Pay and Employment Equity Review Report and Action Plan Maxim um grade available by profession-group
proportion of of job categories
25 20 15 10 5 0
highest em ployee grade in job categories
Figure 1: Maximum grade within positions in major general-grade job categories by sexdominance. Massey jobs for which there are >11 general staff grade A-I employees were categorized as female-dominated (F-dom) █, sex-balanced (mixed) █, or male-dominated (Mdom) █. For each job category, the highest letter-graded employee was noted and this grade was assumed to be the highest general grade (A-I) that employees in that job category could aspire to; non-letter-graded employees including contract workers and academics were deleted from this data set. Data show the proportional representation of maximum job grades within jobs of each sex dominance. The range of grades – that is, the sum of the number of grades represented from lowest to highest within each individual job category – was calculated for each job category. For example, a job with employees who were A, B, and C would span three letter grades. A job with employees who were E, F, H, and I would span 5 letter grades. The mean range of grades differs between job categories depending on which sex was dominant. Female-dominated categories span a mean of 3.7 lettergrades, while male-dominated categories span a mean of 4.4 letter-grades. It is unclear if this indicates that employees in female-dominated jobs have fewer opportunities for advancement (fewer grades they can move up through), or if this means that employees in male-dominated jobs experience slower advancement (more grades that they have to get through to reach the top). The above data suggests that both pay and advancement opportunities differ between maledominated and female-dominated jobs. A different analysis of gender fairness was undertaken by examining the representation by grade in job categories that were sex-balanced, as these are the types of jobs in which equal representation by sex occurs and thus in which equal representation by job grade by sex would be expected. Within the 12 sex-balanced categories that had 11 or more general grade A–I staff (listed in Table 1), male and female employees were equally likely to be in grade A, B, C, F, or I (Figure 2).