PRESENTED BY: OBEIMAR LEANDRO PEÑA VALENCIA CODE: 1071321733 PAGMATICS – UNIVERSIDAD LA GRAN COLOMBIA
It is sometime s defined as the analysis of language “beyond the sentence”.
Discour se analysts study larger chunks of languag e as they flow together .
Discours e analysts consider the larger discours e context in order to understa nd how it affects the meaning of the sentence .
SPEECH ACTS ď ˝
Speech act analysis asks not what form the utterance takes but what it does.
The grammatical and/or lexical relationships between the different element of a text.
The relationships which link the meanings of utterances in a discourse or of the sentences in a text.
Example: A: That‟s the telephone B: I‟m in the bath
SPEECH EVENTS â—Ś Instance of a social practice in which discourse plays a primary role.
Argument, debate, lecture, chat.
BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE ď ˝
It is an information that is not in a text, but is used from memory by a reader to understand the text.
Example: John was in his way to school last Friday. He was really worried about the math lesson.
It is an addition al meanin g conveye d by a speaker
Example: Carol: Are u coming to the party tonight? Lara: I‟ve got an exam tomorrow.
MANNER - to be clear, brief, and orderly giving the information
QUANTITY – Provide enough information.
QUALITY – to be truthful, don’t give false or supported information.
RELATION - Information relevant or pertinent to the conversation