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U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s

oPt Humanitarian Overview: The West Bank and East Jerusalem occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Key Issues • H ouse demolitions and displacement • Settler Violence • System of movement and access r estr iction • Shr ink ing space

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

House Demolitions Area C: • 200 demolitions a year (av.) • < 3,000 pending orders East Jerusalem • 100 demolitions a year (av.) • < 1,500 pending orders • < 60,000 vulnerable H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Displacement in 2009 Adult Childr e s n

East Jer usal em

151

149

* Eviction fr om Sheik h Jar r ah

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

T otal

300 53

Ar ea C

152

167

319

T otal:

303

316

673

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

R estr icting Space in Ar ea C of the West Bank

• Area C: 60% of West Bank • Land Reserves for Urban Expansion and Infrastructure. • Palestinian construction prohibited in 70% of Area C and restricted in 29% • Only 1% of Area C planned for Palestinian development Restr T he Planning H Uicting M AN I Space: T ARI AN OVER VI EWRegime Applied by I sr ael in Ar ea C of the West Bank

ecember 2009 FDebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Shr ink ing Space for Palestinians in E. Jer usalem • Restrictive zoning • Restrictive planning • Restrictive permit regime -125 in 2008

• Shortfall of 1,100 HU/year

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

East Jer usalem,

Silw an-Al Bustan

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

East Jer usalem,

Sheik h Jar r ah

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Sheik h Jar r ah cur r ent cr isis • Organized settler attempts to take over land for expansion or establishment of new settlements. • Land expropriated or contested before the courts, in contravention of international law. • Plans to build over 540 residential units and public/commercial buildings for settlers. • Over 50 Palestinian residents already forcibly evicted: estimated 500 at risk of displacement

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Settler Violence • Impunity and lack of law enforcement – More than 90% of the cases investigated since 2006 closed without indictment

Susiya South Hebron/ BTselem

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• Current trend: - “Price tag” strategy - Resistance to “settlement freeze” F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Settler r elated violence incidents tr end 117% I ncr ease since 2006

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Settler Violence

Yassuf Mosque /December 2009 H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Access and Movement: Multi-layered system of

restrictions • Checkpoints & roadblocks • Barrier and ‘Seam Zone’ • Restricted roads • Closed military areas (Firing Zones)

• Nature reserves • Israeli settlements • Administrative restrictions Entrenchment H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Closures in the West Bank

TT r enches Road /Bar Ear Gates r/nts thw ier alls Check poi Ear thmounds Roadblock sGates Road r Road enches Road Ear Check Roadblock thmounds Bar Ear points rthw ier s alls

WEST BANK

West Bank : 5,600 k m 2 D D Gr D eenline

ROAD T REN ES CH ECKPOI EART HCH M OU NNDTSS ROAD GAT ES ditch used to prevent AAmetal barrier manned by Palest inian Built-up BARRI ERS mound of rubble, dirtIDF A gate, often BL OCKS vehicle crossing. arand/or eas Road alongside rocks used to . and/orbarriers Border Police

manned by IDF, to AT series of 1 metre high otal of 33.6 Population: 2,350,583 major roads tokm prevent obstruct vehicle access. control movement along concrete blocks used PART I AL PCBS Census 2007 movement across theto roads. I sr aeli settlements DDDD obstruct vehicle EART H access. CH ECKPOI NT roads. approx. 149 settlements,100 Total of L 125 An established WAL S km outposts checkpoint operating A continuous wall500,000 or Population: Approx. periodically. series of earth mounds. H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Number of Closures 69

20

CH ECKPOI N T S A barrier manned by IDF and/or Border Police.

ROAD GAT ES A metal gate, often manned by IDF,

61

to control movement along roads.

ROAD BL OCKS 152

A series of 1 metre high concrete blocks used to obstruct vehicle access.

EART H M OU N D S A mound of rubble, dirt and/or rocks used to obstruct vehicle access.

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

T REN CH ES (total of 33.9 km) A ditch used to prevent vehicle crossing.

D D D

75

PART I AL CH ECKPOI N T S An established checkpoint operating periodically.

104

21

DDDD

48

ROAD BARRI ERS (total of 125 km) Road barriers placed alongside major roads prevent movement across the roads.

EART H WAL L S (total of 15.2 km)

I n Atotal 550 es continuous wall orclosur series of earth mounds used to restrict access. As of 16 F eb 2010

Flying Checkpoints Average: 2009 65 2010 100 F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Other Closures

• 92 obstacles in Hebron City (H2) • 57 Barrier gates • 8 Green Line checkpoints * Not included in OCHA closure count (Feb. 2010) H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Closure Trend 800

735 680

N umber of West Bank Closur es

700

605

630

AM A

600

533

561

471

500

614

569

A 39% incr ease since AM A w as signed 550

533

376 396

400 300 200 100 0 D ec 03 Nov 04 F eb â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;10

Road M ap

M ar 05

Aug 05

D isengagement

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N ov 05 Jan 06

Oct 06

Oct 07

Jan 08

Sept 08 June 09

Palestinian H amas Elections T ak e-over Annapolis F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Movements and Access Easings, July 2009

Atara Checkpoint, 1 July 2009 H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Expanded Enav checkpoint

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Construction of Barrier in the West Bank Star ted in June 2002 after an escalation of suicide bombingsissue is the r oute

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

The Barrier • Objection to route, not the Barrier • 10,000 people in closed areas; expanded Jan. 2009 • Once the Barrier is completed: – 85% of the route will be in the WB – 125,000 will be surrounded on 3 sides – 35,000 will live in closed areas • Protests result in 64% of injuries in WB H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

The Barrier T otal L ength: 709 km

WEST BANK

Within the West Bank Constr ucted 85% 58% (413 k m)

U nder Constr uction 10% (73 k m)

Planned 32% (223 k m)

Gr een L ine

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Closed Area Communities F acts & figur es • 10,000/35,000 West Bankers • 125,000 / 3 sides • Permanent Resident Permits

I mpact H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

• Health • Education

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Qalqilia Jayyous: 55

Gr een L ine

ACT I VAT E L AYER S H abla T unnel Jayyusâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; L and Road 55 Wat er w ells

West Bank Bar r ier 2008 Constr ucted Pl a nned Palestinian Built-up I sr aeli Settlements Bar r ier Gates 0

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

1 Miles

2

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Control mechanisms further entrenched T he ‘F abr ic of L ife’ r oad netw or k

• 49 km of roads and 43 tunnels & underpasses • Transportational contiguity at expense of territorial continuity • Environmental and economic impact: unknown H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S

Enclaves and Fabric of Life Roads

Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Biddu sunken road

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

East Jer usalem

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

East Jer usalem: Key H umanitar ian Concer ns Bar r ier r elated: • Access to services • Communities & land “dislocated” by Barrier I n addition: • Evictions, Demolitions • Residency rights • Poor living conditions D isplacement H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Isolation of Jerusalem from the West Bank 2005 1987

Palestini an built-up ar ea Sett lemen t E1 pr oject BARR I E R Constr ucted U nder const r uct ion Planned ROAD S I sr aeli use pr imar ily Palesti nian tr affic only: PL AN N ED ROAD S Planned w it h land seized Planned Check point s Palestinian per mits holder s

U nder passe s H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Restricted Access

Al-Ram/East Jerusalem â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Formal commercial area H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Access to H ealth

• All JLM ID holders / WBGS residents • Permits & access for WB patients, staff & ambulances to EJ hospitals

• Problems of access for JLM residents who live outside Barrier

• Access problems within EJ due to ambulance escorts (ICRC/PRCS/MADA agreement)

• Access to WB/JLM hospitals for dislocated communities

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Access to Education to Education Permits & access for WB •Access

teachers/students to Jerusalem

• Classroom shortage in Municipal system/ Demolition/sealing of Al Waqf schools

• Estimated 5-10,000 pupils not enrolled/ high dropout rate

• Access to WB/JLM schools for dislocated communities

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Residency r ights

• Revocation of social benefits & Jerusalem ID cards

• Family reunification • Registration of children • Municipal boundary vs. Barrier boundary

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

D isplacement

• Restrictive zoning & planning &

administrative obstacles  ‘illegal’ construction/demolitions

• Systematic settler ‘legal’, physical & other pressure  forced evictions

• Other “push” factors, including lack of access to services…etc.

H U M AN I T ARI AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y ‘D islocated’ communities & isolated land

• • • •

West Bank Palestinian communities on ‘Jerusalem’ side of Barrier East Jerusalem communities on ‘West Bank’ side of the Barrier West Bank communities severed from their previously close ties to Jerusalem West Bank land isolated on ‘Jerusalem side’ of Barrier

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

F r agmentation of the West Bank and East Jer usalem : Ar eas A and B (Oslo Accor ds) 149 I sr aeli set t lements, 100 out post s and land cultivated by I sr aelis Sett lements R egional Councils I sr aeli milit ar y closed ar eas (F ir e Zones) and 48 milit ar y bases N at ur e Reser ves West Bank Bar r ier and Ar eas betw een the Bar r ier and t he Gr een L ine Restr ict ed Roads Closur es T he effect of t he closur es and r estr icted r oads F r agmentat ion of the West Bank H U M AN I T ARI Check point s AN OVER VI EW

F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s

The Shrinking Space of Bethlehem Governorate

occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Potential for development ofoximately Bethlehem658 toursquar ism ifeI Km sr aeli Gover norsites ate compr ised of appr M ar Saba measur es lifted I sr aeli annexation into Jer usalem I D F closur e of D ead Sea coast line (32 Km) I sr aeli settlements (19), I sr aeli pop. 86,000 Ar ea C (66%) – full I sr aeli contr ol I sr aeli militar y closed ar eas (40% of the gover nor ate and 60% of Ar ea C) N atur e Reser ves (19.4%)

Bedouin D ead Sea H usanL ife

Bypass r oads I sr aeli settlement outposts (16) Bar r ier – constr ucted & under constr uction Bar r ier - Planned Closur es : check points and obstacles (29) Settlement expansion

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F ebr uar y 2010


U N I T ED N AT I ON S Office for the Coor dination of H umanitar ian Affair s occupied P alestinian ter r itor y

Conclusions

Bethlehem Barrier Crossing 2008

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• Humanitarian and/or full economic recovery impeded by restricted access to and control over space & resources. • Barrier on 1967 Green Line • Gaza Blockade must end, crossings opened F ebr uar y 2010

http://www.unochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_humanitarian_presentation_east_jerusalem_west_bank  

http://www.unochaopt.org/documents/ocha_opt_humanitarian_presentation_east_jerusalem_west_bank.ppt

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