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ISSUE 64 www.ogsmag.com

Cover Story:

Shell Group


Cover Story (Page 6)

Shell Group “Pioneering for the future”

ISSUE 63 www.ogsmag.com

CONTENTS

CONTENTS

Cover Story:

Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group Feature Contents

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Prelude FLNG Page 12

Pearl GTL Project Page 20

Tight and Shale Gas Page 24

Investing in a safe and sustainable future Page 30


could actually . be reduced to to optimise the pump perfor All requirements fulfilled According to the enquiry mentioned at Then another challenge cam the start, initially five filters for the algae formation and the form substances o operation and one "standby" filter were biological repeatedly in the applicatio required by the customer for this project. However, it was very quickly customer wanted to control witho using chemical ad apparent that there was no available without Using many optimisations ins Baker Hughes space for a total of six DN600 lines with filter, these requirements we shut-offIntroduces valves. InSHADOW the technical Series Frac Plug fulfille . discussion, the idea was born to fulfilled integrate several screens with the corresponding lid assemblies in one housing.

CONTENTS

CREATING PROGRESS

Page 34

Your chosen provider for valve remote control system

Page 38

CONTENTS

SCANA SKARPENORD

Page 40

Hydraulic and pneumatic actuators

Hydraulic and pneumatic linear actuators

Stainless steel control circuits Tailor made hydraulic power units for various types of system service

SEATRAX “The Crane Experts” Page 2 Page 8 Page 10 Page 11 Page 19 Page 21 Page 32 Page 33 Page 36 Page 37 Page 43 Page 50 Page 51 Page 52 Page 53 Page 54 Page 55

SC AN A SKAR P E N OR D AS

Page 44

Advertisers TTV Fluval Astrata Group Technip FMC Technologies Drydocks World Salalah Methanol Company Nikkiso Cryo Wartsila KTV Group Scana Skarpenord Business World Travel GN Rope Fittings Sikorsky Georg Schunemann Sikorsky J De. Jonge BBC Chartering

Oil, Gas and Shipping 2014

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine is published by Worldwide Business Media Limited, London, EC1V 2NX United Kingdom. Registered No. 6809417 England/ Wales. VAT No. 972 7492 76. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or any part without written permission is strictly prohibited. Liability: while every care has been taken in the preperation of this magazine, the publishers cannot be held responsible for the accuracy of the information herein, or any consequence arising from it. All paper used in this production comes from well managed sources.

GEORG SC

Buntentorsd Tel. +49 (0) info@sab-b

“Hidden Champions”

Page 46

BREVINI

The challenges of designing gearboxes for the mining industry

Page 48

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

www.scana.no mail: ssr@scana.no

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Cover Story: Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

6

Pioneering for the future

Shell is a global group of energy and petrochemical companies, headquartered in The Hague, the Netherlands, and its Chief Executive Officer is Ben van Beurden. The parent company of the Shell group is Royal Dutch Shell plc, which is incorporated in England and Wales.


Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Cover Story: Shell Group

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For over a decade, the global leader in Location Based IT solutions for the Oil and Gas sector. Headquartered in Singapore and with operations on six continents, Astrata is a global leader in Location Based IT Solutions and Advanced Telematics Services. With a reputation for sophisticated high-end deployments, Astrata serves major enterprise and government customers worldwide with the provision of their mission critical fleet management, safety and security applications. Astrata’s turn-key solutions are based around a full range of proprietary hardware along with its best-inclass Global Location System, or GLS ™ for the control, management and profit maximization of high value assets. Astrata Solutions Fleet Management Vehicle & Fleet Performance Driver Profiling and Safety Fuel Economy Remote Diagnostics Cold Chain Assurance Real-Time Sensoring Trailer Tracking & Management Cash In Transit Homeland Security Astrata Customer Sectors Transport/Logistics Retail Delivery Services Government Military Oil and Gas OEMs Fleet Leasing

We are pleased to announce that Omnitracs Europe (f.k.a. Qualcomm Enterprise Services Europe) is now an Astrata Group company. ASTRATA GROUP PTE. LTD.

WWW.ASTRATAGROUP.COM


Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell’s strategy to generate profitable growth remains to drive forward with its investment programme, to deliver sustainable growth and provide competitive returns to shareholders, while helping to meet global energy demand in a responsible way. In Upstream Shell focuses on exploring for new oil and gas reserves and developing major projects where its technology and know-how adds value to the resource holders. In Downstream the emphasis remains on sustained cash generation from existing assets and selective investments in growth markets. From the extraction of the fuel to the generation of electricity, modern gas-fired power plants emit around half the CO2 of modern coal plants. Natural gas is also the preferred fuel for combined cycle heat and power plants because it is densely packed with energy that is released when burned. In these plants the heat produced from generating electricity is used for industrial or domestic heating, raising overall efficiency. Renewable energy sources could supply up to 30% of the of the global energy supply by 2050. But wind and solar can only provide intermittent power, as the wind drops or the sun goes down. Fortunately natural gas can provide flexible back-up power – since it can quickly ramp up and down – allowing more plants to also integrate wind and solar. Thanks to the backup it provides, natural gas can help the world to move towards greater use of renewable energies. Shell continues to use advanced technologies and an innovative approach to unlock more natural gas resources to help meet global energy demand. 9


Building The Future At Technip, we are building the future through today’s most ambitious energy infrastructure projects. We are also creating the conditions that will generate tomorrow’s game-changing innovations by developing our people. Entrepreneurial attitude, investment and anticipation are at the very heart of how we are taking it further.

www.technip.com


© Copyright 2014 | FMC Technologies Inc | All rights reserved

FMC Technologies SA Route des Clérimois - CS10705 89107 Sens Cedex France Tel. : +33 3 86 95 87 00 www.fmctechnologies.com


Shell Group

Prelude FNLG project

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell announced in 2011 its investment decision for Prelude FLNG, a floating liquefied natural gas facility to be located off the coast of Australia. This would be the first of its kind in the world. Hundreds of engineers from across the world have combined their experience and expertise to design the world’s largest floating offshore facility. It will be used to help open up new natural gas fields at sea that are currently considered too costly or difficult to develop. Shell has five decades of experience in the liquefied natural gas (LNG) industry and is a pioneer in this field. Chilling gas to -162° Celsius (-260°F) turns it into liquid and shrinks its volume by 600 times, allowing it to be shipped to far-off towns and cities where the energy is needed. Moving the production and processing out to sea where the gas is found is a major innovation that brings huge new energy resources within reach. It also avoids the potential environmental impact of constructing and operating a plant on land, including laying pipelines to shore and building other infrastructure. The first site to use Shell’s FLNG will be the Prelude gas field, 200 kilometres (around 125 miles) off Australia’s northwest coast. Shell has progressed the Prelude FLNG project at rapid pace. 

“This is revolutionary technology developed by Shell,” says Neil Gilmour, Shell Vice President Integrated Gas Development. “It has the potential to change the way we produce natural gas.” The Prelude FLNG facility will produce at least 5.3 million tonnes per annum (mtpa) of liquids: 3.6 mtpa of LNG – enough to easily satisfy Hong Kong’s annual natural gas needs – 0.4 mtpa of liquefied petroleum gas and 1.3mtpa of condensate (equivalent to 35,000 bbl/d). Once complete, the facility will have decks measuring 488 by 74 metres, the length of more than four football fields. With its cargo tanks full it will 12 weigh roughly six times as much as the largest aircraft carrier.


Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

More than 600 people around the world spent over 1.6 million hours working on different design options for the facility. “This has never been done before,” says Neil. “We had to find ways to adapt our technology for off shore.” Despite its impressive proportions, the facility is one-quarter the size of an equivalent plant on land. Engineers have designed components that will stack vertically to save space. The operating plant, for example, will be placed above LNG storage tanks. 

They also came up with the idea of tapping the cold of the ocean depths by pumping water to help cool the gas, avoiding the need to for extra equipment on deck. “For LNG you need a cooling medium, like in your fridge at home,” says Neil. “We’ve invented a system to take water from deep in the ocean.” An assembly of eight one-metre diameter pipes will extend from the facility to about 150 m below the ocean’s surface. It will deliver around 50,000 m3 of cold seawater each hour. This helps to cool the gas from below the facility, saving deck space.

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

The FLNG facility is designed to operate and stay safely moored even in the most extreme weather conditions. 

The sheer size of the full-scale facility will help it to withstand very high winds and giant waves. In addition, it will be secured in place by one of the largest mooring systems in the world. A 93-metre (305-foot) high turret, spacious enough to house the Arc de Triomphe, will run through the facility. Four groups of mooring lines will anchor it to the seabed. The system allows the facility to turn slowly in the wind – absorbing the impact of strong weather conditions – while remaining moored over the gas field. It can stay safely moored at sea even during the most powerful cyclones. This saves valuable production days that would otherwise be lost on disconnecting the facility and moving it off the field. Three 6,700-horsepower thrusters will sit in the rear of the facility. Two of these will operate at any one 16 time to turn the facility out of the wind and allow LNG carriers to pull safely alongside to load.


Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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The facility’s storage tanks will be below deck. They can store up to 220,000 m3 of LNG, 90,000 m3 of LPG, and 126,000 m3 of condensate. The total storage capacity is equivalent to around 175 Olympic swimming pools. The project will create around 350 direct and 650 indirect jobs. Recruitment of staff to operate the facility will ramp up during 2013 and 2014. Prelude will also provide taxes and revenue to Australia, create opportunities for local businesses and result in Shell spending billions in capital and operating expenditure. The Australian Government gave the Prelude FLNG Project environmental approval on November 12, 2010. The Prelude FLNG Project will use significantly less materials, land and seabed area than developing the same gas via a similar onshore facility. Developing the gas at the location of the gas field will reduce impact on sensitive coastal habitats as FLNG avoids the need for shoreline pipe crossings, dredging and jetty works. Product carriers will be far from coastal reefs or whale migration routes. In December 2013 the 488-metre-long hull of Shell’s Prelude FLNG facility was floated out of the dry dock at the Samsung Heavy Industries (SHI) yard in Geoje, South Korea, where the facility is currently under construction. Once complete, Prelude FLNG will be the largest floating facility ever built. “Making FLNG a reality is no simple feat,” said Matthias Bichsel, Shell Projects & Technology Director. “A project of this complexity – both in size and ingenuity – harnesses the best of engineering, design, manufacturing and supply chain expertise from around the world. Getting to this stage of construction, given that we only cut the first steel a year ago, is down to the expert team we have ensuring that the project’s critical dimensions of safety, quality, cost and schedule are delivered.” Shell is the operator of Prelude FLNG in joint venture with INPEX (17.5%), KOGAS (10%) and OPIC (5%), working with long-term strategic partners Technip and Samsung Heavy Industries (the Technip Samsung Consortium).


Shell Group


Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Gas to Liquid – Pearl GTL project

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Today, more than ever, energy powers human civilisation. At the same time, the world needs to mitigate the threat of climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. An affordable, environmentally acceptable and technically proven option to power and sustain people’s lives is to increase the world’s reliance on natural gas, the cleanest-burning fossil fuel. Shell is one of the world’s largest suppliers of natural gas. For most countries, using more gas in power generation can make the largest, fastest and most affordable contribution to meeting short-term emission-reduction targets. Natural gas will play an increasingly significant role in reducing CO2 emissions in the coming decades if combined with renewable energy and carbon capture and storage technology (CCS). But both of these will take time to achieve widespread use. As technology advances, so does the ability of energy companies to unlock the world’s gas resources. Technically available gas resources equal 250 years of current production, according to the IEA. Natural gas is abundant, acceptable and affordable. Shell believes that it is an important component of a sustainable global energy mix. It is helping to meet the world’s growing energy demand while limiting CO2 emissions by delivering more cleaner burning natural gas. Shell is also pioneering new techniques to help tap difficult-to-reach natural gas deposits. These include unlocking natural gas trapped tightly in rock pores, producing gas in harsh sub-Arctic conditions, and cooling gas at sea to turn it into liquid for shipment by carriers. 
Shell develops groundbreaking technology that transforms natural gas into valuable liquid products. A good example is Pearl GTL, the world’s largest gas-to-liquids plant, located in Qatar. The Pearl GTL project was developed in two phases after major construction was completed at the end of 2010. The first phase started up in early 2011 and exported the first commercial shipment of gasoil in June 2011. Phase 2 of the plant started up in early November 2011 by bringing in sour gas from offshore wells. The whole plant ramped up to full production towards the end of 2012. Pearl GTL now runs some of the largest gas processing trains in the world and is doing so safely and reliably.


Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Upstream, Pearl GTL produces and processes around 1.6 billion cubic feet a day of wellhead gas from the world’s largest single non-associated gas field - the North Field - which stretches from Qatar’s coast out into the Gulf. The plant will process about three billion barrels-of-oil-equivalent over its lifetime. The offshore scope includes 22 development wells, two unmanned wellhead platforms in about 30 metres of water and two 30-inch pipelines running about 60 km to shore. Onshore gas-processing facilities treat the sour, rich wellhead gas to remove contaminants such as metals and sulphur and further extract natural gas liquids: ethane for petrochemical processes; liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for domestic heating and cooking; and condensates as a feedstock for refineries. Elemental sulphur produced as a by-product is turned into pellets and shipped to the nearest market to make hydrosulphuric acid, fertilizer or other valuable products. The pure gas, or methane, that remains then flows to the GTL section of the plant, where it is combined with oxygen and converted in a state of the art three-stage process into a range of gas-to-liquids products using Shell proprietary technology. The proprietary Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis (SMDS) process is at the heart of the two-train Pearl GTL plant. Developed over more than three decades, the process has been proven on a commercial scale at the 14,700-barrel-per-day Bintulu GTL plant in Malaysia, which began operation in 1993. Shell has over 3,500 patents across all stages of the GTL process. The Bintulu experience helped improve the chemical catalysts integral to the SMDS process. These improvements help reduce unit capital expenditure, allow faster processing and should enable Shell to produce greater volumes of fuel and other products at Pearl. The plant includes systems to capture energy given off during the processes, converting it to steam that drives the plant’s compressors and generates electricity. The water recycling plant – the largest of its kind – treats water for re-use in steam production and cooling. It can process 45,000m3 per day of water, without discharging any liquids from the plant. Building on its extensive experience marketing GTL products from Bintulu, Shell exports Pearl’s high value, differentiated premium products, including GTL gasoil, kerosene, naphtha, normal paraffin and base oils for lubricants, to markets around the globe. Together with Qatargas 4, Pearl GTL represents a multi-billion dollar commitment to Qatar by Shell and the project was developed in line with its sustainable development principles. The project was designed to use technology that helps limit any environmental impact. The facility is designed to use every drop of water as part of our approach to not release any liquids from the plant. Pearl GTL’s industrial water processing plant is the world’s largest, recovering, treating and re-using all the industrial process water. With a capacity to treat 280,000 barrels a day of water, Pearl GTL’s water treatment plant is comparable to that for a city of 140,000 people. 23


Shell Group Tight and Shale Gas

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Across the world, in North America, China, Australia and the Ukraine, Shell is exploring for and producing tight and shale gas is natural gas held in rock pores up to 20,000 times narrower than a human hair. Often the gas will not flow freely into a well, or it flows at a much slower rate than in normal gas reservoirs. The amount of gas that would be recovered from each well would be low but the overall volume of available gas in the reservoir can be much higher than conventional gas reservoirs. Technology is needed to produce it safely, economically and in a way that helps protect the environment. Shell has decades of production experience with tight gas – in the North Sea, mainland Europe, the USA and Canada. Over time it has found ways to safely develop the fields and produce the gas with greater efficiency, lowering costs and limiting our environmental impact. Engineers must drill many more wells than in a conventional field to access volumes large enough to make a project worthwhile. Shell uses seismic sensors and advanced software to map out underground fields and pinpoint the best locations to drill. Shell uses steerable drills to extend many wells horizontally into the rock, often up to 2.5 km (1 mile) away, from one location on the surface. This also helps to increase efficiency and lower the environmental impact of the operation. The rock is cracked open at selected intervals within the well by pumping fluids into the well bore at high pressure, a technique known as hydraulic fracturing.

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

The fluids are around 99% sand and water, with 1% chemicals added to help the gas flow more freely. This creates hairline fractures in the rock, opening the microscopic pores in which the gas is trapped, allowing it to flow out and be captured. Shell started producing tight gas in the early 1950s in south Texas, but it is only in recent years that technologies and improved efficiency have allowed Shell to produce high volumes of gas economically from some tight gas fields. Now Shell is producing enough gas to meet the energy needs of nearly 6 million homes from six locations in North America: Groundbirch and Deep Basin (Canada); Pinedale (Wyoming); Haynesville (Louisiana); Eagle Ford (new Texas acreage) and Marcellus Shale (acquisition of East Resources in Pennsylvania.)

Pinedale alone produces around 350 million cubic feet of gas a day, enough to power 1.6 million US homes. In Western Canada Shell acquired the Duvernay natural gas company in 2008. It also produces enough tight gas in the Groundbirch area of British Columbia, Canada, to meet the needs of over 400,000 Canadian homes. Building on its experience in North America, Shell is developing tight and shale gas operations globally, including in South Africa and, together with XOM, in the Lower Saxony Basin of Germany. It is producing 117 billion cubic feet of tight gas a year at the Changbei field in China – enough to power 12.5 million Chinese homes– and is exploring for more resources in other parts of the country including the Sichuan and Ordos Basins. In Australia Shell acquired Arrow Energy in 2010 in a $3.5 billion joint deal with PetroChina, to produce another form of tight gas called coalbed methane – natural gas found in coal seams. In 2011, Shell re-signed an agreement with the largest state gas production company, Ukrgasvydobuvannia, to jointly explore and produce tight gas in Eastern Ukraine, and in 2013 it signed a production-sharing agreement to develop the approximately 8,000 km² Yuzivska field in the same area. At all its tight gas operations Shell uses hydraulic fracturing to break open rock and release the gas. 

A recent study conducted by the Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering on behalf of the UK government concluded that fracking is safe “as long as operational best practices are implemented and robustly enforced 26 through regulation”.


Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell Group

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Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Other research, such as the European Parliament report on the environmental impacts of shale gas and shale oil extraction activities and a study conducted by the Royal Society and Royal Academy of Engineering on behalf of the UK government, support these findings. The technology has been developed and refined over 60 years, and is today used in drilling thousands of wells each year. Shell takes many steps to protect the local environment. Fracturing typically takes place a kilometre or more below drinking water supplies. Concrete and steel barriers are inserted into the wells as standard practice to prevent any drilling or fracturing fluids from entering into local water supplies. As Shell expands its activities in these fields it remains sensitive to specific social and environmental challenges. These vary according to region. Pinedale, for example, is situated in the rural Rocky Mountain region and teems with wildlife: antelope, mule deer and sage grouse are common here. Shell has implemented a number of environmental measures with the aim of protecting local biodiversity, keeping air and water clean, and reconstructing the land once drilling ends. 
In the Shaanxi Province of China it has supported a programme to train doctors and has helped to develop and equip schools. 

China and Europe are not yet experiencing the same transformation in energy security as North America. But tight gas is expected to play an important role in providing these regions with a cleaner, more secure energy supply and we are working to develop its potential.

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

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Shell Group Investing in a Safe and Sustainable Future

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Shell plans to spend $100 billion from 2011-2014 to support new energy production. It is entering more challenging environments to unlock new resources and boosting production from existing fields, at the same time using new technologies and an innovative approach to limit the impact on the environment and find effective ways to engage with communities near to its operations. Shell is developing cleaner energy sources, such as natural gas, the cleanest burning fossil fuel. From the extraction of the fuel to the generation of electricity, natural gas power plants emit around half the CO2 of coal power plants. Natural gas complements wind and solar power, which need a highly flexible backup supply when the wind stops or the sun goes down. For its customers Shell offers advanced fuels and lubricants to help boost fuel efficiency, as well as driving tips and programmes to help save fuel. The company believe the most practical, commercially viable way to reduce CO2 from transport fuels over the next 20 years will be lower-carbon biofuels. Already one of the largest suppliers of biofuels, Shell has moved into biofuel production. Through the RaĂ­zen joint venture in Brazil, Shell is producing the lowestcarbon biofuels commercially available today in the form of ethanol from Brazilian sugar cane.

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Shell Group

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Out on the roads, Shell technology allows surfaces to be laid at lower temperatures, with lower CO2 emissions. Shell has been developing scenarios to explore the future since the early 1970s. Scenarios are stories that consider “what if?� questions. Whereas forecasts focus on probabilities, scenarios consider a range of plausible futures and how these could emerge from the realities of today. They recognise that people hold beliefs and make choices that lead to outcomes. Shell’s scenarios team considers changes such as in the global economic environment, geopolitics, resource stresses such as water, greenhouse gases, and energy supply and demand to help business leaders make better decisions. In Canada oil sands, Shell is investing in debottlenecking opportunities and carbon capture and storage to improve the efficiency and environmental footprint of this asset. It is permitting for further larger expansions for the longer term. Shell also has growth projects underway in Kazakhstan, Iraq and Nigeria all of which have significant resource positions, but each has its unique challenges, which require a measured investment pace. Shell is a leader in an industry expansion into offshore arctic regions. In 2012 it drilled top holes off the north coast of Alaska, resuming activity there after a 10-year industry absence. This is a high potential exploration province, however any potential development is at least a decade away from fruition.

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WE DON’T OFFER WHAT WE HAVE BUT

Finding what you really need is only possible when you have the best marine offering on earth to choose from. Wärtsilä is the market leader in improving efficiency, proven gas solutions and ensuring environmental compliance while protecting profitability. Our global service network offers support when and where you need it. Read more at www.wartsila.com

WÄRTSILÄ: YOUR SHORTER ROUTE

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

WHAT YOU NEED

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Your chosen provider for valve remote control system

Scana Skarpenord

CREATING PROGRESS

SCANA SKARPENORD

has been in the market with its current product range for more than 40 years, and is among the leading suppliers of hydraulic valve control systems for the ship and oil & gas industry. The company was originally established as a subsidiary of Norsk Hydro- Rjukan Fabrikker in the late 60’s, and Scana Industrier ASA took control of the company in 1989. In 2010, the company adapted the organization to a tighter market, due to changes in the world economy the recent years. The company has strengthened its competitive power through increasing its efficiency, and is now very competitive in a rising Hydraulic and pneumatic actuators market.

Hydraulic and pneumatic linear actuators

Products and services Stainless steel control circuits

The company develops, manufactures and supplies hydraulic and pneumatic systems for remote control of valves in cargo, Tailor made hydraulic power units for various ballast room and coolant systems on board tankers and dry cargo ships. Thetypes remote control systems are also installed in production ships, rigs and permanent offshore installations. of system service One of our key products is hydraulic actuators, mounted directly on valves. The actuators are of our own designs and manufactured at Rjukan. The control systems for the actuators include magnetic valve centrals, oil generators and PC-based www.scana.no terminals for system operation.

mail: ssr@scana.no

S C AN Athe S K ARP E N O RD products, AS There are no other concepts or technologies today that can replace company’s and they will remain highly relevant in the foreseeable future.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

The company has a strong commitment to after sales and service. The organization is well prepared to deliver tailor-made solutions for customer adapted applications and short delivery times.

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Development To meet competition and demands for cost efficient solutions, the company has a continuous programme for developing and improving products and production methods. The development is largely made in collaboration with external partners with a strong competence within the subject fields. PC and PLS based control systems are improved and adapted to the customer’s demands for functionality. The market demand for large packages, with integrated level measuring systems, among other things, has led to our development of a total concept, encompassing several functions. An increasing share of machining is done by fully automatic, unmanned machines. Manual installation work is made more efficient by improved methods and effective remedy use. Efficiency and flexibility are strengthened throughout the entire value chain – from sales and manufacture, to logistics and delivery of the finished product. The company has adopted and implemented systems and routines adhering to the “Lean Production” philosophy.


Markets and customers The company’s traditional customers are shipyards building larger ships (all types of tankers and dry cargo ships) and offshore vessels (rigs, drill ships and FPSOs). The company has also delivered a number of valve control systems for permanent installations in the North Sea. The market in South Korea is served by the subsidiary Scana Korea Hydraulics Ltd. Scana Skarpenord supplies system solutions and key components from Norway, while sales, engineering, assembly and testing is performed by the subsidiary in South-Korea. Since 2010, the company has secured a significant number of deliveries to FPSO’s at Korean shipyards.

Hydraulic actuators and parts for these kinds of systems are also supplied to valve producers and suppliers of gas handling systems for LPG and LNG ships. Other suppliers offering complete packages to the shipyards for rebuilds, upgrades and modifications of the vessels are also important customers.

Global network In addition to the factory in South Korea, Scana Skarpenord has a sales and service office in Shanghai and employees in Singapore. The company also actively utilizes the offices of the Scana group in Brazil and Houston regarding marketing, sales, spare parts and service, in addition to a network of agents giving global coverage.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Aside from shipyards and suppliers in the yard industry, ship owners are an important customer group, because they directly choose equipment for their ships based on quality, reliability and lifespan costs.

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Your chosen provider for valve remote control system

CREATING PROGRESS

SCANA SKARPENORD

Hydraulic and pneumatic actuators Hydraulic and pneumatic linear actuators Stainless steel control circuits Tailor made hydraulic power units for various types of system service

www.scana.no mail: ssr@scana.no

SCANA SKARPENORD AS


Baker Hughes

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Introduces SHADOW Series Frac Plug

Frac Plug Eliminates Post-Frac Intervention and Accelerates ROI Baker Hughes has announced the commercial release of its SHADOW™ series frac plug, a permanent, large-bore, flow-through frac plug designed to be left downhole after fracturing operations are complete. SHADOW plugs are a more efficient alternative to traditional composite plugs because they eliminate coiled tubing operations from the critical well path and enable reduced costs and lower HSE risks.

SHADOW plugs feature a large flow-through inside diameter (ID) and use IN-Tallic™ disintegrating frac balls, allowing production flow—with the plugs in place—as soon as fracturing operations are complete. The IN-Tallic™ frac balls, which are made with a controlled electrolytic metallic (CEM) nanostructured material, hold pressure during fracturing and disintegrate in the well when exposed to produced fluids, leaving a large ID to enable maximum production. The initial reservoir entry point is created using our 38 Alpha™ sleeve pressure-actuated valve, rather than a perforating gun run in on coiled tubing.


The SHADOW plug was field tested on two of seven wells in the Horn River Basin while the other five wells were completed using conventional composite plugs. The wells with the SHADOW frac plugs produced at the same volume as the wells using the composite plugs. However, because the drillout phase was eliminated, the time on well was reduced by approximately two days for a cost savings of $150,000 per well.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Because the plugs stay in the well, they can be set beyond the reach of coiled tubing-conveyed milling tools, allowing operators to fracture longer lateral sections and maximize reservoir access. The plugs are also ideal for developments in remote locations where it may be difficult to procure intervention equipment.

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SEATRAX “The Crane Experts”

Headquartered in Houston, Texas, Seatrax specializes in designing and manufacturing high quality and cost-effective offshore marine cranes. With three locations in the USA and one in the United Kingdom, Seatrax maintains numerous U.S. and international patents, demonstrating its success in manufacturing high quality marine cranes. In operation on offshore installations worldwide, Seatrax marine cranes are configured for numerous applications, including semi-submersibles, tension leg platforms, SPAR facilities, FPSOs, fixed platforms and others, and are engineered and customized to meet each client’s specific needs.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Seatrax cranes come equipped with cabs designed for comfortable operation and high visibility. Ergonomically designed, these cabs are climate controlled and come standard with heat and air conditioning to keep crane operators comfortable. This spacious cab leaves room for additional equipment including Seatrax’ crane management system, the CCM7000.

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Innovative Seatrax engineers are constantly pioneering new technologies, making its offshore cranes the pillar of stability, reliability and safety. Each Seatrax pedestal crane is based on proven design concepts that have become standards in marine crane production worldwide. All Seatrax cranes are based on the well-proven kingpost concept. This basic design consists of a stationary or fixed kingpost and a revolving superstructure, which fits over and revolves around the stationary post. The boom, machinery house, operators cabin, hoists and slewing machinery are all fitted to the revolving superstructure. With this design, the overturning moment is resolved by means of two verticallyspaced radial bearing assemblies. Each carries an equal and opposite horizontal (radial) load. All vertical loads (self weight of crane plus lifted load) are carried into the stationary kingpost by means of a concentric thrust bearing. Seatrax has developed an emergency power system that easily solves problems caused in the event of a prime mover failure. With this innovative system, crane operators can safely perform emergency load lowering, emergency boom lowering or emergency slewing with only the push of a button. Some of the features of Seatrax’ system include: no power required from the prime mover; an electronic system that is automatically connected to all functions of the crane without the need of connecting additional equipment, use of a remote control for operations that can be operated from any of the walkway areas of the crane; a selector switch on the control that allows the operator to perform one function at a time, The system is available for Safe Area or Class I, Division 2 classified areas and is contained in a small package and can be fitted into any Seatrax crane. Seatrax hoists are individual hydraulic motor driven units, which consist of the following major components: high speed, fixed displacement, low torque hydraulic motor either of the gear, vane, or axial piston type, depending on crane and hoist models; fail-safe spring-applied, pressure-released dynamic brake valve direct connected to the inlet port of each hydraulic motor; gear reduction connecting the hydraulic motor to the drum shaft; one-piece, solid drum shaft supported on both ends by anti- friction bearings, which drives the hoist drum through a hardened spline connection; fail-safe spring-applied, pressure-released static parking brake acts directly on the hoist drum.


Seatrax offers forged steel sheaves with hardened grooves for maximum sheave durability. Steel sheaves provide a robust alternative to nylon sheaves in applications with high duty cycle requirements or floating applications with significant motions. In addition to manufacturing new cranes, Seatrax also offers a selection of rental cranes, which break down into easy-to-handle packages and can be deployed quickly to locations across the globe. Using pre-engineered lifts, each portable rental crane follows standard Seatrax design principles.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

Seatrax cranes use open loop hydraulic systems. The system consists of the following major components: fixed or variable displacement pumps. Individual pumps are provided for each of the three primary crane motions of hoist, luff and slew. These pumps take oil directly from the hydraulic reservoir after passing through inlet strainers and then discharge to the pressure relief valves; pressure relief valves are fitted in each circuit between the pumps and the directional control valves. These valves bypass the pump flow to the hydraulic reservoir whenever the preset pressure is exceeded; four-way, three-position, spring-centered, spool-type directional control valves control each primary motion. These valves select either up or down depending on control input. Lack of control input causes the springs to automatically center the valve to the neutral or stopped position, which makes these directional control valves fail-safe. These valves come equipped with motor spools, which connect both up and down hoist lines to each other and to the hydraulic reservoir whenever the spool is in the neutral position. A return line filter is fitted between the discharge port of the slew directional control valve and the oil cooler. The discharge ports of both hoist directional control valves directly connect to the hydraulic reservoir. An oil cooler is fitted between the return line filter and the hydraulic reservoir. Seatrax has developed a high-pressure filter package available for cranes equipped with variable or fixed displacement hydraulic systems that are compatible with the existing hydraulic filtration system. The system provides a separate filter for the main/ auxiliary, boom and slew pumps. Installation requires only common hand tools. In the event of hydraulic pump failure, the filters will collect and remove contaminants before they enter the system. When a filter cartridge is at full capacity, a visual indicator activates and the flow is diverted through a bypass valve. A visual indicator with manual reset and a thermal lockout device located within the indicator eliminates false readings when the hydraulic oil is below 70o F.

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine 42

Seatrax Service also provides numerous resources, including qualified crane operators and specialized rental equipment, to assist in maintaining its own and other crane manufacturers’ models located on offshore facilities worldwide. As an OEM distributor of SeaKing and Seatrax parts, Seatrax Parts department has an expansive inventory of parts that can be shipped anywhere in the world, including exchange components that are repaired and rebuild. Seatrax divisions in Louisiana, USA specialize in the resale of used offshore cranes and can refurbish these cranes to meet the customers’ needs. Seatrax (UK) Limited, based in Great Yarmouth, manufactures and delivers the world’s offshore and marine industries with a range of API 2C kingpost cranes designed for numerous offshore applications, including semi-submersibles, drillships, FPSOs, TLPs, accommodation/lift barges, fixed platforms and quayside locations. Seatrax offshore cranes, utilized on installations such as, Bottom-Supported Structures, Mobile Offshore Drilling Units, Deepwater Production Facilities, Ship Hulled Installations and Other Installations worldwide, are widely recognized for high standards of operational safety, robustness of design, lifetime cost-effectiveness and ease of maintenance. Each crane is based on proven design principles and components and can be configured to a client’s individual specifications. These features have ensured that Seatrax remains at the forefront of deepwater lifting.


Business World Travel Ltd Established in 1989, Business World Travel offers a complete business travel service to the Oil, Gas, Marine and Offshore energy sectors. From our offices in Great Yarmouth and Aberdeen, we supply specialist flexible airfares, accommodation, car hire and a comprehensive passport and visa service. We are proud to work with Seatrax and wish them continued success for the future.

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Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine 44

Introduces New Microseismic Surface Acquisition System MS Recon raises standard for high-fidelity microseismic signal recording THE WOODLANDS, February 4, 2014—Schlumberger announced today the introduction of the MS Recon* high-fidelity microseismic surface acquisition system. This new microseismic system for surface and shallow grid microseismic surveys provides improved imaging of the hydraulic fracture geometry by optimizing the microseismic signal quality.


The microseismic system features an industry-first proprietary geophone accelerometer and ultra-low noise electronics to produce the widest range of signal detectability in the industry. The nodal-based wireless acquisition system also provides customers increased flexibility in designing and deploying the surface and near-surface arrays. GPS-synchronized data are acquired continuously and transmitted to a real-time operations support center, providing customers with data processing and expert interpretation. In field trials conducted at an operator wellsite in Texas, the MS Recon system and a conventional system were deployed to monitor hydraulic fracture treatments in a horizontal shale completion. The field data analysis concluded the microseismic system improved the sensitivity to smaller microseismic events by boosting the signal-to-noise ratio more than two-fold compared to the conventional system. For more information on the MS Recon system, visit www.slb.com/MSRecon.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

“The new microseismic surface acquisition system addresses the challenges of detecting small microseismic signals emitted during hydraulic fracturing at the surface and near-surface locations,” said Joseph Elkhoury, vice president and general manager, Microseismic Services, Schlumberger. “The MS Recon system improves signal-to-noise ratio during acquisition enabling the detection of many more microseismic events than conventional systems. This provides our customers with a better understanding of their stimulation operations, allowing them to optimize completion design and potentially increase production.”

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Hidden Champions

A good example here is offered by filter technology. It is almost everywhere in use when water, oil, and fuel are required – i.e., in a great number of essential areas of our life and work: in industrial facilities, power plants, refineries and chemical plants, public buildings, large residential complexes, maritime applications, shipyards, and recently more frequently in offshore areas.

Self-cleaning filter for continuous cleaning

Throughout the world, Schünemann filters permanently assure comfort, safety, and functionality – unobtrusively, without malfunctions or major maintenance effort. Almost invisible, but critical qualities.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

A filter manufacturer has developed a completely new system for automatic, continuous and non-contacting cleaning of solids

46

If the continuously measured differential pressure or a running timer setting is reached, a valve opens a connection to a backwash pipe. A flushing disc with smaller external diameter than the internal diameter of the screen is retracted using a pneumatic cylinder or an electrically operated ball drive. Due to the ring gap produced in doing so, the speed (according to Bernoulli) for the same pressure drop, the speed is extremely increased. This effect is used to flush the retained soiling on the screen out of the system. What is completely new here is that many such slotted hole screens are installed in one housing. With this F480 filter, the experience from worldwide applications and the tried and tested Non-contacting Cleaning design for decades of the F450 filter have been integrated in a new housing Bernoulli's Principle is applied for this geometry. filter to clean the screen in use without In this context, an adaptation of the contact and operate without controller has also been made: the interruption operation of the electronic controller is easy and self-explanatory. The filter can also be integrated in higher level Author: systems. It has also been equipped with Michael Maier, Director Business a touch screen and remote access to Unit Filtration, Dörthe Nowak, perform diagnostics from your own Marketing, Georg Schünemann desktop. GmbH, Bremen A plant operator was looking for a self-cleaning filter with max. 1.6 m/s, 3 22,500 m /h at 0.5 bar pressure. A solution has been found at a filter manufacturer who, in addition to a comprehensive product range of simplex and duplex filters, also has experience in special filter construction. In order to round off his range in the area of simplex and duplex filters with castings, welded and GRP designs according to PED and ASME, this filter manufacturer also provides different systems for automatic cleaning. The most important mainstay thereby is the F450 filter which is provided in a pneumatic and in a completely electric version.

Remote maintenance without problems The remote maintenance option is increasingly becoming the standard requirement in the increasingly more complex systems. Our software developed in-house for this enables the service personnel to query the actual state of the filter, to inspect the log data and thus to optimise the functionality at any time – of course only with approval of and consultation with the customer. In turn, these data are used as the basis for planned, preventive maintenance and servicing of the filter. Occurring faults can also be recognised at an early stage, the customer is informed and can generate more uptime, reduce the work load for filters and minimise costs. Flushing times, type of flush triggering, analyses of operating data, optimisation at the filter etc. can be carried out and agreed in good time. This results in much more efficient use and also saves enormous amounts of flushing water. The new F480 series has been designed 3 for flow rates of more than 45,000 m /h.


All requirements fulfilled According to the enquiry mentioned at the start, initially five filters for the operation and one "standby" filter were required by the customer for this project. However, it was very quickly apparent that there was no available space for a total of six DN600 lines with shut-off valves. In the technical discussion, the idea was born to integrate several screens with the corresponding lid assemblies in one housing.

The F480 filter was developed in a very short time and, in collaboration with the customer, continuously optimise to completely satisfy all optimised requirements concerning the installation space. Due to its now very compact design, it was possible to install the filter in all conceivable positions: Horizontally, vertically – even an overhead installation was contemplated by the customer to keep the piping complexity as low as possible. This had scarcely been resolved when the next requirement arrived: with this compact design, the input pressure could actually . be reduced to be able to optimise the pump performance. Then another challenge came: As algae formation and the formation of biological substances occurred repeatedly in the application, the customer wanted to control these witho without using chemical additives. Using many optimisations inside the filter, these requirements were also fulfille . fulfilled

the new filter series has been designed for flow rates of more than 3 45,000 m /h

GEORG SCHÜNEMANN GMBH Buntentorsdeich 1 · 28201 Bremen · Germany Tel. +49 (0) 421-5 59 09 – 0 · Fax +49 (0) 421-5 59 09 - 40 info@sab-bremen.de · www.sab-bremen.de bremen.de

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

The pressure vessels are manufactured according to PED and ASME up to 16 bar. Whether materials such as GRP, rubberised steel versions or special stainless steels for the petrochemicals industry are used is decided only by the application and the technical requirement. With special coatings, directly on the slotted hole screen, problems with biological contamination are a thing of the past. Due to the increased flow rate with simultaneous pressure drop during the backwash, mussel and snail larvae are killed. A physical process which has been known for a long time and is mentioned favourably again and again.

47


BREVINI

The challenges of designing gearboxes for the mining industry Mining across the globe takes many forms but one factor is common to all of them, the need for robust and reliable machinery. From open cast coal mining in USA to underground gold mining in Australia, there is an on-going quest to find and extract all the minerals available to fulfil growing demand. Mining, in all its forms, requires the equipment to be designed and built to withstand the harsh mining environment, while the mining business requires efficient and reliable machinery to perform with a minimum return on investment.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

With increasing demand for mined minerals comes a requirement to increase output and improve efficiency and a large part of this challenge falls on the machinery and its ability to deliver reliable production from a robust, versatile and compact design. From the extraction process to conveyors, hoists, processing equipment and mobile plant, each application requires a gearbox or drive solution which can deliver in this most arduous of industries.

48

The use of planetary gearboxes is widespread due to their compact design and ability to provide high output torque in applications such as bucket-wheel excavators with industry leading energy efficiency figures. Most manufacturers will offer in-line and right-angle designs but there needs to be a range of sizes to ensure that each application is fitted with the most suitable configuration without adding unnecessary weight or bulk. The Brevini S Series offers a good example of the benefits this technology can bring, delivering 60 percent more power (nominal output torque up to 5,000KNm) that traditional gearboxes of the same size. Once the minerals have been mined they require transport and processing, both of which are continuous operations that require robust, high power output, versatile gearboxes to ensure the process continues uninterrupted. The more common choice is a helical or bevelhelical gearbox which can be constructed to suit each piece of equipment and also fitted with a range of options to suit such a wide range of applications. An example of such a solution would be the Posired 2 range from Brevini, which is available in a modular format in 25 sizes with a nominal output torque up to 1,000kNm. As a very adaptable product, it can be used to replace existing, end of service equipment without making alterations to the existing structure. In most cases the new gearbox will provide additional capacity as well as new features without affecting the overall size and weight of the base equipment. Working in an industry such as mining requires expert, practical knowledge, not only on the part of the design engineers, but also in the field where installation engineers need to understand the pressures and requirements of the application. It is always preferable to maintain or replace equipment during planned shutdown periods so as to avoid lost production which can be caused by failing machinery.


Parallel shaft lifting gearboxes have been developed by several manufacturers for large cranes and hoists, where the motor and cable drum are in parallel. These units should be capable of output torques up to 1,000KNm and available in a range of sizes with all the necessary accessories such as clutches, brakes and couplings to ensure that each specific application is accommodated. Apart from the static mining and processing equipment, there is also the large amount of self-propelled machinery which requires equally robust and reliable drive systems to suit the demands placed on this machinery. In equipment which requires wheel drive units or track drive units, a compact design is crucial to maintain the plant efficiency, while ease of maintenance is important in the day-to-day running. Track drives are required to fit inside the drive sprocket of the machine and as such must be capable of providing reliable and efficient service while being compact in design but also capable of including features such as brakes and disconnect devices to allow the vehicle to be towed. The working conditions of such drives can be very harsh so they must be engineered with suitable reductions for the applied load and with appropriately specified sealing to withstand mining conditions.

Brevini has developed its understanding and knowledge of the specific requirements of the mining industry through years of experience in developing solutions for one of the harshest working environments in industry. With the ability to supply robust, efficient and reliable drive solutions from standard components, the customer is assured of a timely resolution, supported by experienced field service staff who can ensure the maintenance requirements are also met. While standard solutions will suit a large number of situations, it is the versatility and adaptability of the Brevini range, coupled with the expertise of the design engineers, thatallows a solution to be customised for nearly every application. This enables the benefits of the Brevini range to be appreciated by every customer, whether they are looking to replace existing equipment, or designing / building new equipment with stringent machine design constraints. About BREVINI Brevini UK headquarters are located in Warrington, Cheshire, at the heart of the motorway network. Our facilities include 900 sq.m. of offices, manufacturing and warehousing for the Brevini products in Warrington and 800 sq.m. of offices and manufacturing for the PIV Drives helical products in Scunthorpe, Lincolnshire. We are an enthusiastic staff with long experience in power transmissions and we offer a ‘solutions based’ approach. Using advanced software, our engineers are able to select gearbox units to last the machines total design life. Our UK stock of standard parts, thanks to Brevini’s modular construction, allows short lead times for a larger number of variants and sizes. All of these units are supported by extensive UK technical expertise.

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

In some applications, the equipment may be operating in a potentially explosive atmosphere, in which case it needs to be ATEX compliant and be supplied with the necessary conformity statement, according to CEE94/9/CE Directive, Enclosure VIII. Brevini Power Transmission is able to supply a wide range of suitably rated and certified solutions meeting the requirements of ATEX.

49


UH-60M

BLACK HAWK Joined in a mutual commitment to success, Sikorsky Aircraft is proud of its ongoing association with the countries of the Middle East. Sikorsky has the capability to provide a total package of helicopters and support services to meet everexpanding requirements. BLACK HAWK Helicopters — for military operations. SEAHAWK® Helicopters — for maritime superiority. S-92® Helicopters — the ultimate in safe VIP transport. S-76® Helicopters — the offshore oil mainstay. M28 Twin Turboprop — the best for short takeoff and landings. Time and again, nations with expanding requirements turn to a single, exceptional provider for world-class products and support. There are those who fly. And those who fly Sikorsky. sikorsky.com |

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SCHÜNEMANN FILTERS: THE NEW F480

A NEW GIANT The new F480: the right choice wherever filter performance is a question of time, water volume, and cost. With volume flow up to 45,000 m³/h and diameters up to 2,000 mm, it treats fluids (e.g., salt water) for a great variety of processes. As a result, it protects facilities to an extensive degree from dirt and debris – and at the same time specifically minimizes operational and maintenance costs. In addition, the F480 requires extremely little space – to save time, money, and energy. It therefore represents a small wonder – and it’s no wonder that many and various industries have already learned to place great trust in it.

We’d be glad to give you more details on the F480 and its tremendous possibilities under www.sab-bremen.de.

GEORG SCHÜNEMANN GMBH Buntentorsdeich 1 · 28201 Bremen · Germany Tel. +49 (0)421-5 59 09-0 · Fax +49 (0)421-5 59 09-40 info@sab-bremen.de · www.sab-bremen.de


Sikorsky S-76D™ helicopter is

Entering Service

SAFE

RELIABLE

EFFICIENT

Sikorsky’s S-76D helicopter is your solution. It has all-weather capability, including optional de-ice for launch into known icing conditions, as well as a leading-edge cockpit that enhances situational awareness. A smooth ride and the quietist acoustic signature in its class make those in the air and on the ground happy. These features offer aircrews and operators something the competition cannot: complete confidence in mission performance. Building on more than 6 million flight hours of the proven S-76® helicopter series, the modern S-76D makes a legendary aircraft even better. Its balance of excellent performance, improved safety and unrivalled efficiency make it the standard for helicopters in its class. Sikorsky S-76D: It’s ready to go. Are you?

sikorsky.com |

Oil, Gas and Shipping Magazine

When launch availability is critical to your mission, you need a machine that is ready to go when you are.

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