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Dan Tosh, Hanshi Pioneering Karate Legend

A Special Tribute to Jim "Ronin" Harrison

An Art with A Thousand Faces

Hanshi Patrick McCarthy on Traditional Karate

Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速




Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速


Spring 2014

6 I Police Officers in the Dojo

Sergeant Richard M. Morris, Fort Worth Police (ret)

discusses having a trained police officer in your dojo.

12 I An Art with A Thousand Faces


Noted expert Hanshi Patrick McCarthy on the theory and application of traditional kata.

16 I Jim "Ronin" Harrison

Martial arts legend GM Jim Harrison is honored by a group of who's who in the arts.

18 I Interview with a Master

Okinawa's Hokama Sensei talks with Kyoshi Jerry Figgiani.

20 I In This Corner


Grandmaster Joe Corley asks, "Can/Should Kids Earn a Black Belt?"

22 I Karate As You Age


Sensei Tim Darnell shares his struggles and triumphs as an older student.

24 I Happy Birthday Ernie Reyes

Master Tom Callos wishes this pioneeering martial arts legend a happy 67th.

26 I My Life in Karate So Far

Hanshi Dan Tosh shares his early years in Karate.

30 I Favorite Fighting Techniques From the Masters TM

Hanshi Dan Tosh demonstrates some of his favorites.

34I The Case for Tai Chi Training in Other Martial Arts



Sifu Bob Klien states his case for cross training in Tai Chi.

CONTENTS 38 I We Need to Regulate Our Industry Dr. Alex Sternberg on why the martial arts need some sort of regulation. 40 I The Legend of the 43rd Chamber

GM C. .M. Griffin shares tales of the old days of a video store in New York.

42 I Secrets for LinkedIn Success (part 2) Dr. Andrew Linick gives more marketing success tips. 44 I Kung Fu Korner More insights from Sifu Karen Schlachter. TM

Hokama Sensei


48 I My Karate Life


Hanshi Jim Mather says all great masters possess this.

50 I Structural Self Defense

Dr. Craig Rubenstein interviews Brian Cammarota on the 12 Dos and Don'ts to Rehab and Injury-Proof Your Shoulder

56 I Plastic Bags and Self-Defense

GM Jimm McMurray on how to defend yourself with this everyday item.

60 I Nutritional Self Defense


Dr. Craig Rubenstein on the best supplements for your joints.


24 Be sure to “Like” us at

OK R PR EADE Look EMIU R’S M burs for thi t s

Prem to take a gold sta to re iums av dvantag railab e of ader s l Offic of this is e only ial Ka sue rate. of

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®



Official Karate Magazine™ is the “official” publication of MAGI® Martial Arts Grandmasters International®.


It is a 21st Century version of the original Official Karate that was published from June 1969 to Winter 1995 by founding editor Al Weiss and Charlton Publications. We are published quarterly in digital format with a printed “annual” issue.

The comeback of Official Karate is a welcome sight. I grew up with the magazine as a young Karateka, devouring the information and being motivated by those I admired in its pages. As a pioneer in the American martial arts community, Hanshi Andrew Linick has paved the way for many of us who are teaching today, and I applaud him for bringing back this important publication, especially for our younger generations. I hope the young people of today get the same motivation from it as I did. —Sifu Restita Dejesus Seattle Wushu Center

MAGI® is a dynamic association of traditional and modern martial arts practitioners. Since 1994, we have strived to fulfill our mission to recognize and register kyu/gup students, black belts, masters, and grandmasters of various martial arts styles organizations, Asian and Western self-defense systems, and fighting arts. Editor and Publisher: Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. Managing Editor and Creative Director: Keith D. Yates Editorial Consultant: David Weiss Contributors: Tom Callos, Joe Corley, Tim Darnell, Jerry Figianni, C.M. Griffin, Bob Klien, Andrew Linick, Jim Mather, Patrick McCarthy, Jimm McMurray, Richard Morris, Dr. Craig Rubenstein, Karen Schlachter, Alex Sternberg, Dan Tosh,John Townsley, Keith D. Yates MAGI® Member Benefits Membership in MAGI® will afford you the opportunity to have an affiliation with the first-generation pioneers who sit on our Board of Advisors. Of course you can share in their wisdom in the pages of Official Karate magazine (a subscription is included in your membership) but you can also take advantage of a direct dialogue with these Grandmasters through our websites and Facebook pages. You can proudly display the impressive MAGI® membership certificates, colorful uniform patches, and even attention-getting trademark protected four color window decals that proclaim you are an “affiliated” professional MAGI® school. (It’s considered the ‘BBB’ in the MA industry) You will receive big discounts on high-quality Asian weapons, books, videos & DVD’s, e-books, t-shirts, equipment bags, and even professional custom framing for MAGI® certificates and for your own school certificates. We are adding new features and benefits all the time so click on and “LIKE” us at You can also go to



The revival of Official Karate has arrived just in time to accompany me through my second wind in Karate Do. As a youth, I never missed an issue and came to appreciate all the fine martial artists across the country and especially the Northeast. I always felt that Black Belt magazine was more slanted to the West Coast. I so enjoyed the fighting techniques of masters, competitors, and police officers and look forward to Hanshis Linick and Yates endeavors for the future of this publication —Dan Rosenberg Thanks to Official Karate Magazine many of the followers of martial arts in Mexico are able to keep updated with all the information around the Martial Arts world. I wish you the best of the best in this project that I am positive it will be a great success. Receive my recognition and appreciation. 
 —GM Pablo Rodarte, Shinjimatzu University of Martial Arts Hanshi Linick is a bright light in the world of martial arts and in business. His talent and wisdom have always been such an inspiration to me! He lit a fire under me and got me up out of a hospital bed to write the first articles for the rebirthing of Official Karate. When you have a mentor believing in you there is nothing that cannot be accomplished. I hold him in the highest esteem and am humbled to consider him my friend and teacher. He is a giant in the family of grandmasters. It's an honor to speak about a man who values knowledge, truth and tradition and is quite willing to share it. —Sifu Karen Schlachter Founder of The An De Institute of Peaceful Virtue, NJ

EDITORIAL Let's Hear From You

Training in the Right School Can Save Your Life and Change it for the Better

Win prizes!

In order to continue to provide you, our readers, with the very best product possible, we've put together a brief reader's survey. “Not another survey to fill out?” you might ask. Well, just remember that this will help us determine which parts of the magazine you like best, which writers inspire you the most, and even what features you'd like to see us add in future issues. As an added incentive for you to fill out this online reader's survey, we'll enter all the submissions into a drawing to win some valuable prizes. Do it right now while you are thinking about it http://www.officialkaratemag .com/reader-survey/ We have great plans for future issues. We won't be able to do it without you. —Thanks, The Editors

We still have a very few copies of our past Annual issues. For a limited time you can order one or all of these collector edition magazines for just $7 each (2012 and 2013), $14 for 2014 (or all three for $25) plus postage and handling. Go to

by GM John Townsley


hoose well grasshopper: Are you looking for martial arts training? For the uninitiated it’s a jungle out there. There are no legal standards for instructor licensing, no standards for schools, and no regulations for safety or consumer protection laws. So investigate before you invest. The latest estimate of martial art related spending is a staggering $42,000,000,000 (that’s billion). This has led to the rise of the “McDojo,” diploma mills and the black belt factory. On the other hand, there is excellent training available when you educate yourself and get the facts. Here’s a web site that be useful DON'T CONFUSE PRICE WITH VALUE when you shop around. As kids we all played let’s pretend, and let’s pretend has has be come emblematic of the martial arts training. Many school owners say they average $10,000 per student: tuition + test fees + rank certificates + protective equipment + designer uniforms + private lessons + competition fees + seminars + Black Belt Club “upgrade” + “The Masters Club” upgrade + the “Leadership Course” upgrade + the tournament and demonstration spectator fees you, your friends and family will pay. There are high and low buck schools. Look for value. It’s the only way that makes any sense. OK, this is how to start your search, look for a school that teaches a mainstream system/style. A system/style is mainstream continued on page 10

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Police Officers O ne of the most difficult tasks for many in the martial arts world is the recruiting, training and retention of our law enforcement and military warriors in our martial arts schools. Let’s look at several reasons why recruiting and keeping these warriors in our martial arts schools is difficult, yet very important for the growth of our schools. I will refer to the law enforcement and military folks as “warriors.” I’ll call those who fight warriors as “adversaries.” We must remember these warriors,even if they aren’t students in a dojo somewhere, ARE martial artists. Their profession is the art and study of war at the highest level—as well, of course, as law enforcement and they have a duty to keep peace. Many good black belts have never been in a life-threatening street fight let alone a gunfight. These warriors may not have black belt skills, but they often find themselves in physical conflicts, fights, and sometimes gunfights. In my thirty-six years in law enforcement, I have physically arrested and filed cases on thousands of people and have been in hundreds of street confrontations (resisting arrest), often with weapons. On one 8


night alone, I fought an armed robber at a 7-11, a doped-up home invasion burglar with a butcher knife, a 6'5", 320 lb. drunk at a Jack in the Box, and a mentally disturbed man seriously assaulting his paraplegic brother. Martial arts teachers, speak to your current and potential warrior students, and let them know that you understand they are warriors. Yes, they will begin as a white belt in your system, but they also have a lot to offer you, especially if you have no law enforcement or military experience. They will appreciate your humility and see you as a fellow warrior. Let them know you can learn from each other. Warriors are often very private when it comes to their profession and their work. They learn to trust few people outside their own circles due to the type of work they do. You must develop trust and build a relationship with them. Military law and police procedures cannot be violated without severe penalties. Some issues cannot be discussed with others because they are classified. Other issues are not appropriate to discuss due to the amount of death and tragedy involved in this type of work. They are most often a tough and dedicated group of warriors who don’t serve for the

in the Dojo salary alone, but feel a much higher calling. When civilians get into a fight, they don’t have to secure and then take the adversary with them, but the warrior does. Most martial arts schools teach kicking and punching and often self-defense, but usually not arrest control tactics. I recommend adults have a different curriculum from children. Since 1984, when the Karate Kid movies began, children and youth began to fill the schools. Most martial arts schools are about eighty percent children and youth. This curriculum may appeal to parents, even warriors who want training for their children, but it may not appeal to warriors for themselves. Warriors need a different curriculum. They need arrest control tactics and handcuffing, and a modified curriculum to suit the needs of their military or police department requirements. All street confrontations are not full-fledged fights. Some are passively resisting; others are actively resisting arrest. When someone is not fighting, just merely pulling away from the warrior or lightly resisting, it is not justifiable to break fingers, elbows, or poke the eyes. The warrior can go to prison for a civil rights violation, something a civilian does not face. Warriors are faced with the same legal and civil responsibilities as civilians, but are held to a higher level of responsibility. Warriors are also constrained by departmental or military procedures. Only a violent person will attack an armed warrior in uniform. The consequences are much greater than when fighting an ordinary person. Also, every fight involves at least one gun—the warrior’s! Warriors don’t spar on the street. They fight, and this is a huge difference. A warrior must never let his adversary strike or throw him. There is no “taking turns” in a street fight. It must always be my one-sided—to win! The warrior must control the conflict or fight from start to finish. To train otherwise can be dangerous. This is why warriors may be seen as confrontational during self-defense or sparring drills. They confront evil on a regular basis, and must test everything to see if it really works. They cannot fold over like a cheap suitcase, or they may get hurt or killed. It is a warrior maxim that we must train just as we will fight. Very important—never let warriors leave with their heads hung low. Take the extra time to make sure that the warriors are successful in the techniques, for to go back on the street without confidence and competence could get them killed.

Sergeant Richard M. Morris, Fort Worth Police Depart. (ret)

Many martial arts schools teach ground fighting, such as Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, and so do I. But, it must be modified in concept and in practice for the warriors. A typical gun belt (see photo) adds several pounds and it will “splint” you, limiting your ability to move when on the ground. Your ballistic vest also splints you. The combination of the weight and the splinting effect can make it very dangerous to fight an opponent, while on the ground in a prone (face down) or supine (face up) position. It is hard to turn over; much like a turtle would be when on its back. Keep your head up! Warriors must train and fight as Gideon’s soldiers. They were selected as those who kept their heads upright, as recorded in the Book of Judges, Chapter Seven. Not to do so will get a warrior hurt or killed. Unlike an MMA match, there is seldom ever only one person to fight, as any onlooker could get involved and turn against the warrior. For the military, there is no “level three” or “level four” gun retention holster on their uniform; weapons are merely snapped onto their vest or belt and they can easily be taken from the warrior by the adversary. There are many benefits of training warriors and they are generally trusted within the community they serve. They also have a great deal of influence within the community. They can help you identify and bring in students from all areas, for example: co-workers, at risk children and youth, men and women who have been victimized, and many others they will come in contact with in their daily duties. As you surely know, martial artists transcend their financial and ordinary social status. We come in contact with celebrities, local leaders, movie stars, governors, members of congress, and U.S. presidents. The same is true for these warriors, due to the type and classification of their profession. Where can you get the arrest control type training? You can ask the warriors to share their curriculum and techniques with you. They can also give you local and state laws that are needed to understand the levels of force and requirements to use force. This is another reason to appreciate the warrior as a fellow warrior, as a student and as a teacher. You can be teacher and student, as well. This “Socratic” teaching method will grow both students and teachers, as their roles are reciprocal and symbiotic. As a matter of note, not all police or military defensive tactics and arrest control tactics instructors are

continued on next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Police continued

Training in the Right School continued from page 7

karate or judo students. They often go to a school for a week and they become defensive tactics and/or arrest control tactics instructors. There are more ways to grow your martial arts school. You might consider recruiting pastors, teachers, coaches, medical doctors, and other adult professionals and put a program together for each of them, according to their particular needs. Think of every student as a recruiter for your martial arts school. These professionals will meet and influence people that you will not reach in other ways. I strongly recommend that martial arts instructors should ride with a police officer in you community. This will help you understand the role the officer plays and for you to get a different perspective for teaching. I started riding in with police officers nearly forty years ago. This is what caused me to eventually become a police officer. Martial artists should consider inviting the officers to a special seminar for police only. Sergeant Morris offers weekend seminars to prepare martial artists to train police officers. Special emphasis will be the principles of ShizenNa Karate (the natural way of fighting), including the anatomy and physiology of a fight. Sergeant Morris has studied Worker’s Compensation claims and the common causes of injuries on-duty. This has allowed him to develop Shizen-Na Karate. Seminar participants can be certified by Sergeant Morris to market and teach this curriculum within their local communities.

when the style has been passed down through several generations and stood the test of time. A quality instructor will to want tell you the history of his style, his instructor and his instructor’s instructor. Most major styles began in the Asia. The standard for earning a black belt is 3 or 4 years and only about one student in 100 usually achieves it. The guideline for black belt promotion is measured by what I call the 5 Ds of power. 1. Demonstrate technique. 2. Discourage with pain. 3. Damage with injury. 4. Disable with hospitalization required. 5. Death. If this sounds harsh, remember military arts also include bayonet, artillery, sniper training etc. A martial art is a war art that permits effect defense. A well trained black belt has measured response. Students that can’t make the cut should remained colored belts. Young people should be held at lower rank until the mid-teens due to the serious nature of the technique. The thinking is, it’s better to be a good green belt than a bad black belt who will teach and pass on the shody standards that are we see in so many schools. The hallmarks of sub-standard instruction is the fun, quick-and-easy, one or two year (soft ball) black belt course, along with the prominately display banner “THIS IS A BLACK BELT SCHOOL” i.e. everyone will receive a black belt. At the other end of this spectrum is the legendary warrior Jim Harrison who had a sign at his dojo entrance saying; If you’re more interested in wearing a black belt than being a black belt, go elsewhere. Before you enroll visit several schools and watch a class. Is the instructor watching himself in the mirror? Does he invite questions, and answer them clearly? Does he make physical contact with every student, make eye contact and at least once in every class, go to each person correcting their form. He should never says “NO, NO, wrong.” Positive input is better, ie. “Try it this way, good, try it again.” Then a sincere complement about somthing they are doing. This beats the standard, “Good Job.” Is the class disciplined and orderly. Does someone greet the students and guests and say goodbye when they leave? Are the instructors certified in first aid? Is there a written plan to handle serious injury? If you’re thinking about learning MMA or groundfighting styles remember they are sports. Being on the ground in a real fight has huge disadvantages! In my opinion the odds of safe, effective instruction is with the mainstream martial arts. Good luck in your search. —John Townsley

Sergeant Richard Morris is a 10th Dan Grandmaster In American Karate and is the founder of Shizen-Na Karate TM . He is also a black belt in the MCMAP (Marine Corps Martial Arts Program) and is a licensed instructor by the Texas Commission on Law Enforcement. With 42 years of teaching Karate, his focus is the training of police and military warriors. He is retired from the Fort Worth Police Department as the Gang Intelligence Sergeant. Sergeant Morris currently conducts seminars for Police and Federal Law Enforcement Agencies, the U.S. Military, martial arts studios, and more. He is collaborating with Lt. Col. Dave Grossman on an upcoming book. He can be reached at: Richard@ and his website is: www. 10




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Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


An Art with a Tho The Theory & Application of Tradition Kata


hat is graceful and flowing yet dynamic on the outside, but methodical, simplistic and brutal on the inside?

If you said kata [1], you’re not only correct, you obviously know something about karate that has seemingly gone unnoticed by an entire generation of more impressionable but less informed learners. Too often judged by its appearance, and sometimes even likened to a book, what is seen on the surface is never what’s contained within [2] the kata. Once a closely guarded practice [3], studied in an ironclad ritual of secrecy, kata is the very reason karate, as an art, has been preserved and passed down to this day. Its heritage can be traced back to the early Chinese architects of quanfa [4]. Sadly, however, the unique formula once used to help deliver the contextual intentions culminated in kata was lost in the wake of its modern transition, which obscured its original defensive application principles. Perpetuated for generations, this ambiguity remains the subject of intense curiosity for today’s more progressive Western learner, in spite of the popularity of its modern competitive interpretation. As a researcher, I don’t reject the tenets of traditional karate, but I do disagree with its modern interpretation of kata. In an effort to resolve the ambiguity that shrouds the history and technical theories of kata, I sincerely hope you find the analysis, which lies before you compelling. Habitual Acts of Physical Violence/HAPV: Through years of research and study in Japan I established a working theory that early pioneers developed functional self-defense practices built on the knowledge they gleaned from empirical experience. Considering this pragmatic hypothesis helps resolve the frustrating ambiguity shrouding its pre-history. More importantly, however, such analyses also lay the groundwork for why identifying and cataloguing the habitual acts of physical violence (HAPV), into separate (and ultimately combined) learning modalities, is paramount to the understanding how the entire learning process evolved. Two-Person Drills I believe that when a learner comprehends the brutal mentality commonly associated with unwarranted physical violence, the only practical way through which functional defensive response capabilities (against the classical 36 habitual acts of physical violence) could ever be learned and mastered (by the average person), was through recreating each act of physical violence in a controlled environment. Subsequently, I deduced that through trial and error, in a controlled environment with an experienced mentor, and reducing the actual risk of serious injury, learners 12


continued on next page

ousand Faces by Hanshi Patrick McCarthy

by Patrick McCarthy

Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速


I, therefore, don’t believe that kata, when learned by itself was ever meant to impart selfdefense instruction, but rather, to culminate the important lessons already learned

were afforded the opportunity of testing and exploring which conceptual defense principles were most effective for their body type and personalities. Moreover, my 2-person application drill theory accommodates the possibility of how each learner could progress exponentially until the process achieved its outcome; to established enough functional spontaneity that any HAPV, or combinations thereof, could be effectively negotiated.

Rituals The final results of my lengthy research into the origins and evolution of kata revealed a remarkably simple theory, one that is continually gaining wider acceptance in the extremely critical and highly inflexible international traditional karate community. I concluded that if and when the attacker was removed from the 2-person practice, what remained was a solo re-representation of its conceptual defensive application. To establish more improved teaching methodologies, while maintaining their ironclad rituals of secrecy, I further deduced that pioneers went on to ritualized the many solo defensive application practices into unique individual templates, each identified with its own special name (i.e. crane on a rock, guardian closes the gate, double Dragons going out to sea, etc.). As even the most rudimentary analysis of classical kata reveals a configuration of composite technique, therefore, I naturally concluded that the early pioneers of our tradition ingeniously brought their solo templates together into unique mnemonic mechanisms (Kata) not only to remember important lessons but also to nurture holistic concepts, too. Based on this hypothesis, I, therefore, don’t believe that kata, when learned by itself was ever meant to impart self-defense instruction, but rather, to culminate the important lessons already learned and to promote those requisite physical attributes any functional delivery system necessitates. Naturally, this belief does not preclude the holistic benefits obviously associated with practicing kata by oneself, but only to provide a pragmatic defensive explanation where one previously did not exist. Finally, concerning the myriad of styles & kata, I believe that variations on common themes and separate lineages unfolded over many generations due largely to individual preferences, personal understanding, varying interpretations and political power struggles. During such times, names became changed to reflect lineage and templates were reconfigured or reinterpreted. Recognizing the importance of this 14


theory not only widens our understanding of its pre-history, it deepens our perspective and appreciation of the art.

Physics & Biomechanics The knowledge and application of common physics are an integral element of effective defensive application. Because of its unique anatomical structures, especially where the limbs and neck are concerned, common levers can and are easily applied with the knowledge of fundamental physics. In order to transfer energy effectively to any given anatomical structure, during a defensive confrontation, it becomes necessary to understand how to move the body correctly. The supporting study of biomechanics affords the karate-ka the most efficient way of effectively transferring of both low intensity & higher velocity kinetic force for the expressed purpose of impeding motor performance; the dispassionate outcome of self-defense. Functional Anatomy & Physiology Recognizing what value biomechanics and physics play in karate, it’s not much of a stretch to conclude why learning how the human body is constructed and understanding its basic functions can enhance one’s overall application of the art. Understanding anatomical structures and functions reveal specific vulnerabilities and provide learners with valuable insights into physical exploitation. Through my research, I arrived at five issues central to how the application process was imparted in old-school learning: 1. Anatomical location (The precise area to be attacked) 2. Tool for energy transfer (Fist, foot, elbow, knee, etc.) 3. Angle (The angle of energy transfer; i.e. 45°, 90° etc.) 4. Direction (The direction of energy transfer; i.e. back to front, perpendicular to location, etc.) 5. Intensity of energy transfer (How much force required during energy transfer) Hojo Undo Supplementary training alternatives are a creative expression of necessity and individual insights in order to support the network of any functional delivery system. Classical examples are, 1.Makiwara and 2. Stone weights, etc. Anthropology With a terribly ambiguous pre-history, the roots of this

convoluted tradition are buried in a graveyard of indelible myth and compelling legend linked to Zen Buddhism and the Shaolin Monastery. Actually, the roots of karate lie in several kinds of Fujian quanfa, which haphazardly found their way to Okinawa during the later part of its old Ryukyu Kingdom. Collected, studied and finally modernized, during the turn of the 20th century, for the purpose of being introduced as an adjunct to physical education in Okinawa’s school system, karate-jutsu was transformed by Japanese Budo-culture after being introduced to the mainland. While socio-cultural and historical anthropology is not exactly at the forefront of most instructors’ teaching fortes, it should not be precluded from one's independent studies. Through such studies learners are better able to discover and understand how custom, language, cultural landscape, inflexible social ideology & spiritual conviction shaped the evolution, theories & ethos of Karatedo. Moral Philosophy One mistake the modern karate-ka often makes, when trying to grasp conceptual origins, classical application theories and moral philosophy of karate-do, is to depend too much on contemporary assumptions. Knowledge taken for granted these days was originally locked in an ironclad ritual of secrecy known only by a select minority who had passed the arduous test of time. For the same reason one would never entrust a loaded weapon to immoral hands, so too did the early pioneers of this tradition believe that embracing a body of moral philosophy to govern the ethical behavior of those who mastered its brutal secrets superseded learning to fight. Spiritualism Realizing that the source of human weakness lay within, early innovators, many of them spiritual recluses, realized that man’s ultimate journey had to be inward, not outward. Discovering the source of human weakness also revealed the inner location in which man’s battles should be first fought & won before the outer circumstances of their daily lives could ever be improved. Transmitting this truth through their defensive discipline the pursuit of emancipation and harmony became a journey more highly desired that the physical vehicle used to achieve it.

The Whole In spite of the many opinions we hold to be true, karate-do continues on as a method of self-protection, a disciplined life-style, a unique form of physical fitness, a competitive sport and a commercial industry. By identifying its individual parts, and studying the principles on which they rest, we are better able to resolve the ambiguity that shrouds what Karatedo is and what is not. One of the most fascinating things about delving into the history and evolution of this wonderful tradition is just how much one can learn about the culture, philosophy and people who shaped its practice. In doing so, a message of more important proportions unfolds. What could possibly improve our overall understanding of karate more than walking in the footsteps of those people most responsible for pioneering it? By studying the anthropology of this tradition it becomes evident that many of the early pioneers established a symbiosis with karate so that their lives became as much a product of the art as was the art a product of their lives. With learning the art comes a responsibility to keep this knowledge alive, a responsibility that extends beyond karate and into society as a whole. Karate conditions the body, cultivates the mind and nurtures the spirit. Conclusion The original intention set forth by the pioneers of our tradition was to have learners study the habitual acts of physical violence (HAPV) so that they could understand how tactical strategies and application practices (oyo-jutsu) were developed and employed; this misunderstood analytical process is what is known as bunkai-jutsu. The modern practice of studying the kata in order to discover functional applications is called, *reverse engineering.* Using safe learning circumstances (a dojo environment), HAPV were systematically recreated in two-person drills where tactical strategies were methodically reenacted. Such practices were repeated with gradual or exponential degrees of intensity depending entirely on the individual aptitude of each learner until a functional spontaneity unfolded and one developed the ability to effectively use the application principles irrespective of the HAPV. It was through this embryonic process that early pioneers first discovered the need to ritualize the solo reenactment of these defensive practices into individual composites. continued on next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Intended as mnemonic mechanisms, solo composites helped innovators assemble and remember the myriad of tactical strategies they developed. Originally, solo composites were never developed to impart the actual lesson but rather to culminate what had already been taught. In addition to solidifying their curricula, pioneers reasoned that by bringing multiple composites together into individual templates they could also improve physical, mental, and holistic conditioning, hence strengthening the overall learning process. This phenomenon cradled the birth of what the Chinese quanfa/kenpo call Hsing (i.e. kata, in Japanese). Many of the oldest kata handed down in traditional Okinawan karate (Ryukyu Kenpo; i.e. the quanfa practices of Okinawa’s old Ryukyu Kingdom) trace their roots to this phenomenon. [1] Hsing (Mandarin Chinese pronunciation) is its quanfa equivalent. [2] The innermost meanings of kata represent unique defensive application principles against varying acts of physical violence, which are not obvious to the untrained eye. Often referred to as kakushi (secrets), understanding how to use kata requires a functional understanding of its contextual basis. [3] Until the turn of the 20th century, kata had, for the most part, been a “behind-closed-doors secret practice in Okinawa. [4] Quanfa is the Mandarin Chinese pronunciation of two separate ideograms (quan & fa) that means quanfa

Patrick McCarthy is a 5-time nationally-rated fighter, kata and weapon champion. He's a 5th generation master-level instructor behind his late Okinawan teacher, Kinjo Hiroshi [1919-2013]and is a legitimate Japan-trained 9th degree black belt in traditional Karatedo, with a Hanshi-level teacher's license. He also holds Yudansha ranks in Jujutsu, Judo, Yamaneryu Kobudo and Japanese swordsmanship [Katori Shinto Ryu]. He has trained and taught all over the world, including Japan [Okinawa], China, Hong Kong, Korea, and the Philippines. Teaching since 1972, McCarthy Sensei was one of the first Canadians to be listed in “Who’s Who” in American Martial Arts. He has been on numerous magazine covers and in newspaper and magazine articles, radio and TV programs, and film documentaries. He's written and/or translated 8 books and produced a series of instructional DVDs. He has shared his groundbreaking research in over 1000 professional seminars for over two decades. He's been a lecturer, at Australia's College of Natural Medicine's Faculty of Health Sciences, and subsequently received a Dip MA Instruction and a PhD from the IBA. He is in numerous martial arts Halls of Fame. McCarthy Sensei currently oversees his own organisation with a worldwide membership.



jim harri

One of the “Founding Fathers” of MMA Celebrated

Jim Harrison was truly one of the founding fathers of “Mixed Martial Arts” in America. With black belts in both Judo and Karate, this former special operations police officer and trainer of many police and military, including the U.S. Navy SEALS, Harrison became one of the first multiple tile holders, winning national championships in Judo, Karate and Kickboxing. He was one of the most feared men in the early competition ring. No less than Bruce Lee called Harrison the man he would “least like to meet in an alley,” and all the competitors in those early days of “blood-n-guts,” bare knuckled, karate would agree. An illustrious group of karate competitors, famous in their own right, descended on Dallas on March 15 to celebrate and pay tribute to a life and career. The event was organized by World Black Belt ( and Hollywood’s Bob Wall, a co-star in three Bruce Lee films, and brought martial arts luminaries from across the nation to honor Mr. Harrison. The dais of champions included notables such as Pat Burleson, George Clarke, Ed Daniel, Troy Dorsey, Steve Mackey, Richard Morris, Skipper Mullins, Mark Payne, Ike Slaughter, Allen Steen, Bob Thurman, and Rick Wigginton. Celebrities ranged from Bob Wall to Joe Rogan (the Voice of the UFC) and even the legendary Chuck Norris, who said said he wouldn’t have missed honoring Harrison, whom he called a “legend.” As a St. Louis police officer In the 1960s and ‘70s, Jim Harrison was a member of a “Special Violence Squad” that was sent into ghettos after the most dangerous criminals. He also served in a para-military SAS (Search and Destroy) unit that undertook missions in Southeast Asia during the early 1970s. He was one of the very


by GM Keith D. Yates

first kickboxing (full-contact karate) champions in the late 1960s. He often punctuated his matches with a judo throw followed by punching and kicking a downed opponent. In 1999, at the age of 63 he won the National Masters Judo Championships. Perhaps his most legendary feat of toughness was when, as a police officer, he was ambushed by an ex-con who fired a high caliber pistol through a door at Harrison striking him several times in the chest knocking him into the wall. Severely wounded, Harrison managed to shoot his attacker with his back-up weapon before passing out from his wounds. Later, in the emergency room he heard the ER intern exclaim, “The cop’s had it!” but against all odds Harrison not only recovered but came back stronger than ever. Grandmaster Harrison has provided personal security for Chuck Norris, Linda (Mrs. Bruce) Lee and Prince Mikhail Matijasevic. He was awarded a Ph.D. (research, analysis and instruction) by Yudanshakai University, and has been inducted into numerous Hall of Fames. He is the founder of Bushidokan, Ronin Jutsu and Sakura Warrior Arts and currently still trains and teaches in Montana. Over his long career Harrison has trained an amazing group of black belt champions which include Bob “Thunder” Thurman, Steve Mackey, Steve “Heartless” Hartley, Janet Walgren, Travis Boggs, mark Payne, and Ike Slaughter. This special event was held in Texas because of Harrison’s respect for and influence on the founders of Texas Karate such as Allen Steen, Pat Burleson, Skipper Mullins, Ed Daniel, and George Minshew (all of whom came to pay tribute). The event was organized and promoted by World Black Belt, which is one of the largest martial arts sites on the internet. Go to for more information.

From a 1979 issue of Official Karate Magazine.

Chuck and Gena Norris congratulate Jim Harrison at the celebration of his career as a judo and karate champion and founder of mixed martial arts competition. Photo, copyright 2014, by Lyman Roark. Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®




interview with a master

By Kyoshi Jerry Figgiani

Hokama Sensei-Gojuryu

During my recent visit to Okinawa (July, 2013) , I had the opportunity to interview Hokama SenseiGojuryu Karate 10th Dan. His credentials include: historian, author, and head of the Okinawan Gojuryu Kenshi-kai Karate-do Kobudo Association as well as founder of the Okinawan Karate Museum. This was the second time I had met Hokama Sensei, the first time being 2009. What stands out about him is his excitement for people willing to learn the Okinawan fighting arts and, more importantly, those trying to understand the history, traditions, and culture of the Okinawan people. If you’re a martial artist looking to study in Okinawan, the Karate Museum is a must-stop on your journey. The museum has many different photos of Okinawan masters, both past and present, ancient martial art weapons, calligraphy, ancient training tools of the masters, books, magazines, and timelines. All of these are part of his personal collection that he is willing to share with the public. Jerry Figgiani: How did you get involved in the martial arts? Hokama Sensei: My maternal grandfather helped me start my training when I was 8 years old in Shuri-te. His name was Tojuyama Seiken. I have been training for 60 years. Later, I had three main teachers. They were Higa Seko and Fukuchi Seiko (Goju-ryu) and Matayoshi Shinpi (Kobudo). What was your early training like? In the beginning, my training was very physical. That’s what I wanted. After 16 or 18 years of continued practice, I understood the strength, but more importantly, I developed a karate spirit. After many years of training, I understand shingitai (mind, body, spirit). Today I am practicing martial arts for health. How have you personally incorporated your martial arts into your everyday life? Besides teaching every day at the dojo, I teach seminars throughout the world. The world is very interested in karate, its history—and people continually seek knowledge. This is why in 1987,

I also started the Karate Museum—a place where people could come and understand the history and the impact it has made over time. I also feel that people must understand that karate is part of our culture and this gives them a better understanding. A lot of people today don’t feel history is important. I believe it is. How important is it for students to understand history? Think of the history as to the importance to one’ family—grandparents, parents, etc. In karate, it is

continued on next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


important to understand who was your teacher’s teacher. It is the Okinawan foundation. If one is only studying karate with the lineage, this is a mistake. In my book, Timeline and 100 Masters, I have the history and lineage dating back to 2000 BC in which there were murals depicting fighting techniques in Mesopotamia. The timeline details the development of the Ryukyu fighting arts to present day. Let me reemphasize the importance of history. If you are only learning physical karate, I feel it is a big mistake. Sensei, you have written a lot of books on the martial arts. How many have you written to date? I have written over 23 books. I am presently working on a book which will include information on the masters such as Kousaku Matsumora, Gichin Funakoshi, and Motobu Choki. The book should be completed in October with English translation as well. I am presently working on a children’s comic 20


book for use in history class. The focus is to teach the importance of the martial arts in the Okinawan culture. I am very excited about this work, and I look forward to its release shortly. When people come to Okinawa to study with you, what do you find their purpose is? Initially, people often come to focus on kumite. Over time the student starts to understand the purpose is much greater than the kumite alone, or physical techniques. This all reverts back to shingitai (mind, body, spirit). What are your feelings on how martial arts was first taught? And how it is being taught today? Today with the emphasis on sport karate, I think a lot is being taken away from the true art. Years ago, martial arts were taught with an all-around approach for physical and mental well-being.

What would you like to add that you feel is important? I would like people to ask themselves, “What is the purpose in coming to Okinawa?” Often I find people want to mainly study kumite. They need to understand that karate is more than just kumite. It involves understanding of how the body works as well in accordance to human nature. Doctors have studied the use of meditation and its effects on the human mind and body. In the martial arts, we tend to use this approach to internalize our techniques. Our biological clocks are constantly changing, and we must learn how to adapt within a twenty-four hour period. Karate is really a science. Mathematically, this could relate to a pulley system. Our bodies are in a constant flow of energy and motion. There are positive and negative energies. Our bodies function better at certain times during the day. This is in accordance to the teachings in the Bubishi. Jerry Figgiani: Hokama Sensei, I know your time was short today, thank you for making time out of your day for me. It was truly an honor and I look forward to returning to Okinawa to see you

Official Karate Magazine in Okinawa Jerry Figgiani 8th dan, President/Founder of Shorin Ryu Karatedo International, comes from a strong lineage of Matsubayashi practitioners who have followed the footsteps of Shoshin Nagamine. He has been training since 1977. He has developed a unique way of bringing the kata to life. He is a sought-after seminar instructor who has the ability to enable students to understand not only the kata, but the function and application, thus making his seminars universal to any system.  He is a published author and has won numerous awards in the martial arts industry for his accomplishments.

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


In This Corner

GM Joe Corley TM

Black Belts Then and Now


short while back, I was asked by the Atlanta Journal those in the Orient?" Constitution to write an editorial piece on martial arts I had neither the experience nor the resources to and the benefits for kids. determine the correct answers, but the questions stayed with In the piece I wrote about the kids' me as I gained more experience. quest for black belt and what that quest In these past four decades, we have all seen meant to them developmentally—physically, our country go through some fairly significant mentally, emotionally and spiritually. cultural changes. One of those changes Almost immediately, a nameless, included the participation by millions of kids faceless “Shotokan black belt” wrote a in the martial arts, first spurred by the Karate letter to the editor calling our school a Kid in 1983. Mr. Miyagi's message to Daniel McDojo for even considering granting black resonated throughout our entire culture, and belt rank to kids. He continued with his all of a sudden, karate studios were filled with shadowy, secretive chest thumping about these little people. how important the tenets of the martial arts That was the beginning of the question here are, and that kids cannot appreciate them, in America: "Can/should kids earn their black nor should they ever be considered for black belts?" belt. In our schools, our kids’ curriculum was Having just conducted second-degree our adult curriculum that we taught to these tests for a 13, 15 and 17-year-old this past smaller people, as if they were adults. And weekend, those ignorant (or stupid) words the kids stepped up. We kept those standards of Mr. Keyboard Warrior came back to my up until the time Al Gore invented the mind. (As you know, ignorance can be fixed, Internet, at which time we began to see a but stupid is forever). dramatic change in the way kids learn and Joe Corley is extremely proud of young I remembered that, once upon a time, their attention spans. Simultaneous with Nic Chan, now a 13 year old 2nd Degree many Americans returned from Korea as that Internet invention, the mixed martial some 6 years after he started, including first degree black belts after 13 months arts craze dragged away many of our adult 6 days a week training during his first 3 deployment. I once heard a quote from a years. Shown here when he was still first students from the karate studios, and many very well-known competitor who earned his degree. "Nic's desire and intensity make us of the schools found themselves to be greater black belt there who said that he felt he was all quite proud of his Warrior Spirit", Master than 70%, some 100%, kids. Corley said. the equivalent of a greenbelt in America, But now, the kids were learning differently and that he had to work very hard to bring than before, at least in our experience here. By his personal status up to that of the American black belts. This 1998, the ideas in my mind began to gel, partially answering particular world champion did work extremely hard, and he the questions from three decades earlier about the American vanquished everyone over a fairly significant period of time. standards and the Oriental standards. Since they had been The questions that arose in my 1968 Tang Soo Do Moo Duk teaching martial arts in Korea for many more years than we Kwan mind at the time were "Are the Koreans just giving had in America, and since they had exposed kids to the martial belts away? and "Why are American standards higher than arts in their schools in an organized way for many more 22

Can/should kids earn a black belt?


decades than we had in America, perhaps they knew something from their experience that we did not know. Although I do not know this to be true, I have surmised that they earlier learned to expect less from a first degree black belt then we did here in America. Fast forward to this New Millennium. Here is the way I explain it in today's world: When you earn your first degree black belt, (regardless of your age), you have just graduated from the elementary school of martial arts – you have graduated from the fifth grade. When you earn your second degree black belt, you have just graduated from middle school. You are now a graduated eighth grader. Then, when you earn your third degree black belt, you have just graduated from high school. You now can go out in the world with the same kind of background that Steven Jobs, Bill Gates and Rush Limbaugh had when they entered the business world. You can compete with your God-given smarts and enough education to change the world. By comparison, in the '60s and '70s and most of the '80s, the first degree black belt in America was, by comparison, as if you were graduating from high school. The requirements were harder and more demanding, requirements that the members of our culture could wrap their minds around as they practiced harder and for more hours every week, as they had fewer distractions in their lives. Many of our students would log as many hours in 3 years for first degree as our students do now in 8 years. Is that the way they got to that place in Asia earlier in history? I do not know the answer to that question myself, but I seek input from those who might. I can now say this to that invisible Keyboard Warrior genius that I have no regrets rewarding black belts to the kids who have gone on, as the Asians did and have, to represent themselves and their martial art with honor and dignity.

JOIN US on June 20–21 The Battle of Atlanta, Renaissance Atlanta Waverly Hotel and Convention Center

Super Lightweight Jack Felton

GM Joe Corley was a fierce competitor in the early days of American Karate and is a respected instructor, broadcaster and promoter who helped the sport of kickboxing acheive world wide recognition. His annual Battle of Atlanta tournament is one of the largest and most prestigious competitions in sport karate. He can be reached at Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Karate As You T Martial arts just isn’t for kids or guys who want to fight in the cage.

here’s a kid half my age — stronger and faster than I ever was — who’s trying to knock my head off. OK, so maybe he’s not trying to actually, physically knock my head off, but he’s throwing punches and kicks with such force and speed that it sure as hell seems like it. It’s all I can do to block or move out of the way, much less get any shots in on my own. I feel bad for the kid if I do land something, because it’s kind of an embarrassment … for him. This is the life of a 52-year-old man in karate, an activity most widely seen as for kids or young guys who are tattooed from head to foot with dreams of becoming MMA’s “next big thing.” Our classes are often two hours long. Before sparring came about 45 minutes of basic punching and kicking to the air or on heavy bags. After sparring comes another half hour or so of forms, a series of preset moves to be performed in a specific order, some of which are more than 50 moves long. I’m the oldest guy in my class, the oldest person in my circle of family, friends, peers and acquaintances who engages in this hobby. But it’s not a hobby, not to me. See, I’m living proof that martial arts doesn’t have to be a young man’s game. That you don’t have to be ripped and bald to get on the mat and grapple. That you don’t have to be able to do a jump-spinning-tornado-whatever-kick in mid air, to be a martial artist. According to the Martial Arts Industry Association, kids make up 80 to 90 percent of martial arts classes nationwide. And there’s a reason for this: martial arts have long been known to foster discipline, respect and confidence in that demographic. But its also beneficial for old guys like me.

We all know the stories about the kid who was picked on in school, who was picked last - not one of the last, THE last - for every team, every activity. Very seldom, though, do we actually ever meet them. Well, now you have. That was me, as a child. I had every respiratory ailment known to humanity, every allergy. First day in high school, our gym teacher had us do two laps around the basketball court. I missed the next two weeks with a lung infection. That’s how bad my health was. I was lousy at team sports, because I never well enough to participate and practice them enough to hold my own. But I started lifting weights in my junior year in high school. By college, I was doing 10Ks. I took up karate at age 29. I was doing fine for a few months, but then got busy with work and career. At green belt, I quit. My equipment bag sat dormant in my closet for a couple of years, until my newly wedded bride told me I should get back in it. Five months shy of turning 40, I earned my black belt. Today, I work out two to three times a week with guys who are 35 and under. When we spar, there’s no doubt whose ass is going to get kicked, and it isn’t theirs. I have bruises and welts for several days after a workout, and the next morning, my gait often looks like Boris Karloff’s in “The Mummy.” There are nights, after two hours of brutality, that it takes me 10 minutes to get out of my truck and walk the few steps up to my door. My once-white karate gi is now several shades darker, from the sweat that’s been spilled over the years. But I can hold my own in other areas. Most of my techniques are sharp, my stances are strong, and my

I’m living proof that martial arts doesn’t have to be a young man’s game.




By Tim Darnell

aerobic conditioning can keep up with guys half my age. I like to think that, if these younger guys see this old man keeping a crunch for three minutes or holding the plank for five, they’re motivated to do it, too. My goal now is to be the guy who, at age 85, still shows up and trains. That isn’t unheard of; in Okinawa and Japan, it’s quite common. It’s a way of life for those men. What keeps me going, I guess, is the belief, that God made me a little different from other people, giving me physical challenges to overcome as a kid. Over the years, I taught and trained with hundreds of people over the years, and, for whatever reason, I’ve outlasted most of them. I don’t know of a better exercise, that offers more health benefits over a longer period of time, than martial arts. Need further proof? My instructor … he’s been doing this for more than 50 years. He’s 64.  

Atlanta journalist Tim Darnell is an award-winning writer, editor, author and commentator with more than two decades of experience in newspapers, magazines, websites and radio. A Georgia State University graduate, Darnell has served as editor of more than a dozen local and national consumer, business and political websites, and is the author of three books, including “The Crackers: Early Days of Atlanta Baseball” and “101 Atlanta Sports Legends.” His political analysis has earned him frequent appearances on C-SPAN as well as several Atlanta radio stations. Darnell is extensively involved with numerous local organizations, including the Chickfil-A Bowl, the Atlanta Sports Hall of Fame, Boy Scouts of America, Murphey Candler Little League and ChambleeSardis #444 F&AM. He is a first-degree black belt in American karate, and continues to train in martial arts at Tong Dojo Shotokan Karate in midtown Atlanta. In 2001, Darnell organized a company which owned and operated a minor league baseball team, the Albany (GA) Alligators of the All American Association. He lives in his family’s Atlanta home with his wife and son.

Thinking about taking up a martial art? Get to stretching! First, get the blood in your legs circulating with some light jogging-in-place, jumping jacks, etc. Never stretch when your muscles are cold, because it increases the risk of pulling something. Advanced: Do some kicks, front and side, from a horse stance. To get into a horse stance, stand with your feet shoulder width apart. Then, point your toes outward at an angle, then align your heels. Perform this movement with both feet again, and now you’re in horse stance. Build up your leg strength. Try holding the basic horse stance during TV commercials. Balance. Brush your teeth while standing on one leg. Too difficult? Alternate legs until you can do it for two minutes. Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®



By Master Tom Callos

Happy 67th Birthday

So it’s Master Ernie Reyes’ 67th birthday. Well…let me tell you a bit about Ernie Reyes, Sr. In 1981, I was 21 years old and was itching to leave the school I had attended since the age of 11 and head into the big city of the martial arts world. I’d been competing on the tournament circuit in Northern California and had run into a number of Master Reyes’ students—and had seen what was then called “Choi’s Demo Team” perform— and I was smitten. THAT is where I wanted to be. So I packed my bags, kissed my girlfriend goodbye, jumped on my Honda 750 and moved to Campbell, CA to join his school. I remember the first day I walked into Master Reyes’ small school and into his office. I was intimidated, nervous, shaky even, as I was dealing with my dreams. Under the glass top of Master Reyes’ desk were photos of him with the who’s who of the martial arts world—all my heroes from the magazines, anyone who was anyone in the martial arts. Me: “Sir, I’ve moved here to be your student.” Master Ernie: “Ok, nice to meet you.” (Subtext: ME: “Master Reyes, I want to dedicate my life to serving this school, just take me in, tell me what to do, and I’ll die making it happen.” Master Reyes: “Oh boy, here’s another one.”) So I proceeded to show up for two classes a day, morning and evening class. Master Reyes taught them all. My classmates were a who’s who of Ka26


rate Illustrated’s top-10 forms competitors—and many of them, 25 to 50 individuals, were the among the best TKD and open-tournament fighters in the Bay Area. Master Reyes didn’t talk much. We just trained. Classes were about 90 percent kicking, jump kicking, pad kicking, kicking drills, double kicks, speed kicks, etc. We did a few forms (not much as there wasn’t much room in the school) and we fought—a lot. There didn’t seem to be many hobbyists in our classes. Everyone there trained like professionals. Nearly every weekend there was a demo to perform somewhere. For the first several months, I wasn’t invited to attend practice, so I sat on the side, literally, pathetically, begging to be a part of the action. I’d clean the stage at the events, run out the trash, direct traffic, carry gym bags—I was a demo team leech. I think he invited me to move some chairs off the stage once during a performance and to me it was like being on the cover of Black Belt Magazine. “I’M ON THE TEAM!”

I eventually did get invited to perform on the West Coast Demo Team, but I think it was more out of pity than because they really wanted me there. Master Reyes probably thought I might hurt myself if I kept hanging on to the bumper of his demo team van, getting dragged behind it, as the team went to and from to its various shows. Master Reyes is the most singularly focused man I have ever met. His mind is completely on his training and his work with his students. He doesn’t talk about books, he doesn’t talk about cars or motorcycles, he doesn’t talk about other people, he doesn’t critique the martial arts scene, he doesn’t express cynicism or sarcasm. He doesn’t put down this style or that—he talks about the schools, his students, and things that relate to training, performing, and the martial arts. I must have tried 1000 times to get him to talk stink about this or that person or this or that martial arts issue—nope, that’s not the way he rolls. At West Coast we did just a few basic things: 1. We ate. Food was big and Master Reyes had a few favorite restaurants. Much of our dialogue as a team and on a friendship level happened over omelets, oatmeal, Thai food, and pho noodle soup. By the way, you (me) can eat EXACTLY as Ernie Reyes, Sr. eats—and he’ll lose three pounds a week and look like a professional athlete, and you (me) will gain five pounds and look like you’re carb-loading. 2. We trained. We ran in the morning, then went to class. We met for lifting in the early afternoon, then we trained in the evening. The school was small, the carpet stank to high heaven, and it was so hot in the summer you’d sweat a bucket just warming up and get heat stroke or something close to it three workouts out of five. 3. We went to the movies. 4. We took naps. Master Reyes took a nap every day and if you clung to him, like I did, you took a nap too. Then we did it all over again the next day. On most weekends the team was traveling to some tournament or performance. When I traveled with the team, I am now embarrassed to say, I would ask (expect) Master Reyes to get up at five or six and train me—yeah, like at hotels, after we’d stayed up competing or performing until well after midnight. I’d then knock on his room door at some unholy hour and we’d hardly speak. He’d grab the pads and we’d head to some hallway or find a spot by the pool or in a

meeting room and he’d train me. I have to laugh now, as if some kid knocked on my door at five am, I’m not sure I’d be civil. For Master Reyes, it seemed (to me, anyway, at the time) like that was just what we did. In the 33 years I’ve known Master Reyes, I’ve known him to be an incredibly attentive father, an uber loyal friend, especially to his partner in life, Tony B. Thompson, a martial arts fanatic who genuinely appreciates martial arts talent, a dedicated athlete, and someone who defines what I call “the martial arts lifestyle.” He’s got a written-in-stone ethical barometer. He’s hard on the people in his direct circle, but also incredibly gracious, giving, and loving. Overall, of all the masters and non-masters of the martial arts I’ve ever met, Ernie Reyes, Sr. is as focused, if not more, than the best of the best I’ve encountered—that rare breed of teacher who lives and breathes the martial arts life, for real, with no facade or pretense—and who, somehow, not only carries himself with a level of integrity and dignity that you can feel—but somehow makes YOU want to do the same. Ernie Reyes, Sr. is cut from the same cloth as people like Jhoon Rhee, Benny Urquidez, Dan Inosanto, Carlos Gracie, Jr., Mike Swain, and that elite, accomplished, upper echelon of the martial arts world—and being around him was / has been the learning and DOING experience of my life. Happy Birthday Grandmaster Reyes. You’re one of our international living martial arts treasures—and at 67, you’ve got a life-force thing going that makes you more like 37. You’ve put as many or more martial artists on the floor as anyone, inspired more performances and athletes to push themselves, and have been (are) the deep current of that intangible martial arts historical thing—that “flow,” that is often under the surface but moves everything on top of it. You’ve managed to transcend the name of any style or system and embrace and champion all of it. You’re really something and I, like so many others, recognize you as part of the heart and soul of the martial arts world today. Tom Callos is a 6th dan under Ernie Reyes, Sr., He heads a school for martial arts school owners called The 100. Method ( He resides between Placerville, CA and Hilo, Hawaii.

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®




Photos by Sensei Shelley Davenport Tosh 28


he actual ability to fight appears to have a “disconnect” with traditional martial arts training, at least according to the nontraditionalists. Many of the “street-fighting” styles insist that the traditional styles are void of practical application. Having started my training in 1958, I have seen numerous changes in the martial arts world. In the beginning there was a ‘mysterious, forbidden fruit’ sort of understanding of these foreign ways. The average person could not or did not have the patience or desire to learn something that was somewhat mythical. I remember bullies who tried to pick on me, saying that I fight like a “girl” because I kicked instead of simply using my fists. I was very proud to fight like a girl and remember thinking a “girl fighter” must be the ultimate fighter. When I was in the 5th grade, three guys grabbed me across the street from the local bowling alley which was located about two blocks from school. They didn’t like me because my family was very poor and I wore shabby clothes and hand-me-down shoes that I got from the Boys Club (in those days it was not the Boys and Girls Club). I didn’t have a father and my mother worked at a small coffee shop for $18 per month plus tips. The only way we were able to eat was those tips. The rent for our house was about $60 per month and it was always a struggle. I had a job after school to help pay the bills. Anyway, back to the situation across from the bowling alley—two boys held me and one started punching me in the face. I grabbed his groin and squeezed with the tenacity of a bull-rider trying to get my eight seconds in before the buzzer. These boys were all a year older than me and the boy screamed so loud that the bowling alley manager rushed over to stop it and basically pull me off. I had survived the attack with some flare and style. The following year I went to another school and didn’t see those boys until we went to junior high school the following year. I met with each of those boys individually and gained their respect by beating each in a fair fight. The

-SO FAR last boy, the leader of the pack, met me at school and I was suspended for a few months for fighting at school. As I found out, it’s not a good idea to ever fight at school or at work for that matter. It’s always better to walk away with a smile on your face knowing that ugliness was averted. My mother sent me to live with my Uncle Bill. He was the one who was responsible for introducing me to martial arts seven years earlier. My uncle lived in Holden, Missouri, a small town where most of the residents lived on small ranches or farms on one-plus acre parcels. My uncle was a pretty religious man who had turned to the Mormon faith and married a girl who was also Mormon. I mention this because of how I felt my uncle would react to things and how wrong I was. My uncle was short, only about 5'4", and very muscular. He held brown belts in both karate and judo that he learned while in the Army stationed in Germany in the late 1950s. I had and still have a great deal of respect and love for him. Now back to the story; I went to school in this strange place or at least it was strange to me. The students were different than those in Oklahoma or Kansas in that they liked different things than I was used to. The boys were in knitting classes and they weren’t friendly to new-comers or maybe it was just how I remember it. I didn’t fit in—no one would be my friend. I would have to sit out in PE, since I was not chosen to play on any team and had to eat alone in the cafeteria. One of the boys kept picking on me in the line while waiting to get our lunch. He would tell me that if he couldn’t kick my butt, he’d cry. I replied by saying that he should start balling like a baby right then and there. He was not amused, but I was! One day I was in study hall in the library and

Hanshi Dan Tosh was squatting down looking for a book, when this girl leaned over and asked what I was looking for. As she leaned over she was wearing a pendant on a chain and she was really cute, so for some reason, I can’t explain, I reached up and grabbed the pendant, pulled her down towards me and gave her a little kiss on the mouth. She smiled and I thought, that was a good move on my part and I was feeling sort of manly. The next day while I was sitting out as usual during PE in the gym; the door burst open and in walks this “fonzytype” dude complete with the greased back hair, leather jacket and chain hanging from his pocket. He had a bigger friend with him and he walked over to me and said “I heard you were messing with my girl.” I replied, “I don’t know what you are talking about.” He said that someone saw me kiss her in the library. I said “Maybe you need to talk to her and not me. If she’s your girl, she’s your problem.” He pushed me and announced “We’re going to fight!” Of course by now all the kids in PE were watching and thought that this high school guy was going to give me a beating. Once again, I told him to go talk to her and he started to push me again and I hit him pretty hard in the side of the jaw. He went down like a stone in a deep pond. He was out and I looked at his stunned friend and said “are you next?” He said, “She’s not my girlfriend.” He helped wake up his friend and they left. All of a sudden the other guys were asking me to play on their team. I guess I was now accepted in some weird way. Things were finally palatable for me and I thought I’d be OK until the end of the school year. That was short-lived, since one kid in the lunch line would not stop taunting me. One day on the bus ride home he was sitting towards the front of the bus next to his sister when he yelled back to me saying, “Come up here so I can kick your butt.” I said, “Why don’t you come back here?” He walked towards me and as he got close, I stood up and hit him in the mouth. He fell back holding onto

He went down like a stone in a deep pond. He was out and I looked at his stunned friend and said “are you next?”

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


the seat rails to keep from falling on the floor, so I continued to hit him over and over again. Blood was all over his face and his sister was screaming at me. The bus driver stopped the bus and separated us. The bus driver made me sit in the seat right behind him. I thought I was in big trouble now and my uncle was probably going to beat me up when he heard about this. I dreaded telling my uncle about the fight; however, as it turns out I didn’t have to, since by the time I had mustered up enough courage to tell him, the phone rang. It was the parents of the boy that I was fighting with. I listened as my uncle calmly told the man on the other end of the phone how his son kept picking on his nephew (I had mentioned a few times how this boy was picking on me). My uncle said that the boy got what he deserved. Then my uncle said something so out of character, I was a bit shocked. He told the man on the phone in an elevated voice that he’d be happy to come over and teach him manners if necessary!



My uncle explained to me that he went through something similar when he first came to Missouri and he understood what I was dealing with. Unfortunately I was asked to leave the school and my uncle had to send me back to Oklahoma to live with my mother. Now my mother had no phone and my uncle assumed I’d simply walk from the bus station to my house about 15 blocks away and be at home. I was 11 years old when I got off the bus downtown. I had an old suitcase in my hand and I headed to my house. When I finally got there, the house was empty. The family had moved. I asked the neighbors if they knew where my family moved to and they said they didn’t know. I was now on my own, with a dollar or so in my pocket, I searched for my family. It took three weeks to find them. I slept under small overcrossing bridges and in empty train cars. I had to be very careful to spend the very minimum amount of money for food. When I did run out of money, I gathered “pop” bottles for refunds at the local store and was able to get enough money to keep going. When I finally found out where my family moved, I was very disappointed that they were living in a shack in an alley near the restaurant where my mother had recently started working. This little one room shack had tin walls and a tin roof with no kitchen sink. We had to wash dishes in the bathroom sink. I got a job at the boys club working the basket room for the gym and also mowing lawns as well as selling hotdogs at the local football games every weekend. I was able to get $60 together to rent a house around the corner that had 3 bedrooms and 1 bath. I moved the family in and we lived there until we move to California in 1967. Of course my karate training came in handy every time I had to fight one of my mother’s many boyfriends over the years. I was a kid, fighting these grown up men that were abusing my mother and we had some pretty knock down drag out fights. I never cried and I never lost a fight, none that I’d admit to anyway. In my mind I always prevailed. I was promoted to shodan (1st degree black belt) in 1966 by Sensei Joe Spriggs, eight years after I started training. I went from white belt to black belt and there were no color belts at all.

In California, we had a fresh start and I continued to train by myself. I was afraid that if I found a karate school, it would be so different they’d laugh at me or would not even let me train. Just before I joined the Marine Corps, I had a very large and very tough fight with my mother’s boyfriend, Bob, who was a black belt in judo. He was an OK guy but I found some pills in my mother’s purse when she asked me to get something out of it for her. I recognized them from pills one of my school acquaintances showed me once and they were meth tablets. I confronted her and she told me that they were her boyfriend’s pills he had given to her to hold for him. I figured she was telling me the truth, since she didn’t even smoke or take any kind of medicine. I was 16 years old, I had a date, and my little brother wanted to go with me. I said no and told him to stop asking. All of a sudden Bob came up from behind and put me in a choke hold with both hands around my neck. I found out he was upset with me over the pill episode. At this point, I was looking at my mother’s face as I was being choked out then I reached up, released the pressure from his arm and threw him over my shoulders where he landed on his back. He instantly jumped up and hit me as hard as he could and I flew into the wall in the hall about 10 feet away. I came right back and started punching him back when he grabbed me and we flew into the lamp smashing it and as I got back up and started to continue, he yelled, “Get out.” I left and when I came home later, he met me at the door, telling me that he had been in many fights since he was a member of the Hells Angles. He went on to say this was the best fight he ever had. He said I was a real challenge and he apologized. I accepted his apology and felt like I was finally starting to get some respect as a young adult. I graduated from school early by taking and passing some challenge courses and I joined the U.S.

Marine Corps. My grandmother called the recruiter to talk me into joining. I did my time, spent 5 months over seas and was TAD in Okinawa in 1970 for a tournament in Naha at the Kadena Air Force Base. I took first place in kumite and in kata. I also spent some time in Cambodia on an LP (listening post) where I hurt both my knees and received an early discharge as an honorably discharged disabled veteran. During these years, I continued my training and met my Shorin-ryu teacher in Hawaii, Miyagi Sensei. At this time there were few known styles and as the years passed, I have noticed all of these other styles, many claiming to be around for a long time. There are those who pretend to teach mystical no-touch stuff, fancy mixtures with many pieces of pure arts and “street fighting” methods that promise to make you a killing machine. I find it interesting that I keep hearing about street fighting vs. martial arts. That is one of the silliest things I’ve ever heard, since I’ve been in many fights and it has almost always been on the street or an ally or hallway or building or sidewalk or somewhere other than a dojo. Should all these styles be called ally fighting, hallway fighting or sidewalk fighting? So many times the new-fangled styles are nothing more than parts of other proven “arts” without benefit of all the tuite’, Bunkai, and kata as well as mind and body connection and time-required preparation. Sometimes a new style was designed to give some sort of power to a self-serving power hungry egotist with a narcissistic personality. In the end and after 56 years of training, I believe that there are some very good combined styles and reasons for creating them, however, there is a huge void of humble, modest yet noble patriarchs of the martial arts that so many of us love! —Domo Arigato Hanshi Dan Tosh is on the Board of Advisors of Martial Arts Grandmasters InternationalTM as well as the Karate Masters Hall of FameTM. Hanshi Tosh has been training in Shorin-ryu karate-do since 1958. You can contact him at Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Favorite fighting techniques from the








KICK COMBINATION 1. Feint round house kick to the ribs 2. Pull back for a recoil 3. Execute a reverse round house kick to the head


Photos by Sensei Shelley Davenport Tosh 32








PASSING HAND TECHNIQUE WITH A SIDE THRUST KICK 1. Block a right hand punch with your right hand 2. Pass the block to the left hand 3. Back knuckle strike with the right hand to the head 4. Using the same hand redirect the strike to the mid-section 5-6. Side thrust kick to the mid-section

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


The Case for Tai-chi Training in Other Martial Arts


by Sifu Bob Klein

any of my students come from other martial arts and they often tell me they wish they had started Tai-chi-Chuan earlier. They continue to study their original art and will never give that up, but they understand that Tai-chi-Chuan training enhances their skills. They see it as an essential part of their overall martial arts skills. So here I hope to make the case for including some Tai-chi-Chuan in your martial arts practice. Let’s see what the training consists of, its underlying principles, and its benefits both in martial arts and everyday life.

The term, “Tai-chi,” meaning “The Grand Ultimate Way,” is both the philosophy behind the martial art and the healing system based on that philosophy. When you add “Chuan” (fist) to the name, this refers to specific martial arts practice. When the name of a school is “Tai-chi-Chuan” rather than just “Tai-chi,” this means that they practice the martial aspect as well as the health exercises. HISTORY Over 800 years ago a type of martial art was developed that used the fluidity of the body and the sequential expansion of the joints and muscles rather than just physical force. It was known as the “internal martial art” and emphasized minimal movement and use of energy, but maximum precision of each muscle and joint. According to legend, Chan, San Feng diverged from this basic martial art to create Tai-chi-Chuan and others developed the sister arts of Bagua (Pakua) and 34


Hsing-I. Tai-chi-Chuan spread to the Chen village (“Chen style”). Yang, Lu Chan (1799-1872) developed his “Yang style” from which several other styles developed. Today Yang is the most common style. While this internal martial art does not use the colored belt system, each teacher must be certified by his or her teacher, in an unbroken lineage back to Chan, San Feng. There are, of course, people who have “learned” from DVDs or just made up their own exercises. PRINCIPLES (some of these principles are also found in other arts) Move Away from Yang and Into Yin. Yang is where the opponent focuses his power, whether physical power or in the sense of his attention. You move away from the destination of his intent and into an open area, rather than trying to stop him or divert him from his movement. This requires that you sense what is going on inside him so you know as early as possible what he is going

to do. You don’t block, as that is an extra movement requiring extra energy. In addition to what you can see (posture, movement, etc.) you develop a sense of connection to him (through push hands practice).

I wasn’t expecting it and didn’t have time to tense up yet it didn’t hurt at all. In my relaxed state, the force naturally dissipated. Master Chen turned around and said to me, “Oh, sorry, I didn’t see you standing there.”

WHOLE BODY ATTENTION. We have a tendency to concentrate our attention in our minds. This creates an uneven distribution of attention and leads to “thinking” as you spar. Tai-chi-Chuan emphasizes that your attention be evenly distributed throughout the whole body. It also teaches that each part of your body have its own form of awareness and intent. This requires an intricate and fast system of communication within the body. We call this “chi” or “qi.” This allows for much more exact body mechanics, which results in greater power. When your awareness flows through your body, blood flows more freely, nerves work better and you even “feel” chi flowing. What you are feeling is the natural state of a human being or any living thing. This allows you to move like an animal, which is the basis of Tai-chi-Chuan practice.

CONTINUOUS MOVEMENT An inchworm moves its front out and then pulls up its rear end. It repeats this process to move. We humans do that with our attention. We tend to freeze part of our attention in our minds and from that vantage point we move our attention to another point. Tai-chi-Chuan requires fluid, continuous attention and movement and so starts by training the attention. Our attention becomes a field occupying the space around us and inside us rather than a point. In the push hands exercise, for example, we must be aware of the state of readiness to respond of each muscle in the opponent’s body as well as in our own. We must also be aware of the pattern of his attention, where it is strong and where weak, what it directed to, where it is condensed and where fluid. All of these factors change from second to second. When we sense an opportunity push, taking all these factors into consideration, we have only a fraction of a second to act. This training brings the attention to a state of readiness for sparring. Then of course, the student must spend many years learning sparring itself. But we don’t spar until the attention is ready.

SEQUENTIAL MOVEMENT OF THE JOINTS AND MUSCLES. When I was learning Tai-chi-Chuan from Yang style Grandmaster William C. C. Chen, I was also running an animal importing business and traveling to Central America doing research on wildlife. I spent most of my time with animals and very little with people. If I learned a principle in Tai-chi about fluid movement I would compare that principle in my work with the animals. If I learned an animal form or animal chi-gung set from another teacher, I would see if real animals actually moved that way and adjusted the movements according to what I observed among the animals. The basic principle in all cases was the sequential movement of the joints in order to create an explosive effect or to neutralize the force of the opponent. The ability to be aware of and control every part of the body at the same time, and move each in specific ways at the same time, gave us a great advantage in sparring (and me a great advantage of dealing with large, powerful animals that were in a bad mood). If you get hit, you can sequentially relax the muscles from the point of impact into the ground (within a fraction of a second) to neutralize the force. Master Chen was trying to teach me to do this one day, with a kick to the abdomen. I tensed up each time. At the end of the class he had us all gather around him in a circle to discuss how to kick. We were arm to arm to get close enough to understand him. He was hard to understand because of his accent. He said, “When you kick, you have to kick like this,” and all of a sudden he kicked me full force in the abdomen.

ALIGNMENT Rather than focus on a specific stance or shape, we focus on alignment. The stance and shape can change in any way you wish, as long as you are properly aligned and the force emanates from the ground (root) and to the strike as directly as possible. There is an emphasis on not bringing the force up into the shoulders and then out through the arms. The force moves from your base, through your middle (tan-tien) and directly into the opponent. In order to maintain this alignment while also being able to change your “shape” (posture) there is an emphasis on not using tension to maintain your solidity. When the strike comes out, there is a returning force (a “bounce-back”), which could throw the striker back and make his strike ineffective. In some systems the back or whole body is tightened at the moment of impact to prevent this problem. In Tai-chiChuan, the body is aligned in such a way that the returning force moves into the legs and adds to the root. This allows the rest of the body to remain relaxed. ASSESSING AND RESPONDING, REMAINING CENTERED With the training of attention, we can act and perceive at the

continued next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


same time. Many martial arts students come in with a flurry of technique and only after they are finished, do they look around to see what happened. Tai-chi-Chuan training allows you to alter your technique in mid-stream without losing the power behind it. Power comes from the ground and from the whole body, so a change of technique does not dissipate the power. Such constant re-assessment and re-adjustment helps you to remain centered. TIME SENSE AND SPEED The beginning forms are in slow motion. This allows the student to become aware of the intricate mechanics of the body while moving. That awareness then allows the students to move much faster while sparring because their bodies become more efficient. Other forms, such as weapons and animal forms (often called, “wushu”) are fast and even acrobatic. A student interested in the martial arts aspects of Tai-chi learns these. Since the student is aware of much more intricacy in his body movement, each second seems longer because he can respond with more joints and muscles, each moving in the proper way and not all locked to each other. If you can move every joint at the same time, each in its proper way, you can, in a sense, have more turns than the opponent per second. You can also more easily change a technique midstream if necessary. INTEGRATING TAI-CHI-CHUAN TRAINING INTO OTHER MARTIAL ARTS At this point you may be thinking, “We do all of that already!” What Tai-chi-Chuan provides is a method of training to make these principles more accessible your students without requiring them to adapt a specific set of techniques. The chi-gung brings flexibility and the ability to be aware of each muscle of the body. It’s one thing to say “do this” but if the student’s mind cannot connect with his muscles and work them in specific ways, he just gets frustrated. Chi-gung also improves breathing. We learn to breathe individually (and in combinations) into each lobe of the lung to train us to use the whole lung. Most people only use a fraction of their full capacity. This is essential for aerobic capacity. If the student can easily use the muscles and joints in any combination, then he can learn any technique. If he 36


has learned to use the least tension possible for each movement, then he can do the technique accurately and with ease. It would be very easy to teach chi-gung, forms and push hands to improve the students’ awareness and use of their bodies and minds, while teaching them the techniques of any other martial art. It can be introduced right from the beginning, or as in some schools, can be the requirement of a specific black belt rank. Tai-chiChuan training is so different from other martial arts that the students wouldn’t get confused. It would be just as if they also jogged or did Yoga. Chi-gung for example can be used as a warm-up. While many types of chi-gung are very slow or stationary, others (such as “animal exercises” a.k.a. “zookinesis”) are more vigorous. You can also take advantage of separate Tai-chi classes for adults and seniors emphasizing the health benefits. I have even adapted chi-gung as seated exercises and found that seniors love to exercise while sitting because they can’t stand for long periods of time. Wheelchair bound people can also benefit from these classes. Push hands is very useful in grappling practice because it teaches such intricate mechanics. There are many types of push hands including adding sweeps and thrown, joint locks and punching instead of pushing. This provides a gradual introduction to fighting itself. It can even help eliminate the students being gripped with fear as they spar. The Long Island School of Tai-chi-Chuan presents workshops to train teachers in other martial arts. Bob Klein was certified to teach Tai-chi-Chuan in 1975 by Grandmaster William C. C. Chen. He has taught thousands of students at his school in Sound Beach, N. Y. and at other locations. He is the author of the books, “Movements of Magic—the Spirit of Tai-chi-Chuan,” “Movements of Power—Ancient Secrets of Unleashing Instinctual Vitality,” and the adventure novel, “The Doubting Snake.” Mr. Klein has over 30 instructional DVDs through Artistic Video and has written many articles. He was one of the original teachers at the “Tai-chi Farm” the world’s largest yearly gathering of Tai-chi teachers. He can be contacted at: or (631) 744-5999. His website is

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Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


WHY WE NEED TO REGUL By Dr. Alex Sternberg, 7th Dan JKA Shotokan.


uring the past 60 years, we tokan practitioners, who had have seen lots of changes hip replacement surgery. For my affecting our karate comresearch, I needed to cite some munity. The technical skill of data about the karate industry. todays champions is on a higher How many senseis and dojos level than the early fighters, are teaching karate? How many although most old timers would students are training at any one rgue that fighters were tougher time? How many people have "back in the day." sustained injuries that occurred In the early sixties, when I due to many years of training started to train, very few people and not sustained in fighting in ever heard of or knew what karate the dojo or at a tournament? was. When I wanted to explain I quickly found out, not surto someone what I was doing I prisingly, that no such data exist! used to ask if they ever heard As we have no one national reguof Judo. Then I would explain, latory body (we have hundreds karate is ”very similar, with the who all claim this title) there is Alex Sternberg on a 1973 cover. white gi and all, but we kick and no reliable data on what’s really punch and not throw.” Today, with the tremengoing on in our industry. How does this lack of dous growth in the martial arts industry, every regulation impact all of us? one is familiar with what karate is. The hundreds To begin, lack of regulation means lack of of movies with karate trained heroes and vilinformation on our daily activities. “That’s good” lains, with ninja turtles and other popular kayou may be thinking. But not so fast. rate themed shows have created a generation of Think about it. You have trained for many children kicking and punching and doing karate. years and have graded to a decent level of black Millions have trained in some dojo or other as belt. You have worked hard to accomplish your there are tens of thousands of local schools teach- achievements. You are good. You open a dojo, ing karate throughout the USA. work hard and begin to develop a bunch of great One thing, though, has not changed with all students. the evolution. We still have almost as many orga- Suddenly, a brand new dojo opens up in your nizations as there are dojos. In fact, I defy any one community claiming all kinds of black belts in to come up with a new name for a karate associa- many different arts and disciplines. They are not tion or group that hasn’t already been taken. really teaching any thing recognizable as karate As karate training has flourished many students but the sensei has money and he can outspend have become senseis, masters and grandmasyou in advertising. Soon your dojo slows and ters. Naturally, each grandmaster is entitled to finally goes out of business. start his or her federation and add to the already Regulation would make sure that only certicrowded field of “alphabet soup” groups. fied black belts with recognizable instructors certificates can practice the art of “teaching karate.” And what’s wrong with this picture? Regulation sets up ethics committees and During the past few years, I have been conductethical standards that we all have to work with. ing research into injuries associated with long Think about the medical or legal profession as an term karate training. I began this project after example. hearing of so many of my friends, all great Sho Regulation doesn’t interfere with any dojo or 38


LATE OUR INDUSTRY dictate what or how one should teach. But it does guarantee the public that each certified instructor has some basic knowledge in teaching his/ her skills. It protects the public while at the same time giving certified instructors more respect and marketability. If you want to practice law, you must pass the bar exam. Period. Doesn’t matter which law school you attended or what they taught you. Naturally, it behooves the law schools to prepare all their students for passing the bar. This is a benefit of regulation. It's the same in medicine. After graduating medical school every new doctor must pass various board exams in order to get certified and practice medicine. Are your children taught by certified teachers in school? What would you say if the teachers claimed all sorts of knowledge but could not produce one recognizable diploma. Recognition means a diploma from from a certified school. Have you ever wondered why we didn't set up our industry the same way? Lets go a little further. Have you ever tried to set up a karate class in your neighborhood at a high school or college, only to be told that you don’t have the necessary credentials- a teachers license? But you are a 6th degree Black belt from a legitimate organization headed by a well known international shihan. But the school doesn’t understand or recognize your Black Belt diploma, or your Renshi title or any of the internal honorifics that even many of us in the karate community haven’t figured out? Can you blame them? Try to get sponsorship from a national brand product for even the largest championships run by the biggest groups. How do you explain to Coca Cola how many viewers will tune in. What is the potential market? Presently, its all guess work. And do you know what is the biggest shame of it all? We are a large industry, with mil-

lions of practitioners past or present. We really do have a growing market share. How often have you explained to a non karate person that the dojo they wanted to join (or were coming from)was run by a charlatan? “He doesn’t know any karate.” “His rank was bought- he didn’t earn it.” “I certainly don’t recognize that rank and you will need to remove that belt and start all over again!” What does this say to the layman who is just trying to enroll a child in karate classes? And if the other guy is a “phony” what does that say about you. How does he know you are “legitimate?” We need to organize and regulate! Look at other similar industries such as personal trainers. They all have some independent certification attesting to at least a minimum of education in the inns and outs of fitness training. The organizations providing such training and certification are not part of the fitness studio and therefor they are independent and non political. They have no ”ax to grind.” The industry validates the certification by recognizing its professionalism, competence and by only hiring people with such certification. Is there just one group offering such certificates? No, of course not.There are several agencies offering courses for a reasonable fee. The fitness industry, with a 20 billion dollar annual revenue, is smart enough to recognize the mutual benefit of certification and organization. The certifying agencies provide a needed service. I realize the differences between us and other industries. We have styles that divide us. We carry the burdens of age-old Asian feuds that our senseis saddled us with that split the arts into numerous styles and created this chaos. So, after 60 years of development are we ready to really switch gears and move into the 21st century? If we establish a national karate teachers certificate program, we will take an important continued on next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


step toward self regulating and policing our industry. And isn’t that better than having a government agency stepping in to regulate us? Such a certification would require all senseis to learn basic principals of fitness training. I believe that many are already learning these things. We would be only demonstrating our knowledge by passing such tests. And make no mistake about it: everyone would be able to pass these tests with a little bit of work. Do we not learn new katas to pass dan certifications? How many of us have learned katas and principals from other styles to pass referee certifications? Why do we get nervous at the thought of “certification” or “regulation?” I believe that we would all benefit from regulation. Let me be clear: I am not trying to license anyone! I am not interested in telling anyone what they should or should not do. I am advocating a concept that I feel should be set up all over the country that would bring greater professionalism to our industry. A national registry of certified instructors with background checks to advocate for our industry would go a long way. It could present a united force representing a growing industry. I am sure it would benefit us all.

Lifetime achievement award at the 2013 Maccabiah Games 40

Dr. Alex Sternberg is one of the early pioneers of American Karate who's career spans over 50 years as a TOP 10 rated champion, sensei, international referee, chairman of the USA NKF Referee Committee. Students trained by Sensei Sternberg dominated the US National karate scene for over 20 years, winning countless National titles including numerous International Maccabiah Games and World Championships. Presently, Dr. Sternberg is devoting his expertise to conducting research in karate related injuries and in the technical development of the art of Karate-do.



by GM C.M.Griffin


n the 1990s, there was a place near Times Square on 43rd street a few steps off 8th avenue, that some would argue was just as important to the martial arts in New York City as was the many legendary martial arts schools. It was the 43rd Chamber, a small nondescript video store to most. But the “Chamber,” as we called it, was much more than just a video store! Yes, you could purchase martial arts videos like old Shaw Brothers, or the latest Donnie Yen movie. It was also where Grandmasters, students, fans and regular folks would come together and just have some fun. The Chamber was the place to be on Sundays or Tuesdays. That’s when the “regulars” were there, and believe me we had a cast of characters that would put Hollywood to shame. First of all there was the co-owner, the ringmaster, the erudite Mr. Charles Woods filled with bits of information and tons of very bad jokes. Woods was a veritable library of information on Blacks in film. He was always on the verge of publishing various books on topics such as “Images of Blacks (or African-Americans) in the Hollywood Westerns.” He also owned a sizable library with books, films and other printed materials like lobby cards, promotional posters and what not. Spike Lee, Wesley Snipes, Quentin Tarantino and others utilized Woods for research and his materials. Let me tell you about some of the regulars, let’s start with the “Commissioner,” who knew everything about every martial arts film ever made. You couldn’t think of the title of the film, but you knew it starred Angela Mao and somebody in the movie used their arm shackles as a weapon. The “Commissioner” could tell you the name, when it was made and who else was in it. There was Mark, a kung fu stylist who would actually give you the shirt off his back if you needed it. He often bought lunch or videos from Woods and give to folks if they were caught short that week. Let me make this clear, Mark was not trying to buy friends, he never asked for anything in return. He was, is, a generous man with a beautiful spirit!

OF THE 43rd CHAMBER We can’t forget Bruce, a cool Asian brother who suffered from the same disease as Mr. Woods; “badjoke-itis.” His jokes hurt as much as a Mike Tyson left hook. Troy was another unique character. He used to sell videotapes at a table in a Chinese restaurant, and is now a vicepresident of a prominent Wall Street company. When given the opportunity he went back to school and earned his MBA. Troy always had a quick smile and a quick joke for us. However, he was quick to shut down stupidity and bull$#*&. There was another Mark who was a child actor. He appeared in a bunch of films in the ‘70s, and knew a lot of celebrities. He had anecdotes of people like Diana Ross, Diane Carroll, Lawrence Hilton-Jacobs, Nancy Wilson and the list went on… Oh, there’s Andrew, tall, thin, impeccably coifed, he knew everything about Bruce Lee and Jeet Kune Do. He knew more about Bruce than Linda Lee. If Bruce himself walked into the Chamber and made a comment about one of his accomplishments, Andrew, in his unique way, would correct him! Grandmaster Ron Van Cleef, would also stop by the Chamber to buy some videos and well, just hang out with Woods and the rest of us. Tae Kwon Do Master John Dinkins, who had the pleasure of fighting Chuck Norris at the “Garden” in the ‘60s would stop by to get his videos and discuss current events in and out of the dojang. Samuel Jackson, RZA from the Wu-Tang clan; Omar Epps, Paul Mooney… many of them knew Mark (the former child actor) or heard about Mr. Woods and just liked the “vibes” of the place. They would just come in, stand around and talk with us. Michael Beach from “Third Watch,” “Soul Food” and many other movies and TV shows,

spent an entire Sunday with us. It was safe at the Chamber, no one running up and asking for autographs and all that. There were many others who were regulars and I’m sorry that I didn’t mention your names. Don’t take it personally—I only have so much space to do this. A typical conversation at the Chamber would start like this: Someone would ask, “Hey did you guys see xyz movie?” Actually, a typical question was “I saw this xyz technique in xyz movie; is that a real technique?” It was fun listening to Grandmaster Van Cleef talk about movie fighting versus real fighting. I remember an impromptu sword demonstration by a Japanese Iaido master right outside the store on 43rd street—the NYPD were not too happy about that. One of the more memorable events was a demonstration of kicking techniques of different styles such as Shoalin Kung Fu, Kyokushin, Tae Kwon Do, Nisei Goju and Hwa Rang Do that started in side the Chamber and went to the sidewalk outside the store. It was all in fun, especially when a couple local stuntmen joined in as well. The Chamber was a wonderful unique place. Wives, girlfriends and others never understood why that place was so special to us. Just like the old TV show “Cheers” where everybody knows your name, we had to go to the Chamber. It was a place where we felt comfortable; we met with our peers, had fun, laughed, talked and forgot about the crap that was in the outside world for a few minutes. Here’s to the Chamber, a place where Martial Arts masters, Grandmasters, students, fans and wannabe’s all hungout together. I’ll miss that place. Oh yeah, Woods, where’s my copy of “Wong Fei Hong meets Shaft” starring Donnie Yen and Dolemite, the special edition, man! I’ve been waiting…. © 2013 C.M.GRIFFIN Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


social marketing tips Secrets for LinkedIn $ucce$$ PART 2


by Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D.

ere is part two of my how-to article on using LinkedIn for targeted account marketing and improving your company’s organic search rankings. We talked about advertising on this popular web platform and this time I will expand on how to use this modern tool to improve results and generate profits.

Set Linked-In Goals to Measure Response. Goal-setting by the week and month will be helpful to track coded posts with specific URL that qualifies the source of your visitor on your website. For example, at Official Karate Magazine, we ask all advertisers to add a suffix to their URL so it can trace all leads generated from an advertisement, whether it be a banner or full page space ad. One way to accomplish that goal is to add the name of the mag or date after the dot com. i.e., www. This way you would create a squeeze page to capture the email name and address, in exchange for offering a ‘huge value-$49.95’ downloadable FREEmium. Other goals of yours might be to connect with ten more people per month, to recommend three people in your network, to receive 6 recommendations or simply to meet with 4 connections this month on the phone or in person over a tax-deductible breakfast, lunch or dinner meeting. Having accountable goals are essential to make sure you receive what you want to achieve by being a member on LinkedIn! 21+ Add-Ons for Your LinkedIn Page Whether big or small, local, regional, national and international newsworthy items belong on your LinkedIn Company Page. 

 Here are 21 add-ons/ideas and items to get you started in building your page quickly with fresh, compelling content before you begin promoting it to your targeted LinkedIn Universe. These ideas have worked for thousands of companies worldwide and I am confident they will work for you. Start posting today and throughout 2014:

1. New employees, bios, titles, raises, promotion or hiring announcements. 

 2. New contracts/projects. 

 3. Events including: open houses and classes you’re teaching off and online. 

 4. Press releases from all online and offline media. 

 5. A step-by-step guide on how to use your newest product/service or brand. 

 6. A community award, honor, and accolade you accepted. 

 7. A new or newly revised book/edition. 8. A new or newly revised e-book. 8. Your latest DVD or available free and paid downloads 9. Current Video on YouTube/Your own Channel 10. The latest E-report research. 11. Data or new findings in your Whitepaper. 12. A brand new certification, job, assignment, project. 

 13. Latest Free offer on your website. 14. New Who’s Who or Industry Induction into a Hall of Fame. 

 15. New client or contract you just landed. 16. News on your upcoming speaking event. 

 17. Charitable fund-raising events, donations. 

 18. A visit by a celebrity or guest. 

 19. Your participation (judge, presenter, panel discussion leader/coordinator, photographer) in a trade show, conference or convention. 

 20. New membership in a local BBB, non-profit org, trade group, professional association and chamber of commerce. 21+. Add your recent paid seminar, webinar, workshop, boot camp, demonstration, article, reprint, interview, media kit, brochure, tip or fact sheets, new product releases, new literature and call-in radio/TV/cable shows and appearances.

See part one of this article including more LinkedIn advertising tips at 42


Manage Your Company Page In about 15 Minutes a Day! Managing, optimizing and maintaining your new LinkedIn company page is easy Unlike posting on twitter and updating your posts and reading several streams to monitor multiple conversations in order to respond in a timely manner, with LinkedIn, you can post just once a day on your home page. Don’t post more than two to three times in a given day since you are talking to business people where time is of the essence. By limiting your posts to providing useful information, valuable, ‘I didn’t know that,’ knowledge that your target audience will thank you for sharing—your posts will have that much more impact! If you post the same time during each day, your followers will anticipate your sharing valuable content and will be on the look out for your posts. And isn’t that what you want? Make sure each post to write has compelling copy to attract, educate and entertain. No one likes to read multiple boring posts chock full of useless content. If your followers can say, “so what,” to your post then why post it to begin with? Spending 15 minutes daily responding to posts, monitoring what people have to say and making sure any negative comments are dealt with first, creating new posts and checking your statistics and data, should be sufficient. The secret to spending less time or about 7 minutes a day is to pre-plan what you want to post one week ahead of time. Imagine shaving off almost half your time with this one trade secret. Now, feel free to share these ‘success secrets’ with all your LinkedIn group members and on your home page. Wasn’t that easy? Since 1968, Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. has had an amazing record of success in mail order and direct marketing for himself and major clients. In 1995 he began online marketing campaigns and is recognized as one of the world’s leading Internet Marketing Strategists and Pioneers. Andrew is in high demand as a master copywriter and social media marketing consultant. For a FREE 15 minute phone consulatation (Value $250) to increase your company’s online visibility, web traffic and win over online influencers call The Social Engagement Marketing Experts™(SEME™) at 631.924.3888 or contact

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very Tuesday and Thursday morning I teach a class I call "Bamboo." It's a combination of Qigong and Yoga or as some teacher's call it "Taoist Yoga." This particular class is mostly older ladies who have become Reiki Masters and are skilled in music, computers, and library science. One of the ladies is a secular Carmelite sister. They are all educated, sincere and very spiritual. They come to class and talk about their lives and their plans before donning heavy socks (floor's too cold) sitting on a yoga mat, pillows and blankets, (floor's too hard too) and settling their bodies into lotus position with karate kickie pads stuffed under their knees. We usually start the class 1/2 hour into the allotted time. We have a great time and they always thank me for a wonderful class. I get back in my car and notice I'm rubbing the dojo key like a worry stone. Then I relax and know that I did my part, I met them where they were and they were able to find what they needed in the practice of Bamboo. I truly love these ladies and learn from them each week. Last week one of the ladies, Ruby, came in looking a little "out of it" She got her mat, blanket, pillow, kickie pads and warm socks all arranged and sat down heavily and just looked at us for a minute. We all waited for Ruby to tell us what was bothering her and she just sighed and said she only had an hour and a half sleep. She was working on a computer presentation and didn't realize the time so sud-



denly it was 5 AM and she was still wide awake and typing her speech. She said that she loves our class so much she didn't want to miss so she forced herself to get up and come to the dojo. I started the class with a description of the way our bodies store energy and emotion in our organs. Ruby, I asked, don't you have diabetes? She nodded. That gave me a chance to talk about diabetes and the kidneys, eyes and feet. We talked about the importance of the kidneys in Chinese Medicine. The Chinese Medicine practitioners know that the ancient qigong sciences consider the kidneys to be the Mother of the body. I think that's because the kidneys, like us moms, know everything that's going on in their house. If the kidneys don't function properly the rest of the body quickly loses power, strength, clear minds and the heart starts to suffer from the toxic environment. Our kidneys are the storehouse for our prebirth primordial chi. That's the energy that resulted from our parent's getting together and making us. As Master Urban used to say, "We are all result of the big bang theory, aren't we?" Traditional Chinese Medicine teaches that strong parents make strong babies and that parents should be in good shape, happy and worry free when they decide to start a family. That way the child will start his life with strong chi that will carry him through fetal development, the rigors of birth and infancy. The primordial chi is then stored in the kidneys as a reserve to keep the body functioning under duress. It is almost impossible to replenish this particu-

lar storehouse but Qigong practice can replace a minute amount of this special chi with the right movements. At best the amount of primordial chi returned to the kidney lock box is equivalent to a teaspoon of water in the ocean. So you can see how important it is to consider taxing this most important set of organs by eating improper foods, staying up all night, drinking too many adult beverages or allowing too much stress into your daily life. The kidneys support or bones, skin, teeth, hair and hold on to fears, money problems and deep fatique. In Ruby's case she was sapping her strength by not establishing a healthy sleep cycle, training while tired, stressing over a presentation and coping with diabetes. That is a prescription for trouble! And she never thought about it that way. I didn't want to scare her but I wanted her, and all of the other ladies, to realize that our bodies have to process everything we do, eat, think and say. When we are tired and run down our bodies go to the kidneys and withdraw a cup of primordial chi to get through the day. Eventually, no matter how strong we are, that primordial chi can be depleted. As we get older it is so important to take care of our bodies with mindful living and daily energetic practices. How do you think the old masters of Wu Dang and Shaolin lived to be 150 easily and could still out maneuver the young monks and bad guys? They meditated, ate sparingly, laughed and enjoyed good discussions and practiced their forms and internal arts on a daily basis. They chose simplicity and peaceful living and a grateful happy heart. When we look at the complicated lives of the people around us, with their huge car payments, mortgages, 2 jobs, electronics glued to their ears and hands, no time for training or meditation or wholistic living we have to shake our heads and wonder how it all came to be this way. This isn't a healthy lifestyle. We store fears big and small in our kidneys, anger and resentment in our livers, grief in our lungs, hatred and jealousy in our hearts, and low self esteem in our spleens. Yet we also store spiritual virtues in our organs to balance them. We store wisdom in our kidneys, compassion and kindness in our lungs, integrity in our lungs, love and acceptance in our hearts and trust in our spleens. Our bodies are magnificent. Everything we need to live a happy healthy life is found within the amazing system of nerves, bones, sinew and blood. Our endocrine system is designed to keep us bright and sharp and ageless but we never take the time to know how it really works. Who can really describe the lymphatic system in depth? If we are diligent in training our muscles and bones shouldn't we know about the rest of the

marvelous body? Tomorrow morning when you wake up take a moment to open your eyes and smile. No groaning or complaining. Lie flat on your back and flex your ankles and knees and raise your arms over head and think of your responsibilities for the day. Smile and stretch your arms and say out loud, "This is going to be fun!" Then resist the urge to groan "NOT!" and get out of bed and start your day. Remember that your organs have to deal with your thoughts and attitudes as well as your choices of food and drink. Be selfish about what you allow to enter your ears and eyes as well as your mouth. Choose joy and peace and you will conserve your life force and protect your kidneys from stress. Next time you are driving start counting the dialysis centers that are being built in every town. Remember the days when dialysis was only offered in the large hospitals because they weren't needed by many people. Now some areas have 4 or 5 different clinics that run 24/7 and they are full. Did you know that 1/3 of the people needing kidney dialysis are Tylenol users? Stress and headaches are killing us as fast as diabetes and heart disease. Our food is changing, our lives are busier and more stressful than ever. Its time to take responsibility for your health. Don't wait for the new health care systems to sort themselves out! Start looking for ways to incorporate the old ways of internal training back into your classes and personal practice and you won't need to take drugs with crazy side effects and consequences. If you can stand still and breathe for five minutes and relax before you leave for work you will double your productivity and maybe even enjoy your work. Remember to be still and know you are reflection of all the teachers and students who have gone on before you. If you have chosen the martial path you have chosen both the yin and the yang expression. The healing and the power is in the stillness. An De- I wish you peace.

Sifu Karen Schlachter is the founder of the An De Institute of Peaceful Virtues in New Jersey. She is a full time teacher of Qigong, Taiji, Yoga, Karuna and Usui Reiki and Qigong healing. She has received numerous awards and recognition for her work in the martial arts. She has been involved in the arts for 55 years and has studied several different martial systems including Kodokan Judo, Okinawan Shorin Ryu , Yang Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong, and Sun Moon Fist Chinese Boxing. Sifu Karen Schlachter is training Qigong and Taiji teachers in Voorhees and Medford NJ. She is currently holding classes during the week and conducting Energy Medicine classes on Sundays. She can be reached at Website: Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速



JOIN THE REVOLUTION: Official Karate Magazine I really love the "new" Official Karate and, like the rest of the old guard, say it sure does bring back so many old memories.

—Don Warrener, President, Rising Sun Productions, Hollywood, CA

I hope everyone will support the martial arts by subscribing to OK mag and spreading the word. Also consider advertising in Official Karate and help this classic remain in publication.

—Jim Mather, karate pioneer, teacher, author

Your advertisement in OKmag will reach thousands of interested readers. Our publishing and marketing experts will even help you with copywriting and graphics so your ad is guaranteed to be effective. Email us now at to arrange for your successful advertising program. Official Karate magazine, brain child of Al Weiss, along with the fantastic promotional abilities of the one and only Aaron Banks were responsible for shining the spotlight on East Coast Karate and the talented fighters and Kata competitors of the early era. All of us who benefited from that alliance owe a debt of gratitude to both of them. I know I do! Linick Sensei, Thanks for reviving such an important piece of Karate history.

—Chuck Merriman, karate legend

View all the past issues of the 21st century version of this classic, award-winning publication at



I cherish the Official Karate Golden ShutoTM Award I received as one of the most treasured awards I have received in my 44 years. I look forward to contributing to the magazine in the future. —Danny Lane, President,

World Martial Arts Federation

Official Karate's annual printed issue & e-zines on social media groups reaches 350,000+ martial artists, students, teachers, schools, masters/GMs, bootcamps, HOFs & major tournaments worldwide. 46


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jim mather’s Karate life ™

All Great Masters Possess This Do you have the quality all great masters possess? I was watching a TV documentary and in the midst of the images of destruction in post-WW II Japan, I was surprised to see an interview with actor George Takei, Star Trek’s Mr. Sulu. I had seen him on television before but always as an over-the-top gay character. So I couldn’t imagine what he could possibly contribute to shed additional light on the horrific events in Japan. Thankfully, he was very serious and dignified and, as a proud Japanese-American, spoke about what enabled the Japanese people to endure such events. It was a quality he called ”gaman.” I had never heard the term before and immediately looked it up. Although the definition has many additional meanings, one dictionary simply defined gaman as “perseverance.” I’d imagine those of us who have been in the martial arts for many years know gaman intimately, although we never had a name for it nor likely even knew there was a quality for which we needed a name. But when asked in a magazine interview a few months ago what one quality I thought most important to a martial artist, I said perseverance. (I didn’t yet know the word gaman or might have used it.) It has been the pluggers (those who persevered), not the natural athletes (for whom everything was easy), that went the furthest at my dojo. Without gaman, it is impossible to reach the highest levels in the martial arts. You reach the top not by a giant leap but by millions of small steps. So, if you just keep training, day in and day out, you will be amazed at where it will eventually take you.



Hanshi Jim Mather

(For a great, much more indepth write-up on gaman, check out Goodin Shihan’s article on the following link:!/ notes/charles-c-goodin/gaman-to-bear-the-unbearable/10150166974430127)

This article is taken from Hanshi Jim Mather’s Karate Life Blog which traces his over 55 years in the arts including friendships with many icons and celebrities. He is on the Board of MAGI® and the Karate Masters Hall of Fame®

Young Jonathan’s life is turned upside down when he finds himself in Japan, living with his grandfather, former American Ambassador and a judge on the Tokyo War Crimes Tribunals. American opulence and comfort is abruptly replaced by subtle Japanese elegance and traditional austerity. He is thrust into a life among strangers and forced to navigate his way through a new country, foreign customs, unfamiliar language, and ultimately political intrigue that will threaten his life. “It was engrossing from page one, leading me into a world I haven’t seen before.” —Mike Cheda Former head of development, Disney & HBO



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Life & Death Exploits of a Jersey Cop and Karate Champion Simple Streetwise Defense Tactics That Work! In his book, BUDO and the BADGE: Exploits of a Jersey Cop. Lieutenant Patrick Ciser, (Ret), Shihan, 6th dan, International Karate Champion, recalls mastering karate, kicking in doors, high speed chases, and dodging bullets and blades, during his 28 years as a Clifton, NJ police officer. From how-to tips on self-defense moves (complete with photos), to the state of the arts today—including historical photos of famous first- generation karate pioneers and legends—there's something to learn here for everyone regardless of rank or style. I wish to express my personal best wishes and gratitude to you providing an extraordinary level of service and sacrifice for the well-being of others. —Chief Christopher Trucillo Port Authority Police of NY/NJ Ciser isn't on the Clifton Police Department, He IS the Clifton Police Department. aster alist M d e —Walter Sudol, Passaic PD M e. old 1987 G Athens, Greec , r e Pat Cis You must read this actionpacked memoir. Shihan Ciser's lineage traces back to Japan. Edward Kaloudis, American Karate Pioneer and O'Sensei Brian Frost were his teachers. ­ —Andrew S. Linick, Hanshi, Judan, Publisher Official

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Structural self defense


12 Dos and Don'ts to Rehab and Injury-Proof Your Shoulder

This is an interview with the "Athletic Trainer to the Pros" Brian Cammarota, MEd, ATC, CSCS, CES Brian Cammarota is former rehabilitation and minor league athletic training coordinator for the Philadelphia Phillies. He is currently a partner at Symetrix Sports Performance (near Philadelphia, PA). He is a regular author for Sports Doc on topics related to Sports Medicine. He can be reached at Hi Brian, first I’d like to take this opportunity to thank you for sharing your vast knowledge of shoulder injuries and rehab with our readership. Please tell us a little about your background and training. I received my bachelor’s degree from West Chester University (PA) and Master’s degree from Temple University, both in athletic training. I have been a Certified Athletic Trainer since 1998 and am also a Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist and a Corrective Exercise Specialist. I worked for 12 years with the Philadelphia Phillies Minor League teams. During my last 5 years, I oversaw all Phillies’ Minor League and Major League Baseball rehabilitation in Clearwater, FL as well as overseeing the medical care of 200 + Minor League players. I am currently a partner in Symetrix Sports Performance, where we train athletes to move properly, reduce their injury risk, and increase their performance. I have treated people from all walks of life, from professional 50


Dr. Craig Rubenstein

athletes to grandparents and runners to martial artists. I have been very fortunate through my career to be mentored by Hall of Fame athletic trainers, Philip Donley, ATC, PT, MS and Jeff Cooper, MS, ATC. They taught me so much about athletic training, baseball and upper extremity injuries, and injury prevention throughout the body. They demonstrated the importance of staying current by reading research articles, books, and attending seminars regularly. Over the past 7 years, I have been focusing on movement dysfunction and postural asymmetries, more specifically the Postural Restoration Institute techniques taught by Ron Hruska, PT. I am also in school studying for my doctorate in physical therapy at Neumann University and expect to complete that in May 2015. I have been blessed to have my career shaped by many amazing teachers and mentors. Why is the shoulder such an easily injured joint? The shoulder is an amazing joint and is unique in that it is capable of producing power in all directions. However, the tradeoff for having such great mobility is limited stability, making injuries common. What are the general challenges to rehabbing a shoulder? Shoulder rehabilitation can be very challenging as the shoulder is actually made up to 4 different joints, each of which has a different function. If any part of the shoulder complex or kinetic chain is not working properly, the individual will have pain and dysfunction. The body, however, becomes very good at compensating for pain and trying to avoid it. We often develop new patterns of movement to avoid pain. This compensation can lead to other injuries, sometimes very far from where the original problem occurred.

What are the most common injuries that occur in the shoulder? Most people think of the shoulder as a ball and socket joint, which is called the glenohumeral joint. The humeral head (ball) sits inside the glenoid fossa (socket), there is a cartilage lining that deepens the socket called the labrum and helps to increase stability, however the labrum often becomes injured. The front of the labrum is often torn in dislocated or subluxed shoulders but can also be torn with repetitive motion. The rotator cuff is another common site of injury and is more likely to be injured after the age of 35 compared to the labrum which is often torn in individuals under age 30. The rotator cuff is made up of 4 muscles each of which attach to the humeral head. Its primary responsibility is to stabilize the ball in the socket, but it also functions to move the arm. When an injury occurs to the rotator cuff, it is often because the rotator cuff is working too hard due to weakness or tightness somewhere else in the shoulder, scapula, or body. There are 2 major injuries that occur to the rotator cuff. The first is a tear in which one of the rotator cuff muscles partially or completely tears. A complete tear requires surgery to return to normal function and may take 1 year or more for full return. The second rotator cuff injury is tendonitis or tendinosis, which is an inflammation of the tendon. Rehabilitation centers on strengthening any weak or tight areas of the shoulder, body, or scapula. Bursitis is inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sac between a tendon and bone. When the area has too much irritation, the bursa will swell like a balloon filling with water. This is often treated with an injection by a physician, antiinflammatory medication, and rehabilitation. Can you describe some of the most common symptoms related to each type of shoulder problem. As in bicipital tendinitis, different rotator cuff tears or tendonitis, a/c joint, scapulo-thoracic dysfunction, gleno-humeral issues, arthritis, bursitis etc…? Bicipital tendonitis occurs in the front of the shoulder, you will often feel it when raising your arm up palm first. It is often sore prior to activity,

feels better during activity, and then increases in pain again after activity. The concern with bicipital tendonitis is that it can be a sign of a labrum tear, as the biceps attaches deep within the shoulder. Rotator Cuff tears vary depending on the muscle that is hurt. Earlier I mentioned how there are 4 muscles that make up the rotator cuff. The most commonly torn rotator cuff muscle is the supraspinatus, it lies on the top of your shoulder and runs almost from the base of your neck to the outside of your shoulder. Often rotator cuff pain occurs about 1/3 of the way between your shoulder and elbow. That pain is usually a tell-tale sign the rotator cuff is having a problem. If you have pain raising your arm to the side above shoulder level and even more pain when you lower your arm, there is a good chance that the supraspinatus may be involved. The other muscles are responsible for rotating your arm in towards your body (subscapularis) and away from your body (infraspinatus and teres minor) and will hurt in those motions if that is what is injured. A tendonitis is an inflammation in the tendon with microscopic tears; whereas a “tear” is often much larger and may go entirely through the muscle. This can be repaired but may need up to 1 year of rehabilitation for normal athletic function. An A/C joint sprain occurs on top of the shoulder and is called a “separated shoulder.” This is one of the 4 joints of the shoulder and is typically injured by a fall on your shoulder. The shoulder will often present with a lump as the clavicle (collar bone) will be raised at the end furthest from the neck. Following an A/C joint sprain or a separated shoulder, the individual will have difficulty raising the arm above shoulder level or reaching across their body as the rotator cuff runs under this joint. What is the most commonly misdiagnosed problem in the shoulder? Is there a universal problem or dysfunction found in most shoulder issues? Poor posture and scapula strength are the most common dysfunctions found in people with shoulder issues and are often missed when individuals evaluate the shoulder. When I see someone with a forward head and/or shoulder (think of a large muscular weight lifter) Possible picture of this I generally can guess that the individual’s scapula is weak, and the front of their Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


shoulder is tight. They may also have neck tightness and weakness contributing to the poor posture. Many people with overuse injuries have a scapula that does not function properly. They cannot control their scapula, thus they have no base. Without a base, the shoulder does not function properly. The four rotator cuff muscles should work to stabilize the ball in the socket. When the scapula does not work correctly, the rotator cuff muscles can’t stabilize properly, they become overworked, and often tear. Scapula dysfunction can occur for many reasons, sometimes an acute injury such as a fall occurs; sometimes an injury occurs to your lower half or core; sometimes breathing is dysfunctional or your hips are not in neutral and often it occurs from overuse. Any injury or dysfunction can lead to over compensation preventing you from using your whole body correctly. Thus, you rely more heavily on your upper extremity to throw a pitch or a punch leading to an injury. When any part of your body fails to work properly, other areas will pick up the extra work. When this happens too often or for too long, and is combined with repetitive use, dysfunction will occur placing the scapula in a poor position and leading to weakness. Compensation, such as overuse of your upper traps, pecs, and lats force the rotator cuff to work harder than it is designed. Ultimately, the rotator cuff fails, the labrum tears, or both. Scapula strength can be obtained through rehabilitation or prevention programs, but it is so important to work with someone who truly understands the shoulder to assure that the program is being done correctly. As an example of scapula dysfunction, rowing exercises are great exercises to increase scapula strength, but more often than not they are done incorrectly and actually contribute to scapula dysfunction and shoulder injuries. To perform that exercise correctly, you must squeeze your shoulder blades together AT THE BOTTOM. Most people squeeze the top of their shoulder blade and use their upper trapezius muscles. Rows should activate your middle and lower trapezius muscles as well as your rhomboids (See “Rowing Bad” and “Rowing Good”). As a general statement, one way to increase shoulder health and reduce the risk of injury is to eliminate any exercise in a lifting program that is dedicated to the upper traps. Furthermore, if you find yourself cheating 52


during an exercise and performing a shrug, decrease the weight and keep your shoulder blades down and back. How does the treatment that you offer differ from traditional treatments? My approach is focused on preventing injuries first and foremost. This means evaluating the individual as a whole, not simply treating pain. Karel Lewit once said, “He who treats the site of pain is often lost.” That is a great quote. It’s so true. I often see low back issues caused by foot or gait problems or diaphragm problems caused by pelvic dysfunction. Tell us more. Evaluating for movement dysfunction is vital, if an athlete cannot move properly or is substituting movement patterns, he or she will either get hurt, or in the case of rehab not re-gain full health and will reinjure him/herself. If your student performed a Kata or Form incorrectly time after time, their body would learn that poor pattern. Correcting the Kata or Form becomes more difficult as their brain has developed new, incorrect, neurological movement patterns. The poor Kata becomes their new normal. Movement dysfunction occurs the same way, once a pattern is learned, it becomes much harder to change it. Many training programs suffer as they never place the body in a neutral position, thus they build on dysfunction leading to injury and poor performance. Although the shoulder may be painful, the problem may be coming from the scapula, hip, knee, core, poor breathing or a combination of all of these things. If I simply treated the patient with a few exercises to strengthen the rotator cuff, I would be doing my patient a huge disservice. My evaluation and treatment will likely concentrate quite a bit on strengthening the scapula and assuring that it is in the correct position. A strong scapula will create a base for the shoulder to move and will decrease pain and increase strength and function. But again, I need to look elsewhere to complete my evaluation and fully strengthen the scapula. Along with scapula exercises, I would incorporate Postural Restoration Institute (PRI) Techniques into my treatment www. . PRI exercises are

types of breathing dysfunction occur when the shoulders rise up towards the ears and/or the belly sucks in during an inspiration (See Picture, “diaphragm breathing” and “poor breathing”). Another common trait is a Left anterior rib flare (the lower ribs on Left stick out more than the Right.) The next step is to assess the pelvis and look for symmetry. The most common asymmetry is associated with people primarily standing on their right leg (regardless of being right or left handed), leaving the Left pelvis flexed (tilted forward) and rotated (See Picture Left AIC Pattern). This limits the hip from Left internal rotation (foot turning out) (See Picture Hip Internal Rotation) and Right external rotation (foot turning in) (See Picture Hip External Rotation). Check the image and you can quickly assess your hip rotation. By activating the Left Hamstring and Groin, and Right Glut Max through a series of breathing exercises much of this asymmetry can be corrected. ( and PRI exercises will quickly “increase” strength and ROM because once the body is placed in neutral, it functions correctly and true training and strengthening can begin.

neuromuscular exercises that address asymmetry by putting the body in a neutral position and allowing reciprocal motion (equal motion side to side) to occur. Once the body is in neutral, injuries are reduced and performance will increase as the individual is symmetrical or equal. This includes assessing breathing to assure that the patient is correctly using their diaphragm to breathe and not using accessory muscles in the neck (such as the sternocleidomastoid (SCM) or scalenes). Common

Wow!! I think anyone who has gone the traditional route to rehab a shoulder injury, knows little to none of what you just said has ever been addressed for them. What are the most important thing(s) that someone should do or not do to either prevent a shoulder injury or to prevent reinjuring their shoulder? In any sport or any repetitive activity, the most important thing is assuring that you have correct mechanics. That activity can be martial arts, baseball pitching, swimming, or jobs requiring physical labor. Have an expert check your mechanics, if they are incorrect, fix them before proceeding. It will be a small investment Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


now to save you a long rehab later. Address any postural asymmetries or movement dysfunction. This is done best with the help of a professional to assure you are moving correctly. Clinicians who are trained in PRI techniques are experts in this area and would be my first recommendation Other groups that teach movement dysfunction evaluations include the National Academy of Sports Medicine Corrective Exercise Specialist (NASM-CES) or Functional Movement Screen (FMS) www. Address any scapula issues, and strengthen the scapula by using the muscles between and at the bottom of your scapulae. Don’t shrug your shoulders with exercises, limit heavy chest exercises, and don’t perform an excessive amount of chin-up and pull-ups, as these all can lead to scapula dysfunction. Although a large chest, neck, and lats may improve your physique, they will not help you in martial arts and may contribute to injury, tightness, and poor posture. Can you tell us specifically what should be added, modified or deleted from our workouts? The following exercises should be added to any martial arts program. 1) PRI – HL w/ Hip shift w/ breathing (see Pic “PRI hip lift with hip shift 1”) (see video for explanation) ( QwVTpA04qkY and QwVTpA04qkY) 2) PRI – R knee to knee (clamshell) (see Pic “PRI Clamshell start and end”) (Hold for 4 breaths and repeat 4 times 3) Middle and Low Trap exercises (see Pics ‘Low Trap” and “Mid Trap”) 4) Push-up plus (see Pic push-up plus start and end)



The following exercises should be checked or modified to assure you are doing them correctly 1) Rowing – see above 2) Lunges – assure knee is not in front of foot, use glutes, do not lean forward. 3) Squats – drop hips down almost to floor, keep back rounded (like a toddler would squat) 4) Planks – assure that your shoulder blades are back, core and glutes are tight. The following exercises should be removed or greatly curtailed from your exercise program 1) Bench Press – If you perform, use dumbbells, it will increase stability of shoulder. Do not drop elbow below shoulder. 2) Shrugs – Your Upper traps are strong enough and this exercise is not needed. 3) Pull ups – OK to perform, but if performed in excess, your Lats will become tight and lead to shoulder injury. 4) Chin ups – same as pull ups.

This was great! I hope you enjoyed sharing your knowledge as much as our readers will enjoy receiving it. Any parting comments? First, I want to Thank you and Official Karate magazine for taking the time to interview me, I really enjoyed being a part of this interview. I hope your readers are able to apply something from the interview to help them reduce their risk of injury. Secondly, if I can assist your readers in anyway, I hope they will feel free to email me. I think the best advice I can give to prevent injuries is to have a movement assessment that includes posture and scapula evaluations; check your form regularly, and if you think you are injured get evaluated by a medical professional. Catching problems while they are minor will save significant time and reduce the likelihood of major injuries.

Dr. Craig Rubenstein was a team Chiropractor to the US Freestyle Ski Team in 1990. He is a certified clinical nutritionist and a Fellow and Diplomate of the International Academy of Clinical Acupuncture. His Park Avenue practice is in NY and he has a satellite office in Suffolk County, Long Island. 212-213-9494 Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Plastic Bags and Self Defense


hen we think about martial art warriors and weaponry it is easy to visualize the Samurai and Hwarang warriors with swords, spears, and bows defending with honor the Shogun, or Emperor. These mighty warriors were even known to not only protected the villages, but they also taught the villagers how to fight for themselves using common farm tools and household items. As a Special Forces Green Beret it was my duty to master weaponry and fighting techniques in order to eliminate the enemy and avoid confrontation quickly. However, at other times my mission was to train local villagers to resist their enemy with whatever means possible. Today as a retired Vietnam War Veteran, modern warrior, and most importantly as a martial arts instructor I still consider it my responsibility and duty to help protect and teach my community self defense techniques and weaponry using modern items as well. After years of both studying and teaching martial arts and warrior weaponry I believe that traditional weaponry can still be divided into five major categories: 1. Projectiles. Items that can be shot, thrown, or propelled. 2. Bladed Weaponry. Items that can cut, slice, rip, stab, or sharply penetrate. 3 .Blunt Force Weaponry. Items that can be swung, with centrifugal force, to make contact with a target. 4. Poisons. Not only the known deadly poisons, but also common items that could take an opponent off his attack game such as: salt, pepper, sand, very small pieces of glass, e.g., anything that causes irritation, blindness, or choking. 5. Flex Weaponry. Items that can wrap around, seize, or be used to snap at the opponent.

HOLDING THE BAG: There are a few ways to hold the bag. For the purpose of this article the “wrist hold” method will be demonstrated throughout.

When I started studying and teaching weaponry in the ‘60s and early ‘70s while both in the USA and in Korea, we used a rope to teach the flex weaponry techniques I describe in this article. In the late ninetys, while playing around with a plastic bag after unloading groceries I thought to myself that I could use this to teach with in my martial arts classes. Yes, the flex weaponry tool I often teach, and the one in which I elaborate on in this article, surprises many people and is readily available within every community—a simple plastic grocery bag. To properly use a plastic bag one read on. 9th Degree Black Belt James McMurray is the founder and director of the House of Discipline Martial Arts Group in Harker Heights, Texas. GM McMurray is a former Special Forces U.S. Army Ranger Combat instructor. You can contact him at 56


BAG SNAPPING: One of the critical elements in using the bag is timing the “snapping” action of straightening the bag with the interception of the attacker’s wrist and forearm.

by Grandmaster Jimm McMurray

INSIDE WRAPPING BOTTOM TO TOP (bag on right wrist hold method):

BASIC BLOCKING AND REDIRECTION: When someone is reaching for you or striking at you: 1-Moving to the right when someone reaches for you 2-Moving to the left when they reach 3-Moving back while deflecting down 4-Moving back while deflecting up

BASIC STRIKING WITH THE BAG TO VITAL AREAS: Sometimes you must engage with the first strike in “Good Samaritan:” actions. When you do, these are a few techniques to use: 1-There is power in the snapping of the plastic bag at the same moment of impact 2-Snapping the plastic bag in the front throat of the assailant is very effective. 3-Snapping the plastic bag up underneath the nose of the assailant will render the assailant ineffective for several minutes. One can also snap the plastic bag across the eyes will jar the brain against its cavity causing dizziness and disorientation.

1-Move your body out of the way and deflect the hand (see photo on bottom of page 48).

2-Pull the left hand down drawing the bag across the top of the wrist.

3-At the same time, push to your right and 90 degrees crossing underneath the opponent’s arm.

continued on next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


4-Keeping tension on the bag, circle your arms up and over to your head right side as if you are doing a double forearm block. The bag tightens dramatically around the attacker’s wrist.

5-You will notice that you can actually remove your left hand now because the right hand is pressing on the bag in a secure controlled manner. Continue your self-defense counters as necessary so it is safe enough to walk away.

INSIDE WRAPPING TOP TO BOTTOM (bag on left wrist hold method):

1-Move your body out of the way and deflect the hand.

2-Pull the left hand down wrapping the bag underneath the opponent’s arm as if you are doing an upper cut punch.

3-Keeping tension on the bag, move the left arm outward in the same motion of a left double forearm block.

4-Continue the motion as though you are doing a low left hammer fist strike. Continue your self-defense counters as necessary to make yourself safe enough to walk away.

In summary, using a plastic bag is a good way to introduce children to flex weaponry, but remember, plastic bags can be dangerous to the very young. I hope practicing the techniques in this article will allow the reader to see the value and utility of using commonly attainable items in self defense. Always supervise and emphasize Safety, Safety, Safety! 58


Book review By Andrew S. Linick, Hanshi, Ju-Dan

Weight Training for Martial Arts The Ultimate Guide By International Martial Arts and Fitness Expert, Katalin Rodriguez-Ogren "Move quickly. Sound, calm mind. Be light in body. Have a clever mind. Master the basics." – Gogen Yamaguchi, Five Secrets of Japanese Goju-Ryu "The words written above by Yamaguchi, Sensei are a great summary of how to get started in anything. This book will hopefully inspire you to quickly embrace the need to add purposeful strength training into your martial arts program. Make sound decisions in how to go about adding exercises with a calm mind. Approach each workout routine with a solid grasp of the exercises you have chosen. Be clever in integrating them into your martial arts training routine while keeping the big picture in mind – a stronger and healthier body. And lastly, master the basics of the strength training exercises dispersed throughout this book, which will lead to an enjoyable and pain-free Martial athletic career."-The Author Weight Training for Martial Arts is one of the most comprehensive and up-to-date martial arts-specific training guide in the Martial Arts world today. It contains descriptions and photographs of nearly 100 of the most effective weight training, flexibility, and abdominal exercises used by athletes worldwide. This book features year-round martial arts-specific weighttraining programs guaranteed to improve your performance and get you the results you are striving to attain. This martial arts book is well designed, so easy to use, and so committed to weight training. This book is most informative and a complete resource for building muscles, speed, and stamina to enable the body to excel in judo, karate, aikido, kung fu, jujitsu,

taekwondo, kempo, muay thai, and all other martial arts styles. The book provides martial artists with an abundance of easy to follow training techniques needed to be effective in the martial arts, such as flexibility, joint stabilization, balance, and muscle development. Both beginners and advanced martial artists and weight trainers can follow this book and utilize its programs. From recreational to professional, Martial Artists all over the world are already benefiting from this book's techniques, and now you can too! Katalin Rodriguez-Ogren is an international martial arts and fitness expert/presenter with black belts in karate, kung fu, and tae kwon do. She has starred in 14 professional martial arts and fitness videos and has written more than 100 internationally published articles and five industry manuals. Katalin has been featured in Shape, Allure, Self, Instyle, Women's Sports and Fitness, Home Gym and Fitness as well as the highest circulating martial arts and boxing magazines in Mexico, the United States, and Greece. She is also the owner of Chicago Krav Maga™ and POW! Martial Arts & Fitness, the largest combat sports training center in Chicago where she offers a full boxing, kickboxing, muay thai, jiu jitsu, kung fu, tai chi, kali, karate, and krav maga program. With 27 years in martial arts, 19 years in boxing, and 11 years as a fitness professional, Katalin has become one of the world's most prominent experts to successfully integrate athletics, martial arts, and conventional fitness.

Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


nutritional self defense


Dr. Craig Rubenstein

The Top Four Nutritional Supplements for Your Joints


one of us want to hear the word arthritis, it makes us feel “old.” In the US alone it is estimated that over 54 million adults have some form of arthritis and I believe the number is even higher. It is very common for me to look at an x-ray of a patient and see some arthritis, and when I tell the patient, they are often shocked. Personally, I had my first neck x-ray when I was in my early twenties I already had some arthritis. Boy was I shocked!! Ok, since most of you reading this article are over twenty, guess what? You too may already have arthritis. The most common form of arthritis is Osteoarthritis abbreviated OA. There are many other forms of arthritis, such as, rheumatoid, psoriatic, reactive etc… In this article we will focus on the four supplements mostly used for and studied in OA. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joints that mostly affects cartilage. Cartilage is the slippery tissue that covers the ends of the bones in a joint. Healthy cartilage allows for smooth joint function. It also acts as a shock absorber. In osteoarthritis, the top layer of cartilage breaks down and wears away. It is associated with aging and areas of previous injuries or chronic repetitive joint strain over many years. It is a wear and tear disease usually affecting the knees, hips, fingers, and lower back joints, but no joint is immune to OA. The usual symptoms are stiffness in the morning or after any period that you are not moving, as in sitting watching a movie or for a long drive, decreased range of motion in the affected joint, swelling and painful movements at times. After a while, the joint may lose its normal shape, bone spurs may grow on the edges of the bones and small pieces of bone or cartilage can crumble off into the joint space between the bones, leading to increased pain and dysfunction. Osteoarthritis is one of the ten most disabling conditions in industrialized countries. 80% of the people with OA will have limitations in their joint movement, and 25% will have significant difficulties performing important activities of daily living, such as bathing themselves or even cutting their own toenails and many will get joint replacements at some point. According to the United States government agency, The National Center for Complementary and Alternative 60


Medicine (NCCAM); “Treatments for OA address the symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and reduced function in the joints. Nonmedicinal approaches involve lifestyle changes such as exercise, weight control, and rest. Conventional medicinal treatments for OA include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), acetaminophen (a class of pain reliever), and injections of corticosteroids (anti-inflammatory hormones). While important and very helpful for many, these treatments are not always effective and they sometimes result in serious side effects. For example, NSAIDS may cause liver damage, ulcers, and gastrointestinal bleeding and can increase risk of heart attack and stroke.” Also as addressed in a previous article (www.OfficialKaratemag. com) approximately 25,000 deaths a year are associated with NSAIDs in the US alone. On top of that, is the epidemic of prescription pain medication addiction. Now, let’s discuss the nutritional approach to OA whose side effects are nearly nonexistent compared to the side effects of traditional medications, including “Over the Counter” (OTC) medications. Although there is mixed data and controversy over some of the supplements used for arthritis, there is enough positive data and my own practice experience, to suggest a trial run of a minimum of six weeks, but up to as much as six months of some, or all of the four supplements that I will describe. First, let’s look at a patented supplement called Biocell Collagen®. BioCell Collagen® is a naturally-occurring substance containing mostly hydrolyzed undenatured collagen type II, chondroitin sulfate and low molecular weight (easy to absorb) hyaluronic acid. This combination of ingredients extracted from cartilage offers significant support for your joints, skin, and all connective tissue. To date, human and animal studies (sponsored by the patent holder) have shown it be safe and effective. Collagen is a basic building block of all connective tissues in the body. It is actually the most abundant protein throughout the whole animal kingdom. There are numerous forms of collagen. One of the major forms is type II collagen. When collagen is heated, it is changed into a form that the body does not utilize well, it is denatured. Undenatured

collagen (UC) is what our bodies can effectively use. The hydrolyzed collagen type II is a novel form of undenatured collagen type II (UC-II). The hydrolyzed form is much smaller in size than non hydrolyzed UC-II and is therefore easier to absorb and more “bioavailable”. So far, the studies on even the non hydrolyzed UC-II have been very good for both OA and RA (rheumatoid arthritis), but the science behind the hydrolyzed form in BioCell gives it the potential to be the optimal form on the market today. Although, no head to head studies have been done between the two forms it seems clear that the hydrolyzed form would be the winner. Hyaluronic acid (HA) is one of the constituents of BioCell collagen® and is a very low molecular weight form of HA. Why is that important? It is important because the lower the molecular weight, the easier it is to absorb and assimilate into the body making it more “bioavailable.” Studies on low molecular weight HA have been generally very favorable for arthritic joints. Hyaluronic acid, or HA, is a naturally occurring substance found in every tissue of the body. It is concentrated in your joint fluid called synovial fluid and in the skin, and works by attracting and retaining water in your skin, and in your synovial fluid. A lack of fluid in the joints is a classic sign of OA. The glycosaminoglycan or GAG chondroitin sulfate, is an important compound in our connective tissue and is one of the ingredients in BioCell collagen®. It is imperative for building and supporting cartilage. According to the Mayo Clinic website “Chondroitin sulfate is considered a promising treatment for osteoarthritis. It is most often used to treat osteoarthritis of the finger, knee, hip joints, low back, and facial joints. Research has mostly focused on knee osteoarthritis, with fewer studies conducted on other joints. Clinical trials suggest that chondroitin may have significant effects when compared to placebo. Chondroitin is a slow-acting medication that may lead to reduced doses of other drugs.” Glucosamine is another naturally occurring substance in joint cartilage. It is necessary to make the protein molecules that give cartilage its resilience. The sulfate in glucosamine sulfate works with glucosamine to produce healthy cartilage. Glucosamine sulfate basically aids the body’s ability to make and regenerate connective tissue. Again, according to the Mayo Clinic website drugs-supplements/glucosamine/evidence/hrb-20059572 “Evidence supports the use of glucosamine sulfate taken by mouth to treat knee osteoarthritis…. Several studies have found that glucosamine may benefit osteoarthritis in other body parts, aside from the knee. However, there is less evi-

dence to support this compared to knee osteoarthritis.” The last supplement we will discuss is MSM methylsulfonylmethane. MSM is a naturally occurring, sulfurcontaining molecule thirty four percent of which is actually sulfur. As previously mentioned, sulfur is an integral part healthy cartilage. MSM, of all the supplements mentioned in this article has the least amount of quality studies to back up the claims that it is effective in the treatment of OA. That being said, there has been some positive studies in both animals and people and a significant amount of case reports supporting the use of MSM for OA. According to the NYU Langone Medical Center website content?ChunkIID=21691 “In a double-blind, placebocontrolled study performed in India, 118 people with osteoarthritis of the knee were given one of the following four treatments: glucosamine (500 mg, 3 times daily), MSM (500 mg, 3 times daily), a combination of glucosamine and MSM, or placebo. The study ran for 12 weeks. The results showed that both MSM and glucosamine improved arthritis symptoms as compared to placebo, and that the combination of MSM and glucosamine was more effective than either one alone. Benefits were also seen in a 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 50 people with osteoarthritis, utilizing MSM at a dose of 3 g twice daily.” After reviewing a lot of the research, I agree that there is controversy in the literature concerning these supplements. I also found that in the studies where combinations of these supplements were tested, often better results occurred, implying that these compounds can work synergistically and are probably worth taking together for a minimum of six weeks. Many “experts” suggests taking them for up to six months to truly assess their effectiveness. Due to the minimal short and long term side effects that are known from these supplements, compared to the sometimes serious side effects of traditional medicines for OA, it seems like a no-brainer to give them a shot if you are suffering from any OA symptoms. Please feel free to give me your feedback on these supplements. Please try to use a reputable company. If you are unsure of where to find a high quality supplement please feel free to contact me via my office email

Dr. Craig Rubenstein was a team Chiropractor to the US Freestyle Ski Team in 1990. He is a certified clinical nutritionist and a Fellow and Diplomate of the International Academy of Clinical Acupuncture. His Park Avenue practice is in NY and he has a satellite office in Suffolk County, Long Island. 212-213-9494 Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Join Social Media's Fastest Growing Martial Arts Group TUMAC™—The UNITED Martial Arts Community™

TUMAC™ has seen phenominal growth on social media sites such as Facebook and Linked In. Over 6,150 friends and fans follow the latest news and interact with top topics in the martial arts on our Facebook Fanpage alone. Now we're expanding into a genuine martial arts membership organization. Want affiliation with many of the first-generation pioneers? Our new members can take advantage of a direct dialogue with the grandmasters through Facebook, Linked In, and the upcoming new TUMACTM website. But it isn’t all long distance. You can join seminars and clinics with some of the best instructors in the world. With your paid membership you'll proudly display the impressive TUMACTM membership certificates, colorful uniform patches, and even window decals that proclaim you are an “official” TUMACTM school. You’ll receive discounts on high-quality Asian weapons, books and videos, ebooks, t-shirts, equipment bags, and even professional custom framing for your membership certificates and for your own school certificates We have arrangements with industry printers meaning you will receive wholesale prices on your brochures and flyers as well as embroidered patches. And, of course, a subscription to the new Official Karate MagazineTM is included (we’ll mail the printed, “Annual” issue directly to you— the other three of the quarterly issues are available online).

We are adding new features and benefits all the time. Our Advisory Board and consultants are not only martial experts but leaders in the business world. They'll help you promote and grow your school through professional marketing techniques and even the latest in social media. And, because we are affiliataed with Official Karate MagazineTM, TUMACTM members are eligible for consideration as receipients of the prestigious Golden ShutoTM Award presented to outstanding contributors to the martial arts community. Of course you can "friend" us on our social network sites for FREE and we welcome your interaction this way. But to receive our membership certificates and patches you'll have to go to www. and sign up. We are committed to being an organization you’ll be proud to be affiliated with. So what are you waiting for?



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Blowing Your Own Horn

MARTIAL ARTS PROFESSIONALS EDITION By GM Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. (The Marketingologist™) Edited by GM Keith D. Yates, M.A.

Linick shares the secrets!

Discover the SECRET, DIRECT RESPONSE, PR ARTICLE GENERATING, MARKETING method that’s being used by the top MA Internet marketers and online DOJO owners to increase website traffic, generate new students, stories in the media and increase profits…

Including The Marketingologist’s™ Customized Article Marketing Database!

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See the Hall of Fame Nomination Form on last page!

© 2010, Linick Group & Martial Arts Grandmasters International. Violators will be prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.



SHOW THEM YOU’RE “OFFICIAL!” You’ll love the new “Official Karate” t-shirt. This heavy, “black belt” black, 100% cotton is just $21.95 plus shipping. If you order two or more we’ll ship them to you for FREE (US and Canada only) Allow 4 to 6 weeks for delivery. click on “GO SHOPPING”

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For Ads That Sell Call the OK Mag Creative Team at 631.924.3888 or email Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


Martial Arts Milestones™


AGITM is proud to be participating in the collection of some of the most important MILESTONES in the martial arts. Not only will this eventually be a collector’s edition book, the individuals setting the Milestones will receive an impressive looking certificate and have their accomplishments listed in the Martial Arts Milestones Facebook Page ( It’s important we pass on these significant facts, milestones, and deeds in spreading the teachings of the MA to future generations who want to know about their history, style, roots, lineage, Asian customs and American traditions. Post your contribution on the Facebook page or send in your documentation to the editors at Official Karate magazine. All we ask is for you, or people you know, who qualify for this honor to provide us with supporting photos, documentation—anything else, to add to these wonderful stories, events, milestones, firsts. We ask for documentation because we want to present a credible and legitimate history of the MA (nothing like “I was the first to teach Kung Fu in my kitchen in Schenectady”). Instead we seek individuals who are documented to be responsible for first teaching the martial arts in public schools, colleges, camps, religious schools, or VIPs. Who was the first to demonstrate in a specific impressive venue, first to produce videos, write a best-selling book, appear in magazines (especially on covers), newspapers, radio, TV, etc. Were you first to win such and such, the first to receive a specific award or honor? How about the first to be inducted into a group or HOF? You get the picture. If you or your teachers have made MA history in any area we’d like to know about it. Preserving the knowledge of each noteworthy first event or Milestone is what this book is all about. We welcome any other facts you can share with us. The ones we choose to include in this new book will be eligible to receive a one-of-a-kind, custom-designed Achievement Certificate honoring your “Martial Arts Milestone.” By the way, this book has nothing to do with egos, bragging rights or boasting about one’s accomplishments—it’s a fact that many have contributed to the growth of traditional martial arts as well as sport karate in North America and throughout the world. Who did what, when, where and how is of great interest to most avid practitioners, fans and enthusiasts worldwide. Unless we share YOUR stories, the past will be forgotten. We must preserve the “old ways,” and historic Milestones for all future generations—lest they are forgotten. GM Peter Urban said, “If you don’t write down the past then it never happened.” Many students and teachers want to preserve the lineage of their arts and historic photos, events, traditions, and milestones should be remembered and passed on. This is one more way that MAGI™ is recording history and uniting many associations under our banner.

Record your milestones

or they will be lost forever to future generations searching for their roots! 64


These Milestones have not been approved for inclusion, they are representative samples only.

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MAGIFRAMES.COM Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®


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Official Karate Mag Spring 2014  

The latest from the world of karate and martial arts.

Official Karate Mag Spring 2014  

The latest from the world of karate and martial arts.