robert D. Allen* Oklahoma City Ann S. Alspaugh* Oklahoma City Mr. & Mrs. W. S. Atherton Tulsa William M. Bell Oklahoma City Dr. & Mrs. William L. Beasley Oklahoma City Mr. & Mrs. Clayton I. Bennett Oklahoma City Elizabeth Bennett Oklahoma City Dr. & Mrs. William Bernhardt Midwest City Barbara Berry* Sapulpa Howard K. Berry, Jr. Oklahoma City William L. Berry Sapulpa Barry Bickle Ponca City Bobby C. Blair Shawnee Mr. & Mrs. G. T. Blankenship* Oklahoma City Angela & Roger Box Bartlesville Sharlene S. Branham* Oklahoma City

Members & Donors

Mary Sue & Gordon Brown Oklahoma City Arthur W. Buswell, M.D. Kingfisher Nevyle & Carol Cable Okmulgee Mr. & Mrs. Richard H. Champlin Oklahoma City Checotah Landmark Preservation Society Checotah Nancy G. Cheek Nichols Hills Vida Chenoweth Oklahoma City Jodi R. Cline Ponca City Bryan B. Close Tulsa Kaye & Edward Hahn Cook Oklahoma City Mr. & Mrs. Jackie R. Cooper Oklahoma City Luke & Becky Corbett Foundation Edmond Betty & Herschal Crow Oklahoma City Nancy Ellis Oklahoma City Linda A. Epperley Wagoner

* Denotes Charter Sponsor Tom & Cheryl Evans Enid Christy & Jim Everest Nichols Hills Ken & Mary Ann Fergeson* Altus Sen. & Mrs. Charles Ford Tulsa Francis Tuttle Technology Center Oklahoma City Gen. (Ret.) & Mrs. Tommy Franks Roosevelt Josephine Freede Oklahoma City Vaughndean Dobbs Fuller & Dr. A. Munson Fuller Tulsa John & Linda Gibbs Holdenville Joan Gilmore & Al McLaughlin Oklahoma City Ike Glass Newkirk Great Plains Coca-Cola Oklahoma City Curtis S. Green Tulsa Julie & Jim Grissom Edmond The GTD Group Edmond

Hall Estill Tulsa Dr. Don Halverstadt Edmond Sam & Joy Hammons Edmond Fred & Kellie Harlan* Okmulgee Robert J. Hays Chickasha Joe Anna Hibler Weatherford Mary Sue Hill Oklahoma City Nadine Norton Holloway Oklahoma City The Honorable Jerome A. Holmes Oklahoma City Bill & Twylah Horne Ada James A. Hyde Nichols Hills Mr. & Mrs. Gib James Oklahoma City The Kerr Foundation Oklahoma City Rev. Ross & Joanne Kirven Durant Kiwash Electric Cooperative, Inc. Cordell KWB Oil Property Management, Inc. Tulsa

Robert J. LaFortune Tulsa LASSO Corp. Oklahoma City Ruth Leebron Levenson Oklahoma City Ryan & Carrie Leonard Oklahoma City Mark & Carol Lester Edmond Elaine & Harrison Levy* Oklahoma City Hilda Lewis Oklahoma City Dave & Lana Lopez Oklahoma City Mrs. Marge MacKinnon Okmulgee Paul & Judy Kaye Massad* Norman John Massey Durant John R. McKee Oklahoma City Herman & LaDonna Meinders Oklahoma City Mekusukey Oil Company, LLC, Wewoka Melvin & Jasmine Moran* Seminole Dana Murphy Edmond Mr. & Mrs. Robert Z. Naifeh Oklahoma City

Larry & Polly Nichols Oklahoma City Homer Nicholson Ponca City C.D. & Gwen Northcutt* Ponca City Beth & P. B. Odom, III Oklahoma City Mr. & Mrs. Jack C. Owens Tulsa Mr. & Mrs. Richard Parker Oklahoma City Kent & Mary Patton Oklahoma City Homer & Ramona Paul Edmond Marjorie Polk Nichols Hills Dr. Richard W. Poole* Oklahoma City Presbyterian Health Foundation Oklahoma City Norris & Betty Price Oklahoma City The Puterbaugh Foundation McAlester Bill Ramsey Bixby Meg Salyer Oklahoma City Kurt & Renate Schutz Lawton

Sharon Shoulders Henryetta Jeannette & Richard Sias Oklahoma City Milann H. Siegfried Tulsa Pete & Theo Silas* Bartlesville Robert T. Simmons Oklahoma City R. Emery Smiser & Mary Lee Smiser Oklahoma City DeAnn & Lee Allan Smith* Oklahoma City Al & Shirley Snipes Oklahoma City Stan & Judy Stamper Hugo George L. Stidham & Mary B. Stidham* Checotah Stillwater National Bank Stillwater The Stock Exchange Bank Woodward Dean & Carol Stringer* Oklahoma City Victor Trautman & Beverly Talbert Oklahoma City Ethel L. Thomas Pawhuska

Robert E. Thomas* Tulsa Gary & Sheila Tredway Edmond William P. Tunell, M.D. Oklahoma City Kris & Al Vculek Waukomis Ben & Bonnie Walkingstick Chandler Lawrence E. Walsh Nichols Hills Waynoka Historical Society Waynoka Ruth & Stanley Youngheim El Reno Nazih Zuhdi, M.D. Nichols Hills MASSACHUSETTS Dr. & Mrs. J. Philip Kistler Belmont TEXAS Frank W. Rees, Jr. Irving VIRGINIA Cathy & Frank Keating McLean IN HONOR OF Millie Craddick

To more accurately thank those who have made contributions to the Association and Museum, this section is comprised of both members and donors at the $2,500 level and above. As we are funded primarily through private donations and memberships, we are extremely grateful for the support of all our donors. The list below represents donors and members at the $2,500 level and above: February 2012 - February 2013.

Mission Partners

Ethics & Excellence in Journalism Foundation Oklahoma City Mrs. Henry Freede Oklahoma City Ike and Marybeth Glass Newkirk Integris Health Oklahoma City Jasmine Moran Children's Museum Seminole John Manley Chicago, IL Kyle Family Foundation Tulsa Massey Family Foundation Durant Mr. and Mrs. Herman Meinders Oklahoma City Mrs. Mary Nichols Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Community Foundation, Inc. Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Golf and Country Club Chairman’s Circle Oklahoma City $10,000 + Oklahoma State University Atinum Partners Foundation Seoul, Korea Baseball in the Cross Timbers LLC Stillwater Puterbaugh Foundation Norman Mr. and Mrs. Clayton I. Bennett McAlester R.A. Young Foundation Oklahoma City Dallas, TX Mr. and Mrs. Bob Burke RBC Capital Markets Oklahoma City Toronto, Ontario, Canada Catholic Charities Repsol E&P USA Inc. Oklahoma City Houston, TX Mr. Chad Clay Mr. Frank C. Robson Pasadena, TX Claremore COHPS Saint Francis Health System Shawnee Tulsa Davidson Investments LLC SandRidge Operating Company Oklahoma City Oklahoma City Devon Energy Center SunTrust Oklahoma City Atlanta, GA Chesapeake Energy Corporation Oklahoma City Chickasaw Nation Ada Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma Durant ConocoPhillips Houston, TX Cory's Audio Visual Services Oklahoma City E.L. and Thelma Gaylord Foundation Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Duke R. Ligon Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Tom E. Love Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Robert Z. Naifeh and Family Oklahoma City OPUBCO Communications Group Oklahoma City Phillips Murrah P.C. Oklahoma City

University of Oklahoma Foundation Norman University of Tulsa Tulsa Dr. and Mrs. H. Wallace Vandever Santa Barbara, CA Mr. & Mrs. William K. Warren, Jr. Tulsa Warren American Oil Company, LLC Tulsa Dr. and Mrs. Ronald H. White Oklahoma City Dr. and Mrs. Nazih Zuhdi Oklahoma City

President’s Circle

$5,000-$9,999 Ms. Ann S. Alspaugh Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Calvin J. Anthony Stillwater BancFirst Oklahoma City Bank of Oklahoma Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Mike Barkley Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Robert Biolchini Tulsa Black Tie Valet Oklahoma City Mr. Robert E. Braver Oklahoma City Mr. Jim J. Brewer Amarillo, TX Mr. Bill Burgess Lawton Mr. Michael Burrage Oklahoma City Ms. Kathy Craft Tulsa Crescent Consulting, LLC Oklahoma City Dobson Technologies Oklahoma City

Ms. Pat Evans Ponca City Christy and Jim Everest Oklahoma City First National Bank of Oklahoma Oklahoma City Gooden Group Edmond Mr. and Mrs. John D. Groendyke Enid Hall Estill Attorneys at Law Tulsa Heritage Trust Co. Oklahoma City IBC Bank Oklahoma City Inasmuch Foundation Oklahoma City James Baker Group, Inc. Oklahoma City JMA Energy Company, LLC Oklahoma City Ms. Kimberlee Jordan Tulsa George Kaiser Family Foundation Tulsa Kerr Foundation, Inc. Oklahoma City Hon. Kathy Taylor and Mr. Bill Lobeck Tulsa Lobeck-Taylor Foundation Tulsa Manhattan Construction Tulsa Mercy Health System Oklahoma Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Joe Moran III Tulsa Muscogee Creek Nation Okmulgee Mustang Fuel Corporation Oklahoma City OGE Energy Corp. Oklahoma City Oklahoma State Chamber Oklahoma City

Paul Ziert & Associates, Inc. Norman Mr. T. Boone Pickens Dallas, TX Mr. and Mrs. W. DeVier Pierson Chevy Chase, MD Mr. H.E. "Gene" Rainbolt Oklahoma City Richard and Johnece Ryerson Alva Charles and Peggy Stephenson Family Foundation Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Barry Switzer Norman Tulsa Chapter of the Young Presidents Organization Tulsa Sam Viersen Family Foundation, Inc. Tulsa Walton Family Foundation Bentonville, AR Mr. R. James Woolsey Harwood, MD Anne and Henry Zarrow Foundation Tulsa Zarrow Families Foundation Tulsa

Executive Circle

$3,500-$4,999 American Fidelity Foundation Oklahoma City Ms. Darlene Anderson Edmond AT&T Oklahoma City B&B Tennis, Inc. Edmond Barnett Family Foundation Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Howard Barnett Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. James Benkley Duncan

Ms. Keri Campbell Oklahoma City Ms. Sarah Cargill Oklahoma City Chapman Foundation Tulsa Chickasaw Nation Division of Commerce Ada Mr. and Mrs. Craig Cotton Oklahoma City Ms. Rebecca Crotzer Norman Custom Construction Oklahoma City Ms. Teresa Easley Oklahoma City First National Bank & Trust Co. Okmulgee Mr. and Mrs. John Gerding Edmond Mr. and Mrs. Larry Gilley Shawnee Mr. Gregg Glass Alva Mr. David Hardy Dallas, TX Mrs. Jane B. Harlow Oklahoma City Helmerich & Payne Inc. Tulsa International Society of the Energy Advocates Tulsa International Insurance Brokers, Ltd. Tulsa Mr. Juergen Janzen Stillwater Mr. Darcy Jech Kingfisher Mr. Erin Johnston Tulsa JPMorgan Chase & Co. Tulsa Marilyn and Ed Keller Tulsa

Mr. and Mrs. Mike Lambert Norman LEL Energy LLC Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Ron Mallow Oklahoma City Mr. Steven Mattachione Edmond Ms. Shayla Mohammad Edmond Jasmine and Melvin Moran Seminole Oklahoma Blood Institute Oklahoma City Oklahoma Centennial Commission Oklahoma City William T. Payne Fund Oklahoma City Mr. Kirk Purnell Edmond Mr. Carl R. Renfro Ponca City Mr. Marlon Robin Oklahoma City Ms. Jodie Rosewitz Oklahoma City Ms. Kay Rule Edmond Mr. and Mrs. Brian Russell Edmond Mr. Robert T. Simmons Oklahoma City Stillwater National Bank Stillwater Mr. Cliff Stockton Oklahoma City Mr. Curtis Symes Oklahoma City Ms. Mary Teague Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Dave Timberlake Edmond Mr. John Vitali Oklahoma City Blake and Donna Wade Oklahoma City

Ms. Theresa Walkup Edmond Mr. Joshua Werth Oklahoma City T.D. Williamson, Inc. Tulsa

Honor Circle

$2,500-$3,499 Mr. and Mrs. G.T. Blankenship Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Joseph E. Cappy Tulsa Carl and Susan Edwards Oklahoma City Vaughndean & Dr. A. Munson Fuller Tulsa President Robert and Dr. Jan Ralls Henry Oklahoma City Governor and Mrs. Frank Keating McLean, VA Mr. and Mrs. Peter C. Meinig Tulsa Mekusukey Oil Company, LLC Wewoka Oklahoma City Convention & Visitors Bureau Oklahoma City Perfect 10 Productions Norman Mr. and Mrs. David Rainbolt Oklahoma City SageNet Tulsa Mr. and Mrs. Lee Allan Smith Oklahoma City SONIC, America's Drive-In Oklahoma City Mr. and Mrs. Mark A. Stansberry Edmond Judge and Mrs. Ralph G. Thompson Oklahoma City Tulsair Beechcraft Tulsa Mr. George Wyper Darien, CT

We want to accurately thank our supporters. If you notice an error, please contact Debbie Clemons 405.523.3207 or dlc@oklahomaheritage.com



your next event at the historic Gaylord-Pickens Oklahoma Heritage Museum

now booking 2013 events the elegant Bennett-McClendon Great Hall the breathtaking Edith Kinney Gaylord Garden the stately front steps Information or date reservations: director of special events Corie Baker 405.523.3206 • clb@oklahomaheritage.com

1400 Classen Drive • Oklahoma City 73106 • 405.235.4458 • www.oklahomaheritage.com Photos courtesy of Beautiful Day Images, eventures corporate event production and Gordon Dinsmore Photography

Profile for Oklahoma Hall of Fame

Oklahoma: The Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association  

April 2013

Oklahoma: The Magazine of the Oklahoma Heritage Association  

April 2013