Global-is-Asian #17

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China and India: Towards Strategic Rivalry or Partnership? by Sharinee Jagtiani


that both share he rise of China and India concerns domestihas informed much scholarcally, and as players ship on its competitive aspects in the international and conflicting nature. Major system. They seek emphasis lies on the resentment to modernise, but that follows the border dispute, also recognise the as well as existing economic and need to sustain the security competition between ecological system. the two giants. There has, howHe emphasised ever, been limited discussion on the interest that the possibilities of cooperation both nations had in despite the fact that it is clearly in restoring the global their mutual interest to do so. financial system and Sino-Indian relations Prof Kanti (left) and Prof Huang Jing (right) shared their opinions during the Q&A session multilateral order. being one of the key projects The questionof the school, the LKY School and-answer session revealed that Sinohosted the panel discussion ‘China and India: Heading towards Strategic Rivalry or Partnership?’ on 26 April 2013. Chaired by Prof. Kishore Mahbubani, Dean of the LKY Indian relations continued to be seen as contentious and competitive. Questions School, the topic was highly topical, given the Chinese Premier Li Keqiang’s recent raised included the failure of negotiavisit in May to New Delhi. It was his first trip abroad since assuming office in March. The panel discussed potential areas of cooperation which will allow the Sino-Indian tion to resolve border disputes comprehensively. Responding to the scepticism, rise to be incorporated into the international system. the panellists reaffirmed their optimistic It included four leading scholars on the subject: Dr. Pan Jiahua, the Director of positions by stating that while uncertainty the Institute for Urban and Environmental Studies and Professor of Economics at may prevent cooperation, the likelihood the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in Beijing; Dr. Sanjaya Baru, the Director of war between the two countries was for Geo-economics and Strategy at the International Institute of Strategic Studies in very low. London and the Honorary Senior Fellow for the Centre for Policy Research in New Prof. Huang stated that war would Delhi; and from the LKY School, Prof. Kanti Prasad Bajpai, Vice-Dean (Research) , only be the case if a combination of three and Prof. Huang Jing, Director of the Centre on Asia and Globalisation. situations in both countries: poor econoProf. Mahbubani said in his opening remarks that that Sino-Indian relations have mies, military domination of decisionhistorically impacted Southeast Asia and holds deep consequences for the region. making, and intensive nationalism. Prof. Dr. Pan raised the issue of energy security and how both countries have a high Bajpai also added that historically, China demand for energy resources as large steel producers. While this may be essential for and India have not made serious miscaltheir development, it comes at a huge environmental price. Dr. Baru focussed on the culations of each other’s interests. ‘irritant’ issues that acted as barriers to Sino-Indian cooperation. These stemmed from The panel discussion paved the way the unresolved border dispute, to India’s support to Dalai Lama and China’s support to for a successful closed-door conference on Pakistan’s nuclear proliferation programme. Sino-Indian cooperation. It ran over two Despite these concerns, Prof. Bajpai was positive on the prospect of Sino-Indian days and was attended by delegates from cooperation. Trade relations have been growing and they are the only two countries both countries. that seem to be a part of each and every Asian multilateral forum. Prof. Huang added Subscribe to