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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

RUNNERS’ GUIDE OHRID NP GALICHICA 25.05.2019

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

ORGANIZATION

PARTNERS

SUPPORTERS

MEDIA


www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

Ohrid Trail awaits you! Dear trail runners, Associations TREX and SPORT ZA SITE, their partners and supporters organize the first edition of Ohrid Trail, from May 24th-26th 2019, in the heart of Galichica National Park, Ohrid region, Republic of North Macedonia. As the director of the event it is my greatest pleasure to welcome all participants to the first and very special edition of this trail running race. In the years to come, we are looking forward to make Ohrid Trail a truly international and globally reknowned sport event.

Dejan Krle Race director

Moreover, it is our honor to organize Ohrid Trail in the region of Ohrid Lake, an area that together with the Galichica National Park is one of the richest with biodiversity in Europe. The city of Ohrid itslef is a cradle of the Christian Slavic literacy and has great spiritual energy flowing through its narrow alleys and into many churches. The trails takes you through the most beautiful places in the region like the Monastery of St.Naum and Crn Drim Springs, you’ll run through the protected zones of the National park where the flora is unspoiled, you will witness remnants of WWI trenches, and finally enjoy amazing panoramas of Ohrid and Prespa Lakes and the Mountain Ranges that surround them. For the inagural edition of Ohrid Trail we chose to establish two courses: 60km with 3140D+ that will take the experience trail runners all along the Mount Galichica ridgeline - a difficult and demanding challenge. The second course of 35km with 1470D+ is less technical and easier option for newcomers to trail running. We strongly believe that this event will have all the brilliance expected from TREX and SPORT ZA SITE and it will be an extra motive to all who will come for the first time to return again and again every year. While in Ohrid, don’t miss out on visiting the Old Town, local museums and Byzantine churches and taste the local cuisine - especially the famous Ohrid Trout. Also before or after the event you can expeirence the region with more adventure sports - from above by flying and from below by diving. We wish you a splendid and unforgetable stay in our beautiful region, a successful race and let the best win! Welcome to the first edition of Ohrid Trail!

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

A warm welcome to Ohrid! Dear friends,

Konstantin Georgievski Mayor of Ohrid

Ohrid from now on will be richer for one more sports event. Having no doubts in the abilities and capacity of the co-organizers, the Sports Association – ‘Sport for All’, I assure you that this event is going to be a real attraction besides ‘OhridTrchaT’ and an event that will become a tradition. ‘Ohrid Trail’ is the new content to enrich the sports portfolio of the city. It is about a mountain running to be taking place in the National Park Galicica. There will be held two races, 60 and 35 km long, the one of which starts at St Naum, and the other at the Camp site Eleshec. Both tracks start in the Galicica National Park and finish at the City Square. ‘Ohrid Trail’ is fully financially and logistically supported by the Municipality of Ohrid. With utmost pleasure, as a person who is passionate admirer of nature and mountains, I can state that this event, Ohrid Trail, will be an excellent experience for all participants. Simultaneously, the event by itself will be promotional and will affirm the natural treasure of our Ohrid.

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

Let’s celebrate a healthier lifestyle! Dear runners,

I am delighted to be able to address you on the occasion of the Ohrid Trail race! This event is very dear to my heart. Not only because I am a runner myself. In recent years, running events are becoming a prominent feature of the sports life in the country. I am especially delighted that Ohrid Trail, supported by the EU Delegation, is included in the athletic events map within the 2019 Europe Day programme.

Samuel Žbogar EU Ambassador to North Macedonia

In the past few years, the EU is doing a lot to support, promote and develop sport and physical activity across Europe. For example, one of the major initiatives, the European Week of Sport aims to encourage all Europeans to get up and #BeActive. It is a truly European movement that began in 2015 and has inspired millions of people in 32 countries to #BeActive in their everyday lives. Why? Because it is worth it. #BeActive makes you proud, healthy, be together, be happy and be eco-friendly! I am pleased to say that during these few months, the EU Delegation is sponsoring events promoting a healthy lifestyle, exercising and behavior friendly to the environment. We are supporting several sporting and hiking events to promote team spirit and protection of nature, around the country. I invite you to join the Ohrid Trail race and find out why more and more people are practicing running, and why there are more and more running races in the country. Discover the secret energy of running. Experience the explosion of positive energy at the start and during the race, when you challenge yourself and when everything seems possible. The experience will be even more magical given the beautiful landscape of the Galichica National park and the unique Ohrid lake surroundings. Let me conclude with my personal experience which applies to many runners. Whenever I finish a difficult race which went beyond my comfort zone and I limp back home full of pain, the first brief thought is why I am doing this to myself. But very soon, I am already checking the Internet looking to register for the next race. Let’s celebrate a healthier lifestyle, care for environment, and the EU! Yours, Ambassador Samuel Žbogar Head of EU Delegation to North Macedonia

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Map of RACE HQ

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

Event program FRIDAY MAY 24TH 10:00 - 21:00 – BIB number pick-up @ Hotel Nova Riviera 19:00 - 20:00 – Technical meeting and course details @ City Hall Ohrid

SATURDAY MAY 25TH 06:15 – BUS departure for participants of 60k course @ Hotel Nova Riviera 08:00 – Start of 60k race @ Sv.Naum Monastery 08:30 – BUS departure for participants of 35k course @ Hotel Nova Riviera 10:00 – Start of 35k course @ Camp Eleshec 12:00 - Finish Zone opening @ Kej next to Hotel Nova Riviera 14:00 - First finisher of 35k course 15:00 - First finisher of 60k course 19:00 - 35k course time limit 23:00 - 60k course time limit

SUNDAY MAY 26TH 11:00 – Awards Ceremony @ Kej next to Hotel Nova Riviera 10:00 - 14:00 – Post-race pasta party @ Restaurant Belvedere (Kej)

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Virtual terrain map

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Rules and Regulations EACH PARTICIPANT UNDERTAKES TO FOLLOW THE RULES AND REGULATIONS, GENERAL GUIDELINES FOR RESPECT OF THE NATURE AND FOR OTHER PERSONS. SAID GUIDELINES ARE DESCRIBED BELOW: • To exercise caution and follow the established rules when moving along trails and roads which are open to traffic. • To slow down in the presence of persons, animals or vehicles. • To not cause any alterations in the processes and natural functioning of the ecosystems. • To not cause any deterioration to the biotic, geological or cultural resources, or in general to the landscape. • To dodge or avoid environmental sensitive areas. • To perform any physiological needs in appropriate places, or in any case, out of water and far from passage or meeting points. • To not light any fire or cause any situation of risk of fire. • To not use or install any type of structure or element that leaves a permanent trace on the environment. • To not trash or abandon objects or solid or liquid waste out of the places specifically provided for disposing of such objects or waste. • To not leave the marked trail. • TO HAVE FUN AND ENJOY THE TIME OF HIS/HER LIFE ;)

THE RULES AND THE REGULATIONS MUST BE READ IN DETAIL AND UNDERSTOOD AT THE FOLLOWING LINK: https://ohridtrail.mk/wp-content/uploads/2019/04/ Ohrid_Trail_Rules_and_regulations.pdf

EACH PARTICIPANT MUST DOWNLOAD, PRINT AND SIGN THE DECLARATION OF PERSONAL LIABILITY AND BRING IT SIGNED FOR RACE BIB COLLECTION. https://ohridtrail.mk/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/ Ohrid-Trail-Declaration-Liability.pdf

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

Course markings The participants are running along clearly visible and well travelled hiking paths and forest roads. Most of these are marked with standard hiking markation on trees and rocks (red-white-red lines and redwhite circles) - but do NOT follow blindly these markings!!! • Ohrid Trail routes are exclusivelly marked with flags - orange pvc triangles on a wire (as in picture) with average height of 30cm. These flags are stabbed into the ground at every 50100 meters all along the entire length of the courses. • Also wherever possible, the routes are marked with red-white pvc stripes (as in picture) with average length of 50cm. These stripes are place around tree branches, tree trunks, smaller plants, stones, light poles and etc. The stripes (markings) are placed at eye level on visible spots alongside the courses. • When the route takes a left or right turn - the markings (flags and stripes) are placed on the side of the turn direction. • When at an intersection/paths crossing - at the “entrance” of the route a “gate” with two marking stripes is formed at both sides. • In clearings where there is no clearly groomed single-track path or in technically challenging terrain - the markings are placed in smaller intervals and their placement hints you the safest possible passage. • Usually, the distance between two markings (flags and/or stripes) is 50 meters. • Additionally, on specific spots where there is path intersection there are directional sign-posts and waymarks (as in picture) placed and there will be volonteers to help with navigation. WHEN ALONG THE ROUTE THERE IS NO MARKINGS (ORANGE FLAGS AND/OR RED-WHITE STRIPES) FOR AT LEAST 200300 METERS - IMMIDIATELY STOP! RETURN BY THE ROUTE YOU CAME UNTIL YOU FIND MARKINGS (FLAGS AND/OR STRIPES) AGAIN!!!

EMERGENCY INSTRUCTIONS

In a genuine emergency (threat to life or limb) do any of the following: • Phone or text (sms) the Race Director on the Emergency phone: 00 389 71 246 423, 070 997 348 • Alternatively phone 00389 13-112 directly to the Mountain Rescue. • Attract attention from fellow runners, event staff or spectators by shouting and using your whistle. • Seek help from the closest checkpoint.

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Security Runners’ safety is the most important for us. Please read carefully and adhere to the following safety instructions: • Race courses follow trails, paths and roads in a natural environment in a mountain setting. • Volunteers along the trail will take care for the safety of runners. • Presence of medical and mountain rescue service is ensured and available asap respectfully to the terrain. • Weather conditions at the end of May can be variable. Snow can cover the highest peaks. Special danger can be a west-ward wind which can hinder ridgeline trails. On the other hand the temperature during the day can exceed 25 C even at elevations of 1500m asl. • Run along marked trails, and stay on the paths. • Run below your possibilities to keep some energy to tackle a difficult situation such as a sudden change of the weather conditions. • In the event of problems, contact the rescue service or the organizer. • All runners are oblidged to assist a fellow participant in a case of difficulty. • Runners must carry a mobile phone. Make sure you have provided the correct number to the organizer.

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

• In the case of extreme fatigue, do not stop to rest in the cold or wind, go forwards to the nearest aid station and if necessary go back the way you came. • Mandatory equipement must be used and/or be carried in your running vest/backpack at all times during the race! Time penalties and/or even disqualification are applied to participants who disobey the rules. • A mobile telephone with fully charged and roaming switched on is mandatory for all runners (deactivate options in order to save battery power). Usually mobile phones are put into silent mode in order not to disturb other participants but make sure that sms sounds are on (text alert) in case the organizer sends important lrace information - before, during and after race due to bad weather or any other unforseen occurrence. • Verify that Race HQ and Mountain rescue numbers (printed on your bib) are saved in your phonebook and are easily accessable in case of emergency! • Whenever the medical staff assesses that a runner is no longer able to continue the race and that a medical attention is needed, the participant must obey doctor’s orders and stop his/her race.

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Respect the Nature! People have always been running in the mountains, to advance faster, to bring news, for personal enjoyment, for emergencies. In fact, there are probably as many motivations as potential runners. However, is only since few years ago that running has become a competitive activity involving lots of people and affecting most of the mountain areas, some of which are protected natural spaces (national parks, natural reserves, natural areas of national interest). Obviously, any outdoors activity involves some kind of impact or perturbation to the natural environment. Therefore, everyone enjoying it must consider actions to make it sustainable and to minimize its impact. In this regard, the organizer requests all participants, volonteers and spectators of Ohrid Trail to always take into consideration the following points at any time: • Always stay on the track or path when running or walking. This helps keeping them open, as well as minimizes the erosion problems usually linked to making shortcuts. • Ensure that any food or drink wrapping remains inside your pockets or in the backpack after using it. Not littering will keep the paths free of papers, plastics or other trash, preventing the animals to eat them with the consequent intestinal problems. • Try to leave the mountain cleaner than when you found it. Pick the rubbish that you may find in your way (or part of it), and put it in the dustbin. • It is quite usual to find domestic animals on or near the path (cows, horses, sheep), observing with certain mistrust, particularly when young ones are present. Avoid altering them, slow your pace, take some distance from the animals and do not touch them. • Sometimes dogs accompany the flock, protecting the animals from bear, wolf or wild dog attacks. In this case you must circle around the flock (never cross it), avoid touching the animals, allow the dog to sniff at you and confirm you are not a threat, and continue walking at slow pace until getting enough distance.

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

• Wild animals usually avoid human presence. If by chance you come across a wild boar, a deer or any other animal, you should stop and leave space for the animal to escape from you. To prevent a defensive action from the animal, it is not recommended to walk towards it. • Mountains have always been a convivial place. Greeting the people you come across helps maintaining a good atmosphere. Commenting any incidences we may have found along the way may be helpful to other users. • Moving our body also moves our intestines, which may bring the need to empty them. Please dig a small hole with your heel and defecate inside, then cover your excrements and any paper used with soil, leaves and rocks. • Raise your eyes from the track from time to time to look around you and fully enjoy the beautiful landscape surrounding you. Knowing and enjoying nature is the first step to loving and respecting it. • Friends and family coming as public or to provide support to runners should also be aware of the exceptionality of this natural environment, which needs to be respected and protected. Please behave respectfully!

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Mandatory equipment Participants are required to wear the MANDATORY equipment with them throughout the whole race. The organizer has the right to verify the mandatory equipment of the contestants on any control point (even unannounced) and if any of the contestants does not possess part of the equipment he/she will be disqualified from the race. The equipment stated as RECOMMENDED by the organizer, it is not mandatory to possess during the race, but it is highly recommended by the organizer. The organizer reserves the right to change or upgrade a list of mandatory equipment depending on the weather forecast and the conditions of the field. Participants will be notified in advance by the organizer before the start of the race. The use of hiking poles is allowed if the participant decides to use, he/she must have with him/her during the whole race.

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

EQUIPMENT

OHRID TRAIL 60k

OHRID TRAIL 35k

Mobile phone with full battery and roaming activated

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Thermal blanket

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Whistle

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Trail running shoes and socks

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Headlamp + spare batteries

MANDATORY

RECOMMENDED

Waterproof breathable jacket with hood

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Cup for liquids

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Drinking containers / hydration pack min.1L

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Backpack

MANDATORY

RECOMMENDED

Energy food

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Mini first-aid kit

MANDATORY

MANDATORY

Windstopper jacket

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Thermal insulation clothing

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Trousers (Waterproof)

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Leggings/Trousers (Warm)

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Warm hat

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Buff/tubular / Sun cap

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Gloves

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Sunscreen cream or lotion

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Electrolytes and/or mineral salts

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Sunglasses

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

Walking sticks

RECOMMENDED

RECOMMENDED

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

CP6 CP2

finish

60k

700 m.

60k

1415 m.LETNICA

OHRID square

35k

1415 m.LETNICA

CP7 CP3

CP8 CP4

60k

1010 m.

35k

1010 m.

60k

1550 m.

KRSTEC

35k

1550 m.

KRSTEC

VELESTOVO

VELESTOVO

start

35k

700 m.

ELESHEC CAMP

CP5 CP1

60k

1472 m.

35k

1472 m.

LEGEND

CP4

60k

1984 m.

LAKO SIGNOJ

DIFFICULT TERRAIN Be very careful as this part of the race is technical and steep! TRAIL INTERSECTION Be very cautious and make sure you follow race markings only! WATER & DRINKS Aid station with water, electrolytes, cola and beer ;)

CP3

SNACKS & FOOD Aid station with sweet and salty snacks and food.

60k

1600 m.

LIPOVA LIVADA

MEDICS & RESCUE Paramedics and/or Mountain Rescue unit.

TIME LIMIT 13:30

DROP-OFF POINT Shuttle bus provided for runners who quit mid-race.

start

60k

700 m.

CP2

SVETI NAUM

60k

2265 m.

CP1

60k

1247 m.

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POPOVA CESMA

KOTA F10

ASAN DZURA

ASAN DZURA


www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

TOTAL ELEVATION

+618

0

-84

0

8:00

8:00

CP1

AS1

POPOVA CHESHMA

drinks & food

10

5.8

+1,028

+618

-12

84

9:20

10:30

CP2

-

KOTA F10

-

15.8

6.1

+173

+1,646

-505

96

10:20

12:00

CP3

AS2

LIPOVA LIVADA

drinks & food

21.9

2.1

+419

+1,819

-359

601

10:55

13:30!

CP4

-

LAKO SIGNOJ

-

24.0

11.4

+508

+2,238

-1,020

960

11:15

14:30

CP5

AS3

ASAN DZURA

drinks & food

35.4

10

+95

+2,746

-135

1,980

12:30

17:00

CP6

-

LETNICA

-

45.4

5

+269

+2,841

-144

2,115

13:15

19:00

CP7

-

KRSTEC

-

50.4

3

0

+3,110

-481

2,259

13:45

20:30

CP8

AS4

VELESTOVO

drinks & food

53.4

6.1

+30

+3,110

-400

2,740

14:00

21:30

FINISH

-

OHRID

-

59.5

-3,140

14:30

23:00

+3,140

TIME OF

LOSS (M)

TIME LIMIT

UPHILL TO NEXT (M)

10

FIRST RUNNER

DISTANCE TO NEXT

0

TOTAL ELEVATION

TOTAL DISTANCE

drinks

(M)

SUPPLIES

SV.NAUM

GAIN (M)

LOCATION

-

(KM)

AID STATION

START

(KM)

CONTROL POINT

DOWNHILL TO NEXT

60k course details

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

CP6 CP2

finish

60k

700 m.

60k

1415 m.LETNICA

OHRID square

35k

1415 m.LETNICA

CP8 CP4

60k

1010 m.

35k

1010 m.

CP7 CP3

60k

1550 m.

KRSTEC

35k

1550 m.

KRSTEC

VELESTOVO

VELESTOVO

start

35k

700 m.

ELESHEC CAMP

LEGEND

DIFFICULT TERRAIN Be very careful as this part of the race is technical and steep! TRAIL INTERSECTION Be very cautious and make sure you follow race markings only! WATER & DRINKS Aid station with water, electrolytes, cola and beer ;) SNACKS & FOOD Aid station with sweet and salty snacks and food. MEDICS & RESCUE Paramedics and/or Mountain Rescue unit. DROP-OFF POINT Shuttle bus provided for runners who quit mid-race.

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CP5 CP1

60k

1472 m.

35k

1472 m.

ASAN DZURA

ASAN DZURA


www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

TOTAL ELEVATION

DOWNHILL TO NEXT

TOTAL ELEVATION

UPHILL TO NEXT (M) +1,078

0

-304

0

10:00

10:00

CP1

AS1

ASAN DZURA

drinks & food

10.8

10

+95

+1,078

-135

-304

11:20

12:30

CP2

-

LETNICA

-

20.8

5

+203

+1,173

-6

-439

12:15

14:30

CP3

-

KRSTEC

-

25.8

3

+67

+1,376

-628

-445

12:45

15:30

CP4

AS2

VELESTOVO

drinks & food

28.8

6.1

+27

+1,443

-397

-1,073

13:00

17:30

FINISH

-

OHRID

-

34.9

-1,470

13:30

19:00

+1,470

TIME OF

TIME LIMIT

10.8

FIRST RUNNER

0

LOSS (M)

drinks

(M)

CAMP ELESHEC

GAIN (M)

SUPPLIES

-

(KM)

LOCATION

DISTANCE TO NEXT

AID STATION

START

(KM)

CONTROL POINT

TOTAL DISTANCE

35k course details

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

60k START zone G KIN PAR

rse n coeuctio dir

60k START ZONE

road from OHRID

MONASTERY ST.NAUM

35k START zone

road from OHRID 7km

CAMP ELESHEC

rse couction dire

35k START ZONE

start

60k

700 m.

C

SVETI NAUM

60

226

CP1

60k

1247 m.

22

POPOVA CESMA


www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

CP4

60k

1984 m.

LAKO SIGNOJ

CP3

60k

1600 m.

LIPOVA LIVADA

TIME LIMIT 13:30

CP2

60k

2265 m.

KOTA F10

CP1

60k

1247 m.

POPOVA CESMA

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

start

35k

700 m.

ELESHEC CAMP

CP5 CP1

60k

1472 m.

35k

1472 m.

CP4

60k

1984 m.

24

LAKO SIGNOJ

ASAN DZURA

ASAN DZURA


www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

CP6 CP2

finish

60k

700 m.

60k

1415 m.LETNICA

OHRID square

35k

1415 m.LETNICA

CP8 CP4

60k

1010 m.

35k

1010 m.

CP7 CP3

60k

1550 m.

KRSTEC

35k

1550 m.

KRSTEC

VELESTOVO

VELESTOVO

start

35k

700 m.

ELESHEC CAMP

CP5 25 CP1

60k

1472 m.

35k

ASAN DZURA

ASAN


RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk

Ethics charter Introduction

We, the members of the ITRA representing the different components of the trail-running community from the 5 continents, so as to accompany the major evolutions of our sport and allow the conditions necessary for its future to flourish, have decided to unite our cultures and passions to bring together our heritage, our visions of trail-running and our values. These values have driven our initiative because they are the soul of trail-running, a core bond shared by the various players and participants in this discipline’s field, a core bond where authenticity and fair-play take central stage. https://itra.run/page/258/Values.html

THE VALUES OF TRAIL-RUNNING Authenticity

Authenticity is the first trail-running value. At its origins, trailrunning was born from the runners’ motivation to practise their sport in contact with natural surroundings, so as to experience the beauty of the landscape and to learn to evolve without artifice in an environment that is demanding for both body and spirit. Trailrunning is an authentic sport, because it creates a confrontation between the participant and the unspoilt natural environment as a source of inspiration, surpassing oneself, but also one of harmony. As a social activity, trail running promotes human relationships based on simplicity, conviviality, sharing and respect for differences. The trail-running community gives these authentic values as much importance as those of performance and competition.

Humility

In practising trail-running, an activity in open country, humility is a behaviour that is adapted as much to the natural environment as to oneself.

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019

In natural surroundings, it relies upon taking into consideration the existing natural hazards, whatever the relevance and the quality of the measures taken by the organisation of a race to ensure the safety of its participants. Humility, in the face of nature, supposes the capacity to show caution and can go as far as renouncing the race or the envisaged project. For that which concerns each individual, humility is based on the consciousness and the knowledge of one’s limits so as not to question one’s physical or mental integrity. As a type of behaviour, humility is an inseparable attitude of listening and learning for better understanding of the principles which govern natural environments or the fundamentals of practising an intensive sport in natural environments.

Fair-play

Fair-play indicates the loyal acceptance of rules, not only to the letter but also in the spirit which presides over their definition. For the runners, to be fair-play means respecting the race regulations, not cheating, not bending the rules, refusing all forms

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RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 | www.ohridtrail.mk of doping; but also embodying the human values of trail-running throughout all of their races; mutual aid and solidarity with the other runners, respect for all the players present at the races. For organisers, respecting fair-play supposes the implementation of the necessary means to fight against “...cheating, bending the rules, doping, ...physical and verbal violence ...exploitation, unequal opportunities, excessive commercialisation and corruption” (extract from the Council of Europe’s Code of Sports Ethics).

Equity

Is in the search for a just balance, based on impartiality and equal opportunity from which each runner should benefit. The trail-running races are open to all runners. The regulations are conceived so that they apply equally to all concerned. All athletes are subject to the same conditions and they have the same rights and same duties. The measures taken to welcome the top athletes must on no account hamper the participation of the other runners. It is the responsibility of the organisers to guarantee this principle of equity, to carry out the necessary checks and to offer all the participants the best race conditions possible.

Respect

The principle of respect embraces the respect for others, respect for one’s self and respect for the environment.

Respect for others

To respect others, is to understand and accept their differences and it is to act in such a way as to not bother or hamper them. It is equally understanding that the race takes place in surroundings which have their own culture and traditions; it is consequently adopting the necessary “knowledge and understanding” in order to respect the local population, its culture and its customs. Each runner also agrees to respect all people encountered during the course of the trail, who are also benefiting from the open country at the same time (other trail-runners, hikers, etc.). Each runner agrees to know and respect the regulations of the race in which they have chosen to participate.

Respect for oneself

The practice of trail-running can entail risks and the search for performance and/or pleasure on no account justifies the

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www.ohridtrail.mk | RUNNER’S GUIDE 2019 distortion of one’s, more or less long term, good health. Each runner will be particularly vigilant so as not to take any doping product and not to resort to the abusive use of selfmedication. They must take care not to exceed their limits to the point of affecting their physical or moral integrity.

Respect for the environment

Races take place in fragile natural environments. All players involved with trail-running races, runners, organisers, partners, accompanying persons make a commitment to protect the natural equilibrium. Organisers of trail-running races must do all they can to reduce the negative impact linked to the running of their races. They make a commitment by sharing information and making efforts to educate in order to contribute to the general awareness of the natural environment’s fragility. Each organiser will identify the environmental risks engendered by their event and propose concrete actions to reduce the risks to the minimum. They will encourage the use of public transport or car-sharing and limit, as much as they can, the use of other motorised equipment. Each runner makes a commitment to adopt the most relevant behaviour to minimize his or her impact on the terrain through which he or she passes. Together, the members of the trail-running community act as ambassadors for the promotion and conservation of natural environments.

Teamwork

Teamwork is a value that is practised and shared by the inhabitants at the heart of natural regions, which can become hostile, and consequently they need to help each other to progress better together or simply to survive. In the name of the principle of solidarity, each player in the field of trail-running is asked to prioritise going to the aid of anybody in danger or difficulty wherever they are and in whatever circumstance. In a more global manner, the participants and players in the trailrunning field often show solidarity by making a commitment in favour of environmental, social or societal causes or by helping the underprivileged. Trail-running race organisers implement this principle of responsibility by directly supporting charitable actions and sustainable development; numerous participants “run for a cause” to support the projects of their choice.

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Ohrid - the Balkan pearl The city of the immortal Ohrid is the sublime lakeside point that for many represents the culmination of the Macedonian experience, a kingdom of light and water, a repository of ancient ruins from Macedonia’s earlier kingdoms. Ohrid’s major attractions are all located within a remarkably concentrated and eminently walkable area, among and above the narrow streets of the Old Town lined with restaurants and cafés perfectly suited for relaxing in the cool summer evenings. Ohrid’s many café bars and nightclubs also make for a vibrant nightlife. As for the lake itself, it is so large and so deep that one might mistake it for a small sea. Full range of water sports, fishing andboating is available, and numerous churches alongside Ohrid’s lake shores make for fascinating side trips and walks. The wooded ridge above the lake’s eastern shore is largely taken up by the National Park of Galichica, an unspoiled wilderness ideally suitable for nature enthusiasts. The uniqueness of Lake Ohrid and the city’s historical architecture has been attested by UNESCO, honoring it with an official designation as one of the few places on the cultural institution’s list “World Inheritance”.

History and Culture

Archaeological finds indicate that Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in all of Europe. The Lake itself is over three million years old. Ohrid town is first mentioned in Greek documents from 353 B.C, when it was known as Lychnidos or “the city of light.” Only much later in 879 A.D, was it renamed Ohrid. The name probably derives from the Macedonian phrase “Vo Hrid” – roughly meaning “the town on the hill.” Apart from its ancient theater (which is still in use today), the ancient Lychnidos boasted a classical agora, gymnasium, civil basilicas and temples to the Gods of Greek Antiquity. When under Roman rule it developed more of the typical Roman architectural traits, and became an important transit point on the Via Egnatia trade route that bisected the Balkans. The town as we know it today was built mostly between the 7th and the 19th century. During the Byzantine period, Ohrid became a significant cultural and economic center serving as an Episcopal center of the Orthodox Church and as the site of the first Slavic university run by St. Clement and St.

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Naum at the end of the 9th century. At the beginning of the 11th century, Ohrid briefly became the capital of Macedonia’s greatest medieval ruler, Samuel, whose fortress still presides over the city today. During Ottoman times Ohrid remained the seat of the autocephalous Ohrid archiepiscopacy until 1726. During its Byzantine apogee, the town was renowned for its 365 churches and monasteries. These and a large number of sacral edifices have been preserved and make up a large part of Ohrid’s rich medieval past. Today, one of the city’s museums has a collection of more than 800 Byzantine and post-Byzantine icons, most of which were painted between 11th and 14th century. Art historians consider this collection as one of the most important in the world, along with those of the Tretiakov Gallery in Moscow and Mt. Athos in Greece.

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Galichica National Park The National Park Galicica is situated on Mount Galicica, that is a part of the mountain range of Sara-Pind. Due to its exceptional natural beauty and extremely opulent and endemic flora and fauna, in 1958 the Macedonian section of the mountain was proclaimed a National Park. The Park covers an area of 227 km2 between the Lakes of Ohrid and Prespa, and it stretches in a meridian direction. The main geological surface on the major part of Mount Galicica are Paleozoic metamorphic silicates covered with 500-550 m horizons of massive limestone that have spongy structure and are highly porous. The massif has developed relief with large and deep valleys and a vast mountain crest that in the southern part of Galicica reaches the altitude of more than 2,000 m. Such relief, as well as the vicinity of the two Lakes enable continuous, extremely long and beautiful scenic views for visitors. Galicica enjoys moderate Continental climate influenced by a large quantity of

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water from both Lakes and the hot Sub-Mediterranean influences that break through the relatively low mountain saddles in Albania. In addition to the extraordinary natural beauty and aesthetic values, Galicica is also a unique environment with wellpreserved natural flora in several ecosystems. The flora in the National Park Galicica covers more than 800 species, among which there are numerous relict and endemic forms whose farthest limit of distribution is Mount Galicica itself. The presence of eleven local endemic forms discovered so way is quite remarkable. These forms exist only on the slopes of the Mount Galicica, and are clear evidence of the specific floral structure of the mountain. It should be underlined that there is an on-going intensive research of the flora in the Park. There are indications of an even greater number of endemic forms. The fauna on Galicica is also prolific and diverse. There are no precise data about the number of invertebrate species. Vertebrates are present with 170 species: 10 amphibians, 18 reptiles, 124 birds, and 18 mammals.

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Profile for Ohrid Trail Trail running race in Ohrid, Macedonia

Ohrid Trail Runners' Guide 2019  

The guide includes: How to handle mad cows along the route and everything you always wanted to know about Ohrid Trail but were afraid to a...

Ohrid Trail Runners' Guide 2019  

The guide includes: How to handle mad cows along the route and everything you always wanted to know about Ohrid Trail but were afraid to a...

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