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Internet resources for

animal health

: health & life sciences www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/


Internet resources for animal health

The best of the Web

Intute

Welcome to this guide to the best of the Web for animal health.

This booklet is brought to you by Intute, a free Internet service providing you with access to the very best Web resources for education and research, selected and evaluated by a network of subject specialists.

In these pages you will find a selection of some of the most useful websites for students, lecturers and researchers. The selection is by no means exhaustive, but it should give you a flavour of the range of resources available on the Internet for education and research.

Supporting your Internet research For those interested in exploring the wider Web, we offer free Internet search and training services for further and higher education via Intute – details of these can be found at the end of the guide.

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Expert advice Intute services are developed in collaboration with staff from over seventy universities, colleges and research institutions across the UK – pooling expertise to share nationally. Your guide for this booklet is:

: health & life sciences – based at The University of Nottingham

Contents Online learning and teaching materials

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Databases

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Electronic journals and other full-text services

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Pet care

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Clinical and practitioner resources

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Government organisations

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Professional associations

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Other organisations

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Contact: www.intute.ac.uk/feedback.html Note: Intute was formerly known as the Resource Discovery Network (RDN). Intute: Health and Life Sciences is the former RDN hub BIOME. A PDF copy of this booklet can be downloaded from: www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/support.html


Internet resources for animal health

Online learning and teaching materials A wide selection of veterinary educational materials is freely available on the Internet. Here are a few examples of learning materials aimed at veterinary practitioners and students:

Animation of Antimicrobial Resistance http://www.fda.gov/cvm/antiresistvideo.htm The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA's) Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) released this nine-minute animation on antimicrobial resistance in August 2004.

CONSULTANT http://www.vet.cornell.edu/consultant/consult.asp CONSULTANT is a diagnostic support system for veterinary medicine developed by Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. CONSULTANT is supported by a database of approximately 500 clinical signs/symptoms, 7000 diagnoses/causes, and 18,000 literature references.

Equine Castration http://www.vet.uga.edu/LAM/teaching/mueller/castration/default.html An interactive tutorial on equine castration produced by Dr. Eric Mueller, an associate professor of surgery from the Department of Large Animal Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia.

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Internet resources for animal health

Veterinary CAL Packages on the Web http://www.vet.cam.ac.uk/CAL/packages.html A collection of veterinary medicine CAL packages produced by the Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine, University of Cambridge. Aimed at veterinary students, this collection covers a variety of veterinary topics.

Virtual Cat Dissection http://bio.bd.psu.edu/cat/ This educational resource on the dissection of a cat is created by Pennsylvania State University. An extensive collection of labelled images of both internal and external anatomy is provided.

CALnet programmes for veterinary science students http://137.222.110.150/calnet/Introvet/Introvet.htm A collection of over 70 web based tutorials covering mainly first and second year BVSc anatomy, provided on the Web by the Comparative Morphology Centre, University of Bristol, and the Department of Veterinary Anatomy, University College Dublin.

Large Animal Veterinary Rounds http://www.idrounds.ca/cgi-bin/templates/framesets/ veterinaryRoundsCa/fs_snell.cfm Aimed at veterinarians, Large Animal Veterinary Rounds is derived from recent clinical rounds presented at the Western College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences. There are currently 55 presentations and these focus on scientific and clinical developments in food, animal, and equine veterinary medicine.

Parasitology Teaching Resources http://www.cvm.okstate.edu/~users/jcfox/htdocs/clinpara/clinpara.htm A collection of over 350 veterinary clinical parasitology images provided on the Web by Professor J. Carl Fox, College of Veterinary Medicine, Oklahoma State University.

Veterinary Clinical Cardiology http://www.vetgo.com/cardio/index.php An educational resource for veterinary students and practitioners providing a range of resources on veterinary cardiology. Features include case reports, a database of ECG’s, a drug formulary, downloadable heart sounds, and radiographs.

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Internet resources for animal health

BioMed Image Archive http://www.brisbio.ac.uk/ A collection of over 8000 medical, veterinary, and dental images. Aims to provide lecturers, teachers, and researchers with access to downloadable images that they can use in lectures and seminars. The BioMed Image Archive is an Athenscontrolled resource; please contact your local librarian about Institutional Athens authentication.

World Health Organization: Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) http://www.who.int/zoonoses/diseases/bse/en/ This resource on BSE is collated and produced by the World Health Organization (WHO). This site provides access to fact sheets, surveillance documents, WHO consultation documents, and disease outbreak news items.

BiologyBrowser http://www.biologybrowser.org/ BiologyBrowser is an interactive portal designed for the life sciences community. Access to BiologyBrowser is free and it provides users with information through interactive discussion forums, quality-controlled Web links, science news, and other free resources. Developed by Thomson Scientific this resource provides the facility to browse by organisms, subjects, and geography.

VetCancer Registry http://www.vetcancerregistry.com/ The VetCancer Registry (VCR) disseminates epidemiologic data pertaining to cats and dogs with tumours diagnosed by histopathology. Any licensed veterinarian can submit a case via the Internet. Cases can be freely viewed and filtered searching options are available. Each case presents basic information, diagnostic information, and initial and secondary treatment options. Information is provided on the history and purpose of the VCR, registration, and case submission process.

Databases Databases contain bibliographic, factual, or statistical information, which is usually accessed by searching for a specific term or selecting from a browseable menu. Here is a selection of different types of databases:

PubMed http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi PubMed is a bibliographic database produced by the National Library of Medicine. It currently provides access to over 16 million MEDLINE citations and author abstracts from over 4800 biomedical journals published in the United States and in 70 other countries.

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Internet resources for animal health

ISI Web of Knowledge http://wok.mimas.ac.uk/ A provider of bibliographic databases including the ISI Journal Citation Reports, which contain references and cited references taken from journals, which cover neuroscience, medicine, and veterinary medicine, as well as other databases including the ISI Proceedings. An Athens username and password is required to use this resource.

CAB Abstracts Database http://www.cabdirect.org/ Bibliographic database of 5 million records compiled by CABI. Comprehensive coverage of veterinary medicine, animal science, and agriculture and aspects of human health. It is also available via OVID, EDINA, Dialogue, and through www.AnimalScience.com . Access requires a subscription. See www.CABIPublishing.org for details of books, databases, and journals.

Image Data Base http://imagedb.vetmed.wsu.edu/ A large searchable database of freely available high quality animal images provided by the College of Veterinary Medicine at Washington State University. As the images are intended for use by animal health care professionals graphic images are included, although an image filter allows these to be filtered out if required.

NORINA: audiovisual alternatives to the use of animals in teaching http://oslovet.veths.no/fag.aspx?fag=57&mnu=databases_1 / A searchable database of alternatives to the use of animals in the teaching of veterinary and biological sciences. Its 3,800 entries include computer programs, CD-ROMs, videos, slide series, and classroom charts. Published on the Web by the Laboratory Animal Unit at the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science.

Listing of Inherited Disorders in Animals http://www.vetsci.usyd.edu.au/lida/index.php LIDA is a searchable factual database that contains data on the prevalence of inherited disorders among Australian dogs. Provided and maintained by the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Sydney, LIDA is aimed at breeders, vets, and potential puppy purchasers. It can be searched by breed groups and by organ system. Result sets include information on the disease and alternative names, a description of the disease, presenting signs, available treatments, and related disorders.

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Internet resources for animal health

Electronic journals and other full-text services Many journals, textbooks, and other documents are available in full-text on the Internet. Some of these are freely available, while others require a paid subscription. Examples of freely available full-text services and journals include:

International Veterinary Information Service (IVIS) http://www.ivis.org/ The International Veterinary Information Service provides free full-text access to a wide range of veterinary books and publications, and is searchable. Brief, free registration is required to access this website.

Merck Veterinary Manual http://www.merckvetmanual.com/mvm/index.jsp A searchable, full-text version of the ninth edition of the Merck Veterinary Manual, a reference source covering over 12,000 veterinary topics. Also includes a user guide, and a clinical reference and medical abbreviations guide.

www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/

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Internet resources for animal health

The Veterinary Record http://veterinaryrecord.bvapublications.com/ The Veterinary Record is the British Veterinary Association’s official journal. Published weekly the journal contains news and peer-reviewed clinical research papers covering a wide range of veterinary topics. Abstracts from the current issue of the journal are available online, and full-text access is available to print and online subscribers.

Veterinary Sciences Tomorrow http://www.vetscite.org/ An independent refereed electronic journal published exclusively on the Web. It publishes free full-text reviews and opinion papers on veterinary sciences, animal health, and welfare. It also offers up-to-the-minute scientific news, and details of forthcoming conferences, meetings, and workshops.

Emerging infectious diseases http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/eid/ A peer-reviewed free full-text online journal published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It covers topics on infectious disease emergence, prevention, and elimination.

BMC Veterinary Research http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcvetres/ BMC Veterinary Research is an open access, peer-reviewed journal published by Biomed Central Ltd. BMC Veterinary Research is an electronic-only journal (only published online), and it publishes articles on all aspects of veterinary science and medicine. Full-text freely available.

Pet care MEDLINEplus: pets and pet health http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/petsandpethealth.html A collection of resources, aimed at consumers, on the topic of pets and pet health. A set of pre-formatted MEDLINE searches is also provided, covering pet therapy and zoonoses, providing free access to the MEDLINE database. Provided on the Web by the U.S. National Library of Medicine.

Find a Vet http://www.rcvs.org.uk/FindAVet A free service provided by the Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons, this searchable database provides contact details for UK based veterinarians, veterinary practices, and veterinary nurses.

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Internet resources for animal health

Feline Advisory Bureau (FAB) http://www.fabcats.org/ FAB works to advance the care and veterinary treatment of cats. The website provides access to over 60 information sheets, which cover a range of topics associated with feline health and welfare.

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA): care for pets http://www.avma.org/care4pets/ Advice from the AVMA for pet owners and veterinarians on animal health, buying and selecting a pet, pet loss, grief counselling and animal safety. It includes information on choosing veterinary medicine as a career, and a description of animal diseases and illnesses.

Pet columns http://www.cvm.uiuc.edu/petcolumns/ An archive of weekly animal health articles aimed at pet owners. Produced by the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Illinois. www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/

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Internet resources for animal health

Feline health videos http://www.felinevideos.vet.cornell.edu/ A collection of videos on feline health providing step-by-step instructions on health issues that are frequently encountered by cat owners. This collection of six videos is produced by the Cornell Feline Health Center.

Pet Health Council http://www.pethealthcouncil.co.uk/ The Pet Health Council aims to promote the health and welfare of pet animals in the interests of both pets and people. A series of fact sheets providing advice and guidance on keeping your pet and yourself healthy are available, as well as an online library for veterinary professionals, for which brief free registration is required.

Clinical and practitioner resources A range of resources providing current and authoritative guidance for the busy veterinary practitioner, these include:

OIE Disease Information http://www.oie.int/eng/info/hebdo/a_info.htm A weekly compilation of official messages sent to the OIE Central Bureau to report significant epidemiological events relating to animal diseases. It relates information about disease outbreaks in animals all over the world. Articles are archived for 18 months and data can be browsed by date, country, or disease.

Federation of Veterinarians of Europe (FVE) http://www.fve.org/index.html The FVE is an umbrella organisation of veterinary organisations from more than 35 European countries, and they provide free access to FVE position papers, and relevant European Legislation (draft and final). Papers are available on issues related to animal health, animal identification, animal nutrition, animal welfare, antibiotic resistance, BSE and other TSE, veterinary practice and education, food safety and public health, and veterinary medicinal products.

The International Portal on Food Safety, Animal & Plant Health http://www.ipfsaph.org/En/default.jsp The International Portal on Food Safety, Animal & Plant Health provides a single access point for authorised official international and national information across the sectors of food safety, animal, and plant health. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and other organisations responsible for international standards in the area of food safety have developed the site.

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Internet resources for animal health

VetMed Resource http://www.vetmedresource.org/ A new internet site from CABI covering all aspects of veterinary medicine is aimed at practitioners and others working in animal health. It brings together the veterinary file of the CAB Abstracts Database, with the Animal Health and Production Compendium, and review articles and search aids. The abstracts database also includes enhanced linkage to full-text of original articles. Available by subscription.

OFFLU (OIE/FAO Network of Expertise on Avian Influenza) http://www.offlu.net/ OFFLU (OIE/FAO Network of Expertise on Avian Influenza) is a joint network of expertise on avian influenza (bird flu) established in April 2005 by the OIE and the FAO. OFFLU aims to exchange scientific data and biological materials (including virus strains) within the network, and to share such information with the wider scientific community.

FAO Animal Health Disease Cards http://www.fao.org/ag/againfo/subjects/en/health/diseases-cards/default.html Provided on the Web by the Animal Production and Health Division of the FAO, this collection of ‘disease cards' are made available to the FAO by CAB International. Each disease card provides a detailed and authoritative overview of the cause, nature, and distribution of selected livestock diseases.

Farm Animal Genetic Resources (FAnGR) http://www.defra.gov.uk/farm/livestock/strategy/genetic-res/uk-strategy/ This website from Defra describes what actions are being taken by the UK government to support the diversity of British livestock breeds in the interests of economic and genetic sustainability. The UK and global strategy for preserving animal genetic resources is outlined. www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/

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Internet resources for animal health

Veterinary Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) http://www.fda.gov/cvm/nsaids.htm This information resource on veterinary Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) is collated and provided on the Web by the Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) of the U.S. Food and Drug Information. This resource links to package inserts and client information sheets for NSAIDs approved for oral use in dogs, CVM updates, guidance documents, and adverse drug reporting measures.

OIE Avian Influenza http://www.oie.int/eng/AVIAN_INFLUENZA/home.htm This website produced by the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) contains authoritative and up-to-date information on avian influenza (bird flu).

Government organisations Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) http://www.defra.gov.uk/animalh/animindx.htm The animal health and welfare pages supporting and outlining Defra’s work of ‘protecting and improving livestock and controlling and eradicating disease’.

Veterinary Laboratories Agency (VLA) http://www.vla.gov.uk The VLA is an Executive Agency of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). The VLA aims to safeguard public and animal health through veterinary research and disease surveillance of farmed livestock and wildlife.

Veterinary Medicines Directorate (VMD) http://www.vmd.gov.uk The VMD is an Executive Agency of Defra that aims to protect public health and animal health, and promote animal welfare by ‘assuring the safety, quality and efficacy of all aspect of veterinary medicines in the UK’.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) http://www.aphis.usda.gov/ APHIS is a division of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) that has responsibility for protecting and promoting America’s animal and plant resources from agricultural pests and diseases.

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Internet resources for animal health

Professional associations Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons (RCVS) http://www.rcvs.org.uk/ The RCVS is the regulatory body for veterinary surgeons in the UK.

British Veterinary Association (BVA) http://www.bva.co.uk The BVA is the national representative body for the British veterinary profession and it currently has over 10,000 members.

American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA) http://www.avma.org/ AVMA is the national representative body for the United States veterinary profession and it currently has over 74,000 members.

British Veterinary Nursing Association (BVNA) http://www.bvna.org.uk/ BVNA is the national representative body for the British veterinary nursing profession and it currently has over 4,000 members.

Research Defence Society (RDS) http://www.rds-online.org.uk/ The Research Defence Society (RDS) is the UK organisation, which represents doctors and scientists (including veterinarians) in the public debate about the use of animals in medical research and testing. www.intute.ac.uk/healthandlifesciences/

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Internet resources for animal health

Other organisations National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research http://www.nc3rs.org.uk/ The National Centre for the Replacement, Refinement and Reduction of Animals in Research (NC3Rs) is an independent UK organisation that provides a UK focus for the promotion, development, and implementation of the 3Rs in animal research and testing.

National Office of Animal Health (NOAH) http://www.noah.co.uk/ NOAH represents the UK animal medicine industry and aims to provide safe, effective, quality medicines for the treatment and welfare of all animals.

Animal Health Trust (AHT) http://www.aht.org.uk/ The Animal Health Trust is a registered charity, which provides specialist veterinary clinical, diagnostic, and surgical services.

Farm Animal Welfare Council (FAWC) http://www.fawc.org.uk FAWC is an independent advisory body established by the UK Government. It aims to review the welfare of farm animals on agricultural land, at market, in transit, and at the place of slaughter.

PDSA http://www.pdsa.org.uk/ The PDSA is the UK’s leading veterinary charity and this site provides detailed information on the free veterinary care provided by PDSA for owners who cannot afford private vet fees.

Animal Welfare Information Center (AWIC) http://www.nal.usda.gov/awic/ AWIC provides authoritative information on improved animal care and use in research, teaching, and testing. AWIC is part of the US National Agricultural Library (NAL).

The Higher Education Academy for Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine http://www.medicine.heacademy.ac.uk/ The Higher Education Academy subject centre for Medicine, Dentistry and Veterinary Medicine promotes high quality learning and teaching in higher education through the development and transfer of good practices in all subject disciplines.

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Discover the best of the Web using Intute The Internet can be a powerful tool for learning, teaching, and research, offering a huge range of resources and services. However, finding relevant resources online can be a daunting task, and issues of trust, quality, and poor search skills are very real and significant concerns – particularly in education and research contexts. Intute exists to help students, teachers, researchers and librarians make sense of the Web by providing access to the very best Web resources for education and research, selected, and evaluated by a network of subject specialists.

: health & life sciences •

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Free support materials for universities and colleges, such as flyers, posters, leaflets and presentations as well as a range of “best of the Web” subject booklets.

Recommended subject services – such as Hot Topics are useful for those seeking inspiration for project work, possible ideas for essay themes or simply as a quick route into subject of choice. Subject experts within the Intute: Health and Life Sciences team chose an area of interest or a current topic and provide links to key sites in our database for that theme. Newsround provides a one-stop news aggregation service, containing thousands of items from hundreds of subject newsfeeds across the Internet. These headlines are updated hourly and are fully searchable.

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March 2007

Animal Health Information Specialists • Providing a forum for those working or interested in animal health information • Encouraging cooperation, collaboration and the sharing of resources • Facilitating the exchange of knowledge and information Anyone working or interested in animal health information is eligible to join, including: librarians, information scientists, publishers, knowledge workers, and those working in the field of veterinary information. Current members include information specialists working in a range of organisations including veterinary schools, government agencies, research institutes, animal health charities, database producers, publishers, and commercial corporations producing animal health products.

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