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ISSUE 515 AUGUST 2020

ARMY25

Delivering on key outcomes

TŪ KAHA COURAGE

TŪ TIKA COMMITMENT

TŪ TIRA COMRADESHIP

TŪ MĀIA INTEGRITY


SMA.NET ISSUE 515 AUGUST 2020

NEWS Soldiers assist in Pacific

02

CA on operation Burnham

03

PEOPLE Honouring an Armistice

04

Our new DCA

05

Commendations for Army pers

18

Remembering PTE Manning

23

TRAINING Becoming a Commando

15

The Final Cut

16

CAPABILITY ARMY25

08

Electric utility bikes

22

PROFESSION: A special job taking capable – to competent. Tena koutou katoa! This is a good time to recognise the many people across the Army, both Regular and Reserve Force supporting OP PROTECT. Each of you and the teams coordinating these efforts continue to enable the government agencies leading New Zealand’s response at and beyond the borders. There are a host of New Zealanders who value the service you’re providing. The professional conduct, the leadership and presence of a trusted uniform, a friendly acknowledgement or a helping hand. These are the stories that have echoed over many a forum – so thanks to you all. While we acknowledge the work, CA and I appreciate the challenges experienced in your teams and units as we balance the needs of readiness and our response obligations. This is a long patrol and one we will have to adapt to as things evolve. Things will become busier in the coming months and for a time unknown, we don’t control that element. I want to help reassure you that we are prepared for this and it’s our responsibility to ensure fellow Kiwis are protected.

This is our profession. In this third SMA instalment – it’s a natural segue to write about the profession of arms and about what it means to be a member of the land force. What sets us apart from other professions? Many will know the characteristics of a profession but here are some unvarnished thoughts. We subscribe to a set of values and a role like few others. We are driven by a strong culture and traditions, and we are guided by ethical standards and stringent governance. We all contribute to bettering the profession through education, training and continual improvement, and we each choose to serve the people and a higher calling. While our Police carry firearms to protect, we bear arms as a vocation. Maybe the most poignant attribute is that we, alongside our Police Force commit to the ‘unlimited liability’ of injury or loss of life in the service of the nation. Tough words and we rarely talk of it. I raise this as the backdrop to something I find important as Sergeant Major of the Army – and that’s professional competence and character. Chief of Army speaks of the character aspect often, to me that’s about being a good person first while aligning to the aspects mentioned above that make us a profession. But to be a professional – we must move from capable to competent.

For you that’s about doing what only land-soldiers can. While we each attest for different reasons and passions, our point of difference as soldiers (Toa) is the capacity to direct and exert military force in the conduct of our missions. I tend to use ‘combatives’ as the baseline of soldiering. Whether its hand to hand, arms, electronic and cyber attack or throughout the spectrum of effects – we must be professionals in the tactical arts. This means having the mantra of, ‘Think, Shoot, Move and Operate’. I reference think first – to ensure we understand that arts start in the senses and the brain, but they are effected through our hands and tools we employ. We must be able to move and manoeuvre in all terrains, and we need to be capable of communicating, medicating and operating on our worst days. As you go forward in your careers – continue to think about competency in trade and mastery of self. Get after it. WO1 Wiremu Moffitt 16th Sergeant Major of the Army

5 Liner: SMA’s Podcasts There are so many to choose but here are five favourites worth a listen on your way to or from home. 1. The Cove – The Australian Army, Podcast. 2. SITREP – Defence Explained. Key Defence and Security discussion from the UK & abroad. 3. Original Freedom – Two SOF members giving a grounded perspective on leadership & life. 4. Wavell Room – Higher level thinking from some serious leaders. 5. Modern War Institute (MWI) Podcast – At West Point.

Cover: Comradeship and commitment: Medic LCPL Lara Dessoulavy carries a soldier to safety during Exercise Final Cut. Photo: CPL Sean Spivey

NZArmy

NZDefenceForce

The Army News is published for the Regular and Territorial Force and civilian staff of the New Zealand Army. Editor: Judith Martin Ph: 021 240 8578 E: armynews@nzdf.mil.nz www.army.mil.nz Printing: Bluestar, Petone. Design: Vanessa Edridge, DPA, NZDF Editorial contributions and letters are welcomed. They may be sent directly to Army News and do not need to be forwarded through normal command channels. Submit them to The Editor, Army News, DPA, HQ NZDF, Private Bag 39997, Wellington, or by email. Deadline instructions: Army News is published on the third Tuesday of each month, except January. Please have all contributions to the editor by the first of the month. Nothing in the Army News should be taken as overriding any New Zealand Defence Force regulation. Readers should refer to the relevant service publication before acting on any information given in this newspaper. ISSN 1170-4411 All material is copyright, and permission to reproduce must be sought from the editor.

SOLDIERS ASSIST IN PACIFIC ISLAND HOPE MISSION By Charlene Williamson

Soldiers from 3rd Combat Service Support Battalion at Burnham Military Camp have provided a crucial link for a local community charity delivering donated goods to Samoan schools and churches. For the third year in a row, Army trucks have been collecting hundreds of desks, chairs, books, stationery, clothing and other essentials for the Pacific Island Hope Mission. Mission directors Jason and Sandy Watson, who started the project in 2017 after a visit to Samoa, approached the Army early on for help to transport and pack the donations. “We thought this would be a great opportunity for developing community spirit,” Mr Watson said.

“The Army are well organised, reliable and fantastic at the logistics in planning when we gave them our ideas. We are so encouraged by their input. It means so much to us as we can’t do this on our own.” Lieutenant Melissa De Lange said they are more than happy to help such a cause. “We were thrilled when the Watsons asked us again to assist with this task again, we also helped in 2018 and 2019. It is a privilege to be allowed to support the community in this way again.

“The drivers were very excited to use their military skills to help the charity and it wasn’t hard to get volunteers who showed their desire and commitment to help the local community,” Lieutenant De Lange said. “We look forward to working with Jason and Sandy again in the future, we are all very impressed with their work for community in Samoa.” The team provided two HX77 Medium Heavy Operational Vehicles (MHOV) to move the shipping containers and two HX60 MHOVs with 20 soldiers to assist

in both collecting and packing the shipping containers. Mr Watson said they couldn’t have delivered the goods they have without the Army assistance. “They are amazing and we are so grateful for their kindness as this is so big for us. We never imagined that a little island holiday would develop into a mission helping people in this way,” he said. The New Zealand High Commission in Apia recently granted the Pacific Island Hope Mission funding to help with freights cost over the next two years.


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A MESSAGE FROM CHIEF OF ARMY This time last year I visited all the camps and bases to brief on our strategy, ARMY25. I presented: against the four pillars of People, Information, Capability Enhancement, and Relationships; the key initiatives we were putting in place and the outcomes we were seeking. All aimed at ensuring we continued to work towards becoming a modern, agile, highly adaptive, light combat force. At its core, ARMY25 captures our change strategy for the next five years. It is fully aligned to the outputs required of us by government and it enables us to both meet the demands of the current operating environment and prepare for the future fight. The strategy remains ‘fit for purpose’ and it is starting to produce results. Let me hit some of the key points. In the People space our Force Design Project is nearing completion and we are close to confirming for all Army units: by rank, trade and paraline; where we need to prioritise our 2025 funded growth, Regular Force and Reserves, to deliver on both current outputs and introduce into service a range of new capabilities, equipment and vehicles. It also provides us with a blueprint for what the Army of 6000 by 2035, as described in the Defence Capability Plan, could look like. Against the Information pillar Army remains fully aligned to developments occurring at defence level regarding the wider information environment and, in particular, those that are integral to the range of capabilities and systems we will shortly bring into service as part of the Networked Enabled Army project. The NEA team really has got us to a great position to not only prepare individuals and teams to receive, manage and analyse large qualities of information, but better understand how to fight information. Progress with the establishment of a Mission Command Training Facility is an important enabler. This theme is going to gain real momentum in the next 12–24 months and, other than operations, will remain Army’s main effort for the short-medium term.

Capability Enhancements, including infrastructure developments, are really starting to gain traction. NEA Tranche 1 will be completed by the end of this year whilst Tranche 2 has now commenced. We have seen the delivery of the Polaris and announcement of Bushmaster, the new uniform is being rolled out, and we are close to signing off a soldier system blueprint against which we will clothe and equip the force. On the infrastructure front work is already underway in a number of critical areas, and recent announcements, particularly those associated with the Consolidated Logistics Project, continue to enhance the Army estate. While the current Covid environment has placed pressure on our engagement with partners and allies, it has provided an opportunity to continue to enhance our Relationships at both community and national level. And, as we continue to manage the challenges of Covid, this is likely to remain our immediate focus. Army will lean into this as required – it is becoming very clear that we have a critical role to play, and we will. Across Army, at all levels and by people of all ranks, a lot of really good work has gone into not only giving real shape to ARMY25, but delivering on its key outcomes. This Army News captures that progress, both what has been delivered and what the next steps are. We are making real progress against our strategy, and it is starting to deliver. Major General John Boswell Chief of Army

OPERATION BURNHAM By Chief of Army, Major General John Boswell

You will no doubt have seen the media coverage following the release of the report into Operation Burnham recently. While that report showed failings on our part, there are some things I want to reiterate in relation to Operation Burnham and the report’s findings. I am proud of our Army’s service in Afghanistan. I am proud of the difference we made for the people and government of that country. More than three thousand of our soldiers served there. Ten of our soldiers lost their lives there. All served in line with our values of courage, commitment, comradeship and integrity. That is why I am not surprised that the report of the Inquiry into Operation Burnham confirms what we have all known to be true – that the operation was based on sound intelligence and it was justified: that it was properly planned, properly authorised, professionally carried out and, importantly, carried out in accordance with the rules of engagement and international humanitarian law. The report says one person was killed by our forces on the ground in accordance with the rules of engagement and international humanitarian law. The report says that, as well as insurgents, it is likely there were civilian casualties either killed or injured during the operation.

The report is clear, our soldiers did not cause these casualties. Operation Burnham was a complex and dangerous operation against armed insurgents who had attacked New Zealand and other international troops. It was also a successful operation, disrupting insurgent activity. The report confirms our soldiers behaved as we demand and in line with the traditions of both the Special Air Service and the New Zealand Army. The Inquiry report also considered an operation carried out with the Afghan authorities to detain an insurgent leader in Kabul. The Inquiry found a soldier struck the insurgent after he was detained. Actions of this type are not in line with the behaviour we demand and expect. The Inquiry members made recommendations regarding detention during partnered operations, which are complex areas of international law. The NZDF will work closely with other agencies to ensure our frontline commanders have absolute

clarity around detention policies and procedures when working alongside international forces and partners. The report also makes a number of recommendations regarding record keeping, oversight of the NZDF, orders regarding processes in the event of reports of civilian casualties and the development of government policy on detention. The NZDF accepts these recommendations as they apply to the NZDF, and will work with Ministers and other agencies to implement them. Finally, it is right that I acknowledge the soldiers from our SAS, and their families, who have endured the allegations made against them, which has placed significant pressure on them. For them, this report confirms what we have always known. Operation Burnham was justified, legal and professionally conducted. For them, this report draws a line in these matters and they can now move on.

New Zealand Army Reserves battle flood conditions to assist critical patients for Northland District Health Board.

RESERVISTS ANSWER CALL FOR HELP IN NORTHLAND FLOODS When the call came in from Northland District Health Board for help in picking up renal patients stranded by Northland floods, Staff Sergeant Ben Penney was ready to go. “Flood or not, I knew that these patients need their medical care and if they could not make it to a hospital or get their medication it becomes a life and death situation,” SSGT Penney from the 3rd/6th Reserve Battalion, Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment, said of Saturday’s call.

“I mustered our Reserves and together we prepared our Unimog truck. We got supplies to keep the patients comfortable on the trip such as thermal mats, smock liners and water. We then made our way to a patient in need in Ōakura. The roads were pretty dicey due to extreme flooding, however the Unimog is exceptional in such conditions,” he said. “We picked up the patient and delivered him safely to hospital. It felt great to be able to use our training and equipment to directly help Kiwis in need. The patient was extremely thankful, and we all went home feeling like we did what we were trained to do.”

Sarah Hoyle, Emergency Manager for Northland District Health Board, says it is absolutely critical that flood-isolated patients get treatment. “The New Zealand Defence Force was happy to help. Seeing an Army truck in front of the hospital was a really welcome sight for our staff and patients.” The Battalion provided two Unimogs, staffed by NZ Army Reservists, to assist with moving patients isolated by flood conditions.


04 ARMYPEOPLE

The Ambassador of the Republic of Korea, His Excellency Mr Sangjin Lee lays a wreath.

HONOURING AN ARMISTICE – ŌTAKI STYLE By Judith Martin

Mix dozens of children from a small-town school, a group of elderly veterans and some enthusiastic soldiers and their weaponry and what do you get? A morning of perfect community collaboration to mark the 67th anniversary of the Korean War ceasefire. Mingling alongside the youngsters, soldiers and snowyhaired veterans are a group of smiling, be-suited official representatives of the Republic of Korea, led by his Excellency Sang-Jin Lee. Fronting up to the school and its immaculate grounds each year on the anniversary of the Armistice, the Light Gun and other weaponry in tow, has become something of a tradition for the soldiers and officers of 16 Field Regiment. The event has a very New Zealand flavour: while the veterans drink tea with the teachers in the school’s staffroom, children pour out of classrooms, some in gumboots, some bare feet, and descend on the gunners and their kit. The questions are endless and the experience very hands-on as the kids clamber over equipment, try packs for size, and suss out what’s involved in becoming a soldier.

Timings are fluid and at 10.30 – more or less – the veterans and the Korean contingent move to a corner of the school where two memorials nestle under a pohutukawa tree. Five minutes earlier, on the dot, the catafalque guard formed up and is waiting as the veterans and visitors take their seats. They are welcomed, and then addressed by former Chief of Navy, Rear Admiral David Ledson. “Today we remember the Korean War, which started on 25 June 1950 when North Korean forces launched a surprise attack across the border into South Korea. We remember too those who have fought and died in the three years of conflict including the around two and a half million civilians who lost their lives. “The space here at Ōtaki School is a relatively small space but, in the words of the proverb, ahakoa he iti, he pounamu – it may be small but it is precious. “In front of us are two small plaques. The plaque on the right tells us that the magnificent pohutukawa tree we can see was planted to mark the 40th anniversary of the Korean War ceasefire; the guns falling silent with the signing of an armistice on 27 July 1953. The pohutukawa tree has a deep spiritual meaning for Māori, connecting the beginning and ending of human life. In Māori mythology the red flowers of the tree represent the blood of the warrior Tawhaki, a spirit ancestor who showed the way from earth to heaven but fell and died in doing so. So this memorial, plaque and tree is in its elements uniquely a New Zealand memorial.”

Rear Admiral Ledson goes on to explain how the memorial on the left was donated in 2013 by the Korean embassy. “It is a simple stone, observing that in Korean culture for something to be special in nature it needs to be simple and natural. This stone therefore in its form, represents Korea. As so these two memorials, alongside each other, represent New Zealand and Korea and signal a joint commitment to remember the veterans of the Korean War and their service for both countries in a land and a war far from here almost seventy years ago. And that makes that occasion and this place in their own ways, unique and special.” “Kia mau ki te kura whero, kei mau koe ki te kura tawhiwhi kei waiho koe hei whakamomona me te whenua tangata – when you have something of value guard it.” Ōtaki School principal Rauru Walker, whose great uncle was killed in the Korean War, says he is delighted to host the commemoration of the armistice. “It’s important that kids understand that part of history, what happened and why. We talk about it in class and adjust the information to the age of the children. “And it’s so great the soldiers take the time to come here. I had a boy come up to me last week during Matariki, and he mentioned a star you could wish upon. His wish was to become a soldier. I told him to hang on for a week and we’d have so many soldiers to talk to. It’s important they realise soldiers do what they do, but at the same time try not to glorify it.”

The New Zealand Army’s 16 Field Regiment has a special relationship with Korea. At least two of the soldiers who deployed to Korea 70 years ago attended Ōtaki School, and many people within the town “adopted” the gunners, writing to them and sending care packages. New Zealand servicemen of 16 Field Regiment arrived in Korea on 31 December 1950, along with 10 Transport Company, a Divisional Signals detachment, joining the two Navy frigates that had arrived into theatre on 1 August 1950. As part of the 27th Commonwealth Brigade they were eventually deployed north of Seoul in the area of the Kapyong Valley in early April 1951. With Anzac Day approaching it was planned to acknowledge the day with the Australian 3 RAR Battalion and Turkish soldiers also in theatre. On 22 April however a massive communist offensive of some 30,000 troops put paid to this plan and the Battle of Kapyong began. Kapyong Valley had long been used as an approach route to Seoul and should the communists break through the entire front would shatter.

Elements of 6 Republic of Korea (ROK) Division, 3 RAR Bn, 2 Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry Battalion (PPCLI) and The Middlesex Battalion supported by 16 Fd Regt were ordered to hold the line at all costs. From 22–25 April, massed waves of communist soldiers were repulsed using a combination of infantry holding ground and artillery fire support. At times gun fire was directed onto friendly infantry positions as it was the only way to break up attacks, and by 26 April the communist forces had withdrawn. The battle was intense; 16 Fd Regt fired some 10,000 rounds in its duration. For its role in halting the attack the Korean Presidential Citation was awarded to the Regiment.


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NEW DCA TAKES THE REINS By Judith Martin

Brigadier Matt Weston is a proud gunner by trade, and is also proud to be the newly-appointed Deputy Chief of Army.

“My predecessors have done a great job, and I hope to continue along that line. The Army is a very good place to be at the moment. We have most of the people we need and we are getting more, there are some great new capabilities, and the Network Enabled Army and Protected Mobility projects are progressing well.” While he is confident in the way the Army is tracking, it’s no time, he says, to rest easy. “We now have to think about what comes after 2025. We have to keep pace with technology, and factor in the effects of disruptors such as climate change and increased competition between countries in the Asia Pacific region. We live in a fairly volatile world at the moment, and we have to be prepared for and well positioned to do whatever the government requires of us; and of course Covid-19 is presenting a bunch of new challenges that it is imperative we address professionally.”

BRIG Weston joined the New Zealand Army in January 1993, graduating into the Royal Regiment of New Zealand Artillery in December of that year. He held a range of regimental and command positions in 16 Field Regiment culminating as Commanding Officer in 2012–2013. He then went on to command 1 (NZ) Brigade until he was appointed Deputy Chief of Army. While he has had deployments to Timor Leste and Afghanistan, it has been the training and mentoring he has done throughout his career he has enjoyed the most. “The camaraderie the Army provides has always been a big thing for me. I like working with people who I share a set of values with. I value the shared experiences we have in Army – it gives us a point of commonality and trust. I appreciate the challenges the Army provides, and like the fact we have to do many things in our careers. Sometimes the roles we learn the most from aren’t the ones we would have initially chosen, but often prove invaluable in terms of development.”

What does he want to achieve in his new role? “As well as carrying on the good work of my predecessors I want the work and living environments of our soldiers to be as healthy as they can be. We all have a role to play in that – how we treat people, how we coach and mentor. We need a healthy environment that allows people to meet their full potential as they serve their nation”. “I believe our commanders need to model good behaviour, and their expectations of their people need to be high but reasonable.” BRIG Weston and his wife have a young daughter. In his spare time he enjoys fly fishing, reading, and spending quality time with his family.


06 ARMYPEOPLE

ARMY25 UPDATE ARMY25 is our change strategy for the period 2020 to 2025. Its objective is to meet Chief of Army’s vision of a modern, agile, highly adaptive, light combat force. The plan is divided into four themes – People, Information, Relationships and Capability Enhancement. Each aims to deliver different parts of the plan. In order to achieve our mission and end-state, approved projects and tasks are run under each theme to produce the change our Army needs. Projects cover a range of new capabilities we are looking to introduce into service such as Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems (RPAS or drones), through to ensuring Army personnel are provided with the learning opportunities to succeed on the future battlefield. The following pages updates you on ARMY25’s progress to produce the change our Army needs. Modernising Soldier Systems Modernising soldier systems is an enduring effort to ensure that NZDF service personnel operating in the Land Domain are resourced with the capabilities to prosecute land combat operations in a complex, integrated and austere environment to achieve NZDF missions and tasks with coalition and expeditionary forces. A soldier system is an integrated system of components worn, carried or consumed by soldiers that enables the soldier capabilities of survivability, sustainability, mobility, lethality and C4I to be optimised for operational effects. The NZDF Soldier System is defined as: • Survivability • The Soldier System’s interaction with soldier protection systems ranging from ballistic protection through to the ability to block, disrupt or deceive the threats • target acquisition systems in the visual, optical, IR and radar spectrum in any geographical or environmental setting. •

Sustainability The Soldier System’s ability to operate on the battlefield without maintenance support or resupply of food, water and munitions. Mobility The Soldier System’s ability to march and fight in direct relationship to the soldier’s load Lethality The Soldier System’s interaction with, and operation of, a number of weapon systems. Lethality is also defined as gaining the cognitive edge.

• C4I Definition of the Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence/ Information. The Soldier System’s interaction with information displays, weapons interface, vehicle information systems, hands-free operations, and enhancement of all situational awareness and all tactical command and control sub-systems. The means to apply lethal and less-lethal effects with weapons.


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Modernising what you wear – Uniforms and Soldier Systems As part of the ARMY25 Strategic Plan of modernising Army’s capabilities, the NZ Army is rolling out the new NZ Multi Terrain Pattern (NZMTP) uniform. Capability Branch continues to investigate options for new combat helmets, communications headsets and body armour. NZMTP has already been issued to a large number of soldiers, with a parallel evaluation taking place to make sure the new uniform is the right fit, form and function for our soldiers and the range of jobs they do. The preliminary results from the NZMTP evaluation are largely positive with some minor issues raised around sizing and fit. This feedback has already resulted in adjustments in the design of the uniform to offer a better fit and these refinements will be

evident in uniforms scheduled for production from 2021. Additionally, an alternate shirt design is planned for development and evaluation over the coming twelve months. We are able to continue to evolve the uniform in ways not previously available, because NZMTP is our own uniform design and not an off-the-shelf product, and because the NZDF purchases small quantities through our contract with Workwear Group. The aim is to continue to improve

the uniform to ensure it remains relevant as an integral part of the modern NZ soldier system. As a complete system, NZ Army will move the other elements of operational uniform to NZMTP or Multicam in the near future, with some items already in service (e.g. wet weather gear). The Under Body Armour (UBA) shirt has gone in to Business as Usual (BAU) production. The interim Combat Jacket and Liner are already being issued at TAD and as replacement items

as part of the loss and damages process. While an interim option, this has proven compatible with NZMTP and an enduring solution will still be considered once other priority uniform pieces are addressed. Wet Weathers will transition to the Goretex Gen III which have been issued to snipers for the last few years. The transition of these items will be managed as BAU replacement as MCU items wear out.

Load Carriage/Webbing now issued has a Multicam colour scheme, which is the only difference to the Coyote Tan system previously issued and still currently in service.

Future Soldier System There are a number of projects currently underway in Capability Branch to bring new soldier systems in to service to improve comfort, wearability and operational effectiveness across a range of systems. The following is an update on the status of components of the soldier system. Integrated Communications Headset An integrated headset is now in-service. Additional in service integrated headsets have been procured for the first tranche of NEA. A Capability Branch project is about to begin to deliver enhanced general issue integrated communications headsets in alignment with NEA delivery milestones. Light Infantry Pack The Special Reconnaissance (SR) Pack is in-service and available for selected elements within combat units through the normal demand process. It will be issued to the unit for loan to the soldier. Body Armour An Urgent Operational Requirement was progressed for body armour to meet the demands of current NZDF deployments and as a result a limited number of sets have been issued to high readiness elements. A Capability Branch project is about to begin which will identify the future general issue body armour. MARS-L individual assault rifle In-service. The Capability Branch NVE Program continues the process of delivering an inline weapon sight to complement the now in-service night aiming device (PEQ-15). Combat Gloves

Radio Communications

Combat helmet

Under action within the NEA Programme.

Integrated Communications Headset

NZ Multi-Terrain Pattern (NZMTP) In-service. Will be issued be units and formations in tranches as it becomes available. Body Armour

Mini N-Seas (Dual mount) Night-vision Goggles Capability Branch is in the process of supporting the redistribution of Mini N-Seas and conversion to dual mounts for selected combat units and key enablers.

Light Infantry Pack

MARS-L individual assault rifle

Immediate Assault Pack Available with some of the UOR body armour solutions.

Combat Gloves Radio Communications

Combat Helmet Helmets have been purchased to meet current NZDF demands and satisfy the immediate deficiency in helmet fleet numbers. A solution is being sought to enable in-service NVE to be fitted, ahead of issue to selected High Readiness units and enablers. A Capability Branch project is underway to identify the future general issue combat helmet.

NZ Multi-Terrain Pattern (NZMTP)

Mini N-Seas (Dual mount) Night-vision Goggles

In-service. Available through SRM/ normal demand process.

NEW NZMTP AND MODERN PROTECTIVE SYSTEMS

Immediate Assault Pack

NEW NZMTP WITH NIGHT-VISION AND ASSAULT PACK


08 ARMYCAPABILITY

NEA TRANCHE ONE JULY 2015 – DECEMBER 2021 At the end of Tranche One Army will be able to deploy a Multi Role Battalion Group Headquarters and a rifle company provided with modern, digital command and control capabilities and connected to Multinational. Joint and Interagency networks. The command and control capabilities of New Zealand Special Operations Forces have been modernised and the foundations to maintain a Network Enabled Army are in place.

CAPABILITY

WHAT IS IT?

PROGRESS

Common Command Post Operating Environment

Deployable modular command post system. Consists of shelters, lighting, furniture, audio/visual systems, power lighting and trailers for movement.

Command post shelter system in use since 2016.

Provides the command post environment for Commanders and Staff to plan and manage operations.

Battle Management System

Provides the tools for mission planning and execution. This is the core system for the Network Enabled Army. The principle application is Sitaware.

Common Universal Bearer System

Mobile Tactical Command System

Generators, climate control system and trailers are under acquisition. CCPOE systems for training have been provided to Army TRADOC.

Sitaware Headquarters is in service and managed by NZDF. Sitaware Frontline and Edge, which are used with mobile systems (ie on vehicles and dismounted commanders) will be released in conjunction with the applicable Mobile Tactical Command Systems.

An integrated system of long range communications devices and computer systems. CUBS provides the long range, high bandwidth communications network to support headquarter nodes. This is the backbone of the tactical command and control network.

The GATR SATCOM terminals have achieved Initial Operating Release and are in use with 1 (NZ) Bde and TG-6.

An integrated system of tactical radios, viewing device, software. The fit is tailored for the role of the user. Dismounted systems are delivered in Tranche One.

The MTCS for the NZSOF Commando Squadron has been introduced into service .

Provides users with a lower level internet service in the field. This will connect reconnaissance troops with the communications network.

The ruggedized field servers (Tnet) have been delivered and the software configuration is being confirmed.

A facility where military communication systems and networks can be designed, integrated and tested.

The facility was opened in 2017.

Capability Foundations: Capability Integration Centre Linton Camp

Provides a training venue for individual training on NEA systems provided to 1 (NZ) Brigade and a secure, secret rated work facility for 1 Command Support Regiment to maintain their communication access nodes and mission networks.

Building under construction.

Organisation to deliver and maintain the capabilities

The Programme Team leads the design and integration of NEA systems and supports NEA projects with testing and evaluation.

The NEA Programme organisation is in place and is fully integrated with the NEA IPTs to deliver all Tranches of the NEA Programme.

COMPLETION

The Command Post system has been employed on Ex Southern Katipo 2017, and deployed to Vanuatu on Ex Tropic Major 2018 and to the USA on JWA 19.

Initial Operating Release of the integrated Command Post schedule for June 2021.

Sitaware Headquarters is in use by NZ Army and is incorporated in 1 (NZ) Bde force generation training and Army Individual courses at Tactical School.

Sitaware Headquarters is now in use with Army, HQ JFNZ, HQ DJIATF.

Sitaware was used by HQ JFNZ to provide a Joint and Interagency common operating picture during OP PROTECT.

OT&E by Dec 21.

Army now has its first fleet of mobile, tactical satellite terminals. These have been deployed in support of field exercises and the deployment to JWA 19 in the United States.

Initial Operating Release of the integrated communication access nodes is scheduled for Feb 21.

The MTCS provided for CTTU-1 is an integral part of that Units capability.

Initial integration and testing continues for the remainder of 2020.

Long range tracking devices have been successfully evaluated and integrated into NZSOF networks. The components of the MTCS (radios, viewing devices, software) have been purchased, assembled and successfully tested.

Capability Foundations: Engineering Centre Trentham Camp

NEA funded new roles in NZDF to manage in-service capability delivered via NEA projects.

VALUE ADDED SO FAR

Operational Testing and evaluation (OT&E) by Dec 21.

Sitaware Frontline and Edge operational release from September 2020.

OT&E by Dec 21.

Operator training for B Company 2/1 RNZIR starts Feb 21.

The Engineering Centre is integral to the delivery of the Programme.

ENDSTATE

At the completion of OT&E, Army will be able to provide NZDF with a network enabled Task Group Headquarters and rifle company capability that will: Be interoperable with ABCANZ Coalition and Joint partners.

OT&E by Dec 21.

Be deployable into the South Pacific region.

In use and indispensable.

Have improved situational awareness, helping to reduce the risk of adverse consequences for the deployed force. Have enhanced operational effectiveness via shared digital planning and management tools and improved situational awareness.

It has been used for CIS Branch projects as well as supporting NEA projects.

Building completion in August 2020. Building handover October 2020.

New roles created in DEMO for fleet management, CIS Branch for Satellite services management and Army for BMS Training.

The Programme and IPT are delivering Tranche One projects. Log Command has the capacity to manage the new systems delivered by NEA.

The Programme organisation is in place. It provides the basis for an organisation to maintain NEA capbilities once the Programme transitions to a BAU model.

ARMY TRANSFORMATION

· Revised professional development models.

· In service support models agreed and in place.

Army is building on a Business Change process that started a decade ago to ensure Army is “NEA Ready”. Change initiatives now underway to continue the transformational process include:

· New training structures to align and drive individual training required for network-enabled Land Forces.

Transformation initiatives in place:

· The Mission Command Training Facility.

· This has been driven by experimentation, concept development and changes to training.

· Software licence management responsibilities defined and in place.

· Army began the change processes towards becoming network enabled in 2007.


ARMYCAPABILITY 09

PROGRESSION TO A NETWORK ENABLED ARMY

NEA TRANCHE ONE

NEA TRANCHE TWO

NEA TRANCHE THREE

NEA TRANCHE FOUR

2015–2021

2019–2022

2021–2024

2024–2028

• Capability Foundations Established.

• Additional SATCOM and Communication Access Nodes.

• Top Secret and Unclassified network environments.

• Command Post Operating Environment for CSST and HSST HQs.

• Additional systems to enable the deployment of network enabled Land Force sub-units to be sustained.

• Command Post Operating Environment for Task Group HQ.

• All Sources Cell.

• Digital and voice network services extended to combat, combat support, combat service support sub-units.

• Mobile Tactical Command System for Rifle Company.

• Light Electronic Warfare Team.

• Additional RPAS.

• Network Interoperability with Joint, Interagency, Multinational Partners.

• RPAS for 16 Fd Regt.

Optimised for HA/DR to Stability and Support Operations.

Communications Bearer System with capacity to support all Task Group HQ nodes.

• Bearer Network systems for the Task Group HQ.

• Sensors for Recon Platoon.

Networked C4 and ISR capability to enable combat operations.

Infrastructure Garrison infrastructure in Army Camps is critical to maintain and enhance Army’s ability to prosecute land combat operations. Accordingly, infrastructure is a key Line of Effort in the Army 25 Strategy, nested within the ‘Capability Enhancement’ theme. Led by Defence Estate and Infrastructure (DEI), the Defence Estate Regeneration Programme is gradually improving infrastructure across the NZDF. To ensure that Army’s future requirements are represented, Lieutenant Colonel Dean Paul and the Army Infrastructure Team provide direct engagement with DEI at both the Camp and headquarter levels. Although substantial enhancements to Army’s infrastructure requires a longterm focus, recent initiatives and infrastructure projects at each camp indicate pleasing progress:

• Replacement/upgrade of systems from earlier Tranches reaching life of type.

Recent Initiatives: • DEI planned maintenance funding across all Army Camps has increased by 30 percent from the last financial Year. • The Army MILCON (Military Construction) Training Plan (AMTP) Implementing Agreement was approved by the Chief of Army and Head of DEI in May 2020. This will see RNZE construction trades-people supplementing the delivery of DEI projects while concurrently enhancing trade-training. • In July 2020, the Army Leadership Board endorsed the Waiouru Functional Brief that was produced by DEI to guide longterm infrastructure investment in Waiouru Camp.

Infrastructure Projects: • Papakura: Perimeter security improvements at the Ardmore training area have been completed; construction of new facilities for EOD Squadron has started; planning for a new barrack block, compound extension, medical facility and gymnasium has been initiated. • Waiouru: The refurbishment of the Main Mess dining areas is complete, with planning initiated for the upgrade of the Main Mess kitchen and remediation of the camp hot-water heating system; projects have been initiated to upgrade Training Area communications, the Water Treatment Plant and Vehicle Wash-point, and to develop a new Camp Headquarters and Training Facility.

• Linton: The perimeter fence, MI Coy training facilities, and the NEA Capability Integration Centre are nearing completion; the water-course realignment has started; planning for an electrical network upgrade, QAMR HQ, new Maintenance Support Facility (Camp Workshop) and Duty Centre upgrade has commenced. A new Regional Supply Facility (Camp Warehouse) and Regional Vehicle Shelter are also planned. • Trentham: The re-roof of the Trade Training School is underway, and an EV charging station pilot project is planned. • Burnham: As part of wider Government infrastructure initiatives, DEI have secured additional maintenance funding for Burnham, and separate funding to replace the Camp’s coal fired boiler. The ESS Food Hall is complete; construction has started on a 2/1 RNZIR PSI store and the Glentunnel Ammo Store; planning has commenced for a new Health Centre and barrack refurbishments. New Maintenance Support and Regional Supply Facilities are also planned. • Regional Facilities: DEI are investigating the development of Regional Facilities, with Dunedin and Wellington being the initial focus; a refurbishment of Arch Hill in Auckland is planned for this financial year.

Enables Force Generation and capability sustainment.

Logistics Over the Shore update Capability Branch is delivering innovative and modern Logistics over the Shore (LOTS) equipment in support of amphibious operations. The Amphibious Beach Team (ABT), 5 Movements Company will shortly receive the Caterpillar 938K ‘loader’, military standard trackway and dispenser, portable lighting towers, beach marker panels and a new Beach Preparation and Recovery Vehicle (BPRV) based on the Caterpillar D555 ‘forestry skidder’. This equipment will enable the effective transfer of personnel, equipment and stores across the beach and ensure that NZDF has a credible joint capability. The second specialised BPRV was completed in June 2020 and is in the process of being accepted by NZDF. However, the ABT has already been training with the loader, dispenser, trackway and portable lighting towers since early 2019.

The LOTS project is getting closer to achieving Interim Operational Readiness. BPRV Operational Testing and Evaluation will occur during Exercise Joint Waka with a result due at the end of November 2020. The project must also ensure there are sufficient training courses delivered to both operators and maintenance staff before operational release in 2021. This project will help deliver a credible joint capability and, in our region, be an example of a modern and well-equipped team.


10 ARMYCAPABILITY

PROTECTED MOBILITY CAPABILITY:

Project Update

The Protected Mobility Capability Project (PMCP) is replacing and/or upgrading significant parts of the Army’s operational vehicle fleet over the next decade. The project is in two phases. Phase one is underway now and will replace Pinzgauers, Armoured Pinzgauers, operational Unimogs plus provide a lightweight off-road vehicle. Phase two of the Project will replace or upgrade LAV. The project is looking at up to six categories of vehicles to create a capability which can operate safely across a broad spectrum of operational scenarios. Four of these categories are in the project definition phase, eg. initial market research is being undertaken. Two categories have progressed over the past 12 months which has seen specific vehicles identified which match the system and user requirements. These have been contracted for and, in one case, delivered. The NZ Army will soon take delivery of a fleet of 43 Bushmaster NZ5.5 vehicles along with training, a desk top simulator, and operational equipment. The Government has approved funding of $102.9 million for the project. Getting people safely where they need to be, when they need to be there, is vital to mission success. Chief of Army’s ARMY25 Strategy is designed around the Army being a modern, agile, highly adaptive light combat force, and the Bushmaster vehicle will be part of that force.

Along with wide use in Australia and other Five Eyes nations, the Bushmaster is already in service with New Zealand’s Special Operations Forces. The vehicle’s high levels of blast and ballistic protection makes it suitable for deployment as a troop transport, operating as a command and communication hub, and as a means of evacuating casualties. The vehicles will be based at Queen Alexandra’s Mounted Rifles (QAMR), in Linton Military camp. Work is underway through the NZDF Consolidated Logistics Project (CLP) to relocate and upgrade the storm water network in preparation for the construction of new purpose-built maintenance and repair facilities for 2 Workshop Company, which will be capable of supporting the Army’s current and future vehicle fleets, including the new Bushmaster fleet. This is the second fleet of protected mobility vehicles approved for purchase by the Government. It follows delivery this year of the Polaris MRZR fleet of side by side all-terrain vehicles that were announced last year

to replace the quad bikes and other small vehicles used by the New Zealand Army. Deliveries are expected to commence in late 2022 with the full fleet beginning operational introduction and the fleet workshops being completed from late 2023.

BUSHMASTER TECH SPECS Weight

17 tonne

Payload

5 tonne

Seating capacity

Up to 10 personnel depending on variant

Engine

Caterpillar C3126e in-line 6-cylinder 7.2 litre turbocharged diesel engine

Transmission

ZF Automatic 6HP502 ECOMAT G2

• Fitted with a Central Tyre Inflation System to improve cross country mobility. • Vehicle design and construction material provide protection against attacks from ballistic and blast weapons. • Capable of carrying a machine gun and military communications systems.

POLARIS MRZR-D In May 2020 six MRZR-D vehicles were delivered to Trentham, representing the initial buy of the High Mobility – Light vehicles for PMCP. Further vehicles may be acquired within the next 12 months. The MRZR-D provides off-road, light vehicles capable of operating in permissive environments and in complex terrain to transport personnel (including casualties) and combat supplies. The vehicles are air transportable by fixed-wing aircraft (C-130) and helicopters (NH90), with the use of Maritime assets to move via sea. It is able to operate within NZDF bases and training areas both on and off road and on private land and roads with approval from the land owners. Currently MRZR-D is not road legal so the projects are providing a number of transport trailers to carry the MRZR on public roads. The six MRZR-D will be introduced into service with High Readiness Company 1RNZIR, based in Linton.

• Some vehicles will be fitted with self-recovery winches, while others will have an auxiliary power unit to provide electrical power when the engine is not operating.

MRZR-D Specifications Gross Vehicle Mass

1,632 kg

Kerb Weight

952 kg

Overall length

3,860 mm

Engine

Kohler three cylinder 993 cc turbo charged water cooled diesel engine

Speed

70 km/h 16 km/h when towing

Payload*

Up to 680 kg

Crew

1 (driver)

Passengers

Up to 3, could include two stretched patients

“The MRZR will…provide mobility, safety and versatility to our rapidly deployable mobile forces.” Minister of Defence, Hon Ron Mark [June 2019]


ARMYCAPABILITY 11

PEOPLE Growing Army’s military drone competitive edge ARMY25 takes an innovative approach to building our people capability – particularly in continuing to ensure that as a modern organisation, we embrace new technologies and the opportunities they offer. Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS) represent Army’s first stage of A3I, (Automatic, Automated and Artificial Intelligence) toward Future Land Operations Operating Concept 2035 (FLOC 35) where drones will become “as ubiquitous as section machine guns”. For Army, drones are a game changer for the future battlefield. They provide real time situational awareness to the commander for better informed decision making, quicker and more safely than ever before. To support the introduction of UAS as a defence capability, the sport of Drone Racing is growing in popularity among military organisations, bringing proven benefits including increased recruitment, positive public perception, and future thinking. A plan has been signed off to build NZ Army military drone racing capability through a schedule of national and international events. Launched at CA’s Roadshow ARMY25, and again displayed at DCA’s Army Innovation Challenge, an introduction to inspire our younger cohort was held at CADET Forces 2020. This was supported by Army, Navy and Airforce drone racing pilots, with the Australian Army also supporting the event. The arrival of Covid-19 may have postponed some international events, but it provided an opportunity to innovate by creating virtual international tournaments

Force Design The Force Design Project began nearly two years ago with a simple question at its core – what force structure, and how many people do we need to meet our outputs, and sustain them? Army has an overall goal of being able to field 5,150 ‘full time equivalents’ – however with some units disproportionately affected by high personnel attrition, and other units needing to grow in order to support new capabilities about to be purchased (such as the Bushmaster NZ 5.5 and the NEA project), clearly not every unit will be able to be fully staffed the way that we might like. Since its inception, the Force Design Project Team has been actively reviewing every paraline in the Army: from the CA down. This huge task has given the team a clear understanding of where our gaps are and where ‘hollowness’ is affecting our outputs. It has also allowed us to give very accurate detail to Treasury, and provide increased confidence around our personnel data. Recently, Army secured additional funding for 317 full time equivalent staff. This work was

founded squarely on the detail provided by the project team. So far the project team has delivered the structures for 1RNZIR, 2/1RNZIR, QAMR, 2ER, 16 Fd Regt, and 1CSR. They have also been working on the NZDF Military Police units. These units are in the process of being more fully developed in SAP – the project team will be back in contact with the unit staff before any new structures ‘go live’ in SAP and people are posted to their new structures. The next priority for the project team will be TRADOC, the SAS and our Health units, before taking a closer look at the CSS battalions and the big headquarters in HQNZDF, HQ JFNZ, AGS and DJIATF. The Force Design Project will transition from strategy to delivery within Army General Staff. This will involve an implementation process that will run for the life of the project, consisting of allocating

growth across all units in Army by rank and trade, year by year. Army General Staff will be consulting individual units to establish a plan that manages growth across the five year time frame. The plan will allow for the introduction of capability, as well as the training pipeline for bringing personnel into the organisation. Once this plan is complete it will be incorporated into the recruiting targets that are set in addition to recruiting for ongoing attrition within units. Consultation will begin with 2ER, and continue with the combat and supporting units in 1 (NZ) Bde before addressing the remainder of the Army and considering Army posts across NZDF. Additionally, part of the delivery includes examining areas such as the ‘tables of equipment and entitlement (TOEE)’. Units will be contacted by the delivery team before approaching Army General Staff to discuss TOEE.

via Velocidrone with our FVEY partners. Our team proved to be highly competitive flying in this drone simulation software – with some great results coming through in our early stages. Our future schedule includes regional and NZ open tournaments, an inaugural inter-Service tournament, and the Australian hosted Military International Tournament Sydney 2021. Our foray into drone racing has been heavily informed by the emerging success from our friends in the Australian Army – who have a ten-line of operation UAS programme. The use of these new technologies engages new audiences and inspires the learning of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) – demonstrating that UAS represents a defining opportunity, both in capability and in recruiting, for the future of NZ Army and the broader NZ Defence Force.  There are special rules that apply for Drone Racing. If you are interested in getting involved in the NZ Army drone racing team contact MAJ Grant Palmer grant.palmer@nzdf.mil.nz


12 ARMYCAPABILITY

PEOPLE Harnessing diversity and experience amongst the female warrant officer cohort Kia urupū tatou; kaua e taukumekume. Let us be united, not pulling against one another. By Warrant Officer Class One Jasmine Kahukiwa The CA’s ARMY25 vision signals a commitment from senior leadership to build a more diverse and inclusive Army. Army General Staff has been working closely with the Wāhine Toa Programme to develop a work programme to further enhance the participation of women within Army. During Covid-19 lockdown senior women within NZDF talked about the experiences of women in leadership – Kawau Mārō. A key outcome of the Kawau Mārō groups is to enhance networking and collaboration for women in NZDF. The Army Warrant Officer cohort was established in the first instance by Zoom meetings during lockdown which helped us get to know each other and understand who the Army’s senior female soldiers are. Of interest there are only 24 female Warrant officers out of 289. The cohort was keen to further the korero around the experiences of women in Army and requested to meet kanohi ki te kanohi (face to face) once lockdown restrictions permitted. In June the WO cohort held a Wānanga at the Waiouru marae to further expand on the relationships and networking started during lockdown. 20/24 of our Wāhine Toa were able to attend. The Wānanga was also attended by Kate Milburn and LTCOL Tracey Tibbs from the Wāhine Toa programme to help facilitate

the discussions, and a number of speakers were invited to present. Personally, I felt very privileged to be a part of such an inspiring group. I was interested to see what the WO cohort could achieve. The first day focused on the process of whakawhanaungatanga, getting to know each other, build connections, build relationships, and form the basis of trust within the group. It was amazing to hear the stories, the wealth of experience, and the challenges faced by our female warrant officers. There quickly became themes amongst the stories that reflected the struggles of maintaining both career and family needs. The depth of professionalism and commitment for the Army and our people was evident. It was surprising to learn that imposter syndrome featured prominently for many of us. The imposter syndrome is synonymous with having an inner critic that doubts our own abilities and accomplishments. It’s like a little gremlin within yourself that can often hold you back from reaching up to achieve your potential. Many of us have this little gremlin and research suggests that it is more prevalent in women than men. We heard the struggles and challenges our women have faced to get to where they are (whether due to their own confidence or organisational constraints) and we soon established that a supportive network could have helped us retain more high performing

NZ Army female Warrant Officers’ morning PT session up Waitangi

soldiers who have since left the Army. As a group we are adamant that we can’t afford for this to happen to our up and coming leaders across the Army, and mentoring and support is an area where we need to be more active. The group received a range of information from AGS staff and it was reassuring to hear about the wide range of initiatives being targeted to improve women’s experiences. However, we recognised the need for our cohort to be part of this process, to provide a voice or perspective in decision making, and are working with SMA to achieve this. We also identified the need to provide a more supportive network amongst our own cohort first and then leverage this as we reach out across the wider Army. The key outcomes achieved over the three days were reconnection with each other, discussions on organisational issues, and the enhancement of female

participation in Army. I think one of the biggest realisations was that while we adhere to the mantra of being “soldiers first”, we are women and this often brings different challenges due to our gender that require a different focus. Often at our level we can lose touch with what our junior soldiers are facing. As the senior female leadership group of soldiers in the Army we are empowered to influence those necessary changes to ensure a more professional, diverse and inclusive army.

Mana wahine I nga wa katoa: Empowering women always

Striving for better – Army’s Kippenberger Scheme giving education opportunities for all ranks As part of ARMY25 Plan under the Smart Soldier Line of Effort the Army recognises education is an essential element to current and continued future success for all ranks.

Building a forward-thinking, agile and innovative workforce means investing in the academic potential of our people. In recent weeks, the NZ Army had the organisational pleasure of supporting several soldiers and officers with tertiary education grants. A small board comprised of the Military Secretary, Chief of Staff (AGS), Office of LCC and the Army Career Management (DACM) operations directorate met to review submissions. This year our applicants sought a wide array of study, spanning Certificates in Te Ara Reo Maori (Level 4) to an Executive Masters in Business Administration. In many cases our people have a history of self-started learning using the Volunteer Education and Study Assistance scheme or

through self-directed education in their own time. For at least one member it was a first-time opening and one worth the effort. Of the many applications received, the study submissions of six soldiers and two commissioned officers were finally accepted. See right for some educational links and an anecdote story describing the experience of Kippenberger Scheme endorsement. It’s important to remember that while each study request and qualification pursued is varied there was a familiar tone in relation to individual development and the journey of life-long learning.

This is a critical aspect of our Army philosophy and an essential element in a Profession of Arms. We are a land force that learns and leads. Chief of Army and I encourage you to explore the study options available to you. All the best in your self-development or learning journey. – SMA16 http://reference/army-publications/ dfoavol3/Chapter 11 - Land Professional Military Education/Section 02.docx http://reference/army-publications/ dfoavol3/Chapter 11 - Land Professional Military Education/Section 02 Annex A.docx


ARMYCAPABILITY 13

Parental planning guide The Chief of Army has launched a new booklet designed to support serving Army personnel and their partners as they start or grow their family.

Army Reserve Integration There has been significant progress in Reserve Integration within the People theme for ARMY25. The critical requirement was to define how the Army Reserve would contribute to Army outputs in the future, then identify the supporting effort required to create the conditions for successful Reserve Force capability development and output. To that end, the June Army Leadership Board approved the RESF contribution to outputs for RNZA, RNZAC, RNZIR, RNZE and RNZALR and a growth plan for the Ready Reserve through to 2025.

Other supporting initiatives include additional staff in Army GS and HQ 1(NZ)Bde, the implementation of regional induction courses, collaborative improvements in recruiting including cadre staff involvement in the recruiting process, a Reserve Force marketing campaign and the move of the three Reserve infantry battalions under 1 Bde command arrangements to continue the process of integration. Concurrently the Reserve Force has made a significant and ongoing contribution to Op PROTECT.

“As an Army we are very proud of the existing policies we have that support our personnel through their individual journeys to parenthood. We recently received feedback that made it clear that some personnel were unaware of policies that are in place to support them, or that the policies were being applied inconsistently” said MAJ GEN Boswell. “What this booklet is designed to do is to bring all the information together in one place, so our soldiers, and their partners, know what their rights are, what their obligations are, and what the Army can do to help support them as they navigate through pregnancy, parental leave and the eventual return to work.” Information included in the booklet covers the journey from the positive pregnancy test, working safely through pregnancy, options for maternity uniform, through to parental leave, breastfeeding and the return to work including flexible working options.

More information on the Army Reserve Integration can be found in issue 414 of Army News.

New tertiary schemes on board next year Two Tertiary Scholarship Schemes that contribute towards the Chief of Army’s ‘Army 25’ Directive will be introduced next year. The scholarships will support the focus on people that the NZ Army is committed to enhancing. Critical to a modern, agile and highly adaptive light combat force, the NZ Army requires a diverse range of General List Officers who bring with them critical thinking and analytical problem solving skills. Tertiary education of NZ Army Officers is one way to achieve this, contributing to a force that is agile in thought and action and invests in its people so they can realise their potential. The Chief of Army, Major General John Boswell says he hopes the scholarships will help increase the recruitment and retention of officers. “These scholarships are the beginning of our Army 25 People initiatives to develop ways to leverage off the talent our people can provide to the organisation.” The scholarships are: • Kia Atamai te Whawhai (fight smart). This scholarship scheme will allow Officers to study towards a range of Bachelor’s Degrees through

Massey University. Officers will graduate from the New Zealand Commissioning Course (NZCC) followed by study towards Bachelor Degrees; either Corps focused or beneficial to a NZ Army General List Officer. University breaks will be filled with a combination of Unit, Army and individual training opportunities. • Tū Ako (higher learning). This scholarship scheme aims to recruit Officers who already hold a degree of value to the NZ Army, through incentive payments made to the Officer post NZCC. The scholarships complement the Kippenberger Scholarship Scheme, which enables part or full time study for Officers and Non Commissioned Officers, and of note, supports the conduct of postgraduate study for personnel who already hold a degree. CAPT Jacob Corlett (right) conducted study under the Kippenberger Officer Cadet Scheme in 2010–2011 prior to the Scheme closing down, and completed his degree (Bachelor

of Arts, double majoring in Political Science and Defence/Strategic Studies) in 2014 under the Kippenberger Scholarship Scheme. On reflection, CAPT Corlett has found that completion of tertiary study has rounded out his ability to think critically, and to communicate effectively and professionally. “I found that university study, particularly in my chosen fields, broadened my awareness of the political environment that the NZDF operates in. I gained new appreciation for the importance of our peacekeeping contributions around the world, and how those contributions add to New Zealand’s standing as a respected global citizen. While often challenging, I have no doubt that tertiary study has enhanced my analytical approach in all the roles I’ve undertaken since.”

The booklet also provides advice on policies that support infertility, loss and illness or disability. “We know that not all families look the same, so we have also included information to support those who are taking permanent care of young children, either through adoption, puke or whangai. “This guide has been developed primarily for Service Personnel within the NZ Army and some aspects necessarily relate to pregnancy and childbirth for women, however it also contains

information for any member of the Army who may be eligible to take parental leave, or who wants to better understand the policies and support available to new parents.” Copies of the booklet are currently being printed and will be widely distributed. It is also available online.


14 ARMYCAPABILITY

THE FUTURE TRAINING BATTLE SPACE

STRATEGIC AND OPERATIONAL UNMANNED AERIAL SURVAILLANCE AND RECONNAISANCE SENSORS REACHBACK (STRATEGIC BEARER NETWORK)

The MCTF leverages simulation and networks to replicate realworld conditions to train operational commands in the art and science of Mission Command.

MINI

MICRO

TACTICAL UNMANNED AERIAL SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE SENSORS

P-8A

NH90

CAN

FFN OPV

As one of ARMY25’s priority capability enhancement initiatives, the Mission Command Training Facility (MCTF) will provide the technology and infrastructure required to enable effective command and control training and exercising at all levels within a digitised information domain.

Through a combination of an ABCANZ-shared Training Environment – the Decisive Action Training Environment integrated simulation and network connectivity, the MCTF will allow NZDF and Army commanders and staff to master command and control (C2) in a networked environment. Advances in technology and a more connected world, coupled with emerging defence capabilities, require militaries to execute C2 operations under more intensive conditions and time pressure than ever before. To be successful, Army commands must thrive in information rich domains and operate effectively with Joint, Interagency organisations, and international partners in a networked environment.

Army is introducing capabilities, such as the Common Command Post Operating Environment through its transformative modernisation effort, the Networked Enabled Army programme. Effectively integrating these new capabilities will require a high degree of organisational and operational change. The MCTF will nest under the Mission Command Training Centre, Army’s core institution training commanders, staff and specialists in C2 and Command Post procedures. Through this organisational structure, the MCTF will enable Army to refine C2 operations through effective synchronisation of individual and collective training. The MCTF will provide the realistic training environment capturing the necessary conditions to challenge Networked Combat Force operations across the Diplomatic,

Information, Military, and Economic (DIME) spectrum. Army does not operate alone and must be connected with key military and security partners as part of a larger NZDF effort. In the future, operational interoperability will be increasingly distributive in nature, but is something we must train to today. The CIS Transformation Programme will provide network connectivity between ABCANZ and NZDF simulation facilities and establish cloud-based services. Through these connections, as part of the NZDF’s larger simulation architecture, the MCTF will be able to integrate with a suite of simulations across NZDF. It will also participate in distributive mission training with critical partners such as the U.S. and Australia – resulting in significant resource savings whilst increased interoperability.

Innovation in action It’s been an exciting time for Army Innovation since the start of 2020. Despite Covid-19 and the lockdown, the year to date has seen about 23 submissions to the Army Innovation Portal. This demonstrates the commitment of our soldiers in contributing to help make a positive difference, reinforcing that we do adapt and overcome, displaying both initiative and creativity. So far, 10 of the submissions have been implemented or are connected with projects that are on-going, with the remainder continuing to be investigated for advancement. Some of the innovations that have now been implemented include: • A FAST signals GUI platform for secure networks, which significantly improves operator interactivity and maintains successful communications. This innovation has now been approved for roll-out on all new secure laptops. This was submitted by LCPL Sam McQuillan (2SIGSQN) • A Digital Camp Clearance Process, which digitalises a paper-based process, significantly reducing the delay and frustration of soldiers

obtaining a camp clearance. This has successfully been piloted in Waiouru and is now being rolled out across other Army Bases by DSSG. This was submitted by CPL Reuben Ellett, (HQ TRADOC). • Implementation of a “credit based” recycling scheme for all dental products, including packaging at Trentham Military Camp. Options for rolling this out to all the other NZDF Dental Centres are being looked at. This was submitted by CPL Nicole McCown (Oral Health therapist – DDS, TMC). As an agile and highly adaptable Army, as part of ARMY25 the ability to innovate is key. In fact it’s part of our DNA! We have and continue to adapt, for change never sleeps. The more successful we are at it the more we unlock nature’s secrets

and maximize our opportunities. It needs to be seen as everyone’s responsibility, for we are all in it together and only together can we continue to transform our Service into being the best. The CA had identified that innovation must become a key and enduring part of our culture. It not only contributes to but demonstrates our value of Tū Kaha (Courage) and Tū Tika (Commitment). Check out the Army Innovation Portal to see what others have been inspired to share, or share your own ideas. But remember innovation works best when we have many hands committed to making light work. So expect your submission to be the start of an inspired but challenging journey, with the intent being to facilitate you remaining a main driver where possible.


ARMYTRAINING 15

ON ASSESSMENT A COMMANDO’S PERSPECTIVE ON HOW TO TRAIN SUCCESSFULLY FOR ASSESSMENT I am a 24 year old Commando and I was originally in the RNZIR. This advice is my own personal opinion based on my experience and that of others. While some of my language is strong and factual, please remember this is only what worked for me. It may or may not work for you and you should approach this with a mind-set that is both open and critical.

Assessment is the Commando Selection process. It is four to five days long (followed by three extra days for officers). The first two days are the “Special Operations Force Barrier” component and focus on physical endurance and are carried out as an individual. The remaining period is the “Commando Phase” which focuses on high performance as part of a small team. It involves a variety of physical activities that each have measureable standards that you must meet throughout. You will be deprived of food, sleep and under extreme physical stress.

You may complete Assessment and fail due to not meeting timings, standards, or due to other observed behaviour. For this reason, Assessment is both a marathon and a sprint that tests you physically, mentally and as part of a team. Assessment’s purpose is to select people with the raw materials and potential to become Counter Terrorism Operators in D Sqn, 1 NZSAS. It is a highly structured, refined and challenging test of your aptitude. Understand that everyone has different physical and mental abilities.

Know your why:

Equip yourself:

Training the mind:

This is a very common piece of advice that surrounds Assessment and Selection. What this refers to is your central and key motivator for wanting to attempt and/or pass Assessment. Often people who fail and re-attempt attribute their initial failure to not having a good enough “why” or not considering it at all. Unfortunately, this whole concept is generally very personal and intangible, so it is hard to explain or talk about. Whatever your “why” is, it should be about you because you’re the one doing assessment. Once you have a “why” that matters more to you than physical hardship, quitting becomes irrelevant.

Olympic athletes are a relatable example of people who are also fully committed to their goal. They represent their country and succeed against the odds. They resource themselves with advice, facilities and help in their training. They make daily sacrifices because they are committed. Special Operation Forces (SOF) can be seen as the military equivalent. If you are similarly committed, you now need to ensure that you resource yourself and take a holistic approach to your training. You don’t know what you don’t know and there are a number of excellent support people in our organisation who have knowledge that you need. Contact the psychologists, physical training instructors (PTIs), physios and people who have experienced Commando Assessment, for information that will help you in your journey.

Do a training programme:

100% Commitment: If you aren’t properly committed then you will be building on a weak foundation. Once committed, it’s fun to see how much you can accomplish when you apply yourself to achieving a single, complex and challenging goal. Be clear with yourself about what you are trying to achieve. Attempting Assessment? Passing Assessment? Or is it the long term goal of wearing a black belt and being a Commando? I would say that setting your eyes on the endstate is a healthier and more mature way to look at it. When people asked me I told them straight that I wasn’t attempting to fail. I did this to make sure I held myself accountable on the day.

The NZSOF CDO Training Programme is available on the NZSOF Intranet page (http://org/ nzsof/LP/Commando.aspx). It was designed by NZSOF PTIs for the purpose of helping people to pass Assessment. I used it, and I recommend you do. It is not perfect, but it is an excellent place to start. Tweak it, personalize it and adjust it to fit your needs. Alternatively, if you are experienced and confident with physical training then build your own training programme with advice from a PTI. Either way a training programme is something to hold yourself accountable to, and with proper periodisation will ensure your training is going to prepare you for Assessment. Periodisation refers to training blocks/periods. Proper periodisation involves a gradual increase in each training week by adjusting the ‘intensity’ or ‘volume’ of training. Each training block should end with a ‘low intensity week’, which allows for recovery, then the following the intensity picks back up.

Nominations for the next Commando Assessment open on 31 August 2020 and close on the 15 October 2020.

The majority of unsuccessful applicants on Assessment have been let down by their mind, not body. Training for Assessment is not only about getting fit, it is about training your mind. Getting fit is a by-product of this and your secondary line of effort. Assessment is designed to strip away physical fitness. It requires you to stay in your head and consistently push yourself while under pressure. Resilience, mental tools, self-motivation and staying “switched on” are all key skills that reside in your top two inches. Just like physical skills or muscles, the mind needs to be trained and conditioned. The final step is now execution. All the advice in the world is irrelevant if you don’t go and get after it. Don’t forget to enjoy this process; if you are doing it right you will only need to do this once. You need to train in whatever method best suits you and perform on the day.

Some people can pass with minimal training or preparation. Some people attempt multiple times with maximum dedication and are unsuccessful. At the end of the day, how much you prepare boils down to how badly you want to succeed. I am not someone who has ever been naturally fit, nor do I consider myself particularly resilient. I simply put in a lot of effort to develop these skills. I think that my perspective on training is a relatively severe one, but once again this is only what worked for me.

NZ Commandos are self-motivated operators who are thinkers before shooters. The job of the D Squadron Commandos is to respond to domestic, no-notice call outs and solve the problem regardless of circumstance. Our motto is “Ready to Strike”. These are the chosen values of D Squadron operators: • Be a teammate • Mission focus • Accountability • Win everything These are the tenets of our Regiment: • The Unrelenting Pursuit of Excellence • The Highest Standards of Discipline • The SAS Brook No Sense of Class • Humour and humility Assessment is a standardised and fair process. If you pass then you deserve to pass. The outcome of your attempt is entirely up to you. Good luck.


16 ARMYEXERCISE

THE FINAL CUT


ARMYEXERCISE 17

By Charlene Williamson

In the cold, icy and snowy conditions of Tekapo Military Training Area, 12 trainee New Zealand Defence Force medics worked towards their last assessment following two and a half years’ training and study. Exercise Last Cut provides a physically and mentally challenging task-focused environment for the medics and tests their ability to manage trauma emergencies in the field. Defence Health School, Chief Instructor Major Neil Corlett said scenario based training is important as it links closely to what a medic might face in their career. “By putting them through this training we are acclimatising them to the competing demands of battlespace pressures and confirming their clinical decisionmaking ability is up to task if and when they are faced with it for real,” he said. This type of training helps to provide competent medics, who are capable of dealing with casualties as soon as they graduate.

MAJ Corlett said the training confirms what they have been taught over the past two and a half years – stay calm, communicate, manage and treat casualties, all under challenging time and environmental pressures. “New Zealand Defence Force medics are considered world class, and this is not a reputation earned without significant effort.” It is important that medics demonstrate and maintain the highest level of competence and credibility to ensure the trust of the personnel they are responsible for. “It is not an easy course, and as these individuals form the core of our New Zealand Defence Force health system, they have a very important job from day one of graduating,” said MAJ Corlett.


18 ARMYPEOPLE

New Zealand Army Captain Bronwyn Flewellen was presented with a Defence Meritorious Service Medal by Chief of Defence Force Air Marshal Kevin Short at a ceremony in Wellington.

CAPTAIN BRONWYN FLEWELLEN Captain Bronwyn Flewellen has been recognised by the New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) for her work as a nurse to coalition forces in Iraq in 2018.

Coming home to serve his country By Emma Horsley

James Dowling may have been raised in Australia but his heart lies in the country he was born in and he has returned to New Zealand to serve in the New Zealand Army. The 20 year old was born in Christchurch but moved to Australia with his family. However the determination to give back to his homeland was strong. “I wanted to have a career that gave me the opportunity to serve and protect New Zealand.” He marched in to Waiouru Military Camp as a new recruit in early March and has spent many weeks honing his skills in the austere environment to be an infantry soldier. It’s well known that the basic training NZ Army recruits undergo in Waiouru is not easy and PTE Dowling found himself challenged mentally and physically, but with great rewards. “It challenged my leadership skills. When you have to lead groups of people you have only just met while completing physical challenges in a military environment, it certainly tests you.

“The training increased my mental and physical capabilities and of course there’s the self-discipline.” PTE Dowling’s efforts were recognised by his instructors and his commitment was rewarded by being named Top Recruit of Brown VC Platoon and Top Recruit for Rafah Company at his graduation in July. Of course in the middle of his training there was a small issue of a pandemic to deal with, which meant the training schedule had to evolve to take into consideration travel limitations and lockdown restrictions. Resulting in the training taking a few weeks longer than normal. PTE Dowling is now in Burnham Military Camp for Corps Training for the next step of his career in the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment.

Before he joined the NZ Army PTE Dowling enjoyed sports and is excited about keeping that part of his life alive. “I’m really looking forward to the sporting opportunities that Army offers.” He accept that the life of a soldier is not something everyone may want to do in their lives but says if you think you can rise to the challenge the rewards are worth it. “Military life is not for everyone but if you have the courage to embrace the Army life you will find it will change your life and you get to serve your country too.”

CAPT Flewellen has been presented with a Defence Meritorious Service Medal by Chief of Defence Force Air Marshal Kevin Short. Her citation said during her time as a Senior Nursing Officer in Iraq she was responsible for providing health support to all 3,500 coalition forces and in emergency cases to civilians within Camp Taji. “Despite being a junior military officer she proved to be a very capable leader within the Primary Health Care team,” the citation said. “She demonstrated these leadership skills early in her pre-deployment training and was appointed second-in-charge of the Anzac Health Company. “CAPT Flewellen was determined to improve health care through the creation and maintenance of a clinical skills development programme for all coalition clinicians, which ensured health care was provided to the highest possible standard.” While deployed, CAPT Flewellen assumed command of the health support company during a stressful and difficult time for the medical staff, and under her command the company evolved quickly and operated more efficiently in the environment she created, the citation said.

“This was a remarkable feat for an officer with only two years’ experience in the New Zealand Army and her drive and passion gained the respect of not only the clinicians within the coalition forces but also the patients she was responsible for. “CAPT Flewellen enhanced the reputation of the New Zealand Defence Force on an international stage.” CAPT Flewellen, who is based at Linton Military Camp, said she was honoured to receive the award. “I feel it reflects the success we had working with foreign militaries,” she said. “Instead of being satisfied doing things the way they were always done, we aimed to enhance health processes among the foreign nations within Taji, for the benefit of all.” CAPT Flewellen joined the Army in 2015, to gain wider clinical experience as a nurse. “I was looking for challenges and plenty of variety in my job, and I have certainly had that so far,” she said. Among her highlights are deploying to Fiji following Tropical Cyclone Winston in 2016, where she cared for deployed forces rebuilding in the Northern Lau group, and her deployment to Iraq, which she felt enhanced the New Zealanders’ connection to their Australian Defence Force health counterparts.

Above: Brigadier Hugh McAslan presents PTE Dowling with his award.

Reserve Internship Scheme Private Stephen Savory of 5th/7th Battalion, RNZIR recently completed an internship at Headquarters New Zealand Defence Force (HQ NZDF) in Wellington, as part of the 2019/20 Reserve Internship Scheme. It was, he writes, a great opportunity to broaden his understanding of the strategic thinking environment across defence.

I am posted to 5th/7th Battalion, having transferred from full-time service with 2nd/1st Battalion in Feb 2019. I hold an Honours degree in Defence Studies from Massey University, and I am studying towards a Masters degree in International Relations at Victoria University of Wellington. The Reserve Internship Scheme offered the opportunity to utilise service in the Army to conduct a short-term, full-time internship at HQ NZDF, over an extended university summer period between October 2019 – February 2020. The internship provided the opportunity to work for four months towards a project in the Directorate of Future Force Development, Defence Strategy Management supporting

the development of the 2020/21 Strategic Foresight Plan. This work contributed towards a deeper understanding of the strategicthinking environment required at HQ NZDF, whilst providing the opportunity to work alongside senior-ranked officers across the three services. I thoroughly enjoyed my time at HQ NZDF over the summer, and was extremely grateful for the opportunity presented. The internship provided an excellent opportunity to broaden my understanding of the strategicthinking environment across defence, whilst complementing my university education with relevant professional experience in the public defence sector. Since

the completion of the summer internship, I have been invited back to HQ NZDF for a second internship during an extended university mid-year period. When I complete my current postgraduate studies, I intend to return to fulltime service in the Army.


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RESERVIST RECOGNISED FOR WORK IN AFGHANISTAN Captain Penny Roy is a teacher by trade but has been recognised by the New Zealand Defence Force for the role she played in mentoring officers at the Afghan National Army Officer Academy in 2018–19. CAPT Roy, a Reservist with the New Zealand Army, has been presented with a Chief of Defence Force Commendation by Chief of Defence Force Air Marshal Kevin Short. While in Afghanistan she was responsible for providing professional development, coaching and training advice to staff of the academy. Her citation said she was the only female mentor initially tasked to support efforts to integrate females into the Afghan National Army Officer Academy. “She quickly assessed the environment and saw opportunities to exert greater levels of influence on the male leadership beyond the overarching integration framework,” the citation read. “One strategy was to have fellow mentors engage CAPT Roy to role model their Afghan counterparts in equity and diversity, thereby demonstrating that female colleagues can play an equal and leading role in the affairs of the academy.

“CAPT Roy clearly understood the challenges she faced in seeking to overcome prevailing Afghan male attitudes towards women. She set about delivering her engagement plan to raise the level of leadership competence of the three company commanders and, in doing so, developed a series of innovative approaches that encouraged the Afghan commanders to identify their own strengths and weaknesses. “The results of her endeavours were noticeable, with significant improvement in training design and delivery by the Afghan commanders, which improved learning outcomes for the cadets.” CAPT Roy, who grew up in Karori and went to Wellington Girls’ College, said she was honoured to receive the award. “You go on deployments to do a job and you aim to do it to the best of your ability, and I certainly didn’t expect to be rewarded for that. “Ultimately it was a team effort – my command team gave me the freedom to conduct myself the way I thought was most beneficial to the mission.” She joined the New Zealand Army as a Reservist in 2011, eager to embrace a career that would provide continuous challenges plus the opportunity to serve her country at home and overseas. “I was also attracted by the fact I would always be learning new skills and would be serving with like-minded people,” she said.

She was commissioned as an officer in 2013 and from 2017–2019 was a full-time member of the Army, serving in 2nd/1st Battalion of the Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment. It was during this time that she was deployed to Afghanistan, which has been her career highlight so far. “That is what we train and work so hard for – to ensure we contribute above our weight in the international arena,” she said. She is currently working in Christchurch as a teacher at Cashmere High School, while still actively contributing to the NZDF as Adjutant of 2nd/4th Royal New Zealand Infantry Regiment. “My role as the Adjutant is selfdirected, so I just fit in my Army work around teaching, at night or on the weekend. I also attend Wednesday night parades with A Company and then participate in weekend activities when required.”

Above: Captain Penny Roy

NORTH CANTERBURY MAN RECOGNISED BY DEFENCE FORCE FOR WORK IN SINAI PENINSULA Staff Sergeant Joseph van Arendonk has been recognised by the New Zealand Defence Force for the key role he played working as part of an international peacekeeping force in the Sinai Peninsula in 2017–18. SSGT van Arendonk, has been presented with a Chief of Defence Force Commendation by Chief of Defence Force Air Marshal Kevin Short. His citation said in his complex role as the Operations Instructor of the Multinational Force and Observers (MFO), which oversees the terms of the peace treaty between Egypt and Israel, he exceeded all expectations for his rank and trade. “On arrival he quickly identified aspects of existing training that were not being taught to an acceptable level, thereby exposing individuals to unnecessary risks,” the citation said. “Under his own initiative he set about conducting a comprehensive re-write of the training programme, which resulted in patrol commanders being better prepared to deal with the rising threat level in the operational area. “As the Operations Instructor he also reviewed the daily operations and identified areas for improvement by regular inspections, fault checking and problem solving.

Above: SSGT Joseph Van Arendonk with his family after accepting his award.

The result was the development of procedures that created a higher standard of safety for members of the patrols, an area he was not otherwise responsible for.” SSGT van Arendonk was influential in fostering relationships with other units and nations that enhanced training and mentoring, the citation said. He was recognised for this work with an MFO Force Commanders Award and with a certificate of appreciation from the Commanding Officer of the Colombian Battalion. “His professionalism and motivation were over and above what was required of him as the Operations Instructor, where he excelled on an international stage and brought great credit to the New Zealand Defence Force.” SSGT van Arendonk said he was honoured to receive the award. “It was pretty unexpected,” he said.


20 ARMYPEOPLE

ARMY COMMAND SCHOOL By Warrant Officer Class One Lyall Mooney

During the early stages of my tenure as the RSM of Army Command School, I was asked by many soldiers, what is the function and role of Army Command School?

While many young officers and NCO’s have passed through the Unit, completing a variety of promotion and leadership courses, some personnel still seem to be unaware of the breadth and diversity of training that Army Command School provides. Therefore, in this issue of Army News we provide some clarity and understanding of the Unit’s purpose within our organisation and perhaps answer that lingering question. Army Command School is a young unit, established in December 2011, comprising of OCS(NZ), NCO School, and the NZ Army Leadership Centre.

If looking for a brief but accurate descriptor for the Unit, it is probably best encapsulated in the mission statement, which states; “Army Command School is to develop and deliver the requisite moral, intellectual, and physical leadership and command skills for Junior Officers, Warrant Officers and Non-Commissioned Officers to succeed in their future service”. As one of many training units within TRADOC (NZ), Army Command School is the centre of excellence in providing the All Arms leadership development for the NZ Army. The Chief of Army’s intent for the New Zealand Army is clear; we are to generate a modern, agile, highly adaptive, light combat force capable of operating in an integrated, austere, and complex environment. So, in its quest to continue providing the critical training for our young officers and NCO’s, ACS is currently evolving teaching methodology and content.

This change in training methodology will lean heavily on our ethos and values, resulting in a greater understanding of our leadership and resilience framework. It will also increase the ability to apply critical and diverse thought processes, preparing our people with the knowledge to thrive and win, whilst still enhancing our Ngati Tū and the Way of the Warrior identity. The following articles by the staff of ACS sub-units provide further insight into the functions of ACS, but if you really want to know what we do, and you’re up for a challenge, the December posting cycle is coming up.


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MAKING OFFICERS By Warrant Officer Class Two Glen Savage CSM – Officer Cadet School (NZ)

The Officer Cadet School of New Zealand (OCS NZ) is the initial breeding ground for all our future He Rangatira Toa – Warrior Leaders. The OCS(NZ) mission is to develop the moral, physical and intellectual leadership and command skills of selected individuals in preparation for future service. The way this mission is achieved is in two parts, the eight week Initial Induction Training (IIT), and secondly, the nine month long New Zealand Commissioning Course (NZCC). IIT introduces the cadets to maintaining personal standards within both the garrison and regimental environments. Ngati Tūmatauenga values and the Army Leadership Framework are continually used to assess the cadets during IIT at the lead self level. The “shoot, move, communicate and medicate” model is used to prepare cadets for the field environment. Cadets conduct weapon qualifications, learn to navigate and basic individual soldier skills required to operate in the field. The IIT package covers all the basic soldier skills required to prepare the cadets for NZCC.

NZCC training is designed to prepare future officers to lead in New Zealand and on operations and is broken into three terms. Term one introduces the Officer Cadets to leading teams, section level tactics, university education and platoon level tactical exercises without troops (TEWTs). In the garrison environment it involves the continuation of morning parades, barrack inspections and introduction to Colour and Sword drills. The cadets are continually assessed on lead self and introduced to lead teams, on Exercise Le Basse-Ville. A challenge that cadets will never forget is Exercise Nemesis. This is a resilience exercise which pushes cadets to their limits through walking between 150km–180km, challenging activities, and a lack of food and sleep over six days. Term two introduces the cadets to Platoon level tactics and command, and the likes of formal dinner protocols and how to plan and execute training.

Platoon level TEWTs, education and military Studies, and garrisons standards are all also continued through the term. Cadets are now assessed on lead self, lead teams and lead leaders. Cadets conduct Exercise Tebaga Gap which is an open country advance to contact and Exercise Santici which is a Security and Stability Operations exercise, and a different environment for the cadets to experience. Term three is the reinforcement of the formal learning training period. The two main exercises are Luluai in a close country, and Exercise Alam el Halfa, the combined arms exercise. The final hurdle is the graduation week which consists of a Beat Retreat and Graduation Parade. The NZCC is a long, high tempo and exciting journey to develop our future officers. The course is challenging, but meets the OCS(NZ) mission with the overall endstate – a warrior leader who will lead us here in New Zealand and on operations.

DEVELOPING LEADERS By Major Kyle Olsen, Chief Instructor, Army Leadership Centre

The New Zealand Army Leadership Centre (NZALC) facilitates leadership excellence across all levels; it supports, educates and enables NZ Army Commanders to get the best out of our people in order to achieve success on operations and in garrison. The role and purpose of the NZALC has recently been reviewed. This was inspired by CA’s Army25 presentation, namely the four pillars of People, Information, Relationships and Capability Enhancement. ALC has looked at each of these pillars with a leadership lens to determine our future role and outputs within the organisation.

The NZALC consists of two wings, the Leadership Development wing, and the Experiential Learning Development Activity wing. Collectively these wings deliver training and courses aligned with the NZDF Leadership Development Framework (LDF) to produce leaders who possess selfawareness, are inspired to be better leaders, are more resilient and possess intellectual curiosity.

In order to achieve excellence, the NZALC has narrowed its focus within the realm of leadership to • Develop strategic selfawareness across the organisation to enhance or mitigate leadership strengths and weaknesses, and improve resilience • Deliver and enhance the fundamental LDF Transition courses and ELDA courses allocated to ALC • Provide direct leadership development support to the Lead Capability level • Support units to develop processes and capability to execute internal leadership development training with the LDF.

TRAINING AND LEADING: NCO SCHOOL By Warrant Officer Class Two Geoff Simonsen Senior Instructor – SNCO Wing, NCO School

NCO School aims to deliver highly capable non-commissioned officers able to deliver against the Army’s mission, which is to provide world-class combat ready land forces that are trained, led and equipped to win as part of an integrated Defence Force. NCO School focuses on the ‘trained and led’ elements of the Army’s mission. NCO school delivers the JNCO Course, for those soldiers looking to make the transition to Corporal, the SNCO Course, for those looking to transition to Sergeant, and courses for aspiring Warrant Officers. It is important to the success and efficiency of NCO school that JNCO flows to SNCO and up to WO’s. The course is designed to provide for essential skills being dusted off, and new skills taught and tested in a work place environment. Recently, as a result of Covid-19 and Level 4 Lockdown NCO school has had the opportunity to develop.

The lockdown gave the staff time to take stock, pause, and critically examine what we are delivering, to whom and why. We stopped to sharpen the saw. In a way that is what NCO school is for many students at all levels. Attending a NCO school course is acknowledgement from your command chain that they see something in you and they are willing to invest time, a very precious resource, in you and your development. NCO school is always developing. We are in a moving world, we need to be agile of thought and of action. We need to be adaptive, and maintain a flexible approach to education, resourcing and communication.

The staff selected to work within the NCO school are able to be flexible when it comes to delivering courses. They display the ethos and values needed in order to develop a worthy NCO, worthy of praise, promotion and our trust that they will carry forward our values. The staff are trusted to develop modern and agile learning environments, they recognise when they need to sharpen the saw and remain situationally aware with good teaching skills. The students should experience growth during and after a NCO school course. They are able to pass on knowledge, values, modern instructional techniques and always working towards our shared mission.


22 ARMYPEOPLE

ARMY HITS THE GAS ON ELECTRIC UTILITY BIKES By Dave Williams

The first signs are positive. Electric bikes have hit the hills around Waiouru for the start of a 12-month trial of their suitability for military use.

The 2x2 utility bikes are made by Tauranga company UBCO, which has supplied four of them in camouflage paint scheme, extra battery packs and a range of spare parts. “They’re better than walking,” says Corporal Scotty Francis, 10th Transport Company 103 PL, 2nd Combat Service Support Battalion, who was quietly impressed with their performance. “These bikes are user friendly, fun to ride. “The performance was a lot better than I expected for an electric bike. If you look for ways to utilise it in your operations as another form of mobility then you will be quite happy with the capability this bike offers.” The 65kg bikes are much lighter than normal military motorcycles, have an electric motor in each wheel, and with regenerative braking can travel up to 120km on a single charge.

The Army, Navy and Air Force will each trial the bikes, which in the general market are aimed at farmers, hunters, emergency services and others. “They won’t replace motorcycles, but could fill the gap between a soldier walking somewhere and where they might use a motorcycle or quad bike to help carry equipment,” says Lieutenant Colonel Brad Gallop. “Obviously they are more environmentally friendly, and we will see if they are also more military friendly. “Electric vehicles offer some advantages over normally fuelled vehicles. They are quiet, don’t give off engine or exhaust heat and aren’t powered by highly flammable liquids. “They are simple to maintain and onboard computers will be able to record a range of information about how the bike is used.

“They will be limited to 50kmh and have lower training requirements to that of a motorcycle.” Dylan Hughes, UBCO Director Sales & Marketing, Asia Pacific, says electric vehicles have so many advantages that could be ideal in military applications. “For example, the near silence of the electric motors. The strength to weight ratio – the whole bike weighs just 65kg, so it can be lifted and handled no sweat. “No clutch means you get bullet proof low-speed control and with a 1kW motor in each wheel, the 2X2 has excellent handling, across a range of terrains. “We’re excited to see how the military embrace the utility of the bike – we’ve designed it to carry anything from a holster to a trailer to storage bags – you can attach all sorts of equipment to it.”

The trial is part of the Defence Force’s wider goal of becoming a more sustainable organisation, which also fits with the Government’s goal of having 64,000 EVs on New Zealand roads by the end of next year. The sustainable framework of Tuku Iho (“to pass on what you’ve received in at least as good as, if not better than, what you receive it in”) aims to enhance and protect the Defence estate’s natural, financial, manufactured, intellectual, social and human capital.


ARMYPEOPLE 23

LEST WE FORGET – PTE LEONARD MANNING The sacrifice of Private Leonard Manning who was killed in action on Foho Debalulik in Timor Leste as the country fought for its freedom was acknowledged at three memorial services last month. PTE Manning was killed in action on 24 July 2000. Six other New Zealanders who also died in Timor Leste as that country fought for its independence were also acknowledged at the memorial services. In Cova Lima the CDF General Lere Anan Timor, former Prime Minister Dr Rui Araujo, Brigadier General Maunana, Brigadier General Sabica, Colonel Coliati, Ambassador NZ, Ambassador Korea, Defence Attaché Australia, Indonesia, Philippines, Portugal, Brazil, F-FDTL, PNTL, Timorese local leaders, chaplains, local communities, and school children honoured PTE Manning’s name and his sacrifice for Timor Leste’s freedom. The Timorese Minister of Defence Filomeno Da Paixao de Jesus, and other dignitaries attended the service in Dili.  Lieutenant Colonel Martin Dransfield who was PTE Manning’s Commanding Officer at the time of his death addressed those gathered for the service and read a short message from PTE Manning’s parents, Charlie and Linda.

The New Zealand Ambassador, Phil Hewitt, also read a message from Minister Ron Mark. LTCOL Dransfield is the Strategic Advisor to Falintil-Forças de Defesa de Timor-Leste   “Like our sons who paid the ultimate sacrifice on Timor’s path to achieving independence, we continue to support the people and the development of Timor Leste,” said LTCOL Dransfield. “To the international community, thanks to all of you for paying your respects to our fallen. We all served together in the peacekeeping missions in Timor Leste, and that unity and common sense of purpose to support Timor Leste continues today. “Len, thank you for your sacrifice, your legacy lives on. Onward. “Charlie, Linda, Laura, Roger, Aimee, and Daniel thank you for your beautiful message and your incredible support to the Timorese people.”

Photos: Lieutenant Colonel Martin Dransfield at ceremonies in Timor Leste held to honour the memory of PTE Manning.

A message from PTE Manning’s parents, Charlie and Linda Manning: Last year in Auckland, New Zealand, we met a young Timorese man from the Cova Lima district who was with other students gathered to celebrate the independence of Timor Leste. We were invited to that celebration and met a number of students, all of them wonderful young people. Among them was Agustinho. This turned out to be a very special meeting for us and also for him when he realised that we were Leonard’s parents. This was a very poignant moment as he told us how he vividly remembered the 24th July, 2000 and how frightened he had been when he heard what had happened to one of the Kiwi soldiers who was there to protect them. Agustinho, told us that since that time he had kept a treasured photograph of this Kiwi soldier and regarded him as a hero and someone very significant in his life. Being just a small boy at that time, he had made himself known

to the NZ soldiers, because of his love for learning to speak English. He told us how the soldiers sometimes asked him to help with language interpretation. We were delighted to meet Agustinho and shared with him that Leonard also had a love for languages and sometimes had gone with the interpreters to try to improve his Tetum. Maybe the two of them had even met one day and exchanged a smile and a greeting, the soldier who loved children and the boy now grown who still treasures that photograph. Leonard was very pleased to be one of many New Zealand soldiers selected to deploy to your country and he was honoured to help bring the independence that your people had fought so long and hard for. During the weeks that he was here he noticed the small children of Timor walking long distances to school.

He was full of admiration for the resilience and strength that he saw in these little children, who are now adults, making their own way in the world. He would be so proud of all that you have achieved and he would encourage you to make the most of every opportunity that you have. To the people of Timor Leste – we thank you for the way you always remember and honour Leonard and all of the others, including your own many heroes who gave so much over the years so you could be free and independent. Timor Leste holds a special place in our hearts. God bless and keep you in His care always.


24 ARMYTRAINING

BURNHAM MILITARY CAMP A BIG STEP CLOSER TO CLEANER HEATING Burnham Military Camp has received a major boost to plans to move to a greener heating and cooling system.

The Government, as part of its $200 million clean-powered public service fund, has announced it will contribute $3.84m towards the new system. The New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) will contribute $5.76m. The current coal-fired boiler was introduced in 1970. However, as well as being a source of greenhouse gasses, it is also labour-intensive and needs to shut down for periods of maintenance. The Energy Efficiency and Conservation Authority estimates replacing the boiler with a distributed electric system, which will power heat pumps, will reduce the Burnham Energy Centre’s greenhouse gas emissions by 93 per cent and NZDF’s overall emissions by about 4860 tonnes a year.

Officer Commanding, Southern Region Support Centre Major Grant Payton, says the new system will make a huge difference to the camp. “It is great that Burnham Camp is now able to have a modern and efficient heating system which is environmentally friendly.” Adrian Matthews, Defence Estate and Infrastructure Estate Delivery Manager for the Southern Region, says the decision to fund the Burnham boiler replacement is warmly welcomed. “This comes on the back of many years of planning and effort to find the best all-round alternative and the combined efforts of the Defence Estate and Infrastructure team have yielded the additional funding required to progress this project.”

The new distributed electric solution will provide sustainable heating and cooling to much of the camp, but will require significant reinforcement of the electrical network to meet the increased demand. Design work is currently underway for upgrades that will see an improvement in the reliability and availability of power across the camp. Construction on the first electrical upgrades is expected to begin in December, with the final heating systems coming online in late 2021. The best heating systems for each building are yet to be determined. Burnham was established as a military camp in 1923 and expanded during World War II. At the time it

was envisaged it would only last for up to 25 years. There are plans to modernise the camp, which include improving power and water networks, new barracks and workshops, a health and rehabilitation centre as well as new training and conference centres. It is part of the Government’s $2.1 billion indicative funding to 2030 to continue the regeneration of the Defence estate, to ensure it is fit for purpose and meets the Government’s sustainability goals.

Help us recognise excellence in health and safety Nominations for the 2020 NZDF Safety Awards are now open. The awards are open to any person or unit in the NZDF that has gone above and beyond the call of duty, leading by example in demonstrating and promoting excellence in health, safety and wellbeing, regardless of rank, status (civilian, military or contractor), or whether health and safety is part of their role or not.

You can find out more about the categories on the Directorate of Safety’s intranet page (ILP / HQNZDF / Directorate of Safety) or simply submit your nomination and the organisers will determine the best match. Most of the activity described needs to have taken place over the past 12 months or so.

Who can nominate?

Any member of the NZDF can nominate.

How long should a nomination be?

Depends on the level of detail, but a good guideline is not more than one A4 page (excluding any endorsement or support statements).

Keen to know more? Have any questions?

For more details on categories, inspiration from past winners, timeline and format, check out the Directorate of Safety’s intranet page, or email your query to NZDFSafety@nzdf.mil.nz. Nominations close on Monday 21 September.


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BODYBUILDING COMPETITION

The New Zealand Defence Force in association with ICN New Zealand Presents: The Armed Forces and Emergency Services Bodybuilding and Fitness Competition 2021. For details and registration of interest please email: BBComp@nzdf.mil.nz. In support of Te Kiwi Maia – The Courageous Kiwi www.tekiwimaia.co.nz

NON PUBLIC FUNDS PERSONAL LOANS Loan Scheme Benefits

Loan Features

An Army NPF Personal Loan Scheme has been available to Army personnel since 1993. Its main aim is to provide a competitive source of finance to soldiers at favourable loan terms. Army NPF Personal Loans can be used for a variety of purposes such as refinancing credit card debt, holidays, vehicle purchase, vet bills, home improvements and more.

• Maximum loan amount $15,000.

Criteria You must be a Regular Force or permanent full-time civilian staff member of the NZ Army. • You need to have completed 18 months employment with the Army. • If releasing within the next 3 years your loan term must not exceed your release date. • Your total fixed fortnightly commitments, including your loan payments, must be within 30% of your gross income. • You must be able to provide security for a loan if required. If you are applying to borrow $10,000 and above you must provide security.

• Loan terms between 6 months and 3 years. • Competitive interest rates. • Repayments are made by direct debit from your nominated bank account. • The interest rate is fixed for the term of the loan so your repayments remain the same. • The maximum loan establishment fee is $55. • Security may be required for loans over $7,000. For loans of $10,000 or over security is mandatory. The only acceptable security is a motor vehicle that is fully insured and is of equivalent or greater value to the loan value being sought. • The Army NPF offers different interest rates for Secured and Unsecured loans. The current NPF interest rates are set below the average market rate for personal loans at: • 9.4% secured loan • 11.4% unsecured loan

Applications Application forms and more detailed information on the process are available from the Army Personal loan site which is under quick links on the Command Post intranet site. You can also either call 0800 111823 (option 2) or DTelN 347 8339 (Trentham) or email us at army.npf@nzdf.mil.nz.

What happens to the interest charged on the loans? All the interest charged on NPF loans is returned to soldiers as interest payments to NPF member accounts. These accounts include your sports clubs, Messes and UPFs so the full benefits of the scheme are returned to you, the soldiers of the NZ Army.

Army Non Public Funds Army General Staff Messines Defence Centre Trentham Phone: 0800 111823 (option 2) DTelN: 347 8339 Email: army.npf@nzdf.mil.nz


26 ARMYSPORT

Exercise Recent Release was a 1st Command Support Regiment activity designed to test junior leaders from 2nd Signal Squadron. There will be full coverage of the exercise in the September issue of Army News.


ARMYSPORT 27

CALLING ALL ALPINE ENTHUSIASTS! Expressions of interest are sought for the reintroduction of the Alpine discipline as an Army sport. If you are a keen skier or snowboarder that would be interested in participating in a regional snow sports event in the future we want to hear from you. We are particularly interested in finding regional representation. For more information send an EOI to LT AJ Langford; adrienne.langford@nzdf.mil.nz

STUDY INTO LOWER LIMB INJURIES COMPLETE A Joint Support Group Performance Health Officer, Major Jacques Rousseau has recently completed his PhD which was funded by NZDF. MAJ Rousseau’s thesis was on lower limb injuries within the NZDF and his research and findings have been accepted as key research material across our international military counterparts. MAJ Rousseau’s work in this area has brought about the use of a garrison shoe for use by military personnel across the New Zealand Defence Force, a move that has shown reductions in lower limb injuries across all three Services. MAJ Rousseau says he started his research after noticing the mobility of the NZDF and its ability to deploy personnel at short notice was compromised by the high number of musculoskeletal injuries, particularly to the lower limbs. “Research indicated footwear may be the issue. The aim of the research was to examine the extent of the problem, which injuries and anatomical structures were most affected, the causes, and finally, the effects of a possible remedial intervention.”

MAJ Rousseau examined 11 years’ worth of NZDF injury records. He analysed the most affected joint(s), injury type and activities (sporting or military). “The ankle joint appeared most vulnerable to injury, particularly during sporting or military activities involving running. “Traumatic ankle sprains and strains were the most prolific injuries and this occurred when not wearing the military boot. This information was used to determine the subsequent investigations of the biomechanical and neurological causes underlying habitual boot-wear that might give rise to these injuries.”


28 ARMYPEOPLE

Kitted out and ready for action, Infantry Support Dogs from 1RNZIR undergo winch capability training and offender apprehension scenarios with a RNZAF No. 3 SQN NH90 helicopter at Raumai Range. Photo: Corporal Naomi James

Profile for New Zealand Defence Force

New Zealand Army | Army News - Issue 515, August 2020  

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