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New Light of Myanmar


INSIDE A Study on the Anandacandra Stone Inscription Dr. Saw Mra Aung


1st Waxing of Tazaungmon 1375 ME

Sunday, 3 November, 2013

Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham attends opening of Rural Electrification Equipment and Industrial Products Exhibition 2013

Golden Myanmar Airlines to expand domestic and international routes

INSIDE Southeast Asia welcomes China’s neighbourly foreign policy Page-11

IAEA team to visit Fukushima in November over radioactive water Page-6

Ex-top diplomat Yachi may head new security council’s secretariat


Basic Unit Leader Training Course for Scouts wraps up


US wants ‘inclusive’ Iraq: Obama

Page-3 Page-10

Workshop on Project for Capacity Building on Losses of Reduction in Disaster Risk kicks off Page-10

Flood victims evacuated to safer places in Lewe


Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham visits booths at Rural Electrification Equipment and Industrial Products Exhibition 2013 at MICC.—mna Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov—Vice-President Dr Sai Mauk Kham, accompanied by Union Minister U Maung Myint and deputy ministers, attended the opening ceremony of Rural Electrification Equipment and Industrial Products Exhibition 2013 at Myanmar International Convention Centre, here, this afternoon. The Vice-President and party visited the booths of solar panels and energy supportive equipment, automobiles and heavy machinery, rural electrification

equipment, textile and electronic products, pharmaceuticals and foodstuffs, paper and household goods. Officials conducted the VicePresident round the booths. Today, vocalists R Zarni, He Lay, Ni Ni Khin Zaw and Phyu Phyu Kyaw Thein presented songs to the visitors who bought industrial products. On arrival at MICC-1 in the compound of State Guesthouse, the Vice-President heard reports on progress of the halls in which ASEAN Summit and related

meetings will be held and construction of buildings for heads of State/Government who will attend the

Yangon International Airport sees a hike in tourist arrivals With a surge in the number of tourists visiting Myanmar, tourists coming through the gate of Yangon International Airport had reached 49,260 in August of this year alone. Yangon International Airport saw 879 flights carrying 26,325 foreign visitors with tourist visas

and 22935 with other visas in August. But there has been a drop in tourist arrivals in the rainy season. A total of 43,331 tourists arrived at Yangon International Airport in April, 46067 in May, 45629 in June and 50165 in July. During the peak tourist season from November to March, influx of tourists

to Myanmar is more than other months. As there has been a gradual increase in the number of tourists flocking to Myanmar, it is expected to see more tourists this year, surpassing the tourist arrivals in the previous year. Myanma Alinn: 31-10-2013 Trs: YM

Summit and related meetings presented by member of Nay Pyi Taw Council U Kan Chun.—MNA

Training of basic animal health development course concludes

Mohnyin, 2 Nov— Training of basic animal health development and ruminant nutrition course for economic development of local people concluded at the in-charge office of development market, here, on 31 October. Head of Mohnyin

Japan, Russia agree to cooperate over Asian security

Township Livestock Breeding and Veterinary Department Dr Win Oo presented certificates to the trainees. A total of 30 trainees from the wards and villages of Mohnyin Township attended the 7-day course. NLM-001


German, Brazilian UN draft urges halt to excessive spying


Byline: Way Yan Oo Photo: Tin Soe (Myanma Alinn)

Photo shows an entrance to Yangon International Airport.


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

New Light of Myanmar LOCAL NEWS HRD


Golden Myanmar Airlines to expand domestic and international routes

Yangon, 2 Nov—It is only 40 days countdown for hosting 27th SEA Games in Myanmar. As it is open season, there can be seen many travelers across the country. Along with increased arrival of visitors, transportation sector became crucial role. The vehicle owners have imported international standard cars for convenience of local travelers and foreigners. It was learnt that various airlines expanded

domestic routes at reasonable price. Golden Myanmar Airlines will expand domestic and international routes with Air Bus planes starting from this November. Golden Myanmar Airlines was established in 2012 and was operating its flight routes with Air Bus– 320 conveniently, offering cheap fares to passengers. The airlines operated Yangon-Mandalay-Singa-

Special talks for child held in Kawthoung

pore-Bangkok routes daily with XY-AGS A-320 Air Bus starting from January this year. The new XYAGT A-320 Air Bus arrived on 16 October this year to ply the new destinations as of 15 November with cheap fares. The airline will launch YangonNay Pyi Taw route from Monday to Friday and offers promotions to the passengers within 15 to 30 November.—Kyemon

People young and old attend special talks for the child in Kawthoung. Kawthoung, 2 Nov— A special talks for the child was held in the precinct of Sasana Beikman at Pyidawaye Pagoda, here, on 31 October. Salon missionary Gyalangyun Sayadaw

Ashin Kusalajoti delivered a sermon to the congregations. A total of 10,000 primary, middle and high school level students from village-tracts in Kawthoung Township attended the ceremony.

The talks is aimed at enabling the children to understand values of lineage and religion, gratitude of parents and teachers to be clever and polite Buddhists.—Kyemon-Kyaw Soe (Kawthoung)

School snack shops given educative talks An aircraft of Golden Myanmar Airlines seen at airport.—mna

Outstanding students to visit Japan Yangon, 2 Nov— Ayeyawady Region government has arranged study tour to Japan for outstand-

ing students who passed the matriculation examination-2013 with flying colours. Every Ayeyawady-

born outstanding student was awarded one gold tical in the first term of the government. In the second

Outstanding students and teachers of Ayeyawady Region seen before departure for Japan on their study tour.

Friendly Myanmar show staged Yangon, 2 Nov— “Friendly Myanmar”, which is a title of JapanMyanmar friendship traditional costumes show was staged at community plaza of Settsu in Osaka, Japan to make Myanmar know among Japanese people with the attendance of people from both countries and media men from Japan. Main sponsor Mr and Mrs SUGIMOTO and responsible person from Myanmar Embassy in Japan

delivered opening address. Japanese people enjoyed Myanmar traditional dances and food and photo display.

Mr SUGIMOTO said, “It is mainly aimed at introducing Myanmar culture to Japan without political and

Yangon 2 Nov— The Consumer Protection Association of Myanmar checked school snack shops and gave educative term, the government presented outstanding ones gold and arranged trip abroad for them. ACE Company sponsors this year’s study tour. It comprises five ACE company staff, 12 students— six six-distinction winners, two six-distinction winners from Myaungmya and Ingapu, one five-distinction winners and two four-distinction winners and one three-distinction winners— and two teachers.—Kyemon-Htet Khaing (Sangyoung) economic aims.” Myanmar national races showed their performance wearing traditional costumes at the show.—Kyemon (Owai Khin Maung Kunt)

talks to them in Mayangon and Insein Townships, here, on 30 October. The association also stuck educative stickers on the shops.

The shops are never allowed to sell expired snacks and food with not expiration dates, it is learnt. –Kyemon-Htet Khaing (Sangyoung)

Candle fire destroys house in North Okkalapa Township

Photo shows damaged house after outbreak of fire in North Okkalapa Township. Yangon, 2 Nov—A fire burned down a house on Thunanda circular road in Waibargi Myothit, North Okkalapa Township yesterday morning. The candle fire started at the house of Daw Tin Aye. Officials from Yangon East District/ township Police Forces

and Township Fire Services Department rushed to the scene. The fire was under control in ten minutes. Waibargi Police Station filed a lawsuit against house owner Daw Tin Aye in connection with the case.—Kyemon-Soe WinMLA

New Light of Myanmar

Sunday, 3 November, 2013



US wants ‘inclusive’ Iraq: Obama Washington, 2 Nov — President Barack Obama pressed Iraqi Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki on Friday to build a more inclusive democracy in his country and said the United States would cooperate with Iraq as it tries to push back a resurgent al - Qaeda. As Iraq experiences a rising spiral of sectarian violence two years after US troops departed following eight years of war, Maliki came to Washington seeking US help to counter a Sunni insurgency revived in part by Syria’s civil war next door. Obama, in White House Oval Office remarks with Maliki at his side, made no mention of supplying the US-made Apache helicopters the Iraqis are seeking from the United States. A statement issued by the two governments said both delegations agreed that Iraqi forces urgently needed additional equipment to conduct operations in remote areas where militant camps are located. But it did not specifically cite

US President Barack Obama (R) shakes hands with Iraq’s Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki (L) after their meeting in the Oval Office at the White House in Washington, on 1 Nov, 2013.—Reuters military aid. “We had a lot of discussion about how we can work together to push back against that terrorist organization that operates not only in Iraq but also poses a threat to the entire region and to the United States,” Obama said. He focused most of his remarks on the need for Iraq to take more steps toward an inclusive democracy, such as by approving an election law and holding free and fair elections next year, “so people can resolve

differences through politics instead of violence.” Maliki is seeking increased military aid such as the Apache helicopters to suppress sectarian violence, but faces opposition on that front from some US lawmakers. Six influential senators on Thursday took a hard line against Maliki, saying his mismanagement of Iraqi politics was contributing to the surge of violence in which 7,000 civilians have been killed this year. Reuters

Japan, Russia agree to cooperate over Asian security

Tokyo, 2 Nov — Japan and Russia agreed at a ministerial meeting on Saturday to expand joint exercises between their defence forces and advance their cooperation in multilateral consultative frameworks covering security affairs in the Asia-Pacific region. Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida and Defence Minister Itsunori Onodera and their Russian counterparts Sergey Lavrov and Sergei Shoigu reached the agreements during a “two-plus-two” meeting on security held in Tokyo, the first such meeting between the two countries. The meeting was aimed at building confidence between Japan and Russia as Tokyo seeks to make progress in negotiations to resolve a long-running territorial dispute that has prevented the two countries from signing a post-World War II peace treaty. The ministers are also believed to have compared notes on issues relating to

German, Brazilian UN draft urges halt to excessive spying

Brazil’s President Dilma Rousseff (R) and German Chancellor Angela Merkel pose during a meeting at Santiago, in this photo provided by the Brazilian Presidency on 26 Jan, 2013.—Reuters Santiago, 2 Nov — Germany and Brazil circulated a draft resolution to a UN General Assembly committee on Friday that calls for an end to excessive electronic surveillance, data collection and other gross invasions of privacy. The draft resolution, which both Germany and Brazil made public, does not name any specific countries, although UN diplomats said it was clearly aimed at the United States, which has been embarrassed by revelations of a massive international surveillance program from a former US contractor. The German-Bra-

zilian draft would have the 193-nation assembly declare that it is “deeply concerned at human rights violations and abuses that may result from the conduct of any surveillance of communications, including extraterritorial surveillance of communications.” It would also call on UN member states “to take measures to put an end to violations of these rights and to create the conditions to prevent such violations, including by ensuring that relevant national legislation complies with their obligations under international human rights law.” The resolution will

likely undergo changes as it is debated in the General Assembly’s Third Committee, which focuses on human rights. It is expected to be put to a vote in the committee later this month and then again in the General Assembly next month, diplomats said. “We have received the draft and will evaluate the text on its merits,” said an official at the US mission to the United Nations. Several diplomats said they would be surprised if the resolution did not receive the support of an overwhelming majority of UN member states. Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and German Chancellor Angela Merkel have both condemned the widespread snooping by the US National Security Agency. Charges that the NSA accessed tens of thousands of French phone records and monitored Merkel’s mobile phone have caused outrage in Europe. General Assembly resolutions are non-binding, unlike resolutions of the 15-nation Security Council. But assembly resolutions that enjoy broad interna-

tional support can carry significant moral and political weight. The resolution would urge states “to establish independent national oversight mechanisms capable of ensuring transparency and accountability of State surveillance of communications, their interception and collection of personal data.” It would also call on UN human rights chief Navi Pillay to prepare and publish a report “on the protection of the right to privacy in the context of domestic and extraterritorial, including massive, surveillance of communications, their interception and collection of personal data.”—Reuters

East Asian security, including North Korea’s nuclear and ballistic missile programme. In his opening remarks at the talks, Kishida said Saturday’s meeting has opened a “new page for Japan-Russia cooperation in security and defence,” noting that deepening such cooperation will contribute to regional peace and stability. Lavrov said Japanese

and Russian leaders are aiming to strengthen confidence and expand cooperation on regional and global issues, while Shoigu said that through mutual efforts Japan and Russia can raise their understanding of new threats, such as international terrorism and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, to a “new level.” Kyodo News

Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov (L) and Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida shake hands during a joint press conference in Tokyo on 1 Nov, 2013.—Kyodo News

Investigators probe motives of Los Angeles airport shooter Los Angeles, 2 Nov — FBI agents were on Saturday probing the background and possible motivation of a gunman who opened fire at a packed terminal at Los Angeles International Airport and shot dead an unarmed federal agent. Authorities have identified the suspected shooter in Friday’s attack as Paul Anthony Ciancia, 23, and they said he was shot and wounded by police in an exchange of gunfire at the airport’s Terminal 3. Late on Friday, FBI agents armed with a search warrant combed through Ciancia’s home in the Los Angeles area, FBI spokes-

LAPD officers walk around terminal 3 after a shooting at Los Angeles Airport (LAX), on 1 Nov, 2013.—Reuters

woman Laura Eimiller said. The investigation into the attack will probe the shooting itself as well as the gunman’s background and possible motivations, Bowdich said on Friday. “Our goal is to do a true scrub on the individual to find out what was the tipping point for this person,” he said. In New Jersey, police and FBI agents descended on Ciancia’s family’s home in Pennsville Township. Pennsville Police Chief Allen Cummings said he had been contacted by Ciancia’s father before the shooting, prompted by a worrisome text message from the young man to his brother. The police chief declined to elaborate on the nature of the text message but said that family members told investigators they had no previous indications that Ciancia, who moved to California about 18 months ago, was troubled. A US official who asked not to be identified said federal investigators were trying to determine if the gunman had been targeting TSA agents in the rampage.—Reuters


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

New Light of Myanmar

Sc i e nc e & Te c h no l o gy


Alibaba restructures Alipay’s parent, Jack Ma’s share reduced

The following is the reproduction of the Myanmar Hotels and Tourism Guide 2013. Visit www. for further information.—Ed

Beijing, 2 Nov — The online payment affiliate of China’s biggest e-commerce company Alibaba Group Ltd will be restructured to attract new strategic investors, in a move that will reduce the shareholding of Alibaba’s founder Jack Ma in the affiliate. Zhejiang Alibaba E-Commerce Co Ltd will be restructured as a new company in which 60 percent of its shares will be offered to new strategic investors, Lucy Peng, head of the restructured entity, said in a letter published on its official Weibo microblog account on Friday. Ma will see his shareholding reduced from 80 percent to about 7 percent in the new company, or no greater than his shareholding in Alibaba Group, according to the letter. The restructured company, to

be known as Alibaba Small and Micro Financial Services Group, will hold Zhejiang Alibaba’s 100 percent stake in unit Alipay, as well as its shareholding in Alibaba’s micro-finance unit, Zhongan Insurance, and Tianhong Asset Management Co. Alipay is China’s biggest third-party payment platform, providing payment solutions to 460,000 merchants, and with 800 million registered accounts.

The remaining 40 percent in the new company will be offered to nearly 24,000 employees at Alibaba Group and Zhejiang Alibaba, said Peng, former chief executive of Alipay. That includes the share held by Ma. The announcement on Friday will have no impact on existing agreements with Alibaba and the group’s shareholders SoftBank Corp and Yahoo!

A worker walks past a logo of Alibaba Group at its headquarters on the outskirts of Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, on 24 Aug, 2013. — Reuters

Inc, Alibaba spokesman John Spelich said. In 2011, Ma sparked a public dispute with Alibaba Group’s biggest outside investors when he separated Alipay from Alibaba. Ma said at the time that new Chinese government regulations on third-party payment services required the changes. The companies later settled, in a deal that guaranteed Alibaba 49.9 percent of Alipay’s earnings prior to an initial public offering, and as much as $6 billion if Alipay sells shares to the public. “Today’s announcement underscores that employees of both Alibaba Group Holdings and Alibaba Small and Micro Financial Services Group are being incentivized to work hard to achieve success for the company,” Spelich said. Reuters

German journalists urged to shun Google and Yahoo Frankfurt, 2 Nov — The union representing German journalists advised its members on Thursday to stop using Google and Yahoo because of reported snooping by US and British intelligence. “The German Federation of Journalists recommends journalists to avoid until further notice

the use of search engines and e-mail services from Google and Yahoo for their research and digital communication,” the union said in a statement.It cited “scandalous” reports of interception of both companies’ web traffic by the US National Security Agency (NSA) and Britain’s

An illustration picture shows the logos of Google and Yahoo connected with LAN cables in a Berlin office on 31 Oct, 2013.—Reuters

GCHQ. “The searches made by journalists are just as confidential as the contact details of their sources and the contents of their communication with them,” said Michael Konken, head of the union which represents about 38,000 journalists. He said there were safe alternatives for both searches and email. The Washington Post reported on Wednesday that the NSA had tapped directly into communications links used by Google and Yahoo to move large amounts of email and other user information between overseas data centers. It said the program was operated jointly with GCHQ. Google’s chief legal officer said it was ‘out-

raged’ at the apparent interception of data from its private fiber networks. The company declined to comment on the German union move. Yahoo said it had strict security in place at its data centers and had not given access to the NSA or other agencies. Revelations by fugitive US intelligence contractor Edward Snowden about the scale of NSA surveillance worldwide, from the alleged mass trawling of emails to the tapping of world leaders’ phones, have caused international outrage. The German government said last week it had evidence that Chancellor Angela Merkel’s mobile phone had been monitored by US intelligence. Reuters

Amazon tries free, on-time delivery to lure India online Bangalore, 2 Nov — Free shipping on a 100 rupee ($1.60) book. Delivery times guaranteed to the minute. These are some of the incentives the world’s biggest online retailer Inc is using to entice Indians to shop on the web, a sector where growth has been stifled by payment problems, low Internet usage and a challenging logistics environment. Amazon’s investors are counting on its international business and expansion to help drive growth and sup-

port its $165 billion market value, one of the highest among US firms.India is Amazon’s third emerging market investment after Brazil and China, and one Vice President and Coun-

try Manager Amit Agarwal said would take time to pay off. Most Indians do not own a credit card, and less than half the 152 million Internet users have shopped online. A box from Amazon. com is pictured on the porch of a house in Golden, Colorado on 23 July, 2008. Reuters

Then there are the bad roads, the snarled bureaucracy and the petty bribery that greases business. The potential, however, is vast.Online retail sales in India are forecast to grow more than a hundred-fold to $76 billion by 2021 from just $600 million at the end of 2012, retail consultants Technopak said. E-tail sales in China, by comparison, are expected to grow to $650 billion by 2020 from around $200 billion in 2012, consultants McKinsey predict.—Reuters

Sale Yok Sone Kyaung


Pakokku is a prosperous trading town on the west bank of the Ayeyarwady River in central Myanmar. Symbols of prosperity in the conservative towns far from cities such as Yangon or Mandalay are not big cars or big houses but big monasteries and pagodas.

The Thiho Shin Pagoda

This ancient pagoda has been weIl-maintained over the ages. There are also some beautiful monasteries built from teak in Pakokku.

Sale Yok Sone Kyaung

This an all-teak monastery in Sale is covered with finely-wrought carvings featuring traditional motifs, scenes from the Jataka stories and those of ordinary people going about their lives.

Shinpin Sargyo Hla Pagoda

It is believed to mark the place where courtiers waited to welcome King Anawrahta as he returned from Thaton with complete set of the Tripitaka (the Buddhist canon) in 1057. East of the pagoda are temples with wonderful murals featuring the styles of three different eras: Bagan (11th to 13th centuries), Pinya/Inwa (14th to 16th centuries) and the late 19th to early 20th century colonial period.

Mann Settawya Pagoda

The Mann Creek flows around a hill, where steps lead to a pagoda at the top with a footprint of the Buddha. At the base is another footprint. From February to April pilgrims come to worship and swim in the cold and clear waters of the creek.

China to build new Antarctica station

Shanghai, 2 Nov — China is planning a new research station in Antarctica, the State Oceanic Administration (SOA) said on Friday. The Taishan Station, the fourth of its kind in Antarctica, will be set up between the existing Zhongshan and Kunlun Stations to provide logistical support, according to Qu Tanzhou, director of Arctic and Ant-

arctic Administration at SOA. A scientific expedition team will leave Shanghai on 7 November to carry out multiple investigations, including setting up the Taishan station. A summer station that can be used from December to March, the station will be used to study geology, glaciers, geomagnetism and the atmosphere in Antarctica.—Xinhua

Antonov An-71 of Russia .—Xinhua

New Light of Myanmar

Sunday, 3 November, 2013



Euro on the ropes after dive in inflation

London, 2 Nov — The euro tumbled to a twoweek low on Friday after a plunge in euro zone inflation left markets suddenly eyeing the outside chance of a cut in interest rates by the European Central Bank next week. European shares .FTEU3 saw a subdued end to what looked to be a fourth week of gains, but the combination of Thursday’s surprise dive in inflation to just 0.7 percent and a revitalized dollar kept it on the ropes. After its biggest fall in six months in the previ-

ous session, the euro fell to $1.3530, on course for a fall over the course of the week of two percent.” It is clear that there has been a major sentiment change on the euro,” said John Hardy, head of FX strategy at Saxo bank in Copenhagen.” The ECB’s single mandate has always been on inflation so this gives Draghi and co further reason to do something at next week’s meeting. We see considerable further downside. The likes of euro/dollar back into the old range, down towards

$1.30.” The move was amplified as dollar .DXY continued to kick away from a recent nine-month low, boosted by upbeat US data overnight. Stock markets across the continent lost between 0.2 and 0.5 percent .FTSE, .FCHI .GDAXI .FTMIB .IBEX, pegged back by signs of third quarter weakness at some major European firms. At the same time, the return of bets on an ECB rate cut saw euro zone government bonds extend this week’s rise. <GVD/EUR> Reuters

A man walks through the lobby of the London Stock Exchange on 5 Aug, 2011. Reuters

Huawei still banned from Australia’s broadband project Melbourne, 2 Nov — China’s telecom giant Huawei on Friday confirmed that the ban by Australian government on Huawei from participating the National Broadband Network (NBN) project continues, saying it was “extremely disappointed” with the decision. At the same time, Prime Minister Tony Abbott also reportedly reiterated his promise of the ban to the country’s opposition leader. In an internal letter obtained by Xinhua, Huawei Australia Chairman John Lord told his 700 staff to “hold their heads up high,” saying they should be proud of this company. “We are extremely disappointed with this decision... Hua-

wei’s business in Australia has never been dependent on the NBN. Despite the NBN decision, last year was our most successful year to date and today Huawei’s Australian business is bigger than ever,” Lord said in the letter. He also said that the Australian government’s decision is the exception, not the rule. “Huawei is building eight of the nine NBNs around the world, in-

cluding the UK, New Zealand, Singapore, Malaysia, and more. These countries have not embraced Huawei cautiously, they have embraced us with open arms,” said the chairman. Huawei Australia was banned by the former Labour government earlier last year from tendering in the NBN project over security reasons. The country’s Attorney-General George Brandis on Tuesday issued a statement which indicated that the government would uphold the ban since Huawei hadn’t persuaded the Australian intelligence agencies for the security concerns. The previous government’s decision to ban Huawei from tendering for the NBN was based on the national security agencies’ advice, Brandis told media. Brandis’s statement

was an obvious shock to the Chinese company who said over half of Australians already use a Huawei product for parts of their daily telecommunications needs, because Australian Communication Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Trade Minister Andrew Robb recently showed support publicly to review the ban, raising hope the controversial policy would be relaxed. Just two days after the remarks, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott reportedly ruled out any involvement by Huawei in the NBN plan. According to the local daily The Australian, Abbott sent a letter to the opposition leader Bill Shorten, saying “his government has not intention of reviewing the decision of the previous government.” Reuters

US preterm births fall to 15-year low, still worst in developed world New York, 2 Nov — The rate of preterm births in the United States dropped to a 15-year low of 11.5 percent in 2012, according to a report released on Friday, but the country still came in dead last among industrialized nations on this measure of infant health.The rate reflects six straight years of declines, possibly due to factors such as a drop in smoking among women of childbearing age, said the March of Dimes, the nonprofit group that produced the report. The improvement comes during an acrimonious, partisan debate in Congress about health insurance centered on President Barack Obama’s healthcare reform law. The Affordable Care Act requires all insurance plans to cover maternity care, spreading the cost of healthy pregnancies across society. That provision led to a

testy exchange on Wednesday when Kathleen Sebelius, secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services, testified before a congressional panel and defended the provision. Republican Representative Renee Ellmers retorted that the maternity requirement “is why healthcare premiums are increasing, because we are forcing (people) to buy things that they will never need.” The requirement increases premiums for a typical policy about 3 percent, calculated James O’Connor of Milliman, an actuarial firm, in an April report for the health insurance industry. “We are the only highincome country in the world not to have everyone covered for maternity care,” said Dr Edward McCabe, medical director of the March of Dimes.—Reuters

Some nutrition and diet studies may overstate China intercepts 147 results shipments of substandard N Y , 2 Nov — findings. about how often findings on politically and socially ew


Doctors, policymakers and everyday people may make decisions or give advice based on the results of published nutrition studies. But a new analysis shows researchers sometimes overstate the results of those reports. Researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham looked at papers published about nutrition and obesity in leading medical and public health journals. They tracked how often authors overreached in the summary of their

“We found that about one of 11 studies have some kind of issue that we identified that was degrading the fidelity of research reporting,” Dr Nir Menachemi said. “In the article we call it an overreaching statement. That’s probably the most fair way to characterize these infractions,” Menachemi, who led the analysis, told Reuters Health. His team’s findings were published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Not much is known

are distorted by scientists or the media. Results from so-called observational studies— which can’t prove causeand-effect—are often used to make potentially inappropriate recommendations without better data, the researchers said. One study showed half of press releases on more rigorous trials also overstated their results. Menachemi and his colleagues wondered if researchers might be more likely to overstate the results of studies

charged topics. They decided to focus on nutrition and obesity reports. The researchers looked for articles published in eight leading journals in either 2001 or 2011 to examine changes in reporting over time. They found 937 papers, 377 from 2001 and 560 from 2011. Close to nine percent of those had findings that were overstated in the study summary, called an abstract. Studies from 2011 were more likely to overreach than 2001 papers. Reuters

food in September

Beijing, 2 Nov — Chinese authorities discovered 147 batches of substandard food imports in September, the country’s top quality supervisor announced on Thursday. Wrong labels, microbial contamination and poor quality were the main problems discovered in the substandard food imports, which came from 24 countries and regions, according to the General Administration of Quality Supervision,

Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ). The rejected food products fall under 14 categories, with most of them classified as dairy products, biscuits and candies, said AQSIQ’s spokesperson, Chen Xitong. AQSIQ also found five shipments of substandard cosmetic products imported from three countries and regions. All substandard products were either sent back or destroyed, Chen said. Xinhua


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

New Light of Myanmar WORLD

Two Greek far-Right Golden Dawn party Trams collide in Sarajevo, over 40 injured members dead outside party offices S , 2 Nov — were released after check

Policemen investigate the site of the killing of two Greek far-Right Golden Dawn’s (Chryssi Avgi) party members outside the party’s offices in the northern suburb of Neon Herakleion in Athens on 1 Nov, 2013. Reuters Athens, 2 Nov — Two young men were killed and a third one was seriously injured in an attack outside Greek far-Right Golden Dawn’s (Chryssi Avgi) party offices in the Athens northern suburb of Neon Herakleion on Friday evening in an alarming escalation of political violence in Greece. Two hooded unidentified persons who were

riding a motorcycle approached the party offices and opened fire at the men standing in front of the building, before fleeing the site, according to eye witnesses. Police sources said that the attack was made with automatic rifles and guns. As counter-terrorism police has launched an investigation into the attack, Golden Dawn party

spokesman Elias Kassidiaris confirmed speaking to local media that the victims -aged 22 and 26 according to hospital sources — were party members. Golden Dawn is under an unprecedented crackdown, with its chief Nikos Michaloliakos and two other MPs held in pre-trial custody on charges of running a criminal gang, after the fatal stabbing of a Leftist anti-fascist musician by a Golden Dawn party supporter on 18 September at a Piraeus port District. In the first reactions after Friday’s attack, Greek government and opposition parties condemned the violence. “The murderers, whoever they are, will face the Law and a united Greek society,” Greek government spokesperson Simos Kedikoglou said. “I express my grief for the death of two young people. The law will be enforced. We will not allow the country to be turned

Factory blast kills 11, injures 17 Cenxi, (Guangxi), 2 Nov — Eleven people have been killed and 17 others were injured in a fireworks factory explosion on Friday afternoon in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, local authorities said on Saturday. The manager and the legal representative of the factory is under police custody, according to local authorities. The explosion occurred at about 4 pm in Sanbao Township of Cenxi City. Eleven people died after emergency treatment failed while 17 others re-

A local fireworks factory is in shambles after a blast in Cenxi County, southwest China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, on 1 Nov, 2013.—Xinhua mained in hospital for further observation, said the government.

The cause of the accident is under investigation. Xinhua

IAEA team to visit Fukushima in November over radioactive water Washington, 2 Nov — The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency said on Friday its mission will visit the crippled nuclear plant in Japan’s Fukushima for fact-finding on problems including radioactive water leakage. “We’re planning to send our peer-review mission in autumn, perhaps toward the end (of November),” Yukiya Amano, Director General of the IAEA, told reporters in Washington.

That will be an IAEA mission on decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi plant and “it covers the contaminated water issues,” Amano said. The IAEA sent a similar team of experts to the Fukushima plant in April to conduct an on-site survey related to work toward scrap of four of its six reactors which were devastated by the March 2011 mega earthquake and tsunami. The IAEA mission at that time warned the opera-

tor Tokyo Electric Power Co properly manage a massive amount of waste water that was contaminated with radioactive substances used to cool nuclear fuel in the waterfront plant. A series of leakages of contaminated water in the premises were reported even after the visit by the IAEA team, some of which could have flowed into the Pacific Ocean, fueling overseas concerns about sea water safety. Kyodo News

into a theater for settling accounts for any reason,” Public Order Minister Nikos Dendias added. All political parties represented in parliament issued similar statements, rejecting violent acts which “undermine democracy.” Golden Dawn party first entered Greece’s parliament in the 2012 general elections with 7 percent of the vote, capitalizing on Greek people’s anger at the painful austerity introduced in 2010 to address the debt crisis. It currently holds 18 seats in the 300-member assembly. After the murder of Pavlos Fyssas this autumn, several party members have been linked to numerous attacks against immigrants and political opponents, Golden Dawn is under crackdown and its popularity has plummeted. Reuters


More than 40 passengers were slightly injured when two trams collided on Friday in central Sarajevo. The collision, at a crossover near the US Embassy, happened at around 14:00 local time (1300 GMT), police said, adding that the injured, including two drivers of the trams, were rushed to nearby hospitals. Most of the passengers

while a few of them stayed in the hospital for further treatment, police said. Irfan Nefis, a spokesman for the Ministry of Internal Affairs, said investigators were trying to find the cause of the accident. Some witnesses said the crash happened when one of the trams apparently ignored the red light and smashed into the other tram.—Xinhua

Photo taken on 1 Nov, 2013 shows the scene of the tramcar accident in Sarajevo, Bosnia-Herzegovina. over 40 people were injured when two tramcars collided with each other near the US Embassy in Central Sarajevo on Friday.—Xinhua

China upgrades alert against Typhoon Krosa Beijing, 2 Nov — The National Marine Environmental Forecasting Centre on Saturday upgraded its wave warning from yellow level to orange as Typhoon Krosa strengthened to a strong typhoon on Friday night. Krosa, the 29th typhoon of the year, will bring waves as high as nine metres in the northern part of the South China Sea from Saturday noon till Sunday noon, the centre said. The typhoon is expected to whip up peaks of up to 3.5 metres in the Taipei Strait and along the coast of Guangdong Province, while waves up to three metres will be seen in the eastern coastal areas of Hainan, according to the centre. The centre also warned

of storm tides, with water levels expected to increase by as much as 80 centimetres in coastal areas of Guangdong and Fujian provinces from Saturday morning to Sunday morning. The centre urged ships to be cautious. It also advised coastal authorities to take precautionary measures, carry out patrols and make sure dikes and fishery facilities are secure. In addition, the National Meteorological Centre (NMC) issued a yellow alert for Krosa on Saturday, the second tier in the country’s four-colour weather warning system, as it moves towards China’s southern coastal regions. At 5 am, its centre was at the northern part of the

South China Sea and about 605 kilometres east of the city of Wanning in southern China’s Hainan Province. The NMC forecast that it will move westward at a speed of 10 to 15 km per hour towards Hainan as its force slowly weakens. Local governments should take precautions against the typhoon while ships in areas on the route of Krosa should come back to ports, the NMC said. On Friday, the State Flood Control and Drought Relief Headquarters announced a fourth-level emergency response, the lowest level, asking local authorities to monitor the typhoon, forecast its movement and ensure people’s safety.—Xinhua Girls walk on a flooded street in Jesus Maria of Cordoba Province, Argentina, on 1 Nov, 2013. The storm in Cordoba Province caused flooding in many neighbourhoods of the municipality of Jesus Maria on Friday. Xinhua

New Light of Myanmar

Sunday, 3 November, 2013 7

LOCAL NEWS Shan literature, culture Tourism course concludes Travel bag given back to tourist Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov—A German tourist Mr Maire Guntran (PP. No Chfrsxmn7) (Visa No 204577) who stayed at Mountain Top Hotel was lost along trip to Kyaikhtiyoe Pagoda in Kyaikto Township of Mon State on 28 October afternoon. According to the information, members of Tourist Security Police Corps and those of local police stations made investivation

for the loss of tourist’s bag. According to the investigation, the German tourist together with 20 other members visited Yathedaung by car. While climbing onto the platform of Kyaikhtiyoe Pagoda on foot, they took a break at the food stall in the compound of Yathedaung car park. He lost his travel bag with orange, bray and green colours. The bag of the German

contained 100 US$, his passport, his wife’s passport, one mobile phone, cosmetics, one pair of glasses and a towel. He enquired loss of his bag along the trip. Fortunately, he found his bag at the food stall where Daw The The, owner of the food stall, kept the bag and handed it over to Mr Maire Guntran systematically.­ Ko Ko Yupa (Mann Tekkatho)

Heavy rains fill lakes with rainwater in rural areas of NyaungU Township

Natural lake in Ngathayauk region filled with rainwater in recent heavy rain. N yaung U, 2 Nov— This year, NyaungU Township got moderate amount of rainfalls in the early monsoon period and larger amount of rainfalls in the late monsoon period.

The township faced heavy rains from the waxing of Tawthalin to waning of Thadingyut. Naturally, Ngathayauk area is arid zone of Myanmar. But, recent heavy rains

filled lakes of rural areas in Ngathayauk, Kandawgyi Lake in Ngathayauk and that of Taungzinbat Village. As of 31 October, weather was fine without clouds in the sky. But, the

Foods donated to flood victims

Stimulant tablets worth over K 43 million seized Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov—A combined team comprising members of Mongpahlyo region police station, No. 30 Anti-drug squad, Tatmadawmen from local battalion and members of special branch searched a Toyota Hilux double cab vehicle on the street Namhkam Village in Kyainglat Sub-Township of Shan State on 27 October. They arrested suspects

Myo Zaw Latt (a) Mai Kham Ngin, 28, and Aik Kaung Kham, 22, and seized 21800 pink stimulant tablets weighing 2.18 kilos worth K 43.6 million and 10,000 baht. In connection with case, a lawsuit was filed at Mongpahlyo region police station under Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law. Ko Ko Yupa (Mann Tekkatho)

Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov— As the heavy rain has poured down in Pyinmana Township of Nay Pyi Taw Council Area since 27 October, villages namely Gyodan, Intha and Thayasu village-tracts along Paunglaung River in Pyinmana Township were in flood. Chairperson of Nay Pyi Taw Women’s Affairs Organization Daw Myat

Muse, 2 Nov—A Shan literature and culture course, organized by Shan Nationalities Literature and Culture Association, concluded at Maukpaunghuam Hall of Mahawun Monastery in Muse of northern State State recently. The training course was aimed at developing Shan literature and culture among the national race youths. At the ceremony, the

local people were worried about more showers because they have suffered from bad weather. If heavy rain pours down, groundnut plantations and green gram plantations may be damaged. Especially, the heavy rains may break out the bunds of lake and cause floods to the regions. In consequence, they faced loss and damage in plantations and missed the chance to plough the farmlands for cultivation of cold season crops. In addition, water may flow over the bunds into villages and may harm people and property. This year’s heavy rain is now sufficient for the local people. However, not only the people but also local authorities are worried about damages of bunds. MMAL-Kyaw Htay Myat Moe and party gave words of encouragement to the flood victims at the monastery in Taungzalok Monastery. Next, they donated foods to the flood victims. At present, health staff members are assigned duty at the relief camp for providing health care services to the flood victims. Myanma Alinn-Zaw Myo Naing

Anti-Narcotic Drives

344 stimulant tablets seized Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov— Members of No 30 Anti-Drug Squad (Tachilek) together with witnesses raided the house of Ah Kyu, 55 of Loisaton Village (Upper) in Honglek Village-tract in Tachilek Township on 29 October. They seized 344 stimulant tablets and K

688,000 from the bedroom of Ah Kyu and wife Ma Mi Gun, 56 at the house. Tachilek Myoma Police Station filed a lawsuit against Ah Kyu and Ma Mi Gun under Sections 15/19(a)/21 of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law.—Ko Ko Yupa (Mann Tekkatho)

trainees honoured the trainers with the song. Town’s elder U Sai Mong Ngin spoke words of thanks. Township Administrator U Ko Ko Zaw delivered a speech. Town’s elder U Sai Kein Kham thanked the wellwishers for their donations during the 11 weeks training period. Chairman of the association U Sai Kyaw Swe, trainer, leader of male

Literature & Culture and trainees recounted their experience and their concerted efforts from the training course. Later, Township Administrator U Ko Ko Zaw and officials presented prizes to the outstanding trainees, completion certificates to the trainees and gifts to the trainers. The course was attended by 80 trainees. MMAL-L Soe (IPRD)

Natural Disaster

Flood victims evacuated to safer places in Lewe

Local people being evacuated to safer place in Lewe Township. Lewe, 2 Nov— Torrential rains hit Lewe Township of Nay Pyi Taw Council Area on 27 October. Due to the heavy rains, Mehaw Creek and Sittoung River overflowed Hayman Village in Thitkyein Villagetract of the township at 5 pm the same day. On 28 October, overflow of water rose there. Under the supervision of Member of Nay Pyi Taw Council U Myint Swe, Township Administrator U Hla Shaung and departmental

officials inspected the flooded area and evacuated the local people from 124 of 262 houses to monastery in Bawdigon Village. Nay Pyi Taw Council, Township General Administration Department and wellwishers from Inbin and Thawutti village-tracts donated packets of rice, foodstuff, various kinds of snacks, medicines and purified drinking water to the flood victims. Ko Ko Nay (Pyinmana)

193 stimulant tablets seized in Meiktila Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov—A combined team comprising members of No 18 Anti-Drug Squad of Mandalay searched the house of Ma Aye Aye Win, 37 in Kyidawgon Ward of Region 5 in Meiktila on 22 October. They seised 193 stimulant tablets and K 100,000 from her bed. Meiktila No 2 police station opened a file of lawsuit against Sections 15/19(a)/20(a)/21 of Narcotic

Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law.—Ko Ko Yupa (Mann Tekkatho)


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

Sunday, 3 November, 2013

A definitive test Myanmar is poised to officially take up the duties of the leader of the 10-nation bloc for the first time on 1 Jan 2014, 16 years after its admission to ASEAN. The granting of ASEAN Chairmanship to Myanmar indicates that both ASEAN members and its partners have seen Myanmar as a role model for other countries with democratic transition in the globe to aspire to. Assumption of ASEAN Chairmanship by Myanmar for 2014 is very important because the chair will have to prepare the grounds for the realization of ASEAN Economic Community in 2015. That means a lot of advance preparations are to be undertaken in the upcoming year when Myanmar will take over the leadership of the 10-member club. Moreover, Myanmar will have to take the lead in the regional meetings, performing an important role of flourishing the relations between ASEAN and the rest of international community. So, the year of assuming ASEAN Chair will be an important milestone not only for the present government but also for the future of Myanmar and its people. Playing a leading role in the region, Myanmar will act as a catalyst for paving a way towards ASEAN Centrality. Moreover, it is a good time to maintain its respectable status in the region, proving a point that the government is confident of translating the process of participatory democratic transition into a success acceptable to all stakeholders. That’s why, the 2014 ASEAN Chairmanship will be a definitive test on whether the government is markedly capable of leading the regional bloc as well as its own country for winning international plaudits.

New Light of Myanmar World Stroke Day ... (from page 16) to the patients to save their lives. Nearly 15 million had strokes worldwide with an annual death of six million. A family will suffers a big loss when a bread winner of the family is struck by stroke and a country will also loss its work force, the Union minister said in his speech. After the ceremony, health experts gave talks on prevention and treatment of stroke. Myanmar celebrated the World Stroke Day in Yangon in 2010, in Nay Pyi Taw in 2011 and in Mandalay in 2012, distributing pamphlets on preventive measures


Union Minister for Health Dr Pe Thet Khin delivers an address at ceremony to mark World Stroke Day.—mna against stroke and carrying out medical checks. According to the World Health Organiza-

tion, non-communicable diseases have become the burden of global countries and stroke has become a

leading cause of deaths like heart attacks and has become the second cause for disabilities.—MNA

Preparation for display of desks and computer as facilities at International Broadcast Center for XXVII SEA Games. (News on page 16) mna

Photo shows preparations

You know, China’s tourism industry has registered burgeoning growth since the Beijing Olympics in 2008.

Host for 27th SEA Games too is the golden opportunity for Myanmar tourism industry!

have been made at Main Press Center (MPC) for XXVII SEA Games. (News on page 16)

So, let’s join hands together for showing our nation’s image impressively at the Games.

Cartoon Tha Byay


White Elephant kills mahout Yangon, 2 Nov—A mahout was accidently killed by a white elephant at Mindhamma White Elephant Garden in Insein Township, here today. The victim who had worked as a mahout for 11

years died en route to hospital after being gored by one of the three white elephants kept at the garden. “The mahout was gored at his left chest by the male white elephant Rajagaha and died on the way to hospital.

Such kind of accident had never happened here,” said an official of the garden. The three white elephants at the garden walk around the garden from 6.30 am to 7.30 am every day while mahouts are sitting on them

and other mahouts walk besides them to feed sugarcane to them. The accident happened during the morning walking time of the elephants. The male white elephant has been locked up and veterinarians and mahouts are closely monitoring him.—Nandar Win

New Light of Myanmar

Sunday, 3 November, 2013 9


A Study on the Anandacandra Stone Inscription (continued from yesterday) This excerpt denotes that the Nalanda Stone Inscription would have been inscribed by King Yasovamam between A.D.725 and A.D. 733, just before he was defeated by Kashamian king and that as the Anandacandra Stone Inscription is paleographically assumed by epigraphists to have been inscribed a few years later than the Nalanda Stone Inscription, it is logical to say that the former was inscribed in about A.D 729. On the strength of the above two eminent scholars who estimated the date of inscribing the western face of the Anandacandra Stone Inscription by checking it against the textual and numismatic documents, it can be assumed that King Anandacandra inscribed it by the beginning of the 8th century A.D. Generally, the western face or the text of the stone-inscription containing 65 verses can be of two parts. The first part contains three sections. The first section (from Verse No. 3 to Verse No. 17) deals with a line of 15 kings. The names of the kings with their regnal years and the total regnal period described by the Anandacandra Stone Inscription and the years of their accession tentatively assigned by Dr. Sircar are as follows.

In view of the Anandacandra Stone Inscription, it is known that the 15 kings ruled for 1016 years or 1060 years. Dr. Sircar assigned the year of accession of the earliest king of these 15 kings to B.C 636 and that of the accession of the last King Lanki to A.D.368. It is also observed that out of them, the names of six kings were lost. As the regnal years of the first four kings were mentioned as 120 years, some modern scholars throw doubt over the existence of the line of those kings. However, U San Tha Aung thinks that it was just like the way the modern astrologers wish the owner of the horoscope a life of 120 years. A strange fact is that the twelfth ruler was a queen named “Kuverami”. This suggests that women could stand on equal footing with men in Rakhine region from ancient times. Sanskrit scholar U Myint Swe assumes that these kings might be those who ruled in Dhannavati Period, which had flourished in Rakhine prior to Vesali Period. The second section (from Verse No.19 to Verse. No. 31) deals with 13 Candra kings. The names of these kings with their regnal years and the total regnal period described by the Anandacandra Stone Inscription and the years of the accession of the 13 kings tentatively assigned by Dr. Johnston and Dr. Sircar are as follows.

No Names of kings verse numbers

and Regnal years described by the Anandacandra Stone Inscription Dvecandra(V.Nos.19,20,21) 55 Rajacandra(V.No.22) 20 Kalacandra(V.No.23) 9 Devacandra(V.No. 24) 22 Yajnacandra(V.No.25) 7 Candrabandu(V.No.25) 6 Bhumicandra(V.No.26) 7 Bhuticandra(V.No.27) 24 Niticandra(V.No.28) 55 Viracandra(V.No.29) 3 Priticandra(V.No.29) 12 Prthicandra(V.No.30) 7 Dhrticandra(V.No.31) 3 230

Dr.Johnston’s D r . S i r c a r ’ s tentative as- tentative assignment signment

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

350 A.D 405 A.D 425 A.D 430 A.D 456 A.D 463 A.D 469 A.D 476 A.D 500 A.D 555 A.D 558 A.D 570 A.D 577 A.D

According to the Anandacandra Stone Inscription, it is brought to light that these 13 Candra kings ruled for a total of 230 years. Dr. Johnston and Dr. Sircar assigned the year of the accession of King Dvecandra to 350 A.D and 370 A.D and that of the accession of King Dhrticandra to 577 A.D and 597 A.D. The third section (from Verse No.33 to Verse.No. 45) deals with the nine kings belonging to the family of King Anandacandra. The names of these kings with their regnal years and the total regnal period described by the Anandacandra Stone Inscription and the years of the accession of the nine kings tentatively assigned by Dr.Johnston and Dr. Sircar are as follows.

No. Names of kings and Regnal years described by the Dr. Sircar’s tentative verse numbers Anandacandra Stone Inscription assignment 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Lost (V.No.3) Lost (V.No.4) Lost (V.No.5) Lost (V.No.6) Bahubali (V.No.7) Raghupati (V.No.8) Lost (V.No.9) Cadrodaya (V.No.10) Annaveta kings (V.No.11) Lost (V.No.12) Rimbhuppo (V.No.13) Kuverami (V.No.14) Umavira (V.No.15) Jugna (V.No.16) Lanki (V.No.17)

120 120 120 120 120 120 (1) 20 27

638 B.C 518 B.C 398 B.C 278 B.C 158 B.C 38 B.C 82 A.D 202 A.D

5 77 23 7 20 7 2

229 A.D 234 A.D 311 A.D 334 A.D 341 A.D 361 A.D 368 A.D

1016 (or) 1060

No Names of kings

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Dr. Saw Mra Aung is suggested that the kings whose names are inscribed on the coins be added to the list of the kings claimed by the Rakhine traditional chronicles. Another invaluable thing contributed by this stone inscription to Rakhine history is the time of establishing Vesali City. It is found that western scholars such as Forchhammer, Sir. Aurther Phayer, etc assert that Vesali was established by Maha Taing Candra in A.D. 789. However, Rakh-

370 A.D 425 A.D 445 A.D 454 A.D 476 A.D 483 A.D 489 A.D 496 A.D 520 A.D 575 A.D 578 A.D 590 A.D 597 A.D

Regnal years Dr. Johnston’s Dr. Sircar’s described by t e n t a t i v e tentative the Ananda- assignment assignment candra Stone Inscription

Mahavira(V.No.33) Prayajat(V.No.34) Seviren(V.No.35) Dharmasura(V.No.36) Vajirasakti(V.Nos.37,38) Dhammavijaya(V.No.39,40) Narendravijaya(V.No.41) Dhammacandra(V.No.42, 43) Anandacandra(VNo.44, 45)

12 12 12 13 16 36 2-9 16 9

580 A.D 592 A.D 604 A.D 616 A.D 629 A.D 645 A.D 681 A.D 684 A.D 700 A.D

600 A.D 612 A.D 624 A.D 636 A.D 649 A.D 665 A.D 701 A.D 704 A.D 720 A.D

129 According to the Anandacandra Stone Inscription, it is learnt that these kings ruled for a total of 129 years. Dr. Johnston and Dr. Sircar assigned the year of the accession of King Mahavira to 580 A.D and 600 A.D and that of the accession of King Anandacandra to 700 A.D and 720 A.D. As the stone inscription says that King Anandacandra inscribed it nine years after his accession, it can be said that he incised it in about 709 A.D (according to Dr. Johnston) or 729 A.D (according to Dr.Sircar). In general, a total of 22 kings including 13 Candra kings mentioned in the second section and 9 kings in the third section are considered to have ruled in Vesali Period. However, the Rakhine traditional chronicles assert that a total of 12 kings including 10 Candra kings and two descendants of Mro tribe ruled during Vesali Period. Out of 13 Candra kings recorded in the Anandacandra Stone Inscription, only two kings—Dvecandra and Kalacandra—are included in the list of 12 kings of Vesali claimed by the Rakhine traditional chronicles. Apart from these two kings,

the names of the remaining kings recorded in the Anandacandra Stone Inscription differ from those claimed by Rakhine traditional chronicles. But coins bearing the names of the kings included in the Anandacandra Stone Inscription such as Rajacandra, Devacandra, Yajnacandra, Candrabandhu, Bhumicandra, Niticandra, Viracandra, Priticandra, Prthicandra, Dhrticandra, Dharmavijaya, and Dharmacandra have been discovered. The names of these kings are not described in the Rakhine traditional chronicles. As the coins with the names of the kings who struck them are solid evidences proving that they actually ruled in Vesali Priod, it might be that the compilers of Rakhine chronicles had not discovered these coins at the times when they compiled the chronicles, But since King Htulacandra, the accredited Asoka of Rakhine, mentioned in the traditional chronicle is identified with King Anandacandra by some scholars, it can be also considered that the chronicle and the stone inscription tend to refer to the same king in different names. Anyhow, it

ine scholars and historians such as Ven. Candamala Lankara (compiler of the New Rakhine Chronicle), U Aung Tha Oo, U Chan Tun, U San Tha Aung, etc persistently hold that it was founded by the same king in A.D.327. But, now, Dr. Johnston and Dr. Sircar, through the meticulous study of the regnal years of the Vesali kings described on the Anandacandra Stone Inscription and the coins struck by a few of them, placed the date of establishing Vesali City at A.D. 350 and A.D.370 respectively (See the second above tables). Again, the Department of Archaeology under the Ministry of Culture, employing the archaeological finds yielded by the third season excavation of Vesali, remarked that Vesali City flourished between the 4th and the 8th centuries A.D. Additionally, U Aung Thaw, a director of the Department of Archaeology, says that Vesali Period began in the middle of the 4 th century A.D. Therefore, it would not be biased to place the date of establishing Vesali City somewhere during the 4 th century A.D. (To be continued)


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

New Light of Myanmar

LOCAL NEWS National Sports Basic Unit Leader Training Course for Scouts wraps up Cash assistance provided to selected national M , 2 Nov— players from Mon State andalay

An official makes speech at ceremony to cash assistance for athletes, managers and coaches and organizing officials. Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov—A ceremony to provide cash assistance for athletes, managers and coaches

and organizing officials was held in Mawlamyine on 30 October. Mon State Minister for

Development Affairs Dr Toe Toe Aung presented cash assistance provided by Mon State Chief Minister U Ohn Myint to an official of Mon State Sports and Physical Education Department. The Mon State chief minister gave K 100,000 each to the SEA Games organizing manager, gymnasium/stadium manager, the team manager, coaches, players in track & field, archery, Sepak Takraw, table tennis, muay, billiards, Judo, Petamque, football (men’s and women’s), golf, cycling and boxing events. Kyemon

Disaster Risk Reduction Workshop on Project for Capacity Building on Losses of Reduction in Disaster Risk kicks off

The Basic Unit Leader Training Course for Scouts concluded at Basic Education High School No. 16 in Chanayethazan Township on 31 October, with an address by Chief Minister of Mandalay Region U Ye Myint. The Region Chief Minister and officials decorated the scouts with scarfs. In his address, the Chief Minister urged the scouts to place emphasis on nurturing the youths in line with 10 points ethics of scouts. Acting Union Minister for Education Dr Myo Myint made a speech. Course coordinator Mr Thian Hrong Boom of Asia-Pacific Scout Federation and ASEAN Scout Federation extended greetings. A train recounted experience in the training course.

Chief Minister of Mandalay Region U Ye Myint presents certificate to an official. Next, the Chief Minister and officials presented certificates of honour to those who contributed to conducting the training course. Also present at the concluding ceremony were Region Minister for Social Affairs Dr Win Hlaing, Di-

rector-General U Tin Myo Kyi of No. 2 Basic Education Department, Chairman of Myanmar Scout Temporary Comittee U Tin Nyo (retired director-general), coaches and officials of the Ministry of Education. Kyemon-Min Min (Mandalay)

Anti-Narcotic Drives 39000 stimulant tablets, arm and ammunition seized Chief Minister of Ayeyawady Region U Thein Aung speaking at opening of Workshop on Project for Capacity Building on Losses of Reduction in Disaster Risk. Pathein, 2 Nov—Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, JICA, SEEDS and Myanmar Engineering Society jointly opened the Workshop on Project for Capacity Building on Losses of Reduction in Disaster Risk Reduction at Pathein Hotel in Pathein of Ayeyawady Region on 31 October. Chief Minister of Ayeyawady Region U Thein Aung, Region Minister for Social Affairs Daw Khin Saw Mu, Mr Masahiko Tanaka of JICA, Vice-Chairman of Myanmar Engineering Society U Aung Myint, Mr Mitsuko Tanaka Shikda of SEEDS extended greetings. The Chief Minister and party viewed the scalemodels displayed at the

workshop. Head of Ayeyawady Region Relief and Resettlement Department U Than Soe, Admin Manager Daw Thin Hlaing Oo of SEEDS Asia and Manager U Ye Kyaw Thu discussed educative talks on Disaster Risk Reduction at basic education schools, and prospects of the project. They replied to queries raised by those present. The workshop came to an end with remarks by Mr Mitsuko Shikda of SEEDS Asia. It was attended by the deputy speaker of Ayeyawady Region Hluttaw, officials of MES, regional developmental officials, deputy commissioners and township administrators from district and town-

ships of Pathein, Hinthada, Myaungmya, Labutta, Bogale, Maubin, Pyapon and Kungyangon townships, township education officers, officials of Rural Region

Development Department, Red Cross Brigade and Fire Services Department, NGOs and guests. Kyemon-District IPRD

Telecommunications Low-price SIMcards on sales through draw lots in Mahlaing Tsp Mahlaing, 2 Nov— SIM cards were sold in a transparency way for driver and bus conductors through draw lot system at the Township All Bus Line Supervisory Committee Terminal in Mahlaing Townshop on 31 October morning. Those who won the SIM cards expressed thanks to officials who managed

sales of cards. The ceremony was attended by Township Administrator U Aung Thein Hlaing of General Administration Department, Chairman of Township All Bus Line Supervisory Committee U Maung Maung and town’s elders. Kyaw Kyaw (Mahlaing)

Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov— Members of No 22 Anti-Drug Squad of Muse in Shan State and police of Muse Township Police Force searched a Hilux surf driven by Aung Win (a) Hlyo Pha Haik, 27 of Lawseehtan Village of Kutkai Township near Asia World Toll Gate in Muse at 8.30 pm on 29 October. The police seized one

pistol with six bullets, one gamazine and 39000 stimulant tablets worth k 78 million. Muse Myoma Police Station opened a file of lawsuit againt Aung Win(a) Hlyo Pha Haik, under sections 15/19(a)/22(b) of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Law. KoKo Yu Pa (Mann Tekkatho)

Aung Win (a) Hlyo Pha Haik seen with seized stimulant tablets and arm and ammunition.

New Light of Myanmar

Sunday, 3 November, 2013 11

R e gi o na l

Vietnam, Malaysia boost defence ties

Ex-top diplomat Yachi may head new security council’s secretariat Tokyo, 2 Nov— The government is considering appointing former top diplomat Shotaro Yachi as the first chief of the secretariat of the planned Japanese version of the US National Security Council, a government source said on Saturday. The Diet is deliberating a bill to create such a bureau to gather information and speed up decisions on foreign and national security policy. The government will set up the body under the Cabinet Secretariat following the enactment

of the bill. Yachi, 69-year-old former vice foreign minister, may head the bureau to supervise some 60 officials, including Self-Defence Forces personnel, to compile policies over diplomacy and security. He is now serving as a foreign policy adviser to Prime Minister Shinzo Abe. Yachi served as the top bureaucrat at the Foreign Ministry when Abe previously held the premiership from 2006 to 2007. Kyodo News

A customer talks with a vender during the handicrafts festival held in Vientiane, Laos, Nov. 1, 2013. The annual handicrafts festival in Vientiane started on 28 Oct this year and will end on 3 Nov, 2013.—Xinhua

Southeast Asia welcomes China’s neighbourly foreign policy

Tokyo Electric Power Co President Naomi Hirose gives a Press conference on the utility’s earnings in the first half of fiscal 2013 at the company’s head office in Tokyo on 31 Oct, 2013. TEPCO reported a group net profit of 616.20 billion yen for the April-September period, swinging into the black on a half-year basis for the first time since the nuclear disaster at its Fukushima Daiichi complex in 2011. Kyodo News

Kuala Lumpur, 2 Nov — China’s reaffirmation of its good neighbourly foreign policy is timely and much needed as a “diamond decade” is envisioned in relations between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), a Malaysian analyst has said. At a conference on diplomatic work held in Beijing last week, Chinese President Xi Jinping said his country would strive for a sound environment for its development and seek common development with its neighbors. Oh Ei Sun, a political analyst and former political secretary to Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak, said ASEAN would very much welcome Xi’s

Cambodian opposition says talks with ruling party to resume next week

Phnom Penh, 2 Nov — The opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party (CNRP) said on Friday that talks with Prime Minister Hun Sen’s ruling party over political dispute will be resumed on Tuesday next week. “Officials at working group levels of the two parties will meet on Tuesday, 5 Nov at the Parliament Palace in order to discuss and seek a solution for the current political crisis in Cambodia,” CNRP said in a press statement. The talk resumption came after CNRP’s leader Sam Rainsy on Thursday called for dialogues with

the ruling Cambodian People’s Party (CPP) over the conflict after the hotly-contested July’s election. CNRP’s Vice President Kem Sokha said on Thursday that the proposed agenda for talks could be a request for probe into alleged poll irregularities and a demand for the resignation of the election council’s leadership in order to pave the way for a credibly electoral reform. However, the CPP has several times denied the election fraud and rejected the request for the poll probe committee, saying it is against the nation’s constitution.—Xinhua

remarks that peaceful development and cooperation toward win-win outcomes remain the cornerstones of China’s foreign policy toward its neighbors. “In fact, most ASEAN countries see these cornerstones as a timely reaffirmation of China’s avowed foreign policy goals since China first undertook its hugely successful reform and opening-up process,” Oh said. “And for many years, ASEAN countries reciprocated these friendly gestures and offered themselves to be the forerunners of investments in China, becoming instrumental in China’s modern development odyssey,” he said. Xi’s remarks, along with his and Premier Li

Keqiang’s recent visits to Southeast Asia and the almost simultaneous China visits by the prime ministers of Russia, Mongolia and India, mark the “bifocus” of China’s diplomatic efforts to renew and refresh its ties with its neighbors while constructing the “new model of relations between major powers” most notably with the United States, Oh said. At the meeting held on 24-25 October Xi urged Chinese policy-makers and diplomats to let the sense of common destiny take root in neighboring countries. Oh said most of China’s neighbors are developing countries although they are categorized at different levels of development stages. These countries have

come to realize the importance of harmonious coexistence with neighbors. China must take the lead in not only improving relations with its neighbors, but also accelerating regional socio-economic development at the time of global depression, he said. An Asian infrastructure investment bank as mooted by Xi can be of tremendous help especially to those less developed neighbors of China. Meanwhile, with the establishment of a Silk Road economic belt and a maritime silk road, China can help foster closer economic relations with its Central and Southeast Asian neighbours by nurturing socio-economic development.—Xinhua

Hanoi, 2 Nov — Vietnamese Defence Minister Phung Quang Thanh and his Malaysian counterpart Dato Seri Hishammuddin Tun Hussien discussed ways to strengthen defence ties during talks in Vietnam’s capital Hanoi on Friday. The Vietnamese host hailed the visit of Malaysian defense minister for strengthening friendship, mutual understanding and trust between the two defense ministries towards boosting Vietnam- Malaysia ties to a strategic partnership. The Malaysian guest, on his first visit to Vietnam since taking office, said the Malaysia-Vietnam defence links have turned more productive in various fields. Xinhua

A Christmas tree made of crystal glass is set up at the Venetian Glass Museum in Hakone, Kanagawa Prefecture, on 31 Oct, 2013.—Kyodo News

Gov’t decides on 6% power-saving goal for Hokkaido in winter Tokyo, 2 Nov—The government on Friday decided to ask households and companies in Hokkaido to cut electricity usage by more than 6 percent from the fiscal 2010 level to ride out another winter without nuclear power generation. It is the first time since the 2011 Fukushima nuclear crisis that Japan will enter the winter season with

all of its reactors offline, but other parts of the country are expected to secure enough power to meet demand without setting such numerical targets. In the northernmost prefecture of Hokkaido, people will be asked to achieve the 6 percent power-saving goal from 4 pm to 9 pm on weekdays between 9 December and 7 March

next year, when demand for electricity is expected to peak. The year-end and new-year period as well as other holidays will be excluded. For industries such as farming and tourism, the numerical goal will become a requirement only when a power crunch is feared, while lifeline utilities such as hospitals and railways

are totally exempted from the requirement, the government said. According to a government estimate, Hokkaido Electric Power Co. is expected to secure 7.2 percent more power supply capacity than anticipated demand in February, higher than the minimum required level of 3 percent to maintain a stable supply.—Kyodo News Lanterns are seen at Seoul Lantern Festival which will last until 17 November along the Chonggyechon Stream in Seoul, capital of South Korea, 31 Oct, 2013.—Xinhua


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

New Light of Myanmar

a d v e r tis e m e nt & Ge NERAL

Prefecture promotes Tibetan language among government workers Lanzhou, 2 Nov — As a holder of an MA degree, Wu Manzhong never imagined his career in the government would start in a Tibetan language class. Sitting in a classroom in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in northwest China’s Gansu Province, Wu followed his teacher’s instructions to write Tibetan words. The language has become an important skill to Wu since he took a job as a government worker in Gannan’s Diebu County this summer. “I used to know nothing about the language, so it was pretty hard for me to communicate with local Tibetans. Sometimes I even

had to rely on gestures,” Wu said. The 29-year-old is one of 161 government workers in Gannan who are taking a four-month full-time language programme at a local school. The courses teach basic Tibetan expressions and grammar, and students must complete homework and receive grades from teachers. Gannan, which lies in the border area of Gansu, Qinghai and Sichuan provinces, is one of the country’s ten Tibetan autonomous prefectures, with Tibetans making up the majority of its population of 700,000. In order to break lan-

guage barriers and facilitate communication between the government and locals, Gannan kicked off a campaign in 2011 to promote the teaching of Tibetan among its civil servants. The prefecture has trained more than 600 bilingual civil servants so far and hopes to train more than 1,000 others by the end of 2014. Wei Zhourong, a senior official at Gannan’s personnel office, said only by mastering the Tibetan language can non-Tibetan local officials better understand people’s concerns. The language is even linked with the promotion of local officials. In Gannan,

Policeman arrested, 6 suspended over deadly shooting Nanning, 2 Nov — A policeman was arrested after he allegedly shot a woman dead and injured another on Monday in south China’s Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, said local authorities on Thursday. Head of Pingnan County’s public security bureau, where the policeman worked, as well

as five other lower-ranking police officers, were suspended from their duties for investigation on Thursday afternoon, according to a statement released by the Public Security Bureau of Guigang City, which administers Pingnan county. The policeman surnamed Hu went to a rice

noodle shop to buy food after drinking alcohol at about 10 pm on Monday. He shot and injured the female shop owner surnamed Wu and her husband after a brawl with them. Wu died later after emergency treatment failed while her husband stayed in stable condition.—Xinhua

Photo taken on 7 Oct, 2013, shows the beautiful scene of Yue Haiwan Central Business District of Yinchuan.—Reuters

grassroots officials who fail to master the language after three years working in Tibetan communities will be denied promotion. Yang Xiao’e, a Gannan official who graduated from the program last year, said the class did facilitate her communication with local herders.—Xinhua

Four arrested for alleged coca smuggling from Peru to Bolivia Lima, 2 Nov — Peruvian authorities have arrested four suspects attempting to smuggle three tons of coca leaves into Bolivia, antinarcotics police operating in Peru’s south Andean region of Juliaca reported on Thursday. According to the police report, agents seized the 3-ton shipment Wednesday afternoon in the remote high plateau, as it was being shipped across the border by truck. The suspects arrested included Samuel Edgar Ortega, 56, head of sales for Peru’s National Coca Company (Enaco), who is from the border region of Puno, some 1,540 km southeast of the capital Lima. The other suspects were arrested aboard the truck at the scene. The coca seized by the narcotics agents was packaged into 30 100-kilogram bales, and was being shipped to a drug trafficking ring, according to the police. Some coca is grown legally and Enaco is one of the world’s few companies that grows and sells the plant for industrial purposes.—Xinhua

NOTICE TO SLEEPING MEMBERS OF CITY GOLF RESORT FOR PAYMENT OF MONTHLY FEES 1. Permission for Sleeping Membership has no longer been granted to members of the City Golf Re­sort, Yangon City Development Committee since (15-11-2011 ), and accordingly all Sleeping Member­ship has become null and void. Therefore all our Sleeping Members shall be required to pay their out­standing Monthly Fees in line with the Rules of the City Golf Reort. 2. According to paragraph (9) of the Rules and Regulations of the City Golf Resort, members (Myanmars / Foreigners) who fail to pay their Monthly Fees for a period of one year and over shall cease to be a member, and so unless the outstanding Monthly Fees be paid by (28-2-2014) at the latest, it is hereby notified that their membership shall be termianted in accordance with the Rules of the City Golf Resort.

General Manager City Golf Resort

Afghan Army soldiers run during their military training at an Army training center in Balkh Province in northern Afghanistan, on 31 Oct, 2013.—Xinhua

UN chief condemns terrorist attack in Iran United Nations, 2 Nov — UN Secretary-General Ban Ki- moon on Thursday condemned a recent terrorist attack in Iran’s Saravan which killed over a dozen Iranian border guards, his spokesperson said. Ban condemned the attack and extended his condolences to the families of the victims, as well as to the Iranian people and government, UN spokesperson Martin Nesirky said here at a regular briefing when

asked about the incident. Ban also noted with serious concern the reported hanging of 16 people following the attack, Nesirky added. According to Iranian media, 17 Iranian border guards were killed in an armed clash on Friday near Saravan city bordering Pakistan, in the Sistan and Baluchestan Province. No details have been revealed about the identity of the perpetrators. Xinhua

New Light of Myanmar E NTE R TA INM E NT

Kristen Stewart, Robert Pattinson meet secretly five months after split

Robert Pattinson and Kristen Stewart began dating while shooting for Twilight.

Los Angeles, 2 Nov — Former couple Kristen Stewart and Robert Pattinson, who parted ways five moths ago, had a secret meet up recently. The 23-year-old actress recently visited Pattinson’s rented house in Beverly Hills and spent hours there, reported E! Online. After the meeting, Stewart was pictured driving her blue Toyota pickup truck with Pattinson’s silver Jeep trailing behind. It is believed that the ex-couple were allegedly heading in the same

direction, which was the actress’s home. However, their plan changed when they realized that paparazzi had been tailing them. The 27-year-old actor and Stewart had found love while filming the Twilight series but suffered a setback when the Stewart’s affair with her Snow White and the Huntsman director Rupert Sanders became public. The couple tried to patch up after a brief split but finally decided to call it quits in May. PTI

asked me to put together a 20 minute pitch when he was trying to get the film

made. They had this slow romantic Bollywood song but I don’t remember what it was. This song suited the character’s nature and mood better. “It has a different kind of tempo to it. It is much more celebratory and playful. I also liked the idea of this man who is floating above in space and looking down and is mentioning that his shoes are from Japan, his hat is from Russia but his heart is Hindustani,” Sharma told PTI over phone from London. PTI

Raj Kapoor’s song was perfect for Gravity, says Phaldut Sharma

New Delhi, 2 Nov — British-Indian actor Phaldut Sharma, the voice behind the “goofy guy” singing Mera joota hai Japani in Gravity, feels the classic number from Raj Kapoor’s film Shri 420 fit beautifully in the movie starring Sandra Bullock and George Clooney. Sharma, who has worked with director Alfonso Cuaron on Children of Men and in TV shows like EastEnders, Hunted, Casualty and Roger Roger, said he opted for this song because it was “a classic,

playful and celebratory” number. “Alfonso Cuaron had

Mumbai, 2 Nov — Actress Aishwarya Rai Bachchan thanked her parents for her good looks and said that it’s in her genes. “Honestly, I don’t see myself so closely. I am thankful to my parents because it’s in my genes. What matters the most is who you are as a person,” Aishwarya told reporters Friday (November 1, 2013) on the occasion of her 40th birthday. Aishwarya is married to actor Abhishek Bachchan and feels that after marriage girls get closer to their parents. “When you go away from your home when you get married, you get more emotional and sensitive. I take this platform to thank my parents for the gift of life they have given me. The moments

I have shared with them means the world to me,” said the star of films like Guru and Dhoom 2. The former beauty queen started her big screen journey in 1997 with Tamil movie Iruvar and then carved a niche for herself in Hindi filmdom with hits like Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam. She also did international films like Bride And Prejudice and The Pink Panther 2.

Stills from Shri 420 and Gravity

Aishwarya Rai Bachchan: Thankful to parents for my looks

Aishwarya turned 40 on Friday (1 Nov, 2013).

She also tried her hand in off-beat films with Bengali movie Chokher Bali and Hindi film Raincoat. Looking back at her journey so far, the actress said: “I never thought I would be part of showbiz. My family doesn’t belong to the showbiz. I never dreamt I would ever be here. My family used to give a lot of importance to academics. I was a science student.” “I only thank god for whatever route he chose for me to bring here because today I am married into a family who are people from this industry and who are very passionate about their work. They sincerely work and respect the creative art,” added Aishwarya, daughter-in-law of Bollywood megastar Amitabh Bachchan and actress Jaya Bachchan. Aishwarya-Abhsishek have a daughter, Aaradhya, who will turn two-year-old on 16 November.—PTI

Sunday, 3 November, 2013 13

Amitabh Bachchan to look 20 years younger in TV show Mumbai, 2 Nov — Amitabh Bachchan turned the clock back to look 20 years younger for a sequence in Anurag Kashyap directed TV drama. The 71-year-old termed the process of making him look younger “hilarious” and “inconvenient”. “The desperate attempts to make me look 20 years younger for the sequence at the shoot, was hilarious... to say the least!! How conveniently easy it is to age rapidly, but how inconveniently long it takes to push time back,” Bachchan mused on his blog. The megastar also shared the result of the process by posting his youthful photographs.

“And now that all have carefully suppressed their giggles and snide asides, it is time for me to seek my time with the pillow,” he added. Kashyap, who was earlier at loggerheads with Bachchan, reconnected with the actor while working on Bombay Talkies where Bachchan had a guest role. They later reunited for the show, which will mark Bachchan’s fiction debut on TV. It is not for the first time that Bachchan has altered his appearance in such a drastic manner. He played a 13-year-old progeria suffering child in Paa. PTI

Amitabh Bachchan will don the look in Anurag Kashyap’s TV drama

Kanye West wants a huge wedding

Kanye West has a four-month-old daughter, North West, with Kim Kardashian. London, 2 Nov — Rapper Kanye West has reportedly hired five assistants to help plan his wedding to Kim Kardashian, which he wants to be the ‘biggest show on earth’. West, 36, recently proposed to the reality star, with who he has four-

month-old daughter North, and plans to spare no expense when it comes to celebrating their nuptials, reported Digital Spy. “Kanye wants it to be the greatest show on earth. He wants fire-eaters, acrobats and special performances from his musical

friends, including Jay-Z. “He’s even suggested hiring elephants for him and Kim to ride on and hand-crafted jewelled Maison Martin Margiela masks for them to wear at the altar,” a source said. West, who proposed at AT&T baseball Park in San Francisco in front of 50 of Kim’s loved ones accompanied by a 50-piece orchestra,- plans to celebrate their union with with three lavish bashes and has already hired five new members of staff to help organize the wedding. “Kanye will spare no expense when he and Kim marry. He wants the main event in LA, as well as huge parties in New York and Miami. He’s already hired five assistants to help with the planning and has joked he wants it to be bigger than the royal wedding,” the source added.—PTI


Sunday, 3 November, 2013

New Light of Myanmar S PO R TS

Moyes says improving United must maintain momentum London, 2 Nov — Unbeaten in six matches Manchester United are finally starting to build some momentum after a poor start to the season, manager David Moyes said on Friday. Three Premier League defeats in their opening

nine fixtures have left United in unfamiliar territory down in eighth place in the table, eight points behind leaders Arsenal. However, with central defenders Rio Ferdinand and Nemanja Vidic both coming through this week’s

Manchester United’s manager David Moyes gestures during their English Premier League soccer match against Stoke City at Old Trafford Stadium in Manchester, northern England, on 26 Oct, 2013.—Reuters

emphatic League Cup win over Norwich City unscathed after injuries, Moyes was upbeat in his news conference. “We’ve started to string together one or two half-decent results and hopefully that will build a bit of momentum,” Moyes said. “We’ve been a bit up and down, winning one then losing one, so we’ll hopefully try and get into a bit more consistency.” United scrambled to a 3-2 home victory over Stoke City last weekend, having twice trailed, and will be anxious to pick up three points at Fulham before facing leaders Arsenal at home in their next league fixture. “It’s a gap (at the top) and we have to work to try and close it. We’ll take one game at a time and get closer to the top. That’s the plan but there’s a long way to go,” Moyes said. Robin van Persie was rested against Norwich because of some niggles but is expected to return to face Martin Jol’s Fulham at

Craven Cottage, although Danny Welbeck is ruled out with fluid on the knee. The return of Ferdinand and Vidic, who have not started a league game together since the 4-1 defeat at Manchester City in September, has given Moyes plenty of defensive options. “I think both (Vidic and Ferdinand) are very close to full fitness,” Moyes said. “They showed that in midweek when playing Premier League opposition. “They both played for 90 minutes so I can’t see any reason why they wouldn’t be ready to be selected or involved. “Van Persie has been fine. He’s trained well and worked quite well this week so hopefully he will be okay.” Like Moyes, Fulham manager Jol has been under scrutiny with his side just two points above the bottom three and knocked out of the League Cup by Championship (second division) Leicester City. Reuters

Bayern’s Robben, Kroos doubtful for Hoffenheim game Berlin, 2 Nov — Bayern Munich could be without midfielders Arjen Robben and Toni Kroos when they take on Hoffenheim on Saturday aiming to match a Bundesliga record of 36 successive games without defeat, coach Pep Guardiola said on Friday. Both players picked up groin injuries in the 3-2 win over Hertha Berlin which stretched their unbeaten league run to 35 matches and were initially confident of recovering in time for the match. “They are not yet fit but that is not a problem,”

Guardiola, who said Kroos was in better condition than Robben, told reporters. The Spaniard does expect them to be back in action in the Champions League next week at Viktoria Plzen. He will have central defender Dante back, after he recovered from a cut in his leg that ruled him out for two weeks.“Dante has been training well and things are looking very, very good,” Guardiola said. Treble winners Bayern lead the Bundesliga with 26 points from 10 games, one ahead of Borussia Dort-

Phil Mickelson of the US runs to look at his shot from the rough at the fifth hole during the first round of the 89th PGA Championship golf tournament at Southern Hills Country Club in Tulsa, Oklahoma, on 9 Aug, 2007.—Reuters

Kaka to start for Milan and Abbiati back in squad Rome, 2 Nov — Brazil playmaker Kaka will start for AC Milan against Fiorentina at the San Siro on Saturday (1945 GMT) and goalkeeper Christian Abbiati is back in the 21man squad. Milan, though, will be without defender Mattia De Sciglio due to a knee injury. “Kaka will play tomorrow. He’s got his strength back and is improving physically,” coach Massimiliano Allegri told a news conference. “He’s the sort of player that in his head has the desire to show he is a winner.” Kaka scored his first Milan goal since

returning to the club from Real Madrid in September when he was on target in the 1-1 draw against Lazio on Wednesday. After initially suffering injury problems the Brazilian appears to be rediscovering his form following impressive displays against Lazio and Barcelona and as a substitute against Parma last weekend. Allegri did not say whether Abbiati would play against Fiorentina and Gazzetta Dello Sport reported that the goalkeeper would return against Barca in the Champions League in midweek.—Reuters

Paris, 2 Nov — Former world number one Roger Federer showed some of his old class when beating Argentine Juan Martin Del Potro 6-3, 4-6, 6-3 at the Paris Masters on Friday to set up a semi-final clash with Novak Djokovic. The Swiss, who had lost his prior three encounters with the towering Del Potro including the Basel Open final on Sunday, will play a Masters Series semifinal for only the second time this year. He will face Djokovic, who hammered Swiss Stanislas Wawrinka 6-1, 6-4, for the first time since last year’s ATP World Tour

finals. Federer has a 16-13 record against the Serb, who won their last meeting in London a year ago. “Roger is probably experiencing the worst season that he’s had in the last 10 years, but he’s still a player to beat in every tournament, because he’s Roger Federer, because he has won 17 grand slams,” Djokovic told a news conference. “You can’t underestimate him, although maybe he’s not at the form where he was when he was number one in the world. But I have been watching his matches in Basel last week and here. I think he’s playing really well.”—Reuters

Classy Federer sets up clash with Djokovic in Paris

Bayern Munich’s Arjen Robben (centre L) leaves the pitch after he was substituted by coach Pep Guardiola (centre R) during their German first division Bundesliga soccer match against Hertha Berlin in Munich on 26 Oct, 2013.— Reuters mund and Bayer Leverkusen. Their last league defeat was in October 2012 when they lost 2-1 to Leverkusen.

Hamburg SV hold the longest unbeaten run with 36 games set 30 years ago in 1982-83.—Reuters

Mickelson hopes quadruple bogey puts him back on cloud nine Shanghai, 2 Nov — The last time Phil Mickelson made a quadruple bogey he won the event and the American is hoping that lightning strikes twice as he moved into contention halfway through the WGC-HSBC Champions tournament on Friday. Mickelson ran up a nine at the par-five eighth (his 17th hole) during Thursday’s opening round. The stern look on his face as he left the course suggested

Italian club AC Milan’s Kaka celebrates with the trophy after their victory over Argentine club Boca Juniors at the FIFA Club World Cup Japan 2007 final soccer match in Yokohama, south of Tokyo on 16 Dec, 2007. Reuters

that anyone approaching him for a positive comment would do well to steer clear. He was, however, in a far more jovial mood on Friday after shooting a four-under-par 68 that helped him get climb back into contention after an opening 71. Mickelson may sit seven strokes behind runaway leader Dustin Johnson but the left-hander is only two shots behind a trio of play-

ers tied for second place. “The good news for me is I’m playing well, making a lot of birdies, and if can eliminate some mistakes, I should have a chance on the weekend,” the British Open champion told reporters. “That nine on my 17th hole yesterday really hurt but I fought back today to get back in it. I’m going to continue to play aggressively because I have to make birdies to catch the lead. Reuters

Roger Federer of Switzerland looks at the path of his ball as he faces Juan Martin Del Potro of Argentina in their quarterfinals match at the Paris Masters men’s singles tennis tournament at the Palais Omnisports of Bercy in Paris, on 1 Nov, 2013. Reuters

New Light of Myanmar

Sunday, 3 November, 2013 15

GE NE R A L MYANMAR TV (3-11-2013, Sunday)

Chinese writer Wang Gang gives a speech at a literature seminar with Turkish readers in Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey, on 31 Oct, 2013. Wang Gang, with other Chinese writers, attended the seminar on Thursday to introduce Chinese comtemporary literature to local readers. The seminar was part of the 32nd International Istanbul Book Fair.—Xinhua

Thousands protest across Egypt before Morsi’s trial Cairo, 2 Nov — Thousands of supporters of Egypt’s toppled president Mohamed Morsi took to street across the country on Friday, the supposed first day of a continuous protests ahead of the trial of Morsi in the coming days. The protesters chanted slogans against police and the armed forces and held the four-finger Rabaa sign, calling for Morsi’s reinstatement. Minor clashes erupted between supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood group and residents in some places. In Cairo, the capital of Egypt, and the neighbor-

hood governorate Giza, protesters marched from mosques in Maadi, Mohandiseen and many other districts after Friday’s noon prayer, part of whom gathered around some important national institutes like the presidential palace and the headquarter of the military intelligence. The armed forces and police completely closed the iconic square of Tahrir along with the squares of Rabaa Al-Adawiya, Mostafa Mahmoud and Nahda to ban any possible marches, and further troops have been deployed around the Al-Qubba Presidential

Palace to ban any possible protests by Muslim Brotherhood supporters outside the palace, official news agency MENA reported. In Egypt’s second largest city Alexandria, police fired tear gas to break up clashes between Morsi supporters and residents, semiofficial Al-Ahram online website reported. Protests also took place on Friday in southern Egypt’s Assiut, Minya, Faiyum, Beni Suef, and in the Nile Delta governorates of Gharbiya, Mahalla, Damietta and Beheira, according to Al-Ahram online. Xinhua

6:00 am 1. Paritta By Hilly Region Missionary Sayadaw 6:25 am 2. Physical Exercises 6:35 am 3. The Mirror Images of The Musical Oldies 6:45 am 4. Pyi Thu Ni Ti 7:00 am 5. News/Weather Report 7:20 am 6. Documentary 7:45 am 7. Teleplay (Health) 8:00 am 8. News/International News 8:25 am 9. Amazing World 9:00 am 10. News/International News 9:25 am 11 Documentary (Traveller) 10:00 am 12. News 10:15 am 13. Teleplay 11:10 am 14. Gitadagale Phwintbaohn 12:00 pm 15. News/International News/Weather Report 12:25 pm 16. Round Up of The Week’s International News 12:35 pm 17. Myanmar Movies

2:40 pm 18. Singing In Different Version 3:00 pm 19. News 3:15 pm 20. Teleplay 3:35 pm 21. Myanmar Traditional Cultural Performing Arts Competitions 4:00 pm 22. News 4:15 pm 23. Performance With Song 4:20 pm 24. University of Distance Education (TV Lectures) -Third Year (Physics) 4:40 pm 25. Sing & Enjoy 5:00 pm 26. News 5:15 pm 27. Sing & Enjoy 6:00 pm 28. News/Weather Report 6:20 pm 29. Documentary (SEA Games) 6:30 pm 30. Cartoon Series 7:00 pm 31. News 7:30 pm 32. Teleplay 8:00 pm 33. News/International News/Weather Report 8:35 pm 34. Hit Songs of Stars 9:00 pm 35. News 36. Tamyetmar Takwetsar 37. New Melody

MYANMAR INTERNATIONAL 3-11-13 09:30 am ~ 4-11-13 09:30 am) MST

* Local News * marketable Goods -(Straw painting) * World News * Myanmar Street Food * Local News * Kyauk Gu Umin Cave Gu Pha Ya * World News * Myanmar Masterclass: Fantastic Art * Local News * A Famous Festival & Its Fantastic Fair * World News * Trishaw Man * Local News * Secret Places For Yummy Food (Episode-10) (Porridge) * World News * Guiding Star of Song Birds * Local News * Waso Charity Feast * World News * Me N My Travel (Naung Cho Trip) (Episode-3) * Local News * Youth of the future (Episode-16) Young Photographer (Thi Ha Aung) * Colonial Buildings and a New Yangon * Zinathukha Yan Aung Chan Tha Reclining Buddha * Travelling To Shan Plateau (Main Ma Ye` The-Khin-Ma Mountain) * Come and Visit, no matter the distance (Pathein) * Sticky Shan Snack

Everton ready to send message against Spurs: Martinez London, 2 Nov — Everton can send out a message that there is more than one team on Merseyside capable of challenging at the top of the Premier League if they beat Tottenham Hotspur on Sunday. Across Stanley Park, Liverpool’s flying start to the season has caught the eye but Everton’s, under new manager Roberto Martinez, has been only marginally less impressive. Everton are sixth, two points behind secondplaced Liverpool and four off leaders Arsenal, and their one league loss was at Manchester City where they took the lead before losing 3-1. They have coped with the sale of midfielder Marouane Fellaini to Manchester United with ease and in Romelu Lukaku, on loan from Chelsea, they boast

one of the most lethal strikers in the top flight. Martinez, who replaced Old Trafford-bound David Moyes at Goodison Park, has quickly established the eye-catching brand of passing football he ingrained at Wigan Athletic and Swansea City without sacrificing Everton’s steely core. Tottenham are one point better off in fourth spot and Martinez believes the north London club, topfive finishers for the past four seasons, can act as a benchmark for his side. “If we can win, I’m sure it sends out a message,” Spaniard Martinez, who will be without injured striker Arouna Kone, told a news conference on Friday. “But there’s also a message internally; that you gain that confidence and belief in what you are doing.” “This Spurs side can

Everton’s manager Roberto Martinez (L) instructs his team during their English Premier League soccer match against Newcastle United at Goodison Park in Liverpool, northern England, on 30 Sept, 2013. Reuters become something special but that’s why we’re looking forward to the challenge - because we feel that we are ready to face whatever we have got in front of us at Goodison,” Martinez added. “I do feel that the environment that is created at Goodison is as positive as

you can get as a home team and we want to use that to our advantage.” Despite losing Welsh forward Gareth Bale to Real Madrid, Martinez said the squad Andre Villas-Boas has put together at White Hart Lane is as good as any in England. “Gareth Bale was a

phenomenal player for Spurs, there’s no two ways about it,” he said. “But when you replace that with seven or eight players, you’re going to be in a stronger position because you don’t rely on that player. “As a top-four club, sometimes you are out-

standing at something. I think Spurs are developing to be outstanding at everything.” Tottenham boss Andre Villas-Boas is impressed with Martinez’s start at Everton and the impact of Lukaku who has netted five times in seven league games. “There is a massive difference from Moyes’ aggressive-type football to Roberto’s build-up play but there is no difference to the results they are getting,” he told Tottenham’s website ( “The team have bonded to Roberto’s ideas...he’s a very straightforward, open-minded coach. “Lukaku is a player of great potential, he is strong but he’s also creative on the ball. He has a big motivation to show that he belongs to the top.”—Reuters

R/489 Printed and published by the New Light of Myanmar press in Nay Pyi Taw, the News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information.

1st Waxing of Tazaungmon 1375 ME

New Light of Myanmar

Vice-President U Nyan Tun inspects XXVII SEA Games broadcast centers

Vice-President U Nyan Tun looks into progress of works at International Broadcast Center (IBC) and Main Press Center (MPC).—mna

World Stroke Day marked in Yangon Yangon, 2 Nov—Union Minister for Health Dr Pe Thet Khin called on the people and non-governmental organizations for cooperating with the ministry in providing emergency treatment to stroke patients and their rehabilitation.

In his speech at a ceremony to mark the World Stroke Day which falls on 29 October at the University of Nursing in Yangon, the Union minister stressed the need for immediate evaluation and treatment (See page 8)

Sittoung River may fall below its danger level Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov—The water level of Sittoung River at Toungoo has reached its danger level starting from 28 October, 9:30 pm. According to the 12:30 hr M.S.T observation today, the water level has exceeded by 78 cm (2.5 ft) above its danger level. It may fall below its danger level during the next 48 hours commencing this noon.

The water level at Toungoo 713 cm observed at 13:30 hours M.S.T on 31 October, is the second highest of 48 years 19662013 record. The previous second highest water level of Sittoung River at Toungoo is 705 cm observed on 30 August 1984, announced the Meteorology and Hydrology Department. MNA

Sunday, 3 November, 2013

Nay Pyi Taw, 2 Nov— Patron of the Central Committee for Hosting XXVII SEA Games Vice-President U Nyan Tun looked into progress of works at International Broadcast Center (IBC) and Main Press Center (MPC) of Public Organizing Committee, Information and Recording Committee at Maniyadana Jade Hall here this morning. At the meeting hall of Maniyadana Jade Hall, Secretary of the Central Committee Director-General U Tint Swe of Myanma Radio and Television (MRTV) reported to the Vice-President on installation of machines at International Broadcast Center (IBC), formation of IBC and Main Press Center (MPC), organizing works, 3.23 million USD worth of Grass Valley Co's transmitters which will be installed in IBC, income of 1.5 million USD for broadcast

centers and satellite. Later, Union Minister U Aung Kyi and Committee Chairman U Ye Htut gave supplementary reports. The Vice-President fulfilled the needs and called for timely completion of works and better quality. Afterwards, the VicePresident and party looked round 8 Camera OB Van, five sets of 2.4 Meter Flyaway System, two 3 Camera DSNG Vans, Panasonicbranded AJ-HPX-3100 GJ, Sony PDW-700 and PMW-500 cameras, mobile TV transmitter, TV editing and transmission machines, scale model of broadcast centers, installation of machines in IBC Central Equipment Room and Master Control Room, 3 Camera Studio, direct transmission rooms and preparations in MPC room, which is put on show at Maniyadana Jade Hall.—MNA

37 days to XXVII SEA Games Nay Pyi Taw,2 Nov— Cambodian women’s caneball team is undergoing training at Training ground (2) of Gold Camp in Nay Pyi Taw. The Cambodian women’s cane-ball team arrived in Myanmar yesterday and is under joint training together with their Myanmar counterparts at the training ground with the help of Myanmar traditional cane-ball coaches. The Ministry of Sports and Myanmar Traditional Cane-ball Federation is jointly giving a training course to the Cambodians with the aim of drawing the attention of Asia countries to Myanmar traditional cane-ball sports that will include in the coming SEA Games. Cambodian men’s and women’s caneball teams are undergoing

Cambodian women’s cane-ball team under training at Gold Camp

intensive training with great enthusiasm.—Kyaw Thura (Nay Pyi Taw)

Photo shows Cambodian women's cane-ball team under training at Gold Camp in Nay Pyi Taw.

Huge surge in imports and exports

Photo shows MCP LAR NA CA Container Ship approaching Yangon Port.

Since opening up its economy to the world, Myanmar has seen a surge in imports and exports. More rice, beans and pulses, teak and other local products could be exported as demand was high. Recent days, foreign cargo ships were moored in Yangon Port. MCP LAR NA CA Container Ship was approaching the Yangon Port and DAHIATUL

Byline: Zaw Min Latt Photo: Ko Ko Zaw KALBI Ship loaded with teak logs docked at Bo Aung Kyaw Jetty. During the period from 1 April to 25 October this year, 707,162 metric tons of beans and pulses were exported to India, Singapore, Vietnam and EU countries, reaching export earnings of

472.609 million USD. Seventy percent of the total exports went to India, according to a responsible person from Myanmar Pulses, Beans & Sesame Seeds Merchants Association. Myanmar Alinn: 1-11-2013 Trs: MT

3 nov 13 nlm  

Volume XXI, Number 201 Sunday, 3 November, 2013