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120244711 | OLIVER WOLF | NEWCASTLE UNIVERSITY | BA ARCHITECTURE | STAGE 2 | 2013 - 2014

ARCHITECTURE PORTFOLIO


CONTENTS *

ADDITINAL / IMPROVED WORK


D ES IGN W O R K

page 1

Charrette

page 3

Placed Displaced

page 9

Living On The Edge

page 17

Civic Centred

page 25

Crossover | Velocity

N ON DES IGN W O R K page 34

The Place Of Houses | Illustrated Essay

page 37

Environmental Design and Services | Sustainability Coursework

page 43

Architectural Technology | Structural Coursework

page 49

Architectural Technology | Means Of Escape Coursework


Y E A R DES IGN R E P O RT Once again we were eased into the year by a group project; Charrette. I very much enjoyed Charrette last year and this year did not disappoint. I was in the Animate Space group which consisted of building a giant Rube Goldberg machine throughout the Architecture of people and di each other. I think Charrette is a great way to introduce the freshers onto the course, as well as ease all the others back into the working spirit.

realise that upside-down living would make the space work the best. I also love the idea of overhangs, and cantilevers, and was very necessarily with regards to the di happy with the outcome of my design, it was simple, clean and minimalist which is a style I have tried to continue throughout the year. in my sketchbook that I have done much more process work in it, although it is still not as much as a lot of my peers. Something to Our second project was another residential project although this one was on a much larger scale. Living on the edge taught us to actually go on to measure and take photos, although we were supplied with most the information we needed. We started this project by doing group research on various characteristics, such as the foyer occupants, the space requirements and the history of the site. I was in charge of space requirements; we made a table to scale showing the proportionality of all the rooms and spaces, as well as a chart showing which rooms might connect and which would be at opposite rooms. We also were introduced to an activity. I chose glass well as the requirements for the workshop. My main aims of this project were to create something the underprivileged youth could be proud of; a type of monument emphasising the achievement of them taking a step in the right direction. I also wanted the building to show o the works of the occupants, emphasising their pride. Because site C was reasonably small for the scale of the project, I wanted to play with levels, and of course, an erent viewpoints of the river from looking through the building from Lime Street, to the windows of the workshop. I decided to make the overhang out of black great e ect from outside, emphasising the monumental design. My interior was quite straightforward; clean lines, making the most of the space, and emphasising the features the site has to o er. My plans for Living on the Edge were not very good at demonstrating the feel of the building which is something I have tried to portray in my new rendered drawings for my portfolio. I tried to go into more detail to give a better understand of how I would like the building

concept for this project was the journey through the building. I chose the old tidal pool, a derelict site that I wanted to bring back to life. Having not grown up in the UK I had never seen or even heard of a tidal pool so it was interesting doing research on the facility. It was also an amazing opportunity to invite the public down to the sea as opposed to sticking to the road. I decided to create a path that


space.

eld.

- m a k e a n in t uit ive j um p - make a gues s

Th e h i g h er y o u bu i ld before you jump, t he hi gher y o u reach.

- B jark e In g e ls

BIG


CHARRETTE Animate Space

1


COLOUR

AIRBORNE

PAINT

2


PLACEDDISPLACED The Perch On Brandling

by its core concept of upside down living. The main living space is a nice open space that juts out of the facade giving a lovely view over the playing grounds ahead, while still keeping it private through the low ceiling and relatively small windows of the box. Above the house is a generous roof terrace on which there could either be a sofa to have drinks on a sunny evening, or a table to eat breakfast at, giving the clients the opportunity to make the most of the outdoors. The staircase leading up to the terrace is into a wall unit on which the clients can exhibit their pottery. private space, with the o ce overlooking the street, and the bedroom with a large window onto the backyard, which will be heavily planted to create a nice view from the bedroom. Due to the upside down living, I designed a bridge going from the kitchen area across to a staircase leading down to the backyard. This will be a perforated metal bridge to add to the modern look of the house, and allow a maximum of light to penetrate into the bedroom below. A locker for bicycles and other outdoor equipment is formed below the outdoor staircase, creating a safe and dry environment.

3


4


Experimenting through model making

Evaluating facade options

5


6


P LA N S

7


S E CT I O N

8


A I MS - an achievement

LIVING ON THE EDGE The Hovering Layer

9

+ pride of getting here + proud of their work - exhibition - views


VitraHaus | Herzog & de Meuron

Layering

Pixel in Beijing Modelroom | SAKO Architects

Framing

House G-S | Graux & Baeyens

CoralloHouse | PAZ Arquitectura

Privacy

10


D ES I G N DEVELO P M E N T

I tried to play with levels and overhangs to make the most of the small site while still emphasising views, and creating something striking.

The di erent colours below represent di erent activities; blue is workshop, green is public space, yellow is accommodation and red is the tutor’s

11


M O D E L P H O TOS

12


P LA N S Lower Ground Floor

13

Ground Floor


First Floor

Second Floor

14


N ORT H SEC TIO N 15


E LE VATIO N 16


CIVICCENTRED The Coastal Ribbon

The key concept in my civic centre is the journey through the building which I have attained through the use of a bridged path forming a ribbon connecting moments. From the existing path, the ribbon goes to the high edge of sharpness point, where it widens to allow for a bench with 360ยบ views. It then continues along the cliff edge on a glass skywalk continuing to the roof of building A, the library, where the ribbon spirals down the middle of glass box, before exiting at ground level in the bath. The ribbon then goes up before drifting down to building C, the creche. The ribbon forms an alternative route for walkers along the coast road, as well as access to my civic centre.

17


18


19


PAT H WAY P RE CEDENTS

Grupo Aranea

B UI L DI NG P R E CE DE NT S

Initially concrete archi5

Pierre-Yves Chays

Mark Ross Johnson

Then glass

CPG Consultants

In between buildings

Suspended from the rock face

LAB Architecture Studio

Tianmen Mountain National Park

Creating spaces

Giving a daunting / thrilling journey

Rueda Pizarro

Glass box | Federation Square, Melbourne

Polycarbonate walls for the creche

20


P LA N S

Ground Floor

21

First Floor


Second Floor

Third Floor / Roof

22


WE ST S ECTIO N

N ORT H ELEVATI O N

23


24


CROSSOVER Trada | Velocity

25


26


27


28


29


30


31


32


NON DESIGN WORK

33


THE PLACE OF HOUSES Illustrated Essay

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iver The mily Wo l f s dwell chan ingle fam | S1 g ily ing fr role e e over th dwellin 2024 om a g were volving. It e years d has had 4711 gend u wive the wage was des e to the to e r s, the w ig e w o n d o o men ed b rkers ne an uses p brea ’s y e , m d r a to d s en th H make pect hous di ere nd mea e th , who o owever in e same. rs n ive, a f the create nt for m ings of a . Howeve eir rec nd th e r deve modern ent times and d a rigid n and wo dwelling the e alte lo , fa le a socie pment o mily str with the hous isure for separatio men so th re rnativ ty, th evolu f wom ucture ewife n be th the m is e fe e ti lack male e a tw on n es w her p a o poin eeds of n in pres nd the s f e lace n, but fo een work w rvice hich aged t of v the d ent d r the of wo a w c ie w a to ti have ork, y w no e vities rk an work get th c w pla lling from o d leis , , the m c e been ausin the s ir ess merc y hav yam socia ure is a in g ia e n g l th e ore tials. or em to shifte le fam mod lising, so less tim T ily h d tr el ca cons to bein dwellin e require avel far availab nnot the existi e for sho gh gs train me p n acco How ility of o mmo g neighb ping and mothers multiple paces wh ave there nts of ever, n o intro date fore new line sho ich d roles and neigh d p them urhood m on ch ; beco ucing ge odel ho ping. due intro bourhoo ildren alikworkers, ot n u m to d d fa wom e popu dered dw sing sch day, ucing sh s have b e. Existin thers, la an-o e een a ops shop g rienta r. The m ellings h mes are th being s bein dapte Vienn a te e in d re o goals ave g op d hous lief o prom was a has a lo en o pen 24 h by o f in n Su th envir oting neig domesti g constr f a nday ours a gend e perfec ng history c o u and e t com nment w hbourly c and fam ction the throu r sensitiv place to of mode forta g ble a here wom ontact a ily work, Frau h the cre e criteria introduce l projects nd sa en ca nd a liv e . fe. n fee ing com nbüro, ste ation of a The proje a projec so it l mun p t c a with wom t sta rking ity po mmed fully e rt n s e b ’s p d in fe lic y aces terac creati male org y. The F a debate o ce, th o a t n o d ge n The e nero outc them. throu ng a gen anisation rauenbüro on femin us sta ome class d g ist w irwells The h a com ered hou which w was a ic o e a larg single ere units p to in fa , desig utcome w etition w sing proje nt about e op vite p en liv mily dwe as seen eople inset, lot o ned by F as the F ith a clea ct ing s lling, to f ra ra r p th have whic crite uen-w nzisk ace. e cre Frau The ri e a a v d e . U e rk it main n siz h unlike th en-w llman -stad goes Due s e d p , d e t e to a a s erkroom to ces th lth ig th but a the suc s and stad at ca n criteria e Fraue ough a c lso th n n be w t in and e roo ess of th requ used ere outd büro. th V ie n ireme o for m were e fact th m for im e project, nts o na ultiple or p e Anoth fh seco not involv future te rovemen er ro omemak n t e hous er altern d d in th nants Frau oms e been a e throu en of eq rs and fa e Calif s, such tive on th gh g ual q milie Vienn erected th-werk-sta design, a as th ornia c e e ri n s te tl s u in , e tra ality dt ha a. Th e ria, th . num e oth a n a ber o The cho Doyle S gle family s is llo s th n e e it d rs pro ings w io lis treet osing com f ind dwe such t contin ns. As w as pro for auton ject had ide of iv m C ue as bik ell spac on hous idual ho model co ohousin lling are c amo fessiona omy, sec for aim to e and s with la as thes u g e e n u l 12 u . The Do , garden sing unit nsists of in Emery opram rger sc e on The gst youn and fam rity as w n s y a ale store F g ily ra room its, each le Street and othe , that sha certain ville, s weekda a supp ell room aware uen-we dults. r pace ys a w , ort s, resid bathroo ith their Cohousin shared re a envir . The mo nd taking plann ness of rk-stadt w m an ents o g w c wom onm n on ing a aised hous d c enta del there care of th e b t n e wh an also m two bed kitchen, liv sists of e a com sens ll lev lly frie fore e com dinin ich c ro e it a in e o iv k th c ls g w n m e re e , e be g o dly w hich and mon ates work room, a ntains a use of th s, but th ay an regu other de nchmark has n e s e redu of living larly com hop and lounge, a industria commo cti d judg velopme against m n need on of ap ue to the ed. nts a the u on hous laundry ro children’s l kitchen ed, th plian re a es als se of o n p m d b la c e ulk b . Som es yroo hous po resid o ha m, e simp uying th ssibility o com and oth ents’ gu ve spare e other in ly f g e mun e b s s s harin and every ity to r shared ts. The edroom co-h g d th s c o g From ay living e burd creati using mo et to kno spaces a ommon for en o llo f view a gende . resid ng a plea dels are w each o w for th re , e ents th e s sche although d point take ant com xtremely er. The of mes these s mun turns s e u in a c re ve ce tend in ma ity wh ry e d ere th ssful in m king for a peop uch e the e ll le venin work , male a kinds of g me e n sens rs and n d female al o e living of securi t, there is , the d in a com ty about a m iv up ti ision of unity, an me fo c d r oth hores fre er ac e Senio tivitie s r c s. o-h very popu ousing or ex Doy 50 is lar fo tr le S relati more like r the elde a care h tree o v ly t Co impo e. 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[A C being re they m way for th ntly 24 h , hairdres f GEN e Hou e do day fam mily dwe coho ohousing ccesse - Alltags- an Infrast tes. DER sing our c ight sing: e eld force d 7 Ja using/ ru ne, a C lling ili e in A Cas PERSP a n s nuar und Frau cture for e . [Acc ompany d re e a has n rly to nd w and ed to to be . The salon, ECTI com y 20 e stud enge Ever – esse th VE. [O o e fe yday rech m m d 14 McCaman 14]. s y liv e e in e e of d ir u an sh e ind l safe tes P ed to nity. a reti NLI Lives. the Fr lives Janu lanen ary 20 t & Durre e o auen NE] Avai Eu , re a p u b ro n e ld m und d -Wer nd tt Arc 14]. ent h be m ut I fee Bauen pean Pla k-Sta lable at: in th hitect ome ently wit receive nnin ore in l lik ht dt M . 2014 s » Em , but odel tp://ww h . Frau g Studies volve e des e design eryvill w.fao. Proje rathe out enge , Vol. . [Acc e Coh ig d pro ct. org/do rech esse r livin ousing crep ter W 7, No. 3. than ners to c cess, a d 8 Ja /003 g . 2014 ohnb reate n c nuar /x29 d re au . 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ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AND SERVICES

Sustainability Coursework

37


Environmental Design | ARC2010

DER/TER (%) Before

Oliver Wolf | S120244711

Credit Rating

CO (kgCO

SAP

Total Energy Cost (ÂŁ)

Total Solar Gains (Watts)

-11

After 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 0

Flooring

Flooring Unit: Kingspan OPTIM-R Construction: Solid concrete

20

40

60

80

100


Walls

2

W/m2 2

Wall Thickness: 350mm (150mm cavity with 100mm insulation) Insulation: Phenolic

2

2

Kalzip low U value roof system Insulation:

Glazing

2

2 2

2

Windows: Ecocontract ULTRA

2


Before Alterations

Dia

LUX

After Alterations


y g r e En sis ly a n A

In order to increase my initial dwelling CO2 emission rate (DER) over target CO2 emission rate (TER) percentage of -11 I changed all of my initial U values to the researched ones listed above in my table. This started increasing the percentage. I then increased the thickness of hot water insulation jacket from 10mm to 50mm and changed my boiler from a boiler with insulated primary pipework and no cylinder stat. to a boiler with insulated primary pipework and with cylinder stat. I then proceeded to do my DiaLUX simulation for which I had to reduce the window size. When I input the smaller window area, my solar gains went down from 783 W to 667 W which was a shame but it had to be done to reduce the lux levels.

approximately £105 a year for the space heating and £103 a year to heat the water. This can be reduced by other factors that aren’t taken into cost, and other economic factors that could be introduced into the design to improve the overall credit rating; some of which I will talk about now. idea behind solar panels is therefore that the sun is used to heat water in glass panels on your roof just a small hose on, the water comes out hot. This is because the sun has heated the water that was left in the hose. The water to meet your desired showering and washing temperature. The problem with solar panels is that you need enough sunlight and heat to warm the water, which might not be the case in many countries, and certainly not through the winter season. This would certainly be the case in the Ouseburn Valley, although the key here is sunlight and not necessarily a high temperature. To add to this, many companies have designed solar panels that include technologies to maximize the reduced amount of winter sun we get. Therefore if solar panels were used, less energy would be pipes to go through the hot glass workshop, so that the kiln would heat the water, at least the initial few degrees, reducing the amount of energy needed to heat the water.

Environmental Design | ARC2010

41

Oliver Wolf | S120244711 17 / 01 / 2014


ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY Structural Coursework

43


ST RU CTURAL DIAGRA M | Masonry Construction My building is composed of masonry and glass and has a steel frame to withstand the load of my overhang. The roof is a steel is a durable material with a high thermal mass which makes it ideal for the riverbed climate. Low U-values are provided by the excavated to incorporate my building, where the basement back wall is fully underground. I used pile foundations to secure the building, due to its proximity to water.

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T ECTONIC STUDY Phenolic Insulation

2

Wall to Roof

Kingspan OPTIM-R

DPC

3 Wall tie

Wal l O pening | Jam b

Cavity Fill

Wal l Opening | Sill

1:10 SEC T ION | Wal l to Gro und F l o o r

Wall to Floor

Wal l t o G round Floor

1

Roof

2

External Wall

3

Ground Floor

4

Intermediate Floor

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2 2 150mm cavity Wall tie

4

Cavity tray

Concret Slab

Perforated baseplate

1 : 1 0 S ECTI O N | Wa ll to Uppe r Floor

1:10 SEC T ION | Wi ndow Jam b

Sealant to front and back of frame Proprietary closer

2

1:10 SEC T ION | Wi ndow S i l l

1

Roof

2

External Wall

3

Ground Floor

4

Intermediate Floor

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TEC TON IC IN TENT

1 Eaves

have low u-value components so that the heat created from the glass Phenolic Insulation

2

1 : 1 0 S E C TI O N | Wa ll to R oof

1

Roof

2

External Wall

3

Ground Floor

4

Intermediate Floor

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ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY Means Of Escape Coursework

49


A C C E SS FO R ALL

M E A NS O F E S CA P E

Disabled Parking

General Provisions

Most of the access to my civic centre would be from people walking along the coast road, or people that are on the beach, therefore I have not planned a car park in my design; however there is bay parking available all along the coast road which can be used for people driving to my civic centre. Safe pedestrian crossings and a dropped kerb would be created to ease the crossing of the relatively busy Grand Parade. I have widened the path down to the beach to allow for disabled users to drive to two disabled parking spaces with signage and blue badge restrictions, placed on my site. The distance from the disabled spaces to the main doors is a maximum of 26.8 m.

Escape routes and Doors

Smoke and heat alarms installed throughout the buildings with visual and audible warnings in accordance with BS 5839 Fire extinguishers are located in the corridors and large open plan rooms.

External and Internal Access The key concept of my building is that it proposes a journey through it at all times of the day, creating an alternative pedestrian route emphasising the views and rock face available. This route is an 153m ramp made initially of concrete and then of reinforced glass with a non-slip coating to avoid injuries due to

level. All doors are automatic sliding doors, except for the changing rooms, children’s toilets and children’s classrooms where they are manually operated single pivot swing doors, therefore there is an There is an accessible toilet and shower in both the male and female changing rooms, an accessible viewing platform of the skydiving chamber. The climbing room can be accessed by an automatic sliding door. The diving pool stairs have a railing to ease accessibility into it. For vertical circulation, a circular ramp with a gradient of 1:12 is available as the main circulation

Stairs and Final Exits from the pitch line of the staircase, and contrasting nosings as well as corduroy patterns at the top and bottom of the stairs.

Hearing Impairment

I building A, I have made the protected stair serve 2 storeys as people on the roof can exit via both ramps. The occupancy of building A not taking into account the roof

In building B, the sky diving chamber staircase serves a maximum

Hearing loop systems have been installed at the reception and in the classrooms to facilitate hearing.

Referencing

All details relate to sections 1, 2 and 3 of the approved document M

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Key

T H I RD F LO O R / R O O F P L A N

1. 2. 3. 4. A. B. C.

1 : 200

B.

Climbing Chamber Sky Diving Platform Sky Diving Chamber Rooftop Terrace Building A Building B Building C

Access For All 1. 2. 3. A. B. C. D.

C.

Disabled Parking Ramp Lift Route to building C Route to building B Route to building A Route to building A from Grand Parade

Means of Escape

A. Route from furthest point to exit - 5.8m B. Route from furthest point to exit - 19m

A.

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Key

S EC ON D FLO O R PL A N

1. 2. 3. A. B. C.

1 : 200

Climbing Chamber Sky Diving Chamber Library Building A Building B Building C

Access For All

B.

1. Lift 2. Ramp

C.

Means of Escape 1. 2. D. E.

Ramp Protected Stair Route from furthest point to exit - 5.2m Route from furthest point to exit - 14m

A.

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Key

F IR S T F LOO R PLAN

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A. B. C.

1 : 200

B.

Male Changing Room Female Changing Room Classroom Sky Diving Chamber Library Building A Building B Building C

Access For All 1. 2. 3. 4. A. B. C.

C.

Male WC Provision Female WC Provision Lift Ramp Route to building B from C Route to building B Route to building B from A

Means of Escape 1. 2. 3. A. B.

A.

C.

Protected Corridor and Stair Protected Ramp Protected Stair Route from furthest point to exit - 10m Route from furthest point to protect corridor - 5.5m

exit - 0m D. Route from furthest point to protected ramp - 5.4 E. Route from furthest point to protected stair - 11.3m

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Key

G R O UN D FLO O R PL A N

1. Creche 2. Pre-school Area 3. Foyer 4. Drying Room 5. Wet Equipment Store 6. Climbing Wall Room 7. First Aid Room 8. Sky Diving Chamber 9. Diving Pool 10. Admin O ce 11. Reception Desk 12. Cafe - Dining Area 13. Cafe - Kitchen Area A. Building A B. Building B C. Building C

1 : 200

B. C.

Access For All 1. 2. 3. A. B. C.

A.

Lift WC Provision Ramp Route to building C Route to building B Route to building A

Means of Escape 1. 2. 3. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I.

Protected Stair Ramp Protected Stair Route from furthest point to exit - 9.2 Route from furthest point to exit 1 - 7.6 Route from furthest point to exit 2 - 19.8 Route from furthest point to exit 1 - 10.7 Route from furthest point to exit 2 - 22.7 Route from protected stair to exit - 0m Route from furthest point to exit 1 - 16m Route from protected ramp to exit - 3m Route from furthest point to exit 2 - 8.6m

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OLIVER WOLF


Stage 2 Portfolio