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Issue 6 • 2013

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ODYSSEY

SA's leading integrated living mag

vegetarianism & veganism sugar = diabetes

natural

weight-loss

animals

white lion mythology the animal manifesto peta + Fur

afra

africa's buddha

africa edition

O dedicated to madiba: NELSON MANDELA

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INSIDE Features

Madiba Tribute 06 Afra: Africa's Buddha 22 Namibia 29 Humanity's Team 34 Dancing with the Kalahari Bushmen 36 The Bushmen Winter Has Come 40 Miss Earth 42 Kalahari Spa 50 Soweto Gospel Choir 54

Animals & You

White Lion Mythology The Animal Manifesto

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SA's leading integrated living mag

60 66

Mirror for the Soul 76 Earth Walk Journeys 80 Peta & Fur 82 Animal News 88

Mobility

Nissan Leaf 92

GreenWorx

Green Wine Awards Jane Griffiths Depression & You

Editor & Creative Director Silke Erasmus silke@odysseymagazine.co.za

Assistant Editor Lenard Roos studio1@odysseymagazine.co.za

Executive Editor & Publisher Chris Erasmus editor@odysseymagazine.co.za

Studio Manager Kevin Rule studio2@odysseymagazine.co.za

Webmaster Garry Doel web@odysseymagazine.co.za

Marketing & Advertising Director Marianne Boulle marianne@odysseymagazine.co.za

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Cape Town Head Office P O Box 30946, Tokai, 7966 Tel 27 (0) 21 713 0018 / 712 4665 082 579 7915 Fax 27 (0) 21 715 2809 Fax to email 086 640 1091 admin@odysseymagazine.co.za www.odysseymagazine.co.za

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98 108 118


Issue 6 • 2013

Volume 37 • No.6

Self & Beyond

Old Mind, New Mind 120 Sacred Journeys 126

BodyWorx

Natural Weight-Loss 148

Natural Living

Restive Festive Renewal 132 Cinnamon 136 Sugar is Toxic 144 Himalayan Heritage 162 Allergies, Pt II 166 Vegetarianism & Veganism 174

Advertising Sales Melody Kelly-Claesson marketing@odysseymagazine.co.za Online Directories Marianne Boulle marianne@odysseymagazine.co.za Accounts Tracy Lee Nash accounts@odysseymagazine.co.za

Juicing 184 The Hydro 186 The Conscious Healing Centre 200

4theKids

Kids Animal-Friendly Activities 205 Kids & Lice 206 Kids' Books 210 Film 212

Hot off the press 170 Books & CDs 58 & 70 Paulo Coelho 214 Classifieds 216 Hay House Giveaways 218

Publisher Sacred Spaces Publishing House cc Reg No 2001/014555/23 Disclaimer Opinions expressed in this magazine are not necessarily those of the publishers or staff. Copyright Material published in Odyssey, including all artwork, may not be reproduced without the permission of the editor. ISSN 0256-0356

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editorial

RAISE YOUR VOICE & BE COUNTED

Turning a blind eye is not an option anymore. With international Human Rights Day on 10 December, I find myself filled with tremendous sadness. The mere fact that we have to have a commemorative day to remind all citizens on earth about the essential need for human rights for all, suggests that so many have lost all connection to their own inner world – and to their moral compasses. For if we truly knew ourselves, as has so often been encouraged by wise ones in terms like 'Man, know thyself', we would not treat any one else other than the way we would want to be treated ourselves. And that includes proper respect for all of our four-legged friends, as well as for all other aspects of life. All is connected. Human Rights Day is not the only initiative around at present to help drive awareness of humane conduct and civil behaviour. Presently we are all asked to consciously participate in the 16 Days of Activism for No Violence against Women and Children. It is said that up to 7 in 10 women in the world report having experienced physical and/or sexual abuse/violence at some point in their lifetimes. Approximately 100 to 140 million girls and women in the world have experienced female genital mutilation. Some 603 million women live in countries where domestic violence is not yet considered a crime. Over 60 million girls worldwide are child brides, married before the age of 18. These few facts alone speak clearly where the soul consciousness of so many on this earth is at, presently. Femicide or feminicide is broadly defined as the killing of women but definitions vary depending on the cultural context. However, most emphasise the idea that the murders are motivated, directly or indirectly, by misogynist and sexist motives, and sadly much of this behaviour is centred within the home – a place which should be one of safety, especially for women and children. For this reason we have decided to showcase in this issue a highly emotive and controversial campaign highlighting the plight of so many women via the imagery of the Hindu goddesses. A picture is worth a thousand words, it is said. Few images perhaps epitomise this idiom better than these powerful visuals, depicting physically abused Hindu Goddesses. The shocking images depict Saraswati (Goddess of Knowledge), Durga (the Protector) and Lakshmi (Goddess of Wealth and Prosperity) with bloody lips, black eyes and cuts on their beautiful faces. But Saraswati, in her infinite wisdom, Lakshmi, in all her riches, and Durga, in her strength, are unable to protect themselves in the face of debilitating domestic abuse. Indian ad agency, Taproot's, hauntingly beautiful images have exploded all over the internet, bringing to light the contradiction between the worship of female goddesses while gender abuse against women remains a common occurrence. Too often, such behaviour is met with silence and even tolerance. Now is the time for men to play a crucial role as fathers, brothers, husbands, and friends, in speaking out against violence against women and girls and ensuring that they, as a whole, portray themselves as positive role models for the younger generation, based on loving images of masculinity. And now is the time for all of us to speak out against this type of pandemic abuse. On the 9th of December we are also asked to commemorate international Anti-Corruption Day. To the rational, yet heart-centred, mind this too seems like a statement of the obvious; corruption in various forms is rife the world over. Last year UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon said: 'Corruption destroys opportunities and creates rampant inequalities. It undermines human rights and good governance, stifles economic growth and distorts markets. Corruption is not inevitable. It flows from greed and the triumph of the undemocratic few over the expectations of the many. I call on everyone to work towards a sustainable future where corruption is exposed and rejected, where integrity prevails, and where the hopes and dreams of millions are realised. Governments must play their part – and citizens must raise their voices.' Transparency International recently released the corruption index for 2013 and South Africa slipped

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Save Our Sisters campaign against w more than 68% of women in India are woman shall be spared. Not even the


women abuse: 'Pray that we never see this day. Today, e victims of domestic violence. Tomorrow, it seems like no e ones we pray to'. Visit www.savethechildrenindia.org

backwards from 69th to 72nd position. This index depicts the perceived level of corruption by its citizens and even though this position is nothing to be proud of, South Africa's corruption problem is still viewed as being a 'stable situation'. That may seem odd, given that so many South Africans are now speaking out against this behaviour, let alone literally rebelling against it in some instances. The e-toll saga will therefore be most interesting to watch, especially as in July the Global Corruption Barometer revealed that 47% of South Africans paid bribes over the past year against a global average of 27%. The general trend worldwide is that citizens have become intolerant of the abuse of public resources and are losing trust in political, public and business leaderships and structures. That alone will ensure that something new, something better, something exciting is about to unfold. In other words, we are seeing the beginnings of a revolution, within and without. And one thing is for sure: it is time for Africa and her people, as we so beautifully illustrate in this issue, dedicated as it is in part to Africa, her amazing places and her people and animals. There is just so much magnificence, so many interesting and beautiful tribes and languages, our unique animals, and the landscape is stunning and enviable. All of these need to be honoured, cherished, preserved and protected. So it really is time to act – on many fronts, but all of them united by the underlying awareness that we are all part of one family, that we share a single home, this amazing planet called earth, and that we need to learn to live with each other and with all the other creatures that together make up our home as a sustainable system – or we will not end up living at all.

Publisher's Note

With the rest of the world we mark the great significance and heartfelt outpourings of humanity at the passing of Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela. See page 6 for our acknowledgement and dedication to this great man.

Stats update

We have been doing a little boasting on Facebook and the like, but for those not following all that, we should like to tell you that Odyssey Magazine has exceeded even our wildest expectations in 'going viral' with our previous issue, having gone past, at the time of writing, over 344 000 reads/ views. We are, as they say, blown away. Thank you all for the support in our new format – please pass on the links to all and sundry, and help get the message out there at this crucial time in planetary shifts on so many fronts.

Office hours

The Odyssey office closes on Friday 20 December and re-opens 13 January 2014.

A beautiful light of love As you relax into the festive season, one of giving, and receiving, we urge you to be mindful of what your true gift is. Most of us do not need another gadget or toy, what we truly need is for someone to love us. For, as Mother Teresa said:

'The hunger for love is much more difficult to remove than the hunger for bread.' Remember that you are a beautiful light of love, made in the image of the Divine, so share your gift of love and grace with those around you and those you care about.

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Image: http://imtawanda.wordpress.com

Tribute


It is possible that future generations will come to know Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela as 'The Great', in the same way as the world remembers Alexander The Great, along with a small handful of other outstanding figures who stand head and shoulders above their contemporaries – or even other great leaders of all time. Chris Erasmus, who met him a number of times during his years as a foreign correspondent for USA Today and other leading news publications, gives a personal insight into a man who's legend exceeded the person, even before his recent passing.

T

he feeling in the room was palpable. There was tension, some anxiety but mostly expectation. Nelson Mandela, perhaps for the very first time, was

in the precincts of the same Parliament which had overseen the implementation of apartheid – and before that, 250 years' worth of racial oppression and domination – and was about to enter a room full of leading political figures and journalists. Despite the tight quarters and the awareness of those in the room that they were part of the making of history – or at least, in close-quarters observation of that – there was an air of 'something special' about to happen. The closest I can come to it is a grown-up version of what I remember as a young child of what Christmases or birthdays were like – a special occasion and plenty of anticipatory excitement. There was also a lot of curiosity about this man who had already come to symbolise South Africa's struggle to come to terms with its racially divided reality. No fanfare or flourish of any kind attended upon his entrance. But immediately the place felt different. At first, I thought this was a consequence of the great build-up that preceded one of his first encounters with the unruly collective that is a journalistic gaggle, but on subsequent occasions I realised that what I felt – I think, we all felt – was something he carried with him. The man, quite literally,

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had an aura about him that you could sense and feel, even across a crowded room. This is not a retrospectively edited and sentimentalised version of events or view of the man – it is simply what happened and who he was. Even in the first doomed rounds of what became known as CODESA, those early 1990s talks between the then still ruling white elite as led by F W de Klerk's National Party, and Mandela's African National Congress and other parties, when the air was on occasion thick with expletives and fierce confrontation, Mandela's presence never waivered.

Nelson Mandela The Child

At one point De Klerk, alarmed that the ANC seemed to

Madiba The Great ODYSSEY 7 • 

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Image: www.vancouversun.com

Nelson Mandela Children's Hospital

'want everything, right now', as one of his aids put it,

both men, beyond the heated moments of disagreement,

stood up and 'read the riot act' to Mandela. For his part,

knew that they were playing for much bigger stakes than

Mandela glowered a bit, spent most of his time either

personal pride. The were vying in their different ways for

studying De Klerk in detail or simply looking down at the

a future South Africa where race was a thing of the past;

table before him. He took no notes that I could see.

wherein all could find their place in the African sun; where

There was no real clue as to exactly how he felt until

That intention won out. Both men deserve the credit

point for point, from memory – and handed out what can

they subsequently received for staying the course and

only be called a verbal spanking the likes of which no

setting the foundations in place for such a South Africa –

white South African president had ever experienced, and

we avoided a racial bloodbath, things are much better but

certainly not in public from a man once considered by the

we are far yet from achieving those great goals.

apartheid state as 'Public Enemy No 1' – to the point that

Madiba's passing is being widely mourned across

even a sketch of his face while still in prison on Robben

the world in an outpouring of genuine emotion by many

Island was banned from publication in any media.

millions not seen since the death of Princess Diana – and

Even though obviously quite enraged by some of

We are remembering how he had time for each and

including the evident support of some elements of the

every person he met, from the great and important –

security establishment for what was being described by

like Bill and Hillary Clinton – to the least known; and

many in the media as 'black-on-black' violence, mostly

the special place he had in his heart for all the children,

around the mines' single-sex hostels in Gauteng, where

regardless of background, race or any other consideration.

Inkatha-associated elements were literally at war with

It may be that his special feeling for the under privileged,

ANC-aligned groupings, as well as in a wide swathe of

the disadvantaged and most especially the children,

KwaZulu-Natal where the heart of the Zulu people was

was borne of his own trials and sufferings. It should be

being fought over – Mandela remained controlled and

remembered that he missed almost all the growing up

focused.

years of his own children while languishing for almost 27

His fury unabated, he did not bend to the impulse of

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quite possibly far surpassing even that.

De Klerk's comments – and by what else was going on,

a lesser man; he did not make his attacks personal on

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there was peace, justice and a better life for everyone.

he spoke. Then he stood and countered De Klerk, almost

years in a cell barely wide enough to accommodate his outstretched arms.

De Klerk as a man. He remained focused on the bigger

Mandela will be remembered as great because he

picture, on the underlying injustice of the system against

rose above his circumstances, his imprisonment, the

which he fought his whole life.

depravation forced on him in a bid to break his spirit, and

Some fellow members of the media thought that

all the suffering that he personally endured and which

De Klerk could never take such a public whipping and

he came to symbolically represent on behalf of so many

continue. And, indeed, that round of talks did fail. But

millions of others – not just South Africans – and in doing


Image: http://thechildrensmandela.co.za

Image: www.northjersey.com

Image: http://mg.co.za

so became, to all intents and purposes, 'a living saint'.

have to linger a while until ready to enter the light, but

Of course, he denied that he was saintly. He was a

the light is always there – I know this because I too

man after all, and had many human failings, by his own

have begun that journey more than once, only to have

admission. He was impatient, but usually only with blatant

to return to this life because my time was not done and

foolishness, or with the sort of small-mindedness and

there was more work for this life yet to be undertaken.

corruption which now riddles our country. He thoroughly

Personally, though, for Mandela himself, I celebrate. I

despised racism or any sort of irrational prejudice. He

celebrate his great life. And now he is free, truly free. He

hated being interrupted in mid-sentence.

is free of this world's demands on him that, even at the

But he was deeply thoughtful and considerate of

end of a long and amazing life, did not cease; not even

others. He dealt out his words carefully and expected

when he was extremely weakened and ill. He is free of

others to receive them in the same vein.

the politicking and the pettiness which drag us all down.

As someone who had the privilege to watch him

He is free to rise to whatever levels of attainment he has

in some of those unguarded moments when he was

personally achieved in his spirit – and in the process,

preparing for a press conference, or talking to an aid

helped show the rest of us what is possible.

during negotiations or on a number of other occasions, I

And he has left us a great legacy against which we

never – nor, as far as I know, did any others who I know

can all measure ourselves and the leaders who must

and whose word I trust – saw him be curt or unkind to

follow him.

underlings, or people offering him something to eat or

I was personally fortunate to meet him more times

drink, even if interrupting him. He was always courteous

than most; to be in a room with him and feel his palpable

and looked at the least in any crowd, directly in the eye,

presence therein; to be in a throng of almost delirious

offering his own full presence of being. Who could ask of

people hearing him speak in public for the first time in 27

a global leader more than that?

years; to see him change the hearts and minds of those

It is no wonder that he came to be in life already far larger than a mere living figure; rather he came to be a symbol of all that is best and good in humankind, faults included. He was, in short, a good man.

who had declared themselves his eternal enemies, and to make of them friends and admirers. Few there are who may ever match what he has achieved and what he became as a man, a leader

Many will be deeply saddened by Madiba's passing

and a symbol of what human beings can be like – if

– and certainly those nearest and dearest to him will

they choose to take the harder road and rise above

feel the impact hard. I, who have seen many thousands

their circumstances, eschewing blame, taking personal

of dead people in my career as a journalist, am always

responsibility for themselves and others, and becoming

touched by the poignancy and the pain that death –

the best person they can be.

especially unnecessary, sudden death – leaves in its wake. But for those passed on, I fear little. Some may

So we will remember him, each in our own way. Goodbye Tata. O

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Dr Michael Durst of Heartscape Paintings creates beautiful impressionistic paintings, intriguing complex fractals and breathtaking photographs. These are his words on the passing of Madiba.

'I

was

shocked

and

saddened by our loss of a great man, Nelson Mandela. Though

I was at the time in Chicago helping Stephen to recuperate from eye surgery, I am there in South Africa in spirit. I was privileged to meet with and work with this great leader in the early '90s and to assist him in realising the dream of a fair and just

SA. That personal bonding has lasted and will

stay with me through the rest of my life as a great beacon of hope, fairness, forgiveness and ultimate love. When I painted the image of Madiba, called 'The Gift of Love' with the African angel crowning him with the halo of love in all of the South African languages, I wanted to show the moment of transcendence when one becomes more than a mere mortal and is blessed by becoming a symbol of love and forgiveness. This painting is so appropriate for the humble South African man who had walked to freedom not only onto the world stage, but into the hearts of all of humanity. Now that the world mourns his loss and emulates his message of peace and reconciliation, his example is needed more than ever before. If this image of transcendence can assist in the process of healing and unification, by all means use it as a focus for this manifestation. SA and the world didn’t lose a great leader

but gained an opportunity to carry on his mission through the art of forgiveness.' O Visit www.HeartscapePaintings.com

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FEEDBACK Some comments regarding our extraordinary numbers: +340 000 reads for Issue 5. I have been reading Odyssey since I can remember I still have 80% of all my printed copies and even brought them with me to England. I still read them when I need something to do and I still find lessons in them too. I was always sad to have to wait for my magazines a couple of times a year and now I get them online – thank heaven. The African continent will always be my spirit connection. I share the magazine link with anyone who will listen and on the pagan/wiccan websites I visit. I believe the magazine is the finest in the world, and clearly – at least on this matter – I am right. Niqui Grover The word is out. You have gone digital at just the right time. Believe it. Congratulations. Anne Brennan

Congrats! Your stats on the reads of your last edition is the best news. I'm sure you are all so chuffed. You deserve all the success. All love, Colleen-Joy Page

On Issue 5 The magazine looks great. Your team did a fantastic job! Karen Jordan

INBOX

 Andreja Cepus

There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but you must take it because conscience tells you it is right.

Dr Martin Luther King Jr

The magazine looks amazing and the Slush and Shake Maker looks fantastic – Thank you! Harper Bailey Thank you so very much for the amazing insightful articles. It is indeed time for the masses to wake up! Anita Wepp Wow – impressive! Thanks for sending the link to the mag & for the Wellness/ Braw mention. Kelly Thuynsma

WHY DIGITAL WORKS FOR ODYSSEY NOW Personal experiences and getting onto the net at the right time when many are becoming aware? Anna-Maria Vose

2014/15 Journalism Fellowship Programme

When you persist in good work, at one point a breakthrough moment arrives, aligned in all the elements – I believe the time has come for you. Great work and keep on with it. Andreja Cepus (pictured, top)

Applications are now open. An opportunity for experienced journalists wishing to undertake research projects on a variety of subjects. Approximately six Thomson Reuters fellows study each year on fully-funded fellowships for 3 or 6 months. Thomson Reuters Fellows are drawn from both print and broadcast media. Journalists from any country in the world are eligible. Closing deadline: 31 January, 2014. Visit https://reutersinstitute.politics.ox.ac.uk

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The original statue of liberty? The statue on your left – Black Lady Liberty – represents the very first Statue of Liberty, made and gifted by France, which was originally turned down by the US in favour of the statue you see today.

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INSIGHTSOUT

The Sagrada Familia, 2026

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Waterless bath South African entrepreneur Ludwick Marishane created the world's first germicidal bath-substituting skin lotion or gel. Taking a bath anywhere, at any time, without using a drop of water is exactly what's possible with DryBath – the brainchild of the young SA entrepreneur, founder of Headboy Industries. During Design Indaba 2012, Marishane entered COMMON Pitch: SA, which saw social entrepreneurs from around the world sharing their world-changing ideas where he won the MTN Award of R100 000 for his project. The product was developed as an attempt to improve the lives of some two billion indigent people who do not have access to enough water for daily sanitation. DryBath provides its users with a healthy, enviro-friendly and convenient alternative to traditional washing and bathing and is made from a blend of biocide, bioflavonoids and moisturisers. The product is applied to the skin in the same way that one would use a waterless hand cleanser, leaving a fresh and sweet aroma.

Barcelona’s Sagrada Familia Basilica has been visited by millions of tourists since construction began in 1882 – and it hasn’t been finished since. The building is considered one of Barcelona’s most important monuments. The immense building was inspired by forms in nature, and it was initially funded solely by donation, which in part explains the slow construction. When Gaudi died in 1926, the project was still just 15-25% complete, and now 100 years after his death, it is slowly nearing completion. The Sagrada Familia Foundation has released a video that shows the world what Antoni Gaudi’s masterpiece will look like when it is finally completed in 2026. The project will be completed in accordance with the original design, and it is being overseen by architect Jordi Bonet, who is the son of an architect who worked with Gaudi. Read on to learn how Bonet is using 3D scanning to accelerate the design process.

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How Gaudi's Sagrada Familia will look when finished in 2026


World's First 3D Printed Room

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The elaborate 11-ton installation is printed with millions of incredibly detailed surfaces, and it stands almost 3m tall by 52 feet wide. Hansmeyer and Dillenburger’s 3D printed room looks like a historic temple or an architectural fragment from a more decorative era. The room was printed in large chunks over the course of a month, and then brought together and assembled in one day. The pieces were then polished, making the seams blend together into one unified installation. The complicated program used to design the ornate room, is based on an algorithm developed by Hansmeyer. The algorithm can be used to produce the general form of the room, as well as the micro-textures that make up the detailed surfaces throughout the room fragments. Recent advances in 3D printing technology have enabled large scale projects like this to come to fruition. Instead of using restrictive printing materials, the architects printed the room using a combination of sand and a bonding agent. When completed, the material has properties similar to sandstone.

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The Holy Grail Of Energy Generation & Storage? University of Missouri engineer Randy Curry and his team have developed a method of creating and controlling plasma that could revolutionise American energy generation and storage. The basic research program was originally funded by the Office of Naval Research, but continued research has been funded by MU.

'It's time to leave the static of the head for the ecstatic of the heart. The more we expand our hearts, the less we will need to shrink our heads.' Swami Beyondananda

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Science's 20 Most Unbelievable Truths

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Giant Monument to Honour MADIBA Dutch design firm WHIM Architecture decided to celebrate the anti-apartheid hero recently by designing a monumental structure shaped like Mandela’s face on the side of Table Mountain. 'A monument will teach next generations about the man who gave his life for justice and show his heritage,' explains WHIM. The monument features a vegetated facade, and it will be powered by solar panels, according to the architects' description.

Above: the view from the designed tourist attraction and monument

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4 Ways to Raise Your Vibration Everyday

The amendment of the General Regulations Made in Terms of the Medicines and Related Substances Act 101 of 1965, published in the Government Gazette on 15 November 2013, is largely aimed at bringing complementary medicines into the ambit of Act; however, there are also consequences for the manufacturers of allopathic medicines. The amended Regulations define a 'complementary medicines' as – any substance or mixture of substances that: originates from plants, minerals or animals; is used or intended to be used for, or manufactured or sold for use in assisting the innate healing power of a human being or animal to mitigate, modify, alleviate or prevent illness or the symptoms thereof or abnormal physical or mental state; and is used in accordance with the practice of the professions regulated under the Allied Health Professions Act, 1982 (Act No. 63 of 1982). 'As a result of the amendment, complementary medicines will in future be scrutinised by the Medicines Control Council of SA (MCC) for safety, efficacy and quality,' explains Dirk Hanekom, candidate attorney, Spoor & Fisher. 'Furthermore, all manufacturers, distributors, importers and exporters of these products will now require licences for these activities, while the products will in future have to comply with the prescribed requirements including those relating to labelling, package inserts and patient information leaflets.' The amended regulations will come into operation in phases, with the regulations relating to labelling, package inserts and patient information leaflets coming into operation on 15 February 2014. Apart from requirments above, and until the product is successfully registered with the MCC, these products will also have to include the following notice – 'This Wayne Dyer: How toby Overcome medicine has not been evaluated the Medicines Resistance to Good Control Council. This medicine–isFull not Seminar intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.'

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Meditate for 15min

Go outside & appreciate out loud

List as many positive aspects as you can in five areas of your life

Stand outside and thank heaven for the spirits that are focused on you, encouraging you, inspiring you, uplifting you and try to acknowledge them every moment no matter where you are, who you're with, or what you're doing every day, all day.

Source: www.abraham-hicks.com

Complementary medicines enter Medicines Act


European Researchers Turn Water Into Fire A team of European technomages have created a portable torch that's fueled by nothing but water. 'The water is split into hydrogen and oxygen gases and fed into a torch where a flame is produced, which can then be used for brazing or any other industrial application where flame is used,' ITM Power research technologist Andrew Ellis explained. 'So it's just using water to make a flame, basically.' Electrolyser systems like this have been prohibitively expensive for most applications, owing to the high cost of the membranes and catalysts requiring platinum or other precious metals that they use. But Ellis said that expense has been reduced dramatically thanks to the effort of 'a whole team of chemists' which has been working on new membrane formulations and finding cheaper catalyst materials. The SafeFlame prototype is currently undergoing testing in the UK.

IF THERE IS CONSCIOUSNESS – THERE IS A SOUL

FILM

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The Secret Life Of Walter Mitty Release: 3 January 2014 A day-dreamer escapes his anonymous life by disappearing into a world of fantasies filled with heroism, romance and action. When his job, along with that of his co-worker are threatened, he takes action in the real world, embarking on a global journey that turns into an adventure more extraordinary than anything he could have ever imagined. Starring Ben Stiller and Kristen Wiig.

Biologists Discover Tiny Neural Computers in the Brain Neuroscientists have learned that dendrites do more than just provide passive wiring in the brain. These nerve cell connectors also process information, essentially functioning as tiny computers. Our brains, it would appear, pack more computing power than we assumed. Dendrites are those branch-like extensions at the beginning of neurons that increase the surface area of cell bodies, or soma. These tiny outgrowths receive information from other neurons and transmit electrical stimulation to the soma. But we're now learning that this isn't the full extent of dendritic function. In a new study published in Nature, researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill demonstrated that dendrites do more than transfer information – they also actively process information, effectively multiplying the brain’s computing power. And like so much good science, the discovery came as a complete surprise to the researchers. 'Suddenly, it’s as if the processing power of the brain is much greater than we had originally thought,' noted study co-author Spencer Smith. 'Imagine you’re reverse engineering a piece of alien technology, and what you thought was simple wiring turns out to be transistors that compute information.' Visit here for more.

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Excavations uncover a shrine dating to the sixth century BCE

A depiction of Gautama Buddha

Buddhist Shrine Uncovered May Push Back the Buddha's Birth Date

Archaeologists may have uncovered evidence of the oldest Buddhist shrine yet discovered, dating to around 550 BCE. Located at Nepal's Lumbini pilgrimage centre, the legendary site of the Buddha's birth, the discovery points to the renowned religious figure living more than a century earlier than dates accepted by many scholars. 'What we have got is the earliest Buddhist shrine in the world,' says archaeologist Robin Coningham of the UK's Durham University, lead author of the discovery study, released recently by the journal Antiquity. In the study, the international archaeology team reports digging beneath existing brick structures at the shrine, which is visited yearly by hundreds of thousands of pilgrims. The excavations showed that older wooden structures lay beneath the walls of the later brick Buddhist shrine. The layout of that more recent shrine duplicates the layout of the earlier wooden structures, pointing to a continuity of Buddhist worship at the site, Coningham says. The team used two kinds of scientific dating to find the age of the early shrine. Outside scholars applauded the discovery but cautioned against too hastily accepting the site as the oldest discovered Buddhist shrine without more analysis. 'Archaeologists love claiming that they have found the earliest or the oldest of something,' says archaeologist Ruth Young of the UK's University of Leicester.

The Buddha's Birthplace Buddhism is one of the world's great religions, with more than 350 million followers, most living in East Asia. By tradition, Lumbini is the garden site where the Buddha's mother, Maya Devi, grasped a tree and gave birth to the historical figure Siddhartha Gautama, who later became the Buddha. The exact date of the Buddha's birth is disputed, with Nepalese authorities favoring 623 BCE, and other traditions favouring more recent dates, around 400 BCE. Regardless, by 249 BCE Lumbini had became one of the four sacred centres of Buddhism, marked by sanctifying inscriptions and a pillar left there at the time by the Indian emperor Ashoka, who helped spread Buddhism across Asia. Later abandoned, the site was rediscovered in 1896 and re-established as a worship centre, the Maya Devi temple, which is now a World Heritage site. Concerned about wear from visitors, UNESCO, along with Japanese and Nepalese officials, supported Coningham and colleagues as they documented conditions at Lumbini and investigated the history underneath the layers of brick structures left from Ashoka's era. The research was also supported by the National Geographic Society. 'We had almost unique access to the site that probably won't come again for another generation,' Coningham says. 'For that reason, we made our work completely open and transparent Above: Lumbibi in Nepal is the site thought to be to pilgrims. Their experiences were quite moving to see as where the Buddha was born we did our work.'

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Pope Francis' on: Atheists Pope Francis recently stated that atheists could take moral decisions just like religious people, in an unprecedented letter to a leftwing Italian daily – his latest attempt to reach out to non-believers. 'God’s mercy has no limits if we turn to Him with a sincere and contrite heart,' the leader of the world’s 1.2 billion Catholics said in a missive published in La Repubblica. 'The question for people who do not believe in God is to listen to their consciences. Also for those without faith, sin is going against your conscience,' he said.

Homosexuals Pope Francis has said gay people should not be marginalised but integrated into society, in some of the most conciliatory remarks by a pontiff on the issue of homosexuality. He also said he could not judge gay priests, an emotive topic that divides Catholic opinion. Francis defended all gays from discrimination but also referred to the Catholic Church's universal Catechism, which says that while homosexual orientation is not sinful, homosexual acts are.

Is cannabis the Next Diabetes MEDICINE? A new study shows using cannabis may assist in regulating blood sugar and assist those with diabetes. According to new research published in The American Journal of Medicine, while cannabis has become synonymous with a great appreciation of food, commonly referred to as 'the munchies', there is now new evidence that suggests people on a regular cannabis regimen are far less likely to suffer obesity, and more likely to preserve a lower body-mass index. The reason behind this phenomenon, surprisingly, has to do with the impressive metabolic rate of 'potheads' versus their smoke-free counterparts. 'The most important finding is that current users of cannabis appeared to have better carbohydrate metabolism than non-users,' says study author Associate Professor of Medicine at Harvard Medical School, Murray Mittleman. 'Their fasting insulin levels were lower, and they appeared to be less resistant to the insulin produced by their body to maintain a normal blood-sugar level.' Out of the 4 600 participants in this study, consisting of both men and women, nearly 50% claimed to have used cannabis at least once throughout the course of their lives, while 12% admitted to being enthusiastic cannabis connoisseurs.

Khoi-San will share in buchu profits A pharmaceutical company has signed an agreement with the National Khoi-San Council to share benefits from the commercial development of the buchu plant for medicinal purposes. Under the agreement, drawn up in terms of the Biodiversity Act of 2004, Khoi and San communities will receive 3% of the profits from the buchu products. Cape Kingdom Nutraceuticals’s agreement acknowledges that the medicinal plant knowledge of the Khoi and San predates that of later South African inhabitants and say that these groups are therefore legally entitled to a share of the money from the commercialisation of the plant as a medicine. The company will share its knowledge of the commercial use of the plant with the indigenous groups in exchange for the San and Khoi endorsing their products. 'We feel that this partnership will be to the benefit of the Khoikhoi and San people in South Africa, and will contribute to our development and empowerment,' Council chairman Cecil le Fleur said. The company is working on the buchu product with academics from Tygerberg Hospital and with Professor Tim Noakes from UCT. It has been researching the medicinal benefits of buchu for 14 years and has commissioned researchers to conduct clinical trials and analytical research on developing buchu extracts to treat diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. It says the three main uses of buchu are as an anti-inflammatory, antiseptic and in the treatment of hypertension. The company extracts the buchu oils in a patented process it says is '100% natural'. The leaves are picked by hand and then processed immediately.

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EVENTS

Galileo Open Air Cinema

3 December-24 April 2014. Kirstenbosch, V&A Waterfront and Hillcrest Quarry (Durbanville). Experience the nostalgia of classic films, outdoors on the Big Screen. www.thegalileo.co.za

Cape Town Summer Market 14-30 December (excl 25-26). Company Gardens. Traders welcome you 12pm-11pm, daily. ctsummermarket@gmail.com

Leonardo da Vinci exhibition

Dec-February 9 2014. Chavonnes Battery Museum, Clock Tower, V&A Waterfront. A travelling exhibition includes full-scale models based on this genius' inventions. www.webtickets.co.za

Stellenbosch Street Soirees

11 December, 15 January, 12 February & 12 March. 18h00-20h00. Monthly food and wine gatherings in the oak-lined streets. www.wineroute.co.za

Professional Culinary Photography January 2014.

Farm 215, Private Nature Reserve, Overberg. Course by renowned culinary photographer Jan Bartelsman. www.farm215.co.za

Prickly Pear Festival February/March 2014. Cuyler Hofstede

farm Uitenhage, Nelson Mandela Bay. Traditional food, ginger beer, pancakes, potjiekos, home-made jam, a spit & fish braai with home-made pudding. www.nmbt.co.za

Africa Eco Indaba 10-12 April 2014. Gauteng.

The Green Expo, rebranded. With a solid Business2Business offering, this formal conference will appeal to larger companies and government. info@africaecoindaba.co.za

Up the Creek

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30 Jan-2 Feb 2014. Breede River, Swellendam. Four-day festival offers three music stages. www.upthecreek.co.za


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D I R E C T O R Y

WORKSHOPS / CONSULTATIONS Available NATIONALLY Increasing and shifting energy in your space to achieve goals. GLYNIS DINSDALE 083 456 8238 glyndins@netactive.co.za www.fengshuiways.co.za

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Professional consultations for business and home by internationally qualified Master Consultant. Workshops available. Simone 011 485 2078, 082 601 1122 Email: info@fengshui.co.za

Spiritual Counselling Adult life counselling • Children's trauma counselling • Children's spiritual counselling Marriage counselling Victims of Abuse Eating Disorders • Divorce/Death Egyptian Reiki healing Zelda - 072 262 7118 Weekdays- 09h00 to 19h00 *Saturdays/ Sundays -10h00 to 13h00

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I have been channelling Kryon for 17 years now, and what Kryon wanted to teach me has come to a conclusion & these teachings need to be documented. Among other things, I am having a new website built, workshop manuals are to be written and MP3 meditations are going to be recorded, and I need a person with very good office skills to help me ensure these projects are realised. position available immediately. Writing and editing would be good skills to have & must enjoy working with social media. The project will be based in Milnerton, Cape Town. Please apply in writing to David@kryon.org.za.

ZEST4LIFE MINI WORKSHOP IN NEWLANDS CAPE TOWN Dr Sibis Mouton will facilitate this workshop in the Sufi Temple. DATE: Saturday 22nd February, 2014, 2-6pm COST: R500 (includes tea, cookies & notes)

See www.zest4life.co.za, phone

021 671 4956

or email sibismouton@zest4life.co.za

Private kinesiology treatments (since 2002) also available to give people’s lives new meaning and purpose.

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spirituality

Africa'sBuddha

Afra is believed by those working with the 'Ascended Masters' to be the patron of Africa and also the sponsor of the 'black race'. His etheric retreat is said to be in Ghana. Eons ago, it is claimed, Afra was the first member of the black race to make his 'ascension'. When he ascended, he asked to be called simply 'a brother', or frater in Latin. And so 'a frater' became the word Afra. The continent, itself, takes its name from this highly evolved being. Ralph Douwe Raaths reports.

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I

t is said that Africa was in the very ancient past –

strife between nations, and anywhere that 'divide and

many tens of thousands of years ago – once a part

conquer' machinations push people apart.

of the continent of Lemuria, the ancient motherland,

One version of what is believed to have led to Afra's

a place believed to be one of culture, truth and beauty.

current position as the 'Saint of Africa' (not, it should be

The black race, long ago, is said by some to have been

emphasised, a saint in the Catholic sense necessarily)

part of what was known as the 'blue race' and the 'violet

goes like this: 'Long, long ago I determined to in some

race'. Their skin, in this understanding, had a subtle blue

way help my brothers and sisters who lived in darkness.

or violet hue. These souls are thought to have lived in

And though I attempted time and time again to dissuade

a spiritually-advanced civilisation that existed on the

them from their evil ways, the voice of God spoke within

continent of Africa. On ancient Lemuria, it is claimed,

my heart and said, "Afra, know thyself". And therefore,

there was an age of freedom and enlightenment long lost

I determined to do so. And I worked and worked and

to recorded history. It was a golden-age civilisation with

worked to uproot every point of discord, disharmony and

marvellous advances in science and technology.

darkness within me until I was fully (in the) light. If I

Afra's Ascension year is given as 28 713 BCE, according

had not done this in that hour, I would not be speaking

to some information, a date which takes us back to what

with you today, and you would not have the benefits of

in esoteric circles is known as the Lemurian age. In

this discourse of my heart and of the light that I bear the

some of these circles this dates to the 5th epoch of that

world.'

greater Lemurian age of antiquity, which measures the

At this time, Master Afra was an initiate in embodiment

'I am the Spirit of Brotherhood. I have accepted the divine equation of freedom and justice, of opportunity and liberty within the domain of my own point of reference of God. And I invite each and every one of you to be expressive of this same spirit of holy unity within the allness of the One. I am Afra. I thank you. Remain fiery and true to your mission to fulfil your reason for being, for this is what brings the great Mother a smile. ' early history of our earth. The 5th Taurean epoch began

on Lemuria and there he was holding the true flame of

30 023 BCE of seven such epochs of each approximately

spirit for his people. He witnessed the deteriorating

2 160 years in duration. The Taurus/Scorpio axis at 17º

conditions of humanity and pledged himself to uphold

was the axis of the fall of man. In other words, humanity

the flame and light of this people until they could once

began to lose contact with their own higher selves at

more return to the state of reunion with their higher

this time. The 7th epoch began around 25 703 BCE during

selves. In May, 2009 Master Afra and St Germain began

which time the earth is said to have become very unstable

to close the inroads of 'the fallen ones' in Africa. And in

and the Lemurian continent destroyed as the 'karma

July 2010 Afra is said to have received a new dispensation

of perversion of the human ego' returned. Peace was

from the karmic board (a group of highly evolved beings

overturned and the stage was set for the downward

who are said to preside over the details of what issues

spiralling of this civilisation. The basic sanities and

humanity are to deal with in each successive lifetime) in

civilities of life were eventually lost as brother warred

which he is now the recipient of 'a mighty dispensation',

against brother.

which entails 'a great amount of violet energy that now

In terms of what has been given in regard to this

has been placed at his disposal'. In addition, Afra's causal

previously hardly-heard-of and highly developed human

body has been expanded and he now holds the cosmic

being, Afra, having ascended over 30 000 years ago, and

rank of a 'Buddha', specifically an African Buddha for the

who now represents unity and the true understanding of

African people. In this understanding, he now holds the

universal brotherhood, has pledged to solve the problems

African people within the mantle of his consciousness.

of his divergent peoples – especially with regard to

Having received this mighty mantel and dispensation for

Africa's many local wars and conflicts, discord in religion,

his stalwart efforts, he is thought to now be bringing

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about the beginning of the African Renaissance and thereby initiates the cycle of return towards 'the golden era of light'. 'If there can be the resolution of all conflict within peoples of all races and religious persuasions within South Africa, then there can be a greater momentum shown unto all brothers and sisters of all nations within this continent of what is possible. For you see, the eradication of the policies of apartheid are only the beginning, blessed ones. Now there must come a greater determination to set forth those divine principles whereby not only freedom but greater opportunity may be offered unto all,' Afra said a recent transmission, conveyed via a harmonic resonance process between himself and the person able to hold that harmonic resonance. Some call this process 'channelling', others use other names but no one description best fits the process which remains very poorly understood in general and yet which is widely experienced in everyday life by many who 'pick up' on the thoughts and feelings of loved ones and family, even at great distances and usually instantaneously. That same transmission continues: 'When you revere life within all life, then God steps forth from within that life to bring the solution to all problems, all dilemmas, blessed ones. The solution is often simple and not so mystical as some have set it forth to be. But in the return to the holy Mother and her respect for life within, the new birth, the renaissance that you seek, may emerge. And that Mother is your own soul, you see? Therefore first nourish the light of your own soul, and then you will have what it takes to understand the divine equation whereby that light, reverenced and upheld, nurtured and sanctified, may provide the platform for the victory of every divine request. It begins here. It begins now within your heart. And for those who choose the higher walk and way of light, every day is an opportunity to transcend the lesser self and to be fully present within God's heart, now.' Afra's emanation of love is described as the 'universal solvent' for all conflicts between peoples, organisations and nations, or any disturbances on the delicate web of life. Like the universal Tao, the Chi of Brotherhood flows through the ten thousand things (a reference in Buddhism to the many manifestations in physical form on the one source of all, or in Western terms, the many aspects of the Divine in all forms of

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The Ascended Masters Many readers may have heard of the 'Ascended Masters' – for others this may come as an entirely new term. Few, though, except those who may have attended a modern day mystery school or read material from one of these organisations, will know much about who and what the 'Ascended Master' are. The history of this group of highly developed individuals goes back, according to a variety of sources, a very long way. Some schools of thought have them being 'big brothers' to the human race from just about the time we could be called modern humans – or even before. Their task is given as ensuring that our spiritual evolution is properly managed. But that is just one take. Other schools of thought believe that we human beings were once much more spiritually advanced than we are now – some say this elevated state of humanity existed as far back as some hundreds of thousands of years, for which there is no surviving solid or material evidence. What hard evidence that does persist from the vast reaches of our ancient past is in the form of monumental constructions


in various parts of world, notably pyramidal structures but also those of other sorts, and for which there is no adequate modern-day explanation for the methodology of construction involved. So it may well be that there have in the distant past been highly advanced human civilisations. Many of those today described as 'Ascended Masters' are said to have been part of those ancient civilisations, variously given as Lemuria and Atlantis, the latter having, in some versions of its claimed past, at least three peak periods with partial collapses in between. The central notion behind the idea of 'Ascended Masters' is that it is our inevitable destiny to develop our self-awareness to the point that it reaches a critical breath-through point. At this stage the potential exists for each individual to 'ascend'. There is substantial reference to this process in many religious texts, including the Judeo-Christian-Islamic works and thought. In some respects, one take on 'Ascended Masters' would be to see Jesus, Mother Mary, and many Catholic saints as being among their number. In other words, all humans are destined, after many lifetimes of effort (and therefore, by default reincarnation is part of this whole idea) to raise themselves up in their levels of consciousness to the point where, like a miniature sun, they reach a critical mass of self-awareness and begin to radiate 'divine light' from their being. There are dozens of known Ascended Masters. Since the rise of Theosophy in the late 19th century, there has been a steady increase in the flow of information on and about the 'Ascended Masters', their given past lives (many of them major historical figures) and with a growing amount of information about what their particular positions and responsibilities are said to be. Not all the information to be found under a search of the internet on Ascended Masters is an agreement. Therefore discernment in researching and following the teachings of the 'Ascended Masters' is required.

'Let the thunderous rains and lightning bolt across the African heavens, and know that I am nigh, for Africa sings to a cosmic tune, for Africa is anew in my heart. Let the joy of Africa once more sing her sacred song. Let my people rise from all that has been wrong and let them dance and play to the African drum. Be patient, be still, be at peace for our work has begun.' life and in the very structure of the physical universe). The 'Ten thousand things', a concept from the Tao Te

Ching by Lao Tzu, is therefore a metaphor for infinity, or that which encompasses all things, both manifest or potentially manifest. Only harmony and unity can exist between people when Afra's presence is invoked, it is believed, and his holy reverence for each soul is perceived, accepted and permitted to flow. There can be no duality, no 'us versus them', only the harmony of Afra's Spirit of Brotherhood. In April of 2005, Afra spoke through one of those messengers with whom he is believed to be working, David Christopher Lewis, to a small group of devotees in Detroit, US, regarding the possibility of resolving conflict – whether within a city or among nations – by embracing the spirit of brotherhood. His message also suggested that the 'people of the Blue and Violet races' have special gifts to share with other races that will be invaluable for this resolution. The themes of Afra's messages have always been to live and breathe in the light of brotherhood, and to love one another. He asks us, as followers of the ascended masters, to lead the way in spreading brotherhood throughout the world. In October of 2006 during a pilgrimage to Luxor,

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the Hearts Center pilgrims heard Afra and other highly advanced souls calling for an active effort by those who resonate with the souls in Africa to come together and pledge to be the light to heal this continent through their daily prayers. Since that trip to Egypt, a group of students all over the world have engaged in internet prayer vigils for the healing of Africa. Prayers are now being offered weekly to lift the people of Africa from a tumultuous path and to bring new possibilities to the continent. Through these vigils, it is believed, the earth-based efforts of those in harmony with Afra's intentions are able in 'the elevation of Africa to be a continent filled with light and Brotherhood'. In August 2010, through one of his African representatives in Somerset West Analinah Hoffman, near Cape Town, Afra said: 'Oh children of Africa, I have come to give you a gift and your new mantra shall be: "I am the light of Afra for Africa, I am the light of Afra for Africa, I am the light of Afra for Africa". This will be my song. 'Let the children, once nomadic and pushed to the plains of non-existence, sub-division and sub-living, be raised up into the heart of the Buddhas and into the heart of my heart's plane. City dwellers one and all never forget your African call, your place within my heart, your place within the night, within the day of the fierce African sun. Let the thunderous rains fall and lightning bolts strike across the African heavens, and know that I am nigh, for Africa sings to a cosmic tune, for Africa is anew in my heart. Let the joy of Africa once more sing her sacred song. Let my people rise from all that has been wrong and let them dance and play to the African drum. Be patient, be still, be at peace for our work has begun.' O

For those that follow Afra, now in places as diverse as the mid-West of the US, Ghana, Cape Town, Johannesburg, Sweden and numerous other places, who call themselves 'The Brothers & Sisters of Afra', the mantra has gone out 'As we heal Africa, we heal the world.' We need Afra today as never before. For more info visit www.heartscenter.org

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St Germain: 'Wonderman' The Comte de Saint Germain (born 1712?; died unknown) was a European courtier, with an interest in science and the arts, among many other fields of human endeavour. He achieved prominence in European high society of the mid-1700s. In order to deflect inquiries as to his origins, he would avoid any reference to his age or place and date of birth. He has been accused of being a fantasist by modern historians who frequently use contemporary rationalist Voltaire's ironic title for him as 'The Wonderman of Europe' in mocking fashion. His birth and background are obscure. There is also significant dispute about when he actually died as there are records from well into the 1800s that he was still living – and appearing to be the same age as when he first appeared in the courts of Europe 100 years before. He is said to have claimed on a few occasions that he was a son of Prince Francis II Rákóczi of Transylvania. His name has occasionally caused him to be confused with Claude Louis, Comte de Saint-Germain, a noted French general, and Robert-François Quesnay de Saint Germain, an active occultist. According to conventional historians, he may have been the son Rákóczi, Prince of Transylvania, and was possibly legitimately so through Duchess Violante Beatrice of Bavaria. This would account for his wealth and fine education. It also explains why kings would accept him as one of their own. The will of Francis II Rákóczi mentions his eldest son, Leopold George, who was believed to have died at the age of four. The speculation is that his identity was safeguarded as a protective measure from the persecutions against the Hapsburg dynasty. It is believed that he was educated in Italy by the last of Medicis, Gian Gastone, his mother's brother-in-law, and that


he was a student at the University of Siena. However, aside from some diary entries, especially among English and French aristocrats dealing with his attendance at high-society events, there is little historically reliable information on this man who nonetheless made a profound impact on those he met. He appears to have begun to be known under the title of the Count of St Germain during the early 1740s. But there are reports and records of him being in a variety of Europe's courts throughout the 1700s, and that he not only composed music (some of which is known today) but that he was an artist, could play the violin excellently – with both hands – could draw, write or paint simultaneously with both hands (according to witnesses) and produce exact duplicates of whatever he was doing in the process. According to David Hunter, the Count contributed some of the songs in L'incostanza delusa, an opera performed at the Haymarket Theatre in London on all but one of the Saturdays from the 9th of February to the 20th of April 1745. Later, in a letter of December of that same year, Horace Walpole mentions the Count St Germain as being arrested in London on suspicion of espionage (this was during the Jacobite rebellion) but released without charge. The Count gave two private musical performances in London in April and May 1749. On one such occasion, Lady Jemima Yorke described how she was 'very much entertain'd by him or at him the whole time – I mean the oddness of his manner which it is impossible not to laugh at, otherwise you know he is very sensible and well-bred in conversation'. He is described as being knowledgeable in a wide variety of fields, including the sciences of the day as well as literature of numerous European countries. According to various reports, he spoke Italian and French with the greatest facility, though with an accent, understood and possibly spoke Polish, spoke English well enough to be the King of France's secret peace envoy, and Spanish and Portuguese with equal facility. He is also said to have spoken German and was know as Graf (the equivalent of Count) in various Germanic principalities and kingdoms of Central and Western Europe, speaking German fluently. He was known also in the Russian court, by some accounts, and could also speak Russian fluently. He is also reported to have been able to speak Greek and several other European languages and dialects. He either claimed to be able to convert flawed gemstones into flawless gems, combine smaller gems into a single large one or produce gemstones from 'thin air', among numerous other amazing feats, to which in some instances there were dozens of witnesses. Walpole concludes that the Count was 'a man of quality who had been in or designed for the Church. He was too great a musician not to have been famous if he had not been a gentleman'. Walpole describes the Count as pale, with 'extremely black' hair and a beard.

'He dressed magnificently, [and] had several jewels' and was clearly receiving 'large remittances, but made no other figure'. He appeared in the French court in around 1748 and in 1749 he was employed by Louis XV for diplomatic missions, mainly to ward off war with England. This involvement in the foreign affairs of France is described in one account of his life as having enraged the French Foreign Minister who appeared in St Germain's Paris apartment to arrest him. Without any resistance, the Count is described as having walked from his bedchamber into an anteroom where soldiers were waiting to take him into custody. When the Foreign Minister followed St Germain into the room, he found only perplexed soldiers and no sign of the Count. There are reports on record of him being simultaneously seen in different European cities on the same day – an impossibility of that time in conventional thinking. In 1779 St Germain arrived in Altona in the German principality of Schleswig. Here he made an acquaintance with Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel, who also had an interest in mysticism and was a member of several secret societies. The Count showed the Prince several of his gems and he convinced the latter that he had invented a new method of colouring cloth. The Prince was impressed and installed the Count in an abandoned factory at Eckernförde which he had acquired especially for the Count, and supplied him with the materials and cloths that St Germain needed to proceed with the project. The two met frequently in the following years, and the Prince outfitted a laboratory for alchemical experiments in his nearby summer residence Louisenlund, where they, among other things, co-operated in creating gemstones and jewelry. The Prince later recounts in a letter that he was the only person in whom the Count truly confided. He told the Prince that he was the son of the Transylvanian Prince Francis II Rákóczi, and that he had been 88 years of age when he arrived in Schleswig. The Count is reported to have died in his residence th in the factory on the 27 February 1784, while the Prince was staying in Kassel, and the death was recorded in the register of the St Nicolai Church in Eckernförde. But there are subsequent and numerous accounts of people meeting with St Germain in following years, right through the 19th century up to and including reports by both Madame Blavatsky and her pupil, Annie Besant, both of whom were key figures in the formation of the Theosophical Society, and who claimed to have met the Count when he was travelling under a different name during the late 1800s. Many modern esoteric groups believe St Germain is a leading 'Ascended Master' and some ascribe to him a senior position in overseeing humankind's transition to a more enlightened state in the Aquarian Age, a Zodiacal age of some 2 100 years duration which is thought by many to have recently begun. O

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Advanced Studies of the Human Aura David Christopher Lewis Meru Press • 978 0 9818 8632 9

This book takes studies of the aura to an exciting new level. It reveals that the aura is more than just a colourful energy field around all living things. It can be a powerful resonator for both personal and global transformation. It also offers a unique understanding of the power of a radiant aura. It shows us that to create an effulgent, rainbow-coloured energy field-supercharged with light and spiritual purpose – we must first enter into the space of being where all life is felt and embraced as sacred. We must focus on body, mind and spirit-and on the truth that, at our essence, we are dynamic spiritual beings. Advanced Studies of the Human Aura will show you how to create a more permanent connection with Spirit and live a life of greater joy, harmony and love.

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In April of 2005, the Ascended Master Afra spoke through the messenger, David Christopher Lewis, to a small group of devotees in Detroit regarding the possibility of resolving conflict – whether within a city or among nations – by embracing the spirit of brotherhood. His message also suggested that the people of the Blue and Violet Races (people with links to Africa) have special gifts to share with other races that will be invaluable for this resolution. The themes of Afra’s messages have always been to live and breathe in the light of brotherhood, and to love one another. He asks us, as followers of the Ascended Masters, to lead the way in spreading brotherhood throughout the world. This book contains dictations from Afra and other Ascended Masters that aim to bring peace and healing to the millions of souls that populate the cradle of civilisation.

For info visit www.heartscenter.org Cape Town Ralph, 27 79 881 1802 osirisrising.ralph@gmail.com Johannesburg Jenny, 27 82 787 7930 jennytara@gmail.com


a journey

within Photographic safaris •••• Words & Photos by Dr Paul Godard

Land Cruiser driving down 45° sand dune slope, Sandwich Harbour, Namib Naukluft NP

Himba boy, Okangwati – Van Zijl pass, Kaokaland

Feral horses fighting, Namib Naukluft NP

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I

magine being transported to a world of mystical places and magical encounters. Visualise a

serene world where once-in-a-lifetime experiences take your breath away, and where you bond with nature, with all that surrounds you, and, ultimately, with your deepest self. The Namib Desert is a place where exceptional beauty and serenity are food for the soul and candy for the eye. The Namib is one of the oldest deserts in the world; it is home to ancient plants, some 2 000 years old, and to some of the finest rock engravings in the world. The highest of its dunes exceed 300m. Magnificent creatures mysteriously roam this vast arid land and water magically emerges in the most unexpected places. Granite

boulders

suddenly

tower impressively above their flat surroundings; they extend an invitation to explore their grandeur at sunrise and again at sunset until a full moon drops their shadows in the silence of

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Natural arch, Spitzkoppe


Spitzkoppe at sunset

Moonset at sunrise, Spitzkoppe

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the night. Picture yourself climbing to the top of these massive granite boulders, Spitzkoppe, the highest one culminating at 1 784m above the surrounding plain. Then meditate on the top and absorb the powerful energy of the rock, the land below it, and the full moon. In the Namib Desert, you will find ecological wonders, magnificent valleys and mountains, ghost towns

Epupa waterfalls, Epupa Falls, Kaokaland

and shipwrecks from a bygone era, but also fine mist of waterfalls dropping deep down a gorge in vast arid land. Desert elephants too, horses that look like zebras, and indigenous peoples who still live in harmony with nature all make up the unexpected and marvellous aspects of this very ancient land, on the Eastern edge of which are rocks dating back to the very first surviving landmass on the planet. The Namibian sky after sunset is

always

amazing,

and

when

Desert elephants, Puros Conservancy, Kaokaland

searching for intriguing silhouettes of trees it offers another exciting portal on our spiritual journey. You can even fly with the wind – in a hot air balloon – with an almost total absence of sound over a sea of sand. If you’ve never done anything like that, close your eyes and just imagine the overwhelming feeling of peace that comes with it. To be away from civilisation in surroundings that lead to meditation allows our deepest self to manifest. When the wind blows over the sand, it magically erases all previous tracks and footsteps, ours and others', and with it comes a welcome tabula rasa that cleanses that what needs to be dealt with. We are reborn after every breeze, time and again. It doesn’t take long to see our surroundings differently through soul photography. But, most importantly, it helps us see life differently as we allow it to reveal our true self. O

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Eric Hesemans (NamibSky pilot) and guests in hot air ballon flying over Sossusvlei valley, Namib Naukluft NP


Paul Godard | Soul Photography As an adventurer animated by a profound desire to explore beyond the boundaries of the finite, I listen to the silence of the landscape and its natural inhabitants. The scenery that surrounds me then becomes abstract, inevitably leading to meditation. Only then, do I use my camera to capture the essence of nature. Like an artist of the Romantic movement, I capture the beauty of the natural world in my painting-like photographs. Each image becomes a universe on its own, capturing the essence of how the exterior affects the interior. Each image expresses a daily reflection, a soul search of the restless traveller. The message I deliver is one of purity, serenity and above all humility for the natural beauty that surrounds us. But what is most important to me is to touch people's souls with my photographs. By sharing my emotional connection with nature, I wish to contribute to global awareness about the natural beauty that surrounds us, to inspire and raise more conscious recognition and respect for the planet. When people share their feedback after seeing my photographs and thank me for opening their eyes to natural beauty, I feel I have accomplished something through my photography, I feel fulfilled. Join me for an eye-opening experience and self-discovery while exploring the wonder of nature in Namibia. See photosafari.paulgodard.com. For the last few years, I have been working on surrealistic representation of real and natural landscapes. I believe that we are living more and more in an artificial and virtual world and that too often, we forget the beauty of the real world and that nature will heal humanity. This new collection, called 'Surreal Landscapes: The Horse Vision', was inspired by the wild horses living in the Namib desert. As I have spent a lot of time with these creatures, I started to share their perception of the vastness of the magnificent landscapes. The resulting photographs are a visual meditation of that experience, which epitomize the idea of imagined space, a reminder that what I create with my camera is only real to me.

Watch the visual meditation 'wilderness healing' to be transported into another dimension. A magic blend of photos and music that will revive your soul.

In addition to printed art work, I have recently combined photography and music into inspirational movies (see left for more info). This visual meditation is an innovative technique that guides the viewer into connecting with nature in such a way as to create an experience of deep relaxation and mindful awareness. It’s about creating a space for truly experiencing the restorative and healing power of nature and to come to a place of rest deep within ourselves. Contemplation of nature can free us of the mind’s need to conceptualise, to judge and restore us to a sense of connectedness, as nature exists in a space of innocent stillness.

Sunset over Marienfluss, Van Zijl pass, Kaokaland

'Living Your Dream' is the true life story of a life changing breathtaking journey from Brussels to Cape Town. Watch the first episode.

The music that accompanies these inspirational movies is composed specifically by Kevin Letcher, with the intention to facilitate a space for experiencing the dignity, innocence and holiness of nature. It has a transcendental quality which can transport the viewer into a magical dance between our humaness and nature. It’s about allowing nature to meditate you and become your teacher.

For info visit www.paulgodard.com

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Event

AnEternalVision

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Humanity's Team SA launches Walk for an uBuntu Conscious South Africa – I Am Because We Are initiative – in honour of Nelson Mandela and in respect of their First People – the KhoiSan.

'We see ourself, "the other", and all of life in a new light and uBuntu and our oneness as the eternal vision for our country and the whole world.' and Anushka Singh and from them to the representatives of the 11 official language groups of SA. The event had many historical qualities including the fact that the launch of this uBuntu initiative was held in honour of Nelson Mandela and the fact that this was the

S

first ever SA National event that was held in respect and ince oneness is the golden thread that runs

recognition of the KhoiSan – their symbols and Creation

through and connects all of life, it is part of all

Story – under the banner of uBuntu.

cultures and traditions and at the core of all

worldviews and religions.

A copy of the uBuntu vision was received on behalf of Nelson Mandela by the CEO of the Nelson Mandela

Even if you are not from Africa, you would have heard

Centre of Memory. Copies were also handed over to the

people speak about uBuntu. As a matter of fact, more and

youth-leaders, leaders of the KhoiSan, African Praise

more people, organisations and institutions are speaking

Singer Modjadji M Modjadji and Dr Johann Broodryk

about it, studying it and applying it. It is indeed one of

– first person to have obtained his doctoral degree in

humanity's most respected, comprehensive and ancient

uBuntu in the early '90s.

expressions of oneness: 'I Am Because We Are.' And while

Apart from the walk people also had the opportunity

uBuntu points to the sacred inextricable interrelatedness,

to participate in other uBuntu activities such as the

interconnectedness and interdependence of all of life, the

painting of their image of uBuntu on a group-cloth and

word itself also confirms Life as a Process of Becoming,

hanging their uBuntu visions on a tree. All of this was

with Ubu standing for 'Becoming', and the African

completed with vibrant live cultural entertainment that

root-word ntu meaning 'highest being/potential'.

included our divas Vicky Sampson and Yvonne Chaka

Apart from making sure that uBuntu is respected, reclaimed and lived for all that it is in their own country

Chaka; as well as many signatures which were collected for the Global Oneness Declaration.

and Africa as a whole, Humanity's Team SA also plays

As always, this Humanity's Team event was a dream

a leading role in taking uBuntu to the global stage

come true – filled with the rhythm, sounds and colours

as Africa's gift of oneness to the world as part of the

of our beautiful country, continent, and humanity. The

Humanity's Team Call to the UN for a Global Oneness Day.

success of and the response to the launch of this

This year, as part of their increased uBuntu efforts,

important initiative is undoubtedly evidence of an idea

Humanity's Team SA proudly launched their Walk for an

whose time has come.

uBuntu Conscious South Africa – I Am Because We Are

Top of the list of the aims of this initiative is the dream

initiative recently in partnership with Freedom Park as the

that I Am Because We Are is alive in every heart, that it

highlight of National Heritage Month in SA. This event will

is heard coming from the lips and seen in every action of

be repeated annually as part of their uBuntu Month (July)

every citizen of SA and the whole world.

programs and activities. The initiative is guided by three elements: Heart, uBuntu Vision, and the uBuntu Torch. The Heart is the

Looking forward to be Walking for an uBuntu/Oneness Conscious World – I Am Because We Are – We Are All One – in the near future. O

symbol for love, openness and oneness, while the uBuntu Vision and the Torch are both symbols for consciousness,

Visit

light, our highest being and our highest potential. Five hundred people joined in on the walk that was led by the KhoiSan Leaders carrying the uBuntu Torch that was passed on to the youth-leaders Frederick Bohasu

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Travel

Dancing with the K Can a self-proclaimed science nerd embrace the path of pure experience?' asks Bradford Keeney, Ph D. This is his story.

I

n January '71, I was a 19-year-old science nerd. My family and friends had high expectations for my future, because two years earlier I had won the international science fair. Dutifully, I went

off to college, where I studied around the clock. Then, early one evening, as I passed the university library, I was suddenly overcome by a wave of deep calm and silent knowing; the weight of my body disappeared and my legs walked me right into the university chapel, where I sat down on the front pew and had the most powerful experience of my life. I felt a ball of fire ignite at the base of my spine and slowly, surely creep up my back, triggering what seemed like multiple heartbeats inside my body. The fire rose to the top of

ODYSSEY 36 • 

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my head and emerged as a ball of light.

Image http://i1.ytimg.com

Kalahari Bushmen To protect myself, I avoided all sacred contemplation,

As I gazed at it, I saw Jesus and the saints of diverse

stopped playing music, and buried myself in academia. For

world religions. For the entire night my body shook and

more than a decade, I ran away and never spoke of this

vibrated and I wept uncontrollably, filled with the deepest

episode. But every night I wondered whether other people

love imaginable. It took several weeks for me to calm down.

in the world had this experience and how they lived with it.

I feared that if my experience had been any more intense, I might have lost consciousness and never returned. I was grateful, but frightened by its impact. It changed me. I became a secret shaker, someone whose body trembled at the slightest attention given to sacred matters or soulful music.

A World Where I Fit In In '91, I was invited to be a visiting professor at the University of SA and teach the books I had written on psychotherapy. I agreed on condition that someone would take me into the African bush to meet the Kalahari

ODYSSEY 37 • 

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From left: The Keeneys greet the Kalahari Bushmen • Brad sharing n/om (life-force) with another doctor • The dancers feel the n/om move them tow

Bushmen, regarded by some scholars as the oldest living

felt the rhythmic power of ecstatic celebration in a rock

culture on earth. I wanted to meet the Bushmen because

concert or in the soulful worship of the African-American

I had read that during their most powerful healing dance,

church. But there is more to it than the swing of a beat

their bodies shook – like mine. And I was still looking for a

or dancing down an aisle.

home where my secret would be understood, welcomed, and shared.

The Bushman doctors learn to reach a state of ecstasy without losing consciousness. When I first felt

My colleague, Professor Peter Johnson, brought me

this amplified excitement of the dance, I wanted to go

to the edge of Khutse Game Reserve in Botswana. There

wild, jumping into the fire or running into the bush. But

we were greeted by a community of Bushmen led by

with help from the doctors I learned to concentrate the

Chief Montag, an old Bushman doctor (or shaman). I was

ecstatic feeling in my belly, allowing it to get tighter and

delighted when he held out his arms to greet me, never

tighter until it turns into a spontaneous pumping of the

suspecting that my life was about to change again, almost

solar plexus. This pumping pushes me deeper and deeper

as abruptly as it had when I was 19.

into a state of shamanic consciousness.

When Montag and I embraced on that hot sunny day in the Kalahari, both our bodies shook.

Bushmen believe that the spiritual energy of life, what they call n/om, is being heated in their bellies and

Other men and women immediately joined in and

pumped up to their heads, where it is released as a kind

began to sing and dance. Within five minutes, I felt I

of steam. This steam, in turn, drops to the ground where

had found a spiritual home, and over the next 11 years I

it is hardened into a spiritual thorn or nail that pricks and

returned again and again to the Bushmen of the Kalahari,

re-enters the feet, comes up to the belly, and is again

travelling throughout Botswana and Namibia to meet

transformed into steam released through their heads.

as many of the surviving doctors as I could. I danced

The Bushmen use their energised bodies to touch,

and danced throughout the night in numerous Bushman

hug, and shake others, a kind of spiritual game of tag,

communities and became an initiate of their doctoring

passing on the spiritual juice to anyone ready to receive it.

and spiritual ways.

I have received the 'nails', as they say, and I have passed

The Bushman's world lacks any meditation hall, church, theological library, or religious institution. Their spiritual way is led entirely by raw experience, facilitated by their dancing and singing. And the words

them on to other Bushmen. The energised doctor may have spiritual vision, intuit others' thoughts and ailments, doctor others through healing touch, or experience himor herself travelling to other villages.

that anyone uses to describe or make sense of what

The most important experience is seeing a line or rope

happens are not given much serious consideration. What

that goes up to the sky. When a doctor sees this rope,

is important is to dance, tremble, and shake yourself into

he or she may walk to it and float up to a spiritual sky to

the possibility of being touched, moved, and filled with

meet ancestors and possibly encounter the Big God. Here,

spirit.

Bushmen are schooled to be spiritual doctors.

Plunging In, Climbing Up

very sacred and secret dream. When I had that dream,

You gain admission to this vision only after having a

Some of what I felt when I danced with the Bushmen will be familiar to Westerners, particularly those who have

ODYSSEY 38 • 

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the Bushman doctors were greatly excited, and not long afterward, I visioned the rope, went up to the sky, and experienced firsthand what Bushman doctors


Image http://igen.wikidot.com

ward the fire • The magical landscape of the Kalahari • 'There is a line of light that connects you to another person,' says !ae G=/kou (Bushman doctor)

I felt I had found a spiritual home, and over the next 11 years I returned again and again to the Bushmen of the Kalahari, travelling throughout Botswana and Namibia to meet as many of the surviving doctors as I could.

over thousands of years have known as the source of inspiration for their day-to-day life.

The Gift of the Dance The experience of being a Bushman doctor does not fill one with a sense of power or personal importance. It is an emptying of one's psychological identity and a filling with the steam of love. As my body shakes with other Bushman doctors, and I feel my insides tremble, pulse and pump, it's as if my heart wants to burst out of my body, break open and dissolve into steam released and filling the outside. It is the most exhilarating experience

Bushman teachers, 'It even makes you love the man

I have ever known. In this ecstasy, I, like other Bushman

who stole your wife.' I have no doubt that the Bushman

doctors, cannot hold back my tears. It's like becoming part of an ocean of love.

doctors of the Kalahari hold the most important answer to the world's present state of crisis, terror, and madness.

The Bushmen arguably have less material wealth than the rest of the world, but they have a secret not known to or forgotten by most cultures.

Namely, there is something greater than power,

 

It is not found in any defense budget, technological

development, or politician's deal. It is found in each and every one of our hearts. It is the oldest news that can set

us free and it is found when one surrenders to the hot, LIFE FORCE  T HEATRE:     sweaty, weeping steam of love, the love that reveals the The greatest gift of all is an Introduction   awakened, unconstrained, to  Eropes cstatic   Healing     the Big God. O that take us straight to limitless heart. It takes you out of your skin and fills you pirituality       with such compassion that, in the words of and   one of Smy For more info see advert below.       whether it be physical or spiritual power.

  The Life Force Theatre offers an exhilarating

LIFE FORCE  THEATRE:     roduction  to  Ecstatic  Healing     and  Spirituality   email info@keeneyinstitute.org www.keeneyinstitute.org       experiential introduction to working with the non-­ subtle life force. With soulful music, ecstatic storytelling, spontaneous movement, and live healing demonstrations, the Keeneys offer a life-­ changing experience that immerses participants in ecstatic life force energy – that which underlies healing, creativity, and well being.

LIFE FORCE  THEATRE:     Introduction  to  Ecstatic  Healing     and  Spirituality    

Date Place Time Cost

January 15-­19 (5 days) 2014 Claremont, Cape Town 9:30-12:00 & 2-5pm R8 000*

*The event is open to participation. It is also possible to apply for a bursary to the workshop if you cannot attend due to financial reasons.

Bradford Keeney  &  Hillary  Keeney   January  15-­‐19,  2014   Cape  Town,  South  Africa   www.keeneyinstitute.org  

Your hosts

Hillary & Bradford Keeney

Bradford Keeney  &  Hillary  Keeney   January  15-­‐19,  2014   Cape  Town,  South  Africa  

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The Bushman Winter Has Come

Interview

WATCH THIS!

Conversations with Paul Myburgh

See review on page 58

ODYSSEY 40 • 

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Having already made a documentary called People

of the Great Sand Face what made you decide to

We interview filmmaker Paul Myburgh (pictured opposite) and chat about his documentary and his new book titled The Bushman Winter Has Come.

I remember running my first bath, and keeping, and re-using the water for three weeks, simply because I could not bring myself to waste it. Where I had lived, that much water would have brought joy to many people.

write a book? Sometimes it is life that decides what must be done, and

that in the reading, it would be said that I had honoured

one simply listens to what is asked.

the soul-spirit of these people. Life goes on forever, and

Even while making the film, People of the Great Sand Face, all those years ago, I was acutely aware of how much more there was to say, how much more of the story of this ancient race needed to be told. I was writing the book then, in the desert, in the minutest of fonts into a tiny notebook, and the whole content thereof, after much thinking and learning, is the foundation for my book The Bushman Winter Has Come.

I have come to understand the accountability of all my doings, of our doings. I am still learning those lessons; the true nature of

my being, and of my place here between heaven and earth. What do you hope people will take away from this book? A deeper understanding of who these people really are,

Was it difficult to integrate back into modern

and what they have brought into the context of our lives

society after seven years in the Kalahari Desert?

on earth, and what they have contributed towards the

The first year was difficult. I sat on my stoep with not

spiritual evolution of humanity.

much reason to get up and do anything; it all seemed so

I hope people will gain more truth with regard to

purposeless, there were no men to hunt with, no snares

our own nature, and how we stand in this world. I think

to check; it was like living in a five star hotel with all the

it is an integral part of human evolution to carry, in

expenses paid. It was also funny – I remember running

knowledge, the truth of that which came before us; the

my first bath, and keeping, and re-using the water for

absence or presence of that knowledge reflects clearly in

three weeks, simply because I could not bring myself to

who we are now.

waste it. Where I had lived, that much water would have brought joy to many people.

I would like to know that I have made it a little more possible for people to acknowledge and live within the

It was very difficult integrating back into modern

world of spirit – to become certain, that it is acceptable

society, and it is perhaps something that, fortunately, I

to believe in that which you cannot see – to know, that

shall never entirely do. The difficulty lay mostly in the

what is unknown, is also true.

fact that I was trying to reconcile my journey from a fundamental existence into a largely incidental one. So

Do you have a favourite memory from the time

much of what had become within me, had no place of

that you spent on the Great Sand Face? Would you

recognition in the modern world.

mind sharing it with us? Memories – there are so many – my relationship with the

What are three of the most important lessons

Gemsbok bull, the old man, my journeys into the astral

that you learnt from your time with the /Gwikwe

world and the memories which come with that, my still

Bushmen?

nights on the endless sand face, sounds, the smells, the

I think the greatest lessons were learned in the years

women, the men, the voices of free children, my love for

after that time, the years of thinking and coming to

these people; it is all a favourite memory, and I hope one

understand the true nature of humanity in my own

day, to say that my life is my favourite memory, with all

successes and failures. And the lessons learned in trying

the good and all the bad, because the fact is, that I live;

to bring the truth of this ancient race into word-form, so

and that is worth remembering. O

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GreenWorx

Beauty with a c ODYSSEY 42 • 

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Miss Earth SA 2013, Ashanti Mbanga (pictured left), recently departed for the typhoon-ravaged Philippines where she is not only representing SA at the international Miss Earth, but also assisting with disaster relief efforts put together by Carousel, organisers of the international event. This year's international Miss Earth theme follows the official UN theme of Water Co-operation and this topic could not be more relevant than it is right now to the people of this desolated South East Asian country.

cause

O

n

November

8,

the

devastating Super Typhoon Haiyan made landfall in the

Philippines, the lives, homes and livelihoods of many thousands of people were wiped away by a 8m wall of water driven by 300km/h winds. Cities of 200 000 plus people now look like nuclear bomb sites. The storm has been called 'the worst storm in recorded history' and it

These young ladies will be visiting communities across the island network providing food, blankets, clothing, toys and various other materials to the millions of people displaced by this disaster.

is just the beginning, unless we act. The ever-escalating death toll

paramedics, rescue workers and

of super typhoon Haiyan has now

other relief workers on the ground in

reached in excess of 4 000 people,

the Philippines. The organisation will

with hundreds of thousands more

also be sending a shipping container

injured/or displaced. Those who have

stocked with clothing, towels, medical

been affected are now struggling

supplies and other necessities to

to survive without access to power,

the Philippines. If you would like to

food,

drinking

donate items to the relief package,

water, to say nothing of the lack

please visit www.giftofthegivers.org.

of access to medical assistance

By joining the relief effort, you can

and the necessary supplies. After

help provide immediate assistance

Mbanga's arrival in Manila recently,

to those impacted by the typhoon

the 24-year-old transport economics

who are now living in its aftermath.

major joined delegates from around

For

the world as they travel across

on-the-ground relief efforts please

the Philippines assisting with the

contact the Philippine Red Cross

clean-up operations. These young

(http://www.redcross.org.ph),

ladies will be visiting communities

UNICEF (http://bit.ly/donateunicef) to

across the island network, providing

donate and find out about other ways

food, blankets, clothing, toys and

to help.

shelter

or

clean

various other materials to the millions of people displaced by this disaster. Although

the

full

extent

more

information

on

other

or

In the wake of this super typhoon, Philippines lead negotiator to the

to

UNFCCC, Yeb Sano addressed the

which climate change influenced the

opening session of COP19 in Warsaw,

strength of this super typhoon has

calling for urgent action to prevent

not yet been determined, the storm

a repeat of this devastating storm.

is another reminder of how climate

During his address, Sano added

change has already made extreme

an unscripted passage in which he

weather even more extreme. This,

pledged to fast in solidarity with his

like Hurricane Sandy – the deadliest

countrymen currently without food

and most devastating storm of 2012

and water. 'In solidarity with my

– is yet another horrific example of

countrymen who are struggling to

the 'dirty weather' that is wreaking

find food back home and with my

havoc across the globe.

brother who has not had food for the

Numerous disaster relief efforts

last three days, in all due respect Mr

are underway both in SA and abroad.

President, and I mean no disrespect

South African organisation, Gift of the

for your kind hospitality, I will now

Givers, has a delegation of doctors,

commence a voluntary fasting for the

ODYSSEY 43 • 

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climate. This means I will voluntarily refrain from eating

coloured, patterned 'Madiba Shirts' made famous by

food during this COP until a meaningful outcome is in sight.'

former SA statesman, Nelson Mandela. Many hours of

The Miss Earth SA organisation extends their deepest

creative brainstorming, attention to detail, and a passion

sympathies to all those affected by this terrible tragedy

to express what makes us uniquely South African have

and stand firmly behind Yeb Sano in is quest for a

resulted in an exquisite garment, which was unveiled at

meaningful outcome at the 19th annual UNFCCC Conference

the press conference.

of the Parties currently underway in Warsaw, Poland.

More about Miss Earth SA

Delegates at the international Miss Earth were also required to present an 'Eco-Dress', which was to be made from responsibly-sourced, sustainable and/or upcycled

The Miss Earth SA strives to create a platform to empower

materials. Mbanga will showcase a design created by

young South African women to take on environmental and

Redhill School learner, Suzanne Bell. The piece, which

sustainability issues and build these young ladies to become

came about as part of a project in conjunction with the

Ambassadors for the extensive environmental, conservation

school's Generation Earth council, is made from recycled

and sustainable work done by the organisation.

Archie Comics and scrap material using a technique called

As a transport economics major, Mbanga is passionate

'napkin podge'. As an ambassador for Samsung, Mbanga

about devising efficient and effective ways of moving

takes with her to the international event a number of

people and freight while reducing the effect of the

Samsung goodies, including the Samsung Galaxy S4

transport and logistics industries on the environment, and

Zoom to help her document her travels. Mbanga will

in turn reducing SA's carbon emissions. She hopes to one

also sport items from Crystal Forum and Swarovski and

day affect genuine positive change from the position of

all her pre-departure beauty needs have been seen to

Transport Minister. During the year of her reign Mbanga

by Camelot International, Villa d'Est and Bijan Boutique

does what she can to reduce the effect of her personal

Hairdressing. She will travel with a range of beauty

travel as she proudly moves between engagements in a

products from Esse as well as a full set of luggage, kindly

Prius Hybrid from IMPERIAL Toyota.

donated by Samsonite SA. She will also be dressed by

During the months since Mbanga was announced as

Me & You Clothing Boutique, Claris by Gerrit Pienaar and

Miss Earth SA 2013, she has travelled across the country

she will showcase an evening wear garment designed by

facilitating various educational workshops, for school

talented SA designer, Simon Rademan. All of Mbanga's dry

learners and adults alike, in association with Consol Glass

cleaning needs for the event have been taken care of by

on the importance of glass as a packaging medium. She

eco-drycleaners, Greenovate.

was also recently announced as an official ambassador for

Mbanga goes forward with great commitment and

SANParks and the various conservation efforts currently

knowledge of our enviro-needs. She understands her

taking place at the National Parks across the country.

responsibility and the power that she has to make a

Mbanga is a proud supporter of SANParks's efforts to

difference, to educate and to be a voice for the green

combat the scourge of Rhino and Elephant poaching in SA

movement. Following her arrival in Manila, Mbanga

and its neighbouring countries.

impressed the judges and won her first gold medal in the

At the international Miss Earth, in addition to her

School Challenge where she was judged to have been the

work with the relief teams, Mbanga will showcase a

best teacher during an educational workshop with local

one-of-a-kind National Costume; a custom-designed piece

learners. O

created by Sonwabile Ndamase from Vukani Range Creations. Ndamase is best known for creating the brightly

Visit

and

Ancient Forest Tree Mists Therapeutic, Exquisitely Scented Forest Energy

Combining the Platbos African Tree Essences with pure fynbos and tree-derived essential oils, the Tree Mists hold a unique and uplifting energy – just like the trees of Africa’s southernmost forest itself. www.africantreeessences.co.za • info@africantreeessences.co.za 082 411 0448 • Gansbaai, Western Cape, South Africa

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Kalahari melon body wash

Africa Organics Kalahari Melon Body Wash has won a prestigious industry award. We take a look.

A

frica Organics Kalahari Melon Body Wash took the

impacts. In addition to organic certification with Ecocert France

honours in both the Individual Product category as

and approval by PhytoTrade Africa, the brand is also accredited

well as the Overall Winner category at the recent

with Beauty Without Cruelty and The Vegan Society. The range is

Pharmaceutical & Cosmetic Review/IFF New Product Competition

free of all harmful chemicals including parabens, petrochemicals,

Awards Function. The aim of the competition is to give local and

sulphated surfactants, silicons, animal products, ethoxylated

international brands, which supply the South African market, the

or PEG ingredients, propylene glycol or any other ingredients

opportunity to showcase their innovative new products.

red-flagged by Ecocert.

The award was made because Africa Organics Kalahari

This award is considered a great honour and accolade not

Melon Body Wash demonstrates exceptional organic formulation

only for Africa Organics but also for the natural and organic

innovation: 'Overall, we feel that we've done a solid job of getting

personal care industry as a whole. It shows that the market in SA

a genuinely ethical product on shelf at a reasonable price,' says

is getting ready for something new and exciting, that consumers

CEO Trevor Steyn.

are taking a closer look at health and ethics when choosing which

Unique, even among organically certified ranges, Africa

products to use.

Organics products are 100% natural and use wild-sourced

The Africa Organics team wins the opportunity to attend

African ingredients. It is these ethics that make the brand

Incosmetics 2014, the leading global business platform for

and the product so notable in the SA market. The inclusion

personal care and cosmetics ingredients, taking place from 1 to

of community-sourced ingredients, accredited by PhytoTrade

3 April, 2014, in Hamburg, Germany.

Africa, assists in empowering African communities and alleviating

Other entrants included Doctor Babor's Doctor Babor Body

poverty. The Kalahari Melon, used in the award-winning body

Cellular Range, Sh'Zen's Phyto Exquisites Skin Toner Corrector

wash, is sourced from a women's co-operative in the Kalahari.

and Energising Range for Feet, along with Avon's Anew 360

The income from this project enables these women to send their

Bright Range and Anew Clinical AF33 Pro Line Corrector.

children to school, as well as feed and clothe their families. Formulated in accordance with the 'cradle-to-cradle' philosophy of full cost accounting, all aspects of the range take into consideration both pre and post production impact on the environment and people with the aim being to leave no negative

Africa Organics Kalahari Melon Body Wash retails at R39 for 210ml and is available nationwide in DisChem and selected health shops. For more information visit www.africaorganics.co.za or email info@africaorganics.co.za.

We have 10 Africa Organics product hampers valued at R250 each to give away. Email giveaways@odysseymagazine.co.za with your full name and postal address details by 15 January, 2014 to stand a chance to win.

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 10


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SCIENCE

company profile

NATURAL

28 year-old Nigerian born Zeze Oriaikhi-Sao, moved to London with her family when she was 13 years old. She completed her schooling as well as her higher education in the UK, but had always dreamed of moving back to Africa, and making a positive difference. Her dream became reality.

T

he opportunity to relocate back to her African roots came in 2009 when Zeze’s husband was transferred from London to Johannesburg.

Upon her arrival in Johannesburg, she brought with her not only luggage, but a fresh style, sophistication and her ambition to create a 100% nature-inspired, uniquely South African premium bath, body and skincare range. With a business plan in place, she teamed up with a few leading South African cosmetic chemists to create the Malée range, and her brainchild was about to be born. The brand has grown significantly in its short three years. It now offers 58 products that range from skin, lip, bath and body care as well as four fragrances that evoke smells from around the African landscape that Zeze loves. Zeze’s goal for Malée is to be a strong global African cosmetics brand that is recognised for quality and effectiveness, as well as echo her love for the simple, transparent and functional with a touch of luxury. Passion about global and African ethical and sustainability issues can be seen throughout Malée's products. From the 100% biodegradable and recyclable packaging to the natural and active ingredients found in each lovingly created product. They support suppliers who are also committed to creating jobs, and they do their bit by sourcing everything that goes into the creation of each and every product within the African continent, and as much as possible from SA itself. With all the products free of parabens, mineral oils, animal originated ingredients and silicone, the focus of the product range is on quality and the effectiveness of its ingredients. By harnessing the power of the plentiful ingredients mother nature has provided, such as vitamin E-rich wheat germ oil, Shea butter, olive oil, avocado oil and fruit extracts, to name a few, they have created a range with minimal environmental impact. Ultimately, Malée is an African brand with strong African roots that doesn’t compromise on quality or effectiveness and a pricing model that means the average African can purchase their items. For more info please visit www.maleeonline.com or email info@maleeonline.com


company profile

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An Extraordinary

Journey Kalahari is an exclusive lifestyle collection for body, soul and home. Africa, nature and its people were the inspiration for this exclusive product collection. We take a closer look.

K

alahari, say its creators, was made with nature's pure ingredients so that you can experience the delicate aromas and textures directly from the Kalahari

Desert. This collection will captivate your imagination while it nourishes your body and mind. Kalahari is available in an exclusive range of products including face, body and lifestyle. The Kalahari range was created after many years of research by a team of experts including botanists and various scientists who sourced naturally derived ingredients from the Kalahari Desert in Africa. Kalahari melon seed oil, Kalahari melon extract, pure Kalahari Desert mineral salt crystals, Resurrection plant extract, hematite stone extract, marula oil, baobab oil and Mafura butter are just some of the hidden botanical treasures within this unique lifestyle range.

SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Kalahari contributes to a life-changing outreach program by providing nutritional food and support to many people,


children and families on a daily basis. The company has

All wood and paper utilised in Kalahari packaging and

also initiated a medical outreach program across Southern

information catalogues are obtained from sustainable

Africa. It has commissioned various medical experts to

forestry sources and is 100% recyclable.

support communities with free medical care. In another initiative, Kalahari has initiated the Bead

The Kalahari Skincare Range promotes a healthy glowing

communities. The proceeds go towards supporting

skin by using carefully selected ingredients that are rich

participating families and provide an essential platform for

in antioxidants and are easily absorbed by the skin to

their feeding program. The future lies in the education of

assist in the protecting and repairing of skin cells. Kalahari

children, say the Kalahari folk. Consequently, they sponsor

Skincare visibly smooths fine lines and revives tired

various groups of children of the Kalahari by supporting

skin, leaving the skin feeling smooth, radiant and ultra

them with a unique sustainable education program that

nourished. This unique range is suitable for all skin types.

enhances their ability to strategise, unlocking each child's

An intimate knowledge of nature, plants and the

latent potential for a lifetime. This program also includes

powerful gift of touch has been fused into an exceptional

reading classes. It is not surprising then that Kalahari's

selection of body products. This nourishing body product

continuous efforts to uplift and support the many

range is designed, say its makers, to deeply stimulate your

families living in the Kalahari have won them the Spa

state of well-being, while leaving your skin invigorated

Humanitarian Award. Kalahari says the company feels it

with earthy scents from the Kalahari Desert.

has a direct responsibility to the livelihood of these fragile communities.

ECO RESPONSIBILITY

• 

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ABOUT Carina Franck, founder of Kalahari, grew up on a farm in the Kalahari Desert, where the rolling sand dunes and

The Kalahari range utilises natural botanical ingredients

expansive blue skies shaped her playground. 'From an

sourced from accredited members of Phytotrade Africa

early age I knew that the heritage of this magical land

which are harvested by rural communities. The ingredients

and its humble people was something that would be

are derived from a variety of different sustainable African

ingrained within my core,' she says. For Carina it was

eco systems such as the harsh Kalahari Desert plants

a perfect opportunity to merge powerful humanitarian

and trees. These include Kalahari melon, Resurrection

values together with a uniquely caring and conscious

plant and marula fruits. The company boasts an range

product range that captivates the essence of the Kalahari

of environmental accreditations, including the NAPM

and the people from Africa.

Recycled Mark – awarded to

ODYSSEY 52

SKINCARE

Project in conjunction with various people of the Kalahari

papers which contain

a minimum of 75% genuine waste. Kalahari is fully

Kalahari@Kalaharistyle.com | www.Kalaharistyle.com

reusable, recyclable and eco-friendly for the environment.

(+27) 11 656 4488 (International head office)


ancient desert secrets KALAHARI AD TO COME IN an extraordinary journey awaits you

The Kalahari Skincare Range promotes a healthy glowing skin by using carefully selected ingredients that are rich in antioxidants and are easily absorbed by the skin to assist in the protecting and repairing of skin cells. Kalahari Skincare visibly smooths fine lines and revives tired skin, leaving the skin feeling revived, radiant and ultra nourished. This unique range is suitable for all skin types.

www.kalaharistyle.com For more information contact us on kalahari@kalaharistyle.com

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artist spotlight

Amazing Grace Formed in 2002, Soweto Gospel Choir has achieved incredible success in a very short time. They have travelled the world, recorded five albums, released two DVDs and have won countless awards in SA, US and Australia. They are Ambassadors for the Nelson Mandela Foundation and their patron is Archbishop Desmond Tutu. Soweto Gospel Choir has performed with some of the biggest names in music and performed for some of the most influential people in the world.

T

he Soweto Gospel Choir was formed to celebrate

In 2007 they performed at the South African leg of

Gospel music. The 26-strong choir draws on the

Live Earth as well as joining Robert Plant (Led Zeppelin)

best talent from the many churches in and around Soweto

in contributing to Goin' Home: A Tribute to Fats Domino

to share the joy of faith through music with audiences

(Vanguard), performing their version of Domino's 'Valley

around the world.

of Tears'.

Formed in Soweto by David Mulovhedzi and Beverly

At the 81st Academy Awards in 2009, the group backed

Bryer, two choir directors, the group performed at the

up the legendary Peter Gabriel with the song 'Down to

first of the 46664 concerts for Nelson Mandela, and has

Earth' – a song from the movie WALL-E nominated for

since toured internationally several times. Their albums

'Best Song' that year.

Blessed and African Spirit won a Grammy Award for Best Traditional World Music Album in 2007 and 2008

ODYSSEY 54 • 

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respectively.

the unique and inspirational power of African

In 2010, composer Christopher Tin's song 'Baba Yetu', which featured the group, won the Grammy


Award for Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist(s). The song had originally been produced for Firaxis Games's 2005 PC title Civilization IV, but Tin enlisted the Soweto Gospel Choir to re-record the song for inclusion on his debut album Calling All Dawns, leading

DISCOGRAPHY

to the song's nomination and award. This marked the

Voices from Heaven, 2005

first time a video game composition had won or been

Blessed, 2006 • African Spirit, 2007

nominated for the category.

African Grace, 2010 • Divine

Most recently, the group founded its own AIDS orphans foundation, Nkosi’s Haven Vukani, to assist organisations that receive little or no funding. To date, the choir has collected over R4m for their foundation. O For more info visit www.sowetogospelchoir.com.

Decade, 2013 < we have 15 copies of Divine Decade to giveaway, simply send your full name and postal

details here by Jan 15 to stand a chance of winning. All titles released through Shanachie and available here.

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design

African Adèle Dejak

BABACAR NIANG

BOUBACAR DOUMBIA

Nigerian-born Adèle Dejak’s line of

Strange

humanoid,

Boubacar Doumbia’s Le Ndomo

sculptural fashion accessories in gold,

Babacar M’Bodj Niang’s sculpted

textile workshop specialises in natural

bone, ostrich shell and traditional

designs are as abundant as they are

fabric staining and dyeing techniques

cloth has its roots in the heart of

multiform – from tables with fragile

such as the traditional Bogolon mud

Kenya. Her bold, powerful designs

bowed legs, to moulded and plaited

cloth. Doumbia has overhauled the

reflect Dejak’s defining sense of the

leather chairs with a mysterious West

local model of youth apprenticeship

strong contemporary African woman

African sensuality. He began over

by placing young people in a central,

and has lead to design projects with

a decade ago working with wood

entrepreneurial role. Rather than

Italian fashion house, Ferragamo.

and improbable shapes, combining

training students in textile production,

She is now launching AD Interiors,

them with organic materials – either

he teaches them professional life

a collection of lights and objects for

recuperated or natural to create

skills, encouraging them to become

the home.

objects charged with identity.

self-sufficient, independent, creative,

adele@adeledejak.com

Email | Web

and innovative.

www.adeledejak.com

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and

often

Email


n

Spirit KPANDO

SARA KATEBALIRWE

TEKURA

Shaped without a potter’s wheel and

Mutuba,

Known

given a unique black patina finish

home accessories crafted from an

interpretations of legendary Ashanti

by firing over an open bamboo fire

ecologically sustainable bark cloth

and Fanti cultural artistry, each of

instead of a kiln, the ceramics from

made from the indigenous Ficus

Tekura’s functional wooden pieces is

designer Joseph Nii Noi Douwuona

Natalenis, a fig tree which regenerates

created by master artisans under the

are made under his direction by 70

its bark and is harvested annually.

direction of Josephine and Kweku

Ghanaian women. Together they

Relegated to ceremonial functions

Forson. Tekura’s respect for heritage

create striking, contemporary pieces

and petty curios until trailblazer

and quality of life extends to the

featuring sensual, organic forms

Sara Katebalirwe launched Matuba

environment and all their designs are

and tactile surface detailing – a true

in the '80s, they now produce over

produced from wood found lying on

testimony to 'slow' design.

50

the ground of reforested woodland.

kpandopottery@yahoo.com

offer training in tree planting, bark

tekura@designtekura.com

harvesting and production skills.

www.designtekura.com

produces

contemporary

fashion

designs,

and

and

for

its

contemporary

Web

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African books

Zulu Shaman: Dreams, Prophecies & Mysteries Vusamazulu Credo Mutwa & edited by Stephen Larsen Destiny Books • 978 0 89281 129 8 Mutwa's 1st book, titled Indaba My Children, was only published in SA and is now extremely rare. This is his first book to be published outside of SA. In it he speaks of the Southern Cradle Theory of civilisation – where the civilisations of Africa did not migrate down form the North as previously thought but originated in the South and spread out across the world from there. Chapters include: The Way of the Witch Doctor, The Great Goddess,

Richard's Ghost and Off Peak) from TV and radio who is now an eco-adventurer and professional speaker. In this book, Patricia slowly gains an understanding of the depth of the Kruipers' pain after centuries of genocide, prejudice and dispossession and she describes what she learned from the family about humankind's original relationship with wilderness and the natural world. What Dawid Knew explores the personal history and heritage of a remarkable family and what the Bushmen have to teach us about respect for, and responsible management of, our natural management. Essential reading for all South Africans. Visit www.patriciaglyn. co.za

and Gods, Tales of the Trickster, The Song of the Stars, The Common Origin of All Humanity, and so on. As Mutwa says: 'When we have a dream, we have to get up out of bed and walk toward that dream'. Comes highly-recommended. Watch Mutwa's human origin story, here.

Traditionally Useful Plants Of Africa – Their Cultivation & Use Phakamani m'Afrika Xaba & Peter Croeser Cambridge University Press 978 0 521 15710 0 At just under 100 pages, this medium-format book – suitable for teenagers and older – is presented in a visually-stimulating, user friendly format which includes many photos and illustrations. Subjects include, plants used: traditionally, for food, crafts, medicine and a section on Growing Plants and an in-depth Plant Guide. My only criticism would be that I would have liked to see this book be extended to around five times it's size to expand upon this fascinating and severely under-researched subject.

What Dawid Knew: A Journey with the Kruipers Patricia Glyn

Picador Africa • 978 177010 305 4 You might recognise the author (who's previous work includes Footing with Sir

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The South African Story with Archbishop Desmond Tutu

Roger Friedman & Benny Gool Penguin • 978 0 14 352814 2 This medium-sized, beautifully photographed coffee table book is printed on heavy matt paper stock and is 150+ pages long. Based on a TV documentary series of the same name, the authors of this book accompanied Archbishop Tutu across SA and it's nine provinces and documented this Nobel Laureate and international icon of peace and reconciliation's thoughts on


his country of birth, as he shares his personal feelings, knowledge and experience. Archbishop Tutu reflects a sense of pride at his people's achievements and carries a message of hope for the future. It would make a great festive season present for either a local or international family member or friend.

Gwenn in Africa: Memoir of a Remote Medic Gwenn McShane

Self-published • 978 0 620 55168 7 This little book clocks-in at 125 pages. Even though the production – seeing as it's self-published – seems inferior to the work of bigger publishers, the writing is great and includes some colour photos, which is a nice touch. It tells the story of a woman (42) from Cape Town, who sets out for remote Africa. Gwenn spent 6 years living and working as a medic under extreme conditions in Guinea West Africa, Sudan, DRC, and Mozambique – often the only medic in these countries plagued by poverty, civil war and violence. In her story, she meets the challenges she encounters with courage, determination and compassion. She undergoes hardship, danger and triumph for her love for Africa – the land and its people. If you're looking for some inspiration this holiday season (and especially if you're a woman), take the time to pick this up. 'Don't be afraid of the unknown. Follow your dream, wherever it may lead,' is Gwenn's advice to those seeking to break out of their comfort zone.

The Bushman Winter Has Come Paul John Myburgh

Penguin • 978 0 14 353066 4 Subtitled, The True Story of the Last Band of / Gwikwe Bushmen on The Great Sand Face. Myburgh is a documentary film maker who has spent the last 7 years living with the Kalahari Bushmen. As you can tell from the title of this book, he describes the Bushmen as 'the last of the First Peoples', as they leave the Great Sand Face and head for the modern world and their seemingly inevitable cultural oblivion, as many indigenous tribes across the world before them. The years he spent with them was a 'physical and spiritual immersion into a way of life of which only an echo remains in living memory'. In the

book, it is the author's intent to convey a sense of 'the journey towards a place where we may, once again, know who we are in the context of our life on this earth; towards a time when we may answer the /Gwikwe's morning greeting, "Are your eyes open nicely?" with a confident "Yes". Myburgh has also spent 16 years working on the excavation of the 'Little Foot' hominin fossil skeleton in the Cradle of Humankind at Sterkfontein. Essential reading for all South Africans and those interested in (fast vanishing) indigenous culture.

Mud Chic

Photographed by Craig Fraser Quivertree Punblications • 978 0 620 35392 9 Subtitled: Lifestyle & Inspiration from the Xhosa People of the Old Transkei. This large format coffee table book focuses on the visual aspect of the Transkei people and their culture, captioned with minimal text. The reality of the life of the Xhosa, manifest in no modern conveniences such as running water or electricity and little employment opportunities, does little to oppress the highly evocative and resourceful character of the people – using natural materials sourced from the surrounds, they express a rich, elaborate vocabulary in their home construction and decoration. This book largely conveys a celebration of the largely prideful homes/huts/ rondawels of the people of Transkei – an oft far cry from many of those that have migrated to the cities, as echoed in the words 'There is no place like this, I am free to live and farm as I please,' says Nokholedge Ndima of rural Transkei. A fascinating insider's look into Xhosa culture – highly recommended.

'From these days I date my love of the veld, of open spaces, the simple beauties of nature, the clean line of the horizon' Nelson Mandela

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Conservation

Why

White Lion ODYSSEY 60 • 

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The Global White Lion Protection Trust is a leading NPO with a community-based conservation mission to protect critically endangered White Lions as a global heritage for future generations. For two decades, the organisation has successfully implemented the White Lion Protection Plan - a 10 point strategy to ensure the survival of the White Lions against formidable odds, including legalised trophy hunting and illegal poaching. The survival strategy has included the implementation of a long-term scientific reintroduction program to restore the white lions to their endemic range, and the acquisition of large tracks of heritage lands as a Protected Area for this rare and iconic animal, regarded as the King of Kings by African tribal elders.

F

or those who have encountered the white lions, as a significant representation of the state of our wildlife, here are some key questions answered by

Linda Tucker who has dedicated her life to protecting and saving the endangered white lions of Africa:

What is the conservation value of the white lions? These critically endangered animals urgently need protection not only for conservation reasons, but for important cultural reasons as well. The White Lions are the key to preserving the entire Kruger-to-Canyon Biosphere, a vast eco-system which has been declared a biosphere region by the UN, in fact the third largest biosphere in the world. The White Lions conservation importance is that they hold the key to protecting the wild lion population of this region, including the Kruger genetic pool, which is under great threat at the present time. Equally important is the white lions' cultural significance in that they hold the key to the socio-economic revival of the low-income communities in this region, whose cultural pride and purpose is held to be directly linked to the survival of this living heritage.

Why is the white lion regarded as 'Africa's most sacred animal'? African wisdom-keepers from many different cultures believe the White Lion to be the King of Kings, sometimes referred to as 'the firstborn of God's Creatures'. They also understand them to be 'Starlions', and the only place on earth where this rare genetic strain of Panthera leo has been born by natural occurrence is in the greater Timbavati region, a wildlands game area neighbouring SA's Kruger National Park. In the ancient Tsonga language, the word Tsimba-vati means 'The Place where the Starlions came down'. Furthermore, African myths and legends surrounding these magnificent animals reveal fascinating links with Ancient Egyptian beliefs and rituals, in which the Pharaoh himself was understood to be a Lion, with stellar origins.

ns matter ODYSSEYâ&#x20AC;&#x2030;61 â&#x20AC;˘â&#x20AC;&#x2030;

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Linda assisting with collaring for tracking purposes

WATCH THIS!

Linda Tucker on Saving The White Lions

Nebu in her Sphinx pose

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The team involved with the genetic marker testing


This mystery linking the white lions to ancient Egypt deepens when one considers that the land of Timbavati (the birthplace of the White Lions) aligns geographically exactly with Giza (the resting place of the Great Sphinx), along the exact same Nile Meridian. So the mystery of the White Lions is directly connected with the Sphinx, humankind's greatest lion riddle. It is a profound mystery, with many deep consequences. Ultimately, the White Lions are not only an African legacy but are associated with other prophetic animals on other continents, such as the White Buffalo prophecies of Native America.

The mystery linking the white lions to ancient Egypt deepens when one considers that the land of Timbavati (the birthplace of the white lions) aligns geographically exactly with Giza (the resting place of the Great Sphinx), along the exact same Nile Meridian. genetic malformations as a consequence of the brutal

These legendary aspects of the White Lions were first

speed-breeding activities that have been taking place for

documented by conservationist Linda Tucker, Founder and

commercial exploitation of our wildlife. These animals

CEO of the Global White Lion Protection Trust, in her book

can never return to the wild, as their genetics are

Mystery of the White Lions (Hay House).

compromised. If these captive malpractices continue,

How did so many white lions end up in zoos?

unimaginable consequences for wildlife.

the result will destroy the species of Panthera leo, with

Since their discovery by Europeans in the '60s, the White

Are white lions albinos?

Lions have been artificially removed from their ancestral

No. There is a lot of misinformation circulated about

lands, where records show they were flourishing in the

the white lions. In '97, a scientific study by geneticists,

wild. They were put into zoos and circuses around the

Krookshank and Robinson, proved that the white lions are

globe and into cages in SA, where they are being bred

not albinos, but rather their unique colouring is the result

to be killed.

of a rare genetic marker, which sets them apart from

Tragically, while the White Lions are regarded as the

Panthera leo as a sub-species. However, it took another

most sacred animals on the African continent by African

two decades before science discovered the exact genetic

elders, they were exploited as the highest income-earning

code behind this genetic marker. The Global White Lion

trophies by international trophy hunting syndicates, and

Protection Trust led this genetic study in collaboration

zoos and circuses around the world because they have the

with geneticists from several different countries including

greatest 'visitor value' of any animal. Despite the ongoing

the UK, the States, Namibia, Korea and Canada, involving

efforts of the Global White Lion Protection Trust to have

research on snow leopards, tigers, white bears and

the White Lions declared a protected animal of national

white lions. In 2012, after great investment in time

importance in SA, no legislation has been enforced to

and resources, this watershed genetic discovery was

ensure the survival of this critically endangered heritage.

confirmed.

Today, White Lions may be hunted to extinction in the wilds of their natural endemic habitat of the greater Timbavati region, and they may be tamed and killed in

WATCH THIS!

cages, a wide spread malpractice known as 'Canned Lion Hunting', which is still legalised in SA today. Many members of the public are unaware that they are supporting the cruelty towards these rare and endangered animals by paying to handle cubs in captive breeding centres. Some commercial operations later shoot these same tamed animals as trophies. Captive slaughter ('Canned Hunting') of lions and other endangered animals has now reached shocking proportions in SA. There are more lions in cages in SA than in the wild, many suffering from malnutrition and

Freedom for a new pride of White Lions

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The genetic marker is the genetic code that will enable us to lead the campaign to have the white lions declared a protected sub-species or critically endangered sub-population according to international legislation (CITES and IUCN RED DATA LISTING). Further factual inaccuracies about white lions include: 1) that they can't survive in the wild and 2) that they can't hunt for themselves for lack of camouflage. These claims are untrue, and are being circulated by people keeping white lions in captivity, to justify the actions who desire this. Scientific records (such as Robinson and de Vos 1981) show white lions were surviving perfectly well in the wild until humans interfered and artificially removed them from their natural habitat. The Global white lion Protection Trust's scientific reintroduction program of

Tragically, while the white lions are regarded as the most sacred animals on the African continent by African elders, they were exploited as the highest income-earning trophies by international trophy hunting syndicates, and zoos and circuses around the world because they have the greatest 'visitor value' of any animal.

White Lions back to their natural endemic habitat has established that they are apex predators in their natural

equipping communities with effective leadership skills and

ecosystem, perfectly capable of camouflaging themselves

sustainable living methods.

and hunting self-sufficiently in their natural habitat.

How will your communityupliftment programs aid conservation of the white lions as a living heritage?

Why did you write your newly published book, Saving the White Lions? I've dedicated my life to protecting the white lions, and I want to inspire others to take up important causes in

Today, there is still no national and international law

their lives. Saving the White Lions (North Atlantic 2013)

protecting this rare animal. The risk to SA's lion populations

is the story of my life with the white lions, and how I've

is directly linked to the rhino-poaching onslaught, with a

had to face, and overcome, so many challenges in trying

comparative study of numbers showing that Panthera leo

to protect these magnificent creatures. It's intended to

are at greater risk of extinction than rhino – and the white

empower other people to follow their 'lion-hearts', and

lions are on the brink.

make a meaningful difference in the world. It's a quick,

As a committed long-term strategy, our 'Eco-Cubs' educational programs are creating a generation of

exciting read. It also shows my support for the African elders' belief systems.

wildlife-guardians in a poverty stricken area where

This is my second book on the subject. My first book

many of our schools are facing a 60% orphan rate, and

(Mystery of the White Lions, Hayhouse, 2010) first came

where poaching is a livelihood. Alternative livelihoods

out in 2001, and took 10 years to research, as I was

are created through our craft-development and other

working with a number of different African elders from a

dedicated programs, with community leaders emerging

number of different cultures, and needed to ensure that

who are fiercely protecting the white lion in the wild as

the information being entrusted to me was accurate. The

this country's unique living heritage.

book is a magical record of the myths and legends behind

The WLT has also established an annual white lion Leadership Academy, which is equipping future

these iconic animals, and the meaning behind their arrival in our times. O

grass-roots leaders to take pride in their living heritage, and find purpose in the service of humanity and our planet. Through this multi-layered approach, the WLT generates awareness of the shared cultural heritage links between the people of the region and their white lion heritage, encouraging direct responsibility for the white lions' continued protection and conservation, as well as

ODYSSEY 64 • 

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The Global White Lion Protection Trust is a registered NPO which relies on public donations for its long-term community-based conservation work. Contact www.whitelions.org, Tel 015 793 0657


The Spiritual Warrior Moving Beyond victiM-tyrant relationships into heart-centeredness, FulFillMent and unity consciousness

EVENT:

March 14-16, 2014 Johannesburg A Weekend Intensive with Brad Laughlin and Victoria More. Visiting from the U.S. for one event only.

SELF-PACED COURSE:

With Leslie Temple-Thurston, a teacher of Enlightenment. Spiritual Warrior Training Course

AUDIO AND BOOK:

Audio recordings The Marriage Of Spirit book

CoreLight is a US-based non-profit organization dedicated to inner and outer peace in the world. Our humanitarian arm, Seeds of Light, supports South Africa’s AIDS orphans and marginalized communities. Letaba and Regeus making their affection known

www.CoreLight.org corelight@mweb.co.za Tel: (082) 879-3046; (082) 411-1668

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Animals & you

the

Animal Manifesto

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Image: www.blog.viva.org.pl

sto

W

ho lives, who dies, and why? This daunting question is central to how we choose to interact with other animals. We humans – big-brained,

big-footed, arrogant and invasive mammals – are very confused about our relationships with other animal beings. We need to get over ourselves. There are too many of us and we shamelessly over-consume. Our relationships with other animals are complicated, frustrating, ambiguous, paradoxical, and wide-ranging. When people tell me that they love animals, and then harm or kill them, I tell them I'm glad they don't love me. We observe animals, gawk at them in wonder in circuses and zoos, experiment on them, eat them, wear them, write about them, draw and paint them, and represent them in many varied ways. And yet we often dispassionately ignore who they are and what they want and need. We also wantonly move them from here to there as we 'redecorate nature'. Redecorating nature refers to our global tendency to move into the lives and living rooms of other animals with little or no regard for what we are doing to them. We trespass and make innumerable decisions for them without their consent. Simply doing something in the name of science or education is not an adequate reason for intentionally causing suffering, pain or death, and the animals do not like our intrusions. We are animals too and we should be aware of and proud of our membership in the animal kingdom. Arguments that ignore evolutionary relationships and continuity are bad biology and result in the establishment of false boundaries that have dire consequences for species deemed to be lower than others. British psychologist Richard Ryder first coined the word 'speciesism'. Speciesism involves assigning different values or rights to individuals on the basis of species membership. This practice is discriminatory, ignores and fractures nature, and constructs false boundaries among species. It puts us on a treacherous, self-serving, slippery slope that plays a significant role in misrepresenting who we are and who non-human animals are. Speciesism also ignores individual differences within species that often are greater than the differences we observe between species. Thus, speciesism leads to specious and misleading conclusions because while some of the comparisons that are made seem to make sense and are superficially pleasing, they actually lack real merit upon close inspection. Speciesism undermines our collective efforts to make the world a better place for all beings, and we need to rethink the species interface. We also need to pay attention to what individual animals need and want, what is happening in their heads and hearts: in other

What do animals want and need from us? Simply put, their manifesto is: 'treat us better or leave us alone'. They are fully justified in asking this of us because of who they are and because of how we treat them. Cruelty far too often defines our relationships with other animal beings. Animals want to feel safe and secure and live in peace, just like we do. The animal manifesto is a call for gentle action, and as we save other animals, we will be saving ourselves. When we listen to what animals need and want from us we can learn a lot about ourselves too. Marc Bekoff reports. ODYSSEY 67 • 

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words, their manifesto.

WATCH THIS!

We are continually learning fascinating facts about the lives of other animals. And if we 'deepen' ethology (the study of animal behaviour) to include what is happening in the heads and hearts of other animals, we will learn even more. Deep ethology will implore us to mind animals and to expand our compassion footprint. Here are six reasons for doing so: All animals share the Earth, and we must co-exist. Animals think & feel. Animals have & deserve compassion. Connection breeds caring; alienation breeds

Animal Behaviour and Emotions Marc Bekoff

disrespect. Our world is not compassionate to animals.

self-serving ways, as if we're the only species that

Acting compassionately helps all beings and

matters. It should not be all about us, but so often it is.

our world.

Nonetheless, I truly believe there is hope for the future.

How can the animal manifesto inspire us to make

We can make this the century of global compassion.

changes in the real and demanding world? Compassionate

Compassion begets compassion, and there is a synergistic

conservation, in which the wellbeing of individuals is

relationship that includes human animals, not a trade-off,

given more attention by those who typically favour larger

when we show compassion for animals and their homes.

collectives such as species, populations, and ecosystems,

There is really no place like a safe home.

might be the new and practical mindset that translates into

There are many reasons for hope. There is compelling

meaningful action on behalf of animals. 'Compassionate

evidence that we and other animals are born to be good

conservation' is no longer an oxymoron, because ethics

and that we are natural-born optimists. We could harness

must be firmly implanted in conservation biology, even

our basic goodness and optimism and all work together

if difficult questions move us outside of our professional

as a united community. We can look to the animals

and personal comfort zones. We need to think and act

for inspiration and evolutionary momentum. And their

out of the box if we are to make significant differences in

manifesto should keep us on track. As Nelson Mandela,

how we interact with other animals. A good mandate with

played by Morgan Freeman in the movie Invictus, told the

which to begin to enact the animal manifesto is: 'First do

SA rugby team, 'we must exceed our own expectations'.

no harm to individual animals'.

compassionate and moral inclinations and work to make

of compassion and co-existence so that we may all live

the world a better place for all beings. It is natural

in peace. Let's give peace a chance, because it is obvious

to be good, compassionate, empathic and moral, and

that our warring with other animals has not worked. The

more science will not necessarily make us better or

world was not created for us to use. We do not own other

compassionate. We need to be positive and concentrate

animals. They are not our property.

on our successes rather than dwell on anger or despair.

We also must teach our children, for they are

We need to make this new social movement mainstream

the ambassadors for a more harmonious, peaceful,

so that those who work for animals and the Earth are

compassionate and gentle world. It's okay to be

not labelled 'radicals'. There are so many reasons to find

sentimental and to act from the heart. Students need to

beauty in our broken and wounded world.

know this. We need more heart and love in science, and

We suffer the indignities we impose on other beings.

to do something that helps animals with all that we know.

Our guiding principles for an aspirational and inspirational

If we heed the animal manifesto, we will do better science

global moral imperative that can catalyse a brand new

and also make animals feel safer in our presence. I often

paradigm should be: Do no intentional harm; Respect

imagine they are asking, 'How can you do what you do to

all life; Treat all individuals with compassion, and, tread

us when you know how deeply we suffer?'

lightly when stepping into the lives of other animals.

We ignore and redecorate nature in incredibly

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So let us all self-reflect and tap into our empathic,

We also must 're-wild' our hearts and build corridors

We must treat them better or leave them alone. O


WATCH THIS!

author of

Who Lives, Who Dies, & Why: Ignoring & Redecorating Nature & Specious Speciesism

The Animal Manifesto: Six Reasons for Expanding Our Compassion Footprint • Jasper's story: Saving moon bears, Jill Robinson & Marc Bekoff • Ignoring nature no more: The case for compassionate conservation, edited by Marc Bekoff • Why dogs hump & bees get depressed

ODYSSEY 69 • 

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reviews

Saving the White Lions Linda Tucker North Atlantic Books • 978 1 5839 4605 3 Subtitled 'One Woman's Battle for Africa's Most Sacred Animal', this a personal memoir focusing on Tucker's dedication to saving Africa's white lions – considered by some to be emblematic and even actual representations of the very spirit of wild Africa – and the battles, especially with the trophy-hunted industry, to rescue and protect these rare and exquisite creatures. To some, lions, white or otherwise, are lions – and no friend to man. To others, obviously including Tucker but many besides her, mankind's old rivalry with lions is perhaps deeply embedded in both species' DNA, but that doesn't change the current situation where lions in the wild – or even in captivity – are diminishing in numbers as human encroachments, even into previously inhospitable locations, continues unabated. Like so many other creatures, lions are losing their habitat to human development and needs. Sooner or later, under such relentless pressure, species must die out or become relics in zoos or museums. This is why some biologists and archeologists believe we are now in this planet's sixth great extinction – one brought about largely by human activity and actions. Tucker's passion and commitment are admirable; and her story is a compelling read of her struggles, hopes, fears and dreams for the white lions to which she has dedicated her life. Tucker's journey with the white lions began with an extraordinary night time experience with a pride of lions in the Timbavati bushveld in which it seemed likely that she and the other people with her would likely be a feast for the predators before the night was out. But, almost miraculously, a local sangoma, Maria Khosa, appeared out of the dark, saving Tucker and her party by somehow calming the lions – and setting Tucker on a new direction, utterly different from her high-powered career in Europe. Khosa subsequently revealed to Tucker that her destiny was to save, care for and protect the white lions, the resurgence of whose numbers, much like the storied White Buffalo Calf of the native America tradition, was believed to be an indicator of a great change coming to Africa, and the world. The question was, would the change be the effective disappearance of this magnificent creature from the plains of Africa, or its return in greater numbers. Tucker has fought for the latter, launching an international campaign to raise awareness about them – and to combat what she sees as the evil of 'canned lion hunting' and trophy hunting of lions. If you are at all moved by these creatures; if ever you have given thought to how they can remain free in the wild where they belong, then this is the book for you.

Kalahari Dream

Chris Mercer & Beverley Pervan

Self published • 978 1 4664 2666 5

This book is part of a new phenomenon – video books. Written to be read, at least in part, online, the book moves seamlessly from content to video and other internet content, when read online. If read in hardcopy, there are many video links mentioned in its appendix. Touted as a 'story of the indomitable spirit of living beings', it tells stories straight from the African bush, sometimes harsh, sometimes tender, always powerful. It's a great read for anyone interested in Africa and its creatures but, when all is said and done, it is also a heartfelt plea from two people who really care for humane and compassionate conservation policies. Let us all hope – for our sake, and that of the animals and the planet – that what these two authors have brought us is not the last echoes of a dying Africa, losing its creatures to ill-considered human interventions and expansion.

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BushVet

Clay Wilson with Tony Park

Umuzi • 978 1 4152 0178 7

Johannesburg-born Clay Wilson works, against the odds as often as not, in the Chobe National Park as a wildlife veterinarian. With Tony Park, who has many years in journalism, PR and related fields, he has written a book about what it takes to be a wildlife vet in the Africa of today. There are adventures and amazing moments. There is also heartbreak and defeat. Mostly, there is the unequal struggle against the relentless rising tide of poaching which is sweeping through Africa, affecting not just beleaguered rhino populations, but increasingly elephant, lions and many other species – some killed for trophies, horns, tusks and hides, but others as bushmeat. There is a stand-off between competing and apparently irreconcilable forces – the need for development in a developing country where many people still live in abject poverty, versus the need to protect and conserve our dwindling wild places and the creatures which live in them. Like others before him and alongside him, Wilson attempts to make the animals and their care his priority, making powerful enemies in the process. If you live in Africa, care about animals and want to see a world in which all of its creatures have a place of their own, this is a book to read and cherish. Without people like these authors – and some of the others mentioned on these pages – we will soon be living, if that's still possible, in a world denuded of our collective natural heritage. It will be a much emptier, sadder and possibly, in the end, unsustainable world, if just left to uncaring humans. Some of our greatest treasures are not to be found locked away in vaults, but are embodied in people such as these – they are not just fighting for the animals; they are fighting for all of life, ironically, including the lives of people who have yet to understand the importance of the creatures they seem determined to wipe out for short-term gain.

The White Rhino Saga Ian Player Jonathan Ball • 978 1 8684 2596 9 This a reprint of a 40-year-old book – but it's more timely now than ever, with a great resurgence of recent times in the massive and organised poaching of rhinos. It does have a 'missing chapter' never before published, so even those who've read the book will have something new too look forward to. Player is arguably among our most respected and is the longest-standing conservationists, personally responsible for the conscientising of generations of youngsters into the importance of the living biospheres that make our natural world – and, of course, the creatures which live in them. For those who have never read Player's story of those 'early years' in conservation will be fascinated with this retelling – and perhaps re-inspired by the need to keep some wilderness areas alive, not least for the balancing and healing they bring to the humans who experience them. Definitely a book for your shelves, if you don't have it already – and if you do, buy a copy and give it to someone you know who may find in these pages the incentive to become active in taking Player's message to another generation.

King

Gareth Crocker

Penguin Fiction • 978 0 1435 3842 4

Being a fact-based publication, we seldom review novels, for obvious reasons. However, this one has made it into our review list because it deals with the story of a man who has lost himself after losing his wife. He finds himself again when his veterinarian sister convinces him to help her out at her animal shelter. It is working with the animals and a rescued rare white lion in particular, which brings him back out into the world as a positive force in trying to protect the white lions in particular and animals under threat in general. A worthy read.

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reviews

Django: The Small Dog With The Big Heart Peter Comley Jonathan Ball • 978 1 8684 2598 3 This story chronicles the life of little Django, half Lhasa Apso, a breed that most resembles a mop but is known for its intelligence and alertness, and the other half Jack Russell. Follow Django and his partner, Peter, a daredevil professional guide with a wry sense of humour, on their adventures through deepest darkest Africa and gain some fascinating insights into both the heart of a dog and the cultures and customs of Africa’s very different tribes.

The South African Pet-Friendly Directory Janine Nepgen & Sharyn Spicer Niche Holidays SA • 978 0 6205 6741 1

This book is your definitive guide to everything that is pet-friendly, from holiday accommodation to walks on beaches; from dining al fresco with your dogs to having a

picnic in the Cape winelands; from lunch in a barn to walks in the forest; we bring you places and spaces to visit with your pets. In this 7th edition of this annual 288-page travel guide, over 400 pet-friendly accommodation establishments located across the length and breadth of SA are featured, as well as pet-friendly restaurants, coffee shops, pubs and other eating establishments. Wine farms, markets and malls; dog walks and articles on pets' health and wellbeing also feature in this comprehensive book. If you live in SA and love to travel with your pets then this well-researched book is for you.

We have 2 The South African Pet-Friendly Directory to give away. Email here with your name and full address details by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

The Rhino and the Rat Mike Hardwich Tracy McDonald • 978 0 9922 1373 2 Following on from the success of his first book, The Lion and the Lamb: Memoirs of a Vet, this second collection of stories from Mike Hardwich is every bit as captivating as the first. As a country vet whose territory covers the rich valleys and farmland of KwaZulu-Natal, his clients range from cattle farmers to owners of domestic pets, from game ranchers to circuses. The demands on a vet are constant and often arrive at very inconvenient times. Called upon day and night, Mike brings to each case his skills, ingenuity and years of experience, and although he never loses sight of his aim of preserving and improving the lives of the animals he is called upon to treat, sometimes he is sorely challenged by their owners. These enjoyable tales of the trials, tribulations and triumphs of a veterinarian who always sleeps with one ear cocked, will leave you wanting more.

Elephants on the Edge: What Animals Teach us about Humanity GA Bradshaw Yale Books • 978 0 3001 6783 2 Drawing on accounts from India to Africa and California to Tennessee, and on research in neuroscience, psychology, and animal behaviour, GA Bradshaw explores the minds, emotions and lives of elephants. By exploring the elephant mind and experience in the wild and in captivity, Bradshaw bears witness to the breakdown of ancient elephant cultures, yet all is not lost. People are working to save elephants by rescuing orphaned infants and rehabilitating adult zoo and circus elephants, using the same principles psychologists apply in treating humans who have survived trauma. Bradshaw urges us to support these and other models of elephant recovery and to solve pressing social and environmental crises affecting all animals, human or not.

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modality

HealingAnimals It is well documented that animals, especially friendly pets, are associated with improved health, recovery from illness and a sense of well-being in humans. But the healing process between animals and humans can work in the other direction too. We take a look at one such system which has drawn praise and support from around the world. Niki Elliott reports.

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T

ellington TTouch is the healing touch that helps an animal to recover from physical and behavioural problems, and deepens the bond between

human and animal. Better known as TTouch, this gentle and respectful method of working with animals was developed by Linda Tellington Jones in the 1970s and has spread around the world. While studying under Moshe Feldenkrais, Linda saw the connection between touch and healing for animals as well as humans. The principle of Feldenkrais is moving the body in non-habitual ways to develop new neural pathways to the brain. This helps the body become more physically balanced which in turn

These are areas of tightness that exist in the dog's body

affects mental and emotional balance.

and may cause the dog to carry its body in a different way.

The foundation of the TTouch Technique is a circular

They may be obvious and inhibit natural movement as in

pattern of touch performed on the animal's body. The

a limp or an uneven foot fall, or they may be subtle and

fingers or hand actually move the skin gently in a one and

less easily detected. Either way they will have an effect on

a quarter circle in a clockwise direction. It is not massage

the way the dog functions on an emotional, mental and

that works on the muscles, these TTouch circles are light

physical level. This tension can influence not only how

in pressure and influence the body on a cellular level. This

the dog thinks, feels and learns but they can hamper the

centred state of mind will allow the animal to calm down,

dogs ability to be trained and adapt to new situations. By

breathe easier and focus on his/her body.

understanding tension patterns and how they influence

There are a number of different types of TTouches.

the dog's mind, you can prevent or overcome many

These help the animal to quickly learn and process new

common behaviour problems and tailor your management

information without fear or pain. Apart from the circular

to suit the dog's individual needs. Understanding how

TTouches there are 'lifts'. In this movement, the hand

posture relates to and directly influences behaviour in

gently lifts and supports the tissue of the body, then

animals can give you valuable information about how and

slowly releases it to the resting position. This often assists

why your dog reacts the way he does in certain situations.

an animal to release muscle tension around a specific

One example that can be found in animals that

joint or body part. Strokes or 'connected' TTouches

are fearful of loud noises is holding tension in their

describe another form of this therapy which involves long

hindquarters, if you can release that tension, you will

strokes from one part of the body to another distant part.

start to see a change in your dog's behaviour. This is

These help the animal to feel his/her body.

certainly the case where a dog is afraid of thunderstorms.

Careful observation and awareness of the animal's

Combining TTouch, a body wrap (an elasticated bandage)

body and movement allows you to assess the animal's

or 'thundershirt', as well as groundwork exercises really

physical and emotional state and see where it is holding

helps with this phobia. All of these tools build the

tension. Looking at the calming signals in a dog, like

self-confidence of the dog, and once that is done the dog

yawning or licking of lips, helps one to see if the dog

is no longer worried about the noise and the disturbances

is in 'fight or flight' mode. It is important to recognise

around him. If you don't happen to have a body wrap

how and when a dog shows concern, fear or distress.

or a 'thundershirt' you can also put a dog coat or your

The signs we know are barking, growling, nipping or

own old T-shirt on the dog and secure it around the belly

whining, but there are a lot other less obvious signs. It is

with a piece of elastic or make a knot on the back with

important to take these signs in context as dogs will give

a scrunchie.

some similar signals when they are relaxing or becoming concerned or stressed. Dogs also use their body language to communicate with each other – to calm down an

loud noises after being exposed to fireworks. During a

friendly.

thunderstorm he totally destroyed his crate, where he is

Observation also involves recognising tension patterns.

• 

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Tommy is a Jack Russell who had developed a phobia of

exuberant dog or to let another dog know that they are

Patterns

ODYSSEY 74

Tommy the Jack Russell usually happy. It used to be his safe place. In one TTouch session Tommy got used to a 'thundershirt' so his person put the 'thundershirt' on him in the evening and did some


Dogs also use their body language to communicate with each other – to calm down an exuberant dog or to let another dog know that they are friendly.

momentarily stop, then start again when you release the

ear work and Abalone touches on his hind quarters where

but rather a collection of leading exercises used to engage

he was very tight. That night there was another huge

the dog's attention and focus. Done with purposeful,

thunder storm and in the morning, when she called to see

slower movements and frequent stops that allow the dog

how Tommy was, his owner was amazed. Tommy had not

to experience being in a state of physical balance, these

reacted to the noise and sat quietly by her side.

exercises help to increase body awareness, and enhance

skin. Keep doing this on one side of the body, supporting with the other hand on the other side. The trembling will slowly recede.

Other techniques Apart from the TTouches there are many other techniques that you would use to help the animal into a better physical or behavioural state. Ground work and the confidence course are as important as the TTouches. The confidence course is not an obstacle course as in agility,

One of the best places to start TTouching your pet is

communication between handler and dog. Simple objects

on the ears. Dogs really like having their ears touched

such as boards, poles, cones, step ladder, tyres, boards

and the ears hold many pressure points for the immune

and low agility equipment are used.

system. If your pet has any illness the ears are the best

The centre-piece of the confidence course is the

place on which to work. There is also a pressure point for

labyrinth, which is a specific configuration of poles that

shock near the tip, so if your animal has been hurt, been

require the dog and handler to make several turns in both

in a dog fight or hit by a car, get someone to help you by

directions when walking through it.

doing ear work as you drive to the vet. This could prevent

With the ground work it is important to work with direction rather than correction. Because the dogs are

the dog from going into shock. Start by doing 'ear slides' from deep inside the ear out to the tip. Do this on all points of the ear from the base

taught to think and co-operate these exercises can be very valuable when working with aggression.

upwards, both on the outside and inside. Do small circles

Case studies done by practitioners all over the world

in the same direction from the base upwards in lines until

have shown that TTouch can help all animals with physical

you have covered the entire ear. For big-eared dogs, you

problems such as digestion, skin problems and balancing

might hold the ear open with one hand and do circles with

the body in animals with arthritis, as well as emotional

the other. Take the whole ear in your hand and do circles

and behavioural problems. These include excessive

in both directions. Do circles around the base of the ears.

chewing, barking, separation related distress, leash

Abalone circles are the most soothing touch of all.

pulling, fear based aggression and many more.

It's the regular circle and a quarter but it uses the entire

We are so fortunate to have this work in South Africa,

hand: both palm and fingers. When you reach the end

where we can make such a huge difference for our

of the last quarter circle, hold the skin for a second or

animals without using fear or force. O

two, and then do a slow release. If you have a shivering dog, you'll find that often on the hold, the trembling will

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5-DAY Horse Training • Jhb April 9-13 Weekend workshops, private consultations or Practitioner Training

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Visit www.ttouch.co.za for a practitioner in your area. 011 884 3156 • info@ttouch.co.za

A gentle & effective way to work with behavioural & health problems in animals

ODYSSEY 75 • 

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animals

A mirror for ODYSSEY 76 • 

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Winston Churchill said: 'There is something about the outside of a horse that is good for the inside of a man.' He could not have been more right. Sibis Mouton has had many profound experiences with horses, and one of the most amazing and unforgettable was during a trip she took along South Africa's southern Wild Coast with a friend from Wales. This is her story.

W

e flew from Cape Town to the small coastal city of East London, and spent our first two days at the

Endalweni Private Game Reserve. There, we rode for about three hours every day, watching game. This helped to get our riding muscles in shape for the epic 27km trip across the Pont over the Kei River to Wavecrest Hotel. [The Pont is a large wooden structure that takes cars, horses etc across the big Kei River (see photo)]. My friend was not an experienced rider, but fortunately, she was allotted a wonderful

the soul

18-year old mare named Starlight. On beach canters and over rough terrain like rivers and steep banks, this mare pretty much did her own thing. My Welsh friend kept her cool admirably and survived all the ups and downs with great success; she managed to stay on Starlight without falling off once. I am an experienced rider with a jumping background, so I was given a super-fast

ODYSSEY 77 • 

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gelding called Asante. This beautiful white horse was an ideal mount for me. He and I had some awesome, thrilling canters on the long stretches of white beach we traversed on our journey. We spent one night at the lovely Wavecrest Hotel before saddling up our mounts again. The wind was so strong that day, it was whipping up sand storms on the beaches. So on our way back to the Kei River we had to head inland, making the return trip a few kilometres longer. This new route involved some arduous climbs and downhills in very rough terrain. When we finally arrived back at Morgan Bay after this long and taxing trip, I raised a glass of champagne to my friend's courage, the expertise of our two horses and our excellent guides. It had been one of the most special and memorable holidays I had ever had. It's hard to imagine anything I'd rather be doing than to be outdoors for four days on such a great horse. In June 2012, I took a sabbatical from my university lectureship in Cape Town and headed for England. There, I had the privilege of seeing the amazing movie Buck in

Ludlow. This 2011 documentary follows the life of Buck Brannaman, a 49-year-old American cowboy who was technical advisor for Robert Redford's 1998 blockbuster

The Horse Whisperer. Buck won the audience award at the Sundance Film Festival. The Los Angeles Times called the movie 'extraordinary and an exceptional slice of Americana about the kind of unsung hero that America loves to love'. I liked the 'unsung hero' aspect, but what really spoke to me was how Buck worked with the healing power of horses. I felt a thrill of recognition when he said, 'Your horse is a mirror of your soul. Sometimes you would not like what you see. Sometimes you will.' Two articles in Kindred Spirit last year addressed the healing power of horses. One of them echoed Buck Brannaman's approach: the horse mirrors the owner's feelings, so anyone wanting to master a horse should first master themselves. In my work as a part-time behavioural kinesiologist, I help clients on their journeys of self-discovery, so I found those scenes where Buck told the owner of a misbehaving animal: 'This horse tells me quite a lot about you' – a remark that would often reduce the owner to tears – especially compelling. Little wonder, then, that Buck says: 'I am helping horses with people problems.' It seems that horses were an important part of Buck's own healing path. Another uplifting aspect of the movie was to see what a wonderful and peaceful man he has become, despite childhood abuse by a very angry and

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In our high-tech world, we are so used to controlling things instantly with the flip of a switch. Learning how to ride a horse can teach us (and especially children) invaluable lessons about relationships.


laughing at my vain attempts to control him. For about half an hour we cantered, first to the left, then to the right – but of course, the horse was much stronger than I was. The next morning I was stiff as a rod. I literally had to roll my body out of bed for the running session on the golf course. In our high-tech world, we are so used to controlling things instantly with the flip of a switch. Learning how to ride a horse can teach us (and especially children) invaluable lessons about relationships. Trying to dominate the horse simply doesn't work, as Flash Cadillac taught me, and as Buck Brannaman kept having to tell his clients. The only way to get a horse to do what you want is to work with it, rather than getting into a power struggle with it. It was only in my forties, after a few workshops facilitated by the Breakthru Institute situated in Florida, US, that I could relinquish my own controlling behaviour. I think the urge to control largely stems from a fear for the future; once one can trust the unknown, one can relax and just be. Zen Master Thich Nhat Hahn says the same thing about our intimate human relationships. Love is a process, he tells us; we should work to understand the other instead of trying to exert control. And to really understand another person, we have to establish genuine communication. (I was privileged to sit at the feet of this remarkable Zen monk in 2004 when I visited his retreat centre at Plum Village in Bordeaux.) The bond between horse and human demonstrates a long and moving history of real communication. Buck puts it beautifully: 'Everything you do with a horse is a dance.' Our centuries-old dance with horses is a genuine treasure and should be enjoyed for its richness. I really hope that 2014 will bring the human race back to the now, as when one is on horseback. May it violent father.

also bring us acceptance and greater compassion for each

Horses are such beautiful and intelligent beings.

other. And may we also like what we see in our interaction

When I was a young rider in the Modern Pentathlon

with this magnificent animal i.e. may we love all aspects

event for South Africa in the 1980s, they taught me some

of ourselves and reflect a new light into a tumultuous

exceptional lessons.

world. O

One of many such lessons came about while I was training at the United States Olympic Centre for Modern Pentathlon in San Antonio, Texas. One morning I was given Flash Cadillac, a lovely chestnut horse with a flowing white mane. Flash Cadillac was very energetic – he just wanted to canter, and kept trying to run away with me. 'This horse doesn't want to listen.' I thought. So I took him into a nearby paddock and tried to ride him to exhaustion. I think Flash Cadillac must have been

References 1

Endalweni Private Game Reserve, East London, SA

2

http://www.wildcoasthorsebackadventures.com or email

Julie-anne@sunrayfarm.co.za 3

Buck, a movie produced by Julie Goldman:

4

Talk on Love by Zen Master Thich Nhat Hahn on 16th of

May 2004, Plumvillage, Bordeaux, France. See ad on pg 20 for Sibis' course dates.

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animals

  Earth Walk Journeys

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Everything we experience in this world is a relationship between ourselves and the so-called 'outer world' around us. It is all about how we relate to our journey here on Earth. Nicola Johnston looks at how horses connect her to this outer world.

T

he horse has played its song through

choose how to manage these perceptions and

time as long as humans have walked

can learn how to respond to situations instead

this earth. The horse has assisted

of just reacting to them. Horses empower us

humanity in its evolution. The world is

to become emotionally agile and authentic.

changing at a rapid pace, often leaving us

Through working with horses and learning

in unbalanced states, creating stress and

about our emotional intelligence, we are able

disharmony. The horse can assist us humans

to raise our consciousness.

to find our way back to harmony and peace in

As we work with these four-legged beings

a sometimes chaotic and fearful atmosphere.

we enter a dance with our 'self'. This is the

By partnering with these great beings, we

journey of discovering and loving one's own

can learn to practice mindfulness, which

unique way. What am I made of? What are

is an intentional state of awareness. By

my beliefs? Are they congruent with my true

heightening our awareness of all our senses

self even if it means that I'm not following in

and connecting with the natural world, we can

the direction of many others? These are at

create healthier and happier ways of living.

times hard questions to confront. How many

Horses are herd and prey animals and

times do we make excuses, lie to ourselves

as such are highly attuned to changes

or procrastinate? How many times do we

in non-verbal communication in order to

suppress the things we really feel in order not

maintain the safety of the herd. They are

to have to experience the path of the 'true

therefore able to accurately assess the state

self', the one that keeps raising those desires

of being and communicate it non-verbally.

that might just be going against the norm?

In that respect they have become masters

Horses reveal our authentic self through

in 'reading' emotions (the state of being) of

mirroring our inner landscape, which they

other individuals, whether human or horse.

are able to access via their limbic system, by

They use emotions as information, and by

sensing heart rate, breathing, emotion and

releasing emotions that don't serve them, are

body language. The dance with the horse is

able to live in the moment. Human beings,

an 'in the moment' experience that allows you

on the other hand, often hold onto their state

to enter the world of 'seeing' your 'authentic

of being or are unaware of it, which can

self' being reflected back to you through the

cause stress, negative thought patterns and

grace of the horse.

manifest as illness and 'dis-ease'.

'Earth Walk', as named by the Native

When we step into the herd or into the

Americans, is our journey here on earth. They

realm of a horse, we allow ourselves to

call this journey the 'Way with Heart'. It is

enter the world of 'now'. In other words,

finding the balance between the Mind and

the horse will be able to accurately 'see' our

Heart – finding our way with love, the Truth.

current inner world of emotions or state of

'Earth Walk Journeys' offer opportunities

being and will in effect mirror or reflect in its

to learn and make changes in our lives, if we

behaviour our 'reality' or present state. Once

are willing to listen and honour the wisdom

the reflective nature of this connection is

horses have to offer. O

made, the client – in the work I do – is able to access a visual representation of their reality

For more info on 'Earth Walk Journeys'

and is then able to explore their perception

contact info@reflectionz.co.za or

of their world. Clients are thus empowered to

www.reflectionz.co.za.

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Ethics

Almost all of us grew up eating meat, wearing leather, and going to circuses and zoos. We never really considered the impact of these actions on the animals involved. For whatever reason, you are perhaps now asking the question: Why should animals have rights? Every day in countries around the world, animals are fighting for their lives. They are enslaved, beaten, and kept in chains to make them perform for humans' 'entertainment'; they are mutilated and confined to tiny cages so that we can kill them and eat them; they are burned, blinded, poisoned, and cut up alive in the name of 'science'; they are electrocuted, strangled, and skinned alive so that people can parade around in their coats; and worse. We take a look.

Animals+you T

he abuse that animals suffer at human hands is heartbreaking, sickening, and infuriating. It's even more so when we realise that the everyday choices

we make – such as what we eat for lunch and the kind of shampoo we buy – may be directly supporting some of this abuse. But as hard as it is to think about, we can’t stop animals' suffering if we simply look the other way and pretend it isn’t happening. Animals are counting on compassionate people like you to give them a voice and be their heroes by learning about the issues they face and taking action. Each of us has the power to save animals from nightmarish suffering – and best of all, it's easier than you might think. If you're ready to join the millions of other compassionate people who are working to create a kinder, better world for animals, please read on to learn how animals suffer in the food, animal experimentation, entertainment, clothing and pet-trade industries. Together, we can make a difference.

Angora rabbit fur/wool After watching this video, you'll surely never buy angora again. The undercover footage, shot by PETA Asia, found

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Animals are counting on compassionate people like you to give them a voice and be their heroes by learning about the issues they face and taking action. horrific routine cruelty to angora rabbits, whose long, soft fur (considered wool when the fibre is harvested from a live animal) is often used in sweaters and accessories. The investigator filmed workers who were violently

WARNING: CONTAINS GRAPHIC IMAGERY


Photo: Karl Grant • Hair: Liz Taw • Make-up: Zoe Taylor

you ys: PETA Saare not Animaolseat, wear, ours t ent on, use experimtertainment, for en use in any or ab er way. oth

Pop artist Natalie Imbruglia supports the PETA No-Fur Campaign

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WARNING: CONTAINS GRAPHIC IMAGERY

Asian angora rabbits have a short, painful & miserable life

ripping the fur from the animals’ sensitive skin as they screamed at the top of their lungs in pain. After this terrifying and barbaric ordeal, which the rabbits endure every three months, many of them appeared to go into shock, lying motionless inside their

Stella McCartney: Anti-Fur

tiny, filthy cages, with no solid flooring or bedding, and without the vital companionship of other rabbits. After two to five years, those who have survived are hung upside down, their throats are slit, and their bodies are sold. Rabbits who have their fur cut or sheared also suffer: During the cutting process, their front and back legs are tightly tethered – a terrifying experience for any prey animal – and the sharp cutting tools inevitably wound them as they struggle desperately to escape. Ninety percent of angora fur comes from China, where there are no penalties for abuse of animals on farms and no standards to regulate the treatment of the animals. When you buy a sweater, hat, or other product that contains angora, the angora fur most likely originated

fur,' David Malvaney, cofounder of the upscale Church Boutique, told Women’s Wear Daily. 'We feel that the desire for real fur will lessen over time as more people become aware of the process to which the animals are subject, and I believe more cities will adopt a similar ordinance.'

EU court upholds seal-fur

ban

The European Union's highest court recently rejected yet another appeal by the Canadian sealing industry to

Rabbits are gentle, socially complex, and intelligent

overturn the EU's ban on seal-fur imports. The World

animals with individual personalities, just like dogs and

Trade Organisation is expected to rule on a separate

cats. In their natural habitat, rabbits live in scrupulously

challenge, brought by the Canadian government against

clean burrows and spend their time foraging for fresh,

the EU ban, in the coming months. Canada has tried every

leafy food and interacting with members of their warren.

trick in the book to get around the European Union’s ban

effect

animals have found an unofficial sanctuary in West Hollywood, California. Just days after the city banned exotic-animal acts, it's getting ready to implement the country's first ban on the sale of fur which means that swanky stores such as Balenciaga, Alberta Ferretti, and Phillip Lim will have to clear fur from their shelves or face fines of up to $800.

• 

fabrics and fibers that can easily take the place of real

elsewhere.

Foxes, minks, lynxes, chinchillas, and other furbearing

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'We are on board with the ban as we understand the concerns and have realised that there are many other

in China, even if the finished product was assembled

US's first fur ban goes into

ODYSSEY 84

sue, some retailers are welcoming the change.

on seal fur. But it isn’t having much luck. The most recent ruse was to try to convince the General Court of the EU to overturn the ban on the grounds that it hurt the Inuit people's livelihood – even though the EU ban makes a very clear exemption for the Inuit, who kill a tiny fraction of seals in Canada.

Rabbi says fur violates Jewish law He may be the leader of an ultra-orthodox Jewish sect, but when it comes to fur, Rabbi Shlomo Pappenheim

While the Fur Information Council of America – which,

is pretty progressive. At an animal rights conference in

in a delightful coincidence, is based in West Hollywood –

Israel attended by prominent religious leaders recently,

is unsurprisingly foaming at the mouth and threatening to

Rabbi Pappenheim called on Hasidic Jewish men to stop


Miami Ink

WATCH THIS!

wearing real fur shtreimel hats, which they traditionally wear on Shabbat and other special occasions. According to Rabbi Pappenheim, wearing real fur shtreimels, each of which may be made of up to 30 sables, minks, martens, or foxes, violates the Jewish law of tza'ar ba'alei chayim, which prohibits causing animals unnecessary pain. He even went so far as to say that flaunting real fur hats amounts to Chilul Hashem, or desecration of God's name, since the cruelty of the fur industry is so widely known. O Visit www.peta.org Author's note: In SA there are apparently breeders that do not pluck their angora rabbits and treat their animals ethically. A rule of thumb though is to always choose a local supplier if you do decide to purchase this wool, do your research on what conditions are like on the farm/s of origin, if possible, and don't support mass manufacturing of any kind. Alternatively, choose a plant-derived wool source for your clothing needs. Visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Angora_wool and http://www.arc.agric.za/Pages/About%20Us/Livestock.aspx

How You Can help Pledge to leave angora rabbit fur out of your wardrobe. It’s easy to check the label when you’re shopping and, if it says 'angora', it's often a better idea to rather leave it on the rack.

Pledge to go fur-free Click here to sign-up & give a voice to those that can't speak-out.

Top: Charlize Theron speaks out against the fur industry Above: Former Miss US winners support the No-Fur cause

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CELEBS GO NUDE F

WATCH THIS! Eva Mendes shares why she cares about animal rights

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FOR ANIMAL RIGHTS

WATCH THIS! Hip-Hop star Nicki Minaj recently turned down fur, seen on a behind-the-scenes video from her photo shoot for the August cover of Marie Claire

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Animal news

WATCH THIS!

Meeting Spirit

Africa's Wild Dog Hot-Spot Last year there was an unusual sighting of three wild dogs at Mara Plains Camp in Kenya. Three wild-dog packs denned, with puppies, at The Selinda Reserve of northern Botswana at the same time. This is exceptional and has left experienced guides and researchers absolutely in awe at what has transpired. The Selinda Pack (wild dog pack) usually den in June/July and the result has been as many as 15 puppies from just the one alpha female. Interaction and splintering of the Selinda Pack and interaction with neighbouring packs from adjacent concessions has produced activity that is truly remarkable. Selinda Reserve is currently home to three resident packs. The denning calendar and alpha female dynamics are in total disarray and hunting has taken on new proportions.

'Spirit' is a very rare black leopard with an extraordinary consciousness. Renowned animal communicator, Anna Breytenbach, and Leslie Temple-Thurston (see our White Lion article here), a teacher of enlightenment, share a fascinating and inspiring discussion about their experience of Spirit and his representation of our own unconscious side. Visit www.corelight.org for more.

CUTE!

http://drlindagalloway.wordpress.com

Costa Rica ClosES Zoos Costa Rica just announced that it will become the first country in the world to close down its zoos and free all captive animals. The small tropical nation is home to 4% of all known species, making it one of the most biodiverse places on earth. Costa Rica will close its two government-run zoos as part of an emergent new enviro-consciousness that questions humanity’s dominion over all other creatures. Although there are only two zoos in the country, which was also the first in the region to completely ban hunting for sport, the Simon Bolivar Zoo and the Santa Ana Conservation, Costa Rica’s announcement sends a very clear message about its national attitude towards its wild birds, mammals, and reptiles. 'We are getting rid of the cages and reinforcing the idea of interacting with biodiversity in botanical parks in a natural way,' said Environment Minister René Castro. 'We don’t want animals in captivity or enclosed in any way unless it is to rescue or save them.' Slated to become urban parks or gardens in March, 2014, when existing management contracts have run their course, the area will still be available to wild creatures that choose to visit, and those captive animals that can’t be released into the wild will be cared for in rescue centres and wildlife sanctuaries throughout the country.

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WATCH THIS!

The Animal Communicator

What if you could talk to animals and have them talk back to you? Anna Breytenbach has dedicated her life to what she calls interspecies communication. She sends detailed messages to animals through pictures and thoughts. She then receives messages of remarkable clarity back from the animals. Anna can feel the scars hidden under a monkeys fur, she can understand the detailed story that is causing a birds trauma, she transforms a deadly snarling leopard into a relaxed content cat – the whole animal kingdom comes alive in a way never seen before – wild birds land on her shoulders, fish gather around her when she swims, and wild unfamiliar baboons lie on her body as if she is one of their own. This is the first full-length documentary film on the art of animal communication.

WATCH THIS!

AUSTRALIAN SHEPHERD SA RESCUE ORGANISATION ASSARO is touted as a 'pro quality' life Australian

Shepherd Dog rescue organisation. When Ingrid Liberte fostered a deaf Australian Shepherd called Josh (pictured), she had a feeling that as time went on more Aussies were going to need new homes. That’s when, early this year, the NPO, ASSARO was started for these rescues. All Australian Shepherds that are surrendered to them receive a full health check and get vaccinated, de-wormed and sterilised, if necessary. They rely heavily on donations from supporters and the proceeds from the sale of their merchandise; their calendars retail at R120. They have a strict adoption policy and ensure that the right home is found, regardless of how long that may take. Cape Town and Joburg are the main bases where their rescues are cared for and they facilitate transportation, from anywhere in SA, to ensure that the rescues arrive safely at ASSARO. Visit www.assaro.co.za

3D-Printed Human Cells TO Replace Animal Testing

Soar Like an Eagle

If you’ve ever wanted to fly like a bird, then you’ll definitely want to check out this amazing video. A falconer strapped a small camera to the back of an eagle in the southeast corner of France, and when the eagle took flight the camera captured an incredible birds-eye view of the landscape. Check out the vertigo-inducing clip and listen to the sound of the wind as the eagle soars over mountain slopes, cuts through the air and almost brushes against the treetops.

Scientists at Oxford University have developed a 3D printer that can create living tissue without the problems associated with stem cells. The custom-built machine is able to print materials that share several of the properties of living tissues and can perform some cellular functions. The material consists of thousands of connected water droplets that are encapsulated in lipid films – a membrane that forms a barrier around cells. Researchers say these printed 'droplet networks' could be used as the building blocks for delivering drugs to places they are needed, or to replace or repair damaged human tissue. Visit here for more.

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BANKSY GIVES ANIMALS A VOICE

WATCH THIS! Siren of the Lambs Famed UK street artist, Banksy, uses toy animals to highlight animal cruelty and factory farming. He has recently completed a month-long residency in New York City, with a new piece being installed each day in a different neighbourhood around the city. His latest is in the Meatpacking district and is a creepy, but clever take on factory farming and animal cruelty. Called 'The Siren of the Lambs', the piece is a mobile artwork using a truck carrying stuffed animals with amplified toy animal noises to bring attention to the cruel conditions real animals suffer when being transported from factory farms to slaughterhouses. This is not the first time Banksy has used his art to make a strong statement about the treatment of animals. In 2008, his 'pet store' installation used animatronic chicken nuggets and sticks to highlight our relationship to animals and eating meat (see the creative video with a message, opposite).

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WATCH THIS!

NOTCOT:

Banksy's Village Petstore & Charcoal Grill

His first foray into the amazingly life-like realm of animatronics.


WATCH THIS!

The Lion Whisperer

Zoologist Kevin Richardson wrestles with fully-grown lions like other people play with house cats, as you can see in the video above. As a testament to his ability to become part of the pride, Richardson has even earned the title of 'lion whisperer' – something very few others could ever hope to achieve. See our story on White Lions on pg 60.

Animal rights organisations

 www.animalrightsafrica.org  www.animal-voice.org  www.sentience.co.za  www.bwcsa.co.za  www.justiceforanimals.net  www.nspca.co.za

animal lovers Diary January 28 World Day for Abolition of Meat

'Skinned' Activists Protest Outside Hermès Leather Exhibition Skinless protestors from PETA created quite a stir at the 'Hermès Leather Forever' exhibition at the Royal Academy of Arts recently. Clad in little more than body paint, three models were decorated to look as if stripped of their skin, showing only the gore of muscle and blood. Along with PETA, the models creatively protested Hermès continuous use and support of the leather and fur industries. PETA argues that with today’s textile technologies, sumptuous synthetic leathers, quality faux furs and luxurious fabrics are available, totally ending the need to kill these animals for their skins. The protesters brought attention to the inhumane conditions and cruelty of factory farming, all for the sake of an expensive handbag. Leather tanneries also flood dangerous chemicals into the environment, including toxic mineral salts, formaldehyde, coal-tar derivatives, and dyes that can contain cyanide.

March 1 World Cat Day April 22 Earth Day April 24 World Day for Laboratory animals May 1 Save the Rhino Day June 5 World Environment Day June 8 World Oceans Day September 1 International Primate Day October 1 World Vegetarian Week begins October 2 World Farm Animal Day October 4 World Animal Day October 7 World Day of Prayer for Animals October 15 World Animal Rights Day October 25 Vegan Week begins November 1 World Vegan Day November 23 Fur Free Friday December 10 International Animal Rights Day

Kalahari Dream An ebook by Chris Mercer & Beverly Pervan. Also available in print. A courtship and love affair between injured wildlife and their human rescuers. All proceeds from the sale of this book go to the Campaign Against Canned Hunting Visit here.

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motoring

Nissan South African recently announced that it was beginning it's long-awaited roll-out of its all-electric vehicle, the Leaf, starting with Gauteng dealers, and then extending its dealership and support base for this revolutionary vehicle to Cape Town and Durban early in 2014. We take a close look.

Green as ODYSSEY 92 • 

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s a Le   f ODYSSEY 93 • 

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W

e were lucky to have an opportunity to drive

that the Leaf is a practical augmentation of the rising

several of these vehicles were brought into

trend for green living in South Africa.

South Africa for the COP17 climate summit. It drove

Officially launched at the buzzing 2013 Johannesburg

beautifully, handled superbly, was stable and performed

International Motor Show (JIMS) in October, the all-electric,

precisely as advertised.

best-selling Nissan Leaf electric vehicle (EV) is already

So why schlep up to Jozi on a red-eye flight, and

making in-roads in the South African motor industry.

back, just to drive it again? Because the first outing in

Public interest in the Leaf – the first EV to be sold in the

the Leaf was a very short test drive, it was a couple years

country – is already on the rise with the first retail units

back – and the Leaf wasn't scheduled for release onto our

bringing green motoring to SA customers and paving the

roads at the time, that's why. Also, we met some great

way for the spread of zero-emission mobility in the future,

people up there in Jozi-land – folks who live very much in

says Nissan.

the 'modern world' but have taken themselves and their homes off the grid. More on that in due course.

• 

reaction of both the media and general public at JIMS was overwhelmingly positive and it's clear to see that the

Nissan claims that, with this vehicle, it is indeed possible

South African public is ready to begin adopting this new

to achieve a number of notable things, all at the same

form of mobility. This is in line with other global markets

time. One can effectively reduce the cost of ownership by

where Leaf is already extremely popular – for example,

switching to EV-motoring. These include:

(in October) the Leaf was Norway's best-selling vehicle

conventionally-engined (petrol or diesel), motoring;

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Nissan SA's Chief Marketing Manager for Electric Vehicles and New Technology, Ross Garvie, adds: 'The

The claims

that it is a practical alternative to

ODYSSEY 94

power; and

the Leaf back about two years ago when

overall. 'We are the first manufacturer to retail an EV in South

that it will become increasingly so as the recharging

Africa and after meticulous planning and strategic pilot

infrastructure is rolled-out (recharging stations will

programs involving Eskom, the Technology Innovation

initially be at Leaf dealerships only, later probably

Agency and the Department of Environmental Affairs,

including major shopping centres – and there will also

we believe the Nissan Leaf is reaching the eco-conscious

be a quick-charge system allowing an 80% charge

South African consumer at the right time.

top-up in the time it takes to do your shopping);

'With the first retail units making their way into the

that this form of motoring is inherently 'greener'

hands of private owners, we are already seeing positive

than conventional-engined motoring, notwithstanding

steps being taken by the South African market, where

most of us relying on predominantly coal-fired Eskom

EV mobility is being positively received on all fronts. In


addition to zero tailpipe emissions, the Leaf is sublime to drive with an absolutely quiet ride and comes "highly-specced" with luxurious extras and top-quality finishes. 'Add to this the overall low cost of ownership and

driving habits to maximise the batteries' driving range. Coupled to the smooth driving, the aerodynamicallysculpted body exhibits special features like: LED headlights for efficient energy use at night;

eco-friendly tyres with low rolling resistance;

maintenance costs, and the fact that Leaf is available

noise-conscious design;

as an outright buy rather than on a lease scheme, (this)

a roof spoiler with integrated solar panel which feeds

revolutionary (EV) is a strikingly attractive alternative to

the conventional 12v battery with solar power in

conventional petrol, diesel or hybrid vehicles.'

order to minimise the impact of ancillary systems on

Going electric & zero emissions

the main battery pack, like the high-quality audio system.

Having sold over 87 000 units worldwide and travelled

Batteries

over 472.5 million kilometres with zero tailpipe emissions

Keeping the batteries topped up is also a simple,

in the process, the Leaf is the embodiment of Nissan's

cost-effective and technologically-advanced process. A

mantra, 'Innovation that Excites', says the manufacturer.

fully-charged battery pack able to power the Nissan Leaf

The Leaf is also the world's most popular EV by far and

up to 195km. Either via a home charge unit – which is

has received numerous accolades including the 2011

supplied with the Leaf on purchase and allows the vehicle

European Car of the Year award, 2011-2012 Japanese

to fully charge conveniently overnight from empty in

Car of the Year accolade and the 2011 World Car of the

eight hours directly from the main electricity supply – or

Year title.

via a quick-charge unit located at one of the nine Nissan

The fully electric drivetrain, which features a 24kWh

Leaf dealers in Gauteng currently, which form part of

lithium-ion battery pack linked to a front-mounted 80kW

phase one of Nissan Leaf roll-out in South Africa. Each

electric motor, allows for smooth and silent driving. A

dealer features a specialised Nissan Leaf quick-charge

punchy 254Nm of torque is also available and, thanks

station which enables an 80% charge from zero in just 30

to the electric motor's on-or-off nature, the torque

minutes, free of charge to Leaf owners. Cape Town and

kicks in the moment the throttle pedal is depressed for

Durban-based EV dealers will follow in the forthcoming

unprecedented driveability in all situations. A switchable

rollout phases in 2014.

eco-driving mode is available as standard which reduces throttle sensitivity and mimics the driving characteristics of

Green lifestyle

conventional vehicles while also encouraging economical

Eco-consciousness is a trend the world over and, in

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SA, the desire to reduce the carbon footprint of daily

electricity generation, creating a non-existent carbon

tasks and lifestyles in general has led to heightened

chain that makes a green lifestyle completely sustainable.

eco-consciousness in the motor industry. Speaking at

Says Ball: 'I decided to buy the Nissan Leaf as it

the launch of the Leaf, renowned Trends Observer and

enables me to realise my desire to go green and further

Founder of Flux Trends, Dion Chang discussed the trends

my efforts to reduce my family's carbon footprint. Being

of 'green living' in the home and office, car-sharing or

in the green energy solutions business, I am now also

fleet schemes, sustainability in several aspects of daily

able to set an example to my customers, as well as my

life, organic lifestyles and buying decisions, and emerging

two young children who are learning how to approach

trends – all of which can be linked to the Nissan Leaf.

their future.

'Going green has been a growing trend the world over

'I have developed what I call a "green conscience"

for some years now and in SA, an increasingly influential

towards everything we do – from small actions such as

environmental conscience has led to people reacting

home waste disposal to large actions like how we build

in their daily lives to reduce their carbon footprint and

houses and commute. Everything we do must minimise

increase environmental care. Now, thanks to Nissan South

our impact on the planet and make sense economically –

Africa, people will be able to take this one step further,

Earth is the only home we have.

into their motoring lives,' comments Chang.

Mobility costs

money where its mouth is by pushing for much-needed

Cost of mobility and convincing people that the world is

global change. I see it as a milestone: my first EV – my

changing and why an EV makes sense were also discussed

small contribution towards a solution to a global problem.

by this SA visionary.

The feelings I have when I get into my Nissan Leaf are

Such exploration of green living and the integration of the Leaf into a green lifestyle has already been

Concludes Garvie: 'We at Nissan SA are, of course, extremely excited that the first examples of our new EV

has completed what can only be referred to as a truly

have made their way into the lifestyle of Mr Ball and his

green lifestyle. Residing in Johannesburg and working

family, where the Leaf is enabling a truly green lifestyle.

in a green energy business, Ball and his family live a

It also goes to show that EV technology is not something

completely green life. Both Ball's house and business run

South Africans are shying away from and we look forward

entirely off solar energy – both environments are in fact

to seeing more and more examples on local roads in the

completely free of the national electricity grid – and a

months to come.' O

that of the average SA household. The final element of Ball's green lifestyle has become a reality with his purchase of the Leaf, which will be powered at work and home by a PV array providing solar

• 

electricity power plants at home and at our office.'

undertaken by Greg Ball, the first Leaf customer in SA.

Ball family's carbon footprint is significantly smaller than

DIGIMAG

similar to those I had on the day I switched on my solar

Having purchased two Nissan Leaf EVs in November, Ball

water storage system and vegetable garden means the

ODYSSEY 96

'The Nissan Leaf is the best EV option available for SA and I want to support a company that is putting its

The Leaf is available through selected Nissan dealers in Gauteng for R446 000 and comes standard with a 3-year/100 000km mechanical warranty and 3-year/90 000km service plan. Visit www.nissan.co.za for more.


1113/8083

MAKING

SUSTAINABLE LIVING HAPPEN Many homeowners are taking action to ensure that their homes contribute towards solutions for a better future, rather than adding to the problem. The Nedbank Green Living Guide, the bank’s proactive response to helping homeowners green their homes, is a refined collection of options to consider when making a shift towards a greener lifestyle. From recycling to using ecofriendly products, the guide will assist users in creating energy-efficient homes that minimise environmental impact. Click here to explore simple, money-saving tips for a greener lifestyle.

ODYSSEY 97 • 

Nedbank Limited Reg No 1951/000009/06. Authorised financial services and registered credit provider (NCRCP16).

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GreenWorx

Green Wine

The Nedbank Green Wine Awards were held recently. We take a look at the winning wines and the Best Farming Practices overall winner – Delheim, and the runner-up – La Motte.

ODYSSEY 98 • 

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Eco-friendly, sustainably aware, socially conscious and fine wines are the order of the day. Sustainable wine-making is more than a buzzword; it's an enviro-philosophy that aims to transform a successful wine industry into one where man and nature thrive. Local wine farms have listened and it's this commitment to greener wine production and sustainable farming practices that was celebrated at the Nedbank Green Wine Awards 2013. We take a look.

S

nce 2009 the Nedbank Green Wine Awards have

saluted

those

producers

Winning Wines

making

headway in sustainable farming and enviro-

preservation, while simultaneously elevating quality

Best wines made from Organically Grown Grapes: Best Wine Overall – Laibach Woolworths Merlot 2012 Best Red – Laibach Woolworths Merlot 2012 Best White – Waverley Hills Viognier Semillon Chardonnay 2011 Bloggers' Choice – Waverley Hills Shiraz Mourvèdre Viognier 2010 Best Value – Org de Rac Unwooded Chardonnay 2013.

to produce better and greener wines.

• •

Greg Garden, group brand executive at Nedbank, says: 'As SA's green and caring bank, our involvement in the awards is an important component in our overall integrated sustainability commitment. A commitment that, in the past two decades, has

Best Biodiversity and Wine Initiative Wines: Best Wine Overall – Paul Cluver Gewürztraminer 2012 Best Red – Uitkyk Estate Carlonet 2009 Best White – Paul Cluver Gewürztraminer 2012 Bloggers' Choice – Paul Cluver Chardonnay 2011 Best Value – Backsberg Tread Lightly Chenin Blanc 2012

seen Nedbank making a significant contribution to

the preservation and protection of our environment through initiatives like The Nedbank Green Affinity Programme which, since the establishment of the WWF Nedbank Green Trust in 1990, has provided

• •

Best Farming Practices Winners: Overall Winner – Delheim Runner-up – La Motte Best Contribution to Conservation – Delheim Best Contribution to Farming Practices and Production Integrity – Bartinney Best (Sustainable) Contribution to Tourism – La Motte Best Contribution to Community Development – Delheim

financial support of approximately R150m to nearly 200 conservation projects across the country.' It is through the Green Trust that conservation

• •

projects such as the Biodiversity & Wine Initiative (BWI) continue to make a mark towards transforming

the sector. www.greenwineawards.com

To

https://twitter.com/reenWineAwards

Johannesburg and Durban in November, visit the event

#NedbankGreenWine

– www.greenwineawards.com/tasting-events

1

sample

the

winning

wines

in

Cape

Town,

2

1 (from left): Daniël Scheitakat (IPW), Victor Sperling (Delheim), Nora Sperling (Delheim), Duimpie Bayly & Ian Dinan (Getaway) 2 (from left): Dr Paul Cluver (Paul Cluver wines), Ian Dinan (Getaway), Francois Van Zyl (Laibach) & Greg Garden (Nedbank)

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The iconic wine estate of Delheim soars as overall Best Farming Practices winner.

D

elheim Wine Estate, a Stellenbosch stalwart

public-benefit organisation that serves 28 members

nestled on the slopes of the Simonsberg,

on the Simonsberg. Also making a favourable

excelled at the 2013 Nedbank Green Wine

impression on the judges was this pioneering estate's

Awards as overall winner of the Best Farming Practices

management of a cleaner production strategy in the

category which favours a holistic, conservation-minded

cellar to improve the quality of waste water through

approach to farming and identifies excellence in

participation in a study by a Stellenbosch University

community and tourism development.

Master's student. Delheim's biological pest control

In addition, this prominent Winelands pride of

is another notable factor, such as the non-toxic 'hot

the Sperling family also scooped two of the four

sauce' sprayed onto vines to deter herbivores from

sub-categories in the Best Farming Practices division:

grazing.

Best Contribution to Community Development and Best Contribution to Conservation.

Passionately committed to the principles and practices of enviro-sustainable wine production,

The judges were in agreement that Delheim stood

Delheim was one of the first wine farms to become a

out for its community spirit and scale of conservation

Biodiversity and Wine Initiative (BWI) member, and has

action taken. 'Delheim's team spotted a koppie

since achieved BWI Championship status. The estate

(Klapmutskop) that was not in use and saw that it was

recently stood out as the only wine farm among the

infested with alien vegetation. They went out, cleared

top five nominees in the biodiversity category for the

the alien plants and conserved the koppie. They

2013 Eco-Logic Awards.

looked beyond their borders to find enviro-problems

Eager to share its slice of Winelands paradise with

and then stepped up and made an effort. In doing so

fellow eco-enthusiasts, Delheim now offers delicious

they galvanised the community into action,' shared

Green Picnics under towering oaks at the river's edge.

Cameron Ewart-Smith, editor of a popular travel magazine and judge at the event. Delheim was the founding member of the

Delheim's picnics are on offer seven days a week and pre-bookings are essential. To order your delicious

Greater Simonsberg Conservancy (previously the

basket contact Delheim Restaurant at Tel 021 888 4607

Klapmuts Conservancy), a functioning non-profit and

or email restaurant@delheim.com

The judges were in agreement that Delheim stood out for its community spirit and scale of conservation action taken.

 ODYSSEY 101 • 

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ODYSSEY 102 • 

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The enchanting estate of La Motte in the beautiful Franschhoek Valley was the runner up for Best Farming Practices.

V

iticulture on La Motte was established in 1752

its Nabot farm in the Walker Bay coastal area, are

with the planting of 4 000 vines by Huguenot

committed to organic farming principles by which

descendant Gabriël du Toit.

the use of fertilisers, synthetic pesticides, plant

La Motte was acquired in 1970 by the late Dr Anton

growth regulators and animal feed additives are

Rupert, an internationally respected industrialist

eliminated or largely avoided.

who established a global business empire, and was

La Motte is accredited with the BWI Champion

held in high regard as a committed conservationist.

status for its commitment to conservation, EU

A major development, restoration and conservation

and NOP Organic Certification in respect of its

program followed, which reinvented La Motte into a

organic farming practices, HACCP Certification

leading global wine producer and sought-after tourist

regarding Food Safety & Quality Assurance Services,

destination. Vineyards have been progressively

IPW membership for complying with prescribed

replanted with noble varieties, the latest viticultural

production practices, the Woolworths Eco-Efficiency

practices have been introduced and a modern cellar

Award in recognition of its commitment towards

has been built.

enviro-sustainability, as well as certification in

The estate has also shown a distinct responsibility towards uplifting and empowering its people. These

respect of the Woolworths Farming for the Future initiative.

values have been passed on to present-day owners.

In 2002 La Motte started an organic production

Initiatives for development and self-sufficiency have

unit on its Nabot farm near the village of Bot River

been established and La Motte has become a

in the Walker Bay coastal area.

member of the Ethical Trading Initiative (ETI). With the development of a modern village,

La Motte has been farming organically since 2007 and the estate, as well as its Nabot farm, have

Dennegeur, for its worker community, La Motte

been awarded full SGS Certification – an International

has reiterated its commitment to improving the

organic production standard that acknowledges

quality of life of employees. Facilities such as a

good agricultural practice in organic production.

health clinic managed by a resident nursing sister, a

All La Motte and Nabot grapes processed in

crèche for employees' children and training facilities

the estate's cellar originate from organically grown

adhering to the principles of Specialised Education

vineyards.

and Training in Agriculture (SETA) are available to all workers.

Tel 021 876 8000 and email info@la-motte.co.za

In recognition of its human ethics and the working conditions of employees, La Motte was awarded accreditation by the Wine Industry Ethical Trade Association (WIETA). Examples of the estates's enviro-care include the protection of fynbos on the adjoining Wemmershoek mountains and adherence to organic principles in the production of grapes, flowers and ethereal oils. La Motte was one of the first wine estates to be awarded the coveted ISO 14001 Environmental Management Certification. The estate also complies with ISO 9000:2000 Certification, is a member of the Green Mountain Eco Route in the Groenlandberg

In recognition of its human ethics and the working conditions of employees, La Motte was awarded accreditation by the Wine Industry Ethical Trade Association (WIETA).

area, and has received Champion status of the Biodiversity & Wine Initiative. La Motte, as well as

ODYSSEY 103 • 

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Winning 1

2

3

4

Best Wines Made From Organically Grown Grapes

•1. Best Red – Laibach Woolworths Merlot 2012 •

1. Best Wine Overall – Laibach Woolworths Merlot 2012

2. Best White – Waverley Hills Viognier Semillon Chardonnay 2011 3. Bloggers' Choice – Waverley Hills Shiraz Mourvèdre Viognier 2010 4. Best Value – Org de Rac Unwooded Chardonnay 2013

ODYSSEY 104 • 

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Wines 1

2

3

4

Best Biodiversity & Wine Initiative Wines

•2. Best Red – Uitkyk Estate Carlonet 2009•1. •3. Bloggers' Choice – Paul Cluver Chardonnay 2011•4. Best Value

1. Best Wine Overall – Paul Cluver Gewürztraminer 2012 Best White – Paul Cluver Gewürztraminer 2012 – Backsberg Tread Lightly Chenin Blanc 2012

ODYSSEY 105 • 

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Explore the Cape winelands this summer where you'll be sure to find SA wine estates internationally recognised for their exceptional quality produce. Picturesque settings, traditional cuisine and historic charm await those who appreciate the finer things in life.

ODYSSEY 106 • 

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Photos La Motte Wine Estate

CLICK HERE to download the map

take the tour


9057

Too clever! Better winemaking practices makes for better wine. Like this lovely Chardonnay, produced organically, just like all wines made before 1945. I’ve heard they use grape skins to generate electricity, and feed shredded office paper to the earthworms. Clever!

And the land is also being restored to its untouched state. Thanks to the BWI hundreds of thousands of hectares of natural area have been conserved.

MAKE

BETTER WINES HAPPEN Join the conversation on drinking sustainably and supporting great green winemakers. Do good at no cost to you, by signing up for a Nedbank Green Affinity card. Visit a Nedbank branch, call 0860 DO GOOD or go to nedbank.co.za. For more information on the Nedbank Green Wine Awards go to nedbankgreenwineawards.com

Nedbank Limited Reg No 1951/000009/06. Authorised financial services and registered credit provider (NCRCP16).

ODYSSEY 107 • 

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HAPPY HERBS

EarthGoddess

Mahatma Gandhi once said that 'happiness is when what you think, what you say and what you do are in harmony'. Jane Griffiths

looks at beating the blues by growing uplifting herbs to harmonise your soul.

W

hen I mention I grow happy herbs in my garden people often give a

knowing, 'Aha'. But it is not that herb I am talking about. There are many other herbs that uplift our spirits, calm tensions and ease stress.

A daily dose of these will keep the blues at bay.

Anise Hyssop

Part of the mint family, this delicious-smelling plant is a sweet-scented addition to

a fragrant herb garden. This is a cleansing herb and it was used by some Native American tribes as incense to purify sacred spaces or to clear a guilty conscience.

In the garden: As with any mint, anise hyssop is easy to grow. It can be

propagated from an existing plant by taking cuttings in spring or dividing an older plant. It likes moist soil and full sun to semi-shade. It will die back during winter in areas with frost but springs back up as soon as the weather warms up. Bees go crazy for the beautiful spikes of lilac flowers that come out in summer.

Healing properties: This herb has a long history of use by the Native

Americans who used this as an uplifting tea to alleviate anxiety and depression. It is a useful herb to add to other teas as it does not have strong medicinal properties, however it adds a delicious aniseed flavour, particularly good for bitter teas.

How to use: Infusion – (leaves and flowers) to lift depression and reduce anxiety.

St John's wort

This herb has long been used as a protective plant, believed by some in earlier times to ward off everything from evil spirits and sickness to lightning. It was once

carried to increase courage and endurance. So the next time you run a marathon – take some sprigs of St John's wort with you.

In the garden: If you plan to grow St John's wort to use medicinally, make

sure you plant Hypericum perforatum. There are ornamental varieties that have no

healing qualities. The Latin name perforatum means perforated and you can tell why by looking at a leaf. Hold one up to the light and you will see what looks like

tiny holes in it. These are translucent oil glands, which distinguish the medicinal variety from others.

This pretty herb, with bright yellow flowers, likes full sun or semi-shade. It

doesn't mind rich soil but prefers light soil and can become invasive if the conditions are right. Cut it back after flowering to prevent it self-seeding. In autumn, divide plants. In spring, cut back any dried stems to encourage new growth.

Healing properties: St John's wort is used so extensively to treat anxiety

ODYSSEY 108 • 

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and depression that it has earned the nickname 'natural Prozac'. In addition to being an antidepressant it is also an antibiotic and anti-inflammatory, making it an effective treatment for painful joint and nerve conditions. How to use: Infusion – (leaves and flowers) internally to treat anxiety, depression, neuralgia, nervous tension and irritability. Helps treat menopausal mood swings and premenstrual tension. Tincture – (leaves and flowers) as for infusion, but stronger. Extract – (flowers) Internally to treat depression, anxiety and nervous tension. Helps treat menopausal mood swings and premenstrual tension.

Lemon balm

Lemon balm, also known as melissa or bee balm, bears small white flowers that bees love. Ancient Greek beekeepers would crush the leaves of this herb and rub them on the hives to encourage bees to return. (Melissa means 'honeybee' in Greek.) In the garden: This lemon-flavoured member of the mint family is a worthy addition to the herb garden. It is a hardy plant requiring nothing more than the occasional trimming. It likes full sun to partial shade back to prevent it becoming straggly. Lemon balm can

Since I wrote my first book, Jane's Delicious Garden,

be invasive, so keep an eye on it and divide the plant

I have had many people tell me their stories of how

if necessary. Its strongly scented leaves repel many

the simple act of starting a vegetable and herb

companion for tomatoes and squash plants. Healing properties: Lemon balm's usage to reduce fevers and as a calmative and antidepressant

garden has vastly improved their lives. According to a survey for Gardeners' World magazine, 80% of gardeners reported being happy and satisfied with their lives compared to 67% of non-gardeners.

dates back hundreds of years. It is good for any

When we garden, we tap into the magic of

problems related to nervous tension such as insomnia,

creation itself. We become attuned to the cycles and

tension headaches, stomach ailments and depression.

seasons of birth, growth, abundance, senescence

How to use: Infusion – for depression and any disorders related to nervous tension. To prevent insomnia and hyperactivity. Tincture – as for infusion,

and death. Living our busy lives, it is easy to lose touch with essentials. Becoming a gardener changes

but stronger. Infused oil – use as a massage to relieve

that. By nurturing our plants, we grow increasingly

depression and tension.

in sync with our natural environment as rainfall

Borage

becomes significant and the waxing and waning of

Borage is the ultimate happy herb. As Nicholas Culpeper wrote, borage is helpful 'to comfort the heart and spirits of those that are troubled often with swoonings, or passions of the heart'. It is also a happy plant to grow

• 

One of the best remedies for depression is get out and do some exercise – and this includes gardening.

seedlings or on newly seeded areas. It is a good

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– Michael P Garofalo

and plenty of moisture. After it has flowered, cut it

pests. Sprinkle the leaves around the base of vulnerable

ODYSSEY 110

'To garden is the reward.'

the moon important. Physically, we bend, stretch and recharge ourselves with the exercise we get from our gardens, leading to increased feelings of well-being. Once the cultivating bug bites, you will keep growing

in the herb garden as it has a positive effect on the

and no matter where you live – gardening stretches

plants around it.

your body and expands your soul.


Chamomile

Anise Hyssop

St John's Wart

Lemon Balm

Borage

ODYSSEY 111 • 

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In the garden: As it has a long taproot and doesn't

chamomile infusion to ensure winnings.

transplant happily, sow seeds in situ, from spring through

In the garden: The most common varieties of

to early summer. Grow borage in well-drained soil in full

chamomile are Roman and German. Roman chamomile is

sun. It will self-seed without becoming too invasive. It is a

a low-growing perennial also known as lawn chamomile.

useful companion plant as it deters leaf-eating insects and

German chamomile is a taller annual with stronger

attracts beneficial ones. Bees love borage flowers because

medicinal qualities. All chamomile likes a sunny spot (but

they are full of nectar and easy to access. It is a good

will adapt to partial shade) and light, well-drained, moist

companion for tomatoes and strawberries.

soil. Sow seeds in autumn, but do not cover, as they

Healing properties: This soothing and calming

need light to germinate. Keep well watered during dry

herb boosts people suffering from grief or depression. It

weather. A chamomile spray will help strengthen plants

stimulates the adrenal gland to release epinephrine, the

and combat fungal diseases in the garden. It is especially

'courage' hormone, good for people who are stressed or

good to prevent a fungal disease called 'damping off' on

over-worked. It is also a great hangover remedy.

young seedlings. It is an all-round good companion plant

How to use: Infusion – (leaves and flowers) for a

as it accumulates nutrients and is particularly good near

hangover, as a tonic and to relieve depression. Juice –

onions and any member of the cabbage family.

(leaves and flowers) to treat depression, anxiety or grief.

Healing properties: Chamomile is well known for

Syrup – (flowers) for depression.

its mild sedative effect on the nervous system. Taken

Chamomile

internally, it helps ease tension, encourages a good

Chamomile is a gentle, sweetly-scented herb and

How to use: Infusion – drink to ease tense

chamomile tea is well known for its relaxing properties.

indigestion, anxiety, hyperactivity, neuralgia, stress and

This is a herb with the reputation of attracting money,

at night for insomnia. Essential oil – add to your bath or

so if you are going gambling, wash your hands in a

use as a massage oil for a calming effect. O

night's sleep and eases colic, especially due to tension.

‘Scientific research at a number of universities now clearly shows that engagement with green places is good for personal health. We also know that short-term mental health improvements are protective of long-term health benefits.' - Jules Pretty, Professor of environment and society at the University of Essex Dr Feelgood tea If you are feeling a bit blue, try this tea to make you feel more cheerful. And don't forget: one of the best remedies for depression is to get out and do some exercise. • • • •

¼ cup each dried St John's wort, anise hyssop, borage and lemon balm leaves and flowers, just-boiled water lemon honey

Mix the herbs together and seal in an airtight container. To drink, infuse two teaspoons of the herb mixture in a mug of just-boiled water for 10 minutes. Strain and add lemon and honey to taste.

Visit Jane's Delicious Garden at www.janesdeliciousgarden.com or email Jane on info@janesdeliciousgarden.com

Photographs: Jane Griffiths & Keith Knowlton. SOURCES: Jane's Delicious Herbs – Sunbird Publishers, a division of Jonathan Ball Publishers.

ODYSSEY 112 • 

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JANE’S DELICIOUS GARDENING CALENDAR 2014 Jane Griffiths, South Africa's organic vegetable gardening guru, brings you a beautiful monthly gardening inspiration calendar for 2014, which includes: country-wide sowing and planting information for each month; monthly advice to keep your garden productive and healthy; useful watering, fertilising and pest control tips; harvesting and preserving ideas; gorgeous monthly photographs; and phases of the moon This would make an ideal Christmas gift, and is available at book stores now.

 3

We have 3 copies of Jane's Delicious Gardening Calendar 2014 to give away. Email your full name and postal details here by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

ODYSSEY 113 • 

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ODYSSEY Issue 5 • 2013

SA's leading integrated living mag youth warriorship conscious travel spring cleaning

Certification body for sustainable development Ecocert specializes in the certification of organic agricultural products and has

4 natural living • • • •

plant psychotherapy

spirit

• ancient mysteries

diversified its range of services to include organic and natural cosmetics, ecoproducts, fair

Click on the covers to read, download and share them all for FREE

trade, green spaces and others. For more info click here, or email them here.

www.odysseymagazine.co.za ODYSSEY 114 • 

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T +27 (0) 21 797 1837 Fax : +27 (0) 86 518 0107


health

 energy & mood

'magic herb'

One of the advantages of the modern world is that we can test what in many cases are ancient remedies and demonstrate their application in our lives. Often, these old, usually herbal-based remedies (called phytotherapy these days), are also gentler on our systems than the chemical-derived allopathic equivalents, and with far fewer side-effects. We take a look at one such, Rhodiola.

ODYSSEY 115 • 

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A

pproximately 15% of the population suffers from major depressive episodes with twice as many women affected as men. The rest of the population may suffer from occasional bouts of depression with reasons

as diverse as a rainy day or the loss of a loved one. One of the most important chemicals in the brain is serotonin, which plays a major role in mental function as a 'chemical messenger', helping nerve function and keeping our mood elevated. During stress, serotonin levels drop, leaving us feeling depressed. It appears that Rhodiola may improve the body's ability to produce serotonin, with one study reporting a 30% increase. In addition it has been found that Rhodiola may help by reducing the production or inhibiting the action of hormones and chemicals that can cause serotonin to be broken down. One study of 128 severely depressed patients showed a 65% decrease in symptoms when taking Rhodiola, with no side-effects or toxicity. Another study on patients with paranoia and profound emotional disturbances found 100mg of Rhodiola rosea herb reduced symptoms of sleep disturbances, general weakness and daytime sleepiness. In light of this evidence it appears that mood elevation is yet another of the many attributes associated with this incredible herb. There are several major areas of our lives in which this particular herb appears capable of helping. These include boosting energy levels; improving mental alertness; improving concentration and memory; and improving mood disorders.

Energy

The enhancement of physical and mental performance is always desired but requirements and expectations will vary from person to person. For example, an athlete requires energy to maintain a busy training schedule whereas an elderly person may just desire enough energy to be able to enjoy the grandchildren or climb the stairs. Scientific studies on athletes have provided evidence for the use of Rhodiola rosea in reducing stress, accelerating recovery times and improving performance. It appears that Rhodiola may help to increase levels of the muscle fuel glutamic acid while also enhancing protein production in the muscles. Researchers found that concentrations of muscle protein are nearly doubled when Rhodiola is combined with a suitable exercise regime. Researchers also found that levels of the energy molecule known as ATP were maintained better during exercise after taking Rhodiola. In addition, it was found that levels of ATP actually increased 24 hours later at a time when ATP levels would normally be lower. One study showed that Rhodiola had comparable effects on performance as anabolic steroids but without the negative effects on the adrenal glands. For many people, low energy levels may be due in part to increased stress levels, be it from work, relationship problems, exams or even excess exercise. It appears that compounds contained in Rhodiola may have adaptogenic properties that could be supportive of the body during stressful times. In short, this is one herb which you may not have previously heard much about but which seems to be something that most of us could usefully include in our supplementation programs. O See ad, right, for more

ODYSSEY 116 • 

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For many people, low energy levels may be due in part to increased stress levels, be it from work, relationship problems, exams or even excess exercise. It appears that compounds contained in Rhodiola may have adaptogenic properties that could be supportive of the body during stressful times.


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Kanna (the traditional name for the plant sceletium) has been used by the Hottentots and San tribes of South Africa as a mood-altering substance (not hallucinogenic) since prehistoric times. Although primarily chewed (kougoed), it can also be taken as a tea. Traditionally, the dried plant material is also smoked, or powdered and inhaled as a snuff on its own or with the addition of other herbs.

ODYSSEYâ&#x20AC;&#x2030;118 â&#x20AC;˘â&#x20AC;&#x2030;

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S

celetium elevates mood and decreases anxiety, stress and tension, and shepherds walking long distances in arid areas have also used it as an appetite suppressant.

Higher doses can cause euphoria, initially with stimulation and later with sedation. No addiction or severe adverse side-effects have been associated or documented with 'Kanna'. Sceletium is used as a mood-enhancing substance and is far more effective and rapidly acting than the well-known European plant St John's Wort. The mood-elevating action of sceletium is due to a number of alkaloids including mesembrine, mesembrenol and tortuosamine. Mesembrine is usually the major alkaloid present, and has been demonstrated in laboratory studies to be a very potent serotonin-uptake inhibitor. This receptor-specific activity, and some receptor activities found on nicotinic, dopamine and nor-adrenaline sites, validate the traditional uses, and suggest additional therapeutic potential. In clinical practices, tablets and capsules of sceletium are being used successfully by a number of psychiatrists, psychologists and doctors with excellent results for addictive behaviour.

Image: www.emedicalnews.com

herbs

depression&you


A note of caution The National Institute of Mental Health in the US has found the principle alkaloid responsible for psychoactivity in Sceletium tortuosum/expansum, mesembrine, to be a serotonin-uptake inhibitor, keeping more serotonin in circulation, similar in action to Prozac, for example. Since Prozac/SSRI's are contraindicated with MAOIs (monoamine oxidase inhibitors), this would also go for mesembrine. Also the results of taking it together with other SSRI's are unpredictable, and it is known that alcohol can also cause side-effects when combined with many SSRI's. Headaches in conjunction with alcohol have been noted with sceletium use. Never combine SSRI’s with MAO inhibitors or any other psychiatric

medications or cardiac medications.

Sceletium is largely found with the Namaquaas and is held by them and surrounding tribes in great esteem. Sceletium

has

significant

mood-elevating

~ product hamper give away ~

and

anxiolytic (anti-anxiety) properties. In doses as low as 50mg users report improvements in mood, decreased anxiety, relaxation and a sense of well-being. At higher dosages near 100mg, sceletium acts as a calming euphoriant and empathogen. Users report increased personal insight, interpersonal ease and a meditative, grounded feeling without any perceptual dulling. Some note enhanced tactile and sexual response. According to the observations of plant gatherers, plants of sceletium are becoming increasingly scarce. Dwindling

natural

populations

point

to

possible

over-exploitation. A resurgence of interest in sceletium alkaloids will serve to encourage cultivation of these plants in their natural habitat, botanical gardens, and elsewhere. O

sms KANNABLISS We with have your one KannaBliss consisting of their your postal address to name and hamper full product range to give away valued at R500. 076 707 2695 Email here with your namestand and postal address bya13 and you could a chance to win January 2014 to stand a chance to win. a full product range KannaBliss Sceletium hamper worth over R500!

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ODYSSEY 119 • 

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OLD MIND

ElderGoddess

///////// NEW M ODYSSEY 120 • 

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Our minds, like everything else, are also in the process of change. They are being re-wired to connect with our divinity. Can we trust enough to let this happen and move away from old ways of familiarity and predictability? Natalia Baker explores.

MIND

H

ave you noticed how increasingly you are using your intuition to make decisions, to access the truth of a situation or person?

Have you noticed how suddenly you absolutely know something but you haven't laboriously thought it out? It might be at the mundane level of what to buy someone for a gift or an important life-changing decision around a relationship or job. The only absolute truth you know about that choice is that it feels right. There is no other data to explore. It is simple, swift and potent. It allows you to live with joy, ease and grace without the dulling-down effect of too much thinking. It's your new mind. It stands to reason that in the face of much change during this time that the way our mind's work would also be changing. We are assailed by outer change: including systems, values and advanced technology. Although many changes are not yet tangible, we are living in a time when we know for sure certain social structures such as health, education, politics and more, no longer serve us and are going to have to change. They currently appear to be cracking but the seeds of the new have been planted and are germinating. As individuals, we are also in an upheaval of change. It is often uncomfortable because we are being stripped of old beliefs, behaviours and attitudes in order to return to an unadulterated core of self. And our bodies? They are also changing. One explanation is that our cells are evolving from a carbon-base to a crystalline base which is why so many of us struggle with our health and undue exhaustion*. And our minds are also in the process of change. The new consciousness does not work too well with the old mind. It would be natural that a device we have used for thousands of years, and largely over-used, is on its way out to be replaced with a more efficient, stream-lined and inspiring/inspired model. I recall many years ago being a keen and dedicated university student. I suppose, because I thought I was not very intelligent, I had to work particularly hard. This belief was so deeply ingrained that even when I received the highest grades I still thought I was lacking. The important point I want to make here was how the mind worked. It functioned through analysis, comparisons and contrasts which were invariably based on hierarchical logic and judgement, and the results were indescribably complex and contorted. I use these last words advisedly because it felt as though mentally we were tying ourselves into tight

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knots and twists. The more 'intellectual' and clever one seemed – and, O boy, did we try hard to be clever. – the more dull, uninspiring and unclear we became. I recall early in my third year of English studies asking a professor why we never did anything creative or new. Why was every year the same: just studying other people's writings? He looked a little startled, horrified would be more accurate, and remonstrated, 'You are being taught critical analysis.' 'Oh,' I thought. 'Well, it's really dead boring,' but I didn't have the courage to say that. In that academic environment it seemed the more foggy and irrelevant we were to the real issues of life and living, the more intellectually successful we were. Well, I've been there, done that and thoroughly, having been an academic for 18 years, and hopefully, like you, am rearing to go ahead with the new mind. Let me explain a little more. The old mind works with tried and tested systems. It has been highly-programmed with a constant set of information, rules, regulations and indoctrination. A wise man described it aptly as being in a regulated building where exits and entrances are monitored, temperature and airflow are controlled and you cannot open windows to let in the air. It is stuffy,

The old mind that gets us hooked into repetitive behaviour patterns does not serve us. We get addicted to stories and dramas and the mind feeds them because it cannot let go. It is the only way it knows how to function. The new mind is free. It works entirely differently and it does not have records.

lifeless and regimented. It works with patterns and structures. Can you sense how it is the old mind that gets us hooked into repetitive behaviour patterns which do not serve us? We get addicted to stories and dramas and the

the excitements of an unfolding life and an adventure into

mind feeds them because it cannot let go. It is the only

experience, the wonder of exploration and expansion?

way it knows how to function.

I am so tempted to ask you here, 'Are you getting it?'

New mind is free. It works entirely differently and it does not have records. It might pick up a structure for

ODYSSEY 122 • 

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It's about trusting life, trusting yourself, knowing life is unfolding into all that is positive and life-enhancing.

a moment but then it moves on. It has no restricting

Here is a trivial example of old and new mind, but I

database from the past because every moment is new.

am going to describe it anyway. I was concerned when

It is psychic, intuitive and sees things from a holistic

someone wanted on-going counselling. I do not feel

perspective. It works from the premise that all is

qualified and am more comfortable seeing someone once,

unfolding just as it should, so there is nothing to battle,

twice or just occasionally. This person was so insistent

to fight or struggle against. All we have to do is to relax,

that I relented and my old mind dived in having a field

enjoy and experience the moment fully. In short, with

day. 'What will you do? You will have to prepare, you

the new mind, we have come to the point of trust. You

know. You can't just chance it. It might be a total failure.'

cannot trust life if you do not trust yourself. With new

I thought with some passion and determination that I

mind, trusting yourself is the basis of having a truly

had had enough of this controlling old mind, I would

wonderful life experience. The old mind wants security

trust myself and do no preparation whatsoever. Well, I'm

and protection. It wants to know everything is in order.

sure you know the answer. They were the most amazing,

Can the old you, your old mind, identify with this? It feels

inspiring sessions because I had let something divine

comfortable when everything is knowable, predictable

and magical flow in, which would otherwise have been

and safe. The new mind, because it is part of our soul, our

blocked out by the machinations of the old mind, aiming

divinity, doesn't need that, in fact it would become a huge

for comfort, control and predictability.

restriction. To put it bluntly, new mind just doesn't care.

Of course, the big question is how do you get out of

Why would it want to limit the joy of its deepest freedom,

the old mind? Yes, it is a challenge, but not impossible,


clinically proven natural medicines

ODYSSEY 123 • 

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and anyway, if you are on a path of growing awareness

knowledge have been given to us over the years in a

and reading this, it is probably time for you to move on

perfect unfolding of divine intelligence.

from your old mind. We all know how gloriously happy

Finally, what is important is that we make the choice

we can be when we do things which take us beyond

to unprogram the old mind, managing it and choosing

the mind: playing, dancing, singing, creating, being

new mind. Remember when you make any choice energy

fully present, living from the heart, being in nature and

will follow through to serve that choice. It may take time,

concentrating on our breath. There is, however, one

it may be a challenge, but I could think of nothing more

dynamic that works profoundly effectively. It is total

liberating, exciting and glorious than using new mind. O

acceptance of everything just as it is. This is the way we live our divinity. We are present, 100% present, and we

Editor's Note: All known matter

are not trying to change anything.

is, in its natural or 'native' pure

Total acceptance is very difficult for the old mind.

state,

crystaline

in

structure

It just can't get its head around acceptance because it

(at a given temperature). This

is so used to judgement, analysis, drama and emotion.

is also true for carbon, which

With acceptance you drop straight into your heart and

is the key element that allows

our divinity can come in and take over. New mind is your

lifde to exist as we know it.

divine intelligence.

Therefore, the 'crystaline base'

I have always felt the years we were training ourselves

referred to in this article indicates

to surrender were the precursor to total acceptance

a return of our cells to a purified,

of what is. It is awesome to think of how wisdom and

higher-functioning condition.

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For full list of inspired meditation CDs visit www.nataliabaker.com

ODYSSEY 124 • 

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shamanism

Image: www.katenews2day.com

Have you ever experienced those wonderful blissful moments of doing something that makes life feel enjoyable, satisfying, rich and fulfilling? These moments make you feel like life is flowing and synchronised to you and whatever it is you are doing. Sadly these moments are fleeting, short-lived and inconsistent. They lay silently shrouded in mystery with very few clues leading to the next enjoyable experience. Life is not meant to be lived waiting and hoping for brief moments of enjoyment to instantly appear and just as quickly dissolve away, leaving you longing for the next moment. Lou Worldweaver tells us more.

The Medicine Whe ODYSSEY 126 • 

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I

THE ENJOYMENT WHEEL

n order to better understand the mysteries of life and to live in a greater state of knowledge, empowerment and awareness of how to more effectively engage with life,

Feedback

we turn to the Shamanic Wisdom of the Medicine Wheels to guide us. A Medicine Wheel is a tool for teaching people how to understand both their meaning and purpose in

5 Sense of self

6

4

Timelessness

the world and their relationship to everything within it. The medicine wheel is a visual metaphor both for how everything works and how everything is interrelated to everything else. It is based on the concepts of circular

Focus of intent

9 Freedom to flow with life

3

thinking and living with the understanding that everything naturally flows in a circular fashion.

Relaxation

2

8 1

The Enjoyment Wheel

7

Confrontation & Engagement

Responsibility & Accountability

Create Goals

The Enjoyment Wheel is a powerful tool which provides clear, concise and practical guidelines to living a more enjoyable life and expanding beyond any limitations or

half measures, short cuts or excuses that lead to feeling

boundaries that inhibit your quality of life.

incomplete and dissatisfied.

Step one is to create clear goals that feel right and

Step four is related to the heightened, improved

lead to growth and self satisfaction. Remember this is not

and stronger sense of self you will begin to experience

so much about thinking and satisfying what you or others

as you let go of old patterns of behaviour. One of the

think you should or need to do. This is about what is in

critical patterns that will shift is the need to succeed

your heart and what will feed and motivate your inner

and live up to unrealistic expectations and attachments

desire to challenge yourself and discover what you are

to the end goal. What you will realise is that the quality

capable of.

of your engagement and what you learn along the way

Step two is about learning to enjoy the process or

to reaching your goals is far more valuable than the end

journey as you move towards your goal. This requires

result.

you to relax, breathe and stop worrying or obsessing or

Step five is getting accurate feedback about what

stressing about the end goal. Give yourself permission to

you are doing and the direction you are headed in. It is

take the time to fully experience everything that comes

essential to pay attention to external and environmental

your way in every moment. Each step is essential to

clues that feed you information about any changes or

taking the next one.

results that are occurring in your life. This is a reality

Step three is all about where you put your focus

check that helps you match up to your internal reality and

and attention. It's obvious to say your focus needs to be on your goal but it's not as simple as it seems to keep your attention from slipping into distraction. The key is to continually assess and stay clear about what you are doing, how you are doing it and why you are doing

essentially keeps you out of illusion and pretence about what is really happening in your life. Another component to this is developing accurate self-assessment and self-acknowledgement for where you are in each moment and what you are gaining from each moment.

it. This will empower you to not only stay focused but

Step six is concerned with your willingness and ability

to follow through on your actions and avoid the fateful

to surrender to the moment and step into timelessness.

eel & you

9 Steps To Living A More Enjoyable Life ODYSSEY 127 • 

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This is the experience of going beyond the framework of time, concern, worry or fear and allowing yourself to engage fully with what you are doing in the moment without the need or impulse to do or give more than is needed.

Step seven focuses on your willingness to confront whatever resistance or distraction is keeping you from being fully engaged in the moment. In this step you have two options – either you confront the issue, engage with it so you can release it and get back on track or let resistance and distraction lead you away from your goal. You must make a decision about whether you want to invest energy in entertaining yourself with distraction and resistance or to let it go and re-engage. A good question to ask yourself is 'How does this help me achieve my goal?'

Step eight asks you to take responsibility for your actions, thoughts, words and deeds. No matter what you do, you are solely responsible and accountable for achieving your goals and bringing them to completion. This means you have the maturity to stand in the center of your circle accepting the outcome of your actions

A Medicine Wheel is a tool for teaching people how to understand both their meaning and purpose in the world and their relationship to everything within it. your situation or others for your success or failure.

Step nine is the freedom you will experience when you are in the flow of life. You realise the world is abundant with possibilities and opportunities for growth and self-discovery and you find yourself saying 'yes' more, and more often. You feel more positive, connected and fulfilled by life. Your quality of life is enhanced with a greater capability of enjoying everything you do from the simplest tasks to the more complex. The enjoyment of life is not a prize or something that is earned. It is each and every human beings birthright to live a happy, healthy, fulfilling life. O See advert below for more info.

without the need or impulse to blame your circumstance,

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CapeNature is the public institution mandated to promote and ensure biodiversity conservation within the Western Cape. CapeNature manages most of the mountain catchments and nature reserves that supply ecosystem services to the citizens of the Western Cape. This requires good scientific data, a sound understanding of fynbos ecology and commitment to the principles of integrated biodiversity management and planning.

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a new world

Awaits Many of us are seeking something special in our lives, something different to the everyday desires of most people, something that will lift us up and away from the mundane things of this world and enable us to comprehend the glorious and powerful spiritual beings we truly are. We take a look at a new group of young, dynamic professionals who invite you to search for truth.

T

his is the age of the outpouring. In the way that

Discovery is the life-changing process by which

celestial bodies are bombarded by meteorites

we realise what we truly are. And with discovery

and space debris, so are we humans on planet

comes learning. Learning gives us wisdom and helps us

Earth showered with an endless stream of information

determine what we truly want out of this precious life we

and stimuli.

have, this chance we have to find out who we really are

How do we organise this endless flow and make sense of it? And how do we separate out the few things that really matter from the multitude of things that don't?

ODYSSEY 130 • 

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and why we are here. For the person who seriously wants to find out what makes the world tick and determine his or her role in the

We can do this only by being focused on our destiny.

scheme of things, you can choose to join Knights Crux on

This means we need to appreciate that we are spiritual

this quest for truth. As a philosophical group we set out to

beings, that there is a reason for our being here on planet

create a haven of peace and reflection amid the constant

Earth and that it is possible to discover what our purpose

demands and turmoil of our ordinary existence. You can

is. But it's up to each one of us to do something about it

choose to join them on a journey that will help unravel

if we want to make this happen for ourselves.

the threads of truth as you proceed.


It takes great courage to face the unknown, and along with dogged persistence and stamina you can gradually peel off the layers of illusion to deepen your knowledge and reveal your spiritual self.

The Knights Crux offers a number of activities designed to set you on the path to self knowledge. Flame lectures on Thursday night's, for instance, deal with the many thought-provoking aspects of getting to know yourself. Past talks have included: how to tackle stress and exhaustion; the principle steps for self improvement; living purposefully; how to create joy in your life and, in addition, more philosophical questions which include secret teachings hidden in our fairy tales, and, does God actually exist? Sunday convocations are given once a month to inspire

Their vision is to provide a clear philosophy to assist

those who attend. They offer spiritual guidance using

people to live more fulfilled lives. A key part of this is to

various teachings and readings to enrich the message.

untangle the stark reality from the sticky web of doctrine,

Educational activities for children can be arranged while

dogma and ignorance in which most of us find ourselves

parents attend the Sunday convocation. Our children are

trapped, in order to arrive at the radiant truth. Clear

very special – they are the future of this world – and it is

thinking can help dispel the illusions which cloud our minds,

up to us to help them reach their spiritual potential, so that

and encourage us to seek answers to the many questions

they will have a positive effect on our world. The charity arm of Knight Crux is Cornucopia, which is

we may have about life. The purpose of us as human beings is to grow in

based in the East Rand, and is a wonderful opportunity if

consciousness and awareness, so this is a quest for your

you would like to assist people in need in a meaningful way,

very essence. It takes great courage to face the unknown,

through a professionally run organisation. O

and along with dogged persistence and stamina you can gradually peel off the layers of illusion to deepen your

For more info visit www.knightscrux.co.za

knowledge and reveal your spiritual self.

or see ad below.

Do you think you have what it takes? If so, the journey of discovery with Knights Crux will be intriguing and life-changing. You will be with like-minded people. The Knights work as a group within which, the individual can flourish. Every team member is important to the whole, remembering that the more you put in, the more you will get out of it.

If you are willing to take this opportunity, the possibilities are endless ...

. . . It is entirely up to you We invite you to explore our website www.knightscrux.co.za for info on all Knights Crux activities and see if you would like to become involved

ODYSSEY 131 • 

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health

The so-called 'festive season' seems for many to merely be an excuse to indulge in all and sundry forms of eating, drinking and 'making merry'. All very well, but is it really the best use of our time? Maria Ascencao reports.

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F

or the great majority of people 2013 seems to have been a real hum-dinger of a year – and not in a good way. It has at the least been a grind, but for

many much more trying and difficult than that, even. So this year, rather than popping the champers, roasting several meats and eating and drinking 'till we drop, perhaps there's another way to go with our year-end breaks (for those who actually get one). Rather than feasting ferociously – and then regretting at leisure through the next couple of months (and however longer than that it takes to drop the extra weight we've picked, if ever we do) – it might be a much better idea to look at our time away from our desks and computers as an opportunity to naturally de-stress and detoxify from our increasingly demanding lives. This does not have to be a tedious and boring 'serious' process either. It can be every bit as much fun as a 'thrash to the death' – and is certainly much better for you in

We don't need, for example, to actually roast a whole turkey, pork, lamb, duck or whatever. We can roast vegetables, have fresh salads, fruit salad instead of Christmas pudding and make a variety of alternative substitutions – and still have all the joy and pleasure of the family gathering at which we acknowledge and love one another just for being who we are. this particular cultural heritage has become heavily corrupted by hyper-consumerism, with Christmas promos beginning in mainstream media from somewhere around mid-October and lasting through Christmas, New Year and now extending directly into January 'sales'. It's all

both the short and long term.

relentless, driven by the commercial interests of the

Things to do

Also, when everything is added up, the 'festive season' is

Really, there should be no need to make many suggestions in this regard, since most sensible people can work out low-cost alternatives to the usual frenzy of Christmas/ New Year partying that seems (in an illusory fashion) to be the highlight of many a person's year. But we can make some suggestions and here are a few.

Picnic not party Find a local place for a family outing, preferably a park, nature reserve, or other country-style setting, pack a simple basket of goodies, being mostly fresh fruit, juice (and water to dilute it by 50% so it's not too sugar-heavy) or a herbal tea sweetened with some honey, nuts and whole-grain bread and a variety of tasty treats for the bread. Instead of a party, have a picnic. It will also include the kids fully – which isn't always the case, or at least shouldn't be, if the adults are partying up a storm and drinking like sailors. Of course, you can take a bottle of rosè or some such – but only one, so that the adults get a glass, or at most, a glass and a half of low-alcohol wine.

Gifting & loving

advertisers and very little of it is helpful to us personally. almost always followed by a season of 'mourning', or at least extensive 'buyers regret', because usually way too much money has been spent. The real point of gift-giving is to demonstrate caring and love to those nearest and dearest to us. Spending a hectic few hours among throngs of others in over-busy shopping centres in the count-down to Christmas, New Year or whatever, desperately trying to ensure that everyone on one's gift list receives a relevant gift – becoming stressed, hassled and indebted in the process – really isn't in the spirit of the occasion at all, is it? Far better to give something small, personal, useful and, if at all possible, handmade by oneself, or by someone else, for whom a little bit of money (say a street vendor selling one of those beaded car key rings, or some such) is a much more sensible investment as a symbol of love. Spend the time saved in the shopping mania by spending a little time personalising some cards with your gifts. Even if you just go to your local organic market, buy some handmade, non-toxic and organic soaps, wrap them and hand-make some cards, you will be giving those you love something they can use, something that is good for them and the planet and something you literally put a bit

On the actual holidays, especially Christmas (or equivalent)

of your heart into. It may not match the latest cellphone

there's a strong cultural emphasis not only on eating way

or playstation in value terms, but in terms of heart value

too much, drinking in excess, but also on gift-giving as a

there's no comparison – the personal gift that means

symbol of one's love for family and friends. In principle,

something to receiver and giver is much more valuable,

there's absolutely nothing wrong with gift-giving. But

cost regardless.

ODYSSEY 133 • 

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WATCH THIS!

Thich Nhat Hanh Mindful Consumption

Show your compassion for animals over the festive season by eating fruit and veg instead of meat

Give thanks In America, just ahead of the gifting season, there's Thanksgiving, which remembers the thanks offered up by

Rejuvenation

little to equip them for survival but their faith. With the

In these days of so much change, we can make some

help of Native Americans, colonies began to thrive and

small additional changes to our traditional feasting and

later Thanksgiving became a major national holiday when

indulging, and thereby return to the roots of these

traditionally American families make a great effort to

festivals, instead of being caught up in the commercial

gather around for a feast of thanks and sharing with one

glitzy, blingy wastefulness.

another. We in SA and elsewhere in the world have similar

And then, on the other days, when so often we

holidays (Christmas, Easter, Passover, Eid, and so on)

have spent our time recovering from the excesses of

when for both religious and cultural reasons, we gather

the various parties, feasts and braais we've thrown or

together, feast and give thanks to both higher powers and

attended, we can instead truly allow our bodies, hearts

for one another as family and friends.

and minds to recover somewhat from the frantic pace

for the thankfulness, which is the heart of these events,

• 

and extreme stresses that the modern world throws at us during the rest of the year.

to be present. We don't need, for example, to actually

The real purpose of holidays is not only to remember

roast a whole turkey, pork, lamb, duck or whatever. We

from whence comes all the good in our lives (the root for

can roast vegetables, have fresh salads (better in summer

holiday being 'holy day') but also to allow that good to

anyway), fruit salad instead of Christmas pudding and

flow into us and rejuvenate us, preparing us for the next

make a variety of alternative substitutions – and still have

round of 'must dos' when the holiday is over. O

all the joy and pleasure of the family gathering at which

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we are.

those early Europeans who came to America's shores with

But we don't have to do all the traditional elements

ODYSSEY 134

we acknowledge and love one another just for being who


recipes

Wishing you a

Healthy, Happy Festive Season Serve up the goodness of natural whole foods.

Homemade Granola Ingredients 1½ cups Pouyoukas whole rolled oats 1/3 cup your choice of chopped/ sliced nuts 1/3 cup Pouyoukas omega seed mix ½ cup goji berries, or your choice of cacao nibs, dried fruit, and so on ½ teaspoon ground cinnamon ½ teaspoon salt 2 tbs xylitol 2 tbs honey or maple syrup 1 tsp vanilla extract 2 tbs coconut oil

Method 1. In a large bowl, combine Pouyoukas whole rolled oats, nuts, Pouyoukas omega seed mix, cinnamon, salt and mix well. 2. In a smaller bowl, whisk together xylitol, honey or syrup, vanilla and oil. 3. Pour wet mixture over dry mixture and toss until oats are thoroughly coated. 4. Spread granola evenly on baking sheet, place in the oven and set temperature to 180°C. 5. Bake for 20-30 minutes, stirring every 10 minutes until browned. 6. Mix in the goji berries/cacao nibs/dried fruit after baking the granola.

Choose life. Choose health. Choose Pouyoukas.

Your whole foods pantry For more information contact us at

For more info on the nutritional benefits of products in the Pouyoukas Foods range, as well as cooking tips and mouth-watering recipes. Visit www.pouyoukas.co.za or follow them on Twitter and ‘like’ Pouyoukas on Facebook.

(011) 762 5261 or visit our website: www.pouyoukas.co.za


health

Cinna 

Somehow, when you think about cinnamon, there is often an immediate association with sugar – cinnamon and sugar pancakes, cinnamon Chelsea buns, sweet cinnamon chai tea – and in that paradigm lies the key to one of cinnamon's many uses and that is, the lowering of blood sugar levels. There is often an innate wisdom

ODYSSEY 136 • 

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A spicy history Native to Ceylon (Sri Lanka), true cinnamon, Cinnamomum

zeylanicum, dates back in Chinese writings to 2 800 BCE, and is still known as kwai in the Cantonese language today. Its botanical name derives from the Hebraic and Arabic term amomon, meaning fragrant spice plant. Ancient Egyptians used cinnamon in their embalming process. From their word for cannon, Italians called it canella, meaning 'little tube,' which aptly describes cinnamon sticks. In the first century AD, Pliny the Elder wrote of 350 grams of cinnamon as being equal in value to over 5kg of silver, about 15 times the value of silver per weight. Medieval physicians used cinnamon in medicines to treat coughing, hoarseness and sore throats. As a sign of remorse, Roman Emperor Nero ordered a year's supply of cinnamon be burnt after he murdered his wife. The spice was also valued for its preservative qualities for meat due to the phenols which inhibit the bacteria responsible for spoilage, with the added bonus being the strong cinnamon aroma masked the stench of aged meats. In the 17th century, the Dutch seized the world's largest cinnamon supplier, the island of Ceylon, from the Portuguese, demanding outrageous quotas from the poor labouring Chalia caste. When the Dutch learned

amon& you 

in these symbiotic relationships and the one between sugar and cinnamon is one of these. Litha Pharma pharmacist, Giulia Criscuolo, reports.

ow? n k u o y Did pice was The s ued for its once vaplreservative meat ualities. q

ODYSSEY 137 • 

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bribed and threatened the local king to destroy it all, thus preserving their monopoly on the prized spice. In 1795, England seized Ceylon from the French, who had acquired it from their victory over Holland during the Revolutionary Wars. In the Victorian language of flowers, cinnamon means 'my fortune is yours'. However, by 1833, the downfall of the cinnamon monopoly had begun when other countries found it could be easily grown in such areas as Java, Sumatra, Borneo, Mauritius, Reunion and Guyana. Cinnamon is now also grown in South America, the West Indies, and other tropical climates.

Different varieties Food supplements containing cinnamon (used part: inner bark, ground or extracts) are on the market in a lot of countries all over the world and it's the inner bark of cinnamon that is usually used to prepare the extract. In some countries herbs are thoroughly screened before they are allowed to be used as/in food supplements. For instance, cinnamon has been granted a GRAS (generally recognised as safe) status as a food or food supplement in the US. In European countries like France, Belgium and Italy, cinnamon is on the 'positive list' of herbs that can be used as/in food supplements. There are two species of cinnamon that are commonly used as a spice or in food supplements: Cinnamomum

verum (also called: Cinnamomum zeylanicum) and Cinnamomum cassia. They are both called 'cinnamon' and there is not a lot of difference between them. The latter sometimes contains more of the oil-soluble substances like cinnamic aldehyde, eugenol and coumarins, but that is of no big concern if only the inner bark is used (and not the essential oil). Cinnamomum verum tends to have less of these oil-soluble ingredients than Cinnamomum cassia and is often a safer option.

of a source of cinnamon along the coast of India, they

The latest research backs up a host of previous studies which have shown that a daily dose of cinnamon may improve blood pressure and blood sugar levels in people with type-2 diabetes, offering a natural solution to many of the millions of people around the world suffering from this pandemic.

Beware of the oils

In high doses, the essential oils in cinnamon can be

potentially harmful. These are obtained through steam

distillation of the inner bark or the leaves of cinnamon. Not only is this a very concentrated extract (you need several pounds/kg of plant material to obtain a few ml of essential oil), this oil also has another composition than the inner bark. Substances in the essential oil that could possibly be harmful (also for the liver) in high doses are cinnamic aldehyde, eugenol and coumarins – these are all oil-soluble substances, which can cause gastric side-effects or allergic reactions, and the coumarins in the oil can thin the blood and should therefore be avoided by people who are on blood thinning medications, such as warfarin.

Who should not take cinnamon? People who have a known hypersensitivity to cinnamon or Peruvian balsam should avoid cinnamon. Also, women who are pregnant or breast feeding should not take cinnamon in the food supplement form.

Lowering blood sugar levels The active ingredients in cinnamon are: MHCP (methylhydroxy-chalconepolymer) and cinnamon polyphenols (procyanidin type-A polymer), both of which are water-soluble components. MHCP mimics insulin or has 'insulin-like' activity and enhances glucose uptake and synthesis of glycogen (storage form of glucose), thereby lowering blood sugar levels. The cinnamon polyphenols increase the amount of proteins involved in insulin signalling and also increase the levels of glucose transporter protein called GLUT-4, so that more glucose ends up in the cells and is removed from the blood. As a whole, cinnamon extract improves insulin action via increased glucose uptake (more stimulation of insulin receptors and more phosphorylation of insulin receptor) and the cinnamon extract prevents the insulin resistance induced by a high-fructose diet.

ODYSSEY 138 • 

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Researching efficacy More recently, numerous clinical trials have been carried out to prove the efficacy of cinnamon. A powerful new study has reinforced the blood glucose lowering effect of cinnamon, providing further good news for type 2 diabetics. The study, by the Western University of Health Sciences, Pomona, California and the University of Connecticut, both in the US, found that the consumption of cinnamon is associated with a statistically significant decrease in levels of fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, LDL-C, and triglyceride levels and an increase in HDL-C levels.'1 The latest research backs up a host of previous studies which have shown that a daily dose of cinnamon may improve blood pressure and blood sugar levels in people with type-2 diabetes, offering a natural solution to

A myriad of uses Other health benefits of cinnamon include: Cholesterol lowering effect

Supporting digestive

Relieving congestion

function

stiffness of muscles and joints

Relieving pain and Anti-inflammatory

compounds that may relieve arthritis

Helping to

prevent urinary tract infections, tooth decay and gum disease

Relieves menstrual discomfort

Blood-thinning compounds that stimulate circulation Calming effect

Astringent effect

Powerful

many of the millions of people around the world suffering

antioxidant (due to the phenols, proanthocyanidins,

from this pandemic.

camphenes and isoeugenol components found in

Another study published in Diabetes Care, involved

cinnamon)

60 patients, all with type 2 diabetes, who were

that have shown to be effective against ulcer-causing

given 1, 3 or 6gm of cinnamon per day.2 The results were as follows: Fasting glucose level decreased by an average of 18-29% Total Cholesterol decreased by an average of 12-26% LDL cholesterol (the 'bad' cholesterol) decreased by an

average of 7-27% HDL cholesterol (the 'good' cholesterol): no significant

change

It has natural anti-infectious compounds

H pylori bacteria and other pathogens, such as candida

It is a natural food preservative

It

contains fibre, calcium, iron, and manganese – albeit small amounts relative to the typical dose of ground Cinnamon holds promise for various

cinnamon

neurodegenerative diseases, including: Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, brain tumour, and meningitis, according to research at the Cytokine Research Laboratory, Department of Experimental Therapeutics, University of Texas.

Triglycerides decreased by an average of 23-30%

Their research shows that cinnamon reduces chronic

There were no reported side effects due to cinnamon

inflammation linked with these neurological disorders.

A 12-week London study was recently conducted involving 58 type 2 diabetics with haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels over 7%. Haemoglobin A1c is a marker for long-term glycaemic control in diabetics.

3

After 12 weeks on 2gm of cinnamon per day, study

ailments. Because cinnamon may lower blood sugar, people with diabetes may need to adjust their treatment if they use cinnamon supplements such as Diabecinn. O

subjects had significantly lower HbA1c levels, as well as significantly reduced blood pressures (systolic, SBP,

References:

diastolic and DBP).

L Baker, Craig I Coleman, Olivia J Phung. Cinnamon Use in Type 2

How much should you take?

Fam Med 2013; 452-459. doi:10.1370/afm.1517 • 2 Khan A, Safdar M,

1 

Robert W Allen, Emmanuelle Schwartzman, William

Diabetes: An Updated Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Ann

There is no established dose for cinnamon, but many

Ali Khan MM, Khattak KN, Anderson RA. Cinnamon improves glucose and lipids of people with Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2003

sources recommend ½ to 1 teaspoon (2-4 grams) of

Dec;26(12):3215-8 •

powder a day. Some studies have used between 1g

Diabetic Association, October 2010 • 4 www.drmercola.com

3

 Diabetic Medicine: A Journal of the British

and 6g of cinnamon. Very high doses may be toxic and should be avoided, especially if you have any liver-related

ODYSSEY 139 • 

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Image: http://tishboyle.blogspot.com

recipes

The ancient spice of cinnamon has been respected and revered for many centuries, has so many wonderful health benefits and belongs to nature's abundant pharmacy of herbs and spices. Another great reason to love cinnamon, is that it's versatile. It works with sweet and savoury dishes alike and the recipes included here are just a few of the many culinary delights of this humble spice.

ODYSSEY 140 • 

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Ricotta Cheesecake with Cinnamon Ingredients

1 yellow cake mix

680g Ricotta cheese 4 eggs

¾ cup of sugar 1 tsp of vanilla

¼ cup cinnamon & sugar mixture 100g whipped cream

½ cup finely chopped walnuts Instructions Beat together cheese, eggs, sugar and vanilla

Spoon

mixture on top of batter, a little at a time, spread as you spoon it

Bake at 180°C for 40-45 minutes

After

cooled, spread about 100g whipped cream on top and also some chopped, real fine, walnuts, ½ cup with cinnamon and sugar mixture, about ¼cup

Sprinkle


Homemade Chai Tea

Serves 4

Ingredients

1 cinnamon stick 6 whole green cardamom pods 6 whole cloves 1 (1-inch) piece ginger root, peeled & thinly sliced 4 whole black peppercorns 3 cups water 2 single-serve black tea bags or 1 tablespoon loose black tea 2 tablespoons dark brown sugar 1 cup low-fat milk (soy, rice or almond milk can also be used for a vegan version) Method Place cinnamon, cardamom, cloves, ginger, peppercorns and water into a small pot and bring to a boil. Cover, reduce heat and simmer for 5 minutes. Remove from heat and set aside to let

Image: http://caffedvita.com

steep for 10 minutes. Return pot to the heat and bring to a boil. Remove from heat, add tea, cover and set aside to let steep for 3-5 minutes. Strain through a fine mesh sieve, discarding solids, then return liquid to the pot. Stir in

Recipes

sugar and milk and heat over low heat for 1 minute. Pour into cups and serve.

Apple & Cinnamon Breakfast Cookies Makes 12 cookies

These little cookies make a portable healthy breakfast or snack that go perfectly with your morning tea or coffee.

50g (½ cup) ground hazelnuts (or if

together until it starts to bind. Form

you want to make this nut free, use

into 12 cookies and roll them in some

desiccated coconut)

oats for decoration. I like to use a

50g raisins

small ice cream scoop for this, but

50g dried chopped apple

you can also use a tablespoon or your

2 tablespoons honey

hands. Flatten slightly. Bake for 30-35

1 tablespoon vanilla bean paste or

minutes or until golden.

extract

Cool and enjoy.

60ml (¼ cup) macadamia nut,

Will keep for 5 days wrapped in a

almond or light flavoured olive oil

sealed container.

Method

180g (full cup ) smashed

Preheat your oven to 160°C. Combine

ripe banana or apple puree

smashed banana or apple puree,

(unsweetened)

vanilla with the cinnamon, oil and

½ teaspoon ground cinnamon

honey. Add oats, hazelnuts, raisins

200g (2 cups) rolled oats or barley

and dried apple. Mix together well with

& a little extra for decorating

your hands, squeezing the mixture

ODYSSEY 141 • 

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health

SUGAR IS

TOXIC

National Diabetes Awareness Month, November, is an international drive to focus on efforts to educate people on all forms of diabetes, its signs and symptoms. But this mainly lifestyle disease is now recognised as being of global pandemic proportions, requiring ongoing action to combat its spread. Millions of people all over the world are currently suffering from this disease and its associated conditions, making drastic changes in their lifestyle eating patterns an imperative. We report.

ODYSSEY 142 • 

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Sugar stimulates your appetite. The more you eat it, the more you want. Stop feeding them and eventually those stray desires will disappear or find healthy alternatives to satisfy your sweet tooth.

In Type 1, which has a fairly sudden onset, it typically strikes before age 25 and only accounts for about 5% of the disease, the pancreas stops producing insulin, which is required to usher blood sugar (glucose) into the body's cells. Type 1 diabetics must inject themselves with insulin to survive. Type 2 diabetes typically develops slowly, over years, as body weight generally rises around about the age of 40, either because the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or because the cells become 'resistant' and can't use it. Because of its slow development, Type 2 diabetes rarely produces dramatic symptoms, and many people with the disease have no idea they have it. In this case this disease is strongly related to lifestyle choices and can be completely eliminated, bearing in mind that junk food is often synonymous with sugar. In most cases, all it takes are lifestyle adjustments complemented by herbal medicine and supported by clever strategies that have been put in place. It is said that Type 2 is strongly associated with obesity and the lifestyle habits that generally causes it is: lack of exercise and a diet low in fruits and vegetables, and high in sugar, fat and animal products. As weight increases, the body's cells become insulin-resistant. Regular exercise and weight loss can prevent and treat Type 2 diabetes. However, researchers have recently found that increased sugar in a population's food supply was linked to higher diabetes rates independent of rates of obesity. In other words, according to this study, obesity doesn't cause diabetes; sugar does. In both types of diabetes, sugar builds up in the blood and causes the blood to become sticky. Eventually, this sticky blood gums up the blood vessels and causes the physiological complications such as cardiovascular disease

Image: www.theecologist.org

(heart disease and stroke); poor wound healing; and problems with the eyes, kidneys, legs, nervous system

D

and sexual organs. r Robert Lustig recently gave a lecture called

It is also important to understand why so many

Sugar: The Bitter Truth, in which he shows us

citizens of this earth struggle with this chemical demon.

that sugar actually stimulates the exact same

Irregular or missed meals.

region of the brain that cocaine goes to work on. He

Skipping meals or eating on an unpredictable schedule

called it the 'Euphoria Lounge'. Who doesn't want to be

catapults your body into a state of starvation, depriving

transported from feelings of suffering, boredom, fear, or

your brain and body of fuel. This inevitably sets you up to

betrayal simply by adding a substance to our systems?

crave starchy or sugary foods for energy. Therefore it is

It is so much easier than talking it out, going for a run,

imperative to eat at regular intervals throughout the day.

being present in pain or accepting responsibility for things

Lack of sufficient dietary carbohydrates.

that are causing us harm.

Low-carbohydrate diets often create cravings for starchy

Diabetes is two different diseases, both involving the hormone insulin.

foods and sweets. The reason is that the brain prefers running on glucose, supplied by carbohydrates. When

ODYSSEYâ&#x20AC;&#x2030;143 â&#x20AC;˘â&#x20AC;&#x2030;

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you don't consume enough carbohydrates to fuel your body, you get hungry, which many people experience as a craving for sweet food. Therefore, build meals and snacks around one or more carbohydrate-rich whole foods. However, be aware of refined carbohydrates as well. Refined foods don't satisfy your body because they lack the nutrients and filling fibre found in whole foods. It is therefore imperative that you replace highly refined foods with nourishing whole foods.

Lack of sufficient protein & fat. Your body requires a balance of nutrients. Protein and fat slow the release of carbohydrates into your bloodstream, stabilising your energy. Protein-rich foods also pack important nutrients, and healthy fats and oils improve nutrient absorption, boost immunity and increase satiety at meals. Therefore, eat healthy mixed meals.

Excessive salt intake. Restaurants, fast-food eateries and processed food companies liberally season with salt to stimulate your palate, pique your interest in processed foods and motivate you to eat more. Chips, crackers, cheese, cured meats, commercial dips, condiments and canned soups can make your salt intake and desire for sweets soar. Many commercial cookies, cakes, pies, pastries, frozen desserts and candies also host a hefty dose of salt. Therefore, slash your salt intake in half and read labels carefully.

Habitual use of sugar. Sugar stimulates your appetite. The more you eat it, the more you want. Stop feeding them and eventually those stray desires will disappear or find healthy alternatives to satisfy your sweet tooth.

Chronic under-eating. It has been found that over-controlled under-eating usually leads to out-of-control overeating. Your body needs energy. If you don't consume enough food throughout the day or week, your hunger will eventually win out. Therefore eat smaller, more frequent meals and snacks throughout the day to stabilise your physical and mental energy.

Trying to soothe emotional pain with sweets. No amount of dessert will satisfy your emotional needs or take away your troubles. Find healthier ways to satisfy your needs. Explore non-food ways to release pent-up energy and create balance in your life. Unwind with yoga or oust anger by running, riding your bicycle, taking a martial arts or other vigorous exercise class. Dance the blues away. Take up tai chi, chi gong, collage making, painting, journalling, drawing or meditating.

ODYSSEY 144 • 

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Walk the blues away with a brisk exercise routine.

Love yourself and be sure about your decision. It's a choice you've made for your health and your body, so make sure you feel good about it. It may be tough, but remind yourself of the benefits of quitting sugar and embrace the decision to make a healthy change.


Physical depletion.

protein. Eat some kind of protein at least twice a

Adrenal exhaustion can contribute to cravings for

day for blood sugar balance.

stimulants, such as salt, sugar, alcohol, coffee or drugs.

Greens: Look for nutrient-dense options such as

Does the food or drink you crave contain caffeine?

kale, spinach, and broccoli, which are loaded with

Does it drug you, numb you, take you away from the

fibre and calcium. Eat them at every meal.

truth or keep you going when you'd otherwise collapse

Water: Keep yourself well hydrated. Don't drink

from exhaustion? Now is the time to love the delightful

any of your usual sodas, and don't drink their diet

taste of water and have it as often as possible.

substitutes. If you feel like a pick-me-up drink,

WHAT CAN YOU DO?

have some cold or hot water with a lemon slice, or a cup of tea or even take a walk and then keep

Reach for something sour.

drinking water. You may be dehydrated and have

Just like on a colour wheel where hues opposite

headaches for the first few days while you detox

from each other cancel each other out, so too is the

yourself off sugar.

landscape of our tongues. Having a sugar craving?

Have a healthy breakfast: Start your day on

Grab a pickle. The sour taste will physiologically kill

the right food with a nourishing meal. Some ideas:

the impulse long enough for you to make a different

oatmeal, quinoa, or a hearty green smoothie.

choice.

Before you eat anything, have a glass of water

Get some support.

with a squeeze of lemon. Remember: a healthy

Grab a friend or a posse and do it together. Know that

breakfast does not involve sugar, so no breakfast

the power of community can create a momentum for

cereals, toaster tarts or preserved fruit juice.

everyone.

Go for full-fat dairy: A growing number of

Enjoy a change of scenery.

people are dairy-allergic or intolerant. If you are

When the impulse comes knocking then make a

not among them, use full-cream milk and skip

physical move. Walk around the block, simply engage

low-fat, skinny milks.

in something else.

Avoid processed foods: Hold out for 'real' foods

Add more pleasure.

at all times. Avoid foods that are pre-packaged or

Congratulate yourself each day by furnishing yourself

anything from a fast food restaurant. Your meals

with a pleasure. Giving up sugar is not about living in

should be primarily wholefoods, mostly vegetables

denial, it's about a new perspective of pleasure.

(not from cans, they often have added sugars),

Remember that good health is all about balance, especially when it comes to blood sugar.

Find sugar-free recipes: There are so many

Eating the proper ratio of fats, proteins, and

don't have to sacrifice taste if you remove sugar

with proteins or meat. sugar free recipes available on the internet. You

carbohydrates at every meal keeps blood sugar stable,

from your cooking.

helps maintain physical and emotion balance, stops

Eat enough food: Make sure your body is fuelled

food cravings, and sustains energy levels. Balance your

properly.

blood sugar by eating from the following list regularly,

Stay Away From refined sugar: refined sugar

and don't forget to keep your body hydrated with

is added to everyday items such as salad dressing,

plenty of water each day. Also try the following tips:

yogurt, fruit juice, and pre-packaged foods. Read

Nuts: A great source of fibre, healthy fat, and

food labels carefully and focus on fresh, whole

protein.

foods to avoid unnecessary spikes in blood sugar.

Whole Grains: Look for protein-rich whole grains

Love yourself and be sure about your

like quinoa and millet, which help sustain energy

decision. It's a choice you've made for your health

without spiking or crashing blood sugar.

and your body, so make sure you feel good about

Beans: Lentils, garbanzo beans, and hummus

it. It may be tough, but remind yourself of the

are high in fibre, low in fat, and a good source of

benefits of quitting sugar and embrace the decision

protein, keeping blood sugar steady.

to make a healthy change. If that fails, take a brisk

Protein: Wild-caught fish, free-range beef and

short walk outside and get your endorphins to

eggs are excellent sources of blood stabilising

work their magic for you. O

ODYSSEY 145 • 

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SUKI

We all know that sugar has so many negative effects on the body, it increases acid and wreaks havoc with moods and we don't even need to mention the negative effects it has on our children. So many sweeteners on the market continue to be questioned due to their negative artificial properties. SuKi, though, offers a real promise of great, healthy sweetness. All their ingredients, such as Xylitol, come from a natural source and the end result is low-carb, low-GI and sugar-free. It is great for health-conscious people and families, including children, dieters and diabetics, and can be used for cooking and baking. Available from Supermarkets and Dischem stores. Call 082 901 3335 for info.

Delite Foo market, s latest pro can pop a over icec The Capp with a blo major re

STAND TO WIN WITH DIABECINN The cinnamon extract based supplement for Type-II diabetics The Diabecinn range for Type-II diabetics contains an extract of cinnamon (ZN112) which has all the active ingredients of regular cinnamon but without the oils that cause stomach irritation. Research has shown that cinnamon helps reduce blood sugar levels and easily absorbed Diabecinn has been proven to help reduce blood sugar levels by up to 29% and cholesterol levels by up to 26% while still maintaining energy. The Diabecinn range and other Litha products are available at health stores, pharmacies, Dis-Chem, Clicks, Pick n Pay, Medi-Rite and Springbok Pharmacy. See www.otcpharma.co.za or or call: 011 516 1700.

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We have one Diabecinn super health hamper valued at R1 500 to give away. Email here with your name and postal address by 13 January 2014 to stand a chance to win.

ODYSSEY 146 • 

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For a healthy lifestyle SUGAR FREE, LOW FAT and GREAT TASTING range of foods

Purchase direct

www.delitefoods.co.za

Delite Foods

for huge cost savings

ods offers a varied range of sugar-free foods for the diabetic slimmers and anyone wanting a healthier lifestyle. Their oducts are a range of six delicious, flavoured syrups. You a teaspoon into a glass of milk, stir into plain yoghurt, pour cream, make smoothies and milkshakes, the list goes on. puccino flavour makes a decadent iced coffee, especially ob of ice cream on the top, for example. Available in all etailers most of the time. www.delitefoods.co.za

Also available in most major retailers.

SuKi does it again ... with its newest innovation    SuKi Brown Sweetener Combining the fantastic health benefits and great taste of brown sugar, SuKi's newest Xylitol blend is a totally new concept to the sweetener market - low carb, low GI, naturally sourced ingredients and sugar-free. Just like brown sugar, SuKi BROWN contains molasses, which is rich in calcium, potassium, magnesium and iron. With its delicious caramelised brown sugar taste and all the health benefits of molasses, SuKi Brown is the ideal sugar alternative. Treat yourself to this great new innovative promise of more health and more taste.

We know you'll love it! SuKi is Aspartame Free SuKi is brought to you by Simply Delish Kosher & Halaal

AVAILABLE AT ALL DISCHEM STORES NOW ODYSSEY 147 • 

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focused on the whole person – what you eat, how you feel, your relationships, your

sleep patterns, what makes you tick and why and everything in between. There is no one-size-fits-all approach but there are key principles that apply to all. Most of us get motivated when we lose weight the first week, so, many diets focus on motivating us. The first phase of a diet is often high protein and few carbs so that we lose water weight and control our blood sugar levels and the scale goes down fast. After two weeks we introduce some carbs, the next week a little more of something else. I don't believe in these transitions, it's too complicated and doesn't teach you how to eat. I prefer to put my clients on a plan that is designed specifically for them and their lifestyle, with the foods that they enjoy and can afford – and most importantly, a plan that they can be consistent with without obsessing about food. We need to shift focus from the obsession of food and diets to eating healthily and feeling good. Our bodies are a reflection of what's happening in our heads. This mindset also shows up in our approach toward self-medicating. At the end of a particularly challenging day, do you tell yourself you deserve to take a yoga class or a brisk walk? Or do you 'deserve' a glass of wine coupled with some time in front of the TV to escape?

M

y philosophy is holistic: it is always

We need to shift focus from the obsession of food and diets to eating healthily and feeling good. It's not the junk food, challenging circumstances, or difficult people in our world that prevent us from obtaining our wellness goals. It's our inside world that steers our choices, our actions, and our reactions.

Are goji berries, green smoothies and going gluten-free the secret to a flat belly and perfect body? We all want to believe so, but true health is actually a lot less complicated. It has never been more evident that food plays a major role in health and on how we feel and look on a day-to-day basis. Vanessa De Ascencao, consultant to Litha Pharma, reports.

your greate ODYSSEY 148 • 

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loss is t h g i We than r e l p sim ink you th

est journey ODYSSEY 149 • 

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It's not the junk food, challenging

those that focus on overall health and not

circumstances, or difficult people in our world

simply calorie consumption and weight-loss.

that prevent us from obtaining our wellness

A healthy body is naturally slim. So many

goals. It's our inside world that steers our

people tend to struggle on so many different

choices, our actions, and our reactions.

levels when they go on a diet, hunger pains,

struggle-

moodiness, feeling weak and irritable, and

deprivation approach many of us use, how

so on. This is why they cannot maintain an

about embarking on your greatest journey

overly restrictive diet. They go back to their

ever? A novel approach that may just work

old eating habits, or have the weekly binge,

for you. How about learning to work with your

only to start something all over again come

body, to nourish it and care for it and, most

Monday morning. The cycle of dieting

of all, love it?

needs to end, and the focus should be

Instead

of

this

constant

I strongly believe that weight issues, overeating and poor eating habits are just symptoms, not the causes, of weight gain. Isn't it true that all the dieting, food restricting, calorie counting, guilt, obsession and deprivation is amplifying the problem and making people gain weight in the long term? Losing weight in what's dubbed the old fashioned way – eat less, exercise more – isn't sexy and it certainly doesn't sell well. The more extreme, restrictive and sometimes insane approach is what often makes us feel, 'Yes, this will work.' Eating real whole foods, reducing portions and exercising is not a quick fix. We often prefer the quick fix approaches and this is why they will never succeed. Society dictates that thin is in. The advertising industry invests billions in the marketing of miracle fat-burners and quick-loss schemes that promise amazing overnight results. Most quick weight-loss diets may produce short-term results that in turn prove harmful with long-term side-effects. There are many ways to 'lose weight' – not all healthy, and many of them detrimental to your health. When you focus your attentions on practicing the right steps towards a healthy, vibrant lifestyle you will rarely find yourself over-weight or battling the diseases that go along with poor health.

ODYSSEY 150 • 

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on what is: Sustainable and realistic, Optimises health, and Makes you look and feel good. Much of what people ingest daily barely resembles food as we traditionally know it. In fact, I'm guessing if you showed your great-great grandparents some of the processed junk so many people eat today, they would not even recognise it as food.

Conscious Eating Eating consciously in order to function at an optimal level is more important than how much you weigh.

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It isn't complicated at all: eat as close to nature as possible. Eat lots of fresh food, mainly fruits and vegetables, some lean protein and good fats and you're good to go. There is no magic to weight-loss: it's simple mathematics – eat less, move more, and create a deficit. Weight-loss is just a numbers game. Often people think the more difficult or restrictive and sometimes even insane something is the better it will work. This isn't true. Create a deficit. Some people lose weight eating just sugar, others go on high protein diets cutting out carbohydrates which means that they're cutting out a whole food group and automatically cut calories. The same applies for low-fat or low-protein. The key is to make sure you are eating for

Why is weight-loss such a challenge?

your lifestyle and your health, there is nothing

People often go on diets and then off them,

moody with bad breath and no energy – you

trying quick fixes or faddish diets that don't

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the most successful weight-loss plans are

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Everything you need to know about eating: Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.

Michael Pollan (pictured)

fed what it needs to function at its peak – and that is

People love to talk about his pithy pronouncements

nutrients.

on how we should eat – he's the subject of many a

When you are dieting, at first you lose a lot of

conversation at parties, in bars, in restaurants and in book

water, and depending on the eating plan you may even

groups. People mention him with reverence. He's like

lose some muscle and fat. Some diets that are overly

a 21st Century E F Hutton. When Michael Pollan speaks,

restrictive, cutting calories too low, or are based on quick

people listen. When he gives lectures, it's standing room

fixes that generally make people lose a lot of water first

only.

and then muscle, leaving the person both skinny and fat.

Then again, if this is true, why is it that, once we know

They look good in clothes and terrible naked with a high

how to eat, we don't do it? One of Michael Pollan's most

body fat percentage and very little muscle. We see this all

famous quotes says everything you ever need to know

the time. I believe it is really important to focus on body

about eating. Practicing it would render weight-loss diets

composition, good muscle tone, a low body fat and some

irrelevant, positively impact the environment, champion

healthy curves. It is a lot more attractive than someone

local food producers, and bring the processed food

who is emaciated.

industry to its knees. It's just this:

Many people believe their exercise regimen will compensate for a bad diet. Poor nutrition will cause you to not only struggle with your weight but also your health.

'Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants.' Let's break it down.

We often don't take note that just by eating a muffin

Eat food: This means 'Eat real food,', meaning

with a latte with two sugars can easily be 600 calories.

unprocessed food and not from a factory.

To work off 600 calories you'll need to work out for over

Is Greek yogurt mixed with bran cereal and raisins

an hour. Exercise is important and when you exercise it's

food? Although the components of this snack come in

a step forward towards good health and wellness. Poor

packages and could be considered processed, of course

nutrition is two steps backward in your journey towards

it's food. Arguably, an organic apple and a handful of

overall wellbeing.

raw walnuts might be more 'real'. But in our current,

We also cannot exercise away poor nutritional choices.

complicated world, 'food' exists on a spectrum, from

Some of the simplest and most powerful nutritional

just-out-of-the-garden to 'is-that-actually-edible?' So what

knowledge I have read, are the following.

Three Simple Rules for Eating by Michael Pollan:

to do? Eat the foods you want to eat that are, in general, closest to the way you might encounter them at their

ODYSSEY 151 • 

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source. Instead of always making the best choice, just make the better choice. Greek yogurt looks a lot more like milk than bright orange chips look like an ear of corn. Not too much: If we all stopped eating too much, the diet industry would collapse. Unfortunately eating 'not too much' is a lot harder than it sounds. When we eat too many simple carbohydrates we get a blood-sugar spike, and then an insulin spike and a blood-sugar crash. The result is we're hungry again, even

SA National Health & Nutrition Examination Survey

though we just ate. Many processed foods kick-start this reaction, making moderation and portion control goals seem insurmountable. First, eat some protein with every meal and snack, especially if you're also eating starchy or sugary foods like bread, pasta, or fruit. This won't necessarily stop you from overeating ever again, but it will help slow the blood-sugar roller coaster, dulling that frantic 'gotta eat more' feeling. With breakfast, add an egg, some tofu, yogurt, or some protein powder (in a smoothie or your non-GM oatmeal).

South Africa has a huge burden of disease, fuelled by a range of risk factors, and morbidity (illness and disease) and mortality (death) figures are high. This is shown by the results of the first SA National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey which yielded critical information on emerging epidemics of non-communicable diseases: 61% of the population is overweight, obese or

Add nuts, cheese, or a little bit of meat to your snacks. The

morbidly obese; and

same goes for lunch and dinner. Beans, lentils, peas and

70% of SA women over the age of 35 and 59% of

lean meats – you don't have to overdo it (but make sure

black women over the age of 15 are overweight

it's always there). Mostly plants: While some people eat only plants,

or obese. 25% of South Africans over the age of 15 years suffer from hypertension.

(and that's great too), Michael Pollan's just saying that

25% of teens and 17% of children younger than

a plant-based diet is the best diet. Plant foods are the

nine years of age are also classed as overweight

richest, most bountiful sources of vitamins and minerals

or obese.

as well as fibre. They contain hundreds of thousands of

78% of obese and 52% of morbidly obese South

phytochemicals, and many of these contain disease-fighting

Africans believe they are perfectly healthy.

properties that a laboratory can't duplicate. Add a fruit to breakfast, a leafy green and one other vegetable to lunch, and a leafy green and three other vegetables to dinner. Plus, whatever else you want to eat, because it's your dinner, and you should enjoy it.

grown organically). Empty calories from fat free foods: Snacking on rice cakes, pretzels, and crackers might sound healthy,

The most common faux pas made regarding weight-loss

but they aren't your weight-loss allies. The reason being

Going Fat-free: Vitamins A, D, E, and K are fat-soluble

form of fresh fruit, nuts and homemade muffins – get

and, therefore, need to be consumed with fat in order for

creative.

our bodies to absorb them. Replace fat-free dressing with an oil (preferably olive) based vinaigrette. If you prefer to not use olive oil, add avocado, almond slices, pumpkin seeds, or sunflower seeds to your salad.

that they are missing fibre, which is essential for a feeling of fullness. Include high-fibre snacks into your diet in the

Eating six meals a day: You don't need to eat six times a day, some people do really well on three meals a day and small fruit snacks in between. Others tend to overeat when they eat six times a day and they're not

Going Low-Carb & skimping on fruit: No one

active. See what works for you and your lifestyle. There is

ever got fat from eating fruit. Be very wary of any diet

no one-size-fits-all eating plan. Avoid cookie-cutter diets. O

that eliminates fruit. It is loaded with nutrients, fibre, anti-oxidants and is good for your skin, nails, hair, overall health, and it is nature's perfect take away (when it's

ODYSSEY 152 • 

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Visit www.lithahealthcare.co.za and www.marcusrohrerspirulina.co.za or 


clinically proven natural medicines

ODYSSEY 153 • 

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Lean and Healthy Nutritional consultant Vanessa Ascencao has developed the “eco diet” encompassing mostly organic, natural and raw food and supplements and aimed at healthy weight loss, increased energy and looking and feeling great.

Vanessa’s “eco diet” is the result of years of work in healthy and sustainable weight loss. It is eco-friendly in that it advocates mostly organic and a high percentage of natural and raw food, and natural supplementation - in particular, Spirulina. In addition to slimming, the eco diet is aimed at: • Increasing energy • Decreasing stress • Reducing signs of ageing • A mind/body connection, i.e. feeling good and looking amazing The eco diet is aimed at long term results and embraces a lifestyle change rather than a quick fix. Vanessa says a holistic approach begins with: • eliminating toxic foods form the diet • feeding the body the correct food to eliminate long term toxic and chemical build up • supporting this with cutting edge nutrition and supplements • this creates the internal environment to get your body lean through the correct nutritional and exercise regime.

The fastest way to your perfect body For all the details and recipes, go to: Visit Vanessa’s home page:

www.ecodiet.co.za

www.vdanutrition.com

Vanessa

About

.. ait, yummy. Berry parf

Vanessa Ascencao is a dynamic, inspirational and highly qualified nutritional consultant. She brings a fresh and revolutionary approach to health, wellness and personal growth, having spent 10 years studying, researching and working with some of the greatest minds in metaphysics, nutrition, health and fashion. She’s helped celebrities, business executives and others transform their lives through a unique mind-body approach to health and nutrition. Vanessa holds a Masters of Science in Nutrition, a Bcom in Marketing, a degree in Fashion Design and consults to top local and international health and natural food companies.

Why Why Vanessa Vanessa chooses chooses Marcus Marcus Rohrer Rohrer Spirulina®? Spirulina®? Vanessa Vanessawas wasinspired inspiredby byMarcus MarcusRohrer’s Rohrer’sjourney journeyto todiscover discoveraatop topquality qualitySpirulina Spirulinaand and has hassince sinceresearched researchedthis thismulti-nutrient, multi-nutrient,discovering discoveringits itsincredible incrediblepotency. potency. • • • • • • • • • • • • • •

ODYSSEY 154 • 

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Spirulina is the richest and most complete source of nutrition in the world. Spirulina is the richest and most complete source of nutrition in the world. It contains over 100 nutrients and the full spectrum of all of the essential amino It contains over 100 nutrients and the full spectrum of all of the essential amino acids,chlorophyll, acids,chlorophyll,enzymes enzymesand andantioxidants. antioxidants.All Allyou youneed needfor foraahealthy healthybody bodyand and active activelifestyle. lifestyle. It promotes the body’s natural cleansing processes. It promotes the body’s natural cleansing processes. It compensates for deficiencies in the diet and stimulates the metabolism. It compensates for deficiencies in the diet and stimulates the metabolism. It boosts resistance and activates the body’s natural defence mechanisms. It boosts resistance and activates the body’s natural defence mechanisms. It helps balance blood sugar levels and provides the energy needed during weight loss. It helps balance blood sugar levels and provides the energy needed during weight loss. It’s considered the most complete naturally cultivated nutrient in the world. It’s considered the most complete naturally cultivated nutrient in the world.


with the “Eco Diet” Vanessa’s top 10 tips for Summer •

Detox, restore, energise: Wake up and take Spirulina and have some hot water and lemon.

De-Stress: Spending time in a sauna aids relaxation and helps rid your body of impurities, and assists with water retention, an Epsom salt bath works wonders for water retention.

Cut the sugary Carbs, Dairy and Red Meat - Instead, get your protein from fresh fruits, veggies, fish and free range poultry.

A combo of cardio and strength training quickens weight loss. Do 30 minutes of cardio three times (walking on an incline works wonders) a week and light weights twice a week.

Get adequate sleep! 7-8 hours a night is important, the more sleep deprived you are the hungrier you will be and the more you will eat.

Always start the day with a wholesome breakfast, either some plain rolled oats with an apple and some seeds and almonds, or some fruit and raw nuts, in summer we tend to eat lighter and summer fruit is so delicious!

Keep your last meal of the day lean and healthy - think salmon and spinach, chicken and green beans and a salad, some white baked fish and grilled veggies, you get the picture.

Watch the chemicals in your food - cut out the fizzy drinks, even the diet type, watch the sweetener or anything else that is artificial and processed, watch out for sugar in commercially bought salad dressings, pasta sauces and most convenient foods.

If you are hungry between meals, have a piece of fruit with some raw almonds (7-8 almonds) - fruit is nature’s take away, ideally packed and portioned.

Don’t crash diet, eat sensibly, eat in moderation, don’t starve yourself and most of all, have fun, be full of energy and vitality, focus on health and not weight!!!

Marcus Rohrer Spirulina® • Increases fat oxidation by 10.5% • Increases cardio vascular output • Considered as one of the most nutrient dense foods in the world

Marcus Rohrer Spirulina® is available at leading pharmacies. Visit www.otcpharma.co.za or see www.marcusrohrerspirulina.com Call +27 516 1700

LITHA PHARMA

LITHA PHARMA

Part of Litha Healthcare Group Limited

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A D V ER T ORIAL

If you want to slim down naturally, without the fat burners and anxiety-making pills, here are some supplements that will help you shed those unwanted pounds naturally. Nicole Sherwin reports. Vitology Super pH Balance In order to be healthy, prevent illness and maintain your perfect body weight, the body needs to achieve an acid/ alkaline balance of as close to 7.4 as possible. The body is often too acidic due to poor diet, stress and other environmental influences. Vitology's Super pH alkaline tablet is scientifically formulated to restore your body's natural pH balance, which will help to keep those unwanted extra pounds off and burn any excess fat. Vitology Super pH Balance is also an excellent hangover cure for the party season.

Vitology Super Greens Extra Super foods are the new buzzwords in natural health, and for good reason. These are nutrient dense whole foods that are nature's answer to the distortions of the modern western diet. Spirulina and chlorella are two different types of micro-algae that can each claim the title of super food. Their long list of benefits is impressive, but focusing on just one of them in a large way, is weight loss.

Vitology Super Omega 3 Omega 3 fatty acids improve blood flow to muscles during exercise, and the compound helps stimulate enzymes that transport fat to where it can be stored for energy. Omega-3s increase the heat of your cellular "furnaces", which are otherwise known as the mitochondria and the peroxisomes. Omega-3s make these organelles burn more and more energy, thus turning you into a fat-burning machine.

Drink, Drink, Drink Water that is. The more filtered water you drink throughout the day, the easier it is for your body to flush out toxins and fat. Add some freshly squeezed lemon to your water for extra fat burning and alkalinizing properties. With these suggested supplements and tips, not only will you lose fat, but you'll also feel great for summer. For more info: www.vitology.co.za Twitter @vitologyhealth | www.facebook.com/vitologyhealth

Slim down naturally with Vitology Vitopack Slim • • • •

ODYSSEY 156 • 

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Premium Vitamins (GMP approved) No contract period Change your products at any stage Free courier delivery to your door

ONLY R297 per month

SUBSCRIBE TO GOOD HEALTH info@vitology.co.za • 0861 276 278

www.vitology.co.za


FEFURORGANIC ORGANIC HERB TEASTEAS SINGSING FEFUR HERB

Since 1977 Since 1977 Some of our products are now available The herbs that go into our mixtures are of the highest Some of our products are now available in boxes The herbs that go into our mixtures are organic and of in boxes of 20 organic, kosher tea bags.of 20 quality and organic. The complete process from planting, organic, kosher tea bags. the highest quality. The complete process from planting, Arthritiea Buchu drying blending isisdone doneononour ourfarm farmatatMcGregor, McGregor, Arthritia Buchu Cancerbush drying and and blending Constipatea Constipatea Cancerbush 200km from from Cape Cape Town, Town, South South Africa, andsome not some 200km Africa, not distant Fennel Detoxtea Detoxtea Fennel distant factory in China or Poland. Nettle factory in China or Poland. Diabetea Diabetea Nettle Peppermint Hi LoTea Blood TeaPeppermint The semi desert conditions and the mountainous terrain Hi Lo Blood Sceletium With Peppermint The semi-desert conditions and the mountainous terrain Sleepitea Sceletium With Peppermint Sleepitea have kept industry away from this eco friendly Sceletium With Rosemary have kept industry away from this eco-friendly environSlimteaSlimtea Sceletium With Rosemary environment thus ensuring a very high potency herbal Wonderherbs (South African Bitters) ment thus ensuring a very high potency herbal product. Wonderherbs (South African Bitters) product.

TradeContact: Contact:PhPh/Fax 0236251 6251687. 687 •EEmail herbs@herbsorganic.co.za • www.herbsorganic.co.za. Trade /fax 023 mail herbs@herbsorganic.co.za www.herbsorganic.co.za.Agents Agentswelcome welcome.

ODYSSEY 157 • 

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reviews

Throw out your scales Andrew Cate

Hypnotic Gastric Band: The New Sugar Free Weight Loss System Paul McKenna

Struik • 978 1 7700 7746 1

If you are sick of soup diets,

• 

This book is designed to show you how to find your ideal weight in an easy, manageable

counting kilojoules, feeling

978 0 5930 7074 1

and safe way. It will teach

hungry, low carbs, low fat

Medically a gastric band is a

you how to remind your body

and low fun, this book shows

radical, surgical operation that

of its own natural intelligence

you how to free yourself from

reduces the available space

and ability to self regulate,

dieting – forever. Why follow

in the stomach. However,

allowing you to escape the

a diet designed for no one

McKenna's hypnotic gastric

never-ending diet trap. Follow

and everyone when you

band is a psychological

simple exercises to develop new

can have a weight loss plan

procedure that can help to

effective habits and a much

that's specific to you and your

convince the unconscious mind

improved relationship with food

lifestyle? This informative book

that a gastric band has been

and your body. Mindfulness

contains useful questionnaires,

fitted, so the body behaves

based meditation is the hot

quizzes and goal-setting tables

exactly as if it were physically

topic in neuroscience, over

to put you in control. And

present. Along with the book,

2 000 scientific papers have

this commonsense approach

the system contains a hypnosis

already been published in

rejects the 'no pain, no gain'

CD and an instructional DVD

medical journals showing just

principle to help you conquer

to provide complete support

what extraordinary benefits

food weaknesses permanently.

for physical and psychological

this easy practice has to offer.

Cate is a health, fitness and

change while you lose weight.

The Headspace mission is to

nutrition consultant. His advice

There's no physical surgery,

get as many people taking

is informative and supported by

no scarring and no forbidden

just 10 minutes out of their day

sound scientific research. Forget

foods. Just follow all the

to practise these powerful

the 'one-size-fits-all' diet and find

instructions and let Paul help

techniques. Mindful eating is a

your own way.

you lose weight. See pg 214 for

key aspect of mindfulness and

giveaway details.

as you start to practise it you will

 DIGIMAG

Hodder & Stoughton • 978 1 444 72218 5

Bantam Press

exercise gadgets, weigh-ins,

ODYSSEY 158

The Headspace Diet Andy Puddicombe

notice profound results


The Diabetes Miracle Diane Kress

understandable details about

into consideration. India has

the disease itself, the newest

been dubbed the 'diabetes

parameters for diagnosis, the

capital of the world' and it

latest medications, blood

seems that here in SA the

glucose testing, preventing

Indians are following closely.

complications, the use of insulin,

This is not something we can be

diet and exercise, tricks of the

proud of and we need to start

trade for blood sugar control,

looking at ourselves today so

and many real life case studies,

we don't allow our children to

along with pages of helpful

go down this dangerous path.

Q&A. The author's clear and

The Indian diet and lifestyle is

compassionate approach

causing us more harm than

coupled with her expertise on

good. We have the power

the subject will change the way

and intelligence to reclaim

readers perceive, prevent, and

our health today. We just

also offers prevention and

treat this condition.

need to know how. This book

management of pre-diabetes

You can be Sugar Free: Indians vs Diabetes Kanchana Moodliar & Dr Colette Kell

Da Capo Press 978 0 7382 1505 1

From the New York Times best-selling author of The Metabolism Miracle, this is a breakthrough carb-controlled diet for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes – more effective than the ADA program. It is a phenomenally popular approach to weight loss. She

– as well as the precursor condition 'Metabolism B' – with minimal to no need for medications. When Kress – a registered dietician and certified diabetes educator – herself developed type 2 diabetes, she realised that the 'status quo' nutrition programs just didn't work. She then set out on her own research. The result is her 3-step, scientifically based, carb controlled program that's easier to follow and more effective than any other. The book provides clear and

will challenge your current habits and help you make the necessary changes. The book retails for R150 and includes a pull out meal planner that goes onto your fridge so you

In this book, motivational

can start getting into the low

speaker, yoga teacher and

GI style of eating without much

writer Kanchana Moodliar

guess work. It also introduces

and homeopath, Dr Colette

the reader to yoga and

Kell (M Tech Hom) help people

various relaxation techniques.

see how easy it is to make

To order this book contact

small regular changes that

youcanbesugarfree@gmail.com

can help to prevent diabetes

or 031 83 73 794

in the long run. This is also the first book that takes race, diet, progress, lifestyle and culture

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BURN FAT FAST: The Alternate-Day Low-GL Diet Plan Patrick Holford & Kate Staples

Jonathan Ball Publishers • 978-0349401171 International authority on nutrition Patrick Holford has teamed up with UK fitness expert and former Olympian Kate Staples for his latest book Burn Fat Fast: The Alternate-Day Low-GL Diet Plan. Burn Fat Fast, released recently in SA, is a step-by-step guide on how to lose excess weight quickly – for the long term and at the same time slow down the ageing process. Burn Fat Fast combines Holford’s proven and trusted low-GL (glycaemic load) eating plan with alternative-day dieting and a fat burning exercise routine which ensures quick weight loss without going hungry or most importantly, compromising long term health. The secret to Burn Fat Fast is making three simple lifestyle changes – a low-GL diet, eating less every second day and resistance and endurance fat-burning exercises. For over a decade Holford has been advocating the low-GL diet as the most effective way to lose weight – for the long-term and without going hungry. The key to the low-GL diet is to eat foods that do not have a massive effect on raising blood sugar levels because this causes the production of the fat-storing and potentially harmful hormone called insulin. This production of insulin, says Holford, is the cornerstone to both weight loss and weight maintenance. When blood sugar levels increase, insulin is released into the blood in an attempt to remove the glucose (sugar). However, if you have eaten high-GL foods (more sugar than your body needs), the remainder goes to the liver where it is converted into fat and stored mostly around the waist. And if that is not bad enough says Holford, after many blood sugar highs (followed by the inevitable lows) the receptor sites become 'deaf' to recognising insulin in the arteries causing insulin-resistance which then forces the body to produce even more insulin in order to be able to reduce these raised glucose levels in the blood: a vicious circle that is detrimental to long-term health and a guaranteed recipe for weight gain. This constant excess of insulin in the body is bad news not only for weight maintenance but also because

ODYSSEY 160 • 

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it switches off anti-ageing genes and programs the body towards ageing faster. The crucial factor in the low-GL diet is to keep the GL content of foods as low as possible to avoid this insulin-producing reaction. Eating foods with high fibre content (or taking Carbo-Slow Fibre before each meal), always eating protein with carbs and adding a squeeze of lemon juice to your meal can further lower the GL of food, says Holford. In Burn Fat Fast Holford takes this low-GL concept a step further by combining it with an alternate-day eating plan. Holford’s alternate-day low-GL diet is made up of three days of modified fasting where a maximum of 35GLS are consumed on these days. This modified fasting every second day promotes drastic weight loss and switches on 'skinny' genes and switches off genes that make us age faster. With alternate-day eating the reason you lose weight and slow down the ageing process is not due to the number of calories consumed but again to do with controlling the production of insulin. Quite simply – the more insulin your body produces, the faster you age and the more weight you put on, especially around the middle.

'What’s really encouraging is the scientific evidence that you can re-program your genes for health and longevity just by eating slightly differently every other day,' said Holford. Combining this eating plan with specific exercises speeds up your metabolism, builds muscle and turns your body into a fat-burning machine. This is the winning formula for burning fat fast. Former British pole-vaulter and ex Gladiator TV personality Kate Staples has devised a series of eight minute resistance exercises to build muscle cells which further accelerate burning of fat. She has combined these with 30 minute cardio workouts (such as brisk walking, running or cycling) and incorporating these with interval training of 30 second sprints to further speed up the metabolism. 'The combination of the alternate-day low-GL diet plus exercise is the winning formula for fast and healthy weight loss and fat-burning. 'You don’t have to be a saint every day. There is no better way to get slim, strong and healthy without hunger,' says Holford. The book retails at R120 and is available from leading bookstores nationwide or www.patrickholford.com

Holford’s Appestop is a natural blend of plant extracts, amino acids and chromium that can assist to stabilise blood sugar levels and control appetite to promote weight loss; suitable for vegans and vegetarians and retails at R149.95.


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Natural living

Himalayan he Some people don't realise this, since the Himalayas are the highest mountain range on earth at present, but what is now a huge mass of rock rising kilometres into the sky was once an ocean floor. Over millions of years the ocean that lay above disappeared and its remainders, trapped between layers of rock many millions of years old, is to be found today as a pink-hued salt, with some rather special properties. We take a look. ODYSSEY 162 • 

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In this salt are to be found all the often-missing micro-trace elements, and in precisely the right quantities and organic forms on which our bodies have evolved to thrive.

the first living cells were formed in the ancient seas – on and in which they and all their descendants, down to and including ourselves, depended and lived – it could be argued that the primordial ocean that this salt comes from has left us an unmatched heritage of purity and nutritional balance. More of a supplement than a condiment, this salt has been shown to effect significant positive changes in respiration and circulation, organ function, as well as connective tissue and nervous system functions. It also helps sharpen vital brain functions and improves mental clarity, while it restores the body's alkaline and electrolyte balance. Many of these effects feedback on one another, Image: www.colorfulcanary.com

improving overall health and metabolic function still

eritage T

further – essentially, this is because in this salt are to be found all the often-missing micro-trace elements, and in precisely the right quantities and organic forms on which our bodies have evolved to thrive. Manually mined by hand to preserve optimal energy and frequency of these salt crystals, only true Himalayan salt is used by ethical purveyors of this vital addition to the modern-day nutrition-depleted diet. The importance of salt – that is, properly balanced natural salt of which the Himalayan variety is among the very best – can be found in our common language. It is not by accident that someone is said to be 'worth their salt', or that they are the 'salt of the earth'. Indeed, salt was once more valuable than gold in many parts of the

he remainder of what was once a vast ocean

world where it was not commonly found. Soldiers in times

that lay between the subcontinent that is today

gone by were frequently paid in salt as opposed to gold,

India (and some surrounding countries) and

silver, brass or other metals since it was more useful than

Asia to its north dried up many millions of years ago as

coins, more easily traded and lighter in weight. These

plate tectonics drove the Indian subcontinent relentlessly

days one can get all sorts of salts – but not all salts are

northwards, pushing into Asia and forming the massive

equal, with many having undisclosed (chemical) additives

ridge that we call the Himalayan mountain range.

in them to stop them caking or to make them flow more

The water in that ocean was as pure as any this world

easily.

has ever seen. Indeed, the salt mined from those ancient

At the mines where the true Himalayan salt is

remainders is the purest form of salt to be found today,

found, the importance of the purity of this substance

seeded as it is with some 84 different minerals and trace

is understood and so mineworkers and craftspeople

elements essential to the body's health and well-being.

employed there are masters in their trade – they also

Because this salt has everything in it that was there when

never use children or underage workers to cut costs

ODYSSEY 163 • 

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Image: http://lib.store.yahoo.net

because, despite sounding like drudgery, true salt mining

despite their name are anything but negative in terms of

is a skilled undertaking when the purpose is to produce an

their effects on mood, productivity and state of mind, with

unsullied product which is as much about its users' health

enhanced and clearer thinking and problem-solving being

as it is about the taste of their food.

among some of their direct and measurable benefits.

Pure salt

working in our offices today, counter-balancing the

Pure salt – not the stuff one can find on any old

positive ions produced by all our modern electronic gear,

supermarket shelf – is the foundation of life for all major

specifically computers, their screens and a variety of other

elements of the body. With respect to its anti-ageing

techno devices. These lamps work by naturally binding excessive

acidic wastes that cause degeneration. Because it gives all

positive ions with the negative ions released by the lamps

the body needs in the way of trace elements that assist

when turned on – and they do so without creating ozone in

in regeneration, recuperation and rejuvenation, the result

the process. A variety of studies have shown that negative

of its regular use is a peaceful, relaxed quality of sleep,

ions help alleviate symptoms of allergies and asthma,

more energy, better moods and positive thoughts. It is

reduce the severity of migraine headaches, increase

understood to help ease cramps (by providing the correct

alertness, improve work productivity and concentration,

salt tissue balance), constipation and other digestive

reduce susceptibility to colds and flu and increase energy

disorders, regulate and purify critical body fluid levels,

levels. The have also been shown to balance serotonin

purifying and detoxifying the blood, replenishing vital

levels in the bloodstream, aid in faster healing of wounds

electrolytes with essential trace minerals and it also helps

and in tissue alkalisation, help with relaxation of deep

the body to fully absorb many other nutrients.

tissues, improve sleep patterns and quality, and generally

cooked with Himalayan salt just taste better. As our pets share with us almost identical nutrient and biochemical needs, it's also good for your pet.

Salt lamps

promotes a sense of well-being. These lamps are maintenance-free (aside from replacing a bulb from time-to-time) and are odourless. They are also quite attractive, combining a decorative quality with a simple and effective way to help reduce indoor air pollutants and 'electro-smog' in your office

on the SA market, Odyssey Magazine undertook a study

or home. The lamps have ongoing benefits in that they

on their effects in our own offices. Equipped with an

create a build-up of 'healthy' ions and remove excess

extremely sensitive meter which showed levels and

moisture from the air.

readings before and after salt lamps had been left on for several hours.

On a subtler level, they are also understood to help in rebalancing the body's frequencies and vibrations. Other people may have different views, but at Odyssey

The 'before' readings showed high levels of positive

we know and understand the value of both Himalayan salt

ions, which are associated in studies with high stress,

as a food additive to aid your health, and their salt lamp

anxiety, tensions, aggression, depression and generally

'cousins' to help create a productive, harmonised and

negative moods, emotions and mind-states. The 'after'

healthy working or home environment. O

readings showed high levels of negative ions, which

• 

creating a feeling of warmth and security – all of which

Some years back when salt lamps first made their mark

intensity of ions in the atmosphere of our offices, we took

DIGIMAG

We were convinced – and there still are salt lamps

properties, for example, it is known to rid the body of

On top of all that, adherents are adamant that foods

ODYSSEY 164

These lamps are maintenance-free (aside from replacing a bulb from time-to-time) and are odourless. They are also quite attractive, combining a decorative quality with a simple and effective way to help reduce indoor air pollutants and 'electro-smog' in your office or home.


integrative health & detoxification

is our business! We promote a healthy life style for all with Integrative & Natural Health Products: Detoxification, Nutrition, Tissue Cleansing, Rebuilding the Immune System We at Health WakeUp Merger are dedicated to relieve human suffering from dis-ease, physically and mentally, and to replace the Disease with Harmony, Health, Wealth and Happiness. We respect ALL disciplines & professions dedicated towards our health birthright.

We import & distribute (wholesale & retail) Himalyan Salt, and invite clients to become distributers

IONIC CRYSTAL SALT LAMPS Light passing through salt creates large quantities of negative ions. These ions rid the air of bacteria, smoke, dust and pollen. They charge the air with a healthy energy that speeds the healing of wounds and relieves many symptoms of asthma and allergies. Spend a few moments breathing deeply near a salt lamp and you will feel the difference. Take one home and you will reap its benefits for a lifetime. Doctors have recommended salt lamps in the treatment of many diseases including Neuralgia, Hypertension, Rheumatism, Asthma, Kidney and liver conditions, as well as Hormonal imbalance

Himalayan Crystal Lamps (Neutralising of Electro Smog) Natural Supplements Cause of disease Parasites Ideal pH of the body Quantec® distance vibrational healing Detoxification Kits Releasing (Elimination of Emotional Toxins) Healthy Lifestyle Courses Reference Material (Books, CDs, DVD's etc) Testimonials Health WakeUp Merger is ideally positioned to provide a comprehensive solution to the Health and Well Being (physical and emotional) of the Individual

HEALTH WAKEUP MERGER INVITES YOU TO EXPLORE OUR WORLD OF HEALTH AND WELL-BEING. Call 27 11 791 4008.

www.healthwakeup.co.za

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The ABCs OF ALLERGIES You're not alone if you suffer from allergies. In fact, millions of South Africans have them. Allergies can appear at any age, and can even disappear in childhood only to reappear in adulthood. Allergies of the ear, nose and throat are often annoying and create some discomfort, but they are rarely life-threatening. Giulia Criscuolo reports, in this, part II (visit here for part one).

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Why test for allergies? Many conditions including asthma, hayfever, sinusitis, eczema, hives, and/or stomach aches can be caused by one allergy or another. If the allergic cause can be identified, then the treatment will be easier and ranges

Leukotriene modifiers: As leukotrienes are inflammatory mediators, blocking their production also decreases itchy eyes, runny nose, and sneezing. Leukotriene modifiers don't cause drowsiness, and you need to use them only once a day.

from simple avoidance, to desensitisation and symptom

Cromolyn sodium: This older, over-the-counter

control via specific medication. For example if a new

medication prevents the release of histamine. It's best to

kitten is causing your allergy to deteriorate, then it makes

take this med before symptoms even start (even if you've

sense to find a new home for the cat rather than take

just been exposed or expect to be exposed to something

medication every day of your life; and if grass pollen

you know you're allergic to).

is the problem, then being desensitised to grass pollen may induce a state of tolerance and reduce or eradicate the need for antihistamine tablets, eye drops and nose sprays.

Conventional treatment Although quite a few medications are available to treat allergies, avoidance is actually a pretty smart way to start treatment for allergic rhinitis - if you're not around an allergen, you won't react to it. For seasonal allergies, this means staying indoors when possible during high pollen days (usually hot, dry, and windy days). For year-round allergies, this could mean using air filters and purifiers in the home, especially in the bedroom because you spend more time there. Wash bed linens in hot water to kill dust mites, and consider purchasing impermeable mattress and pillow covers (or use plain plastic to cover your mattress) to reduce exposure. Either replace carpets with hard flooring or vacuum them frequently, and use blinds instead of drapes or at least clean fabric drapes as often as possible. Of course, to avoid pet dander, you have to either not keep pets or have pets with low or no dander production. Typical medications given for allergies include the following:

Antihistamines: These meds stop histamine production and its symptoms. However, they can cause sedation. Newer options, which are less sedating, exist.

Decongestants: These options treat the swelling but should only be used for a few days at a time; otherwise, they can cause rebound swelling and make matters worse. Also, some contain pseudoephedrine, which can raise blood pressure.

Nasal corticosteroids: Sprays such as these stop the inflammation, so they reduce symptoms, such as itchy eyes, runny nose, and sneezing.

Nasal atropine: Atropine causes constriction of blood vessels, so it's useful in stopping severe runny noses. Contraindications include glaucoma or an enlarged prostate. Also known as desensitisation or allergy shots, immunotherapy treatment consists of injection of high-dose allergens to block the allergic response. Although it's been shown to be about 80 to 90 percent successful for some allergens, it requires up to three to five years of treatment to get relief. Immunotherapy can be associated with severe systemic reactions in some cases and should, therefore, be considered only if medical treatment is ineffective.

The natural way Butterbur The herb appears to work as a leukotriene inhibitor, which blocks some chemicals that trigger swelling in the nasal passages.

Quercetin. Found in wine and many fruits and vegetables, quercetin may work as a mast cell stabiliser. It helps block the release of histamine that causes inflammation and seems to work well for prevention.

Stinging Nettle. Often used as an allergy treatment, this botanical contains carotene, vitamin K, and quercetin. There's some evidence that using stinging nettle after the first sign of allergic symptoms can help a bit. Be sure to choose extracts of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) leaf, not the root, which is used to treat prostate troubles.

Bromelain. Some studies have found that bromelain is helpful in reducing nasal swelling and thinning mucous, making it easier for people to breathe.

Other allergy supplements. People use many other supplements to treat allergies, including echinacea, grape seed extract, pycnogenol (pine bark extract), vitamin C, EPA, honey, cat's claw, albizzia

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The herb, Butterbur, appears to work as a leukotriene inhibitor, blocking chemicals that swell nasal passages

(Albizzia lebbeck), baical skullcup (Scutellaria baicalensis), goldenseal, and spirulina.

Probiotics. Probiotics support healthy digestion

the

only

alternative

to

you can try to treat or prevent allergies, some of which have very good evidence backing them up.

Acidophilus.

Homeopathic Treatments. Homeopathy

Nasal irrigation. It might seem odd, but there's good evidence that flushing out the nasal passages with salt water can help allergy symptoms. Some use simple neti pots and others more elaborate

uses very diluted amounts of herb and flower essences.

devices. A common 'recipe' for the salt-water solution is

Two main treatments for allergies are: Euphrasia, which

to mix about a litre of water with two to three teaspoons

is especially good for burning, itchy eyes; and Allium

of sea salt and one teaspoon of baking soda. Store at

cepa, which is good for a drippy nose. Other homeopathic

room temperature in a covered jar or bottle. Don't use

remedies include Sabadilla, Arsenicum album, Arundo,

standard table salt, due to the presence of iodine and

Wyethia, Nat Mur, Gelsemium, Arum Triphyllum and many

other additives. Irrigate each nostril with approximately

more.

one-half cup of the solution, a few times daily for acute

Fish oil supplement. It seems that taking a daily fish-oil supplements lowers your levels of leukotrienes, chemicals that contribute to the allergic reaction.

Cook with turmeric. Turmeric, a spice common in curry and Indian cuisine, contains curcumin. It may act as a decongestant, help reduce allergy symptoms, and ward off colds. Many practitioners feel that it seems to be as effective as some drugs for certain conditions.

• 

aren't

medications. There are a number of other methods

well balanced. Since not all strains of probiotics are Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG, Bifidobacterium lactis and

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Supplements

and they also play a role in keeping your immune system beneficial for the same thing, choose brands that contain

ODYSSEY 168

Other non-drug treatments

conditions or once daily for maintenance. To enhance the effect, add a couple of drops of eucalyptus oil to the salt water. The eucalyptus constricts the blood vessels, reducing the inflammation.

HEPA filters. A

HEPA (high-efficiency particulate

air) filter, should trap some of the allergens circulating in your home. Get one for your vacuum cleaner, too. Without it, your vacuum will just shoot the tiny allergens back into the air - and into your nose.

Allergy shots. Most allergy treatments are


relief. The evidence on its effectiveness is mixed. While some studies have found no benefit, others have been promising.

MASKS. Wear a pollen mask when mowing grass or cleaning house (most chemists sell them).

WINDOWS. Keep windows and doors closed during heavy pollen seasons. Homeopathic treatments are often a safe option to treat the symptoms associated with allergies

ANIMALS. Wipe down indoor-outdoor animals as they return inside to remove pollen on their fur.

MILDEW. Rid your home of sources of mildew. just ways of trying to tamp down the symptoms. But allergy shots, or immunotherapy, offer a permanent solution. By injecting very small but increasing amounts of an allergen under the skin, you can gradually get your immune system used to it. Eventually, even large

BEDDING. Change feather pillows, woolen blankets, and woolen clothing to cotton or synthetic materials.

SLEEPING. Sleep with the head of the bed tilted upward. Elevating it helps relieve nasal congestion.

amounts may not trigger symptoms. This approach does take time - usually months of injections - and it's not

As you can see, there are many options available in

always successful.

managing and treating allergies of the ear, nose and

Protection. If you're heading out to clean a dusty garage or rake during pollen season, gear up. Don't just wear a mask over your mouth and nose, but goggles over your eyes too. Most people don't realise it, but lots of allergens enter the body through the eyes.

throat and the aim should be to identify the cause of the problem and treat it as holistically as possible, trusting the body's natural ability to restore the system to homeostasis and balance. As with any chronic condition, care and attention should be given to nutrition, exercise and lifestyle. O

Acupuncture. Many people who suffer with allergic rhinitis are now turning to acupuncture for

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Homeopathic products such as Similasan surpass conventional medication as they aim to support your body’s natural defence system and strengthen the life force, whereas conventional medications just treat the symptoms, according to Giulia Criscuolo, pharmacist for health and wellness company Litha Pharma. Similasan Hay Fever Relief, Allergy Eye Relief and other Litha Pharma products available at health stores, pharmacies, Dis-Chem, Clicks, Pick n Pay, Medi-Rite, Wellness Warehouse and or call 011 516 1700 for more. Springbok Pharmacy. See www.similasan.com and

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hot off the press

BEAUCIENCE BOTANICALS

This user-friendly skin care range offers nature’s fuss-free solutions to healthy, radiant and beautiful skin while minimising and delaying the effects of skin ageing. The range has been formulated to offer a cost-effective essential skin care regime providing the fundamental key elements needed in a succesful anti-ageing range. Botanicals includes their unique ingredient Proteasyl PW as well as natural products such as organic extracts, pure essential oils and natural vegetable oils, carefully selected for their particular properties and benefits to the skin. No harmful petrochemicals or artificial ingredients have been used, and enviro-friendly packaging has been used wherever possible. http://beaucience.co.za

Calmag-C

Unlike tablets and capsules that sometimes don't break down properly, instant CalMag-C has been formulated in a 2:1 blend of calcium gluconate and magnesium carbonate with vitamin C to adjust the pH so your body can actually absorb the calcium and magnesium, which are the basic nutrients a person needs. Because of its formulation, the body absorbs it rapidly, which means you can get the benefits instantly to combat deficiencies such as restless legs, cramps, poor concentration and digestion, sleeplessness and mood swings, teething pain, contraction and relaxation of the muscles and many more. www.sharyndriver.co.za

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QMS Medicosmetics

QMS Medicosmetics is formulated by Dr Erich Schulte (an aesthetic surgeon and international authority on skin ageing) and is based on research-led, collagen-enhancing technology to create a bespoke regenerative system of skin care. Their holiday skincare collection has been carefully handpicked to include the year's bestsellers and leading products, which, in addition to being great gifts, also make them ideal traveling companions for those long trips. Each set includes: Deep Cleansing (50ml), Freshening Tonic (50ml), the choice of a mini Classic Set or MED Set (7.5ml) – and for the finishing touch, the hugely popular QMS Sport Active Cream (15ml). www.qmsmedicosmetics.co.za


ISSAHRA

Cedarwood Dreams

Combining ethics and well-being, authenticity and harmony, Issahra has 100% natural active elements, a fine texture and respectfully cares for your skin, bringing pleasure to your entire body. Since the skin is the most sensitive part of our body, Issahra have chosen products that are delicate and do not contain parabens, phenoxyethanol, silicone, but are rich in mineral oils and have not been tested on animals. www.issahra.com

These organic incense cones are made from the Sacred Cedar Tree in the Baviaanskloof Mountains in the Eastern Cape. Burning Cedarwood is known for enhancing or getting in touch with individual spirituality. The medicinal properties of Cedarwood are also well documented, including aiding respiratory and rheumatic conditions. The fragrance is earthy, grounding and slightly sweet. Cedarwood cleanses and purifies the body, skin and the environment from all negativity and stagnation and is a useful oil for overcoming bad habits. www.pureincense.co.za

African Tree Essences

The Ancient Forest Tree Mists are a symphony of the rich botanicals of Africa. The Tree Mists offer all the therapeutics of the African Tree Essences in a light and beautiful way: mist your body, energy field, home or sanctuary – indeed wherever you would like to introduce the clear, invigorating energy of the forest and the deeply evocative aromas of the Cape mountains, golden sunshine and African soil. www.africantreeessences.co.za

RAIN

Rain is well known for bringing bath and beauty products to the market that are not only high-quality, but also internationally Fair Trade and Beauty Without Cruelty accredited. Now they have expanded their range with the launch of Biologie – a proudly eco-ethical range formulated using organically-certified botanical ingredients and wild harvested plant oils and extracts. This multi-tasking range can help protect skin from sun damage and ageing, revive skin tone, smooth skin texture and restore vital moisture in tired skin and hair. These products are biodegradable, enviro-friendly specialised products designed to care for hair, feet and hands. www.rainafrica.co.za

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hot off the press

Nourish

With over 30 products for face and body, Nourish uses advanced bio-actives, natural ingredients and state-of-the art technologies to support the skin nature gave you and nurture it through the ever-changing seasons and environmental challenges. By understanding the science behind the behaviour of different skin types, and by taking account of individual needs, lifestyles and seasonal factors, the Nourish skincare system offers universal hero products such as the Argan Skin Rescue and four ranges of adaptable skincare and body products including peptide serums, facial mists and body butters that deliver specific proven nutrients to effectively support and enhance your skin's health. www.organic-beauty.co.za

KannaBliss

WELLNESS WAREHOUSE

Why not do your bit for the environment this festive season by spoiling your loved ones with eco-friendly gifts? Or if you prefer adding a personal touch, you can always opt for DIY gifts from Wellness Warehouse stores or via their online shop. Here are a few options: Wellness Lavender Aroma Candle – only the finest wax and aroma oils are used. It is then blended together for a consistent burn and scent. The candles are 100% cotton wick and are hand made in South Africa. Klean Kanteen – perfect for your on-the-go life, the quality and finish on these bottles are first class and do cost a little more. The bottle is made from high quality, 18/8, food-grade stainless steel that's totally free of BPA and other toxins. Lavender Reed Diffuser – these stylish reed diffusers fill your home with incredible scents that also work to make you feel relaxed, energised or pampered depending on the scent you choose. They are made from 100% pure essential oils and can last for over three months. www.wellnesswarehouse.com

100% concentrated herbal extract with no additives, KannaBliss Sceletium is beautifully uplifting and has proven effective antidepressant and anti-anxiety effects. Over many years of scientific analysis, a unique selection of astoundingly beneficial compounds found in the Sceletium Expansum plant have been carefully chosen and custom-blended to create the KannaBliss Sceletium product range on offer today. KannaBliss Sceletium is professionally produced in their FDA-approved laboratory according to GMP standards. www.kannabliss.co.za

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elev8

Renewed interest has fallen on African herbs and traditional medicines as people are looking for healthier options to conventional drugs for common ailments – and once again nature’s pharmacy has a cure. The San people of Southern Africa were instinctual herbalists when it came to choosing plants with medicinal properties and this has led to an exciting discovery by local ethno-botanist and medical doctor, Dr Nigel Gericke who has spent the last 20 years investigating the humble plant Sceletium tortuosum – a succulent herb commonly found in SA. Research indicated that the plant showed enormous promise in a number of areas and had been used historically for a number of ailments. In June 2013, Dr Gericke was the recipient of the Best New Product award by the Indigenous Plant Use Forum (IPUF) for his work with the herb. The active ingredients in the plant are collectively called Zembrin, which have been isolated and formulated into a tablet called elev8 (pronounced elevate). elev8 is used to elevate moods, assist with stress management and as a mild anti-depressant. elev8 can offer relief to those who do not want to be prescribed a typical pharmaceutical anti-depressant. It is a natural botanical alternative and has hardly any side effects, and was developed to assist in reducing stress, feelings of anxiety, to enhance moods and cognitive function. Zembrin was clinically studied in three trials, and showed that those who took Zembrin (marketed as elev8) experienced substantial improvement in their ability to function in stressful situations. They reported better sleep patterns and a greater ability to respond positively to situations – all in all, a marked difference in their overall mood. Unlike other popular herbal remedies, elev8 acts quickly and the effects are felt approximately within one hour after ingestion and has hardly any side effects and is non-addictive. www.elev8me.co.za and www.zembrin.co.za

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GreenWorx Photo: Dave Meyers

Conscious eating: bein

Animal rights groups such as Peta, are usually made up primarily of vegans, are actively opposed to any sort of animal testing, including for pharmaceutical products.

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ng vegan/vegetarian

People are increasingly aware of the health, ethical and eco-costs of what they eat and how that food is produced. The result is that, even in developed countries, there is a move back towards a diet which involves less and less animal or animal-derived products. We take a close look at trends around vegetarianism and veganism – and how to make these diets work for you easily and simply.

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W

hile saying one is a vegetarian may sound obvious in terms of what one eats and what not, the reality is that there are a variety of

vegetarian types. So let's start with some definitions. Vegetarians do not eat meat, fish or poultry but they usually consume dairy products and eggs. Lacto-vegetarians consume dairy products but not eggs, ovo-vegetarians eat eggs but not dairy products and lacto-ovo-vegetarians eat eggs as well as dairy products. Vegetarians also do not eat products that contain (animal-sourced) gelatine or any other meat-based products. Philosophically-speaking, the vegan point of view is that animals are not here to be exploited by humans, and that commercialisation of animals necessarily involves a fundamental, inhumane component and lack of a basic respect for life. From a nutrition standpoint, the only difference when it comes to vegetarians and vegans is that vegans need to take B12 and amino acid supplements, since they have no dietary source of these nutrients, and they are not adequately synthesised in the body. You can, however, get all the nutrients you need on a lacto-ovo (eggs and dairy) vegetarian diet without supplements. Veganism is usually driven by its underlying pro-animal rights philosophy and a compassionate lifestyle whose adherents seek to exclude the use of animals for food, clothing, or any other human-driven purposes. Vegans therefore endeavour not to use or consume animal products of any kind. Consequently, vegans do not consume meat, eggs, milk, honey or any food that is derived from animals in any way. Also, they do not use any other animal-derived products, such as fur, leather, wool, and so on. And they most certainly do not condone the use of animal testing – indeed, animal rights groups such as Peta, are usually made up primarily of vegans, and are actively opposed to

Philosophically-speaking, the vegan point of view is that animals are not here to be exploited by humans, and that commercialisation of animals necessarily involves a fundamental, inhumane component and lack of a basic respect for life. This philosophical difference with vegans also extends beyond diet to other animal products. So, most vegetarians do not mind using animal-derived products, like fur, leather or wool. But these are generalisations to which there are almost always exceptions.

Benefits A frequent question from 'conventional' eaters interested in vegetarianism or veganism is: What are the benefits of the various kinds of vegetarian and vegan diets? The health benefits of a vegetarian diet are the number-one reason why people choose to follow this way of eating. The Dietary Guidelines for Americans support the benefit of a vegetarian diet, pointing out that: 'Most Americans of all ages eat fewer than the recommended number of servings of grain products, vegetables, and fruits, even though consumption of these foods is associated with a substantially lower risk for many chronic diseases, including certain types of cancer.' Support for this point of view has been found in a series of major studies, including the Adventist Health Study, the Oxford Vegetarian Study, the Health Food Shoppers study, and the Heidelberg Study.

any sort of animal testing, including for pharmaceutical

History

products.

The earliest records of vegetarianism come from ancient and

India and ancient Greece in the 5th century BCE. In

philosophically-driven and in general is considered to

the Asian instance the diet was closely connected

consist of a diet that excludes meat (including game

with the idea of non-violence towards animals (called

and slaughter by-products; fish, shellfish and other sea

ahimsa in India) and was promoted by religious groups and philosophers. Among the Hellenes, Egyptians and others, it had medical or ritual purification purposes. Following the Christianisation of the Roman Empire, vegetarianism practically disappeared from Europe, along with many other parts of the world, except for India. Several orders of monks in Medieval Europe restricted or

Vegetarianism

can

also

be

ethically

animals; and poultry), with, as we have seen, a number of sub-variations around eggs, dairy and similar animal products. Most vegetarians would, for example, not hesitate to eat honey which technically (in the narrowest vegan interpretation) is the by-product of 'animals', beings bees.

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Increasingly, the eco-impacts of Sub-varieties the variations in vegetarianism already discussed, meat-eating are beginning to incline Beyond there are yet others, such as raw veganism (really a growing number of people to either a variety of veganism) which allows only fresh and fruit, nuts, seeds, and vegetables. Vegetables reduce or entirely eliminate meat or uncooked can be cooked up to a certain temperature only in this certain specific categories thereof in system, with a preference for light steaming over boiling. The primary driver here is that of optimising the retained their diets. nutritional benefits of eating uncooked raw food which is

known to have much higher vitamin and other nutrient factors than cooked equivalents.

banned the consumption of meat for ascetic reasons, but none of them eschewed fish. It re-emerged during the Renaissance, becoming more widespread in the 19th and 20th centuries. In 1847, the first Vegetarian Society was founded in the UK. Germany, the Netherlands, and other countries followed. The International Vegetarian Union, a union of the national societies, was founded in 1908. The popularity of vegetarianism grew during the 20th century and is now generally adopted for different reasons as a result of nutritional, ethical, cultural, political and more recently, enviro- and economic concerns. The overriding objection to eating meat was and is out of respect for all sentient life. Increasingly, though, the eco-impacts of meat-eating are beginning to incline a growing number of people to either heavily reduce or entirely eliminate either all categories of meat or certain specific categories.

Other variants are: Fruitarianism, which permits only fruit, nuts, seeds, and other plant matter that can be gathered without harming the plant.

Sattvic diet (also known as yogic diet), a plant-based diet which may also include dairy (not eggs) and honey, but excludes anything from the onion or leek family, red lentils, durian fruit, mushrooms, blue cheeses, fermented foods or sauces, alcoholic drinks and often also excludes coffee, black or green tea, chocolate, nutmeg or any other type of stimulant such as excessively sharp or strong spices.

This is because the many hundreds of millions of livestock from which meat is produced often live in

Buddhist vegetarianism. Different

unsanitary, cramped and generally appalling conditions.

Buddhist

The great percentage of meats consumed in developed,

teachings on diet, which may also vary

and increasingly in developing, societies is treated

for ordained monks and nuns compared

traditions

have

differing

with antibiotics, pesticide dipping and, with beef in

to others. Many interpret the precept 'not

particular, artificial hormone supplementation. The health

to kill' to require abstinence from meat, but not all. In

and eco-impacts of this agro-industrial approach are

Taiwan, su vegetarianism excludes not only all animal

mounting.

products but also vegetables in the allium family (which

With methane production from these animals

have the characteristic aroma of onion and garlic),

considered a significant contributor to global warming

including onion, garlic, scallions, leeks, chives, or shallots.

(methane being a vastly more potent greenhouse gas than CO2), the combined impact of their emissions and the methods of raising them, plus the suffering and eco-impacts of their transportation to places of slaughter, means that the negative 'footprint' of modern

Jain vegetarianism includes dairy but excludes eggs and honey, as well as root vegetables.

industrial-scale meat production is huge. So, for a variety of reasons, the appeal of veganism, vegetarianism, or partial vegetarianism is growing globally as awareness grows of the full impact of meat-eating.

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Macrobiotic diets consist mostly of whole grains and beans.


It's important to be aware that if you choose to be vegetarian or vegan, you need to plan your diet to make sure it includes all the essential nutrients. The wider the variety of foods you eat, the easier it will be to meet your nutritional requirements. important, however, to be aware of how our dairy cows in particular are treated and, therefore, in turn what our milk is truly all about; how many millions of chickens live permanently in cages and never even see the light of day, some having their beak and claws painfully clipped; and how our cosmetic industry experiments on animals, to name just a few issues which are helping drive the animal rights movements globally. All this ill treatment of animals is presented by industry bodies, usually, as seemingly for our (human)

Vegan We have already established that the main difference between a vegan and a vegetarian is that vegans eliminate all animal products from their diet, including dairy and eggs, as well as the use of any animal-derived products from their entire lifestyles, including products like silk and down. The word 'vegan' first originated in the '40s by co founder of the Vegan Society, Donald Watson, when trying to find an alternative to the term 'non-dairy vegetarian'. He lived to a ripe old age of 95, advocated the health benefits of a vegan diet and encouraged fellow beings to live with compassion. It can therefore be said that vegans' tremendous compassion for animals is an abiding, overriding conviction in their lives. It overrides individual issues of custom, convenience, comfort or cuisine and represents 'mindfulness in all aspects' when it comes to the rights of other living, sentient and semi-sentient creatures, even insects like silk worms and bees.

Animal rights

good. But once you open your eyes to see, hear and know, it is virtually impossible to continue to consume food in the way that has been the norm without your conscience pricking you. 'If anyone wants to save the planet, all they have to do is just stop eating meat. That's the single most important thing you could do. There is a direct relationship between eating meat and the environment. Quite simply, you can't be a meat-eating environmentalist. Sorry folks.' That's the view of Sir Paul McCartney. Born in 1942, McCartney is obviously most famous for his role as a leading light in the greatest musical group of all time, The Beatles, but in his post-Beatles years was heavily involved with his now-deceased wife Linda in promoting vegetarianism, mainly for health and ethical reasons. Others agree with him. The most famous scientists of all time, Albert Einstein, said: 'Nothing will benefit human health and increase chances of survival for life on earth as much as the evolution to a vegetarian diet.'

Health Besides the ethical reasons, the health benefits of a

It is true to say that, in general, the way that animals

vegetarian or vegan diet are frequently cited as the

are treated by humans for our consumption and other

number-one reason why people choose to follow this way

needs is frequently truly appalling and very hard to spell

of eating. Large-scale studies have shown that overall,

out in detail here without going into horrifying detail. It is

vegetarians/vegans tend to be slimmer, appear to be in

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better health, and have a reduced risk of chronic diseases

lentils, nuts and seeds, soy (non-GM) products, including

and greater longevity when compared with omnivores.

soy beverages, tempeh and tofu, and whole (non-GM

Some of the other health benefits attributed to following

cereal) grains. It is recommended that vegetarians and

a vegetarian diet are a lower risk for cardiovascular

vegans eat legumes and nuts daily, along with wholegrain

disease, hypertension, Type II diabetes, diverticulosis,

cereals, to ensure adequate nutrient intakes.

renal disease, some cancers (including lung and breast), and gallstones. These health benefits are derived from the foods that are reduced or omitted (meats and meat-derivative foods) as well as from the foods that are consumed in their stead. A healthy lifestyle that includes physical activity and a low consumption of alcohol and tobacco (or even better if none at all) may also play a role in acquiring these benefits. Vegetarians and vegans also have lower rates of illness and death from a number of degenerative diseases. The similarities in the various kinds of vegetarian diets are the high consumption of fruit, vegetables, soy (non-GM), nuts, and legumes. Overall, they tend to have a lower intake of saturated fat and cholesterol and the higher

Trace nutrients If you're vegetarian or vegan, you need to make sure you get the right amount of essential dietary minerals. Some of these minerals and their suggested food sources include:

Iron – vegetarian and vegan diets are generally high in iron from plant foods. However, this iron is not absorbed as well as the iron in meat. Good food sources of iron that are suitable for vegetarians and vegans include cereals fortified with iron, whole grains, legumes, tofu, green leafy vegetables and dried fruits. Combining these foods with foods high in vitamin C and food acids like fruit and vegetables will help your body absorb the iron.

intakes of complex carbohydrates, dietary fibre, as well

Zinc – performs essential functions in the body,

as certain minerals, and phytochemicals. Cholesterol is

including the development of immune system cells. Good

only found in animal foods, so vegan diets are completely

food sources of zinc include nuts, tofu, miso, legumes,

cholesterol-free. There is evidence linking red meat,

wheatgerm and wholegrain foods.

especially processed meat, with an increased risk of cancer, coronary heart disease, and Type II diabetes. Cutting back on the quantity and frequency of red meat consumption can therefore directly lead to health benefits. However, it is also important to be aware that if you choose to be vegetarian or vegan, you need to plan your diet to make sure it includes all the essential nutrients.

Calcium – is needed for strong bones and teeth. Good food sources of calcium include (non-pasteurised) dairy products, fortified cereals and fruit juices, fortified soymilk, tahini and some brands of tofu. Leafy dark green vegetables (especially Asian greens), legumes, almonds and Brazil nuts also contain calcium.

The wider the variety of foods you eat, the easier it will be

Iodine – our bodies need iodine for the thyroid gland

to meet your nutritional requirements. Whenever possible,

and other associated hormones to function normally.

choose organic, free range and GM-free products. Read all

Iodised salt is the most common source of iodine in the

food item labels carefully.

Western diet. Iodine is found in seafood, which is a rich

Some essential dietary requirements, which could be missing from a vegetarian diet if it isn't carefully planned,

source of this element. Sea vegetables (seaweed) also contain iodine, but are also high in salt.

include: protein, minerals (including iron, calcium and zinc), vitamin B12 and vitamin D. Protein is essential for many bodily processes, including tissue-building and repair. Protein is made up of smaller components called amino acids. A complete protein has all the amino acids necessary to make up that protein (there are a large number of protein variants, requiring a variety of amino acids). Most individual plant foods are not complete proteins – they only have some of the amino acids necessary for vibrant health. Soy is one of the only complete vegetable proteins. Some good plant sources of protein include: legumes such as beans, peas and

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B12 Vitamin B12 is important for the production of red blood cells – it helps to maintain healthy nerves and a healthy brain. Vegans are at risk of developing vitamin B12 deficiency because it is not found in plant products.

Anaemia is a common result of B12 deficiency. If a breastfeeding mother is following a vegan diet, the lack of vitamin B12 in her milk can interfere with normal brain development of her baby. Vitamin B12 can be found in dairy products and eggs. There are fortified vegan foods such as some soy


beverages, and some vegetarian sausages and burgers. If vegans don't get their B12 requirement from these foods, they are advised to take B12 supplements. Vitamin B12 absorption becomes less efficient as we age, so

supplements may also be needed by older vegetarians.

Vitamin D major source of vitamin D, dietary intake is only important when exposure to UV light from the sun is inadequate – for example, in people who are housebound or whose clothing covers almost all of their skin. Vegans can increase their chances of avoiding vitamin D deficiency by

www.cuteheaven.com

The main source of vitamin D is sunlight. As the sun is a

consuming fortified soy milk and cereals. Well-planned

vegan

and

vegetarian

diets

are

appropriate for all stages of a person's life. However, special care needs to be taken with young children. One way to ensure that vegetarian children meet their energy needs is to give them frequent meals and snacks. It is particularly important that vegan children have energy and nutrient-dense foods regularly (such as full-fat soy drinks, tofu, mashed avocado, tahini spread and vegetables cooked with oil).

Vegetarian musts Once you've embarked on a vegan or vegetarian diet, there are some very important things you simply must,

'We have enslaved the rest of the animal creation, and have treated our distant cousins in fur and feathers so badly that beyond doubt, if they were able to formulate a religion, they would depict the devil in human form.' William Ralph Inge, England, author, professor at Cambridge University UK, and Anglican Dean, 1860-1954.

or must not, do. These include eating regularly, preferably smaller

is a powerful psycho-physiological aspect: being grateful

meals eaten more frequently – and above all, don't skip

for one's food has shown up in studies to be associated

meals. You should also strive to vary your diet, both for

over time with increased health and vitality as well as a

interest's sake and for nutrient requirements, so don't get

deeper sense of being connected to life.

stuck in an eating rut.

So give gratitude for the abundance of nourishing

Many people worry that a vegan or vegetarian diet

whole food from your local grocery store, your farmers

is necessarily boring or repetitive – it's important that

market or from wherever you source your food – it's

you don't deprive yourself of the fun of eating well

respectful of all those who've participated in getting

and healthily, as well as eating food that is delicious,

food onto your plate, and indeed the entire greater

regardless of whether or not it's made for a non-meat

cycle of life, and it engenders a sense of wellbeing and

eater.

wholesomeness which, along with proper nutrition, is part

A vegan or vegetarian diet requires more time, attention and thought than a generic 'meat and two

of the foundations of a healthier, happier, more fulfilled life. O

veggies' approach, so don't be shy to look for or ask for support or help – these days, with the internet but a click

Resources & references

away – that's relatively easy to get.

www.diffen.com/difference/Vegan_vs_Vegetarian

And a final point: never take your food for granted. All food comes at a price. Even vegetables are life forms and, if you are a believer in the connectedness of all life, their 'sacrifice' in feeding us needs to be honoured and respected. Beside any ethical notions in this regard, there

Medicine Net www.vegansa.com/veganism-philosphy-of-life.php www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Vegetarian_ eating www.motherearthliving.com www.mindbodygreen.com

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Vegan products

2

1. ZAO Liquid Lipbalm

1

ZAO is accredited by the Leaping Bunny

organisation as being cruelty free. A light balm with a velvet texture that melts on your lips while providing a natural glossy effect. Light on you and light on our Earth. Its active ingredients intensely moisturise your lips to give them elasticity and a natural shine, and if used regularly, it will protect against the harsh elements (cold, wind and sun).

2. ZAO Liquid Silk Foundation

3

4

5

ZAO is accredited by the Leaping Bunny organisation as being cruelty free. The light texture of ZAO silk foundation makes application easier and respond to those who want a natural complexion. Besides organic silica contained in bamboo hydrosol, organic sweet almond oil, jojoba and shea butter give this foundation a deep moisturising effect and a luminous complexion.

3. Esse Cream Cleanser

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Esse is accredited by BWC as being cruelty-free. This is a light, gentle vegan cream cleanser, usually preferred by those with more mature or combination skin types. Suitable for all skin types, it will not leave any greasiness behind after rinsing. Rather it leaves the skin clear and matt, preparing it for the next step. It is water soluble and removes all traces of make-up and impurities.

7

4. Sanctum Men's Moisturiser 8

This light vegan moisturiser is ideal for all skin types, especially oily. Formulated to calm and soothe irritated skin, leaving it feeling cool and hydrated.

9 10

5. Esse Lip Conditioner

This is a rich vegan protective lip conditioner that locks in moisture while assisting to restore natural barrier function.

6. Sante Organic Shisandra Night Cream

12 13

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Sante’s Bio-Schisandra vegan facial care helps delicate, irritated or reddened skin to relax and regenerate quickly. Valuable active ingredients from organic schisandra berries are exceptionally rich in essential oils, precious flavonoids and vitamins. Certified organic by BDIH and NaTrue. Vegan and gluten-free.

7. Wild Rosemary & Vanilla Shower Gel

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• 

11. Sante HOMME 2-in-1 Facial Moisture Fluid

The freshness kick for men’s skin: the light fluid combines in just one product revitalising moisture with soothing care after your shave. It is absorbed quickly without greasiness, giving your skin a lasting feeling of being smooth and cared for. White tea and organic aloe vera are nourishing and combat the premature ageing of skin.

12. Sparitual Drop Dead Gorgeous Nail Lacquer

The greenest way to paint the town red. All Sparitual nail lacquers are lovingly hand-blended using only natural colouring and 100% vegan ingredients. Make Sparitual part of your earth-friendly beauty regime and you’ll find a beautiful selection of colours to match your every mood.

13. Pure Beginnings Eco roll on – Forest

Pure Beginnings are accredited by BWC as being cruelty-free. The forest eco roll on is a revitalising deodorant with a distinctive smell of spearmint that keeps you feeling fresh all day. Most importantly it is free of aluminium, parabens, synthetic fragrances and animal products.

14. Natraloe Hand & Body Lotion

This is a rich and velvety vegan body lotion with 25% organic aloe ferox gel as well as shea butter, almond and jojoba oils to nourish & pamper your skin. Exquisitely scented with vanilla oil to excite the senses. Leaves skin feeling fabulously soft nourished.

8. Badger Damascus Rose Face Oil

16. Eco Suncare Sun Cream SPF30 (Tinted)

9. Africa Organics Kalahari Melon Lotion

Many natural and organic products contain beeswax, but on www.Faithful-to-Nature.co.za every product is classified as being vegan or vegetarian so you don’t have to do any ingredient checking yourself. This is a small selection of the amazing vegan products they have for sale. Most of these products have also been certified as being cruelty free too.

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The Victorian Garden is accredited by BWC as being cruelty-free. As a top seller, this very rich Body Butter is an excellent choice to nourish and nurture dry skin. Shea Butter is blended with active botanical extracts of Wheatgerm, Jojoba and Geranium. The exquisite scent of Madagasdcan Vanilla makes this butter a must for those suffering with dry, scaly and itchy skin.

15. Dry Damaged Hair

African Organics have been accredit by BWC as being cruelty-free. This sweet, citrus scented body lotion will leave your skin feeling beautifully nourished and moisturised. It’s enriched with Kalahari melon known for its powerful anti-ageing characteristics. Added Rooibos, rich in antioxidants,

ODYSSEY 182

10. Mango & Vanilla Hydrating Body Butter

The Victorian Garden is accredited by BWC as being cruelty-free. This is an invigorating soap-free shower gel that gently cleanses the skin, removing dirt without damaging the skin's delicate pH balance. The gorgeous aroma of Madagascan vanilla oil makes this a most indulgent shower experience. It is mild enough for daily use and can be used on all skin types.

Badger has been accredited by the leaping bunny as being cruelty free. An elegant blend of naturally restorative oils. Organic jojoba, baobab and pomegranate oils have been combined to create a light, super-absorbent and highly nourishing face serum. A couple of drops of Badger's Rose Face Oil will soothe, moisturize and noticeably improve the texture of the skin.

17

is fantastic for nourishing your skin. Africa Organics Kalahari Melon Body Lotion is a 100% natural, sulphate free, light lotion that will leave your skin feeling pampered.

African Organics have been accredit by BWC as being cruelty free. Suitable for the most sensitive skins, this lovely vegan hair treatment will calm itchiness and irritation. Baobab and Jojoba oil discourage hair breakage and add body and lustre. Used regularly as a treatment, hair becomes naturally shiny, soft, smooth and manageable.

The Eco Cosmetics range was designed to protect skin from the damaging and dehydrating effects of the sun. This is achieved by combining mineral pigments and powerful natural active ingredients such as sea buckthorn, pomegranate and olive, which strengthen, moisturise, soothe and soften the skin. The mineral pigments act like a mirror on your skin to reflect the rays of the sun and prevent them from causing damage.

17. Sunumbra Sunscreen for Kids SPF40

Sunumbra Sunkids is a dermatologically tested natural sunscreen containing organic ingredients which ensure: 5 Star rating (UVA), SPF40 (UVB), High protection full spectrum and 40 minute water resistance


Striving to make the world a more compassionate place, one cheese at a time

www.violife.co.za

Tatamoo offers a range of delectable vegan, gourmet cheese alternatives including our aged cashew and macadamia nut cheeses, cream cheeses, Tatanaise and Melts. All our products are vegan, soy-free and gluten-free. Contact us on sales@tatamoo.co.za and check out our products at www.tatamoo.co.za.

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health

How to juice (properly)

Juicing has gained fame for its ability to energise, alkalise, detox, and rejuvenate both inside and out. Green vegetable juices fill you with beneficial nutrients and antioxidants. Proponents claim juicing has the ability to improve skin health, reverse degenerative disease and even slow down or reverse gray hair. Juicing is clearly a good health option, but there is a right and wrong way to juice. Mary Vance reports.

G

o easy on fruit juices. Be especially

veggies for maximum nutrition in freshly pressed juice.

cautious with tropical fruits like mango and

This is a great way to sneak more veggies in concentrated

pineapple, which are very high in sugar.

form into your diet. Juices should not be a substitution for

Fruits offer plenty of antioxidants and beneficial

eating your vegetables, however.

enzymes, but they are best eaten whole with their

You cannot live on juice alone – at least, not for

fibre. It is therefore not recommended to do regular

extended periods of time. Vegetable juice should be used

juicing with fruit, especially if you are on a weight-loss

as an accompaniment to a meal or in between meals

plan. Pineapple and mango juice sound delicious but

(great afternoon energy boost), but you still need the

a helping contains up to eight teaspoons of natural

fibre from whole vegetables, and juice doesn't provide

sugar (fructose).

this. With that said, juicing makes it easier to absorb

That will send your blood sugar and insulin

all the nutrients from the vegetables you're juicing and

levels soaring, increasing fat storage. The

makes it easy to get a wider variety of veggies you may

exception is using the occasional

not otherwise eat.

green apple or kiwi to sweeten

Stay away from juicing raw cabbage, collards, bok choy,

some of the more bitter

kale and broccoli. All cruciferous veggies are goitrogenic,

green drinks. Green

meaning they contain substances that suppress thyroid

apples are relatively

function when consumed raw. They may also cause gas,

low in sugar.

bloating and stomach upset in some folks. The cruciferous

F o c u s

veggies do have wonderful health benefits when cooked

on organic,

or lightly steamed as cooking deactivates the goitrogens.

raw

green

Use raw spinach, beet greens and chard sparingly.

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ODYSSEY 184 • 

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They contain oxalic acid, which can irritate the mouth and intestinal tract and block iron and calcium absorption. Oxalic acid has also been linked to the formation of kidney stones. The best veggies to juice include the following: Cucumbers, which are very cleansing and good for skin health. Celery, anti-inflammatory and alkalising; also said to lower blood pressure. Beets, a super liver-cleanser and great vegetarian source of iron. Carrots, rich in beta-carotene, beneficial for eyesight, and also a great liver/gall bladder cleanser. Use caution with carrot juice, as it's also high in sugar. Spinach, occasionally, high in iron, very alkalising, and great for skin health. Wheatgrass, overall great detoxifier and also alkalising. Fennel, excellent for digestion, reduces bloating. Great licorice-like flavour. Romaine lettuce or red bell peppers – very high in vitamin C. Herbs are great, too. Use parsley, cilantro (helps to chelate heavy metals), and ginger (good for digestion and cleansing). Throw in some raw garlic if you're brave or want to ward off colds and flu's, as well as sundry other infections as garlic is not only antibacterial and antiviral, but also helps lower blood cholesterol. It's a great immune health boosters. Make your own, or buy unpasteurised juice if you can. The heat from the pasteurisation process

Recipes Below are a few of our favourite recipes. Get creative. Add a squeeze of lime to the finished product for an extra kick. Or try adding a pinch of sea salt for extra trace minerals. Buy organic where possible and scrub everything before juicing. I have a green drink every morning before breakfast for an energy boost.

The Detoxer 1 beet 2 carrots 1 green apple 1 thumb-size piece of ginger Optional: 1 bunch parsley and/or  1 tbsp spirulina/chlorella blend

The Alkaliser 2 stalks celery 1 cucumber 1 green apple 1 carrot Handful spinach Optional: ½ bunch parsley or cilantro

The Kitchen Sink 2 stalks celery 1 red pepper 1/2 bunch parsley or cilantro 1 carrot 1/2 cucumber 1/2 fennel bulb Handful spinach Squeeze lime (into finished juice)

kills most of the beneficial enzymes raw juice

Optional: garlic cloves to taste

provides. O

Resource: www.mindbodygreen.com

Oscar Juicer Easy to operate and exceptionally easy to clean the Oscar Juicer not only makes fresh and healthy juice in minutes but also minces, grinds, pulverises and creams. The internationally award winning design operates almost noiselessly at 80rpm, crushing and squeezing the juice out of fruit , vegetables or grass.

To order the Oscar Juicer along with other eco-friendly and healthy products go to www.naturalwise.co.za

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modality

Detoxification refers to the process whereby the body rids itself of any substance that can cause harm. Naturopathy doctors Megan Arendse and Hanroëtte Krüger take a look at what's involved.

detox body

ODYSSEY 186 • 

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T

he liver is the major detoxification organ of the body, filtering out the toxins circulating in your body and converting them into substances which can easily be excreted by the kidneys and the colon. The other important organs

of detoxification are the lungs, the skin and the lymphatic system. These systems are constantly working to eliminate toxins and protect us from their possible side-effects. So why then do we need to follow a detox program if our organs are already hard at work? The simple answer is that our bodies are overburdened by the amount of toxins we're exposed to on a daily basis. The obvious culprits are coffee, alcohol, cigarettes and junk food. Medication, whether it's in the form of over the counter, chronic prescribed medication or even some supplements, also has to be metabolised by the liver. But even if we don't over-indulge on a regular basis, and we try to eat a balanced diet, it does not necessarily mean that our systems are not overburdened. Toxins are disguised and absorbed in many forms: Fresh fruits and vegetables are sprayed with pesticides and other chemicals. Animals are fed antibiotics and growth hormones which remain in the meat. We inhale pollution from nearby factories, car fumes and cigarette smoke. We consume highly processed foods full of preservatives, additives, colourants and artificial flavourants. We clean our homes with harmful detergents and apply chemical products such as make-up to our skin. Most toxins are fat-soluble and can accumulate in our fat stores, so being overweight might also contribute to the toxic load in the body. As we continue to burden our bodies we become desensitised to the damage and the inflammation it causes. We get use to the aches and pains we feel as a result of toxic build-up and this can eventually manifested in the form of disease. Headaches, allergies, fatigue, pain and arthritis, hair loss, depression, poor memory and concentration, chemical sensitivity and digestive problems such as constipation and bloating are just some of the symptoms that might indicate you're due for a detox. By taking time to follow a proper detox program we are allowing our organs to filter through their 'back-log' of toxins and work optimally to remove them from our system. But how should you go about doing a detox program? A proper detox program should start slowly with an elimination phase. During this time you will begin to remove undesired agents from you diet such as caffeine, refined sugar, alcohol, processed foods, red meats and preferably also wheat and dairy. For the elimination phase the focus is on eating plenty of fresh fruits and lightly steamed or roasted vegetables. Wholegrains such as oats, brown rice, quinoa (which has become too expensive for the locals at its country of origin to eat due to demand) and buckwheat are added, along with legumes like lentils, chickpeas and mung beans. In addition to nuts and seeds, legumes provide much-needed protein for the liver and fibre for the colon. Healthy plant oils provide good fats in the diet such as cold-pressed, extra virgin olive oil, avocado oil and raw flaxseed oil are great options. As condiments try apple cider or balsamic vinegar, Himalayan salt, fresh herbs and spices or homemade dressings, humus and pestos. There are various foods which stimulate the liver and promote detoxification, so make sure that plenty of these are included in your diet during your detox:

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Sulphur-containing foods: onions, garlic.

Synergy Detox & Wellness Centre in Norwood, Jhb.

Cruciferous vegetables: broccoli, cabbage,

In high-quality establishments, various treatments are

cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, kale, watercress.

available which help to facilitate the elimination of toxins

Fibre (water-soluble): pears, oat bran, apples,

from the body and boosts energy and overall well-being.

legumes, psyllium husks.

These treatments aim to stimulate the various organs of

Dark green leafy vegetables: watercress, spinach,

detoxification and may invlude:

Swiss chard, rocket, basil, lettuce.

Hydrotherapy (which includes jacuzzi, sitz bath and

Artichokes, beets, carrots.

either steam/sauna) should be done daily while on a

Asparagus, avocados and walnuts.

detoxification program. This therapy improves blood

Citrus fruit: oranges, nectarines, lemons, grapefruit.

circulation, stimulates the lymphatic system and

Vitamin C rich foods: guavas, kiwis, strawberries,

allows toxins to be eliminated through the skin.

red peppers, papaya.

Ozone oxidises toxins in the lymph, blood and fat,

Turmeric, cayenne pepper, ginger, cinnamon.

thereby reducing the strain placed on the liver and

Green, ginger & cinnamon teas.

kidneys. It also enhances circulation and stimulates

If followed for long enough, the basic elimination

oxygen metabolism.

phase as described above can be enough to stimulate

Colonic hydrotherapy allows for a safe and gentle

the detoxification process sufficiently. However, ideally,

irrigation which cleanses and tones the colon. It

you would want to step it up a notch by following up

is absolutely essential that the colon is sufficiently

with a fasting phase. During the fasting phase you

stimulated, when doing a detox program, to ensure

can either stick to a complete raw diet in which only

that all the toxins which the liver excreted into the

fruit, raw vegetables and nuts are consumed. Or, to

colon are not reabsorbed into the system.

give the digestive system a complete rest, do a few

Lymphatic drainage assists in reducing water

days of vegetables juice fasting. You can also consume

retention.

light vegetable broths, unsweetened herbal teas, and,

Various detox wraps increase blood circulation,

of course, plenty of water. Because the liver and all

exfoliates the skin and allows your body to sweat

the other detox organs need nutrients in order to

toxins out.

function properly, complete water fast is generally not

It is important to note that most people will experience

recommended. After 3-7 days of fasting, it is essential to

some detox symptoms while on a detox. The most

slowly introduce other foods again. Ideally, you'd want to

common symptom is headaches, but nausea, fatigue,

follow a whole food diet during the elimination phase for

body aches, bloating and changes in bowel movements

as long as possible, before adding heavier, richer foods

can also be experienced. In this case, refrain from taking

to the diet again.

any over the counter medication that will interfere with

Also remember that a fast as described above is not

the detoxing process. Drink plenty of water to ensure you

for everyone. Children, diabetics and pregnant women

stay hydrated while the kidneys and colon are flushed

should never fast. Always consult your doctor before

out. Also ensure that you take the time to rest and relax,

embarking on a fast and never stop taking your chronic

especially during the fasting phase of the detox program.

prescribed medication. When following a detox program

Various forms of light exercises, such as forest walks,

which includes a fasting phase, it is ideal to do so in

yoga, tai chi and progressive relaxation, also contribute

a supportive, controlled environment such as a health

to make your detox program more effective. After a few

hydro or wellness centre where you will be guided and

days you will feel energised and revitalised. You are now

monitored to ensure safe and effective detoxification.

a 'clean slate', so be mindful not to fall back into bad,

Examples include The Hydro in Stellenbosch and Health

toxic habits. O

Regain your Energy • Regain your Life 011 483 0078/9 • reception@healthsynergy.co.za • www.healthsynergy.co.za Find us on Facebook www.facebook.com/healthsynergywellnesscentre

We offer: Colon Hydrotherapy Detox & Relaxation Massages Ozone Therapy 138 Ivy Road, Norwood, Johannesburg ODYSSEY 188 • 

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Feel at home in a fusion of genuine hospitality, expert care and tranquil surroundings

Situated in the picturesque Idas Valley, a National Heritage Site, on the outskirts of the viticultural town of Stellenbosch, The Hydro offers the perfect environment for relaxation and rejuvenation. Mature trees and manicured lawns combine with breathtaking vistas of the natural surroundings to create a sanctuary of calm and beauty.

The Hydro at Stellenbosch, where it's all about you Reservations: +27 21 809 3866 / 3864 E-mail: reservations@thehydro.co.za The Hydro at Stellenbosch is a division of Iprop (Pty) Ltd Lelie Road, Idas Valley. P.O. Box 3074, Matieland, Stellenbosch, 7602 South Africa

For more info, visit www.thehydro.co.za ODYSSEY 189 • 

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health

Physical and mental emotional detox is a process that one cannot avoid when embarking on any lifestyle change. No matter your lifestyle or addiction, toxicity builds up on every level that must be addressed once change in a positive direction begins. The only difference is the degree to which it occurs.

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the hea


D

etox on a physical and emotional level is powerful

we feel toxic, over-weight and susceptible to discomfort

and seldom understood. This lack of understanding

and dis-ease? It's the repetitive consumption of acidic

often stops people dead in their tracks and before

food and an over-consumption of foods that do not

you know it you are back in the comfort zone of previous

match the value of nutrition the body demands to be in

behaviours that 'feel good'.

its optimal state. The majority of foods we consume are

In our world of convenience – along with much

toxic, void of nutrition and engineered to be addictive.

information to confuse a person -more people are battling

When we embark on cleansing the body with living food

health issues, struggling to maintain an ideal weight

(as suggested in the Health Revolution) that is dense

and yearning for emotional peace and balance. We

in nutrition and biological water, the first experience is

have become so advanced with technology, with instant

detox.

information at our fingertips; we have almost forgotten

Detox symptoms vary for each person but from

the basics and logical solutions for health, mental and

Evagelia's experience, headaches, nausea, fatigue and

emotional clarity.

foul taste on the tongue are common. When the body

It is quite simple isn't it? We all know what to do. Eat

ceases to receive the daily stimulants it was used to,

more fruits, vegetables and whole foods; drink enough

the body detoxifies. It's the slow release of months and

water; exercise and rest. We all know what to do, so

years of toxic build up. It must not be taken lightly.

why aren't we doing it? The problem is integration.

Honour where you are and be patient with the process

Getting from point A to B, from unhealthy to healthy, and

and your body will reward you with so much more. Great

enjoying the journey.

ways of easing the process include: rest, eating alkaline

Evagelia and Marlon August have combined their

foods in abundance and in their raw form. Raw foods

specialities to create what they call the The Health

are a miracle, with the cellular intelligence to give you

Revolution. This is a process of learning about natural

everything you need. Eating more raw plant-based foods

hygiene and integrating it into your subconscious, making

dissolves toxic residue that is excess weight, energises

your new lifestyle a habit. Evagelia grew up with health

you on a cellular level and ends cravings and over eating.

challenges, food addiction, over-eating and bingeing.

Living foods create detox in a safe way because we are

Studying natural hygiene and the living food lifestyle for

adding the good stuff and not just taking away the bad.

over seven years and applying various forms of it in her life, coupled with fasting, she found the solution to her eating disorder and was able to heal her physical and emotional body. Marlon says he loves everything about the mind – his Image: http://skinnybodycaretraining.wordpress.com

fascination of how it works and its capabilities led him into the fields of hypnotherapy, Theta Healing and NLP. He uses this to shift beliefs, change negative behaviour and help his clients achieve what they want in their lives.

Emotional eating Emotional symptoms of detox include feelings of anger, sadness and depression for no apparent reason. Why? Our emotional body is part of the subconscious mind and the subconscious mind is not just in your brain but in every one of your trillion cells. Our emotional body is directly linked to our diet and lifestyle and we cannot avoid this aspect of our health. Often, the reason we overeat is to numb the pain

Physical detox

associated with past experiences – anger, sadness,

Your body is the most miraculous creation and in its

regret, resentment and fear. Cooked food and processed

natural state is meant to glow with vibrant health, energy

food is a powerful stimulant that helps to bury these

and clarity. Your body has a trillion cells and they have

emotions. Eating stimulating foods acts as a distraction

more neurological connections than all the stars in the

from unhappiness, insecurity, and so on. This is why

Milky Way. It is teaming with life and light, so why do

eating becomes comforting and addictive. Removing

alth revolution ODYSSEY 191 • 

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stimulants allows the emotional body to release the residue from deep down. It is often scary if you do not know what is going on and how to deal with it, without running back into your comfort zone of eating, drinking, smoking, and so on.

Mental aspects The mental aspect of change is by our belief and understanding. The reason is that a decision that is unwavering can override any symptoms of fear or physical discomfort by merely attaching enough pleasure or pain to the external stimulus. Mental mastery is about perspective and when that is shifted towards what you want, and your actions follow, then you can only succeed. Marlon has a simple formula that he teaches to realign and gain perspective. That is T-F-A which means Thoughts – Feelings – Actions. Have you ever

asked yourself, 'Why did I do or eat that?' Well, in this case one can easily track back because an action would have followed feelings and thoughts before that. A lot of our actions are subconscious and when we bring awareness to them we have the opportunity to choose to keep that understanding, or not. For example: You wake up in the middle of the night, can't go back to sleep and find yourself in your fridge having a late night snack. Using the above formula you could track what thoughts you have that drove you to feel the urge to start eating. Once you have brought that to your attention it will be easier to make another choice of thought and therefore impact your feelings and actions for something healthier.

Transformation The Health Revolution is a life transformative process developed by Evagelia and Marlon August of the Conscious Healing Centre. It is a holistic journey of addressing the Physical and dietary aspect of health, weight and dis-ease while clearing the cause: The mental and emotional aspect of our results. Whereas many diets (and there are a lot) temporarily address the result and apply drastic measures to create a different result. The Health Revolution looks at the cause on the deepest level, the emotional body, the mental and subconscious causes and representations. Coupled with education on how to eat for optimal health with real live food, the result is permanent happy health. O

The Conscious Healing Centre will be hosting a free seminar in February where you can learn methodology and processes that can help you get on the track to a healthy you and also stand a chance to win free Health Revolution sessions to the value of R12 000. Email here with your name and postal address by 15 January 2014 to stand a chance to win

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Conscious Healing was created to help people find their way to mastery. There are many modalities, processes & paths that people can use in order to shift their paradigm. Our goal is to govern the environment, build the energy, philosophy & practice of looking within to find the resources. A professional setting with  an array of added value tools to help a small practice thrive. Rooms available both on a  contracted pay monthly basis or ad-hoc daily rental rooms. Teaching space for 20-30  max, available for trainers. Please feel free to join us at The Conscious Healing Centre. Our doors are always open and you are most welcome.

Evagelia Cell 082 831 6262 Marlon Cell 083 528 1447

19 Penguin Drive • Fourways • JHB


Samsung Smart Oven

The Samsung Smart Oven makes it easy to prepare a wide range of healthy and tasty food. With compact design and a stainless steel exterior, this next-generation microwave combines smart technology and high-quality cooking performance. Not only does its Smart Multi-Sensor make it easier to cook dishes to perfection, but the advanced fermentation technology helps you prepare fresh dough and yoghurt. Slim Fry technology even allows you to make crispy food without adding any oil.

Healthier & tastier eating Crispy chips with only 1 tablespoon of oil Prepare fresh bread easily with dough proof function Smart sensor for perfectly cooked food from frozen or fresh

The New Samsung Built-in Oven Demo

ď &#x161; 1

We have 1 Smart Oven to give away. Email here with your name and postal address by 13 January 2014 to stand a chance to win.

Easy cleaning & anti-bacterial Ceramic Enamel interior


food

Earthbound raises a glass to quaffing with a conscience Range of five Fairtrade and organically-certified varietals launched. While eating and living with a conscience is becoming more and more mainstream, what about conscious quaffing? With this in mind, a new local wine, Earthbound, has been launched. With a range of five varietals, four of which are certified organically-grown, the new wines have more depth to them than just complexity of character; they are grown using Fairtrade principles too. 'Earthbound wines have a conscience: from how the grapes are cultivated, to considering its carbon footprint from farm to fridge, to reinvesting in the land and its people. It's also a high quality wine that is easy-drinking with wide appeal,' says winemaker Samuel Viljoen, pictured below right. Earthbound has a long-standing legacy that is intricately linked to its place of origin and the people who produce the wine. Previously bottled under the popular label Tukulu, one of SA's foremost empowerment labels, the wine is today made by the same local farming community and continues to ensure strong compliance to its Fairtrade certification. 'Our grapes are sourced from certified producers and we ensure trading conditions are properly sustainable for both the land and

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the communities that work on it. In fact, for every bottle of Earthbound that is sold, R6.50 is reinvested into the farm and its people,' says Viljoen. He said the farm employs eco-sustainable principles too. For example, owl boxes accommodate these birds of prey, allowing them to control rodents, while steam weeders are used to destroy invasive plants with heat. And while the wines are low-sulphur, four are also organic. 'This means that the vineyards employ farming methods that produce the strongest and richest grapes possible with the fewest detrimental effects on the environment,' explains Viljoen. The vines were also certified by the global benchmark for quality, Société Générale de Surveillance (SGS), after a three-year conversion process. The full range can be foraged from Tops @ Spar, Cyber Cellar and Darling Wine Shop for between R45.00 (white) and R54.00 (red) RSP. Click here for more info.


Spaza

 3

Spaza

This SA lifestyle brand offers locally-crafted functional gifts and alternatives to everyday disposable consumables. Spaza Dish Covers are a beautiful alternative to plastic and ideal for covering platters, salads, side dishes or leftovers. Available in four self-adjusting sizes and colour coded for easy identification. 100% unbleached cotton and machine washable. Visit their online shop at www.spazastore.co.za, like them on Facebook here.

We have 3 Spaza sets to give away. Email here with your name and address by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

Fleur du Cap

Fleur du Cap's new Natural Light is a health-friendly wine that is the ideal choice to uplift your spirits, with its lower alcohol level (9.8 %) yet fruitful character. The new 2013 vintage which has just been released is a slightly off-dry, crisp and refreshing blend of 90% chenin blanc and 10% sauvignon blanc with enticing floral and tropical scents and just a hint of green pepper. Fleur du Cap Natural Light will set the tone for a laid back, guilt-free afternoon which means that you can indulge and enjoy life a little more responsibly, without having to compromise on taste. Fleur du Cap Natural Light 2013 is available at leading stores and sells for around R39 a bottle. For more info visit www.fleurducap.co.za

5.5% Alcohol Vol arniston-bay.com/infusions

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food

Nutirtionally balanced pizza Pizza is widely regarded as a member of the junk food gang. But, say British scientists, pizzas and many other nutritionally-dubious foods can be made nutritionally ideal.

OBiKWA

Bring the fun back into your kitchen by pairing your everyday meals with eco-friendly OBiKWA – the range of easy drinking wines with a different variety for every day of the week. Taking its commitment to a sustainable environment way beyond light-weight glass, OBIKWA adheres to eco-friendly practices throughout the entire wine production process. All their grape producers must comply with the requirements of the Integrated Production of Wine (IPW), the South African industry standard for enviro-sustainable practices. Consequently, all their wines carry the Sustainability Seal issued by the South African Wine & Spirit Board, the world’s first guarantee of eco-friendly production. OBiKWA is a down-to-earth range of easy drinking, quality cultivar wines expressing their true varietal character and rich, ethnic charm at an affordable price. www.obikwa.com

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'Traditional pizza should be a low-fat meal containing at least one portion of vegetables, so mainly made from ingredients associated with better cardiovascular health,' said Professor Mike Lean, a physician and nutritionist in the School of Medicine at the University of Glasgow. 'However, to enhance shelf-life, commercial pizza recipes today include much more fat and salt than desirable. Until now, nobody has stopped to notice that many essential vitamins and minerals are very low or even completely absent. From a nutrition and health perspective, they are hazardous junk.' The team of scientists, which also included Dr Emilie Combet, Amandine Jarlot and Kofi Aidoo of Glasgow Caledonian University analysed a total of 25 Margarita pizzas. They varied widely in calorie content, ranging from 200 to 562kcal. Few approached the 600kcal energy requirement that would make it a proper meal, so people may tend to eat something extra. Only six of 25 pizzas tested contained too much total fat, with eight having too much saturated fat while only two boasted a desirable level. The amount of sodium in most of the 25 pizzas was substantially over the recommended limit, with nine containing more than 1g per 600kcal serving. To constitute a healthy nutritionally-balanced meal, at least 45% of the energy intake should come from carbohydrates. Only five failed to meet this requirement, due to combined high fat and protein contents. Vitamin and mineral content information was mostly absent from the packaging, with only five providing this information in detail, and three having basic information. None met the recommended value for iron, vitamin C and vitamin A. Researchers then joined forces with an industrial food producer to modify a modern pizza recipe: reducing salt, adding whole-wheat flour, adding a small amount of Scottish seaweed to provide flavour, vitamin B12 and fibre, iron, vitamin A, vitamin B12 and iodine, adding red peppers provided extra vitamin C. The proportions of bread base to Mozzarella cheese was adjusted to correct the carbohydrate/fat/ protein ratios and minimise saturated fat content. After cooking, it was finally analysed in the laboratory. The team put the end result to a taste test with members of the public and both children and adults gave it the thumbs-up for taste and attractiveness. The world's first nutritionally-balanced pizzas were subsequently marketed by food company Eat Balanced.Com, and three flavours are available in various UK supermarkets. Source


The season of giving is upon us and we all know what a panic searching for gifts can cause. That is why leading health and wellness retailer, Wellness Warehouse, is here to make things easier for you this festive season. With an extensive list of gifts for you to choose from, Wellness Warehouse caters for everyone's needs. Why not do your bit for the environment this festive season by spoiling your loved ones with eco-friendly gifts? Or if you prefer adding a personal touch, you can always opt for DIY gifts from Wellness Warehouse stores or via the online shop. Here are just a few options.

Wonderbag

The Wonderbag was developed to ease the social, economic and enviro impacts of current global circumstances. It is a non-electric, heat-retention cooker that allows food that has been brought to a boil, to continue cooking after it has been removed from the fuel source. It’s taken years of passion, energy and perseverance to get Sarah Collins (pictured above) and the brand to where it is today. Their hope is to bring the Wonderbag to between 12-15 countries around the world by 2015. Wonderbag is a trusted and loved product that's already achieving global success and delivers life changing benefits for a relatively low, once-off cost. Simply put, Wonderbag is a catalyst for global change. Their brand is simple, honest, reliable, hard-working and authentic. For more info click here.

Wellness Olive Oil is a cold Pressed Extra Virgin Olive Oil. Rich full flavour and grassy aroma. The product is naturally cholesterol-free. Bos Organic Rooibos Tea is exclusively sourced from Klipopmekaar and the teabags are made from 'bioweb'; a new enviro-friendly packing material. The teabags are packaged in a lovely steel can, which makes for the perfect gift. Veld Fed Snack Sticks has no growth hormones as the animals do not come from feedlots. Their food is not filled with pesticides and they aren't given routine antibiotics. The biltong comes from farms with a commitment to natural farming and a respect for nature. Heaven on Earth Dessert Wine is a natural sweet dessert wine (vegan-friendly) and is light gold in colour. A very fragrant nose is reminiscent of roses, apricots and pine trees on a hot windless day. The wine is light in the mouth and has delicate flavours of the roses and apricots held together by wisps of Rooibos, ending with pine nuts. The wine has a good acidity that prevents a cloying sweetness and allows a clean finish. All these products are available at www.wellnesswarehouse.com

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reviews ODYSSEY 198 • 

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The Vegetarian Kitchen Melissa Bushby

Luscious Vegetarian Sonia Cabano & Jade de Waal

Random Struik • 978 1 77007 948 9

Random Struik • 978 177007 961 8

This book includes a comprehensive introduction to vegetarian and dairy-free cooking, as well as some background information on lactose intolerance and how to stock a vegan pantry. You will be inspired by the food photography, as well as by Mellissa's beautiful illustrations and easy-to-prepare recipes as she leads you on an appetising journey through her kitchen to a healthier way of eating and enjoying food. This beautifully illustrated cookbook features over 100 delicious vegetarian and lactose-free meals and is aimed at anyone who wants to eat meat-free, whether it's once a week, for a month or for life. The simple, healthy and wholesome recipes include soups, hearty main meals, easy-to-bake breads and delectable desserts.

Sonia and Jade's enthusiasm for flavourful cooking bursts from every page of Luscious Vegetarian. This book contains fun and easy-to-make vegetarian recipes, carefully chosen to satisfy the requirements of young professionals, bustling families and health-conscious hedonists alike. Using mostly local ingredients, the recipes cover the full range from quick and easy everyday dishes, light bites and simple snacks, through rejuvenation and detoxification with pure foods, to hedonistic feasts for celebrations and deeply satisfying soul food, as well as marvellous bakes and sweet treats. This cookbook is the beginning of an adventurous love affair with vegetarian cooking.

The Busy Mum's Vegetarian Cookbook Mary Gwynn Simon & Schuster • 978 0 85720 595 7

Mary Gwynn applies her 'Busy Mum's' philosophy to this inspirational collection of fail safe vegetarian recipes, all of which are tried, tested and family-approved. She knows exactly what busy mums need to help them juggle their hectic lives with feeding their families well. At the heart of this is the cleverly stocked store cupboard and fridge, and Mary's shopping tips and short cuts are just what you need to take the stress out of family mealtimes. There are ideas for everyday eating and packed lunches as well as for celebrations and parties, Christmas, and summer barbecues. Creating tasty, healthy dishes that will satisfy veggies and non-veggies alike is easy when you know how.


Vegetarian Bible Margaret Barca Penguin Books • 978 0 14 300855 2

Vegetarian food isn't – or, at least, shouldn't be – dull and boring. It should be adventurous and satisfying, a way of enjoying fresh and natural produce – from fruits and vegetables, pulses and grains, to nuts and seeds. A vegetarian meal can be rustic and robust, or as light and elegant as any fine dining. It doesn't matter why you have chosen not to eat meat, or whether you're a full-time vegetarian, a vegan, or just enjoy eating the occasional meal without meat, you will find recipes here that call on cultures from around the world, that use wonderful lush ingredients, that look good, taste good and are good for you. Vegetarian Bible has a dish to suit every occasion, from warming soups to crisp summer salads, spicy Asian stir-fries to hearty bean stews.

Low-Carb Living for families Monique le Roux Forslund Random Struik • 978 1 43230 124 8

The phrase 'low carb' has become the new buzz word, but what exactly does it mean, will it suit your and your family's lifestyle, and will it be easy to adapt your eating habits to this way of eating? In this book, Forslund answers all these questions and explains why reducing the carbohydrates and simultaneously increasing the consumption of natural, healthy fats is good for you and your family. She also cuts through the jungle of products and information that confront us in the media and on shelves, so that we can find our way to a healthy life of natural foods that will satisfy hunger and banish cravings. In addition to over 100 delicious and healthy recipes for breakfast, lunch, dinner, special occasions and snack time for the whole family (including babies), Low-Carb Living for Families provides easy-to-follow, practical tips and inspiration for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

Cook Eat Love Grow Louise Westerhout Random Struik • 978 1 43170 023 3

Louise Westerhout delights in cooking for her son (as well as her family and friends) and seeing the results of good and wholesome food, as well as happy mealtimes. For her, cooking, eating and growing is an integral part of the fun of life. This philosophy is reflected in her ideas and recipes for meals for babies upwards of four months, as well as dishes suitable for the whole family. There is an emphasis on organic food and most of the 70-odd recipes are wheat- and sugar-free, with many dairy-, egg- and gluten-free options as well. The text encourages parents without being prescriptive, yet it is simple and practical to eliminate guesswork when it comes to feeding babies and children.

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reviews

The 2-day diet Cookbook Dr Michelle Harvie & Prof Tony Howell Vermilion • 978 0 09 195468 0

This one is the clinically proven 5:2 diet developed by acclaimed scientists Dr Michelle Harvie and Prof Tony Howell at Genesis Breast Cancer. Their intermittent diet has taken the nation by storm as more and more people discover the diet that really works. It's not about counting calories, fasting or going hungry – simply follow the straightforward low-carb eating plan for two days per week then eat normally but sensibly for the other five. In this new beautifully illustrated cookbook, you'll find 65 delicious, healthy recipes for every day of the week, with ideas for both restricted and unrestricted days. On The 2-Day Diet you can enjoy filling, tasty food all day long – from breakfast through to dinner – and still lose more weight and up to twice as much fat as on a standard calorie-controlled

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diet. You will also benefit from a wide range of health benefits associated with the diet, such as reducing insulin and levels of other hormones and inflammation in the body known to cause cancer, lowering high blood pressure, and improving well-being, mood and energy levels. With nutritionally balanced, easy-to-prepare and delicious recipes like these, along with tips, meal plans and a quick-reference guide to what to eat, The 2-Day Diet Cookbook shows you how to love food, lose weight and keep it off forever.

My Granny's Pantry: A kitchen memoir Margaret Wasserfall 978 1 4314 0293 9

This charming memoir-cumcookbook, written by Margaret Wasserfall, well known as former editor of SA Garden and Home and SA Country Life, tells of the influence of her redoubtable Scottish grandmother as she grew up, not least in teaching her about food and cooking. Even if

it is a memoir it is filled with lots of classic recipes as well.

The Harvest Kitchen: A year of flavour on an organic farm Christine Stevens Jacana • 978 1 4314 0804 7

In her book Harvest, Christine shared her passion for growing things and taking food straight from the garden or paddock into the kitchen. The Harvest Kitchen builds upon this philosophy, and brings you more recipes to ensure good, quick (not fast) food with minimal effort. It is a recipe book about how better to use and preserve the fresh produce that is available by capturing the essence of seasonal ingredients to enhance your larder and your lifestyle.

Cook from the Heart: Food for every mood Alida Ryder Penguin • 978 0 1435 3844 8

These are recipes specially created to suit your mood – food that


will give you a lift when you are feeling down, add that extra bit of joy to your celebrations, turn a romantic occasion into something fantastic, enhance moments of calm and serenity, and even cover those days when you feel too lazy to cook but need to feed yourself and your family. Let Alida enthusiasm inspire you with her fresh ideas and her easy to follow instructions and cook scrumptious food, whatever your mood. Apart from her expertise in the kitchen, she is a food stylist, photographer, award-winning blogger and the mother of twins.

Dr Mao's Secrets of Longevity Cookbook Dr Mao Shing Ni Andrew McMeel Publishing 978 1 4494 2761 0

You hold the key to your own longevity, and it starts by respecting your body and eating a healing diet of living natural foods. This cookbook shares recipes from some of the most famous centenarians. Known as 'Doctor

to the stars,' Mao Shing Ni, MD extends the thoughts presented inside his international best-seller Secrets of Longevity and translates those ideas into kitchen-friendly palate-pleasing recipes that promise to improve health, happiness, and longevity. Bite-sized tips are offered alongside 75 easily prepared, flavourful recipes that describe the health benefits of each dish. He focuses on using fresh food and he makes use of the top ten healing and longevity foods, in particular.

Crazy Sexy Kitchen Kris Carr & Chef Chad Sarno Hayhouse • 978 1 4019 4104 8

The woman who made prevention hot is now making it delicious. Crazy Sexy Kitchen, the follow-up to Kris Carr's New York Times bestseller Crazy Sexy Diet, is a Veggie Manifesto for plant-empowered gourmands and novices alike, and it's filled with inspiration, education, cooking tips, and over 150 nourishing, nosh-worthy recipes. Infused

with her signature humour, style, and personal stories, Crazy Sexy Kitchen redefines the kitchen as headquarters for the wellness revolution. The goodness born in the Crazy Sexy Kitchen will reach deep into the rest of your life-enriching your health, your home, your heart, and the planet. Crazy Sexy Kitchen gives readers all the tools and know-how needed to adopt a joyful and vibrant lifestyle. A nutrient-dense, plant-happy approach to eating and living that harmonizes your beautiful body at the cellular level. It's a celebratory way of life that's deeply connected, healthy, awake and engaged. Now that's SEXY. Joined by Whole Foods chef, Chad Sarno, Crazy Sexy Kitchen offers over 150 delicious, nutrient-dense recipes designed to nourish the mind, body, and soul. From juicing to planning a three-course meal, Crazy Sexy Kitchen has all the essentials to fill your kitchen (and life.) with health, happiness, family, friends, and good times.

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A D V ER T ORIAL

clearing carbs & sugar Exercise and sport expert Professor Tim Noakes’ diet low in carbohydrates and high in healthy fats, is revolutionising conventional thinking about weight loss and well-being, and converts are throwing out carbs and sugar in favour of healthy fats and protein. Now, the launch of The Real Meal Revolution diet and recipe book by Tim Noakes, Sally-Ann Creed, Jonno Proudfoot, David Grier, and published by Quivertree Publications, is spurring frustrated dieters across South Africa to adopt a new approach to food.

T

he Real Meal Revolution is set to change lives and grocery lists, one meal at a time. The book is based on thorough research, which is shattering conventional beliefs about weight loss, heart health, obesity and cholesterol as well as many other health related issues. Grocery retailer Wellness Warehouse, which hosted the packed Cape Town Launch of the book and now is expecting an influx of dieters in search of specific products on the eating plan, has accommodated the diet on its shelves, including a 'Starter Pack' with the book. Sean Gomes, MD of Wellness Warehouse says: 'We support healthy eating in every form, and this diet has proved to be very successful in dealing with obesity, insulin resistance and heart health in a large number of people.' 'The "Banting" diet on which Tim Noakes has based his research, requires a radical change in food buying and preparation. In conjunction with the launch of the book, we are offering consumers the opportunity to purchase a starter kit, which will help kick-start their journey to better health. The starter kit contains olive and coconut oils, nuts and suitable snacks, plus a number of less common ingredients used in the book such as: coconut and almond flours, psyllium

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husks, raw linseed and tahini spread,' says Gomes. 'For the diet to work, it helps to have almond flour or psyllium husks to use in place of traditional starches, plus nuts, healthy oils, nut butters and biltong on hand to ensure you are eating enough healthy fat' The crack squad behind the Real Meal Revolution – scientist Tim Noakes, nutritionist Sally-Ann Creed and chef-athletes Jonno Proudfoot and David Grier – have walked, or in some cases, run the hard yards through the gauntlets of nutritional science and self-experimentation. The revelatory stance and the mouth-watering recipes in this book are the result of their experience combined with overwhelming scientific evidence. With people following the diet reporting more energy, less (or no cravings), better blood glucose and insulin readings, weight loss and better sleeping habits, it's no surprise people are queuing up to join the revolution. The Real Meal Revolution book (R298 including VAT) and the Wellness Warehouse starter kit (R899 including VAT) are available from Wellness Warehouse stores or through the online shop. For more information see ad below.


4TheKids

animal-friendly activities

6

for your kids

If your children aren't able to come into contact with mammals in the wild, aquariums provide a good second option

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While the end of a school term or an impromptu public holiday may feel like bliss to your children, the idea of long boring days, kids running amok, or spending too much time playing video games may not feel so blissful to the parent. Here we look at encouraging a healthy respect for animals which in turn develops children's social values.

cage and tame wild animals, and that their welfare is not as important as peoples entertainment. Remember that after you go home that animal remains in that cage, for the rest of its life. 'Weekends and public holidays offer a great opportunity to instil positive, lifelong, values in your children, outside of the classroom, without them realising,' says Ainsley Hay, Manager of the Wildlife Unit of the NSPCA. To foster healthy growth and respect for animals, the NSPCA recommends the following activities to keep your child occupied this holiday:

1

Support a local wildlife reserve where wild animals are left in the wild or a bona fide sanctuary that provides a safe haven and refuge for wild animals that

were saved from the captive wildlife industry. It is very important that these sanctuaries do not compromise the animals welfare and allow any breeding of animals, or any human animal interaction. The animals should be able to live as natural a life as possible, without being subjected to the stressors of close human contact or being ridden or forced to perform.

ahead to include activities that teach a sense of responsibility; and think twice before heading off

to the zoo, a circus, or a facility that encourages direct human interaction such as riding an elephant or ostrich, or petting a wild or farmed animal. 'Children have a natural affinity for animals, but entertainment that focuses around restricting the natural behaviours or movement of the animal or where the animal behaves in a way that it wouldn't naturally, such as animal circuses, petting farms, and most zoos, fosters an irresponsible behaviour towards animals,' says Marcelle Meredith, the Executive Director of National Council of SPCAs (NSPCA).

The NSPCA states that these types of facilities add no constructive education value to the public and little conservation value for the animals. Children and adults are not taught to view these animals as wild, complex animals that are not suited for captivity. Captive wild animals are unable to perform natural behaviours and enjoy normal social bonds. They are deprived of everything that is natural and normal to them, and captive breeding does not diminish their needs for natural situations. By viewing wild animals in captivity, children and adults are taught that it is acceptable to

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2

Visit one of our pristine National Parks or open spaces, such as Table Mountain in the Western Cape, Garden Route National Park in the Eastern Cape, or the

Cradle of Humankind in Gauteng. Look carefully and see how many animals, birds and insects you and your child can discover. These adventures can also occur in your garden as we are blessed with an abundance of urban wildlife.

3

H

ome for the holidays? Don't fret, but plan

Don't forget your fur-babies; take your own (or a neighbour's) dogs for a walk, hike, or a trip to the park. Not only will your four-pawed friend thank you, but you will

Weekends and public holidays offer a great opportunity to instil positive, lifelong, values in your children, outside of the classroom, without them realising.

Ainsley Hay, Manager, Wildlife Unit of the NSPCA


Home gardens with abundant insect life (and your guidance) can even become a mini nature school for your child

help to instil responsibility and a caring attitude in your child towards animals that will last a lifetime.

4

Children love to learn and are like little sponges – plan a trip to the library to find large books with colourful photos. Take this time to sit with your children and answer their

questions, explain why animals are suited to different habitats and why it is important they remain in the wild.

5

taKE your older children to volunteer at AN SPCA. For

6

parent/guardian signs an indemnity form, your child will most likely groom the dogs and cats and play with the puppies. Depending on how busy the branch is, your child may be able to

volunteer once a month or once a week. As your child gains experience and confidence they may be able to take on more responsibility.

Encourage your child to support the SPCA – by collecting blankets, newspapers, as well as dog and cat food that can be dropped off at your nearest SPCA. Take the opportunity to foster your child's love and respect

children who are at least 13-years-old, this

for animals; and reinforce these values through your own

can be the most rewarding and educational ongoing

actions. This will help your child develop social values that

experience. Each SPCA is autonomous so please check

last a lifetime and has the potential to raise generations of

with your branch on their requirements first; but once a

positive, productive and altruistic individuals. O

Kids that engage with pets helps to instil responsibility and a caring attitude towards animals

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Image: http://2.bp.blogspot.com

Hair lice & 

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• 

4TheKids


One of the tell-tale signs of winter here in the Cape, is the fact that I receive fewer calls from desperate mothers who are looking for a natural lice treatment for their child. Mothers who are horrified that this little parasite has wreaked such havoc and consternation in their household and they are desperate to get rid of it. Now that we are in the summer months, the calls have started coming in more frequently – the same horror and desperation in the voices. Giulia Criscuolo looks at some lice treatments that you can use on your children.

L

ice are active all year round, but there seems to be more activity during the summer months. Last summer, we had a national outbreak of

head lice plaguing SA schools. The pandemic particularly affected the Western Cape and Gauteng with high numbers of children being booked off school. Head lice are small wingless parasites that feed on tiny amounts of blood. Lice bites cause itching which result in skin irritation and even infection.

know?d u o y d i D ly-derive

cal contain Chemim poos lice shan-derivates thaact e silico arm the surf en may h g epithelia wh of lun inhaled.

Everyone is at risk of getting infected, as head lice are extremely contagious. However, children aged three to 12 years are most prone as they often play very close together. Head lice is spread by coming into direct contact with someone who is already infected with lice and also by sharing hats, towels, pillows, combs or brushes with an infected person. Though they can't fly or jump, these tiny parasites have specially adapted claws which allow them to crawl and cling to hair.

 your child Despite being tiny, lice can be seen by the naked eye.

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Lice eggs or nits look like small yellow, tan or brown dots before they hatch, often mistaken for dandruff. Nits are laid on the hair shaft close to the skin's surface where they are kept warm until they hatch within a week or two.

After 3 hours: 94% of head lice killed with the product containing the neem tree extract.1 Another study carried out at the Zoology Department, Faculty of Science Cairo University, Giza, Egypt showed

Once hatched, the lice, or nymphs, turn a greyish-white

that the neem seed extract shampoo proved to be highly

or tan colour and are no bigger than a sesame seed. The

effective against all stages of head lice.2 No obvious

nymphs become adult lice two weeks after hatching, feeding

differences regarding the efficacy of the shampoo were

on blood several times a day. Nymphs can survive up to two

observed between an exposure time of 10, 15 or 30

days off the scalp without food.

minutes. No side-effects, such as skin irritation, burning

Once bitten, itching and scratching commences, leading to small red bumps or sores. The irritation varies from mild

sensations, red spots on the scalp, forehead or neck, respectively were observed.

to a painful rash where there is excessive scratching, often leading to bacterial infections. There are many anti-lice products available, with most containing potentially harmful chemicals or insecticides such as pyrethrin or permethrin. These powerful chemicals may lead to burning and cases have been reported of permeation into the scalp. Nature-based remedies are becoming increasingly popular and have proved effective. Apart from the dangers to the skin, lice can become resistant to chemical products, making natural products safer and effective for longer.

Insecticides & your child Many lice shampoos contain insecticides. It can be extremely dangerous to apply pesticides to our child's head for treating head lice. Here is what some recognised authorities are saying. 'Sometimes the medicine is worse than the disease. It is unfortunate that well-intentioned parents treating their children with toxic or flammable substances have caused deaths and poisonings', Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard School of Public Health. 'There is absolutely no need to expose children to any

Natural treatment

pesticide to treat head lice,' Marion Moses MD, Designer

There are many natural herbs that are active against lice,

Poisons.

including the MelAza extract. The MelAza extract comprises

The scalp has many blood vessels that are close to the

a special neem seed extract. Neem seed oil has been used in

skin, making it easy for toxic substances to be absorbed

Indian Ayurveda to treat lice for thousands of years.

directly into the blood stream. To make matters worse,

The MelAza extract:

children have a less mature immune system and enzyme

Is a natural remedy against head lice;

system to protect them from, and detoxify them of, these

Contains ingredients that cause the lice to be paralysed

chemicals.

and then they can then be easily removed by combing; and Disturbs the chitin synthesis (essential component of the skeleton of the lice).

There are two main pesticides used in most head lice products available today: lindane and pyrethrins. These pesticides are absorbed through the skin and into

For many people and practitioners, topical compounds

the blood stream and can potentially lead to neurotoxic

based on insecticidal chemicals are the mainstay of head

disorders, aplastic anaemia, leukaemia and other blood

lice treatment. However, resistance is increasing, and

disorders.

alternatives, such as herbs and oils are being sold to treat head lice.

Pyrethrins and pyrethrum are pesticides made from a type of chrysanthemum flower. Synthetic pyrethroids (permethrins) are chemical imitations of these natural

Natural vs chemical treatments In a study carried out by the Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Federal University of Ceara, Fortaleza, Brazil, a commercial shampoo was tested based

• 

nervous system and also cause allergies.

Avoiding re-infestation

in vitro effect and it was compared to a permethrin-based

A very important feature to remember with any lice

product. The results showed that the neem shampoo was

treatment is that most of these treatments do not penetrate

more effective than the permethrin-based product:

the egg shell and so it is imperative that the eggs be

contains permethrin.

DIGIMAG

Bottom line: they are toxic and they attack the brain and

on seed extract of Azadirachta indica (neem tree) for its

After 3 hours: 74% of head lice killed with a product that

ODYSSEY 208

products.

removed manually, using a good quality lice comb, after the initial shampoo. I would recommend daily lice inspections


of the hair for lice and also for nits. The nits look a bit like

Whenever I give a talk or training session on the subject

dandruff, but they stick very tightly to the hair shaft and

of lice, within a few minutes, many people are already

cannot be easily removed, hence the need for a lice comb.

scratching their heads and looking rather uncomfortable,

If you just rely on the lice shampoos and do not manually

and perhaps you have also succumbed to this uneasy feeling

remove the nits, the lice will hatch and re-infect the hair.

after reading this article. But the good news is that head lice

Also, the nits that still contain larva are usually close to the

are not dangerous and can be removed and treated very

scalp and are more yellowish in colour. The eggs that have

successfully. There are many natural products out there in

hatched are further away from the scalp and are usually

the marketplace that can eliminate these little critters and

whiter in colour.

there are also products available that one can spray onto the

Sometimes it is also helpful to cut long hair that is

hair which can prevent your child getting infected with lice in

infected with lice, as it makes the whole episode much more

the first place. So mothers and fathers, do not despair and

manageable.

remember to check your child's head every day the moment

Another very important aspect of any lice treatment is

you hear about a lice outbreak in your child's school. O

re-application. After the first application of the lice shampoo, the live lice will be killed and will wash off. But the lice eggs will not be killed because the active ingredient cannot enter the shell. The lice that hatch out of the shell will be killed with the second treatment. It is advisable to do the second

References: 1 Jörg Heukelbach et. al. A new shampoo based on neem is highly effective against head lice in vitro, Parasitol Res (2006) 99: 353-356 •

2

  Abdel-Ghaffar. F et al Efficacy Of Neem Seed Extract

Shampoo On Head Lice Of Naturally Infected Humans In Egypt, Parasitol Res 2007 Jan; 100(2):329-32, Epub 2006 Aug 10 • 3 Comparative In

treatment after about 10 days, as some eggs need nine days

Vitro Tests On The Efficacy And Safety Of 13 Anti-Head-Lice Products,

to hatch. It is also possible to do the second treatment after

Abdel-Ghaffar F, Semmler M, Al-Rasheid K Klimpel S, Mehlhorn H,

five days and to then do a third treatment after another

Parasitol Res (2010) 106:423-429

five days.

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ODYSSEY 209 • 

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reviews

heroes of olympus: The House of Haydes Rick Riordan Penguin • 978 0 1413 3919 1 This the fourth book in the bestselling Heroes of Olympus series, set in the action-packed world of Percy Jackson. In this one, the stakes have never been higher. If Percy and Annabeth fail in their quest, there will be hell on Earth – literally. Wandering the deadly realm of Tartarus, every step leads them further into danger. And, if by some miracle they do make it to the 'Doors of Death', there's a legion of bloodthirsty monsters waiting for them. Meanwhile, Hazel and the crew of the Argo II have a choice: to stop a war or save their friends. Whichever road they take, one thing is certain – in the Underworld, evil is inescapable.

The Kane Chronicles: The Red Pyramid Rick Riordan Puffin • 978 0 1413 5039 4 The heart-stopping action and magic of Percy Jackson creator Rick Riordan's bestselling novel The Kane Chronicles: The Red Pyramid comes to life in this graphic novel retelling. The story follows Carter and Sadie Ken, whose father's secret plan goes horribly wrong. An explosion shatters the ancient Rosetta stone and unleashes Set, the evil god of chaos, who imprisons Dr Kane in a golden coffin and Carter and Sadie must run for their lives. To save their dad, they embark on a terrifying quest from Cairo to Paris, to the American South-west and discover the truth about their family's connection to the House of Life – an Egyptian temple of magic that has existed for thousands of years. The pharaohs of ancient Egypt are far from dead and buried. And so, unfortunately, are their gods.

 2

MISSION SURVIVAL: Claws of the Crocodile Bear Grylls Random House • 978 0 8575 3222 0 The Mission Survival books follow Beck Granger on his adventures into some of the world’s most inhospitable places, facing unknown dangers and exciting quests of survival. In this one, Granger follows a mysterious clue to the town of Broome in Northern Australia, it is just the beginning of an adventure that will force him into some of his toughest survival challenges yet. The search for clues takes Beck into the heart of the Outback, where he must battle raging storms, ravenous crocodiles, cunning villains and a secret that may link back to the death of his parents many years ago. A gripping Australian adventure packed with real survival details and dangers at every turn.

We have 2 copies of Claws of the Crocodile to give away. Email here with your full name and postal address details by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

The Immortals of Meluha Amish Tripathi Jo Fletcher Books • 978 1 7808 7400 5 The setting for this first book of the Shiva trilogy is 1900 BC. The once-proud Suryavanshi rulers of the Meluha Empire are in dire peril and the empire’s primary river, the Saraswathi, is slowly drying up. There are devastating terrorist attacks from the east, the land of the Chandravanshis – and to make matters worse, these Chandravanshis appear to have allied with the Nagas, an ostracised race of deformed humans with astonishing martial skills. The only hope for the Suryavanshis is an ancient prophecy that says that when evil reaches epic proportions and all seems lost, a hero will emerge.

We have 3 copies of The Immortals of Meluha to give away. Email here with your full name and postal address details by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

ODYSSEY 210 • 

DIGIMAG

 3


Chris P Bacon: My Life So Far Len Lucero & Kristina Tracy Hay House • 978 1 4019 4439 1

 2

Chris P Bacon is an adorable baby pig that was born without the use of his back legs and became a YouTube and talk-show sensation when his adopted dad, veterinarian Len Lucero, posted a video online of tiny Chris learning how to use a cart made out of toys. This determined piglet soon mastered the device and was rolling to interviews across the country. Here, in his first book, this inspiring little guy tells the story of his life so far.

We have 2 copies of Chris P Bacon to give away. Email here with your full name and postal address details by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

The Children’s Madiba: The Life Story of Nelson Mandela Sean Fraser Puffin • 978 0 1435 3852 3 This is the story of how a young Xhosa herdboy became the first black president of South Africa. As he studied and became a lawyer in Johannesburg, Nelson Mandela saw how unfair the laws of the country were to black people, and how they suffered because of it. So, Mandela decided to devote his life to fighting the government’s big plan called apartheid. Apartheid meant that black and white people were kept apart and that the best of everything was for white people only. His life’s work got him into trouble, and he was eventually locked up for 27 years. But when he got out of there, everything had changed, and he was made the first-ever president of all the people of the land, black and white. He became a hero for all in South Africa and the world over, and this book tells his story. Available from Penguin.

My Gaia: Colour-in & Activity Book Chantelle Myburgh & Morné Venter

Aquarius Rising • 978 1 3806 0939 9

Chantelle Myburgh, author of My Gaia: Handbook for Tomorrow's Leaders, Healers and Teachers and Morné Venter have joined forces again to create this fun book for kids. Based on the principles of Myburgh's book, it is crammed with a variety of great colour-in pictures, activities and fun projects for all the nunu guru's in today's challenging world.

We have 3 copies of My Gaia to give away. Email here with your full name and postal address details by 15 Jan 2014 to stand a chance to win.

 3

Great Kids: Strengthening Their Natural Potential Written by local psychologist Carol Surya, the recently released practical parenting book, Great Kids, strengthening their natural potential, is about learning to boost a child’s natural inner potential. It offers easy to follow, highly effective tools for respectful disciplining, establishing security and building self-esteem. InnerMagic, also by Carol Surya, is an interactive board game that improves self esteem, enhancing all areas of development, while teaching children to express and manage their feelings. Both stem from professional experience gained by Carol Surya over the last seventeen years working with a diverse range of children (and their parents), from various cultures across the world.

ODYSSEY 211 • 

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film

MANDELA: Long Walk to Freedom Mandela: Long Walk to Freedom is based on former SA President Nelson Mandela's autobiography of the same name, which chronicles his early life, coming of age, education and 27 years in prison before becoming President and working to rebuild the country's once segregated society. The film's producer Anant Singh started working on the project after interviewing Mandela while he was still imprisoned two decades ago. Following the publication of the autobiography, Singh was granted the rights to the film adaptation, which was completed 16 years later by screenwriter William Nicholson and brought to the screen by director Justin Chadwick (who last directed The Other Boleyn Girl). Playing the iconic character is Idris Elba who gives a powerful and towering performance. The film received positive early reviews, and Scott Foundas of popular Hollywood magazine Variety said the film 'never opts for a light touch when a sledgehammer will do'. In cinemas now.

HUNGER GAMES: Catching Fire In this second instalment in the adaptations of Suzanne Collins popular teen adventure series The Hunger Games, Katniss Everdeen has returned home after winning the 74th Annual Hunger Games along with fellow tribute Peeta Mellark. Winning means that they must turn around and leave their family and close friends, embarking on a 'Victor's Tour' of the districts. Along the way Katniss senses that a rebellion is simmering, but the Capitol is still very much in control as President Snow prepares the 75th Annual Hunger Games (The Quarter Quell) a competition that could change Panem forever. Returning in their roles as the Hunger Games victors are Jennifer Lawrence as Katniss and Josh Hutcherson as Peeta. The film's supporting cast is filled out with Phillip Seymour Hoffman, Sam Claflin, Jena Malone, Lynn Cohen, Meta Golding, Amanda Plummer, and Jeffrey Wrightbrought, and is directed by Francis Lawrence who was hired to replace the first movie's director Gary Ross who left production early on.

ODYSSEY 212 • 

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In cinemas now


The HOBBIT: The Desolation of Smaug This film continues the events of Peter Jackson's first Hobbit movie, An Unexpected Journey, and once again stars Martin Freeman as the reluctant hobbit, Bilbo Baggins, Ian McKellen as the great wizard, Gandalf, and Richard Armitage as Thorin Oakenshield, leader of the dwarves. The film also stars Evangeline Lilly, Lee Pace, Luke Evans, Ken Stott, James Nesbitt and Orlando Bloom (who reprises his role as Legolas from the Lord of the Rings trilogy). This instalment sees Bilbo, Gandalf and the dwarves continue to the edge of the forest of Mirkwood where they encounter the skin-changer Beorn. Gandalf departs before the others enter Mirkwood where they are attacked by giant spiders and, except for Bilbo, are captured by Wood-elves. Bilbo then helps the dwarves escape from the elves and they follow the forest river to Lake-town, where they acquire a boat and supplies and they travel to the Lonely Mountain. They eventually find the hidden door into the mountain where Bilbo enters and encounters the dragon Smaug (voiced by Benedict Cumberbacht). Release date: 13 Dec

FROZEN In this animated adventure, a prophecy traps a kingdom in eternal winter, and Anna (voice of Kristen Bell), a fearless optimist, teams up with extreme mountain man Kristoff (voice of Jonathan Groff) and his sidekick reindeer Sven on an epic journey to find Anna's sister Elsa (voice of Idina Menzel), the Snow Queen, and put an end to her icy spell. Encountering the likes of mystical trolls, the movie's excellent comic relief snowman named Olaf and everest-like extremes and magic at every turn, Anna and Kristoff battle the elements in a race to save the kingdom from destruction. If your kids (and maybe even yourself) liked Tangled and Wreck-It Ralph, this daring comedy-adventure will be fun for the whole family. Release date: 20 Dec

ODYSSEY 213 • 

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Paulo's Column ODYSSEY 214 • 

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a little bit on

Sufism 'I have told Sufi stories in many of these columns and some of them featured their main character, Nasrudin – the fool that is always able to be more intelligent than the wise men, surprising readers with his actions. Today, I would like to set these stories aside for a bit and write a little about the subject itself,' says Paulo Coelho.

T

he encyclopedic definition describes Sufism as

I asked one of them what he had felt. 'I have been

Islamic esoterism. For this reason, it was always

in contact with the energy of the Universe,' he answered.

very poorly welcomed in the Muslim world. It

'God went through my soul'.

originated around the 10th century and has the following

principle: through a series of non-conventional religious

'Do we need to do something else? Have a special faith, adopt a constant practice?' I asked.

practices, the faithful may attain a direct connection to

'According to one of the most important theologian

God. Dancing is among the most common practice and

of the Islam, Sufism is not a doctrine, not even a

the transmission of its philosophy is carried out through

faith system. It is an enlightenment tradition through

small legends.

everything that is dynamic.'

On the second day of my visit to Iran, I was invited

Abu Muhammad Mutaish says: 'Sufi is the one whose

to attend to a Sufi ceremony. In a small apartment in

thought walks at the same speed as his feet.' That is, his

Teheran, with turned-off lights, lighted candles and

soul is where his body is, and vice-versa. Where a Sufi

sounding percussion instruments, I could see how this

is, there is also everything he is: the worker, the mystic,

spiritual tradition preserves its purity up to this day.

the intellectual, the contemplative, the one who has fun.

The meeting began at nine o’clock at night. For almost

As I said in the beginning, the majority of the Sufi

an hour, a man with a voice that seemed to come from

teachings come through popular stories, full of ironies.

the depth of his soul sang in a monochord tone. When

Not to skip the rule, I will end this column with one of

he stopped singing, the percussion instruments began to

them.

be played in a very similar rhythm of the one we see in Afro-Brazilian ceremonies.

Nasrudin, the foolish master of Sufism, had a buffalo. The buffalo’s separated horns made him think that if he

Following the same ritual line of these religions we

was able to sit between them, it would feel like being

know so well, some men got up (we were all sitting

seated on a throne. One day, when the animal was

around an empty space in the middle of the room) and

distracted, he walked in his direction and did what he had

began to turn around themselves.

imagined. At that moment, the buffalo got up and threw

The ceremony took an hour, during which the dancers laughed out laud, said incomprehensible words – even

him far from there. His wife, as she saw that, began to cry.

for the people speaking Persian – and appeared to be

'Don’t cry,' said Nasrudin, as soon as he was able to

in a profound trance. Slowly they stopped turning, the

recover. 'I had my suffering, but at least I actualised my

percussion slowed down and the lights in the room were

desire.'

turned on.

©Translated by James Mulholland • Travel with Paulo through his blogs, visit www.paulocoelhoblog.com

ODYSSEY 215 • 

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ODYSSEY 216 • 

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2ď &#x161;

We have TWO copies of each of these Hay House titles to giveaway. Simply send your full name and postal details as well as the title of the book here by Jan 15 2014 to stand a chance of winning.

Odyssey Magazine Issue 6, 2013  

The last edition of 2013 for South Africa's leading integrated lifestyle magazine - and it's a BUMPER too packed with interesting reads and...

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