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UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

Gaza Humanitarian Overview June 2010

HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

The Humanitarian Impact of the Blockade and the Israeli offensive on Gaza

occupied Palestinian territory

HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

Gaza Strip – Profile • Population – 1.43 million (~1 million refugees)

• Crowded – 3,881 persons per sq km

• Young – 54% of the population under the age of 18

• Poor – 80% poverty rate/79% aid dependant HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


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UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

Erez Erez Crossing Point Point Crossing

Access to Gaza

occupied Palestinian territory

Rafah Rafah Crossing Point Point Crossing

The Gaza Strip Strip:2010 2007 August 2005 21 Settlements ~9,000 Israeli settlers

Nahal Nahal Oz Oz Crossing Crossing Point Point Karni Karni Crossing Point Point Crossing

Sufa Sufa CrossingPoint Point Crossing Kerem Shalom Crossing Point

HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

Gaza background: 2005-2007 • August-Nov. 2005: Removal of settlements, IDF, AMA • January 2006: Hamas wins PLC elections • March 2006: Hamas sets up government in oPt; – International sanctions imposed on PA – Reduced/intermittent access – Strikes and weakened public services

• Summer 2006: Qassams, Shalit, IDF “Summer Rains” • March 2007: National Unity Government • June 2007: Hamas takeover of Gaza HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

The Israeli Blockade on Gaza Since June 2007 • Air/sea movement banned • Import of most construction, raw materials & spare parts banned • All exports banned • Imports restricted to food and hygiene; limited cash/fuel • Medical referrals restricted • Buffer zones HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

The Impact of the Blockade • 70% of industrial estab. closed by end of 2007 • About 100,000 jobs lost by end of 2008 • Hospital functioning impeded • Electricity reduced and intermittent • Deterioration of water supply & sanitation services HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

The Gaza War: 27 Dec 2008-18 Jan 2009 1.43 million civilians unprotected: • Massive military aerial and ground bombardment • Densely populated – small area • No alarm/warning system • No safe space / bomb shelters • No place to flee: borders sealed HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

People affected during “Cast Lead” Offensive • 1,383 Palestinians fatalities, including 350 children, identified by OCHA. • 5,303 Palestinian injuries (MoH) • Civilian fatalities disputed: 73-83% (Palestinian HR orgs); 25-39% (IDF) • People killed in internal clashes HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

Gaza War Damages:

Damage Assessment JRC, 28 Jan 2009

 Public infrastructure  Agricultural land  Commerce/Industry  Residential buildings  UN property  Tunnels  All together

HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

Since last Israeli military offensive: • • • • •

Imports 20% compared to before June 2007 85% Food & Hygiene, up from 17% 70% of industrial establishments closed Agriculture & Fishing undermined Abject poverty up threefold: from100,000 to 300,000 among refugees • 40% unemployment, 61% food insecure • Shelter and Classroom/School shortage • Deteriorating Electricity crisis: power cuts between 6-12 hours/day

80% aid dependent HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

The continued Blockade: A protracted human dignity crisis

occupied Palestinian territory

• Limited capacity to address needs resulting of Israeli military offensive “Cast Lead” • Further Erosion of livelihoods – “Buffer Zone” • Further decline in the quality of all services • Denial of right to leave Gaza, move to WB • Increasing aid dependence HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs

The blockade “easings” declared by GOI, June 20

occupied Palestinian territory

• From a list of permitted items to a list of banned items • Construction materials for International Community and Palestinian Authority projects • Extension of crossing working ours •

No easing on movement of people

No easing on import of raw materials

No easing on exports

HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


UNITED NATIONS Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs occupied Palestinian territory

The way forward Lift the Blockade: • Lift restrictions on all Gaza crossings • Allow import of raw materials and exports • Allow free access to agricultural and fishing areas • Allow access for goods and people between Gaza and the West Bank Economic Recovery Decreased Aid Dependence HUMANITARIAN OVERVIEW

June 2010


http://www.ochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_humanitrain_presentation_gaza_June_2010