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II. Urbanization Trends in Argentina According to United Nations Human Settlement Indicators, in the year 2005, the population of Argentina was 91.1% urban, an incredibly

high

percentage,

yet

characteristic

of

the

urbanization levels in the surrounding Southern Cone nations. While some South American nations continue to grow their urban populations quickly and in great number through rural to urban migration patterns, Argentina experienced its rural to urban migration throughout the first half of the 20th century; in 1910 the urbanization level in Argentina was measured at 28.4%, and by 1950 this percentage had grown to 65.3%, a staggering 39.6 % increase in just 40 years (Hays-Mitchell and Godfrey). At the turn of the 20th century, Argentina experienced a profound influx of immigrants from many European countries— mainly Italy and Spain—who came to the nation in search of land ownership or jobs in agriculture; approximately 2.5 million immigrants arrived in Argentina between 1880 and 1930, making Argentina the nation with the single largest proportion of immigrants in its population during this time period (Winn 107– 108). While some of these immigrants were able to purchase the land for which they thirsted, many spent time working as tenant farmers on expansive farms owned by the wealthy before returning to the city in search of industrial jobs or unskilled labor 78

Esferas—Issue Two  

Esferas is an undergraduate student and alumni initiative from New York University’s Department of Spanish and Portuguese. We are a peer-re...

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