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* COAL.. .

HOW IS COAL MIND? COAL MINE IN AUSTRALIA. MAIN ARTICLE: MAJOR COAL PRODUCING REGIONS COAL IS MINED COMMERCIALLY IN OVER 50 COUNTRIES. OVER 7,036 MT/YR OF HARD COAL IS CURRENTLY PRODUCED, A SUBSTANTIAL INCREASE OVER THE PAST 25 YEARS. [11] IN 2006, THE WORLD PRODUCTION OF BROWN COAL AND LIGNITE WAS SLIGHTLY OVER


1,000 MT, WITH GERMANY THE WORLD’S LARGEST BROWN COAL PRODUCER AT 194.4 MT, AND CHINA SECOND AT 100.6 MT.[12] COAL PRODUCTION HAS GROWN FASTEST IN ASIA, WHILE EUROPE HAS DECLINED. THE TOP COAL MINING NATIONS (FIGURES IN BRACKETS ARE 2009 ESTIMATE OF TOTAL COAL PRODUCTION IN MILLIONS OF TONS)[13] ARE: •

CHINA (3,050 MT)

UNITED STATES (973 MT)

INDIA (557 MT)

AUSTRALIA (409 MT)

RUSSIA (298 MT)

INDONESIA (252 MT)

SOUTH AFRICA (250 MT)

POLAND (135 MT)

KAZAKHSTAN (101 MT)

COLOMBIA (72 MT)

WHERE IS COAL FIND COAL IS NOT A MINERAL. IT IS A FOSSIL FUEL. IT IS FORMED FROM VEGETABLE MATERIAL, BUT IT IS MINED IN MUCH THE SAME WAY AS GOLD AND LIMESTONE AND AGGREGATES, AND IS TREATED IN MUCH THE SAME WAY AS OTHER MINERALS. SOME GEOLOGISTS CLASSIFY COAL AS A FUEMINERAL.

WHY DO WE MAKE COAL

COAL IS MINED, MEANING IT IS DUG OUT OF THE


GROUND, DEEP BELOW THE SURFACE OF THE EARTH, USING SPECIAL TOOLS INSIDE A MAN MADE TUNNEL CALLED A COAL MINE.

By Ocean a Meredith


Coal