A Cancer Type You Should Know About
Odeta Stuikys Rose
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells, it happens when there is a problem with blood cells production. Leukemia usually affects white blood cells (WBSs). White blood cells are a vital part of your immune system. WBCs protect our body from assault by bacteria, viruses, fungi, abnormal cells and other foreign substances. In the United States, 60 thousand people are expected to receive a diagnosis of leukemia in 2017, and around 24,500 deaths will likely be due to this disease.
Risk factors for leukemia Here are some risk factors for leukemia, which may increase your risk of leukemia • A family history of leukemia • Smoking • Genetic disorders • Blood disorders • Exposure to high levels of radiation
Types of leukemia There are four main types of leukemia: 1. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) – Occur in children and adults. 2. Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) – Occurs mostly in children. 3. Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) - Affects mostly adults. 4. Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) - Affect people over the age of 55.
Symptoms of leukemia • The symptoms of leukemia are : • Excessive sweating, especially at night • Fatigue and weakness • Weight loss • Bone pain • Enlargement of the liver • Red spots on the skin
Leukemia treatment Leukemia treated by doctors who specialize in blood disorders and cancer called hematologistoncologist. However, treatment for leukemia usually involves one or more of the following: Chemotherapy – In chemotherapy, doctors use drugs to kill leukemia cells. Radiation therapy – In this therapy doctor uses high-energy radiation to damage leukemia cells and inhibit their growth. Stem cell transplantation - Doctors replaces diseased bone marrow with healthy bone marrow. Biological therapy - Doctor uses treatments that help your immune system recognize and attack cancer cells.