Foundations of Design : Representation, SEM1, 2017 M3 JOURNAL - PATTERN vs SURFACE Kaylie Lee Yong Ching (875492) Carl Areskoug + Studio 4

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WEEK 6 READING: SURFACES THAT CAN BE BUILT FROM PAPER IN ARCHITECTURAL GEOMETRY Question 1: What are the three elementary types of developable surfaces? Provide a brief description. (Maximum 100 words) Three elementary types of developable surfaces are cones, cylinders, and tangent surfaces of space curves. Cones have a profile curve and a vertex point, and lines with constant distance connecting curve with the vertex. Development of the profile curve is a circular arc with centre of vertex and radius of constant distance. Cylinder consists of series of lines parallel to a profile curve and the development of the profile curve is a straight line segment with right angle between rulings being retained. Tangent surface of space curves involves a three dimensional curve and sruface based on the tangents of the curve.

Question 2: Why is the understanding of developable surface critical in the understanding of architectural geometry? Choose one precedent from Research/Precedents tab on LMS as an example for your discussion. (Maximum 100 words) Because in the context of architecture geometry, the construction involves manipulation and configuration of two dimentional materials. As any developable surface can be mappaed into the plane, that is two dimensional, without stretching or tearing, utilising developable surfaces effectively in designing buildings is an advantage. An example is the puppet theatre by Huyghe and Le Corbushier. The curved tunnel shape composes of white polycarbonate diamond shape panels and plastic panels outside. By turning the tunnel into pieces of diamond, it is not only easy to construct but also create a unique and impressive structure.

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PANELLING PATTERN

2d Panelling, Pattern: diamond

2d Panelling, Pattern: right angle triangles

2d Panelling, Pattern: multiple triangles

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VARIABLE 3D PATTERN

I tried to create a pattern with multiple modules here, however it turned out too complex for my initial idea.

I also tried to create a different offset angle, however I found it very difficult to create a drastic change in height with just using the offset tool

Here I used only one module to explore the engles and heights of the overall landscape. I decided to manually adjust the offset one by one which created more of a drastic change

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Question 1: What is digital fabrication and how does it change the understanding of two dimensional representation? (Maximum 100 words) Digital Fabrication can be understood as a computer based tool of design for architects. It shortens an amount of time from designing and making final products with the uses of different techniques, such as sectioning, tessellating, folding, contouring and forming. With this models can be made quickly as complex designs can easily be fabricated by mass-producing simple geometrical shapes.

Question 2: Suggest two reasons why folding is used extensively in the formal expression of building design? (Maximum 100 words) Two reasons why folding is used extensively in the formal expression of building design are because of its effectiveness in creating forms and affortable cost. Folding can turn a flat surface into a 3D structure without losing the nature of the materials. Besides that, by producing deformation and inflection folding gives new definitions to the three dimentional fabrication.

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EXPLORING 3D PANELLING

I wanted to create something that was less complicated but also had unique pattern as well. Therefore, I used simple module shapes. I combined squares and triangles to show contrast and also manually replaced some of the offset points to create the difference in height of each module.

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UNROLL TEMPLATE OF YOUR FINAL MODEL

two A1 sheets of my unroll templete

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PANELISED LANDSCAPE

Final model of landscape.

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Close up of different elements of the landscape.

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APPENDIX

First Prototype The first picture shows my first prototype of the modules, I printed the unrolled template with A3 paper and tried to build the shape to ensure that it is buildable. After knowing that It was buildable I sent all of my unrolled template to be laser cut by the fab lab. With laser cutting I saved a large amount of time by not having to cut it manually by hand. However, some parts of the laser cuts were not completely cut through therefore, I had to trim some of the templetes. Laser cut unroll template

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After building the whole landscape, I brought it to the Fab Lab to capture the photos in the photostudio. I also did some final retouch by taping the sides as some parts of each module were not glued tightly. Therefore, I used tape to ensure they were secure.

Final retouch

Photostudio shoots

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Pattern VS Surface
Pattern VS Surface