Dr. Craig Rubenstien's TM Nutritional Self Defense –CONCUSSION CARE–
THE VOICE OF KARATE SINCE 1968.
Golden Shuto TM Awards
Busting the Myths about Ranks, Belts and Titles
Canada's Karate Grandmaster Cezar Borkowski
2014 Karate Masters Hall of Fame Inductees ®
American Karate Pioneers & Legends Grandmaster Keith D. Yates Grandmaster Andrew S. Linick The U.S. Ambassador of Karate™
How to nominate someone (worthy)!
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6 I Feedback
Letters from our readers
7 I Camaraderie in the Dojo
Master Don Isaak on lifetime friends.
11 I One More Round
IN THE BLINK OF AN EYE
Insights from Gentleman Joe Corley.
12 I Kakidamashi
Canada's Grandmaster Cezar Borkowshi tells of the days when the masters could gain vicory in a "blink of an eye."
16 I Rising Stars of Karate
Up and coming stars in the martial arts.
18 I Favorite Fighting Techniques From the Masters
Master Joe Corley shows his favorite moves.
20 I Karate Masters Hall of Fame® Inductees
2014 KMHOF Inductees TM
Rising Stars of Karate
Announcing the 2014 “Official” KMHOF® Inductees.
22 I Rememberences
Master Emil Farkas reflects on Byung Yu and the many other champions from "back in the day."
25 I Busting the Myths About Karate Ranks, Belts & Titles
Renshi, Hanshi, Master, Grandmaster. Where does it stop, and more importantly, where did it begin?
32 I Golden Shuto Awards
We reveal the 2014 honorees that were presented with the Official Karate Magazine TM Golden Shuto .
34 I Martial Marketplace / News 4
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
Keeping up with the latest.
CONTENTS 36 I Nunchaku: Karate's Deadliest Fighting Sticks
What can GM Andrew Linick's course do for you?
39 I 21 Tops Facts Why Most Martial Arts Marketing Lacks a Punch
Internet marketing expert Dr. Andrew Linick helps your MA/MMA business grow.
40 I The Voice of Tradition GM Dan Tosh on Okinawa, the birthplace of Karate.
42 I Nutritional Self Defense
Dr. Craig Rubenstein's immediate concussion care.
45 I Interview with an Expert
Dr. Frederick R. Carrick on Concussions.
49 I Real Life!
Retired Ft. Worth Police sargent says knowing the past saved his life.
50 I A Classic Success Story
The amazing tale of marital arts pioneer Kim Kahana, Sr.
54 I Don't Know Much About History?
Sifu Karen Schlachter says we should know our martial arts lineage.
30 Be sure to “Like” us at
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Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
2015 annual THE VOICE OF THE MARTIAL ARTS SINCE 1968
Official Karate Magazine™ is the “official” publication of MAGI® Martial Arts Grandmasters International®. It is a 21st Century version of the original Official Karate that was published from June 1968 to Winter 1995 by founding editor Al Weiss and Charlton Publications. We are published quarterly in digital format with a printed Collector's Annual issue. MAGI® is a dynamic association of traditional and modern martial arts practitioners. Since 1994, we have strived to fulfill our mission to recognize and register kyu/gup students, black belts, masters, and grandmasters of various martial arts styles organizations, Asian and Western self-defense systems, and fighting arts. Editor and Publisher: Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. Managing Editor and Creative Director: Keith D. Yates Editorial Consultant: David Weiss Contributors: Cezar Borkowshi, Joe Corley, Emil Farkas, Don Issac, Dr. Craig Rubenstein, Dan Tosh, Karen Schlachter, Charles Bouton, Richard Morris, Dr. Frederick Carrick, Richard Morris, Kim Kahana
Feedback The comeback of "Official Karate" is a welcome sight to the martial arts world. I grew up with the magazine as a young Karateka, devouring the information and being motivated by those I admired in its pages. I applaud Andrew Linick and Keith Yates for bringing back this important publication, especially for our younger generations. I hope the young people of today get the same motivation from it as I did. Sifu Restita Dejesus Seattle Wushu Center Good to see that "Thunder" Bob Thurman is still active (Summer issue 2014). He was a great champion and it is inspiring to see how he has turned a real-life event into a dynamic business helping others to protect themselves. Jonathan Bains St. Louis, MO
TUMACTM and MAGI® Membership in The United Martial Arts CommunityTM, the fastest growing social media group for martial artists, will afford you the opportunity to have an affiliation with the first-generation pioneers who sit on our Board of Advisors. Of course you can share in their wisdom in the pages of Official Karate magazine but you can also take advantage of a direct dialogue with these Grandmasters through our websites and Facebook pages. Martial Arts Grandmasters International® is not only the publisher of OK mag but also the governing body for TUMACTM, You will receive big discounts on high-quality Asian weapons, books, videos & DVD’s, e-books, t-shirts, equipment bags, and even professional custom framing for TUMACTM certificates and for your own school certificates. We are adding new features and benefits all the time so click and “LIKE” us at https://www.facebook.com/groups/TUMAC/
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
Editors Note: See Bob Thurman's website at www.counterattacktics.com
EDITORIAL We Want to Hear From You
ith this 2015 Annual issue we celebrate the fourth year of the NEW Official Karate Magazine. In order to continue to provide you, our readers, with the very best product possible, we've put together a brief reader's survey. “Not another survey to fill out?” you might ask. Well, just remember that this will help us determine which parts of the magazine you like best, which writers inspire you the most, and even what features you'd like to see us add in future issues. As an added incentive for you to fill out this online reader's survey, we'll enter all the submissions into a drawing to win some valuable prizes. Do it right now while you are thinking about it http://www.officialkaratemag .com/reader-survey/ We have great plans for 2015 and beyond. We won't be able to do it without you. —Thanks, The Editors
We still have a very few copies of the 2013 and 2014 Annual issues. For a limited time you can order one or both of these collector edition magazines for just $10 each, (or both for $15) plus postage and handling. Go to wwofficialkaratemag.com/annuals
Art Camacho, Don Wilson and Cynthia Rothrock read a copy of the 2014 OK Annual issue.
Camaraderie in the Martial Arts
by Master Don Isaak hen I started martial arts in 1972, the popular person in charge was David Carradine as Kwai Chang Caine on ABC. It was Bruce Lee before that as "Kato" in the Green Hornet. I remember Green Hornet would always get into trouble and then Kato would come onto the scene and "rescue" the Green Hornet. Always the same theme. Billy Jack was there too with Tom McLaughlin. James Bond "You Only Live Twice" was my first recollection of the martial arts. Movies and TV were the catalyst of my desire to train. Rough neighborhood I grew up in added incentive too. In a good school, you only need a good six months of instruction to have all the self defense you need. What kept me around? Camaraderie! I don't know how many times I would struggle to make it to the dojo, but my desire to protect myself outweighed my trepidation. Especially in the "old" days where I would have a knot in my stomach every time I walked to the dojo. It's funny, you went to a Dojo to learn how to "not get beat up" but most of the time you got your butt kicked when you walked through the door! My wife of 22 years used to tell me, "you need your butt kicked" when she got mad at me for doing something stupid. I told her, "Honey, I have had my butt kicked so many times. It's not going to change anything!" Dog house for me. Karate was taught in a very militaristic manner back then. A fly landed on your nose and you moved, busted! Drop and give me 20 or be literally kicked off of the mat with a side kick. You had to make your body hard! Every night I would head out to train and learn more. I looked up to the senior ranks and tried to emulate them. They were my big brothers and sisters and heros. I wanted to belong! So I trained harder and harder so they would notice and accept me. It was a very tightly knit group to become part of! It was great. We would beat the heck out of each other and then go have a root beer and a pizza to share! We had some pretty intense workouts and pushed each other on. We all felt that we had a particular abusive instructor. His motto was "what doesn't kill you makes you stronger!" The brutality that occurred back then would get you sued and thrown in jail nowadays! I know some people can relate to this. continued next page
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
Camaraderie continued from page 7 But still, I wanted to be a part of it. I wanted the respect and stature that you received from the higher ranks as well as the newbies coming into the school. A lot of us never treated the lower ranks the way we were taught. We had an understanding of what was fair and what was abusive in using our "power." Still, we can think about how it "was" and how we bonded through it. I wouldn't give the memories up for the world. I will always remember my yellow belt test. I ran into one of the black belt instructors at a Burger King across the street from my school. I told him I am more than ready to test for yellow belt! Back then, you didn't ask to test, you tested when the instructor said you were ready. I had to learn kata called Wansu, Taikyoku 1, 2 and 3. Three one-steps and all the basic blocks, punches, stances and kicks (the core) as well as the customs and courtesies of the school. The next night I came to the school and I got a good beat down. It got back to the Chief Instructor of the school that I was "bragging" I was ready. Man, did I learn how to take a punch and kick! Ha! It took me 6 months to test for yellow! After I completed the test and passed, I felt that I could accomplish anything in the world! After that, I never said I was "ready" for anything again. I just trained harder to show my instructor I was worthy of the rank. Nowadays, students receive their rank and then take a break. Pity. I developed some great relationships when I was there. I will always remember those days and 90% of my friends in that era were from our dojo. I went to a seminar a couple of months ago and saw some friends I have not seen for close to 30 years! Still in the uniform and we all are a little worse for wear. We took up our friendship right where we left off. In the middles '80s I moved to Atlanta and competed all over the Southeast and Eastern Seaboard. I met many new friends (competitors at first). Some were intense rivals, some didn't give a darn. It was all for fun. I moved to Seattle to make a change in my life. It just wasn't the same out there.
No bonding and kind of crazy. After three years, my heart was longing for my old friends on the East Coast. I couldn't wait to get back and head to some tournaments to see everyone. Camaraderie can shape a person's life. Facebook has been a great way to hook up with old friends and fellow students. I fought Facebook for many years, looking at it is as a waste of time. I eventually succumbed to it and found a lot of old friends (competitors) and students. I don't go to tournaments anymore to compete but to see and party with old friends. We sit and talk about the old days and the state of the current competitors. Some good, some bad. Also, you have a little more pride in your appearance if you know you are going to see some of your old competition. Camaraderie in the martial arts is the cohesive element that allows students to bond. Some say it is a "cult" thing, but I think not. It is a healthy place to be. You could go home and pop a cold one and eat pizza in front of the tube or computer. Me, I started teaching to make myself a better martial artist and create a bond with my students instead of working a boring job and being a couch potato. It is a way to better yourself and pass on your knowledge to friends. Our job is to make the world a better place through community service, creating leaders. We lead by example. You know it's going to be a good day when you see your first compadre walk through the doors. New friends and camaraderie, it's what's on the menu at your local dojo!
Camaraderie in the martial arts is the cohesive element that allows students to bond.
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
Master Don Isaak is a U.S. Airforce veteran as well as being a veteran black belt. For many years he worked in the Century Martial Arts Company. In 1989 he was rated number one in fighting for the Southwest region.
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One More Round
"Gentleman" Joe Corley
Another Year and the Same Old Problems… and Some New Solutions “When your arms are so tired that you can hardly lift your hands to come on guard, fight one more round. When your nose is bleeding and your eyes are black, and you are so tired that you wish your opponent would crack you one on the jaw and put you to sleep, fight one more round—Remembering that the man who fights one more round is never whipped." One More Round by “Gentleman” James Corbett, about a 100 years ago…
ust one short year ago on this page we wrote that it was time to “Give a Crap Again”. We lamented that when too many good men/women do nothing is when things go bad. Really bad. We observed that for too long, too many of us had watched as the quality of our fighting (not the fighters, mind you) had deteriorated and we all stood around (like we do when we observe the paths of the culture in our country) and shook our heads and thought “Oh my, something must be done.” And we waited for someone to do it. Greg Ruth of the Battle of Atlanta stepped up in 2012 and said, “Here’s $5,000.00 for the fighter who will show everyone how it’s supposed to look.” Mr. Ruth did that for 3 years in a row, and in year one Trevor Nash set the example as did Raymond Daniels in years two and three. But on a large scale, it was like the Dance Band on the Titanic, with the iceberg on the starboard bow. This writer believes that HUGE $$ will ultimately be needed to right this ship of point fighting long-term, and when I earn those sums, I will invest them—gladly. In the meantime, however, we cannot afford, those of us who still do give a crap, to stand by and watch our sport sink to the bottom of the athletic ocean. Mr. Ruth and his like-minded NASKA cohorts continue to address the problem, feeling themselves the pressures of outside apathy and mediocrity that ironically gain momentum as more people watch what happens, instead of making things happen. Enter the British fighting star Alfie Lewis, who has witnessed the same such phenomena across the big pond. The outspoken former champion and trainer of many champions,
like Howard Beale in the film Network, stood up and said “I’m mad as hell, and I’m just not gonna take it any more!” And with that he announced the formation of the World Martial Arts organization, WMO. Many fighters and many officials from many countries have hailed master Lewis’ chutzpah and proactivity and have pledged their support. By the time you read this, they will have hosted their first event in England and will be moving towards their first world championship in the fall. They want to see good fighters doing great techniques and being rewarded only for real techniques by officials who share their passion for excellence. This writer applauds the efforts of master Lewis and all those who have volunteered to come to his aid. Can 2015 be a turnaround year for our sport of point fighting? We know that big changes have come from a Force of One. Yes, this could be the year! And….while this writer proactively seeks to earn those HUGE $$ to pour in to aid the effort, here’s hoping that master Lewis and his passionate minions will keep hope alive, connecting with counterparts like Greg Ruth and his new Battle of Atlanta protégé and son / many time Battle Grand Champion Brian Ruth and others here in the colonies.
Can 2015 be a turnaround for our sport of point-fighting?
“Gentleman” Joe Corley is a former World Middleweight PKA Kickboxing Contender President, PKA WARRIORS: Professional Karate & Kickboxing 8 Association. He helped the sport of kickboxing acheive world wide ge 1 a p recognition. His annual Battle of Atlanta tournament is one s on e u iq of the largest and most prestigious competitions in chn e t sport karate. He can be reached at www. ting h g atlextremewarrior.com. te fi
i vor a f s ley'
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Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
Hanshi Cezar Borkowski, an international Okinawan Kobudo expert, has more than four decades of experience studying, researching and teaching the martial arts. In 1972, he established Northern Karate, one of the most successful karate programs in the world. Hanshi Borkowski was a six-time Canadian Karate Champion. He has published many articles and books and is on the board of the Karate Masters Hall of Fame. Reach him at www. northernkarate.com
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
On Kakidamashi and gaining victory in a blink of an eye.
By Hanshi Cezar Borkowski Photos by Arthur Mola n the early twentieth century, Naha’s red light district, Tsuji no hana-machi, was an ideal place to test your combative skills. Young men, like the teenaged Miyagi Chojun, were initiated into a system of kakidamashi, or spirit testing. While these sparring contests were essentially street clashes, there were some ground rules: don’t fight with anyone smaller than you, anyone drunker than you, or anyone who earned their living in the area and might have a family to support. Given these pugilistic parameters, rowdy, rough-looking ne’er-do-wells, particularly those with a criminal past, were prime kakidamashi targets. After a brief exchange, an impromptu ‘bout’ would follow, and despite their romantic label (Street Sumo), they were in fact, kicking, shoving and striking brawls. In 1936, Motobu Choki goaded a young Kadena police officer, Nagamine Shoshin, into participating in this “rite of passage.” Conflicted by the prospect of breaking the law (even if to further his skills), when asked if he’d followed his teacher’s advice and engaged in kakidamashi, Nagamine was non-committal. Only saying 'if you're going to engage, you better be quick and to the point". The actual fighting methods of Uchina-di are just that, highly efficient and effective. Simply avoid the attack (taisabaki) or seize it (muchimi), unbalance (kozushi), and strike vital points (kyusho). Preferably all done in a blink of an eye.
When your temper rises, lower your fists, when your fists rise, lower your temper. — Miyagi Chojun
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
Simple kata based knock-outs demonstrated by Hanshi Borkowski and assisted by Ricky Bonaparte, Karatedo Godan Renshi. The unique feature is the Kuzushi or pulling into the blow, for maximum impact.
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For all information or details email email@example.com or call 330-388-3115 Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速
Kevin Torres started training when he was just 8 years old with Ray Gomez in Dallas, TX. He is in the eighth grade at Peak Prepatory school where he is an all A student. He has collected hundreds of trophies and medals on his way to the Golden Greek Award, the highest honor in the Amatuer Organization of Karate. Kevin looks forward to running his own karate school. 16
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
Addison Arenivas is 13 years old and in the 7th grade at San Jacinto Junior High School. She is a second degree black belt under Jason Matthews in Midland, TX. She is currently studying Brazillian JuJutsu as well. Addison remembers being neck and neck with another competitor in points towards the Golden Greek Award and she won both her sparring and kata divisions at the Southern Karate Championships to take top honors. She is active in community outreach helping to collect food and toys for underprivleged youth. She hopes to be a doctor someday.
RS OF KARATE TM
Gabriel Ruth is a 16 year old first degree black belt, who has practiced karate since he was a toddler. Under the wing of his father and Sensei Brian Ruth, he hopes to become a legendary martial artist. He has competed in tournaments both before and after earning his black belt. Inspired by watching NASKA tournaments he is practicing to successfully compete in the forms divisons. Besides his martial artist, Gabe is a singer, a scholar, and an actor. He is a part of the 2015 Kentucky All-state choir, and is a big music enthusiast. He is also playing a large role in his school’s musical, “Guys and Dolls.” Overall, he wants to have a balance between focusing on school, music, and karate. He plans on going to go to college and become an Astrophysicist, or perhaps even a professional musician.
Jeissy Reyes is a first degree black belt who trains at Academy of Koeikan Karate-Do in Clifton,NJ. She has won numerous championships including at the 2012–2014 Koeikan Nationals and the 2014 new York Open. Jeissy just turned 18 and is a sophomore at Bloomfield College, where she is majoring in 2D animation and maintains her A-average. She serves as an assistant instructor for Sensei Pat Ciser and says, “I enjoy teaching kids at our dojo because it reminds me of my journey over the years, while helping them achieve their goals”.
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
Favorite fighting techniques from the
Master Joe Corley 2
SLIDE UP JAB….STEP FORWARD PUNCH KNOWN BY SOME AS THE BLITZ AND OTHER NAMES Clockwise left to right The basis of all of open karate’s closing the distance techniques, Master Corley demonstrates extending the left jab to the face sliding the back foot straight forward along the right parallel line, then stepping forward with the right foot along the left parallel line delivering the reverse vertical punch to the body. Useful in self-defense as well as point karate, too many of today’s points are called with athletes way off balance, trying to touch their opponents with overextended strikes, as opposed to the solid basics as taught to Joe Corley by Pat Johnson, a technique created by Chuck Norris.
Master Corley’s protégé here is Michael Anderson, 6 time WAKO World Champion, Senior
Instructor at Joe Corley Karate
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
Just like this from the great Howard Jackson in 1974.
Not like thisâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;what we want to leave behind going forward. Great fighters will do whatever is expected of them, just like Howard Jackson did. We cannot keep giving points for unbalanced reaches like this. Master Instructor Joe Corley earned his 9th Degree Black Belt in American Karate 18 years ago, after training in Tang Soo Do, Tae Kwon Do and American Karate for 34 years. He started training with Pat Johnson in 1972. He started his kickboxing training the following year and challenged Bill Superfoot Wallace for the World Middleweight title in 1975. As an analyst and producer for some 1,000 hours of PKA Kickboxing on television, Joe Corley has studied techniques in competition as closely as anyone on the planet. Millions of martial arts fans tuned in for his analysis of fights on ESPN, NBC, CBS and SHOWTIME. He feels that the quality of techniques used by martial arts competitors will ultimately determine the success or ultimate failure of martial arts leagues, as it has with other sports entities. Martial Arts Grandmasters International ÂŽ
2014 INDUCTEES The “OFFICIAL”
KARATE MASTE Founded by GM Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. —
Unlike most other Halls of Fame, there is no charge to be either nominated or inducted into the prestigious KMHOF®. Since its founding in 1972, less than 100 martial arts pioneers have been recognized by this, perhaps the very first Hall to honor the original masters of the arts in the Western world. Please note that while we have a FACEBOOK group page (you can go there to "like" us) being a "friend" on that group does not mean you are an INDUCTEE into the KMHOF. Inductees must be vetted and voted on by our esteemed Board of Directors.
OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
Bob Wall Grandmaster Bob Wall is perhaps best known as the evil O'Hara in the most famous Bruce Lee movie of all, Enter the Dragon. Robert Alan Wall was born in 1939 is a world renown teacher and champion having won hundreds of trophies in his competitive career that spanned from the mid 1960s to the mid 1970s. He was a member of the legendary “quintet” including Chuck Norris, Mike Stone, Joe Lewis and Skipper Mullins who won the World Professional Championships for several years running. Wall has trained with many notables, including Gene LeBell, Bruce Lee, Joe Lewis, and the Machado brothers. A ninth degree black belt under his close friend and instructor Chuck Norris, Wall has also appeared in several other films including three with Bruce Lee. He has also been on many television shows (from Hollywood Squares to Waker, Texas Ranger) and literally dozens of magazine covers. In 1975 Wall authored the authoritative “Who’s Who in the Martial Arts.” He is a very successful real estate entrepreneur and is also is the founder of “World Black Belt, Inc.”
Nominations The KMHOFT® operates under the auspices of the Martial Arts Grandmasters International®. To nominate someone for this recognition, go to www.KarateMastersHallofFame.org.
RS HALL OF FAME Since 1972 — Honoring Outstanding Pioneers, Masters and Legends of Traditional Karate-DoTM
Grandmaster Jack Hwang was one of the very first Koreans to teach Korean martial arts in the USA. Born Hwang Sae Jin in South Korean he began his training as a young child. As a South Korean Army officer he fought in the Korean War as a guerrilla fighter often behind enemy lines and is credited with saving several America soldiers’s lives. He came to the United States in the late 1950s to finish his college degree and began teaching in Oklahoma City in 1964. In over 50 years of teaching the martial arts he has produced many national and international champions. His demonstrations of strength and martial skill earned him a reputation as a pioneer of was then called Korean Karate across the country. He returned to Korea as head of the US Tae Kwon Do team at the First World Tae Kwon Do Championships in Seoul, Korea in 1973. He has taught numerous law enforcement officers in this country and abroad. For over three decades he promoted the All American Open Karate Championships in Oklahoma City. He founded the International Martial Arts Federation and serves as an advisor to The United States Tae Kwon Do Grandmasters Society.
Steve Fisher began his training at the age of 13 in Shorin-Ryu. He has studied primarily under the legendary pioneers Tadashi Yamashita and Mike Stone. In a competitive career running several decades he has won over 500 trophies both in the United States and around the world. In 1981 Official Karate Magazine named him "Man of the Decade." He has also won the Chuck Norris/Mike Stone Sportsmanship Award and retired as the undefeated Arizona Karate Champion after winning eleven years in a row. He has appeared in several films and served as a stunt coordinator for many Hollywood blockbusters including Mortal Kombat, Beverly Hills Ninja and Beowolf. But, most of all, he has reproduced himself with thousands of dedicated students at Steve Fisher Karate in California, who exemplify the finest attributes of the martial arts.
Keith D. Yates, Vice-Chairman of the KMHOF with GM Jack Hwang.
At press time we learned that both GM Hwang and GM Fisher were ill. Our best wishes for speedy recoveries.
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
western Wrapup â&#x201E;˘
few weeks ago I was invited to attend the 80th birthday party for master BYONG YU, one of the leading Taekwondo masters in the United States. The event was held at the prestigious Wilshire Ebel theater where hundreds of people showed up to honor him and watch him perform. As I sat there watching Master Yu, demonstrate, I flashed back to over 40 years ago when I first saw him at the Long Beach Internationals demonstrating his skills at breaking. I remember how he took three long, narrow bricks, held them vertically in one hand then using the other he shattered them with a powerful chop. I could visualize him in the ring, defeating opponents ten to fifteen years younger then him, using his his incredible kicking skills. Master Yuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s amazing flying sidekicks were legendary and I remember watching him fly over a students head delivering a picture perfect kick then landing with incredible balance. Here he was at age 80 still performing, still kicking away. As I looked around at the other invited guests, I realized most of the faces were younger and most were not old enough to have been able to see Master Yu in his prime. I also realized that all the few remaining great martial arts champions and masters were now very old or have sadly passed away. My mind flashed on Joe Lewis in the ring, defeating opponent after opponent, now resting in peace. I could see Ed Parker as he demonstrated his lightning quick kenpo techniques in front of thousands of spectators, and sadly he is also no longer with us. I began to reminisce of all the old martial arts greats whom I have known and watched over the years. Chuck Norris, Mike Stone, Allen Steen, Benny Urquidez, Tomas La Puppet, John Natividad, Ed Parker, Mas Tsuroka, Hidetaka Nishiyama, Fumio Demura, Robert Trias, Peter Urban, Jhoon Rhee, Bong Soo Hahn, Jim Harrison, Pat Burleson, Richard Kim, Steve Sanders, Don Nagle, Skipper Mullins, Linda Denley etc. Many have passed on, and others are in their senior years and can no longer step in the ring with the speed and skill that made them such great champions, but their memory lingers on and their contributions to the American martial arts scene will never be forgotten. As I watch master Yu finish his demo, I feel lucky to have been around long enough to have seen these great martial artists in their days of glory and know that their memories and knowledge will live on, with their many students who will carry on the teaching and traditions of these great men. Master Emil Farkas is a prolific author and has established himself as top historian on the martial arts. He founded the Beverly Hills Karate Academy where he teaches many celebrities as well as training and coaching several champions. He was one of the original columnists for Official Karate magazine. 22
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Sensei Emil Farkas
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â&#x20AC;&#x201D;GM Jim Mather, karate pioneer, teacher, author
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ÂŽ
Busting the Myths about
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r k yo s h i h a n s h i k wa n mas t e g
by Charles Bouton & Keith D. Yates
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Karate Ranks, Belts, & Titles
erhaps you know that the first karate school opened in America in 1946. But did you know that was only a brief 22 years after the first-ever black belt in karate had been awarded? Ever since, legions of myths have grown up around the revered “black belt.” Unfortunately it was often Westerners, usually out of confusion—but sometimes out of deliberate attempts to elevate themselves—who created many of them. So we are here to set the record straight.
True or False? • The “fathers” of karate (and kung fu and Taekwondo as well) were all 10th dan. • If you create your own style, then you are automatically a 10th degree black belt. • Titles such as Soke, Hanshi, Kyoshi, Grandmaster, and Senior Grandmaster are only awarded based on “timein-grade” and the rank one holds. • Everyone who is awarded a 8th dan is automatically considered a “professor.” Read on to find out the answers to these and other myths. The truth is that most Karate ranking post dates 1940. The Okinawan masters, revered as the ones who took karate from Okinawa to Japan (where it later spread to Korea), simply had no rank at all. In fact the very idea of belt ranking was largely unknown in Okinawa until after World War II. Martial arts belt ranking began with Jigoro Kano (1860–1938) the founder of Judo. He had studied several ju-jitsu systems and developed a way to safely practice them. He called his approach ju (gentle)–do (way), or, the gentle way to practice. In 1883, Kano borrowed the kyu/
dan system of classifying his students from the game of “Go” where the kyu/dan classifications had been devised by Honindo Dosaku (1645–1702). There were only three colors of “obi,” or sashes, white, brown, and black. Incidentally, while it is not known why Kano used the color black, it was NOT because the oldest practitioners had continued wearing and thereby “dirtied” their belts until they were a darker color. Japanese would never continue to wear dirty and soiled clothing. Another myth busted! Kano’s intention was that the dan classification would not be a terminal or completion grade but actually a change in phase or type of training (in fact the character for dan (段) actually means “step” or “phase”). The kyu level (級) students learned the basics, you might say the alphabet of Judo. The more advanced dan grade students began to make words and complete sentences. In 1907, he developed the first Judo uniform (a yellowish jacket and pants) and with it came the cloth belts we have
The black belt did NOT come about because the practitioner's belt became dirty with age.
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come to recognize today. He used that black sash for dan grade holders. Again, the Chinese character “dan” literally means “step” in Japanese. It refers to one’s level of expertise or to one’s “degree” of skill. Thus Westerners began to call themselves a “third degree black belt” or whatever rank they held. Now many schools even call the ranks below black belt “degrees” as in “fifth degree blue belt” but this would be incorrect in Japanese. Lower ranks are called kyu level, or mudansha (無段者) those “without” dan rank. The Korean martial arts, by the way, adopted the the dan (단) system for black belts but their lower ranks are refered to as “gup” (급). In 1895 the Japanese government had created an organization known as the Dai Nippon Butoku-kai, or the All-Japan Martial Arts Association. It was tasked with collecting the knowledge of the various ju-jitsu schools as well as the sword schools. In 1899 they built the Butokoden, an institution to house and collect different martial weapons and hold demonstrations and tournaments in various martial styles. The Dai Nippon Butokukai developed a ranking system of “licenses” to encourage one’s personal perfection and advancement. There were initially two such classifications: 1) Hanshi, intended to designate a model or expert teacher of long tenure; and 2) Kyoshi for an expert teacher of a lower level. These were created in 1902. These licenses were handed out initially only to a few Japanese instructors. The title of Renshi, which wasn’t added until 1934, meant a skilled expert below the rankings of Hanshi and Kyoshi. An interesting note; beside Jujitsu, the two predominant arts to become involved in the Dai Nippon Butoku-kai were Judo and Kendo. Karate didn’t make its way into the scope of the Butoku-kai until 1933 when the commission voted to consider it. Its acceptance was dependent on four criteria:
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1. The word karate had to be written in Japanese characters and not Chinese characters. Until that time in Japan it was known as “Chinese fist (or hand)” and it is pronounced almost the same as “karate.” In Okinawa it was still called “tode.” Gichin Funakoshi (the “father” of modern karate) took the character for “Chinese” and realized it was similar to another character for “empty” or “kara.” Thus he called it, and wrote it, in Japanese characters as kara-te or empty hand. Some say a fellow student of the martial arts in Okinawa, Hanshiro Chomo, had previously used the term in a 1905 text. At any rate, kara-te, Chinese fist, became kara-te, empty hand. 2. Karate groups had to adopt a standard uniform to practice in. Funakoshi had already adopted a lighter version of the Judo gi for his school so others began to use it as well.
American love to use the title "professor," but they forget that Kano was an actual university professor.
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3. Karate groups had to set up tournaments. This became a huge stumbling block. Although some of the instructors tried to develop rules and even crude protective gear many of them simply didn’t like the idea of “sport” karate. Actual tournament karate didn’t begin in Japan until after Funakoshi’s death in 1957 (and many Okinawan karate groups still refuse to hold competitions). 4. Finally, a kyu/dan black belt system had to be established and strict requirements set up to grant rank.
The last of these proved a large stumbling block as well, largely because of one Okinawan teacher, Chojun Miyagi (1888–1953). He was from a wealthy, aristocratic family and was a successful and prominent business owner. Miyagi personally sponsored the creation of a research center in Okinawa in 1926, to bring together several of the best-known Okinawan sensei to share their knowledge and promote the development of tode as a national, cultural-treasure.
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Until that time tode was largely practiced under a veil of secrecy and individual teachers did not often share information. Along with Kenwa Mabuni, Choki Motubu, and Gichin Funakoshi, Miyagi introduced tode to the Japanese mainland. In 1928, Jigoro Kano invited Miyagi to Japan to teach at the Butokuden. When the Butoku-kai presented its criteria for the recognition of karate, the various Okinawan sensei could not reach agreement. There were a little over 50 known kata practiced in Okinawa, and most sensei only knew from two to five of them. Which ones would be required and taught? Many Okinawans saw the Japanese as aggressive occupiers of their homeland. Japan was nearing the height of its nationalistic pride and the Japanese looked on Okinawans as hillbillies, and this prejudice kept most of the Okinawan sensei at odds with the Butoku-kai. Funakoshi was one of the few who acquiesced to the Japanese demands. As stated, Funakoshi had adopted a black belt dan grading system. He awarded the first karate black belts ever given to four individuals on April, 10, 1924. And while he accepted the title of kyoshi in 1943, Funakoshi never promoted anyone to any grade above 5th dan. He also only claimed the rank of 5th degree for himself. One of his successor organizations, the Japan Student Karate Association, still only awards 5 dan grades. Also, Funakoshi didn’t have “stripes” on the black belt (many Shotokan schools today still follow that tradition). But in the West we often see white stripes, red stripes, gold stripes (we’ve even seen gold stars indicating his number of degrees on one guy’s black belt at a tournament—guess he remembered the gold stars he used to get in elementary school). And did you know that in some Okinawan systems one stripe actually means 3rd dan so that if a belt has three stripes on it, the wearer is a 9th degree black belt! The martial arts in Korea did not have a grading system until the Japanese occupation (1910– 1945) when the Japanese arts of Judo and Kendo were introduced into Korea. After WW II and the liberation of Korea from Japan, Taekwondo was created (1955) in an attempt to distinguish the modern Korean martial
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arts from the Japanese systems (even though the initial Taekwondo was simply a clone of Japanese karate—they even used the same kata). Ironically, even though the Koreans despised the Japanese they took the colored belt ranking system from them (primarily from Shotokan, since Choi Hong Hi, the supposed founder of Taekwondo, had heavily borrowed from that system). It was decided that Korean Taekwondo would only award up to a 9th Dan because it is “the highest of the single digit numbers,” whatever that means. Well, it probably means they wanted something in their system to be different that the Japanese. It has also been claimed that the reason they put the color red into their ranking system BELOW the black belt was as a subtle insult to the Japanese (since many Japanese karate schools used the color red to signify a very high dan rank). Today, many Westerners who practice Taekwondo (sometimes still called Korean karate) use Japanese terms and even have a 10th degree black belt. But back to old Japan. Chojun Miyagi believed that bringing dan grade rankings to karate would splinter it into competing factions. At a dinner party in 1942, a group of Japanese practitioners tried to bribe Miyagi into awarding them black belt ranking. Not only did Miyagi refuse to do it, but the whole episode infuriated him and he left Japan to never return. He never awarded any belt ranking to anyone in his lifetime, nor did he ever claim one. Miyagi stated, “I believe once dan ranks in karate are awarded, it will inevitably lead to trouble. The ranking system will lead to discrimination within karate and karate-ka will be judged by their rank and not their character. It will create ‘inferior’ and ‘superior’ strata within the karate community and will lead to discrimination between people.” (Perhaps Miyagi should be remembered as a prophet rather than a karate master). He died in 1953 and dan ranking in Okinawan karate did not occur in until 1956, three years later, and only then after the founding of the Okinawan Karate Federation. At the end of WWII, the Dai Nippon Butoku-kai was suspended and practically vanished but the titles it awarded were still highly prized and sought after. Many of the various karate styles that developed incorporated the titles of Renshi 練 士 (polished teacher), Kyoshi 教 士 (a teacher of teachers), Hanshi 範 士 (a model for others),
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into their ranking systems. Shihan 師 範, is another widely used license title, but it did not originate in the Butokukai, but with the Japanese sword schools. In some systems Hanshi is a higher license than Shihan and the reverse is true in others. Both generally mean a teacher of the highest level and an example for others. Different schools use them differently, but typically the license of Renshi is awarded to 4th and 5th degree black belts, 6th through 8th degree are awarded Kyoshi, and Hanshi or Shihan generally to 8th, 9th, and 10th degree black belts. There is NO hard and fast custom for this. Even whether or not a particular person in the system awards the license or if it is automatic, varies from school to school. Incidentally, these three licenses are not spoken titles. Many Westerners will call themselves “Shihan Jim Jones” or “Hanshi Mike Smith,” this not correct (at least not in Japan). They are not spoken titles. The only spoken title used in Japan is “Sensei,” regardless of rank. The teaching license, if used, is noted as “licensed as Hanshi” in writing or in writing after the name, “Jim Jones, Shihan.” Frankly, a title isn’t even spoken in English. Would you walk across a college campus and say something like, “Hi, Professor Emeritus Smith?” How about when the plumber arrives at your house to unclog the toilet, “Greetings Master Plumber Jackson?” So introducing yourself as “Hanshi Browne” is either ignorant of Japanese usage or simply prideful (or quite possibly both). By the way, Soke 宗 家 is a Japanese term that simply means “the head of the household, or family.” In Japan it was used very rarely (only for very old martial systems— and remember that karate is NOT an old system) and was sometimes used synonymously with the term, Iemoto. It means the leader of a school or style (Americans love to use it to mean “grandmaster”) and does not necessarily mean the founder of a style. If an actual system’s founder dies then there can be an “inheritor” or new Soke. Americans also seem to love to use the title, “professor.” It is difficult to trace where that came from. Some say that the word Shihan can be translated as such but that is not the case. It seems that the earliest use of this title was by Jigoro Kano himself and so some have mistakenly concluded that experienced martial arts teachers are routinely called this in Japan. They overlook the fact that Kano actually had a Ph.D. and was a university
"Teaching licenses" are titles that are not spoken (at least not in Japan).
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professor. Since we are trying to anglicize terms from a in so many martial arts movies and TV shows, simply language that doesn’t even use our alphabet, translations means teacher (or, more accurately, “one who has traveled are difficult and imprecise. So on one hand, what does it farther down the path”) and is a title given to every teacher matter? On the other, both of your authors have actually in Japan, be it in martial arts, music, or basket weaving. earned the title of “professor” in a university setting and It is a spoken title and replaces the polite “San” after a it is kind of grating to have a person with a high-school person’s name. A non-teacher would be “Jones San” and education and a few karate trophies call themselves a if he or she were a teacher they would be “Jones Sensei.” “professor.” Generally one receives the title of Sensei when someone Incidentally, in Portuguese, the direct translation of who is already called Sensei, first addresses them as such. “teacher” is indeed “professor” so it would be appropriate They never lose the title of Sensei even if they cease to to call a Brazilian JuiJutsu instructor a professor because teach. Typically, in Japanese martial arts, it is considered to that is correct in their language. In be a name referring to 3rd degrees SAMURAI BATTLE FLAGS the English language, however, a and higher. First and second degree professor is a title reserved for an black belts are simply addressed as academic. Sempai (elder or senior). Speaking of Americans, In America, perhaps one the titles of “master” and of the greatest myths centers “grandmaster” are of Western around the Renshi title and origin, and how they are applied the red and white belt. Many and used in any organization believe it is purely Okinawan. or school varies greatly (often But there is no license of Renshi depending on the ego of the person issued in Okinawa. A few schools involved). In some styles a person may attach the title to the rank is a master at 3rd degree in another certificates of 4th – 6th dan, but one must be 6th degree to be so no separate license is given. The addressed. Grandmaster can be, depending on organization popular Renshi belt with the red and white panels through or school, a title given to anyone 5th to 10th dan. Some the length on the front (usually worn from white up at 4th equate the teaching license of Kyoshi as master others dan and from red up at 5th dan) actually originated in Japan equate it to grandmaster. The license of Shihan or Hanshi and not Okinawa. Around 1930 Kano chose to recognize is generally considered to equate to grandmaster. The 6th through 8th Dan with a “kohaku obi,” (or literally, red license of Renshi is equated to master in some schools and white belt). According to noted martial historian Meik in others they are still called sensei. But again, at least in Skoss, the colors were probably based on the typical Japan, attaining a certain rank does NOT mean one “gets” a Japanese division of red and white groups coming from the teaching license. famous dispute of the Genji and Heike clans who used red Americans are also largely the reason there are so and white flags to identify their troops on the battlefields. many colors of mudansha (or kyu rankings). This may be Incidentally, in 1943 the Kodokan created a solid red belt attributed to the fact that Americans are impatient and do for 9th and 10th dan (Kano himself was awarded the 11th not want to remain a white belt for a year or two. It also Dan, the only one, which reverted back to the color white). may be due to the fact that many schools charge up to a So the red and white belt and the license title of hundred dollars for a belt test. There are now even armyRenshi were created in Japan. Later, in the U.S., and in green camouflage belts, and belts with a stars and stripes a few other countries outside of Japan, some schools of motif. This is not to say that professional martial arts Okinawan origin adopted its use and belt, attributing it to instructors are to be criticized for making a living, just that Okinawa. the multitude of colored belts is not traditional in Japan, or Another great myth is one that shows the prejudice Okinawa, or even in China (kung fu added the “black sash” of many Asian teachers towards their non-Asian students: only recently). the myth of the elderly higher dans. We’ve heard that no Speaking of tradition, the title of Sensei 先 生, used one should be 6th dan unless they are 50 years old or older. continued on next page Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
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Interesting indeed, considering that in 1951, in Japan, the Kodokan shows records of over 2,700 6th dan in Judo who were under the age of 30. Rokudan (6th dan) was considered to be a teacher’s degree. Anyone who operated his own Judo school or club pretty much received this rank. That there was a glass ceiling, for non-Asians, in attaining higher dan grades is no secret. As for the Judan (10th Dan) requiring very advanced age, both Nagaoka (61, with 44 years training) and Mifune (62, with 49 years of training) were promoted to Judan in their early 60s. Perhaps in their generation sixty-years-old was considered a very advanced age, but in today’s world it is not. We should note that the Butokukai, the very institution that founded the kyu/dan belt system, has, in the past, “sold” rank for a fee. But then, in Japan, ranking has always been looked at much differently than in the West. In America people are impressed when they hear you are a black belt. In Japan it is not a big deal (although it does take some time and effort to be high dan ranked). The idea that just anyone starting their own karate system automatically entitles them to the rank of Judan (10th Dan) is arguable. Typically in Japan, a peer committee awards the ranking. One does not promote oneself or “automatically” obtains any rank. Remember, almost all the founding masters of the great karate systems never held any rank, and only a few awarded any type of ranking. The idea that one has to have a 10th dan to award high dan grades is another myth. Founders of systems can and do grade their students, just like a school system might grade them. For decades in Japan ranking was based purely on seniority rather than any other factor. It took little note of skill, tournament wins, and contributions to the art. In fact there was a very large number of American sensei (and still are) who have trained, taught, competed, and given of themselves in the promotion of the art for over three decades and who have made great contributions but who are still ranked 4th degree or less. Asian prejudice perhaps? In the United States it seems at though every corner has a karate school where the owner is a “grandmaster.” Can there really be that many grandmasters running around? Well, consider that the martial arts have been practiced in this country for well
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over 50 years now and the number of practitioners has grown so much that it is not at unreasonable that there should be so many high dan grades on the U.S. martial arts scene. OK, yes, there are plenty of “grandmasters” with less than a dozen years of practice and many who founded their “style” from watching a Karate Kid or Kung Fu movie. There will always be deluded people. But, stop and think of the very large number of practitioners who trained in the late 1950s to early ‘70s who have now been black belts 40 to 50 years. It’s quite a large number. True, not all of them continued to practice and teach, but many did. So, having said all of this, after giving you the actual history of the ranking system and of martial titles, does it really matter? Does it really matter that the American words (titles) master and grandmaster appear to have been taken from the game of Chess during the years Bobby Fischer was challenging Boris Spasskey for the world Chess title (remember that the kyu/dan ranking system was taken from the game of Go)? Does it really matter what we call ourselves today? Renshi, Kyoshi, Shihan are Japanese words, and American karate really isn’t a Japanese art anymore. Nor do Americans speak the Japanese language (remember, if they did we would never verbally address anyone as Renshi, Kyoshi, or Hanshi). We wouldn’t say Gichin Funakoshi but Funakoshi, Gichin because they put their family name first. Actually, we wouldn’t say, “Everyone put on your gis” either, because there is no plural in Japanese, you would say, “Everyone put on your gi.” It’s all relative. Does it really matter who awards rank? Judo originally used a yudanshakai system. This was a regional group of black belts who would come together and nominate (promote) a candidate for dan grade to the Kodokan, which the Kodokan would then automatically certify. The instructors themselves were considered the authority on the ranking of their own students. A peer group of black belt practitioners came together to promote and improve standards of instruction in schools and assist with each other’s personal advancement in the study and practice of the martial art in question. Can not a group of American practitioners who have a long history of legitimate practice also do the same?
After saying all of this, does it really matter if we don't do things the way they do in Asia?
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a n ta s h i p ro f es
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There are many different types of martial arts associations out there today. Some have a direct lineage to Japanese, Okinawan or Korean organizations. Some still operate on that yudanshakai (peer review) system, while others may have a single leader who alone is the promotion authority. Let us be clear, we certainly don’t believe in “flyby-night” degrees and highfalutin names but Americans ARE just as qualified as Asians in determining high-quality martial arts. What should matter is a commitment to learn, to advance, and to improve. A teacher is a qualified instructor if they know their craft well and can communicate it well, all the while motivating their charges. After all, a title won’t defend you if your life is in actual jeopardy, and a belt is just for holding your gi jacket closed.
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GM Charles Bouton is the Executive Director of the American Karate Black Belt Association/Chin Sook Hage Kwan GM Keith D. Yates is Chairman of the High Dan Board, American Karate Black Belt Association/Chin Sook Hage Kwan and the President of the American Karate and Tae Kwon Do Organization
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The GSA honorees are nominated by our readers and then voted on by our editorial board. These are the individuals so selected for the year 2014. Each has made significant contributions to the martial arts in their specific categories. The Golden Shuto AwardTM is a separate honor from the Karate Masters Hall of Fame速 (see page 8 ). As such, GSA honorees are still eligible for consideration for that high honor. We are proud to be able to recognize the "unsung heroes" of the martial arts. To nominate someone you think is worthy of consideration, go to http://www.official karatemag.com/golden-shuto-award.
GM Wren is presented his GSA Award by Joe Corley
Fred Wren: Champion One of the original Texas "blood and guts" fighters Several time U.S. Karate Champion
pioneer Patrick Ciser: Law Enforcement Author, Champion, and veteran police officer
Johnny Nash: Pioneer One of the first instructors of Okinawan Karate in America
John and Pat Worley: Pioneers Early fighting champions and dynamic school owners and instructors
Kenneth Cohen: Pioneer Noted Chinese stylist and teacher Presented by Karen Schlachter
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to Awards2014 TM
The categories listed here are NOT all-inclusive. You might want to create a category of your own such as: the Voice of Karate, Outstanding Author, or Humanitarian. Note: reasons for nomination must be for SIGNIFICANT acheivement (not just for teaching for a number of years and/or winning a few tournaments). Also, you cannot nominate yourself.
Joy Turberville: David Moon: Pioneer Woman's Champion One of the earliest Korean Pioneering woman fighter & teacher instructors to come to the U.S. and a national fighting champion
Fred Simon: Pioneer The first African-American to earn a black belt under Jhoon Rhee
Keith Yates and GM Simon
GM Ritchie (right) is presented his GSA Award by Keith Yates
ambassador Mike Cutino: Ambassador 4th dan Jiu-Jitsu, Top Tournament Promoter, Successful Entrepreneur, Publisher CEO/ NightLife Mag., New York Sports Mag., Billboards on Wheels. Mike has just completed his 5th book entitled, The Adventures of the Karate Wizards out Nov. 2015. Presented by Andrew Linick
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Larry Ritchie: Pioneer One of the first karate champions and teachers in the Houston area Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速
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Yo u r n e w p r o d u c t o r s e r v i c e c o u l d b e l i s t e d h e r e . C a l l t h e O f f i c i a l K a r a t e M a r k e t i n g E x p e r t s a t 631.924.3888 or email firstname.lastname@example.org N AT I O N A L
The Southwest Karate Black Belt Association was one of the very first martial arts organizations in the United States when it was started by Allen R. Steen in 1964. It changed it's name to the AMERICAN Karate Black Belt Assocation in 1972. Today it is still governed by some of the original black belts of Grandmaster Steen including Keith D. Yates, who serves as the Chairman of the High-Dan Board. In Dallas, on September 19th, 2015, the organization will hold it's 50TH ANNIVERSARY REUNION. Go to www.akbba.com for more details. 34
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Above: Joe Lewis faces Allen Steen at the 1962 Long Beach Internationals, at which Mr. Steen won the Grandchampionship after defeating both Lewis and Chuck Norris.
N AT I O N A L
OK NEWS In December of 2014 the American Karate and Tae Kwon Do Organization (AKATO) held a high-dan black belt examination in Dallas, Texas. An impressive board (including 10th degrees Keith Yates, Roy Kurban, Mike Proctor and Royce Young) presided. 2nd Dan: Tabitha Whapham, Steve Servin, Eric McMurry 3rd Dan: Jeff Shumaker, Rob Whapham, John Patterson Duane Ethington 4th Dan: Ysabel Merhout, Katherine Rhine, Lee Washburn promoted to10th 5th Dan: Aaron Barnett, Ceaser Johnson, Tim Looney, dan by Keith Yates Clarissa Rumphs, Lyman Roark Duane Ethington, long-time 6th Dan: Thomas Merhout grandmaster and Official 7th Dan: Caroline Goodspeed Karate Magazine contributor 8th Dan: Kelly Cox was awarded his 10th Degree 10th Dan: Duane Ethington Black Belt from both the AKATO See www.akato.org
and the American Karate Black Belt Association/CSHK.
Jon Alster / Thomas Merhout
Clarissa Rumphs Rob Whapham
The Shugyokan karate school in Gardena California took 16 athletes to the historic AllOkinawa Karate Kobudo Championship under the guidance and coaching of their chief instructor Prince Loeffler Sensei. The Shugyokan which began stepping into the Yamila Marcu Charles Taylor Sebastian Garcia Alina Marcu Charles Taylor Garbriel Rios Alina Marcu Miranda Salas competitive karate venue in 2006 has won 33 gold medals, 28 silver medals and 31 bronze medals competing in local and international tournaments. On November 8, 2014 at the at the Rowley Park Gym The Elite Team Sakura Captain Yamila Marcu who took gold in two divisions blazed the trail for her team on the winning path garnering themselves 8 Gold, 8 Silver and 6 Bronze medals. The Team Sakura members, Araceli Diosdado ( Team Co-Captain ) took in Silver and Gold and Ivan Coralles took Gold and Silver. Shugyokan’s Junior athletes led by Team captain Alina Marcu, took home 2 gold medals. Also taking medals were Sebastian Garcia, Bryanna Espinoza, Charles Taylor Sr, Charles Taylor Jr. Gabriel Rios, Miranda Salas, Diego Fragoaga, Javier Vasquez and Manny Ferrer. Honorable mention goes Joe Medrano, Sean Medrano and Charlie Mariner for their efforts, dedication and above all the essence of “Hinkaku”. This event was sponsored by the Gardena Recreational Youth Sports Advisory Board and sanctioned by the US Okinawa Karate Kobudo Association. Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
Karate's Deadliest Fighting Sticks
What this best-selling course from GM Andrew Linick can do for you! The novice, as well as the advanced marital arts practitioner, will learn basic to advanced combinations of Nunchaku techniques. It is my intention to demonstrate the practical application in the use of the Nunchaku: it’s use against weapons; the delivery of a crippling blow to an assailant; basic and advanced blocking systems; striking, blocking, and choking techniques in varied situation. It is my hope that all who read and understand this guide will follow the theory of ‘fair play’ in and out of the classroom or dojo. This book was written with one purpose in mind: to spread the teachings that the knowledge of Nunchaku should be used not only to defend yourself and others around you, but to practice Nunchaku as an art. Ideally, physical, emotional and mental harmony will then be attained. If you can grasp and decipher the essence of Kobujutsu and by it gain wisdom through practice and experience, I shall feel that my efforts have been rewarded. A new feature not in any previous editions of Nunchaku, Karate’s Deadliest Fighting Sticks has been added: a programmed learning Self-quiz at the end of each lesson. Quizzes enable the reader to review thoroughly the lesson content, creating a permanent reference to all the basic materials in this course. In addition, you will find for the first time a glossary of Nunchaku terms which has been prepared and endorsed by the Okinawan Kobujutsu Kyokai Association. But let’s get on with it. This course is for you, be you a seasoned professional or student seeking more knowledge in the Art of Nunchaku. The best success to you in all you efforts. 36
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Here's what six foremost martial arts authorities said about Master Andrew S. Linick's Nunchaku-Karate’s Deadliest Fighting Sticks—3rd edition (Circa ©1983, ©1974) “...few karateka in America can equal Andrew Linick’s ability with the deadly nunchaku...I for one, am happy that master Linick is imparting some of this great knowledge to the public.” —Master Al Weiss, 6th Dan Combat Karate, Editor—Official Karate Magazine “Master Linick is the very best martial arts and weapons genius I’ve known in 25 years...He definitely has the Zen mind.” —Grand Master Peter Urban—10th Dan, Author of The Karate Dojo “Dr. Linick has distinguished himself in the field of karate...as a consistent winner at tournaments on the eastern seaboard. He holds degrees in many forms of karate and has proven himself an almanac of karate styles and forms.” —Master Gary Alexander, 8th Dan, 1974 Black Belt Hall of Fame “Dr. Linick’s books on Nunchaku are classics...I consider them a must for every serious martial arts student interested in the fine art of oriental weapons…” —Master Stephen Armstrong, 8th Dan, Author of Seisan Kata “This revised edition is a gold mine of information. I would not part with it for any price.” —Master Glen Premru, 8th Dan, International Weapons Champion
History of Nunchaku: Terror For Undesirables, Hoodlum, Bullies, Murderers and Thieves Shuffling along the gravel laden road was an ordinary looking man of slight build—a man who would never draw any special attention. Tucked under his arm were two seemingly useless pieces of wood, strung together with a few short strands of horsehair. No one, except the most curious eye, would notice at all. He walked ahead, his gaze fixed firmly in the direction of a house directly in front of him. The house belonged to any enemy of his family—a man who had cursed the family name. He knocked on the door and the enemy, a big, burly, hard-faced man, opened it to him. Then, with a lightningfast movement, the small, insignificant looking man swung the “harmless” sticks from under his arm and wrapped them around the stunned man’s neck. He quickly tightened the sticks and in just moments the enemy paid the ultimate price for slurring the family name—he would never again be able to slur any name! I’ve told this frightening tale to impress upon you the deadly, historical significance of this unique martial arts weapon. In the years 1609 to 1875, during the occupation of Okinawa by the Japanese warlords (Sutsuma Clan), farmers, fishermen and working men were forbidden to possess tools and weapons of any kind. This oppression of their rights inspired a clever farmer to put together what is now Nunchaku—two pieces of wood, connected with some strands of horsehair. Simple, but with the capacity to wreak bone-crushing power when used with proper training. It was during this troubled era that the art of Kobujutsu or weapon fighting was developed for self-defense. Some of the traditional weapons used by the Okinawan people for their self-preservation were: the Bo (staff), Sai (short sword), the Kama (sickle), the Naginata (spear), the Tonfa (rice grinder) and the Nunchaku (sticks and chain). Since its conception, the fascination with the Nunchaku has grown considerably. Avid followers of the martial arts purchase them wherever they are legal. Due to its highly destructive capacity the use of the Nunchaku is restricted to training in private or with a class in a school (dojo). Body form movements, known as kata, are techniques, systematically organized and performed in planned sequence. All the hand and foot techniques are incorporated in kata, including body shifting, muscle coordination and proper breathing. All these are used in strangling, blocking and striking movements. Practically all of the formal exercises were developed by well-known karate masters and are skillfully utilized in various defense and attack techniques.
Forming the basis of all weapons’ practice, the kata is judged by your balance, coordination, positioning, breathing, timing, speed, rhythmical sequence, focus, power, reflex action and poise. Without a planned form of action, the Nunchaku cannot be a true weapon. Kata is like a recording of all the motions and moves of a particular weapon. The kobujutsu practitioner has, as one of his major aim, the ability to perform perfectly all of the kata. As you perfect your form in the kata, you should be able to develop an awareness of yourself that goes beyond your physical being … your life will take on a new meaning and purpose. To be effective, Nunchaku demands three basic actions: a speedy strike to the enemy’s body, a strong grip and a determined attitude. When you move in on an opponent, you should quickly swing the chaku (one stick) into action— before he has a chance to defend himself. One of the greatest advantages of the Nunchaku over other weapons is that it looks nothing like a weapon at first glance. It simply looks like two ordinary sticks strung together. In fact, the Asian farmers of ancient times who used the Nunchaku for protection, did not worry about hiding it from their enemies. These enemies looked upon it as a harmless farmer’s utensil—never aware of its deadly power as a weapon. Although the Nunchaku has a fascinating history as an unbelievably destructive weapon, today it is recognized by karate men as an important tool for developing poise, posture and coordination. As you begin to master Nunchaku through the instructions in this course, you will soon see why experts in karate and the martial arts call it “the perfect extension of the art of self-defense.” Why the Nunchaku has the advantage over other Asian self-defense weapons • The Nunchaku is compact and can be easily concealed in your jacket, on your belt, in a pocketbook, bag, automobile, at the side of a bed. You can carry it anytime for 24 hours of instant protection. • The Nunchaku is light, weighing less than 1 1/4 pounds, and is 8 to fourteen inches in length.* • Innocent in appearance, the Nunchaku looks harmless to an outsider who does not know its lethal capacity. • The Nunchaku enables you to hit your target at a safe distance. An extension of your arms and legs, the Nunchaku is truly remarkable and unique. Fully extended, the Nunchaku covers a distance up to four feet, especially when you body shift forward into a long stance. continued on next page
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A Final Word GM Shinran Chang once said: “In studying the art of Nunchaku, the ultimate good lies not in winning a hundred battles, but in overcoming the enemy without a conflict.” As a serious Kobudo practitioner, the art of Nunchaku will not only help you defend yourself in an emergency, it will lead you to understand the mental, emotional and physical qualities of your inner personality. You will defeat adversaries, and perhaps, eliminate weaknesses in yourself. When you are first taught how to dance, your attention and concentration are focused on beginning events: step left, forward, now together and count 1-2-3-4. Only after exposure to continual repetition of fundamental dance steps can you move autonomously on the dance floor without thinking or counting steps. Once the moves become second nature, you find yourself talking freely, laughing, and enjoying yourself. You have mastered a particular dance. Compare learning to dance with learning the art of Nunchaku. Practice frees your mind. The ideal goal for every student of Nunchaku is to attain some degree of perfection. This goal enables your instincts to guide you through life with a greater sense of humility, pride, honor and preparedness for most situations encountered. Remember, studying the art of Nunchaku is not a pure test of physical strength. Like other martial arts, it instills a feeling of harmony, self-respect and inner peace for all living things in you. Only by experiencing each and every technique in the art of Nunchaku, only by relying on those techniques learned in total rather than in part, can you truly benefit. Study the record of any person who achieves noteworthy success. You will observe a strong-willed person controlling their mind and actions. Without this control, success is not possible. When asked by fellow colleagues what my definition of a truly successful Martial Artist is, I responded: “I will tell you what is not success. A truly successful person is not one who acquires great wealth and riches or desires human adulation or fame. Success cannot be defined by what you obtain in life, but rather what you put into life—sharing your knowledge by unselfishly contributing to the lives of others.” Practice, practice, and more practice is the backbone of a well-trained Kobudo practitioner. Good luck in all your efforts!
PROFESSIONAL Martial Arts Training and Equipment for America's NEXT Generation of Heroes! 44 West Chestnut Avenue, Merchantville, NJ 08109 Karate, Kickboxing, Zumba 856-324-0431 n AMERICANKARATESYSTEM.COM 38
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Go to page 57 to order this ground-breaking course. Since 1968, Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D., The Marketing Copyologist® has had an amazing record of success in mail order and direct marketing for himself and major clients. He is in high demand as a master copywriter and social media marketing expert. For a FREE 15 minute phone consultation (Value $250) to increase your company’s online visibility and boost web traffic call 631.924.3888 or contact LinickGroup@gmail.com
21 Top Factors Why Most Martial Arts Marketing Lacks a Punch! By Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D., The Marketing Copyologist®
Attention School Owners, Promoters, Website Owners, Tournament/Event Planners, Content Providers . . . If you promote, market and publicize events, i.e., seminars, boot camps, hall of fames, dinner/shows, workshops, trade shows, or sell books, DVDs, merchandise, other products or services, and want to cut out the 50% of your budget that's not working, read on. If you don't need more traffic or a way to double sales conversions...a proven promotion to sign up more competitors and boost attendance to fill seats and sell repeat sponsors, and then read no further. Avoid these 21 mistakes and get greater marketing results! In the few minutes or so you spend reading this article, I can save you hundreds of thousands of dollars and years of trial and error by detailing exactly why most MA/MMA/other small businesses fail to reach their marketing goals and profits. This is not subjective. This is not my opinion. It is based on over 47 years of research into the science of direct response advertising, direct marketing, mail order selling, interactive online copy campaigns and the analysis of over 500 hundred clients. Here are 21 reasons why small businesses/dojos fail at marketing. Knowing what to avoid and why is 90% of taking control of your marketing decisions, so you don't. 1. When most of their marketing is NOT focused on lead generation, they don't collect enough leads or prospect data. 2. When data collected is insufficiently used to convert leads to sales. 3. Website set up for collection and sorting of large numbers of leads is ineffective for follow up. 4. Failure to track campaigns means no way of knowing which ads or PR worked and which tanked. 5. Their ads suck! They don't work with passive non-benefit headlines, pretty pictures, impotent copy, and weak or no offers, which all conspire to eliminate any traceable response. 6. Approving marketing campaigns by friends, family and students because they like how the layout of the ad looks vs.
ones that actually get your phone to ring off the hook. 7. They did not develop pre-written sales scripts with anticipated Q&A, or training for the people-answering phone for sales success. 8. Because all inquiries are not automated or placed in a system, lead follow up is poor. 9. They fail to take risks, copycatting or doing almost the exact same marketing as ALL their competitors. Dare to be creative by hiring a professional copywriter and graphics designer team to deliver profitable results. 10. Their e/brochures, space ads, and sales letters are written in pedantic, generic language that wouldn’t motivate a starving person to grab a free meal? 11. Are your budgets based on a percentage of gross or a number someone handed you instead of being based on the goals you are trying to reach? Or, are your budgets pure fantasy with no connection whatsoever to income needed and Return on Investment (ROI)? 12. They discount enrollment /classes to get more repeat business, rather than looking for better, proven ways to add more profit centers and residual value. 13. They maintain the status quo, never clearly setting themselves apart from other competitors in their marketplace. It’s “My service is the best in the business," where is the data to back up your claim and why aren't you using it in your advertising and promotions? 14. They have no system in place for measuring how really good or bad their product/service is.
continued on page 57
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
Hanshi Dan Tosh
voice of tradition
KINAWA, THE BIRTHPLACE OF KARATE, is a small island with a rich history of a people with zeal and desire for all that life has to offer. The people of Okinawa live longer on average than any other people on earth. As we look at the history of these amazing individuals, we see all the same human interventions that most other countries have experienced throughout time; war, peace, struggle, growth, transition, depression, rebirth and discovery. One of the things that stands out on this small island is the connections that seems to be a way of life there. This is most obvious in the practice of the arts practiced for generations such as dance and karate. As we peek into the past of the development of Okinawan martial arts, we find a pattern of sharing and comradery. There is of course bickering and distain among some, over their way of doing things and this is, I believe, based upon some of the older pre-war instructors who carry the pain of war and loss in their hearts. They simply don’t appear to like anybody and even their own trusted and loyal students have a difficult time getting a smile from them. For the most part though, they are all not only willing but encouraged to share the burden of training the next generations. There have been many stories of how the masters of our recent past and present have been sent by their families to other teachers to learn the styles and arts of the Okinawans. In fact in the 1800s some of the most famous and prolific teachers or developers of styles went to China to train with those legendary teachers. Through this desire to learn a way of life was born. It is a comradery that has continued until today. As a young man training, I found that there were all sorts of people participating in some sort of martial art. On my way back to the mainland from American Samoa in 1975, I stopped in Hawaii to see one of my teachers, Miyagi Sensei. I was a sandan at the time and he had this idea that I should find a karate school in the mainland, tell the instructor that I want to train, but do not let the teacher know I have been training in karate and start as a white belt. I found a shorin-ryu stylist named Ed Perkins who 40
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had a dojo in South San Jose, CA. Since I had just come back from living and teaching karate in American Samoa, it seemed weird for me to pretend to have no experience, but I did it anyway. After maybe the first or second class, the teacher said to me, you are very flexible and you seem to be able to pick up the katas very quickly and your reactions as well as counters in kumite are beyond natural. You must have trained before. At that time I had been training for 17 years and I had received a black belt 9 years earlier, so I said, yes I was a brown belt before. I couldn’t think of anything else to say, I couldn’t say, I was just a natural! That would be a conceited comment to make. Anyway in about 6 months or so, I received a nidan from him. I contacted my teacher in 1976 and he sent me a certificate for godan. I was a bit confused, but as he indicated, in his letter, to be humble enough to put on a white belt and to learn from a new teacher is both rewarding and character building. In the 56 years that I’ve been training, I really didn’t see much of this attitude of sharing knowledge in the United States until I met Sid Campbell. Sid reminded me of the “Fizzywig” character in the story of Scrooge. He seemed to delight in the sharing of knowledge and the building of friendships, regardless of styles. The first time I spoke to Sid Campbell was in 1975 when I called both he and Jerry Gould. We were contacting some of the other shorin ryu teachers with questions about lineage. One of my close friends, Eric Lee, told me from about 1981 and on, that I should hook up with Sid, since we are of similar styles. Life got in the way, even though Sid and I talked and he even invited me to be in a movie he did in 1980 or 1981 called “Ninja Busters,” we just never were able to train together. It wasn’t until 1991 that I went to Sid’s place for the first time. It was on a Saturday and so I went alone, thinking that I might have to fight all the black belts, just to prove myself. As I walked in the front door, Sid was standing there holding a cup of coffee wearing a black gi top and a white gi bottom as well as a red and white Kyoshi belt. I was wearing a black top, white bottoms and a red and white Kyoshi belt. Sid said to me “Are we reading each
other’s mail?” We both laughed and shortly after started training. Sid had invited all the high ranking black belts in kobayashi ryu to be there that day. We started with naihanchi shodan and I could see everyone’s eyes looking at me in the mirror including Sid. At the end of the kata, we were all brothers and sisters in the arts. I had passed the test and could be considered one of them. As time went on I found that Sid Campbell was an ambassador of all martial arts. He loved sharing knowledge and he enjoyed spending time with all martial artists. He never judged any of them for their choice of training styles and never tried to see who was better. He was always elevating each stylist by speaking highly of them and their training. This is where I truly learned about comradery for the first time. Sid was not my teacher but I learned much from him. He became my best friend and we spent a lot of time traveling around and seeing other martial artists, building relationships as we went. Together, we started WOSKKA, World Okinawan Shorin-ryu Karate and Kobudo Association. He was the president and I was the vice president. After his passing, he left WOSKKA to me in his will and I became the president. I named Sid Rayford, vice president. We have continued to build relationships and knowledge sharing with our gatherings. To belong to WOSKKA, it is necessary to have a lineage of either weapons or shorin-ryu. It is not necessary to be a member of WOSKKA to share knowledge or to come to the gatherings as this is the way that Sid wanted it to be. I have learned that we are all brothers and sisters and we all have a rich history and dedication that binds us together as one. We martial artists work harder than most, sweat more than most and persevere longer than most for a way of life that we choose to live. It’s typically not for money or even fame, it’s for an inner peace and feeling of
accomplishment that can only be understood by others with the same drive. So I believe that we martial artists are all the same “race” colorblind by the very nature of who we are and what we have done to shape our lives! Until next time “domo arigato” Hanshi Dan Tosh is on the Board of Advisors of Martial Arts Grandmasters InternationalTM as well as the Karate Masters Hall of FameTM. Hanshi Tosh has been training in Shorin-ryu karate-do since 1958. You can contact him at www.shorin-ryu.biz.
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Nutritional self defense
Immediate Concussion Care:
Dr. Craig Rubenstein
Top 8 Supplements
t has been nearly two years since I wrote my first article about the nutritional treatment of concussions. In that time I still haven’t heard one mention in the mainstream media about any type of treatment for concussions, only talk of prevention and diagnosis. Please, don’t get me wrong, I think prevention is the best medicine, and determining if someone has actually sustained a concussion is of utmost importance. Unfortunately, people will continue to get concussions and nutritional and other treatment protocols that are already being used successfully need to be brought to light in the mainstream media. As mentioned in my first article, a large amount of the research relating to my recommendations is from animal studies with the rest from human research and individual patient experiences. This article will discuss the prevalence of head injuries, the immediate and subsequent damage occurring in concussion and more severe traumatic brain injuries, and my top 8 nutritional supplements to start using as soon as possible. What is a concussion? Not too long ago, you were considered to have a concussion only if you lost consciousness from a head injury. In fact, not only do you not have to lose consciousness (research suggests only 10% of people do), but you don’t even have to hit your head. Many of the concussions in military personnel have occurred from the force of an explosion, not from a direct blow to the head. We also know that many concussions happen during whiplash injuries, like a car accident or in an infant that is violently shaken. Concussions are the most common type of
traumatic brain injury and are often referred to as mTBI. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that there are upwards of 50-60 million head injuries per year worldwide. Concussions or mild TBI’s (mTBI’s) make up 75-80% of head injuries. Concussions cause a variety of physical, mental, cognitive, and emotional symptoms, which may not be recognized if subtle. People who have had one concussion are more prone to another, often with less severe trauma. This is especially true if the new injury occurs before the previous concussion has resolved. Multiple concussions may increase the risk for dementia, Parkinson’s disease, and/or depression later in life, and are associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy or CTE (currently CTE can only be diagnosed after death by autopsy). CTE has been the big news for a few years in the NFL. CTE is basically serious brain damage and explains the massive mental problems many athletes have after years of head traumas in their chosen careers Head injuries have a primary and secondary component. The primary component is the immediate damage the brain sustains from the trauma. This includes bruising of the brain and some possible bleeding, shearing and tearing of nerves, other brain cells and blood vessels. A substantial amount of nerve cell death begins within hours of the primary injury. The secondary injury component starts within minutes of the trauma and may go on for years. This secondary component involves chemical reactions and abnormal brain cell functioning and this is where the nutritional approach works.
People continue to get concussions and nutritional and other treatment protocols need to be brought to light in the mainstream media.
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The most common symptoms are as follows: • Nausea • Fatigue • Dizziness • Headaches • Blurred vision • Sleep disturbed or excessive • Coordination and balance issues • Poor concentration and inattention • Memory impairment/ feeling like in a fog/confusion • Slower thought processing speed and/or delayed reaction time • Impairment of mental performance, organization ability and decision making • Depression/anxiety/irritability/easily frustrated/ agitation/poor stress tolerance PTSD may occur as well as seizures in more severe cases It is my opinion based on all the available research that there is always some degree of brain damage in all TBI cases, even if the patient appears “OK”. What is actually happening in the brain during this prolonged secondary component of TBI? There is damage to the actual nerve cells, particularly the membrane of the cells. A damaged membrane causes the mineral ions of calcium, sodium and potassium to become imbalanced inside and outside the cells causing the cells to swell leading to brain dysfunction and even more nerve cell death. Since 40% of the energy the brain uses is to maintain the balance of these mineral ions a major energy crisis begins as the brain struggles to maintain balance. The brain also starts having trouble using glucose or blood sugar as an energy source causing an even greater energy crisis. Other than the building energy crisis, the four major problems in the brain are: Excitotoxicity, Oxidative stress, Mitochondrial dysfunction and Inflammation Excitotoxicity: Caused by high amounts of a
brain toxic chemical called glutamate being released from damaged brain cells. This further damages the cell covering or membrane, the mitochondria or energy generator in the cell and the cell’s DNA. Oxidative stress: Also called free radical damage is what I call internal rusting. It is a similar process to what causes metal to rust. Free radicals are destructive
compounds that damages cell proteins, enzymes, DNA and cell membranes even more. Free radicals can be thought of as the opposite of anti-oxidants. Mitochondrial dysfunction: Mitochondria are the energy producing parts of the cells that are damaged by the above processes leading to even more of an energy crisis in the brain because now the mitochondria’s ability to use blood sugar is disrupted. Without a constant supply of energy the brain cannot function properly. Inflammation: Caused by inflammatory chemicals released by the damaged cells and by over activated immune cells in the brain called microglia. This results in further cell damage and disruption of the blood brain barrier (a barrier that is very selective about what it allows to pass into the brain). The over activation of the microglia has been shown to last for decades…., yes, decades after an initial head trauma causing a constant low level inflammation in the brain. One way to understand this situation is to liken it to a smoldering fire that may persist for years until it is extinguished by neutralizing the ongoing excitotoxic, inflammatory, and oxidative processes as well as the massive energy crisis. The sooner it is extinguished the less long term damage will occur. A successful nutritional program for concussion must address all of these processes at the same time! Energy crisis, Excitotoxicity, Oxidative stress, Mitochondrial dysfunction and Inflammation Here are my top 8 choices to start immediately after getting a concussion
1. DHA is an omega 3 fatty acid. Typically found in fish oil with EPA. Often used with EPA for their antiinflammation qualities. DHA also helps brain cells regenerate to some degree. 2. Magnesium is one of the most deficient minerals in the average person’s diet and is important in myriad chemical reaction in every cell of the body including the brain. 3. Creatine is a compound made up of three amino acids found in large amounts in muscle tissue, traditionally used by body builders to increase muscle mass, but it is also found in high levels in the brain involved in energy production. 4. Coconut oil is a good source of medium chain triglycerides/ketones and can be used as an alternative energy source by the brain.
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5. Oxaloacetate is a compound involved in the Kreb’s Cycle, which if you remember from biology class, relates to energy production. It is also involved in amino acid and fatty acid production and reduces toxic glutamate. 6. Alpha Lipoic Acid is a potent antioxidant that also recycles vitamin E and Vitamin C while increasing levels of another major intracellular antioxidant called glutathione. Alpha Lipoic Acid is also a critical factor in the mitochondria’s ability to make energy. 7. Lipothiamine is a special form of thiamine or Vitamin B1. It is a fat soluble form of B1 and therefore can enter cells without any energy being expended by the cell. This is incredibly important because of the major energy crisis occurring in the brain of the TBI patient, regular water soluble thiamine (B1) typically needs energy to cross the blood brain barrier and enter cells, but fat soluble lipothiamine does not. 8. Curcumin is found in the Indian spice turmeric used in curry and has been shown to have numerous mechanisms that protect and help the brain heal from injury. Curcumin acts not only as an anti-oxidant in the brain but also as an anti-inflammatory. The form of curcumin is very important; it needs to be the BCM-95® form or a nanoparticle form for optimal absorption and results. Supplement
DHA Magnesium Creatine Coconut Oil Oxaloacetate Alpha Lipoic Lipothiamine Curcumin
√ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
√ √ √
Supplement DHA Magnesium Creatine Coconut Oil Oxaloacetate Alpha Lipoic Lipothiamine Curcumin 44
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√ √ √ Day 1-7 3000 mg’s 3x’s/day 1000 mg’s 3x’s/day 5 grams 3x’s/day 1 Tblspn 3x’s/day 600 mg’s 3x’s/day 300 mg’s 3x’s/day 50 mg’s 3x’s/day 500 mg’s 3x’s/day
Oxidative Stress √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √
The below chart shows that these supplements address all the major dysfunctions occurring in the secondary component in traumatic brain injury and this is why they are my top 8 choices for an acute concussion. I will leave you with one more thought from a study by De Beaumont in 2009, individuals who had a sports concussion 30 years prior to testing and appeared normal had neurological deficits with memory decline, cognitive abnormalities, and reduced motor functions. If you get a concussion, treat it!!!
The info in this article isn't meant to diagnose, treat or cure any condition. Always consult with your own health care professional. Dr. Craig Rubenstein was a team Chiropractor to the US Freestyle Ski Team in 1990. He is a certified clinical nutritionist and a Fellow and Diplomate of the International Academy of Clinical Acupuncture. His Park Avenue practice is in NY and he has a satellite office in Suffolk County, Long Island. www.drrubenstein.com 212-213-9494 You can see his concussion blog at https://concussionhelpline.wordpressc.om Mitochondrial Dysfunction
Day 7-14 3000 mg’s 3x’s/day 1000 mg’s 3x’s/day 5 grams 2x’s/day 1 Tblspn 2x’s/day 300 mg’s 3x’s/day 300 mg’s 3x’s/day 50 mg’s 3x’s/day 500 mg’s 3x’s/day
√ √ √ √ √
Inflammation √ √ √ √ √ √
Day 14-Till Resolution 1000 mg’s 3x’s/day 500 mg’s 3x’s/day 5 grams 1x/day 1 Teaspn 3x’s/day 200 mg’s 2x’s/day 300 mg’s 2x’s/day 50 mg’s 2x’s/day 500 mg’s 3x’s/day
interview with an expert Dr. Craig Rubenstein had the opportunity to conduct this interview with brain specialist (and martial artist) Dr. Frederick R. Carrick. Hello Dr. Carrick, Thank you so much for agreeing to this interview and taking time out of your busy teaching, treating and lecturing schedule to talk to our readers about concussion. I have to say.... you are one of my biggest heroes in healthcare. Could you please give us your background relating to your expertise in the treatment of concussion and other traumatic brain injuries? I have had a specialty practice of functional neurology for 35 years and have a special interest in traumatic brain injury. My background is central to Chiropractic applications with several Fellowships in a variety of Brain Specialties and a PhD specialty in the neurophysicological aspects of learning. I have been fortunate to have had extensive experience in this clinical area and have a very vibrant clinical team that has resulted in patients being referred to me from around the globe. We attend professional athletes, Olympians, National and Collegiate level athletes from many countries. I also understand that you have been involved in the martial arts for many years. Could you tell us about that.? I have a 3rd degree black belt in Shotokan Karate. The martial arts have been central to my life since I was a young man, allowing me to understand movement and motor control at a level that I might not have appreciated from clinical studies alone. The dedication and discipline of training has certainly transferred to other aspects of my personal and professional life.
Frederick Robert Carrick,
DC, PhD, DACAN, DABCN, DACNB, DAAPM, FRCPN, FACCN, FAAFN, FEAC (Neurology), FACFN, FABVR, FABES, FABCDD, FICC Professor Emeritus of Neurology, Parker College Distinguished Post Graduate Professor of Clinical Neurology, Logan College Professor of Clinical Neurology, Carrick Institute What is your definition of a concussion and what is actually going on in the brain? A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that changes the way your brain works. Most concussions result in a temporary loss of function and usually people will have headaches and problems with concentration. We find that balance and coordination are usually impaired and people might have problems remembering things. Memory, balance and coordination. Concussions don't usually result in brain damage that we can see, so the CT scans and MRI tests are usually normal. But, the function, or how the brain communicates with itself and the rest of the body is impaired. We do have changes in the brain that are difficult to see with our diagnostic instruments but now we have some pretty sophisticated tests that will allow us to know the functional state of the brain. We are able to measure function fairly accurately and establish a baseline of testing that allows us to realize if our treatments are going to make a difference. Martial artists understand function better than most athletes. Speed, accuracy, balance and coordination are all brain functions that can be changed with training. Our treatment of concussions is really training the brain to do things better and restoring function. Usually we get our patients better than they were before their concussions. Since the traditional medical community has no specific tests such as MRI's for concussion, how do you personally diagnose and understand what is happening in a patient with a concussion? continued Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速
We do utilize MRI and other specialized imaging tests in association with sophisticated tests of memory, verbal and auditory testing similar to the types of tests other specialists use in concussion. But we go further with functional testing of the brain that includes measurements of the speed and accuracy of eye movements. These are really windows of brain function and now we have the technology to measure them exactly. We also measure balance and the center of pressure of the person's whole body when they do a variety of things to stress their brains. For example, we have people do math and see if their center of pressure or stability changes. We have one of the best concussion labs in the world and it takes us several hours to complete the testing that allows us to help people. The development of advanced computerization of diagnostic testing allows us to do better job now than we ever could have done in the past and we hope to be able to learn and develop more in the future.
other athlete. We attend a very large number of celebrity patients and it is so very important to us to maintain the dignity of confidentiality for all of humankind. As you are aware, the traditional medical treatment for concussion is simply rest and wait and to give medication for symptoms such as painkillers for headaches, anti nausea medications for nausea etc. From your perspective, do each of the symptoms that someone is experiencing typically relate to a particular dysfunction in the brain and is it possible to target that dysfunctional area with specific forms of treatment to be more curative than just lessening symptoms? Rest is important in acute concussions and most people will be better in a few weeks. People who have concussion symptoms or impairment that lasts longer than a month typically have a more severe head injury and continued rest will not usually get them better. The entire medical community is working hard to develop novel treatments for brain injuries and we are leaders in this area. Certainly we identify the areas of the brain that are injured and develop treatments specifically for those areas. Our programs of treatment are not generic, they are not the same for each athlete, they are very specific and individual. No 2 patients will get the same type of treatment for their brain injuries. People are special and very different with different needs. They have different brains before their injuries and different needs. We always want to decrease the symptoms of a concussion but our primary goal is to fix the brain, ensure that it is safe to get back to play and to live a long and prosperous life after the sport. Professional and Olympic athletes are typically young men and women. They have a relatively short career on top compared to the number of years that they will be on the planet. Our treatment addresses the integrity of their brain function beyond the sport. We want them to be able to think, embrace a vibrant future and be able to live and experience a wonderfully rich life.
People should choose a doctor who specializes in brain injuries. Not all specialists Please describe the diagnostic procedures and treatment that you offer those suffering are the same. from a concussion and is there a different approach to an acute concussion vs. chronic concussive symptoms or post concussion syndrome? We marry standard testing to advanced functional testing. We establish baselines of brain function and compare that to normals and use the baseline as a measurement of change. We will know immediately if our patients are improving, getting worse or having no change. We can then change our approaches to do the best for the brain injured patient. Our therapies are very robust. For instance, we don't stop our treatments in the Brain Center, we put our hockey players on the ice, football players on the field, baseball players on the diamond, martial artists on the matt and have practical back to sport training that involves the sport specifically as well as other cross training necessary to improve performance. Most of our readers are probably familiar with the NHL superstar Sidney Crosby's concussions and how he was unable to play for quite some time. Is it possible for you to she'd some light on the treatment that he received by you that helped him return to play? I really can't comment on the health status of any of our patients. We keep things confidential and this is so very important regardless of whether our patient is a champion boxer, MMA fighter, football player, hockey player or any 46
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Who do you feel is the most appropriate doctor to see for concussion treatment and how can someone find that type of doctor? People should choose a doctor who specializes in brain injuries and who has a great track record of treatment. Not all specialists are the same and people who injure their
brains might end up at the wrong place. We need to partner with a doctor who will tell us if he or she is not the best person to treat us. We need to have humble physicians who are not too proud to refer us to others if things are not going well. My practice is limited to severe brain injuries and therefore I am biased as to who I would see if I have a head injury. All athletes should plan on knowing who is the best in their area before they injure themselves. If we know in advance who is the best person to go to then we are far ahead if we have an unfortunate injury or accident. Athletes are more likely to injure themselves than non athletes. Contact sports are associated with head injuries and those of us that love our sport must have a plan in the case of an injury. The Carrick Institute maintains a list of doctors from around the world that we refer patients to. It is really an important part of our training to get baseline brain testing when our brains are working well. Then if we have an injury the doctors will know exactly the extent of the injury because he/she will have something to compare to. We are seeing so many of the pros coming to us for baseline testing and sports enhancement therapies without head injuries.
opponents and they need to respect ours. This is certainly not the way I was trained but it is something that our leaders in martial arts need to consider. We need to change our sport and evolve into a safer and more secure life long representation that is of benefit to society at large. Change is difficult but we have a responsibility to embrace change now that we know more. We will still have head injuries in martial arts but if we can do our best to reduce them then everybody wins. Martial arts can be safe, fun, effective and a leader in current responsible applications.
I love the martial arts and have some of my fondest memories of my life while training and competing.
There has been a lot of research lately on the negative effects of sub concussive blows on brain function. Since the majority of our readers are martial artists, the role of sub concussive blows is a very important topic. What are your thoughts on the type of damage caused by repetitive impacts that are not intense enough to cause a concussion and is there anything you would suggest martial artists do to protect themselves or lessen the damage caused by these sub concussive impacts? Martial artists are at a greater risk of head injuries that other athletes that are exposed to receptive hits to the head. It is the reality of our sport and something that we have to understand so that we might improve our skills while decreasing risks. We know that sub concussive blows can add up and we have a lot of evidence gained from the examination of brains of boxers and others who have had careers in the sport. Simply put, we should not be hitting each other in the head during training and head gear really does not protect our brains as we thought in the past. Continual blows to the head do result in permanent changes in the brain that we call chronic traumatic encephalopathy. This is real and it is an unfortunate reality. We need to respect the heads of our
Is there a role for Neurofeedback in the treatment of concussion, and if so, can you describe what Neurofeedback is? Certainly neurofeedback has a role in the treatment of concussion and a variety of other brain injuries. We use it daily but not as a stand alone treatment. We find great benefit when we combine these therapies with other applications. Not every patient benefits from neurofeedback but many will. We measure brain waves when we use Neurofeedback to give a virtual feedback to the doctor and patient that allows us to teach the patient to self regulate their brain function. We use combinations of sound, body and visual stimulation and train the patient to change their brain waves and brain activity. Thank you so much for sharing your knowledge with our readers. Do you have any parting words? I love the martial arts and I have some of my fondest memories of my life while training and competing and really learning to understand myself and others through this sport. As a specialist in brain injuries I see the worst of things with some terrible compromise of human life. I believe strongly that people benefit in so many ways from a structured and save exposure to quality martial arts training. For instance, Parkinson's disease patients benefit greatly from learning Tai Chi exercise which appear to protect the brain. I am involved in developing a variety of sports strategies that include game changes to reduce head injuries. I also am very excited to see that my 3 grandsons are training in Karate. Dr. Craig Rubenstein is a certified clinical nutritionist and a Fellow and Diplomate of the International Academy of Clinical Acupuncture. www.drrubenstein.com 212-213-9494 Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速
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“I started speaking with Hanshi Linick about advertising in Official Karate Magazine. He sent me the specs for the ad, pricing, etc. We spoke about different concepts for the ad and I put something together for a full page ad. I am going to stick to my day job! After a few rounds of back and forth advice, Hanshi took over the ad and TOTALLY transformed it into a work of art! He added a money back guarantee (which I never thought of ) much better headlines, and told me to set up a special URL to track all sales to each source and taught me to always put the savings in front of each price. Both Hanshi Linick and GM Yates were excellent at getting my message right. I love the awesome new layout and design, too. I look forward to seeing this ad published and working on future ads with their direction. With awe and gratitude!“ —Master Mark Kline
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Understanding the history of warfare could even save your life – It did mine! In 1978, I was a rookie Fort Worth police officer and worked the toughest section of town on Grandmaster Richard Morris the midnight shift. I was also one of J. Pat Burleson's 2nd degree black belts. Evans Avenue and East Rosedale was infested with drug dealers and prostitutes. Within a six-month period there were 37 drug related homicides at this intersection alone. As I was driving southbound on Evans one night, several men at Puquay’s Supermarket, 1302 Evans Avenue, ambushed me. One man pointed a gun at me and began shooting, while approximately 20 others ran towards me to surround my car. I called for backup, but I was alone right then. I got out of the car ready to shoot, but I did not know who had the gun. Then the fight began! Instantly, I remembered the story that my dad told me of his experience in World War II while was a sergeant in Germany. The SS troopers were engaged in a deadly gunfight with his men. Dad would shoot the SS troopers, but they continue to approach and fire upon his men. When the body is oxygenated, even with a mortal wound, we can continue to run for several seconds before dropping. Dad told me that he then remembered something from his time as a Tank Commander for General George Patton. He said that the Germans used to stack logs or railroad ties together in such a way that they formed “hedgehogs.” They looked like giant wooden jacks. They were used as anti-tank devices placed in the fields and pathways to create a wall so that tanks couldn't get through. The tanks would get stuck as they attempted to force their way over them. The SS troopers were killing some of dad's men even after they were mortally wounded, so he started shooting them earlier so that they would fall on top of one another and create a human wall just like the hedgehogs the Germans used. Dad literally built a wall of SS troopers! Because of that wall, the German soldiers kept tripping over their own fallen men, saving dad and his soldiers. When they rushed me, I knocked one of them down and I FWPD Gang Intelligence punched and tripped another on top of him, and so on. Soon, I Sgt. Richard Morris (ret) had what looked like a crescent shaped human wall in front of me." teaches police and miliAs Sergeant Dub Bransom and others arrived to help me, I was tary warriors how to fight punching and stacking the last few men. A few ran when backup on the street. He is writing arrived and a few were crawling away on the sidewalk. Sergeant a book, On Fighting, with Bransom said, "What happened?" I told him that one of them shot best selling author and at me and the others were fighting me. He said, "They were fighting police and military trainer, each other?" I said, "No sir, they were fighting me!" Lt. Col. Dave Grossman We took more than a dozen men to jail or the hospital that night. (ret). On Fighting will be available later this year. More on Lt. Had I not learned from dad's experience during WW II, it would have Col. Grossman can be found at http://killology.com been my funeral instead. Confucius said, “Study the past if you would GM Morris is a 10th dan Grandmaster in American Karate, define the future.” Without learning history, I would have not had a Tae-Kwon-do and Shizen-Na Karate. He is also a Ziglar Cerfuture! tified Legacy Speaker, where he speaks, trains, and coaches
Confucius said, “Study the past if you would define the future.”
Constable Dub Bransom has served in various Law Enforcement capacities. He has been a Fort Worth Police Sergeant, the U.S. Marshal for the Northern District of Texas, and currently serves as the Constable of Precinct Four in Tarrant County, Texas. He has worked very closely with Sgt. Richard Morris (ret.) during his time with the FWPD. He has also been a friend of the Morris family since his pre-Law Enforcement days.
organizations on Goal Setting, Motivation, and Leadership. For more info, go to www.richardmorrisseminars.com or e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org
Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
You may not recognize his name or face, but if you frequently watch TV or films the chances are you’ve seen him. Kim Kahana Sr. is the guy going over the cliff, flying through the bar room window, crashing a car and falling off a horse. He subjects his body to whatever the Hollywood screenwriters and directors can dream up for their action shots. SO HERE IS KAHANA, THE HOLLYWOOD STUNTMAN, IN HIS OWN WORDS.
o understand, it is essential to understand Kahana the man. I was born in the Hawaiian Islands on October 16th, 1929. My father was in the U.S. Coast Guard and was an instructor in Judo and Aikido teaching to the general public as well as my family. At the age of 4 1⁄2 I became very proficient in both these arts. In 1934 my father was transferred from Sand Island, Hawaii to Osaka, Japan taking me along with him where I studied under Sensei Hanna Fusa for about 3 1⁄2 years earning my first black belt in Judo at the age of nine. In 1937 my father was transferred back to Hawaii where I was able to see different styles of martial arts such as Filipino-stick fighting, Kung-Fu, and Karate. I was very active and liked to fight in and out of the ring. I enjoyed contact. My first style in Karate was Shotokan, but after studying for a year it became a little too rigid for me so I made the decision to switch to Kempo and then to Shorin-Ryu. By this time I had developed a good mix of martial arts under my belt. I was also interested in the art of 50
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the Samoan Knife and Fire Dancing which I learned from some of my Samoan friends. In later years I became a Samoan Warrior under the training of Freddie Letuli and traveled around the world performing. As a boy I was restless. I wanted to go to the mainland. At the age of nine I stowed away on a ship bound for San Francisco, but out to sea I was discovered and brought back to Hawaii. After witnessing the bombing of Pearl Harbor I stowed away again and this time made it to San Francisco. From there I hitchhiked and hopped trains across the country
to my uncle in New York where he was working in a band with Xavier Cugat. He taught me how to play the drums which was the start of my career in show business, playing drums and dancing the Samoan Fire and Knife Dance. Years later, during the Korean War, I enlisted in the U.S. Army and became a member of the Airborne Ranger Unit. The Korean War was about survival. In fact I clawed my way out of a grave after an enemy firing squad had left me for dead becoming one of the country’s most decorated soldiers of the Korean War, having received the Silver Star, two Bronze Stars and two Purple Hearts. I later also recovered after a grenade explosion had left me blind for two years and permanently sightless in my left eye. After the Army I moved to Hollywood and began working as an extra. I also began picking up work as a stuntman after I realized that these guys were getting paid a lot more for what I had been doing in Korea for free. At least it seemed that way in my mind. I did not know how to ride a horse, so I went to legendary Hollywood cowboys
such as Yakima Canutt and the family of John Epper. My career has spanned over 300 movie and TV credits which can be viewed on Wikipedia and IMDb. The idea for a stunt school came to me in the '70s when Kim Kahana Sr. with Chuck Norris, Benny "The Jet" Urquidez and family. I noticed that the profession was being overrun with young daredevils who were killing themselves and injuring others. These daredevils who encouraged daring feats by those with more guts than common sense. I didn’t want to stop the newcomers but I did want to make sure they knew how to do their jobs without killing themselves or someone else. So in 1972 I began the Kahana Stunt School for those who were already in the stunt Kim Kahana business. Sr. with Two years later I opened Teresa and it to the public and the school Danny Zaino was the first to offer organized in Florida. instruction. Up to that point stuntmen had learned on the job from industry veterans, many of whom didn’t care for the idea of me giving away what they considered trade secrets. So with that, I resigned from the Stuntman’s Association of Motion Pictures and continued
teaching at the stunt school www.kahanastuntschool.com. In this line of work you meet many people. Some come and go and others become like family, like the Zainos. It was March of 2009, Danny and his wife Theresa Zaino called me for an interview with their Martial Arts Entertainment Radio network. After the interview I invited them and their family to come up and see the Kahana Stunt School. I was intrigued and interested in meeting another martial arts family. When the Zainos came to tour the stunt school I was impressed with their children Tony, Joey, and their little sister Domi-
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Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
The Kahana Stunt Team nique who was only 14 at the time. Danny asked if I could give With Tadashi Yamashita him some advice with a documentary he was doing about his family. We talked for several hours and before they left they invited my wife Sandy and I as special guests to their Martial Art Hall of Fame Awards Banquet in Clearwater, Florida. Their kids were performing a special demo with their “Team Americas” formerly known as “National Team Pepsi Show Team.” They were very impressive. I was also surprised as I received a Recognition Plaque for “Best Stunt Coordinator.” Over the past six years the Zainos have not only become an on how my family was so much extended part of my family they like theirs with so many similarihave excelled their talents far ties. Danny and I have had long beyond what I could have ever careers in the martial arts, me imagined. This is why I offered over 60 years and Danny over 40 to assist them and become the director of their online television years. Danny and I both served in the United States Army and both show, director of their famwere stationed in Korea, I from ily documentary film “Born to 1950 to 1953 during the Korean Compete – the Zainos,” which War and Danny, a DMZ Military is now in the editing stages and Police Veteran serving from 1979 recently made the decision to to 1981. become their official manager. Both of our families are in Besides the obvious—their the entertainment business. The similar family values and work Kahanas are long standing in ethic—it is still amazing to me Hollywood for our famous stunt to see their family and reflect 52
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performers, actors and second unit directors. The Zainos are the new generation in Hollywood with their own online media network to include TV, radio and magazine in which Danny is the executive producer and host of “Martial Arts Show Biz TV,” an online martial Arts and entertainment, reality based news show starring the Zaino Family. Theresa Zaino is the CEO and Operator of “Action Entertainment Talent Agency,” a fully licensed and bonded SAG-AFTRA franchised agency located in Jupiter, Florida. As for the Zaino children, Tony is a graduate of Palm Beach State College in film production; Joey is a graduate of the Kahana’s Stunt and Film School and a student at the Florida State University along with sister Dominique Zaino who is in the FSU prestigious media and communications program. They are all actors and entertainers currently assisting the Kahana’s Stunt and Film School and helping with on going projects. Today, the Kahana name is still active and working in the business. I’m still coordinating, rigging, and directing. I stay active in the field, motivated to continue by the stunt students and their families. I am doing more projects every year on my 100 acre ranch in Central Florida. The ranch is world renown for movie companies to use for their productions as well as teaching actors and stunt people to learn their craft.
Kim Kahana Sr.
Joey Zaino in action
Dominique Zaino on fire In fact now the Kahana Stunt and Film School has started a Junior class for stunt career oriented kids ages 10–17. Our Junior students mostly have advanced martial arts or gymnastics backgrounds. I also continue to work with the Zainos on a daily basis where our companies “Stunt Action Coordinators Inc.” www.kahanstuntschool.com, “MASBTV, RADIO & MAGAZINE” www. masbtvnetwork.com, and “Action Entertainment Talent Agency” www.aetalent.net have on going film projects year round for people to come, learn and train from all over the world. At 85, I’m still kicking and I don’t plan on stopping or slowing down any time soon. Martial Arts Grandmasters International ®
don't know much about history?
he history of the martial arts has always been one family these days. My Great Grandfather was a scout for the of my favorite studies. Many times over the years I Union Army, Grandfather served in WW I and Dad served in have been carried away listening to the stories of my Okinawa during WWII and both of my brothers were career teachers and their teachers, and even their teacher's teacher. officers in the Army. So I understood the need for history and We always sat around the back door of the dojos in the heritage and lineage. I still get carried away when I listen to summer time trying to catch a cool breeze the stories of our ancestors and their struggles in the fresh air during our class break or just and how they overcame the obstacles and made after class. Who can relate to the times in a life and raised a family etc... the '60s and '70s and even the '80s when When I went back to training in 1980 after there was no such thing as cross ventilation getting married, having 2 kids and then moving or (perish the thought) air conditioning! No us all back to New Jersey, I immediately looked windows that opened and fans were ancient for a home dojo. In the few years I had been in and noisy, or for sissies. Many dojos were Florida and unable to train the face of training in strip malls so there was a front door and had changed. I had to ask about the lineages of a back door which wasn't always propped the teachers I found. I thought it was important open because of safety or varmits like bugs so I took the time to find out. I knew someday and critters or people. We trained hard and someone whom I respected would question the smells of dirty sweaty gis and people my lineage and I needed to be ready. That did were ambrosia to us! But when we did get a happen, too. I still laugh when I think about it. The author with Sensei Jim Flaherty, 1981. 10 minute break we waiting eagerly for our My Okinawan Shorin Ryu teacher had been teacher to come out and sit on the prop chair. deployed during the Gulf War in 1990 and our Sometimes we just talked about class and got critiques, dojo soon shut its doors I began training with Sifu Pernigotti "Kar, you look like crap out there tonight, Tony what did in the Sun Moon Fist Chinese Boxing System Four years later you eat today?, did anyone bother to practice?" or the rare Sifu Pernigotti passed and I was totally devastated by the loss. compliment "Karen, I can tell you are getting the flow in that I was invited to The World Head of Family Sokeship Council kata. Tony, if you went to bed earlier you would have more Banquet when it was still in New York and only a few years stamina and really start looking good out there. Bob, looks old. They were inducting Sifu Pernigotti posthumously and like you practiced." presenting me with a scroll to honor him. I was still very sad But every once in awhile we would get our teachers but I decided to attend and not cry. I was seated at a table talking about the origins of a form or the stories of their time and one of the men at the table stopped my before I could sit in Okinawa, Japan, Viet Nam, the Phillipines and China. down and introduced himself. His name was Master Andrew Then I was totally thrilled with tradition, history, hardship, Linick. I immediately recognized his name from the numerous war and victories. I loved the stories of the old masters and magazine articles that I had read about him. I knew he was their treatment of students and how they never coddled or an Okinawan stylist. I was very happy to meet him. He said protected the egos of the students. Training was tough, silent "madame would you please introduce yourself and tell us your and sometimes brutal. People didn't enroll their kids in a lineage?" I remember standing there in a haze of memories karate class so the kid could learn discipline! Training was and information and I said something like "Of course. I about culture, economics, family and most of all survival. am Sifu Karen Schlachter of the Sun Moon Fist School of Lineage was so important! My teachers, especially Chinese Boxing. My teacher was Sifu Peter Pernigotti who Sensei (now Grand Master) S.L. Martin, made sure we knew is being honored today. I am also an Okinawan Shorin Ryu where our knowledge originated, developed and how it was Stylist, My system is Shobayashi, my teacher was Master Jim passed down to them. My family was what we call a military Flaherty, his teacher was Master John Korab and his teacher
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was Eizo Shimabuku Sensei." With that I sat down and felt This year I was sitting next to a few old timers like me like I had passed the exam. Master Linick smiled and nodded and we were talking about the kids that were running around his approval. From then on the evening went on as planned the room. I was asked to begin the introductions and so I but in the back of my mind I was thinking, what if I hadn't stood up and said my name and then I spoke my lineage. I known my lineage, what if I had looked foolish and made my saw a smile cross Hanshi Lingo's face and then his eyes started teacher look bad, what if, what if...? to twinkle and he stood and spoke his lineage. He looked at Eighteen years later I had a chance to tell now Hanshi me and nodded the same kind of approval as Hanshi Linick Linick how I remembered that evening. He laughed and said gave to me so many years ago. The next man stood and he he remembered it too. Did he? I don't know. He's always such spoke his lineage and the whole energy of the room started a gentleman he wouldn't let me think he'd forgotten! to shift to a quiet and respectful silence. Every teacher stood I teach Taiji, Qigong, Karuna Reiki, Usui Reiki, Yoga one by one and recited their name, their dojo and their and Vedic hand reading. All of my students know my story. lineage until every black belt in the room had taken their They always receive a lineage chart in their turn. The lower belts tried to follow in this handouts so that they know their roots. Not all manner and were very nervous and some of them know my lineage in every area of study were very embarrassed because they didn't but in their chosen specialty they can tell their know their teacher's teacher or the founder lineage. I hope they invite me to meet their of the system. I know that if we choose to students someday! That would be a wonderful do this again at the next gathering some of milestone and it could happen soon! them will be ready. All of us realized that When the movie Kung Fu Panda came our lineage was something to hold dear out one of the things that tickled me was that and proudly recite to the other martial Po knew the legends and stories about all of artists any chance we had! The talk around the heroes in the movie. He would recite their the table that evening was different than deeds and their specialty with such respect and ever before. We talked about our teacher's enthusiasm it made me grin. I get it Po. I have and their history and it was glorious! We a few friends that do that too! And some of us Sifu Pete Pernigotti, Sifu Phouc Phan, the author. didn't want to go home. I don't know why remember the movie Enemy Mine. That was all I stood up and said my lineage, I guess I was about Lou Gossett Jr asking Dennis Quaid to supposed to so I did. I'm glad I did because present the alien's son Zommies at his home planet's court we all needed to do it and the students needed to hear it. and speak the lineage. Great movies with great lessons for us To all of you teachers, trainees, student teachers and teachers. parents I say Kanpai! and Gung Hee Fa Choi! Cheers and On December 30th 2014 the extended martial arts Happy New Year. Keep training like it is the most important family gathered together as we do every year to celebrate the thing in your life! My teacher Sunyata Saraswati told us that last class of the year. We travel to Hanshi Anthony Lingo's in his last message to us before he dropped his body. No dojo in Camden NJ to honor the passing year. This traditional excuses, he said. When you aren't physically training you can Japanese martial arts celebration is about visiting local dojos honor your ancestors by learning about their training too. It to congratulate eachother on another year of training. In the won't make you the life of the party but it will put life in your celebration the elder masters are asked to ceremonially sweep practice and your teaching. Speak your lineage until your out the negativity and dust of the old year to make way for students can speak it back to you! Who knows, someday you the new year. We line up from the front door to the back will be asked to tell a huge table full of people before they let wall and the last master sweeps the floor with a new broom you sit down. I am so thankful I was prepared. Are you? and passes it to the next master who also sweeps and passes it Sifu Karen Schlachter has studied Judo, Shorin Ryu, Aikido, Sun Moon Fist Chion until the last master at the front door has the broom. He nese Boxing and Yang Tai Chi Chuan and Qigong. She teaches Tai Chi Chuan and or she opens the door and sweeps 3 times and we all shout Qigong for Tranquil Seas Retreats, and is Master Instructor at The Sun Moon Tao "Hai!" as the dust flies out into the night. Then we cheer, Institute. She is a Master Instructor in Karuna and Usui Reiki and An De Divine hug and of course, eat! Before we begin to eat. Hanshi Lingo Healing. Sunmoontao11@gmail.com always asks us to introduce ourselves before we sit to eat and so we sit at our tables and one by one we stand and say our name and our dojo. Martial Arts Grandmasters International 速
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Why Most Martial Arts Marketing Lacks a Punch! continued
15. They fail to thank their students/parents and keep them informed with a series of monthly e-letters, postcards, and small, motivational awards. 16. Do you confuse loyalty programs with discount programs? Loyalty is earned, NOT BOUGHT! 17. Do you fail to outsource the things you don’t do well — like direct response copywriting, award winning graphic layout & design, measurable response public relations & distribution of press releases via <Blitz4pr@gmail.com> wire service, telemarketing, web marketing and sales training? 18. They fail to capitalize on available automation to help them maximize their everyday operations? 19. Do you spend enough time studying or doing measurable response marketing? You will get best results from the things you focus on most! 20. They keep doing what they have always done because it’s easier than changing to a proven systematic approach that is guaranteed to work. Meanwhile, their market share sinks faster than an albino gorilla in quicksand. 21. Do you know the source of your leads, what's working, what's not? Are you not adding an ext. after a phone number (ext. 711) or a code (Ask for Jake) to trigger a lead from your advertising source, or after a dot.com <http://dot.com>, -i.e., .com/OKMAG, to measure response to leads into sales/ orders? This is key information as to why most small businesses (schools/dojo so) don’t get where they want to go. I’ll tell you more about each of these topics in a future article. For now, just accept them as the REAL truth! If you truly want to maximize your marketing results and profits you can bank on, DO NOT make any of the above mistakes. Since 1968, Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. has had an amazing record of success in mail order and direct marketing for himself and major clients. In 1994 he began online marketing campaigns and is recognized as one of the world’s leading Internet Marketing Strategists and Pioneers. Andrew is in high demand as an award winning direct response copywriter and social media marketing consultant for martial arts schools and small to fortune 100 businesses worldwide. For a FREE 15 minute phone/Skype consultation (Value $250+) to increase your retention, conversion and double student enrollment or boost your MA/MMA schools profits by up to 400%—Engage The Dojo Marketing Experts™ at 631.924.3888 or contact Andrew@ AskLinick.com
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Join Social Media's Fastest Growing Martial Arts Group TUMAC™—The UNITED Martial Arts Community™
TUMAC™ has seen phenominal growth on social media sites such as Facebook and Linked In. Over 8,021 Facebook members follow the latest news and interact with top topics in the martial arts on our Facebook Fanpage. Now we're expanding into a genuine martial arts membership organization. Want affiliation with many of the first-generation pioneers? Our new members can take advantage of a direct dialogue with the grandmasters through Facebook, Linked In, and the upcoming new TUMACTM website. But it isn’t all long distance. You can join seminars and clinics with some of the best instructors in the world. With your paid membership you'll proudly display the impressive TUMACTM membership certificates, colorful uniform patches, and even window decals that proclaim you are an “official” TUMACTM school. You’ll receive discounts on high-quality Asian weapons, books and videos, ebooks, t-shirts, equipment bags, and even professional custom framing for your membership certificates and for your own school certificates We have arrangements with industry printers meaning you will receive wholesale prices on your brochures and flyers as well as embroidered patches. And, of course, a subscription to Official Karate MagazineTM is included (we’ll mail the printed, “Annual” issue directly to you—the other three of the quarterly issues are available online).
We are adding new features and benefits all the time. Our Advisory Board and consultants are not only martial experts but leaders in the business world. They'll help you promote and grow your school through professional marketing techniques and even the latest in social media. And, because we are affiliataed with Official Karate MagazineTM, TUMACTM members are eligible for consideration as receipients of the prestigious Golden ShutoTM Award presented to outstanding contributors to the martial arts community. Of course you can "friend" us on our social network sites for FREE and we welcome your interaction this way. But to receive our membership certificates and patches you'll have to go to www. officialkaratemag.com and sign up. We are committed to being an organization you’ll be proud to be affiliated with. So what are you waiting for? https://www.facebook.com/groups/TUMAC/
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Here’s another bonus! Join TUMACTM any time in 2015 you can receive Dr. Andrew Linick’s e-book of direct response secrets (a $50 value). This includes dozens of ideas on OK R PRE EADER improving your business. M I U ’S Clients have paid thousands Offic Go to w M ialKa ww . and r to atem of dollars for these tips. P the ag.c
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Blowing Your Own Horn
MARTIAL ARTS PROFESSIONALS EDITION By GM Andrew S. Linick, Ph.D. (The Marketingologist™) Edited by GM Keith D. Yates, M.A.
Linick shares the secrets!
Discover the SECRET, DIRECT RESPONSE, PR ARTICLE GENERATING, MARKETING method that’s being used by the top MA Internet marketers and online DOJO owners to increase website traffic, generate new students, stories in the media and increase profits…
Including The Marketingologist’s™ Customized Article Marketing Database!
to do remium “Reade om wnlo ” pa rs ad th ge is e-b ook.
See the Hall of Fame Nomination Form on last page!
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OFFICIAL KARATE 2015 ANNUAL
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The Voice of Karate and the Martial Arts Since 1968™ GMs Art Camacho, Don Wilson and Cynthia Rothrock (see cover inset) enjoy the 2014 Annual Issue.
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