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COUNTRY SNAPSHOTS

Netherlands Highlights

Joined the OECD: 1961

• GDP per capita in the Netherlands stood at US$42,478 in 2010, comfortably above the OECD figure of $34,025.

Prime Minister: Mark Rutte Ambassador to the OECD: Edmond H. Wellenstein

• Unemployment stood at 4.5%, compared with an OECD figure of 8.6%.

Delegation website: http://oeso.nlvertegenwoordiging.org

• The Dutch worked 1,377 hours in 2010, below the OECD average of 1,749 hours.

Parliament website: www.tweedekamer.nl

• Unit labour costs fell by 1.3% in 2010.

Capital city: Amsterdam

• The employment rate of women stood at 69.4%, compared with 80% for men, and an OECD figure of 56.7%. • Renewable energy accounted for around 3.6% of Dutch energy supply in 2010, up from 1.7% in 2000. • Development aid remains above the UN recommended target of 0.7% of GNI.

ECONOMY

2000 2010 1

GLOBALISATION  

Gross domestic product (USD bln, PPPs)

468.2 705.6

Imports of goods and services (% of GDP)

64.5

70.3

GDP per capita (US$)

29 406 42 478

Exports of goods and services (% of GDP)

70.1

78.4

Real GDP growth (annual %)

3.9

1.8

Net official development assistance (% of GNI)

0.84

0.81

Household disposable income (annual growth %)

2.2

0.1 2

Foreign-born population (% of population)

10.1

11.1 2

Budget balance (% of GDP)

2.0

-5.3

Migration rate (per thousand)

3.4

..

Public debt (% of GDP)

63.9

71.4

Outward FDI stocks (US$ bln)

305

954

Current account balance (% of GDP)

1.9

7.6

Inward FDI stocks (US$ bln)

244

595

Inflation rate: all items (annual %)

2.3

1.3

Unit labour cost (annual growth %)

3.1

-1.3

SOCIETY  

Long-term interest rates (%)

5.41

2.99

Population (thousands)

15 926 16 530

Public expenditure on health (% of GDP)

5.0

9.5 2

Life expectancy at birth (years)

78.0

80.6 2

Private expenditure on health (% of GDP)

2.9

1.7 2

Population, 65 and over (% of population)

13.6

15.5

Public expenditure on education (% of GDP)

..

4.8 3

Employment rates: men (%)

81.2

80.0

Private expenditure on education (% of GDP)

..

0.8 3

Employment rates: women (%)

62.7

69.4

Self-employment rates (% of employed)

11.2

..

NEW SOURCES OF GROWTH  

Unemployment rates (%)

3.0

4.5

Renewable energy (% of energy supply)

1.7

3.6

Long-term unemployment (% of unemployed)

..

27.6

Total energy production (Mtoe)

57.6

69.7

Income inequality, rank out of 34 (1: least unequal)

..

14 4

CO2 emissions from fuel combustion (mln tonnes)

172

176 2

Average hours actually worked (per year)

1 435

1 377

R&D expenditure (% of GDP)

1.9

1.8 2

Taxes on average worker (all-in, % of labour cost)

39.7

38.4

Tertiary graduation rates (% of population)

..

32.8 2

Road fatalities (per mln inhabitants)

73

44 2

Households with Internet access (%)

41.0

89.7 2

1. Unless otherwise indicated 2. 2009 data 3. 2008 data 4. Late 2000s data, based on Gini coefficient

148 OECD Yearbook 2012 © OECD 2012

2012 OECD Yearbook  

2012 OECD Yearbook

2012 OECD Yearbook  

2012 OECD Yearbook

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