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United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

OCCUPIED PALESTINIAN TERRITORY

OCHA oPt Presentation March 2008

Drought, Frost and Vulnerability


Vulnerable herding communities

179 12,694 85,687 761,640

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Communities Households Persons Small ruminants (60 per household)

Click here to activate map layers Palestinian Localities Oslo A&B Affected Localities Main Roads

N째

Barrier Closure Settlements, NR and military zones 0

5 Mil es

10


Drought and Frost Rainfall: Northern West Bank Average: 660ml In 2007/8: 425ml (64%) Southern West Bank Average: 595ml In 2007/8: 328ml (55%)

Frost: February 2008 the most severe for “more than 40 years�


Barren Grazing Land


Consequences

Water Shortage for: Drinking for human and livestock Vegetation on grazing land Crops for fodder

Frost Damage caused: Increased mortality of new born lambs Destruction of vegetation (crops and grazing)


Pre-existing Vulnerability POVERTY caused by: • Closure • Doubling of fodder prices (850 NIS in 2007 - 1,700 NIS in 2008) • High cost of water (national average 20 NIS/m3, South Hebron 75 NIS/m3) • Marginalised – Area C • No alternative livelihoods


Living Conditions


Needs Identified in the CAP 2008 Agriculture Fodder, shelter for lambs and veterinary kits WATSAN Tankered water, new filling points Food Security Food aid, better nutritional security Health Primary health care (equipment, mobile clinic and training) Shelter Minimal weatherproofing of homes


CAP 2008 Response Plan Sector

Description

Agriculture

Jordan Valley: diversifying food, income production WBGS: animal hygiene, health and feeding Emergency Contingency Fund

WATSAN

Health

1,200,000 838,800 1,000,000

SW Hebron: rainwater cisterns and herding support 

920,000

Jerusalem, Jericho and Ramallah emergency ration  fodder

2,434,250

Rehabilitation of small agricultural infrastructure

1,570,000

Backyard farming and small cottage industry

Food

Funds requested

200,000

Emergency Support for Bedouin

    242,000

Emergency Support for Bedouin

 1,500,000

Emergency food aid

2,275,000

Emergency food aid

4,484,842

Rehabilitating water networks

411,950

Water tankers, filling points

1,861,131

Two mobile clinics to remote communities

1,436,173


Funding to Date

$ ZERO


Additional Funding Agriculture $ 36,000,000 WATSAN $ 3,990,068 Food Security $ 3,362,129 Health $ 366,840 Shelter $ 995,985 TOTAL

$ 44,715,022 (N.B. $3,6 million already allocated to agriculture, health and shelter)


Implications of Lack of Funding •Collapse of herding as a livelihood •Intensification of poverty •Aid dependency to meet basic needs •Abandonment of land •Risking access to land •Diminishing skills •Poorer health and malnutrition •Non-protective shelter •Reduced education

http://www.unochaopt.org/documents/Weather_Emergency_2008_03_05  

http://www.unochaopt.org/documents/Weather_Emergency_2008_03_05.ppt