Animus A Short Introduction to Bias in the Law WILLIAM D. ARAIZA
An introduction to the legal concept of unconstitutional bias If a town council denies a zoning permit for a group home for intellectually disabled persons because residents don’t want “those kinds of people” in the neighborhood, the town’s decision is motivated by the public’s dislike of a particular group. Constitutional law calls this rationale “animus.”
“In this thoughtful, carefully reasoned book, William D. Araiza takes on one of the most important issues of contemporary constitutional law: when does a government’s targeting of a particular group represent a constitutional wrong? In clear, concise language, Araiza makes the case that all Americans are protected against invidiously motivated government action, where that action amounts to unconstitutional animus.” —Katie Eyer, Rutgers Law School
WILLIAM D. ARAIZA is Vice Dean and Professor of Law at Brooklyn Law School. Previously, he clerked on the Ninth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals and for Justice David Souter of the United States Supreme Court.
Over the last two decades, the Supreme Court has increasingly turned to the concept of animus to explain why some instances of discrimination are unconstitutional. However, the Court’s condemnation of animus fails to address some serious questions. How can animus on the part of people and institutions be uncovered? Does mere opposition to a particular group’s equality claims constitute animus? Does the concept of animus have roots in the Constitution? Animus engages these important questions, offering an original and provocative introduction to this type of unconstitutional bias. William D. Araiza analyzes some of the modern Supreme Court’s most important discrimination cases through the lens of animus, tracing the concept from nineteenth century legal doctrine to today’s landmark cases, including Obergefell vs. Hodges and United States v. Windsor, both related to the legal rights of same-sex couples. Animus humanizes what might otherwise be an abstract legal question, illustrating what constitutes animus, and why the prohibition against it matters more today than ever in our pluralistic society.
APRIL 2017 224 PAGES CLOTH • 978-1-4798-4603-0 • $25.00A (£24.99) In the Legal Latin in Practice series CURRENT AFFAIRS • LAW 4
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