#r of males vs females on SLT
Senior Leadership Team by Gender 16 14 12 10
8 6 4
2 0 2007
Figure 6: Gender Representation in the Senior Leadership Team 2005–2011 Needs to be under the figure
Increased number of female Associate Professors in the last three years, and their overall representation in this group37
Between 2007 and 2010, the number of female Associate Professors at Massey University has increased in raw numbers from 28 to 39. Over the same period the number of male Associate Professors has increased by just 2. As a result, women’s representation in this group has increased from 24% to 31%. Much of this improvement appears to be coming from appointments to vacancies (as women are generally not applying for promotion in numbers and proportions consistent with such a large difference). In 2007 Massey University ranked fourth among universities, in terms of the proportion of its Associate Professors who are female. In 2010, Massey University has moved to third, just behind AUT on 32% and Waikato on 33%.
The payment of women managers within the ICT38 area
Massey University pays female ICT managers, on average, 4.12% ($3,892) more than male ICT managers. Research39 suggests that lack of critical mass contributes to the male-dominated computing culture and to the lower salaries and poor retention of females in the industry. New Zealand census data for 2006 shows that for 28 ICT occupations (data for ICT managers is not available) female participation was below a critical mass of around 30%. When women and other minority groups achieve critical mass they are seen as a balanced and integral part of the workplace and achieve a level of influence and recognition that may otherwise be absent.40 37
Data drawn from Human Rights Commission – New Zealand Census of Women’s Participation 2010, p. 85, and Human Rights Commission – New Zealand Census of Women’s Participation 2008, p.71. Note that these figures may be slightly different from those used elsewhere in the report. For the PaEE review survey, Associate Professors who currently hold a Head of School or other primary management role have been categorized as a manager rather than an Associate Professor. The figures used by the Human Rights Commission will include all staff with the academic rank of Associate Professor, whatever their current primary role. 38 ICT stands for Information and Communication Technologies. 39 Byrne, E. (1993). Women and science: The snark syndrome. London: Falmer Press. 40 Ibid.