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Salutation In the letter to the Philemon it explains how it had been written exactly Onesimus. Onesimus had been a slave who was imprisoned. Paul’s letter states that he should be treated “like a brother.” Also Paul does this because Onesimus had been a prisoner for Christ so he had been there for a reason. The central message of this letter was Paul’s opening line, also for the additional letters Paul had written. Next, another key letter in Paul’s writing is the letter to the Romans. In this writing it shows that Paul ,who had not visited or find the place talks about orthodoxy in his Gospel. What was another key factor in his letter to the Romans was that he talked about Paul was defending his apostleship. He also shows Jesus is a descendent from David but the “Son of God” and also talks about the resurrection of Christ. In addition to this Paul shows his support for the Roman church including the mission to Spain he takes part in. To add another main topic and group talked about in Paul’s letter were his letters to the Galatians. This also outlines the salutation that Paul makes in this letter likewise to the others that had been written. In this salutation what has been noticed is how the receives careful and the treatment behind it. It also outlines how his apostleship were devalued in the Gospel and how Paul is trying to seek the independence his wants for the Jerusalem circle and defend the message try being spoken in this letter. In this letter the church was trying to the link between Peter, James, and John also many others relationship and link with the lord and, the practices of the Jewish Christians. To sum up in Paul’s writing what it mostly pointed out how he directly pointed to the person it was sent to; to explain the deeper meaning so readers could understand it more thoroughly. In conclusion throughout Paul’s letters he had focused on the opening of his letters. He had really pointed out who had been writing to. This had included the sender and who had been getting the letter in addition to the greeting, which had been in his Gospels. Paul had tried to get the reader to better understand what was going on throughout his gospel. In addition, to telling people who it was directly to and his purpose for writing it. The Thanksgiving This section begins with Roetzel mentioning Paul Schubert’s finding on how Paul’s letters were written based on who they were going to. Roetzel talks about how the Thanksgiving he gives in his letters is symbolic of both the people he wrote to and the message he was writing. Paul’s letters are famous for both their amount and their reason. Paul, formerly Saul, began believing that after he saw the Risen Christ the world would end any day. When Paul wrote these letters he intended them as more of a warning and preaching of Jesus’ return than anything. What Roetzel’s section on Thanksgivings helps point out is that what the Thanksgiving does is summarize the intent of the letter and close the letter opening. The thanksgiving is recorded in all of Paul’s letters which helps make it an identifying point of his letters. Paul often uses his thanksgivings to allude to future events or to mention how he suffers for Jesus. Not only do Paul’s thanksgivings summarize the letters, they also help link to the “day of our Lord Jesus Christ.”. Like other preachers of Christianity at the time, Paul often mentions his sufferings and the sufferings of those around him to show that even through the toughest struggles, Jesus and God can help you through. While the thanksgivings on Paul’s letters are very similar to each other, they are often not thought of as something he did consciously, but simply did it out of habit. Unlike the other sections of his letters, Paul’s thanksgivings seem to focus less on Paul’s constant thought that the world would soon end, and more on noticing how God acts in the daily lives of the people he wrote to.


Throughout the history of the Church, Paul is regarded as one of the “founding fathers” for what eventually became one of the biggest religions in the world. Paul is often remembered for the letters he wrote to those he had previously visited and other newly converted Christians. The letters of Paul can easily be dissected to see the format of which he writes them in. As was previously mentioned, the Thanksgiving is a part of the letters that remains throughout the entirety of his letters. Roetzel’s analysis of Paul’s letters bring up many interesting points and discuss facts about his letters that help you better understand who Paul really was. Body of the Letter Letters have been a form of communication for thousands of years. Paul utilized letter writing to communicate with churches. Most letters incorporate specific components and function. The ancient letters also incorporated a specific structure. The discovery of Greek papyrus has provided the opportunity to study the framework for letters of Paul’s day. Studying has further allowed us to understand the parts and function and these letters. The components of the Pauline letters included: salutation, thanksgiving (prayer), body, closing commands, and conclusion. Each of these sections provided insight to Paul’s intended message. The body is one section of the Pauline letters. Although there is a range in all of the letters, there is a pattern in its format. Paul often uses a request to move from the thanksgiving to the body. The body complements the thanksgiving because it interprets the claims of the language of prayer presented in the thanksgiving. He ends the body with his intended travel plans. The travel plans propose to solidify the written word with a promise of a visit. Ultimately the body connects to Paul’s theological perspectives. The body of Paul’s letters are often less predictable than the formalities presented in the other parts of the letter. The body is a significant part of the communication. Paul used his letters as his only means of communication with people far away. He ultimately used his letters to further his “apostleship” therefore it takes on a more formal tone. His letters were likely read to participants gathered at church. The chapter explains each component of the Pauline letters and what they mean. The section on the body is just one part described by the author and is connected to the

rest of the sections by the order in which it occurred. there are many parts to Paul's letters that form one big letter such as a humans body has many parts that make it up. This chapter is named the Anatomy of Paul’s Letters it seems only right that Paul would write this with type of mentality. Paraenesis (ethical instruction and exhortation)


This section of the reading it discusses the different types of ethical instruction found within Paul’s letters. The cluster of moral maxims is the first part of ethical instruction in his letters. One example of this is in Romans 12:9-13 wherein thirteen injunctions and twelve topics are mentioned. Paul uses tradition to write this material type. There are lists of vices and virtues in which Hellenism and Judaism merge together. These relationships are shown in Galatians 5:19-23 where the lists of both vice and virtue are compared side by side. There is another type of material, which is an exhortation on a specific topic. These materials are very personal and supportive (ex: 1 Cor. 4:15) “I became your father.” This tone is in a very pastoral manner and these appear in Paul’s letters very frequently. Most of 1 Corinthians is part of this and belongs to this type of material chs. 5-15. Paul deals with all of the problems that are shown to him in an oral report and a letter by the church. In First Thessalonians 4:13-18 and 5:1-11 illustrate style that Paul writes with. Both of these show the concern of Paul’s readers and explain the significance of the resurrection of the dead and the suddenness of the end. It is important to distinguish individual units from the sections of material. The sections of material draw together the body of Paul’s letters and the conclusion. Some of it talks about to refrain from vengeful acts and to do good to outsiders obey the leaders and to build up the church with some regularity. They do not act as a guideline for every problem but of how the gospel should take effect. Many sources of wisdom feed into this material, Paul does not take ownership of this material but the way he says it shows how morally right his specific account is. Paul in this instance uses a type of narrative in order to show the people of the Christian world the way that they should follow Christ. The people needed ethical instruction as well as a way to find the faith that the original disciples needed in order to believe in Jesus’ words. Paul uses an order to make it certain that the people that were Jewish could follow his words as well as the words of the people who wrote the gospels. They all had to write in a certain way or else the people who would listen to their instruction. Every one of the disciples of Christianity had a uniform belief; they all needed a uniform way in order to worship. They needed a way to remain Jewish and still believe in Jesus and his ways. This chapter challenges the idea that Paul could write in a certain way that deals with the entirety of the word of Jesus. This part of the chapter deals with ethics and ethical instruction this is the way that Paul wanted the people who believed in Jesus to act. 5. Conclusion Like the opening, the conclusion is a stable element in epistolary structure. Peace wishes, greetings, and graces are usually found within it. Occasionally, an apostolic pronouncement, is seen. Closing the space between the instruction cluster and the conclusion is the peace wish. Paul did not originate the peace wish; but, the shalom (or peace) greeting of the Semitic letter was familiar to him. The word Shalom expressed a desire for the total well-being (bodily health and inner peace) of the person that is being greeted.The shalom greeting often went beyond amenities to a joint affirmation of faith. In the conclusion, greetings are in between the peace wish and the grace. Therefore the closing wish echoes the opening greeting. Before Paul ends his letter he places himself and his audience in the presence of God and the note of promise sounded in the peace wish extends God’s presence beyond this meeting point of the letter and into the future. In the peace wish of Thessalonians, Paul restates his major concerns. Sometimes a prayer request stands next to the peace wish. The closing greeting from Paul and his co-workers and to command to greet one another signal the imminent end of the epistolary meeting. Although it is not specifically stated, it is assumed that this greeting will be conveyed by the kiss. It has often been


viewed as a prelude to the celebration of the Eucharist. This stands as the usual way to greet someone, which Paul harnessed to serve his epistolary interests. Through the command “greet one another with the holy kiss” Paul is talking about the kind of relationship that is created by Jesus between himself and his spiritual family, and also between the “brethren” themselves. Paul, believing himself appointed as an apostle of the risen Christ, felt he represented Jesus to his audience for judgment and healing. Therefore he believes the words that were spoken by him had the power and authority of the one who sent him, God. Paul saw the letter as an instrument of his apostleship. The letter placed the community in the Lord’s company. It was later realized that Paul’s message changed his medium. Even though the letter was for Paul the only mode of conversation between separated persons, it was more. It was an extension of his apostleship.

Sources Google Images http://www.google.com/imghp The Letters of Paul : Conversations in Context http://books.google.com/books? id=KMpMUlq5eQ0C&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=one page&q&f=false

Roetzel 2  

Reading Group 2 on Roetzel 2

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