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TABLE 9. CHILD PROTECTION daughtersb

Attitude towards domestic violence 1999-2006*

Child disability 1999-2006*

Child discipline 2005-2006*

Female genital mutilation/cutting 2000-2006* Child labour (5-14 years) 1999-2006* Countries and territories

Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belize Benin Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of the Costa Rica Côte d’Ivoire Cuba Djibouti Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Ethiopia Gabon Gambia Georgia Ghana Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras India Indonesia Iraq Jamaica Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Maldives Mali Mauritania Mexico Moldova, Republic of Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nepal Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Occupied Palestinian Territory Pakistan

146

total

male

female

30 12 5 24 7y 11 5 13 5 40 26y 19y 22 5 6y 47y 19 45y 31 3y 47 53 3 5 27 32 5 35 8 10 12 7 6y 28 53 25 34 29 25 39 19 16 12 4y 11 6 2 26 4 25 7 23 32 29 34 4y 16y 32 18 10 11y 13y 31y 15 38y 13y -

28 14 6 22 8y 11 6 18 6 39 23y 16y 22 7 8y 46y 19 45y 31 4y 44 54 3 6 26 29 6 36 8 12 12 8 9y 28 59 20 34 25 26 41 21 16 5y 12 7 2 27 4 24 8 25 36 28 35 5y 15y 32 19 12 13y 15y 30y 18 39y -

33 9 4 25 5y 11 3 8 4 42 29y 22y 22 4 4y 48y 19 45y 30 3y 49 51 2 4 28 34 3 34 8 7 13 5 4y 28 46 29 34 32 24 37 17 15 4y 9 5 2 25 3 26 6 21 28 29 33 3y 16y 33 17 8 9y 12y 33y 11 38y -

Child marriage 1987-2006*

Birth registration 1999-2006◊

total urban rural

total urban rural

43 8 2 10 64 7 37 26 6 10 24 48 18 23 36 61 72 23 30 31 35 5 41 26y 17 27 47 49 34 36 16 22 34 63 24 30 39 45 24 17 9 11 7 25 10 11 23 40 39 51 65 37 28y 19 9 5 16 56 10 51 43 75 43 19 32

7 2 7 58 6 25 22 2 13 22 29 14 23 57 65 19 23 24 27 5 21y 31 27 30 24 15 25 45 14 33 28 15 16 7 11 6 19 7 13 29 38 46 32 31y 16 7 5 12 41 9 36 27 21

8 2 16 69 10 45 37 7 9 30 61 18 57 64 73 38 33 40 43 13 34y 60 55 49 45 28 44 75 32 46 53 33 19 11 12 9 27 14 26 42 53 74 42 21y 22 12 5 21 66 10 55 52 37

6 98 99 29 91y 96 97 10 93y 70 82 100 58 89y 64 60 66 70 49 9 96y 90 83 81y 34 55 100y 89 78 32 7 89 55 93y 51 43 39 97 81 94 41 55 95 89 99 48y 99 94 59 26 75 73 47y 55 98 98 98 85 65y 71 35 81 32 33y 96y -

12 4 97 98 99 99 34 19 97 95 98 96 13 9 92y 94y 78 66 83 79 99 100 66 52 86 58 62 60 71 66 86 58 72 36 36 3 97 77 87 83 88y 75y 30 36 79 41 100y 100y 90 82 82 70 43 24 29 5 90 87 57 54 97y 89y 69 42 78 33 53 33 99 96 95 93 59 35 69 43 95 96 88 89 99 99 64y 44y 99 99 96 93 71 56 39 24 87 72 84y 34y 72 42 98 98 98 99 98 99 92 80 66y 64y 82 64 90 73 71 25 52y 25y 97y 96y -

T H E S TAT E O F T H E W O R L D ’ S C H I L D R E N 2 0 0 8

womena (15-49 years) total

urban

rural

total

total

total

total

17 73 1 26 45 36 93 96 89 74 78 4 96 45 32 92 71 2 19 -

13 76 1 21 47 34 93 92 86 69 72 2 94 39 21 90 65 2 28 -

20 71 2 29 44 39 96 98 91 76 83 6 96 48 36 93 77 2 14 -

6 25 1 7 21 9 49 28y 63 38 64 1 57 35 21 73 66 1 10 -

30 68 22 60 5 71 55 56 76 65 9 50 81 74 30y 47 86 52 29 16 54 25 59 6 10 68 38 28 28 89 21 20 11 23 17 70 65 -

11 1y 18 7 23 31 3y 3y 35 8y 16 15 15 17 13 -

49 86 83 36 83 92 88 90 70 92y 84 89 80 84 87 52 51 79 61 95y -


…TABLE 9 daughtersb

Attitude towards domestic violence 1999-2006*

Child disability 1999-2006*

Child discipline 2005-2006*

Female genital mutilation/cutting 2000-2006* Child labour (5-14 years) 1999-2006* Countries and territories

Child marriage 1987-2006*

Birth registration 1999-2006◊

total urban rural

total urban rural

total

male

female

Panama 3 Paraguay 15 Peru 19 Philippines 12 Portugal 3y Romania 1 Rwanda 35 Sao Tome and Principe 8 Senegal 22 Serbia 4 Sierra Leone 48 Somalia 49 South Africa Sri Lanka 8 Sudan 13 Suriname Swaziland 9 Syrian Arab Republic 4 Tajikistan 10 Tanzania, United Republic of 36 Thailand 8 The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 6 Timor-Leste 4 Togo 29 Trinidad and Tobago 1 Tunisia Turkey 5 Turkmenistan Uganda 36 Ukraine 7 Uzbekistan 2 Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 8 Viet Nam 16 Yemen 11y Zambia 12y Zimbabwe 13y

5 17 20 13 4y 1 36 8 24 5 49 45 9 14 9 5 9 37 8 7 4 29 1 4 37 8 2 9 15 11y 11y 12y

2 12 19 11 3y 1 35 7 21 4 48 54 7 12 9 3 11 34 8 5 4 30 1 6 36 7 2 6 16 12y 12y 14y

24 17 14 13 33 39 6 56 45 8 12y 27y 13 13 41 20 4 24 8 10y 18 7 54 6 7 10 37 42 29

18 13 10 9 31 23 4 34 35 5 19y 15 13 23 12 3 15 7y 9 34 6 9 3 32 21

32 30 22 14 37 55 8 66 52 12 34y 12 13 49 23 4 36 14y 6 59 10 7 13 49 36

36 38 33 10 11** 12 5 19** 31 -

34 33 34 8 10** 10 5 17** 28 -

40 36 44 17 45 19** 26 11 34** 49 -

24 20 27 11 30 12** 24 7 23** 37 -

47 44 53 19 53 25** 31 9 45** 57 -

93 83 82 69 55 99 48 3 64 95 53 95 88 8 99 94 53y 78 96 96 4 100 100 92 87 10 42

93 87 79 70 75 99 62 6 82 94 72 96 85 22 100 95 93 96 11 100 100 94 16 56

92 78 83 67 44 99 44 2 46 94 50 95 90 4 99 93 69 95 3 100 100 85 6 35

womena (15-49 years) total

urban

rural

total

total

total

total

28 94 98 90 15 6 23 1 -

22 86 97 92 7 4 26 1 -

34 97 98 88 18 7 22 1 -

20 35 46 58 4 1 20 -

24 48 32 65 6 85 76y 74y 60 21 53 8 39 38y 77 5 70 64 85 51

2y 16 11 23 12 10 2 -

73 92 87 74 69 90 75 70 93 -

36 28 -

31 29 -

40 29 -

19 15 -

66 66 65 53 34** 31 51** -

-

SUMMARY INDICATORS Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern and Southern Africa West and Central Africa Middle East and North Africa South Asia East Asia and Pacific Latin America and Caribbean CEE/CIS Industrialized countries§ Developing countries§ Least developed countries§ World

35 36 34 9 13 10** 11 5 16** 29 -

34 24 41 36 72** 89 49** 30 -

52 39 58 52 80** 93 64** 43 -

28 21 35 30 67** 83 37** 24 -

-

§ Also includes territories within each country category or regional group. Countries and territories in each country category or regional group are listed on page 148.

MAIN DATA SOURCES

DEFINITIONS OF THE INDICATORS Child labour – Percentage of children 5-14 years old involved in child labour at the moment of the survey. A child is considered to be involved in child labour under the following conditions: (a) children 5-11 years old who, during the week preceding the survey, did at least one hour of economic activity or at least 28 hours of domestic work, or (b) children 12-14 years old who, during the week preceding the survey, did at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 28 hours of domestic work. Child labour background variables – Sex of the child; urban or rural place of residence; poorest 20 per cent or richest 20 per cent of the population constructed from household assets (a more detailed description of the household wealth estimation procedure can be found at www.childinfo.org); mother’s education reflecting mothers with and without some level of education. Child marriage – Percentage of women 20-24 years old who were married or in union before they were 18 years old. Birth registration – Percentage of children less than five years old who were registered at the moment of the survey. The numerator of this indicator includes children whose birth certificate was seen by the interviewer or whose mother or caretaker says the birth has been registered. MICS data refer to children alive at the time of the survey. Female genital mutilation/cutting – (a) Women – the percentage of women 15-49 years old who have been mutilated/cut. (b) Daughters – the percentage of women 15-49 years old with at least one mutilated/cut daughter. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) is the cutting or alteration of the female genitalia for social reasons. Attitudes towards domestic violence – Percentage of women 15-49 years old who consider a husband to be justified in hitting or beating his wife for at least one of the specified reasons. Women were asked whether a husband is justified in hitting or beating his wife under a series of circumstances, i.e., if his wife burns the food, argues with him, goes out without telling him, neglects the children or refuses sexual relations. Child disability – Percentage of children 2-9 years old with at least one reported disability (i.e., cognitive, motor, seizure, vision or hearing). Child discipline – Percentage of children 2-14 years old that experience any psychological or physical punishment.

NOTES

Child labour – Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys (MICS) and Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS). Child marriage – MICS, DHS and other national surveys. Birth registration – MICS, DHS, other national surveys and vital registration systems. Female genital mutilation/cutting – MICS, DHS and other national surveys. Attitudes towards domestic violence – MICS, DHS and other national surveys. Child disability – MICS, DHS and other national surveys. Child discipline – MICS, DHS and other national surveys.

y

Data not available. Data refer to years or periods other than those specified in the column heading, differ from the standard definition or refer to only part of a country. Such data are included in the calculation of regional and global averages. * Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified in the column heading. ◊ The global and regional estimates for birth registration included in this table are based on the sub-set of countries for which data are available for the period 1999-2006. Global and regional estimates for a wider set of countries are available for the period 1997-2006 and can be found at www.childinfo.org/areas/birthregistration. ** Excludes China.

S TAT I S T I C A L TA B L E S

147

PROTECÇÃO DE MENORES – EXPLORAÇÃO LABORAL – DADOS ESTATÍSTICOS - 2007  

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