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COMMODITY CORNER Agriculture’s role in Oklahoma’s growing craft beer industry

HOPS Top 3 growing regions 1. Washington 2. Oregon 3. Idaho Hops give beer the bitterness, flavor, aroma and stability it is known for.

MALT BARLEY Top 3 growing regions 1. Idaho 2. Montana 3. North Dakota Barley is the source of sugar that yeast needs to create alcohol.

Adding hops early in the process makes the flavor more bitter; adding it later can enhance the flavor and aroma.

Malt impacts the body, taste and aroma of the drink.

YEAST

WATER

Its only job is to eat the sugars created during the malting process and convert them into CO2 and alcohol.

Beer is composed of about 90 percent water and is considered to be the most important ingredient in beer.

Ale Yeast Collected on the top during fermentation process; fermented at 60-75 F

Regional water can give local brewers their unique taste based on hard or soft water, pH levels, the amount of chlorine and mineral content.

Lager Yeast Bottom-fermenting; ferments at 40-50 F

Did you know...

Before barley can be made into the perfect brew, samples are evaluated by hand to check color, odor, damage and kernal quality. These factors are affected by the growing environment, how the product was handled after harvest and if it was stored properly.

What is malted barley and why is it important?

Also known more commonly as 'malt', malted barley is a complex combination of starch, enzymes, protein, vitamins and minerals. This perfect combination creates the main raw material that brewers and distillers need to make beer.

What is malting?

The malting process consists of four steps: steeping, germination, kilning and roasting barley kernals.

Can malt be used for anything else?

Yes! It is the same thing that is in your malted shake, certain instant chocolate milk mixes and chocolate-covered "malted-milk" just to name a few products that include malt. 14 — Oklahoma balls Country Sources: Great Western Malting, Agricultural Marketing Resource Center, USDA and 52 Brews.

Profile for Oklahoma Farm Bureau

Oklahoma Country – Spring 2019  

Oklahoma Country is the official magazine of Oklahoma Farm Bureau. Our spring issue highlights two Oklahomans making a name for themselves...

Oklahoma Country – Spring 2019  

Oklahoma Country is the official magazine of Oklahoma Farm Bureau. Our spring issue highlights two Oklahomans making a name for themselves...