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ISSN 1172-9139


November 2005


Chris Phillips, Landcare Research, PO Box 69, LINCOLN. Ph. (03) 325 6700 Fax. (03) 325 2418

Immediate past President:

Alan Campbell, Environment Waikato, Box 4010, Hamilton East, HAMILTON. Ph. (07) 856 7184 Fax. (07) 856 0551


Simon Stokes, Hawkes Bay Regional Council, Private Bag 6006, NAPIER. Ph (06) 835 9209, Fax (06) 835 3601


Tabitha Anthony, C/- NZARM, Private Box 5280, PALMERSTON NORTH. Ph. (06) 952 2976


Glen Sutton, 82 Hallet Road, RD 2, WHAKATANE. Ph (07) 304 8457


Murray Harris, Land & Forest, 7 Harden St Glenleith, DUNEDIN. Ph. (03) 467 9257

Broadsheet Editor:

Andrew Manderson, AgResearch, Private Bag 11008, Palmerston North. Ph. (06) 351 8068 Fax. (06) 351 8032

Regional Coordinator:

Glenn Sutton

CPRM Coordinator:

Alan Campbell

Broadsheet is a newsletter of the New Zealand Association of Resource Management. Authors must be consulted before their articles are cited in publications. The Editor welcomes correspondence, reviews of recent publications, interim reports of current research or resource management issues, news items, other articles, and lighter items about members activities and career movements. Unless specifically indicated otherwise, opinions expressed in the Broadsheet are not to be regarded as the official view of the Association. Copy sent by E-mail is preferred, although typed copy is also acceptable. Items can be sent to: A. Manderson AgResearch Grasslands Private Bag 11008 Palmerston North

Phone (06) 351 8068 Fax (06) 351 8032

The Association's financial year begins on January 1st. Mailing address: Tabitha Anthony, C/- NZARM, Private Box 5280, PALMERSTON NORTH. Web site:


In this issue... A few conference photos from J. Whale ...............................................................................4 Editorial ..............................................................................................................................5 Regional Roundup ...............................................................................................................6 Update: New Members Tabitha Anthony ......................................................................................................24 Update: CPRM Alan Campbell.........................................................................................................26 Conference Report: Some organising thoughts about the NZARM Conference Simon Stokes ..........................................................................................................27 Article: Horizon’s Big Push for Sustainable Land Use Bettina Anderson (for Malcolm Todd & Grant Cooper ............................................30 Article: Coromandel Peninsula Project Update Emily O’Donnell .....................................................................................................32 Article: Managing Border-dyke Irrigation Donna Woodley.......................................................................................................35 LandVision ........................................................................................................................37

A casual stroll back to the buses – part of the excellent field trips of the Hawkes Bay 2005 NZARM Annual Conference.


A few conference photos from J. Whale (more at

Left: Simon Stokes taking a breather. Top: Norm Ngapo looking relaxed.

Alan Campbell in his element.

Neil Faulknor taking five.

Chris Phillips looking‌ tolerant?

Kevin Rooke departing from the Thirsty Whale.


Editorial Dear All, Its that time of year again. The letter box is constantly crammed full of junk mail; there’s some perky person running around trying to organise an office party; roads are blocked off because of Christmas parades; and retailers are trying every trick to get your money. Its very easy to become a little bit cynical around this time of year. With that in mind, this issue of Broadsheet was supposed to be a combined Christmas/postconference edition. However, resource management isn’t all that amendable to a Christmas theme (and I’m feeling like a scrooge), so I’ve focused entirely on the post-conference theme. There are several positive reports and comments about the conference in the Regional Roundup. For those who didn’t attend, you missed out on an excellent get-together, with a heap of interesting topics, field trips and presenters, and several opportunities for relaxing and socialising at some excellent venues. All agree that the conference was a success, so congratulations and well done to the organisers. Photos from the John Whale Collection are used liberally to help with the post-conference theme, and Simon Stokes has put together a post-conference report from an organiser’s perspective, as a means of giving those of us without conference organising experience an appreciation of how trying it can be, and to help future organisers avoid a few pitfalls. I don’t have much more to say in this editorial, other than to extend an invitation for more letters to the editor. You’ll notice there’s none in this issue. So if you want to provide some NZARM feedback, or talk about an NZARM/resource-management related issue, then jump on the soapbox and have a rave. I accept anything printed or handwritten, although we reserve a bit of discretion as to what can be published in Broadsheet. Cheers Andrew Manderson

PS. Pictures are really useful for breaking up text. So if you want to submit photos, graphics, diagrams, etc. with Regional Roundup reports or articles, please feel free to do so. Also, if you want a colour version of Broadsheet, download the electronic version from


Regional Roundup Bay of Plenty A welcome report from Andrew Wilson in Kingston in Australian Capital Territory (ACT), who recently spent a very enjoyable afternoon with staff from the Australian Governments Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry's, Forest Industries Branch planting trees in an ongoing effort to regenerate ACT forests devastated in the January 2003 bushfires. During an afternoons effort staff planted 400 trees from a mixture of native species. While 400 trees may not sound like a huge number the planting was on an inhospitable slope in about 3 inches of soil. Each tree required considerable pick work and watering in. To date the joint exercise between ACT Forests and Greening Australia has engaged communities and corporate bodies with over 3000 volunteers participating in the planting of over 37,400 trees. While this was a good opportunity for staff who are primarily office dwelling to "get their hands dirty" and experience some important aspects of forest management it is a great example of a community getting behind their local environment and making a difference. For those of you who may be unaware of what happened in January 2003, the Australian Capital Territory was hit by a fire storm which resulted in the loss of four lives and more than 500 homes destroyed. The fire destroyed much of the ACT’s plantation estate while burning hundreds of thousands of hectares of national parks in both the ACT and New South Wales. Almost three years latter and after an extended period of drought (at least 4 years) the rain has returned and things are yet again going green, mainly weeds at this stage but the trees are slowly showing signs of turning green. Things always look more positive with a good cover of green grass and trees. After three years of extramural study under the expert tutelage of Dr John Holland, Anton Meister and Mike Tuohy of Massey University, RenÊ Weterings completed the degree of Master of Applied Science with First Class Honours in Natural Resource Management. Most of the study time was undertaken during a number of short term consulting assignments in remote forest concessions in the middle of Central Kalimantan while assisting the Government and industry work toward sustainable forest management. There was not enough time to put into study while working in NZ, and with a huge time commitment to completing the study program required, their on-going support and help with coming to grips with some of the study notes was certainly more than expected. Massey University were very accommodating in securing the location for one exam, which he was able to do under the supervision of the project director. It saved a trip to Singapore, the


nearest examination centre, but it still required a long 8 hour canoe trip down the river from way up north of the province and then a 6 hour 4WD trip to the examination place, trying to remember the finer points of environmental economics while getting anatomically rearranged on those poor quality roads and in vehicles of suspect condition. After duck shooting and Graduation, RenĂŠ and his wife went to western China, following an invitation by members of the Qinghai Forestry Department and senior Party officials. This followed a study tour he led looking at land management and forestry issues in the North Island, and to which Alan Campbell provided some good input that set the scene for the rest of the tour. The Ausaid funded Qinghai Forest Resources Management project, which is essentially a largescale soil and water conservation effort on steep mountain lands, was the purpose of the visit, not to mention to have the opportunity to visit a place that is not on the tourist route. We could learn much from them in terms of bioengineering and road construction. At altitudes of 3000m and up to 4000m, everything is a challenge but one has to admire the tenacity and spirit of the people in one of the most impoverished and remote, and yet scenic places, in China. The area is very reminiscent of the high country down south but on a much larger and vast scale. The locals are a very hospitable and friendly people who arranged a great function every night with local forestry and Party officials with copious quantities of the local firewater that is laced with edible gold flake for some obscure health purpose. Even these people have time honoured drinking competitions, with the object of the exercise to fall over drunk, a good outcome that shows the host you really enjoyed their hospitality. But every night? It is proposed to lead a reciprocal study tour in mid 2006 to have a closer look at bioengineering methods using willows and a range of other tree and pioneer species, and land use planning. Good basic soil conservation in practise that will complement any training program here. If there are people interested in joining a small group and be hosted by the Qinghai Forest Department and take part in an unforgettable cultural experience of Tibetan archery while drinking hard barley liquor, then drop him an email at It may be possible to secure some funding for this but numbers will be limited to 6-10. RenĂŠ is currently (November, 2005) on a three week assignment for UN/FAO undertaking a feasibility study and economic evaluation of the Pinus caribaea resource on a small island in the southern Cook Islands group and assessing the likely environmental impacts of harvesting, processing and treatment of the timber. This plantation was established under NZAid funding to reduce major soil erosion problems and provide cover for the denuded interior following poor land management practises using heavy machinery and fire. It sounds all so familiar to the various projects within NZ, the wheel of invention keeps turning. At least the fishing and diving is good, despite the onset of the hurricane season. Robyn Skelton, NZ Landcare Trust Regional Co-ordinator continues to work with various Landcare groups in the Bay of Plenty as they manage their environmental projects. Among these, there are stream-based, estuary-based and similar projects with central themes of sustainable land management and/or biodiversity. There is certainly a lot happening in the area of resource management currently with many communities wanting to taking leadership in caring for the areas in which they live. Involvement in local happenings include: Tauranga City Council


resource consent to manage mangroves in four Tauranga estuaries, the joint councils’ Wairoa River Valley Strategy publication, and the recently released Tauranga Harbour Integrated Management Review. Since the last Broadsheet, Norm Ngapo has been busy attending conferences, workshops and field days including the NZARM Conference at Napier, a Restoration Hikoi organised by Colin Meurk, James Ataria and Craig Pauling (Landcare Research Lincoln) around the Canterbury region, an Earthworks Workshop / Field day at Tauranga, and a workshop for handling ecotoxins (poisoning possums). Other than being a professional conference attendee, Norm has been busy undertaking a catchment condition survey of the Nukuhou River catchment (flowing into Ohiwa Harbour), working with John Douglas and Arch Delahunty of Environment Bay of Plenty. Other work has included processing of a few awkward land use consents and some soil surveys around the Whakatane District. Norm has also managed to check out the state of the crayfish stocks at Whale Island (for purely scientific purposes). A few more trips are planned to ensure that the information gathered is statistically valid !!! Glenn Sutton has been balancing feeding and rearing calves with his consultancy work. His major project for the past couple of months has been the revision of the Forestry Code of Practice with colleague Andy Woolhouse. Norm Ngapo and Willie Shaw's Wildland Team have also been involved. Other projects include preparing resource consent applications for Bruce Crabbe and Tony Dunlop of Environment Bay of Plenty. The applications are to establish a quarry that will provide much needed flood repair and river protection material following the recent floods. Glenn enjoyed a great NZARM conference at Napier - Thanks to the Hawke’s Bay Team. He also attended a very worthwhile earthworks field day at Tauranga organised by the Environment Bay of Plenty team. Thanks to Norm Ngapo for deliberately leaving some faults with the sediment retention pond for Glenn to find! Ruth Feist, John Whale and Colin Maunder have been part of the team in Environment Court Mediations on appeals to the Environment Bay of Plenty Regional Water and Land Plan. Yes, good progress is being made but no, we’re not finished yet. Last set of Mediations have been scheduled for late January 2006 and then its off to the Environment Court to finish off any last matters. “Rule 11” the nutrient management requirement rules for land use around the Rotorua Lakes is now operative and Penny McCormack is working with landowners to get base nutrient models for properties completed. With 2,000+ properties affected it will take some time. John is also working with his Environmental Planning staff on: the review if the On-Site Effluent Treatment Plan (hopefully no appeals), changes to the Regional Air Plan (mainly to provide for NESAQ and HASNO), discussion documents, public meetings and hui on the controversial proposal for Coastal Occupation Charges in the Bay of Plenty CMA, discussion documents,


questionnaires and public meetings on Aquaculture Management Areas, Vehicles on Beaches policy and the review of the Rotorua Geothermal Regional Plan. This will be followed by John’s summer project entitled “Statistical validation of AMA benthic profiles and fish stock information using random sampling and a bloody great frypan mate!!” Speaking of frypans (you had to be there) we would also like to add our BIG THANKS to the Hawke’s Bay – that’s Hawke’s Bay – NZARM Team and the Hawke’s Bay Regional Council and other sponsors for the magnificent 2005 NZARM Conference in Napier. There were many unforgettable moments!! Ruth was sad however that notwithstanding visits to check vineyards, the expected wine tasting not eventuate. ‘How can you validate vineyard irrigation effectiveness without adequate sampling??’ Ruth asks. The wines at the dinner were thoroughly enjoyed and John thought the evening at the Thirsty Whale was most excellent too. Ross Bawden continues to market and harvest forests throughout the North Island. This includes young trees in the BOP where a combination of conflict with other land uses, poor perception of the industry and a general mistrust of central government over Kyoto has resulted in them wanting "out". The irony is that forestry still stacks up very well over other land uses when an IRR format is used and capital gain in land is ignored. In his spare time, Ross and Dell are developing a Kiwifruit orchard at Pukehina - a great way to blow out the cobwebs from previous week.

John Whale

Waikato Sue McConnochie is the project co-ordinator for Environment Waikato’s On Farm Services project which aims to integrate EW’s presence in the community. EW's structure is such that there are specialists in various areas of expertise and the On Farm Services Project was set up in September 2002 to provide for: • alignment of different work areas • better communication amongst EW staff on the ground and the need for better links with external contractors • more in-depth cross-training for relevant staff • the need for a corporate information management system that could support staff and contractors and assist in achieving strategic outcomes. Six weekly meetings or field visits have been held for each of the 5 zones that the Waikato Region was divided into for this project. The project has been independently reviewed over the last few months and recommendations made for slight alterations to the format of meetings, greater zone self management within a


strategic framework and future directions for information technologies and support systems. The review also identified that the original objectives of the project have been successfully obtained and that the project should continue. Streamcare Principles and Pitfalls. Matarawa Stream Care Group in Tokoroa hosted this workshop which was supported by the NZ Landcare Trust and EW with RD1 Tokoroa sponsoring lunch. The workshop was very well attended. Alot of discussion was held with many practical and constructive ways of dealing with common problems found with retiring stream margins. Sue has been heavily involved in forward planning for works programmed for this 05/06 financial year and is judging the Balance Farm Environment Award. Judging for the awards is about to start this month with 40 entrants having applied to be included in the awards for the Waikato Region. The awards ceremony will be held in April 2006. Ross Abercrombie writes that the EE team here at EW recently ran another Dairy and Drystock Liaison group forum at the Waikato stadium looking at Nutrient Management. The day was attended by around 100 people, industry consultants, farmers and council staff were present. Presentations were given from EW outlining policy, industry regarding current initiatives and a high input dairy farmer using nutrient management to the max. Workshop sessions worked to address each industries perspective, how to work together and actions from now. While no hard and fast outcomes were gleaned some good ideas were highlighted to move our Council forward. Minutes are available by request to Other goings on, Ross has been working with the Sheep and Beef industry thru Sally Hobson (AgFirst), and along side NIWA has present to workshops entitled Intensifying your farm - what are the effects. The first of these workshops (funded by SMF) was run in Piopio at Barrie Tatham's (ex Monitor farmer and BFEA winner) and had good discussions about riparian management, practical soil conservation retirement and excellent discussion around upper hill country wetlands, pro's and cons of retiring vs draining. Ross is also looking to work with Meat and Wool NZ to input environmental management into some of the local Monitor farms. Also currently happening in our region is the Effluent Campaign. After assessing that compliance was poor in an earlier February survey, helicopter monitoring has now been enlisted as a tool to monitor dairy effluent systems in the Waikato. The Regulatory team has been busy with follow up with around 20% of dairy farms monitored offending to the level where Infringement Notices have been issued. This work has been carried out with knowledge of Federated Farmers and Fonterra and a wider effluent campaign is likely to involved further targeted education in some areas. John Quinn has started on a project with Steph Parkyn (NIWA), Sally Hobson (AgFirst), and staff from various regional councils, to provide 15 SMF-funded workshops for drystock farmers on managing the effects of farm intensification on water. The feedback on the pilot workshop at Barry and Jude Tatham’s Piopio property (run with EW’s Ross Abercombie see above) was very positive. Workshops, tailored to local issues, are planned on farms around the country for November 2005 and February-March 2006. John is also working with colleagues in NIWA (Bob Wilcock),


AgResearch (Ross Monaghan & Keith Betteridge) and Regional Councils in Canterbury, Southland, West Coast and Taranaki to run workshops on “Farms and waterway values”. The aim of this Dairy InSight project is to get input from farmers and others to develop conceptual models of links between on-farm activities and water quality/habitat targets and values for each of the four Best Practice Dairy Catchments and the Inchbonnie catchment that drains to Lake Brunner. Environment Waikato is looking at having their native planting requirements met by having plants contract grown by commercial nurseries writes Michelle Gibbs. We will then operate a similar system to Taranaki Regional Council where landowners involved with our projects such as Clean Streams will be able to pick up their pre-ordered plants from their local Environment Waikato depot during the last week of May/early June each year. It takes the hassle out of buying native plants but is a lot for Environment Waikato to organise initially. Tane Desmond and myself have been busy assessing Environment Waikato's native plant requirements, putting adverts in newspapers inviting native plant suppliers to submit quotations, assessing quotations, developing growing contracts, sorting out delivery and despatch depots and trying to get a computer program up and running to store all the plant order information from the landowners. Michelle has also been busy catching up with landowners who hold historic farm plans to discuss the maintenance requirements of old Land Improvement Agreement works; and the Clean Streams project is ticking over nicely with funding fully allocated for the Lower Waikato and Northern West Coast Zones this financial year. The challenge now will be to keep in touch with the successful applicants to ensure all of the work is undertaken on the ground. Alan Campbell writes that over the last couple of months I've attended an NZARM regional meeting on nutrient management and been to the National Conference in Napier. Both were excellent opportunities to catch up with other members (and prospective members). I particularly enjoyed the conference this year, so congratulations to Simon and his team in Hawkes Bay for providing a great mix of technical papers, field trips, and social activity. In between times, I've been working up strategies and budgets for the next ten years for the LTCCP, primarily trying to confront the very real issues of intensive agriculture, and helped to organise a four day facilitation training course at Raglan. I've also been involved in a departure from my usual agricultural focus, carrying out a consultation process on how to achieve the National Environmental Standard for air in Tokoroa. No easy solutions there, but it's been a really positive experience to work with the health sector on this. Karyn Hopkins has been continuing with following up inquiries regarding Soil Conservation and Clean Streams works. The Clean Stream budget in Karyn’s area has been fully allocated and have had to unfortunately decline a number of applications (but good to see plenty of interest in riparian fencing and planting). Karyn also attended the fantastic NZARM conference in Napier and is currently organising a field day for landowners to attend on drain management to be held at Lake Ngaroto in November in conjunction with New Zealand Landcare Trust and Dexcel. Grant Blackie will be buried in the preparation for the Whangapoua Forest (Ernslaw One) Environment Court Appeal due for hearing in early 2006 so is planning a summer holiday 2006/07!


I have continued my involvement in implementing flood protection and erosion control works on the Tauranga Taupo and Tongariro Rivers. With a very busy summer looming likely to include maintenance of existing structures and completing the capital works programme on the Tauranga Taupo River. Further projects to increase EW’s information for the major Lake Taupo tributaries and lakeshore erosion processes are planned be undertaken over the summer including a LiDAR survey and cross sectional river surveys. I would also like to offer my congratulations to Simon Stokes and his team for organising a great national conference in Napier.

David Perry

Canterbury Its been a busy period for the Canterbury contingent, here is a run down on what some of the newer (and not so new) members have been working on. Chris Phillips has been busy over the last few months attending conferences, workshops and making presentations on colleague Michael Marden and Chris's work on use of natives for stream bank stabilisation and the Motueka ICM CD-Rom. He officiated at the very successful Napier NZARM conference in October and really enjoyed the programme put on by Garth, Simon, Peter and the team at HBRC. He assisted Andrew Fenemor and the ICM team in Nelson to run a couple of overlapping workshops in November - an ICM workshop aimed at regional council and agency people and the South Pacific HELP (Hydrology for Life, Environment and Policy) conference aimed at assisting our pacific neighbours to understand what we have learnt from our ICM Motueka experiences and help them prepare proposals for inclusion into the HELP network. Now that all the meetings are over for a bit, he will be concentrating on getting back to writing up our Coromandel forest harvesting work, doing some reading and talking to people about how to make the transition from willows to natives alongside stream banks (contacts welcome), and generally getting all the other bits of administrivia sorted. On the home front is looking to re-develop the garden at home, get the boat out more, and learn not to fall off my mountain bike while demonstrating to 6 year old son. Have a great Xmas. During Shelley Washington’s 3 month holiday in USA, Canada and Mexico (which was brilliant!), she spent three days in April with Professor Ben Tyson of Central Connecticut State University who organised the following “field trips” where they drove, walked and canoed. Ben specialises in mixing social marketing with agriculture. Ben had a sabbatical in New Zealand a couple of years ago and did work with Gretchen Robertson and the TAIERI project. Ben is very keen on fishing and loves New Zealand, he is back with his family this Christmas for a holiday. Quinebaug Shetucket Heritage Corridor “Last Green Valley” • A day’s drive up to the watershed of three rivers through the historic corridor, forest, small towns, farmland, housing • North East Connecticut and South-Central Massachusetts


• “Land Trusts” (non-profit groups made up of private landowners) buy forest land to protect and manage it • Each small town does its own planning, decisions made by conservation commissioners who are local people • Green Valley Institute provides education for landowners, “Land Trusts” and commissioners • The major issue is urban growth Connecticut Forest & Park Association • Walked on several tracks • Hiking trails are on private land • Association develops stewardship plans for forest it owns, develops hiking trails, education and publications • Currently trying to get to know all the owners and planning how to protect the trails’ existence for the future University of Connecticut Cooperative Extension System • Canoed down the Salmon River to Connecticut River • Observing and discussing forest and river management • Salmon River Watershed a wetland system of global importance, large river tidal ecosystem • Major issue is urban growth • Forest stewardship education important as most of the forest owned by private individuals For a more detailed report on this trip with and (03) 962 9555





New member Donna Woodley has been working extensively with a group in North Canterbury and has written an article that may be of interest (page 33). Donna started with Environment Canterbury 2 years ago as a graduate from Otago University. Donna works within the Resource Care section and works extensively with rural landowners , both individually and through landcare groups to deal with on farm sustainable land management issues. Well that all from us, I hope everyone has a safe and enjoyable Christmas and New Year, and once again, thanks to the organisers of the conference, it was a cracker, only disappointment was that the pig on the spit didn’t stay on the table for a fraction longer!!!

Dave Maslen

Southland Nothing from Southland this issue. Bala Tikkisetty


Taranaki Don Shearman, Darren Scown, Kevin Cash and Kara Prankerd ventured over to Hawkes Bay to attend the annual NZARM conference in Napier. A detour through the central north island, over the Gentle Annie and down into Napier was thoroughly enjoyable – especially the scenery through the Gentle Annie. Overall, an excellent conference with a good mix of interesting speakers and fieldtrips. Darren Scown, ex army driver, chauffeured us most of the way from Taranaki to Napier. Darren has a penchant for fast motorbikes…say no more. Darren has been busy preparing plans and attending courses (Manfield and Pukekohe). Kevin Cash, also a first-time conference attendee, also thoroughly enjoyed the experience. Kevin is busy preparing farm plans at work. When not working, he is always looking for the perfect wave to surf or the opportunity to catch a fish or two. Kara Prankerd, also thoroughly enjoyed the conference. Kara is a member or the Lake Rotokare Trust. Their aim is to eradicate all pests in the reserve and to erect an pest-proof fence around the reserves perimeter. Kara has a penchant for flying and having your Father’s plane handy is a real bonus. After a recent flying rally down south – Kara came back with bird flu spots. Don Shearman is now looking after the Land Management Section and has run a couple of internal workshops to review some of the content in our Farm Plans and to streamline some of the riparian operations. Busy with 4 children under 4, Don has only had the odd game of golf lately and is suffering from withdrawal symptoms. Dex Knowles will have achieved 50 years of public service on February the 6th 2006 - probably a first for anyone in our field. To celebrate this momentous occasion, a regional meeting will be organised for Thursday the 16th February 2006. Proposed outline: travel to Taranaki Regional Council in Stratford on Thursday morning; half day riparian workshop during the afternoon; celebration dinner on Thursday night in New Plymouth; morning of Friday 17th site visit and discussion; travel home Friday. Please let Don Shearman (0800736222) know if you would like to attend, or the names of any of Dex’s old work colleagues outside of the NZARM umbrella that you think would be interested in attending. Dex has now completed the Waitotara River willow clearance trial over 4kms near the township. Mechanical clearance has cost about $25 per metre to cut, heap and burn. With the willows removed, the channel should revert to its normal shape over time – depending on the number of floods in the future. A liaison group has been set up and the results will be discussed with the South Taranaki District Council to assist in a future river control programme. Potentially, there is a further 15-18 kms of willow clearance at an estimated cost of $800,000 over ten years. James Kitto, Scientific Officer, Taranaki Regional Council, has been busy with Council’s Environmental Quality staff, assessing ten years (1995-2005) of State of the Environment (SoE) physicochemical and macroinvertebrate data for trend detection purposes now that a suitable


period of data exists. Physicochemical data from 10 sites in the region collected using similar protocols to the NIWA national water quality programme (which includes three Taranaki sites), have been de-seasonalised and flow-adjusted using statistical software techniques utilised by NIWA and Dr W Vant (Environment Waikato) with internal reporting in prearation. Biological data for 52 sites (including the 10 physicochemical sites) will be trended using appropriate methodologies similar to those in use by Dr J Stark (Cawthron Institute) who continues to run the longer-term (>20 years) biomonitoring programme at several sites in the Kapuni River. Any significant trends found by these programmes will require local interpretation in respect of the processes responsible, and these results will be incorporated within future SoE reporting. Although physicochemical, bacteriological and macroinvertebrate SoE programmes currently exist for monitoring the riparian management initiatives of the Council, it is anticipated that a markedly longer data acquisition period will be required before trend analyses can be meaningfully performed.

Don Shearman

Nelson - Tasman Jim Sinner (Ecologic), Andrew Fenemor (Landcare Research) and others have recently completed a study of factors influencing the adoption of market-based instruments for resource management. Case studies included fisheries quota, transferability of water permits in Tasman and Waikato, and non-implementation of coastal occupation charges in most NZ regions. The report is available at New case studies are now beginning, including one to develop a policy framework for enhancing flexibility of water use in the Motueka catchment through transferability of water permits and other possible policy changes.

Mary-Anne Baker

Otago It strikes me as I put this Otago contribution together, that Otago NZARM members are a wonderfully diverse lot of people! Murray Harris has been busy working with Annie Perkins and Helen Ritchie in association with the New Zealand Environmental Award Trust, Matt Harcombe from Federated Farmers, Peter Cummings a farmer and trustee from the NZEAT and Katrina Robertson, Aalbert Rebergen and Bruce Monaghan from the Otago Regional Council land resource team on a “Learning for Leaders� field day on a sheep farm at Waitahuna, inland from Milton.


Nicola McGrouther attended the Sustainable Nutrient Management short course at Massey University in November, with Jim Risk, Bala Tikkisetty from Southland and 23 others. It was a great course looking at nutrient cycles through farming systems and use of Overseer Nutrient Budget. If you are thinking of doing the course, just be prepared for lots of work! Tom Heller is working for international environmental and engineering consultants Sinclair Knight Merz. While still doing a lot of travel between Dunedin and Invercargill, Tom has found an office in Dunedin with a fantastic view of the harbour. In fact if he opens his window he can fish out the window! Tom is flat out on groundwater work and is hoping to get his head above water soon! He really enjoyed the NZARM conference in the Hawkes Bay and said it was great to catch up with a few faces from Gore. He is looking forward to the next conference. Rachel Ozanne, Water Quality Scientist at the Otago Regional Council is busy tracking didymo in Otago’s rivers – specifically monthly sampling of various sites in the Clutha , Fraser , and Von Rivers ( the Von enters Lake Wakitipu on it's western shore ). Sampling involves taking periphtyon samples to see if there are any didymo cells present in the waterway. Rachel is also setting up trophic level monitoring in Lake Wakatipu and Lake Wanaka. This is to be a three year study gathering base line data to understand the nutrient status of the Lakes. Dave Stewart from Raineffects Limited in Dunedin was working on submissions associated with the Waitaki plan earlier on this year which have taken up a lot of his time! The projects he was involved with included working on the Whole of Government submission on the proposed Waitaki Plan reviewing water resources and, proposed minimum flows and their impacts on water users; for the Waihemo Community Board the potential impact on the Shag Valley community if water was not available from the Waitaki to supplement water supplies; and for the lower Waitaki irrigation schemes, looking at the impact in irrigation water availability in the Lower Waitaki due to proposed minimum flows in the Lower Waitaki River. Dave is now catching up on other projects including several SFF projects which are in the process of being completed. Projects include identifying water resources in the Shag valley to find enough water for rural domestic water supply and identifying water resources in the Ida Burn and Manuherikia valleys in Central Otago and Sutton stream catchment near Middlemarch. Associate Professor Samuel Mann from Otago Polytechnic is working on a very exciting project with Kai Tahu called SimPa. SimPa is a tool kit which allows each marae to tell their stories in a computer game environment. The tool kit is being built by bringing together young and old people in each marae for a series of weekend workshops. The elders tell the stories of their marae, the area, the landscape, every day life etc, and the young people help input the information and design the tool kit (they are taught how to do this at the workshop). The end product is a 3-dimensional computer game which simulates how life used to be in and around

Scene from SimPa


that marae. Within the game you can walk around the landscape – which could for example be a pa site, a forest, hills, or a river and learn about the landscape and how it was used traditionally by maori. The game will also help local runaka to visualise and plan any revegetation and restoration work to return sites to a traditional landscape. Runaka have controls over what information people can access within the game. Samuel Mann and his team are further developing the model so it can be used interactively over the internet. This will serve as a network meeting place for people from the runaka who are scattered around the globe.

Scene from SimPa

There are a number of powerful outcomes from SimPa. Firstly it is bringing together the young and elders of the marae to share and learn about their history. Secondly, it gives computer training to young runaka members, thirdly it gives local marae an interactive tool to teach people about “their place”. Finally, it allows members of that runaka from anywhere in the world to learn about their history and network with their elders and cousins on the internet. Samuel Mann Associate Professor Head of Department Department of Information Technology Otago Polytechnic 64 3 479 6128 mb 021 735 493 That’s all from Otago this time

Nicola McGrouther

Manawatu - Wanganui There is quite a lot happening at Horizons Regional Council; a major policy overhaul, and a massive bid and planning to crank up a huge farm plan programme are both up in the air, while the restructuring of the Environmental Management Group has just landed. The policy overhaul, called OnePlan is set to combine 6 separate RMA plans plus the RPS into one, less confusing document. Consultation on it has been combined with that for the LTCCP,


and Horizons new team of policy staff, led by Greg Carlyon have gone all-out to try to engage with as many ordinary people as possible, with a road show of displays and interactive issue voting appearing in shopping centres from Pahiatua to Taumarunui, and intensive stakeholder consultation with drafts. It has been a very impressive effort. Meanwhile back in the office there are OnePlan drafts up to staff earholes. Release to the general public is likely around mid 2006. The plan has a few interesting proposals in it, including; • The Sustainable Land Use Initiative, our bid to government for help funding $85million of whole-farm plans and tree planting over the next 10 years. An article follows about the SLUI. • Grouping subcatchments into management zones according to common values, writing zone specific water quality standards, and preparing management plans for high priority zones. • Another interesting possibility is defining “highly erodible land” where consents will required to clear >1ha areas or excavate large volumes, unless the actions are undertaken in accordance with a whole farm plan. The mud is clearing on the recent restructure of the Environmental Management Group. Craig Mitchell remains the Group Manager, but the four Area Managers (Don Clark, Grant Cooper, Eric Dodd, and Ian Moore) are gone, replaced by; • Alistair Beveridge, Environmental Manager; Biodiversity and Water Quality, in charge of; o Clare Ridler, Environmental Coordinator Regional Water Quality, leading staff dealing with farmers in relation to riparian retirement and water quality o Aaron Madden, Environmental Coordinator Regional Biodiversity (leading staff dealing with farmers in relation to terrestrial biodiversity pests and retirement/restoration • Grant Cooper, Environmental Manager; Land, in charge of o Alan Kirk, Environmental Coordinator leading the Whanganui Catchment Strategy o Dave Harrison, Environmental Coordinator leading “Regional Land Initiatives” (gothic for soil conservation activity outside the Whanganui catchment) • Bill Martyn, Environmental Manager; Biosecurity and Response, in charge of o Animal Biosecurity (led by Eric Dodd), mainly possum control areas and rooks; o Plant Biosecurity (led by Don Clark), e.g. thistles, gorse; o and a new Regional Response Unit (led by George Robinson) comprising remnants of the Animal Pest Business Unit, doing pest control, flood response and other odd jobs. Obviously there is considerable overlap between some of these functions, meaning that staff will have to work together quite a lot. Last of all, a bit of members’ news, in no particular order: We have some new members Lucy Fergusson in Taumarunui and Verity Blair in Wanganui, both working on the Whanganui Catchment Strategy, Clare Ridler in Wanganui (water quality environmental coordinator) and Hilary Webb, in Marton, in the plant pest team. Ian Moore is now working as a consultant, and Aaron Madden won a prize for best native plant garden in Feilding – congratulations.


And Alec MacKay and Andrew Manderson, local NZARM members from AgResearch, have completed our prototype Whole Farm Plan. It addresses all the environmental issues on the farm, is soundly based in a detailed Land Resource Assessment map from which is derived Land Use Capability, nutrient budgets, and a business development plan and works programme including tree planting, attention to cultivation, farm tracks, yards, rubbish disposal, water quality, possum and willow control and retiring native forest from grazing, all framed within business objectives.

Malcolm Todd Kinross Whole Farm Plan prototype. See Malcolm’s article on page 30, or download original from the NZARM website

Marlborough Nothing from Marlborough this issue.

Paul Williams

Gisborne Gisborne has had a bit of a hard run lately, storms and crop losses, staff being away or loaded with additional work or leaving, so no Regional Round up time available. We will hopefully catch up for the next Broad sheet. BUT HEY. The sun is shining today, beautiful days makes you want to do the Kiwi Christmas holiday thing and go to the beach, go camping, go fishing. Can not wait !!!!!! HAVE A GREAT Christmas/ New Year Holiday Break Everyone. Think of us in the Resource Consent 'application, granting and compliance' field here in Gisborne with a 6 week lead time to 10,000 18 to 25 year olds coming here to PARTY at 'Rhythm and Vines concert'. Happy !!!!!! 'YEAR RIGHT'.

Peter Fantham


Auckland The sun is shining, the sea is warming up, things are just fine and dandy up here in the big smoke. Glenys Kroon is spending many a hour working on appeals for the Proposed Air, Land and Water Plan and has the tough job of keeping the team in line. Georgie Cranswick has been in the wars, bung finger, stitches in her face from netball and now torn cartilage – netball has been banned. Gwyn Morgan is keeping on top of dairy compliance and clean streams accord. Work is progressing well in the Franklin area with Paul Begley out there most days working with the growers to get sediment control plans in place and inspecting sediment controls. I have recovered from the NZARM conference, a big thanks to all those involved who made it very worth while. See Paul report below. Still no luck on the husband front (seeking dairy farmer) and only two weeks of training left to go for Taupo ½ ironman. Big question is, will we see Paul and Gwyn at the start line? Hope you all have a safe and very Merry Christmas. Amy. A few thoughts from Paul Begley regarding the NZARM Conference Having lived in Hawkes Bay for most of my life I was well prepared for the cloudless blue skies that undoubtedly awaited us upon our arrival at the conference in Napier. These repetitious and boastful remarks were made in comparing the dull drab wintry skies Amy Thompson and I were leaving behind us at the Auckland Airport. And so it was with dismay and a blustering array of excuses that we arrived in Napier to find that the Auckland weather had followed or aeroplane. However the splendid location of the venue on the foreshore set against Napier’s bold art – deco soon relegated the weather to that of a non – issue. Rather than delve into the merits of the individual speakers and events I prefer to submit my lasting impression from the conference. Of particular interest to me was the obvious strong relationship between the HBRC and the farming industry. This relationship appeared to be fostered by the fact that both parties, having defined the issues that were common to both of them had also clearly defined the language that was used in achieving those goals. Essentially the HBRC was working with the industry in a symbiotic way. The Word “sustainable” has become a cliché” in our language. I suspect that when used by Councils it primarily means” environment”, however when used by industry it means “business”.


Until we develop a common understanding of each others objectives our way forward will be staccato in nature. Perhaps as councils we should be more critical in our self analysis on this issue of understanding the industries we deal with. This notion seems to be well understood by HBRC and the farming industry. All parties appeared to be trying to move away from the “ambulance at the bottom of the cliff” approach to being more proactive and pragmatic. Thus the HBRC has achieved a level of credibility with the farming industry that many other councils would surely be envious of. Accolades must be given to the organisers for a well run event during which many new acquaintances were made and old ones renewed. The development of these relationships I have no doubt are a key component of the successful integration of councils and industry. Of the final night, a highlight to the conference and a great way to promote the consumption of Hawkes Bay wine and I should add- Panadol.

Amy Taylor

Wellington - Wairarapa In the last roundup Linda and I were about to head off for a belated and shortened OE. Needless to say we thoroughly enjoyed the experience. Highlights were village life in southern France, exploring Cornwall, and the city life in London and Paris. Being caught in the Switzerland floods was also an experience for a crusty old land manager, but one that is best to avoid if possible. While we were away the helm of the ship was expertly steered by Stan Braaksma. Although Rob Harrison had resigned we were able to contract him back through that period and he and Stan steered the ship through the winter. Roger Wood resigned his position in August and is currently working around the house and farm, taking on small amounts of casual work and looking after Sue and the kids. Roger gave 22 years of fully committed service to land management in the Wairarapa, and there are many fine examples of his work as one drives around the region. Rob’s tutoring of the two new staff, Chris Ladd and Faith Barber has continued through to the present. They have also received expert tuition in the deep, dark world of LUC mapping from Doug Hicks and are currently applying those skills to a number of properties. We are very hopeful that Faith will stay with us after her period of secondment is over. There’s an offer on the table so here’s hoping. Elsewhere things are going well. Michelle Bird has had a very busy planting season with the Streams Alive riparian project. Over the winter period a total of 11,000 native seedlings have been planted. All eco-sourced I’d have to say. Establishment rates of these seedlings have been


very good despite a very dry spring period, particularly in the Otaki area. Don Bell has also had a very busy planting season, including shelter belts, woodlots, wetlands and riparian margins. He is now turning his attention to the Papawai and Enaki Community projects. Both these are in their formative stages, and the Papawai project is one to keep an eye on. This is a community led project, primarily overseen by the Maori community, and is looking to restore the Maori values to the stream, within the context of wider community consultation and participation. Our new CEO has done a bit of tinkering with the structure here at Greater Wellington. He has grouped Land Management, Biodiversity Management, Biosecurity and River Management into one division. ICM is being bandied about as one of the reasons. While I’m comfortable with the amalgamation of functions into one division, ICM makes me nervous as it requires an inordinate amount of planning and consultation before the operational stuff can be contemplated.

Dave Cameron

Hawkes Bay Well just a brief note from Hawke's Bay this time. Everyone who was involved with the conference has been flat stick catching up on the work that was deferred over during the month of September. We also had a member resign from the Regional Council to follow other activities Jude Addenbrooke, so we have had extra workload. The Council team has been checking projects that were implemented during the winter and reports suggest a good growing season for our traditional poplar and willow trees - lord knows there's been plenty of moisture for us. One shelterbelt I was involved with, 2 rows, with Phormium cookianum and Pittosporum ralphii/crassifolium, was growing well until a fungal attack on the Pittosporum, ironically because of the relatively wet season so far. Members who work for the Regional Council have been packing their gear and getting ready for the big shift into the new building. So any of you coming to visit next year will get a surprise we'll all be in one building, not in a rabbit warren. Garth, Neil, and Peter have been going through the archives retaining as much as is allowed. It is fascinating looking at previous photos and work that has been going on since the 1940's. Conference proceedings will probably be completed early in the new year and indications are this year that it will be a CD only. Other than that we are looking forward to Xmas and a well earned break. Merry Xmas everybody, oh and to the 'Waikato crew', thanks the wine was superb.

Simon Stokes


Northland Kathy Mortimer has decided to step down from her position as Land Management Team Leader with the Northland Regional Council to spend a bit more time on her art work and on her family. She is now working three days a week as Land Management Officer - Environmental Fund. Congratulations to Bruce Griffin, formerly Biodiversity Officer, who has been appointed Land Management Team Leader. Vince Lane from Auckland University takes up the new position of Catchment Management Officer in early January. While all these moves have been going on around her, Kate Banbury has soldiered on with her environmental farm plans within the Lake Omapere catchment and with the Meat and Wool Monitor Farms. Meanwhile, Helen Moodie of the NZ Landcare Trust is empire building, gaining and losing staff to fill her office block in Kamo and to meet the increasing demand for the Trust's services in Northland.

Bob Cathcart


Update: New members Tabitha Anthony Richard Airey – gained a B Apl Sc. in Natural Resource Management from Massey. Spent the summers working for DOC and at the Karori Wildlife Sanctuary. Since graduating has worked for a structural engineering firm, a Forest management firm and spent some time last winter on a Tokoroa Dairy farm before joining the ranks at Horizons in November 2004. Andrew Reid – gained a BSc from the Universtiy of Waikato, has worked as a Water Conservator at Gisborne District Council since 1997. Work includes; takes, discharges to and trigger limits for both Surface and Ground water, and Coastal Permits. Richard Storey – Masters studies focussed on benefits of riparian forest on maintaining instream values. Doctoral studies examined groundwater-surface water interactions in the hyporheic zone of streams for processing dissolved nutrients. Has two years experience examining the hydrologyand aquatic invertebrate community of a threatened wetland in Lebanon, and educating local students and residents about conservation. Currently studying the biological values of intermittent (seasonally dry) streams in Hawke’s Bay, and determining the impacts of land use change. Ross Gray – Primary Qualification- NZ Certificate in Science GEOLOGY. Recently completed courses- MFE Riparian Management, HBRC Farm Planning and Land Classification, Massey Sustainable Nutrient Management in NZ Agriculture. Worked 1981-84 Technical Trainee, Soils & Soil Fertility, MAF; 1984-91 Science Technician, Soil Ecology, MAF-Tech; 1991-Current Research Associate, Land & Environmental Management, AgResearch. Russell How – Twenty five years practical farming experience as well as twenty years of agricultural contracting and six years involvement with Nutri-Link. Through chronic animal heath problems, an interest in diet requirements and soil health was born. From 1978 onwards has practically applied the Nutri-Link concept both on his own farm and now advise many other farmers throughout the North Island as to what the concept is all about. Nutri-Link’s mission statement probably sums it all up. Mission Statement: Through strategic use of fertilisers, NutriLink aims to improve and maintain a productive, healthy and nutritious environment for soils, animals and humanity. Philip Budding – currently working with AgResearch, GIS Mapping, Soil Management Tools, Native tree introduction to pasture land. Desmond Costall – AgResearch, Taupo Nitrate leaching, Dairy Catchment studies, Best Management Practices, GIS Mapping. Faith Barber – gained BSocSci from Waikato Uni, MSc in Resource Management from Lincoln Uni. Eight years as a conservation ranger (biodiversity) based in the Kaikoura Field Centro of DOC. Involved in a large range of flora and fauna projects Employed at EWRC as a resource


advisor for the policy and planning team. Since June 05 employed in the land management section as a LMO on secondment for 6 months. Christopher Ladd – Currently a Land Management Officer for GWRC in Wairarapa. Have a Dip Ag and B Applied Science (Forestry/Agricultur Majors) from Massey. Worked as a dairy farm consultant for 2 years prior to current position. Six years experience of hands on farming experience across a wide range of agricultural sectors. Other new members include: Lucy Ferguson, Grant McLaren, Georgina Cranswick, Graham Sevicke-Jones, Sue Page, Paul Begley, Tane Desmond, Iain Maxwell. Editors note: A number of other people ticked the box to join at the conference, but to date no membership forms have been received. If you think any of your colleagues had joined at the conference but you don’t see their name here, tap them on the shoulder and remind them to get their membership form to the secretary.

Conference perk - sponsored ‘networking’ at the Thirsty Whale, located along Napier’s trendy upgrade of the portside waterfront. That’s John Whale giving a wave (John supplied all the photos in this issue of Broadsheet).


Update: CPRM Alan Campbell As part of NZARM’s commitment to professional development and to promote good practice, competence, and ethics in resource management, we offer the Certificated Practicing Resource Manager (CPRM). This certification acknowledges your training and experience in a wide range of resource management fields and provides a framework for you to maintain your professional competence. The CPRM is firstly a graduated certification system in three stages to identify the level at which your professional competence is recognised, based on your qualifications and experience. This can be demonstrated by holding a degree and working in the resource management field for at least 5 years, or by preparing a portfolio covering the relevant skills. The latter applies if you do not hold a degree, or if you wish to accelerate your progress through the grades. Secondly, the CPRM is recognition of your continuing professional development and the currency of your skills, by providing an annual practicing certificate when you can demonstrate that you have undertaken at least 50 hours of professional development in the previous year. Applications for certification and CPRM close on 31 March each year and are considered by the certification committee in April. Up until this year the process has been managed through the NZ Institute of Agricultural Science, but from 2006 on, we will manage this ourselves through our NZARM secretariat. Those of you who are currently certificated will receive an application form early in the New Year. You must fill it in and return it before the end of March. If you wish to become certificated, contact the secretary at New Zealand Association of Resource Management, Private Box 5280 Palmerston North for the appropriate form. If you want to know more about this, you can call me on 07 8590 873, or 021 2411 275. Alan Campbell CPRM convenor

Editor’s note: This article was prepared in response to an apparent degree of confusion about CPRM expressed by some new members at the recent NZARM Conference. Further information is available at the NZARM website:


Conference report: Some organising thoughts about the NZARM Conference 2005 ‘Growing Sustainably’ Simon Stokes Welcome to sunny Hawke’s Bay the sign said…… Firstly thanks to all of you who took time out again this year to attend the conference. From what I can gather everyone enjoyed themselves in relation to catching up with colleagues, the evening sessions, and the actual conference itself. I think everyone will remember the Day 2 field trip where Plan B was activated and how you all managed to discuss an issue about a farm you never visualized! But isn’t it interesting to put ourselves in that position. Often people who work on policy, issues, educational tools, even science, or who are urban based and have little rural connection do the same thing and perhaps that afternoon gave us an insight into how that can be played out. We work from such a visualized and knowledgeable perspective and often get frustrated with people who can t see or imagine what we are talking about. Good learning session.

‘stormin’ Norm Ngapo leading his workshop with Emily O’Donnell on the whiteboard at Kimpton Hills.

This short note is really just a summary of the conference from an organisers perspective. Looking back it wasn’t that difficult even though it did attract a fair amount of work time for all involved. We were thrilled with 108 attendees, albeit not all attended all of the three days, representing a wide range of backgrounds and organisations. Who attended, presentations, etc will be in a proceedings that will be published eventually – and it might be just a CD.


I caught the comment of one attendee about the conference being really useful for the farming community, its leaders and other agricultural industries but their numbers are low. Do they know about NZARM or its conferences? Its a good question. From an organisational perspective we did use local media and sent flyers to specific people, but we could have added a rural mail drop and definitely increased the potential for more people to attend. But it does raise issues of increased costs and conference organisation. At the end of the day one reason we belong to NZARM is to go to conference and if we generally have only members there, then we can have robust discussion and focus on our work. But I do agree we need more farmers in particular, and agricultural consultants. What conferences do they attend? Grasslands? The new ASB sponsored farmer orientated conference? Taking this further, my own personal perspective on this is that we need to get more NZARM members presenting papers and attending other conferences talking about similar issues that arise at NZARM conferences or representing NZARM talking about NZARM itself. Secondly we need to accept that to be more pro-active we need to target people and or get more people/professionals to help organise a conference. Though to do the latter you need more sponsorship money or have an increased conference cost, or both. Lastly we also need to develop and grow our conferences and learning from a cultural perspective. I think a great theme for a conference one day soon is ‘tangata whenua and the environment’. This leads into another point whereby Regional Councils essentially deliver a high rate of ‘in kind’ involvement into NZARM conferences and if this decreases for various reasons how are our conferences going to be managed. It also means that often the content of conferences potentially orientated around a Council which can be a good and not so good thing. Certainly more sponsorship will be needed and that may require professional event organisers. Obtaining sponsorship funding for this conference was remarkable easy and thanks to those sponsors who contributed. It lowered the registration fee considerably and meant we could cater for our attendees better and not just in a culinary sense either. But sponsorship is a big factor, it was in Gore and Napier and will be for the next conferences. We need to be able to show that our sponsors get a ‘benefit’ also and that is something we have to think about. We hired an event organiser at a good rate and this was invaluable – in fact she could have done more! It takes away the administrative responsibilities and reduced some of the cost for the Council in particular. I highly recommend this continues and will be discussing this at Exec level in relation to future conferences. We had a relatively small team of NZARM members involved in organising the conference and it worked well, but the team were experienced at conference organising. As far as how many people do you need, well that is an open ended question. One point is that a ‘dummy run’ for all field trips is necessary with Plan B and possibly C in place also. We had a Plan B for each field trip but the mistake we made was not making Plan B as well organised as Plan A – something to think about. With field trips there also needs to be a procedure at the site, someone to talk, speaker systems etc, as sometimes the field visit can drift. Administratively letting people do their own accommodation is a good idea, lay out the options etc, but it does make organisers nervous about conference timetables as attendees requirements do mean that they often use their gear or accommodation and if they are scattered far and wide timeframes can be difficult to keep. And you can leave people behind!


As organisers we were also quite strict, but not strict enough, on presenters providing their presentation before the conference to iron out technological issues. Most people can supply CD’s or bring a ‘stick’ on the day and most computers cope with this. But don’t let presenters play with their presentations on the conference computer – get a spare one and re-do their presentation on that and ensure it has disc writing capability. Any fiddling around can sometimes upset the technology which did happen to us in a minor way. As presenters we all have to learn to be better prepared for the presentation and the organisers. One thing I was personally pleased about was the workshop sessions and having everybody involved with people practicing their facilitation skills. Thanks to those who contributed to this exercise. I know at Exec level we are very keen to see more opportunities for new members and new resource managers to experience presenting and being involved in a conference environment, almost creating a training ground for helping with your careers and upskilling. It takes a fair amount of preparation and real commitment from some people but it makes for an entertaining event. We also invited the local EIT agricultural students to attend Day 2 at highly subsidized rate and they really enjoyed the conference. Its another idea that I am going to take to the Exec in relation to funding more students to our conference from the local area we are conferencing in. And then there was the entertainment!

There were some other good things and some minor glitches but essentially it went off without a hitch. The feedback has been tremendous and very much appreciated. Thanks to John ‘thirsty’ Whale for the NZARM photography. Thanks to the 2005 conference committee. Ka kite ano everyone Simon


Article: Horizon’s big push for sustainable land use (SLUI) Bettina Anderson (for Malcolm Todd & Grant Cooper)


land use

green hills safe communities clean streams

The Sustainable Landuse Initiative (affectionately known as slew-ee (SLUI) for short), can best be described as a mountains-to-the-sea response to the serious land management issues facing the Manawatu-Wanganui Region. Hatched by community leaders in the aftermath of the February 2004 storm that battered the lower half of the North Island, the project is currently nearing the end of its first year of planning, pilot schemes and lobbying.

For a Region that encompasses 8% of New Zealand’s land area; comprises the largest area of hill country of any region (1.3 million ha); and is drained by five major river systems – a mountainsto-the-sea approach to the problem is crucial. Approximately 300 000 ha of hill country land can be defined as Highly Erodible (i.e. has the potential to suffer severe accelerated erosion) and some 75% of the Region’s population live downstream of it on the fertile Manawatu Plains (protected by extensive flood/erosion and drainage schemes). Gravity, naturally high rainfalls, soft bedrock, farming practices that exacerbate erosion, and the potential for increasing intensification on hill country farms - all contrive to produce aggrading rivers and reduced capacity in flood protection schemes, both now and into the future. The February 2004 storm poured a torrent of water onto this landscape: dissecting hillsides, shredding forest cover, loading waterways with debris and sediment, and inundating lowland areas for days on end. The aftermath statistics bandied about tend to be too large for most of us to fully comprehend: • $66 000 000 worth of repair works to the • Flood flows in excess of 1-in-100 year roading network return period • $112 000 000 worth of insurance claims • 70% of the Region affected • $300 000 000 worth of damage to the • Severe erosion on 120 000 ha of hill country regional economy • 200 million tonnes of soil loss With the second anniversary of the event fast approaching and much of the obvious repairs and restoration now complete; February 2004 has dropped well out of the collective public consciousness. Not so for the small group of experts and community leaders that comprises the SLUI development team. Their mission: to develop, seek support, and deliver a community-based package that aims to offer the Region a form of ‘environmental insurance’ through: • protecting hill country and lowland communities and assets from future storm events (and ongoing impacts resulting from the 2004 events) • protecting the soil asset upon which the Region’s rural economy is based, and • reducing the Region’s reliance on government relief/recovery assistance in the future. We can’t control the weather, but as a community we can take action to improve the resilience of the Region’s landscape against such extreme events. In the SLU initiative, this action includes promoting measures to conserve our natural resources (i.e. soils, land and waterways) and active sediment management. Although the suite of tools used to achieve this will be many and varied, the cornerstone will be a non-regulatory “Whole Farm Plan” (WFP) approach.


A WFP in the context of SLUI will have three components: an economic and environmental analysis of the current farming practice on a site; an analysis of where environmental and economic gains can be made in the future by moving to more sustainable landuse practices; and a work-plan of how to achieve this over a 5 year period. WFP implementation will initially be targeted at farms located in areas of Highly Erodible land (as mapped and defined in Horizons new resource management plan currently being drafted – the One Plan); with a target set of 50% of properties located in these areas having an operative WFP by 2017. Although erosion control is a prime focus in these areas, the WFP will also address nutrient management, water quality, and biodiversity issues. The intent is that a WFP will provide the landowner with an economic and environmental rationale to make a change to more sustainable practices. Using WFP’s as the key delivery mechanism for this initiative recognises that the land at risk is owned and managed by private individuals and that the requirements from farm to farm will vary with land type, enterprise etc. To date, a small number of WFP’s have been piloted in the Region, and it is hoped to have 10 operative farm plans spread across different geographical areas and enterprises by July 2006. Subsequent rollout of the WFP programme is dependant on the level of central government funding support secured and the delivery capacity of the various key agencies involved (e.g. Horizons, AgResearch, and farm consultants). In addition to farm planning, the SLUI package will also include a mix of research and information sharing, publicity, education, incentive provision, joint ventures and land purchase all designed to encourage the land owner/occupier to change to more sustainable farming practices. As a ten year, $85 million dollar project, there is still considerable ground to cover before the initiative is up and running. To date, work has centred on: the design and development of the package; building interest and support amongst the key agencies and groups that will be involved in the rollout phase; and lobbying central government for funding support (we’ve lost track of how many politicians have flown over our slip-scarred hillsides!). As the package will eventually consolidate sustainable farming best-practice into a single community-driven programme, it is hoped that once operative, it can be widely used a template for similar initiatives elsewhere in the country. The first Whole Farm Plan prototype is available for comment (download from NZARM website Contact for more information:

Our thanks to Murray Ball for his support for SLUI!

Our thanks to Murray Ball for his support for SLUI!


Article: Coromandel Peninsula Project update Emily O’Donnell About the Peninsula Project The Coromandel Peninsula is known for its beautiful environment. However, riverbank erosion, debris blocking rivers and streams, the effect of animal pests on forest health and storms have caused wide-spread problems for communities. The Peninsula Project aims to improve these issues. It’s a collaborative project between Environment Waikato, Thames-Coromandel District Council, Department of Conservation and Hauraki Maori Trust Board. Over the next 20 years, the project will have far-reaching benefits for both the environment and the people who live and holiday on the Peninsula. It will: • better protect people, property and essential • reduce pests such as possums and goats services from flooding • improve diversity of plants and animals • reduce sedimentation in rivers, harbours and • improve and stabilise catchments estuaries • sustain the mauri of the Peninsula from • improve water quality the mountain ranges to the sea. Welcome to this Peninsula Project update. In the last year we’ve taken some key steps to reduce the risk of flooding on the Thames Coast. We now have resource consents that allow us to carry out regular maintenance works on the Te Puru, Waiomu, Pohue, Tapu and Coromandel Town streams. Animal pest control has been carried out on over 16,000 hectares of land, stop banking was completed around the Elizabeth Park Retirement Village, part of the Manaia stream was realigned to its natural course and the stream’s banks were stabilised by the construction of a 650 tonne rock wall and earth bank. We’ve also continued our work with community working parties, and have valued their feedback on major flood protection works. While the bulk of the major flood protection works has been carried out on the west coast of the peninsula work is happing all obver the peninsula. Wetland and riparian enhancement and retirement as well as more traditional soil conservation works is happening as well as consultation for major flood protection works. The first major Riparian Management plan has been completed with work about to start of 2 catchment management plans. Retirement of high risk properties Thames-Coromandel District Council and Environment Waikato have recently met with a number of Coromandel property owners, whose properties are located in high risk flood areas, to discuss possible retirement options. The Government’s $10 million flood relief package, received last year, includes some funding to purchase properties that are at serious risk from on-going flooding. Once purchased, the buildings are to be removed and the land retired from development. This ensures that the risk to life and damage to property from flooding is reduced.


Bridge update Transit NZ is expecting to complete the initial concept designs for the Tararu Bridge upgrade early next year. Designs for the Te Puru Bridge are expected in April 2006. Environment Waikato has continued discussions with Transit NZ about upgrading the bridge across Waiomu Stream. Transit has not yet given a commitment to this, however, it’s expected that they will include it in their 2006/07 Draft Annual Plan. Stream maintenance works Earlier this year, Environment Waikato obtained resource consents for channel maintenance works in all Thames Coast communities (except Te Puru, which has an existing consent). These 20-year consents allow Environment Waikato to carry out vegetation clearance, gravel management, sediment removal and erosion protection activities to stablilise stream channels and allow water to flow more freely. Maintenance works already undertaken reduced the impact of flooding on the Te Puru, Waiomu and Tapu communities during July’s heavy rain. Further maintenance works are planned for early 2006. Major flood protection works Over the last year, some major flood protection works have been completed, including the construction of a floodwall downstream of the bridge at Tararu and stopbanking around the Elizabeth Park Retirement Village in Coromandel Town. These works have provided residents with much needed peace of mind. Progress has also been made in other communities, for example: Coromandel Town: Environment Waikato had previously concluded that the proposed Petoti diversion wasn’t a viable option. This decision has recently been supported by an independent review of Environment Waikato’s findings. Given this, the Petoti diversion option has been set aside. The Working Party is now focusing on protection works for the CBD and Hauraki Road, and survey and design planning is currently underway to support this work. Tapu: Environment Waikato has been negotiating flood protection works for the lower campground area with Thames-Coromandel District Council and the campground manager. It’s proposed that a low key spillway and earth bund (that is, a bank) be constructed to protect this area. A design plan is currently being prepared for discussion and works could begin in early 2006, subject to agreement, resource consents and weather. Additional channel maintenance works are also proposed. Pest control Goats and possums are slowly killing the Peninsula’s forests, contributing to erosion and flooding. Feral goats eat forest undergrowth and regenerating plants, affecting the stability of slopes and soils and increasing the effects of erosion. Possums eat forest foliage, killing trees and


reducing their ability to help slow down water that runs off hillsides and down valleys during times of heavy rain. Reducing the number of these pests is essential to addressing the issues of flooding and environmental damage on the Thames Coast. Achievements with goats The goat hunting team completed their training in June this year. Since then, they’ve hunted goats on 3,500 hectares of DOC administered land from Te Puru to the Tapu-Coroglen Road. The team is now moving into the area west of the Coromandel Range from the Tapu-Coroglen Road to Manaia. Achievements with possums Completion of the aerial 1080 operation on September 7 was a significant milestone for the Peninsula Project. Initial observations indicate that this operation has had an excellent result. Monitoring will be undertaken in November to more accurately measure this. We’re pleased to report that no trace of 1080 was found in water samples taken from the Mangarehu and Kauaeranga water intakes. This is consistent with extensive water sampling programmes conducted after aerial 1080 operations in other parts of New Zealand. Ground-based control begins A ground-based bait station operation on DOC administered land, and private land where owners have given their approval, has begun. The possum team is currently working from Te Puru south, and contractors are working in the Tararu Valley and Mangarehu catchment. This work should be completed by the end of this year. Planning for 2006 We appreciate the support we’ve received from landowners and their willingness to be involved in goat and possum control initiatives. We look forward to continuing to consult and work with you to plan pest control operations for 2006. Goat control will be on land west of the Coromandel Range from the Tapu-Coroglen Road to Coromandel Town. Possum control will be on land west of the Coromandel Range from Te Puru to Manaia. Free possum control In residential areas from the Kauaeranga Valley to Tararu Recent possum control operations have been a significant first step to reducing possum numbers on the Thames Coast and protecting our communities from the impacts of flooding. But possums aren’t just in the bush. They visit your gardens, feasting on trees, fruit and flowers. They also eat grass – in one night around ten possums can eat as much grass as one sheep and around 150 possums can eat as much grass as one cow.


One of the aims of the Peninsula Project is to reduce possum numbers from the mountains to the sea. To achieve this, we need you, and other landowners in your area, to control possums on your properties. Over the next six months, Environment Waikato and Thames-Coromandel District Council will be targeting possums in residential areas from the Kauaeranga Valley to Tararu. If you have a possum problem, or have recently seen or heard possums around your house, please call us. We’ll arrange for our animal pest control contractor to visit your property, and develop an appropriate plan to remove this pest. We’re also able to offer support and advice if you'd like to control possums on your property on an ongoing basis. This is your chance to support local pest control efforts and to help significantly reduce possum numbers in your area Making a difference Monitoring the effectiveness of our work is an important part of the Peninsula Project. A range of on-going monitoring programmes are being developed to measure and record changes in forest composition, canopy and undergrowth health, slip re-vegetation, stream bank erosion, soil runoff, stream sedimentation and flooding. Monitoring results will be included in future newsletters.

Article: Managing border dyke irrigation (Pahau Enhancement Group, Canterbury) Donna Woodley This week Pahau Enhancement Group held a well-attended field day focusing on the management of wipe-off water from border dyke irrigation. As with most border dyke schemes, the Amuri scheme in North Canterbury was designed to direct excess wipe-off water into waterways. Accepting that farmers had inherited a scheme that wasn’t designed for today’s standards of controlling wipe-off waters, Amuri Irrigation Company took the lead and offered to provide consultant engineering advice to several properties to identify the extent of the problem and to suggest ways of minimising wipe-off. This work suggested a series of actions necessary to effectively address wipe-off; firstly minimising the volume of wipe-off created; secondly controlling and directing wipe-off to areas away from streams; thirdly retention and recycling of wipe-off or retention and treatment to discharge.


On-farm day-to-day management of the border dyke system, such as setting and monitoring clock times, was stressed as a key area and one where simple improvements could be made and large reductions in wipe-off volumes achieved in relatively short time frames and without large cost. Headrace maintenance and system redesign/re-bordering, were highlighted as another means of decreasing the volume of runoff created. Once wipe-off has been minimised it must be managed to prevent any entering waterways. Bunding around waterways and directing wipe-off to ponding areas or headraces below for reuse were discussed as ways to manage wipe-off. The property on which the field day was held had already begun works and had developed a system where wipe-off water from several paddocks was ponded and then taken by a siphon to the headrace in the paddock below. This system also provided a large amount of ‘buffer’ storage should a clock or gate fail for several hours during an irrigation. Chris Tanner, NIWA, provided the group with information on the likely effectiveness of wetlands as a treatment option for wipe-off water, as well as some basic design guidelines for those properties who are interested in this option. Peter Carey, Land Research Services, presented the results of Dairy Insight work that has been carried out in the Waikakahi catchment in South Canterbury. About the Pahau Enhancement Group: Addressing border dyke wipe-off is one of the priorities of PEG which was formed in March this year, at the request of the Community, Amuri Irrigation Company and Environment Canterbury, to address water quality issues in the Pahau Catchment in North Canterbury. The immediate focus of the group is to decrease the level of phosphorus and faecal contamination entering the Pahau and its tributaries. Water Quality sampling and catchment assessment undertaken over the previous 5 years had identified several possible sources of contamination including stock access, border dyke wipe-off water, effluent, nutrient management, and riparian management. Addressing border dyke wipeoff was one of the priorities not only because of the high levels of nutrients and faecals in wipeoff water but also because the discolouration of wipe-off in the streams caused public concern where streams ran through Culverden township. For more information contact, Donna Woodley, Assistant Resource Care Co-orindator, Environment Canterbury, (03) 363-9382,


LandVision – Innovative land management solutions Lachie Grant & Sarah Dudin LandVision is a new independent company offering a comprehensive range of sustainable land management advice and tools to companies, local bodies and individual land holders throughout New Zealand. The company, run by long-time NZARM members Lachie Grant and Sarah Dudin, specialises in integrated land management and is focused on providing a range of sustainable land management tools and options that achieve a desired result. Core services include whole farm and catchment planning, technical advice on sustainable land management issues and techniques, resource information provision (including LRI/LUC survey), nutrient budgeting and management, wetland and riparian management, facilitation of farm/community groups, coastal management, forestry management, industry training, and high quality mapping.

Land Resource Inventory & Land Use Capability map recently prepared by LandVision for a coastal hard hill-country property. Better quality colour version can be viewed by downloading the electronic PDF of Broadsheet from


LandVision is also currently a service provider of Land and Environment Plans for NZ Farmsure, the farmer driven quality assurance program designed by farmers for farmers. NZ Farmsure aims to achieve a principle of food safety, animal welfare and sustainable resource management that is defendable in all countries of the world including NZ. This has been achieved by developing a computer program which farmers work through developing 3 key ongoing management plans. NZ Farmsure is an independent and clever farmer-driven initiative, but its one that needs the support of the wider Resource Management community. More information available from, all enquires to Kris August at 06 8573800. Some other projects LandVision is currently involved in include a coastal subdivision, farm planning both at catchment and individual basis and industry training. Lachie and Sarah bring together a depth and diversity of sustainable land management experience, and are hugely enthusiastic about helping with all land management and rural issues. LandVision offers a range of top quality services and will deal with the individual issues through to ongoing technical information and support. Any enquires, or 021 526478.



NZARM Broadsheet Newsletter  

Our November 2005 issue

NZARM Broadsheet Newsletter  

Our November 2005 issue