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NING

DING

Master of Architecture Portfolio 2018


Selected academic work of 2016-2018

Content

01 02 03

C(ult)uring A New Suburbia

Brew 67: Urban Frontier Residence

Ocupação Anchieta Avança: Creek Revival


01 C(ult)uring A New Suburbia Advisor: Perry Kulper Year: 2018 thesis studio Location: The Strand, Belle Isle, Detroit, US Programme: Dwelling implication of integration of nature and architecture : View Animation

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The thesis is about urban sprawl resistance, addressing questions related to, urban, suburban, and nature, and it is interested in changing the spatial attitudes surrounding daily patterns of work, rest, and play. As the skyscraper and modern building sprawling across the continents, the quantitative urbanism reclaims new land and integrating surrounding towns into high rise city. Is there an alternative way or a way to resist current urban sprawling condition? This thesis proposes another sub-urbanism structured around rest and joyfulness. The thesis presents as a compact mini-town, an antidote to the sprawl

urban condition, and a means to preserve the leisure and exclusive environment of suburbia. It addresses to the current suburb and city-suburb relationship and stripsthe suburb from accessories of urban. Futhermore, It tries to construct authentic connection between architecture and nature in suburban to rebuild suburbia culture and living environment. The new suburbia intends to integrate the characteristics of nature and form a new culture of architecture and nature. The design appropriates laboratory apparatus and considers architecture as infrastructure to incubate infinite amount of possibilities.

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From its origins, the suburban world of leisure, family life, and union with nature was based on the principle of exclusion. Work was excluded from the family residence; middle-class villas were segregated from working-class housing; the greenery of suburbia stood in contrast to a gray, polluted urban environment.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

Detroit River-ia The thesis speculated new suburbia not only on ground but also on water.

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There is the paradox: how to become modern and to return to sources; how to revive an old, dormant civilization and take part in universal civilization.

- Kenneth Frampton <Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance>

Winter-ia Since the new suburbia sited in Michigan, The winter of the site is long and snowy.

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Plants Calibrating Cultivating plant Species inside graduated cylinders is an approach to capture the nature. The device allows individual to closely exam nature through measuring, recording, and comparison. It provides opportunities for residences to become an observer of nature.

Crop Farming Farm used to be one of primary lifestyle in suburbia.Farming could be entertaining, but the consistent effort spend in the field could be too much for those only here for weekend and holiday. In beginning of suburbia house, owner as manor lord employ slaves or minions to maintain the farm work. Today, it migaht be possible to emply technology, as mechanics arm with artificial intellengence , to subtitude slavery work. Then it made residences purely enjoy the pleasure of farming.

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Suburbia is more than a collection of residential buildings; it expresses values so deeply embedded in bourgeois culture that it might also be called the bourgeois utopia.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

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Suburbia represents a collective assertion of class wealth and privilege as impressive as any medieval castle.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

Livestock Farming Livestock farm used to be one of primary lifestyle in suburbia as well. In the incubator of petri dish, it allows cattle breeding free-ranged.

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Birds Watching Bird watching tower enable srensidences to climb high and watch various bird through reflective glazing. The rafters around the tower provide resting for bird species.

Fishes Observing Scuba diving plates underwater enable rensidences to drill down to investigate various fish species.

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Stone Crafting One of approach to integrate architecture and nature is transforming the specific form of nature. Here the stone becomes the subject to transform. The thesis speculates the stones cultivated and growed in petri dishes. With manipulation of robotic arms, the stones are processed into habitable space with functions.

Normadic Stone Normadic stone is one of the possible habitable space. It has the basic quality as a shelter. Meanwhile it possesses the mobil wheels which allow residences to travel between suburb and nature.

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The fact that nature can be represented, that it can be reflected through an image, a text or a semiotic system, also contains the option that it can be modified and manipulated.

- Phillip Ursprung <Nature and Architecture>

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02 Brew 67

:Urban Frontier Apartment Advisor: Joel T. Schmidt Year: 2017 Fall System Studio Location: 9900 Linwood St, Detroit, US Programme: Low-rise residential apartments : VR with Oculus RiftÂŽ viewable

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Team: Stepahnie Rydecki (drawing) Yun-Chih Yeh (model) Ning Ding (image)


The project is located on Linwood Avenue in Detroit, Michigan, where one of the aftermath of the 1967 Detroit Riot. Today the parcels exist as a thinly populated, disused border to the historic neighborhoods they once served. The studio project focused on constructing aesthetics of simplicity in contruction, form, and local style of living to bring back familiarity, intimacy, and neighborhood , and design contemporary and affordable housing on this urban frontier. The project serves to represent the connection between the residential area around Linwood and the vertical commercial block. One goal for this project were to integrate into the surrounding area while having a sense of connection between the

commercial corridor in Linwood as well as the residence surrounding it. The initial idea invovle a sense of public versus private. The public area is represented by the courtyard in an effort to engage the community around and within the B-4 lot. Also, the lower level is represented by more populated units and as the building gets higher, single units begin to exist. This allows the project to create a sense of privacy for those in the single units versus those in the family units on the ground level. Materiality pulls from the surrounding context in the form of brick while the roof line undulates with the surrounding context as well. The project is inclusive with access to ground floor units and elevators provided appropriately.

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Parking

Located in a developing area of Detroit at 9900 Linwood street, the site is suburban community area adjacent some small commercial areas. Along Linwood, there are B-4 lots that are 250 x 100 in dimension that are inhabited by commercial, churches or large scale residential housing units. However, the majority of blocks are either vacant or occupied by churches.

Denstiy

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Wind

Demography

Market

Considering the locol condition that may possibly affect the design, such as demography, income, weather condition.

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Š Y. Chih

Studied on sunlight and shadow. Here parametric software grasshopper became the tool for analysis of sunlight in relation to building massing. The main goal was to navigate the building orientation and height. Plenty of possible combination have been studied in order to determine the design. Finally, the project compact overall mass into two strips, instead of having scattered, individual mass. The Orientation of the strip is to rotate 115 degree from true north, having two stripsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; roof facing south, in order to have better access to the sunlight.

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© S.Rydecki

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Units To achieve the goal of building neighborhood, we have one large residential building which holds approximately 20 units at 8,000 sq. ft. This elongated unit accents the commercial corridor of Linwood. To compliment this commercial corridor, we added three smaller units in reference to the surrounding residential context. Each unit varies in size from 2,100 sq.ft to 2,800 sq.ft. dependent on the unit type. There are two configurations of town-homes and a cafe within these three smaller units. While the site configuration was a factor, the height represents the average height of the residence around the B-4 lots, 3 stories.

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© S.Rydecki

Cafe

“The coffee houses have the potential to transform the neighborhoods in a number of ways... a gathering spot fosters a “robust” social culture in Detroit, something that establishes strong ties between neighbors, creates conversation between strangers and sets a tone for how the city will develop in the months and years to come...”

-Karen Dibys < How Detroit’s coffee shops are shaping neighborhood redevelopment>

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03 Ocupação Anchieta Avança : Creek Revival Advisor: María Arquero de Alarcón Year: 2017 Winter Proposition Studio

Team: Cheng Cheng(MUP, literature)

Lihang Wu(MUP, literature) Ning Ding (drawing, model, image)

Location: Villa Nascente, São Paulo, Brazil Programme: Informal settlements's environmental design proposal : 2017 Ford College Community Challenge Award : Full publication availiable

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The project is part of the three design proposals for Ocupação Anchieta in publication. The creek and springs, located in the center of Ocupação Anchieta, are the major natural features of the site. Deforestation and pollution from household waste are two major problems in this area. Therefore, the Taubman Team proposes a twostage plan. The first stage involves the establishment of a buffer zone in the creek catchment area. Within and beyond the buffer zone, constructed wetlands should be built to filter and absorb pollutants from runoff. Reforesting the area with local species will also help improve the site’s water

quality. Additionally, a Creek Revival Steering and Management Committee should be formed as the entity responsible for implementation. In the second stage, once the environment has recovered, the Taubman Team proposes further strategies to enhance human-nature interaction around the creek. These strategies include a buffer strip adjustment, riparian walk system with pocket parks, and a water-enjoyment area. These components will use creative designs to attract residents to this area, enhancing quality of life for residents while protecting the environment simultaneously.

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Problem Identification and Recommendation

– Pollutions – Intense Human Activities – Deforestation

Current Situation The creek runs from southwest to northeast through the center of Ocupação Anchieta (the Occupation). About 25 meters (82 feet) of dense local vegetation surrounds the creek area. This green space contains three springs, which are referred to by the residents as minas (springs). The presence of these springs forms a valley, the lowest point being the creek, which characterizes the varied topography in the Occupation. Pollution from household waste and deforestation from the construction of homes negatively impact the creek and springs areas. Inadequate waste disposal contaminates the soil and groundwater. During heavy rains, stormwater catches these pollutants and carries them downhill into the creek, further impacting water quality. Over the past 4 years, the vegetation coverage of this area has significantly decreased, which also hinders this area’s ability to filter out and recover from pollution. The environmental degradation of the creek and springs area is a critical problem, both in terms of environmental stewardship and in terms of housing security. Current Ocupação Anchieta residents may be evicted from the site because of the settlement’s negative impact on the environment. If residents do not succeed in mitigating this pollution, their tenure security will become even more fragile. The Taubman College Team plans to work with the Occupation to restore the creek and springs area, and to ultimately

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help residents improve tenure security. Project goals include: reducing the existing pollution in and around the creek area; protecting the natural environment in the future; and facilitating proper human interactions with the area.

Action Plans A traditional way to cope with water pollution involves three components: prevention, treatment, and management (Pollution Prevention (P2), 2017). These components work to prevent pollution from the very beginning, addressing pollution with technical skills and management skills. The Taubman Team and the client-partner believe that the Creek Revival plan should fulfill three goals: reduce pollution, protect the environment, and improve human interactions with nature. Based on these goals, we developed the recommendations below. The Taubman Team envisions short term and long term plans. The shortterm plan prioritizes pollution reduction and environmental protection. Strategies include: creating a forested riparian buffer, constructing wetlands, reforestation efforts, environmental education programming, and the establishment of a Creek Revival Steering and Managing committee. The long-term plan prioritizes environmental protection and human interaction with the site. The Taubman Team proposes landscape designs to enhance human interactions with nature, including a riparian sidewalk system with pocket parks.


Ocupacao Anchieta Property Are

a

Surrounding Community Vegetation Coverage Environmental Protection Area Electricity Wire Area

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Phase One: Intervention in Short-term

+ Buffers + Biofilter + Reforestation + Self-organized Committee

The short-term intervention is a five-year period that helps the riparian area recover from the previous deforestation and pollution. In this period, human activities are basically prohibited. This intervention includes a buffer zone, constructed wetland, reforestation, and environmental management.

Tree Species

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Euterpe edulis

Astrocaryum aculeatissimum

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Avocado tree

Tabebuia heptaphylla

Cupania racemosa

Heisteria silvianii

Biofilters Species

Tree Species

Giant Cutgrass

Water Primrose

Euterpe edulis

Astrocaryum aculeatissimum

Water Willow

Brachiaria grass

Avocado tree

Tabebuia heptaphylla

Wild Radish

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Cupania racemosa

Heisteria silvianii


Implementations of Phase One

Existing Vegetation Bridge

Path

Creek Spring Existing Vegetation Reforestation Vegetation Constructed Vegetation

Existing Vegetation

Reforestation Vegetation

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nding@umich.edu 734 - 730 - 3237 ins: dning1023

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