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occur within the metropolitan area of a single city, however as “middle-size” cities in Argentina (places with more than 50,000 inhabitants) have continued to grow in population and size, migration from city to city has also grown. In 1950, 15.6% of Argentina’s total population lived in these middle cities, yet by 1991 this number had grown to 33.0%. While the overall population of Buenos Aires increased during the same period, this growth of middle-size cities is one of the distinct urban trends in Argentine today. III. Environmental Effects of Urbanization The extremely high levels of urbanization that exist in Argentina have led to many environmental problems that threaten the nation’s natural resources, the health of its people, and the overall health of its environment. One of the most prevalent problems that Argentina has faced due to such high levels of urbanization is a significant amount of air pollution surrounding major cities, largely deriving from the widespread increased use of cars, buses, and other modes of transportation that release pollutants into the air. The transportation sector of Argentina was alone responsible for 33% of all carbon emissions within the country, representing 11.7 million metric tons of carbon being released into the atmosphere; and this amount has only increased (Plá). In the Buenos Aires Metropolitan area, this vehicle air pollution is caused by about one million light-duty


Esferas—Issue Two  

Esferas is an undergraduate student and alumni initiative from New York University’s Department of Spanish and Portuguese. We are a peer-re...

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