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News Observer The Valley’s
Volume 36 Number 15
Serving the San Fernando Valley for Over 36 Years
Observer Group Newspapers of Southern California
Thursday, February 25, 2021
Death Bed Confession of NYPD Officer FBI Malcolm X Conspiracy
Murder Charge Dropped Against Al Sharpton’s Half-Brother
Former NYPD officer Ray Wood was, “tasked with ensuring that Malcolm X’s security detail was arrested days prior to the assassination, guaranteeing Malcolm X didn’t have door security while at the Audubon Ballroom, where he was killed on Feb. 21, 1965,” says Attorney Benjamin Crump during a press conference at the former at the old Audubon, the site where Malcolm X was assassinated. The venue has since been renamed The Shabazz Center.
By KIM CHANDLER Associated Press MONTGOMERY, Ala. (AP) – The Rev. Al Sharpton’s half-brother has been cleared of a capital murder charge after a grand jury refused to indict him over a 2018 fatal shooting that police said was committed by a man he was driving. The Rev. Kenneth Glasgow, a voting rights activist, was arrested after a passenger in his car was accused of fatally shooting a woman who the passenger believed had stolen his car. Court records made public Thursday show that an 18-member grand jury refused to indict Glasgow, meaning they did not think there was probable cause to hold him responsible for the shooting. Dothan police had said Glasgow drove Jamie Townes to look for his stolen car before Townes shot 23-year-old Breunia Jennings. Alabama law says a person does not have to be the triggerman to be indicted on capital murder charges but that a person aiding or abetting a criminal act is equally liable. Glasgow had said he had only offered Townes a ride. Police arrested Glasgow in 2018. The grand jury returned the “no bill” three years later. Glasgow said in a statement that he was thankful that grand jurors, “saw the truth and not the picture that was painted against me and my character.” “It isn’t easy to express how I feel at this moment, knowing the charges imposed upon me should not have ever happened. The weight of this charge has caused deep turmoil and increased anxiety levels to my family, friends, colleagues, and supporters,” Glasgow said. Glasgow, the founder of The Ordinary People Society, is a well-known Alabama activist who has worked on voting rights restoration for former felons, prison reform and other issues. Glasgow has been free on bond but has had his location monitored since his release. Court records indicate that the case against Townes is going forward. District Attorney Pat Jones did not immediately return an email seeking comment. Glasgow’s attorney, Derek Yarbrough, said Glasgow’s family is thankful that his client has been cleared. “It has been hanging over his head for this long,” he said. Glasgow still faces an unrelated drug charge.
By Stacy M. Brown NNPA Newswire Senior National Correspondent Almost 56 years to the Feb. 21, 1965, assassination of Malcolm X, the slain leader’s daughters and a noted civil rights attorney are shining a light on those whom they believe are responsible for the heartless murder. The group gathered on Saturday, Feb. 20, at the old Audubon Ballroom – since renamed The Shabazz Center – with lawyers Ray Hamlin and Paul Napoli and Reggie Wood, whose relative, NYPD Officer Ray Wood, allegedly confessed in a deathbed declaration letter. The gathering occurred in the same venue as the assassination and just one day before the heinous crime’s anniversary. The new allegations focus on Officer Wood and a conspiracy against organized civil rights groups that he said had been perpetrated by the New York City Police Department and the Federal Bureau of Investigations. Reggie Wood alleges that authorities conspired to assassinate Malcolm X in Harlem. “Ray Wood, an undercover police officer at the time, confessed in a deathbed declaration letter that the NYPD and the FBI conspired to undermine the legitimacy of the
Wood’s purported death bed letter was delivered to three of Malcolm’s daughters – Qubiliah, Ilyasah, and Gamilah, pictured here with Attorneys Benjamin Crump, Ray Hamlin and Paul Napoli along with Reggie Wood, whose relative, NYPD Officer Ray Wood, allegedly confessed in a deathbed declaration letter.
civil rights movement and its leaders,” Crump stated. “Without any training, Wood’s job was to infiltrate civil rights organizations and encourage leaders and
members to commit felonious acts,” Crump noted in a news release before the gathering. Continued on page A2
California Black Women Leaders Organize to Open Paths for Others Quinci LeGardye California Black Media After launching a campaign last year to push for another Black woman to replace Vice President Kamala Harris in the United States Senate, a coalition of California Black women leaders say they are not defeated. They are organizing. Many of the women – federal or state legislators, other elected officials and political leaders –have made history in California and across the nation. Now, they have come together to organize, launching an effort to ensure that more Black women are voted into elected office in California. On Feb. 15, the California Black Women’s Collective (CBWC) hosted “Conversation with Congresswomen Karen Bass, Barbara Lee and Maxine Waters.” Melanie Campbell, President and CEO of the National Coalition
of Black Civic Participation and convener of the Black Women’s Roundtable, moderated the virtual event. “After we were disappointed that we were not able to keep the seat for the United States Congress, we wanted to make sure that we did not lose our momentum, so we brought together this collective of Black women across California to make sure that we stay visible and active and engaged,” said LaNiece Jones, Executive Director of Peralta Colleges Foundation and Black Women Organized for Political Action (BWOPA). According to the event’s organizers, the goal of CBWC is to amplify the priorities of Black women and organize with the goal of securing adequate representation for Black women in government. They also work in solidarity with the #WinWithBlackWomen initiative, which advocates for Black women lawmakers nationally. The congresswomen spoke about how they ended
up serving in the state legislature and later Congress, with all of them mentioning that they were ushered in by other Black legislators who called them to serve. Congresswoman Karen Bass (D-CA-37) said she entered the race for the California Assembly because other Black legislators were going to Congress and there weren’t going to be any African American women serving in the state legislature had she not run and won. “That was very motivating to me because all of the issues that we had worked on in the community. When people leave, everything that you’ve worked on can be reversed. So, that’s what led me to run for office,” said Bass. When asked who had been critical to their success in Continued on page A4
Blacks in Health Care Scholarship
By Zane D. Landin Los Angeles News Observer The underrepresentation of Black/African American professionals in the health care industry has led to significant, unequal disparities in health outcomes and equity for patients, professionals, and communities of color. Considering this, The United Nurses Associations of California/Union of Health Care Professionals who represent more than 32,000 registered nurses and other health care professionals in California and Hawaii has created the Alexis G. Philius Scholarship to increase access to health care fields for Black/African American students. The Alexis G. Philius Scholarship is for students of Black/ African descent who are pursuing a license, certificate, or health care degree at an accredited college, university, trade, or technical school at any time between January 1, 2021, and December 31, 2021. The deadline to apply is March 31, 2021, by 3 p.m. Five deserving students will be selected for $2,000 scholarships. Aside from the monetary reward, scholarship recipients will be afforded career development, mentorship, and networking opportunities. Applicants will be evaluated based on their academic promise, social awareness, community and/or social justice commitment, and professional aptitude. While Americans of Black/African descent represent around 13% of the U.S. population, they have the fewest number of registered nurses accumulating 6.2%, medical school graduates of 6%, and 23% of Black Americans have a physician who shares their race and/or ethnicity. There has always been a need to address the low number of Black/African Americans in the health care industry. It has never been more apparent, especially since COVID-19 has been killing Black Americans at an unexpected
rate at roughly two times based on their share of the population. Of those hospitalized with COVID-19, one-third have been Black/African American, and they account for one in four COVID-19 deaths in the United States. The Alexis G. Philius Scholarship was inspired by Alexis Goudeau Philius, RN, an African American, bedside nurse. Philius has been a nurse for the past 13 years, where she currently works at Kaiser Permanente on Sunset in Los Angeles. Often she would witness the harsh reality of homelessness in Los Angeles; thus, she founded Highly Favored: A Blessing to Others, a nonprofit organization that is widely-known for distributing food, toiletries, warm clothing, and other supplies to homeless people in Los Angeles County. “I’m honored that my name’s been chosen for this scholarship,” said Philius. “I was raised by a single mother and I know how hard she worked to put me through school, so I always wanted to help out. That is why it meant so much to me when I received a scholarship to nursing school. To help give one out now means even more, because I know the impact it can have on people’s lives, especially in the Black community. This scholarship will help them enter the medical field.” The Alexis G. Philius Scholarship is the newest addition to three other UNAC/UHCP scholarships that have been awarded to 154 students since the program began in 2013 and distributed $401,000 since 2015. The other three UNAC/UHCP scholarships are the Kathy J. Sackman Member Scholarship for UNAC/UHCP members; the Sonia Moseley Family Scholarship for family of UNAC/UHCP members; and the at-large Delima MacDonald Community Scholarship.
Deputies Who Shot Black Man Debated Whether to Stop Him By ROBERT JABLON Associated Press LOS ANGELES (AP) – Orange County sheriff’s deputies debated whether to stop a homeless man with mental health issues for jaywalking last year before shooting and killing him during a struggle, according to newly released video footage. The Sept. 23 death of 42-year-old Kurt Reinhold, who was Black, touched off protests and a lawsuit alleging that his race played a role in the confrontation. The Orange County Sheriff’s Department on Wednesday released a “critical incident” briefing video that included footage from a patrol car camera and a motel security camera along with previously released video from a witness’s cellphone. Reinhold was stopped in San Clemente by two deputies assigned to homeless outreach. They spotted Reinhold while sitting in their patrol car. He apparently spotted them and began walking. In audio from microphones worn by the deputies, one tells the other: “Okey-doke. He’s seen ya. He’s seen ya, copper.” A moment later, one deputy says: “Watch this. He’s going to jaywalk” and adds: “There we go.” ‘It’s controlled, man,” the deputy says, meaning the crossing has traffic signs or signals. “I don’t know, dude,” the other deputy replies doubtfully. “It is,” his partner insists and a moment later tells him: “Don’t make case law.” “It’s not case law,” the deputy replies. The cruiser then pulls up to Reinhold, whom the deputies want to identify, as he stands on the sidewalk. He apparently begins to walk away, and the deputies order him to stop. “Are you going to stop or are we going to have to make you stop?” one deputy says. “For what? For what?” Reinhold replies. When Reinhold is told he is being stopped for jaywalking and resisting arrest, he replies: “That’s ridiculous.” The confrontation escalates with the agitated Reinhold repeatedly telling a deputy who puts out a hand to stop him: “Stop touching me.” The witness cellphone video shows Reinhold trying to walk as a deputy tries to halt him and push him back to the sidewalk. Reinhold shoves back, and the deputies grab him. All three fall to the ground, struggling. On the witness video, a deputy is heard yelling several times: “He’s got my gun!” Two shots are then heard. In a close-up of footage from one video, Reinhold appears to grab at a deputy’s gun or holster, but his family has said he was simply flailing. Although a deputy performed CPR, Reinhold died at the scene. Reinhold’s family is suing the county for wrongful death. A statement from the family released through their attorney Thursday said the new video confirmed that the deputies “had no reason” to stop Reinhold and said the officers are heard disagreeing about whether he had jaywalked. The deputies “created and escalated” the confrontation, attorney John Taylor said in the statement. “Mr. Reinhold wasn’t in distress and didn’t pose any danger to himself or anyone else,” Taylor said. “If he wasn’t a Black man, this stop never would’ve happened, let alone the shooting that takes his life.” The shooting remained under investigation by the Sheriff’s Department and the county district attorney’s office.
World & Nation THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER
Thursday, February 25, 2021
President Biden Taps Meharry Medical College President for COVID Task Force
Meharry Medical College President and CEO Dr. James Hildreth.
By Stacy M. Brown NNPA Newswire Senior National Correspondent Meharry Medical College President and CEO Dr. James Hildreth has been named by President Joe Biden as a member of his COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force. Dr. Hildreth, the renowned immunologist and academic administrator and Meharry’s 12th president, sat on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration board that approved the first U.S. coronavirus vaccines. “I am honored to be chosen by President Biden as a member of the COVID-19 Health Equity Task Force. We are facing one of the largest challenges in the history of our nation,” Dr. Hildreth wrote in a statement. “COVID-19 has killed hundreds of thousands of Americans, and if adequate steps are not taken, this number will continue to grow. As we have seen, COVID-19 does not discriminate, it does not respect borders, and it does not behave according to our timelines,” Dr. Hildreth added. The United States has reported more than 27.2 million cases of the virus, and the death toll is nearing 470,000. Immediately following his Jan. 21 swearingin, President Biden issued a national strategy for the COVID-19 response and pandemic preparedness. “For the past year, we could not turn to the federal government for a national plan to answer prayers with action – until today,” President Biden stated. He then issued a 200-page report outlining a national strategy to beat the pandemic. The President called it a comprehensive plan that starts with restoring public trust and mounting an aggressive, safe, and effective vaccination campaign. “It continues with the steps we know that stop the spread like expanded masking, testing, and social distancing. It’s a plan where the federal government works with states, cities, Tribal communities, and private industry to increase supply and administer testing and the vaccines that will help reopen schools and businesses safely,”
President Biden remarked. “Equity will also be central to our strategy so that the communities and people being disproportionately infected and killed by the pandemic receive the care they need and deserve.” The President further noted that defeating the pandemic would take Congress providing the necessary funding, and families and neighbors continuing to look out for one another. He said the country would need health care providers, businesses, civic, religious and civil rights organizations, and unions all rallying together in common purpose and with urgency, purpose, and resolve. “We will need to reassert America’s leadership in the world in the fight against this and future public health threats,” President Biden asserted. Dr. Hildreth noted that the virus has had the largest impact on communities of color, among Black and brown Americans with underlying health conditions. “Without our immediate attention and a national, organized effort to fight this virus, we will be dealing with its impact for years to come,” Dr. Hildreth remarked. “As the President of a historically Black medical school that was founded to eradicate health disparities between majority and minority communities, this work is a focus for me and my institution. I am committed to working with our national leadership to develop cohesive plans that will address these silent killers - illnesses like COVID-19 that impact our most vulnerable populations at alarming rates,” Dr. Hildreth stated further. “We must address the pandemic together. I am confident that President Biden’s heightened focus on the pandemic will accelerate testing, treatment and vaccinations nationwide – proven strategies that will work to mitigate the virus and protect our people. “I look forward to working with my esteemed colleagues on the Task Force to restore health, wellbeing and stability to all of America.”
Daughters of Malcolm X Reveal Officer’s ‘Death Bed’ Confession of NYPD/FBI Conspiracy Continued from page A1
group calling itself the Black Liberation Movement (BLM) and received credit for defusing a plot to bomb the Statue of Liberty. Three men were convicted of Malcolm X’s 1965 murder. Talmadge Hayer, who later changed his name to Mujahid Abdul Halim, was the only one to admit guilt in the assassination.
Norman Butler, who later changed his name to Muhammad Abdul Aziz, and Thomas Johnson, later named Khalil Islam, maintained their innocence. Aziz won parole in 1985; Islam was released in 1987, and Halim was released in 2010. Islam died in 2009. A Netflix documentary, “Who Killed Malcolm X?,” was released last year and featured interviews
conducted by Abdur-Rahman Muhammad, an activist and investigator who said he dedicated his life to solving Malcolm’s murder. Following the documentary’s release, the Manhattan District Attorney’s office announced it would review the case and reopen it if they found new evidence. Manhattan District Attorney Cy Vance, Jr., could not immediately be reached for comment.
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Thursday, February 25, 2021
THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER A3
An American Adventure’ Exhibit at The American Adventure Pavilion
EPCOT Unveils ‘The Soul of Jazz: New experience at Walt Disney World Resort takes guests on a musical tour across America with Joe Gardner from Disney and Pixar’s ‘Soul’
“The Soul of Jazz: An American Adventure” debuted Feb. 1, 2021, at The American Adventure inside EPCOT at Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Fla. This new exhibit features Joe Gardner, the musician, mentor and teacher from “Soul,” as he shares the rich and surprising history of jazz from several influential cities. (Kent Phillips, photographer) LAKE BUENA VISTA, Fla. - Originated by African Americans and fusing the influences of many different cultures, jazz is a distinctly American art form. This living, breathing music is the basis for the new Disney and Pixar film “Soul,” and now the focus of a new exhibit inside EPCOT at Walt Disney World Resort. “The Soul of Jazz: An American Adventure” debuts today at The American Adventure, inviting guests on a musical tour of the United States to learn more about this colorful, inspiring and constantly evolving genre of music. This new exhibit features Joe Gardner, the musician, mentor and teacher from “Soul,” as he shares the rich and surprising history of jazz from several influential cities: New Orleans, Chicago, New York City, Los Angeles and San Juan, Puerto Rico. “Walt Disney Imagineering is thrilled to bring the compelling story of jazz to EPCOT,” said Carmen Smith, Executive, Creative Development and Inclusion Strategies, Walt Disney Imagineering. “Our team was honored to work with jazz experts and institutions across the country to explore the rich history and influence of this truly American musical art form. We hope guests are as inspired by ‘The Soul of Jazz: An American Adventure’ as our Imagineers were bringing this exhibit to life.” In creating the exhibit, Walt Disney Imagineering collaborated with historians and curators from top jazz institutions, including the Historic New Orleans Collection and the New Orleans Jazz Museum in Louisiana, as well as the Louis Armstrong House Museum in New York. The exhibit showcases historic artifacts from world-renowned jazz musicians, including: • Jazz legend Louis Armstrong’s Selmer trumpet • “Jazz Jubilee” sheet music, handwritten by Jelly Roll Morton, one of the genre’s original performers and composers • “Skin Deep” percussion sheet music of Duke Ellington drummer Louie Bellson
• Cornet belonging to Bix Beiderbecke, an early jazz soloist from the 1920s • Drumsticks of Gene Krupa, member of influential jazz groups such as the Benny Goodman Orchestra and Tommy Dorsey’s band Guests will also soon be able to use the Play Disney Parks mobile app to interact with the exhibit and test their knowledge of jazz.* This new experience is part of the continuing and historic transformation of EPCOT, as the park celebrates curiosity, discovery and the magic of possibility. For more on EPCOT and Walt Disney World Resort, visit WDWNews.com and DisneyParksBlog.com. What Collaborators Say About ‘The Soul of Jazz: An American Adventure’ “Louis Armstrong, affectionately called ‘Pops,’ ushered in a new era of musical innovation that has influenced musicians of all genres performing today. The Louis Armstrong House Museum is thankful to Walt Disney Imagineering for giving light to the impact of jazz as a uniquely American art form.” – Regina Bain, Executive Director, Louis Armstrong House Museum “At the New Orleans Jazz Museum, we work from the idea that jazz is one of the foundations for all American music. We are overjoyed to see a movie that recognizes its importance and are even more happy to participate in an exhibit that celebrates jazz at EPCOT.” – David Kunian, Curator, New Orleans Jazz Museum “Jelly Roll Morton’s manuscript music, part of the William Russell Jazz Collection at The Historic New Orleans Collection, stands as testament to the genius of one of the originators and unique voices in traditional jazz. More than a performer, Morton was one of the first jazz composers, and his hand-written scores – including ‘Jazz Jubilee’ – are tangible reminders of his legacy.” – Eric Seiferth, Curator/Historian, The Historic New Orleans Collection
New experience at Walt Disney World Resort takes guests on a musical tour across America with Joe Gardner from Disney and Pixar’s ‘Soul.’ “The Soul of Jazz: An American Adventure” debuted Feb. 1, 2021, at The American Adventure inside EPCOT at Walt Disney World Resort in Lake Buena Vista, Fla. This new exhibit features artifacts from renowned jazz musicians, including Louis Armstrong’s trumpet (pictured). (Kent Phillips, photographer)
About Disney and Pixar’s ‘Soul’ What is it that makes you … YOU? Pixar Animation Studios’ all-new feature film “Soul” introduces Joe Gardner (voice of Jamie Foxx) – a middle-school band teacher who gets the chance of a lifetime to play at the best jazz club in town. But one small misstep takes him from the streets of New York City to The Great Before – a fantastical place where new souls get their personalities, quirks and interests before they go to Earth. Determined to return to his life, Joe teams up with a precocious soul, 22 (voice of Tina Fey), who has never understood the appeal of the human experience. As Joe desperately tries to show 22 what’s great about living, he may just discover the answers to some of
life’s most important questions. Directed by Academy Award® winner Pete Docter (“Inside Out,” “Up”), co-directed by Kemp Powers (“One Night in Miami”) and produced by Academy Award nominee Dana Murray, p.g.a. (Pixar short “Lou”), Disney and Pixar’s “Soul” is now streaming on Disney+ (where Disney+ is available). *Message, data and roaming rates may apply. Availability subject to handset limitations, and features may vary by handset, service provider or otherwise. Coverage and app stores not available everywhere. If you’re under 18, get your parents’ permission first.
By MATT WICKSTROM The Herald Leader LEXINGTON, Ky. (AP) – “Basketball’s an art, Dame’s a masterful portrait. Stats is important but his impact’s enormous.” Those are just a couple bars from Devine Carama’s latest rap, a collaboration with the NBA’s Portland Trail Blazers that came about after the team slid into the artist’s Instagram DMs in early February asking him to create a short four-bar rap and video hyping up star point guard Damian “Dame” Lillard ahead of the deadline for the league’s All-Star voting, not that he needed much help. Jumping at the chance, Carama accepted the invitation and immediately contacted long-time collaborators Brandon Turner, a videographer at KET and the owner of Unsung Hero Media, and Jaysyn “JK-47” Wyche, studio engineer and producer, to help craft a video of the artist rapping his bars at Charles Young Park on the city’s east end. Within 48 hours Carama and Turner had the project filmed, edited and ready to go, even adding in a last minute clip of Lillard’s game-winning shot against the Chicago Bulls on Jan. 30 to further enhance the push for the point guard’s All-Star bid. “I wasn’t about to do just another cell phone video like I normally would for (hash)4BarFriday,” said Carama. “I wanted to take this seriously and put together a high quality production . I guess we hit a clutch shot with time until our deadline winding down, just like Dame hitting a buzzer beater. Since then, Lillard’s late-game heroics have only continued to mount. On Wednesday night he scored 43 points, including a go-ahead three-point play with 16.5 seconds left, to lead the Trail Blazers to their sixth consecutive win over the New Orleans Pelicans. The highlight reel performance proved that he’s not just a worthy NBA All-Star, but one of the likely favorites for league MVP as well. Now a six-time All-Star (although he narrowly missed out on the starting lineup this year following a tiebreaker with the Dallas Mavericks Luka Doncic), as of Thursday night Lillard sits at fourth in the NBA in scoring at 29.3 points per game, third in threepointers made with 105 and tenth in assists per game with 7.4. The All-Star collaboration came about through Lillard’s (hash)4BarFriday weekly rap series on Instagram, first started in 2013 as a way to showcase and build up his own rap career, where he’s known as Dame D.O.L.L.A.
The series now has over 62,000 followers and Lillard uses it to showcase other up-and-coming artists from around the country and world. One of those frequently featured artists has been Carama, who has submitted 105 verses since his first contribution May 2017. When the COVID-19 pandemic hit Lillard teamed up with Genius.com to host nine weekly rap cyphers broadcast live on Instagram pitting top members of the (hash)4BarFriday community against one another. One of those select few was Carama, who came out victorious in two of the three cyphers he participated in, falling short in the other due to technical issues with his phone. He was the only two-time winner during the series’ limited run thus far that has been judged by hip-hop heavyweights like Benny The Butcher, Lil’ Cease, Common, Fabolous and Genius’ Vice President of Content Strategy, Rob Markman. Since starting to engage with the (hash)4BarFriday community Carama has seen his Instagram followers nearly double to just north of 7,200, including follows from the likes of Lillard, Lil’ Cease and Markman, among others., helping to give his music a platform like never before. “To have people like Little Cease follow me on Instagram and have Fabolous, an artist I’ve been a fan of for years, quote one of my bars is incredibly surreal,” said Carama. “However, it’s opened up a lot of doors not just for my music but most importantly for my youth mentorship programming and other projects related to my business Believe in Forever Inc.” Since the video was shared by the Trail Blazers’ official Instagram on Feb. 9 Carama says he’s received calls, emails and DM’s from youth mentors and teachers nationwide inquiring about mentoring and Black History Month programming. And the young people he works with have been full of excitement about seeing his rap about one of the NBA’s biggest stars getting shared around, with over 28,000 views. “To be even more validated by the young people that I serve is what’s most rewarding out of all this as it creates more of an opportunity for me to impart my wisdom on them due to the momentum and clout gained through my rapping,” said Carama. “I’m not really in this to become a big star. The most gratifying part to me is being able to use this notoriety and funnel it back into my work in the community here.”
Kentucky Rapper Collaborates with Portland Trail Blazers
Our Native Daughters Bring Black Women’s Voices to Forefront By KRISTIN M. HALL AP Entertainment Writer NASHVILLE, Tenn. (AP) – Playing a banjo as a Black female artist is a form of activism for the four members of Our Native Daughters. Their story, appearing in a new documentary called “Reclaiming History: Our Native Daughters” airing Monday on the Smithsonian Channel, is both personal and ancestral, connecting the stories of Black enslaved women to their own experiences dealing with constructs of genre, race and class. Documented on video, Rhiannon Giddens, Leyla McCalla, Allison Russell and Amythyst Kiah wrote together in 2018 in a tiny Louisiana studio and recorded the music in just 12 days. All of them play the banjo and have worked primarily in acoustical, roots music. “We wouldn't be here doing this, having this talk if it wasn't for the strength and the resilience and tremendous wealth of that lineage that's carried forward in us,” said
Russell. “It was a healing experience to make this music together.” Giddens has won a Grammy Award and a McArthur Fellowship for her exploration of Black musical history that has largely been whitewashed. But all of them have experienced dismissals of their interest in acoustic and folk music. “Why, if you pick up a banjo, does someone assume it's a white Appalachian thing? Why does someone assume if you're Black, you must be doing urban music, whatever that means?” said Russell. “I am an urban Black country woman playing the banjo.” “There is stigma, and there's a lot of pain and there's a lot of reasons why that is,” said McCalla. “Songs of Our Native Daughters” which came out on the Smithsonian Folkways record label in 2019, focused on the stories of women during the transatlantic slave trade, but also the triumphs of Black women. One song focuses on Polly Ann, the wife of the steel driving folk hero John
Henry, while “Quasheba, Quasheba” is about Russell's African ancestor who was bought as a slave. “People are ready to sit with this history and I think doing it with music, it's like the best way to disarm a person,” said Kiah. Kiah earned a Grammy nomination for her song “Black Myself ” from this record, which she has re-recorded into a new version released on Friday. The song addresses the intra-racial discrimination that focuses on the darkness of a person's skin, inspired by experiences she had seen in her own life as well as historical accounts. “There's this idea of the lighter that you can get, the more you'll be respected by the white supremacist society that they were living in, that we are still living in,” said Kiah. The documentary shows them on tour playing to largely white audiences, an issue that has prompted a lot internal discussions among the group. They aren't responsible for how their music is marketed in a commercial music
industry, but what does it mean if they aren't reaching some Black audiences? “We each have had frustrations with the way that American music is segregated,” said Giddens. “What we're trying to do is dismantle the thing that is keeping the Black audiences from the show.” Throughout the documentary, the artists explain the history of Black music and instruments that created the roots of so many different styles of modern American music. As Russell explains it, the music is global, mixing and traveling across continents through the African diaspora. “As much as we need to face the pain of the past, we also have to bring forward the joy and the innovation. And I think that's what we tried to do on this record,” said Russell.
FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT FILE NO: 2021 037060 The following person(s) is (are) doing business as: JAZZOGRAPHY at 6277 Ivarene Ave, Los Angeles, Ca. 90068 Mailing Address: Same County: LA REGISTERED OWNERS(S): ROBERT L. BARRY, 6277 Ivarene Ave, Los Angeles, Ca. 90068 REGISTERED OWNERS(S): SHARON CANNON, 6277 Ivarene Ave, Los Angeles, Ca. 90068 The business is conducted by: a General Partnership SIGNED: LUELLA VIEGAS, CEO The date registrant started to transact business under the fictitious business name or names listed above: 09/1997 This statement filed with the County Clerk of Los Angeles County on: Feb 10, 2021 DEAN C. LOGAN, Los Angeles County Clerk By: ROBERT L. BARRY, General Partner Deputy NOTICE: IN ACCORDANCE WITH
SUBDIVISION (a) OF SECTION 17920, A FICTITIOUS NAME STATEMENT GENERALLY EXPIRES ST THE END IOF FIVE YEARS FROM THE DATE OF WHICH IT WAS FILED IN THE OFFICE OF THE COUNTY CLERK EXCEPT, AS PROVIDED IN SUBDIVISION (b) OF SECTION 17920, WHERE IT EXPIRES 40 DAYS AFTER ANY CHANGE IN THE FACTS SET FORTH IN THE STATEMENT PURSUANT TO SECTION 17913 OTHER THAN A CHANGE IN THE RESIDENCE ADDRESS OF A REGISTERED OWNER. A NEW FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT MUST BE FILED BEFORE THE EXPIRATION. EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2014, THE FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT MUST BE ACCOMPANIED BY THE AFFIDAVIT OF IDENTITY FORM. This statement expires on Feb 10, 2026 LOS ANGELES BAY NEWS OBSERVER (E) PUB: Feb 25, Mar 4, 11, 18, 2021
THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER
Black Women Leaders Organize Continued from page A1
CA Bill Would Require State to Contract More With Black-Owned Businesses Antonio Ray Harvey California Black Media Last week, Assemblymember David Chiu (D-San Francisco) introduced the Economic Equity First Act of 2021, also known as Assembly Bill 915. The legislation is proposing measures to ensure fair opportunities for minority-owned small businesses in state contracting and procurement. Under AB 915, all state agencies, departments, boards, and commissions would be mandated to achieve a minimum goal of 25% participation for minority businesses, which include Blackowned, women-owned and disabled veteran-owned firms in state procurement and contracts. “Our small businesses, particularly minority-owned small businesses, have been hit especially hard by the pandemic,” said Assemblymember David Chiu (D-San Francisco). “This bill uses the state’s enormous purchasing power to help uplift our small businesses when they need it most.” The legislation is based on the recognition that small businesses makeup 99.8% of all California private sector companies, and they make a significant contribution to the economy, accounting for 7 million employees across the State. Black businesses in California hire nearly 11,000 employees. The California Asian Pacific Chamber of Commerce (CalAsian Chamber) worked closely with the Assemblymember’s office to develop this legislation, which increases access to procurement opportunities for small, minority, women-owned and disabled veteran-owned businesses. The CalAsian Chamber is joined by the California Hispanic Chambers of Commerce and the California African American Chamber of Commerce (CAACC) in co-sponsoring and supporting this landmark legislation. Of California’s 4.1 million small businesses, 1.2 million (29%) are minority owned. The CalAsian Chamber alone represents the voice of over 600,000 Asian and Asian Pacific
Thursday, February 25, 2021
Trez V. Pugh, III, owner of Sip and Savor coffee house puts up businesswoman Keeana Barber’s “Black Owned Business” sign at his Bronzeville location. (Photo: Amber Marie Green/Provided)
Islander (AAPI)-owned businesses that generate more than $181 billion in annual revenue. The Asian entities also employ over 910,135 Californians with an annual payroll of over $26 billion. AB 915, if it becomes law, could enhance African American businesses’ status in the state, supporters say. According to a June 2020 report by ZIPPIA, titled the “Most Supportive States for Black Businesses,” California ranked No. 4. ZIPPIA, an online career support company, reported that there are 10, 287 Black-owned businesses operating in the state. They employ 81, 530 employees. ZIPPIA also examined the number of Black-owned businesses per capita, using data from the United States Census’ Annual Business Survey. The top three states in the country that support Blackowned businesses are Maryland, Georgia, and New York. “It’s shocking that only 7% of the country’s businesses are Black-owned. Recent events have led to a nationwide push to support black-owned businesses. So, we wanted to find out what states support a thriving environment for Black-owned businesses,” ZIPPIA stated in the 2020 report. AB 915 updates and seeks to enact Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger’s 2006 executive order (EO S-02-06), which required the same minimum goal of 25% minority participation in government contracting. It also expands on AB 657, passed in 2017, which initiated steps to establish a “small business liaison-advocate” for each agency that regularly interacts with small businesses. This office would primarily be responsible for meeting the 25% goal. “I am proud of this piece of legislation which will not only raise the priority of all small businesses seeking contracts with the State but elevate the importance of minority-owned businesses in the State’s procurement process,” Pat Fong Kushida, President and Chief Executive Officer of the CalAsian Chamber. “It is my hope that this bill will be the first of many which proactively offer real-life solutions for the millions of business owners across California.” Also, more help is on the way for businesses suffering the most significant economic hardship from the COVID-19 recession. Gov. Gavin Newsom, Senate President pro Tempore Toni G. Atkins. (D-San Diego) and Assembly Speaker Anthony Rendon (D-Lakewood) announced that they have reached an agreement on a package of immediate actions that will ramp up relief to individuals, families and businesses. The compromise builds on the initiatives in the governor’s state budget proposal to provide cash relief to lower-income Californians, increase aid to small businesses, and provide license renewal fee waivers to businesses impacted by the pandemic. In addition to these measures, the agreement provides tax relief for businesses, commits additional resources for critical childcare services, and funds emergency financial aid for community college students. “As we continue to fight the pandemic and recover, I’m grateful for the Legislature’s partnership to provide urgent relief and support for California families and small businesses where it’s needed most,” Newsom said. “From child care, relief for small business owners, direct cash support to individuals, financial aid for community college students, and more, these actions are critical for millions of Californians who embody the resilience of the California spirit.”
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their career, the congresswomen spoke about Black women community leaders and local government leaders who have worked with and inspired them, including Mary Henry, Opal Jones and Lillian Mobley in South Los Angeles, Maudelle Shirek in Berkeley, Nolice Edwards and Kellie Todd Griffin in Sacramento, and Edith Austin in Oakland. “What I liked most about them was the courage that they had. If you could’ve seen them operate, you would’ve been instilled with the kind of strength that they helped to generate for me. I’ve been out of place, outspoken, confrontational, all of that, because of all these women, and I love it, and I’m so pleased I knew them and embraced me,” said Congresswoman Maxine Waters (D-CA-43). Speaking about their legacy, the congresswomen all say they hope they will be recognized for the fights they have led on behalf of their communities, and for delivering for their constituents. Congresswoman Barbara Lee (D-CA13) emphasized the importance of changing systematically oppressive systems. “Like Shirley Chisholm said, when you get inside it’s not about playing by the rules, it’s about changing those rules because they weren’t made for you and me. So, I hope that my legacy will be, I didn’t go along to get along and I tried to change the systems and structures that are creating such oppression for so many marginalized people,” said Lee. State and local Black women legislators also spoke about the legacies they want to leave, and what they want to accomplish for both their constituents and the women who will follow in their footsteps in various roles. They also touched on the importance of creating a better future of Black Californians. “I wanted to demonstrate to people from San Diego and for African Americans across the state, that we can actually fight this battle and win,” said California Secretary of State Shirley Weber. “That was something that was so important because so many of our communities settle for little or nothing in terms of representation. So, my goal was to basically demonstrate that we can get police reform, that we can get a reparations bill passed, that we can do things in California that others think that we couldn’t do.” State Board of Equalization Member Malia Cohen said, “This country has done dubious things in terms of passing policies that have shaken the bedrock of our financial stability. When I think about my legacy at least, as I serve on the Board of Equalization, I really want to begin to elevate the conversation. There are very few women – let alone Black women that are in this space that are paying attention to taxes and fees and they’re paying attention to budget. That is the legacy that I hope to leave behind.” Assemblymember Sydney Kamlager-Dove (D-Los Angeles), whose district includes Crenshaw, Ladera Heights, Baldwin Hills and Culver City, says Black politicians have to press their colleagues holding elected office to push for the changes they would like to see. “We are at the bottom of just about every statistic when it comes to talking about Black futures, and what our Black babies are going to grow into. At the end of the day, we have got to be riding every single fellow colleague and the administration on budget decisions that are coupled with policy decisions,” said Kamlager-Dove. Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors member Holly Mitchell emphasized that courage is required to succeed. “I want people to be clear about my why and understand that I was not afraid because fear is the only thing that can stop us as black women from being overwhelmingly successful. Don’t be afraid. If others are afraid of you that is their problem, not yours,” Mitchell said. Assemblymember Autumn Burke spoke about her mother, Yvonne Brathwaite Burke, who also served in the state legislature. Burke said she now feels it’s her responsibility to bring Black women into the legislature as her mother did. “Creating a bench is incredibly important to me now. It was one of my mom’s legacies. So many of her staff became speakers and supervisors and city council members. It’s something she’s really proud of. And as I look now, as I’m getting a little bit older, I’ve realized how important that really is. When I look around that room, knowing that I’m going to be the only one there, and what a disservice that is to our communities,” said Burke. San Francisco Mayor London Breed spoke on her motivation for getting into politics, after growing up in poverty. Now she wonders why she was one of the only members of her neighborhood to go to college and get out of poverty. “All the people I grew up with, I now see them in the Tenderloin, sometimes strung out. I’ve gone to more funerals and I can count. The only reason why I decided to do work as a public servant is because I wanted to change things from a perspective of someone who’s was forced to live in it for most of my life. So what I want my legacy to be is I want to look back, and I want to feel and see a difference in people’s lives,” said Breed.
Thursday, February 25, 2021
THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER A5
Bell Wins at Daytona-Wallace Finishes 27th
(Photo Credit: Getty Images)
By Earl Heath Contributing Sports Writer It was Christopher Bell edging out Joey Lagano in the O’Reilly Auto parts 253 road course at Daytona. That earned him his first career cup win. Bell a member of the Joe Gibbs Racing had just returned from his rookie season Leavine Racing Team last year. This gave him a chance to run a top-notch Toyota and he handled it well. “This was one of the highlights of my life, said Bell. “I’ve prepared for my whole life to race in the Cup Series last year was such a learning curve for me. I’m grateful that I got the opportunity to run in Cup and it definitely prepared me to go to Joe Gibbs Racing.”
While driving with Leavine he had seven top 10 finishesNot exactly blowing the doors off. In the past two weeks its Bell and Michael McDowell (last weeks winner) having their first wins at Daytona. That’s only the third time in NASCAR history the first two races of the season were won by first time winners. It was previously done in 1949 and 1950. McDowell and Bell also have earned two of the 16 play-off spots. The rest of the field will have 26 races to earn their way in with points. Automatic births are given race winners while the rest of the spots are filled with those having the most points. “To have Christopher in the play-offs that a big deal,” Joe Gibbs said. Ryan Preece (JTG-Daugherty racing ) finished 9th
thus giving him a pair of top ten finishes for the first two races. He’s currently seventh in the points standing. McDowell finished eight this week. After 359 NASCAR starts it was the veterans career best road race finish. Danny Hamlin was third that gave Gibbs two cars in the top three. “I was trying to hang around the third fastest or fourth fastest all day,” said Hamlin. “That’s kind of what our FedEx Camry had. I’ve got to continue to get better but this is what we had. I was kind of confused on what to do with the strategy there. but obviously it was a great two-days for JGR (Joe Gibbs Racing) and the whole team.” Bubba Wallace finishes 26th place in the Toyota 23XI. After starting in the 10th spot he spent most of the race between 12
and 20th place. Last week the 27-year-old finished 17th last week among several big recks. His Car chief was ejected before the race. Look for big strides by Wallace and Team as the season progresses. This week NASCAR Cup will he to Homestead-Miami Speedway for the Dixie Vodka 400 it will be the third straight race in the Sunshine State. The race can be seen on FOX12:30PST. “The South Florida community is always excited about welcoming fans from across the country,” said track President Al Garcia. “We pride ourselves on personal hospitality and incredible racing at our beautiful colorful facility. We will work with our fans to enjoy the best opportunity to enjoy NASCAR racing at its finest here at Homestead-Miami Speedway.”
By Cameron Buford Whatsgoodinsports.com 2/17/21 vs (23-5) Utah Jazz vs (21-8) Los Angeles Clippers The Utah Jazz comes into Staples with the best record in the season so far this season, minus their assist leader Mike Conley. The Clippers will also be missing a few of their key players in Kawhi Leonard (Left Lower Leg Contusion), Paul George (Bone Edema Right Toe), and Nic Batum (Concussion), this should be a great test for the remainder of the team. If they have Championship aspirations; they need to be able to beat a team like this at home! Each of these teams will be missing their leading scorer from their initial matchup when Mike Conley scored 33 points for the Jazz and Paul George scored 25 points for the Clippers. This game will be won in the paint as the Clippers are averaging right at 44 rebounds per game and Utah averages 48.5 rebounds per game. The Clippers are 8-4 when their opponents pull down more rebounds than them, where the Utah Jazz are 6-2 when they are outrebounded by their opponents. After O’’Neale hits a three-pointer for the Jazz, Patrick Beverley out scores the Jazz on his own. Scoring a drive to the hoop over Gobert, then ripping Mitchell and taking that in for his third and fourth points of the game. That fight and energy last throughout the first half for the Clippers as they took a 51-46 lead into the half. They even had the advantage on boards at 22 to 29 in addition to shooting better from the field and behind the arc at 48.8% and 55.6% respectively. That all ended in the third quarter, as the Jazz scored 35 points in the third quarter. They also dominated that quarter on the boards with 13 to 7 and doubled the Clippers up on assist 8 to 4. The Jazz went on to win the game going away, largely because the Clippers had trouble scoring, with their best players looking on from the sidelines. As the league’s top team, the Utah Jazz has had no such problem. They have five players shooting 38% or more from the three-point range. Additionally, they have now won 19 of their last 20 games and 17 of those wins have come by double-digits. They are not only getting fat on the worse teams; they are now 11-3 vs team over .500 this season after beating the Clippers on Wednesday evening. After the game I pointed out to Ty Lue, Clippers HC, that this was their 4th game with under double-digit three pointers made and what he attributed to this to he simply said laughing, “Not making enough shots made.” 2/19/21 vs (24-5) Utah Jazz vs (21-9) Los Angeles Clippers In this back-to-back, prime-time matchup on National TV,
the Jazz and the Clippers both will have a full roster in this game. Paul George comes off his seven-game lay off and Mike Conley returns to the court after a six-game layoff. Kawhi Leonard also returns to play this evening after missing the last three games. In the first few minutes of this game, the defensive prowess of the Clippers with a complete roster is evident. Just as the individual scoring ability of All-Stars Kawhi Leonard and Paul George is apparent as the Clippers take an early 14-9 lead midway through the first quarter. Mike Conley hit the Clippers for 7 quick points, while Kawhi Leonard and Paul George scored 4 and 5 points respectively. Both teams exchanged blows in the second quarter, Jordan Clarkson and Bojan Bogdanovic paced the Jazz in the quarter with 11 points and 15 points respectively. The Jazz did shoot 45.5 % from the floor. Though the Clippers shot 51% in the quarter lead by Lou Williams 15 points and supported by Kawhi’s 12 in that first half. It was an 8-point game coming out of the halftime break and the meant go time for Kawhi. Having scored just 12 points in that first half, he scored 12 points in that quarter alone. This was Kawhi Leonard’s 12th straight game with at least 20 points, which is tied for the third-longest such streak in his career. Jordan Clarkson, the sixth man of the year contender, apparently has a fluorescent green light as he shot 9-17 for 19 points in the game for the Jazz, though he shot only 1-7 from behind the Arc. Donovan Mitchell turned it on a bit late in the game by scoring 17 of his 35 points in the fourth quarter to keep the Jazz in striking distance. The Jazz was 0-9 when guarded by Paul George or Patrick Beverley early in the game. They are also the best 3rd quarter team in the NBA though they took the lead by 4 momentarily in that quarter, the Clippers held their top three-point shooters Donovan Mitchell, Jordan Clarkson, and Bojan Bogdanovic to 6-22 form behind the Arc in this game. On the flip side not only are the Clippers 16-3 when Kawhi Leonard and Paul George suit up, but they are also 22-5 when they hit at least 10 three-point shots as they did tonight. After a frantic close to the game, the Clippers pull it out and won their fifth out of the last six games, to improve to 22- 9 on the season. Head Coach Ty Lue was asked about their issues closing this game out, “Yeah that was stupid.” 2/19/21 vs (19-12) Brooklyn Nets vs (22-9) Los Angeles Clippers When the Clippers welcome in the Brooklyn Nets, NBA fans will get to see the top 3-point shooting teams in the league. Both teams are shooting above the 40% mark, the Clippers are
shooting 41.9% from deep as the Nets are shooting at a 40.0% clip. This game will also boast the league’s best 3-point shooters in the Nets Joe Harris and the Clippers Marcus Morris, each shooting 50.7% and 50.5% respectively. The games will also feature 5 of this season’s NBA All-Stars, 4 NBA Champions, and 2 former league MVPs. The only thing missing is that Kevin Durant, who will miss his fourth game due to a strained left hamstring. It was the Clippers’ 5th game of a 6th game road trip a four-point game the last time these two teams matched up with 244 points scored, in that game. After allowing the Clippers to jump out to an early lead, the Nets roared back behind the shooting of their NBA AllStars James Harden 13 points and Kyrie Irving 12 points. Kawhi Leonard lead the Clippers to a strong finish in that first quarter by shooting 5-9 from the floor with 14 points, giving the Clippers a 30-28 lead. The Nets responded by winning the second quarter 30-21… assisted by the Clippers 12 turnovers. James led all scorers going into the half with 21 points in addition to his 8 rebounds and 4 assists. Paul George’s 13 points complimented Kawhi’s 18 points though they were dominated in points in the paint by the Nets 32-14 in that first half. The Nets followed up the second quarter by winning the third quarter as well. They extended their lead on Kyrie’s 12 points in the quarter along with Bruce Brown’s 6 points and 3 timely rebounds in the quarter. Paul George tried his best to keep the Clippers with his 21 points in the second half, though his minute’s restrictions limited his availability in the second half. When asked about his minute’s restriction and was able to play through it he said, “I think you know the answer to that…; I was ready, I was ready to go!” This was Kawhi Leonard’s 13th straight game with at least 20 points which is the fourth-longest active streak in the NBA. Paul George is the fourth player in franchise history and the first since Lou Williams (2/13/20 at Boston) with at least 34 points, seven assists, six rebounds, and two blocked shots. However, all guys not named Kawhi Leonard or Paul George scored 45 points tonight for the Clippers, this was their lowest output of the season. In this game James Harden recorded his 77th 35-point double-double, the Nets have now beaten western conference teams 8 consecutive times. While the Clippers had only 3 guys over 13 points, the Nets had 5 players score 13 or more points. The Nets also capitalized on 17 Clippers turnovers to score 27 points which helped to decide this game. 2/17/21 vs (13-17) Washington Wizards vs (22-10) Los Angeles Clippers
The Clippers will face the Washington Wizards for the first time this season. The Wizards come into this game on a fivegame win streak, led by 2021 NBA All-Star Starter Bradley Beal’s league-leading 32.9 points per game. The Clippers are ranked 15th in the league in rebounding at 44.3 per game, they will need to increase this total to ensure a win versus the Wizards, as the Wizards are 1-11 when giving up more than 45 rebounds per game. Kawhi Leonard and his 26.9 points per game. 4.9 assists per game and his 6.1 rebounds were announced to the 2021 NBA All-Star starting team last week. This week Paul George, and his
Courtside with Clippers – Week 7
Lakers Looking to Change Slump By Earl Heath Contributing Sports Writer It’s been a tough time of late as the Lakers lost their third straight game. They fell to the Washington Wizards by a score of 127124 in overtime. It was the teams fourth overtime game this year and they are now 3-1 in those games. LeBron James had 31 points, a season high 13 assists and 9 rebounds in 43 minutes of play to pace the Lakers. He missed a free throw that would have given them the lead in the final seconds of the 4th period. “We lost our focus,” said James. “It’s my fault missing the foul shot. You have to give them credit, they kept playing and coming after us. But with a lead like that we have to put teams away.” Montrezl Harrell had a season high 26. He became the sixth Laker to score 26 points in 23 minutes or less. Kantavious Caldwell-Pope had 21 including some clutch three-pointers. That marked the first time all season that the team has lost a game when three players have score 20 or more points. (4-1) Kyle Kuzma chipped in with 14 points and 11 boards that marked hid seventh double-double of the year. The Lakers had a 17-point lead and Bradley Beal who finished with 33. The league’s leading scorer scored on three consecutive possessions in overtime. Russell Westbrook had a near triple-double 32, 14 boards and 9 assists including six in overtime. The wizards have won five straight. The Laker announced Davis will be out three more weeks while Dennis Schroder (COVID protocol) will return with in the next few days. The defending Champs are 5-4 with Davis out of the line and 16-5 with him. In a clash against Eastern Conference Power Brooklyn at Staples Kevin Durant missed the third game in a row and the Anthony Davis was out also. Then an hour before tip-off, Dennis Schroder was scratched from the Lakers line-up due to COVID protocol and also missed the game vs. the Heat. Once the ball was tossed up James Harden and Kyrie Irvin became facilitators as little known Joe Harris and Timothy Luwau-Cabarrot hit five three pointers a piece for the Nets who hit 18 three’s on the night. The result was 109-98 win for Brooklyn. Harden finished with 23 with 11assists, Harris 21. and Kyrie had 16 and 5 dimes to lead the Nets. The bright spot for L.A. was LeBron becoming the fastest player in NBA history to reach 35,000 points. Kuzma added 15 and 10 boards. The Heat came into town to face the Lakers for the first time since last years NBA Finals. This year they’ve hey have been struggling playing .500 ball. THE HEAT: L.A was in a familiar place trailing by 13 at the first half. They have a tendency of falling behind early before settling in the previous three games they’ve trailed by as many as 22 points in the half. Marc Gasol hit a three at the buzzer cut lead to seven at the half. Then in the third he tied it at 63 with another one. Wes Mathews had a bucket a rebound and to start the 2nd half. The led to a comeback and kept the Lakers in it until
Kentavious Cardwell-Pope shoots the ball during the game vs the Miami Heat. (Photo: Andrew D. Bernstein/Adam Pantozzi/Rohan Ali/NBA E)
the end. With L.A. down by two in the final seconds Lebron stole an inbounds pass then got the ball to Alex Caruso who let it fly from the right 17 feet and the went off the rim at the buzzer. The home team final fell 96-94. Kyle Kuzma lead all scorers with 23 and six rebounds. James finished with a near triple-double 19-9-9. Montrezel Harrel had 18 and ten boards. B Davis and Dennis Schroder (COVID protocol) both were still absent from the line-up.
Bam Adebayo Miami’s scored 16 and grab 10 rebounds. Kendrick Nunn (27) and Jimmy Butler (23) paced led the Heat. It was the fifth time this season the Lakers scored lass than 100 points-when that happens they are 2-3. It was the first time since 2011-12 a team lost a game to the team they defeated in the finals the previous year.
Clippers guard Patrick Beverly playing his always aggressive defensive style while guarding Utah Jazz guard Donavan Mitchell at Staples Center Wednesday February 17th, 2021. (Photo: Los Angeles Clippers)
24.4 points per game, 5.5 assists per game, and 6.2 rebounds per game, was announced as a 2021 NBA All-Star reserve team. As in years past, the Teams Captains, LeBron James and Kevin Durant will select their teams’ playground style. As for the Wizards taking on the Clippers here at Staples, the Clippers are 11-6 defending their home court, while the Wizards are 6-8 on the road. As the Beal leads the league in scoring, Russell Westbrook is averaging 19.9 points per game, 9.7 rebounds per game, and 9.7 assists per game for the Wizards this season. In 9.7 rebounds and 9.7 assists per game this season. In this game, Russell and Patrick Beverley will get to rekindle their love-hate relationship, which has been mostly hate, for some years now. Patrick Beverley penetrates, kicked the ball to an open Nic Batum, who quickly passed to a more open Paul George who knocked down his first three-pointer of the game off the great ball movement from the Clippers which put them up by 9-2. George’s eyes light up when he saw Garrison Mathews guarding him and crossed him up and took him right to the hoop to give the Clippers an 11-5 lead. The Clippers start rolling from there outscoring the Wizards in the 72- 55 in that first half. The Clippers pulled down 30 rebounds in that first half; this is the third game they reached that total in either half. Against the Wizards was the eighth time this season in which the Clippers have scored, at least, 70 points in a half. Their early efficient start, led to them scoring 130 points for the third time this season. This is the 13th time this season the Clippers have shot better than 50% from the floor. Additionally this is the 6th time this season they have shot better than 50% from the field and 3-point range in the same game; they are 6-0 when achieving this feat. After giving up the 39 points to the Wizards in the 3rd quarter it was the Clippers bench that extended the Clippers lead by outscoring the Wizards bench 20-2 to start the 4th quarter. They scored 58 points in this game led by Ivica Zubac’s and his sixth double-double of this season. Which ties him for secondmost in the NBA. Reserve Guard Reggie Jackson talks about the bench production in his post-game press conference when asked. Jackson said, “It feels good, I think starting to find some continuity and some flow… I think we did it collectively; I think Paul and Kawhi did a good job of taking on the blitz and then getting the ball to our bigs.” The Clippers finished this recent home stand with a 4-2 record. In both cases, they lost to the first and second teams in the Western and Eastern conferences. They also rebounded to beat the best team in the West and was a controversial call away from beating, who smart people expect to be, the future Eastern Conference Champions. This Clippers team has been playing efficient basketball all season and the atmosphere that Coach Ty Lue has created seems to have these guys playing relaxed and pressure-free for now. I am eager to hear how you see the past week with the Clippers, kindly share your thoughts on what’s stood out to you and let me know what you think their ceiling is. You can reach out to me on Twitter @whatsgoodnsport or forward any suggestions on what additional topics or angles you’d like to see discussed to email@example.com. Lastly, be sure to subscribe to our weekly “Voice of the Fans Podcast” which is available for you on most podcasting platforms; Apple and Google Podcasts including Spotify, TuneIn, and, iHeart Radio to name a few. On our Podcast, we have passionate banter about various NFL storylines, while addressing the multitude of NBA topics.
THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER
Thursday, February 25, 2021
Billions in New COVID Relief: From $600 Stimulus Checks to Black-Run Vaccine Sites Bo Tefu California Black Media On Sunday, Gov. Newsom visited Faithful Central Bible Church in Inglewood, a predominantly Black congregation that serves its local community with a number of outreach ministries. The church is hosting a mobile COVID-19 vaccination site. “We’re not doing enough. We need to do significantly more programs like this,” said Gov. Newsom at the Faithful Central Bible Church. “We’ve got to get people back to work. We’ve got to get people back into church.” The California Department of Public Health also announced Sunday it has administered 7.3 million COVID-19 vaccines. Last week, Gov. Newsom announced several steps the state is taking to provide much-needed financial relief to people in the state who are facing financial hardships due to the pandemic. California residents from households with income below $30,000 will receive a one-time $600 stimulus check to reduce economic hardships related to the pandemic, the governor’s office says. According to Newsom, the state reached a federal deal worth $9.5 billion for COVID-19 relief funds. The money is expected to help individuals and families, college students, as well as local business owners. More than $2 billion will be allocated to small businesses impacted by the pandemic, including funding for the tax-deductible Paycheck Protection Plan. The federal funds also include over $400 million for critical childcare resources. The state allotted $100 million in emergency
relief funds to support community colleges. An additional $6 million will support college supplemental food programs. Gov. Newsom said support from lawmakers to provide relief funds is what Californians need after nearly a year of attempting to fight the pandemic and recover. “These actions are critical for millions of Californians who embody the resilience of the California spirit,” he said. Toni Atkins (D-San Diego), California Senate President pro Tempore, said the emergency relief funds echo the state’s longterm plans to promote equity for communities most affected by the pandemic. “People are having a hard time making ends meet,” Atkins said. “People are hungry and hurting, and businesses our communities have loved for decades are at risk of closing their doors. We are at a critical moment, and I’m proud we were able to come together to get Californians some needed relief.” Racial Equity, Vaccinations and Overcoming COVID-19 California and the Biden-Harris Administration opened two new community-based vaccination sites in Oakland and Los Angeles, among the first in the nation, as part of a larger initiative to promote equity in areas across the country where Black and Brown people live. The pilot sites co-run by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the state of California and the Department of Defense administered vaccinations to residents Tuesday morning at the Oakland-Alameda Coliseum and California State
University Los Angeles. Bob Fenton, acting FEMA Administrator said, “these sites demonstrate how we can provide more opportunities for vaccination to the hardest hit communities and ensure everyone who wants a vaccine can get one.” Gen. Glen VanHerck, Commander of U.S. Northern Command, said military medical providers have supported various hospitals across California. “Defense Secretary Austin has made clear we must move further and faster to eradicate the devastating effects of the coronavirus,” said VanHerck. The governor’s office also partnered with more than 100 community organizations, “to safely, swiftly, and equitably vaccinate all Californians,” said state officials. The state awarded an additional $17.3 million to various community-based organizations for outreach and efforts to alleviate racial disparities in the healthcare system. The selected organizations offer a variety of critical services, resources, and information to help communities disproportionately affected by COVID-19. The communitybased organizations cater to diverse populations, including African Americans and other minorities, LGBTQ individuals, as well as faith-based groups. Gov. Newsom said systemic inequalities in the government and healthcare systems have put many Californians at a higher risk of COVID-19. The state plans to use the community-
outreach model of the census to help underserved communities. “We must reach these disproportionately affected Californians through trusted messengers and community-based partners to minimize the spread of the virus, overcome vaccine hesitancy and save lives,” said Newsom. The community partnerships also aim to provide workplace protection and public health guidance for people working in sectors hit the hardest by the pandemic as part of its outreach. In California, the majority of low-wage essential workers are Black and Brown individuals. More than 80 % of low-wage essential workers perform their duties in close proximity to others reports the University of California Berkeley Labor Center. In the report, co-authors and researchers Adriana RamosYamamoto and Monica Davalos said it is time for California policymakers, “to declare racism a public health crisis,” emphasizing that the pandemic has hit Black and Brown people the hardest. The coronavirus exposed that the damaging effects of racism in California are “not by accident, but by design,” the report stated, citing unequal access to health care, unemployment, housing and education. “This devastation must be the catalyst for California policymakers to acknowledge that racism has caused lasting and negative impacts on communities of color,” the report pointed out.
Maxine Waters on the US Surpassing 500,000 COVID-19 Deaths Washington, D.C. – Today, Congresswoman Maxine Waters (CA-43), Chairwoman of the House Committee on Financial Services, issued the following statement after the United States surpassed 500,000 COVID-19 related deaths. “I am deeply saddened that our nation has reached the grim milestone of 500,000 deaths from COVID-19. My heart aches for the 500,000 people who have tragically lost their lives and the millions of friends and loved ones who are left with broken hearts. Having lost my beloved sister to this devastating virus, I understand the indescribable pain so many are feeling. “The 500,000 people we have lost are our fathers and mothers, husbands and wives, brothers and sisters, sons and daughters, friends and coworkers. They include many
of our nation’s health care heroes – the doctors and nurses who contracted the virus while caring for their patients. They include elderly nursing home residents – people who suffered disproportionately because they are some of our nation’s most vulnerable. They include essential workers who were exposed to the virus while working to maintain basic public services and keeping our pharmacies and grocery stores open. They include people of every race and ethnicity and come from every corner of our country. “The tragedy of this milestone is compounded by the fact that so many of these deaths were preventable. The previous administration’s failure to take this pandemic seriously – from its inception – allowed the virus to spread throughout our land, overwhelming our hospitals, shutting down much of our economy, and sickening millions.
“However, I am encouraged by the fact that President Biden and the experts he has chosen to serve in his administration are implementing a serious, comprehensive pandemic response and have proposed a $1.9 trillion economic and healthcare relief package. My colleagues and I are working hard in Congress to pass this proposal and get help to those who so desperately need it. “I am thankful to have met with President Biden earlier this month to discuss the American Rescue Plan and the mandate we have to pass a comprehensive COVID-19 relief package that meets the scope and size of this crisis. “From direct payments, more funding for vaccine distribution, and enhanced unemployment benefits to urgently needed assistance for our renters and homeowners, increased support for small businesses, and funding to en-
sure our children have food to eat – the American Rescue Plan is vital to our recovery. “Nevertheless, we must remember that it will take a sustained commitment by each and every one of us to bring this horrific pandemic to an end. As we remember all those we have lost, let us recommit ourselves to stopping the spread of the virus so that their deaths will not be in vain. Let us follow the scientific guidelines carefully and consistently. Let us wear our face masks, wash our hands, and practice social distancing. Let us do everything we can to protect ourselves and our loved ones. “Let us work together to end this pandemic once and for all.”
Thursday, February 25, 2021
THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER A7
Celebrating Black History THE VALLEY’S NEWS OBSERVER
Thursday, February 25, 2021
Plans to Unveil a Bust of Marcus Garvey in Ethiopia Revealed Now, 81 years after his death, officials in Ethiopia plan to unveil a Bronze Sculpture in Addis Ababa to honor the legacy of the Pan African independence movement architect. According to a news release, the sculpture highlights Ethiopia as a focal point for Pan-Africanists to engage in constructing a unifying African heritage and destiny. “Our history began, in a sense, with Ethiopia,” Dr. Julius Garvey, Marcus Garvey’s youngest son, told NNPA Newswire. By Stacy M. Brown NNPA Newswire Senior National Correspondent Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once called Marcus Garvey the first “man on a mass scale and level to give millions of Negroes a sense of dignity and destiny.” The founder of the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), a fraternal order of Black nationalists, Garvey implored Black people to pride themselves in their race and return to Africa. But, through his many travels, Garvey never traversed African soil. Now, 81 years after his death, officials in Ethiopia plan to unveil a Bronze Sculpture in Addis Ababa to honor the legacy of the Pan African independence movement architect. According to a news release, the sculpture highlights Ethiopia as a focal point for Pan-Africanists to engage in constructing a unifying African heritage and destiny. “Our history began, in a sense, with Ethiopia,” Dr. Julius Garvey, Marcus Garvey’s youngest son, told NNPA Newswire. “Its history goes back to the beginning of civilization. Ethiopian history is fundamental, and it began before Egyptian history, and that’s important when you consider the true history of [man],” Dr. Garvey remarked. “But, of course, the history has been distorted in
terms of European history, rewritten in the 17th and 18th centuries. We have to know our Black history and understand our history because we’re still making history built on what went on before.” In commissioning the sculpture, Dr. Garvey joined with the Pan African Technical Association, Strictly Roots, and the renowned Los Angeles artist Mr. Nijel Binns to create the Marcus Garvey Bronze. Plans are to unveil the sculpture during a public ceremony on Aug. 17. Dr. Julius Garvey, Ambassador Yaw Davis, the founding director of the Pan African Technical Association, and renowned sculptor MNijel Lloyd Binns, plan to speak at the event that viewers can witness via www.iaafestival. org. Marcus Garvey earned recognition as Jamaica’s first national hero, and his bust stands in the Hall of Heroes of the Organization of American States in Washington, D.C. He is considered one of the central pillars of the PanAfrica movement. Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association and African Communities League boasted more than 6 million members and over 1,000 branches in 42 countries in Africa and the Americas. “My father was a major proponent of the redemption of Africa, but he was never allowed to go to Africa because of the colonial policies,” Dr. Julius Garvey remarked.
Marcus Garvey (Photo: A&E Television Networks / Wikimedia Commons)
“So, taking a bust of him back to Africa is significant and historical from that perspective as well,” he said. Dr. Julius Garvey again offered a reminder of the significance of knowing and understanding Black history. He pointed to the New York Times’ acclaimed 1619 series in which it detailed how the transatlantic slave trade began 400 hundred years earlier. However, the United Nations, the National Newspaper Publishers Association, and others have recognized the 500
years of the transatlantic slave trade. “You know, they say it was 400 years ago when the first African slaves landed in the United States, but people were brought to the Americas, meaning Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, before that,” Dr. Garvey exclaimed. “So, 400 years is just a convenient date, and it shows how much we need to know our history.”
Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee Leads U.S. Reparations Bill H.R. 40 “I think if people begin to associate this legislation with what happened to the descendants of enslaved Africans as a human rights violation, the sordid past that violated the human rights of all of us who are descendants of enslaved Africans, I think that we can find common ground to pass this legislation,” said Congresswoman Jackson Lee in reference to H.R. 40, the reparations legislation that focuses on truth, racial healing, and transformation.
Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX)
By Stacy M. Brown NNPA Newswire Senior National Correspondent Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee knows that there has never been another time in which she has garnered so much congressional support and public momentum for H.R. 40, the reparations legislation that focuses on truth, racial healing, and transformation. The longtime Democratic representative from Texas will chair a hearing on Wednesday, Feb. 17, about the bill. In an exclusive interview with the National Newspaper Publishers Association on Monday, Feb. 15, Congresswoman Jackson Lee reflected on the long-overdue redress to the descendants of enslaved Africans. Dr. Benjamin F. Chavis Jr, NNPA President and CEO, saluted Congresswoman Sheila Jackson Lee. Chavis stated, “For her persistent leadership in support of H.R. 40 and for her granting this exclusive, timely, and in-depth interview with the Black Press of America, we are most grateful.” The congresswoman praised the powerful resiliency of Black
Americans who continue to excel and to transcend the systemic racism and oppression of the past and present. “I want to give credit to the giants that were and are Black Americans. They are giants,” Congresswoman Jackson Lee declared. “I want to give credit to the everyday mom and dad who get up every day and get to work and provide for their family. I’m going to give those who came up on the farms or stayed on the farm and raised nine and ten and twelve children,” she reflected. The Congresswoman continued, “I want to give them the honor that they deserve, and that is to recognize the insurmountable odds that some of them had and how they continue to plant seeds of respect and dignity in their children. “Has anyone addressed the question of slavery and its comprehensive impact on Black Americans in this country? This is what H.R. 40 will do.” While the bill doesn’t place a specific monetary value on reparations, it does focus on investigating and presenting the actual facts and truth about the unprecedented centuries of inhuman enslavement of African people, racial healing, and transformation. The bill would fund a commission to study and develop proposals for providing reparations to African Americans. The commission’s mission includes identifying the role of federal and state governments in supporting the institution of slavery, forms of discrimination in public and private sectors against freed slaves and their descendants, and lingering adverse effects of slavery on living African Americans and society. Congresswoman Jackson Lee, who sits on numerous House committees, including the Judiciary, Budget, and Homeland Security, has made the reparations legislation her top priority during the 117th Congress.
“I think if people begin to associate this legislation with what happened to the descendants of enslaved Africans as a human rights violation, the sordid past that violated the human rights of all of us who are descendants of enslaved Africans, I think that we can find common ground to pass this legislation,” Congresswoman Jackson Lee pronounced. “Can anyone imagine that we’ve never gotten a simple, effective, deeply-embedded, and well-respected apology?” The Congresswoman is further encouraged by the support of the most co-sponsors (166) in the bill’s history, which dates back decades to former Democratic Rep. John Conyers Jr., of Michigan, who first introduced the legislation in 1989. In an earlier NNPA interview, White House Senior Advisor to President Biden and Director of the Office of Public Engagement Cedric Richmond sounded an urgent tone about the administration’s commitment to ensure racial justice, accessibility, and equity concerning Black America. Richmond told the Black Press that the administration supports Congresswoman Jackson Lee’s H.R. 40. “We do support a commission and H.R. 40; we know we can’t wait. We have to start acting now,” Richmond declared. “We don’t need a study to tell us that systemic racism is out there. We don’t need a study to tell us that redlining in Black communities has been treated a lot differently.” Richmond continued: “We don’t think the Black community should have to wait on a study, we need to deal with systemic racism right now and, yes, we support the commission, but it’s not going to stop us from acting right now.” Like several historians who spoke to the Black Press, Congresswoman Jackson Lee recognizes that the transatlantic slave trade dates beyond 1619, the popular understanding of the
start of the horrific history of when Africans were stolen from their homeland. In 2018, the NNPA produced a series on the transatlantic slave trade, tracking the history to about 1519 that will be the content of an upcoming NNPA published book on the transatlantic slave trade. Felicia M. Davis, the HBCU Green Fund director, which invests in sustainable campus solutions for historically black colleges and universities, told the Black Press that she believes the enslavement of African people demands international reexamination. “The fact that slavery was underway for a century in South America before introduction in North America is not widely taught nor commonly understood,” Davis remarked for the NNPA series. “It is a powerful historical fact missing from our understanding of slavery, its magnitude, and global impact. The knowledge that slavery was underway for a century provides deep insight into how enslaved Africans adapted,” she stated. This month, Dr. Julius Garvey, the son of the late Pan Africanism movement leader, Marcus Garvey, also declared his earlier transatlantic slave trade beliefs. “You know, they say it was 400 years ago when the first African slaves landed in the United States, but people were brought to the Americas, meaning Central America, the Caribbean, and South America, before that,” Dr. Garvey exclaimed. “So, 400 years is just a convenient date, and it shows how much we need to know our history.” Congresswoman Jackson Lee surmised that passage of H.R. 40 would enhance America’s status in the eyes of African countries and those around the globe. “I studied and went to school in Ghana as well as in Nigeria, and I believe that Africa should be one of the United States’ closest allies,” the Congresswoman stated. “There is an eagerness in many of these countries, particularly with young Africans, to align themselves with America, with a democratic America,” she said. “I think that the governments in Africa will respect the American government seeing that [America] has finally sought to remedy and repair a great loss for the continent, a continent where millions of Africans were taken from.” To see more of the NNPA’s exclusive interview with Congresswoman Jackson Lee, visit Facebook.com/ BlackPressUSA/Videos, and YouTube/BlackPressUSATV.
She Bought Freedom for Herself and Other Slaves Today a Park is Named in Her Honor Alethia Browning Tanner saved enough money to purchase her freedom in 1810. “The total amount, thought to have been paid in installments, was $1,400. In 1810, $1,400 was a significant amount; about the equivalent of three years’ earnings for an average skilled tradesperson,” attucksadams.com researchers surmised.
Alethia Browning Tanner worked to purchase the freedom of more than 20 of her relatives and neighbors, mostly the family of her older sister Laurana including Laurana herself, her children, and her grandchildren.
By Stacy M. Brown NNPA Newswire Senior National Correspondent In her early years, Alethia Browning Tanner sold vegetables in a produce stall near President’s Square – now known as Lafayette Square – in what is now Northwest Washington, D.C. According to the D.C. Genealogy Research, Resources, and Records, Tanner bought her freedom in 1810 and later purchased several relatives’ release. She was the first woman on the Roll of Members of the Union Bethel AME Church (now Metropolitan AME Church on M Street), and Turner owned land and a store at 14th and H Streets, which she left to her nephews – one of whom later sold the property for $100,000. Named in her honor, the Alethia Tanner Park is located at 227 Harry Thomas Way in Northeast DC. The park sits near the corner of Harry Thomas Way and Q Street and is accessible by foot or bike via the Metropolitan Branch Trail, just north of the Florida Ave entrances. “The first Council legislative meeting of Black History Month, the Council took a second and final vote on naming the new park for Alethia Tanner, an amazing woman who is more than worthy of this long-delayed recognition,” Ward 5 Councilman Kenyan McDuffie said in 2020 ahead of the park’s naming ceremony. “[Her upbringing] itself would be a remarkable legacy, but Ms. Tanner was also active in founding and supporting many educational, religious, and civic institutions,” McDuffie remarked.
“She contributed funds to start the first school for free Black children in Washington, the Bell School. Feeling unwelcome at her predominately segregated church, she & other church members founded the Israel Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church. When the church fell on hard times and was sold at auction by creditors, she and her family stepped in and repurchased the church.” Born in 1781 on a plantation owned by Tobias and Mary Belt in Prince George’s County, Maryland, historians noted that Tanner had two sisters, Sophia Bell and Laurena Cook. “Upon the death of Mary Pratt (Tobias had predeceased his wife) in 1795, the plantation, known as Chelsea Plantation, was inherited by their daughter Rachel Belt Pratt,” historians wrote. “Mary Belt’s will stipulated that Laurena be sent to live with a sibling of Rachel Pratt’s while Sophia and Alethia were to stay at the Chelsea Plantation.” Tanner sold vegetables at the well-known market just north of the White House in Presidents Park. It is possible – and probable – she met Thomas Jefferson there as he was known to frequent the vegetable markets there along with other prominent early Washingtonians, according to historians at attacksadams.com. “There are also White House records suggesting she worked for Thomas Jefferson in some capacity, likely doing various housework tasks,” the researchers determined. Tanner saved enough money to purchase her freedom in 1810. “The total amount, thought to have been paid in installments, was $1,400. In 1810, $1,400 was a significant
amount; about the equivalent of three years’ earnings for an average skilled tradesperson,” attucksadams.com researchers surmised. “Self-emancipation was not an option for all enslaved peoples, but both Alethia and her sister Sophia were able to accomplish this, almost entirely through selling vegetables at the market,” the researchers continued. “Alethia Tanner moved to D.C. and became one of a significant and growing number of free Black people in the District. In 1800, 793 free Black people were living in D.C. By 1810, there were 2,549, and by 1860, 11,131 free Black people lived in D.C., more than the number of enslaved peoples.” Historians wrote that beginning at about 15 years after securing her manumission, Alethia Tanner worked to purchase the freedom of more than 20 of her relatives and neighbors, mostly the family of her older sister Laurana including Laurana herself, her children, and her grandchildren. All in all, Tanner would have paid the Pratt family well over $5,000. All accomplished with proceeds from her own vegetable market business, they concluded. “Alethia Tanner, it’s an amazing story of resilience, hard work, and perseverance,” D.C. Department of Parks and Recreation Director Delano Hunter said at the park’s dedication. “I just learned about this history through this, so it shows how when you name a park, you really educate people on the historical significance.”