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November 2016

OECD’s global knowledge base

November 2016

OECD MEMBER COUNTRIES • • • • • • • • • • • •

Australia Austria Belgium Canada Chile Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece

• • • • • • • • • • • •

Hungary Iceland Ireland Israel Italy Japan Korea Latvia Luxembourg Mexico Netherlands New Zealand

• • • • • • • • • • •

Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States


Colombia Costa Rica Lithuania

KEY PARTNERS • • • • •

Brazil People’s Republic of China India Indonesia South Africa

Photo Credits: Front cover, back cover © Inmagine Page 16, 24 and 46 © Giulia Buson, Luca De Franceschi Page 20, 32, 34 and 36 © Getty Images Page 22 © iStockphoto Page 38 © Fotosearch

OECD Publishing OECD Publishing is responsible for disseminating the content of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) whose mission is to promote policies that will improve the economic and social well-being of people around the world. The OECD brings governments together to share experiences and seek solutions to common problems. We don’t just work with governments, but also with business, labour, academia and other civil society organisations to understand what drives economic, social and environmental change. We analyse and compare data to predict future trends. We set international standards on all sorts of things, from the safety of chemicals to the quality of cucumbers. We look, too, at issues that directly affect the lives of ordinary people, like how much they pay in taxes and social security. We compare how different countries’ school systems are readying their young people for modern life, and how different countries’ pension systems will look after their citizens in old age.

This information is published in books, journals and data services. All of them are available via our global knowledge base, OECD iLibrary. OECD is one of the most innovative publishers in its field and one of the most prolific and reliable sources of comparable economic and social data.

OECD Core Values • Objective: Our analyses and recommendations are independent and evidence-based. • Open: We encourage debate and a shared understanding of critical global issues. • Bold: We dare to challenge conventional wisdom starting with our own. • Pioneering: We identify and address emerging and long term challenges. • Ethical: Our credibility is built on trust, integrity and transparency.

Contents OECD iLibrary


THEMES 13 ■ Agriculture and Food 14 ■ Development 16 ■ Economics 18 ■ Education 20 ■ Employment 22 ■ Energy – IEA 24 ■ Environment 26 ■ Finance and Investment 28 ■ Governance 30 ■ Industry and Services 32 ■ Nuclear Energy – NEA 34 ■ Science and Technology 36 ■ Social Issues, Migration and Health 38


■ ■ ■ ■

Taxation 40 Trade 42 Transport – ITF 44 Urban, Rural and Regional Development 46

STATISTICS 49 OECD Statistics Statistical Databases OECD Indicators Statistical Books

50 52 54 56

FEATURES 59 Integrated Search Content in Context Digital Object Identifier & Citation Tools Usage Statistics & MARC records Additional & Forthcoming Features

60 62 64 66 68 5

OECD iLibrary Introduction OECD iLibrary is the global knowledge base for OECD’s data and analysis. It contains all books and papers published since 1998 – as well as a vast collection of statistics, with data going back to the early 1960s and more than 80 countries are covered. We have digitized the back catalogue of several key titles from our archive such as the OECD Economic Outlook from 1967, the OECD Economic Surveys from 1961, the OECD Observer issues from 1962 and ECMT Round Tables from early 1960s. Users can search and click directly to chapters, articles, books, tables, databases, etc. These content items are available in different formats and languages. As one of the most comprehensive online resources on the world economy, society, education and environment, OECD iLibrary is a powerful tool for people working at 6

academic institutions, in the private sector and at governmental or non-governmental organisations.

Breadth Of Content OECD iLibrary provides online access to all publications and statistics, released since 1998 from OECD, as well as publications and statistics from IEA (International Energy Agency), NEA (Nuclear Energy Agency), OECD Development Centre and ITF (International Transport Forum). Key Figures As of November 2016

• 10 900 e-Book Titles • 52 700 Chapters • 2 100 Journal Issues • 5 700 Articles • 5 100 Working Papers • 139 600 Tables and Graphs • 170 Statistical Collection • 1 900 Datasets


Improved User Experience OECD iLibrary fully integrates OECD data and analysis thus facilitating the discovery process. Supported by significantly enriched metadata, and the systematic use of DOIs (Digital Object Identifiers), users can find and cite individual tables, graphs and datasets as easily as articles and chapters. From the home page, there is the option to browse by theme and/or country. An Advanced Search function is also available. Search results allow quick access to all content types (books, chapters, journals, articles, tables, datasets, etc) in any available content format: PDF, WEB, XLS, DATA, Indicator, ePUB, READ.


The READ feature is available to all visitors enabling them to consult online and share the full text of content on all connected devices: desktop and mobile.


Suits all users OECD is constantly releasing new data, analyses and forecasts. Access to this information enables major trends to be identified at a very early stage. From ready-made tables to interactive databases, from “at a glance” publications to in-depth reports, OECD iLibrary offers a wide range of material suitable for all types of users: Universities and research organisations


• Keep abreast of the latest international developments in your field

• Gain an in-depth view of individual markets and countries

• Identify and explain new phenomena in the world economy, society and environment

• Uncover hidden growth potential

• Underpin your research with the latest and most reliable data

• Monitor the policies which could affect a particular industry or region

• Identify potential risks


Government and public administration • Learn which policies work well in other countries and why • Determine which new policy measures could be successfully implemented in your country • Profit from OECD’s independent expertise Non-governmental organisations and think tanks


Ease of Access Getting full access to content OECD iLibrary is simple. First of all, your institution needs a subscription. There are several types to choose from, each providing twelve months of access to a part, or all, of OECD iLibrary: • Full package (OECD Books, Papers and Statistics) • Three content-based packages (OECD Statistics, IEA Statistics, OECD Books and Papers)

• Compare your country’s performance with others’

• 17 thematic collections

• See where legislation could be improved

• Individual journals or statistical periodicals

• Deliver convincing arguments for the need for reform in a particular field

• OECD Statistical Packages or IEA databases

• Use OECD recommendations as a basis for alternative approaches

Prices are available from your sales contact on the back of this brochure or at:

Once your institution has subscribed you can: • Make the content available to users at no further cost • Give users the best possible service with 24/7 unlimited concurrent access to the entire OECD collection of publications and statistics

There are currently 6 000 registered institutions in 163 different countries. OECD iLibrary continues to evolve, with new features and enhancements being added all the time. As part of the process of continuous improvement, we always welcome your comments and feedback at:

• Benefit from access via IP address recognition and/or username/password login • Benefit from perpetual access to all subscribed content and archive • Benefit from many features such as MARC records and COUNTER4-compliant usage statistics Thousands of institutions worldwide make OECD content available to their users through OECD iLibrary. 11


Did you know… ...that about 90% of water withdrawal in India is used for irrigation?




470 ebooks


3 300 chapters


140 working papers


80 datasets

OECD is well known for its methodology for measuring support to agriculture in an internationally comparable way. It also conducts policy reviews and analysis on agriculture and fisheries policies issues and carries out an annual medium-term forecasting exercise. The Producer Support Estimate (PSE – a measure of support to agriculture) is a key tool developed by OECD to compare agricultural policy performance across countries and to track progress in policy reform.



Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook

OECD Agriculture Statistics

OECD Review of Fisheries: Country Statistics

OECD Review of Fisheries: Policies and Summary Statistics

• •

International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables OECD Food and Agricultural Reviews

Papers •

OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Working Papers

OECD Series on Adverse Outcome Pathways

Fisheries •

Fishing Fleet

Employment in Fisheries

Government financial transfers

National landings in domestic ports

National landings in foreign ports

Foreign landings in domestic ports

Agricultural Market Access Database (AMAD) Agricultural support estimates (Edition 2016) Environmental Performance of Agriculture (Edition 2013)


Book Series

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook


Did you know… ...that in 2015, net financial flows to Africa were estimated at 208 billion USD, 1.8% lower than in 2014?




900 ebooks


5 800 chapters


100 issues and articles


50 datasets

OECD work on the subject aims to increase the effectiveness of common efforts to support sustainable development. It helps policy makers in OECD and developing countries to find innovative solutions to the global challenge of development, poverty alleviation and the curbing of inequality. It brings together the knowledge and experience in different countries and puts the results at the disposal of the international community, policy makers, academics, the corporate sector and civil society.



African Economic Outlook

Aid for Trade at a Glance

OECD International Development Statistics

Development Co-operation Report

Economic Outlook for Southeast Asia, China and India

Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries

Aid activities

Aid activities targeting Global Environmental Objectives

Aid activities targeting gender equality Use of the multilateral system

Latin American Economic Outlook

Perspectives on Global Development

Geographical distribution of financial flows

Book Series •

Better Aid

Conflict and Fragility

DAC Guidelines and Reference Series

Development Centre Studies

OECD Development Co-operation Peer Reviews

OECD Development Pathways

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

The Development Dimension

West African Studies

OECD Development Policy Tools


Flows to developing countries


Bilateral ODA commitments by sector

Detailed aid statistics •

Official and private flows

ODA Official development assistance: disbursements

Other official flows OOF

ODA commitments

Private flows

Official bilateral commitments by sector

Tying status of bilateral ODA

Reference Indicators


Total official development financing ODF

OECD Development Centre Policy Briefs

Total official flows

OECD Development Centre Policy Insights

Total receipts

OECD Development Centre Working Papers

OECD Development Co-operation Working Papers

OECD Development Policy Papers

West African Papers


Creditor Reporting System

Gender, Institutions and Development Country Programmable Aid (CPA) Donors’ forward spending plans Aid effectiveness (Edition 2011)


Did you know… ...that Sweden’s unemployment rate was 7.1% in the 1st quarter of 2016, down by 1.8 percentage points from its peak in the 1st quarter of 2010?




3 100 ebooks


11 900 chapters


3 400 issues and articles


560 datasets

Economics is the discipline on which OECD work is built and economic statistics are the basis for much of OECD’s analysis. It relates to both macroeconomic and structural issues, and in particular their effect on policies. OECD study in this field is based on continued monitoring of events in member countries as well as outside the OECD area and includes regular projections of short and medium-term economic developments.


Bank Profitability: Methodological Country Notes

Main Economic Indicators

Economic Policy Reforms

National Accounts at a Glance

National Accounts of OECD Countries, Financial Accounts and Financial Balance Sheets

Key short-term indicators

Balance of payments

Business tendency and consumer opinion surveys

Composite leading indicators

Finance and International trade Labour and Prices

National Accounts of OECD Countries, General Government Accounts

• •

Production and sales

OECD Economic Surveys from 1961

Main Economic Indicators – full database

OECD Factbook

Revisions analysis

Purchase Power Parties and Real Expenditures

Secretary-General’s report to Ministers

OECD Economic Outlook: Statistics and Projections

Directory of Bodies of the OECD

How’s life?

Book Series •

Better Policies

OECD Insights

Papers •

OECD Journal on Budgeting

OECD Journal: Economic Studies

OECD Economics Department and OECD Statistics Working Papers

OECD Observer

OECD Productivity Working Papers

OECD Factbook Statistics OECD National Accounts Statistics •

National Accounts at a Glance

Aggregate and Detailed National Accounts

Financial Accounts and Balance Sheets

General Government Accounts

Quarterly National Accounts

Public Sector and Central Government Debt

PPP benchmark results



OECD Product Market Regulation Statistics •

Economy-wide regulation

Sectoral Regulation

Statistical Periodicals •

Main Economic Indicators

National Accounts of OECD Countries

Quarterly National Accounts

OECD Economic Outlook


Did you know… ...on average, across OECD countries, public funding accounts for 84% of all funds on educational institutions from primary to tertiary education?




860 ebooks


5 200 chapters


400 issues and articles


140 datasets

OECD’s work on education includes the gathering of statistical data, the conduct of policy reviews and analysis, and the use of survey data to improve learning outcomes (PISA). OECD statistics and survey data provide a strong evidence base helping OECD member countries improve the quality, equity, efficiency and effectiveness of their education systems. OECD work also covers research into early childhood education and care, teaching quality and recruitment, e-learning and lifelong learning.


Education at a Glance

Education Today

OECD Education Statistics

Highlights from Education at a Glance

Education Database • Educational Personnel

Trends Shaping Education

Expenditure by funding source and transaction type

Expenditure by nature and resource category

Foreign / international students enrolled

Graduates by age

Graduates by field of education

New entrants by sex and age

Students aligned to finance and personnel data

Students enrolled by age

Students enrolled by type of institution

Total population by sex and age

Book Series •

Educational Research and Innovation

Education and Training Policy

Higher Education in Regional and City Development

International Summit on the Teaching Profession

OECD Reviews of Evaluation and Assessment in Education

OECD Reviews of Migrant Education

OECD Skills Studies

OECD Reviews of Vocational Education and Training


Quality Matters in Early Childhood Education and Care

Reviews of National Policies for Education

Strong Performers and Successful Reformers in Education


OECD Reviews of School Resources

PISA: Programme for International Student Assessment TALIS Teaching and learning international survey – indicators Education at a glance Gender equality in education



Papers •

OECD Education Working Papers

PISA in Focus

Teaching in Focus

Education Indicators in Focus

Adult Skills in Focus


Did you know… ...that only about 60% of American workers are eligible for twelve weeks of unpaid employment protection around childbirth?




490 ebooks


1 900 chapters


30 working papers


130 datasets

OECD work in this field covers analysis of employment, unemployment and labour market policies, closely linked to social policy and education. It monitors countries’ employment reforms in key areas such active labour market policies, employment protection, minimum wage, vocational training and adult learning. It also provides country-specific analyses and tailored policy recommendations to help governments create more and better jobs for vulnerable groups, such as younger, older and disabled workers.

• • • • •

Labour Force Statistics OECD Employment Outlook OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators OECD Labour Force Statistics Taxing Wages

Book Series • • • • • • • •

Ageing and Employment Policies Back to Work Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) OECD Reviews of Labour Market and Social Policies OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation Investing in Youth OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship


• • • • • • •

Labour Market Statistics Labour Market programmes: expenditure and participants Employment Protection Legislation Trade Unions Average annual wages Job Quality Inventory for job quality

OECD Productivity Statistics • •

GDP per capita and productivity levels GDP per capita and productivity growth



Working Papers • OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers • OECD Employment Policy Papers

Databases OECD Employment and Labour Market Statistics • • •

Labour Force Statistics Earnings Hours worked


Did you know… ...that gross electricity production from fossil fuels decreased (coal -7.6%; oil -10.6%) between 2014 and 2015 for OECD countries?




540 ebooks


290 chapters


140 issues and articles


110 datasets

The International Energy Agency (IEA), which falls under the OECD administrative umbrella, was created in response to the first energy crisis back in the 1970s. IEA works to ensure reliable, affordable and clean energy for its 28 member countries and beyond. The IEA addresses all types of energy sources. It gathers statistics on world energy markets, analyses those markets and the technologies that support them, and evaluates policies to make them operate better.


CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion

IEA Energy Papers

Coal Information

Electricity Information

OECD/IEA Climate Change Expert Group Papers

Energy Balances of non-OECD Countries

Energy Balances of OECD Countries


Energy Statistics of Non-OECD Countries

Energy Projections for IEA Countries

Energy Statistics of OECD Countries

Energy Technology Perspectives

IEA CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion Statistics

Key World Energy Statistics

IEA Coal Information Statistics

Medium-Term Coal Market Report

IEA Electricity Information Statistics

Medium-Term Gas Market Report

IEA Energy Prices and Taxes Statistics

Medium-Term Oil Market Report

IEA Energy Technology R&D Statistics

Medium-Term Renewable Energy Market Report

IEA Natural Gas Information Statistics

IEA Oil Information Statistics

Natural Gas Information

IEA Renewables Information Statistics

Oil Information

IEA World Energy Statistics and Balances

Projected Costs of Generating Electricity

Renewables Information

World Energy Outlook

Book Series •

Energy Policies of IEA Countries

Energy Policies Beyond IEA Countries

IEA Technology Roadmaps

IEA Partner Country Series

Electricity Market Series

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

World Energy Balances

World Energy Statistics

Statistical Periodicals •

Energy Prices and Taxes

Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity




Did you know… ...that close to 80% of the population of OECD countries benefit from wastewater treatment?




1 270 ebooks


3 000 chapters


40 issues and articles


60 datasets

A healthy environment is a pre-requisite for a strong and balanced economy, and both are needed for sustainable development. The OECD provides a forum for countries to share their experiences and to develop concrete recommendations for policies that can address environmental problems in an effective and economically efficient way, including performance reviews, data collection, policy analysis, and projections.



OECD Environmental Outlook

OECD Environment Working Papers

Environment at a Glance

OECD Green Growth Papers

OECD Trade and Environment Working Papers

OECD Environment Policy Papers

OECD/IEA Climate Change Expert Group Papers

Environmental Finance

Novel Food and Feed Safety

OECD Series on Principles of Good Laboratory Practice and Compliance Monitoring

OECD Series on Testing and Assessment

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

OECD Green Growth Studies

OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 1

OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 2

OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 3

OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 4

OECD Guidelines for the Testing of Chemicals, Section 5

OECD Studies on Environmental Innovation

OECD Studies on Water

Series on Chemical Accidents

Series on Emission Scenario Documents

Series on Pesticides and Biocides

Green Finance and Investment

Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology

OECD Studies on Environmental Policy and Household Behaviour

Databases OECD Environment Statistics •

Greenhouse gas emissions by source

Air emissions by source

Threatened species

Forest resources

Municipal waste, Waste generation by sector


Green Growth Indicators

Environment protection expenditure and revenues

Material Resources

Environmental policy instruments

Air and greenhouse gas emissions by industry


Book Series


Did you know… ...that workers remain in the labour market for the longest amount of time in Korea, Mexico, Iceland, and Japan?




680 ebooks


3 800 chapters


370 issues and articles


180 datasets

The OECD works with governments to improve domestic and global policies that affect business and markets. It identifies best practices and policies designed to keep markets open, competitive and sustainable while combating market abuses and economic crime through international co-operation. The OECD takes up public policy challenges of direct concern to business – including investment, finance, anti-corruption, corporate governance, competition, private pensions, insurance and private sector development – to enhance economic growth and development and to ensure financial stability.


African Central Government Debt

OECD Journal on Budgeting

Annual Report on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

OECD Journal: Financial Market Trends

Bank Profitability: Methodological Country Notes

OECD Corporate Governance Working Papers

Geographical Distribution of Financial Flows to Developing Countries

OECD Working Papers on Finance, Insurance and Private Pensions, International Investment and Sovereign Borrowing and Public Debt Management

Measuring Globalisation: Activities of Multinationals, Volume I, Manufacturing Sector

OECD Employment Policy Papers

Measuring Globalisation: Activities of Multinationals, Volume II, Services

OECD Investment Policy Perspectives

OECD Pensions at a Glance

OECD Institutional Investor Statistics

OECD Insurance Statistics

OECD International Direct Investment Statistics

OECD Pensions Outlook

Pensions at a Glance Asia/Pacific

Book Series

Databases OECD Institutional Investors Statistics OECD Insurance Statistics •

Balance Sheet and Income

Business written in the reporting country

Commissions and Gross claims payments

Gross operating expenses

Insurance activity indicators

Insurance business by domestic and foreign risks

Insurance business written abroad by branches and in the reporting country

Insurance companies and employees

Outstanding investment by direct insurance companies

Competitiveness and Private Sector Development

Environmental Finance

OECD Investment Policy Reviews

OECD International Direct Investment Statistics

Policy Issues in Insurance

OECD Pensions Statistics

Private Sector Development in the Middle East and North Africa

Pensions statistics and indicators

Public pension reserve funds’ assets

Pensions at a Glance




Did you know… ...that on average, in 2014, fewer than 30% of seats in the lower and upper parliamentary houses of OECD countries were filled by women?




1 100 ebooks


4 900 chapters


600 issues and articles


260 working papers

OECD work on governance aims to identify changing societal and market needs and assist countries in adapting their public sector governance arrangements to the changing needs of society. This involves improving government efficiency while protecting and promoting society’s longer-term governance values. OECD work on governance also covers the analysis of national e-government programmes, regulatory policies and the creation of policy instruments for the public sector to fight corruption and build integrity.

OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship

The Governance of Regulators

Annual Report on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

Government at a Glance

OECD Regions at a Glance


OECD Sovereign Borrowing Outlook

OECD Corporate Governance Working Papers

OECD Journal on Budgeting

OECD Working Papers on Public Governance

SIGMA Country Assessment Reports

SIGMA Papers

SIGMA Public Procurement Briefs

OECD Regulatory Policy Working Papers

Book Series •

ADB/OECD Anti-Corruption Initiative for Asia and the Pacific

Better Regulation in Europe

Competition Law and Policy Reviews

Corporate Governance

Cutting Red Tape

Fighting Corruption in Eastern Europe and Central Asia

OECD Best Practice Principles for Regulatory Policy

OECD Fiscal Federalism Studies

OECD Public Governance Reviews

OECD Reviews of Human Resource Management in Government

OECD Reviews of Regulatory Reform

OECD Reviews of Risk Management Policies

OECD Rural Policy Reviews

OECD Studies on Public Engagement

Partnership for Democratic Governance

Value for Money in Government

OECD Digital Government Studies

OECD Environmental Performance Reviews

Databases OECD Product Market Regulation Statistics •

Economy-wide regulation

Sectoral regulation




Did you know… ...that young enterprises (under three years) account for between 4% and 12% of total employment in most countries?




700 ebooks


3 300 chapters


25 issues and articles


80 datasets

OECD work on Industry and Services helps governments to formulate micro-level policies to foster the development of industries and enterprises. Analyses address issues relating to large and small firms in manufacturing and service sectors at local, national and international levels. Entrepreneurship, innovation, corporate governance, tourism, industrial restructuring and globalisation are among the topics studied for OECD and non-OECD countries.


Annual Report on the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises

OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Working Papers

Developments in Steelmaking Capacity of Non-OECD Economies

OECD Employment Policy Papers

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers OECD Tourism Papers

Entrepreneurship at a Glance

Financing SMEs and Entrepreneurs

Measuring Globalisation: Activities of Multinationals, Volume I, Manufacturing Sector


Measuring Globalisation: Activities of Multinationals, Volume II, Services

OECD Statistics on Measuring Globalisation •

Activity of Multinationals in Manufacturing

OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators

Activity of Multinationals in Services

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook

Maritime transport costs

Bilateral trade in intermediate goods and services

Trade by enterprise characteristics

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard

OECD Tourism Trends and Policies

OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook

Research and Development Expenditure in Industry

Structural and Demographic Business Statistics

STAN: OECD Structural Analysis Statistics

Book Series •

OECD Studies on SMEs and Entrepreneurship

OECD Studies on Tourism

OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation

OECD Patent Statstics OECD Productivity Statistics OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services STAN: OECD Structural Analysis Statistics Structural and Demographic Business Statistics •

Business Demography Indicators

Structural Business Statistics



Statistical Periodicals •

OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services


Did you know… ...that the average age of the worldwide operating nuclear fleet in 2015 was close to 30 years, with nearly 250 reactors more than 30 years old and some 75 beyond 40 years old?




370 ebooks


730 chapters


400 issues and articles

The Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) represents much of the world’s best nuclear expertise, bringing together 31 OECD member countries. The NEA’s mission is to assist its member countries in maintaining and developing, through international co-operation, the scientific, technological and legal bases required for the safe, environmentally friendly and economical use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. It provides authoritative assessments and forges common understandings on key issues as input to government decisions on nuclear energy policy, and to broader OECD policy analyses in areas such as energy and sustainable development.

Periodicals •

Nuclear Energy Data

Projected Costs of Generating Electricity


Chemical Thermodynamics

Legal Affairs

Nuclear Development

Nuclear Regulation

Nuclear Safety

Nuclear Science

Radioactive Waste Management

Radiological Protection

Papers •

Nuclear Law Bulletin


Book Series


Did you know… ...that in some small open economies, such as Ireland, Belgium, and Israel, more than 60% of business R&D is accounted for by affiliates of foreign companies?




510 ebooks


2 800 chapters


250 issues and articles


90 datasets

The OECD is a pioneer in promoting a better understanding of what science and technology do and could do, as well as the factors shaping how research is carried out and how it is then used. The OECD works with countries to obtain internationally comparable data and provide them with information on the scientific, technological and industrial environment and its relation to general economic goals such as growth and employment as a basis for examining the effectiveness of national policies.

OECD Science, Technology and R&D Statistics

Information Technology Outlook

Main Science and Technology Indicators

OECD Communications Outlook

Research and Development Statistics

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook

Business enterprise R-D expenditure by industry

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard

Gross domestic expenditure on R-D

Other national R-D expenditure

Research and Development Expenditure in Industry

R-D expenditure by sector of performance and type of R-D

Government budget appropriations or outlays for RD

Business enterprise R-D personnel by industry

R-D personnel

Book Series •

OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy

The Measurement of Scientific and Technological Activities

Papers •

OECD Digital Economy Papers

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers

OECD Productivity Working Papers

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Working Papers

Databases OECD Patent Statistics •

Indicators of international co-operation

Patents by main technology and by International Patent Classification (IPC)

Patents by regions

OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook •

Comparative performance of national science and innovation systems

Structural composition of BERD

Key figures

Overview of national innovation policy mix

Revealed technology advantage in selected fields

OECD Telecommunications and Internet Statistics •

Telecommunications database

Broadband database



Statistical Periodicals •

Main Science and Technology Indicators


Did you know… ...that on average across OECD countries, 19% of health spending is paid directly by patients?




780 ebooks


5 500 chapters


3 400 tables and graphs


110 datasets

Combating poverty and social exclusion remain high on the policy agenda in all countries within and outside the OECD. Providing benefits to people in need can help alleviate the worst social and economic hardship, but such policies cannot replace a comprehensive strategy of social development. Social policy work in the OECD covers a wide array of social, education and health policies implemented in a continuously changing environment of socio-demographic factors, labour markets, and technical progress.



Health at a Glance

Health at a Glance Asia/Pacific

OECD Health Statistics

Health at a Glance Europe

How’s life?

International Migration Outlook

Labour Force Statistics

OECD Employment Outlook

OECD Pensions at a Glance

Pensions at a Glance Asia/Pacific

Society at a Glance Asia/Pacific

Society at a Glance

Ageing and Employment Policies

Jobs for Youth/Des emplois pour les jeunes

Mental Health and Work

OECD Health Policy Studies

OECD Reviews of Health Care Quality

OECD Reviews of Health Systems

Recruiting Immigrant Workers

Papers •

OECD Health Working Papers

OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers

OECD Series on Adverse Outcome Pathways

OECD International Migration Statistics •

International migration database

Immigrants by citizenship and age

Immigrants by detailed occupation

Immigrants by duration of stay

Immigrants by field of study

Immigrants by labour force status

Immigrants by occupation

Immigrants by sector

Immigrants by sex and age

OECD Social and Welfare Statistics •

Child Well-Being

Better Life Index

Social Expenditure

Income Distribution

Taxes and benefits

Pensions at a Glance


Book Series

OECD Social Expenditure Statistics


Did you know… ...that Denmark has the highest tax-toGDP ratio among OECD countries (50.9% in 2014), followed by France (45.2%) and Belgium (44.7%)?




620 ebooks


2 300 chapters


90 issues and articles


220 datasets

OECD’s taxation work covers a broad range of activities, including tax evasion, harmful tax practices and environmental taxes. The OECD produces internationally comparable statistics, sets tax standards, such as the OECD Model Tax Convention and engages in monitoring and assessing policies. The in-depth analysis provides national authorities with options for reforming the tax system so as to improve efficiency, equity and enforceability.

Consumption Tax Trends

Model Tax Convention on Income and on Capital: Condensed Version

OECD Transfer Pricing Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and Tax Administrations

European Union VAT and customs duties

Reference series

Country tables

Revenue Statistics in Latin America •

Country tables

Taxing Wages •

Comparative tables

Country tables

Tax wedge decomposition

Revenue Statistics

Revenue Statistics in Latin America

Tax Administration

Tax Co-operation

Taxes and benefits

Taxing Wages

Fiscal decentralisation

Book Series •

Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purposes

OECD/G20 Base Erosion and Profit Shifting Project

OECD Tax Policy Studies

Intergovernmental grants

Tax autonomy

Personal Income Tax



Papers •

OECD Taxation Working Papers

OECD Working Papers on Fiscal Federalism

Databases OECD Tax Statistics Revenue Statistics •

Comparative tables

Financing of social security benefits

Contributions and taxes paid by government 41

Did you know… ...that in the EU, counterfeit and pirated goods amounted up to 5% of imports in 2013?




310 ebooks


1 500 chapters


2 500 issues and articles


60 datasets

Reflecting the globalisation of industrial activities and the intertwined nature of trade dimensions with other policy fields, OECD work on trade has shifted from an emphasis on trade in goods to a more interdisciplinary consideration of trade issues. It helps forestall trade tensions and conflicts that emerge under the pressure of ever‑intensifying competition. Trade work also encompasses the issue of export credits, trade facilitation, non-tariff measures and aid for trade.

Book Series

Statistical Periodicals

International Trade by Commodity Statistics

OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services

OECD Quarterly International Trade Statistics

OECD Trade Policy Studies

Papers •

OECD Trade and Environment Working Papers

OECD Trade Policy Papers

Databases •

SITC Revision 3

SITC Revision 2

Harmonised System 2007

Harmonised System 2002

Harmonised System 1996: All commodities

Harmonised System 1996: ICT Goods

Harmonised System 1988

ITCS Exchange Rates


International Trade by Commodity Statistics

OECD Quarterly International Trade Statistics OECD Statistics on International Trade in Services •

Trade in Services – EBOPS 2002

Trade in Services – EBOPS 2010

Trade in Services: national classification items

OECD-WTO Statistics on Trade in Value-Added Monthly Statistics of International Trade


Did you know… ...that in 2015, private motorized vehicles accounted for 90% of total surface transport CO2 emissions?




740 ebooks


770 chapters


250 working papers

The International Transport Forum (ITF), also under the OECD’s administrative umbrella, is a think tank for global transport policy, providing evidence-based insights for policy-makers and the global transport community. Its work is underpinned by economic research, statistics collection and policy analysis, often undertaken in collaboration with leading research figures in academia, business and government. The International Transport Forum maintains a range of statistics and indicators on transport, trade, infrastructure investment, road safety and global transport greenhouse gas emissions.



Highlights of the International Transport Forum

International Transport Forum Discussion Papers

Road Safety Annual Report Trends in the Transport Sector

International Transport Forum Policy Papers

Trends in the Transport Sector

Historic content from 1950’s onward now available.

Book Series ITF Round Tables



Did you know… ...that on average, inequalities are higher in regions where the largest proportion of people live in cities with more than 1.5 million inhabitants?




370 ebooks


1 800 chapters


1 200 tables and graphs


1 010 working papers

OECD work on this subject area examines how regions, whether urban, rural, crossborder or metropolitan, contribute to national growth. This work focuses on how a place-based development model, a multi-sector policy approach that harnesses endogenous strengths and assets using networked, multi-level governance mechanisms, is best suited to achieve regional and aggregate growth outcomes. The integrated analysis of historical, cultural and socio-economic factors can explain why and how a given territory can improve its own prospects for growth and development.


OECD Regional Statistics

OECD Regions at a Glance

Book Series

Large regions, TL2 •

Demographic statistics

Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED)

Innovation indicators

Regional accounts

OECD Reviews of Regional Innovation

Regional labour market

OECD Rural Policy Reviews

Social indicators

OECD Territorial Reviews

OECD Urban Policy Reviews

Small regions, TL3

OECD Multi-level Governance Studies

OECD Reviews on Local Job Creation

Papers •

OECD Regional Development Working Papers

Demographic statistics

Innovation indicators

Regional accounts

Regional labour market

Metropolitan regions Regional well-being Subnational government structure and finance Regional demography Regional social and environmental indicators Regional innovation





OECD Statistics OECD has long been an innovator in the production and dissemination of Statistics, making them easy to find, use and cite. The OECD iLibrary Statistics Page provides entry to three types of statistical content accomodating to the profile of the user and the format of information required. OECD Databases – for experienced users wanting to access the latest available OECD data, to build their own tables and graphs, export the figures into their analytical software. New layout for each database’s homepage, presenting a comprehensive overview of all possible data services. Alongside the list of datasets, related publications are displayed, as well as the premium ready-made tables that are available in a range of formats – XLS, PDF, HTML. OECD Indicators – The most frequently-requested indicators (currently 160) are now available in the OECD Data Portal These indicators are also discoverable from within OECD iLibrary replacing the Key Tables. OECD iLibrary and OECD Data Portal are complementary and interconnected, providing active links between the two platforms. OECD Statistical Books – provides the archive version, essential for users wishing to check older numbers, with a back catalogue to 1998. Each table is available in different formats: WEB, PDF, XLS, and READ.

50 Did you know?

Key Figures

… that since 2000 the OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) allows anybody interested in education to compare 15 years old students’ performance across countries?

• • •

2 000 datasets Over 490 indicators Over 170 statistical collections Over

Teachers’ salaries relative to earnings for tertiary-educated workers aged 25-64 (2012)

Source: OECD. Table B1.3. See Annex 3 for notes ( 1 2


Statistical Databases OECD iLibrary provides a common knowledge base where users can discover and access statistical databases from the OECD and IEA. Users can build tables and extract data from across databases as well as work within individual databases. Extractions of millions of datapoints can be made in a range of formats. Each database includes detailed metadata to help understand the numbers. The new preview function enables users to determine a database’s suitability at any earlier stage, thereby saving time. The following databases are currently available on OECD iLibrary: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 52

Agriculture Statistics Economic Outlook: Statistics and Projections Education Statistics Employment & Labour Market Statistics Environment Statistics Factbook Statistics Health Statistics IEA Statistics Institutional Investors Statistics Insurance Statistics International Development Statistics International Direct Investment Statistics International Migration Statistics International Trade by Commodity Statistics Main Economic Indicators National Accounts Statistics OECD-WTO: Statistics on Trade in Value Added

• • • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

Patent Statistics Pensions Statistics Product market regulation statistics Productivity Statistics Quarterly International Trade Statistics Regional Statistics Science, Technology & R&D Statistics Social and Welfare Statistics STAN: Structural Analysis Statistics Statistics on International Trade in Services Statistics on Measuring Globalisation Structural & Demographic Business Statistics Tax Statistics Telecommunications & Internet Statistics Monthly Statistics of International Trade Social Expenditure Statistics


OECD Indicators The most popular data published by OECD have been gathered into a collection of Indicators, currently more than 160 of them. Users can play with the numbers, and quickly visualise the results. Social media-friendly, these can be shared or embedded for dissemination to online networks. Alternatively, the underlying figures can be downloaded, enabling users to make their own calculations and extrapolations. • Agricultural output

• General government

• National income

• Agricultural policy

• Health resources

• Air and climate

• Health risks

• Official development assistance (ODA)

• Broadband access

• Health status

• Conversion rates

• Household accounts

• Corporate Sector

• Industry

• Demography

• Inequality

• Productivity

• Development resource flows

• Information and communication technology (ICT)

• Research and development (R&D) • Social protection

• Insurance

• Sustainable Agriculture

• Interest rates

• Tax

• International student assessment (PISA)

• Transport

• International trade

• Waste

• Leading indicators

• Water

• Migration

• Youth and the labour market

• Earnings and wages • Education attainment • Education resources • Employment • Energy • Entrepreneurship • Fisheries • Foreign direct investment (FDI) • Forest 54

• Monetary aggregates

• Pensions • Population by region • Prices

• Unemployment


Statistical Books OECD has been publishing statistical periodicals and serials since the Organisation began in 1961. With the arrival of electronic publishing OECD was one of the first to make all its content accessible online. The PDFs dating back to 1998 represent an important archive for users wishing to check older figures. Now the presentation on OECD iLibrary offers the data in WEB, PDF, XLS and READ formats to facilitate discoverability and usability of the data. It has never been easier to find, use and cite OECD statistics. STATISTICAL PERIODICALS:

SERIALS including:

• Energy Prices and Taxes

• Central Government Debt

• International Trade by Commodity Statistics

• Health at a Glance

• Main Economic Indicators

• Labour Force Statistics

• Main Science and Technology Indicators

• National Accounts at a Glance

• Oil, Gas, Coal and Electricity – Quarterly

• OECD Factbook

Statistics • Quarterly International Trade Statistics • Quarterly National Accounts

• OECD Pensions at a Glance • OECD Science, Technology and Industry Scoreboard • World Energy Outlook




Integrated Search OECD iLibrary offers a powerful search engine helping users to easily find the right content.

•  The Quick Search box located at the top of every page gives fast results based on titles, abstracts and other bibliographical data. •  Advanced search enables full text searching and the use of Boolean operators, as well as other parameters: date, content type or language (English, French, German, Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, etc.). • Refine your search with the Narrow Your Search Results feature— accessible after having searched with either Quick Search or Advanced Search. Using a range of filters, you can ‘search within a search’ by adding parameters such as key words, dates, content types, themes or countries.


In both search functions, the results are displayed according to relevance and show:

•  Content Type: Article, Chapter, Table, Graph, Book, and Database. •  Formats: PDF, XLS, WEB, DATA, ePUB, READ, and Indicators.

Search results can be re-sorted by date or content type. A history of the most recent searches during the active session is maintained, allowing users to jump between and combine results.


Content in Context On OECD iLibrary every single content item, from a complete book to a single table in one of its chapters, has its own home page, DOI and bibliographical metadata. • The contextual navigation allows users to easily find: • Publications belonging to a book collection • Chapters, graphs and tables within a title • Previous or latest edition of annuals • Other language versions • Multilingual summaries in up to 25 different languages, offered in four formats, including PDF and EPUB • Titles related to the current content item



Digital Object Identifier & Citation Tools The use of Digital Object Identifiers (DOIs)

All citation tools in OECD iLibrary feature

for all published items in OECD iLibrary

the DOI name as the reference link. The

allows the use of persistent and independent

ÂŤCite asÂť feature allows consistent and

links to the described content anywhere on

authoritative referencing of any full-text item

the internet. Information about a digital object

on the site.

may change over time, including where to find it, but its DOI will not change and thus always points to its original online presence. The DOI name has two components, the prefix and the suffix, which together form the DOI name. A DOI name may be assigned to any item of intellectual property, which must be precisely defined by means of structured metadata. The DOI name itself remains persistent through ownership change and remains unaltered once assigned.


As an innovative tool, this feature also includes the citation of dynamic databases with a link to the original dataset and the exact time at which it was accessed. The citation tool is compatible with popular bibliographical reference software such as EndNote, RefManager, ProCite and RefWorks.


Usage Statistics & MARC records OECD iLibrary provides subscribers with COUNTER4-compliant usage statistics. Eight different reports are available, reporting usage statistics of full-text downloads, number of turnaways, and performed searches. The reports will show monthly data for the selected time period. All relevant content titles are listed showing the actual usage with the totals in the first row. Report delivery is self-administered and reports are provided in TSV format to guarantee the highest compatibility to be used in data management systems. The files can also be imported into MS Excel for a quick analysis. OECD iLibrary also offers retrieval of all usage reports via SUSHI protocol. The reports are delivered in XML format. • J R1 – Journal Report 1 – Number of Successful Full-Text Article requests by month and journal • J R2 – Journal Report 2 – Access Denied to Full-Text Articles by month, journal and category 66

• J R5 – Journal Report 5 – Number of Successful Full-Text Article requests by Year-of-Publication and journal • B  R1 – Book Report 1 – Number of Successful Title requests by month and title • B  R2 – Book Report 2 – Number of Successful Section requests by month and title • B  R3 – Book Report 3 – Access Denied to Content items by month, title and category • B  R5 – Book Report 5 – Total Searches by month and title • P  R1 – Platform Report 1 – Total Searches, result clicks and record views by month and platform Bibliographical MARC records are available to subscribers using MARC21 XML format according to U.S. Library of Congress specifications. Bibliographic details for books are available, covering monographs and serials. OECD iLibrary also provides records for all papers/journals and statistical content. MARC records are generated in English only, and describe the online version of a publication/serial, including other language versions.


Additional Features OECD iLibrary offers many features to make both librarians and their patrons’ lives simpler when searching and using OECD content. New functions are constantly being developed. Amongst those already available or shortly to be released: • Browse by theme and country • Perpetual access to subscribed content • Data Archive Service • Institutional Branding Options • Account Management Tools • RSS feeds • Navigation help via hierarchical breadcrumb trails • Option to email the page and to buy the book • Athens/Shibboleth federated authentication for US and UK institutions • StatLinks: URLs shown below tables and graphs in OECD publications that link to spreadsheets providing the underlying data • READ: Online feature available to all users enabling them to read and share the full text of content on all connected devices: desktop and mobile • Discovery Services: ProQuest Summon, OCLC WorldCat; EBSCO EDS, Ex Libris Primo • Dataset Previews • Same features and fonctionality as other IGO iLibraries:, and . 68




November 2016

OECD MEMBER COUNTRIES • • • • • • • • • • • •

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• • • • • • • • • • • •

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Norway Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom United States


Colombia Costa Rica Lithuania

KEY PARTNERS • • • • •

Brazil People’s Republic of China India Indonesia South Africa

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