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OECD Publishing

December 2008


OECD Publishing

KEY TITLES CATALOGUE

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December 2008


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About OECD OECD brings together the governments of 30 countries committed to democracy and the market economy from around the world to: • Support sustainable economic growth • Boost employment • Raise living standards • Maintain financial stability • Assist other countries' economic development • Contribute to growth in world trade OECD also shares expertise and exchanges views with more than 100 other countries and economies, from Brazil, China, and Russia to the least developed countries in Africa. The Organisation provides a setting where governments compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and coordinate domestic and international policies.

OECD Publishing For more information about OECD Publishing, please contact sales@oecd.org or visit: • www.oecd.org/bookshop • www.SourceOECD.org • www.oecd.org/OECDdirect Public Affairs and Communications Directorate 2, rue André Pascal / 75775 Paris / France Tel +33 (0) 1 45 24 81 67 Fax +33 (0) 1 45 24 99 30

Monitoring, analysing and forecasting For more than 40 years, OECD has been one of the world's largest and most reliable sources of comparable statistics, and economic and social data. As well as collecting data, OECD monitors trends, analyses and forecasts economic developments and researches social changes or evolving patterns in trade, environment, agriculture, technology, taxation and more.

OECD Publishing The OECD is one of the world’s largest publishers in the fields of Economics and Public Policy. It is well-known for its authoritative, internationally comparable statistics, analysis, and outlooks, and for its groundbreaking online service, SourceOECD. The organisation publishes books and periodicals in print form and online through its publishing division, OECD Publishing. Publications can be purchased on the OECD Online Bookshop or through our Distributors.

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Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

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OECD Key titles catalogue Contents

Agriculture Development Education Employment Energy Environment General Economics Governance Industry, Services and Trade Investment Insurance and Pensions Migration Social Issues Statistics Taxation

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  dfgsdg  Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

6 7 10 14 15 19 22 24 25 27 29 30 32 34 35

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AGRICULTURE

6

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2008-2017

Agricultural Policies in OECD Countries

July 2008 ISBN 9789264045903 €80 $124 £57

July 2008 ¥11 000

This 2008 edition of the OECD/FAO Agricultural Outlook covers the outlook for commodity markets during the 2008 to 2017 period, and brings together the commodity, policy and country expertise of both Organisations. The report analyses world market trends for the main agricultural products, as well as biofuels and provides an assessment of agricultural market prospects for production, consumption, trade, stocks and prices of the included commodities. This Outlook was prepared in a period when agricultural and food prices have risen to record-high levels, at least in nominal terms. The report discusses the reasons for these price hikes and concludes that prices are unlikely to be sustained at currently high levels. This publication includes Statlinks, URLs linking to Excel® spreadsheet files containing background data, as well as a special chapter on high prices which analyses whether they are here to stay. The market projections cover OECD countries, as well as other key agricultural players including India, China, Brazil, the Russian Federation and Argentina, and many other non-OECD countries and regions. In total, the projections encompass 39 countries and 19 regions.

At a Glance 2008

ISBN 9789264032132 €24 $32 £17

¥3 300

In 2007, support to farmers in OECD countries from agricultural policies accounted for 23% of the farmers’ gross receipts, down from 26% in 2006 and 28% in 2005. With prices for major agricultural commodities rising steeply on international markets, partly owing to high oil prices and policy-induced expansion of crops for biofuels, the gap between supported domestic and world prices has narrowed considerably, contributing to the lowest level of producer support since the estimates began in the mid-1980s. Progress has been made in moving away from the most productionand trade-distorting policy measures, although these continue to dominate producer support in most OECD countries. The buoyant market offers opportunities to further reform policies, with potentially beneficial impacts on developing countries, consumers and the environment. This book is a unique source of up-to-date estimates of support to agriculture. Separate chapters describe and evaluate agricultural policies in each OECD country, including such important developments as the introduction of the single-payment scheme in the EU. This edition also includes a special chapter describing the revised method of estimating support to agriculture used for the first time in this report.


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African Economic Outlook 2007/2008

Latin American Economic Outlook 2009

May 2008

November 2008

ISBN 9789264045859 €80 $124 £57

ISBN 9789264039179 € 20 $30 £15

¥11 100

This fact-filled book brings the reader the latest available economic information for most of the economies of Africa. Drawing on the expertise of both the African Development Bank and the OECD, it opens with an overview that examines the international environment, macroeconomic performance, progress towards attaining the Millennium Development Goals, and governance and political issues. This edition includes a special focus on technical and vocational skills development. The second part provides individual country reports for 35 countries. Each country report provides an assessment of recent economic performance, projections for 2008 and 2009, an examination of structural issues, and a discussion of the political and social context. The statistical annex presents 24 tables comparing economic and social variables across all the countries of Africa. This volume will be of significant interest to decision makers in African and OECD countries, both in the public and private sectors, such as aid agencies, investors, and government officials of aid-recipient countries. This publication provides dynamic links (StatLinks) for graphs and tables. These StatLinks direct the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.

Building and expanding on one of the main themes in the 2008 report, the Latin American Economic Outlook 2009 (LEO 2009) will focus on fiscal policy in Latin America. Are Latin American governments maximising the potential of fiscal policy as a development tool? This second edition of the Latin American Economic Outlook analyses the progress governments in the region have achieved in the fiscal realm during the last decade. It concludes that they could do much more to exploit the ability of fiscal policy to boost economic growth and combat poverty and inequality. Well-administered fiscal policy can be the basis of a renewed social contract between Latin Americans and their governments. This Outlook highlights areas where reform would be most fruitful on both the revenue collection and the spending side. It urges Latin American governments to design fiscal systems adapted to the specific nature of their economies and to keep a close eye on political economy, for example in debt management. Particular focus is given to the need to deliver better and fairer public goods and services, and how success in this area can contribute to democratic consolidation. The Latin American Economic Outlook 2009 is essential reading for those who wish to know more about the development of fiscal policy in Latin America, the ongoing efforts in the region to advance fiscal performance and the challenges that lie ahead.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

DEVELOPMENT

Since it was launched seven years ago, the African Economic Outlook has grown to become the reference on Africa.

¥3 200


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DEVELOPMENT

Business for Development 2008

Development Centre Studies:

Financing Development 2008

Promoting Commercial Agriculture in Africa

Whose Ownership?

June 2008

June 2008

ISBN 9789264044692 €40 $62 £28

¥5 500

ISBN 9789264045583 €40 $52 £28

¥5 500

Business for Development 2008 offers a fresh look at African agriculture and seeks ways for it to become a profitable industry.

This book assesses the changing landscape of international development finance from a global and a developing-country perspective.

The changing pattern of international agricultural trade has profound implications for Africa. The book’s authors discuss these trade flows, map the corporate landscape of agro-food, (including the emergent indigenous sector), and assess trends in international development co-operation in the corporate sector. Particular focus is given to “aid for trade” programmes that try to foster private-sector development and trade-capacity building.

Whose ownership? is the question. If only the answer were as easy to formulate. Donors and developing-country governments alike are struggling to put the principle of ownership into practice without much success. This despite agreement that countries must own their development policies if their financial inflows are to reduce poverty or stimulate growth.

A final chapter, drawing lessons from five country case studies (available at: www.oecd.org.dev/publications/ businessfordevelopment), provides evidence of the (in)effectiveness of government intervention and donor programmes to promote the marketing of African agriculture. It also offers evidence-based advice on how to foster agricultural development. The book places specific emphasis on ways in which the domestic and international private sector can become drivers of change. This book is a “must read” for government officials, private actors and the donor community, and it may help lead to more balanced support programmes.

The authors of Financing Development 2008, designed to accompany discussions in the OECD Global Forum on Development, take a variety of approaches to the ownership question. They ask what developing-country ownership really means. From an effectiveness perspective, who should own development policies and who actually owns them? The authors find that the very complexity of the international system of development finance prevents countries from assuming leadership of their relationships with donors. Looking beyond governments, they also ask how aid effectiveness principles might apply to the activities of other actors, such as non-governmental organisations. Finally, the authors shed light on the relationship between ownership, investment and the private sector.


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2008 Survey on Monitoring the Paris Declaration

Aid Effectiveness A Progress Report on Implementing the Paris Declaration

Effective Aid by 2010 What it will take?

Fourth quarter 2008

November 2008

ISBN 9789264050860 €30 $46 £23

¥4 800

How effective is aid at helping countries meet their own development objectives? Some of the answers can be found in this survey report which presents the results from the second, follow-up survey on monitoring the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness. It assesses progress in 54 developing countries and helps us understand the challenges in making aid more effective in advancing development. The findings are clear: progress is being made, but not fast enough. Unless they seriously gear up their efforts, developing countries and their external partners will not meet their international commitments and targets for effective aid by 2010. Action is needed now. This report makes three high-level policy recommendations that will help accelerate progress and transform the aid relationship into a full partnership.

¥4 800

The 2005 Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness defines the principles and commitments by which donors and developing countries intend to ensure that aid is as effective as possible in contributing to the Millennium Development Goals and other internationally agreed development objectives. This report is a midterm review of progress towards these commitments, drawing on the 2008 Paris Declaration Monitoring Survey and the Evaluation Synthesis Report among many other sources. Part I highlights the main actionable lessons and messages emerging from the analysis of progress to date. Part II covers the commitments under the five Partnership Principles related to ownership, alignment, harmonisation, development results and mutual accountability, together with four subjects of critical relevance: sector perspectives, the role of civil society organisations, situations of fragility and conflict, and the changing aid architecture. This report was prepared by the International Partnership of donors and partner countries hosted by the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) known as the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

DEVELOPMENT

ISBN 9789264050822 €30 $46 £23


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PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) Are students well prepared for future challenges? Can they analyse, reason and communicate effectively? Do they have the capacity to continue learning throughout life? PISA answers these questions and more, through its surveys of 15-year-olds in the principal industrialised countries. Every three years, it assesses how far students near the end of compulsory education have acquired some of the knowledge and skills essential for full participation in society.

EDUCATION

The survey was implemented in 43 countries in the first assessment in 2000, in 41 countries in the second assessment in 2003, in 57 countries in the third assessment in 2006 and 66 countries are participating in the fourth assessment in 2009.

PISA 2006 Technical Report Fourth quarter 2008 ISBN 9789264048089 Pisa 2006: Technical Report is designed to describe the technical aspects of PISA 2006 at a sufficient level of detail to enable review (and potentially the replication) of the implemented procedures and technical solutions to problems. There is great interest in this report from the PISA community.

Take the PISA Test!

Forthcoming PISA titles PISA 2006: Data Analysis Manuals A guide to working with the PISA 2006 data - two versions planned, one for SPSS and one for SAS. For a specialist audience to assist analysts to replicate the analysis carried out for the PISA 2006 report and to explore new areas. PISA 2003: PISA and TIMSS PISA thematic report comparing the PISA and TIMSS assessments. The report compares the assessment frameworks, the difficulty of the test items and looks at why countries may obtain different results in the two tests.

Fourth quarter 2008 ISBN 9789264050808

PISA 2003: Mathematics and Instruction PISA thematic report based on PISA 2003 data with a detailed description of the development of the test questions and their characteristics.

What does PISA actually assess? This book presents all the publicly available questions from the PISA surveys. Some of these questions were used in the PISA 2000, 2003 and 2006 surveys and others were used in developing and trying out the assessment.

PISA 2006: Teaching and Learning in Science PISA thematic report based on PISA 2006 data, with a particular focus on comparing the way that science is taught in different countries and how this might be related to student performance and to their attitudes about science.

The PISA Sample Tasks


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Education at a Glance 2008

Trends Shaping Education

OECD Indicators

2008 Edition

September 2008

September 2008

ISBN 9789264046283 €65 $95 £46

ISBN 9789264046610 ¥9 000

New material in this edition includes: entry rates in tertiary education by field of study; data on the skills of 15-year-olds in science; an analysis of the socio-economic background of 15year-olds and the role of their parents; data on the extent to which the socio-economic status of parents affects students' participation in higher education; data on the returns to education; data on the governance of higher education institutions; an analysis of efficiency in the use of resources; data on evaluations and assessments within education systems; and a comparison of the levels of decisionmaking in education across countries.

$37

£17

¥3 300

What does it mean for education that our societies are ageing? Or that the Internet is playing an ever larger role in our lives? Does it matter for schools that populations are increasingly overweight? This book is designed to help policy makers, managers and practitioners in education to think about developments like these and to support long-term strategic thinking in education. It fills an important need: decision makers and practitioners in education often have only anecdotal or local information on the trends shaping education; too often they do not have solid facts in front of them. This volume presents 26 major trends in the context of education, grouped in 9 broad themes. For each trend, there is a two-page spread, containing a short introduction, two figures with accompanying text followed by three key questions about the impact of the trend on the future of education. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each figure, which directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel®. The 9 broad themes covered are: Ageing OECD societies, global challenges, towards a new economic landscape, the changing world of work and jobs, the learning society, ICT: the next generation, citizenship and the state, social connections and values, and sustainable affluence?

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

EDUCATION

This 2008 edition of Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators provides a rich, comparable and up-to-date array of indicators on the performance of education systems in OECD countries and represents the consensus of professional thinking on how to measure the current state of education internationally. The indicators look at who participates in education, what is spent on it and how education systems operate and at the results achieved. The latter includes indicators on a wide range of outcomes, from comparisons of students’ performance in key subject areas to the impact of education on earnings and on adults’ chances of employment.

€24


12

Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society Volume 1: Special features: Governance, Funding, Quality Volume 2: Special features: Equity, Innovation, Labour Market, Internationalisation

EDUCATION

September 2008 ISBN 9789264046528 €80 $124 £57

¥11 100

The widespread recognition that tertiary education is a major driver of economic competitiveness in an increasingly knowledge-driven global economy has made high-quality tertiary education more important than ever. The imperative for countries is to raise higher-level employment skills, to sustain a globally competitive research base and to improve knowledge dissemination to the benefit of society. Tertiary Education for the Knowledge Society provides a thorough international investigation of tertiary education policy across its many facets – governance, funding, quality assurance, equity, research and innovation, academic career, links to the labour market and internationalisation. The report presents: An analysis of the trends and developments in tertiary education; a synthesis of research-based evidence on the impact of tertiary-education policies; innovative and successful policies and practices that countries have implemented; and tertiary-education policy options. The report draws on the results of a major OECD review of tertiary education policy – the OECD Thematic Review of Tertiary Education – conducted over the 2004-08 period in collaboration with 24 countries around the world.

Improving School Leadership Volume 1: Policy and Practice Volume 2: Case Studies on System Leadership

August 2008 ISBN 9789264044678 (Vol. 1) ISBN 9789264033085 (Vol. 2) €40 $62 £28 ¥5 500 Improving School Leadership, Volume 1 As countries strive to reform education systems and improve student results, school leadership is high on education policy agendas. But in many countries, the men and women who run schools are overburdened, underpaid and near retirement. And few people are lining up for their jobs. Based on an OECD study of school leadership practices and policies around the world, and offering a unique cross country perspective, this book identifies four policy levers and a range of policy options to help governments improve school leadership now and build sustainable leadership for the future. Improving School Leadership, Volume 2 This book explores what specialists are saying about system leadership for school improvement. Case studies examine innovative approaches to sharing leadership across schools in Belgium (Flanders), Finland and the United Kingdom (England) and leadership development programmes for system improvement in Australia and Austria. As these are emerging practices, the book provides a first international comparison and assessment of the state of the art of system leadership.


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Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED)

OECD Reviews of Tertiary Education

Entrepreneurship and Higher Education

China

October 2008

Fourth quarter 2008

ISBN 9789264044098 €45 $69 £35

ISBN 9789264039339 €24 $32 £17

¥7 200

¥3 300

In many OECD countries, tertiary education systems have experienced rapid growth over the last decade. With tertiary education increasingly seen as a fundamental pillar for economic growth, these systems must now address the pressures of a globalising economy and labour market. Within governance frameworks that encourage institutions, individually and collectively, to fulfil multiple missions, tertiary education systems must aim for the broad objectives of growth, full employment and social cohesion.

This book explores the strategies and activities that have been adopted to entrepreneurship teaching and knowledge transfer to business by the most entrepreneurial universities in the OECD area and beyond, and examines how these approaches may be scaled up, adapted and extended to other institutions. As well as identifying strategies for higher education institutions, it explores what governments and businesses need to do to support this shift.

In this context, the OECD launched a major review of tertiary education with the participation of 24 nations. The principal objective of the review is to assist countries in understanding how the organisation, management and delivery of tertiary education can help them achieve their economic and social goals. China is one of 14 countries which opted to host a Country Review, in which a team of external reviewers carried out an in-depth analysis of tertiary education policies. This report includes: An overview of China's tertiary education system; an account of trends and developments in tertiary education in China; an analysis of the strengths and challenges in tertiary education in China; and recommendations for future policy development.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

EDUCATION

Universities and other higher education institutions are involved in an important process of adaptation to the requirements of the knowledge economy, bringing both new opportunities and increased external pressures. Two key changes are required: a shift in teaching to train graduates who are more attuned to setting up enterprises and working in entrepreneurial and innovative businesses, and an effort to commercialise the results of university research and spread innovative ideas to businesses.


EMPLOYMENT

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OECD Employment Outlook

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED)

2008 Edition

Making Local Strategies Work: Building the Evidence Base

August 2008

June 2008

ISBN 9789264046320 €80 $124 £57

¥11 100

As ageing populations put more downward pressure on economic growth in the coming decades, it is essential that OECD countries improve labour market performance. This edition of OECD's annual report on labour markets brings the reader not only detailed information on recent labour market developments, but also in-depth analysis of the effects of various policy measures and prospects through 2009. The analysis includes coverage of the youth labour market in OECD Countries; informal employment and undeclared work; labour market discrimination and policies to combat it; the link between job stress and mental health problems; and the pay and working conditions offered by multinational firms. This book includes StatLinks, URLs which link statistical tables and graphs to Excel spreadsheets on the internet.

ISBN 9789264044852 €35 $49 £25

¥4 800

This book aims to support the design and delivery of more effective local and regional economic development strategies. A crucial part of this process is the collection and use of evidence, on local needs and options and on what works and what does not. Each important step in the process of designing an effective evidence-based strategy is explained and examined, with a particular focus on the work that should be done in advance of implementation, before resources are spent. Information is provided on defining objectives, identifying options, assessing expected impacts, using assessment results, implementing strategies and developing information systems. The main principles and techniques, as well as typical problems and how to overcome them, are discussed. Through this book, the reader will learn how to create and put into place successful evidence-based strategies that will increase economic impacts and enhance the programme-management process.


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ITF Round Tables No. 138

Biofuel Support Policies An Economic Assessment

Biofuels Linking Support to Performance

September 2008

March 2008

ISBN 9789264049222 €30 $46 £23

ISBN 9789282101797 €75 $105 £54

¥4 800

This report, jointly produced by the OECD and the IEA and drawing on information from a number of other organisations, analyses the implications of this support from various perspectives. The report shows that the high level of policy support contributes little to reduced greenhouse-gas emissions and other policy objectives, while it adds to a range of factors that raise international prices for food commodities. It concludes that there are alternatives to current support policies for biofuels that would more effectively allow governments to achieve their objectives. These alternatives include: additional initiatives to reduce energy demand and greenhouse-gas emissions and to improve energy efficiency; the opening of markets to allow freer trade in efficient sources of biofuels, including from tropical countries; greater use of biomass for the generation of heat and power; and further research on biofuels from more efficient feedstocks, such as cellulose and other biomass, to accelerate their commercialization.

Biofuels received USD 15 billion in subsidies in OECD Member countries in 2007, but did they deliver benefits in terms of climate change or oil security? Present policies make no link between support for biofuels and their environmental performance, and biofuels do not all perform equally well. In fact, much of the current ethanol and biodiesel production may result in higher overall emissions of greenhouse gases than using conventional transport fuels: gasoline and diesel. The papers published in this report examine the economics of biofuels and assess the potential of conventional biofuel production in OECD countries, Brazilian ethanol exports and some second-generation biofuels to supply world markets with transport fuels. This Round Table analyses the critical issues for governments in determining support for biofuels, particularly the level of greenhouse gas emissions throughout the life-cycle of these fuels and the wider environmental impacts of farming biomass. It also reviews recent progress in developing certification systems for biofuels – an essential tool for tying support to achievement in reducing greenhouse gas emissions, although certification cannot be expected to prevent rainforest destruction for the development of biofuel crop plantations. The report concludes with a short list of recommendations for policy reform if support for biofuels is to contribute effectively to mitigating greenhouse gas emissions.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

ENERGY

Governments in many OECD countries, as well as in a number of countries outside the OECD area, actively promote the production and use of alternative transport fuels made from agricultural commodities.

¥10 400


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Energy Policies of IEA Countries

IEA Energy Policies Review: The European Union 2008

November 2008

September 2008

ENERGY

ISBN 9789264043374 €75 $116 £54

OECD Nuclear Energy Outlook

¥10 400

For the first time, the IEA has reviewed the energy policies of the European Union which shape the energy use of almost 500 million citizens in 27 EU member countries. A unique entity governed under complex and almost constantly evolving structures, the EU constitutes a challenge for energy policy makers. Its energy policy has a global impact, not only because of its 16% share of world energy demand, but also because of the EU leadership in addressing climate change. Strong policy drives are underway in the EU to achieve the completion of the internal energy market, increase renewable energy supply, reduce CO2 emissions and make the EU more energy-efficient. Concerns about security of supply have also led to a greater focus on improved energy relations with supplier countries, and new institutional structures are being put in place. How much progress has been made in the field of security, internal market and external energy policies? And in which of these areas has the EU already implemented a fully integrated policy? IEA Energy Policies Review: The European Union - 2008 addresses these questions and also analyses the impact of the most recent major EU policy measures, in particular the Energy & Climate Package of January 2008 and the 3rd Liberalisation Package of September 2007.

ISBN 9789264054103 €105 $161 £81

¥16 800

This Nuclear Energy Outlook (NEO) is the first of its kind and responds to the renewed interest in nuclear energy by many OECD member countries. World energy demand continues to grow unabated and is leading to very serious concerns about security of supply, soaring energy prices and climate change stemming from fossil fuel consumption. Nuclear energy is being increasingly seen as having a role to play in addressing these concerns. This Outlook uses the most current data and statistics available and provides projections up to 2050 to consider growth scenarios and potential implications on the future use of nuclear energy. It also offers unique analyses and recommendations on the possible challenges that lie ahead. Topics covered by the NEO include nuclear power’s current status and projected trends, environmental impacts, uranium resources and security of supply, costs, safety and regulation, radioactive waste management and decommissioning, non-proliferation and security, legal frameworks, infrastructure, stakeholder engagement, advanced reactors and advanced fuel cycles.


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Energy Technology Perspectives 2008

Promoting Energy Efficiency Investments Case Studies in the Residential Sector

Scenarios and Strategies to 2050

April 2008

June 2008 ISBN 9789264041424 €100 $155 £72

ISBN 9789264042148 €100 $140 £72

¥13 900

This publication responds to the G8 call on the IEA to provide guidance for decision makers on how to bridge the gap between what is happening and what needs to be done in order to build a clean, clever and competitive energy future. The IEA analysis demonstrates that a more sustainable energy future is within our reach, and that technology is the key. Increased energy efficiency, CO2 capture and storage, renewables, and nuclear power will all be important. We must act now if we are to unlock the potential of current and emerging technologies and reduce the dependency on fossil fuels with its consequent effects on energy security and the environment. This innovative work demonstrates how energy technologies can make a difference in an ambitious series of global scenarios to 2050. The study contains technology road maps for all key energy sectors, including electricity generation, buildings, industry and transport. Energy Technology Perspectives 2008 provides detailed technology and policy insights to help focus the discussion and debate in energy circles.

Existing buildings are responsible for over 40% of the world’s total primary energy consumption. An impressive amount of energy could be saved simply by applying energy-efficient technologies. Yet, various market barriers inhibit energy efficiency improvements in existing buildings and result in energy savings that are significantly lower than potentials. Financial barriers – including the initial cost barrier, risk exposure, discount-factor issues and the inadequacy of traditional financing mechanisms for energy-efficient projects – play a major role. Policies that may help to overcome financial barriers to improving energy efficiency in existing residential buildings are the focus of this study. This publication provides illustrations of policies and measures implemented in five IEA member countries and the European Union. Each case includes relevant background and contextual information, as well as a detailed evaluation of each policy according to five pre-defined criteria: relevance, effectiveness, flexibility, clarity and sustainability. Promoting Energy Efficiency Investments aims to inform policy makers and offers ideas on the most effective policies, programmes and measures available to improve energy efficiency in existing residential buildings.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

ENERGY

The world needs ever increasing energy supplies to sustain economic growth and development. But energy resources are under pressure and CO2 emissions from today’s energy use already threaten our climate.

¥13 900


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Deploying Renewables

ITF Round Tables

Principles for Effective Policies

No. 139 Oil Dependence Is Transport Running Out of Affordable Fuel?

ENERGY

October 2008 ISBN 9789264042209 €100 $140 £72

¥13 900

Renewable energy can play a fundamental role in tackling climate change, environmental degradation and energy security. As these challenges have become ever more pressing, governments and markets are seeking innovative solutions. Yet, what are the key factors that will determine the success of renewable energy policies? How can current policies be improved to encourage greater deployment of renewables? What impact can more effective policies have on renewables’ share in the future global energy mix and how soon? Deploying Renewables: Principles for Effective Policies addresses these questions. Responding to the Gleneagles G8 call for a clean and secure energy future, it highlights key policy tools to fast-track renewables into the mainstream. This analysis illustrates good practices by applying the combined metrics of effectiveness and efficiency to renewable energy policies in the electricity, heating and transport sectors. It highlights significant barriers to accelerating renewables penetration, and argues that the great potential of renewables can be exploited much more rapidly and to a much larger extent if good practices are adopted.

June 2008 ISBN 9789282101216 €75 $116 £54

¥10 400

Oil consumption is increasingly concentrated in transport and relatively limited fluctuations in transport demand can have increasingly significant effects on oil prices. Oil prices rose to all time highs at the beginning of 2008, exceeding $100 a barrel for the first time since the 1979 oil crisis. The underlying driver was demand for oil from rapidly developing economies and especially China, where transport accounts for the largest part of oil consumption. OPEC market power is increasing as production of conventional oil outside OPEC has reached a plateau. Oil from tar sands in Canada and elsewhere is available in very large quantities, and is competitive at sustained prices above $40 a barrel. But processing such oil doubles CO2 emissions on a well-to-wheels basis compared to using conventional oil to fuel transport. This Round Table assesses the policy instruments available to address oil security and climate change and examines their interaction with measures to manage congestion and mitigate local air pollution. A number of incompatibilities and trade-offs are identified underlining the importance of integrated policy making.


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Economic Aspects of Adaptation to Climate Change

OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030

Costs, Benefits and Policy Instruments March 2008

June 2008

ISBN 9789264040489 €90 $117 £64

¥4 100

Climate change poses a serious challenge to social and economic development. Efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions need to move hand in hand with policies and incentives to adapt to the impacts of climate change. How much adaptation might cost, and how large its benefits might be, are issues that are increasingly relevant both for on-the-ground projects and in international development co-operation and negotiations contexts. This report provides a critical assessment of adaptation costs and benefits in key climate-sensitive sectors, as well as at national and global levels. It also moves the discussion beyond cost estimation to the potential and limits of economic and policy instruments -- including insurance and risk sharing, environmental markets and pricing, and public private partnerships -- that can be used to motivate adaptation actions.

¥12 500

The OECD Environmental Outlook to 2030 provides analyses of economic and environmental trends to 2030, and simulations of policy actions to address the key challenges. Without new policies, we risk irreversibly damaging the environment and the natural resource base needed to support economic growth and well-being. The costs of policy inaction are high. But the Outlook shows that tackling the key environmental problems we face today -- including climate change, biodiversity loss, water scarcity and the health impacts of pollution -- is both achievable and affordable. It highlights a mixture of policies that can address these challenges in a cost-effective way. The focus of this Outlook is expanded from the 2001 edition to reflect developments in both OECD countries and Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China, South Africa (BRIICS), and how they might better co-operate on global and local environmental problemsolving.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

ENVIRONMENT

ISBN 9789264046030 €30 $46 £21


20

People and Biodiversity Policies Impacts, Issues and Strategies for Policy Action

October 2008

ENVIRONMENT

May 2008 ISBN 9789264034310 €45 $63 £32

Costs of Inaction on Key Environmental Challenges

ISBN 9789264045774 ¥6 200

Biodiversity policies promote the protection, conservation, and sustainable use of biologically diverse ecosystems and habitats. In doing so, they create significant public benefits and contribute to social well-being. However, the implementation of biodiversity policies will often benefit different groups to a greater or lesser degree. At times, some groups in society lose out under certain policies. For example, in establishing a property right to facilitate management of a biodiversity-related resource, people who previously had unrestricted use will be adversely affected. The source of these distributive effects lies in the policies’ objectives, and the choice and implementation of policy instruments. Combining analysis and a wealth of case studies, this book offers concepts and tools for addressing distributive issues within a biodiversity policy context. It will help policy makers put together strategies for anticipating distributive impacts across different groups; and for selecting processes and instruments that manage distributive impacts without compromising conservation and use objectives.

€40

$62

£28

¥5 500

Countries today face numerous environmental policy challenges, such as climate change, air and water pollution, natural-resource management, natural disasters and environment-related hazards. The costs of not responding to them can be considerable, in some cases representing a significant drag on OECD economies. Estimation of these costs can be an important part of identifying areas in which policy interventions are required, as well as of establishing priorities for future action. There is, however, considerable uncertainty associated with all stages of “costing” the impacts of environmental and resource degradation. Even when the costs of inaction are deemed important, identifying the areas where environmental policies need to be strengthened still requires careful comparison between the marginal costs of inaction versus action. This report provides introductory perspectives on the costs of inaction and discusses some of the future problems likely to be encountered in this very complex area.


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Environmental Performance of Agriculture at a Glance

OECD Insights:

July 2008

November 2008

ISBN 9789264045897 €30 $46 £21

ISBN 9789264047785 €15 $19 £10

Sustainable Development Linking Economy, Society, Environment

Agriculture can have significant impacts on the environment as it uses on average over 40% of water and land resources in OECD countries. The impacts occur on and off farm, including both pollution and degradation of soil, water and air. But agriculture also supplies ecosystem services, such as biodiversity, provides a sink for greenhouse gases, and contributes to flood control and the aesthetic value of landscapes. This report provides the latest and most comprehensive data and analysis on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries since 1990. It covers key environmental themes including soil, water, air and biodiversity and looks at recent policy developments in all 30 countries.

¥2 000

We see the expression “sustainable development” everywhere these days, but what does it actually mean? How do production and consumption influence sustainability? Is globalisation of the economy helping or hindering it? Can sustainability be measured using the traditional tools of economic analysis? What can governments, enterprises and citizens do to promote it? The OECD produces data, research and policy recommendations on many issues related to sustainable development, including climate change, co-operation with developing countries and corporate social responsibility. OECD Insights: Sustainable Development draws on that expertise. It argues that to be sustainable, development has to be based on progress in three areas at once: the economy, society and the environment.

This work is unique in many ways. The co-operative process in preparing the indicators ensured that as far as possible they are the most up to date and readily available comparative data on the environmental performance of agriculture in OECD countries. The report includes both those indicators that most closely satisfy the criteria of policy relevance, analytical soundness, measurability and ease of interpretation and those that are less developed or of importance to only a few countries or group of countries.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

ENVIRONMENT

¥4 100


GENERAL ECONOMICS

22

Factbook 2008

OECD in Figures

Economic, Environmental and Social Statistics

2008 Edition

April 2008

November 2008

ISBN 9789264040540 €35 $50 £25

ISBN 9789264055636 ¥4 800

This OECD Factbook 2008 is the fourth edition of a comprehensive and dynamic statistical annual from the OECD. More than 100 indicators cover a wide range of areas: economy, agriculture, education, energy, environment, foreign aid, health and quality of life, industry, information and communications, population/labour force, trade and investment, taxation, public expenditure and R&D. This year, the OECD Factbook features a focus chapter on productivity. Data are provided for all OECD member countries with area totals, and in some cases, for selected non-member economies. For each indicator, there is a two-page spread. A text page includes a short introduction followed by a detailed definition of the indicator, comments on comparability of the data, an assessment of long-term trends related to the indicator, and a list of references for further information on the indicator. The next page contains a table and a graph providing - at a glance the key message conveyed by the data. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table directing the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.

€20

$30

£15

¥3 200

The 2008 edition of OECD in Figures contains key data ranging from economic growth and employment to education and migration. There are comparable tables on the environment, science, public finances, and on every theme the organisation is working on. For added perspective, OECD in Figures includes a selection of graphs, highlighting key challenges, such as youth unemployment, climate change, development aid to water and road crashes. OECD in Figures is an original, simple to use, pocket data book. It is a primary statistical source. As with all OECD data, it is compiled and checked by our experts, so that decision-makers in government, research and business know they can rely on it. Thanks to the web edition, available via www.oecd.org/infigures, OECD in Figures is now more than ever a public gateway to one of the richest and most respected economic, financial, social and environmental databases around. th

To celebrate the 20 Anniversary of OECD in Figures, this 2008 edition includes one year’s subscription to OECD Observer, the OECD award-winning magazine.


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Economic Policy Reforms

Lessons Learned for the 21st Century

Going for Growth 2008

September 2008

March 2008

ISBN 9789264044241 €24

$32

£17

¥3 300

This book examines the historical, diplomatic, economic, and strategic aspects of the European Recovery Program (ERP) popularly known as the Marshall Plan - which brought Europe out of the chaos, hunger, poverty, desperation, and ashes of World War II. In it, authors from a variety of countries who are scholars, policy makers, and business leaders, address applications of the Marshall Plan’s lessons learned to the 21st century for capacity building, human and sustainable development, and the role of public, private partnerships in emerging market economies and democratic societies. "There are not many of us left who served through the Marshall Plan from its beginning, and fewer still who served time in the Hotel Talleyrand in Paris, the site of the anniversary celebration, in June 2007, of Secretary George C. Marshall’s 1947 commencement address launching the European Recovery Program. There are, though, scholars who can address those times and evaluate them so that the experience can live on."

ISBN 9789264042841 €64 $82 £43

¥8 900

Across the OECD, governments are seeking to undertake structural reforms to strengthen economic growth. Going for Growth 2008 takes stock of recent progress in implementing policy reforms to improve labour productivity and utilisation that were identified as priorities in the 2007 edition. The set of internationally comparable indicators provided here enables countries to assess their economic performance and structural policies in a broad range of areas. In addition, this issue contains five analytical chapters covering: The variation in working hours across OECD countries, the scope to improve performance of primary and secondary schools in OECD countries, how policies can enhance investment in higher education, how geographical factors affect GDP per capita, and the impact of domestic regulation on international trade in services.

Thomas C. Schelling, Marshall Plan alumnus, Washington, Copenhagen, Paris, Washington, ‘48-‘53, Nobel Prize in Economics 2005

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

GENERAL ECONOMICS

The Marshall Plan


GOVERNANCE

24

OECD Regions at a Glance 2009

OECD Principles for Integrity in Public Procurement

First Quarter 2009

November 2008

ISBN 9789264055827

ISBN 9789264055612 €24 $32 £17

Regions at a Glance presents comparative statistics for OECD regions within each country related to demography, economic and labour market indicators as well as education, health care and environmental outputs. The publication – mainly through graphs and maps – identifies the spatial concentration of resources and the persistence of regional disparities, often hidden by national economic performance. The patterns of development may differ widely in urban and rural areas, for example, and some regions may lag behind even when the national economy is performing well. The publication gives a unique source of information to politicians, policy makers and citizens working to enhance regional competitiveness and attractiveness. Regions at a Glance 2009 is the third publication of this kind, with a special highlights on innovation, putting in evidence the spatial dimension for innovation.

¥3 300

Could countries do more to prevent waste, fraud and corruption in government contracts? OECD governments realise that taking a pro-active approach pays, and are taking action. The Principles for Enhancing Integrity in Public Procurement reflect a consensus that measures to enhance transparency, resistance to corruption as well as accountability and control are an essential part of efforts to improve overall value for money in public procurement. The OECD Principles are a pioneering instrument to help governments instil a culture of integrity in entire procurement cycle, from need assessment to contract management. Practical guidance for the implementation of the Principles at each stage of the public procurement cycle can be found in the Checklist.


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OECD Health Policy Studies

July 2008

September 2008

ISBN 9789264045514 €80 $124 £57

Pharmaceuticals Pricing Policies in a Global Market ISBN 9789264044142 €50 $77 £36

¥11 100

¥6 900

Responding to concerns in governments and the business community, the OECD launched a project in 2005 to assess the magnitude and impact of counterfeiting and piracy. The objective of the project was to improve factual understanding and awareness of how large the problem is and the effects that infringements of intellectual property rights have on governments, business and consumers in member countries and non-member economies.

Pharmaceutical policy making raises particular challenges in reconciling key objectives for health policy, such as ensuring affordable access to the latest effective drugs, with other important policy considerations, such as providing support to a valuable national industry. Unusually among health policy issues, it also raises international considerations that further complicate decision making, particularly as the nature and extent of such considerations are not well understood.

This study develops and applies a rigorous methodology to estimate the incidence of counterfeit and pirated items in world trade. This methodology can be used in the future to refine the assessment as the quality and quantity of data improve. The study also provides an analysis of the market for counterfeit and pirated goods and the effects on various affected parties, ranging from the owners of the intellectual property rights, to consumers and governments. The study also provides a number of in-depth snapshots of different industry sectors, highlighting how those sectors are affected by counterfeiting and piracy, and how they are responding.

This report assesses how pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies have contributed to the achievement of certain health policy objectives. It examines the national and transnational effects of these policies, in particular, their implications for the availability of medicines in other countries, the prices of these medicines, and innovation in the pharmaceutical sector. This publication presents an analysis of comparative price levels, making use of a unique dataset to construct the most comprehensive pan-OECD pharmaceutical price index to date. It also draws upon original case studies of pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies in six OECD countries to provide specific examples of the impacts of policies on health system performance.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

INDUSTRY, SERVICES AND TRADE

The Economic Impact of Counterfeiting and Piracy


INDUSTRY, SERVICES AND TRADE

26

Broadband Growth and Policies in OECD Countries

Tourism in OECD Countries 2008

July 2008

February 2008

ISBN 9789264046689 €24 $32 £17

¥3 300

Broadband plays a critical role in the workings of the economy and society. It connects consumers, businesses, and governments and facilitates social interaction. Hence, broadband policies are now a vital instrument to ensure the competitiveness of OECD countries and to address pressing societal concerns. This report examines broadband developments and and highlights challenges such as connecting users based networks or coverage of rural areas. It also emerging issues that may need policy attention as we next-generation networks.

policies, to fibreoutlines move to

Trends and Policies

ISBN 9789264039674 €60 $84 £43

¥8 300

In OECD countries, tourism, a key driver of globalisation, accounts for between 2 and 12% of GDP, between 3 and 11% cent of employment and about 30% of services exports. Its relevance to countries’ economic, services and employment performance is widely recognised. Governments, increasingly aware of the strong potential of tourism, travel and leisure, now give serious policy consideration to this industry at national, regional and local levels. Tourism in OECD Countries 2008: Trends and Policies is the first edition of a biennial publication which analyses best practice in OECD and selected non member economies. It surveys a number of initiatives taken by governments and businesses in the tourism field. This publication makes a significant contribution to the international tourism policy and business debate and is essential reading for all actors interested in this increasingly dynamic and important global industry.


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Transport Infrastructure Investment

Public-Private Partnerships

Options for Efficiency

In Pursuit of Risk Sharing and Value for Money

February 2008

June 2008

ISBN 9789282101551 €75 $97 £54

ISBN 9789264042797 €30 $46 £21

¥10 400

Many options are available to provide surface transport infrastructure – public ministries and agencies, public-private partnerships (PPPs), state-owned companies, private and nonprofit entities, and outright privatisation. There are also various means of paying for it, including user charging, subsidies, public borrowing or private financing. This report examines key principles that should be considered by governments in deciding how to provide and pay for surface transport infrastructure, with a view to best serving societies’ needs and employing public resources. It also considers the key issues that must be resolved in making more use of private financing and expertise.

Through a joint regulatory and budgetary perspective, this book undertakes a systematic analytical discussion of questions associated with public-private partnerships. The aim is to provide governments with a toolkit of issues to be explored and resolved from a public governance perspective before engaging in a PPP project. The book highlights ten good practices, summarising what governments should consider before entering into public-private partnerships (PPPs). These include affordability, value for money, budget scoring and accounting treatment, dealing with liabilities, and regulatory and institutional governance issues. The book also discusses the important questions of risk – both financial and political – and of how to measure the performance of a public private partnership to ensure its continued value to society.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

INVESTMENT

Surface transport plays a fundamental role in nearly all social and economic activity. Providing and maintaining the infrastructure consumes enormous resources. Thus, it is essential that this be carried out in the most efficient and effective way possible.

¥4 100


28

OECD Tax Policy Studies No. 17

Tax Effects on Foreign Direct Investment Recent Evidence and Policy Analysis

INVESTMENT

January 2008 ISBN 9789264038370 €50 $70 £36

OECD Benchmark Definition of Foreign Direct Investment Fourth Edition Fourth quarter 2008 ISBN 9789264045736 €80 $124 £57

¥11 100

¥6 900

This publication reports the results of a project examining taxation and foreign direct investment (FDI), with a focus on three areas. Recent empirical studies and models are first reviewed, with the aim of better understanding what factors explain differences in the responsiveness of FDI to taxation, in different country and industry contexts. Second, the publication reports an exchange of views on considerations that are balanced by tax policy makers in the design of rules governing the taxation of inbound and outbound FDI, including increasing pressure to provide “internationally competitive” tax treatment. Third, the publication presents findings from a new framework developed for the project to analyse the implications of taxplanning by multinationals in reducing effective tax rates on cross-border investment. The findings highlight the need to address tax-planning when attempting to measure the “true” tax burden on FDI.

Recording comprehensive, comparable and up-to-date statistics on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a prerequisite for economic analysis and policy making. The Fourth Edition of the OECD Benchmark Definition, fully consistent with the IMF Balance of Payments Manual, Fifth Edition, provides operational guidance on how FDI data should be compiled to meet internationally agreed standards. It reviews the main statistical concepts and definitions of FDI, the valuation of FDI flows and stocks, and issues related to specific transactions and entities. Practical solutions are proposed and concrete examples are used wherever possible. The revision of the Benchmark Definition was undertaken to update statistical standards bringing it into line with the economic and financial developments of the last decade or so.


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Improving Financial Education and Awareness on Insurance and Private Pensions

Fourth quarter 2008

August 2008

ISBN 9789264044388 €80 $123 £62

ISBN 9789264046382 €30 $46 £21 ¥4 100

¥12 800

Pension Markets in Focus presents an in-depth international comparative analysis on funded pension arrangements across OECD and selected non-OECD countries. It offers insights on the evolution of pension funds, their role in delivering retirement income security and policies to encourage the sound development of private pensions. Analysis is carried out with an international perspective based on indicators presented in a comparable way.

Individuals face an increasing variety of financial risks, including those linked to their retirement. At the same time, public funding has been reduced or is strictly limited in most countries. Private insurance and pension products therefore play an essential role in social and financial protection. Yet some people are insufficiently aware of the risks they are exposed to or may lack adequate knowledge about insurance and private pensions questions and products.

A primer for policy-makers and analysts, and a resource for those who wish to develop an understanding of funded pension systems, this publication provides a foundation for understanding fundamental aspects of funded pension plan systems from an international perspective. It facilitates crosscountry comparisons of the most up-to-date statistics and indicators on key aspects of retirement systems across OECD and non-OECD countries drawing on administrative data acquired within the framework of the OECD Global Pension Statistics project.

This volume addresses these topical issues as part of the ongoing OECD project on financial education. After a comprehensive analysis of the main challenges and presentation of practical solutions, the book highlights good practices, endorsed by OECD governments, to enhance awareness and education on risk, insurance and private pensions issues.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

INSURANCE AND PENSIONS

OECD Private Pensions Outlook


30

OECD Insights

International Migration

International Migration Outlook

First quarter 2009

September 2008 ISBN 9789264045651

MIGRATION

ISBN 9789264047280 €15 $19 £10

SOPEMI - 2008 Edition

€75

$116

£54

¥10 400

¥2 000

It’s estimated that around 200 million people – 3% of the world’s population – live outside their home countries. People’s reasons for seeking a new home are numerous – some are “pushed” away by political or ethnic persecution, war or unemployment, others are “pulled” by the prospects of finding a better job, a good education or a higher standard of living. International migration has social and economic impacts that go beyond individual migrants. Countries that receive migrants can find them valuable source of labour, skills and new ideas, especially in parts of the world that are experiencing population ageing. Despite the potential benefits, there’s often widespread resistance to migrants, and governments can face pressure to tightly control the flow of newcomers. On the other side of the migration equation, countries from where people emigrate may receive substantial economic benefits in the form of remittances, but may suffer a “brain drain” of some of their brightest and most educated workers. OECD Insights: Migration examines some of the key issues in the migration debate today. The book features statistical data drawn from OECD’s databases, as well as a number of special online features to enhance its potential for use in educational settings.

This edition focuses on the employment situation of immigrants. For the first time, this report presents a “scoreboard” of labour-market integration of immigrants, as well as an analysis of wage differentials between immigrants and the native-born. The publication also examines the new laws governing immigrants’ entry, stay and access to the labour market. The selective recruitment of immigrants according to labour market needs is described, as are measures to facilitate the integration of immigrants. International cooperation to improve border control and to combat irregular migration is analysed in detail. Two special chapters analyse topical issues. The first addresses the management of migration of lower-skilled workers and reviews the different types of existing temporary and permanent programmes. Special attention is devoted to the issue of illegal employment of foreigners and to regularisation programmes. The second chapter presents an in-depth study of return migration and looks at its impact on the economic development of sending countries. A dynamic link (StatLink) is provided for each table and graph. It directs the user to a web page where the corresponding data are available in Excel® format.


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Jobs for Immigrants

A Profile of Immigrant Populations in the 21st Century

Labour Market Integration in Belgium, France, the Netherlands and Portugal (Vol. 2)

Data from OECD Countries

November 2008 ISBN 9789264036178 €45 $69 £35

February 2008 ISBN 9789264040908 €35 $49 £25

¥7 200

What can be done to improve the labour market integration of immigrants and their children? Employers need to have the necessary information and incentives to assess the skills and qualifications of immigrants properly. Governments have a role to play in promoting language and vocational training, and encouraging diversity in the workplace. Immigrants themselves must accept the requirements of the host country employers. The viability of future migration policies, in particular greater recourse to immigration, will depend to a large extent on how successful OECD countries and immigrants are in achieving these objectives.

This publication presents and discusses some of the key information available in the newly created Database on Immigrants in OECD Countries (DIOC). The many graphs and tables include data on: immigrants’ demography including age, gender and duration of stay; and their labour market outcomes including labour market status, occupation and sector of activity. The book consists of nine thematic chapters, each including a brief description of sources, and a discussion of cross-country differences. The chapters also include a short analysis of specific issues relevant to the data, such as the gender dimension of “brain drain”, the international migration of health professionals, and the role of low-skilled foreign-born workers in domestic services. An introductory chapter provides an overview of the data to present a picture of international migration to the OECD from four regions: Africa, Asia, and Latin America and from within the OECD area. A methodological note completes the report by summarizing the different sources and methods applied and explaining the structure of the new DIOC.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

MIGRATION

When immigrants arrive in a new country, they are confronted with new labour market requirements such as language proficiency, familiarity with job search procedures and work practices which they are not always able to satisfy. Over time, this expertise can be acquired, and in principle immigrant performance in the receiving country should be similar to that of the native-born. In practice however, differences persist: experience and qualifications may not be fully recognised, social capital may be lacking, or discriminatory hiring practices may persist among employers. These obstacles affect not only new immigrants, but, surprisingly, their children too, even if the children are born and educated in the receiving country.

¥4 800


SOCIAL ISSUES

32

Citizens at the Centre

Growing Unequal?

Public Engagement for Better Policy and Services

Income Distribution and Poverty in OECD Countries

Fourth quarter 2008

October 2008

ISBN 9789264048867 €30 $46 £21

¥4 100

Complex policy issues cannot be “solved” by government action alone. Delivering high-quality public services at the least cost to the public purse will require innovative approaches. Tackling these governance challenges will require citizens to play a larger role in achieving shared public policy goals (from climate change to obesity) and delivering high-quality public services. How can governments maintain high levels of openness in decision making and strengthen public trust? How can they ensure inclusion of people who are "willing but unable" and those who are "able but unwilling"? While OECD countries have successfully opened up their public policy processes in the past decade, they are only now beginning to recognise the need to ensure a greater degree of inclusion. This report shows that there has been progress in establishing rights, strengthening commitment and fostering active citizenship. It also identifies the challenges which governments still face – such as the lack of time, resources and evaluation. Improving performance will require concerted efforts to build a supportive political and administrative culture, mainstream public engagement as part of “core business”, build skills and capacity among civil servants and develop useful evaluation tools.

ISBN 9789264044180 €70 $108 £50

¥9 700

Has income inequality increased over time? Who has gained and who has lost in this process? Has this process affected all OECD countries uniformly? To what extent are wider income inequalities the consequence of greater differences in personal earnings among workers, and how much are they affected by other factors? Finally, how does government redistribution through the tax-benefit system affect these trends? These are some of the questions addressed in this report -- and the answers will surprise many readers. This report provides evidence of a fairly generalised increase in income inequality over the past two decades across the OECD, but the timing, intensity and causes of the increase differ from what is typically suggested in the media. Growing Unequal brings together a range of analyses on the distribution of economic resources in OECD countries. The evidence on income distribution and poverty covers, for the first time, all 30 OECD countries in the mid-2000s, while information on trends extending back to the mid-1980s is provided for around twothirds of the countries. The report also describes inequalities in a range of domains that are typically excluded from conventional discussion about the distribution of economic resources among individuals and households.


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OECD Health Policy Studies

Sickness, Disability and Work (Vol. 3)

The Looming Crisis in the Health Workforce

Denmark, Finland, Ireland and the Netherlands

How Can OECD Countries Respond?

December 2008

October 2008 ISBN 9789264050433 €24 $32 £17

¥5 600

Too many workers leave the labour market permanently owing to health problems, and yet too many people with reduced work capacity are denied the opportunity to work. This is a social and economic tragedy common to virtually all OECD countries, and an apparent paradox that needs explaining. Why is it that the average health status is improving, yet a persistently large number of people of working age leave the workforce to rely on long-term sickness and disability benefits? This third report in the OECD series Sickness, Disability and Work explores the possible factors behind this paradox. It looks specifically at the cases of Denmark, Finland, Ireland and the Netherlands, and highlights the roles of institutions and policies. A range of reform recommendations is put forward to deal with specific challenges facing the four countries. Experiences in the four countries offer some lessons on the importance of financial incentives for the main actors: private and public institutions (including public employment services, social insurance institutions and municipalities), employers, and workers. Good incentives will help to achieve the necessary shift in mentality, from providing insurance to activation, to promote better cooperation across actors, and to foster reform and system implementation in line with policy intentions. These should improve outcomes.

¥3 300

OECD countries face a challenge in responding to the growing demand for doctors and nurses over the next 20 years. This arises in a world which is already characterised by significant international migration of health workers, both across OECD countries and between some developing countries and the OECD area. What combination of human-resource management policies and migration policies have OECD countries adopted? How do migration and other health-workforce policies interact with each other? How can destination countries build a sustainable health workforce? What are the consequences of emigration of doctors and nurses for origin countries? This book provides new evidence on each of these questions and identifies possible ways forward. It is the main outcome of a joint OECD-WHO project on the management of health-related human resources and international migration.

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

SOCIAL ISSUES

ISBN 9789264049680 €35 $53 £27


34

Understanding Economic Statistics An OECD perspective

Statistics and Indicators for 30 countries

October 2008

July 2008

ISBN 9789264033122 €24 $33 £17

STATISTICS

OECD Health Data 2008

ISBN 9789264044746 ¥3 300

The media publish economic data on a daily basis. Governments make decisions, affecting millions (and even billions) of people, based on the economic statistics available to them. In countless different ways, economic statistics are a fundamental part of modern life, shaping the way we interpret and react to the world around us. But how are these statistics produced? Who decides which statistics are useful and which are not? And how can we be sure of the quality of the statistics we read? Drawing on OECD statistics in particular, Understanding Economic Statistics: an OECD perspective shows readers how to use statistics to understand the world economy. It gives an overview of the history, key concepts and the main providers of economic statistics. A detailed chapter provides a comprehensive picture of the main statistical activities of the OECD. Finally, the book explores the crucial issue of quality assurance and the implications for public trust. This book is an essential reference for anybody interested in better understanding the important role that economic statistics play in our lives.

€80

$124

£57

¥11 100

OECD Health Data 2008 offers the most comprehensive source of comparable statistics on health and health care systems in OECD countries. It is an essential tool for policy advisors in governments, health researchers in the private sector and the academic community to carry out comparative analyses and draw lessons from cross-country comparisons of national health systems. Already in its seventeenth edition, OECD Health Data is a unique, interactive database covering over 1 200 indicators and offering sophisticated query modules. The most recent data are for 2005/2006, with many time series going back as far as 1960. Main fields covered are: Health status, health care resources, health care utilisation, long-term care resources and utilisation, expenditure on health, health care financing, social protection, pharmaceutical market, non-medical determinants of health, and demographic and economic references. Available in English, French, German, Italian and Spanish, OECD Health Data 2008 uses fast, user-friendly Windows™-based software which enables users to carry out data extractions and build customised graphs and tables. The online version of OECD Health Data 2008 additionally offers Japanese and Russian languages to query the database.


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Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital

Taxing Wages 20062007, 2007 Edition Special Feature: Tax reforms and tax burdens 2000-2006

Condensed version July 2008 September 2008 ISBN 9789264048188 €60 $92 £46

March 2008 ISBN 9789264042100 €120 $168 £86

¥9 600

The full-length version of the OECD Model Tax Convention is produced in a two-volume loose-leaf format to accommodate regular updates. The full-length version is now also available electronically. This new electronic version includes such features as extensive internal linking (making it easy to link from an article to its commentary), fast searching capabilities, the ability for the user to attach notes to specific areas of text, and cut-and-paste capabilities.

Taxing Wages provides unique information on income tax paid by workers and social security contributions levied on employees and their employers in OECD countries. In addition, this annual publication specifies family benefits paid as cash transfers. Amounts of taxes and benefits are detailed program by program, for eight household types which differ by income level and household composition. Results reported include the marginal and effective tax burden for one- and two-earner families, and total labour costs of employers. This year's issue includes a special feature entitled "Tax Reforms and Tax Burdens 2000-2006".

Find out where to buy OECD publications at www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors

TAXATION

This publication is the seventh edition of the condensed version of the OECD Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital. This shorter version contains the full text of the Model Tax Convention as it read on 17 July 2008, but without the historical notes, the detailed list of conventions between OECD member countries and the background reports that are included in the full-length version.

¥16 600


36

Ordering OECD Publications Where to order?

Ordering

Send the order form opposite to the appropriate address listed below or contact your local distributor (see www.oecd.org/publishing/distributors to find the nearest one).

OECD publications can be ordered by mail, fax or e-mail either directly from Turpin (see on the left side of this page), from your local distributor or from or any other leading publication vendors. The OECD Online Bookshop offers one of the fastest ways of placing an order, and for most books you can download the PDF e-book and start using the publication instantly. The OECD Online Bookshop has a secure payment facility for your safety. We do not advise customers to send credit card information by e-mail.

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OECD Themes AGRICULTURE AND FOOD DEVELOPMENT EDUCATION AND SKILLS EMERGING ECONOMIES EMPLOYMENT ENERGY ENVIRONMENT AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FINANCE AND INVESTMENT / INSURANCE AND PENSIONS GENERAL ECONOMICS GOVERNANCE INDUSTRY, SERVICES AND TRADE NATIONAL ACCOUNTS AND HISTORICAL STATISTICS NUCLEAR ENERGY OECD ESSENTIALS SCIENCE AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SOCIAL ISSUES/MIGRATION/HEALTH STATISTICS SOURCES AND METHODS TAXATION TRADE TRANSITION ECONOMIES TRANSPORT URBAN, RURAL AND REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT

 


OECD Key Titles Catalogue