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WASH Cluster oPt Monthly Situation Report September 16th, 2009

Number 15

Headlines • • • • • •

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Number of persons without access to water networks in Gaza is still 10,000 In July and August CMWU received no materials at all that were allowed in from Israel Preparation of WASH contingency plans is nearly complete in Gaza and has started in the West Bank. Again this summer water scarcity is a pressing issue, especially for unserved communities in the West Bank. 9 emergency filling points are under discussion within the Joint Water Committee (JWC). The new WASH Cluster Coordinator, Prasad Sevekari, and new Information and Advocacy Officer, Thierry Foubert, have started work in Jerusalem. EWASH Advocacy Task Force got a strong start with the HCT Media Event in Gaza on Sept. 3rd. The Consolidated Appeals Process (CAP) for 2010 is in full progress. CMWU are forming a new Project Management Unit to implement the forthcoming KFW project at Gaza City WWTP.

Overall Situation Gaza Some 10% of people have no electricity supply, and 10,000 people have no access to running water. These 10,000 people are receiving tankered drinking water by CMWU, however they also partly still rely on private sector distribution and buying drinking water from filling points. Only 5%-10% of water extracted from Gaza’s aquifer meet WHO safety standards, and 50-80 million litres of partially or non-treated sewage are discharged daily into the environment. Monthly statistics show August humanitarian aid transfer volumes staying lower than previous months since the Israeli Cast Lead military operation. CMWU received no materials from Israel during July or August, compared to 12 trucks of WASH materials that entered Gaza during June, compared to 54 trucks in May. West Bank Severe water shortages are affecting areas in the West Bank other than the traditionally affected Area C. Officials in the Village Council of Qarawat Bani Zeid North West of Ramallah stated that two–thirds of an approximate 3500 population have not received piped water since the end of March. The majority are forced to rely on limited quantities and to purchase water from neighbouring villages sold by tankers at an average price of 40 NIS/m 3 while others rely on a small spring in the village that seeps small quantities of unknown quality. This comes as a consequence of the insufficient water quantities supplied to the West Bank Water Department by the Israeli Water Company – Mekorot in addition to the limited capacity of the mainline supplying the village. Qarawat Bani Zeid, or locally known as Qarawa, is only one example of many Palestinian communities that are facing severe implications resulting from water scarcity.

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Water tanker and boy at AL Hadidi near Tubas (Picture: WASH Advocacy Task Force)

Water quality is another concern this summer and contamination risk is adding to the impact of the water scarcity. A recent example is the warning PWA issued to the residents of a cluster of villages to the west of Ramallah (including Deir Ibzi′, Kafr Ni′ma, Bil′in, Kharbatha Bani Harith, Ni′leen, Ras Karkar, Al Janiya, Deir Ammar, Qarawat Bani Zeid, Beit Rima, Deir Ghassaneh, Kafr ′Ein, ′Abud, Beitillou and Deir Qaddis) to boil the drinking water prior to consumption for the coming three days due to the contamination of the water in the main reservoir supplying more than 40,000 residents in these villages. It has been reported that the reservoir has now been disinfected and the supplied water is safe now. However, the issue of contamination is expected to continue in high risk locations. Disease outbreaks so far have been contained due to relatively good water quality monitoring and response, in addition to reasonably good health services in the oPt.

WASH Cluster humanitarian response: Gaza Note that many projects are undertaken with the cooperation of CMWU, although they are not mentioned specifically with respect to individual projects in this sitrep. Drinking water and domestic water tankering and quality Oxfam-distributed filling points (19) in Beit Lahya, Ezbat Abed Rabu (Jabalia), Zaitoun, Joher El Deek, Moghraga, Qarara, Buraij, Magazi and Shoka are being filled of drinking water by CMWU until the end of the summer. GVC and PHG, completed distribution of 1000 L (1103) and 500 L (88) PE domestic water storage tanks to 1147 households to replace household water storage damaged during the Israeli offensive in January, as part of an emergency project funded by OCHA. They will distribute 400 additional storage tanks in the Rafah and Khanyounis areas as part of their new ECHO project (ends December 2009). GVC have issued a draft version of their report on Drinking Water Quality Monitoring Campaigns in Nusseirat, Al Bureij and Wadi Salqa areas. The final report will be circulated after Eid Al Fitr. Domestic water network

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Oxfam finished supplying and installing household water pumps to 400 houses in Mograqa, Wadi Gaza, Al Musadar, Al Fukhari and Al Shokah. ACF with CMWU and the several Municipalities involved continue their work of rehabilitation of water networks in 7 neighborhoods in Gaza City, Rafah and Eastern areas of Khan Younis. From the last report, works in Rafah have been completed as well as in some parts of Gaza City. Work in Gaza was due to finish in mid August. Tendering process is underway for QRC and CMWU to construct a western water booster station with 1.5 km of water main in Rafah. Water Sources, Quality and Desalination Al Marwa and Al Omary boreholes in Jabalia have been connected to the public electrical network instead of diesel generators (IDB/QRC funded). Works has been begun in digging new water well borehole at Al Maghazi area (middle area) In Salah El Deen, borehole well drilling has been finished recently and test pumping is going to be conducted (Sida). Digging of the Islamic Relief borehole has been completed and pumping test will be performed at Al Mawasi, near Khanyounis. Implementation works of new two CMWU wells (W1 & W3) have been started in Western Rafah area. This project is funded by World Bank. Sida is upgrading installations at northern area wells, including electromechanical refurbishment (This is 70% complete - however progress depends on materials entry) (ongoing). Oxfam has completed successfully the installation of four 50 m3/day well head desalination units at Al Zawaida, Bani Suhaila, Rafah and Khanyounis and supplying spare parts for three wells in Deir al Balah. Oxfam completed the supply of electrical and mechanical spare parts and equipment for three water wells in Deir Al Balah, Sahel 2A, Berka 1, and Berka 2. QRC has awarded a contract to provide electromechanical refurbishment upgrade and repair of desalination plants in Khanyounis and Deir al Balah. The project started two month ago and expected to complete after 6 months (ongoing). Meanwhile all specialized RO equipment and materials were approved for delivery through the borders gates waiting for proper coordination through Israel-Gaza commercial gates. Only structural repairs and refurbishment works continue to be carried out by the contractor at various sites. UNICEF is working to construct 2 large desalination plants, each 50 m3/hr at two wells: one in Rafah and one in Khanyounis. Materials are assembled ready in Israel, UNICEF are coordinating their entry to Gaza. CMWU is waiting for plants to cross the borders between Gaza and Israel UNICEF is also working on 4 smaller desalination units with capacity of 50 m3/day, Procurement process has been completed and installation of the four RO units are now completely fabricated in Gaza and it will be installed and operated as per each site of four within the next coming month. The targeted sites shall be in Jabalia (Al Umari well), Al Maghazi (well -S80) and Deir Al Balah (Abu Naser and Al Aqsa wells).

Waste water infrastructure

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ACF has obtained funding for a project to clean the lagoons at Beit Lahya wastewater treatment plant. Tender documents have been prepared by CMWU and contractor's site visits was held on 30th August 2009. A serious inadequate supply of fuel to the main pumping station at Beit Lahya wastewater treatment plant, delays the evacuation of the lake. Currently, CMWU is conducting a project at BLWWTP to construct a channel from the overflow pond to Al-Qouse pump station to separate the lake completely and to prevent the drainage of sewage over the isolated lagoons. Construction of the control rooms and the aprons at the Eastern infiltration NGEST ponds is in progress after the Israeli side entered 70 ton of cement to Gaza for the PWA. Ongoing rehabilitation activities at the Eastern Jabalia Infiltration basins prevented the pumping of treated wastewater to the infiltration basins which led to the accumulation of this amount of sewage into the main lake reaching a water level to 27.24 instead of 26.8 recently. Prequalification of contractors to implement the KFW project for the rehabilitation of Gaza City wastewater treatment plant is under process. A new Project Management Unit is being formed by CMWU to implement this project, led by Mahmoud Shatat. Khan Younis emergency waste water treatment plant is functioning and discharging treated effluents to the sea, mainly at night time. As the groundwater levels in the surrounding area of Mowasi are rising there may be the need for a project to line the final lagoon and recover the water from the neighboring area and reuse it in agricultural irrigation. Al-Bayan Company started to clean the aerated lagoon at Rafah wastewater treatment plant through a signed project with ICRC. An awarding letter has been sent out to the successful contractor (Masoud & Ali company) for the construction of Biotowers at Rafah wastewater treatment plant. Tremendous coordination efforts are needed to allow the materials to enter Gaza to start construction of the second phase of the Rafah WWTP. The awarding and tendering process for the construction of force main pressure line from RWWTP to the sea to discharge the treated wastewater has been completed and the successful contractor (Al Khaisy Co.) will start implementation soon. GVC have started an ECHO project in eastern villages of Rafah and Khanyounis, where they plan to rehabilitate water and sewerage networks for 520 households, and repair around 10 septic tanks (project ends Dcember 2009). Power Sida is installing standby power generation for Jabalia city water and wastewater facilities (30% complete). Completion of this project depends on material's entry. QRC is hiring electrical generators and fuel for two private wells to serve people in the affected areas in Eastern Jabalia - implementation is ongong and expected to finish within 3 months. Solid waste COOPI continues with solid waste collection, which is expected to last till February 2010. They are currently giving cash-for-work to 89 people in Gaza City, Beit Lahiya, Beit Hanoun, Jabalia and Um an Nasser, collecting approximately 1500 tons per week. Work on Al Yarmouk waste rehabilitation dump is postponed due to the project’s complete dependency on 150 tons of cement that is currently being prevented from entering Gaza.

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Hygiene and NFIs ACF, as a part of a larger hygiene campaign, has completed 20 theatre shows in summer camps in the areas were the water infrastructure works are taking place. The shows focused on the rational use of water and good hygienic practices. Also, messages about rational use of water and good hygiene practices are been broadcasting in two popular radio station in Gaza Strip. Oxfam: PHP messages are about rationale use of water & PHP by drawing Wall Paintings at 5 desalination units and at 19 filling points tanks. In addition a Radio programme of PHP messages with CWB. Save the Children have been doing an awareness raising campaign about hygiene and wise use of water in Northern Gaza area (Beit Hanoun, Beit Lahya, and Jabalya) through sessions in kindergartens and school visits during the month of July. Schools UNICEF is working with IRD to rehabilitate sanitary facilities in 12 schools in North Gaza and Gaza city in cooperation with MOEHE. This project will improve sanitary facilities in these schools for a round 14,000 students. UNRWA Overview Since 2006 UNRWA has provided fuel and materials to municipalities and public health providers in Gaza to ensure the continued provision of basic environmental services, including water treatment, sewage and solid waste removal. Between January - June 2009, UNRWA in Gaza provided 1.149m litres of fuel provided to utility providers (at a cost of US$556,059) for operation of water and waste water services, solid waste management and debris removal. An additional US$41,000 was spent in the removal of over 6,000 tonnes of solid waste from temporary dumping sites. Throughout Operation Cast Lead, UNRWA operated as the basic service provider of last resort, providing industrial fuel to support the resumption of operations by the Gaza power plant, fuel to municipalities and the Coastal Municipal Water Utility to enable minimal water, waste water and solid waste management services.

WASH Cluster humanitarian response – West Bank Water Scarcity In an attempt to a more comprehensive response to the issue of water scarcity, an intersector working group has convened. The WASH Cluster has participated in a workshop called by the Minister of Agriculture to discuss the way forward on the water scarcity issue. The Ministry of Planning has responded positively to the joint letter of UNICEF and FAO to form a joint national water scarcity task force. UNICEF and FAO are sharing responsibilities for the monitoring of the water scarcity response at the national level. Currently PHG Wash Monitoring Programme is used for the purpose to monitor wash activities addressing water scarcity while FAO will be using the database of the Ministry of Agriculture. In a meanwhile, discussions are ongoing on a more consolidated monitoring process. FAO, MoA, OCHA, PHG, PWA, UNICEF and the WASH Cluster are included in this process.

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In addition, a joint assessment project focusing on an ‘increase water accessibility and access in areas vulnerable to drought in the West Bank’ by GVC, PHG and UAWC has produced a first draft analyses. The survey provides valuable and detailed information on the severity of water and sanitation situation for 70 of the most vulnerable communities in the West Bank. The final report is scheduled for February 2010. Filling Points In August the Joint Water Committee gave green light for the establishment of 9 ‘emergency’ filling points to alleviate the immediate suffering of unserved communities in the West Bank. Joint field visits were undertaken with the West Bank Water Department (WBWD), the Palestinian Water Authority (PWA), the Israeli water provider Mekorot and the Israeli Civil Administration to inspect the 9 sites. The WASH Cluster accompanied the inspection of 1 filling point. 5 out of 9 filling points got an informal approval from Mekorot: Baq’a (Hebron), Bado Ras Al-Muarrajat (Jericho), Al Hadadi (Tubas), Arab Abu Farda (Qualqilya), Jaba’ (Ramallah). While the approval of 4 emergency filling points, namely at Fuqaqis, At Twaneh (Massafer Yatta), Al Jib and Faqu’a (Jenin), is still pending since they are contested by Mekorot. PWA is awaiting the official writing of Mekorot for the approval for at least 5 out of 9 filling points shortly (letter was due last week). When valves are operational (promised for beginning of September), WBWD can install Future AL Hadidi filling point near Tubas (Picture: WASH Advocacy Task Force) emergency filling points asap. Partners are invited to support the WBWD to install the fully operational filling points at the accepted locations.

WASH Cluster activities The WASH cluster coordination team has been reinforced: beginning of August the new WASH Cluster Coordinator to the oPt, Prasad Sevekari, and the new Information and Advocacy Officer to the oPt, Thierry Foubert, have arrived to Jerusalem. However, Noha Nijim, the Gaza WASH Information Manager left and will be replaced shortly to make the Cluster fully operational. Suitable candidates are invited to apply for the WASH cluster Information Officer post in Gaza. Contact Mark Buttle for the Job Description: closing date 24th September. Contingency planning The WASH contingency plan for Gaza is in a final drafting stage. For the West Bank, the first session of WASH contingency plan was held, and a second session will be held asap.

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GRAD The most recent Gaza Response Activity Database (GRAD) update for the WASH Cluster had a rather modest response by the partners, leading to incomplete mapping by OCHA. Partners are called upon to update or include their projects in the database asap. CAP 2010 In August the 2010 Consolidated Appeal Process (CAP) of the UN started with a series of district workshops to identify the needs for humanitarian intervention. EWASH and the WASH Cluster were well represented and convened in cluster specific sessions. The learning of the different regions in the oPt have been discussed in a national workshop in Ramallah on 9 and 10 September. Later on in September the various partners are welcomed to propose humanitarian interventions for 2010 based upon the assessed needs. The WASH Cluster will install process for vetting and prioritize the most adequate responses in a one year timeframe. Gaza household survey In August, the ‘Water Sanitation and Hygiene Monitoring at Household Level - GAZA STRIP 2009 Survey’ has been launched in the framework of the WASH Cluster. The survey is executed by PHG with technical support of PCBS and funded by UNICEF. A first draw of 1250 respondents has been surveyed and the raw data is being analyzed. A first monthly report is to be expected shortly. EWASH Advocacy Task Force The EWASH group has been strengthened with an Advocacy Task Force team: Hekmat Bessiso (half time in Ramallah) and Nasser Barakat (full time in Gaza). The team is coached by COHRE and is managed by Oxfam GB. LifeSource is also a partner in the project, mainly producing films. The Task Force has 6 moths guaranteed funding from ECHO. As its first action point the Task Force prepared the HCT Media Event on September 3rd. The event took place at the Beit Lahya waste water treatment lagoons. The UN Humanitarian Coordinator Maxwell Gaylard and the Chair of the Association of International behalf of Development Agencies (AIDA), Martha Myres addressed national and international media about the perilous state the water and sanitation infrastructure had been reduced to by the 2 year Israeli blockade and the recent Israeli military operation ‘Cast Max Gaylard at Beit Lahya (Picture: Oxfam) Lead’. They stressed that the effects were not only to deny the 1.5 million Palestinians confined to Gaza their right to water and to endanger them with infectious disease but also environmental pollution extending beyond the borders of Gaza far up the Israeli coast. Supporting speeches were made by the Deputy Head of the Coastal Municipalities Water Utility (CMWU), the Gaza representative of

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the World Health Organisation, the Mission Head of UNICEF and two local Palestinian women from Middle Gaza. The event has had a wide response in the international media, including Associated Press, New York Times, BBC, and the Jerusalem Post. (A media report will follow.) The Advocacy Task Force launched its first Factsheet at the occasion. The event also hosted a screening of footage from the first of four films of LifeSource for the task force.

Dates for your diary • • •

WASH cluster meeting in Gaza Sept 27th 2pm at UNICEF CAP 2010 projects workshop in Gaza: September 28th 9.30am at Oxfam GB WASH cluster meeting in Ramallah on TUESDAY October 6th

For more information, please do not hesitate to contact: Name

e-mail

Phone number

Prasad Sevekari Cluster Coordinator Subha Ghannam e-WASH Coordinator Mark Buttle Gaza WASH Cluster focal point Thierry Foubert WASH Information & Advocacy Officer Gaza Information Manager

psevekari@unicef.org

054 7787 648

subha@phg.org

059 9644 868

mbuttle@oxfam.org.uk

059 8910 838 or 054 5865 985 057 7399 781

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tfoubert@oxfam.org.uk

Vacant – applications welcome before 24th September Contact Mark Buttle

Sept. 9th, 2009

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http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_wash_cluster_monthly_situation_report_2009_09_17_english-2  

http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_wash_cluster_monthly_situation_report_2009_09_17_english-20091026-112210.pdf

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