peaceworks The Peace Foundation Newsletter
Auckland as a
ALSO IN THIS ISSUEâ€Ś
Bully-proofing our schools The Peace Awards
Contents Message from Patron Pauline Tangiora. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 President’s message . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 Auckland: A Peace City. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Bully-proofing our schools . . . . . . . . . . 6 Peacemaker Awards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Honour for nuke campaigner . . . . . . . . 8 Disarmament for Development . . . . . . 9 Cool Schools Update. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Funding Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Disarmament and Security Centre . . . 11 Wellington oﬃce closure . . . . . . . . . . . 11 New ‘education4peace’ website. . . . . 12 Youth Wing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Review: The Day the Raids Came. . . . .13 Ruth Coombes visits Cuba. . . . . . . . . . .13 Review: Countdown to Zero . . . . . . . . 14 Peace Sites in New Zealand . . . . . . . . 14 Events . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15 Subscription and donation form . . . . 16 E-newsletters Please let us know your email address. During the year, we have events and news that are of interest to members and to reduce the costs of printing and postage, we would like to update our database with your email details. Send your email contact details to firstname.lastname@example.org. The Peace Foundation PO Box 8055, Symonds Street, Auckland 1150 Level 2, 128 Khyber Pass Road, Grafton, Auckland 1023 Aotearoa/New Zealand Phone +64 9 3732379 Fax +64 9 3792668 Email email@example.com www.peace.net.nz The Peace Foundation is the operating name of the Foundation for Peace Studies Aotearoa-New Zealand – Te Tuapapa Rongomau o Aotearoa. The Peace Foundation is a not-for-profit organisation working to promote peaceful relationships among people of all ages and cultures – from personal to global through education, research and action. We oﬀer a range of programmes and resources that proactively and successfully promote peaceful processes and alternatives to violence. PEACEWORKS is the newsletter of The Peace Foundation. Opinions expressed in this issue are not necessarily those of The Peace Foundation. Contributions are welcome and should be sent to The Editor, Peaceworks, The Peace Foundation, PO Box 8055 Symonds Street, Auckland 1150.
Editor: Toni Ingram Editorial advisers: John Hinchcliﬀ and Caroline Ongleo 2 peaceworks
Message from Patron Pauline Tangiora
KIA ORA KOUTOU, We are already past the winter solstice and during these next few weeks we should reflect within the warmth of our homes how blessed we are to have shelter, fresh water and whanau. No more do we have to look overseas to those people that don’t have the above. The force of Mother Nature has shown the impact the earthquake in Christchurch and its effect of what they now suffer during these cold weeks ahead. May we continue to keep contact within whatever way we can, whether monetary, letters, phone texting or by prayer. Such tragedy though should not cancel out the violence in our everyday society, the difficulties hardworking families are having to try and keep food on the table and children appropriately dressed for school and sports. There is a need to care for each other without being judgemental – if we can keep a peaceful inner self this transmits to those around us. This of course is not easy and even when we ourselves find we cannot do as much as we’d like. The world is going through an upheaval we’ve never seen before. The enemy is man’s greed to want more or build structures that are not in harmony with Mother Nature – the destruction of forests in the Amazon so farmers can grow crops to feed animals here in Aotearoa! Building nuclear power plants to generate power without realising the consequence of such accidents as seen recently in Japan. Time is ripe for us all to rethink how we can live more harmoniously with Nature. Drilling oil wells and mining, cutting down world forest ecosystems is not the answer. Everyone should be paid a wage equivalent to the cost of living so they may live with dignity. To be people who can bring up children without fear for the future and the generations who are being born today, let us make a conscious effort to befriend our Mother Earth so that she can reward us with elements that we will all thrive on. It’s all about helping each other. May the Blessings be with us all. In Peace, Pauline Tangiora
Pauline Tangiora is a Maori elder from the Rongomaiwahine Tribe on the East Coast of the North Island of Aotearoa (New Zealand). She is the former president and currently vice president of Womens International League for Peace & Freedom Aotearoa, former representative for the World Council for Indigenous Peoples, a member of the Earth Council and an Earth Charter commissioner, life member of the Maori Women’s Welfare League, and a committee member of Rigoberta Menchu Tum Nobel Laureate Indigenous Initiative for Peace. Pauline Tangiora has represented Aotearoa at many international meetings for peace, the environment, spiritual well-being and indigenous rights. In 2005 she was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize as part of the 1000 Women for Peace project. Pauline features on the Women for Peace billboards in La Paz, Bolivia. winter 2011
President’s message THIS YEAR has been a mixture of consolidation and reaching out with new initiatives. We can be pleased that, with our minimal resources, we continue to contribute significantly to our community. We were relieved and pleased that the Ministry of Health has continued to fund our crucial Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme. The work of Christina Barruel and her team is most impressive. Unfortunately, our income stream is not thriving despite some generous support from people such as David Levene. So, it was with great sadness that we have had to end our financial support for our Wellington office. Fortunately, we will continue to have representatives on our Council from Wellington and Alyn Ware will continue to represent our organisation as appropriate. The Christchurch Disarmament Centre will connect as the circumstances make it useful. Also, we have had to prune back our Auckland office operation and, sadly, lose the services of Sue Tregurtha. We trust this will not impair our services too much. We are most fortunate to be serviced by Caroline Ongleo and Rae Holloway. A recent initiative has thrown the challenges of our peace quest onto sharp relief. Laurie Ross, part of our Auckland team, organised a submission to the Auckland Council to declare itself as a Peace City. This would follow in the tradition of the former Waitakere, North Shore and Auckland Cities and nearly 5000 other cities nationally and internationally. Rotary International sponsors about 50 Peace Cities internationally. Our presentations included wonderful speeches by two children, Alida Newman and George Shirtcliffe representing One People, One Planet. They expressed their hope that the City would hold the future in trust for them. Unfortunately, Councillors Quax, Brewer, Wood, Walker, Raffills, Morrison and Stewart refused both to entertain the issues of our submission and shunned democratic processes by contemptuously dismissing the motion to forward it to Local Boards for their comment. Cameron Brewer argued and even circulated a press release mischievously and fallaciously proclaiming this “distraction” of a Peace City label would cost a million dollars, which would be “taken away from more urgent projects and core business”. We clearly stated that we sought support for a set of principles and a symbolic gesture. Interestingly, in this process we discovered that the former Waitakere Council bequeathed $40,000 to establish Auckland as a Peace City! winter 2011
Dick Quax aggressively proclaimed our proposal to be a mere “boondoggle” defined as “an activity or project that is trivial and wasteful of money” or “of little practical value”. His reasoningfree and aggressive attack surprised the petitioners. Fortunately, the Council voted by 10 – 8 to refer the issue to the Local Boards for comment. This will provide an important opportunity for us to promote our purpose to so many representatives throughout the region.
Cameron Brewer argued and even circulated a press release mischievously and fallaciously proclaiming this “distraction” of a Peace City label would cost a million dollars, which would be “taken away from more urgent projects and core business”.
I sent to the New Zealand Herald an article on our submission and the hearing process. It was rejected because the subject was not of interest to the general public. This, and the attacks by some councillors, highlights the chasm in worldviews. For some the word ‘peace’ seems to be threatening and for others not newsworthy. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon told the convention of US Mayors for Peace on the 19 June 2011, that: “The road to peace and progress runs through the world’s cities and towns.” He said the Mayors for Peace helped to break the global deadlock in nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament negotiations and provided expertise in the Global Counter-terrorism Strategy. Also, they assisted in various development and human rights projects. So many naïve boondogglers! Ban Ki-Moon may be coming to New Zealand later in the year. We are seeking to host with the Auckland Mayor and Auckland Rotary Club a major public event for him to address. Your Council is mindful that there are various initiatives we could be taking. They all require the resources of time, energy and sometimes finance. We hope next year you could consider engaging with us in one of our many projects. We would welcome you and our community would benefit. John Hinchcliff MA(HONS), PHD, HOND, CNZM
AUCKLAND: A PEACE CITY
Auckland: A Peace City By Laurie Ross COORDINATOR – AUCKLAND PEACE CITY COMMITTEE
OVER THE last seven months representatives from Auckland’s peace groups have worked closely with Auckland Council officers to develop a Peace City Declaration for Auckland. This started from a letter to Mayor Len Brown and a presentation to Council last November 2010 by Laurie Ross. One of the prime motivators is to ensure New Zealand does all it can to support the process of a Nuclear Weapons Convention for the abolition of nuclear weapons. The most effective way to do this at present is to support the International Campaign for the Abolition of Nuclear Weapons (ICAN). One significant way to further this objective is to empower civic leadership of our cities in reaffirming the principles of peace and disarmament as part of their core values. Thus, many Auckland based organisations are pursuing this goal including the United Nations Association NZ, Abolition 2000, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom and the NZ Peace Foundation. The recent US Conference of Mayors unanimously adopted a resolution calling on President Obama to pursue the elimination of nuclear weapons, implementing the United Nations Secretary General’s 5-Point Plan. This is endorsed by Mayors for Peace, which has more than 4,700 members in 150 countries and should be endorsed by our Auckland Mayor and Council. As SG Ban Ki-moon says, ‘The road to peace and progress runs through the world’s cities and towns.’ It is important to note that Auckland and Waitakere Cities each proudly adopted the policy resolution declaring a City for Peace in 2007 followed by North Shore in 2009. Christchurch has been a leader in development of its Peace 4
City title since 2002 with numerous community Peace Projects, wonderful Peace Festivals and installing a magnificent Peace Bell from Japan in Hagley Park. In addition, we must remember the historic contribution New Zealand made to nuclear disarmament in 1987 when it established Nuclear Weapon Free Zone legislation as a nation state. We must never forget that this was based on individual council declarations as Nuclear Free Zones, which was the result of community peace groups’ submissions during 1982 – 86. Thus, we are proceeding on a firm foundation for the ongoing work to regenerate our collective conviction to achieve this goal for the benefit of humanity. However, in addition to reaffirming commitment to the abolition of nuclear weapons we share the common higher values for social justice, human rights and nonviolence as the conditions for building a more peaceful society. This would take the form of a Peace City Declaration as stated in our formal submission to council on 16th June 2011. Our deputation featured three senior peace workers from different groups plus two Intermediate students making the case on behalf of Auckland’s youth for the Council to adopt the Peace City Declaration. The Declaration starts with: ‘The Auckland Council recognises its role of stewardship for present and future generations and hereby declares Auckland to be a City for Peace. Dedicated to the promotion of nuclear free zones and a culture of peace based on social, economic and environmental justice, tolerance and non-violence.’ There are twelve points that elaborate on these principles, which support New Zealand’s role in the
international community to actively pursue the abolition of nuclear weapons. The council officers have produced a brilliant report, which further explains and justifies the meaning, purpose and value of making a Peace City Declaration based on the honouring of Tangata Whenua, human rights and non-violence. It also included recommendations of appropriate council projects for practical manifestation of the Peace City ethos that would appeal to the public and involve the community, such as peace festivals, tree planting and peace heritage walks. At the June 16th meeting the Councillors were divided on the issue and voted to defer the matter to the 21 local (community) boards. Thus, we now refocus our Auckland Peace City Committee to carry out this task of making a presentation to each Board. It would be highly desirable and laudable for the Council and local boards to support this ethos even if there is no funding available. Ideally, the Council would take pride in branding one annual event as ‘The Auckland Community Peace City Celebration’, which could be organised by local groups in their area. So, we ask each Local Board to please support the positive vision of Auckland as a Peace City. At least let us support Len Brown as our Mayor for Peace, in order to make Auckland part of the international network of cities working for abolition of nuclear weapons. It does not cost money, no budget funding required, it is a statement of principle. PW For more information or to help support the process please contact Laurie Ross on (09) 818 0696 or email firstname.lastname@example.org winter 2011
AUCKLAND: A PEACE CITY
MR MAYOR, COUNCILORS My name is George Shirtcliffe and I represent One People One Planet. So what can a 10 year old tell you about Peace? Well, if Auckland is going to lead the world and be a Peace City, it has to feel like a Peace City for kids too. We may not know how Super Cities work. But we do know how peace really feels. First, there has to be no bullying. You may not think it’s your job to stop it. But bullying only happens when people turn a blind eye. At my school, no one gets bullied. But other kids aren’t so lucky. They need you, Mr Mayor, to stick up for them. Kids need to feel safe wherever they are. I live in a loving family. But plenty of kids don’t. Every day, kids in our city get abused. So what can you do to stop it? Well, you can get tough on where you sell liquor, so it’s harder for grown ups to be drunk around their kids. You can put security guards in parks
so kids can play safely on their own. I know what you’re thinking, great idea kid, but it would cost too much. Well, that’s the price of peace. Kids need to be safe walking or biking to school. Last year you made Ponsonby Road 40 kms per hour, and it’s heaps safer. So make all busy roads like that. Go on. So far, Mr Mayor, I’ve told you lots of things to do. But don’t worry, you’re doing a good job already. Two of my favourite places are my local library and my local park. And you’re the boss of them both. They’re so important for any Peace City, because every time a kid picks up a book, or plays in a park, they’re at peace. When I fell off my scooter in the park, a kind man I didn’t know picked me up and made sure I was OK. And guess who he worked for? Your Council. Now that’s what living in a Peace City is all about.
George Shirtcliffe PEACE PALS ONE PEOPLE ONE PLANET
Alida Newman PEACE PALS ONE PEOPLE ONE PLANET
I am Alida Newman, speaking for One People One Planet. Already in my short life, I have seen changes to the beautiful places I go to – changes that are irreversible and that affect the wildlife, nature and communities. On behalf of the children, I strongly encourage everyone in this room to listen to the voices that are currently trying to speak out – the voices of the children. The children of today want our planet to be a peaceful place, with no wars and conflict. We want tolerance of religious differences. We want an environment with abundant natural sources of food, animals and resources. We want a poverty free planet where all children have a voice and a chance to shine. We want a world where all can flourish in a near to pristine environment. Listen to us, respect us, and value us. We need a group of adults who will listen to our ideas and views, who share the
same dream and will help us achieve our goal, our vision, our dream. Imagine a pebble being dropped in a pond. The ripples on the water move out, becoming greater, and affect the rest of the pond. I believe that if Auckland becomes a Peace City, a similar thing would happen. New Zealand would see how united we are, and become a nation of peace, and in turn other countries will follow – transforming the World into a more peaceful place – for generations to come. The planet is the children’s to inherit, and we do not want to clean up the mess others before us have made. My generation is relying on you to help us, and take action towards creating a better future. If you do not step up to this challenge, then we will – and we won’t give up. Because we are wise, we were born wise, listen to our wisdom – we are your partners. Because we all deserve a future.
Bully-proofing our schools By Yvonne Duncan QSM CO-FOUNDER COOL SCHOOLS
IN RESPONSE to video images of teenage bullying in New Zealand schools, bullying has become a hot topic in the media recently. Even Prime Minister John Key has got involved by instructing the Ministry of Education to write to all schools reminding them of their responsibilities and urging them to review their anti-bullying policies. Why is bullying causing so much concern and what can be done? First it is important to clarify what bullying means. Professor Smith of the psychology Department at Sheffield University gives this definition: “Bullying is the systematic abuse of power, persistent and repeated domination which is intended to intimidate, manipulate or hurt another person. There are three key factors; harm is intended, an imbalance of power is present and as it is a repeated pattern-systematic and organized.” Bullying is a deliberate act and usually the victim is chosen because they will find it difficult to resist. Any perceived difference, physical appearance, size, culture or sexual orientation or less overt ones like shyness, sensitivity or lack of friends can make you vulnerable. Often bullying is equated with physical attack but there are many different forms; verbal abuse including text messages, social emotional bullying, you are excluded from activities and no one talks to you, mental bullying 6
when you are threatened or intimidated into doing things you do not want to do and bullying by others taking or damaging your possessions. Students find bullying difficult to deal with because of fear and shame. They fear that nothing will be done if they speak out and that the situation will get worse. They are ashamed because they think there must be something wrong with them to have been picked out as the victim. These fears of inadequacy are exacerbated by not being able to deal with the problem themselves. Consequences of bullying range from absenteeism, impaired academic progress, personality changes and physical and mental health problems to suicide in the most extreme cases. Bullying can also cause problems for the bullies. A leader is usually supported by others who act tough, as they are afraid of being bullied themselves. A recent Swedish survey showed that 60% of those identified as school bullies at intermediate school had criminal convictions by 24 years old. Parents find dealing with bullying difficult. It is a very emotional situation to see the results of your son or daughter being bullied at school and feeling powerless to change things. Often parents are prevented from approaching the school because their children react strongly against this fearing
retribution. Some parents fear their child will be picked on if they make a fuss and others just want the bullies shamed in front of the school and punished. Many parents have little confidence that the school can cope with bullying. In the Sunday Star Times Article, “Life is Easy for Bullies, say Parents,” (22 March 2011) parents felt bullies were not getting the consequences they deserved. In the Morrinsville College incident, referred to in the article, a 13 year old student suffered serious head injuries after four fellow students attacked her in the school grounds. Her attackers were suspended for several days then allowed to return to school. This resulted in parents and locals staging a 200 strong protest outside the school gates because they felt the bullies should have been expelled and that the victim had not been protected. Schools find bullying difficult to deal with for many reasons. Often they are the last to find out about a bullying incident because of the code of silence where victims are afraid to seek help. When parents do report bullying to the school they are often angry and upset and demand the bullies be punished or in serious cases expelled. Schools have to follow required procedures in these cases and are encouraged by the Ministry of Education to handle the problem within the school if possible. winter 2011
BULLYPROOFING OUR SCHOOLS
If the students have not reached 16 years, they must attend school so they will just become another school’s problem if expelled or, in a worst-case scenario, not complete their education or end up on the streets. Bullying is a sensitive subject for schools because a school’s reputation can be damaged, especially if the media gets involved and this can also affect the way bullying problems are dealt with. There is a legal requirement that schools provide safe learning environments and the Ministry of Education expects all schools to have a policy on dealing with bullying and to record bullying incidents. However, schools around New Zealand do vary considerably in their ability to handle this complex issue successfully. So how can we bully-proof our schools to give all our students a safe learning environment? The bullying problem can become an opportunity for change; a catalyst for transforming our schools, if we recognise it as a universal problem. The whole school approach needs to set a vision, goals and guidelines on how to achieve a safe environment for learning. Schools are not only for academic learning; social/emotional development skills must also be valued and taught. In addition, schools need to model the values and behaviour they expect from students. Training, monitoring and evaluation procedures are also necessary to ensure an evolving process and continuing improvement. A primary school in West Auckland became a good example of whole school development to deal successfully with bullying some years ago. One teacher on the staff had trained in the Cool Schools Programme and implemented the programme in the school. When she left, it stopped as no one else was trained. A deputation of children went to the principal and asked that the programme be reinstated. The principal was so impressed with what the children had done, not only was the whole staff trained in Cool Schools, but she organised staff, students and parents to work together to produce a non-violence policy. This policy which contained a rational, purpose, guidelines and monitoring system, was successfully winter 2011
implemented and became a model for many other schools. Students can become resources not problems if they receive training in communication and conflict management skills and are given opportunities for leadership. Most students in my experience in teaching, have an altruistic side and will choose to make a contribution if given the skills, opportunity and
Bullying occurs in every school and the key to change is for schools to recognise the importance of using students’ full potential to become resources not problems.
trust, because they are very interested in relationships. About five years ago I was visiting a small secondary school in the far north where I was expecting to train some senior mediators. Instead, I was asked to take a session with a year 10 class who called themselves ‘The Rebels’ and were already causing problems for the school although it was only February. As this was supposed to be a demonstration session for two other trainers, I faced the class with some trepidation. After a settling down period, I was able to explain that the workshop was about learning skills, which would help them with friendships, relationships and give them skills to help others and to make a difference in their school. Their attitude completely changed and they became enthusiastic supporters of the programme to the surprise of staff members and some eventually became school mediators. The skills which encourage self knowledge and service leadership opportunities have been shown to motivate students to improve academic learning and can influence career choices. In the Cool Schools Newsletter Term 3 – 2010, the story, ‘From Bully to Peacemaker’, Jonnie Black says, ‘After I trained in the various skills, I realised a lot about myself, how I acted in a conflict situation and how to handle it in a more constructive way next time. It gave me a great sense of belonging to
the school and that great feeling you get when you are helping your peers.’ Jonnie is now in tertiary studies training to be a teacher and to use what he has learned in Kaupapa Ma¯ori Schools. Schools do not always demonstrate the values and behaviour they expect from students. A teacher coordinator saw no incongruity when, for several minutes, she castigated a whole group of 35 mediators waiting to begin a training session with me, because one child had used the hall toilet which was forbidden. Leading by example is by far the most effective way of ensuring the problem solving approach to problems becomes part of the school culture. Once the whole school community has been proactive by setting their vision, goals and guidelines, training not just for the students, but also for the teachers and parents will be needed. Fortunately, New Zealand has a wealth of programmes and resources from which schools can choose. The Restorative Justice Programme is popular in many schools, Eliminating Violence focuses on improving a school’s culture, Kia Kaha, developed by the NZ Police Youth Education Service is a successful anti-bullying programme. The Ministry of Education provides Resource Teachers for Learning and Behaviour (RTLBs) who provide information about programmes and help schools develop and implement strategies to manage behaviour. The Peace Foundation, The Mental Health Foundation and the Ministry of Social Development have resources, programmes and information available. Bullying occurs in every school and the key to change is for schools to recognise the importance of using students’ full potential to become resources not problems. Schools feel pressured by the demands of the curriculum, national standards and examinations and complain of lack of time, forgetting how much of it is spent on dealing with problems. Teaching life skills must become more important in order to create the full potential of each school community’s learning environment and to achieve the major role of schools in producing New Zealand Citizens able to contribute to the complex requirements of the 21st Century. PW peaceworks 7
Peacemaker Awards CONGRATULATIONS Chris Barfoot and Dorothy Brown! The ‘Peacemaker’s Award’ was conceived in August 1995 to mark the 50th anniversary of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Over the years The Peace Foundation has presented Certificates of Recognition to a number of people who had made significant contributions to peace in the preceding years. This year The Peace Foundation proudly recognises Chris Barfoot and Dorothy Brown. If you missed the award presentation, here is a snapshot of Kevin Clement’s speech recognising Chris and Dorothy and their outstanding work in our country to promote peace and peaceful relationships. ‘It gives me much pleasure in introducing the two honorees for this award to the Peace Foundation and its friends. Chris Barfoot and Dorothy Brown have been long time pacifists and workers for peace. They both understand that if we are to establish the best case for peace and justice we need to direct the best minds in the world to this task. This is why they were both concerned to complete the vision of the original Founders of The Peace Foundation by establishing a Chair
Honour for nuke campaigner HAMILTON GIRLS’ High School has honoured a feisty former student with a new award to mark the school’s centenary. The inaugural Annie Cook Award – named after the first girl to enrol at the school – was won by Dr Kate Dewes. She has been a passionate anti-nuclear campaigner almost since leaving the school in 1970, and was the first New Zealander to be appointed to the United Nations Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. Dr Dewes has been on the board for the last three years and expects to be there for another two. In a ceremony on Friday, she told the students how important it was to follow their heart and apply themselves to their 8
in Peace and Conflict Studies. Together, they committed their own philanthropic resources and built up a list of over 1,000 other New Zealanders who were interested in this task. They raised over a million dollars and asked New Zealand Universities to match this amount. The University of Otago did so and the new National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies came into existence with me as its Foundation Chair. None of this would have happened were it not for the vision, tenacity, commitment of Dorothy and Chris and all the other members of the Aotearoa-New Zealand Peace and Conflict Studies Trust. They did this work as a team but individually Chris and Dorothy also brought their own distinctive individual talents to the task. Chris brought organisational
and financial skills to the task. Dorothy brought formidable networking skills. Together they galvanised friends and acquaintances behind their vision and plans for the new centre. Dorothy and Chris are both wonderfully talented individuals – well educated, cosmopolitan and internationalist in orientation. They also bring many years of experience working with others for important causes. They bring profound religious convictions to the task as well. The Centre could not have asked for better people to have helped breathe this new Centre into existence. I salute them both as peacebuilding pioneers.’ PW
work. And she admitted the recognition came as a surprise. “I thought my lifetime of campaigning for fairly radical causes would be seen as too subversive, so I am delighted these causes are now accepted as mainstream and worthy of recognition,” Dr Dewes said. As head girl at the school in her final year, she got some unique opportunities, including meeting the Queen for lunch and discussing youth, polo, pollution and euthanasia with a young Prince Charles. But Dr Dewes said it was a slightly less glamorous event that shaped her future. In the winter of 1970 she was one of the city’s state secondary school head prefects who sent a petition to then prime minister Sir Keith Holyoake, criticising the education system and suggesting changes such as smaller class sizes and a revised curriculum. It was one of her first political acts
and “it was a really important thing when I think about it”. Currently the director of the Peace Foundation Disarmament and Security Centre in Christchurch, Dr Dewes said her work had taken a back seat after the earthquakes ravaged the city, but it was not long before she was back to doing what she did best. “I’m a grandmother now and I still think there’s a threat to life on the planet because of nuclear weapons,” she said. “What keeps me going is I want children to be born into this world without this threat of nuclear annihilation.” Despite having done it for decades, Dr Dewes’ days of campaigning are far from over. “There’s still life in the old girl,” she said. PW
Professor Kevin Clements CHAIR IN PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES DIRECTOR, THE NATIONAL CENTRE FOR PEACE AND CONFLICT STUDIES, UNIVERSITY OF OTAGO
Waikato Times: 19/07/2011 winter 2011
Disarmament for Development A snap shot of a recent blog post from Alyn Ware. For the full blog post go to: http://www.globalpovertyproject.com/blog/view/403
THIS GUEST post comes from Alyn Ware at the Peace Foundation in New Zealand – and challenges us to consider the links between military spending and poverty. ‘Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not clothed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its laborers, the genius of its scientists, the hopes of its children. This is not a way of life at all in any true sense. Under the clouds of war, it is humanity hanging on a cross of iron.’ US President Dwight D. Eisenhower Militarism is probably the world’s largest barrier to ending poverty. Whether it be armies and weapons of war, or small arms flowing into our neighbourhoods and local communities, militarism destroys communities, wastes resources and prevents sustainable development. Military and weapons spending consumes resources that could be applied instead to human needs. The flow of arms into a conflict region destroys democratic and traditional control structures for land-use, production and the economy and replaces this with warlords, gang leaders and militias. Armed conflicts push people out of their houses, off their lands and into slavery, refugee camps or having to accept other subhuman conditions. The use of weapons kills or maims people, taking them out of the workforce and adding an additional economic burden of medical care for the wounded. Weapons testing and use also destroys the environment, whether it be the devastation from nuclear weapons testing, the farmlands no longer usable because of landmines or cluster munitions, the toxins released from explosions in war or other weaponry like depleted uranium weapons. And the use of military vehicles; aircraft, ships, rockets, tanks, armoured vehicles in exercises and military operations constitutes possibly the largest single global contributor to carbon emissions and winter 2011
climate change. Addressing militarism is thus the best hope we have of achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals of ending poverty, achieving universal education, providing primary health care, adequately combating major diseases, addressing key environmental concerns such as climate change and providing sufficient renewable energy for basic needs. Some initiatives on disarmament for development: ! Religions for Peace Arms Down Campaign – Over 20 million religious youth have endorsed the call for elimination of nuclear weapons and a reduction in military spending by 20% to fund MDGs. ! UN Charter Article 26 campaign – led by the government of Costa Rica, the campaign calls on the Security Council to implement Article 26 of the UN Charter, under which it is required to adopt a disarmament plan in order to release resources for social and economic needs (See also President Arias discusses military spending cuts with President Obama). ! Costa Rica Consensus – calling on debt relief to developing countries that reduce their military spending. ! International Peace Bureau’s Disarmament for Development campaign – this Nobel Peace winning organization has been leading the campaign with posters, books, campaign manuals and other resources; ! Global Day of Action Against Military Spending – annual actions around the world. Join an action in your community. ! End the power of the arms corporations – divest from shares in these corporations, or ask your church, city or government to divest (See also Norway Ministry of Finance Takes Action Against Companies Involved In Producing Nuclear Weapons). PW
SOME FACTS " US$1.6 trillion = annual global military spending " US$320 billion = annual amount (additional to current spending) required to meet all of the UN Millennium Development Goals, i.e. 20% of the global military budge " US$100 billion = annual amount spent on nuclear weapons globally " US$100 billion = annual amount required to end extreme poverty and provide primary education for everyone in the world " US$14 billion = cost of UK Trident nuclear submarine programme – 4 submarines (some estimates put the replacement cost at double this figure) " US$14 billion = amount required to Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other major diseases " 8 million – number of children worldwide who died before their 5th birthday in 2009 due to poverty US$8 million = the cost of 8 Exocet missiles " 300,000 = number of lives lost annually to small arms and handguns " US$15,000 – cost to build one school in rural Nicaragua or Pakistan and pay the teachers’ salaries for one year " US$15,000 – cost of two cluster munitions
Cool Schools Update By Christina Barruel COOL SCHOOLS NATIONAL TRAINER
WE HAVE a new name of our Cool Schools newsletter… MediationWorks. There is a powerful message in this name and for those of us who have been in the game for a while, we know it rings true! You will also notice the new Cool Schools logo to the right. Our signature colours have changed too – nothing like a fresh, new image to mark the positive developments with the programme. Cool Schools is alive and well. We have had some interesting publicity over the last few months with the focus on bullying issues in the media. Jonnie Black, our Ma¯ori Programme Coordinator and Youth Wing Chairperson, was interviewed by Greg Boyed on TVNZ 7’s 8pm News. The Deputy Head Boy (a senior peer mediator) from De la Salle College and a female student from Selwyn College were interviewed live on TVNZ Breakfast Show the following morning. The New Zealand Herald cover story on bullying (26th March) ‘To fight or not to fight?… It’s Okay to Tell’, featured two Mt Roskill Grammar advanced peer mediators explaining how their service helps students to feel safe. ‘We are social justice activists in our school promoting and modelling fairness and respect for others, watching out for harassment and bullying and supporting students to get help when needed.’ These are examples of the media coverage we received during March and April which highlighted the Secondary Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme and its positive, pro-active impact on supporting students to help provide a safe physical and emotional school environment and the prevention of bullying. The ‘X-factor’ surrounding these media opportunities is that the student peer mediators themselves are telling their success stories to the NZ public. Apart from training in schools, a lot of my time over the last two terms has been 10
Thumbs up! for the Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme Conflict! It’s a part of life – how we deal with it makes the difference. Equip students with a tool kit of peaceful conflict resolution skills for life plus excellent opportunities for service leadership.
New! &'( !"#$%,""&' )*&+
Students supporting students to help provide a safe physical and emotional school environment and the prevention of bullying.
Cool Schools new logo and advert
For more information: Phone (09) 373 2379 Email email@example.com www.peace.net.nz
spent in updating the primary programme resources. These resources include: ÝÛ The Primary Manual (Edition 5): new, revised and teacher user friendly. ÝÛ The Essential Peer Mediator’s Handbook: for school student peer mediators. ÝÛ A2 Posters x 3: supports and aligns with the new manual. ÝÛ Cool Sc hools Co-ordinator ’s Kit (Edition 2): USB Stick – practical, user friendly. This has been a very rewarding process. I am delighted that our Primary Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme is now refreshed with effective, quality
resources that compliment and align with the robust teacher training. My next goal is working on developing the secondary programme resources so that they align with the updated secondary student training. I would like to take this opportunity to say a huge thank you to Sue Tregurtha, who was the Cool Schools administration assistant for 14 years! Sue has put many dedicated hours into work for Cool Schools around the country. She leaves her position to pursue other directions. We wish her all the very best on her journey. PW
Funding Update We are pleased to report that the Ministries of Health and Social Development have advised that they will continue to support our Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme and our Parents Programme for the year commencing 1 July 2011 – at the same level as the previous year. While this funding does not cover our costs, it provides a strong platform as we approach other funders to make up the shortfall. At present we are utilizing funds received from the Todd Foundation, the Lion Foundation, and the NZ Lotteries Grants Board. A donation from the David Levene Foundation is funding our Schools’ Peace Week activities in schools this August. As always, we have other funding applications in the pipeline, and will report on the success of those in the next issue of Peaceworks. Rae Holloway FINANCE MANAGER
Disarmament and Security Centre By Kate Dewes and Rob Green
THIS HAS been a challenging year so far at the Disarmament and Security Centre, leavened by new initiatives, and by support of our friends and colleagues in New Zealand and around the world. Our offices suffered more structural damage in the February and June earthquakes. Chimneys have been removed as unsafe, and the roof was only recently repaired; the office was unusable for a few months; the DSC library and archive had to be packed away in boxes after bookcases came down again in February. Despite all this, with the closure of Wellington office of the Peace Foundation, we are committed to continuing our work as the sole disarmament specific office in New Zealand. Since the launch of Rob’s book Security Without Nuclear Deterrence last year, over 1500 copies have been sold or distributed around the world. He undertook a speaking tour to the US and a virtual
one of Canada – the North American tour was cut short by the February earthquake. Before that, Rob gave the Tenth Frank Kelly Memorial lecture in Santa Barbara, California as guest of the Nuclear Age Peace Foundation. The Japanese version continues to sell steadily, a French translation is underway and an e-Book version is available. Kate is currently considering ways to revive the Conference on Disarmament as part of her continuing work on the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. Recently she was invited to be on the International Working Group of the Australia-based International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons. Natasha Barnes has continued her work on youth outreach, including lectures at the University of Canterbury. She has attended a number of international conferences, including the establishment of the International Network for Emerging Nuclear Specialists (INENS). This is the only international young professional network seeking to include young policy
Wellington oﬃce closure
From left to right: Alyn Ware, Leah Rothman, Lachlan Mackay, Rod Alley, Ced Simpson
By Alyn Ware THE PEACE FOUNDATION INTERNATIONAL REPRESENTATIVE
ON FRIDAY 13 May 2011, due to lack of funding, the Peace Foundation Wellington office was closed and all Wellington-based staff positions dissolved. These included the Global Communities and Social Justice Progammes Coordinator (held by Mayra Gomez), Youth Programmes Coordinator (held by Leah Rothman) and the Wellington Director Alyn Ware. Schools in the greater Wellington region that implement the Cool Schools Peer Mediation Programme will continue to be served by Lynn Scott, The Peace Foundation Peer Mediation Regional Trainer working from her home. The Human Rights in Education programme (a joint initiative of the Peace Foundation, Human Rights Commission, Office of the Children’s Commissioner, Global Focus and Amnesty International – NZ) will remain open winter 2011
makers, scientific and technical experts, military, advocates, academics and civil society involved in nuclear disarmament. The first INENS Nuclear Policy Dialogue was held in Washington DC in April where it was well received by all participants including senior members of the US State Department. In line with the network’s objectives, 80% of participants were young professionals (including an equitable gender balance), with the remainder senior advisors and speakers. Back home, she also recently became the youngest member ever of the Public Advisory Committee on Disarmament and Arms Control. The DSC has been working with the University of Canterbury Arts Department’s Internship Programme and has our first intern, Tess McClure for the first semester. Tess has been working on a new project that the DSC is developing titled Teaching Youth Global Responsibility. We have developed a number of new collaborative partnerships to develop peaceful and engaging online games for young people. PW
and running from the Centre for Global Action, directed by Ced Simpson. The Peace Foundation Wellington Committee will remain active on a voluntary basis in implementing Peace Foundation programmes in the Wellington region. Alyn Ware will continue in his position as Peace Foundation International representative, volunteering his time and personally covering travel and other expenses for this work. Mayra Gomez will continue to
work part-time for Aotearoa Lawyers for Peace and Parliamentarians for Nuclear Nonproliferation and Disarmament – based in the Centre for Global Action. The Peace Foundation thanks members for their interest and involvement in the range of peace and disarmament programmes and activities we have run from the Peace Foundation Wellington office, and we look forward to a future time when funding will enable us to undertake some of these again. PW peaceworks 11
New ‘education4peace’ website THE NATIONAL Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (NCPACS), based at the University of Otago, and the Aotearoa NZ Peace and Conflict Studies Centre Trust
(ANZPCSC) have developed an online resource to support New Zealand collaborations around education for peace – the sharing of information and exchange resources. The NCPACS aims to work with teachers/curriculum groups to help develop relevant resources and capacity for the teaching of peace education in the New Zealand school curriculum. It also aims to link with existing organisations and individuals promoting peacefulness and nonviolence in New Zealand education contexts – to build the evidence base for peace education and to enhance learning and skills. http://podcasts.otago.ac.nz/nzpeace-ed/
What is the focus of education4peace? Education for non-violence, human rights, and peaceful solutions and practices at all levels of the New Zealand national curriculum and more broadly for school communities and students. How does education4peace work? The site is interactive. Read and comment on blog posts, access information and resources, share resources, ideas and expertise. Subscribe to regular email updates or RSS feeds. We hope this website will be dynamic and meet needs of teachers, early childhood educators, teachers and others involved in education contexts. Please contact us with any feedback or suggestions. PW
Who is education4peace for? People working in the early childhood, primary, secondary and tertiary sectors, or anyone involved in programmes and initiatives contributing to education for peace.
For more information contact: Elspeth Macdonald (Peace Education Coordinator, NCPACS) firstname.lastname@example.org
we really believe in something and hold strong to that, we can succeed in life. I took away so many great thoughts to think about and how to make a difference in our beautiful country we all call home. It helped me ponder how we measure success and what are the values I hold and believe in. Aspiring Leaders’ Forum was an experience that really made me believe that we all can make a difference no matter how big or small; the youth of today are the leaders of tomorrow. We can build a more peaceful society, we can help those less fortunate and we can give back to our community. I would encourage all of us to find someone who has the potential to become a leader, who we have faith in and we can
nominate to the Aspiring Leaders’ Forum. I would like to take this opportunity to also thank David Clendon, Member of Parliament for the Green Party for nominating and sponsoring me to attend this year’s forum. Without this support I would not be so inspired by the stories and discussions I have had with other young people. I would also like to thank team NORMAL– Samantha Leonard, Jessica Harvey, Ngariki Nia Nia, Joseph Bergin, Theo Helyer, Caleb Bridle, Chloe Jane (assistant Facilitator), and last but by far not least Kirsty and Greg Fleming our most amazing facilitator. Words could not begin to describe my appreciation for what you have given us all during the forum, thank you! PW
Youth Wing By Jonnie Black
¯ORI PROGRAMME COORDINATOR MA
Unuhia te rito o te harakeke Kei hea te komako e ko? Kina mai ki au He aha te mea nui o tenei ao Maku e ki atu He tangata, he tangata, he tangata If the centre of the shoot of the flax is pulled out Where will the bellbird sing? If you were to ask me what is the most important thing in the world? I would reply It is the people, it is the people, it is the people
I HAVE recently attended the Aspiring Leaders’ Forum on Faith and Values held in Wellington 14 – 17 July. It was an opportunity for young people all around Aotearoa/ New Zealand to meet up and share their ideas, beliefs and values with each other. It was an incredible experience. We had amazing keynote speakers; Michael Hill & Lady Hill, Nicola Bell, Rangi McLean, Marcus Akuhata Brown and Greg Fleming. What amazing people! They do not only have great stories to share about their successes but also their failures and how they triumphed through. It goes to show that if 12
NEWS & REVIEWS
Valerie Morse, one of the activists arrested, has gathered stories from many of those affected and published them in a book entitled The Day the Raids Came: Stories of survival and resistance to the state terror raids. Each story is personal and the selection is varied. Together they paint a picture that is compelling and enlightening. The book begins with a quote from Milan Kundera (Czech-born French writer), which the editor suggests reflects the importance of the book, ‘The struggle of man against power is the struggle of memory against forgetting.’ Not only to remember, but also to understand, I have found useful in the stories three aspects of the individual experiences: What happened to each on the day? Why do they think it happened? How have they been affected since, and what are they doing now? Below are snippets taken directly from some of the stories. I hope they will raise your interest.
There are a lot of people who know this stuff about colonisation, about indigenous rights, . . ., but there are so few people among the lot who are actually out there doing it.’ ‘I reckon what put the s*** right up the cops was that diverse groups of people started talking to each other.’
Why did it happen? ‘The people who we’re raided were ‘do-ers’...
How have they been effected since? ‘I would like to say boldly that I’m still an activist and am not scared of the state, but that would be a lie. I’m still an activist but not like I used to be. Let’s just say: I’m recharging and taking a new look at things . . .then I’ll be back.’ Many of the people targeted by the raids of 'Operation 8' were among the most vocal political activists on various issues. The media hype after the arrests did appear to support the attempt to build a heightened fear political atmosphere required for the so-called ‘war on terrorism’, and at the same time stifle dissent, by associating activism with terrorism in the public mind. While the raids prompted a surge of support activities for the arrestees, it is likely energy has been diverted from work on some important issues. It is uncertain how successful the raids have been in raising public fear levels in the medium term. To combat these trends it will help to learn about what happened. The acclaimed documentary film ‘Operation 8’ (Errol Wright and Abi King-Jones) is proving valuable in shedding light on this dark episode. The Day the Raids Came also helps by describing a down to earth picture with its personal stories. PW
about 150 kms from Havana. They had just been entertained by a fantastic group of children who sang, danced and played music, The bracelets were presented as a thank you gift. Ruth reported, ‘Their education system is particularly impressive. Free from early childhood to tertiary, encompassing every aspect of learning. There is a strong emphasis on the arts as well as academic subjects.’ PW
Ruth Coombes (left), principal of a primary school in Cienfuegos (centre) and Ezequiel Morales – interpreter (right).
The Day the Raids Came: Stories of survival and resistance to the state terror raids Edited by Valerie Morse REBEL PRESS, 2010, PP168
Review by Richard Keller
THE POLICE raids of October 15, 2007, named ‘Operation 8’ by the police and described as “anti-terrorist”, affected many people. The Tuhoe in Te Urewera were subject to a lockdown in which men, women, and children were terrorized by black clad, faceless raiders from the police anti-terrorist squad and which led to arrests. In Wellington and other locations political activists faced break ins and other confrontations, this also resulted in many arrests. For all of these, no resolution in a court of law or in the public consciousness has been reached even today in July, 2011.
What happened on the day? Wellington–Being arrested that morning while tenting in the town belt: ‘I was naked and scared. “I’m just putting on some clothes….”. “Get out of the f—— tent! Hands in the air!”. I put on a singlet, some undies and pants, kissed (her) and stepped out of the tent. Cops were all around me. One was standing right in front of me, pointing his big gun right in my face. He was wearing all black and a balaclava.’
Ruth Coombes visits Cuba Ruth Coombes recently visited Cuba participating in the annual Southern Cross Brigade; a group of New Zealanders and Australians who were hosted by the Cuban Government to enable them to learn about the Cuban culture and political system. This photo shows Ruth presenting a bag of peace bracelets to the principal of a primary school in Cienfuegos, a port city winter 2011
Countdown to Zero Review by Lyndon Burford
COUNTDOWN TO Zero is a powerful documentary film with an all-star who’s who cast of nuclear weapons experts, politicians and disarmament advocates. It is not light viewing, however, its focus on the threat of nuclear terrorism raises the issue of how far it is useful to push fear as a means of creating political change. For disarmament advocates, the film’s overwhelming focus on the threat of nuclear terrorism may be disappointing – the issues of accidental or miscalculated launch by nuclear armed states are acknowledged, but get far less attention. Commendably, the solution offered to deal with the terrorist nuclear threat is
moving to zero nuclear weapons, however, this solution is delivered in strength only at the very end of the film, while most of its substance focuses on generating fear of terrorists detonating a nuclear weapon in a major city. Technically, it is a very strong film from an award-winning British documentary director Lucy Walker (Devil’s Playground, Blindsight). However, the slick editing and computer-generated graphics risk sensationalising the frequent repetition of images of missile launches, and turning the threat of nuclear terrorism into dramatic entertainment. In addition, the repeated cutting between references to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists’ ‘doomsday clock’, sounds of clocks counting down and scenes of atomic devastation, make it eerily unclear whether we are counting down to zero nuclear weapons, or to doomsday. Amongst the barrage of unsettling
images and information presented in the film, a very sobering point struck me. Ploughshares President Joe Cirincione remarked that it would require only a single use of a nuclear weapon by terrorists for all civil liberties to be drastically curtailed worldwide, if not revoked entirely, as citizens the world over demanded draconian security laws from their governments in the hope of preventing a further terrorist nuclear strike. All in all, this message of this film is positive, and I can’t fault its intention to promote the urgency of the need to move towards zero nuclear weapons. Unfortunately, I can’t help the feeling that it risks disempowering audiences and thus distancing them from the resurgent global disarmament movements due to its overwhelming focus on fear, threats and the enormous challenges facing disarmament proponents. PW
Peace Sites in New Zealand by Margaret Thomson
THE IDEA of recording peace sites in our country began in May 2009 while I was on a visit to Christchurch. Walking in the Botanic Gardens one day I came across the World Peace Bell and took some photographs of it in its lovely setting, as well as the Camphor Peace Tree nearby. I then wrote a letter to many of the City and District Council mayors, asking if they had any peace installations and there was a 95% response! There are many peace sites – peace parks, gardens, murals, walks, walls, memorials, peace poles, trees, sculptures, stones and even fire – Te Ahi Ka, downtown Auckland and the Hiroshima flame, Wellington Botanic Gardens. After recording the sites over a 2-year period I had to stop at 55, knowing there will be others. Audrey can Ryn had done the same work in Auckland prior to my research and we now exchange information. PW 14
Margaret Thomson is an artist and writer who lives in Dunedin. If you wish to support her work, please contact her at 03 467 2550.
OUR HEARTFELT THANKS TO SUE The Peace Foundation appreciates and recognises the long-term service of Sue Tregurtha. Sue’s 14 years of history with the organisation proved invaluable to the new staff in Auckland. She was responsible for the administration, resource centre, school liaison for Cool Schools and assisted in finance. Her position was disestablished last March 2011 but Sue still volunteers when she has time. She now has a full time work with the Child, Youth and Family Services in Auckland. Our heartfelt thanks to Sue for all the hard work and dedication to The Peace Foundation.
Events August 8 – 12 Schools’ Peace Week 2011, Theme – Sports4Peace: Peace is Our Goal August 19 Cool Schools Auckland/ Northland Secondary Symposium August 27 The Peace Foundation Annual General Meeting September 21 International Day of Peace For details of these events, please visit www.peace.net.nz or email email@example.com
INAUGURAL “ME RONGO” PEACE CONGRESS AND FESTIVAL
Peace, Sustainability And Respect For The Sacred 2010 YOUNG NEW ZEALANDER OF THE YEAR MEETS WORLD MARCH FOR PEACE ENDORSERS By Lachlan Mackay 2009 WORLD MARCH FOR PEACE ENDORSEMENTS ASSISTANT
2010 Young New Zealander of the Year and P3 Foundation Founder, Dr. Divya Dhar met with international endorsers of the 2009 World March for Peace, Tara Gandhi Bhattacharjee and Alka Lamba while on an official P3 Foundation delegation to India in June. Divya is a passionate and inspirational social change maker in New Zealand and has previously given her time to the Peace Foundation and the United Nations Youth in New Zealand before founding the P3 Foundation in late 2009, early 2010. P3 is a foundation led by young people
with a ‘mission to mobilise young adults across New Zealand to join in the effort of eradicating extreme poverty within this generation’. Tara Gandhi Bhattacharjee is the eldest grand-daughter of the Father of the Nation, Mahatma Gandhi and Alka Lamba is a member of the All India Congress Committee, a part of the largest democratic party in the world. The 2009 World March for Peace and Nonviolence was launched on Mahatma Gandhi’s 140th birthday on the 2nd of October 2009 in Wellington, Aotearoa-New Zealand. Divya and her delegation of three were in India to choose a local NGO, for P3 Foundation to partner with, on poverty alleviation initiatives. For more information on Dr Divya Dhar or the P3 Foundation please visit the following website: http://www.p3foundation.org/
¯KOHU (CHATHAM ISLANDS, NEW RE ZEALAND) 18 – 21 NOVEMBER 2011
(Hosts of the Opening Blessing Event for the World March for Peace and Nonviolence) The Congress will focus on indigenous peace-making traditions. ! Peace and ethics ! Eradication of weapons and instruments of aggression ! Peaceful conflict resolution ! Peace education A Peace and Sustainability Festival will precede the Congress. This will include 10 days of workshops facilitated by local and international leaders in the fields of sustainability, creative arts, writing and respectful practices. More details will follow in your registration pack. The main objective of the Congress is to gather peace makers together (physically and by video-link) in order to draft a Re¯kohu Peace Declaration based on principles of peace, sustainability and respect for the sacred. A critical part of this declaration will be a synthesis of conflict resolution methods, particularly those of indigenous peace-makers, discussed at the Congress. To register and receive your information pack, please email Susan Forbes at firstname.lastname@example.org
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