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Journal for Effective Schools

Volume 11, Number 1

public education pay off in increased student achievement. To do this, school districts will have to ensure that resources are efficiently and effectively used for teaching and learning. School district budgeting should focus on a framework that aims on achieving this goal. This framework includes an emphasis on transparency and stakeholder involvement, data-driven decision making, focusing on teaching and learning, and re-allocating resources. This performance-based budgeting structure requires hard work, dedication, and perseverance but it also affords school districts the opportunity to align resources to where they will help address issues like the achievement gap between different categories of students and the need to increase overall student achievement. References Archibald, S. (2006). Narrowing in on educational resources that do affect student achievement. Peabody Journal of Education, 81(4), 23-42. Baker, B. D., Sciarra, D. G., & Farrie, D. (2010). Is School Funding Fair?: A National Report Card. Retrieved June 30, 2011, http://schoolfundingfairness.org/National_Report_Card.pdf Burke, J., & State University of New York, A. (1997, January 1). Performance-funding indicators: Concerns, values, and models for two- and four-year colleges and universities. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED407910) Retrieved June 21, 2007, from ERIC database. Center on Education Policy. (2008). Has student achievement increased since 2002?: State test score trends through 2006-07. Washington, DC: Author. Davis, O. A., Dempster, M. A. H., & Wildavsky, A. (1966, Sep.). A theory of the budgetary process. The American Political Science Review, 60(3), 529-547. Dean, M. M. (2007, November 15). PA study: State underfunding schools by $4.6B a year. Philadelphia Dailey Press. Retrieved November 21, 2007, from http://www.philly.com/daileynews/local/20071116_Pa_study_State_under funding_schools_by_4_6B_a_year.html Edwards, B. (2011). EdSource Report: School Finance Highlights 2010-2011. Retrieved June 30, 2011, http://www.edsource.org/pub11-school-financehighlights.html Friedman, M., & Finance Project, W. (1996, September 1). A Strategy Map for ResultsBased Budgeting: Moving from Theory to Practice. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED400102) Retrieved July 2, 2007, from ERIC database. Gehring, J. (2002, May 15). Standard & Poor's studies school spending in Pennsylvania. Education Week. 21(36), 20. Hanushek, E. A. (1989). The impact of differential expenditures on school performance. Educational Researcher, 18, 45-51. Hartman, W. T. (1988). School District Budgeting. Eaglewood, New Jersey: PrenticeHall. 81

Journal for Effective Schools - Spring 2013  

Vol. 11, #1

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