Issuu on Google+

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

LEBANON

West Bank Barrier Route Projections

SYRIA

July 2009

Gaza Strip

Barta'a

West Bank

ISRAEL

¥

JORDAN

EGYPT

Jordan River

Area Affected

West Bank Qalqilya

Qedumim Finger

The total area located between the Barrier and the Green Line is 9.5 % of the West Bank, including East Jerusalem and No Man's Land. When completed, approximately 15% of the Barrier will be constructed on the Green Line or in Israel with 85 % inside the West Bank.

Biddya Area

Populations Affected

Ari’el Finger

If the Barrier is completed based on the current route: Approximately 35,000 Palestinians holding West Bank ID cards in 34 communities will be located between the Barrier and the Green Line.

Az Zawiya Enclave

The majority of Palestinians with East Jerusalem ID cards will reside between the Barrier and the Green Line. However, Palestinian communities inside the current municipal boundary, Kafr Aqab and Shu'fat Camp, are separated from East Jerusalem by the Barrier.

Kafr Aqab

No Man's Land

The Barrier’s total length is 709 km, more than twice the length of the 1949 Armistice Line (Green Line) between the West Bank and Israel.

Bir Nabala Enclave

Biddu Area

Shu'fat Camp

Ma’ale Adumim Settlement Bloc

Green Line

Jerusalem

Approximately 125,000 Palestinians will be surrounded by the Barrier on three sides. These comprise 28 communities; the Biddya and Biddu areas, and the city of Qalqilya.

ISRAEL

Dead

Sea

Gush Etzion Settlement Bloc

Approximately 26,000 Palestinians in 8 communities in the Az Zawiya and Bir Nabala Enclaves will be surrounded on four sides by the Barrier, with a tunnel or road connection to the rest of the West Bank.

Barrier Route Completed (413 km or 58.3 %)

n ee Gr

0

2.5

Reproduction and/or use of this material is only permitted with express reference to "United Nations OCHA oPt" as the source.

5

e L in

Kilometers 10

The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Under construction (73 km or 10.2 %) Planned (223 km or 31.5 %) Cartography and Barrier Themes: OCHA-oPt IMU Map July 2009 Base data: MoPIC (2000) updates OCHA (2009) For comments contact <ochaopt@un.org> Tel. +972 (02) 582-9962 http://www.ochaopt.org


OCHA OPT

The Barrier in Jerusalem

Access to East Jerusalem is of critical importance for the entire West Bank population, for specialized medical care, university education, work, social and family relationships and worship. For most Palestinians this access has been forbidden since 1993, unless they possess a difficult-to-obtain entry permit issued by the Israeli authorities. Since the Barrier was completed in the area, permit holders are allowed to enter East Jerusalem only through four of the 16 existing checkpoints to the city along the Barrier, and only by foot. Permits become invalid whenever a general closure is declared, usually during Jewish holidays and times of security alert. Humanitarian Impact: • The Barrier in Jerusalem weaves around and between East Jerusalem and nearby West Bank towns and villages, dividing communities and neighbourhoods from each other. • Villages that were once closely connected to Jerusalem now lie on the West Bank side of the Barrier, physically separated from the city. • The Barrier surrounds entire communities, such as the Bir Nabala enclave, with an inner barrier, with access channelled through ‘Fabric of Life’ roads. • The Barrier cuts off West Bank Palestinians and care providers from specialist and tertiary health care in the six specialist hospitals in East Jerusalem. • The Barrier divides entire families: husbands and wives are separated from each other, children and relatives. • The Barrier delays school and university students and teachers from accessing educational services in Jerusalem. • The Barrier cuts off Muslims and Christians from religious sites in Jerusalem. FIVE YEARS ON: A Summary of the Humanitarian Impact of the Barrier since the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion, July 2009


OCHA OPT

The Barrier in Bethlehem

The Bethlehem central-urban core is constricted by a combination of Israeli infrastructure, including the Barrier, settlements and settlement outposts. In the eastern governorate, administrative restrictions (Area C, closed military areas and nature reserves) also limit the potential for urban expansion, grazing and for planning and development at the governorate level. If Barrier construction goes ahead as planned in the western part of the governorate, the rural hinterland will be cut off, reducing access to land and water resources. Humanitarian Impact: • The Bethlehem governorate is 660 km2. Only 13 percent of Bethlehem’s land is available for Palestinian use, much of this fragmented • The completed section of the Barrier in the north seals the separation of Bethlehem city from East Jerusalem, blocking its potential for residential and industrial expansion. • Completion of the Barrier around the Gush Etzion settlement bloc will isolate approx. 64 km2, including some of the most fertile land in the governorate. • Nine Palestinian communities with approx. 21,000 residents, will face reduced access to Bethlehem City, the major centre for health, education, markets and trade. • Bethlehem farmers who reside on the ‘Palestinian side’ of the Barrier will also face reduced access to their land behind the Barrier. • Access to Road 60, the main route south to Hebron, will be blocked.

UN OCHA oPt +972 (0)2 582 9962 | ochaopt@un.org | www.ochaopt.org


D

D

G

the Barrier is completed according to the current approved route.

Deir al Ghusun

Meithalun

Al Masqufa

Bal'a

Al Jarushiya

Al 'Attara

A cross-section of the agricultural roads that will be blocked if the Al Barrier 'Asa'asa is completed according to the !current approved route. Jaba'

(

! (

G

G

G G G

G

G

G

G

G

Qalqiliya North

» !

T ! 'Azzun ! R

will be isolated by the Barrier. R ! !Ramadin R D R 'Isla al Janubi D !

T ! TT ! !

D

G G G

Checkpoints:

Wadi ar Rasha ! R

Rash Shamali Ramadin!

R Jayyus !

D

Qarne Shomron

Hajja ! R

Ma'ale Shomeron

!

» 'Iraq Burin ! Tell11 asphalted roads and 88 agricultural

Immanu'el

'Urif

Wadi Qana

D

T! » !

Yizhar will be severed by the Barrier. roads

Bracha (Har Bracha)

G

G

R ! Habla P Funduq ! Eleven localities, four in Salfit and seven in Qalqilia, will R ! ! R ! Al T R ! » Zufin ! R Ad Dab'a ! R ! ! » Kafr Thulth Madama Burin Immatin Az Zawiya, Deir Ballut & Rafat: Ras 'Atiya R ! Wadi Qana: Qalqiliya R ! » Qalqiliya Kafr Laqif ! be surrounded on three sides by the Barrier, squeezed D! T ! 'Izbat ! Jaloud » ! R! ! Jinsafut These three communities! will » 15 Beduin D R Nabi Qalqiliya T Jaljoulia RElyas » T! 10 to families R ! In theal'Ariel Finger' approximately 'Asira Qibliya » ! ! Ron four sides R ! be surrounded! between the two ‘Fingers’. The Az Zawiya enclave of three In the 'Qedumim Finger' approximately 16 asphalted roads and 60 agricultural will'Izbat be Salman isolated by the Barrier. 'Azzun T R Barrier, with a tunnel! ! R Qarne Shomron ! by the R ! T 88 agricultural roads 11 willasphalted be severedroads by the and Barrier. Immanu'el RRamadin ! TT Ras 'Isla Dto! communities, will be surrounded on four sides, with a tunnel !! Rthe restatofTira the alconnection Janubi ! D Ma'ale Shomeron Yizhar will be severed by the Barrier. R Deir Istiya ! Sanniriya roads R ! Beit Amin Azzun Atma » D ! West Bank. ar Rasha ! R ! R link to the rest of the West Bank. A number of isolatedWadi ! R Qana ! 'Urif R Wadi T DD 'Atma 'Azzun ! Kifl Haris ! Qarawat Bani Hassan R ! Habla R Qira R ! Kfar Tappuah P ! R ! Palestinian families will also be isolated, Wadi Qana in the R ! ! R Ad Dab'a ! » R Marda ! » Kafr Thulth D R Haris ! Biddya ! R Az Zawiya, Deir Ballut! & Rafat: Ras 'Atiya R ! Qedumim ‘Finger’, and ‘Izbat Abu Adam and Dar Abu Basal'Izbat in Jaloud ! PT Dar Abu Basal ! » ! R three communities will D ! These D ! R Mas-ha » ! R ! R Iskaka In the 'Ariel Finger' approximately ! Kafr Kasem Ari'el the Ariel ‘Finger’. Most villages in the Salfit governorate will be surrounded on four sides T Sarta ! T ! T D 16 Rechalim asphalted roads and 60 agricultural ! 'Izbat Abu Adam 'Izbat Salman R ! by the Barrier, with a tunnel D R ! D D be forced to make even longer detours to reach the district P ! roads will be severed by the Barrier. T Ras at Tira T ! ! connection rest of the Az Zawiya As Sawiya D to»the R Deir Istiya ! Sanniriya R ! Beit Amin Azzun Atma ! capital, Salfit City, in the south of the governorate. West Bank. R ! R ! Salfit D R ! T 'Azzun 'Atma ! Kifl Haris Qarawat Bani Hassan R Qira ! R Rafat ! R ! Tappuah Al Lubban ash Kfar Sharqiya R Bruqin ! R ! In its advisory opinion, the ICJ warned of the legal Haris R ! Eli Marda » ! R ! Biddya ! R 'Ammuriya Deir Ballut D R ! consequences should the Barrier route be determined not R ! PT Kafr ad Dik Dar Abu Basal ! Deir Ballut » ! ! D ! R Mas-ha » ! R ! only for security reasons but also to facilitate settlement R Iskaka ! Nablus Ma'ale Levona Kafr Kasem Ari'el T Sarta ! T ! Rechalim T D ! 'Izbat Abu Adam expansion: Qalqiliya DD R ! D P! ! T 'Arura T ! Az Zawiya 'Qedumim finger' Rantis As Sawiya » ! Bruqin: R !

G

G

G GG

G

G

G

G

G

G GG

‘Whilst the Court notes the assurance given by Israel that the construction of the wall does not amount to annexation and that the wall is of a temporary nature, it nevertheless cannot remain indifferent to certain fears expressed to it that the route of the wall will prejudge the future frontier between Israel and Palestine, and the fear that Israel may integrate the settlements and their means of access. The Court considers that the construction of the wall and its associated régime create a “fait accompli” on the ground that could well become permanent, in which case, and notwithstanding the formal characterization of the wall by Israel, it would be tantamount to de facto annexation”

Rantis

» Deir Ballut !

R Bruqin !

Kafr ad Dik

! T !

Deir Abu Mash'al

Gates

Salfit Around 20Deir families as Sudan will lose access to 'Ajjul their only grazing lands, An Nabi Salih on which they are totally dependent for their livelihood. Umm Safa

Deir Nidham Hallamish (Neve Zuf)

'Ammuriya 'Atara

JibiyaAteret

'Ariel finger' Salfit

Al Lubban ash Sharqiya

Ma'ale Levona

Palestinian built up areas Qalqiliya T !

Barrier Status

GFG G G G

Burham Kobar Built up area Constructed 'Arura D Daily: generally open 15-60 Shuqba minutes; 3 times/day. T 'Atara ! Rantis Projected T ! » Settlements ! D! » Weekly/Seasonal: Open 3 times/day; 1-3 days/week; & during olive harvest. Bruqin: Under construction T Built up area ! Open daily during olive harvest only. D Seasonal: AroundBoundaries 20Deir families as Sudan Nehali'el Bet Arye Rantis Governorate T Kafr ad Dik: ! will lose access to Prior Coordination: Open seasonal/several days weekly through prior coordination. Green Line 'Ajjul Affected Area SeveralD communities in this area will have Access not depending on permits but on ID cards & a list of names at gate. their only grazing lands, behind Barrier Governorate boundary T Na'ale An Nabi Salih ! 'Abud land fragmented and CP: destroyed by Nili triple and are totally Closed Area for communities in closed area to access wider West Bank. on which they Ofarim Governorate area Village boundary » ¬ ! quadrupleGenerally barriers.open during day; closed at night. Ofra livelihood. Umm Safa Talmon dependent for their

!

Gates

» !

Modi'in Illit

D

Deir Abu Mash'al

D

Daily: generally open 15-60 Shuqba minutes; 3 times/day.

D

Weekly/Seasonal: Open 3 times/day; 1-3 days/week; & during olive harvest.

G

Eli

¥

Nablus

Affected communities Affected communities R 'Qedumim ! east of barrierfinger' ! ! R

Closed area communities

Passage 'Ariel finger'

T ! (

Underpassage/Tunnel Salfit

Wells/Springs

ÔÔ

Spring/Well

Cartography: OCHA-oPt - July 2009 Base data: PA MoP, July 2000, OCHA update 2009 For comments contact <ochaopt@un.org> Tel. +972 (02) 582-9962 http://www.ochaopt.org T ! Deir Nidham Hallamish (Neve Zuf) 'Atara Nilin T Bet El T ! ! JibiyaAteret

G

ICJ, Legal Consequences of the Construction of a Wall in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, Advisory Opinion of 9 July 2004, para. 121

FIVE YEARS ON: A Summary of the Humanitarian Impact of the Barrier since the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion, July 2009

Bet Arye

Kafr ad Dik: R Rafat ! Several communities in this area will have 'Abud land fragmented and destroyed by triple and Ofarim Deir Ballut R ! quadruple barriers. R !

T !

D

G

almost half of Salfit’s land area, will be effectively cut off on the ‘Israeli’ side of the Barrier. The geographical contiguity of Salfit will be shattered into three disconnected pockets, affecting all of the governorate’s population centres.

T !

G

The Ariel ‘Finger’, a 22-kilometre-long corridor, and a separate corridor in the north, the Qedumim ‘Finger’, will link many settlements including Ariel, the Shomron bloc and Qedumim to Israel. As a consequence, close to 100 km2,

G

G

GG

Approximately 12 percent of the land area of the Salfit governorate has already been seized by the Israeli authorities and allocated for the construction of settlements and industrial zones. An additional 10 percent has been declared a fire zone, used for military training. The underground water resources of Salfit are threatened by the continuous discharge of raw sewage from the settlements, in particular Ariel.According to the Israeli organization Peace Now, a plan for another 8,000 housing units for the future expansion of Ariel is in the status of ‘pre-preparation’, which would add 32,000 new settlers to the present population of 17,000. (Peace Now: Ministry of Housing’s Plans for the West Bank, March 2009).

G

Construction of the Ariel and Qedumim ‘Fingers’ - the most intrusive routes of the Barrier into the West Bank - will dramatically impact the Salfit governorate, while further fragmenting what remains of the Qalqiliya governorate outside of the already constructed Barrier. The ‘Fingers’ will sever numerous rural roads and tracks and undermine access to land, water resources and markets, with severe implications for the agricultural economy of both northern governorates.

G

Salfit governorate and the ‘Fingers’

Sanur

'Anza

! ( Iktaba Tulkarem: ! ( D Silat adh Dhahr Al Fandaqumiya Al Masqufa ! ( Bal'a Area: XX km2 Nur Shams Camp Al 'Asa'asa Kafr Rumman ! ( salfitPopulation: IN SHORT ! ( Jaba' Tulkarm ! ( Al 'Attara XX,000 ! ( ! ( Iktaba 'Izbat Abu Khameish ! Tulkarem: ! ( ( Bizzariya Dhinnaba Al( ! ! ( !Fandaqumiya ( 'Anabta SilatHomesh adh Dhahr Settlements/ Outposts: XX Al Funduq: Kafr Qaddum: Tulkarm Camp Tulkarm 2 ! ( Tulkarm km ! ( Area:Area: XX205 km2 'Izbat al KhilalClose to 10,000 dunums Residents this and Burqa Nur of Shams Camp Kafr Rumman ! ( population: 59,464* Kafr al Labad neighbouring villages of agricultural land will be Tulkarm ! ( Population: XX,000 Khirbet at Tayyah !( ( ! Barrier: Beit Imrin Kafa 'Izbat Abu Khameish fear a trippling in time isolated by the Barrier. At Tayba ! ( Enav Bizzariya Dhinnaba Settlements/Outposts: ! ! Al Haffasa ( ( ! ( 'Anabta Settlements/ Outposts: XX Complete/ Al Funduq: Kafr Qaddum: Ramin Tulkarm Tulkarm Homesh » Camp ! » ( and cost to reach their ! ! At Tayba Tulkarm » Far'un ! ( Nisf Jubeil ! - 17 settlements/industrial zones Enav Shufa 'Izbat al KhilalClose to 10,000 of'Izbat this and dunums Al Mas'udiyaBurqa Projected service centre in Qalqiliya Ephraim D Residents Avne Hefez Kafriat ! ( al Labad land will be - 7 outpostsLength: XX kilometers the Barrier is completed villages ofKafr agricultural Sabastiya Khirbet atneighbouring Tayyahif! T »! !( !( !( ( Barrier: Shufa Beit Imrin Ijnisinya ! as planned. Kafa fear a trippling in time isolated by the Barrier. At Tayba Enav * PCBS census X% 2007 on Green Line Al Haffasa Complete/ Ramin » ! » ( and cost toKhirbet reachJubara their Jubarah Shave Shomeron ! At Tayba ! An Naqura X% inside West Bank » Far'un Nisf Jubeil ! Enav ! ( » in Qalqiliya 'Izbat Shufa ! »Mas'udiya ( Al! ! Beit Lid Projected Saffarin service centre Shave Shomron Ephraim D Kafriat Avne Hefez X kilometers at widest point T ! » BARRIER ! if the Barrier is completed ! 'Asira ash Shamaliya Sabastiya Length: XX kilometers Deir Sharaf T »! !( !( ! ( Shufa XX communities with land under or isolated by Barrier !Ijnisinya ( Length: 89.5 km as planned. Ar Ras T ! X% on Green Line communities inside closed area (Seam Zone) XX 'Asira ash Shamalia ! ( T 0 % on Green Line ! Khirbet Jubara Jubarah Shave Shomeron Kafr Sur ! ! » Zawata ( An Naqura X% inside West Bank Qusin ! ( » ! ! » ( 100 % inside West Bank Beit Lid Saffarin Shave Shomron ! Sal'it Qalqiliya Gates: Kur X kilometers at widest point T ! Kafr Laqif: » ! Beit Wazan 22 kilometers at widest point D ! 'Asira ash Shamaliya ( Deir Sharaf Total: The main entrance to the village XX communities with land under or isolated by Barrier Al Juneid 3 communities inside closed area/seam zone Ar Ras will be blocked and the main road to Kafr Jammal T Nablus Kafr Zibad Seasonal: ! Immatin: Nablus Qedumim XX communities inside closed area (Seam Zone) R ! 'Asira ash Shamalia ! ( Jinsafut and neighbouring villages will T in 2005, 800 olive (‘Izbat Abu Adam,Wadi Qana,Dar Abu Basal) Falamya ! R Kafr Qaddum ! According to the villagesNablus council, Seasonal/Weekly: Kafr Sur ! » ( ! Zawata be cut off by D the Barrier. trees were uprooted and disppaered during land levelling. Qusin R Jit ! Daily: Sal'it Qalqiliya At Tur Gates: Kur Kafr Laqif: GATES Checkpoints: » Beit Wazan 'Iraq Burin ! D Total:Total: 6 Tell T! The main entrance to theDvillage » Hajja ! ! R Qalqiliya North Daily: 0 Al Juneid Jayyus R ! will be blocked and the mainKafr road to Jammal » Nablus Kafr Zibad Seasonal: ! Immatin: Seasonal: 2 Ramadin ash Shamali Nablus Qedumim D Bracha (Har Bracha) R ! Checkpoints: 3 Nablus and neighbouring villages will Jinsafut Zufin Falamya R ! R ! R Kafr Qaddum According to Al Funduq T the villages council, in 2005, 800 olive » R ! ! Seasonal/Weekly: ! ! (Tappuah,Deir Ballut,Kafr Kasem) Seasonal/weekly: 4 Madama Burin Immatin be cut off by the Barrier. Wadi Qana: Qalqiliya R ! »D were uprooted and disppaered during land levelling. trees Qalqiliya Kafr Laqif ! D T R Jit ! ! Daily: Jinsafut » 15 Beduin R Nabi ! Qalqiliya T Jaljoulia ! RElyas ! » ! T! 10 to families R ! 'Asira al Qibliya At ! Tur » ! R ! R ! In the 'Qedumim Finger' approximately

G

West Bank - Barrier Report

D

'Ajja

Meithalun Ar Rama 'Ajja A cross-section of the agricultural Sanur roads that will be blocked if 'Anza

Al Jarushiya

D

G

West Bank - Barrier Report UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

G

G

Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs OCHAUNOPT Salfit and THE ‘FINGERS’

Deir al Ghusun

D

G

OCHA

G

Ar Rama

Talmon

Barrier Status

Burham Constructed +972Kobar (0)2 582 9962

Projected

¥

Palestinian built up areas Affected communities T UN OCHA oPt !

communities Built up area | www.ochaopt.org R Affected ! ochaopt@un.org » east of barrier ! T ! » T ! Settlements !

'Atara|


OCHA OPT

OFFICIAL BARRIER ROUTE REVISIONS Barrier Route Projection of June 2004 JUNE 2004

Barrier Route Projection of2003 October 2003 OCTOBER

Barrier Route Projection of2005 February 2005 FEBRUARY

Barrier Route Projection of April 2006 APRiL 2006

Barrier route

Barrier route

Barrier route

Area located between the Barrier and the Green Line

Area located between the Barrier and the Green Line

Area located between the Barrier and the Green Line a

a

n Se

n Se

Constructed barrier rerouted to Green Line

rrane a

rrane a

Removed: projected inner barriers

Medit e

Medit e

Medit e

Medit e

rrane a

rrane a

n Se

n Se

a

a

Barrier route Area located between the Barrier and the Green Line

Removed: projected extension of barrier into Jordan Valley Alternative route proposed

West Bank

West Bank

Alternative route proposed

West Bank

West Bank 'Finger' divided into two

Removed projected inner barriers No man's land

r rive an

ISRAEL

No man's land

Projected inner barrier

ea

Six (6) projected inner barriers removed

Rerouted to Green Line and extended eastwards

MAIN FEATURES

Main changes

Rerouted into West Bank

Main changes

Main changes

Length: 638 kilometers

Jerusalem area ‘open’

Length: 622 kilometres

governorates.

Length: 670 kilometres

‘Bubble’ added

Length: 703 kilometres

Jordan Valley Barrier begun

Sothern Hebron route far from Green Line

Jordan Valley Barrier removed

Inner Barriers added in Bethlehem governorate.

Ariel/Qedumim Finger narrowed further

Route moved towards Green Line in southern Hebron

Ariel/Qedumim divided into two ‘Fingers’

Route moved towards Green Line in western Hebron

Inner barriers removed in Bethlehem.

One Ariel/Qedumim ‘Finger’ Inner barriers in Jenin, Tulkarm, Ramallah & Bethlehem governorates

Ariel/Qedumim Finger narrowed Inner barriers removed in Jenin, Tulkarm & Ramallah

FIVE YEARS ON: A Summary of the Humanitarian Impact of the Barrier since the International Court of Justice Advisory Opinion, July 2009

East Jerusalem

De ad S

Rerouted closer to Green Line

East Jerusalem

ea

Three (3) projected additional inner barriers

No man's land

Adumim bloc encircled

19 4 "G 9 A re rm en i s Lin tice e"

ISRAEL

De ad S

ea

East Jerusalem

ea

ISRAEL

No man's land

De ad S

East Jerusalem

19 4 "G 9 A re rm en i s Lin tice e"

No man's land

No man's land

De ad S

No man's land

19 4 "G 9 A re rm en i s Lin tice e"

ISRAEL

Rerouted closer to Green Line

19 4 "G 9 A re rm en i s Lin tice e"

No man's land

Jor d

Jor d

Jor d

an

an

rive

r

rive

r

JJoorr ddaann rrivivee rr

Reduced projected land within the "finger"

Inner barriers added to Bethlehem (al Walajeh).

Jerusalem; Ma’ale Adumim

UN OCHA oPt +972 (0)2 582 9962 | ochaopt@un.org | www.ochaopt.org The designations employed and the presentation of material

on those maps do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations


http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_wb_barrier_july_2009_excerpts_english