ACTIVITY SHEET 2d KEY DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES Give priority to needs and interests of aid recipients
How can we help best?
Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) The purpose of this exercise is to think about how we in New Zealand can best help people in developing countries. Jot down the names of as many NGOs that you are aware of which work with the poor in developing countries. List these according to how well you think they meet the 8 principles and main drivers of development (expanding economic opportunities, facilitating empowerment and enhancing security). You might find the stories over the page useful for this discussion. Can you come up with some questions you might ask an NGO about their work if you were considering giving money to them. Prioritise these in terms of their importance.
Further reading: Dichter, T. 2003. Despite good intentions: Why development assistance to the Third world has failed. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press. Narayan, D. 2000. Voices of the poor: Can anyone hear us? New York: Oxford University Press. Narayan, D. 2000. Voices of the poor: Crying out for change. New York: Oxford University Press. Riddell, R. 2007. Does foreign aid really work? Oxford University Press.
Include all people in a community Encourage self‐help and self‐reliance Encourage active participation in aid processes by most vulnerable Ensure intervention is culturally appropriate and accessible Seek to enhance gender equality Promote collaborative approaches to development through working in partnerships Integrate environmental considerations Adapted from AusAID
Proud to be union There are people in India whose shadows cannot touch other people. These people are thought to be so dirty that in the past they had to beat a drum to warn people that they were coming. Today, Untouchables, as they used to be called, prefer the name Dalit which means “crushed underfoot” or oppressed. Sincee UnionAID project began in 2006,the Tamil Nadu Labour Union (TNLU) has been actively working with 1127 communities of Dalit and Tribal workers. The union now has 30,000 members. Thanks to UnionAID, union organising and collective action has changed the lives of these people. Those in authority now listen to their demands and treat them with dignity. Some groups, such as the cremation workers (right), who previously worked for nothing, have now negotiated a small but regular wage from the village council for their work. With the support of the union, they designed themselves ID cards. They carry these at all times as a safeguard against police intimidation and harassment. For them, the card is not only proof of union membership but a concrete symbol of their new status. And importantly, they can afford to send their children to school. Like parents everywhere their hopes are that education will give their children the choices and opportunities that they have never had. Community Development The best NGOs aim to strengthen whole communities. Instead of just providing things like wells, water, or schools, they support villagers as they set their own priorities and encourage them to get politically involved. This way people with little or no schooling can gain the confidence and skills to help themselves in an ongoing way. However a recent World Bank report claims that, although NGOs help people survive, only a few actually help the poor to challenge those in power like politicians and employers. This report ort found only a few examples of real partnerships between the poor, NGOs, and the state (Narayan 2000).
Is the NGO economy killing entrepreneurship? While in Addis Ababa recently, I asked my friend Sammy, an Ethiopian businessman, about the greatest challenge to his new SMS content platform business. His answer “The NGO economy”. Africans are naturally entrepreneurial – many have been making something from nothing all their lives. But Sammy went on to say Africans don’t see a reward system in place for being entrepreneurial. Rather they learn that, to make good money, they should speak English well, and then maybe, they can get a job driving for an NGO. In a few years, if they’re lucky they might land an NGO job as project manager, and even advance further. Sammy’s point was simple. As a struggling businessman he could not compete with what NGOs were paying. By Todd Johnson (abridged) http://bit.ly/9nA8ag
Published on Oct 17, 2010
Integrate environmental considerations Encourage active participation in aid processes by most vulnerable Encourage self‐help and self‐relia...