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Master of Architecture Portfolio 2018


Selected academic work of 2016-2018

Content

01 02 03 04 05

C(ult)uring A New Suburbia

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Brew 67: Urban Frontier Residence

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Module Grid House

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Ocupação Anchieta Avança: Creek Revival

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Other Works

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01 C(ult)uring A New Suburbia Advisor: Perry Kulper Year: 2018 thesis studio Location: The Strand, Belle Isle, Detroit, US Programme: Dwelling implication of integration of nature and architecture : View Animation

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The thesis is about urban sprawl resistance, addressing questions related to, urban, suburban, and nature, and it is interested in changing the spatial attitudes surrounding daily patterns of work, rest, and play. As the skyscraper and modern building sprawling across the continents, the quantitative urbanism reclaims new land and integrating surrounding towns into high rise city. Is there an alternative way or a way to resist current urban sprawling condition? This thesis proposes another sub-urbanism structured around rest and joyfulness. The thesis presents as a compact mini-town, an antidote to the sprawl

urban condition, and a means to preserve the leisure and exclusive environment of suburbia. It addresses to the current suburb and city-suburb relationship and stripsthe suburb from accessories of urban. Futhermore, It tries to construct authentic connection between architecture and nature in suburban to rebuild suburbia culture and living environment. The new suburbia intends to integrate the characteristics of nature and form a new culture of architecture and nature. The design appropriates laboratory apparatus and considers architecture as infrastructure to incubate infinite amount of possibilities.

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From its origins, the suburban world of leisure, family life, and union with nature was based on the principle of exclusion. Work was excluded from the family residence; middle-class villas were segregated from working-class housing; the greenery of suburbia stood in contrast to a gray, polluted urban environment.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

Detroit River-ia The thesis speculated new suburbia not only on ground but also on water.

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Belle Isle Island-ia The new suburbia is primary sited on Bell Isle Island, an island with vegetation and forest, an intermedium place between urban and nature.

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The massive postwar decentralization of the most vital urban functions has profoundly transformed the basic urban ecology in which suburbia developed over its two-hundred-year history. As a result, the original concept of suburbia as an unspoiled synthesis of city and countryside has lost its meaning.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

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There is the paradox: how to become modern and to return to sources; how to revive an old, dormant civilization and take part in universal civilization.

- Kenneth Frampton <Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance>

Winter-ia Since the new suburbia sited in Michigan, The winter of the site is long and snowy.

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Map of Petri Dishes

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Plants Calibrating Cultivating plant Species inside graduated cylinders is an approach to capture the nature. The device allows individual to closely exam nature through measuring, recording, and comparison. It provides opportunities for residences to become an observer of nature.

Crop Farming Farm used to be one of primary lifestyle in suburbia.Farming could be entertaining, but the consistent effort spend in the field could be too much for those only here for weekend and holiday. In beginning of suburbia house, owner as manor lord employ slaves or minions to maintain the farm work. Today, it migaht be possible to emply technology, as mechanics arm with artificial intellengence , to subtitude slavery work. Then it made residences purely enjoy the pleasure of farming.

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Suburbia is more than a collection of residential buildings; it expresses values so deeply embedded in bourgeois culture that it might also be called the bourgeois utopia.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

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Suburbia represents a collective assertion of class wealth and privilege as impressive as any medieval castle.

- Robert Fishman <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>

Livestock Farming Livestock farm used to be one of primary lifestyle in suburbia as well. In the incubator of petri dish, it allows cattle breeding free-ranged.

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Birds Watching Bird watching tower enable srensidences to climb high and watch various bird through reflective glazing. The rafters around the tower provide resting for bird species.

Fishes Observing Scuba diving plates underwater enable rensidences to drill down to investigate various fish species.

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Stone Crafting One of approach to integrate architecture and nature is transforming the specific form of nature. Here the stone becomes the subject to transform. The thesis speculates the stones cultivated and growed in petri dishes. With manipulation of robotic arms, the stones are processed into habitable space with functions.

Normadic Stone Normadic stone is one of the possible habitable space. It has the basic quality as a shelter. Meanwhile it possesses the mobil wheels which allow residences to travel between suburb and nature.

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The fact that nature can be represented, that it can be reflected through an image, a text or a semiotic system, also contains the option that it can be modified and manipulated.

- Phillip Ursprung <Nature and Architecture>

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If nature is not a presupposed entity, but a product of human projectionâ&#x20AC;Ś then it is something else than a backdrop against which architecture takes place or a raw material that becomes articulate through architecture.

- Phillip Ursprung <Nature and Architecture>

E004

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E003 Stone House A rensidential house made of stone. The stone in this scenarios is not only as raw material for construction, but also the form of the architecture. It is granted with spacial quality inside itself. The thesis conjesture the stone house as primary inhabitable space for the new suburbia.

E002

Capturing Elenements In past of architecture and nature, framing, imitating, and transforming are approaches of integrating with nature and its force. The approaches could be applied in the new suburbia construction. The thesis imagines capturing the five elements through framing and imitating. In eastern philosophy, these elements, metal, wood, water, fire, and earth, are decompositions of nature. The thesis uses them as metaphoric medium to speculate possibilities of architecture and nature.

E005 Metaphoric Functions Following forms of the elements, the captures elements also have metaphic functions based properties of elements. They may serve as infrastructure and habitatble place. The thesis speculated some possible scenarios as following. The earth, in form of stone, could be associated with residential quality. The wood could be associated with plantation, farming, storage, watch tower. The metal relates to building of manufacture and electricity. The fire relates to infrastructure of gas and heat. The water relates to water management and supply.

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Proto-speciation.forms

Proto-speciation.plan

Proto-speciation.spaciality

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New Suburbia in Double Purple Studio

A text is fromed from a collective cultural agency, according to Michael Foucault. The claim is applied the same in architecture thesis. The wok interlaced with the double purple studio culture. During the developing period, we shared our thoughts on what-ifs, scenarios, proto-speciation, briefs, mechanics of engagement, programatical thinking, situational thinking, authoring, and design methods under the guidence of our dearest advisor. The studio has an emphasis of design process and engaged thoughts than the product.

The program of the thesis was speculated in a rhetorical way; The role of the program was to do with the ‘idea’ of program, rather than the program seen from a functional perspective, a role to do with positioning and framing, rather than becoming ‘use’ oriented. The thesis speculated the original idea and charateristics of suburbia from Robert Fishman’s <Bourgeois Utopias: The Rise And Fall Of Suburbia>, and re-developed according to Phillip Ursprung’s <Nature and Architecture>; it tried to re-position the suburbia with relationship to urban and nature, and frame suburbia in pattern of living and environment of engagement. Launched in a typological site, belle isle, the thesis is sited in an intermediate place between urban and nature (forest and lake). The environment and adjacent contexts of the site enable a situational thinking of proposed suburbia grounded.

The thesis was developed using a content-to-form design method in which the formal and material possibilities precede the program logic. With the narratives of ealiest suburbia in London in Fishmen's book and the prototype of Palladian villas of the Veneto, the thesis developed scenes of suburbia life. Then the work used another design method of appropriation with petri dish, taking the laboratory apparatus as architecture incubators. Through referring the biological growing process in petri dish, the thesis simulated the same process with architecture. Then design with metaphoric means to designates the incubated objects with new identities, such as the object of elements.

One goal of this suburbia is that it may decentralize cities and dilute the business and competition centered environment with leisure and rest. The thesis refered parts of points from Kenneth Frampton's <Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance>. The principles used in resisting internationalism could possibly be translated for suburbia resisting urban sprawling. The theis intended to present as a new community to form boundaries from city and a buffer to natural landscape. It also intended to build outdoor culture through both form and spirit of architecture. By using textureality and tectonics of nature, the thesis tried to geometricize and formalize nature, and then integrate suburban architecture with nature or natural form. Meanwhile, outfit the houses, yards, landscape, etc with a series of prosthetic devices.

While thinking of architecture and nature, the thesis followed the guidence of Phillip Urspring's <Nature and Architecture>, capture and imitate the form and the system of the nature, seeking for possibility of unconventional architecture as an intermediate between urban and nature.

- dp's clematis

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Full animation link https://vimeo.com/274166892

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Study nature, love nature, stay close to nature. It will never fail you. - Frank Lloyd Wright

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02 Brew 67

:Urban Frontier Apartment Advisor: Joel T. Schmidt Year: 2017 Fall System Studio Location: 9900 Linwood St, Detroit, US Programme: Low-rise residential apartments : VR with Oculus RiftÂŽ viewable

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Team: Stepahnie Rydecki (drawing) Yun-Chih Yeh (model) Ning Ding (image)


The project is located on Linwood Avenue in Detroit, Michigan, where one of the aftermath of the 1967 Detroit Riot. Today the parcels exist as a thinly populated, disused border to the historic neighborhoods they once served. The studio project focused on constructing aesthetics of simplicity in contruction, form, and local style of living to bring back familiarity, intimacy, and neighborhood , and design contemporary and affordable housing on this urban frontier. The project serves to represent the connection between the residential area around Linwood and the vertical commercial block. One goal for this project were to integrate into the surrounding area while having a sense of connection between the

commercial corridor in Linwood as well as the residence surrounding it. The initial idea invovle a sense of public versus private. The public area is represented by the courtyard in an effort to engage the community around and within the B-4 lot. Also, the lower level is represented by more populated units and as the building gets higher, single units begin to exist. This allows the project to create a sense of privacy for those in the single units versus those in the family units on the ground level. Materiality pulls from the surrounding context in the form of brick while the roof line undulates with the surrounding context as well. The project is inclusive with access to ground floor units and elevators provided appropriately.

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Parking

Located in a developing area of Detroit at 9900 Linwood street, the site is suburban community area adjacent some small commercial areas. Along Linwood, there are B-4 lots that are 250 x 100 in dimension that are inhabited by commercial, churches or large scale residential housing units. However, the majority of blocks are either vacant or occupied by churches.

Denstiy

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Wind

Demography

Market

Considering the locol condition that may possibly affect the design, such as demography, income, weather condition.

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Š Y. Chih

Studied on sunlight and shadow. Here parametric software grasshopper became the tool for analysis of sunlight in relation to building massing. The main goal was to navigate the building orientation and height. Plenty of possible combination have been studied in order to determine the design. Finally, the project compact overall mass into two strips, instead of having scattered, individual mass. The Orientation of the strip is to rotate 115 degree from true north, having two stripsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; roof facing south, in order to have better access to the sunlight.

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The project is to consider the characteristic of the site: the one-sideness of the site can be better revigorated by the linear shape of massing strategy. The juxtaposition of the long building and the smaller twonhouses create a inbetween courtyard which allows communities to grow.

Multiple tectonic arrangement were experimented and tested for a possible formal solution which achieved functionally, programmatically, structurally and climatically requirements while maintain a strong visual and spacial presence.

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Investigated surrounding building tectonics and facade. The project was trying to find complementing matches between old forms of residential building near the site and the new form in addressing function, program, climate, and new spirit of the space we imagine.

Š S.Rydecki LINWOOD FACADE CONTEXT

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© S.Rydecki

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Units To achieve the goal of building neighborhood, we have one large residential building which holds approximately 20 units at 8,000 sq. ft. This elongated unit accents the commercial corridor of Linwood. To compliment this commercial corridor, we added three smaller units in reference to the surrounding residential context. Each unit varies in size from 2,100 sq.ft to 2,800 sq.ft. dependent on the unit type. There are two configurations of town-homes and a cafe within these three smaller units. While the site configuration was a factor, the height represents the average height of the residence around the B-4 lots, 3 stories.

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Š S.Rydecki

Apartments Gound level is designed to house larger, familial units; second level is to house medium family units; while the third level consists of studio-type unit for more individual setting.

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© S.Rydecki

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Townhomes The buildings were deisgned to be townhouses which have independent entrances and two-story dulplex. They were intended to house bigger familial setting.

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© S.Rydecki

Cafe

“The coffee houses have the potential to transform the neighborhoods in a number of ways... a gathering spot fosters a “robust” social culture in Detroit, something that establishes strong ties between neighbors, creates conversation between strangers and sets a tone for how the city will develop in the months and years to come...”

-Karen Dibys < How Detroit’s coffee shops are shaping neighborhood redevelopment>

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© Y. Chih

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03 Module Grid House Advisor: Adam Fure Year: 2015 Fall Form Studio Location: Amagansett, US Programme: Residential House

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Module Grid House is a study of scale and building elements. based on architectural precedences. As architecture exists in physical, historical, and discursive contexts, the study provides a fundamental framework for design and evaluation. The studio environment presupposed that there exist a number of constants at an abstract level that transcend any particular context of time or place (both elemental: column, wall, floor, roof, door, and window; and in relationship).

Architectural meaning, then, results through the precise restatement of these elements into new relationships, constituting new spatial possibilities as they are developed in plan and section. The primary emphasis of the project is the development of insight into the solution of building and design problems: how they are studied (analysis), how they are approached and carried through (process), and how they are conceptualized and developed (synthesis).

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Here the study is about investigation of hight and area of residential building. With interrogation of works from Charles Gwathmey, the designer created a series of analytic drawings and threedimensional models that clarify architecture elements and prepare for recomposing design.

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“Modern builders need a classification of architectural factors irrespective of time and country, a classification by essential variation… ”

-W. R. Lethaby <Architecture, MysticIsmail and Myth>

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After the previouse proccess, the designer procees throguh recomposing into rensidential houses. By transforming, allocating, overlapping, the deisigner recompose the elments and integrated on site.

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04 Ocupação Anchieta Avança : Creek Revival Advisor: María Arquero de Alarcón Year: 2017 Winter Proposition Studio

Team: Cheng Cheng(MUP, literature)

Lihang Wu(MUP, literature) Ning Ding (drawing, model, image)

Location: Villa Nascente, São Paulo, Brazil Programme: Informal settlements's environmental design proposal : 2017 Ford College Community Challenge Award : Publication availiable

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The project is part of the three design proposals for Ocupação Anchieta in publication. The creek and springs, located in the center of Ocupação Anchieta, are the major natural features of the site. Deforestation and pollution from household waste are two major problems in this area. Therefore, the Taubman Team proposes a twostage plan. The first stage involves the establishment of a buffer zone in the creek catchment area. Within and beyond the buffer zone, constructed wetlands should be built to filter and absorb pollutants from runoff. Reforesting the area with local species will also help improve the site’s water

quality. Additionally, a Creek Revival Steering and Management Committee should be formed as the entity responsible for implementation. In the second stage, once the environment has recovered, the Taubman Team proposes further strategies to enhance human-nature interaction around the creek. These strategies include a buffer strip adjustment, riparian walk system with pocket parks, and a water-enjoyment area. These components will use creative designs to attract residents to this area, enhancing quality of life for residents while protecting the environment simultaneously.

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6 1. Instituto Anchieta Grajaú (IAG) Facilities. 2. Students and Partners. 3. Informal Gathering. 4. IAG Basketball Court. 5. (from left to right) Moacir, Ana Paula Pimentel Walker, Anderson, Unknown Resident, Elizabeth, Fernando, Two Children, María Arquero de Alarcón.

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7-8. Deforestation in Ocupação Anchieta from 2011 to 2016. 9-14. Images from the Creek Taken During the Site Visit.

© The Regents of the University of Michigan A. Alfred Taubman College of Architecture and Urban Planning

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Problem Identification and Recommendation

– Pollutions – Intense Human Activities – Deforestation

Current Situation The creek runs from southwest to northeast through the center of Ocupação Anchieta (the Occupation). About 25 meters (82 feet) of dense local vegetation surrounds the creek area. This green space contains three springs, which are referred to by the residents as minas (springs). The presence of these springs forms a valley, the lowest point being the creek, which characterizes the varied topography in the Occupation. Pollution from household waste and deforestation from the construction of homes negatively impact the creek and springs areas. Inadequate waste disposal contaminates the soil and groundwater. During heavy rains, stormwater catches these pollutants and carries them downhill into the creek, further impacting water quality. Over the past 4 years, the vegetation coverage of this area has significantly decreased, which also hinders this area’s ability to filter out and recover from pollution. The environmental degradation of the creek and springs area is a critical problem, both in terms of environmental stewardship and in terms of housing security. Current Ocupação Anchieta residents may be evicted from the site because of the settlement’s negative impact on the environment. If residents do not succeed in mitigating this pollution, their tenure security will become even more fragile. The Taubman College Team plans to work with the Occupation to restore the creek and springs area, and to ultimately

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help residents improve tenure security. Project goals include: reducing the existing pollution in and around the creek area; protecting the natural environment in the future; and facilitating proper human interactions with the area.

Action Plans A traditional way to cope with water pollution involves three components: prevention, treatment, and management (Pollution Prevention (P2), 2017). These components work to prevent pollution from the very beginning, addressing pollution with technical skills and management skills. The Taubman Team and the client-partner believe that the Creek Revival plan should fulfill three goals: reduce pollution, protect the environment, and improve human interactions with nature. Based on these goals, we developed the recommendations below. The Taubman Team envisions short term and long term plans. The shortterm plan prioritizes pollution reduction and environmental protection. Strategies include: creating a forested riparian buffer, constructing wetlands, reforestation efforts, environmental education programming, and the establishment of a Creek Revival Steering and Managing committee. The long-term plan prioritizes environmental protection and human interaction with the site. The Taubman Team proposes landscape designs to enhance human interactions with nature, including a riparian sidewalk system with pocket parks.


Ocupacao Anchieta Property Are

a

Surrounding Community Vegetation Coverage Environmental Protection Area Electricity Wire Area

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Phase One: Intervention in Short-term

+ Buffers + Biofilter + Reforestation + Self-organized Committee

The short-term intervention is a five-year period that helps the riparian area recover from the previous deforestation and pollution. In this period, human activities are basically prohibited. This intervention includes a buffer zone, constructed wetland, reforestation, and environmental management.

Tree Species

e

Euterpe edulis

Astrocaryum aculeatissimum

s

Avocado tree

Tabebuia heptaphylla

Cupania racemosa

Heisteria silvianii

Biofilters Species

Tree Species

Giant Cutgrass

Water Primrose

Euterpe edulis

Astrocaryum aculeatissimum

Water Willow

Brachiaria grass

Avocado tree

Tabebuia heptaphylla

Wild Radish

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Cupania racemosa

Heisteria silvianii


Implementations of Phase One

Existing Vegetation Bridge

Path

Creek Spring Existing Vegetation Reforestation Vegetation Constructed Vegetation

Existing Vegetation

Reforestation Vegetation

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Buffer Zone

Constructed Wetland

The first action for this project is to establish buffer zone(s) around the creek that controls human activities. In a short run, the plan suggest a buffer within a distance of 30 meters (98 ft) from the creek as an undisturbed forest. The buffer zone requirements in the short run is strict, and prohibit human activities and construction activities (See Box 1 for a case study), except for two paths connecting each side of the forest that are quite needed by local residents (see figure 3). Beyond the 30-meter line, normal human activities are all acceptable.

The constructed wetland is another important strategy to prevent further pollution in the creek area. Constructed wetlands are “engineered systems, designed to utilize the natural functions of wetland vegetation, soils, and their microbial populations to treat contaminants in surface water, groundwater or waste streams” (Technical and Regulatory Guidance Document for Constructed Wetlands, 2003) The Taubman Team proposes constructed wetlands surrounding the periphery of the creek as the first line of protection, which can filter and absorb the pollutants from the runoff water that reaches the creek.

The proposed buffer will effectively trap sediments, stabilize streambanks, moderate water temperature, and allow for woody debris contribution as a form of natural input into the soil (Sweeney, 2014). The buffer zone will protect the natural resources and scenery from negative human impact by restricting use and activity. As environmental conditions improve, buffers can become more flexible to allow residents into the area to enjoy the scenery.

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Proper plant species are crucial as they will provide a more sustainable impact for the wetland (Bioswales, Vegetative Buffers, & Constructed, n.d.). The selection of native species can provide yearround vegetative cover without the need for supplemental irrigation or fertilization. Native plants are the best option as they belong to the local ecosystem and provide high eco-value for local animals and plants (Bioswales, Vegetative Buffers, & Constructed, n.d.). Options for Ocupação Anchieta include: aquatic plants, grass, wild flowers, and groundcovers. Local municipal agencies, such as the Department of Agriculture, or environmental restoration groups may be able to provide guidance on more specific plant species.


Reforestation

Environmental Management

We recommend planting vegetation on vacant land at the periphery of the riparian area. Reforestation will aid in the establishment and design of buffer zone(s). Current vegetation should not be disturbed because the forest has not been completely dilapidated and still contains many desired trees and shrubs. Some of the major functions of reforestation include:

Environmental management is a critical component in mitigating water pollution (Pollution Prevention (P2), 2017). The Taubman Team suggests creating a Creek Revival Steering and Management committee to be directly responsible for the Occupation’s environmental management (see box 4. for a case study).

1. Work as barriers to prevent residents from entering 2. Help the soil and groundwater recover, and prevent pollutants 3. Fill in the vacant land and beautify the landscape 4. Facilitate the Environmental Education Program The Taubman Team also recommends consolidating several green vegetative clusters outside the riparian area. The vegetative clusters mainly consist of various native trees and will serve as supplementary components to preliminarily water filtering and will help manage surface water. Slowing surface water runoff helps wetlands sufficiently filter water by reducing the burden of infiltrating water for the entire site before it reaches the creek. This reduces water contaminates and soil erosion. These clusters will also improve the residents’ living environment.

This committee could be composed of 7-8 selected volunteers from the Occupation, IAG, and local NGOs that the Association or IAG identify as partners. For instance, on May 26th 2012, IAG planted trees on their site next to Ocupação Anchieta, in collaboration with the global network ENO Environment Online (Sousa, 2012). Although Ocupação Anchieta should have the majority of seats, they can benefit greatly from including NGOs and government agencies. Each committee member should have his/her own designated duties. The committee should have regular meetings with representatives from the Association and predetermined meetings with the entire steering committee. The Creek Revival Steering and Management Committee is responsible for three main activities:

1. Decision-making on environmental issues 2. Planning implementation, buffer maintenance, and supervision 3. Building partnerships

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Phase Two: Intervention in Long-term

+ Buffer Strip Adjustment + Reiparian Walk System + Pocket Parks + By-water Recreational Area

The long-term intervention aims to encourage humannature interactions by proper development after the fiveyear recovery in the last phase. Some human activities may be allowed under control. This phase includes buffer strip adjustment, riparian walk system with pocket parks, and a by-water recreational area.

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Implementations of Phase Two

Resting Area

Community Space Water Play Area

Forest Walk

Playground

Existing Vegetation

Reforestation Vegetation

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Buffer Strip Adjustment

Riparian Walk System with Pocket Parks

After the first 30 meters buffer zone, there will be an adjustment of the buffer zone when the action enters the second (long-term) stage of the project. After a certain level of environmental recovery, we recommend a series of well-designed infrastructures to facilitate positive interaction with the nature. Proposals include a Riparian Walk System with incorporated pocket parks, and a special by-water recreational spot. These infrastructures should abide by buffer requirements.

Then, we introduce more stable infrastructures and additional opportunities for recreational programs. The design establishes increased access to the creek through a system of wooden platforms. In this platforms, we incorporate area for recreation, play, education and community, celebration. Overall our proposal aims to celebrate the unique environmental features on the site, and bring the residences together to steward the land. The protection of the environment becomes the main reason for the occupants to remain in place.

In the long-term vision, two strips of buffer zones will coexist. The first strip (Zone 1) is within 10 to 15 meters from the creek, where human activities are generally prohibited except for a designated by-water recreational spot is within a distance of 10 to 15 meters to 30 meters, where light human and construction activities could be permitted, such as bridges, trails, pocket parks, etc . Beyond the 30-meter line, daily human activities are permitted. The walk system is built within the second buffer zone (15m 30m), while the by-water recreational spot is built close to the water body as an exception. During the soil-testing process, we found that most soil type in the riparian area is sand, which indicated that the land is suitable for some light constructions (Admin, P. B., 2015).

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The Riparian Walk System (see figure 37) is an expansion of paths that are renovated during the first stage (see figure 25). The whole system (including path surface, supportive structures, and railings) is made of wood. The system includes two major components: a circling path and three pocket parks. The path has a total length of 1250 meters (4100 ft), and an average width of 2 meters (6.6 ft). And the area of the pocket parks is around 1,000 square meters (10,764 square feet). The parks are for the people to gather and enjoy the scenery. Most of the Riparian Walk System will be built following the topography at relatively the same height, with rare slopes, which will help prevent undesired stormwater runoffs on the path during heavy rains. The paths will be built at ground level with some stair segments.


Some sections of the parks will be elevated for three reasons: 1. To limit human activity off the path system 2.To protect soil permeability to encourage water circulation and prevent overflowing runoff 3.To overall lessen any negative impact to the environment We also suggest putting some furniture in the Path System, such as some benches in the parks. We also encourage putting some trash bins at the entrance of the path, at the entrance of the parks, and at the entrance of the by-water recreational area. Constructing a path system will increase the opportunities for residents to engage with the creeks area and appreciate the environment. A path system can also accommodate commutes between each side of the valley.

By-water Recreation Area The Taubman Team suggests a recreation area that will enhance human-nature interaction. This area will be located around the middle of the creek, close to a spring located downstream (. At the recreation area, there will be a staircase traveling from the middle park down to the ground. The proposal designates a meandering pebble road at the foot of the stairs to access to the spring. Here, children can learn about waterways through environmental education programming, and also have fun and be more close to the spring. The plan also proposes a shelter spot near the pebble road where people can rest. Landscaping will assist in creating a sustainable, enjoyable viewing area. Possible landscape elements include: a stone pave, water steps, and bioswale. Fences may be needed in some spots. The bridge path nearby is another nice spot for by-water enjoyment. It is designed as 10-15 m long. It mainly has two functions: connection and enjoyment. Firstly, It serves as a walking passage connecting both sides of the creek. During the field trip, we recognized that residents had the demand to commute across the creek as it was the most convenient route to reach the other side. So setting a bridge could qualify this practical need. And at the same time, the bridge could also work as a platform to allow residents to take the enjoyable water view of the spring.

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Challenge to Implementation

Project Summary

The Taubman Team recognizes potential difficulties and challenges during implementation process. First, mitigating creek pollution requires participation from all stakeholders. Therefore, it is necessary to build consensus within the Occupation, and to invite all residents to join the effort. Committee leaders and members, albeit selected, may not have the expertise of managing a committee. Education on organizing such a group may also be needed.

If the pollution in the creek and springs area is not properly addressed, residents may be evicted from Ocupação Anchieta. Beginning three years ago, residents began occupying the site because of a scarcity of land. The settlement homes discharged wastewater and produced trash that would accumulate in the creek areas. Moreover, due to the Occupation topography, stormwater runoff also carries contaminants into to the creek. Natural vegetation was sacrificed in the rapid construction of homes. These intense human activities and behavior contribute this environmentally precarious situation.

Considering the topography of the site, some designs may need adjustment. For example, the Riparian Walk System will cover some areas with deep, varied slopes. During construction, routes may be altered for feasibility, cost, and safety. Lastly, pollution treatment will require substantial financial support. Finding funding is crucial to the project’s success. The Occupation could look for financial support from governmental grants, NGOs, donations, and so on.

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To mitigate water pollution and ultimately secure land tenure, we suggest a two-stage action plan. Stage one prohibits human activities in creek area by establishing a buffer, which is supported by constructed wetlands and reforestation. The Taubman Team also recommends the Occupation creates a Management and Steering Committee to ensure project oversight and success. Stage two of the plan encourages residents to engage with the site with a riparian path system and a designated bywater recreational spot.


Estimated Cost Item

Unit Cost

Estimated Quality

Estimated Cost

Constructed Wetlands

USD 58 / feet

2,600 feet

USD 150,800

Reforestation

USD 5 / feet

120,000 feet

USD 600,000

Riparian Walk System

USD 2 / feet2

25,000 feet2

USD 50,000

Pocket Parks

USD 2.3 / feet2

10,800 feet2

USD 24,810

2

2

2

2

Full publication link: https://issuu.com/taubmancollege/docs/oa_book_spread

Cross section model

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05 Other Works Advisor: Taubman College Professors Year: 2015-2016 Location: Various Programme: Various

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Modern Gallery

Post Pillar

Sited in State street Ann Arbor, the Modern Gallery is inpired byJacques Tati’s film “PlayTime”. The films presents soundlessly a modernized Paris 1967. 7The work intend to trasnlate the emoitons and sansation of the film into the the gallery.

In creating this pillar, we have sought to engage histories of architecture, in particular the movement known as Blobitecture. The work tends to seek a kind of organic, amoebashaped form reminiscent of the same formal language found in the works of Archigram, Frank Gehry, and Greg Lynn.

Rock Solid Pilates Hotel

Space Proposition

Focused on interactions of program and circumstances at various scales and temporalities, the project investigated hotel scenes programed with pilate and used langugue from art work “Nachtwache” by Hans Dieter Schaal.

Investigated various orthographic projection, the work is projecting a typical Ikea chair in various degree. It speculates interlaced spaces created from each projection, and interpretes with color code.

Forsythe Middle School

Bridget Riley 3D Translation

As a “landscape for art”, the project embraces the site as a transition of terrians. It intended to provide a new pedestrian infrastructure for circulation of school. The domes as academic buildings are redefining the spaciality of the classroom.

Studied art works from modernist artist Bridget Riley, the craft intends to re-interpret Bridget Riley’s “Circle 10” in spacial construction. The circle in lines is translated into cone, cylinder, and sphere, and reorganized in rectangle space.


Post-Pillar gets (a)Round ARCH 537 Fabrication Team | Blue Group Session 02 | Robotics Instructor | Dustin Brugmann Jihye Choe Eileen Arcos Jacqueline Daniel Ning Ding

Room

Exterior

Intergration

Stairs

The Rock Shrine Hotel Arch 422 Project 4.1 Ning Ding Lobby

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NING

DING

nding@umich.edu 734 - 730 - 3237 ins: dning1023

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