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Congrès E-diasporas atlas : a century of transnationalism Cité de l’immigration – Musée de la porte dorée Paris, May 23 -25 2012

Jean-Baptiste Meyer with collaboration of Zhao Yue


Theory  Economics : free trade, factors optimisation  Sociology : cross-fertilzation through networks  Anthropology : exogamy, identity/alterity  Philosophy : cosmopolitanism, realistic/utopian


From Brain drain to brain gain

Through the diaspora option


Diaspora knowledge networks : (Turner, BarrĂŠ et al., Meyer et al., 1995-2005)  Professional associations  For development  Formal structures  NGO, associations (ley 1901, in France)  Crucial importance of web


Diaspora networks transfers :          

Information, knowledge Expertise participation teaching, training Monitoring, coaching Experience sharing Markets opening, guidance Investments Joint projects Firms creation ‌


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Diaspora knowledge networks by regions of the world (regions of origin) USA : host n째1 AMERICA LATINA; 25 AFRICA; 51

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Main countries of origin of web based diaspora networks

Active 2005

Total networks

16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2

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Réseaux et associations de professionnels expatriés par pays d’origine, Meyer & Wattiaux 2006


Host Country

organization

association

Origin Country


Creation of Incubators of Knowledge Diaspora for LatinLatin-America Création d’Incubateurs de Diasporas du Savoir pour l’Amérique Latine


Colombian researchers : circulation and diaspora (World) Host: Europe > USA


Links Argentina : 82% Uruguay : 86% Colombia : 72%

Associations 11% 8% 16%


association

organization

Host Country

Origin Country


Diasporas – web evolution  Web1.0  1995-2005

 Web 2.0  2005-2015

 Information diffusion  1 website to public  Technical monopoly

 Interactivity  Multi media/functions  Dispersion


www.observatoriodiasporas.com

diasporas dynamics revisited  

Recent events in mobility studies push us to reconsider diasporic criterias

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