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TABLe 3.2 Background of respondents denMarK

FinLand

iceLand

norway

sweden

159

194

561

214

450

Male

43%

20%

36%

25%

31%

Female

57%

80%

64%

76%

69%

29 years old or younger

63%

27%

16%

28%

42%

30-39 years old

13%

20%

25%

33%

32%

40-49 years old

12%

28%

31%

28%

21%

50 years or older

12%

24%

27%

10%

6%

compulsory education or less

53%

10%

45%

18%

25%

upper secondary education (gymnasium)

13%

18%

16%

14%

24%

Vocational education (upper secondary level)

14%

21%

27%

27%

20%

Post secondary- or tertiary education

21%

51%

12%

41%

32%

in a city/municipality over 30 000 inhabitants

64%

73%

49%

33%

93%

in a city/municipality under 30 000 inhabitants

36%

27%

51%

67%

7%

official language

89%

98%

97%

84%

38%

else

11%

2%

3%

16%

62%

Total number of respondents Gender

28

aGe

educationaL LeVeL

residence

LanGuaGe

6-12% in the other countries. The distribution of respondents according to their educational background does also vary considerably. Whereas up to half of respondents (45-53%) in Denmark and Iceland have not finished an education beyond compulsory school, the same goes for only 10-25% of respondents in Finland, Norway and Sweden. Similarly, the proportion of respondents who have finished post secondary education or tertiary education varies between countries. It is also important to note that majority of respondents in Sweden do not have Swedish as a native language but only 2-16% of the respondents in the other country do not have the language of the respective country as a native language. The method of sampling of participants and low number of responses is of special concern in this study. As described above, it was not possible to select a nationally representative random sample of guidance users, except in Iceland. Therefore an indirect method was used in Denmark, Fin-

land and Norway in which research partners in the respective countries contacted organisations and educational institutions within adult education which then forwarded the survey link to students (users of guidance). In Sweden, a sample of users of guidance was selected in adult educational institutions of certain areas and cities. This raises questions about the representativeness of respondents in these countries. One way to evaluate if respondents are representative for their populations would be to compare the composition of the group of respondents to the population (users of guidance in adult education), on demographical variables, such as gender, age, education etc. However, the up to date information about demographical composition of the population of guidance users within adult education is not available in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. Therefore, it is not possible to infer about the representativeness of respondents in these countries. This has to be interpretated as a major limitation of the study and inferences based on the results should be made with care.

In Iceland, however, all users of guidance in adult education within the previous two years were invited to take part in the study. Furthermore, information on the composition of users of guidance within adult education is available. Table 3.3 shows the composition of respondents in Iceland and the population of users of guidance within adult education in 2009 and 2010. As the table shows, the group of respondents in Iceland deviates somewhat from the population of guidance users in demographics. For example, men, young people and people with compulsory education or less seem to be somewhat underrepresented among respondents in the study, whereas women and older age groups are somewhat overrepresented. This should be taken into account when interpreting the results. The limitations of the sampling method applied in the study as well as low number of responses in most of the countries has implications both for the interpretation of results nationally and in comparisons across countries.

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Voice of users  

This present evaluative research, titled Voice of users – promoting quality of guidance for adults in the Nordic countries, examines both th...

Voice of users  

This present evaluative research, titled Voice of users – promoting quality of guidance for adults in the Nordic countries, examines both th...

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