Ohio Cooperative Living - June - HolmesWayne

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JUNE 2022

COOPERATIVE Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative

HWEC 2021

Annual report See page 19

ALSO INSIDE Beat the peak No-waste kitchen Ghost parks

THE VALUE OF ELECTRICITY The cost of everyday items has gone up dramatically over the years. Electricity being the exception.

$4.43/LB VS $0.11 /kWh

We know you like your coffee hot and your electricity affordable. For more than 80 years, we’ve helped keep it a stable value.




A childhood passion for the plastic building blocks grows into a world-class (unofficial) Lego museum in Bellaire, Ohio.


Old amusement parks often leave behind reminders of a glorious heyday.


The UAS Center in Springfield helps Ohio lead the nation in the next generation of aviation innovation.


Two tall ships festivals return to Lake Erie this summer, offering vistors a chance to see the old galleys up close.

Cover image on most editions: Lake life is a state of mind — total relaxation for some, fun-filled adventures on the water for others. Sandra Post, a member of Midwest Electric, took this photo of her daughter, Catherine, 13, learning to water-ski at the family cabin. More members’ lake life photos are on page 40. This page: Photographing black bears in the wild can be a thrilling experience, says Outdoors Editor Chip Gross in this month’s Woods, Waters, and Wildlife, but above all else, it must be done with utmost safety in mind (photo by Matt Cuda/Getty Images).




Hello, sunshine! A

fter a damp and chilly spring, most of us were more than ready for the arrival of bright days filled with warmth and sunshine. Your electric cooperative is ready for summer, too.

Every year at this time, we make sure we’re ready to keep your lights on and your air conditioning powered up — even on the hottest days of the year, when the demand for electricity is typically 20% to 30% higher than on an average summer day. In fact, the demand for electricity between 3 p.m. and 6 p.m. on those hottest of days can be more than double what it was just a few hours earlier. That means our power generators and distribution equipment needs to be ready for duty. For decades, Ohio’s cooperatives have helped you save money by showing you ways to use electricity wisely and trim unnecessary demand — especially during those peak periods when systems are strained and costs are higher. It’s particularly important now, when we already can expect higher prices due to higher fuel costs. We also recognize that because many older power plants across the country have shut down in recent years, our overall grid is more vulnerable during those peak periods. Rest assured that Ohio’s cooperatives have maintained a sufficient supply of generation to meet your needs every hour of every day of the year, but we are just a small part of the overall grid. So when your cooperative issues a peak alert to let you know summer power is in particularly high demand, you can both save some money and keep our grid more secure by paying attention and doing even small things to reduce your usage (see our story about peak alerts on page 4). Meanwhile, your cooperative will keep working to make sure we meet your needs. We invest in our existing power plants to make them as reliable and environmentally responsible as possible, and we’re also steadily adding new resources to our supply mix. A little later this summer, in fact, our next solar facility, located in Hancock County, will begin to contribute to powering your homes and businesses. It’s just another way we work to maintain a diverse, reliable supply of electricity to keep your lights on and your A/C cool. Hope you all enjoy a great summer.



Pat O’Loughlin


When your cooperative issues a peak alert to let you know summer power is in particularly high demand, you can save some money by doing even small things to reduce your usage.

June 2022 • Volume 64, No. 9

Ohio Rural Electric Cooperatives 6677 Busch Blvd. Columbus, OH 43229 614-846-5757 www.ohiocoopliving.com Patrick O’Loughlin Caryn Whitney Jeff McCallister Rebecca Seum


President & CEO Director of Communications Managing Editor Assistant Managing Editor

Contributors: 2Shea Creative, Alicia Adams, Margo Bartlett, Jodi Borger, Colleen Romick Clark, Getty Images, W.H. “Chip” Gross, Catherine Murray, Kevin Williams, and Margie Wuebker. OHIO COOPERATIVE LIVING (USPS 134-760; ISSN 2572-049X) is published monthly by Ohio Rural Elec­tric Co­op­eratives, Inc. It is the official com­munication link be­tween the elec­­­­tric co­operatives in Ohio and West Virginia and their mem­bers. Subscription cost for members ranges from $5.52 to $6.96 per year, paid from equity accruing to the member. POSTMASTER: Send address changes to editorial and advertising offices at: 6677 Busch Boulevard, Columbus, OH 43229-1101. Periodicals postage paid at Pontiac, IL 61764, and at additional mailing offices. Nothing in this publication may be reproduced in any manner without written permission from Ohio Rural Electric Cooperatives, Inc. All rights reserved. The fact that a product is advertised in Ohio Cooperative Living should not be taken as an en­dorse­ment. If you find an advertisement mis­leading or a product unsatisfactory, please not­ify us or the Ohio Attorney General’s Of­fi ce, Consumer Protection Sec­tion, 30 E. Broad St., Col­um­bus, OH 43215. Periodicals postage paid at Colum­bus, OH, and at additional mailing offices.

National/regional advertising inquiries, contact

Cheryl Solomon American MainStreet Publications 847-749-4875 | cheryl@amp.coop


Beat the peak: Reducing electricity usage during summer’s hottest days can make a real difference in members’ bills.


6 Top scholars: Ohio’s Electric

Cooperatives awards $44,200 to children of co-op members.


Great clips: When livestock need their nails done, it takes a special kind of manicurist.



Shooting black bears: With a camera, of course! Outdoors Editor Chip Gross explains the best way to get the best images of those majestic — and elusive — creatures.



Waste not, want not: Kitchen scraps don’t have to go into the garbage. Instead, put them to use in some delicious new ways.


News and information from your electric cooperative.



Ohio-based advertisers contact

Rheta Gallagher

What’s happening: June/July

614-940-5956 | rgallagher@ohioec.org

events and other things to do around Ohio.

Cooperative members:

Please report changes of address to your electric cooperative. Ohio Cooperative Living staff cannot process address changes. Alliance for Audited Media Member


Lake life: Fun in the sun or all-out relaxation — members share how they spend time by the water.


Visit Ohio Cooperative Living magazine online at www.ohiocoopliving.com! Read past issues and watch videos about our articles or our recipes. Our site features an expanded Member Interactive area where you can share your stories, recipes, and photos and find content submitted by other co-op members across the state. JUNE 2022 • OHIO COOPERATIVE LIVING






Reducing electricity usage during summer’s hottest days can make a difference in members’ bills. BY JEFF MCCALLISTER


ometime soon — perhaps sometime this month, but certainly in July and August — you’re likely to see a “peak alert” notice from your electric cooperative.

It could be an email or text or it could be on social media. Whatever form that alert takes, members across the state should know that while it’s not an emergency or a shortage of electricity, it IS an opportunity for them to save money. “As we head into the summer months and hot, humid weather, we provide our members with peak alert notifications to help raise awareness of the power grid status, especially during busy periods in the mornings and evenings,” says John Metcalf, president and CEO of MidOhio Energy Cooperative in Kenton.

What’s the peak? It’s important that consumer-members are aware of those peaks because electric rates for the entire year are based on the highest points of usage during the year, referred to as “peak demand.” On the hottest days of the summer, when air conditioners and heat pumps across the state are often turned up full blast (it also happens during the most frigid days of winter), the demand for electricity generation inches higher. When your co-op and Buckeye Power — the generation and transmission cooperative that provides the electricity your co-op brings to its members — see that demand heading toward a new peak, they do everything they can to avoid that peak that would trigger a higher rate for the coming year. While reducing usage during those potential peaks won’t lower rates, it will keep future bills from going higher. Kevin Zemanek, assistant vice president of operations at Buckeye Power, says beating those peaks can save the coops $6.5 million to $7.5 million annually. “As much as 25% of a member’s bill can be affected by those peaks that happen in six hours of the year,” says Ben Wilson, director of power delivery engineering at



Buckeye Power. “If we’re able to hold them down through our various measures, it saves the co-ops money as they purchase electricity, and of course, the not-for-profit coops in turn pass those savings on to their members.”

All in it together Those peak alerts the co-op sends out are one way to “beat the peak” — asking members to voluntarily reduce their consumption. Consumer-members can help by avoiding the use of high-energy appliances such as clothes dryers, electric ovens, dishwashers, and the like during those times, or by turning the thermostat up a few degrees to run those cooling units a bit less. Turning off unneeded lights and smaller appliances, while always a good idea to reduce your electric bill, also helps during those peak alerts. Co-ops can also decrease some of that usage themselves, by controlling some individual water heaters or airconditioning units. With the member’s permission, some co-ops will install a radio-controlled switch on one or both of the units, and as a potential peak approaches, Buckeye Power can send a signal that cycles those appliances on and off for a short period.

Behind the scenes There are more than 100,000 water heaters and 15,000 A/C units around the state that members have allowed the co-op to enroll in the load management program — often in exchange for a rebate or bill credit (the programs differ around the state, so call your co-op to see if and how they participate). Most members who sign up for the program report that they have never noticed when the switching takes place. While one remote switch on a single water heater may not make a huge difference, the overall impact of the program conserves a large amount of electricity — and saves everyone money. “The reason we do anything is for the benefit of our members,” says Consolidated Cooperative CEO Phil Caskey. “Whether it’s load management, another rebate program, or anything else, our goals are to provide reliable service at a reasonable price and to improve the quality of life for the people we serve.”

How to use less

In times of extremely high electricity usage (usually during the hot afternoon and early evening hours in the summer), consumer-members can help reduce the overall volume and hold down future rate increases with some simple steps: • Defer tasks like doing laundry, running the dishwasher, or charging electric vehicles until after the peak alert has passed. • Use programmable thermostats, with the settings adjusted so your heating/cooling system syncs up with the off-peak rate period — or simply adjust the thermostat a few degrees upward (or downward in frigid weather). • Use automatic timers to run hot tubs, pool pumps, water heaters, and other appliances during off-peak hours. • Close window shades or curtains to keep your house cooler during the hottest parts of the day. • Take shorter showers.



Children of Members

scholarship winners

OTHER WINNERS Ben Olenick Butler Rural Electric Cooperative Megan Westbrook Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative Elyse Wilson Pioneer Rural Electric Cooperative

Sara Newsome


Owen Van Horn

Carrie Rhoades

hio’s Electric Cooperatives awarded 24 scholarships to outstanding high school seniors in its annual Children of Members Scholarship competition. Students from member households representing each of the Ohio-based electric distribution cooperatives competed for $44,200 in scholarships. A panel of independent judges reviewed applications and conducted interviews with the students.

FIRST PLACE: Sara Newsome, South Central Power Company Ranked first in her class at Hillsboro High School, Sara is accomplished academically and personally. Sara is a member of the National Honor Society and student council, serves the local homeless shelter and humane society, and has earned an Associate of Arts degree. After graduation, Sara plans to study psychology and neuroscience in college with a focus on pre-law. One of her high school instructors commends Sara’s ambition, curiosity, and desire to understand how and why concepts connect.

SECOND PLACE: Owen Van Horn, Paulding Putnam Electric Cooperative Owen has ambitions to study physics, astrophysics, and astronomy in college, and has spent his high school career fine-tuning the skills and character traits needed to be successful. Within his community, Owen has served the St. Jude Youth Ministry and St. Vincent de Paul Society, participated on the 4-H Board of Directors and student council, and was active with Emerging Rural Leaders and Saints & Scholars. One of his instructors says, “Owen embodies the values of hard work, integrity, leadership, and scholarship.”

THIRD PLACE: Carrie Rhoades, Darke Rural Electric Cooperative

Aiden McDougal North Central Electric Cooperative Lily James Mid-Ohio Energy Cooperative Jessi Cramer Carroll Electric Cooperative Bailey Barnette Buckeye Rural Electric Cooperative Jared Bradford Lorain-Medina Rural Electric Cooperative Caridad Dupote-Fosnot Union Rural Electric Cooperative Sarah Garretson Frontier Power Company Alyssa Heinrichs Midwest Electric Cheyenne Hill Logan County Electric Cooperative Kaitlyn Mull The Energy Cooperative Grace Schroeder North Western Electric Cooperative Jack Sears Consolidated Cooperative Morgan Shupert Adams Rural Electric Cooperative Sheldyn Stewart Guernsey-Muskingum Electric Cooperative

An agriculturalist at heart, Carrie has been heavily involved in 4-H, FFA, and the Darke County Fair, and plans to follow her passion to college where she will study agricultural communications and agribusiness. During high school, Carrie has excelled in public speaking competitions and advanced English courses. Carrie’s English teacher says, “She is an excellent student with lots of energy and ambition, and I have no doubt that her academic and personal goals will be achieved.”

Mason Stottsberry Washington Electric Cooperative

Congratulations to all participants

Leah Whitford Tricounty Rural Electric Cooperative


Sydney Swisher Hancock-Wood Electric Cooperative Morgan Welch Firelands Electric Cooperative


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Martin Watson prepares to open a gate for his next customer

Great clips When livestock need their nails done, it takes a special kind of manicurist.


Joel Litt of Lakeville uses a grinder to remove high spots on a hoof he’s trimming for a farmer in Guernsey County.




he statuesque fellow known as Number 43 definitely needs a pedicure before heading to the big show. He won’t, however, be strolling into the neighborhood salon. Instead, his technician will be coming to him — in a pickup truck, pulling a trailer full of power sanders, stiff bristle brushes, sharp picks, heavy-duty hydraulic tables, and even a padded chute to help with the job. Number 43 is a 1-year-old Hereford, and his owner relies on the services of hoof trimmers like Joel Litt of Lakeville or Martin Watson of Claysville to get ready for the many fairs and cattle shows that come along during the course of the year.

“First-timers sometimes kick up a fuss,” says Litt, a member of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative. “This one is used to the process and knows its hooves will feel better after I’m done.” Once the animal is calmly on its side on the bed, the process involves using a hook-like tool to remove accumulated debris from the hoof bottom and between the toes. The thick, horny surface is removed with a power grinder, sending forth a spray of keratin flakes not unlike human fingernail material. A power sander then reshapes and smooths the remaining hoof. The entire process takes 20 minutes or less.

“Most people assume county fair season is our busiest time of the year,” says Litt. “Most of our business Martin Watson of Claysville prepares to open a involves show cattle, though, and gate for his next customer. shows take place year-round.” Litt and his ilk, then, are fully accustomed to working in all types of weather conditions, from pelting rain and gusting wind to driving Watson, a member of Guernsey-Muskingum Electric snow or blazing sun. Cooperative in New Concord, says cows have cloven hooves, meaning each has two separate claw-like toes on Watson has been trimming hooves for 35 years. He depends each of their four feet. on word of mouth from satisfied customers and says he’s placed only a single advertisement in all that time. Those hooves grow approximately 2 inches per year, so they need to be trimmed about twice per year — Under the supervision of his father, Litt began trimming especially for cattle who spend considerable time on hard the hooves of the family’s 4-H steers at the age of 12. He surfaces instead of pasture land. The hooves must be continued the work and eventually took a post managing flat on the bottom and equal on each hoof to maintain a dairy herd after graduating from Ohio State University’s optimal balance. Overgrown and uneven hooves can Agricultural Technical Institute in Wooster. affect the way an animal walks and make it difficult to “I bought my trailer in 2005 because I thought it would get to food and water. Untrimmed hooves can lead to make a good retirement project,” he says. “I was right.” lameness — often temporary but sometimes permanent — which necessitates treatment that’s much more costly Litt generally works seven days a week, with 75% of his than the $25 to $35 hoof trimming. Dairy cattle owners business being show cattle — the rest is mostly dairy often report milk production increases after a cattle and donkeys. He travels 70,000 miles a year, with bovine pedicure. assignments taking him to 73 out of Ohio’s 88 counties as well as to Pennsylvania, Indiana, and West Virginia. The actual trimming process begins before an animal is led into an attached chute. With years of experience Watson used to travel around 50,000 miles a year, under their belts, the trimmers can often spot potential including appointments in Kentucky, Michigan, hoof problems by merely watching the animal walk. A Missouri, Virginia, Tennessee, and West Virginia. Now subsequent examination usually confirms their suspicions. he offers owners the opportunity to bring their cattle to him. The arrangement allows him to trim four to five Both men use hydraulic tables for their work. Once an animals per hour without the need to tow his trailer over animal is safely ensconced and belted into the attached sometimes icy and salted roadways. chute, the padded bed is tipped onto its side. Number 43 remains quiet during the process, calmly munching on a “My dad wasn’t sure I could make a living at this,” he says treat. The farrier quickly straps all four legs into sturdy with a smile. “I love working with show cattle, I’m semistraps to prevent flailing hooves from inflicting damage. retired, and I work when I want. I made the right choice.” JUNE 2022 • OHIO COOPERATIVE LIVING



Shooting black bears!

(...With a camera, of course) STORY AND PHOTOS BY W.H. “CHIP” GROSS



’ve lived in Ohio all my life, spent tons of time in the outdoors, and have never encountered a black bear in the wild in the Buckeye State. That’s not to say they’re not here, of course. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources estimates Ohio’s black bear population at only five to 15 resident individuals and anywhere from 50 to 100 transient bruins. Given the size of our state, that puts the chances of finding a cooperative bear to photograph somewhere near those of me winning a beauty contest.

Predictably unpredictable, black bears are not the bumbling oafs or cuddly teddy bears they are portrayed to be on some television nature programs. No matter where they live, by nature a bear is still a bear, and they are much stronger, smarter, and more adaptive than most people realize. They are also fast, able to run 30 miles per hour for a short distance (the best an Olympic sprinter can do is in the low 20s). It is the wise wildlife photographer who gives bears a wide berth.

There’s another option, however, and not too far from Ohio, for anyone who’s always wanted to photograph, or at least see, a black bear in the wild. But first — and this is important — understand that although photographing a bear is a thrilling experience, it obviously must be done safely, or the encounter could become a bit too thrilling. A sow defending her cubs or a male defending his territory can be particularly dangerous.

How best, then, to safely photograph bears? Shooting bears with a camera is one instance when a telephoto lens is an absolute necessity, as it gives you plenty of working distance yet still allows you to fill the frame of your camera’s viewfinder with the photo subject. So how close is too close? A good rule of thumb is that if your presence changes the natural behavior of a bear, you’re too close.


My personal choice of photography equipment for bears and other wildlife is a Canon EOS 7D Mark II camera body attached to a 100–400 mm Canon zoom lens. Though certainly not the latest and greatest body, this camera was designed for sports/wildlife photography and has been a workhorse for me for years. In fact, most of my photos that have accompanied my features in Ohio Cooperative Living magazine through the years were taken with this camera. In addition, I often mount a 1.4X teleconverter (multiplier) between the body and lens, giving me 560 mm of reach. I sometimes steady the camera and lens with a monopod.

A telephoto lens allows you to fill the frame with the photo subject without getting too close for comfort.

Cade’s Cove, a paved, 11-mile-loop auto and bicycle trail. Visiting during this time of year helps tilt the odds of seeing a bear in your favor, as they’re fattening up — literally “hungry as a bear” — after losing weight during winter hibernation. For a photographer, that means more potential encounters with bears.

Cade’s Cove at Great Smoky Mountains National Park: a sweet spot for shooting black bears.

If you don’t care to invest in traditional photo equipment, some late-model cellphones have excellent zooming capabilities and produce professional-quality images. An added benefit of cellphone photography is that most people carry their phones with them all the time. All that said, what is my suggestion for where and when to shoot photos of black bears? Great Smoky Mountains National Park (GSMNP), on the border of Tennessee and North Carolina, is within a day’s drive of Ohio. It is the most visited national park in the country, and it’s loaded with bears. As a result, black bears are so used to seeing people that most pay little attention to visitors, often ambling by just a few yards away. GSMNP encompasses a huge area, and bears are where you find them — but a good place to begin looking is



While photographing bears when other photographers are near and working the same subject, remember common courtesy. For instance, just this past spring I was photographing a yearling black bear at Great Smoky Mountains, the bear only a few feet off the road. As I started shooting, however, I heard a vehicle pull up behind me, stop, and a car door open. A young man in his twenties jumped out, ran up with cellphone in hand, positioned himself squarely between me and the bear, and took a selfie with the bear in the background. He then yelled to his buddies in the car, “Got it!” Running back to the vehicle, he jumped in, slammed the door, and the car roared off. The young man was way too close to the bear for his own safety, but fortunately the yearling was spooked into the underbrush and didn’t come at him. Nevertheless, it was game over for me and the other few photographers who had been shooting that particular bear. It should go without saying, but don’t be “that guy.”

Email Chip Gross with your outdoors questions at whchipgross@ gmail.com. Be sure to include “Ask Chip” in the subject of the email. Your question may be answered on www.ohiocoopliving.com!

www.ohiocoopliving.com JUNE 2022 • OHIO COOPERATIVE LIVING



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GOOD EATS Those kitchen scraps don’t have to go into the garbage — with a little imagination, there are lots of delicious ways to put them to use. RECIPES AND PHOTOGRAPHS BY CATHERINE MURRAY


Prep: 10 minutes | Cook: 30 minutes | Servings: 4 1 tablespoon olive oil 8 cups coarsely chopped greens 1 large onion, chopped 1 to 3 chunks Parmesan rind 2 garlic cloves, chopped (optional) 14.5-ounce can diced tomatoes 2 cups cooked cannellini, great in juice northern, and/or butter beans 1½ cups vegetable or chicken ¼ cup shaved Parmesan cheese broth 1½ teaspoons smoked paprika Heat oil in a large cast iron or nonstick skillet over medium-high heat. Add onion and sauté until soft and beginning to brown, 5 to 7 minutes. Add garlic, tomatoes with juice, broth, and smoked paprika. Bring to a boil. Add greens a handful or two at a time, stirring so they begin to wilt. Submerge Parmesan rind in the liquid. Reduce heat to medium-low, cover, and simmer about 5 minutes. Add beans and simmer 1 to 2 minutes to heat through. Divide among bowls; top with cheese, if desired. Eat solo or serve with Polish or Andouille sausage. Per serving: 507 calories, 11 grams fat (4 grams saturated fat), 14 milligrams cholesterol, 699 milligrams sodium, 72 grams total carbohydrates, 29 grams fiber, 34 grams protein.

When it comes to edible greens, there are the usual suspects: collard greens, Swiss chard, mustard greens, and kale, for instance. But plenty of greens are edible that you might not expect; leaves from beets, turnips, radishes, sweet potatoes, and broccoli are delicious and nutritious. Use one type of green or mix and match multiple kinds. On top of using greens that might have otherwise been discarded, the extra hard rind at the end of your Parmesan wedge, which doesn’t slice or grate as easily as the rest, will infuse terrific flavor into the broth, and the rind becomes soft and scrumptious. Parmesan rinds can be stored in the freezer until ready to use.



CARROT-TOP PESTO Carrot greens (also called leaves and fronds) look a lot like parsley and taste a bit like it, too. Many herbs and greens can create a variety of pestos: arugula, parsley, basil, spinach, mint, kale, Swiss chard. With different combinations of nuts, cheeses, and oils, the possibilities are endless.

Prep: 15 minutes | Servings: 4 1 large bunch of carrot-top 1/3 cup walnuts greens, stems, and leaves 2 green onions, greens only 1 clove garlic 2+ tablespoons olive oil half a lemon, juiced 1/3 cup fresh mint leaves In a medium pot, boil 5 or so cups of water. Roughly chop carrot-top greens and toss them in the boiling water for about 60 seconds, then immediately strain and rinse with cold water. (This mellows their slight bitterness.) Place all ingredients in a food processor. Pulse until finely chopped and beginning to form a paste, adding enough olive oil to loosen the pesto and make it scoopable. Serve hot or cold with raw or cooked vegetables, on crackers, atop carrot soup, or in pasta like a traditional pesto. Per serving: 146 calories, 13.5 grams fat, 1.5 grams saturated fat, 0 milligrams cholesterol, 60 milligrams sodium, 5 grams total carbohydrates, 3 grams fiber, 4 grams protein.



Do you have bread ends you don’t like eating? Half-eaten baguettes that are a bit too hard? Instead of discarding them, put leftover breads in a ziplock bag in the freezer. Once you’ve collected enough, you can make a variety of stuffings, croutons, breakfast casseroles, and bread puddings. Mix and match — French, Italian, white, wheat, even a bit of rye. Don’t be afraid to use up more ingredients from your fridge. Broccoli, green beans, kale, fresh herbs — it’s hard to go wrong. Along with leftover bread, this recipe is a good way to use up an excess of garden tomatoes (simply blanch, peel, and seed them) along with the last bit of a gallon of milk or bottle of wine.


Prep: 10 minutes | Cook: 45 minutes | Servings: 6 6 cups leftover bread, cut into 1 teaspoon Worcestershire sauce 1-inch cubes 14.5-ounce can diced tomatoes 5 tablespoons unsalted butter, 2 teaspoons dried basil divided 1 teaspoon oregano 3 eggs 1 teaspoon rosemary ¾ cup whole or 2% milk ½ cup shredded Swiss and/or ¼ cup white wine or chicken stock Gruyère cheese Preheat oven to 350 F. Grease 6 ramekins (or a 9 x 13-inch casserole dish) with some of the butter. Melt remaining butter. Spread bread cubes out on a cookie sheet and drizzle melted butter on top. Bake 10 to 15 minutes to toast bread. Let cool a few minutes. In an extra-large bowl, whisk together eggs, milk, wine, and Worcestershire sauce. Stir in tomatoes, basil, oregano, rosemary, and half the cheese. Toss bread in milk mixture to coat. Using tongs, fill each ramekin (or casserole dish) with bread. Pour any leftover liquid in the middle of each ramekin. Bake until a golden-brown crust forms, 25 to 35 minutes. Top with remaining cheese and bake another 5 minutes, or until cheese has melted. Serve hot. Per serving: 219 calories, 14.5 grams fat (8 grams saturated fat), 114 milligrams cholesterol, 258 milligrams sodium, 14 grams total carbohydrates, 1.5 grams fiber, 7 grams protein. JUNE 2022 • OHIO COOPERATIVE LIVING


This recipe is a great way to use orange peels before making orange juice, or, if you love eating oranges regularly, peel them in batches and store the fruit wedges to snack on later. This same recipe can be used to candy peels of 3 grapefruits or 6 lemons/limes. Grapefruit should simmer longer than the other fruits. Eat candied peels as is or use them on/in muffins, breads, cakes, and cocktails. A byproduct of making candied peels is a citrus-infused simple syrup to flavor beverages or drizzle over ice cream, pancakes, or snow cones.

CANDIED ORANGE PEELS AND ORANGE-INFUSED SIMPLE SYRUP Prep: 20 minutes | Cook: 2 hours | Cool: 12 to 24 hours | Servings: 12 4 large oranges 3 cups sugar, divided 1 to 1½ tablespoons citric acid (optional, for sour candy flavor)

Note: Citric acid is a powder used for many things, including making sour candy. Find it in the canning supplies section. Wash and lightly scrub the outsides of the oranges. Pat dry. Cut off ends, then slice the peel from end to end, sectioning it into quarters. Use your fingers to gently peel off each section. Cut peels into thin, equally sized strips and place in a medium-sized pot. Fill pot with water until peels are covered. Top with a lid and bring to a boil. Continue boiling for another 5 minutes. Drain in a colander and repeat the boiling process with fresh water two more times to eliminate bitterness. After the third time, drain water and leave peels in colander for a few minutes. In the same (now empty) pot, whisk together 2 cups sugar and 1¾ cups water. Turn burner to medium-high and cook until temperature reaches 230 F (10 to 15 minutes). Add the orange peels and continue to simmer on medium-low for 40 to 60 minutes. Check on the peels every 10 minutes or so, swirling the pot occasionally to ensure peels are covered with syrup. (Don’t stir, as stirring may cause crystallization.) When peels become translucent, remove pot from heat. Pour the remaining cup of sugar into a shallow bowl. To give the candied peels a sour-candy kick, mix up to 1½ tablespoons citric acid into the sugar. Use a slotted spoon or tongs to remove a few of the peels at a time from the pot, letting excess syrup drip off for a few seconds. Toss peels in the sugar to coat, separating any pieces that stick together. Spread candied peels out on wire racks above cookie sheets. Continue process with the rest of the peels. When done coating, pour the remaining sugar into the pot with the leftover syrup, add a touch more water, and heat until sugar has dissolved. (Keep in mind that if you made them sour, you’ll have sour syrup!) Pour syrup into an airtight container and store in fridge for 2 to 3 weeks to use as an orange-infused simple syrup. Let peels continue to dry for 12 to 24 hours, until they are no longer sticky to the touch. Store in an airtight container for up to 1 month. Per serving: 21 calories, 0 grams fat, 0 milligrams cholesterol, 0 milligrams sodium, 57 grams total carbohydrates, 1.5 grams fiber, 0.5 gram protein.

Have you tried one of our recipes? Do you have a recipe to share with other Ohio co-op members? Visit the Member Interactive page on www.ohiocoopliving.com to find recipes submitted by our readers and to upload yours.

www.ohiocoopliving.com While you’re there, check out a video of a few of our recipes being prepared.





Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative Board of Trustees has canceled the 2022 public annual meeting. The election of candidates will remain the same, and results of the election will be published on HWEC’s website on June 30, 2022, and in the August edition of Ohio Cooperative Living. All key information, including messages from the president/CEO and trustee chairman, that would have been presented at the meeting will be published in the August Ohio Cooperative Living magazine and posted on our website at www.hwecoop.com.





District 8

Canaan, Green, Milton, and Wayne townships in Wayne County

District 9

East Union, Franklin, Salt Creek, and Wooster townships in Wayne County

District 2

Killbuck, Knox, and Richland townships in Holmes County; Monroe, New Castle, and Tiverton townships in Coshocton County; and Jefferson and Union townships in Knox County

Candidate information is presented as provided by each candidate. HWEC Code of Regulations requires a nominating committee consisting of one member from each of the nine districts to select a minimum of one and maximum of three candidates for the election process.



District 2

Name: Lisa A. Grassbaugh

District 2

Name: Christopher Markley

Home address: 13845 State Route 520, Glenmont, Ohio 44628

Home address: 8707 Township Road 92, Killbuck, Ohio 44637

Email address: lisaag1985@gmail.com

Email address: cmm9078@yahoo.com

Number of years as a member of the cooperative: 20

Number of years as a member of the cooperative: 10

Cooperative voting district: 2

Cooperative voting district: 2

Education and specific degree: West Holmes High School, Kent State University — Bachelor of Arts, finance and management, LUTCF certification — licenses includes series 7, 6, 63, life and health. I have also had many continuing education and specialty classes in the areas of financial planning, ethics, insurance, privacy and security training in regard to handling of emails, web use, transferring of information, etc.

Lisa Grassbaugh

Current employment or employment history: Landy, Hamilton & Associates, a private wealth advisory practice of Ameriprise Financial Services, LLC. Office located at the Killbuck Savings Bank. I have 32 years of experience in the retail field as a financial advisor focusing primarily on insurance, investments, and financial planning. Leadership and community activities: Holmes County Jr. Fair Dairy Committee member and treasurer; Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative Foundation Operation Round Up board member, secretary; West Holmes Boys Soccer concession coordinator 2020–2021. Why are you interested in becoming a member of the HWEC Board of Trustees? I would be proud to be a member of the board of trustees. I admire the cooperative’s proficiency in delivering cost-efficient electricity to the residences and supporting community programs such as Operation Round Up and the Honor Trip. It is notable that the employees of HWEC are dedicated and are willing to reach out to help neighbors when needed while being supported by a community-driven organization. More importantly, I am willing to put forth the effort necessary to learn what is needed to be an asset to the board and the cooperative. I believe my finance background will add an additional point of view that will be beneficial to discussions. Any additional information you feel is essential for members to be aware of: I grew up in Glenmont on a dairy farm, which has provided a hardworking foundation but more importantly, a love and respect for our diverse area.

Education and specific degree: High school graduate — West Holmes High School, Fire training — Ohio State Fire Academy, Paramedic training — Aultman College, associate degree, fire science — Eastern Gateway Community College

Christopher Markley

Current employment or employment history: I am currently employed, and have been for 14 years, by Holmes Fire District #1 in Millersburg. My current role there is lieutenant, and I oversee several different operations. I am also employed as a firefighter/paramedic at the Killbuck Township Fire Department, a deputy sheriff at the Holmes County Sheriff’s Office, and a firefighter/paramedic with the City of Fairlawn. Leadership and community activities: I currently hold the role of my fire department’s union president as well as the department’s firefighter association union president. I still go on volunteer fire/EMS calls with Killbuck Fire Department outside of staffing hours to help out the community members in their time of need. Why are you interested in becoming a member of the HWEC Board of Trustees? I look forward to being able to help service my community in an organization that is invaluable to our residents. HWEC has a history of great service, and I hope to continue that mission on behalf of those residents in my district. Any additional information you feel is essential for members to be aware of: I am very familiar with budgets, numbers, and policies. I have helped secure hundreds of thousands of dollars in grants for the local fire departments, which has helped alleviate the use of taxpayer money. I have also written and implemented several different policies for these agencies, which has helped me reduce confusion and errors, all while increasing performance. Being familiar with these things allows me to make good, educated decisions that will benefit our community. Spouse, children: Spouse, Michelle; children, Alex, Charolette, Jewel, and Annie.

Children: I have one son, John. He is a member of 4-H, FFA, and plays soccer.



District 8

Name: Barry Jolliff

District 9

Name: Gary Graham

Home address: 760 E Hutton Road, Wooster, Ohio 44691

Home address: 6927 Non Pariel Road, Wooster, Ohio 44691

Email address: bjolliff@sssnet.com

Email address: moose6281@gmail.com

Number of years as a member of the cooperative: 26

Number of years as a member of the cooperative: 20

Cooperative voting district: 8

Cooperative voting district: 9

Education and specific degree: Master’s degree, agricultural education, The Ohio State University, 1985; bachelor’s degree in early and middle childhood education, The Ohio State University, 1982; Northwestern High School, West Salem, Ohio. National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) Credentialed Cooperative Director Program, 2014; NRECA Board Leadership Program, 2015.

Barry Jolliff

Current employment or employment history: Employed part-time, Bent Nail Architectural Millwork, Lodi, Ohio. I have also owned Teamwork & Teamplay, LLC, since 1999, where I teach team-building and leadership seminars, social recreation, and dance workshops, and I call square dances. I’ve taught agriculture and education classes at The Ohio State University/Agricultural Technical Institute for the last several years. Prior to that, I worked for the OSU Extension in Wayne and Lake Counties in 4-H and youth development for 16 years, and I taught in Medina City Schools for three years. I have been a board member of Holmes-Wayne Electric since 2007, serving as secretary/treasurer since 2012. I’ve represented HolmesWayne on the board of Ohio Electric Cooperatives since 2012. Leadership and community activities: I have been on the board of directors for Buckeye Leadership Workshop for over 30 years. This board hosts and presents a leadership workshop each spring to teach leadership skills through recreation. I have been a 4-H advisor for over 20 years in Wayne County. I play piano and work with youth at the Church of Cross in Wooster. Why are you interested in becoming a member of the HWEC Board of Trustees or serving another term? Over the last several years, I have worked diligently to become an educated and informed board member of the Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative. The HWEC board has elected me as their representative to serve on the Ohio Rural Electric Cooperatives Board of Directors and also elected me as their secretary and treasurer. I enjoy working with the board, the co-op staff, and also the members. I have lived in Wayne County almost all my life, and I appreciate having the opportunity to serve my family, friends, and neighbors as part of the HWEC Board of Trustees. Spouse, children, and grandchildren: My wife is Dr. Amy Jolliff. She is a family practice physician in Wooster. She is also the Wayne County coroner. We have three children. Christy (Jonathan) and their two children live in Wooster. Christy teaches for Wooster City Schools. Jonathan works as a counselor at the Village Network. Jesse lives and works in Columbus, Ohio. Becky will graduate with a second degree this spring as a physical therapy technician. She currently lives in Eugene, Oregon.


Education and specific degree: The Ohio State University — Ph.D., natural resources in natural resources management, Miami University — Master of Science, natural resources management, University of Akron — Bachelor of Science, secondary education, University of Akron/Wayne College — Associate of Science.

Gary Graham

Current employment or employment history: The past 27 years I’ve worked for Ohio State University Extension as a specialist in agricultural and natural resources. Currently, I’m an assistant professor stationed in the Holmes County office, Millersburg. I also serve as the state specialist for maple syrup production serving the Ohio, national, and international maple production community. Before this I was a mechanic for Triway Local Schools, a John Deere dealership, and a family truck repair business with Bill Graham. Leadership and community activities: Fredericksburg Presbyterian Church: long-range planning team, leader of safety team, Sunday school teacher; Served as chair (seven years) for international gathering of university and extension specialists for the North American Maple Syrup Council meetings. Also served on multiple teams with this international group of maple producers; inducted into the North American Maple Hall of Fame for 20 years of service to the international maple syrup producer’s community; board member representing Ohio on the International Maple Syrup Institute board of directors; editor of Ohio Maple Producers Association newsletter (11 years) and ex officio board member for 21 years; chair/ team member of numerous local and state committees and teams for the Ohio State University Extension; board of directors, Wayne County Agricultural Society (fair board, 9 years). Why are you interested in becoming a member of the HWEC Board of Trustees? I believe in the HWEC mission. HWEC provides service to a large area with diverse topographic conditions and member demographics. After becoming a member 20 years ago, I was impressed with the quality of service compared to previous electrical providers. Every interaction I’ve had with an HWEC employee or Trustee has been a positive one. The politeness, cooperation, and eagerness to serve its members, from the office staff to the linemen, makes it a great organization. I want to be a part of keeping that going. I’m willing to serve as a trustee to assist the members of District 9 and all HWEC members and employees.


District 9

District 9 Name: Beau Mastrine

Name: Christopher Finney

Home address: 4975 S. Honeytown Road, Wooster, OH 44691

Home address: 1760 West Moreland Road, Wooster, Ohio 44691

Email address: beaumastrine@gmail.com

Email address: cfinney@sssnet.com

Number of years as a member of the cooperative: 18

Number of years as a member of the cooperative: 17

Cooperative voting district: 9

Cooperative voting district: 9

Beau Mastrine

Education and specific degree: Ohio State University, ATI – Associate of Applied Science, landscape contracting and construction. Ohio State University, ATI – Associate of Applied Science, turfgrass management.

Education and specific degree: Ohio Northern University – Bachelor of Science, mathematics/minor, business administration, University of Akron – Master of Business Administration, University of Akron Law School – Juris Doctorate.

Current employment or employment history: 2019–present: The College of Wooster; director of facility budgets and project administration. 2004–2019: The College of Wooster; director of grounds. 2001–2004: The College of Wooster; ground supervisor. 1998–2001: The College of Wooster; campus groundskeeper. 1997–1998: Flory & Son, Inc; general laborer. Spring 1997–winter 1999: Cleveland Indians; groundkeeper. Spring 1996–summer 1996: Gibbs Landscape Company (Smyrna, GA); assistant crew leader.

Current employment or employment history: Attorney with Logee, Hostetler, Stutzman & Lehman, LLC, in Wooster, Ohio, since 2004. Auditor with the Ohio Auditor of State, Columbus Region, from 1998–2000.

Leadership and community activities: Certified Ground Manager; Ohio Turfgrass Foundation (1998–2019); Professional Grounds Management Society (2006–present); PGMS-CGM mentor/review committee & LMOA committee (2013–present); Ohio Sports Turf Management Association (2009-2019); Ohio Landscape Association (2012–2019); The Ohio State University, Agricultural Technical Institute – Hawks Nest Golf Course Task Force (2018–2019); graduate of Leadership Wooster (2015); member of The College of Wooster Emergency Response Team; member of The College of Wooster First Responder Group; volunteer for Junior Achievement; St. Peter’s Church of Christ Property Maintenance Committee; St. Peter’s Church of Christ consistory member, St Peter’s Church of Christ Safety Committee; Wayne County Schools Career Center Buildings and Grounds Advisory Committee (2004–present); Wayne County Historical Society Buildings and Grounds Committee (2005–2006); Waynedale Flag Football, president; youth sports coach, baseball and football. Why are you interested in becoming a member of the HWEC Board of Trustees? As a life-long resident of Wayne County, I see this as a way to further my civic duties for the community that I live in. Spouse, children: Spouse, Holly; children, Jax and Tripp.

Christopher Finney

Leadership and community activities: Member of Wayne County Bar Association, chairperson of public records committee, member of the Ohio State Bar Association. Served as president/vice president of Westwood Ruritan Club, Wooster, Ohio, from 2009–2020. Why are you interested in becoming a member of the HWEC Board of Trustees? I feel I can use my experience as an attorney and auditor to review the cooperative’s financial statements and other information in order to make informed decisions for the board and to oversee the cooperative’s management and to present and explain the cooperative’s issues and policies to the members of my district. Any additional information you feel is essential for members to be aware of: I am also a certified public accountant (inactive). Spouse, children: Spouse: Tammy; children, Ruth, Luke, John, and Jude.



Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative Board of Trustees canceled the 2021 public annual meeting. The election of candidates remained the same, and results of the election were published on HWEC’s website on June 24, 2021, and in the August edition of Ohio Cooperative Living. All key information, including messages from the president/CEO and trustee chairman, that would have been presented at the June 24, 2021, meeting was published in the August Ohio Cooperative Living magazine and posted on our website at www.hwecoop.com.





We are honored to share how the big hearts of our Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative members are changing our community. Through the HWEC Operation Round Up Foundation, members are using a simple program to change lives. In 2021, the foundation donated over $45,000 to local individuals, families, and organizations in our community. So, how does the foundation work? Over 7,200 HWEC members have chosen to have their monthly electric bill rounded up to the next dollar. That spare change is placed into the Operation Round Up Foundation. A five-member community board reviews the applications and selects distributions based on the mission of the foundation. Can you believe that since the foundation’s inception in 2006, over $795,000 has been distributed back to our local counties? The program is successful because the

donation is not a large burden on anyone, and it stays local. This is the same concept of how your electric cooperative was founded. Local community members came together to bring electricity to the rural area. Now, through Operation Round Up, we are helping each other out during difficult and unexpected medical emergencies, house fires, and situations that have fallen through the cracks of other agencies. We take care of our own! If you want to join this program, it’s easy. Just give us a call toll-free at 866-674-1055. We can easily enroll you in the program. Also, if you are aware of someone in need, you can find our application on our website at hwecoop.com or you can give us a call. Thank you for your continued commitment to our great community!

The Operation Round Up board, pictured from left to right: (front) Glenn Miller, Lisa Grassbaugh, (back) Jonathan Berger, Dan Mathie, and Matt Johnson.


OPERATION ROUND UP Assist individual with medical condition – Loudonville


Adaptive Sports Program, sled hockey – Wooster


Assist family with beds for children – Wooster


Assist family with beds for children – Millersburg


National Alliance for Mental Illness – Wayne and Holmes counties


YMCA, after-school program – Wooster


Camp fees for children with disabilities – Wooster


Millserburg Food Run, support local food pantry


OneEighty, assist with addiction treatment programs


United Way of Holmes and Wayne counties – Dolly Parton’s Imagination Library


Assist individual with home needs for medical condition – West Salem


Assist family with bed for child – Big Prairie


Pomerene Health Auxiliary


Pomerene Health Foundation


Holmesville United Methodist Church, Martha’s Cupboard Food Pantry


Holmes County Home and Senior Center, processing of donated fair animals


Ashland/Wayne Young Ag Professionals, holiday toy drive


American Red Cross, Festival of Trees fundraiser


CampOhio youth 4-H camp


Farmers and Hunters Feeding the Hungry – Coshocton, processing for donated deer


The Lord’s Pantry, toy drive – West Salem


Wayne County Agencies, processing of donated fair animals


Holmes County Farm Bureau, Harvest for Hunger


West Holmes Middle School, Shop with a Teacher


Share-A-Christmas – Holmes County


West Salem Outreach and Food Pantry


Light House Love Center – Holmes County


Salvation Army – Wayne County


Salvation Army – Holmes County


Town and Country Fire and Rescue – West Salem Toy Drive


Christian Children’s Home – Wooster


Meals and More – West Salem


Meals on Wheels – Holmes County Senior Center


OneEighty, domestic violence, substance abuse, and mental health services – Holmes County


OneEighty, domestic violence, substance abuse, and mental health services – Wayne County


American Red Cross


Hospice – Holmes and Wayne County


Viola Startzman Health Clinic – Wooster


Church of God , food pantry – Millersburg



OPERATION ROUND UP Meals Together, Wooster Methodist Church – Wooster


Glenmont Food Pantry


Shreve United Methodist Church, food pantry


Mohican Area Community Fund


Goodwill Industries of Wayne and Holmes Counties, Inc.


The Lord’s Pantry – West Salem


New Leaf Center, clinic for special needs children – Mount Eaton


Apple Creek United Methodist Church Food Pantry and Christmas Outreach


Nick Amster Workshop – Wayne County


Hillsdale CARES food drive


People to People Ministries




Operation Round Up annual distribution 2021 2020 2019 2018

– – – –

$45,761.00 $58,722.90 $62,101.43 $59,807.74

2017 2016 2015 2014

– – – –


$52,659.98 $56,137.27 $49,449.70 $48,216.56

2013 2012 2011 2010

– – – –

$63,099.06 $51,343.99 $63,289.93 $59,670.87

2009 2008 2007 2006

– – – –

$38,794.38 $38,279.61 $37,596.26 $31,986.93



February 17, 2022


Opinion We have audited the financial statements of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative (the Cooperative), which comprise the balance sheets as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, the related statements of revenue and expense, patronage capital and cash flows for the years then ended, and the related notes to the financial statements. In our opinion, the accompanying financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the Cooperative as of December 31, 2021 and 2020, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for the years then ended in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Basis for Opinion We conducted our audits in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAS) and the standards applicable to financial audits contained in Government Auditing Standards, issued by the Comptroller General of the United States. Our responsibilities under those standards are further described in the Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements section of our report. We are required to be independent of the Cooperative and to meet our other ethical responsibilities, in accordance with the relevant ethical requirements relating to our audits. We believe that the audit evidence we have obtained is sufficient and appropriate to provide a basis for our audit opinion.

Other Matter During the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, the Cooperative received $0 in long-term loan fund advances from CFC on loans controlled by the CFC Loan Agreement and/or Mortgage or Security Agreement.

Responsibilities of Management for the Financial Statements Management is responsible for the preparation and fair presentation of the financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, and for the design, implementation, and maintenance of internal control relevant to the preparation and fair presentation of financial statements that are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error. In preparing the financial statements, management is required to evaluate whether there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Cooperative’s ability to continue as a going concern for the period of one year from the date of this report.

Auditor’s Responsibilities for the Audit of the Financial Statements Our objectives are to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements as a whole are free from material misstatement, whether due to fraud or error, and to issue an auditor’s report that includes our opinion. Reasonable assurance is a high level of assurance, but is not absolute assurance, and therefore, is not a guarantee that an audit conducted in accordance with GAAS and Government Auditing Standards will always detect a material misstatements when it

Board of Trustees Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. Millersburg, Ohio 44654

exists. The risk of not detecting a material misstatement resulting from fraud is higher than for one resulting from error, as fraud may involve collusion, forgery, intentional omissions, misrepresentations, or the override of internal control. Misstatements are considered material if there is a substantial likelihood that, individually or in the aggregate, they would influence the judgment made by a reasonable user based on the financial statements. In performing an audit in accordance with GAAS and Government Auditing Standards, we: • Exercise professional judgment and maintain professional skepticism throughout the audit. • Identify and assess the risks of material misstatement of the financial statements, whether due to fraud or error, and design and perform audit procedures responsive to those risks. Such procedures include examining, on a test basis, evidence regarding the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. • Obtain an understanding of internal control relevant to the audit in order to design audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of the Cooperative’s internal control. Accordingly, no such opinion is expressed. • Evaluate the appropriateness of accounting policies used and the reasonableness of significant accounting estimates made by management, as well as evaluate the overall presentation of the financial statements. • Conclude whether, in our judgment, there are conditions or events, considered in the aggregate, that raise substantial doubt about the Cooperative’s ability to continue as a going concern for a reasonable period of time. We are required to communicate with those charged with governance regarding, among other matters, the planned scope and timing of the audit, significant audit findings, and certain internal control related matters that we identified during the audit.

Other Reporting Required by Government Auditing Standards In accordance with Government Auditing Standards, we have also issued our report dated February 17, 2022 on our consideration of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting and on our tests of its compliance with certain provisions of laws, regulations, contracts, and grant agreements and other matters. The purpose of that report is to solely describe the scope of our testing of internal control over financial reporting and compliance and the results of that testing, and not to provide an opinion on the effectiveness of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting or on compliance. That report is an integral part of an audit performed in accordance with Government Auditing Standards in considering HolmesWayne Electric Cooperative, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting and compliance..

Rea & Associates, Inc. Millersburg, OH








$98,864,172 2,554,197 101,418,369 24,112,808 77,305,561

$93,220,999 3,473,729 96,694,728 23,149,366 73,545,362

154,985 2,250,188 19,556,309 21,961,482

309,971 2,227,264 20,028,896 22,566,131

253,415 5,346,253 1,367,077 176,101 7,142,846 $106,409,889

705,784 5,214,324 1,018,005 123,322 7,061,435 $103,172,928



$42,953,874 2,039,624 (124,800) 44,868,698

$40,768,367 1,986,371 (131,100) 42,623,638

52,569,363 1,355 690,043 53,260,761

51,601,975 16,456 648,239 52,266,670

2,051,000 500,000 3,419,597 31,400 1,517,108 129,730 631,595 8,280,430 $106,409,889

1,909,000 1,000,000 3,200,264 20,100 1,424,510 145,585 583,161 8,282,620 $103,172,928

UTILITY PLANT: Electric plant in service Construction work in progress Less: provision for accumulated depreciation Net utility plant

OTHER ASSETS AND INVESTMENTS: Retirement security plan prepayment Investments in associated organizations Patronage capital from associated organizations Total other assets and investments

CURRENT ASSETS: Cash and cash equivalents Accounts receivable, net of allowance Materials and supplies Other current assets Total current assets Total assets

EQUITIES AND LIABILITIES EQUITY: Patronage capital Other equities Accumulated other comprehensive loss Total equity

LONG-TERM LIABILITIES: Mortgage notes payable Deferred credit Postretirement benefit obligation Total long-term liabilities

CURRENT LIABILITIES: Current maturities of mortgage notes payable Line of credit Accounts payable Postretirement benefit obligation, current portion Accrued taxes Customers’ deposits Other current liabilities Total current liabilities Total equities and liabilities

(The accompanying notes are an integral part of this statement.)





FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2021 AND 2020 OPERATING REVENUES OPERATING EXPENSES Cost of purchased power Operations Maintenance Consumer accounts Customer service and informational expense Administrative and general Depreciation Tax expense Interest - other Other deductions Total cost of electric service Operating margins before fixed charges

FIXED CHARGES, interest on long-term debt Operating margins after fixed charges

2021 $48,134,283

2020 $43,569,945

29,846,701 4,070,070 2,692,292 1,106,350 103,104 1,893,419 2,895,455 1,571,082 4,170 964 44,183,607 3,950,676

26,283,419 3,852,430 3,402,338 1,057,688 99,640 1,871,262 2,785,256 1,482,179 4,683 1,000 40,839,895 2,730,050

1,762,483 2,188,193

1,728,851 1,001,199

1,123,338 117,448 1,240,786

1,351,484 45,222 1,396,706



41,777 35,606 35,338 112,721 $3,541,700

48,068 92,291 5,219 145,578 $2,543,483

2021 $40,768,367 3,541,700 (1,356,193)

2020 $39,205,932 2,543,483 (981,048)



PATRONAGE CAPITAL CREDITS: Generation and transmission credits, Buckeye Power, Inc. Other credits Net operating margins

NON-OPERATING MARGINS: Interest income Other income Gain on disposition of property Net margins


(The accompanying notes are an integral part of this statement.)


FOR THE YEARS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2021 AND 2020 PATRONAGE CAPITAL, beginning of year Net margins Retirement of capital credits

PATRONAGE CAPITAL, end of year (The accompanying notes are an integral part of this statement.)









2,895,455 154,986 (1,241,815)

2,785,256 154,985 (1,823,612)

(131,929) (52,779)

(697,897) 55,215

219,333 92,598 (15,855) 48,434 (15,101) 53,104 2,006,431 5,548,131

(86,158) 51,401 (19,085) 63,452 (13,422) 50,940 521,075 3,064,558

(6,655,654) (349,072) (23,608) 1,714,402 684 (5,313,248)

(8,636,885) 13,887 (7,255) 1,682,394 33,671 (6,914,188)

Net (payments) proceeds on line of credit Proceeds from mortgage notes payable Principal payments on mortgage notes payable Patronage capital credits retired Retired capital credits unclaimed (claimed) Donated capital received Actuarial gain on postretirement benefits Net cash (used) provided by financing activities Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

(500,000) 3,050,000 (1,940,612) (1,356,193) 6,538 46,715 6,300 (687,252) (452,369)

1,000,000 5,950,000 (1,770,769) (981,048) (24,963) 54,183 6,300 4,233,703 384,073


705,784 $253,415

321,711 $705,784

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES: Net margins Adjustments to reconcile net margins to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation Amortization of retirement security plan prepayment Non-cash capital credits received (Increase) decrease in assets: Accounts receivable, net Other current assets Increase (decrease) in liabilities: Accounts payable Accrued taxes Customers' deposits Other current liabilities Deferred credits Postretirement benefit obligation Total adjustments Net cash provided by operating activities

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES: Construction and acquisition of utility plant (Increase) decrease in materials and supplies Investments in associated organizations Proceeds from redemption of capital credits Return of investment in associated organizations Net cash used in investing activities


(The accompanying notes are an integral part of this statement.)





NOTE A: ORGANIZATION Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. (the Cooperative) is a non-profit corporation operating on a cooperative basis. Its primary purpose is to provide electric power and energy to its membership which includes individuals as well as commercial and industrial businesses.



Investments in associated organizations are recorded at cost, which is the same as par value. The investments have no ready market and are included in the financial statements as long-term assets. These investments, for the most part, represent equity contributions in other cooperatives and patronage capital received from other cooperatives.

Materials and Supplies


The Cooperative’s accounting policies conform to generally accepted accounting principles of the United States of America following the accounting procedures common to rural electrical cooperatives and as recommended by the Rural Utilities Service (RUS).

Uninsured Risk

The Cooperative maintains its cash and cash equivalents balances in multiple financial institutions located in central Ohio. Deposits in interest-bearing and non-interest-bearing accounts are collectively insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”) up to a coverage limit of $250,000 at each FDIC-insured depository institution. As a result, the Cooperative may have balances that exceed the insured limit.


The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Electric Plant, Equipment and Depreciation

The Cooperative records improvements and additions to the distribution plant at cost using continuing property records. Retirements are removed from the asset and accumulated depreciation accounts at a standard cost, which approximates original cost, which is updated periodically. The general plant and equipment is recorded at cost based on the unit method. Any retirements or disposals of general plant and equipment are removed at cost from the asset and accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided for by the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the property. The provisions are determined by the use of functional composite rates as follows: Distribution Plant General Plant: Structure and improvements Office furniture and equipment Computer equipment Transportation equipment Power operating equipment Communications equipment

Other general plant


3.2% 2.0 - 5.0 % 10.0% 25.0% 14.0% 12.0% 10.0%

Inventory of materials and supplies not allocated to construction in progress is valued at average cost.

Patronage Capital

Net margins arising from operations are allocated to the members in the form of capital credits based on each member’s billings during the year. No portion of the current allocation is paid in cash.

Income Taxes

The Cooperative is a Rural Electric Cooperative exempt from federal income taxes under Internal Revenue Code Section 501(c) (12). Accordingly, no provision for federal income taxes has been made. An informational tax return, Form 990, is prepared and filed each year with the Internal Revenue Service. The Cooperative presently discloses or recognizes income tax positions based on management’s estimate of whether it is reasonably possible or probable, respectively, that a liability has been incurred for unrecognized income tax benefits. Interest and penalties would be recorded as operating expenses when they are incurred.

Statements of Cash Flows

For purposes of the statements of cash flows, the Cooperative considers all highly liquid debt instruments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Net cash flows from operating activities include cash payments for interest of $1,763,906 and $1,730,240 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. There were no payments for federal income taxes for 2021 or 2020.

Workers’ compensation

During 2020, the Ohio Bureau of Workers’ Compensation approved three dividends. The dividend in late April represented a rebate for the 2018 policy year. The dividend in October represented a rebate for the 2019 policy year. The November dividend was not a rebate of premium for any given year. The Cooperative has elected to record rebates of policy years in other income. As such the April and October dividends of $12,136 and $10,343, respectively, are recorded in other income. The November dividend of $35,277 does not relate to any one premium year and is therefore also recorded as other income.

NOTE C: REVENUE Revenue from the sale of electricity is recorded monthly based on consumer electricity consumption. The Cooperative bills monthly for all consumers. Commercial consumers with capacity in excess of 15 KW have “Demand” meters and are billed based upon automated meter readings taken at the end of each calendar month. All other consumers are billed


NOTES TO FINANCIALS based upon self-read meter readings. Substantially all of the cooperative’s consumers are located in Holmes and Wayne counties. The allowance for doubtful accounts at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was $30,000. Bad debt expense for 2021 and 2020 was $20,347 and $11,031, respectively. The Cooperative derives its revenues primarily from sales of electricity. For such revenues, the Cooperative recognizes revenues in an amount derived from the electricity delivered to customers. The Cooperative calculates revenue earned but not yet billed based on the number of days not billed in the month, the estimated amount of energy delivered during those days and the estimated average price per customer class for that month. Differences between actual and estimated unbilled revenue are immaterial. The performance obligation in all arrangements is satisfied over time because the customer simultaneously receives and consumes the benefits as the Cooperative delivers or sells the electricity. The Cooperative records revenue for all of those sales based upon the volume delivered, which corresponds to the amount that the Cooperative has a right to invoice. There are no material initial incremental costs of obtaining a contract in any of the arrangements. The Cooperative does not adjust the promised consideration for the effects of a significant financing component if it expects, at contract inception, that the time between the delivery of promised goods or service and customer payment will be one year or less. The Cooperative does not have any material significant payment terms because it receives payment at or shortly after the point of sale. The Cooperative also has various other sources of revenue including billing, collection, other administrative charges, rent of utility property, and miscellaneous revenue. It classifies such revenues as other ASC 606 revenues to the extent they are not related to revenue generating activities from leasing.

NOTE D: UTILITY PLANT Listed below are the major classes of the electric plant as of December 31: Intangible Plant Distribution Plant General Plant Electric Plant in Service Construction Work in Progress Total Utility Plant at Cost

2021 $ 248,131 88,380,639 10,235,402 98,864,172 2,554,197

2020 $ 248,131 82,912,604 10,060,264 93,220,999 3,473,729

$ 101,418,369

$ 96,694,728

NOTE E: INVESTMENTS IN ASSOCIATED ORGANIZATIONS Investments in associated organizations consisted of the following on December 31: 2021 Investments in Associated Organizations: Capital term certificates of the National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation (NRUCFC) $ 621,336 NRUCFC member capital securities 200,000 Equity contribution with Buckeye Power, Inc. 1,209,981 NRUCFC membership 1,000 Cooperative Response




622,020 200,000 1,209,981 1,000

Center membership Heartland Emergency Equipment, Ltd. Total investments in associated organizations





$ 2,250,188

$ 2,227,264

NOTE F: PATRONAGE CAPITAL FROM ASSOCIATED ORGANIZATIONS Patronage Capital from associated organizations consisted of the following on December 31: 2021 2020 Patronage Capital from Associated Organizations: Buckeye Power, Inc. $ 18,620,704 $ 19,156,739 NRUCFC 200,833 192,583 National Information Solutions Cooperative 126,356 119,084 Federated Rural Electric Insurance Exchange 171,448 161,890 Cooperative Response Center membership 14,622 17,770 United Utility Supply Cooperative Corporation 422,346 380,830 Total patronage capital from associated organizations $ 19,556,309 $ 20,028,896

NOTE G: PATRONAGE CAPITAL At December 31, 2021 and 2020, patronage capital consisted of: Assignable Assigned Retired Total patronage capital

2021 2020 3,541,700 $ 2,543,483 68,718,585 66,175,102 72,260,285 68,718,585 (29,306,411) (27,950,218) $ 42,953,874 $ 40,768,367


The Cooperative’s patronage capital balances represent 40 percent, of the total assets at December 31, 2021 and 2020. Capital credit retirements in the amount of $1,356,193 and $981,048 were paid in 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Cooperative received donated capital from members totaling $46,715 and $54,183 during 2021 and 2020, respectively, which is included in the patronage capital retired for the year. Patronage capital at December 31, 2021 and 2020 includes $23,076,730 and $22,451,975, respectively, reinvested in Buckeye Power, Inc. which has been restricted by action of the Board of Trustees and members of the Cooperative. This patronage capital reinvested in Buckeye Power, Inc. has been separately identified on the books of the Cooperative and will not be available for retirement by the Cooperative until retired in cash by Buckeye Power, Inc.


In this Plan, which is available to all member cooperatives of NRECA, the accumulated benefits and plan assets are not determined or allocated separately by individual employer. The pension expense for 2021 and 2020 was $788,159 and $724,481, respectively. All employees of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. are eligible to participate in the selected pension plan and trust defined contribution benefit plan administered by NRECA. The Cooperative contributes 1 percent of all eligible participants’ base salary and wages and matches up to an additional 4 percent of a participant’s voluntary contributions. The Cooperative expensed $159,477 and $153,521 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.

At December 31, 2021 and 2020, other equities consisted of: Donated capital Retired capital credits unclaimed Total other equities

2021 $ 1,331,325

2020 $ 284,610

708,299 $ 2,039,624

701,761 $ 1,986,371

NOTE I: BENEFIT PLANS All employees of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. participate in the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) Retirement & Security Program, a multiemployer defined benefit pension plan qualified under Section 410 and tax exempt under Section 501(a) of the Internal Revenue Code. The Cooperative makes annual contributions to the Program equal to the amounts accrued for pension expense except for the period when a moratorium on contributions is in effect. Loan Fixed Interest Rate RUS advance payments unapplied

NOTE J: LONG-TERM DEBT Long-term debt is comprised substantially of mortgage notes payable to the United States of America (RUS & FFB) and supplemental mortgages to NRUCFC. Following is a summary of outstanding long-term debt as of December 31, 2021 and 2020:

Maturity Date

2021 $(108)

2020 $(105)

6.250% 6.300% 4.100% - 4.850% 3.550% - 4.950% 4.503% 4.120% 2.736% 4.269% 4.295% 3.879% 2.009% 2.231% 2.795% 4.550% 4.353% 4.543% 3.889% 3.849% 4.419% 3.873% 2.763% 2.702% 2.330% 2.421% 2.777% 2.256%

3/14/26 7/28/29 9/23/26 11/25/39 12/31/31 12/31/31 12/31/31 12/31/31 12/31/31 12/31/31 1/2/35 1/2/35 1/2/35 1/2/35 12/31/34 12/31/34 12/31/42 12/31/42 12/31/42 1/2/46 1/2/46 1/2/46 1/2/46 1/2/46 1/2/46 1/2/46

170,416 178,686 405,365 5,203,247 497,370 931,888 446,721 250,086 502,134 482,761 530,986 521,609 539,483 601,428 601,082 1,459,844 4,666,263 2,329,568 1,665,462 1,677,545 1,134,408 1,051,232 1,357,245 1,001,149 1,923,099 801,923

206,813 196,789 487,521 5,445,890 535,733 1,005,417 484,945 269,645 541,345 521,398 566,293 555,726 573,314 634,421 634,561 1,539,969 4,805,994 2,399,681 1,712,064 1,718,677 1,167,046 1,081,738 1,398,735 1,031,369 1,978,320 826,690




































FFB Mortgage notes subtotal



1,451,407 $43,012,565

1,479,366 $44,700,721



NOTES TO FINANCIALS NOTE J: LONG-TERM DEBT (continued) Loan Fixed Interest Rate Mortgage notes subtotal FFB 1.862% FFB 1.175% FFB 1.071% FFB 1.208% FFB 2.206% Total mortgage notes Less: current portion of mortgage notes

Maturity Date

Long-term mortgage notes payable

12/31/52 12/31/52 12/31/52 12/31/52 12/31/52

2021 $43,012,565 2,882,141 1,911,108 1,908,996 1,888,477 3,017,076 54,620,363 2,051,000

2020 $44,700,721 2,949,814 1,961,736 1,960,482 1,938,222 53,510,975 1,909,000

$ 52,569,363

$ 51,601,975

The annual maturities of long-term debt for the next five years are as follows: 2022 $2,051,000 2023 2,122,000 2024 2,198,000 2025 2,257,000 2026 2,240,000 Thereafter 43,752,363 $ 54,620,363 The Cooperative has available $2,500,000 in loan funds from FFB that have not been advanced to the Cooperative as of December 31, 2021.

NOTE K: SHORT-TERM DEBT The short-term line of credit of $10,000,000 maximum is available to the Cooperative on loan commitments from NRUCFC at December 31, 2021 and 2020. The interest rate on the line of credit at December 31, 2021 and 2020 was 2.45 percent, with outstanding balances on the line of $500,000 and $1,000,000, for 2021 and 2020, respectively. Substantially all of the assets of the Cooperative are pledged for the mortgage notes payable and the line of credit. Principal and interest installments on the above notes are due either quarterly or monthly. The Cooperative also has a corporate charge card agreement in place with US Bank and NRUCFC. The terms of the agreement state that CFC will extend the Cooperative credit, if needed, at CFC’s current line of credit rate, payable upon demand by CFC.

NOTE L: DEFERRED CREDITS Deferred credits are summarized as follows: Consumer energy prepayments Construction deposits

2021 $ 1,355 – $ 1,355

2020 $ 1,498 14,958 $ 16,456

NOTE M: COMMITMENTS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS The Cooperative purchases all of its power from Buckeye Power, Inc., a non-profit corporation operating on a cooperative basis whose membership includes HolmesWayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. Rates for service members of Buckeye Power, Inc. are in accordance with the provisions of the Wholesale Power Agreement. The Cooperative had accounts payable due to Buckeye Power, Inc. of $2,494,602 and $2,355,205 at December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. 20N  OHIO COOPERATIVE LIVING • JUNE 2022

The Cooperative purchases material from United Utility Supply Cooperative Corporation, formerly, Rural Electric Supply Cooperative, Inc., of which it is an owner and member. Total purchases were $2,123,973 and $1,513,221 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Cooperative has an agreement with National Information Solutions Cooperative (NISC), St. Louis, Missouri to participate in data processing services offered by NISC. This contract will continue until terminated by written notice given by either party. The total expense under this agreement was $197,866 and $182,602 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Cooperative borrows funds from National Rural Utilities Cooperative Finance Corporation of which it is a member and owner (see also Note J and K). The Cooperative has an investment in Heartland Emergency Equipment, Ltd., a limited liability company (LLC). The LLC’s members consist of 12 rural electric cooperatives. The purpose of the LLC is for the cooperatives to pool resources for the provision and use of emergency substation equipment. The investment balance is disclosed in Note E. The Cooperative has an investment in Cooperative Response Center (CRC). CRC provides after hours emergency telephone services for the Cooperative. Total fees for services were $42,447 and $43,915 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively. The Cooperative maintains insurance coverage through Federated Rural Electric Insurance Exchange of which it is a member and owner. Total premiums paid were $121,328 and $114,730 for the years ended December 31, 2021 and 2020, respectively.



The following table sets forth the accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) at December 31: 2021 2020 Accumulated other comprehensive loss, beginning of year $ (131,100) $(137,400) Actuarial gain on postretirement benefits 6,300 6,300 Accumulated other comprehensive loss, end of year $ (124,800) $ (131,100)

NOTE O: EMPLOYEE POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS The Cooperative sponsors an unfunded defined benefit postretirement medical insurance plan, which covers substantially all employees retiring from the Cooperative. Such a plan requires the recording of the net periodic postretirement benefit cost as employees render services necessary to earn such benefits, and requires the accrual of the postretirement benefit obligation (including any unfunded portion of the plan). RUS is not requiring the Cooperative to fund the plan. The Cooperative is paying benefits to retirees on a “pay-as-you-go” basis. Therefore, there are no assets available for benefits. The following table sets forth the plan’s accrued postretirement benefit obligation (“APBO”) at December 31: APBO, beginning of year Service cost Interest cost Amortization APBO, end of year Less: current portion APBO, long-term portion

2021 $ 668,339 31,000 28,404 (6,300) 721,443 (31,400) $ 690,043


2020 617,399 31,000 26,240 (6,300) 668,339 (20,100) $ 648,239

Benefits expected to be paid, representing expected future service, are as follows: 2022 31,400 2023-2027 352,700 The annual health care cost trend rates, which have a significant effect on the amounts reported, are assumed as follows: Medical / Drugs 2021 6.50% 2022 6.25% 2023 6.00% 2024 5.75% 2025 5.50% 2026 5.25% 2027 and later 5.00% The weighted-average discount rate used in determining the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation was 4.25 percent.

At the December 2012 meeting of the I&FS Committee of the NRECA Board of Directors, the Committee approved an option to allow participating cooperatives in the Retirement Security (RS) Plan (a defined benefit multiemployer pension plan) to make a prepayment and reduce future required contributions. The prepayment amount is a cooperative’s share, as of January 1, 2013, of future contributions required to fund the RS Plan’s unfunded value of benefits earned to date using Plan actuarial valuation assumptions. The prepayment amount will typically equal approximately 2.5 times a cooperative’s annual RS Plan required contribution as of January 1, 2013. After making the prepayment, for most cooperatives the billing rate is reduced by approximately 25%, retroactive to January 1, 2013. The 25% differential in billing rates is expected to continue for approximately 15 years. However changes in interest rates, asset returns and other plan experience different from that expected, plan assumption changes, and other factors may have an impact on the differential in billing rates and the 15 year period. On February 28, 2013 the Cooperative made a prepayment of $1,549,855 to the NRECA RS Plan. The cooperative is amortizing this amount over 10 years. The Cooperative obtained a loan through NRUCFC to finance the RS Plan prepayment. Interest expense associated with the prepayment loan was accounted for in accordance with the RUS USO.

NOTE Q: SUBSEQUENT EVENTS Management has evaluated subsequent events through February 17, 2022, the date on which the financial statements were issued. On February 3, 2022 the Cooperative drew an additional $2,500,000 through their loan agreement with the Federal Financing Bank (FFB). This loan matures on December 31, 2052,and has an interest rate of 2.067%.

NOTE R: RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2016-02 entitled “Leases (Topic 842),” which will change the Cooperative’s balance sheet by adding lease-related assets and liabilities. This may affect compliance with any contractual agreements and loan covenants. This new standard is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2021 with early implementation permitted. Management has not yet determined whether this new standard will have a material effect on its financial statements..




February 17, 2022


Board of Trustees Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. Millersburg, Ohio 44654

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING AND ON COMPLIANCE AND OTHER MATTERS BASED ON AN AUDIT OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS PERFORMED IN ACCORDANCE WITH GOVERNMENT AUDITING STANDARDS We have audited, in accordance with the auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America and the standards applicable to financial audits contained in Government Auditing Standards issued by the Comptroller General of the United States, the financial statements of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc., as of and for the year ended December 31, 2021, and the related notes to the financial statements, which collectively comprise Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc.’s (the Cooperative) basic financial statements, and have issued our report thereon dated February 17, 2022.

Internal Control Over Financial Reporting In planning and performing our audit of the financial statements, we considered the Cooperative’s internal control over financial reporting (internal control) as a basis for designing the audit procedures that are appropriate in the circumstances for the purpose of expressing our opinion on the financial statements, but not for the purpose of expressing an opinion on the effectiveness of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc.’s internal control. Accordingly, we do not express an opinion on the effectiveness of the Cooperative’s internal control. A deficiency in internal control exists when the design or operation of a control does not allow management or employees, in the normal course of performing their assigned functions, to prevent, or detect and correct, misstatements on a timely basis. A material weakness is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control, such that there is a reasonable possibility that a material misstatement of the entity’s financial statements will not be prevented, or detected and corrected on a timely basis. A significant deficiency is a deficiency, or a combination of deficiencies, in internal control that is less severe than a material weakness, yet important enough to merit attention by those charged with governance. Our consideration of internal control was for the limited purpose described in the first paragraph of this section and was not designed to identify all deficiencies in internal control that might be material weaknesses or significant


deficiencies. Given these limitations, during our audit we did not identify any deficiencies in internal control that we consider to be material weaknesses. However, material weaknesses or significant deficiencies may exist that have not been identified.

Compliance and Other Matters As part of obtaining reasonable assurance about whether the Cooperative’s financial statements are free from material misstatement, we performed tests of its compliance with certain provisions of laws, regulations, contracts, and grant agreements, noncompliance with which could have a direct and material effect on the financial statements. However, providing an opinion on compliance with those provisions was not an objective of our audit, and accordingly, we do not express such an opinion. The results of our tests disclosed no instances of noncompliance or other matters that are required to be reported under Government Auditing Standards.

Purpose of this Report The purpose of this report is solely to describe the scope of our testing of internal control and compliance and the results of that testing, and not to provide an opinion on the effectiveness of the entity’s internal control or on compliance. This report is an integral part of an audit performed in accordance with Government Auditing Standards in considering the entity’s internal control and compliance. Accordingly, this communication is not suitable for any other purpose.

Rea & Associates, Inc. Millersburg, OH



February 17, 2022


Board of Trustees Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. Millersburg, Ohio 44654

INDEPENDENT AUDITOR’S REPORT ON COMPLIANCE WITH ASPECTS OF CONTRACTUAL AGREEMENTS AND REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRIC BORROWERS We have audited, in accordance with auditing standards generally accepted in the United States of America and the standards applicable to financial audits contained in Government Auditing Standards issued by the Comptroller General of the United States, the financial statements of Holmes-Wayne Electric Cooperative, Inc. (the Cooperative), which comprise the balance sheet as of December 31, 2021, and the related statements of revenue, patronage capital, and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes to the financial statements, and have issued our report thereon dated February 17, 2022. In accordance with Government Auditing Standards, we have also issued our report dated February 17, 2022, on our consideration of the Cooperative’s internal control over financial reporting and on our tests of its compliance with certain provisions of laws, regulations, contracts and grant agreements and other matters. No reports other than the reports referred to above have been furnished to management. In connection with our audit, nothing came to our attention that caused us to believe that the Cooperative failed to comply with the terms, covenants, provisions, or conditions of their loan, grant, and security instruments as set forth in 7 CFR Part 1773, Policy on Audits of Rural Utilities Service Borrowers, §1773.33 and clarified in the RUS policy memorandum dated February 7, 2014, insofar as they relate to accounting matters as enumerated below. However, our audit was not directed primarily toward obtaining knowledge of noncompliance. Accordingly, had we performed additional procedures, other matters may have come to our attention regarding the Cooperative’s noncompliance with the abovereferenced terms, covenants, provisions, or conditions of the contractual agreements and regulatory requirements, insofar as they relate to accounting matters. In connection with our audit, we noted no matters regarding the Cooperative’s accounting and records to indicate that the Cooperative did not: • Maintain adequate and effective accounting procedures; • Utilize adequate and fair methods for accumulating and recording labor, material, and overhead costs, and the distribution of these costs to construction,

retirement, and maintenance or other expense accounts; • Reconcile continuing property records to the controlling general ledger plant accounts; • Clear construction accounts and accrue depreciation on completed construction; • Record and properly price the retirement of plant; • Seek approval of the sale, lease or transfer of capital assets and disposition of proceeds for the sale or lease of plant, material, or scrap; • Maintain adequate control over materials and supplies; • Prepare accurate and timely Financial and Operating Reports; • Obtain written RUS approval to enter into any contract for the management, operation, or maintenance of the borrower’s system if the contract covers all or substantially all of the electric system; • Disclose material related party transactions in the financial statements, in accordance with requirements for related parties in generally accepted accounting principles; • Record depreciation in accordance with RUS requirements (See RUS Bulletin 183-1, Depreciation Rates and Procedures); • Comply with the requirements for the detailed schedule of deferred debits and deferred credits; and • Comply with the requirements for the detailed schedule of investments. This report is intended solely for the information and use of the board of trustees, management, and the RUS and supplemental lenders and is not intended to be and should not be used by anyone other than these specified parties. However, this report is a matter of public record and its distribution is not limited.

Rea & Associates, Inc. Millersburg, OH



A childhood passion for Legos grows into a world-class (unofficial) Lego museum. STORY AND PHOTOS BY MARGO BARTLETT


ike many kids, Conrad Brown loved Legos. He knew his dad shared that love, too. “I didn’t realize how much we were into Legos,” he says, until his father, Dan Brown, bought Bellaire’s former Gravel Hill school in 2007, with the intent to store his Lego collection in the 1915 building. It wasn’t long before the former school became the Toy and Plastic Brick Museum. The original plan had been to open an official Lego museum, says Conrad, now 26, but the Danish toy company ultimately backed out, and so the museum is an “unofficial” Lego site. Nevertheless, its displays include many that have been specifically licensed by

Lego and given to the museum when they were retired from official Lego sites. The building’s main hallway features life-sized Larry Byrd and Kobe Bryant figures, among others. A prone man made of red Legos appears contemplative



inside a case; nearby, a Lego dragon sits at a Lego campfire, roasting a Lego marshmallow. The school building’s classrooms and wide corridors lend themselves to displays, which have been built by Brown and other masters of the plastic brick, including Brian Korte, founder of Brickworkz.com, who in 2007 helped create a gymnasium-floor-sized mosaic with the help of the Bellaire community, including 250 children. “It was a huge team effort to build it,” Dan Brown says. Almost all the displays are glued — which may be a relief to visitors whose toddlers are given to sudden lunges. Most Lego artists, Dan says, glue each piece as they build their intricate displays. Some of the ever-changing museum exhibits were donated, while others are tracked down and purchased. A few, including a display of Dora the Explorer, with Diego and the monkey Boots, showed up one day at the museum’s door. The Browns were unable to locate the donors. “We’d love to thank them, but we could never find them,” Conrad says. Lego artist Eric Harshbarger created the museum’s portrait of Mona Lisa. On Harshbarger’s own



internet site, he says he’s the first independent Lego builder to make a living with the plastic bricks. (He also designs puzzles.) Elsewhere in the museum is a Harshbarger chessboard and pieces. Nathan Sawaya, by some accounts the most famous Lego builder in the world, has a signed — and working — Carrier air conditioner, a speedboat that once held a record for size, a Statue of Liberty with a lightsaber, and in the Western room, a cash register. “Getting a Nathan Sawaya piece is very, very hard,” Conrad says. Former classrooms house loosely categorized exhibits. In addition to Sawaya’s cash register, the Western room features four card players around a table and Bart Simpson guarding a jailed Milhouse. The Zoo room holds a banana-eating monkey, Garfield the cat, Winnie the Pooh, and a Lego giraffe and baby. The Aqua room has boats: speedboats, sailing ships, Navy and Coast Guard vessels. The Circus room … but you get the idea. Spider-Man, built by Lego for the 2002 movie of the same name — the Tobey Maguire version — is remarkable in that its plastic blocks look as stretchy

The Toy and Brick Museum is filled with displays that delight old and young alike: Two of the prize pieces are a working air conditioning unit and a once-record-setting boat built by famed Lego Master Nathan Sawaya (left two photos); Dora the Explorer simply showed up on the museum’s doorstep one day, while Spider-Man, Scooby Doo, and Hagrid were once used to promote various movies and TV shows. A red creature whose identity is best decided by the individual viewer is one of the few pieces that was built on-site. Meanwhile, a three-piece band moves and dances to the old Lego theme song, “Just Imagine.”

as elastic. A portrait of Harry Potter, a Hagrid sculpture, a pachyderm physician attending a bedridden elephant, and a Yoda at the controls of a starship are only a few of the sculptures that fill today’s Gravel Hill school. One sculpture was created in the museum itself, by an artist visiting from Alaska. “The most creative people make such cool things,” Conrad Brown says. Its actual identity is open to interpretation — could be a dragon, could be a molting chicken or a space creature or maybe a fluffy robot. In the former principal’s office, near a man in the moon bearing the warning “unglued prototype,” hang the schematics for a trio of leggy musicians — a Lego band that has played gigs all over the museum — currently on a stage in the basement gymnasium, overlooking the giant Lego mosaic created by Dan Brown, Korte, and hundreds of local helpers. When turned on, the band figures light up, play instruments, and sing “Just Imagine” — an old Lego theme song.

A party room is lined with chalkboards, filled with scribbled signatures and comments by celebrants. The gift shop, where visitors also buy tickets, offers a variety of Lego products as well as a bin of loose pieces. Visitors are invited to fill the bag size of their choice. Still, the focus is on displays that run the gamut from a 13,000-piece Glass City Skyway bridge, a collection of all-white architectural pieces made in China, and a lassoing cowboy on a bucking horse. Lego fanatics will be delighted, and even those who don’t know that “Lego” is derived from “leg godt” — Danish for “play well” ­— will play very well here.

Toy and Plastic Brick Museum, 4597 Noble St., Bellaire, Ohio, www.brickmuseum.com. Open Tuesday–Sunday, May through August, and select hours during the off-season. Tickets are $8 for adults, $6 for children.



A rusting old Ferris wheel, gradually being obscured by the surrounding forest, was one of the last surviving bits of evidence of the former Chippewa Lake Amusement Park in Medina County (photo by Dana Beveridge/via Flickr).



Old amusement parks often leave behind reminders of a glorious heyday. BY KEVIN WILLIAMS


heme parks never really die. Even long after the exuberant screams of happy thrillseekers have faded and the last caramel corn has been munched, if you find the right spot, you can still almost hear the sounds of the midway and even recognize some of the physical remains of long-abandoned amusement rides that may have entertained generations of carnival-goers past ... Perhaps no state — except maybe Florida — is more synonymous with amusement parks than Ohio. Cedar Point to the north and Kings Island to the south draw millions of visitors each year and are among the top theme parks in the world. Amusement parks in Ohio date as far back as the mid-1800s. In fact, Cedar Point originally opened as a public beach in 1870. Kings Island, while celebrating its 50th anniversary this summer, traces its origins to nearby Coney Island, which also opened originally in 1870. They are far from the only parks to open and close within the Buckeye State. Along with the 15 or so parks in operation today, the National Amusement Park Historical Association lists nearly 100 “lost” amusement parks in Ohio. Jeffrey Stanton, who runs the website www.lostamusementparks. napha.org, says that smaller parks couldn’t compete with the larger ones. “The younger generation likes only thrill rides, so the big parks remove the older rides that once appealed to my generation and add only thrill rides,” Stanton says. The smaller parks didn’t have the budget to compete, he says, and it didn’t help

that the land they occupied became more valuable than the dollars they could generate. “So rather than make $50,000 a year running the park, some developer offers $10 million for the land,” Stanton says. These amusement parks weren’t just places for families to spend a day in the sun; they also provided first summer jobs for countless kids, from lifeguards to ride supervisors. Carolyn Enderson, 52, remembers working for nine summers — from when she was 16 to age 24 — at Americana Amusement Park outside of Monroe. The park was a rumpled, smaller alternative to the flashier Kings Island, not 20 miles away, with an adjacent park called Fantasy Farm — complete with farm animals and barn-themed rides. Americana was a place for families and corporate picnics, where July days crawled by, and guests bought frozen bananas on a stick to battle the heat. “I liked making new friends each season and meeting lots of people each day,” Enderson says. “I think I prefer the small parks. It’s not so busy, and you can enjoy walking around because it’s smaller.”



“My first memory of Americana was back when it was called LeSourdsville Lake,” remembers Linda Nienaber. “It was in the spring of 1970, toward the end of first grade. We had a great time there. I remember sliding down a giant slide, riding on the mini roller coaster, and having a picnic on the grounds for our lunch. A couple of years later, my family and I went there for my dad’s company picnic. That was the first time I rode on the roller coaster with my older sister.” One of the biggest and best parks of its day was Woodsdale Island Park, located on a now-long-gone island in the Great Miami River. The late Trenton historian Doris Page often talked of the park as the Kings Island of its day, according to her son, Gary Page, drawing tourists by train from Cincinnati and Dayton to its wooded banks. In its heyday, it boasted a restaurant, merry-go-round, boathouse, and other entertainment amenities. Few people are around today, however, who even know exactly where that park stood — it was wiped out during the great flood of 1913, and the river’s fickle channel has changed often over the years. “I’ve talked to others about the location — no one can give me an answer,” Page says. “I believe the river channel has moved so many times over the years, it’s hard to imagine that there was an island in the river.” Farther north, on the western edge of Dayton in what is now Possum Creek MetroPark, the crumbling remains of a dance floor and rusting hulks of old street cars sit silent sentinel at the site of what used to be Argonne Forest Park. Steps to the park’s old swimming pool can still be seen. Michele Taggart of Youngstown recalls Idora Park, one of the nation’s only urban amusement parks, which operated on the south side of town from 1899 until 1984. “It was so fun — they even had a lion’s mouth on the garbage can, so it was fun to throw away trash,” Taggart says. Chippewa Lake Amusement Park in Medina County has proved nearly impossible to kill off. It operated for a century, beginning in 1878 with a roller coaster that had to be manually pushed to the top of the first hill. After the park closed in 1978, it sat largely intact as nature and the elements took their toll. Today, the skeletons of a few old rides and buildings still haunt the now-overgrown park, but the Medina County Park system owns the land, with plans to open it as a public park and wetland. Some old park structures will survive as historical homage.



The author of this story explored numerous abandoned Ohio amusement parks with his daughters — finding remains such as the old Sky Ride machinery at the former Americana Park outside Monroe and what’s still left of the old dance floor at Argonne Forest Park, which is now part of Possum Creek MetroPark near Dayton (photos by Kevin Williams).

Mary Boulton grew up in Brunswick, Ohio, and remembers the park well. “I remember when my family, including five siblings, made our yearly trek to Chippewa Lake Amusement Park,” she says. “My dad’s company picnic was held there every summer. We all looked forward to that yearly event, and it would be the one time a year we could catch up with old friends and make new ones.”


Ohio Cooperative Living magazine is seeking photography submissions from our electric cooperative members. Submissions may fall within the following categories: best wildlife, best landscape, best floral, and best overall photo. Winning submissions will receive a cash prize and be published in the 2023 edition of the cooperative wall calendar. For more information, visit OhioCoopLiving.com/calendar.

Requirements • • • • •


Photo Contest

• •

One photo entry per household. High-resolution, color, digital images only. Only JPEG or TIF file formats will be accepted. Please send submissions by email attachment only to photo@ohioec.org. Photo format must be horizontal and capable of filling an 8 x 11-inch image area. Provide an explanation of the photo — the where, what, when — as well as who took the shot. Include your name, address, phone number, and the name of your co-op.

Deadline for submission: August 15, 2022



Eyes in the sky The Ohio UAS Center helps lead the nation in the next generation of aviation innovation. BY ALICIA ADAMS


t the beginning of the 20th century, two brothers from Ohio launched a revolution in air technology at Huffman Prairie, a cow pasture located just outside of Dayton. On that grassy field, Orville and Wilbur Wright researched and developed reliable, controllable aviation — and with it, the ability to connect people and businesses across the globe. Ohio has led the nation in airspace innovation ever since. In Springfield, about 30 miles east of Huffman Prairie, sits the Ohio Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) Center, where the state manages and helps develop the next generation of air technology: drones, and the communications and systems that control them. The Ohio Department of Transportation uses drones from the UAS Center to help with a variety of projects. In 2021, the center’s drone flight team logged over 2,200 flights for ODOT, including

Electric cooperatives have been using drones for several years as a way to make up-close inspections of co-op infrastructure such as this substation in Delaware County.



bridge inspections, construction assessments, facility inspections, mapping, and traffic and roadway monitoring. Why does ODOT use drones? “It’s ultimately about safety, both for drivers on the roads and for people who are working on them,” says Luke Stedke, managing director of communications and policy at DriveOhio, a state organization that serves as a single point of contact for all of Ohio’s smart mobility initatives. “Drones can be used in situations that are potentially dangerous to our crews, such as bridge inspections on busy highways.” Adaptable, efficient, economical, and capable in a variety of tasks, the center’s drones have also conducted roller coaster inspections for the Department of Agriculture, assisted the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency with debris obstructions and spills,

The Ohio Department of Transportation uses drones to inspect bridges and highway systems. Here, pilot David Gallagher of ODOT’s Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) prepares to inspect the Veterans Glass Bridge in Toledo (photos by Bruce Hull/courtesy of Ohio UAS Center).

and provided disaster relief and searches for the Ohio National Guard. In addition to managing the state’s drone operations, the center offers a high-tech environment for collaboration between government, research, and private industry partners on unmanned aircraft and advanced aviation technologies. FlyOhio, an initiative of DriveOhio that promotes research in lower-altitude airspace technology, oversees testing areas at the nearby Springfield-Beckley Municipal Airport. Those areas have special permission from the Federal Aviation Administration to fly unmanned and experimental aircraft beyond the visual line of sight, which is the current FAA regulation. The Ohio UAS Center, in partnership with the Air Force Research Laboratory, has developed and installed a special low-altitude, detect-and-avoid radar system called SkyVision that allows sensor technology testing as well as tracking of UAS technologies in lower-altitude airspace. That lower altitude (below 2,000 feet) is the area where most commercial drones operate — Continued on page 33



Top, the control room in the UAS Center’s mobile command vehicle, called the SkyVision Bus. The SkyVision program at the Springfield-Beckley Municipal Airport has enabled the center to aid in testing systems that can allow beyondline-of-sight drone flight. Middle and below, Brent Ransome of Kenton-based Mid-Ohio Energy Cooperative examines a radio tower as well as some of the components of one of the coop’s substations using a drone. The drones save time and manpower by identifying needs before crews have to take an up-close look.



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“Technology is evolving and so are the economic opportunities,” Stedke says. “The jobs of tomorrow are going to be in these fields. What we are working toward with the Ohio UAS Center is to ensure the state leads that 21stcentury air mobility accountability by not only encouraging technology and research but also through workforce development programs so we can fill the industry jobs that are being created.” In essence, the center will serve as the state’s one-stop shop for unmanned aircraft operations and advanced aviation technologies. “I truly believe that the Ohio UAS Center is going to be the next Huffman Prairie,” Stedke says, “connecting people and businesses across the world with the next generation of aviation innovation.”





n Sept. 10, 1813, a few miles northwest of the Bass Islands on Lake Erie, a David-versus-Goliath confrontation pitted the fledgling United States Navy against a fleet of mighty British warships during the War of 1812. The outcome of that battle — the Battle of Lake Erie — was in doubt for hours, but the final result changed the course of American history. Then-28-year-old Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry commanded the fleet of nine U.S. ships in the battle. After his flagship, the Lawrence, was severely damaged and disabled, he transferred to the U.S. Brig



Niagara, from which he and his crews kept fighting. Shortly after the cannon smoke cleared, Perry scrawled what has since become a famous note on the back of an envelope to send to his commanding officer, Maj. Gen. William Henry Harrison (who would, of course, go on to become the ninth president of the United States): Dear General: We have met the enemy and they are ours. Today, the reproduction of the Niagara is one of the most historically authentic tall ships in America, each summer representing her homeport of Erie, Pennsylvania,

Tall ships festivals are scheduled at two Lake Erie ports this summer: Cleveland in July and Erie, Pennsylvania, in August. In addition to boarding and touring the tall ships, you can also enjoy a brief cruise, if you’d like.

throughout the Great Lakes. It will be one of eight replica and restored fully rigged sailing ships that will be featured at two popular tall ships festivals this summer, both on Lake Erie. They go first to Cleveland on July 7–10, then on to Erie, Pennsylvania, Aug. 25–28. It’s a rare chance to catch a glimpse, step aboard, or, if you choose, even go sailing for a few hours. Along with the Niagara, the 2022 fleet from the U.S., Canada, and Spain is scheduled to include the Appledore IV, Empire Sandy, Inland Seas, Nao Trinidad, Pride of Baltimore II, St. Lawrence II, and Utopia. One of the more majestic moments of the four-day events is always the spectacular arrival of the visiting ships —

known as the Parade of Sail — which occurs late the Thursday afternoon of each festival. The next three days offer opportunities to board and tour the ships, when visitors can chat with the various captains and crews. Some of the crew members are young people, ages 13 to 25, learning to sail.

The 2022 tall ships festivals include the regular fare: food and beverages, live music, street performers, kids’ activities, a marketplace, and other familyfriendly activities. Ticketing, parking, and other information is available at www.tallshipscle.com/ event-details for the Cleveland event or www. tallshipserie.org for Erie.




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THROUGH JUL. 28 – Fort Steuben Summer Concert Series, Berkman Amphitheater, Fort Steuben Park, 120 S. 3rd St., Steubenville, 7 p.m. Bring a blanket and picnic basket. 740-283-1787 or www.oldfortsteuben.com. JUN. 12–JUL. 24 – “Celebrate Steubenville: 225 Years,” Historic Fort Steuben, 120 S. 3rd St., Steubenville. Free exhibit and programs on the development of one of the oldest cities in the state, from frontier fort to industrial powerhouse to 21st-century changes and adaptations. 740-283-1787 or www.oldfortsteuben.com. JUN. 16–18 – Eastern National John Deere Expo XI, Wayne Co. Fgds., 199 Vancouver St., Wooster, Thur./ Fri. 8 a.m.–9 p.m., Sat. 8 a.m.–2 p.m. Everything John Deere! 400 + tractor displays, seminars, antique tractor pull, demos, lawn and garden tractors, parades, tractor games, pedal tractor pull, auction, vendors, food, collectibles, Trading Post. 330-466-0197 or www. ohiotwocylinderclub.org. JUN. 17–18 – Steubenville’s Dean Martin Hometown Celebration, Fort Steuben Park, 120 S. 3rd St., Steubenville. Free. Music, crafts, food, entertainment, and displays on the life of native son Dean Martin. 740-2831787 or www.oldfortsteuben.com. JUN. 18 – Tom O’Grady: “Lord Dunmore’s War and the Fort Gower Resolves,” Fort Laurens Museum, 11067 Fort Laurens Rd., Bolivar, 11 a.m.–noon. Free. www. fortlaurensmuseum.org. JUN. 18 – Zoar Garden Tour, various locations in Zoar. $10; free for ages 12 and under. Tour the beautiful private gardens of Zoar residents, and be treated to local artist demos and sales throughout those gardens. Featured art includes pottery, paintings, fiber, and photography. Food available from the Zoar Bakery. 800-262-6195 or www. historiczoarvillage.com. JUN. 18–JUL. 31 – The Ohio Light Opera, College of Wooster, Freedlander Theatre, 329 E. University St., Wooster, 2 p.m. and 7:30 p.m. Shows include Rodgers and Hammerstein’s Cinderella, Hello, Dolly!, The Student Prince, and The Pirates of Penzance, to name a few. 330263-2090 or www.ohiolightopera.org. JUN. 19 – Grace Church Father’s Day Car Show, 4599 Burbank Rd., Wooster, registration 8–10 a.m.; show until 2 p.m. with trophies at 1:30 p.m. No entry fee. All makes,



models, and years; bikes and imports. Free food and music. Rain date: Jun. 26. Services 9 a.m. and 10:30 a.m. Information and registration at https://woostergrace.org or call 345-465-8009. JUN. 24–25 – Ohio Scottish Games, Lorain Co. Fgds., 23000 Fairgrounds Rd., Wellington, Fri. 5–10 p.m., Sat. 8 a.m.–10 p.m., Sun. 6–10 p.m. $8–$20, under 5 free. Highland dance and other competitions, whiskey tasting, axe throwing, genealogy, and much more. www. ohioscottishgames.com. JUN. 24–26 – Cy Young Days Festival, Newcomerstown. Food, live music, entertainment, contests and competitions, car show, old-fashioned baseball games, and grand parade. Special guest and parade marshal will be John Denny, 1983 National League Cy Young Award winner. www.cyyoungdaysfestival.com. JUN. 24–26 – Lorain International Festival and Bazaar, Black River Landing, Black River Lane, Lorain, Fri. 5–11 p.m., Sat. 12–11 p.m., Sun. 12–6 p.m. Parade Sun. 11 a.m. $3 daily. www.loraininternational.com. JUN. 25 – All Mopar Car and Truck Show, Car Corral, and Swap Meet, Wayne Co. Fgds., 199 Vanover St., Wooster, 8 a.m.–4 p.m. Registration 8–11 a.m.; no preregistration needed. $10 admission for car, driver, and one passenger; each additional passenger $5; kids under 12 free. Spectator admission $5. Free parking. 330-4646613 or www.facebook.com/midohiomopars3. JUN. 25 – Flea Market, Ashland Co. Fgds., Mozelle Hall, 9 a.m.–3 p.m. Free. https://ashlandcountyfair.com/ calendar. JUN. 26 – Akron-Summit Comic Con, Summit Co. Fgds., 229 E. Howe Rd., Tallmadge, 10 a.m.–4 p.m. $6, under 7 free. Best all-comic show in northeast Ohio. 330-462-3985, jeff@harpercomics.com, or www. harpercomics.com. JUN. 25–26 – Kelleys Island Motorcycle Tour, throughout Kelleys Island. Registration Jun. 25, 10 a.m.–2 p.m., at Mad River Harley-Davidson dealership in Sandusky; $10 per participant. Grand prize vacation package worth over $1,300! Completed scorecards must be returned to the Mad River dealership by Jun. 26 at 3 p.m. Winner will be drawn on Jun. 27. 419-746-2360 or www.kelleysislandchamber.com. JUN. 29–JUL. 3 – Orrville Firefighters’ Fire in the Sky July 4 Celebration, Orr Park, Orrville. Midway opens at 6 p.m. weekdays and 12 p.m. weekend. Closing time 11 p.m. every day. Parade Jun. 29 at 7 p.m. Fireworks Jul. 3 at 10:15 p.m. 330-684-5051 or www.orrvillefireinthesky.com. JUL. 1 – First Fridays on Fourth, 155 N. 4th St., Steubenville, 6–10 p.m. Free. Monthly themed celebration featuring art, crafts, games, food trucks, live entertainment, and activities to stimulate the imagination. www.theharmoniumproject.org/first-Fridays.

JUN. 29–JUL. 4 – Ripley Fourth of July Celebration, Court Street, Ripley. The USA’s largest small-town Independence Day celebration includes the Firecracker 2-Miler, free concerts, grand parade, carnival, pageants, fireworks, and much more. 304-514-2609 or https:// visitripleywv.com/festivals. JUL. 6–8 – Wild and Wonderful Craft Festival, Jackson Co. Jr. Fgds., Cottageville (6 miles from Ripley). $10. Artisans offering handmade crafts, local musicians, children’s pageant, cruise-in, quilt show, food vendors. 304-531-2009 or https://wvtourism.com/event/wildwonderful-arts-crafts-festival.


JUL. 1–2 – Loudonville Antique Festival, Central Park, Loudonville. Buy, sell, and trade antiques and collectibles. 419-994-4789 or www.discovermohican.com. JUL. 2 – Annual Classic Car Show, downtown Loudonville, 8 a.m.–4 p.m. Free. Over 500 classic cars from all eras. Preregistration and registration fees required for vehicles in the show. 419-994-4789 or www. discovermohican.com. JUL. 7–9 – Olde Canal Days Festival, 123 Tuscarawas St., Canal Fulton, Thur./Fri. 5–11 p.m., Sat. 11 a.m.–11 p.m. Rides, games, arts and crafts, concessions, canal boat rides, and more. Grande Parade Sat. 11 a.m., fireworks Sat. 10 p.m. 330-854-9095 or www.discovercanalfulton.com. JUL. 9 – Dan Jungclas: “German Church Book (Kirchenbuch) and Municipal Records,” Historic Zoar Village, School House, Zoar, 11 a.m.–noon. Free. 800-2626195 or www.historiczoarvillage.com. JUL. 9 – Jazz Under the Stars: IndiGo Jazz Ensemble, Uptown Park, Medina, 7 p.m. Free. Cleveland-based vocalist SaVon Bass and her jazz band IndiGo will present popular vocal and instrumental swing, Latin, and jazz standards. Bring your lawn chairs, blankets, and picnics. In the event of rain, the concert will be held at the United Church of Christ, 217 E. Liberty St. 419853-6016 or www.ormaco.org. JUL. 9–10 – Ashland County Yesteryear Machinery Club Show, Ashland Co. Fgds., 2042 Claremont Ave., Ashland. Free admission and parking; donations accepted. Tractors, garden tractors, engines; farm toy show both days; car show Sun. 10 a.m., garden tractor pulling Sun. 12 p.m. 419-651-4109 or www.yesteryearmachinery.org. JUL. 10 – Concert in the Country: James Marron, HeARTland, 8187 Camp Rd., Homerville, 2 p.m. Free. The Akron-based guitarist will present an eclectic selection of classical guitar tunes, including some original compositions. In the event of rain, the concert will be held at the Homerville United Methodist Church, 8964 Spencer Rd. 419-853-6016 or www.ormaco.org. JUL. 12–16 – Ashland Chautauqua 2022: “The Famous and Infamous,” Ashland. Living history performances and daytime workshops on Lizzie Borden, Malcolm X, Mary Surratt, Marie Curie, and Annie Oakley. Evening performances will be held at the Myers Memorial Band Shell at Brookside Park. info@ashlandchautauqua.org or www.ashlandchautauqua.org. JUL. 12–17 – Trumbull County Fair, 899 Everett Hull Rd., Cortland. An array of grandstand entertainment, daily shows, local bands, exhibits, and rides. 330-637-6010 or www.trumbullcountyfair.com. JUL. 15–16 – Ohio River Valley Texas Longhorn Show, Wayne Co. Fgds., 199 Vanover St., Wooster, 8 a.m.–4 p.m. Free. Fun family event! 330-466-0515 or www.wccvb.com/events.

Get listed in our calendar Submit listings AT LEAST 90 DAYS prior to the event to Ohio Cooperative Living, 6677 Busch Blvd., Columbus, OH 43229 or email events@ohioec.org. Ohio Cooperative Living will not publish listings that don’t include a complete address or a number/website for more information.





JUN. 24–26 – NADD Dock Diving Competition, The Gated Dock-Canine Enrichment Ctr., 7251 OH-98, Shelby. Spectators are welcome at the entertaining North America Diving Dogs competition. 419-961-4711, www. thegateddock.com, or find us on Facebook. JUN. 25 – Annual Lake Seneca “Miles of Garage Sales” and Chicken Dinners, off N. St. Rte. 576, 1-1/4 miles north of U.S. 20, Montpelier (Bridgewater Township). Chicken dinners will be ready around 10:30 a.m. at Arrowhead Lodge, plus other food. Homemade bake sale items sell out quickly, so come early! With COVID-19 restrictions, we may be “carry-out” only. 419-485-0393. THROUGH OCT. 15 – Great Sidney Farmers Market, 109 JUN. 25 – Perrysville Lions Car Show, S. Bridge St., S. Ohio Ave., Sidney, Sat. 8 a.m.–noon. Fresh produce, Perrysville, 10:30 a.m.–1 p.m. Registration 9–10:30 a.m. baked goods, jams and jellies, crafts, plants, and flowers. All makes and models welcome. Dash plaque for first 50 937-658-6945 or www.sidneyalive.org. entries; trophies awarded at 1 p.m. 50/50 drawing, door prizes. 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s music. 419-606-4890. JUN. 11–12, JUL. 2–3 – The Fantastic Tiffin Flea Market, Seneca Co. Fgds., 100 Hopewell Ave., Tiffin, Sat. JUN. 30–JUL. 2 – Old Fashioned Farmers Day, Van 9 a.m.–4 p.m., Sun. 9 a.m.–3 p.m., rain or shine. Free; Wert Co. Fgds., 1055 S. Washington St., Van Wert. handicapped accessible. 250 to 400 dealers per show. Tractor pulls, Tug-A-Truck, antique car show, live music, 419-447-9613 or www.tiffinfleamarket.com. kids’ games, food, fireworks, and much more. www. oldfashionedfarmersdays.com or find us on Facebook. JUN. 16–19 – Fort Recovery Harvest Jubilee, Fort Recovery. Rides, games, live music, antique tractor display, JUL. 4 – Independence Day Concert, Rutherford B. food, pie baking contest, pet parade, fireman’s parade, Hayes Presidential Library and Museum, Spiegel Grove, raffle, and more. 419-852-5066, www.fortrecoveryjubilee. Fremont, 2–3:30 p.m. Free patriotic concert performed com, or find us on Facebook. by the Toledo Concert Band on the verandah of the JUN. 17–18 – Sidney Music and Arts Festival, downtown historic Hayes Home. Civil War reenactors will fire cannons in sync with the “1812 Overture.” Bring your Sidney. Two stages, artists and makers, kids’ zone, the own chair or blanket. Food trucks will be on-site. 419Great Sidney Farmers Market, food vendors, and more! 332-2081 or www.rbhayes.org. info@sidneyalive.org or www.sidneyalive.org. JUL. 8 – Convoy Community Days Car Show, Convoy, JUN. 24–26 – Maria Stein Country Fest, Shrine of 5:30–8:30 p.m. $10. Meet at the Water Tower. Dash the Holy Relics, 2291 St. Johns Rd., Maria Stein. Free plaques to first 75 registered; 23 awards for cars built admission, parking, and entertainment. Tractor Square Dancers, cruise-in car show, live music, horse and wagon before 1987. Food, door prizes, goody bags, 50/50 rides, food, and more. 419-586-1146 (John Garman), www. drawing. Contact Sandy Harting at 419-203-1410. mscountryfest.com, or find us on Facebook.



JUN. 16–SEP. 4 – Tecumseh!, 5968 Marietta Rd., Chillicothe, Mon.–Sat. 8 p.m. $25–$45. www. tecumsehdrama.com. THROUGH SEP. 28 – Courtside Open Air Market, 801 Wheeling Ave., Cambridge, Fri. 8 a.m.–noon. 740-6801866 or find us on Facebook. THROUGH DECEMBER – Athens Farmers Market, 1000 E. State St., Athens, Sat. 9 a.m.–noon; Wed. 9 a.m.–1 p.m., April–November. 740-593-6763 or www. athensfarmersmarket.org. JUN. 14 – Cambridge City Band Concert, Harper Cabin, 20 W. Main St., New Concord, 7 p.m. Free. 740-826-7671 or www.facebook.com/Cambridge-CityBand-799535703711168. JUN. 16 – Cambridge City Band: Concert in the Park, Cambridge City Park, 1203 N. 8th St., Cambridge, 7:30 p.m. Free. www.facebook.com/Cambridge-CityBand-799535703711168. 38


JUN. 16 – “DNA Matching and Sorting,” Guernsey County Genealogical Society, 125 N. 7th St., Cambridge, 6 p.m. Registration required. 740-432-9249 or www. facebook.com/GuernseyGenealogy. JUN. 17 – Fishing Derby, Deerassic Park Education Center, 14250 Cadiz Rd., Cambridge, 6–8 p.m. For ages 5–15. Tackle, bait, and poles will be provided! Come for a night of fishing, food, prizes, and games. 740-435-3335 or www.deerassic.com. JUN. 18 – Bike Show and Ribfest, downtown Cambridge, 11.am.–7 p.m. Hot rods, Harleys, Yamahas, and more. Live entertainment, vendors, food trucks, and more. 740-439-2238 or www.downtowncambridge.com. JUN. 18 – Kenworth Truck Parade, downtown Chillicothe, 8 p.m. Free. Over 50 new, classic, and customized semi-trucks from all over the U.S. and Canada. http://visitchillicotheohio.com. JUN. 25 – Glass Dash, St. Benedict’s Gymnasium, 701 Steubenville Ave., Cambridge, 7–8:30 a.m. early bird admission, $10; 8:30–11 a.m., $5. For more information, visit www.cambridgeglass.org. JUN. 25 – Kicking Bear, Deerassic Park Education Ctr., 14250 Cadiz Rd., Cambridge, Fri. 4–9 p.m., Sat. 7 a.m.–2 p.m. Free event, but preregistration is required. For ages 5–13. 740-435-3335 or www.deerassic.com. JUN. 24–25 – Annual NCC Convention and Glass Show, Pritchard Laughlin Civic Center, 7033 Glenn Hwy., Cambridge, Fri. 1–5 p.m., Sat. 10:30 a.m.–4 p.m. $5. For more information, visit www.cambridgeglass.org.

JUL. 8–9 – World War II Reenactment, Auglaize Village, 12296 Krouse Rd., Defiance. Setup on the 8th. Camp area open to the public; stations with soldier reenactors. Public “battle” Saturday afternoon. Visit www.auglaizevillage.com for details. To participate, contact Bo Johnstone at trpa121cav@hotmail.com or Bob Mergel at rjmergel@gmail.com. JUL. 8–10 – Flag City Daylily Tour, locations throughout Findlay and Hancock counties. Fri./Sat. 10 a.m.–6 p.m., Sun. 12–6 p.m. Free. Tour six beautiful daylily gardens at your leisure and see several thousand different registered daylilies. Some sites will have plants for sale. 419-8898827, anders@findlay.edu, www.pplantpeddler.com, or find Flag City Daylily Tour on Facebook. JUL. 9 – Defiance Jazz Festival, Kingsbury Park, 118 Auglaize St., Defiance, gates open 3:30 p.m., jazz begins at 4 p.m. $10; free for children and students. Will be live streamed free on social media. Bring lawn chairs or blankets. Food and beverage vendors on site. www.defiancejazzfestival.com or www.facebook.com/ defiancejazz. JUL. 9 – Summer on the Farm, Sauder Village, 22611 St. Rte. 2, Archbold, 10 a.m.–5 p.m. Bring the kids for this special event. Learn about our farm animals, enjoy nature-themed activities, play old-fashioned games, and try hands-on activities in our historic homes and shop. 800-590-9755 or www.saudervillage.org. JUL. 10 – Motorama, Auglaize Village, 12296 Krouse Rd., Defiance, 10 a.m.–3 p.m. $5 suggested donation. Open to self-propelled, motorized, or powered “anything,” including antique cars, custom rods, fire trucks, and cycles. No registration or fee. Cinnamon roll and sausage gravy biscuit breakfast served until 9 a.m.; concession food till 2 p.m. Oldies music with DJ. Key auction at 2 p.m. www. auglaizevillage.com.

JUL. 1–3 – Ohio Jeep Fest, Ross Co. Fgds., 344 Fairgrounds Rd., Chillicothe. $10–$30. Drivers test their wheeling skills and participate in trail-rated challenges. Daily kids’ zone, vendors, obstacle course, mud pits, and much more. www.ohiojeepfest.com. JUL. 2–3 – 4-H Camp Hervida’s 100th Anniversary Celebration, near Waterford. Hiking, dining, singing, vespers, crafting, swimming, reminiscing, flag lowering, ice cream, camp tours, playing in the creek, and activities for all ages. www.camphervida.org. JUL. 3 – 19th-Century Independence Day Celebration, Adena Mansion and Gardens, 847 Adena Rd., Chillicothe, 2–3 p.m. Free. Readings of the Declaration of Independence, poems, , a toast to George Washington, and a 21-gun salute! www.adenamansion.com. JUL. 9 – “Party Like a Geology Rock Star,” Highlands Nature Sanctuary, 7660 Cave Rd., Bainbridge. Free family nature education event. For details, call 937-3651935 or visit www.arcofappalachia.org. JUL. 9 – Red, White, and Blue Ice Cream Social, Adena Mansion and Gardens, 847 Adena Rd., Chillicothe, 11 a.m.–3 p.m. $5–$10. Bring your lawn chairs. www. adenamansion.com. JUL. 9 – “Beardsley’s Battery: Civil War Artillery,” Campus Martius, 601 Second St., Marietta, 10 a.m.– noon. $25. Registration required. Reproductions of a cannon and mortar will be charged and fired. 740-3733750 or www.mariettamuseums.org/events.

JUN. 17 – United Way Day of Action, Fountain Square Park, downtown Lancaster, 9 a.m.–noon. 740-653-0643 or www.uwayfairfieldco.org. JUN. 17–18 – Art@Wagnalls, Wagnalls Memorial, 150 E. Columbus St., Lithopolis, Fri. noon–9 p.m., Sat. 10 a.m.–9 p.m. Annual art festival featuring a juried art show and sale, performing arts, live music, kids’ art experiences, food trucks, and spirits. 614-837-4765 or www.wagnalls.org. JUN. 17–18 – Dancing Under the Stars, Berlin Park, 4999 Parkwood Dr., Millersburg, 8:30 p.m. $10; under 13, $5. Three short story ballets: Cinderella, Thumbelina, THROUGH SEP. 24 – Sunbury Farmers Market, and The Selkies. Pre-show choral performance at 7 9 E. Granville St., Sunbury Square, Sat. 9 a.m.–noon. p.m., children’s hour at 7:15 p.m. 330-473-2879 or www. 740-513-9192. holmescenterforthearts.org/under-the-stars. THROUGH OCT. 29 – Coshocton Farmers Market, 300 JUN. 18 – Aureum: An Aerial and Acrobatic Adventure block of Main Street, Coshocton, Sat. 8:30 a.m.–12 p.m. Tale, Knox Memorial Theater, 112 E. High St., Mount www.facebook.com/coshoctonfarmersmarket. Vernon, 2 p.m. and 7:30 p.m. $30–$50. A high-thrills aerobatic show featuring high-flying actors, an original THROUGH OCT. 29 – Zanesville Farmers Market, soundtrack, dynamic lighting, and a gripping storyline. Adornetto’s, 2224 Maple Ave., Zanesville, Sat. 9 a.m.– noon. Starting in June through August, the market is also 740-462-4278 or www.mvac.org. open Wed. 4–7 p.m. www.zanesvillefarmersmarket.org. JUN. 18 – Marysville Uptown Food Crawl, 131 N. THROUGH OCT. 30 – Rock Mill Days, Stebelton Park at Main St., Marysville, 11 a.m.–2 p.m. $20 advance ticket Rock Mill, 1429 Rockmill Place NW, Lancaster, Wed./Sat. 10 required. Enjoy a stroll around uptown Marysville, sampling signature dishes at eight popular eateries. Call a.m.–2 p.m., Sun. 1–4 p.m. Free. Tour the restored 1824 gristmill, walk on the iconic Rock Mill Covered Bridge, and 937-209-2275, ext. 1, or email director@ucvgp.org for more information. enjoy Hocking River Falls. Weather permitting. 740-6817249 or www.fairfieldcountyparks.org. JUL. 1 – Red, White & BOOM!, downtown riverfront and the Arena District, Columbus, noon–midnight. Free. We’re JUN. 14, JUL. 12 – Inventors Network Meeting, back! Come for the parade, street festival, two stages of virtual, 7 p.m. Educational presentations and discussion live musical entertainment, and Ohio’s largest fireworks about the invention process. 614-470-0144 or www. display. www.redwhiteandboom.org. inventorscolumbus.com. JUL. 1–2 – Stars Stripes & Freedom NTPA Truck and JUN. 16–18 – Washboard Music Festival, Main Street, Tractor Pull, Hartford Fairgrounds, 4028 Fairgrounds Logan. Free. Ohio’s most unique music and arts festival, celebrating the old-fashioned washboard. Car show, craft Rd., Croton, 7–11 p.m. $15; free for ages 10 and under. Eight classes and two tracks. Camping, vendors, demos, tours of the washboard factory, food, arts and crafts, kids’ activities, tractor show, and parade. 740-277- concessions, kiddie tractor pull. 740-893-4881 or www. starsstripesandfreedompull.com. 1806 or www.washboardmusicfestival.com.

JUL. 4 – Stars and Stripes on the River, Zane’s Landing Park, west end of Market Street (along river), Zanesville. Live music, food, and activities for all ages. All proceeds benefit the community. www.zanesvillejaycees.org. JUL. 4–9 – Marion County Fair, 220 E. Fairground St., Marion. Rides, livestock shows, tractor and truck pulls, live music, fireworks, and more. 740-382-2558 or www. marioncountyfairgrounds.com. JUL. 8–9 – Coshocton Canal Quilters Quilt Show, Coshocton Christian Tabernacle, 23891 Airport Rd., Coshocton, 10 a.m.–5 p.m. $5. Featured quilter is Shirley Stutz. www.facebook.com/Coshocton-Canal-QuiltersQuilt-Show-112729707876945. JUL. 8–9 – Theatre Under the Stars: Clue, Berlin Park, 4999 Parkwood Dr., Millersburg, 8:30 p.m. A play based on the famous board game. Fun for the whole family! 330-473-2879 or www.holmescenterforthearts.org/ under-the-stars. JUL. 8–10 – Lilyfest, Bishop Educational Gardens, 13200 Cola Rd., Rockbridge. Free, but donations appreciated! Gardens, art sculptures, live music, and outdoor education in the Hocking Hills. 740-969-2873 or www.lilyfest.com. JUL. 13–16 – Pottery Lovers Show and Sale, Holiday Inn Express, 1101 Spring St., Zanesville. Join fellow pottery lovers from across the nation at the largest and oldest gathering of pottery collectors and dealers. 609-407-9997, potteryloversinfo@gmail.com, or www. potterylovers.org. JUL. 14–16 – Picktown Palooza, 300 Opportunity Way, Pickerington, Thur. 5–11 p.m., Fri. 5 p.m.–midnight, Sat. 2 p.m.–midnight. $5 daily, $10 for 3-day pass. Carnival rides, Freedom 5K and kids’ fun run, food vendors, live entertainment, and car, truck, and bike show. 614-3792099 or www.picktownpalooza.org. JUL. 18–25 – Pickaway County Fair, 415 Lancaster Pike, Circleville. $8–$15. 740-474-2085 or www. pickawaycountyfair.org.


JUL. 1 – Concert: “Brett Greenwood Sings Broadway,” First United Methodist Church, 120 S. Broad St., Middletown, noon–1 p.m. Popular southwest Ohio performer shares his favorite songs from 50 years of Broadway hits. Free parking and handicapped accessible. Bring your lunch if you like. 513-423-4629 or www.myfumc.net. JUL. 3–4 – Americana Festival, Franklin and Main streets, Centerville. Free. Concert and fireworks on the 3rd at Centerville High School, 500 E. Franklin St. Festival on the 4th starts at 10 a.m. and features 5K run, parade, arts and crafts street fair, car show, live entertainment, and food booths. 937-433-5898 or www. americanafestival.org. JUL. 4 – Red, White and Blue Ash, Summit Park, Blue Ash, 4–10 p.m. Music, rides, games, food and drink, and family fun. Concerts are followed at 10 p.m. with the biggest and best fireworks in the tri-state area. http:// blueashevents.com. JUL. 7–9 – Hillsboro Festival of the Bells, 238 W. Main St., Hillsboro. Free concerts by Caylee Hammock, Elvie Shane, and Jordan Feliz. Arts and crafts, 5K run/walk, 3 on 3 basketball, cornhole tournament, pet parade, baby parade. www.thefestivalofthebells.com. JUL. 7–10 – Greenville Farm Power of the Past, Darke Co. Fgds., 800 Sweitzer St., Greenville. $5–$10, under 13 free. Featuring Ford, Fordson, Ferguson, MasseyHarris, and Massey-Ferguson tractors and equipment, Fairbanks-Morse engines, side-shaft engines. 937-5471845 or www.greenvillefarmpower.org.


THROUGH JUL. 27 – Bluegrass Wednesdays, Vinoklet Winery, 11069 Colerain Ave., Cincinnati, every Wed. 6:30–8:30 p.m. (not Jun. 15). Enjoy dinner, wine, and an evening of free bluegrass entertainment by Vernon McIntyre’s Appalachian Grass. Reservations strongly recommended. 5133-385-9309, vinokletwinery@fuse. net, or www.vinokletwines.com. JUN. 10 – Vernon McIntyre’s Appalachian Grass, Colerain Park Amphitheater, 4725 Springdale Rd., Colerain, 7–9 p.m. Free. Bring a lawn chair. 513-3857503 or tmolter@colerain.org. JUN. 10–12 – Versailles Poultry Days, 459 S. Center St., Versailles. Free admission and parking. Enjoy the world-famous barbecue chicken dinners and many fun events. Grand parade Sat. 11 a.m., antique car parade Sun. 2:30 p.m. 937-526-9773 or www. versaillespoultrydays.com.

JUN. 18 – Vintage in the Village, downtown Tipp City, 10 a.m.–4 p.m. Unique booths featuring handmade, vintage, and antique items; food trucks; children’s activities. www.downtowntippcity.org. JUN. 18 – Vinoklet Annual Bluegrass Festival, Vinoklet Winery, 11069 Colerain Ave., Cincinnati. $5. Craft show, 11 a.m.–7 p.m. Music, 12–11 p.m. Features Vernon McIntyre’s Appalachian Grass and other bluegrass bands. Bring a lawn chair. On-site food, wine, and beer. 513-385-9309, vinokletwinery@fuse.net, or https://www.vinokletwines.com/post/bluegrass-musiccraft-festival-2. JUN. 24 – Bluegrass Night, Fibonacci Brewing Company, 1445 Compton Rd., Cincinnati, 7–9 p.m. Free. Enjoy an evening of lively bluegrass music by Vernon McIntyre’s Appalachian Grass. Wide variety of craft beers and food truck eats available on-site. 513-832-1422 or http://fibbrew.com. JUN. 25 – A Tour of Oxford Gardens, Oxford area, 9 a.m.–5 p.m. Five gardens will be open to ticket holders to tour throughout the day. Local artists and nurseries will be selling plants and garden-related art around the home and gardens of the White Garden Inn. For tickets and additional information, visit www.desfleurs.org. JUN. 25–26 – Pioneer Days, Caesar’s Creek Pioneer Village, 3999 Pioneer Village Rd., Waynesville, 9 a.m.–5 p.m. $6, under 16 free. See demonstrations of different tasks around the village representing how life would have been during the pioneer period. www.ccpv.us/ pioneer-days.




Lake Life

Jacob, Cloie, and Carlie on the boat, enjoying Lake Erie! Jennifer Sayre | Union Rural Electric Cooperative member

Nathan, Brady, Kathryn, and Ella enjoying Seneca Lake. Fran Booker Guernsey-Muskingum Electric Cooperative member

First summer fishing at Paw and Maw’s new lake house at Buckeye Lake. Amy Smith | South Central Power Company member

My daughter, Wendy Preston, son-in-law, Matt Duckson, and grandson, Finn Duckson, paddle boating on Kiser Lake. Brad Huntsman | Pioneer Electric Cooperative member

Brady and Ella in a shaving cream fight at Seneca Lake. Paula Walck Guernsey-Muskingum Electric Cooperative member

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My sons, Christian and Cayden, enjoying the last days of summer. Gloria Schmitz | South Central Power Company member

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