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Cheshire Area Profile Fact File (Excluding Halton) (May 2010)

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This report is published by the Regional Intelligence Unit as part of its continuing commitment to inform the sustainable economic development of the Northwest of England. It has been produced by the NWDA Research Team and whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the material contained herein the NWDA or the RIU cannot accept any responsibility for decisions based on the material that follows. Please note that all data provided by Office for National Statistics is Crown copyright material is reproduced with the permission of the Controller of HMSO. All analysis is prepared by NWDA Research Team or the referenced consultants/supplier.

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Contents

Area map .......…………………………………………………

4

Business ……………………………………………………… Economy ………………………………………………….. Businesses ………………………………………………..

5 5 5

Skills & Education ………………………………………….. Education ………………………………………………….

5 5

People & Jobs ……………………………………………….. Population ………………………………………………… Migration ………………………………………………….. Labour Market ……………………………………………. Wages …………………………………………………….. Health ……………………………………………………...

6 6 7 7 8 8

Infrastructure ………………………………………………… 9 Area ……………………………………………………….. 9 Housing …………………………………………………… 9 Transport ………………………………………………….. 10 Regeneration ……………………………………………... 10 Quality of Life ………………………………………………... 10 Image ……………………………………………………… 10 Deprivation ……………………………………………….. 10 Crime ……………………………………………………… 11 Household Income ………………………………………. 11 Interesting Facts …………………………………………….

11

Data Sources …………………………………………………

14

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Business Economy In 2007 Cheshire (including Halton and Warrington) had an economy worth £21.3 billion and during the same period the Northwest Economy was worth £116.5 billion. (Regional Accounts, ONS, December 2009) In 2007 Cheshire (including Halton and Warrington) had a Gross Value Added of £21,242 per head and during the same period the Northwest value was £16,967. (Source: Regional Accounts, ONS, December 2009) Businesses Count of Active Enterprises (2008) Cheshire East 17,360 Cheshire West and Chester 12,425 Warrington 7,135 Cheshire 36,920 North West 235,315 Source: Business Demography 2008, ONS

Births of New Enterprises (2008) 2,005 1,375 880 4,260 27,650

Deaths of Enterprises (2008) 1,580 1,040 695 3,315 23,150

In 2008 industry in Cheshire was distributed, based on the number of companies in each industry, according to the following classifications. Industry

Agriculture & fishing Energy & water Manufacturing Construction Distribution, hotels & restaurants Transport and communications Banking, finance & insurance, etc Public administration, education & health Other services Total Source: Annual Business Inquiry 2008

Cheshire Number of % Companies 423 1.1 89 0.2 2,202 5.6 3,300 8.3 10,802 27.3 1,674 4.2 14,839 37.5 3,187 8.0 3,103 7.8 39,619 100.0

North West Number of % Companies 2,008 0.8 446 0.2 17,236 6.7 25,590 10.0 74,931 29.3 11,397 4.5 79,650 31.2 24,326 9.5 19,793 7.8 255,377 100.0

Skills & Education Education The following table lists the qualifications of the working age population in 2008.

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NVQ3 Only

NVQ2+

NVQ 2 Only

NVQ 1+

NVQ 1 Only

No Quals

NVQ3+

NVQ4+

Cheshire East 35.1 52.4 Cheshire West and Chester 32.5 48.2 Warrington 30.9 48.2 Cheshire 33.2 49.9 North West 25.6 44.2 Source: Annual Population Survey Jan – Dec 2008

14.8 13.8 15.1 14.5 16.2

71.9 66.9 69.0 69.4 64.2

17.1 16.8 18.5 17.3 17.7

84.7 80.8 82.6 82.8 78.1

12.8 14.0 13.6 13.4 13.9

8.6 12.8 11.2 10.8 14.7

During 2009 within Cheshire there were 327 primary schools, 54 secondary schools and 20 special schools. (Source: Schools, Pupils and Their Characteristics: January 2009, DCSF) The following table lists the achievement of pupils, at the end of Key Stage 4, of 5+ A*-C grades at GCSE and equivalents in 2008/9. Cheshire North West Males 67.4% 67.2% Females 77.3% 74.8% Total 72.3% 70.9% Source: 2008/9 GCSE and Equivalent Results of pupils at the end of Key Stage 4, DCSF People & Jobs Population Area

All Ages Children (0- Working Age (16- Older People (65M/60F (000s) 15) (000s) 64M/59F) (000s) and Over) (000s) Cheshire East 361.5 66.4 216.0 79.1 Cheshire West and Chester 328.6 60.0 199.7 68.9 Warrington 196.2 37.8 122.0 36.4 Cheshire 886.3 164.2 537.7 184.4 North West 6,875.7 1,300.1 4,238.4 1,337.2 Source: 2008 Mid Year Population Estimates for Selected Age Groups, ONS Over the period 1998-2008 Cheshire had a population increase of 2.8% compared to the Northwest which increased by 1.2%. (Source: Mid Year Population Estimates for 1998 and 2008, NOMIS) In 2008 there was an average population density of 392 people per square kilometre in Cheshire compared to a figure of 395 for England and 487 for the Northwest. (Regional Trends 41, June 2009)

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Area

All Ethnic Groups as a % of Population Cheshire East 3.6 Cheshire West and Chester 3.3 Warrington 3.6 Cheshire 3.5 North West 7.9 Source: 2007 Experimental Population Estimates by Ethnic Group, ONS Migration Area NINo Registrations Cheshire East 11,980 Cheshire West and Chester 10,240 Warrington 6,620 Cheshire 28,840 North West 291,560 Source: National Insurance Number Registrations September 2009, Department for Work and Pensions Between 1 January 2002 and September 2009 Cheshire received 28,840 National Insurance number registrations which represents 9.9% of the Northwest total. The majority, 39.5%, of registrations came from Polish nationals. The table below shows internal migration for 2008. Area

Migration Migration Migration Inflow (000’s) Outflow (000’s) Balance (000’s) Cheshire East 14.6 13.7 1.0 Cheshire West and Chester 13.6 13.6 0.2 Warrington 6.5 5.8 0.7 Cheshire 34.7 33.1 1.9 North West 95.2 103.2 -8.0 Source: Mid 2007 – mid 2008 internal migration within the United Kingdom 2008, ONS Labour Market In 2008 81.8% were economically active in Cheshire compared to 76.8% in the Northwest. (Annual Population Survey Jul 08 – Jun 09, NOMIS) In Cheshire the population that were of working age (16 to pension age) was 75.6% compared to 76.6% in the Northwest. (Source: Annual Population Survey Jul 08 – Jun 09, NOMIS) 413,300 people (76.74%) of working age were in employment within Cheshire of which 367,500 (68.2%) were employees and 44,900 (8.3%) were self-employed compared to 2,999,300 (70.8%) in the Northwest of which 2,642,900 (62.4%) were employees and 340,600 (8.0%) were self-employed. (Source: Annual Population Survey Jul 08 – Jun 09, NOMIS)

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In Cheshire the unemployment rate of the working age population was 6.2% compared to 7.8% in the Northwest. (Source: Annual Population Survey Jul 08 – Jun 09, NOMIS) In February 2010 the Claimant Count within Cheshire was 19,022 (3.5%) compared to 204,157 (4.8%) in the Northwest (Source: Claimant Count with Rates and Proportions, NOMIS) In Cheshire there were 20,750 Income Support Claimants in August 2009 compared to 1,648,240 in England and 279,160 in the Northwest. (Source: Department for Work and Pensions Income Support Claimants, NOMIS). Wages The Northwest had a gross median weekly pay of £373.8 in 2009. Within Cheshire no Local Authorities fell below the regional level. Area

Weekly Pay (Gross Median (£) for all employee jobs) Cheshire East 389.1 Cheshire West and Chester 383.3 Warrington 424.5 Cheshire 394.9 North West 378.8 Source: Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings 2009 Health The table below shows the number of deaths and Standard Mortality Ratio (SMRs) for 2008:Male Female Number Standard Number Standard of Deaths Mortality Ratio of Deaths Mortality Ratio Chester 568 100 95 105 Congleton 408 97 91 103 Crewe & Nantwich 540 101 101 102 Ellesmere Port & Neston 397 106 104 109 Macclesfield 732 93 91 95 Vale Royal 569 101 97 104 Warrington 869 109 968 112 Cheshire (excluding Halton and Warrington) 3,214 96 3,711 102 North West 33,389 112 37,351 112 Source: Deaths by Local Authority area of usual residence, numbers and standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) 2008, ONS Area

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Infrastructure Area Area Size (sq km) % of Region Cheshire East 1,166 8.3 Cheshire West and Chester 916 6.5 Warrington 181 1.3 Cheshire 2,263 16.0 North West 14,106 100.0 Source: Regional Trends 41 - June 2009, ONS

Population Density (people per sq km) 310 359 1,086 392 487

There are 91,400 hectares of green belt land in Cheshire which equates to 5.8% of the overall area and in the Northwest there are 262,730 hectares which is 16.0%. Housing In February 2010 the average overall house price for Cheshire East was £156,455, up by 3.1% on the previous year, in Cheshire West and Chester it was £159,821, up by 1.7%, in Warrington it was £142,825, up by 6.0%, and for the Northwest it was £121,842 which was an increase of 4.7% on the previous year. (Source: House Price Index March 2010, Land Registry) The average house price can often be distorted by a few very expensive property sales. Lower quartile house prices are an indication of the cheapest housing within an area. The lower quartile house price is often used as a ratio against lower quartile earnings to indicate the ability of those on the lowest incomes to afford the cheapest housing in an area. Area

Lower Quartile Lower Quartile House Number of House Prices Price to Lower Quartile Households (£)1 Earnings Ratio2 (000s)3 Cheshire East 127,000 6.55 154 Cheshire West and Chester 123,000 6.57 138 Warrington 113,738 5.72 81 Cheshire Not Available Not Available 373 North West 98,000 5.02 2,931 Sources: 1) Lower Quartile House Prices Quarter 4 2009, DCLG, 2) Ratio of Lower Quartile House Price to Lower Quartile Earnings 2009, DCLG and 3) Projections of Households 2006, DCLG The number of Lone Parent Households with Dependent Children in Cheshire was 760 compared with 8,562 across the Northwest. (Source: Census 2001)

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Transport The table below shows the average time it takes residents to travel to work:Area

Average travel to work time (minutes) Chester 19 Congleton 20 Crewe & Nantwich 20 Ellesmere Port & Neston 17 Macclesfield 21 Vale Royal 20 Warrington 20 Cheshire 19.6 North West 19.4 Source: Average Travel to Work Time 2002-2003, Labour Force Survey, Local Knowledge Regeneration Cheshire is eligible for Tier Three Grants for Business Investment support. The entire geographical area of the Northwest is eligible under the new Regional Competitiveness and Employment Objective between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2013. Merseyside will have transitional status, until the end of 2010, with an allocation of transitional funding. There will be separate ERDF and ESF programmes in the region. Quality of Life Image Cheshire’s top 5 visitor attractions in 2008 were:Attraction Visitor Numbers Chester Zoo, Chester 1,259,173 Tatton Park, Knutsford 772,000 Quarry Bank Mill, Wilmslow 131,481 Astbury Mere Country Park, Congleton 120,000 Anderton Boat Lift, Northwich 109,210 Source: 2008 Annual Visitor Attractions Survey. Enjoy England Deprivation Cheshire has 23 Super Output Areas that feature in the ten percent most deprived Super Output Areas in England and Cheshire has 62 in the most deprived 20 percent. (Source: Index of Multiple Deprivation 2007, DCLG)

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Crime The table below shows crime rates and perceptions of crime:-

Total Recorded Crime: rate per 1,000 population Burglaries (all): rate per 10,000 households Theft or unauthorised taking of a vehicle: rate per 10,000 population Theft from a vehicle: rate per 10,000 population Violence (all BCS): rate per 10,000 adults High level of perceived anti-social behaviour (%)3 Source: 2008/9 British Crime Survey, The Home Office

Cheshire (Police Force Area) 75 299 22 57 559 14

North West 91 343 30 75 508 18

Household Income The table below shows statistics for Gross Disposable Household Income (GDHI) which put simply is the amount of money individuals have for saving or spending, and includes wages, property and pension income, and social benefits, less rent and taxes on wealth. GDHI covers the income received by households and non-profit institutions serving households.

Gross Disposable Household Income Index (UK = 100) Gross Disposable Household Income per head (GDHI) (£) Average annual % change in GDHI per head Source: 2007 Regional Household Income, ONS p – provisional

Cheshire (including Halton and Warrington) 105p £15,006p 2.1p

North West 91p £13,038p 2.0%p

Interesting Facts Cheshire East Little Moreton Hall is one of the country’s best preserved 15th century half-timbered and moated manor houses. It is one of the finest examples of timber-framed domestic architecture in England and is a Grade I listed building. Source: www.en.wikipedia.org/ Crewe crater which is a crater of approximately 3km in diameter on the planet Mars is named after the town of Crewe. Source: www.en.wikipedia.org/ In 1583 the Great Fire of Nantwich raged for 20 days, destroying most of the town, which was rebuilt, at a cost of £30,000 in 16th century money, £2,000 of which was personally donated by Queen Elizabeth I together with timber from the royal forest and one of the main streets of Nantwich was re-named to reflect the fact that the timber to rebuild the town was transported along it (Beam Street). Source: www.en.wikipedia.org/

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Quarry Bank Mill is an historic factory which is one of the best preserved of the Industrial Revolution and is a Grade II listed building. Now it is a museum of the cotton industry and houses the world’s most powerful water wheel. Source: www.en.wikipedia.org/ and www.information-britain.co.uk Gawsworth Hall is a Tudor black and white half timbered building. The house was the home of the Fitton family and the daughter, Mary Fitton, has been proposed as the most likely candidate for Shakespeare's Dark Lady. In 1701 Gawsworth was the scene of the most famous duel fought in England when the Duke of Hamilton and Lord Mohun fought for the estate and both men were killed. Source: www.britainexpress.com Jodrell Bank Observatory, established in 1945 by Sir Bernard Lovell, hosts a number of radio telescopes, and is part of the University of Manchester. The main telescope is the Lovell Telescope which is the third largest steerable radio telescope in the world and there are three other active telescopes located at the observatory. Source: www.en.wikipedia.org/ Cheshire West Chester Racecourse is Britain’s oldest sporting venue (in continual use) with the first race occurring in 1540 (Source: www.information-britain.co.uk). Henry Gee was mayor of Chester in 1540 and he cancelled the traditional Shrove Tuesday football game and replaced it with a horserace. His surname is where we get the informal name for racehorses 'Gee Gee's'. Source: www.chestertourist.com The first person to walk across Chester’s Grosvenor Bridge was a young Princess Victoria, in 1819, who later went on to be Queen. Source: www.information-britain.co.uk The name Chester is derived from the Latin for a Camp 'Castra'. The Roman name for Chester was 'Deva', named after the goddess of the River Dee. The Roman name was pronounced Dewa because the Romans used the letter V to represent a W. The City also has the most complete and best preserved City Walls in the country. Source: www.chestertourist.com Chester has the largest Roman Amphitheatre in the country. Source: www.chestertourist.com Cheshire has been a centre of the salt industry for some 2,000 years. The only working salt mine in Britain is at Winsford which has been worked since 1844 and uses the world’s largest underground digger. A popular tourist attraction is the Salt Museum in Northwich which has been in place for over 100 years. The World’s first boat lift can be found in Anderton, Northwich. Source: Chester and Cheshire Visitor Guide

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Famous people born in Cheshire include:Name

Famous For

Where Born Thomas Brassey Civil engineering contractor and manufacturer of Buerton, building materials who was responsible for building Chester much of the world's railways in the 19th century and by the time of his death in 1870 he had built one mile in every 20 miles of railway in the world. George Herbert Leigh A mountaineer who took part in the first three British Mobberley, Mallory expeditions to Mount Everest in the early 1920s Macclesfield James Chadwick Physicist who won the Nobel Prize in 1935 for his Bollington, discovery of the neutron Macclesfield Pete Postlethwaite Film actor Warrington Russ Abbott Comedian Chester Ian Brown Musician and former lead singer of The Stone Roses Warrington Gary Barlow Solo artist, songwriter and front man for Take That Frodsham, Vale Royal Paula Radcliffe Long distance runner and current world record Davenham, holder of women’s marathon Vale Royal Michael Owen England footballer player who has previously played Chester for Liverpool Sources: www.information-britain.co.uk and www.en.wikipedia.org/

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When Born 7.11.1805

18.6.1886 20.10.1891 7.2.1945 16.9.1947 20.2.1963 20.1.1971 17.12.1973 14.12.1979

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Data Sources  GVA £ million Source: 2007 from December 2008 ONS Regional Accounts  GVA per head £ Source: 2007 from December 2008 ONS Regional Accounts  Count of active enterprises Source: 2008 Count of Active Enterprises, Business Demography, ONS  Count of births of new enterprises Source: 2008 Count of Births of New Enterprises, Business Demography, ONS  Count of deaths of enterprises Source: 2008 Count of Deaths of Enterprises, Business Demography, ONS  % of companies in broad industry groups Source: Annual Business Inquiry 2008, ONS  Working age population qualification levels (%) Source: January – December 2008 Annual Population Survey from ONS  Number of primary, secondary and special schools Source: Schools, Pupils and Their Characteristics: January 2009, DCSF  Pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 achieving 5+ A*-C grades at GCSE and equivalents (%) Source: 2008/9 GCSE and Equivalent Results of pupils at the end of Key Stage 4 from the Department for Children, Schools and Families  Population (000s) Source: 2008 Mid Year Population Estimates from ONS  Population % under 16 Source: 2008 Mid Year Population Estimates from ONS  Population % of working age Source: 2008 Mid Year Population Estimates from ONS  Population % of pension age or over Source: 2008 Mid Year Population Estimates from ONS  Population change 1998-2008 Source: 1998 and 2008 Mid Year Population Estimates from ONS

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 Population density Source: 2008 taken from Regional Trends 41 from ONS  All ethnic groups as a % of population Source: Mid 2007 Population Estimates by Ethnic group (experimental statistics) from ONS  National Insurance Number Registrations (number and % of Northwest total) Source: National Insurance Number Registrations September 2009 (cumulative from 1 January 2002) from DWP  Country with highest number of National Insurance Number Registrations and % of area total Source: National Insurance Number Registrations September 2009 (cumulative from 1 January 2002) from DWP  Migration inflow into the region, outflow from the region and balance (000’s) Source: Mid 2007 – mid 2008 Internal Migration within the United Kingdom from ONS  Economic activity rate (%) Source: July 2008-June 2009 Annual Population Survey from ONS  Population % of working age Source: July 2008-June 2009 Annual Population Survey from ONS  In employment (000’s and %) Source: July 2008-June 2009 Annual Population Survey from ONS  Employees (000’s and %) Source: July 2008-June 2009 Annual Population Survey from ONS  Self employed (000’s and %) Source: July 2008-June 2009 Annual Population Survey from ONS  Unemployment rate (%) Source: July 2008-June 2009 Annual Population Survey from ONS  Claimant count (000’s and % of working age population) Source: February 2010 Claimant Count with Rates and Proportions from ONS  Income Support claimant count (000’s and % of working age population) Source: August 2009 Income Support Claimants from DWP  Median gross weekly pay (£) Source: 2009 Annual Survey of Hours and Earnings (ASHE) from ONS  Mortality Rate - number of deaths (Standardised Mortality Ratio) Source: 2008 Deaths by Local Authority Area of Usual Residence, Numbers and Standardised Mortality Ratios (SMRs) from ONS

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 Size of the region (Sq km) and % of overall total Source: 2008 taken from Regional Trends 41 from ONS  Population density Source: 2008 taken from Regional Trends 41 from ONS  Green belt land area % (000’s hectares) Source: 2008/9 Local Planning Authority Green Belt Statistics from the Department for Communities and Local Government  Average overall house price (£) Source: February 2010 House Price Index from Land Registry  Average overall house price change 2009 - 2010 (%) Source: February 2010 House Price Index from Land Registry  Lower quartile house prices Source: Quarter 4 2009 Lower Quartile House Prices from the Department for Communities and Local Government  Lower quartile house price to lower quartile earnings ratio Source: 2009 Ratio of Lower Quartile House Price to Lower Quartile Earnings from the Department for Communities and Local Government  Number of households (000’s) Source: 2006 Projections of Households from the Department for Communities and Local Government  Number of lone parent households with dependent children and % of regional total Source: 2001 Census from ONS  Average travel to work time (minutes) Source: 2002 – 2003 Average Travel to Work Time from Local Knowledge (taken from the Labour Force Survey)  Number of wards eligible for Tier Two and Tier Three Grants for Business Investment support Source: The European Programme Team, Northwest Development Agency  Eligibility for Regional Competitiveness and Employment Objective Source: The European Programme Team, Northwest Development Agency  Eligibility for Working Neighbourhood Fund Source: Working Neighbourhood Fund (WNF) Revised Allocations from the Department for Communities and Local Government  Visitor attractions Source: 2008 Annual Visitor Attractions Survey. Enjoy England

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 Number of SOA’s in 10% most deprived Source: 2007 Indices of Multiple Deprivation from the Department for Communities and Local Government  Total recorded crime: rate per 1,000 population Source: 2008/9 British Crime Survey from The Home Office  Burglaries (all): rate per 10,000 households Source: 2008/9 British Crime Survey from The Home Office  Theft or unauthorised taking of a vehicle: rate per 10,000 population Source: 2008/9 British Crime Survey from The Home Office  Theft from a vehicle: rate per 10,000 population Source: 2008/9 British Crime Survey from The Home Office  Violence (all BCS): rate per 10,000 adults Source: 2007/8 British Crime Survey from The Home Office  High level of perceived anti-social behaviour (%) Source: 2008/9 British Crime Survey from The Home Office  Gross disposable household income index (UK = 100) Source: 2007 Regional Household Income from ONS  Gross disposable household income per head (GDHI) (£) Source: 2007 Regional Household Income from ONS  Average annual % change in GDHI per head Source: 2006 – 2007 Regional Household Income from ONS  Interesting facts and famous people Source: www.information-britain.co.uk, www.en.wikipedia.org/, www.britainexpress.com, www.chestertourist.com, The Salt Museum and Chester and Cheshire Visitor Guide

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/Cheshire%20(Excluding%20Halton)%20May%202010