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Heartbeat Music can trigger powerful physiological responses. Music can elicit a remarkable range of emotions, from elation to the deepest sorrow. As well as provoking a mental response, it also has characteristic effects on the body. Music can give us the ‘thrills’, ‘chills’ and ‘shivers’. Heart rate and skin conductance may change. The hairs on the back of our neck really stand up. These effects arise from the action of hormones. Music activates areas of the brain such as the insula, which seems to maintain how the body ‘feels’. Music thus conveys a sensation that affects our whole body. Music may affect levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which can influence the immune system.

How music affects mind and body. Moved by music Magazine. Issue 10, June 2009. Page 4

Vocabulary Trigger: to make something happen very quickly, especially a series of events Elicit: to succeed in getting information or a reaction from someone, especially when this is difficult: Elation: a feeling of great happiness and excitement Sorrow: a feeling of great sadness, usually because someone has died or because something terrible has happened to you Thrills: a sudden strong feeling of excitement and pleasure, or the thing that makes you feel this Chills: a feeling of coldness Shivers: a slight shaking movement of your body caused by cold or fear.


In groups of four, write an essay about national musicians: You can use the following questions as a reference to guide your essay * Why should Costa Rica promote national musicians? * Is music a way to express the national identity? Why? * What is the effect of musical heroes on people’s feelings and behaviors? * What kind of topics does the music use in their lyrics? * Do musical heroes have an influential role within societies? When you finish, exchange your compositions with another group and give each other feedback

In groups of four, write an essay about national musicians: You can use the following questions as a reference to guide your essay: * Why should Costa Rica promote national musicians? * Is music a way to express the national identity? Why? * What is the effect of musical heroes on people’s feelings and behaviors? * What kind of topics does the music use in their lyrics? * Do musical heroes have an influential role within societies? When you finish, exchange your compositions with another group and give each other feedback


Music Influence in our Body