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June 2005 „ Special Focus „ Humanitarian Reports „ Humanitarian Assistance in the oPt „ Humanitarian Events „ Monitoring Issues

Special Focus:

The Barrier and Access Points to Jerusalem

(Refer also to Map below)

The construction of the Barrier in and around East Jerusalem is almost complete with the exception of the section around AzZa’ayyem checkpoint (9). Checkpoints in the Barrier will regulate the movement of Palestinians to and from Jerusalem, and are likely to lead to a further reduction in the number of Palestinians entering Jerusalem. The Barrier places approximately 60,000 Palestinians with Jerusalem IDs on the east side of the Barrier.

• •

Hizma checkpoint (7) will be enlarged to three lanes to cater for more traffic, especially settlers from the northern West Bank settlements. All residents of Shu’fat refugee camp (over 10,000 refugees), which is located within the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem, are holders of Jerusalem IDs. However, the camp will be located to the east of the Barrier. Shu’fat checkpoint (8) will regulate movement from one side of the Barrier to the other.

UN field monitoring and liaison with the IDF have provided and update on Israel’s plans to regulate movement between the West Bank and East Jerusalem and Israel. (A more comprehensive report on humanitarian impact is forthcoming). Key Points North Jerusalem • In north Jerusalem there are two enclaves, ‘Biddu enclave’, home to approximately 43,000 Palestinians, and ‘Bir Nabala enclave’, home to approximately 15,000 Palestinians. Residents of these enclaves will be linked to Ramallah by underpasses and a road that is fenced on both sides. From Biddu enclave, they will travel along a fenced road that passes under a bypass road to Bir Nabala enclave, then on a second underpass under Bypass Road 443 to Ramallah. • Once this route is in operation, the Ramot Alon checkpoint (1) will be removed to allow free movement into Jerusalem for settlers from Givat Ze’ev and neighbouring settlements. • IDF Seizure Orders show that the Israeli government plans to erect six agricultural gates serving communities in the Biddu and Bir Nabala enclaves to access their land adjacent to the Barrier. • Major construction work is currently underway at Qalandiya checkpoint (4). It will serve as the main checkpoint between Ramallah and Jerusalem. The current Ar-Ram checkpoint (6) will be dismantled. This will mean that Palestinian residents of Ar-Ram, many of whom have Jerusalem IDs or attend school in Beit Hanina in Jerusalem, will have to make a detour north to Qalandiya to enter Jerusalem.

Photo by OCHA / Steve Sabella | A-Ram Barrier, Jerusalem June 2005

OCHA – Jerusalem FCU – 2005 | Construction work at Qalandiya Checkpoint

South Jerusalem • A new checkpoint for pedestrians (10) will be constructed between Al ‘Eizariya and East Jerusalem. Vehicles will use the Az-Za’ayyem checkpoint (9). • A new checkpoint at Ras al ‘Amud (11) will be constructed for tourists and pilgrims. • A checkpoint is planned at Jabal al Mukabbir (12) for pedestrians. • Mazmouria (13) will be a new checkpoint erected initially for Palestinian pedestrians and then later, also for commercial vehicles, similar to the Beituniya commercial checkpoint (3), to the north of Jerusalem. • Initially, Palestinians will use Gilo checkpoint (14) but later, it will be restricted to use by Jerusalem ID holders, students, humanitarian workers, tourists and emergency medical cases. • On completion of the Barrier, the Beit Jala DCO (15) will be dismantled and residents of the southern West Bank will use Mazmouria checkpoint (13) and Gilo checkpoint (14) to enter Jerusalem.


UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

BARRIER AND CHECKPOINTS IN AND AROUND EAST JERUSALEM Beitin

Deir Ibzi'

July 2005

Ramot Allon Deir Dibwan Ramallah

'Ein 'Arik

Ramallah/Al Bireh Beituniya Psagot

Khirbet Kafr Sheiyan

West Bank Jordan

Burqa Al Bireh

Al Am'ari Camp

Beit 'Ur al Fauqa

Beit Khoron

Israel

3

Road 443

Kokhav Ya'akov

Kafr 'Aqab

Rafat At Tira

Passage linking Bir Nabala enclave with Qalandiya, Ramallah city - Under construction.

Jerusalem AirportQalandiya Camp Qalandiya

Mikhmas

Geva Binyamin

4

Giv'at Ze'ev Beit Duqqu

Bir Nabala Enclave

Beit IjzaGiv'on Ha-Khadasha

Qalandiya

Jaba' (Tajammu' Badawi)

Ar Ram & Dahiyat al Bareed

Bir Nabala

Giv'on

5

Planned passage linking Biddu enclave with Bir Nabala enclave

Biddu Enclave

Jaba'

Atarot

Al Judeira

Al Jib

Beit 'Anan

Dead Sea

Beituniya

Road 443

Geva Binyamin (Adam)

Bir Nabala

Ar Ram

6

Neve Ya'akov

Al Qubeiba Biddu

Qatanna

Nabi Samuel

Hizma

Nebi Samuel

22

An Nabi Samwil

Ramot Allon

Beit Surik

7

Beit Hanina al Balad

1

Har Adar

Beit Hanina

Hizma Almon (Anatot)

Pisgat Ze'ev Ramot Allon

Beit Iksa

Military Base Shu'fat

Shu'fat Camp

8

'Anata

Shu'fat Camp

Rekhes Shu'afat

ISRAEL

Ramat Eshkol French Hill Al 'Isawiya Ma'alot Dafna NO MAN'S LAND Sheikh Jarrah

Jer

us

al

em

nicipal Bounda ry Mu

Az Za'ayyem

Barrier construction status as of 1 July 05

Checkpoint - Existing

Jerusalem Wadi al Joz

Constructed

Checkpoint - Planned Source: OCHA field office work and meeting with IDF June 05

Under Construction

Planned Agricultural Gates Farmers crossing point

Projected - Subpart subject to completion of further inter-ministerial examination

Source: IDF land requestion orders released Feb 05

East Jerusalem

OLD CITY

West Jerusalem

0

2

Ma'ale Adumim

Al 'Eizariya

11

Ras al 'Amud Ath Thuri Abu Dis

EAST JERUSALEM

4 Kilometers

No Man's Land

)/ 949 e (1 Lin e e c in isti nL Arm Gree

As Sawahira al Gharbiya

Beit Safafa

'Arab al Jahalin

12

Talpiyot Mizrakh

Sharafat

Container

Jabal al Mukabbir As Sawahira ash Sharqiya

Jabal al Mukabbir Giv'at Ha-Matos

17

Az Za'ayyem

Al 'Eizariya

As Shayyah

Silwan Ras al 'Amud

WEST JERUSALEM

Planned Barrier - path based on Israeli Government (Ministry of Defence - Seam Zone Authority) maps, published 20 Feb 2005 and IDF land seizure orders.

Israeli Settlement

Bab az Zahira At Tur

Jewish Quarter

Fenced road with underpass

Palestinian Built-Up Area

9 10

Jerusalem (Al Quds) As Suwwana

Al Walaja

Ash Sheikh Sa'd

WEST BANK

Sur Bahir

Gilo

Ein Yalow

14

Gilo Umm Tuba Har Homa

'Ayda Camp

Betar Illit

Beit Jala

Beit Jala DCO

khallet an Nu'man

Mazmouria

13

Al 'Aza Camp

Bethlehem

Tunnel Al Khadr

16

Bethlehem (Beit Lahm) Ad Doha

Beit Sahur

Dar Salah

OCHA

15

Wadi Fukin Husan

Al 'Ubeidiya

Har Gilo

Battir

Al Hujeila

Cartography: OCHA Humanitarian Information Centre - July 2005. Base data: PA MoP, July 2000, OCHA update 2004 For comments contact <ochaopt@un.org> or Tel. +972 (02) 582-9962 http://www.ochaopt.org Wadi al 'Arayis Al Haddadiya

Al Khas

The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Umm al Qasseis

Juhdum


Humanitarian Update | June 2005

Status of Checkpoints in and around East Jerusalem

Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Name

Status

Access (with valid permit)

Ramot Allon Nabil Samuel Beituniya Qalandiya Bir Nabala Ar Ram Hizma Shu’fat Camp Az Za’ayyem Al ‘Eizariya Ras al ‘Amud Jabal al Mukabbir Mazmouria Gilo Beit Jala DCO Tunnel ‘Ein Yallow

Existing Planned Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Existing Planned Planned Planned Planned Existing Existing Existing Existing

Vehicles and Pedestrians Pedestrians Commercial Vehicles Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles and Pedestrians Pedestrians Pilgrims and Tourists Pedestrians Pedestrians and Commercial Vehicles Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles and Pedestrians Vehicles Restricted Vehicle Access

‘Pedestrian Access’ pertains to Palestinians holding Israeli IDs, Jerusalem IDs and Palestinians from the West Bank holding entry permits. ‘Vehicle Access’ pertains to Israeli vehicles with yellow number plates. Source: UN field monitoring and liaison with the IDF – 2005

II. New humanitarian reports: Human Rights Watch: “Promoting Impunity” The Israeli military fosters a climate of impunity in its ranks by failing to adequately investigate allegations of wrongdoings by Israeli soldiers alleged to have caused Palestinian civilian casualties unlawfully or failed to protect them from harm, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report, “Promoting Impunity: The Israeli Military’s Failure to Investigate Wrongdoing,” released 22 June. Since the second intifada began in 2000 until November 30, 2004, more than 1600 Palestinian civilians not involved in hostilities, including at least 500 children, were killed by Israeli security forces, and thousands more were seriously injured. “However, the Israeli authorities have investigated fewer than five percent of the fatal incidents to determine whether soldiers were responsible for using force unlawfully. The investigations they did conduct fell far short of international standards for independent and impartial inquiries,” according to HRW. According to B'Tselem, an Israeli information centre, since September 2000 until 26 June 2005, Israeli security forces have killed at least 1,722 Palestinians not taking part in the hostilities, among them 563 minors. In only two cases were soldiers convicted of causing the death of a Palestinian. For more information, see: [http://www.btselem.org/English/] or [http://hrw.org/reports/2005/iopt0605/] World Health Organization: Health care during Gaza Strip Withdrawal Health care needs in the Gaza Strip, particularly related to emergency referral care, are at risk of not being addressed if access to adequate health facilities is not guaranteed and implemented by Israel, according to a World Health Organization report, “Disengagement - Healthcare during withdrawal operations in Gaza” released 20 June.

The main issues during the disengagement period related to access, to be addressed, are: patient capacity to reach the health facilities of the appropriate level of care; the access of health workers to their places of work; and the delivery of drugs and medical supplies to the health facilities. For more information, see: [http://www.who.int/en/] PCBS: The Jerusalem Statistical Yearbook No. 7 The estimated population in Jerusalem Governorate at the end of the year 2004 was 393,997 persons and the unemployment rate for persons aged 15 years and older was 22.8%. Of those employed from Jerusalem, 64.4% were working in the Palestinian territory and 35.6% in Israel and settlements, according to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics Jerusalem Statistical Yearbook No. 7. For more information, see: [http://www.pcbs.org/]

III. Humanitarian assistance to the oPt $500 million in US supplies to Gaza Strip hospitals Medical supplies worth $500 million were distributed to four hospitals in the Gaza Strip by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) in response to a request by the Liaison and Coordination Administration in the Gaza Strip. The medical supplies, which include oxygen compressors to produce oxygen rich air, are intended to reduce dependence on imported Israeli oxygen tanks. Oxygen is vital for the adequate provision of emergency care provision, particularly during surgery. For more information, see:[http://www.usaid.gov/] World Bank: The Gaza Strip emergency water project On 7 June, the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved a project grant of US $20 million. The project is planned to develop a sustainable institutional structure of the water and wastewater sector in the Gaza Strip; and to continue improving the water and sanitation services by rehabilitation, upgrading and expansion of the existing systems and facilities. For more information, see: [http://web.worldbank.org]

OCHA – Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs P.O. Box 38712 Jerusalem | Phone: +972 (0)2 5829962 / 5825853 | Fax: +972 (0)2 5825841 | eMail: ochaopt@un.org | Web: www.ochaopt.org

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Humanitarian Update | June 2005

US government launches agribusiness initiative On 23 June, the US government launched a multimillion dollar project aimed at stimulating the growth of jobs, income and export earnings in the Palestinian agricultural sector. The Palestinian Agribusiness Partnership Activity, a three-year project funded by USAID, is expected to generate thousands of new jobs. For more information, see:[http://www.usaid.gov/] AusAID: $6.2 million for Middle East Refugees on World Refugee Day On 20 June, World Refugee Day, the Australian Agency for International Development (AusAID) announced a package of $6.2 million in humanitarian assistance for Palestinian refugees. The funds will be administered by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA). Japan’s contributes US $3.2 million to UNICEF Japan announced a US $3.2 million contribution to UNICEF for children’s and women’s health to provide basic immunization coverage in the oPt. For more information, see: [http://www.unicef.org/oPt] OPEC Fund extends US $1.2 million grant for social services project On 15 June, the OPEC Fund for International Development approved a grant of US $1.2 million to support the activities of 12 civil society organisations in the Gaza Strip. The aim is to assist the poorest and hardest hit communities by addressing shortages and helping to meet some of their most urgent needs. An earlier phase of the project supported a similar initiative in the West Bank. For more information, see: press release on the OPEC fund for International Development [http://www.reliefweb.int/]

Local and global launch of the Mid-Year Review for the CAP 2005 On 30 June 2005, in parallel with the global launch, UN agencies presented the local Mid-Year Review (MYR) of the 2005 emergency appeal that requested US$ 305 million from donors. The appeal is 45% funded, the majority of funding allocated to food aid, job creation and infrastructure projects. The emergency health sector was 9% funded and education, 2%. The launch included a description of the Humanitarian Assistance database comprising emergency projects. This will serve as a useful tool for donors and agencies to update project information and view funding gaps in the appeal. Escalation of settler violence in lead up to Disengagement Several incidents of settler violence this month point to rising tensions as the Disengagement from the Gaza Strip and parts of the northern West Bank draws closer. In addition to demonstrations in Israel, an increase in incidents of settler violence against Palestinians have also been observed during June. On 9 June, for example, settlers from Alon Shvut cut down 59 (20-year old) peach trees and 340 grape vines belonging to three farmers in Khallet Zakariah community in Bethlehem governorate. Other settler incidents reported this month include physical attacks on Palestinians, poisoning of Palestinian grazing fields and the burning and levelling of agricultural land.

IV. Humanitarian events Workshop held on the Needs Analysis Framework On 15 June 2005, OCHA organised a workshop on the Needs Analysis Framework (NAF). With representatives participating from more than 30 different organisations, the workshop was intended to bring together the actors in the Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP), including UN agencies, international and local NGOs, as well as representatives from the Palestinian Authority.

OCHA – Hebron FCU – 2005 | Settlers’ destruction of Palestinian fruit trees in Bethlehem governorate

The NAF is a tool to help humanitarian coordinators and Country Teams organize and present existing information on humanitarian needs in a coherent and consistent manner, prior to developing a Common Humanitarian Action Plan (CHAP). Visit by Professor John Dugard to the oPt Professor John Dugard, the Special Rapporteur on Human Rights in the occupied Palestinian territories, visited to investigate violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. Professor Dugard will submit his visit report to the Third Committee of the General Assembly in November, where he intends to draw attention to Israel’s continued control over the Gaza Strip after the withdrawal of settlers; the construction of the Barrier in defiance of The Advisory Opinion of the International Court of Justice; the expansion of settlements; and the humanitarian crisis in the oPt.

OCHA – Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs P.O. Box 38712 Jerusalem | Phone: +972 (0)2 5829962 / 5825853 | Fax: +972 (0)2 5825841 | eMail: ochaopt@un.org | Web: www.ochaopt.org

4


Humanitarian Update | June 2005

V. Monitoring Issues Causalities The number of Palestinian deaths was high at the end of 2004 and January 2005 primarily due to Israeli incursions into the Gaza Strip. The number has fallen since February this year following progress on the political front. The announcement of a period of calm by Palestinian militant groups on 23 January, and the Israeli government announcement that it would halt targeted assassinations three days later paved the way for a meeting between Presidents Abbas and Sharon in Sharm al Sheikh in early February.

Casualties: Palestinian and Israeli Deaths Palestinian Deaths 80

Israeli Deaths 70

70 60 50

49

50 40 30 20

15

10

14

10

7

5

1

10

8 3

4

2

0

0

0 Nov-04

De c-04

Pa le stinia n Injurie s

Jan-05

Feb-05

Mar-05

Apr-05

Ma y-05

Jun-05

Isra eli Injuries

250 192

200

183 164

150

129 116

100

81 62

61

68

42

39

50

27

19

17

17

20

0 Nov-04

De c-04

Jan-05

Feb-05

Ma r-05

Apr-05

May-05

Jun-05

Structures demolished / people affected The majority of the large number of buildings that were demolished at the end of 2004 were located in the Gaza Strip. The demolition of buildings in the Gaza Strip has stopped but demolitions in the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, have continued and show a slight increase.

Structure demolished Structures Demolished 120 99

100

97

80 60 33

40

24

25

Apr-05

May-05

30

13

20

5

0 Nov-04

Dec-04

Jan-05

Feb-05

Mar-05

Jun-05

Land Requisition Orders

Land levelling/requisition/trees destroyed Following the Israeli governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s approval of the revised route of the Barrier on 20 February, there was an increase in land requisition orders, many of which were in Bethlehem, Hebron and East Jerusalem in preparation for the construction of the Barrier.

Land Requisition Orders

4000

3557.3

3500 3000 2450

2500

2056

2000 1500 1000

761

792

786 500

500

70

0 Nov -04

De c-04

Jan-05

Fe b-05

M ar-05

Apr-05

M ay-05

Jun-05

OCHA â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs P.O. Box 38712 Jerusalem | Phone: +972 (0)2 5829962 / 5825853 | Fax: +972 (0)2 5825841 | eMail: ochaopt@un.org | Web: www.ochaopt.org

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http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ochaHU0605_En