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Appendix Food Insecurity and Youth, continued Table 25.  Child food insecurity in Ohio and the United States, 2011–13

Ohio United States

Population under age 18, 2011–13

Number of children experiencing food insecurity

Child food insecurity rate

Food insecure children likely ineligible for any federal food assistance

% Children who are both food insecure and ineligible for any federal food assistance

2,648,786

653,410

24.2%

202,557

7.5%

73,700,935

15,772,000

21.4%

3,154,400

4.3%

Source: Feeding America, Map the Meal Gap Notes: Food insecurity is defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as having limited or uncertain access to adequate food. Federal food assistance programs include: the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), or food stamps; the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC); the National School Lunch Program (NSLP); and various other federal child nutrition programs. The income eligibility criteria for federal food assistance varies by state and program. For instance, in Ohio the SNAP threshold is 130% FPL, while the threshold for other nutrion programs (such as WIC and NSLP) is 185% FPL. Nationally, the highest threshold for any federal food assistance varies by state and is either 185% or 200% FPL.

▪▪ ▪▪ ▪▪ ▪▪

1 in 4 children in Ohio do not regularly have enough food to eat Two-thirds of Ohio’s food insecure children depend on food stamps, WIC benefits, school-provided meals, or various other federal programs for nutrition 1 in 12 Ohio children are both food insecure and ineligible for any federal food assistance, based on their family’s income A child in Ohio is more likely (7.5%) to experience food insecurity than the average American child (4.3%)

Table 26.  Free or reduced-price lunch eligibility, Ohio and the United States, 2013/14 school year Public school students K–12 eligible for free lunch

%

Public school students K–12 eligible for reduced-price lunch

%

Public school students K–12 eligible for free or reduced-price lunch

%

675,108

39.2%

88,340

5.1%

763,448

44.3%

21,747,144

45.0%

3,224,840

6.7%

24,971,984

51.7%

Ohio United States

Source: National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), Common Core of Data Notes: National data do not include Arizona or West Virginia due to NCES data quality standards. As such, the total number of public school students in Arizona and West Virginia are not included in the denominator for the calculation of percentages.

▪▪ ▪▪

Four out of nine public school students in Ohio are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch Ohio’s public school students are less likely (44.3%) to be eligible for school lunch assistance than the national average (51.7%)

State of Poverty 2015

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2015 State of Poverty in Ohio Report  
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