Page 79

work (Winn). Prominent landowners and cattle barons came to characterize

Argentina’s

expansive

and

fertile

pampas,

developing the nation into one characterized not by family farms but rather by tiny villages scattered in the countryside while the vast majority lived in urban setting. As previously mentioned, after the economic crisis of the 1930’s and the adoption of Import Substitution Industrialization, job opportunities became clustered in the urban centers and became a major pull factor attracting rural populations to leave their homes and move to the cities. Disillusioned immigrants and rural Argentines began settling in the Buenos Aires area, greatly expanding the urban population of the nations largest city and adding to the existing urbanization pattern of the nation. By the 1970’s Argentina was already largely urbanized, with 78.9% of its population residing in urban centers; around the 1970’s Argentina continued to urbanize, but at a much slower pace, thanks in part to the breakdown of Import Substitution Industrialization. Between 1970–2005, Argentina grew in its urban population from 78.9% to 90.1%, an 11.2% increase in 35 years, while between 1950–1970 the nation saw an increase of 13.6% in just 20 years (Hays-Mitchell and Godfrey). Besides being one of the most highly urbanized nations in Latin America and the world, Argentina is also one of the nations with the highest primacies (Cerrutti and Bertoncello). Buenos Aires is a

79

Esferas—Issue Two  

Esferas is an undergraduate student and alumni initiative from New York University’s Department of Spanish and Portuguese. We are a peer-re...

Advertisement